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Title:
AN INTERNAL VENTILATED DIAPHRAGM-PISTON SPRING BRAKE ACTUATOR
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2017/151077
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention subject matter of the application is related to an internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator (1) that enables decreasing actuator malfunctions by implementing an internal ventilation system to the diaphragm-piston spring brake actuators used in pneumatic brake systems of heavy commercial vehicles such as trucks, tractors, trailers and busses.

Inventors:
ARKAN, Fuat Burtan (Gebze Organize Sanayi Bolgesi Ihsandede Cad. 300. Sok. No:304, Kocaeli, TR)
BATTAL, Yavuz (Gebze Organize Sanayi Bolgesi Ihsandede Cad. 300. Sok. No:304, Kocaeli, TR)
KULAC, Omer Faruk (Gebze Organize Sanayi Bolgesi Ihsandede Cad. 300. Sok. No:304, Kocaeli, TR)
Application Number:
TR2017/050041
Publication Date:
September 08, 2017
Filing Date:
January 27, 2017
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
ARFESAN ARKAN FREN ELEMANLARI SANAYI VE TICARET ANONIM SIRKETI (Gebze Organize Sanayi Bolgesi Ihsandede Cad. 300. Sok. No:304, Kocaeli, TR)
International Classes:
B60T17/08; B60T13/26
Domestic Patent References:
WO2001068429A12001-09-20
WO2012164587A22012-12-06
WO2009085024A22009-07-09
WO1995012748A11995-05-11
WO2015122860A12015-08-20
WO2015122861A12015-08-20
WO2009085024A22009-07-09
Foreign References:
US5067391A1991-11-26
US4850263A1989-07-25
EP2662254A12013-11-13
US7121191B12006-10-17
EP2711258A12014-03-26
US20070131498A12007-06-14
DE10228934A12004-01-15
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
YALCINER, Ugur G. (Yalciner Patent & Consulting Ltd, Tunus Cad. No:85/3-4Kavaklidere, Ankara, 06680, TR)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAI MS

1 . An internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator ( 1 ) that enables decreasing actuator malfunctions by implementing internal ventilation system to diaphragm-piston spring brake actuators used in pneumatic brake systems, characterized by comprising a piston pipe (7) having piston pipe locking assembly form (21 ) and piston pipe plug (6) having valve system with plug body locking assembly form (20) .

2. An internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator (1 ) according to Claim 1 , characterized in that the adapter plate bearing between the adapter plate (38) and the piston pipe (7) is realized by using v-ring in the v-ring implemented version of the invention.

3. An internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator (1 ) according to Claim 1 , characterized in that a rectangle ring (33) is provided on the piston pipe (6) having the valve system in the rectangle ring implemented version of the invention.

4. An internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator (1 ) according to Claim 2, characterized in that the piston pipe (6) having the valve system in the v-ring implemented version comprises of plug body ( 12) , plug body locking assembly form (20) , valve system body air channel (30) , valve (29) , valve system spring (28) , valve systen body large assembly ring

(22) , plug body-piston pipe sealing o-ring (13) , valve system body-plug body sealing o-ring

(23) , plug body air channel (25) , valve system body valve groove (35) , valve system body (26) , valve system body small assembly ring (27) , plug body valve system groove (34) and valve sealing lip (31 ) .

5. An internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator ( 1 ) according to Claim 3, characterized in that the piston pipe (6) having the valve system in the rectangle ring implemented version comprises of plug body ( 12) , plug body locking assembly form (20) , valve system body air channel (30) , valve (29) , valve system spring (28) , valve systen body large assembly ring (22) , plug body-piston pipe sealing o-ring (13) , valve system body-plug body sealing o-ring (23) , plug body air channel (25) , valve system body valve groove (35) , valve system body (26) , valve system body small assembly ring (27) , plug body valve system groove (34) , valve sealing lip (31 ) , rectangle ring air channel (32) and the rectangle ring (33) .

6. An internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator ( 1 ) according to Claims 1 , 2 and 4 characterized in that purging (discharge) of the pressurized air formed in the power spring section (37) during winding up of the power spring (1 1 ) to service chamber (3) is performed by passing through power spring section (37) , piston pipe internal volume (36) , valve system body air channel (30) , valve system body valve groove (35) , plug body valve system groove (34) , plug body air channel (25) and piston pipe air channel (24) , respectively.

7. An internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator ( 1 ) according to Claims 1 ,

2 and 4 characterized in that the balancing of the vacuum formed in the power spring section (37) during switching of the vehicle from driving position to parking position by transfer of atmospheric pressure in the service chamber (3) to power spring section (37) is performed by passing through the service chamber (3) , piston pipe air channel (24) , plug body air channel (25) , plug body valve system groove (34) , valve system body valve groove (35) , valve system body air channel (30) and piston pipe internal volume (36) , respectively.

8. An internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator ( 1 ) according to Claims 1 ,

3 and 5 characterized in that purging (discharge) of the pressurized air formed in the power spring section (37) during winding up of the power spring (1 1 ) to service chamber (3) is performed by passing through power spring section (37) , piston pipe internal volume (36) , valve system body air channel (30) , valve system body valve groove (35) , plug body valve system groove (34) , plug body air channel (25) and piston pipe air channel (24) , respectively.

9. An internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator ( 1 ) according to Claims 1 , 3 and 5 characterized in that the balancing of the vacuum formed in the power spring section (37) during switching of the vehicle from driving position to parking position by transfer of atmospheric pressure in the service chamber (3) to power spring section (37) is performed by passing through the service chamber (3) , piston pipe air channel (24) , plug body air channel (25) , plug body valve system groove (34) , valve system body valve groove (35) , valve system body air channel (30) and piston pipe internal volume (36) , respectively.

1 0. An internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator ( 1 ) according to Claims 1 ,

2 and 4 characterized in that, when the piston pipe air channel (24) is above the adapter plate (38) - piston pipe (7) adapter plate bearing, blocking passage of pressurized air that may form in the service chamber (3) to the power spring section (37) is ensured by reaching to service chamber (3) , piston pipe air channel (24) , plug body air channel (25) and plug body valve system groove (34) , pushing the valve (29) and the valve system spring (28) downward and connecting the valve sealing lip (31 ) to valve system body (26) .

1 1 . An internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator (1 ) according to Claims 1 ,

3 and 4 characterized in that, when the piston pipe air channel (24) is above the adapter plate (38) - piston pipe (7) adapter plate bearing, blocking passage of pressurized air that may form in the service chamber (3) to the power spring section (37) is ensured by reaching to service chamber (3) , piston pipe air channel (24) , plug body air channel (25) and plug body valve system groove (34) , pushing the valve (29) and the valve system spring (28) downward and connecting the valve sealing lip (31 ) to valve system body (26) .

1 2. Assembly method of an internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator (1 ) according to Claim 2, characterized in that the assembly of valve system integrated piston pipe plug (6) in the v-ring implemented version comprises the steps of ;

Placing the power spring ( 1 1 ) and the piston (8) into the spring body (4) ,

Winding up of the power spring ( 1 1 ) by the aid of a press,

· Fixing the power spring ( 1 1 ) and the piston (8) by the release bolt (39) ,

Placing the adapter plate (38) onto the spring body (4) and performing the connection of adapter plate (38) - spring body (4) ,

The valve system integrated piston pipe plug (6) is mounted onto the piston pipe (7) by the aid of a press.

1 3. Assembly method of an internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator (1 ) according to Claim 3, characterized in that assembly of valve system integrated piston pipe plug (6) in the rectangle ring implemented version comprises the steps of ;

Placing the power spring ( 1 1 ) and the piston (8) into the spring body (4) ,

Winding up of the power spring ( 1 1 ) by the aid of a press,

· Fixing the power spring ( 1 1 ) and the piston (8) by the release bolt (39) ,

Placing the adapter plate (38) onto the spring body (4) and performing the connection of adapter plate (38) - spring body (4) ,

The valve system integrated piston pipe plug (6) is mounted onto the piston pipe (7) by the aid of a press.

1 4. Disassembly method of an internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator ( 1 ) according to Claim 2, characterized in that disassembly of valve system integrated piston pipe plug (6) in the v-ring implemented version comprises the steps of ;

Removing the service body (2) ,

While the piston (8) is at top position when the pressurized air in the spring chamber (5) is purged, placing vertically cut right and left bushings (40, 41 ) on the adapter plate (38) such that they surround the piston pipe (7) ,

Moving the piston (8) is downward by supplying pressurized air into the spring chamber

(5) ,

By the reverse impulse force of the pressurized air on the piston (8) and by the reaction force of the right and left bushings (40, 41 ) on the piston pipe plug (6) towards disassembly direction, releasing the plug body locking assembly form (20) from the piston pipe locking assembly form (21 ) .

1 5. Disassembly method of an internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator ( 1 ) according to Claim 3, characterized in that the disassembly of valve system integrated piston pipe plug (6) in the rectangle ring implemented version comprises the steps of ; Removing the service body (2) ,

While the piston (8) is at top position when the pressurized air in the spring chamber (5) is purged, placing vertically cut right and left bushings (40, 41 ) on the adapter plate (38) such that they surround the piston pipe (7) ,

· Moving the piston (8) is downward by supplying pressurized air into the spring chamber (5) ,

By the reverse impulse force of the pressurized air on the piston (8) and by the reaction force of the right and left bushings (40, 41 ) on the piston pipe plug (6) towards disassembly direction, releasing the plug body locking assembly form (20) from the piston pipe locking assembly form (21 ) .

1 6. An internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator ( 1 ) according to Claims 1 and 2, characterized in that the adapter plate bearing and sealing between the adapter plate (38) and the piston pipe (7) is ensured by one o-ring ( 18) , one adapter plate center guide ring ( 16) and one v-ring (15) .

1 7. An internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator ( 1 ) according to Claims 1 and 3, characterized in that the adapter plate bearing and sealing between the adapter plate (38) and the piston pipe (7) is ensured by two o-rings (18) and one adapter plate center guide ring (16) .

1 8. An internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator (1 ) according to Claims 1 and 2, characterized in that when the piston pipe air channel (24) enters between the v-ring

( 15) and o-ring (18) in the adapter plate (38) - piston pipe (7) adapter plate bearing, discharge of the pressurized air in the spring chamber (37) to service chamber (3) is ensured by passing through the power spring section (37) , piston pipe internal volume (36) , valve system body air channel (30) , valve system body valve groove (35) , plug body valve system groove (34) , plug body air channel (25) , piston pipe air channel (24) and the v-ring (15) .

1 9. An internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator (1 ) according to Claims 1 and 3, characterized in that when the piston pipe air channel (24) enters between two o-rings ( 18) in the adapter plate (38) - piston pipe (7) adapter plate bearing, discharge of the pressurized air in the spring chamber (37) to service chamber (3) is ensured by passing through the power spring section (37) , piston pipe internal volume (36) , valve system body air channel (30) , valve system body valve groove (35) , plug body valve system groove (34) , rectangle wing air channel (32) and the rectangle ring (33) .

20. An internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator (1 ) according to Claims 1 and 2, characterized in that when the piston pipe air channel (24) enters between the v-ring ( 15) and o-ring ( 18) in the adapter plate (38) - piston pipe (7) adapter plate bearing, blocking passage of pressurized air that may form in the service chamber (3) to the valve system is ensured by the v-ring ( 15) having the design that allows air passage only to the service chamber (3) .

21 . An internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator (1 ) according to Claims 1 and 3, characterized in that when the piston pipe air channel (24) enters between the two o-ring (18) in the adapter plate (38) - piston pipe (7) adapter plate bearing, blocking passage of pressurized air that may form in the service chamber (3) to the valve system is ensured by the rectangle ring (33) having the design that allows air passage only to the service chamber (3) .

Description:
AN INTERNAL VENTILATED DIAPHRAGM-PISTON SPRING BRAKE

ACTUATOR Technical Field of the I nvention

The invention subject to the application is related to an internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator that enables decreasing actuator malfunctions by implementing an internal ventilation system to the diaphragm-piston spring brake actuators used in pneumatic brake systems.

Background of the I nvention ( Prior Art)

The spring brake actuators used in heavy duty commercial vehicles such as trucks, tractors, trailers and busses consist of the service part that is active during normal driving conditions and the spring brake part that engages in case of air leaks or if the air is purged (when handbrake is pulled).

The breather tube in the traditional diaphragm-piston spring brake actuators produced by the current technique today is connected to the sheet metal bodies via the rubber parts called rubber elbows. During the upward motion of the piston, air is sucked from the region with atmospheric pressure through the breather tube in the power spring section. The atmospheric region is connected to the outer environment via the ventilation hole. Along with the air, dust and moisture can also easily enter in through this ventilation hole. By the downward motion of the piston, dust and moisture may be conveyed into the power spring section via the breather tube. Especially the moisture may cause corrosion on the power spring and dusts may eventually cause the sealing elements and the guide ring to be damaged. Moreover, the rubber elbows that get dusted are bruised by the atmospheric conditions over time and this causes the joints to become loose. At the same time, it is a common situation that vibration and rocks bouncing from the road damage this joint and causes any one end of the breather tube to be opened up to the atmosphere. When this joint is damaged, water, dust and mud enter into the power spring section and cause the guide ring and sealing elements to get damaged and break the sealing. Moreover, the water and abrasives that enter in may cause premature corrosion and damage on the power spring that is responsible for holding the vehicle in parked position. In this case, the spring brake actuator that has essential importance must be immediately repaired or replaced. In the patent application No. WO2009085024 of the known state of the art, the internal ventilation system for diaphragm piston spring brake actuators is mentioned. In this internal ventilation system, the pressure built up in the power spring section during the upward motion of the piston is purged to the service chamber through the piston pipe and the internal ventilation plug and the vacuum pressure formed in the power spring section during the downward motion of the piston is balanced by the air sucked from the spring chamber. Said patent application NO.WO2009085024 has the below mentioned disadvantages; -Since the valve is closed in order to prevent air leaks into the power spring section when there is pressure in the spring chamber, the pressure in the spring chamber needs to be purged to open the valve and balance the vacuum when there is a need for power spring section vacuum balancing. Thus, during the braking, the desired vacuum balancing cannot be performed or performed late.

- Since the valve that has the duty of balancing vacuum is irremovably attached to the piston, it is not possible to disassemble it in case of a malfunction.

- Finally, since the connection of the internal ventilation plug and the piston pipe is made by thread connection, it may get loose due to the vibration exposed during operating conditions and the actuator may lose its function.

There is another patent document No. DE10228934 of the known state of the art related to diaphragm-piston internal ventilation system. In this application, the pressure and the vacuum formed in the power spring section is balanced from the service chamber through the same valve by a valve system irremovably integrated to the piston pipe. Said patent application No.DE10228934 has the below mentioned disadvantages;

-Since the valve system is irremovably mounted onto the piston pipe, it cannot be removed when it is desired to remove it in case of a malfuntion or for troubleshooting purposes.

- Since the valve system is mounted on the piston pipe, It is required to form a hole on the internal wall of the piston pipe to valve housing. By the current production methods, this process is hard and costly in a piston produced in one piece.

In order to avoid the abovementioned negative situations, there is a need for a new system related to immediate repair or replacement of the spring brake actuator. Brief Description and Objectives of the I nvention

The present invention is related to a novel internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator to resolve the abovementioned disadvantages and to bring new advantages to the associated technical field.

The internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator of the invention; the spring brake actuators used in heavy commercial vehicles such as trucks, tractors, trailers and busses consist of a service part that is active during normal driving conditions and an emergency part that engages in case of an air leak or if the air is purged (when handbrake is pulled). In the situations where it is desired to slow down or stop the vehicle the service part works and when it is desired to immobilize the vehicle the emergency part works. In other words, when a force is applied to the foot brake pedal the service part works and when a force is applied to the handbrake the emergency part works. The power spring is compressed by the air sent to the spring chamber. The power spring provides the force required for the braking by being released when the air in the spring chamber is purged.

Thanks to an internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator;

• By balancing the vacuum formed in the power spring section during the upward motion of the piston, it comprises a more rapid and stable vacuum balancing system compared to systems balanced from the spring chamber.

· Since it is mounted on the piston pipe via form dependant fitting operation, the internal ventilation piston pipe plug having a valve system that balances both the pressure and the vacuum formed in the power spring section enables elimination of the problem that the piston pipe plug comes loose from its location and loses its function during operation of the actuator due to vibration which is encountered on the current systems where the piston pipe plug is mounted by threaded joints.

• The internal ventilated piston pipe plug having the valve system mounted on the piston pipe by form dependant fitting operation enables removal of the plug from the tube in case of a malfunction on the valve system, replacement of the broken parts or dismantling and inspecting the plug when a malfunction occurs in the internal ventilation system.

In order to achieve all the objects that are mentioned above and that can be inferred from the detailed description provided below, the present invention comprises; service body (2), service chamber (3), spring body (4), spring chamber (5), piston pipe plug having the valve system (6), piston pipe (7), piston (8), nutring (9), piston guide ring (10), power spring (11), plug body (12), plug body - piston pipe sealing o-ring (13), v-ring groove (14), v-ring (15), adapter plate center guide ring (16), adapter plate center guide ring groove (17), adapter plate center o-ring (18), adapter plate center o-ring groove (19), plug body locking assembly form (20), piston pipe locking assembly form (21), valve systen body large assembly ring (22), valve system body-plug body sealing o-ring (23), piston pipe air channel (24), plug body air channel (25), valve system body (26), valve system body small assembly ring (27), valve system spring (28), valve (29), valve system body air channel (30), valve sealing lip (31), rectangle ring air channel (32), rectangle ring (33), plug body valve system groove (34), valve system body valve groove (35), piston pipe internal volume (36), power spring section (37), adapter plate (38), release bolt (39), right half-bushing (40) and left half-bushing (41).

Brief Description of the I nvention

The figures prepared to better describe an internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator are described below.

FIGURE 1: Cross-section of an internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator and section of the piston pipe plug having the valve system in the v-ring implemented version of the invention.

FIGURE 2: Cross-section of the piston pipe plug having the valve system in the rectangle ring implemented version of an internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator FIGURE 3: Cross-section of internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator wherein the valve system of an internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator is open. FIGURE 4: Cross-section of internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator wherein the valve system of an internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator is closed. FIGURE 5: Dismantling implementation of the piston pipe plug having the valve system of an internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator.

Description of the Elements/ Components/ Parts Forming the I nvention

The elements/components/ parts in the figures drawn to better describe the internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator developed by the invention have been individually assigned with reference numbers and these numbers refer to;

1. internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator

2. Service body

3. Service chamber

4. Spring body

5. Spring chamber

6. Piston pipe plug having the valve system 7. Piston pipe

8. Piston

9. Nutring

10. Piston guide ring

11. Power spring

12. Plug body

13. Plug body - piston pipe sealing o-ring

14. V-ring groove

15. V-ring

16. Adapter plate center guide ring

17. Adapter plate center guide ring groove

18. Adapter plate center o-ring

19. Adapter plate center o-ring groove

20. Plug body locking assembly form

21. Piston pipe locking assembly form

22. Valve systen body large assembly ring

23. Valve system body-plug body sealing o-ring

24. Piston pipe air channel

25. Plug body air channel

26. Valve system body

27. Valve system body small assembly ring

28. Valve system spring

29. Valve

30. Valve system body air channel

31. Valve sealing lip

32. Rectangle ring air channel

33. Rectangle ring

34. Plug body valve system groove

35. Valve system body valve groove

36. Piston pipe internal volume

37. Power spring section

38. Adapter plate

39. Release bolt

40. Right half-bushing

41. Left half-bushing Detailed Description of the I nvention

In this detailed description, the novelty of the invention is described through non-limiting examples for providing a better understanding of the subject. Accordingly, an internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator (1) that enables decreasing actuator malfunctions by implementing an internal ventilation system to diaphragm-piston spring brake actuators used in pneumatic brake systems and structural members forming the internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator (1) are described. With reference to Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3, Figure 4 and Figure 5, views of internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator (1) are provided. The internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator (1) is basically characterized by comprising a piston pipe plug (6) having a valve system with a plug body locking assembly form (20) and a piston pipe (7) having a piston pipe locking assembly form (21).

In view of the information provided above, during operation of the internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator (1), the main component of the internal ventilated system of the invention is the piston pipe plug having a valve system that is designed to balance the vacuum and the pressure formed in the power spring section (37) from the service chamber (3). An internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator (1) of the invention has two different applications. One of them is the v-ring implemented version and the other is the rectangle ring implemented version.

In both of the different implementations, the operation of the system is generally as described below;

When the spring brake actuator (1) is in the driving condition as shown in Figure 1, the spring chamber (5) is filled with pressurized air. The pressurized air provides the force that holds the power spring (11) in the wound up (set) position. In this situation, the piston (8) is at the lowest position. When the driver pulls the handbrake and wants to bring the vehicle to the parking position or when there is a malfuntion in the pneumatic brake system of the vehicle, the pressurized air in the spring chamber (5) is purged. When the pressurized air in the spring chamber (5) is purged, the power spring (11) pushes the piston (8) up and parking brake or emergency brake is actuated. During upward motion of the piston (8), since the volume of the power spring section (37) is increased, a vacuum pressure is formed in the power spring section (37). This vacuum pressure should be balanced to atmospheric pressure for the spring brake actuator (1) to provide the correct braking force during park brake.

In our invention, this spring brake actuator (37) vacuum balancing procedure is performed as described below;

- Vacuum pressure is formed in the power spring section (37) while the pressurized air in the spring chamber (5) is purged and the piston (8) moves upward,

-The piston moves towards top position (8) (Figure 3)

- The valve system is at open position,

- The atmospheric pressure in the service chamber (3) passes through the service chamber (3), piston pipe air channel (24), plug body air channel (25), plug body valve system groove (34), valve system body valve groove (35), valve system body air channel (30) and piston pipe internal volume (36) respectively and reaches power spring chamber (37) and so the vacuum pressure in the service chamber is balanced with the atmospheric pressure. When the spring brake actuator (1) is in the park brake position, the spring chamber (5) is at atmospheric pressure and the parking or emergency brake is activated by force of the power spring (11). When it is desired to switch the vehicle to driving position from the parking position, the driver releases the handbrake and the spring chamber (5) starts to fill by pressurized air. When the spring chamber (5) starts to fill by pressurized air and when the pressurized air reaches the force required to wind up the power spring (11), the power spring (11) starts to wind up and the piston (8) starts moving down. The power spring section (37) volume decreases by the downward motion of the piston (8), the air pressure of the power spring section (37) which is initially at atmospheric pressure starts to increase and when the piston (8) moves down and comes to the lowest position (Figure 1) it reaches maximum pressure. During switching of the vehicle from the parking position to driving position, this pressure formed in the power spring section (37) must be purged to wind up the power spring (11) at the calculated and predicted spring chamber (5) air pressure values. In our invention, purging of said pressure formed in the power spring section (37) is performed by the steps described below;

- during movement of the piston from the top position to lowest position (Figure 1) pressure builds up in power spring section.

- the valve system is at open position,

- the pressurized air formed in the power spring section (37) passes through the power spring section (37), piston pipe internal volume (36), valve system body air channel (30), valve system body valve groove (35), plug body valve system groove (34), plug body air channel (25) and piston pipe air channel (24) respectively and discharged to service chamber (3).

When referred to Figure 1, in the v-ring implemented version of the internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator (1) (that is the first implementation), the piston plug (6) that has the valve system comprises of; plug body (12), plug body locking assembly form (20), valve system body air channel (30), valve (29), valve system spring (28), valve systen body large assembly ring (22), plug body-piston pipe sealing o-ring (13), valve system body-plug body sealing o-ring (23), plug body air channel (25), valve system body valve groove (35), valve system body (26), valve system body small assembly ring (27), plug body valve system groove (34) and valve sealing lip (31). In the v-ring implemented version, the adapter plate bearing between the adapter plates (38) and the piston pipe (7) comprises of an o-ring (18), one v-ring (15) and a adapter plate center guide ring (16). In order to realize this bearing, there are v-ring groove (14), adapter plate center guide ring groove (17) and adapter plate center o-ring groove (19) on the adapter plate (38).

In the V ring implemented version of the invention, in order to prevent wearing down of valve system integrated piston pipe plug (6) in the driving position when each time the foot brake pedal is pressed and the valve operates, v-ring (15) is used on piston pipe adapter plate adapter plate bearing. While said vehicle is in driving position and when the service chamber (3) is filled with pressurized air by pressing the foot brake pedal when the piston (8) is at the lowest position, in order to prevent fatigue on the valve system, the piston pipe air channel (24) is positioned between the adapter plate bearing o-ring (18) and v-ring (15) between the adapter plate (38) and the piston pipe (7). Thus, while the vehicle is in the driving position, it is prevented that the pressurized air in the service chamber (3) passes through the piston pipe air channel (24) and operates the valve system and causes it to wear down due to the design of the v-ring (15).

In the V ring implemented version of valve system integrated piston pipe plug (6), while the vehicle is switched from the parking position to service position, during winding up of the power spring (11) by the help of the pressure of the spring chamber (5); after the piston pipe air channel (24) goes between the adapter plate bearing o-ring (18) and the v-ring (15) between the adapter plate (38) and the piston pipe (7), the piston (8) moves slightly more downward. During this slight downward motion of the piston, a slight pressure increase occurs in the power spring section (37) due to the decrease in volume. The v-ring (15) functions to discharge said pressure. V-ring (15), while allowing flow towards service chamber (3), blocks air flow from the service chamber (3). During discharge of said pressure, the air flow is transmitted to power spring section (37), piston pipe internal volume (36), valve system body air channel (30), valve system body valve groove (35), plug body valve system groove (34), plug body air channel (25), piston pipe air channel (24), v-ring (15) and the service chamber (3), respectively.

When referred to Figure 2, in the rectangle ring implementation of the internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator (1) which is the second version, valve system integrated piston pipe plug (6) comprises a plug body (12), plug body locking assembly form (20), valve system body air channel (30), valve (29), valve system spring (28), valve systen body large assembly ring (22), plug body-piston pipe sealing o-ring (13), valve system body-plug body sealing o-ring (23), plug body air channel (25), valve system body valve groove (35), valve system body (26), valve system body small assembly ring (27), plug body valve system groove (34) and valve sealing lip (31), rectangle ring air channel (32) and rectangle ring (33). In the rectangle ring implemented version, the adapter plate bearing between the adapter plate (38) and the piston pipe (7) consists of two o-rings (18) and one adapter plate center guide ring (16). In order to perform said bearing on the adapter plate (38), there are adapter plate center guide ring groove (17) and adapter plate center o-ring grooves (19).

In the rectangle ring implemented version of the invention, while the vehicle is in the driving position, two o-rings (18) are used in the piston pipe (7) adapter plate (38) adapter plate bearing of valve system integrated piston pipe plug (6). When the vehicle is in the driving position and the piston (8) is at the lowest position, when the service chamber (3) is filled by pressurized air by pressing the floor brake pedal, in order to prevent fatigue on the valve system, adapter plate bearing between the piston pipe air channel (24) adapter plate (38) and the piston pipe (7) is positioned between two o-rings (18). The rectangle ring (33) on the plug is designed to block the passage of service pressure (3) from the rectangle ring air channel (32) to the valve system. Thus, when the vehicle is in the driving position, it is prevented that the pressurized air in the service chamber (3) passes through the piston pipe air channel (24) or rectangle ring air channel (32) and operates and wears down the valve system.

In the rectangle ring (33) implementation of the invention, valve system integrated piston pipe plug (6), while the vehicle is switched from the parking position to service position, during winding up of the power spring (11) by the help of the pressure of the spring chamber (5); after the piston pipe air channel (24) goes between two o-rings (18) on the adapter plate bearing between the adapter plate (38) and the piston pipe (7), the piston (8) moves slightly more downward. During this slight downward motion of the piston, a slight pressure increase occurs in the power spring section (37) due to the decrease in volume. The rectangle ring (33) functions to discharge said pressure. The rectangle ring (33) part, while allowing air flow from the rectangle ring air channel to service chamber (3), blocks air flow from the service chamber (3) towards the rectangle ring air channel (32). The number of rectangle ring air channels (32) may be one or more than one around the plug body (12). In the rectangle ring version, the discharge of said pressure is performed through the below mentioned air flow path. During discharge of said pressure, the air flow is transmitted to power spring section (37), piston pipe internal volume (36), valve system body air channel (30), valve system body valve groove (35), plug body valve system groove (34), rectangle ring air channel (32), the rectangle ring (33) and the service chamber (3), respectively.

When the vehicle is in the parked position, while switching to driving position, when the foot brake pedal is pressed, while the pressurized air in the spring chamber (5) winding up the power spring (11), the pressure formed in the power spring section (37) cannot be discharged to service chamber (3) due to the pressurized air in the service chamber (3). In the rectangle ring implementation, when the piston pipe air channel (24) enters between the adapter plate bearing two o-rings (18) between the adapter plate (38) and the piston pipe (7) and when the pressurized air in the service chamber (3) is discharged, the pressurized air in the power spring section (37) cannot be discharged through the piston pipe air channel (24). In this case, in order to discharge the pressure formed in the power spring section (37), the rectangle ring (33) and the air flow path given below are used. Power spring section (37), piston pipe internal volume (36), valve system body air channel (30), valve system body valve groove (35), plug body valve system groove (34), rectangle ring air channel (32), rectangle ring (33) and the service chamber (3). In the v-ring version, when the piston pipe air channel (24) enters between adapter plate bearing v-ring (15) and o-ring (18) between the adapter plate (38) and the piston pipe (7), when the pressurized air in the service chamber (3) is discharged, in order to purge said pressure formed in the power spring section (37), the v-ring (15) part functions and the air flow path given below is followed. Power spring section (37), piston pipe internal volume (36), valve system body air channel (30), valve system body valve groove (35), plug body valve system groove (34), plug body air channel (25), piston pipe air channel (24), v-ring (15) and the service chamber (3).

In the v-ring implemented and rectangle ring implemented versions of the internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator (1), the assembly of valve system integrated piston pipe plug (6) onto the piston pipe (7) is performed by the steps given below for both implementations.

• The power spring (11) and the piston (8) is positioned inside the spring body (4),

• The power spring (11) is wound up by the aid of a press,

• The power spring (11) and the piston (8) is fixed at wound up position by the release bolt (39),

• Adapter plate (38) - spring body (4) connection is performed by fixing the adapter plate (38) onto the spring body (4),

• Valve system integrated piston pipe plug (6) is slipped on the piston pipe (7) by the aid of a press,

• The assembly procedure is completed when the plug body locking assembly form (20) sits on the piston pipe locking assembly form (21).

After the assembly procedure is completed, plug body-piston pipe sealing o-rings (13) ensure sealing between the plug body (12) and the piston pipe (7) by being compressed between the plug body (12) and the piston pipe (7).

In the v-ring implemented and rectangle ring implemented versions of the internal ventilated diaphragm-piston spring brake actuator (1) when it is desired to replace the broken piston plug (6) having the valve system or when it is desired to disassemble and inspect it, the disassembly procedure is performed by the steps given below.

• The service body (2) is removed,

• While the piston (8) is at top position when the pressurized air in the spring chamber (5) is purged, vertically cut right and left bushings (40, 41) are placed on the adapter plate (38) such that they surround the piston pipe (7),

· The piston (8) is moved downward by supplying pressurized air into the spring chamber (5).

• By the reverse impulse force of the pressurized air on the piston (8) and by the reaction force of the right and left bushings (40, 41) on the piston pipe plug (6) towards disassembly direction, the plug body locking assembly form (20) is released from the piston pipe locking assembly form (21) and disassembly of the piston plug (6) is completed.