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Title:
LENS ARRANGEMENT
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/192704
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A lens arrangement (1) with a reflective element (2) for folding the path of light orthogonally from a first optical path (10) to a second optical path (20) and with a movable lens unit (4). The movable lens unit (4) is provided with one or more optical lenses arranged along a first optical axis (11) along said first optical path (10). A movable reflective element (2) folds the incoming light and provides OIS correction.

Inventors:
EROMAKI, Marko (Huawei Technologies Sweden AB, Skalholtsgatan 9, Kista, 16440, SE)
Application Number:
EP2018/058718
Publication Date:
October 10, 2019
Filing Date:
April 05, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. (Huawei Administration Building, Bantian Longgang DistrictShenzhen, Guangdong 9, 518129, CN)
EROMAKI, Marko (Huawei Technologies Sweden AB, Skalholtsgatan 9, Kista, 16440, SE)
International Classes:
G02B27/64; G02B13/00; G03B17/17
Domestic Patent References:
WO2017037688A12017-03-09
Foreign References:
KR20140014787A2014-02-06
CN106990551A2017-07-28
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
KREUZ, Georg (Huawei Technologies Duesseldorf GmbH, Riesstr. 8, Munich, 80992, DE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A lens arrangement (1 ) comprising

- a reflective element (2) configured to fold the path of light from a first optical path (10) to a second optical path (20) that is at an angle with said first optical path (10),

- a movable lens unit (4) comprising one or more optical lenses arranged along a first optical axis along said second optical path (20),

- wherein said reflective element (2) is configured to be linearly displaceable parallel to said second optical path (20).

2. A lens arrangement (1 ) according to claim 1 , comprising a first actuator (5) configured to move the lens unit (4) in first directions along said second optical path (20), and in second directions orthogonal to the plane containing the first optical path (10) and the second optical path (20).

3. A lens arrangement (1 ) according to claim 2, comprising a second actuator (6) configured to displace the reflective element (2) parallel to said second optical path (20).

4. A lens arrangement (1 ) according to claim 3, wherein said reflective element (2) comprises at least two sides, and wherein both the first actuator (5) and the second actuator (6) are arranged on a same side of said reflective element (2).

5. A lens arrangement (1 ) according to any one of claims 2 to 4, wherein at least said first actuator (5) or said second actuator (6) comprises a shape-memory alloy member.

6. A lens arrangement (one) according to any one of claims 2 to 4, wherein both said first actuator (5) and said second actuator (6) comprise a shape- memory alloy member. 7. A lens arrangement (1 ) according to any of claims 1 to 6, wherein the reflective element (2) includes a prism.

8. A lens arrangement (1 ) according to any of claims 1 to 6, wherein the reflective element (2) includes a mirror.

9. A camera unit comprising

- a lens arrangement (1 ) according to any of claims 1 to 8, comprising at least two sides, and

- an image sensor unit (7) arranged in a plane orthogonal to the second optical path (20), on the side of the lens unit (4) opposite to the reflective element (2), wherein

- the lens unit (4) is movable in said first direction for image focusing,

- the lens unit is (4) movable in said second direction for yaw axis optical image stabilization, and

- the reflective element (2) is displaceable parallel to said second optical path (20) for pitch axis optical image stabilization.

10. A camera unit according to claim 9, comprising

- a second actuator (6) configured to displace the reflective element (2) parallel to said second optical path (20), wherein

- the movable lens unit (4), the first actuator (5) and the second actuator (6) are all arranged in a housing (17) between said image sensor unit (7) and said reflective element (2).

1 1 . A camera unit according to claim 10, wherein at least said first actuator (5) or said second actuator (6) is embedded in a wall of said housing or form a part of a wall of said housing (17).

12. A camera unit according to claim 10, wherein both said first actuator (5) and said second actuator (6) are embedded in a wall of said housing (17) or form part of a wall of said housing (17).

13. A camera unit according to any of claims 10 to 12, wherein the reflective element (2) comprises a triangular prism including a reflective surface, a first transparent surface and a second transparent surface, and

wherein the virtual space defined by mirroring said prism to its own reflective surface is unoccupied by the camera unit.

14. A camera module comprising

- at least one first camera unit according to any of claims 9 to 13, and

- at least one second camera unit (30) comprising

o a movable lens unit comprising one or more optical lenses arranged along a second optical axis parallel to said first optical path (10), and

o an image sensor arranged in a plane orthogonal to said second optical axis.

15. A camera module according to claim 14, wherein

- the lens arrangement (4) of the first camera unit(s) is a lens arrangement according to claim 6, and

- the at least one second camera unit (30) further comprise(s) one or more coil-magnet actuators (32) for moving the lens unit of said second camera unit (30).

16. A camera module according to any of claims 14 or 15, wherein at least one of the first camera units is a camera unit according to claim 13, and at least a part of the at least one of the second camera units (30) is arranged in said virtual space.

17. The use of a second actuator (6) comprising a shape-memory alloy member in a lens arrangement (1 ) comprising:

- a reflective element (2) configured to fold the path of light orthogonally from a first optical path (10) to a second optical path (20),

- a movable lens unit (4) comprising one or more optical lenses arranged along a first optical axis along said second optical path (10),

wherein said second actuator (6) is used for linearly displacing said reflective element (2) parallel to said first optical path (10).

Description:
LENS ARRANGEMENT

TECHNICAL FIELD

The disclosure relates to a lens arrangement, and more particularly, to a lens arrangement with autofocus (AF) and optical image stabilization (OIS) functions.

BACKGROUND

Currently, Voice Coil Motor (VCM) based actuation systems are used for performing AF and OIS functions of horizontally driven tele-angle-cameras. Such cameras are e.g. used in smartphones and the horizontal orientation relates to the main extent/display screen of the smart phone or to the printed circuit board in the smart phone on which the camera is mounted, i.e. the optical path in the lens arrangement is substantially parallel with this main extent. This type of camera has challenges in implementing AF and IOS since the height (measured perpendicularly to the main extent) of the camera unit limits the design. The size of VCM based AF actuation systems is relatively large due to poor force generation capacity for long AF stroke length. The form factor of the lens arrangement then becomes critical in horizontal tele-cameras, which have height limitation and need to fit large lenses to achieve a low F-number. Actuator structure around the horizontally moving optics reduces effective lens diameters resulting in a need to keep sensor size and resolution low. Tele-cameras need longer stroke (e.g. 400 urn) due to longer focal length which is difficult to achieve with the limited VCM stroke range. Further, the K-factor of suspension springs needs to be low, resulting in low resonance, higher posture, higher dynamic tilt and longer settling time. SUMMARY

It is an object to provide a lens unit that overcomes or at least reduces the problem set out above. The foregoing and other objects are achieved by the features of the independent claims. Further implementation forms are apparent from the dependent claims, the description and the figures.

According to a first aspect, there is provided a lens arrangement comprising

a reflective element configured to fold the path of light from a first optical path to a second optical path that is at an angle with the first optical path,

a movable lens unit comprising one or more optical lenses arranged along a first optical axis along the second optical path,

wherein the reflective element is configured to be linearly displaceable parallel to the second optical path.

In a possible implementation form of the first aspect the first optical path it is at a right angle with the second optical path.

In a possible implementation form of the first aspect the lens arrangement further comprises a first actuator configured to move the lens unit in first directions along the first optical path, and in second directions orthogonal to the first direction and orthogonal to the plane containing the first and second optical paths.

In a possible implementation form of the first aspect the lens arrangement comprises a second actuator configured to displace the reflective element parallel to the first optical path.

In a possible implementation form of the first aspect the reflective element comprises at least two sides, and wherein both the first actuator in the second actuator are arranged on a same side of the reflective element.

In a possible implementation form of the first aspect at least the first actuator or the second actuator comprises a shape-memory alloy member. Using an SMA member, as the first and second actuators allows to decrease the power needed to generate high force, increase stability. The so obtained structure is non-resonating, simple and cost-efficient. Further, this type of actuators have a self-sensing capability, so that the driver can detect wire contraction state as the length causes change in wire diameter (resistance changes) for the supplier current; and insensitivity to adjacent actuators (VCM systems cannot placed close to each other as the magnets typically interfere).

In a possible implementation form of the first aspect both the first actuator and the second actuator comprise a shape-memory alloy member.

In a possible implementation form of the first aspect the reflective element includes a prism.

In a possible implementation form of the first aspect the prism has one reflective surface.

In a possible implementation form of the first aspect the reflective element includes a mirror.

According to a second aspect, there is provided a camera unit comprising

a lens arrangement according to the first aspect or any implementation forms thereof, and

an image sensor unit arranged in a plane orthogonal to the first optical path, on the side of the lens unit opposite to the reflective element, wherein

the lens unit is movable in the first direction for image focusing, and the lens unit is movable in the second direction for yaw axis optical image stabilization, and

the reflective element is displaceable parallel to the second optical path for pitch axis optical image stabilization. In a possible implementation form of the second aspect the displacement of the reflective element results in an adjustment of the location of the light projection on an image sensor in the image sensor unit.

In a possible implementation form of the second aspect the camera comprises a second actuator configured to displace the reflective element parallel to the first optical path, wherein

the movable lens unit, the first actuator and the second actuator are all arranged in a housing between the image sensor unit and the reflective element.

In a possible implementation form of the second aspect at least the first actuator or the second actuator is embedded in the wall of the housing or forms part of a wall of the housing.

In a possible implementation form of the second aspect both the first actuator and the second actuator are embedded in the wall of the housing or form part of a wall of the housing.

In a possible implementation form of the second aspect the reflective element comprises a triangular prism including a (single) reflective surface, a first transparent surface and a second transparent surface.

In a possible implementation form of the second aspect the virtual space defined by mirroring the prism to its own reflective surface is unoccupied by the camera unit.

According to a third aspect, there is provided a camera module comprising

at least one first camera unit according to the second aspect or any possible implementation forms thereof, and

at least one second camera unit comprising: 0 a movable lens unit comprising one or more optical lenses arranged along a second optical axis parallel to the first optical path, and

o an image sensor arranged in a plane orthogonal to the second optical axis.

The combined first camera unit and second camera unit provide for a narrow form factor due to a relatively short width W. When used in a smart phone, the printed substrate 6 will typically be arranged parallel with the display screen of the smart phone.

In a possible implementation form of the third aspect the lens arrangement of the first camera unit(s) is a lens arrangement according a possible implementation form of the second aspect, and

the at least one second camera unit further comprise(s) one or more coil- magnet actuators for moving the lens unit of the second camera unit.

In a possible implementation form of the third aspect at least one of the first camera units is a camera unit according to the second aspect or any implementation thereof, and at least a part of the at least one of the second camera units is arranged in the virtual space.

According to a fourth aspect, there is provided a use of an actuator comprising a shape-memory alloy member in a lens arrangement comprising:

a reflective element configured to fold the path of light orthogonally from a first optical path to a second optical path,

a movable lens unit comprising one or more optical lenses arranged along a first optical axis along the second optical path,

wherein the actuator is used for linearly displacing the reflective element parallel to the second optical path.

These and other aspects will be apparent from and the embodiments described below. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

In the following detailed portion of the present disclosure, the aspects, embodiments and implementations will be explained in more detail with reference to the example embodiments shown in the drawings, in which:

Fig. 1 is a diagrammatic side view of an embodiment of a lens arrangement,

Fig. 2 is a diagrammatic side view of another embodiment of a lens arrangement, Fig. 3 is a diagrammatic side view of the lens arrangement of in Fig. 2 in combination with another type of lens arrangement and with a slight distance therebetween,

Fig. 4 is a diagrammatic side view of the lens arrangement of in Fig. 2 in combination with another type of lens arrangement, with essentially no distance therebetween,

Fig. 5 is an elevated view of the lens arrangement shown in Fig. 4

Fig. 6 is an elevated and partially exploded view of the lens arrangement of Fig. 2,

Fig. 7 is a sectional view of the lens arrangement of Fig. 2, and

Fig. 8 is an elevated view of an actuator used in the lens arrangement of Fig. 3.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

Figs. 1 and 2 show a lens arrangement 1 that folds the path of the incoming light from a first optical path 10 to a second optical path 20. The first optical path 10 is at an angle with the second optical path 20. The angle between the first optical path 10 and the second optical path 20 is in an embodiment a right angle, so that the first optical path 10 and the second optical path 20 are orthogonal.

The lens arrangement 1 comprises a lens unit 4. The lens unit 4 has a housing 17 that comprises one or more optical lenses arranged along a first optical axis that is parallel with the second optical path 20. The lens unit 4, i.e. the lenses of the lens unit 4 can be moved by a first actuator 5 in first directions 1 1 and in second directions 12. The first directions 1 1 are parallel with the first optical axis and the second directions 12 are in a plane that is orthogonal to the first optical axis preferably the second directions 12 are orthogonal to the plane containing the first path 10 and second optical path 20.

In an embodiment the first actuator 5 comprises one or more shape-memory alloy (SMA) members (e.g. SMA wires) for providing the required movement for the lens unit 4. In an embodiment the first actuator is also capable of providing rotational movement 23, as shown in Fig. 8.

The lens arrangement 1 further comprises a reflective element 2 that folds the path of the incoming light from the first optical path 10 to the second optical path 20. In an embodiment the reflective element 2 comprises a prism that has one reflective surface. The reflective element 2 is configured to be linearly displaceable parallel to the first optical path 10 by a second actuator 6. In an embodiment the second actuator 6 comprises one or more shape-memory alloy (SMA) members (e.g. SMA wires) for providing the required displacement for the reflective element 2.

The first actuator 5 and the second actuator 6 can be constructed very thin, when using an SMA member and therefore the first actuator 5 and the second actuator 6 can be embedded in the housing 17 of the lens unit 4. The first actuator 5 and the second actuator 6, when using an SMA member, generate high force generation with reasonable power, high stability and non-resonating structure, simple and cost-efficient structure, self-sensing capability (the driver can detect wire contraction state as the length causes change in wire diameter (resistance changes) for the supplier current), insensitivity to adjacent actuators (VCM systems cannot placed close to each other as the magnets typically interfere). The reflective element 2 is arranged at one end of the lens unit 4 and a sensor unit 9 is arranged at the opposite and of the lens unit 4. The sensor unit 9 comprises an image sensor 7 on a substrate 8, and a sensor cover 1 1. The image sensor 7 is arranged orthogonally to the first optical axis. The lens arrangement 1 , together with the sensor unit 9 forms a camera unit 3.

As also shown in Fig. 7, the first actuator 5 is in an embodiment in the housing 17 of the lens unit 4, or the first actuator 5 forms a part of the housing 17 of the lens unit 4. The second actuator 6, can in embodiment be in the housing of the lens unit 4 or form a part of the housing 17.

The lens unit 4 is movable in the first directions 1 1 for image focusing and the lens unit 4 is movable in the second directions 12 for yaw axis optical image stabilization.

The reflective element 2 is displaceable in directions 13 parallel to the first optical axis for pitch axis optical image stabilization.

The movable lens unit 4, the first actuator 5 and the second actuator are 6 in an embodiment all arranged in a housing 17 that is disposed between the image sensor unit 9 and the reflective element 2.

The displacement 13 along the first optical axis of the reflective element 2 results in an adjustment of the location of the light projection and the image sensor 7.

Structurally, the form factor of the camera unit 3 the following achieves benefits (nonexhaustive list). Since there is no actuator behind the effective element 2, the free space can be used to accommodate hardware elements, partially place a second camera unit for reducing the overall length of the combined primary and secondary camera units. As shown in Fig. 3, the lens unit 1 is in an embodiment used in a (first) camera unit 3 in combination with a second camera unit 30. The second camera unit 30 is in this embodiment a vertically driven camera unit 30 comprising an actuator unit 32 that is placed adjacent to the reflective element 2 as an extension of the longitudinal axis of the first camera unit 3. Since there is no actuator behind the reflective element 2, the free space can be used to accommodate hardware elements 34 (such as e.g. iOS driver, gyro).

In another embodiment, as shown in Fig. 4 the free space adjacent the reflective element 2 is used to at least partially accommodate the second camera unit 30, thereby reducing the overall length of the combined first camera unit 3 and second camera unit 30. There is no mutual interference between the first camera unit 3 in the second camera unit 30 due to non-interfering actuator technologies and long mutual distance, thus allowing the close location of the cameras.

Fig. 5 is an elevated view of the combined first camera unit 3 and second camera unit 30 of Fig. 4 on a substrate 6 (such as e.g. a printed circuit board). The combined first camera unit 3 and second camera unit 30 provide for a narrow form factor due to a relatively short width W. When used in a smart phone, the printed substrate 6 will typically be arranged parallel with the display screen of the smart phone.

Fig. 6 is an exploded elevated view of the lens arrangement of Fig. 3 and Fig. 8 is an elevated view of the first actuator 5, illustrating the lens barrel movement 1 1 in the Y-direction for focusing function, the lens barrel movement 12 in the X-direction for yaw axis and OIS correction and the optional rotational movement 13 about the Z-axis. The movements of the first actuator 5 are used to perform AF and OIS movements for tele-side-camera and opto-mechanics correction functions. The mechanical suspension system remains a rigid since no specific guiding elements are used, instead only the actuation platforms are used, allowing self-correction of movement errors. The OIS platform integration height can be kept extremely low and the first actuator 5 can be embedded within housing wall thickness.

The second actuator 6 moves the reflective element 2 in Y-direction 13 for pitch- axis OIS correction. The construction allows for the use of a large prism for the reflective element 2. A large prism results in low F-number, thus avoiding the need for an additional collimating lens.

Fig. 7 is a sectional view of the lens unit 4, showing the larger width available for the lenses in the lens unit 4, as illustrated by the double arrow line, caused by the first actuator 5 being extremely slim and being arranged in a wall of the housing 17 of the lens unit 4. Thus, wide lenses are feasible and no separate guiding elements are needed for the actuator/lens arrangement.

The various aspects and implementations has been described in conjunction with various embodiments herein. Flowever, other variations to the disclosed embodiments can be understood and effected by those skilled in the art in practicing the claimed subject-matter, from a study of the drawings, the disclosure, and the appended claims. In the claims, the word“comprising” does not exclude other elements or steps, and the indefinite article“a” or“an” does not exclude a plurality. A single processor or other unit may fulfill the functions of several items recited in the claims. The mere fact that certain measures are recited in mutually different dependent claims does not indicate that a combination of these measured cannot be used to advantage. A computer program may be stored/distributed on a suitable medium, such as an optical storage medium or a solid-state medium supplied together with or as part of other hardware, but may also be distributed in other forms, such as via the Internet or other wired or wireless telecommunication systems.

The reference signs used in the claims shall not be construed as limiting the scope.