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Title:
LIGHTNING ARRESTER
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2015/110931
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A lightning arrester comprises a housing; a mainbody partially mounted in the housing; an encapsulation cap mounted at a first end of the housing; and an elastic apparatus compressed between the encapsulation cap and the mainbody. In the lightning arrester, the encapsulation cap comprises a circular base mounted at the first end of the housing and a mounting portion formed at a substantial center of the base. A first end of the elastic apparatus is mounted in the mounting portion, and a second thereof is abutted against the mainbody. In the lightning arrester, a reliable electrical connection may be arrived. By the pressure relief apparatus, electronic devices and accessories of the lightning arrester may be prevented from being damaged by escaped substance generated during the lightning arrester exploding.

Inventors:
REN, Xiaopeng (Level 1 No. 142 He Dan Road, Waigaoqiao Free Trade Zon, Shanghai 3, 20023, CN)
YANG, Lizhang (Level 1 No. 142 He Dan Road, Waigaoqiao Free Trade Zon, Shanghai 3, 20023, CN)
ZHANG, Rong (Level 1 No. 142 He Dan Road, Waigaoqiao Free Trade Zon, Shanghai 3, 20023, CN)
Application Number:
IB2015/050176
Publication Date:
July 30, 2015
Filing Date:
January 09, 2015
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
TYCO ELECTRONICS (SHANGHAI) CO. LTD. (Level 1, No. 142 He Dan Road Waigaoqiao Free Trade Zon, Shanghai 3, 20023, CN)
TYCO ELECTRONICS UK LTD (Faraday Road, Dorcan, Swindon Wiltshire SN3 5HH, GB)
International Classes:
H01T1/15; H01C7/12
Foreign References:
US4136299A1979-01-23
US3588578A1971-06-28
CH524903A1972-06-30
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
HUO, Huiying et al. (Tyco Electronics, Bldg. 5 No. 1528, Gu Mei Road,Caohejing Hi-Tech Park, Shanghai 3, 20023, CN)
Download PDF:
Claims:
What is claimed is:

1. A lightning arrester comprising:

a housing;

a mainbody partially mounted in the housing;

an encapsulation cap mounted at a first end of the housing; and

an elastic apparatus compressed between the encapsulation cap and the mainbody.

2. The lightning arrester of claim 1, wherein the encapsulation cap comprises:

a circular base mounted at the first end of the housing; and

a mounting portion formed at a substantial center of the base, a first end of the elastic apparatus being mounted on the mounting portion and a second end thereof being abutted against the mainbody.

3. The lightning arrester of claim 2, wherein the mounting portion is configured to be a cylinder projecting from the base, and a part of the elastic apparatus is mounted in the cylinder.

4. The lightning arrester of claim 3, wherein the elastic apparatus comprises:

a spring having a first end mounted in the cylinder; and

an engaging part having a first end engaged with a second end of the spring, and a second end mounted in the mainbody.

5. The lightning arrester of claim 4, wherein the mainbody comprises:

an insulator having a first portion mounted in the housing and a second portion protruding from the second end of the housing, a cylindrical receiving portion being formed in the first portion of the insulator;

a plurality of resistance pieces disposed in the receiving portion from a first end of the receiving portion;

at least two connecting parts disposed at two ends of the plurality of resistance pieces, respectively; and

an electrode passing through the second portion of the insulator and connected to a first connecting part of the connecting parts.

6. The lightning arrester of claim 5, wherein the second end of the engaging part is screwed to a second connecting part opposite to the first connecting part.

7. The lightning arrester of claim 5, wherein the mainbody further comprises a shielding cover which has a substantially bell shape and extends from a portion where the electrode is engaged with the first connecting part towards the resistance pieces.

8. The lightning arrester of claim 2, wherein a pressure relief apparatus is disposed on the encapsulation cap.

9. The lightning arrester of claim 8, wherein the pressure relief apparatus comprises: at least one first through holes formed on the base at the outer side of the mounting portion;

at least one annular films covering the first through holes and configured to be cracked when the pressure between the mainbody and the encapsulation cap is more than the predetermined value; and

an annular holding part configured to hold the annular films on the base, at least one second through holes being formed on the annular holding part and aligned substantially with the first through holes, respectively.

10. The lightning arrester of claim 9, wherein the cross sections of the first through holes and second through holes are formed to be substantially arc shape.

11. The lightning arrester of claim 9, wherein the holding part is mounted on the base via bolts.

12. The lightning arrester of claim 5, wherein a fixing cylinder for surrounding the resistance pieces is disposed in the receiving portion.

Description:
LIGHTNING ARRESTER

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

This application claims the benefit of Chinese Patent Application No. 201420040346.X filed on January 22, 2014 in the State Intellectual Property Office of China, the whole disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to a lightning arrester, in particular to a lightning arrester including a pressure relief apparatus.

Description of the Related Art

In the prior art, it is necessary to install a lightning arrester in a gas insulation switchgear (GIS) at places such as power stations or substations in order to protect electrical equipments such as the switchgears or transformers, thus preventing abnormal voltage from invading the electrical equipments through power cables in the case such as lightning occurring.

An existing plug-in lightning arrester for below 66kV employs a standard interface at the upper plug-in joint, and employs ZnO resistance pieces as main components of an overvoltage protection device in an interior thereof. Though a part of arrester products has pressure relief function, the electrical field distribution in this type of lightning arresters is very uneven by simulation calculation of the electrical field distribution, and a pressure equalizer is needed to optimize the electrical field distribution so as to provide a reliable electrical performance and a long-term running stability.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION To overcome or alleviate at least one aspect of the above mentioned disadvantages, the present invention provides a lightning arrester to ensure the reliable electrical connection.

The present invention provides a lightning arrester which has a directional pressure relief apparatus, thus the damage of other electrical equipments and accessories due to the runaway explosive fragments of the lightning arrester may be avoided. The present invention further provides a lightning arrester which includes a built-in pressure equalizer to optimize the electrical distribution in the lightning arrester and increase the product life time. According to one aspect of an embodiment in the present invention, there is provided a lightning arrester comprising: a housing, a mainbody partially mounted in the housing, an encapsulation cap mounted at a first end of the housing and an elastic apparatus compressed between the encapsulation cap and the mainbody. In the lightning arrester, the encapsulation cap comprises: a circular base mounted at the first end of the housing; and a mounting portion formed at a substantial center of the base, a first end of the elastic apparatus being mounted on the mounting portion and a second end thereof being abutted against the mainbody.

In the lightning arrester, the mounting portion is configured to be a cylinder projecting from the base, and a part of the elastic apparatus is mounted in the cylinder.

In the lightning arrester, the elastic apparatus comprises: a spring having a first end mounted in the cylinder; and an engaging part having a first end engaged with a second end of the spring, and a second end mounted in the mainbody.

In the lightning arrester, the mainbody comprises: an insulator having a first portion mounted in the housing and a second portion protruding from the second end of the housing, a cylindrical receiving portion being formed in the first portion of the insulator; a plurality of resistance pieces disposed in the receiving portion from a first end of the receiving portion; at least two connecting parts disposed at two ends of the plurality of resistance pieces, respectively; and an electrode passing through the second portion of the insulator and connected to a first connecting part of the connecting parts.

In the lightning arrester, the second end of the engaging part is screwed to a second connecting part opposite to the first connecting part.

In the lightning arrester, the mainbody further comprises a shielding cover which has a substantially bell shape and extends from a portion where the electrode is engaged with the first connecting part towards the resistance pieces.

In the lightning arrester, a pressure relief apparatus is disposed on the encapsulation cap.

In the lightning arrester, the pressure relief apparatus comprises: at least one first through hole formed on the base at the outer side of the mounting portion; at least one annular films covering the first through holes and configured to be cracked when the pressure between the mainbody and the encapsulation cap is more than the predetermined value; and an annular holding part configured to hold the annular films on the base, at least one second through holes being formed on the annular holding part and aligned substantially with the first through holes, respectively.

In the lightning arrester, the cross sections of the first through holes and second through holes are formed to be substantially arc shape.

In the lightning arrester, the holding part is mounted on the base via bolts.

In the lightning arrester, a fixing cylinder for surrounding the resistance pieces is disposed in the receiving portion.

According to the lightning arresters in various embodiments of the present invention, the pressure relief apparatus is disposed at the bottom end of the lightning arrester, during normal operation of the lightning arrester, the arrester mainbody will be effectively sealed and isolated from the outer environment by the annular film of the pressure relief apparatus, when the energy of the overvoltage applied across the lightning arrester is beyond the energy which the lightning arrester can withstand, the dynamic thermal balance of the lightning arrester is broken and thus explosion occurs. The huge impact energy will open the pressure relief port to achieve a directional pressure relief, thus preventing runaway explosive fragments of the lightning arrester from damaging other electrical equipments and accessories.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The objects, features and advantages of the invention will become more apparent from the following description of the detail embodiments in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig. l is an axial cross-sectional view of a lightning arrester in an exemplary embodiment according to the present invention; Fig.2 is an enlarged schematic view of A portion shown in Fig.1 ;

Fig.3 is an enlarged perspective schematic view of A portion in Fig. l, in which bolts for fixing the junk ring and isolation films are not shown; and

Fig.4 is a perspective schematic view in an explanatory embodiment of an encapsulation cap according to the present invention. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS OF THE

IVENTION Exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure will be described hereinafter in detail with reference to the attached drawings, wherein the like reference numerals refer to the like elements. The present disclosure may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as being limited to the embodiment set forth herein; rather, these embodiments are provided so that the present disclosure will be thorough and complete, and will fully convey the concept of the disclosure to those skilled in the art.

In the following detailed description, for purposes of explanation, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a thorough understanding of the disclosed embodiments. It will be apparent, however, that one or more embodiments may be practiced without these specific details. In other instances, well-known structures and devices are schematically shown in order to simplify the drawing.

According to a general concept of the present invention, there is provided a lightning arrester 100 which may be installed in a gas insulated switchgear (GIS) in a field such as power stations or substations, in order to protect electrical equipments such as the switchgears or transformers and to prevent abnormal voltage from invading the electrical equipments through power cable in the case such as lightning occurring. Referring to Figure 1, the lightning arrester 100 comprises: a housing 1 made from metallic material such as aluminum alloy or the like; a mainbody partially mounted in the housing 1; an encapsulation cap 2 mounted at a first end (the lower end in Fig. l) of the housing 1; and an elastic apparatus 3 compressed between the encapsulation cap 2 and the mainbody. As the elastic apparatus 3 is arranged between the encapsulation cap 2 and the mainbody in a compressed state, the mainbody of the lightning arrester can be closely attached to the encapsulation cap 2 arranged at the end, so that reliable electrical connection between the mainbody and the encapsulation cap is assured, and overvoltage in the gas insulated switchgear can be released to the ground smoothly through the encapsulation cap 2 and the housing 1 for ground connection.

In one further embodiment of the lightning arrester 100, referring to Figs.2-4, the encapsulation cap 2 made from the metallic material such as aluminum alloy or the like comprises: a circular base 21 mounted at the first end of the housing; and a mounting portion 22 formed at a substantial center of the base, a first end (the lower end in the Fig.2) of the elastic apparatus 3 being mounted on the mounting portion 22, and a second (the upper end in the Fig.2) thereof being abutted against the mainbody. Further, the mounting portion 22 is configured to be a cylinder projecting from the base 21 around the center of the base 21, and a part of the elastic apparatus 3 being mounted in the cylinder.

In one embodiment, the elastic apparatus 3 comprising: a spring 31 made from the material such as stainless steel and an engaging part 32, wherein a first end of the spring 31 is mounted in the cylinder served as the mounting portion 22 and a second end thereof is engaged with a first end of the engaging part 32, and a second end of the engaging part 32 is mounted in the mainbody.

In one embodiment, a second end (the upper end in Fig. l) of the housing 1 is connected to an auxiliary housing 11, wherein a flange 12 is formed on the auxiliary housing 11, and the lightning arrester 100 can be installed on the electrical equipment through a plurality of connecting holes formed in the flange 12.

In an exemplary embodiment of the lightning arrester 100, as shown in Figs.1-3, the mainbody comprises: an insulator 4 made from the material such as silicone rubber, a first portion (the lower portion in Fig. l) of the insulator 4 being mounted in the housing 1 and a second portion (the upper portion in Fig.1) thereof being formed to protrude from the second end (the upper end in Fig. l) of the housing 1, and a cylindrical receiving portion being formed in the first portion of the insulator 4; a plurality of resistance pieces 5, for example, made of ZnO material, disposed in the receiving portion from a first end of the receiving portion; at least two connecting parts 8disposed at two ends of the plurality of resistance pieces 5; and electrodes 7, made of a conductive material, passing through the second portion of the insulator 4 and connected to a first connecting part (the upper connecting part in Fig. l) of the connecting parts 8. The second end of the engaging part 32 is screwed to a second connecting part 81 opposite to the first connecting part. Further, a third connecting part 82 is disposed between the second connecting part 81 and the resistance pieces 5. In addition, a fixing cylinder 9 for surrounding the resistance pieces 5 is disposed in the receiving portion of the insulator 4.

In an exemplary embodiment, the engaging part 32 has a substantially cross shape at its axial cross-section and includes a substantially disc configuration, and a first end and a second end extending from both sides of the disc configuration. According to one further embodiment of the invention, the mainbody further comprises a shielding cover 72 which has a substantially bell shape and extends from a portion where the electrode 7 is engaged with the first connecting part towards the resistance pieces 5. The electrical field distribution in the mainbody can be optimized by the arrangement of the shielding cover 72, so that the life time of the lightning arrester 100 is increased.

According to one further embodiment of the lightning arrester 100 of the invention, a pressure relief apparatus 6 is disposed on the encapsulation cap 2. As shown in Figs.2-4, the pressure relief apparatus 6 comprises: at least one first through hole 211 formed on the base 21 at the outer side of the mounting portion 22 of the encapsulation cap 2; annular films 61 covering the first through holes 211 and configured to be cracked when the pressure between the mainbody and the encapsulation cap 2 is more than the predetermined value; and an annular holding part 62, for example, made of metal material, configured to hold the annular films 61 on the base 21, at least one second through hole 611 being formed on the annular holding part 62 and aligned substantially with the first through hole 211. Further, the cross sections of the first through holes 211 and second through holes 611 are formed to be substantially arc shape. The holding part 62 is mounted on the base 61 via bolts 63.

In the lightning arrester 100 of the embodiments of the invention, the mainbody of the lightning arrester is effectively sealed and isolated from the outer environment by the annular films 61, for example, made of rubber material. When the energy of the overvoltage applied across the lightning arrester 100 is beyond a predetermined energy which the lightning arrester can withstand, dynamic thermal balance of the lightning arrester 100 is broken and thus explosion occurs, the huge impact energy will cause the annular films 61 between the holding part 62 and the base 21 of the encapsulation cap 2 to be cracked. In this case, each of the first through holes 211 is communicated with the corresponding one of the second through holes 611 to form the pressure relief passage, so that gas may be directed through first through holes 211 and second through holes 611 and thus directional pressure relief may be obtained, and the damage of other equipments and accessories due to runaway explosive fragments of the lightning arrester 100 is avoided.

In the lightning arrests 100 in various embodiments according to the present invention, the fixing cylinder 9, the connecting parts 8, the shielding cover 72 and resistance pieces 5 of the mainbody may be pre-molded as one single piece which is then mounted in the housing 1; thereafter, the first end of engaging part 32 is screwed into the second connecting part 81 of the connecting parts and then the spring 31 is engaged onto the second end of engaging part 32; thereafter, the encapsulation cap 2 mounted with the pressure relief apparatus 6 is secured to the first end of housing 1; then the electrodes 7 are screwed to the first connecting part; finally, contacts 71 are connected to the electrodes 7, thereby the lightning arrester 100 according to the embodiments of the invention is obtained.

According to the lightning arresters in various embodiments of the present invention, the elastic apparatus disposed at the bottom of the housing is constructed to connect the mainbody of the lightning arrester with the encapsulation cap reliably, so that overvoltage is released smoothly to the ground through the encapsulation cap and the grounded housing. The insulator is made from the silicone rubber having high electrical performance, and the housing is configured to be a fully sealed metal shield of which a top end (as shown in Fig. l) has a standard interface dimension to engage with the inner cone insulator of GIS. The bell shaped shielding cover is disposed as a pressure equalizer in the lightning arrester by performing simulation calculation based on the actual electrical field distribution inside the lightning arrester, so that the electrical field distribution inside the lightning arrester is optimized and thus the life time thereof is increased. During normal operation of the lightning arrester, the mainbody of the lightning arrester will be effectively sealed and isolated from the outer environment by the annular film of the pressure relief apparatus. When the energy of the overvoltage across the lightning arrester is beyond the predetermined energy which the lightning arrester can withstand, the dynamic thermal balance of the lightning arrester is broken and thus explosion occurs. In this case, the huge impact energy will open the annular film of the pressure relief apparatus to achieve a directional pressure relief, thus preventing runaway explosive fragments of the lightning arrester from damaging other electrical equipments and accessories.

It should be appreciated for those skilled in the art that the above embodiments are intended to be illustrated, and not restrictive. For example, many modifications may be made to the above embodiments by those skilled in the art, and various features described in different embodiments may be freely combined with each other without conflicting in configuration or principle, so that more kinds of lightning arresters can be achieved with overcoming the technical problem of the present invention.

Although several embodiments have been shown and described, it would be appreciated by those skilled in the art that various changes or modifications may be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the disclosure, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents. As used herein, an element or a step recited in the singular and proceeded with the word "a" or "an" should be understood as not excluding plural of said elements or steps, unless such exclusion is explicitly stated. Moreover, unless explicitly stated to the contrary, the word "include" "comprise" does not exclude other component or step. In addition, any reference sign in claims should not be construed to limit the scope of the present invention.