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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
KINK RESISTANT HOSE BIBB
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/161352
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Embodiments can relate to a nozzle system that can be rotatingly attached to a spout, which can include a spout of a hose bibb, to allow the nozzle to freely rotate relative to the spout. Allowing the nozzle to freely rotate relative to the spout can prevent or inhibit a hose attached to the nozzle from being kinked or tangled. The nozzle can have a nozzle first end with a slot formed therein in which a retaining clip can be used to couple the nozzle to the spout but allow the nozzle to rotate about an axis of the nozzle.

Inventors:
YONTZ, Phillip T. (4609 Deer Run, Rock Hill, South Carolina, 29732, US)
Application Number:
US2019/018471
Publication Date:
August 22, 2019
Filing Date:
February 19, 2019
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
CONBRACO INDUSTRIES, INC. (701 Matthews-Mint Hill Road, Matthews, North Carolina, 28105, US)
International Classes:
F16L37/14; F16L21/02; F16L21/06; F16L31/00; F16L33/03; F16L33/20; F16L37/12
Domestic Patent References:
WO2011080717A22011-07-07
Foreign References:
US20050153593A12005-07-14
US5332268A1994-07-26
US20150338001A12015-11-26
US20030062497A12003-04-03
US5275443A1994-01-04
US20020071718A12002-06-13
US20170211738A12017-07-27
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
LI, Shawn S. (Montgomery McCracken Walker & Rhoads, LLP1735 Market Street, 21st Floo, Philadelphia Pennsylvania, 19103, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
WE CLAIM:

1. A nozzle system, comprising:

a nozzle configured as a cylindrical object having a nozzle sidewall, a nozzle outer surface, a nozzle inner surface, and a hollow nozzle interior defined by a volume of space between the nozzle inner surface of the nozzle sidewall;

a nozzle first end configured for selective engagement with a spout;

a nozzle second end configured for selective engagement with a hose;

a nozzle longitudinal axis running from the nozzle first end to the nozzle second end;

at least one slot formed in the nozzle sidewall at the nozzle first end, the at least one slot configured as an opening extending through the nozzle sidewall from the nozzle outer surface to the nozzle inner surface; and

a retaining clip configured to be inserted into the at least one slot, the retaining clip having a width that is greater than the nozzle sidewall at the nozzle first end so as to allow the retaining clip to extend beyond the nozzle outer surface and the nozzle inner surface when inserted into the at least one slot;

wherein the nozzle first end has an inner diameter that is equal to or slightly larger than an outer diameter of the spout to facilitate the nozzle first end receiving at least a portion of the spout by slidingly inserting the nozzle first end over the spout; and

wherein the retaining clip makes contact with an outer surface of the spout to form a mechanical engagement between the nozzle and the spout, the mechanical engagement allowing the nozzle to rotate relative to the spout and about the nozzle longitudinal axis at the nozzle first end.

2. The nozzle system recited in claim 1, wherein the retaining clip is a U- shaped member.

3. The nozzle system recited in claim 1, wherein the at least one slot comprises a first slot and a second slot, the first slot subtending the second slot.

4. The nozzle system recited in claim 1, further comprising the spout, wherein:

the spout has at least one groove formed in a spout outer surface; and the at least one groove is configured to receive at least a portion of the retaining clip.

5. The nozzle system recited in claim 4, wherein the mechanical engagement prevents movement of the nozzle relative to the spout in a direction along the nozzle longitudinal axis at the nozzle first end.

6. The nozzle system recited in claim 1, wherein:

the retaining clip is a U-shaped member having a retaining clip first arm and a retaining clip second arm;

the at least one slot comprises a first slot and a second slot, the first slot subtending the second slot;

the retaining clip first arm is configured to be inserted into the first slot; and the retaining clip second arm is configured to be inserted into the second slot.

7. The nozzle system recited in claim 6, wherein the retaining clip is crimped to facilitate holding the retaining clip in place about the nozzle first end.

8. The nozzle system recited in claim 4, wherein:

each slot is formed so as to extend about a secant of the circumference of the nozzle so as to be perpendicular to the nozzle longitudinal axis at the nozzle first end; each groove is formed so as to extend about a secant of the circumference of the spout so as to be perpendicular to the nozzle longitudinal axis at the nozzle first end when the nozzle first end is slid over the spout; and

an individual slot is aligned with an individual groove to form an aligned slot- groove.

9. The nozzle system recited in claim 8, wherein the retaining clip spans the aligned slot-groove.

10. The nozzle system recited in claim 1, further comprising a sealing mechanism configured to provide a fluid seal between the nozzle inner surface and a spout outer surface.

11. The nozzle system recited in claim 10, wherein the sealing mechanism comprises at least one track formed in the spout outer surface configured to receive and retain an elastomeric body.

12. The nozzle system recited in claim 10, wherein the sealing mechanism comprises at least one track formed in the nozzle inner surface configured to receive and retain an elastomeric body.

13. The nozzle system recited in claim 1, wherein the nozzle second end comprises a nozzle coupling.

14. The nozzle system recited in claim 1, wherein the nozzle first end extends coaxially from the nozzle second end.

15. The nozzle system recited in claim 1, wherein the nozzle first end extends at an angle from the nozzle second end.

16. A hose bibb assembly, comprising:

a spout having a shutoff valve in connection with a handle;

a nozzle, comprising:

a cylindrical object having a nozzle sidewall, a nozzle outer surface, a nozzle inner surface, and a hollow nozzle interior defined by a volume of space between the nozzle inner surface of the nozzle sidewall;

a nozzle first end configured for selective engagement with the spout; a nozzle second end configured for selective engagement with a hose; a nozzle longitudinal axis running from the nozzle first end to the nozzle second end;

at least one slot formed in the nozzle sidewall at the nozzle first end, the at least one slot configured as an opening extending through the nozzle sidewall from the nozzle outer surface to the nozzle inner surface; and

a retaining clip configured to be inserted into the at least one slot, the retaining clip having a width that is greater than the nozzle sidewall at the nozzle first end so as to allow the retaining clip to extend beyond the nozzle outer surface and the nozzle inner surface when inserted into the at least one slot;

wherein the nozzle first end has an inner diameter that is equal to or slightly larger than an outer diameter of the spout to facilitate the nozzle first end receiving at least a portion of the spout by slidingly inserting the nozzle first end over the spout; and

wherein the retaining clip makes contact with an outer surface of the spout to form a mechanical engagement between the nozzle and the spout, the mechanical engagement allowing the nozzle to rotate relative to the spout and about the nozzle longitudinal axis at the nozzle first end.

Description:
KINK RESISTANT HOSE BIBB

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

[0001] Embodiments can relate to a nozzle system that can be rotatingly attached to a spout, which can include a spout of a hose bibb, to allow the nozzle to freely rotate relative to the spout.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0002] Known hose bibb assemblies provide a coupling mechanism to attach a hose to the hose bibb. However, these assemblies can be limited by not providing a means to prevent kinking and tangling of the hose when the hose is attached to the hose bibb.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0003] Embodiments can relate to a nozzle system that can be rotatingly attached to a spout, which can include a spout of a hose bibb, to allow the nozzle to freely rotate relative to the spout. Allowing the nozzle to freely rotate relative to the spout can prevent or inhibit a hose attached to the nozzle from being kinked or tangled.

[0004] In at least one embodiment, a nozzle system can include a nozzle configured as a cylindrical object having a nozzle sidewall, a nozzle outer surface, a nozzle inner surface, and a hollow nozzle interior defined by a volume of space between the nozzle inner surface of the nozzle sidewall. The nozzle can have a nozzle first end configured for selective engagement with a spout. The nozzle can have a nozzle second end configured for selective engagement with a hose. The nozzle can have a nozzle longitudinal axis running from the nozzle first end to the nozzle second end. At least one slot can be formed in the nozzle sidewall at the nozzle first end, the at least one slot configured as an opening extending through the nozzle sidewall from the nozzle outer surface to the nozzle inner surface. The nozzle system can include a retaining clip configured to be inserted into the at least one slot, the retaining clip having a width that is greater than the nozzle sidewall at the nozzle first end so as to allow the retaining clip to extend beyond the nozzle outer surface and the nozzle inner surface when inserted into the at least one slot. The nozzle first end can have an inner diameter that is equal to or slightly larger than an outer diameter of the spout to facilitate the nozzle first end receiving at least a portion of the spout by slidingly inserting the nozzle first end over the spout. The retaining clip can make contact with an outer surface of the spout to form a mechanical engagement between the nozzle and the spout. The mechanical engagement can allow the nozzle to rotate relative to the spout and about the nozzle longitudinal axis at the nozzle first end.

[0005] In some embodiments, the retaining clip can be a U-shaped member. In some embodiments, the at least one slot can include a first slot and a second slot. The first slot can be positioned to subtend the second slot.

[0006] Some embodiments can include the spout. The spout can have at least one groove formed in a spout outer surface. The at least one groove can be configured to receive at least a portion of the retaining clip. In some embodiments, the mechanical engagement can prevent movement of the nozzle relative to the spout in a direction along the nozzle longitudinal axis at the nozzle first end.

[0007] In some embodiments, the retaining clip can be a U-shaped member having a retaining clip first arm and a retaining clip second arm. The at least one slot can include a first slot and a second slot. The first slot can be positioned to subtend the second slot. The retaining clip first arm can be configured to be inserted into the first slot. The retaining clip second arm can be configured to be inserted into the second slot. In some embodiments, the retaining clip can be crimped to facilitate holding the retaining clip in place about the nozzle first end.

[0008] In some embodiments, each slot can be formed so as to extend about a secant of the circumference of the nozzle so as to be perpendicular to the nozzle longitudinal axis at the nozzle first end. Each groove can be formed so as to extend about a secant of the circumference of the spout so as to be perpendicular to the nozzle longitudinal axis at the nozzle first end when the nozzle first end is slid over the spout. An individual slot can be aligned with an individual groove to form an aligned slot-groove. In some embodiments, the retaining clip can be configured to span the aligned slot-groove.

[0009] Some embodiments can include a sealing mechanism configured to provide a fluid seal between the nozzle inner surface and a spout outer surface. In some embodiments, the sealing mechanism can include at least one track formed in the spout outer surface configured to receive and retain an elastomeric body. In some embodiments, the sealing mechanism can include at least one track formed in the nozzle inner surface configured to receive and retain an elastomeric body.

[0010] In some embodiments, the nozzle second end can have a nozzle coupling. In some embodiments, the nozzle first end can extend coaxially from the nozzle second end. In some embodiments, the nozzle first end can extend at an angle from the nozzle second end.

[0011] In at least one embodiment, a hose bibb assembly can include a spout having a shutoff valve in connection with a handle. The hose bibb assembly can include a nozzle. The nozzle can be a cylindrical object having a nozzle sidewall, a nozzle outer surface, a nozzle inner surface, and a hollow nozzle interior defined by a volume of space between the nozzle inner surface of the nozzle sidewall. The nozzle can have a nozzle first end configured for selective engagement with the spout. The nozzle can have a nozzle second end configured for selective engagement with a hose. The nozzle can have a nozzle longitudinal axis running from the nozzle first end to the nozzle second end. At least one slot can be formed in the nozzle sidewall at the nozzle first end, the at least one slot configured as an opening extending through the nozzle sidewall from the nozzle outer surface to the nozzle inner surface. The hose bibb assembly can include a retaining clip configured to be inserted into the at least one slot. The retaining clip can have a width that is greater than the nozzle sidewall at the nozzle first end so as to allow the retaining clip to extend beyond the nozzle outer surface and the nozzle inner surface when inserted into the at least one slot. The nozzle first end can have an inner diameter that is equal to or slightly larger than an outer diameter of the spout to facilitate the nozzle first end receiving at least a portion of the spout by slidingly inserting the nozzle first end over the spout. The retaining clip can make contact with an outer surface of the spout to form a mechanical engagement between the nozzle and the spout. The mechanical engagement can allow the nozzle to rotate relative to the spout and about the nozzle longitudinal axis at the nozzle first end.

[0012] Further features, aspects, objects, advantages, and possible applications of the present invention will become apparent from a study of the exemplary embodiments and examples described below, in combination with the Figures, and the appended claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0013] The above and other objects, aspects, features, advantages and possible applications of the present innovation will be more apparent from the following more particular description thereof, presented in conjunction with the following drawings. Like reference numbers used in the drawings may identify like components.

[0014] FIG. 1 is a cross sectional view of an embodiment of the system.

[0015] FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the system. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0016] The following description is of exemplary embodiments that are presently contemplated for carrying out the present invention. This description is not to be taken in a limiting sense, but is made merely for the purpose of describing the general principles and features of the present invention. The scope of the present invention is not limited by this description.

[0017] Referring to FIGS. 1-2, embodiments of the system 100 can include a nozzle 102 configured to be rotatingly attached to a spout 104. The spout 104 can be part of a hose bibb 110. The nozzle 102 can be fabricated from a rigid material such as metal, plastic, polyurethane, etc. The nozzle 102 can have a nozzle first end 106 and a nozzle second end 108. The nozzle first end 106 can be configured to facilitate selective engagement with the spout 104. The engagement between the nozzle first end 106 and the spout 104 can facilitate fluid communication between the nozzle 102 and the spout 104, which can include facilitating fluid communication between the nozzle 102 and the hose bibb 110. The nozzle second end 108 can be configured to facilitate selective engagement with a hose coupling, which can include facilitating selective engagement with a hose. It is contemplated for fluid (e.g., gas or liquid) to be directed from the hose bibb 110 to the hose via the nozzle 102.

[0018] The nozzle 102 can be a cylindrical object having a nozzle sidewall 112, a nozzle outer surface 114, a nozzle inner surface 116, and a hollow nozzle interior 118 defined by a volume of space between the nozzle inner surface 116 of the nozzle sidewall 112. When the nozzle 102 is engaged with the hose bibb 110, fluid communication can be established between the hollow nozzle interior 118 and an interior of the hose bibb 110. When the nozzle 102 is engaged with the hose coupling, fluid communication can be established between the hollow nozzle interior 118 and an interior of the hose. The nozzle 102 can have a nozzle longitudinal axis 120 running from the nozzle first end 106 to the nozzle second end 108. In some embodiments, the nozzle first end 106 extends coaxially from the nozzle second end 108 such that the nozzle longitudinal axis 120 is straight. Thus, the nozzle longitudinal axis 120 at the nozzle first end 106 is coaxial with the nozzle longitudinal axis 120 at the nozzle second end 108. In some embodiments, the nozzle first end 106 extends at an angle from the nozzle second end 108 such that the nozzle longitudinal axis 120 is angled. Thus, the nozzle longitudinal axis 120 at the nozzle first end 106 is angled relative to the nozzle longitudinal axis 120 at the nozzle second end 108. [0019] The nozzle first end 106 can include a retaining clip 122. The retaining clip 122 can be a member capable of being inserted into a slot 124 of the nozzle first end 106. For example, the nozzle first end 106 can have a slot 124 formed in a portion thereof that is sized to receive the retaining clip 122. The slot 124 can be an opening extending through the nozzle sidewall 112 from the nozzle outer surface 114 to the nozzle inner surface 116. The slot 124 can be formed in a portion of the nozzle first end 106 so as to extend about a secant of the circumference of the nozzle 102. In some embodiments, a plurality of slots 124 can be formed, each slot 124 extending about a secant of the circumference of the nozzle 102. For example, a first slot l24a can be formed on a first portion of the nozzle first end 106 and a second slot l24b can be formed on a second portion of the nozzle first end 106. At least a portion of the first slot l24a may be positioned so as to subtend at least a portion of the second slot l24b.

[0020] The retaining clip 122 can be a U-shaped member having a retaining clip first arm l22a and a retaining clip second arm l22b. The retaining clip 122 can be configured to receive the nozzle first end 106 between the retaining clip first arm l22a and a retaining clip second arm l22b. The retaining clip first arm l22a can be inserted into the first slot l24a. The retaining clip second arm l22b can be inserted into the second slot l24b. The retaining clip first arm l22a can have a width that is greater than the nozzle sidewall 112 at the nozzle first end 106 so as to allow the retaining clip first arm l22a to extend beyond the nozzle outer surface 114 and beyond the nozzle inner surface 116 when inserted into the first slot l24a. The retaining clip second arm l22b can have a width that is greater than the nozzle sidewall 112 at the nozzle first end 106 so as to allow the retaining clip second arm l22b to extend beyond the nozzle outer surface 114 and beyond the nozzle inner surface 116 when inserted into the second slot l24b.

[0021] The nozzle first end 106 can have an inner diameter that is equal to or slightly larger than an outer diameter of the spout 104. This can facilitate the nozzle first end 106 receiving at least a portion of the spout 104 by slidingly inserting the nozzle first end 106 over the spout 104. After the nozzle first end 106 is slid over the spout 104, the retaining clip 122 can be inserted over the nozzle first end 106. After the nozzle first end 106 is received by the retaining clip 122, at least one of the retaining clip first arm l22a and the retaining clip second arm l22b can be advanced radially inward towards the nozzle longitudinal axis 120 at the nozzle first end 106. This can cause at least one of the retaining clip first arm l22a and the retaining clip second arm l22b to make contact with a spout outer surface 126. This can include exerting a radially inward pressure (in a radially inward direction towards the nozzle longitudinal axis 120 at the nozzle first end 106) on the spout outer surface 126.

[0022] In some embodiments, the spout outer surface 126 can have a groove 128 formed in a portion thereof. The groove 128 can be sized to receive a portion of the retaining clip 122. The groove 128 can be an opening extending into spout sidewall 130 but not all the way through the spout sidewall 130. The groove 128 can be formed in a portion of the spout 104 so as to extend about a secant of the circumference of the spout 104. In some embodiments, a plurality of grooves 128 can be formed, each grove 128 extending about a secant of the circumference of the spout 104. For example, a first groove l28a can be formed on a first portion of the spout 104 and a second groove l28b can be formed on a second portion of the spout 104. At least a portion of the first groove l28a can be positioned to subtend at least a portion of the second groove 128. The groove(s) 128 can be positioned on the spout 104 so as to align with the slot(s) 124 of the nozzle first end 106 when the nozzle 102 is inserted over the spout 104. The alignment can include the groove 128 being at a same position as the slot 124 along the nozzle longitudinal axis 120 at the nozzle first end 106.

[0023] After the nozzle first end 106 is received by the retaining clip 122, at least one of the retaining clip first arm l22a and the retaining clip second arm l22b can be advanced radially inward towards the nozzle longitudinal axis 120 at the nozzle first end 106. This can cause at least one of the retaining clip first arm l22a and the retaining clip second arm l22b to slide into the groove 128. This can also cause the retaining clip 122 to be held in place about the nozzle first end 106. As another example, the retaining clip 122 can be a resilient member so that the retaining clip first arm l22a and the retaining clip second arm l22b spread apart (e.g., radially outward away from the nozzle longitudinal axis 120) as it is inserted onto the nozzle first end 106. Once fully inserted onto the nozzle first end 106, the retaining clip first arm l22a and the retaining clip second arm l22b can move radially inward towards the nozzle longitudinal axis 120 at the nozzle first end 106 (due to the biasing force of the retaining clip 122). This can cause at least one of the retaining clip first arm l22a and the retaining clip second arm l22b to slide into the groove 128. This can also cause the retaining clip 122 to be held in place about the nozzle first end 106. As another example, the retaining clip 122 can be shaped to be slid over the nozzle first end 106 so that the retaining clip first arm l22a and the retaining clip second arm l22b slide into the slot(s) 124 of the nozzle first end 106 and the groove(s) 128 of the spout 104 without the retaining clip first arm l22a and the retaining clip second arm l22b being spread apart or being caused to move radially inward towards the nozzle longitudinal axis 120. The retaining clip 122 can then be crimped to be held in place about the nozzle first end 106.

[0024] The retaining clip 122 making contact with the spout outer surface 126 (which can include the retaining clip 122 sliding into the groove(s) 128 formed into the spout outer surface 126) allow the nozzle 102 to be mechanically engaged with the spout 104. The mechanical engagement between the nozzle 102 and the spout 104 can allow the nozzle 102 to rotate freely relative to the spout 104. For example, the nozzle 102 can be rotated about the nozzle longitudinal axis 120 at the nozzle first end 106 while the spout 104 remains stationary. This can be because of the arrangement and configuration of the retaining clip 122, the slot(s) 124, and the groove(s) 128. For example, the slot(s) 124 can be formed so as to extend about a secant of the circumference of the nozzle 102 so as to be perpendicular to the nozzle longitudinal axis 120 at the nozzle first end 106. The groove(s) 128 can be formed so as to extend about a secant of the circumference of the spout 104 so as to be perpendicular to the nozzle longitudinal axis 120 at the nozzle first end 106 when the nozzle first end 106 is slid over the spout 104. An individual slot 124 can be aligned with an individual groove 128 to form an aligned slot-groove so that the retaining clip spans the aligned slot-groove. The retaining clip 122 spanning the aligned slot-groove and slidably fitting into the slot(s) 124 can allow the nozzle 102 to rotate about the nozzle longitudinal axis 120 at the nozzle first end 106 without obstructing the free rotation.

[0025] In addition, the mechanical engagement between the nozzle 102 and the spout 104 can prevent movement of the nozzle 102 relative to the spout 104 in a direction along the nozzle longitudinal axis 120 at the nozzle first end 106. For example, the retaining clip 122 spanning both the slot(s) 124 of the nozzle 102 and the groove(s) 128 of the spout 104 can act as a mechanical stop to prevent movement of the nozzle 102 relative to the spout 104 in a direction along the nozzle longitudinal axis 120 at the nozzle first end 106. Thus, the nozzle 102 can be secured to the spout 104 but can also be freely rotated about the nozzle longitudinal axis 120 relative to the spout 104.

[0026] In at least one embodiment, the spout outer surface 126 can have at least one sealing mechanism 132. The sealing mechanism 132 can be configured to provide a fluid (e.g., gas and/or liquid) seal between the nozzle inner surface 116 and the spout outer surface 126. The sealing mechanism 132 can be an elastomeric body 134 (e.g., rubber, plastic, silicon, etc.) that is secured to a portion of the spout outer surface 126. In some embodiments, the sealing mechanism 132 can include at least one track 136 formed in the spout outer surface 126 configured to receive and retain the elastomeric body 134. For example, the track 136 can be formed in the spout outer surface 126 so as to circumscribe an entire circumference of the spout outer surface 126. The elastomeric body 134 can be a rubber or silicon O-ring, quad ring, lip seal, etc. The elastomeric body 134 can be made to deform when the nozzle 102 is inserted over the spout 104 due to the physical contact it has with the nozzle inner surface 116. The deformation can generate a fluid seal between the elastomeric body 134 and the nozzle inner surface 116.

[0027] Alternatively, or in addition, the nozzle inner surface 116 can have at least one of the sealing mechanisms 132. In some embodiments, the sealing mechanism 132 can include at least one track 136 formed in the nozzle inner surface 116 configured to receive and retain the elastomeric body 134. For example, the track 136 can be formed in the nozzle inner surface 116 so as to circumscribe an entire circumference of the nozzle inner surface 116. The elastomeric body 134 can be made to deform when the nozzle 102 is inserted over the spout 104 due to the physical contact it has with the spout outer surface 126. The deformation can generate a fluid seal between the elastomeric body 134 and the spout outer surface 126.

[0028] In some embodiments, the nozzle second end 108 can include a nozzle coupling 138. The nozzle coupling 138 can be configured to mechanically engage with the hose coupling. The mechanical engagement can be a threaded engagement, a quick-disconnect engagement, a bayonet-style engagement, etc.

[0029] It is contemplated for the nozzle 102 to be used with a hose bibb 110 so as to facilitate fluid to be directed from the hose bibb 110 to the hose via the nozzle 102. The hose bibb 110 can include a shutoff valve 140 (e.g., ball valve, a globe, a gate, etc.) located within the spout 104 that selectively permits and prevents fluid flow from a fluid source to the spout 104. A handle 142 can extend from the shutoff valve 140, allowing a user to operate the shutoff valve 140.

[0030] It should be understood that modifications to the embodiments disclosed herein can be made to meet a particular set of design criteria. For instance, the number of or configuration of nozzles 102, retaining clips 122, sealing mechanisms 132, shutoff valves 140, handles 142, and/or other components or parameters may be used to meet a particular objective.

[0031] It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that numerous modifications and variations of the described examples and embodiments are possible in light of the above teachings of the disclosure. The disclosed examples and embodiments are presented for purposes of illustration only. Other alternative embodiments may include some or all of the features of the various embodiments disclosed herein. Therefore, it is the intent to cover all such modifications and alternative embodiments as may come within the true scope of this invention, which is to be given the full breadth thereof. Additionally, the disclosure of a range of values is a disclosure of every numerical value within that range, including the end points.

[0032] Therefore, while certain exemplary embodiments of apparatuses and methods of making and using the same have been discussed and illustrated herein, it is to be distinctly understood that the invention is not limited thereto but may be otherwise variously embodied and practiced within the scope of the following claims.