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Title:
LIGHT CONVERTING DEVICE WITH CONFINED LIGHT CONVERTER
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/162147
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention describes a light converting device comprising: - a light converter (130) with a light entrance surface and a light emission surface, wherein the light converter (130) is arranged to convert laser light (10) scanned over the light entrance surface to converted light (20), wherein a peak emission wavelength of the converted light (20) is in a longer wavelength range than a laser peak emission wavelength of the laser light (10), - a confinement structure (150) enclosing the light converter (130), wherein the confinement structure (150) is arranged to preserve a geometric shape of the light converter (130) in case of a mechanical failure of the light converter (130). The invention further describes a laser-based light source comprising such a light converting device (130). The invention finally describes a vehicle headlight comprising such a laser- based light source.

Inventors:
HECHTFISCHER, Ulrich (Aachen, 52068, DE)
HELLING, Florian (Aachen, 52068, DE)
Application Number:
EP2019/053420
Publication Date:
August 29, 2019
Filing Date:
February 12, 2019
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
LUMILEDS HOLDING B.V. (The Base, Tower B5 unit 107 Evert van de Beekstraat, 1118 CL Schiphol, 1118 CL, NL)
International Classes:
H01S5/00; F21K9/64; F21S41/16; F21S41/176; F21V25/02; H01S5/323; H01S5/40
Domestic Patent References:
WO2015197832A12015-12-30
WO2017207347A12017-12-07
WO2017078402A12017-05-11
WO2010049875A12010-05-06
Foreign References:
US20140353702A12014-12-04
EP1734302A12006-12-20
US20130092969A12013-04-18
US20090001399A12009-01-01
US20160116123A12016-04-28
EP3018004A12016-05-11
US20170305330A12017-10-26
EP2975318A12016-01-20
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
RUEBER, Bernhard (Lumileds Germany GmbH Philipsstr. 8, Aachen, 52068, DE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS:

1. A light converting device comprising:

a light converter (130) with a light entrance surface and a light emission surface, wherein the light converter is arranged to convert laser light (10) scanned over the light entrance surface to converted light (20), wherein a peak emission wavelength of the converted light (20) is in a longer wavelength range than a laser peak emission wavelength of the laser light (10),

a confinement structure (150) enclosing the light converter, wherein the

confinement structure (150) is arranged to preserve a geometric shape of the light converter (130) in case of a mechanical failure of the light converter (130) such that eye safety of the light converting device is increased.

2. The light converting device according to claim 1, wherein the light converter (130) is characterized by a thickness d perpendicular to the light entrance surface, wherein the confinement structure (150) is arranged to keep a broken piece (131) of the light converter (130) with the thickness d perpendicular to the light entrance surface at a position of the mechanical failure of the light converter (130).

3. The light converting device according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the confinement

structure (150) is arranged such that there is a gap between the confinement structure (150) and the light entrance surface or between the confinement

structure (150) and the light emission surface, wherein a width g of the gap

perpendicular to the light entrance surface or the light emission surface is less than 2 pm.

4. The light converting device according to claim 3, wherein the gap is arranged such that there is a mechanical contact but no optical contact between the confinement structure (150) and the light entrance surface or between the confinement

structure (150) and the light emission surface.

5. The light converting device according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the confinement

structure (150) comprises a substrate (115) and a confinement cover (140), wherein the light converter (130) is confined between the substrate (115) and the confinement cover (140).

6. The light converting device according to claim 5, wherein the substrate (115) is

transparent in the wavelength range comprising the laser peak emission wavelength, wherein the light entrance surface is arranged next to the substrate (115), wherein the light emission surface is different from the light entrance surface, and wherein the light emission surface is arranged next to a surface of the confinement cover (140).

7. The light converting device according to claim 6, wherein the substrate (115) is in

mechanical contact but not in optical contact to the light entrance surface.

8. The light converting device according to claim 6, wherein the confinement cover (140) is in mechanical contact but not in optical contact to the light emission surface.

9. The light converting device according to claim 5, wherein the substrate (115) is coupled to a reflective structure (137), wherein the reflective structure (137) is arranged to reflect laser light (11) received via the light entrance surface of the light converter (130) and converted light (20) to the light emission surface.

10. The light converting device according to claim 1 or 2, comprising a failure sensor (210), wherein the failure sensor (210) is arranged to detect a damage of the confinement structure (150).

11. The light converting device according to claim 10, wherein the confinement

structure (150) comprises a substrate (115) and a confinement cover (140), wherein the light converter (130) is confined between the substrate (115) and the confinement cover (140), and wherein the failure sensor (210) is arranged to detect a relative movement of the confinement cover (140) with respect to the substrate (115).

12. A laser-based light source comprising:

a light converting device according to any one of claims 1 - 11, and

a laser (110) adapted to emit the laser light (10).

13. The laser-based light source according to claim 12, comprising a light converting device according to claim 11 , the laser-based light source further comprising a failure detector (200), wherein the failure detector (200) is coupled with the failure

sensor (210), wherein the failure detector (200) is arranged to generate a control signal upon detection of the damage of the confinement structure (150), and wherein the laser- based light source is arranged to switch off the laser (110) upon detection of the control signal during operation of the laser-based light source.

14. A vehicle headlight comprising a laser-based light source according to claim 12 or 13.

Description:
LIGHT CONVERTING DEVICE WITH CONFINED LIGHT CONVERTER

FIELD OF THE INVENTION:

The invention relates to a light converting device with a confined light converter, a laser-based light source comprising such a light converting device, and a vehicle headlight comprising such a laser-based light source.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION:

In high luminance light sources often a light-converting device is used that is ex cited by e.g. blue light emitted by a laser. A phosphor of the light converting device is ad hered to a heatsink by means of a layer of glue or solder which is provided between the heatsink and the phosphor. The high intensity especially of blue laser light and the high tem perature caused by the light conversion by means of the phosphor may cause reliability and safety issues.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION:

It is an object of the present invention to provide a light converting device with improved reliability.

According to a first aspect a light converting device is provided. The light con verting device comprises a light converter with a light entrance surface and a light emission surface. The light converter is arranged to convert laser light to converted light. A peak emis sion wavelength of the converted light is in a longer wavelength range than a laser peak emis sion wavelength of the laser light. The light converting device further comprises a confine ment structure enclosing the light converter. The confinement structure is arranged to preserve a geometric shape of the light converter in case of a mechanical failure of the light converter such that eye safety of the light converting device is increased.

Laser-based (white light) sources are currently under investigation for vehicle and especially automotive headlights because of their high luminance of about 1 Gcd/m 2 . In such laser-based light sources, an intense blue pump laser beam is sent to a light converter (“phos phor”) that converts it to white light, which consists of about 75% (yellow) converted light and 25% (scattered) unconverted laser light. A well-known issue of such sources is laser safety. If, in case of failure, the pump laser beam leaves the laser-based light source unscat tered it can cause eye injuries. Therefore, the integrity of the converter must be ensured. Ensuring the integrity of the light converter is most challenging, not for small con verters (<lmm 2 ) in static sources, but for large converters (~l cm 2 ) of laser-scanner systems, where the pump laser beam is scanned over the light converter by a micro-mirror.

The confinement structure confines or encloses the light converter such that even a material defect of the converter material which may cause the light converter to go to pieces during operation (e.g. caused by the thermal load during light conversion) does not endanger the integrity of the light converter with respect to eye safety. The geometric shape of the light converter is essentially preserved. Integrity of the light converting device may be determined by reference measurements after enclosing the light converter in the confinement structure. It may for optical reasons not be desirable to embed the light converter in the confinement struc ture such that there is an optical interface between the light converter and the material of the confinement structure (see below).

The light converter may be further arranged to convert collimated laser light to converted light such that an intensity of unconverted laser light emitted by a surface element of the light emission surface with a size of 10000 pm 2 is less than a defined percentage of the intensity of the collimated laser light across the light emission surface when an emission di rection of the collimated laser light is perpendicular to the light entrance surface of the light converter. The confinement structure is arranged to confine the light converter within the con finement structure such that the intensity of the unconverted laser light emitted by the surface element of the light emission surface with the size of 10000 pm 2 stays below the defined per centage plus 10%, more preferably below the defined percentage plus 5% of the intensity of the collimated laser light in case of the mechanical failure of the light converter.

The light converting device may for example be arranged such that a defined per centage of 25% of unconverted laser light is emitted by the light emission surface in accord ance with the example described above. The percentage depends on the intended color point and the converter material of the light converter. The defined percentage may be in a range between 18% and 32%, preferably between 20% and 30% and most preferably between 22% and 28%. The light converter is confined by the confinement structure such that relative movements of pieces of the light converter are limited. The intensity of unconverted laser light which is emitted by the reference surface of 10000 pm 2 which comprises for example a crack between two pieces of the light converter because of relative movements between the two pieces is below 35%, preferably below 30%.

The light converter may be characterized by a thickness d perpendicular to the light entrance surface. The confinement structure is arranged to keep a broken piece of the light converter with the thickness d perpendicular to the light entrance surface at a position of the mechanical failure of the light converter.

The geometric boundary conditions imposed by the confinement structure which are necessary to guarantee eye safety even in case of a fatal failure of the light converter may depend on size, thickness and shape of the light converter (e.g. rectangular or circular). The confinement structure may therefore be arranged such that the broken piece of material of the light converter is kept close to its original position in the unimpaired light converter. The thickness d may usually be between 20 pm and 100 pm.

The confinement structure may for example be arranged to limit lateral shifts of the broken piece parallel to the light entrance surface relative to the original position of the broken piece within the light converter to less than 3 pm, preferably less than 2 pm, most preferably less than 1 pm. Avoiding or at least limiting lateral shifts reduces maximum possi- ble size of cracks or slots in the light converter through which unconverted laser light which is not scattered by the light converter can reach subsequent optical devices and finally the eye of a person.

The confinement structure may be arranged such that there is a gap between the confinement structure and the light entrance surface or between the confinement structure and the light emission surface. A width of the gap perpendicular to the light entrance surface or the light emission surface may be less than 2 pm, preferably less than 1 pm and most prefera bly less than 0.5 pm. The gap may enable optical decoupling between surfaces of the light converter and neighboring surfaces of the confinement structure to reduce optical losses. The gap may for example be arranged such that there is a mechanical contact but no optical con tact between the confinement structure and the light entrance surface or between the confine ment structure and the light emission surface. No optical contact or essentially no optical con tact means that there are at least micro-gaps between the confinement structure and the re spective surface of the light converter. There may be a mechanical contact but a surface roughness of the corresponding surfaces of the confinement structure or the light converter avoids that there is a smooth interface between the material of the light converter and the con finement structure which might simultaneously act as on optical device of the laser-based light source.

The confinement structure may comprise a substrate and a confinement cover.

The light converter is confined between the substrate and the confinement cover. Confining the light converter between at least two separate parts may simplify mechanical and optical construction of the light converting device. The confinement cover may for example comprise an optical element as a lens or the like for optical manipulation of the converted light and the unconverted laser light. The optical element may be integrated in the optical arrangement of the laser-based light source and especially in the optical arrangement of a vehicle headlight. The optical arrangement may be arranged to image the converted light and the unconverted laser light to an image plane that may be arranged in a distance of several meters.

The substrate may according to one embodiment be transparent at least in the wavelength range comprising the laser peak emission wavelength. The light entrance surface may be arranged next to the substrate. The light emission surface is in this embodiment differ ent from the light entrance surface. The light emission surface is arranged next to a surface of the confinement cover. Light entrance surface and light emission surface are separated in this transmissive approach. The laser light enters the light converter via the light entrance surface, which borders the substrate, and converted light and unconverted laser light leaves the light emission surface usually after one passage through the light converter. The light entrance sur face and the light emission surface are usually parallel to each other.

The substrate may be in mechanical contact but not in optical contact to the light entrance surface as discussed above. Optical contact between the light entrance surface and the substrate may increase optical losses because back reflection of converted light and espe cially unconverted laser light to the substrate may increase. The light entrance surface may optionally be covered by a mirror layer that is reflective in the wavelength range of the con verted light but transmissive in the wavelength range of the laser light.

The optical element may alternatively or in addition be in mechanical contact but not in optical contact to the light emission surface. The relatively high refractive index of the optical element in comparison to air may increase the emitted numerical aperture of the light converter in case of an optical contact between the light converter and the optical element comprised by the confinement structure. Therefore, in case of an optical contact, in order to avoid optical losses, a higher numerical aperture of the optical element would be needed. Avoiding such optical contact therefore enables an efficient (no optical losses) and cost effec tive laser-based light source (reduced requirements with respect to numerical aperture of the optical device).

The substrate may according to an alternative embodiment of the light converting device be coupled to a reflective structure. The reflective structure is arranged to reflect laser light received via the light entrance surface of the light converter and converted light. The light entrance surface may be at least partly identical with the light emission surface. The light converting device is in this embodiment arranged according to the so-called reflective ap proach. A part of the converted light and the unconverted laser light may pass the light con verter at least two times. The confinement structure may provide in such reflective setup, in contrast to the transmissive approach, only a part of the solution because the integrity of the light converter is not sufficient. The pump laser light could still be deflected out of the source, due to e.g. shifted pump optics (e.g. lens arranged to focus the laser light on the light con verter) or due to reflecting particles on the light converter.

The light converting device according to any embodiment described above may comprise a failure sensor. The failure sensor is arranged to detect a damage of the confine ment structure. The failure sensor may for example be arranged to detect a change of electri cal resistance, capacitance or temperature in case of a mechanical damage of the confinement structure. The confinement structure may for example consist of, in comparison to the light converter, robust transparent materials like glasses in or on which metal wires or faces can be easily provided.

The failure sensor may for example be arranged to detect a relative movement of the confinement cover with respect to the substrate. The failure sensor may be arranged to de tect relative movements of all sub elements or substructures of the confinement structure to determine potential damages of the confinement structure and/or the light converter which may be a risk with respect to eye safety. The failure sensor may have the advantage that es sentially all potential damages of the light converting device can be detected without impos ing restrictions with respect to light emission.

According to a further aspect, a laser-based light source is provided. The laser based light source comprises a light converting device as described above and at least one laser which is adapted to emit the laser light.

The laser-based light source may comprise two, three, four or more lasers (e.g. arranged as an array) emitting for example blue laser light.

The laser-based light source may further comprise a failure detector. The failure detector is coupled with the failure sensor described above. The failure detector is arranged to generate a control signal upon detection of the damage of the confinement structure. The laser-based light source is arranged to switch off the at least one laser upon detection of the control signal during operation of the laser-based light source.

According to a further aspect, a vehicle headlight is provided. The vehicle headlight comprises at least one laser-based light source as described above. The vehicle headlight may comprise two, three, four or more laser-based light sources as described above. The light converter may in this case comprise or consist of a yellow phosphor garnet (e.g. Y (3- o. 4) Gdo. 4 ,Al 5 0i 2 :Ce). A mixture of blue laser light and yellow converted light may be used to generate white light as described above.

It shall be understood that a preferred embodiment of the invention can also be any combination of the dependent claims with the respective independent claim.

Further advantageous embodiments are defined below.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS:

These and other aspects of the invention will be apparent from and elucidated with reference to the embodiments described hereinafter.

The invention will now be described, by way of example, based on embodiments with reference to the accompanying drawings.

In the drawings:

Fig. 1 shows a principal sketch of a prior art laser-based light source

Fig. 2 shows a principal sketch of a first laser-based light source comprising a light converting device according to a first embodiment

Fig. 3 shows a principal sketch of a mechanical failure of a light converter

Fig. 4 shows a principal sketch of a second laser-based light source compris ing a light converting device according to a second embodiment Fig. 5 shows a principal sketch of a third laser-based light source comprising a light converting device according to a third embodiment

Fig. 6 shows a principal sketch of a fourth laser-based light source compris ing a light converting device according to a fourth embodiment Fig. 7 shows a principal sketch of a fifth laser-based light source comprising a light converting device according to a fifth embodiment

Fig. 8 shows a principal sketch of a top view of the light converting device according to the fifth embodiment

In the Figures, like numbers refer to like objects throughout. Objects in the Fig ures are not necessarily drawn to scale. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS:

Various embodiments of the invention will now be described by means of the Fig ures.

Fig. 1 shows a principal sketch of a prior art laser-based light source with a failure of the light converter 130. Laser light 10 is emitted by means of laser 110 to a light con verter 130 in a transmissive arrangement. The light converter 130 is glued by means of a cou pling layer 120 (e.g. silicone glue) with the light entrance surface to a transparent sub strate 115. A piece 131 of the light converter 130 is broken out such that the intensity of un converted laser light 11 is locally increased in comparison to converted light 20. Such a fail ure may in an extreme case result in transmission of a collimated beam of laser light 10 through the light converter 130. The increased intensity of unconverted laser light 11 may be inacceptable with respect to eye safety regulations.

Fig. 2 shows a principal sketch of a first laser-based light source comprising a la ser 110 and a light converting device according to a first embodiment. The light converting device comprises a light converter 130 that is confined by means of a confinement struc ture 150. The confinement structure 150 comprises a transparent substrate 115 and a confine ment cover 140. Laser light 10 is emitted by the laser 110 through the transparent sub strate 115 and enters the light converter via a light entrance surface. The light converter 130 is attached to the transparent substrate 115 by means of a coupling layer 120 (e.g. silicone glue). The confinement cover 140 comprises a transparent material such that converted light 11 and unconverted laser light 20 can be transmitted through the confinement cover 140 to subse quent optical devices (not shown). The confinement cover 140 is attached to the substrate 115 such that the side surfaces of the for example rectangular light converter 130 are tightly sur rounded by the confinement cover 140. The side surfaces of the light converter 130 are in me chanical contact with the confinement cover 140. A small gap is provided between a light emission surface of the light converter 130 and the confinement cover 140. The small gap may prevent optical contact between the light converter 130 and the confinement cover 140 to reduce optical losses (back reflection of light, e.g. due to total internal reflection, to the light converter 130). A surface of the confinement cover 140 through which the converted light 11 and the unconverted laser light 20 leave the confinement structure 150 may be covered with an antireflective coating. The size of the gap is exaggerated in Fig. 2 for clarity reasons. A width of the gap perpendicular to the light emission surface of the light converter 130 may be 0.5 pm. The size of the gap is that small that a broken piece 131 of the light converter 130 is confined nearly at its original position in the light converter 130. A local intensity of uncon verted laser light 20 therefore increases only slightly without exceeding safety limits.

Fig. 3 shows a principal sketch of a mechanical failure of a light converter 130. The example shows a worst-case scenario in which the light converter 130 breaks in two parts such that a broken part 131 shifts laterally in comparison to the original position within the light converter 130. The light converter 130 is characterized by a rectangular shape with a width in the plane of Fig. 3 of L (e.g. between 100 pm and 2000 pm) and a thickness d (e.g. 50 pm). The light converter 130 platelet is enclosed by a transparent confinement struc ture 150. A light entrance surface of the light converter 130 is attached to the confinement structure 150. A gap with a width g is provided between the light emission surface of the light converter 130 and the confinement structure 150. A thickness of the broken piece 131 is the same as the thickness d of the light converter 130. The lateral shift of the at one side triangular shaped broken piece 131 results in a slot with a width c which enables transmission of uncon verted laser light (not shown) through the light converting device. The lateral extension of the triangle of the broken piece 131 in the plane of Fig. 3 is given by a. Resulting in a maximum width c=a max *g/d wherein the maximum lateral extension of the broken piece 131 is given by a max =L-2*c. The shape of the spot of laser light received by the light entrance surface is usu ally rectangular (imaged exit facet of a laser diode) and strongly magnified. The size of the spot on the light entrance surface may for example be 500 x 50 pm 2 . Total optical power of the spot may be 3 W. The laser spot may be in the worst-case scenario static (no scanning). The width of the slot may be c=3 pm. This would result in a total optical power emitted by the slot of 18 mW or 180 mW depending on the relative position of the rectangular spot with respect to the slot neglecting any optical diffraction at the slot, which would increase diver gence of the laser beam. The additional divergence due to optical diffraction at the slot would be 7.5° (diffraction of a plane wave at the slot with a width of 3 pm). The additional diver gence may be sufficient to reduce the intensity to an acceptable level at relevant distances (e.g. 5 m). The intensity at the relevant distance further depends on the subsequent optical ar rangement of the laser-based light source. The whole optical arrangement has thus to be ana lyzed to determine the correct geometric boundary conditions imposed by the confinement structure 150.

The worst-case scenario is very unlikely. It is for example unlikely that the usu ally polycrystalline material of the light converter (e.g. ceramic phosphor material) breaks in the way described in Fig. 3. The laser light is therefore usually further deflected because there is no such a straight slot as described in Fig. 3. The width of the gap g may therefore be broader in realistic scenarios in comparison to the scenario discussed with respect to Fig. 3 without substantial risk of eye injuries.

Fig. 4 shows a principal sketch of a second laser-based light source comprising a light converting device according to a second embodiment. The second embodiment is very similar to the first embodiment described with respect to Fig. 2. The light converter 130 is mechanically clamped between the transparent substrate 115 and the confinement cover 140. The transparent substrate 115 and the confinement cover 140 are bonded to each other such that the confinement cover 140 surrounds the light converter 130. The transparent sub- strate 115 is in this case a light guide guiding laser light 10 emitted by a laser 110 to the light converter 130. Roughness of the light entrance surface and the light emission surface of the light converter 130 is arranged such that there is a mechanical but essentially no optical con tact to the light fiber and the confinement cover 140. Mechanical clamping by means of the light fiber and the confinement cover 140 essentially avoids any movement of a broken piece 131 of the light converter 130.

Fig. 5 shows a principal sketch of a third laser-based light source comprising a light converting device according to a third embodiment. The general configuration is again similar as described with respect to Fig. 2 and Fig. 4. The confinement structure 150 com prises in this embodiment a transparent substrate 115, a side confinement 141 and an optical element 143. An additional mechanical clamp (not shown) may be used to clamp the light converter 130 between the transparent substrate 115 and the optical element 143, wherein the side surfaces of the light converter 130 are surrounded by the side confinement 141 (e.g. ce ramic or steel plate with a hole arranged in accordance with the shape and size of the light converter 130). The light converting device further comprises a failure sensor 210 here being a conductive track extending across the transparent substrate 115, the side confinement 141 and the optical element 143. The conductive track is coupled to a failure detector 200 of the laser-based light source which is arranged to detect (e.g. by detecting the electrical resistance) any defect of the conductive track which may be caused by relative movements between the transparent substrate 115, the side confinement 141 and the optical element 143. The conduc tive track may be arranged in a meandering pattern around the confinement structure 150 such that essentially each relative movement of the elements of the confinement structure 150 can be detected.

Fig. 6 shows a principal sketch of a fourth laser-based light source comprising a light converting device according to a fourth embodiment. The light converter 130 is confined by means of the confinement structure 150 comprising a transparent substrate 115 (light guide), a side confinement 141 similar as described with respect to Fig. 6 and an optical ele- ment 143. The light converter 130 is thermally or reactively bonded to the optical ele- ment 143, which is in this embodiment a light outcoupling dome (e.g. sapphire semi sphere). The side confinement is a metal plate that tightly fits to the lateral extension of the light con verter 130. The light fiber and the side confinement 141 are arranged such that there is a small gap of 2 pm between the light fiber and the light converter 130. The small gap confines a bro- ken piece 131 of the light converter 130 nearly at its original position within the light con verter 130. A failure sensor 210 and a failure detector 200 are provided in a similar fashion as discussed with respect to Fig. 5 such that small relative movements between the light fiber, the side confinement 141 and the light outcoupling dome 143 can be detected. The failure sensor 210 may alternatively or in addition comprise thermocouples which are arranged near to the side confinement 141 to detect temperature changes during operation of the laser-based light source which may be caused by failures of the light converter 130 and/or the confine ment structure 150.

Fig. 7 shows a principal sketch of a fifth laser-based light source comprising a light converting device according to a fifth embodiment. The fifth embodiment is a reflective arrangement in which a light entrance surface and a light emission surface of a light con verter 130 are essentially the same. The light converter 130 is confined between a sub strate 115 and a confinement cover 140. The substrate 115 comprises a reflective struc ture 137, which is arranged next to the light converter 130, such that unconverted laser light 11 and converted light 20 is reflected by means of the reflective structure 137. The con finement cover 140 of the confinement structure 150 is glued to the substrate 115 such that relative movements of a broken piece 131 of the light converter 130 are essentially inhibited. The laser-based light source further comprises a failure sensor 210 and a failure detector 200. The failure sensor 210 is arranged as a capacitor wherein one side of the capacitor is arranged around the light converter 130 within the confinement cover 140. The other side of the capaci tor is arranged within the substrate 115. Both plates of the capacitor are aligned to each other as shown in Fig. 8 depicting a principal sketch of a top view of the light converting device ac cording to the fifth embodiment. A displacement of the confinement cover 140 with respect to the substrate 115 would cause a change of the capacitance, which can be detected by failure detector 200.

While the invention has been illustrated and described in detail in the drawings and the foregoing description, such illustration and description are to be considered illustra tive or exemplary and not restrictive. From reading the present disclosure, other modifications will be apparent to per sons skilled in the art. Such modifications may involve other features which are already known in the art and which may be used instead of or in addition to features already described herein.

Variations to the disclosed embodiments can be understood and effected by those skilled in the art, from a study of the drawings, the disclosure and the appended claims. In the claims, the word "comprising" does not exclude other elements or steps, and the indefinite ar ticle "a” or "an" does not exclude a plurality of elements or steps. The mere fact that certain measures are recited in mutually different dependent claims does not indicate that a combina tion of these measures cannot be used to advantage.

Any reference signs in the claims should not be construed as limiting the scope thereof.

LIST OF REFERENCE NUMERALS:

10 laser light

11 unconverted laser light

20 converted light

110 laser

115 substrate, transparent structure

120 coupling layer

130 light converter

131 broken piece

137 reflective structure

140 confinement cover

141 side confinement

143 optical element

150 confinement structure

200 failure detector

210 failure sensor

a, a max (maximal) lateral extension of broken piece

c width of slot provided by lateral shift of broken piece

d thickness of light converter

g width of gap between light emission surface of light converter and confinement structure

L lateral extension of light converter