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Title:
INSERTER DEVICE WITH HORIZONTAL MOVING PART
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2011/012465
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention concerns an insertion device for inserting a medical device or a part of medical device into the subcutaneous or intramuscular area of a patient. Insertion devices (also called inserter or injector) are commonly used in the medical field for inserting medical devices, such as infusion sets, sensors and the like, through the skin of a patient in a more or less automated fashion. The present application relates to an insertion device comprising - a penetrating member (50) comprising an inserter part provided with holding means (52) and transformation means (51), and a subcutaneous part comprising at least one part such as a cannula or a sensor for subcutaneous positioning in a patient, - a moving part (38) comprising guiding means (39) which guiding means (39) restrict the movement of the transformation means (52) and guide the moving part (38) in a second direction which is normally linear and different from the first direction i.e. the direction of insertion, towards the injection site, and - a stationary housing (30) comprising guiding means (32) which guiding means (32) restrict the movement of the moving part (38), wherein the moving part (38) comprises at least two guiding means (39a, 39b) completely separated from each other which guiding means during full insertion of at least part of the subcutaneous part of the penetrating member (50) each are in engagement with separate parts of the transformation means (51a, 51b) during at least part of the full insertion.

Inventors:
GUNDBERG, Tomas (Vinkelvej 4, Viby Sj., DK-4130, DK)
Application Number:
EP2010/060300
Publication Date:
February 03, 2011
Filing Date:
July 16, 2010
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
UNOMEDICAL A/S (Birkerød Kongevej 2, Birkerød, DK-3460, DK)
GUNDBERG, Tomas (Vinkelvej 4, Viby Sj., DK-4130, DK)
International Classes:
A61M5/158; A61M5/142; F16L19/065; A61M5/14
Domestic Patent References:
WO2006061027A2
WO2002002165A2
WO2002002165A2
Foreign References:
US20080269687A1
EP1970091A1
US20010056284A1
EP2009051974W2009-02-19
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
NILAUSEN, Kim (Zacco Denmark A/S, Hans Bekkevolds Allé 7, Hellerup, DK-2900, DK)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

1. An insertion device comprising

- a penetrating member (50) comprising an inserter part provided with holding means (52) and transformation means (51 ), and a subcutaneous part comprising at least one part such as a cannula or a sensor for subcutaneous positioning in a patient,

- a moving part (38) comprising guiding means (39) which guiding means (39) restrict the movement of the transformation means (52) and guide the moving part (38) in a second direction which is normally linear and different from the first direction i.e. the direction of insertion, towards the injection site, and

- a stationary housing (30) comprising guiding means (32) which guiding means (32) restrict the movement of the moving part (38),

characterized in that the moving part (38) comprises at least two guiding means (39a, 39b) completely separated from each other which guiding means during full insertion of at least part of the subcutaneous part of the penetrating member (50) each are in engagement with separate parts of the transformation means (51 a, 51 b) during at least part of the full insertion.

2. An insertion device according to claim 1 , wherein the guiding means (39a, 39b) of the moving part (38) comprises at least two tracks formed in the moving part (38).

3. An insertion device according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the at least two tracks formed in the moving part (38) are parallel openings in the moving part (38).

4. An insertion device according to claim 1 , 2 or 3, wherein the at least two tracks formed in the moving part (38) have each their separate starting point displaced relative to each other in the direction of insertion and each their separate ending point displaced relative to each other in the direction of insertion.

5. An insertion device according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the transformation means (51 a, 51 b) comprises at least two protruding parts.

6. An insertion device according to any preceding claim, where the first direction form an angle β to the surface in which the penetrating member (50) is to be inserted, and where 30°< β < 90°.

7. An insertion device according to any preceding claim, where the direction of the moving part (38) during insertion is essentially parallel to the surface on which it is mounted. 8. An insertion device according to any preceding claim, wherein the insertion device (1 ) before insertion of the penetrating member (50) is attached to a base part (100) which base part (100) can be fastened to the surface where the penetrating member (50) is to be inserted and the penetrating member (50) is brought in contact with or passes through the base part upon insertion.

9. An insertion device according to any preceding claim, wherein the penetrating member (50) is attached to a body (24) holding a cannula (22) which body (24) comprises retention means (23) securing the body (24) and the cannula (22) at the surface of insertion.

10. An insertion device according to claim 9, wherein said retention means (23) interact with interacting means (102) on the base part (100) upon insertion and retain the body (24) of the penetrating member (50) to the base part (100). 1 1. An insertion device according to any of the preceding claims, wherein an energy storing member (45) provides the energy required for moving the moving part (38) from a start position to a stop position.

12. An insertion device according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the housing (30) comprises retention means (31 ) retaining the moving part (38) in a start position, the moving part (38) comprises locking means (28) interacting with the retaining means (31 ) in the start position and the activation part (1 1 ) comprises interaction means (41 ) interacting with the locking means (28) upon activation. 13. An insertion device according to claim 12, wherein the locking means (28) is released from a locked position through interaction of the interaction means (41 ) of the activation part (11 ).

14. An insertion device according to claim 13, wherein the locking means (28) has the form of a hook provided with an inclined surface pointing in the direction opposite to the forward movement of the activation part (1 1 ) and the retention means (31 ) is a part protruding from the housing which can be caught by the hook formed by the locking means (28).

15. An insertion device according to any of the preceding claims, wherein a base part (100) is fastened to the mounting surface and the insertion device (10) comprises means (14, 29, 35, 36) which means provide fastening of the insertion device (10) to the base part (100) before insertion and non-fastening of the insertion device (10) to the base part (100) upon insertion of the cannula (22).

Description:
Inserter device with horizontal moving part

Technical field of the invention

The invention concerns an insertion device for inserting a medical device or a part of medical device into the subcutaneous or intramuscular area of a patient.

Background of the invention

Insertion devices (also called inserter or injector) are commonly used in the medical field for inserting medical devices, such as infusion sets, sensors and the like, through the skin of a patient in a more or less automated fashion.

Commonly, when using an inserter, the user, i.e. the patient or the treatment provider (e.g. nurse, doctor, relative, or the like) has to apply a force towards the surface of the skin of the patient in order to provide injection of the medical device (needle, cannula, sensor, and the like). This can cause physiological or psychological distress and/or discomfort, and may lead to inappropriate application of the medical device. Many people are afraid of sharp objects, such as injection needles and other penetrating devices, commonly used for medical treatment and therapy. This fear is often irrational, and it may hamper an appropriate medical treatment. For example in the case of self- medication, a lack of administration of an appropriate dose of a required medical composition can lead to complications, which may even be life-threatening. When treating diabetes, e.g. in juveniles, there is a risk that the required insulin-dose may not be self-administered due to irrational fear of the insertion needle, combined with a general lack of knowledge and awareness concerning the consequences of omitting the correct application of the device and dosage.

A further known issue with insertion of medical devices is the risk of contamination of the penetrating member before or during application. This can easily lead to the introduction of an infection to a patient, e.g. through a contaminated insertion needle. The longer such a needle is exposed, the higher the risk of accidental contamination, e.g. by touching the needle with a finger, bringing the needle in contact with an unclean surface, or by airborne contamination, aerosol contamination and the like. Depending on the nature of the contamination (e.g. comprising virus, bacteria, fungus, yeast and/or prion) combined with the general health status of the patient, the resulting infection can rapidly turn into a life threatening situation. Finally, it is well known that contact with an infected, used needle especially in hospital environments can be life-threatening, and the risk of accidental exposure to

contaminated material in the form of a used insertion needle must be minimized.

The document WO 2002/002165 discloses a needle device having a needle retraction mechanism retracting the needle upon removing the device from a skin surface. The needle device comprises a penetrating member N connected to transformation means (44), an actuator (40) comprising guiding means restricting the movement of the transformation means and guiding the penetrating member N from a first to a second position in the direction of insertion towards the injection site. Further, the needle device comprises a stationary housing (20) provided with guiding means restricting the movement of the actuator (40). The actuator (40) and the attached needle N move in the same direction namely the direction of insertion. According to the present invention the penetrating part moves relative to the moving part and the moving part is fully separated from the penetrating part after insertion. This makes it possible to push the moving part in one direction with a simple spring mechanism while the penetrating member is guided to the injection site in the insertion direction. Separating the units and the direction optimises the possibility of individual control of each part when it comes to e.g. velocity and acceleration.

Thus, there is an obvious need in the art for a robust, reliable, accurate, safe, hygienic, and user friendly insertion device, which addresses the issues discussed above. The document PCT/EP2009/051974 describes an insertion device of similar type as the invention. This document relates to an insertion device comprising

- a penetrating member connected to transformation means,

- a moving part comprising guiding means which guiding means restrict the movement of the transformation means and guide the penetrating member from a first to a second position in a first direction, i.e. the direction of insertion, towards the injection site, and

- a stationary housing comprising guiding means which guiding means restrict the movement of the moving part. The guiding means guide the moving part in a second direction which is linear and different from the first direction i.e. the direction of insertion. According to this insertion device the length of the subcutaneously positioned part which can be inserted is defined by the height of the moving part as the subcutaneously positioned part cannot travel any longer than the height of the illustrated moving part. Summary of the invention

The current invention provides an insertion device for subcutaneously introduction of a penetrating member, where a "penetrating member" is understood to be a needle, a cannula, a sensor or the like. The penetrating member is normally prior and during insertion kept in a position where it is not visible to the patient and where it can not get in contact with the user or the patient before it is actually inserted.

The object of the invention is to provide an insertion device comprising

- a penetrating member (50) comprising an inserter part provided with holding means (52) and transformation means (51 ), and a subcutaneous part comprising at least one part such as a cannula or a sensor for subcutaneous positioning in a patient,

- a moving part (38) comprising guiding means (39) which guiding means (39) restrict the movement of the transformation means (52) and guide the moving part (38) in a second direction which is normally linear and different from the first direction i.e. the direction of insertion, towards the injection site, and

- a stationary housing (30) comprising guiding means (32) which guiding means (32) restrict the movement of the moving part (38),

wherein the moving part (38) comprises at least two guiding means (39a, 39b) completely separated from each other which guiding means during full insertion of at least part of the subcutaneous part of the penetrating member (50) each are in engagement with separate parts of the transformation means (51 a, 51 b) during at least part of the full insertion.

That the guiding means are completely separated from each other means that the guiding means are e.g. not placed in continuation of each other or placed in any other way which allows for one specific part of the transformation means to slide from one guiding means to another.

That the penetrating member is "provided with transformation means" means that the transformation means are unreleasably connected to the penetrating member in such a way that when the transformation means are moved or forced in a certain direction, the penetrating member is moved simultaneously with same speed and direction as the transformation means.

The separate parts of the transformation means are positioned at different positions along the longitudinal axis of the penetrating member i.e. the axis that defines the direction of insertion. When the penetrating member is being moved in the direction of insertion either forward or to a retracted position, then at least one of part of the transformation means are engaged with one of the guiding means. In the end positions i.e. where the penetrating member is either fully or almost fully retracted or the penetrating member is fully or almost fully inserted, at least on separate part of the transformation means will be engaged with one of the guiding means and at least one second the separate transformation means will be free of the guiding means i.e. the at least second separate transformation means is not in contact with the guiding means. In a middle position i.e. a position where the penetrating member is neither fully retracted nor fully inserted, two or more of the separate parts of the transformation means might at the same time be in contact with each a guiding mean.

According to one embodiment of the present invention the guiding means (39a, 39b) of the moving part (38) comprises at least two tracks formed in the moving part (38). Each track formed guiding mean has smooth internal surfaces which the transformation means of the penetrating member can easily slide along.

According to one embodiment of the present invention the at least two tracks formed in the moving part (38) are parallel openings in the moving part (38). The tracks need not be parallel in their full length but will normally be parallel at least at part of the length, especially the length of the guiding means providing insertion of the penetrating member might be provided with parallel openings or at least with parallel "upper" walls as this is the surface which pushes the penetrating member towards the patients skin i.e. down. According to one embodiment of the present invention the at least two tracks formed in the moving part (38) have each their separate starting point displaced relative to each other in the direction of insertion and each their separate ending point displaced relative to each other in the direction of insertion.. The starting and/or the end point of each track can be formed as a closed point i.e. a blind end in the moving part which means that the separate part of the transformation means fitting into this track cannot exit or enter the track at this point. Also, the starting point and/or the end point of each track can be formed as an opening ad the edge of the moving part which means that the separate part of the transformation means fitting into this track can exit or enter the track at this point.

According to one embodiment of the present invention the transformation means (51 a, 51 b) comprises at least two protruding parts. The protruding parts will normally have rounded contact surfaces i.e. the protruding parts e.g. have the form of a protruding cylinder or a protruding part having an oval cross-sectional area.

According to one embodiment of the present invention the first direction form an angle β to the surface in which the penetrating member (50) is to be inserted, and where 30°< β < 90°. According to one embodiment of the present invention the direction of the moving part (38) during insertion is essentially parallel to the surface on which it is mounted.

According to one embodiment of the present invention the insertion device (1 ) before insertion of the penetrating member (50) is attached to a base part (100) which base part (100) can be fastened to the surface where the penetrating member (50) is to be inserted and the penetrating member (50) is brought in contact with or passes through the base part upon insertion.

According to one embodiment of the present invention the penetrating member (50) is attached to a body (24) holding a cannula (22) which body (24) comprises retention means (23) securing the body (24) and the cannula (22) at the surface of insertion. Said retention means (23) can interact with interacting means (102) on the base part (100) upon insertion and retain the body (24) of the penetrating member (50) to the base part (100).

According to one embodiment of the present invention an energy storing member (45) provides the energy required for moving the moving part (38) from a start position to a stop position. According to one embodiment of the present invention the housing (30) comprises retention means (31 ) retaining the moving part (38) in a start position, the moving part (38) comprises locking means (28) interacting with the retaining means (31 ) in the start position and the activation part (1 1 ) comprises interaction means (41 ) interacting with the locking means (28) upon activation. The locking means (28) can be released from a locked position through interaction of the interaction means (41 ) of the activation part (1 1 ). The locking means (28) can have the form of a hook provided with an inclined surface pointing in the direction opposite to the forward movement of the activation part (1 1 ) and the retention means (31 ) can be a part protruding from the housing which can be caught by the hook formed by the locking means (28).

According to one embodiment of the present invention a base part (100) is fastened to the mounting surface and the insertion device (10) comprises means (14, 29, 35, 36) which means provide fastening of the insertion device (10) to the base part (100) before insertion and non-fastening of the insertion device (10) to the base part (100) upon insertion of the cannula (22).

Definitions

"Parallel" or "essentially parallel" as used herein refers to a second movement in a direction, plane, item or the like defined in relation to a first or a reference plane or direction which reference plane or direction has a direction defined as the angle α = 0°; and the second plane or direction deviates at maximum ±10°; normally not more than ±5° from the first or reference direction α. In the context of the application "horizontal" or "essentially horizontal" means that a movement in a direction, a direction, plane, item or the like is horizontal or essentially horizontal is parallel or essentially parallel to the surface of the skin of a patient as defined above. For example, the base part to which the insertion device is fastened can be horizontal, or essentially horizontal, parallel or essentially parallel to the skin.

"Perpendicular" or "essentially perpendicular" as used herein refers to a second movement in a direction, a direction, plane, item or the like defined in relation to a reference plane or direction which reference plane or direction has a position or a direction in the angle β = 0°; and the second plane or direction deviates between 80- 100°; normally between 85-95° from the first reference β. In the context of the application "Transversal" or "essentially transversal" can be used interchangeably with perpendicular or essentially perpendicular as defined above. "Means": As used herein, the expression means can comprise one or more means. This is irrespective, if with respect to grammar, the verb relating to said means indicates singular or plural.

Brief description of the drawings

A detailed description of embodiments of the current invention will be made with reference to the accompanying figures, wherein like numerals designate corresponding parts in different figures.

Figs. 1A-C show a cross section of an embodiment of a previously known insertion device in three states: A: before activation; B: just after insertion; C: after retraction of insertion needle. Fig. 1 D-F show two embodiments of previously known moving parts.

Fig. 2 show an embodiment of a moving part according to the invention.

Fig. 3 show an embodiment of penetrating member corresponding to the embodiment of a moving part shown in fig. 2.

Fig. 4A-I show a series of changing positions of the moving part of fig. 2 relative to the penetrating member and to the house of the inserter device.

Fig. 5 shows a first embodiment of an assembly comprising an inserter together with a medication unit.

Fig. 6 shows a side view of a second embodiment of an assembly comprising an inserter, a delivery part and a base part.

Fig. 7A and 7B show a top view and end view of the second embodiment of fig. 6 without the inserter.

Fig. 8A-D show the base part and the delivery part of the second embodiment in a separated position from different angles

Fig. 9 shows a longitudinal cut through an assembly as shown in fig. 6-8.

Fig. 10 shows the inserter of fig. 9 removed from the rest of the assembly

Fig. 1 1 shows a side view of a third embodiment of an inserter before insertion of the cannula part.

Fig. 12 shows a side view of the third embodiment of the inserter after insertion of the cannula part. Fig. 13A-C shows side views of the third embodiment of the inserter in different states.

Fig. 14A -B show a side and bottom views of a fourth embodiment of an inserter after insertion of the cannula part.

Fig. 15A-B show the internal parts of the inserter housing of the fourth

embodiment of the inserter.

Fig. 16A-B show a moving part of the fourth embodiment of the inserter shown in fig. 15. Detailed description of the invention

Figures 1A-1 C shows an embodiment of an insertion device 1 for inserting a penetrating member 50 according to a previous invention. This previous invention comprises some of the same components as the present invention such as a penetrating member 50 and a moving part 38.

The insertion device 1 comprises a housing 30, a base part 100, a moving part 38 and a penetrating member 50. For clarity, the moving part 38 is represented in a semi- transparent fashion. The figs. 1A, 1 B and 1 C show the penetrating member 50 in three different positions relative to the moving part 38.

The penetrating member 50 comprises two parts, an inserter part which stays with the insertion device after insertion and a subcutaneous part which is at least partly subcutaneously inserted and left with the patient after insertion. The inserter part comprises holding means 52 to which an insertion needle 53 is unreleasably attached, and transformation means 51 which are also unreleasably attached to the holding means 52. The subcutaneous part comprises a body 24 and a cannula 22. The cannula 22 is according to this embodiment a soft cannula which needs to be inserted with the help of the insertion needle 53. The cannula 22 is attached unreleasably to the body 24. Furthermore, the body 24 comprises retention means 23 for fastening of the cannula 22 to the base part 100 when the cannula 22 has been fully inserted. According to this embodiment the retention means 23 are formed as mechanical hooks which can be forced inward i.e. toward the centre where the cannula 22 is positioned. As the mechanical hooks are fastened to the body 24 in a flexible way the hooks will return to their original position after having been forced towards the centre, the flexibility will normally be due to the properties of the material used to produce the body 24, the hooks 23 and the connection formed between them. In fig. 1 A the penetrating member 50 is retracted into the housing in a pre-insertion position, in fig. 1 B the penetrating member 50 is fully subcutaneously inserted and in fig. 1 C the inserter part and the subcutaneous part are separated and the inserter part is placed in a retracted position inside the housing 30 while the subcutaneous part is left fully inserted into the patient.

The penetrating member 50 can comprise a cannula, a sensor or both a sensor and a cannula. Also, the penetrating member 50 can comprise more than one cannula 22 e.g. a plurality of cannula and/or a plurality of sensors. The subcutaneous part of the penetrating member 50 might also comprise a self-penetrating cannula which means that the "insertion needle" i.e. the self-penetrating cannula is left subcutaneously in the patient, and therefore retraction of the inserter part of the penetrating member 50 to a retracted position might not be necessary, at least not a complete retraction. The housing 30 comprises guiding means 32 for the moving part 38 and guiding means 33 for the penetrating member 50. The guiding means 32 for the moving part 38 according to this embodiment comprises surfaces of the inner walls of the housing 30 along which the moving part 38 can slide and the guiding means 33 for the penetrating member 50 comprises an upright tube-like shape. The moving part 38 is provided with transformation means 39 in the form of a V-shaped opening which is formed to fit closely with the transformation means 51 of the penetrating member 50. The housing 30 is releasably connected to the base part 100, and can be disconnected from the base part 100 after the penetrating member 50 has been inserted. When connected, the housing 30 and the base part 100 encloses the penetrating member 50, the moving part 38, and the guiding means 32, 33 respectively for the moving part 38 and the penetrating member 50 thereby providing a unit.

The base part 100 comprises an opening 101 , which is dimensioned to allow passage or entering of the penetrating member 50 or at least a part of it such as the subcutaneous part and the insertion needle if present.

The base part 100 and the housing 30 are normally individual elements, which elements can be separated in a reversible or an irreversible fashion. According to the present embodiment the opening 101 comprises interaction means 102, adapted to interact with the retention means 23 of the body of the penetrating member 50. The opening 101 can be closed and/or protected by a seal 121 which seal 121 is either removable or can be penetrated by the penetrating member 50. The seal 121 can cover a large area of the base part 100 and if the base part 100 is partly constituted by a mounting pad with an adhesive surface the seal 121 can be a release layer protecting the adhesive surface before use.

The guiding means 32 for the moving part 38 provides a directional controlled movement of the moving part 38 essentially within the housing 30 as it is advantageous but no necessary that the housing 30 protects the free movement of the moving part 38. In the depicted embodiment the moving part 38 can move linearly and essentially parallel, i.e. essentially horizontal relative to the base part 100, guided by the guiding means 32. The movement can be characterised as a sliding movement as the moving part 38 slides along the guiding means 32. The movement performed by the moving part 38 is a longitudinal movement, i.e. a linear movement relative to the housing 30. The means used to initiate and maintain the movement of the moving part 38 can either be provided directly by the user i.e. the user pushes or pulls the moving part 38 or it can be provided by mechanical means such as a spring which only has to be activated by the user.

The guiding means 33 for the penetrating member 50 which are a part of or connected to the moving part 38 provide a movement of the penetrating member 50 in a direction different from the direction of movement of the moving part 38. This feature has at least two advantages: 1. the user's actions when activating or pushing the moving part 38 is less likely to influence the actual insertion of the penetrating member 50, and 2. the insertion device can be constructed in a smaller and more compact manner.

According to the embodiment of fig. 1 the direction of movement of the penetrating member 50 is essentially perpendicularly to the direction of movement of the moving part 38. The guiding means 33 for the penetrating member 50 can comprise one or more parts which together provides a well defined track or tube along or in which the penetrating member can slide e.g. the guiding means 33 may comprise a hollow, partly cylindrical element fastened to the housing 30, the penetrating member 50 can move inside the partly cylindrical element along the longitudinal axis of said partly cylindrical element, comparable to the movement of a piston in a cylinder. That the element is "partly cylindrical" means that the walls of the element are provided with openings which at least allows the transformation means 51 to get in contact with corresponding parts of the moving part 38. Such a movement can be described as a sliding movement as the contact between the inner surfaces of the partly cylindrical element and the outer sur- faces of the penetrating member 50 provides the guiding. Alternatively, the guiding means 33 of the penetrating member 50 can comprise one or more bars, governing the direction of movement of the penetrating member 50. As seen in fig. 1 , the guiding means 33 for the penetrating member 50 according to this embodiment extend from the inner ceiling of the housing to the base part 100. The guiding means 33 of the penetrating member 50 is not necessarily attached to the base part 100. The guiding means 33 normally rest against and/or touch and/or are releasably connected with the base part 100. In the depicted embodiment, the guiding means 33 of the penetrating member 50 is connected to the housing 30 at the inside of the upper surface ("ceiling"), and at one or more side ("wall") of the housing 30.

The guiding means 39 or the transformation means of the moving part 38 for the transformation means 51 of the penetrating member 50 defines a track. This track extends from a starting point 22a to a middle point 22b and ends at an end point 22c. As seen in fig. 1 , this track is V-shaped, or essentially V-shaped. In the depicted

embodiment, the guiding means 39 of the moving part 38 are provided as a continuous groove or through going opening within the moving part 38. The middle point 22b is closer to the base part 100 than the starting point 22a, and also closer to the base part 100 than the end point 22c, also, the starting point 22a is closer to the base part 100 than the end point 22c.

It is not essential how the starting point 22a and the end point 22c varies relative to each other, i.e. it would be possible to have an embodiment where the end point 22c is closer to base part 100 than start point 22a or an embodiment where the starting point 22a and the end point 22c have the same distance to the base part 100.

It should though be assured that the starting point 22a is placed in a distance from the base part which is far enough to keep the end of the cannula 22 and the end of a separate insertion needle 53 inside the housing 30 before insertion and also it should be recognised that the travel length d of the penetrating member 50 in the insertion direction will be shorter than the height of the moving part 38 as the travel length d of the penetrating means 50 is equal to the length of the insertion part of the guiding means 39 i.e. the left side of the illustrated V-track, when this part of the guiding means 39 is projected on to the insertion direction. This is due to the fact that the transformation means 51 comprise only one protruding part directly interacting with the guiding means 39. The travel length d of the penetrating member 50 is illustrated by the dotted lines in fig. 1A.

According to the invention and as illustrated in fig. 1A-1 C, the insertion device 1 is adapted to provide:

(i) a first state (fig. 1A), where the penetrating member 50 is in the starting position 22a. The penetrating member 50 is fully retracted and does not protrude from the housing 30 of the insertion device 1 ; the moving part 38 is in a start position in the right side of the housing 30;

(ii) a second state (fig. 1 B), where the penetrating member 50 is in the middle point 22b, the part(s) of the penetrating member 50 which are to be inserted i.e. the cannula 22 and the insertion needle 53, fully protrude the housing 30 through the opening 101 in the base part 100, and the moving part 38 has been moved forward to a middle position relative to the housing 30. The stationary guiding means 33 of the penetrating member 50 prevent the penetrating member 50 from moving in the same direction as the moving part 38 and only allows a "vertical" movement of the penetrating member 50 i.e. vertical is here to be understood as being perpendicular to "horizontal"; and

(iii) a third position (fig. 1 C), where the subcutaneous part of the penetrating member 50 protrude the housing 30 and is attached to the base part 100, and the holding means 52 together with the transformation means 51 and the insertion needle 53 are at the end point 22c where the insertion needle 53 is fully retracted from the injection site. The moving part 38 has reached the end of its travel to the left side in the stationary housing 30. In the second position (ii) and in the third position (iii), the body 24 of the penetrating member 50 is retained in the fully inserted position through interaction between the retention means 23 of the body 24 of the penetrating member 50 and the interacting means 102 of the base part 100.

As shown, the horizontally forward movement of the moving part 38 is transformed into an insertion movement of the penetrating member 50 followed by a retraction movement of at least a part of the penetrating member 50. This is achieved by the interaction of the guiding means 39 of the moving part 38 with the transformation means 51 of the penetrating member 50.

In the first position (i), the transformation means 51 of the penetrating member 50 are at the starting point 22a of the track/guiding means 39. When the moving part 38 is moved horizontally guided by its guiding means 32, the penetrating member 50 is moved downwards, i.e. "vertically" towards the base part 100. The speed of the movement of the moving part 38 and the slope of the guiding means 39 define the speed of the movement of the penetrating member 50, thus the speed of insertion i.e. the steeper the slope of the guiding means 39 are, the shorter time will be used to guide the penetrating member 50 from the retracted start position to the inserted position.

In the second position (ii), the transformation means 51 of the penetrating member 50 have reached the middle point 22b of the guiding means 39. At this point the direction of the slope of the guiding means 39 changes from downwards, i.e. towards the base part 100, to upwards, i.e. away from the base part 100. Thus the orientation of the slope of the guiding means 39 defines the direction of movement of the penetrating member 50. Further the forward horizontal movement of the moving part 38 produces a retraction movement of the holding means 52 of the penetrating member 50 and the insertion needle 53. If the cannula 22 is a hard self penetrating cannula there will be no need of a separate insertion needle 53 and also there will be no need to perform the last retraction part of the movement i.e. the last line of the V in the track 39 could be left out and the middle point 22b would be identical to the end point 22c. In the third position (iii), the transformation means 51 of the penetrating member 50 have reached the end point 22c of the guiding means 39, and the holding means 52 of penetrating member 50 and the insertion needle 53 are fully retracted.

As seen in fig. 1 , the moving part 38 does not protrude the housing 30. The arrow above the figure indicates the direction of movement of the moving part 38.

Fig. 1 D and 1 E show another embodiment of a moving part 38. Fig. 1 D shows the "back side" i.e. the side turned away from the penetrating member and fig. 1 E shows the "front side" i.e. the side turned toward the penetrating member. The figures show a protruding part 38A placed at the trailing edge of the moving part 38 having the inclined side i.e. the ramp facing forward in the direction of movement, and the figures show the

transformation means 39 in the shape of a longitudinal opening formed as a V where the start position is at the upper end of the first line in the V and the end position for the penetrating member is at the upper end of the second line in the V. The end position is placed lower than the start position. At the lower edge of the moving part 38 is shown positioning means 27 which assures the positioning of the moving part 38 in relation to the housing of the inserter when sliding along the guiding means 32 provided by the surrounding parts of the inserter housing but which main function is to force the flexible member 1 14 of the housing "backwards" when the moving part 38 and the integrated positioning means 27 passes by.

When the positioning means 27 of the moving part 38 touch the flexible member 114, the flexible member 1 14 is pushed away from the connection part 3 of the base part, and the fastening means in the form of the protruding parts 14PL and 14PR are pulled out of the corresponding openings in the base part 14L and 14R. When the moving part 38 is in its end position, the integrated parts 38A and 27will be at positions where both the hinge part 14 and the flexible member are pushed away from their relaxed and locked position which means it will be possible to remove the inserter from the base part when the moving part 38 is in its end position.

Fig. 1 F shows another embodiment of a moving part 38 which moving part has an increased tolerance for deviations from the standard insertion depth. Fig. 1 F shows the "back side" i.e. the side turned away from the penetrating member and when placed in an inserter the moving part would moved from the right to the left while the penetrating member of the inserter stays in a stationary horizontal position in which position it moves first down and then up. The figure shows the protruding part 38A placed at the trailing edge of the moving part 38, and the guiding means 39 for the transformation means placed within the boundaries of the moving part. According to this embodiment the guiding means 39 are defined by a cut-out having an outer limit encircling an open space in which the transformation means 51 of the penetrating member can move. The guiding means 39 also comprise a pivotable part 40 which part can pivot around a stem through which is fastened to the body of the movable part 38. The pivotable part 40 provides a flexible upper limit as the movable part 38 moves from the right to the left according to fig. 18a i.e. the pivotable parts 40 swings upwards as the transformation means passes. When the pivotable part 40 has passed the transformation means 51 of the penetrating member it swings back into its resting position.

The transformation means 51 has a start position relative to the movable part 38 at position A. As the movable part 38 moves to the left, the transformation means 51 of the penetrating member arrive at position B by sliding along the upper surface of the guiding means 39, at position B the insertion needle 53 of the penetrating member touches the skin of the patient. At position C the cannula 22 which is joined to or surrounding the insertion needle 53 touches the skin of the patient.

At position D the sealing start i.e. contact is made between the cannula part 7 and the surface plate 1 , and a retention click can be heard as an information to the user that the cannula 22 is in its correct position and that the retention means 23 on the stationary base part has locked the cannula part 7 to the base part.

As the transformation means 51 of the penetrating member passes from position A to position D it slides along the lower contact surface of the pivotable part 40. This contact surface drives the penetrating member down and it is therefore important that the surface is smooth and provides as little frictional resistance as possible.

At position E the penetrating member should be fully inserted. That the pivotable part 40 can flex allows for the insertion depth to vary slightly i.e. within the range of ± 0.6 mm.

At position G the insertion needle 53 is clear of the self closing membrane 21 A which might cover the top opening 21 of the cannula part 7 and at position H the insertion needle is in a safe position i.e. the insertion needle 53 is retracted relative to the housing of the inserter. Normally it will be retracted at least 1 mm relative to the housing.

As the transformation means 51 of the penetrating member passes from position E to position H it slides along the upward contact surface of the trail which forms the guiding means 39 of the moving part 38. This contact surface drives the penetrating member back up and it should be smooth and provide as little frictional resistance as possible. Fig. 1 G shows a view of the moving part 38 of fig. 1 F seen from the side. The arrows marked A indicate the side shown in fig. 18a. The deformation of the spring 45 due to biasing can be used to release the moving part 38 from the locked start position. Figure 2 shows an embodiment of a moving part according to the invention. Like the embodiment illustrated in figs. 1 , the moving part 38 when in use is placed within the walls of the housing of an inserter. The moving part 38 comprises surfaces

corresponding to guiding means 32 of the housing which guiding means 32 and corresponding surfaces of the moving part 38 makes it possible for the moving part 38 to slide from a first position to a second position, where the first position corresponds to the situation where the penetrating member 50 is in a retracted position and the second position corresponds to the situation where the penetrating member 50 is in a forward position and the insertion needle is fully inserted into the patients skin. Also, the moving part 38 is provided with transformation means 39a and 39b in the form of inclined openings which is formed to fit closely with the transformation means 51 of the penetrating member 50. The entrance or starting points for the transformation means 51 are at the right side of the moving part 38 according to fig. 2, therefore the lowest track forming the guiding means 39b is open at this position in order for the moving part 38 to "catch" the transformation means 51 of the penetrating member 50, and closed at the opposite position or end where the travel of the transformation means 51 ends.

Due to the pivotable part 40 of the upper transformation means 39a, the moving part 38 is provided with a certain tolerance for deviations from the standard insertion depth. Fig. 2 shows the "front side" i.e. the side facing the penetrating member and when placed in an inserter the moving part 38 would moved from the left to the right while the penetrating member 50 which is attached to the inserter stays in a stationary horizontal position in which position it moves first down and then up as the moving part 38 passes this stationary horizontal position. Fig. 2 shows a protruding part 38A placed at the trailing edge of the moving part 38, and the guiding means 39a and 39b for the transformation means 51 which guiding means are not placed entirely within the boundaries of the moving part 38. According to this embodiment the guiding means 39a and 39b are defined by several cut-outs having an outer limit encircling open spaces in which the transformation means 51 of the penetrating member 50 can move. The guiding means 39a and 39b also comprise a pivotable part 40 corresponding to the pivotable part described in relation to the fig. 1 F which part can pivot around a stem through which is fastened to the body of the movable part 38. The pivotable part 40 provides a flexible upper limit as the movable part 38 moves from the left to the right and part of the penetrating member 50 is inserted. As the pivotable part 40 can give in to an upward pressure of the transformation means 51 of the penetrating member 50, a slight deviation from full insertion of the penetrating member 50 will not prevent the moving part 38 from continuing the travel. A slight deviation is considered to be within the range of ± 0.6 mm.

Figure 3 show an embodiment of an inserter part of a penetrating member 50 according to the invention. The subcutaneous part which is to be inserted at least partly into the patient is not shown. Like in the embodiment illustrated in figs. 1 , the penetrating member 50 comprises holding means 52 holding the subcutaneous part and securing the penetrating member 50 in such a way to the housing 30 that the penetrating member 50 can slide from a retracted to a forward position and back again if desired, and transformation means 51 are attached to the holding means 52. This embodiment of the invention comprises to protruding parts 51 a and 51 b which constitute the transformation means. The not shown subcutaneous part of the penetrating member 50 might comprise a cannula or a sensor or both as described for the embodiment of fig. 1. Also the attachment of the subcutaneous part to the base part 100 can be performed exactly as described for the embodiment in fig. 1.

Figure 4A-4I show a series of different positions for an embodiment of a moving part 38 relative to a penetrating member 50. The moving part 38 comprises multiple entrance openings for multiple transformation means 51 of a penetrating member 50.

According to the shown embodiment the inserter part of the penetrating member 50 comprises holding means 52, transformation means 51 comprising two individual protruding parts 51a and 51 b being attached to the holding means 52, and an insertion needle 53. The subcutaneous part of the penetrating member comprises a body 24, a cannula 22. The cannula 22 is according to this embodiment a soft cannula which needs to be inserted with the help of an insertion needle 53 attached unreleasably to the body 24 of the penetrating member 50. Furthermore, the body 24 comprises some kind of retention means for fastening of the cannula 22 to the base part 100 when the cannula 22 has been fully inserted. The retention means 23 might be formed as mechanical hooks which can be forced inward i.e. toward the centre where the cannula 22 is positioned as described with fig. 1 or the retention means can simply be an adhesive surface of the subcutaneous part which is pushed against an adhesive or at least smooth surface of the base part 100. The inner parts of the inserter comprises guiding means 32 for the moving part 38 and guiding means 33 for the penetrating member 50. The guiding means 32 for the moving part 38 according to this embodiment comprises surfaces of the inner parts of the inserter along which the moving part 38 can slide and the guiding means 33 for the penetrating member 50 comprises an upright tube-like shape which can encompass the cylindrical penetrating member 50. The moving part 38 is provided with transformation means 39 in the form of open tracks 39a and 39b which are formed to fit closely with the protruding parts 51 a and 51 b of the transformation means of the penetrating member 50.

The housing 30 of the insertion device is not shown in fig. 4A-4I, only the internal parts of the insertion device providing the sliding surfaces is shown.

In the figs. 4A-4I the moving part 38 is shown from the "back side" i.e. the side facing away from the penetrating member and when placed in an inserter as illustrated in fig. 4A-4I the moving part 38 would moved from the right to the left (indicated with arrow above the moving part 38) while the penetrating member 50 which is attached to the inserter stays in a stationary horizontal position in which position it moves first down and then up (indicated with a double arrow left of the moving part 38) as the moving part 38 passes this stationary horizontal position. Fig. 4A shows the device in a start state i.e. a state which the insertion device has before insertion and e.g. during storage. The double arrow at the right of the figure named "d" illustrates the maximum travel length of the penetrating member. The pivotable part 40 - also referred to as a flexible arm - can if the penetrating member 50 is prevented from being inserted to its maximum give way and thereby allow a reduced travel length.

In this state the penetrating member comprising the protruding parts 51 a and 51 b is in a first top position, being in a top position means that the penetrating member is in a retracted position where the insertion needle 53 is free of the base part 100, and the protruding part 51 furthest away from the insertion site is not in contact with the moving part 38. The moving part 38 is touching the protruding part 51 b of the penetrating member with its front edge, and the protruding part 51 b is positioned at the entrance of the guiding means 39b. Fig. 4B shows the device in a pre-insertion state i.e. the penetrating member has started is travel towards the patients skin but the insertion needle has not yet penetrated the patients skin.

In this state the protruding part 51 a has just made contact with the moving part 38 at the entrance of guiding means 39a. The moving part 38 touches both of the protruding parts 51 a and 51 b with its front half. When the penetrating member is travelling from the position of fig. 4A to the position of fig. 4B the upper inclined surface of guiding means 39b pushes the penetrating member downwards as the moving part 38 moves forward (which at the figure is to the left).

Fig. 4C shows the device in a semi-inserted state i.e. the penetrating member has penetrated the top membrane of the base part 100 and the insertion needle has also penetrated the patients skin but the cannula of the penetrating member has not reached its final subcutaneous position.

In this state both the protruding part 51a and the protruding part 51 b are in contact with the moving part 38. The penetrating member is therefore travelling downwards due to the pressure provided by both the upper inclined surface of guiding means 39a against the protruding part 51a and the pressure provided by the upper inclined surface of guiding means 39b against the protruding part 51 b.

Fig. 4D also shows the device in a semi-inserted state where the penetrating member has penetrated the top membrane of the base part 100 and the insertion needle has penetrated the patients skin but the cannula of the penetrating member has still not reached its final subcutaneous position.

In this state only the protruding part 51 a is in contact with the moving part 38. The penetrating member is therefore travelling downwards due to the pressure provided by both the upper inclined surface of guiding means 39a against the protruding part 51 a. The protruding part 51 b is at this state not in contact with the moving part 38. Fig. 4E shows the device in a practically fully inserted or forward state where the penetrating member has penetrated the top membrane of the base part 100, the insertion needle has penetrated the patients skin and the cannula of the penetrating member is at its final subcutaneous position.

In this state only the protruding part 51a is in contact with the moving part 38 and the protruding part 51a rests against the flexible arm 40, the flexibility of the arm 40 allows the moving part 38 to continue its travel forward although the insertion needle 53 in combination with the cannula 22 might not be inserted any deeper. The penetrating member has therefore almost ended the downward travel but is still engaged with and influenced by the flexible arm 40. The protruding part 51 b is as in the state of fig. 4D not in contact with the moving part 38. Fig. 4F shows the device in a state where the cannula of the penetrating member has been placed in its final subcutaneous position and the inserter part of the penetrating member is being moved upwards towards a retracted position by the moving part 38.

In this state only the protruding part 51a is in contact with the moving part 38 and the protruding part 51a is subjected to an upward pressure from the lower surface of the inclined guiding means 39a. The subcutaneous part of the penetrating member which comprises a body to which the cannula 22 is attached, has been attached to the base part 100 and will therefore stay attached to the base part 100 while the inserter part of the penetrating member is separated from the subcutaneous part and moves toward a retracted position. The protruding part 51 b is as in the state of fig. 4F not in contact with the moving part 38.

Fig. 4G shows the device in a state where the subcutaneous part of the penetrating member has been separated from the inserter part of the penetrating member and the inserter part is moving upwards i.e. toward a second retracted position.

In this state still only the protruding part 51a is in contact with the moving part 38 and the protruding part 51a is subjected to an upward pressure from the lower surface of the inclined guiding means 39a moving the inserter part of the penetrating member toward the second retracted position. The subcutaneous part of the penetrating member which comprises a body to which the cannula 22 is attached, stays attached to the base part 100 while the inserter part of the penetrating member has been separated from the subcutaneous part and is moving towards the second retracted position. The protruding part 51 b is as in the state of fig. 4F not in contact with the moving part 38 but has just reached a contact position.

Fig. 4H shows the device in a state where the inserter part of the penetrating member is still moving upwards i.e. toward the second retracted position. In this state both the protruding part 51 a and the protruding part 51 b is engaged with the moving part 38, the lower inclined surface of guiding means 39a pushes the protruding part 51 a upwards while the lower inclined surface of guiding means 39b simultaneously pushes the protruding part 51a upwards as the moving part 38 continuously move forward. The insertion needle 53 has been partly retracted from the base part 100.

Fig. 4I shows the device in an end state where the inserter part including the insertion needle 53 has been fully retracted to the second retracted position. The moving part 38 has reached its end destination and is no longer moving forward (i.e. to the left in the figures).

In this state both the protruding part 51 a is free from the guiding means 39a of the moving part 38 while the protruding part 51 b is still in contact with the guiding means 39b of the moving part 38 as the protruding part 51 b has been forced into a closed end of the guiding means 39b. When a force e.g. from a spring is still pushing the moving part 38 forward i.e. to the left, which means that the moving part 38 stays in the left side, this force will prevent the contaminated insertion needle 53 to return to the forward position as the penetrating member cannot move to a forward position while the moving part 38 is forced to the left. Fig. 5-15 all illustrate embodiment of insertion devices and base parts which can be used together with the moving part of the present invention.

Figure 5 shows a first embodiment of an assembly comprising an inserter according to the invention together with a medication unit 8. Only the side of the base part 100 can be seen as the whole of the upper surface of the base part 100 is covered by the medication unit 8. The medication unit 8 will normally comprise both a reservoir for medication such as insulin and delivering parts in the form of pumping means and e.g. dosing means which can see to that the patient has a prescribed dose of medication. The figs. 6 and 7A and 7B show a second embodiment of an assembly comprising an inserter 10 according to the invention, a delivery part 8 and a base part. The base part comprises a surface plate 1 attached to a contact surface. The surface plate 1 is in this embodiment constructed of a molded plastic material and the contact surface is the proximal side of a mounting pad 2 which mounting pad 2 is unreleasably fastened to the surface plate 1 during manufacturing of the device. "Proximal" means the side or surface closest to the patient when the mounting pad is adhered to the patient, "distal" means the end or surface furthest away from the patient when the device is in a position of use.

Fig. 6 shows the embodiment of the assembly seen from the side and fig. 7A and 7B shows the same embodiment seen from above. The penetrating member of this embodiment is comprised in a cannula part 7 which is inserted into an opening 12A of a connector part 3 of the base part, this cannula opening 12A provides and opening which extends right through the base part. The cannula part 7 is provided with a penetrating member in the form of a cannula 22 which will penetrate the surface of the skin of the patient during the insertion and be positioned sub- or transcutaneous^.

The inserter 10 holds the cannula part 7 before insertion and the insertion is initiated by pushing a handle 1 1. Fig. 6 shows the direction the handle 1 1 has to be pushed in order to initiate insertion of the cannula part 7. After insertion a not shown insertion needle can be retracted to the inside of the inserter 10, afterwards the inserter 10 can be removed from the base part, leaving an inserted cannula 22 fastened to the surface plate 1. If the cannula 22 of the cannula part 7 is a hard self penetrating cannula there will be no separate insertion needle and therefore no need to retract the insertion needle. The connector part 3 is kept in position by the surface plate 1. According to one embodiment the surface plate 1 and at least an outer cover of the connector part 3 is simply molded in one piece during manufacturing of the device. The connector part 3 forms a fluid path between e.g. a reservoir 6 of medication or a reservoir for liquid collected from the patient and a cannula part 7. Therefore the connector part 3 is provided with at least two openings, one opening at each end of the fluid path where the first opening 13 is an inlet or outlet opening receiving or delivering fluid to a reservoir 6 and the second opening 12 is an inlet or outlet opening receiving or delivering fluid to a cannula part 7 (see fig. 6C-D). The connection part 3 might be provided with extra openings e.g. for injection of a second medication or nutrient or for letting the fluid in the fluid path get in contact with a sensor. In order to secure a fluid tight connection between the outlet opening 12 in the connection part 3 and the cannula part 7 the outlet opening 12 of the connection part 3 is provided with an elastic sealing 18 around the outlet opening 12. When the cannula part 7 is inserted it will be press fitted into the cannula opening 12 and the elastic sealing 18 will provide a completely fluid tight gasket around the corresponding openings 12 and 20. In order to improved the press-fitting and thereby the fluid tight connection between the cannula part 7 and the outlet of the fluid path, the cannula opening 12A can be provided with a decreasing cross-section in a plane parallel to the cannula 22 when inserted and perpendicular to the surface where the outlet of the fluid path is positioned. The cannula part 7 will have a corresponding decreasing cross-section.

In the following the first opening 13 will be referred to as "inlet" and the second opening 12 will be referred to as "outlet" although the direction of the flow through the fluid path is not significant for the invention.

The connection part 3 is further provided with a cannula opening 12A which accurately fits around a cannula part 7 i.e. the cannula opening 12A has the same shape or profile as the cannula part 7 and is just big enough to let the cannula part 7 pass through and then fit into the opening. When the cannula part 7 is fully inserted into the base part and the patient, then the upper surface i.e. the distal surface of the cannula part 7 is normally at level with or at a lower level than the outer surface of the connection part 3 surrounding the cannula opening 12A. When the cannula part 7 has been fully inserted into the connection part 3, then an opening 20 in a side surface of the body of the cannula part 7 corresponds to the opening 12 of the fluid path of the connection part 3 and fluid can flow from one part to the other.

Fig. 7B shows the embodiment of fig. 7A where the inserter has been removed. Fig. 7B shows the device from the end which was covered by the inserter 10 before it was removed. From this end it is possible to see a part of the fastening means 14 which assure attachment of the inserter 10 to the base part before insertion. According to this embodiment the fastening means 14 comprise two openings 14L and 14R in the connector part 3. These openings correspond to two protruding parts 14PL and 14PR (see fig. 7 and 8) which protrude from the side of the inserter housing turned towards the base part and the connector part 3 with the corresponding opening. When the fastening means 14L and 14R on the base part is engaged with the corresponding fastening means 14PL and 14PR on the inserter 10, the inserter 10 is prevented from moving in relation to the base part, at least in the direction perpendicular to the surface plate 1. After insertion of the penetrating member where the penetrating member has been fully inserted into the base part, the inserter 10 can be removed or detached from the base part. When detaching the inserter 10 from the base part, the inserter 10 is moved in a direction horizontal to the patients skin i.e. the base part is not subjected to a force perpendicular to the patients skin i.e. a force pulling the base part away from the patient. Alternatively it would be possible to e.g. glue the inserter to the delivery part 8 before insertion along adjoining surfaces between the inserter 10 and the delivery part 8 which surfaces should be essentially perpendicular to the patient's skin in order to create a pull in a direction parallel to the patients skin when the inserter 10 is removed from the delivery part 8.

Figs. 8A-D show the base part and the delivery part in a separated position from different angles. In fig. 6A the two parts are shown from below. This view shows an opening 12B through which the penetrating member 7 can be inserted through the base part and through which opening 12B the cannula 22 extends. From this view it is possible to see how the reservoir 6 can be positioned in the delivery part 8 and to see how two opposite positioned release handles 9 are placed at the edge of the delivery part 8. Further a longitudinal track corresponding to longitudinal raised guiding means 4 on the base part can be seen.

The two release handles 9 are formed as s-shaped bands where one end is fastened hinge-like to the housing of the delivery part 8 and the first curve in the s-shape is slightly extending the outer surface of the housing of the delivery part whereas the second curve is free i.e. not attached to the housing of the delivery part 8 and is provided with a hook-like shape which can fold around a part 15 protruding from the distal surface of the base part. When the delivery part is locked to the base part both release handles 9 are folded round a protruding part 15, when the delivery part 8 is to be removed from the base part, the two opposite release handles 9 are pushed together whereby the hook-like parts of the release handles 9 are released from the protruding parts 15 of the base part, and the delivery part can be moved backwards i.e. in the direction away from the cannula part 7 and removed from the base part in this direction. In fig. 8B the two parts are shown from above. This view shows how the delivery part 8 of this embodiment can be joined to the base part by pushing the delivery part 8 down toward the guiding means 4 which in this case is a longitudinal raised platform having e.g. a metal lining 5 fastened to the top surface. The delivery part 8 is provided with corresponding means e.g. comprising a track corresponding to the raised platform 4. The corresponding means of the delivery part 8 can slide along the metal lining 5 of the raised platform 4 in the longitudinal direction. When the delivery part 8 arrives at its working position, the two release handles 9 engage respectively with the two protruding parts 15 protruding from the upper surface of the surface plate 1. When the delivery part 8 is in its working position it is locked in all horizontal directions by the release handles 9. The locking mechanisms make it possible to fasten and release the delivery device from the base part as often as needed i.e. a single-use base part can be combined with a multi-use delivery part.

In fig. 8C the two parts are shown from the end opposite of where the inserter was fastened before insertion of the penetrating member. From this side it is possible to see the inlet opening 13 in the connection part 3 through which e.g. medication from the reservoir 6 can enter, the inlet opening 13 is protected with a membrane to prevent contamination with microorganisms. According to one embodiment the connection part 3 is provided with both a connector needle (not shown as it is placed behind the bubble shaped membrane) and a bubble shaped self closing membrane 17 and the reservoir 6 can be provided with a bubble shaped self closing membrane. Hereby a fluid path is established providing transfer of medication e.g. insulin or nutrients from the reservoir to the connector part 3. As both parts are provided with self closing membranes it will be possible to separate the two units from each other and rejoin them at a later time without the connection part 3 and thereby the patient being contaminated.

Fig. 9 shows a longitudinal cut through an assembly as shown in fig. 6-8. From this view it is possible to the how the fastening means 14 of respectively the connector part 3 of the base part and the inserter 10 are joined together. Fig. 10 shows the inserter 10 removed from the rest of the assembly. From this side it is possible to see the fastening means 14PR and 14PL of the inserter.

Figs. 11-12 show a third embodiment of an inserter, in fig. 1 1 and 12 the inserter is shown separated from the rest of the assembly. The inserter 10 comprises like the first and second embodiment of the inserter an actuator handle 11 which in fig. 10 is shown in a pre-insertion state and in fig. 10 is shown in an after-insertion state. The third embodiment of the inserter can be provided with a moving part 38 as shown in fig. 1 D, 1 E, 1 F, or according to the present invention and this moving part 38 is provided with a protruding member 38A which is an integrated part of the moving part 38. The moving part 38 is shown two different views in fig. 1 E and 1 F. That it is "an integrated part" means that it moves simultaneously with the moving part and is positioned stationary in relation to the moving part. Normally it will be molded together with the moving part and be of the same material, but it can also be made of a different material and attached to the moving part 38 after the moving part 38 has been produced.

The protruding part 38A on the moving part 38 is provided with a ramp. The ramp is an inclined surface placed on the forward side of the protruding part 38A in such a way that the front profile of the protruding part 38A forms an arrowhead.

The fastening means of this embodiment comprises a hinged part 14 which in this embodiment is fastened to the housing of the inserter 10, the hinged part could alternatively be fastened to an internal part of the inserter e.g. the same part as the protruding parts 14PL and 14PR is fastened to. In the shown embodiment the hinged part 14 is actually made as a part of the housing as the hinged part 14 is created by making two cuts in the full height of the housing. The housing is normally made of a hard, molded plastic such as polypropylene and the relatively long shape of the hinged part 14 makes it very flexible i.e. the hinged part 14 is very pliant and it will be easy to push it outward from the relaxed position, the inward movement is blocked by the presence of the guiding means 33 for the penetrating member which in this embodiment is a cannula part 7. The hinged part 14 can also be made of a material which is different from the material of the housing of the inserter e.g. metal which are then attached to the housing in a rotatable manner. The hinged part 14 is provided with two inward hooks ("inward" means that the hooks point toward the inside of the housing) at the lower or proximal end of the hinged part 14 and the two hooks lock the housing to the base part by catching a stationary protruding part 14B of the base part. As the two hooks are turned inward they are released from their locked position by being pushed outward i.e. away from the centre of the housing. The hinged part 14 is also provided with a contact member 14A having the form of a rounded plate of a rigid material placed inwards from the hinged part 14 around the guiding means 33 for the cannula part 7. When the moving part 38 moves from its start position to its end position the protruding member 38A which is placed on the trailing edge of the moving part 38 will hit the contact member 14A with the ramp surface and the contact member 14A will be forced outward and so will the hinged part 14 as the contact member 14A is attached unreleasably and rigidly to the hinged part 14.

The housing of the inserter also comprises two protruding parts having the form of rounded hooks 14PL and 14PR on the inside surface of the wall opposite the inward hooks of the hinged part 14. These protruding parts 14PL and 14PR fits into

corresponding openings 14L and 14R of the base part close to the connector part 3. The openings in the base part are shown in fig. 16A. When the fastening means in the form of the openings 14L and 14R on the base part is engaged with the corresponding fastening means in the form of the rounded hooks 14PL and 14PR on the inserter 10, the inserter 10 is prevented from moving in relation to the base part, both in the direction parallel to the longitudinal direction of the base part as the protruding parts are rounded and form a grip around the opening, and also in the direction perpendicular to the surface plate 1 due to the insertion of the protruding part into the opening. After having fully inserted the penetrating member (fig. 10), the inserter 10 can be removed or detached from the base part.

In order to detach the inserter 10 from the base part, the inserter 10 is pivoted around an axis provided along the upper surface of the openings 14L and 14R. The upper (distal) surface of the openings 14L and 14R provide a contact surface for the rounded hooks 14PL and 14PR along which contact surface the downward contact surface of the rounded hooks 14PL and 14PR can slide and thereby be forced out of the openings 14L and 14R when subjecting the inserter housing 30 to a rotational movement. After insertion the base part comprising the surface plate 1 and the inserted part 7 is completely stationary in relation to the surface in which the cannula or sensor has been inserted and the rotational movement is only provided by the inserter 10.

The rotatable movement is made possible at the lower or proximal surface of the housing of the inserter is inclined in relation to the upper surface 1 of the base part and therefore leaves room for the displacement of the housing 30, at the end of the rotational movement the lower (proximal), inclined surface of the inserter housing will normally rest against the patients skin. Fig. 13A shows the inserter in a position before insertion. In this state the inclined lower surface is lifted away from the patient's skin. The inward hooks of the hinged part 14 are locked around the protruding part 1 1 B on the base part.

Fig. 13B shows the inserter after the cannula part has been inserted. In this state the inclined lower surface is parallel to the patient's skin and the inward hooks of the hinged part 14 have been released from the locked position.

Fig. 13C shows the inserter after it has been removed from the base part. Fig. 1 F and 1 E illustrate an embodiment of a moving part 38 which can be used with the third embodiment of the inserter shown in fig. 10-12. Moving parts according to the present invention i.e. moving parts having more than one guiding means and more than one corresponding parts of the penetrating member can also be used with such an inserter if longer travel way for the penetrating member is needed and proper parts for moving and guiding of the moving part inside the inserter is provided.

Fig. 14 and 15 show a fourth embodiment of an inserter, this embodiment differs from the third embodiment by the fastening means 14 securing the inserter to the base part. The inserter 10 is in fig. 13 and 14 shown in an after-insertion state where it has been removed from the base part. The fourth embodiment has means to release to sets of functionally independent fastening means which are supporting each other.

Like the third embodiment the fourth embodiment of the inserter is provided with a moving part 38 having a protruding member 38A being an integrated part of the moving part 38. The moving part 38 of the fourth embodiment is further provided with a second integrated part called the positioning means 27. These positioning means 27 are attached to the lower trailing edge of the moving part 38. Moving parts according to the present invention i.e. moving parts having more than one guiding means and more than one corresponding parts of the penetrating member can also be used with this inserter if longer travel way for the penetrating member is needed and proper parts for moving and guiding of the moving part inside the inserter is provided.

The fastening means of this embodiment comprises like the third embodiment of the inserter a hinged part 14 which is fastened to the housing of the inserter 10 and the hinged part 14 moves in the same way as described for the third embodiment of fig. 9 and 10. The hinged part 14 of the fourth embodiment is also provided with two inward hooks at the lower or proximal end of the hinged part 14. The two hooks lock the housing against the base part by catching a stationary protruding part 14B of the base part having a downward or proximal contact surface. As the two hooks are turned inward they are released by being pushed outward i.e. away from the inside of the housing.

The hinged part 14 is also provided with a contact member 14A having the form of a plate placed in a direction toward the centre of the inserter i.e. "inwards" from the hinged part 14 around the guiding means 33 for the cannula part 7. When the moving part 38 moves from its start position to its end position the protruding member 38A which is placed on the trailing edge of the moving part 38 will hit the contact member 14A with the ramp surface of the protruding member 38A and the contact member 14A will be forced outward and so will the hinged part 14 as the contact member 14A is attached unreleasably and rigidly to the hinged part 14.

According to the fourth embodiment the protruding members 14PL and 14PR are positioned on a flexible member 1 14. The protruding members 14PL and 14PR according to this embodiment have a rectangular profile but could also have e.g. a round or triangular profile. The protruding members 14PL and 14PR fits into openings 14P and 14L of the base part close to the connector part 3. These openings correspond to the rectangular protruding members 14PL and 14PR. When the fastening means in the form of the openings 14L and 14R on the base part are engaged with the corresponding fastening means in the form of the protruding members 14PL and 14PR on the inserter 10, the inserter 10 is prevented from moving in relation to the base part, both in the direction perpendicular to the surface plate 1 and in any direction parallel to the surface plate 1.

The flexible member 1 14 is attached to the housing or a part being stationary in relation to the housing 30 in such a way that the flexible member can move between two positions, a first position where the inserter is locked to the base part, and a second position where the inserter is released from the base part. Both fig. 17A and 17B show the flexible member 1 14 in a relaxed locked position and an arrow in fig. 17B indicates the direction it moves in, in order to get to the second released position. According to the shown embodiment the flexible member 1 14 is made as an integrated part of the guiding means 32 for the moving part i.e. the flexible member 1 14 constitutes a part of the surfaces or walls along which the moving part 38 slides. The flexible member 114 is provided with a contact part 1 15 which according to this embodiment has a triangular profile with the sharpened edge pointing forward in the direction of movement during insertion. The contact part 115 is formed with a ramp shaped surface pointing in the direction opposite of the direction of movement of the moving part 38 during insertion.

In order to bring the flexible member 1 14 from a first relaxed and locked position into a second and released position the flexible has to be subjected to a force large enough to be able to move the flexible member 114 to the second position.

Fig. 15A and 15B shows the internal parts of the inserter housing 30 which provide the guiding parts for the moving part and which are not visible when the surrounding housing is in place. Fig. 14A and 14B show identical cuts through these internal housing parts but in fig. 14A the moving part 38 is removed in order to make the contact part 1 15 of the internal parts visible. The contact part 1 15 consists of a protruding ramped surface which will get in contact with the positioning means 27 of the moving part 38 when the moving part 38 is in its end or final position. Fig. 16A and 16B show a moving part 38 of the fourth embodiment of the inserter shown in fig. 13-14. Fig. 16A shows the "back side" i.e. the side turned away from the penetrating member and fig. 15B shows the "front side" i.e. the side turned toward the penetrating member. The figures show the protruding part 38A placed at the trailing edge of the moving part 38 having the inclined side i.e. the ramp facing forward in the direction of movement, and the figures show the transformation means 39 in the shape of a longitudinal opening formed as a V where the start position is at the upper end of the first line in the V and the end position for the penetrating member is at the upper end of the second line in the V. The end position is placed lower than the start position. At the lower edge of the moving part 38 is shown positioning means 27 which assures the positioning of the moving part 38 in relation to the housing of the inserter when sliding along the guiding means 32 provided by the surrounding parts of the inserter housing but which main function is to force the flexible member 1 14 of the housing "backwards" when the moving part 38 and the integrated positioning means 27 passes by. When the positioning means 27 of the moving part 38 touch the flexible member 114, the flexible member 114 is pushed away from the connection part 3 of the base part, and the fastening means in the form of the protruding parts 14PL and 14PR are pulled out of the corresponding openings in the base part 14L and 14R. When the moving part 38 is in its end position, the integrated parts 38A and 27will be at positions where both the hinge part 14 and the flexible member are pushed away from their relaxed and locked position which means it will be possible to remove the inserter from the base part when the moving part 38 is in its end position.

Moving parts according to the present invention i.e. moving parts having more than one guiding means and more than one corresponding parts of the penetrating member can also be used with all the inserters described in the present application if longer travel way for the penetrating member is needed and proper parts for supporting movement and guiding of the moving part inside the inserter is provided.