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Title:
LINEAR GENERATOR WITH INDUCTION COIL WHICH MOVES WITH RESPECT TO FIXED PERMANENT MAGNETS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2001/095465
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A description is given of a linear generator (1) comprising an induction system (2) consisting of coils (3i) and magnets (4i), to which a relative motion is imparted by the fact that the said coil or coils (3i) or the said permanent magnets (4i) move integrally with a piston (5) of an internal combustion engine (6) provided with return springs (10) having one end (10s) facing the interior of the head of the piston (5), in which the coils (3i) are fixed on a movable bell (7) coaxial with the cylinder (8), and the magnets (4i) are fixed on a second fixed bell (9) which is coaxial with the first bell (7), the latter being made integral with the said piston (5) by means of a hollow shaft (11) which is coaxial with the cylinder (8). The ends of the coils (3i) are connected to wires (12n) which pass through the cavity of the hollow shaft (11) and reach the ends (10s) of the springs (10a, 10b) facing the interior of the head of the piston (5) and the other end (10t) of each spring (10a, 10b) is in contact with an output terminal (13n) for the electric current flowing in the coils (3i).

Inventors:
Rigazzi Pier, Andrea (Contrada San Marco 42 Agno, CH-6982, CH)
Application Number:
PCT/IB2001/000866
Publication Date:
December 13, 2001
Filing Date:
May 18, 2001
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
DAUBER HOLDINGS INC. (Arango Orillac Building 3rd Floor 54th Street Nueva Urbanizacion Obarrio Panama 5, PA)
Rigazzi Pier, Andrea (Contrada San Marco 42 Agno, CH-6982, CH)
International Classes:
F02B63/04; F02B71/04; H02K7/18; H02K35/04; (IPC1-7): H02K35/04; F02B63/04; F02B71/04; H02K7/18
Domestic Patent References:
WO1995033921A1
Foreign References:
DE19647031A1
DE19545397A1
US4532431A
EP0509660A1
US5893343A
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Fiammenghi-domenighetti, Delfina (Fiammenghi-Fiammenghi Via San Gottardo, 15 Lugano, CH-6900, CH)
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Claims:
CLAIMS
1. Linear generator (1) comprising an electromagnetic induction system (2) consisting of one or more induction coils (3i) and one or more permanent magnets (4i), to which a relative motion is imparted by the fact that the said coil or coils (3i) or the said permanent magnets (4i) move integrally with a piston (5) of an internal combustion engine (6) provided with a system of return springs (10) having one end (10s) facing the interior of the head of the said piston (5), characterized in that the said induction coils (3i) are fixed on a first movable bell (7) coaxial with the cylinder (8) within which the said piston (5) slides, and the said permanent magnets (4i) are fixed on a second bell (9) fixed integrally to the cylinder (8) and coaxially with it and with the said first bell (7), the latter being made to move integrally with the said piston (5) by means of a hollow shaft (11) inside and coaxial with the said cylinder (8), the ends of the said induction coils (3i) being connected to conducting wires (12n) which pass through the cavity of the said hollow shaft (11) and reach the ends (10s) of the springs (10a, lOb) forming the said system (10) facing the interior of the head of the piston 5, the other end (lOt) of each spring (10a, lOb) being in contact with an output terminal (13n) for the electric current flowing in the coils (3i).
2. Linear generator according to Claim 1, in which the said first moving bell (7), on which the said induction coils (3i) are fixed, is located coaxially inside the said second fixed bell (9) on which the said permanent magnets (4i) are fixed.
3. Linear generator according to Claim 1, in which the said first moving bell (7), on which the said induction coils (3i) are fixed, is located coaxially outside the said second fixed bell (9) on which the said permanent magnets (4i) are fixed.
4. Linear generator according to one of the preceding claims, provided with one or more scavenging bellows (14), and with one or more exhaust ducts (15) located inside the said first bell (7) and second bell (9).
Description:
LINEAR GENERATOR WITH INDUCTION COIL WHICH MOVES WITH RESPECT TO FIXED PERMANENT MAGNETS The present invention relates to the field of linear generators of electrical current, in which the current is generated by the movement of the moving part of an induction system with respect to a fixed part thereof.

More particularly, the invention relates to the type of generator in which the pistons of the internal combustion engine are free and complete their return stroke under the action of a system of springs.

An example of this type of generator is described in patent application PCT/EP95/02054 (Rigazzi).

In the present state of the art, the permanent magnets forming the said induction system are movable, being integral with the piston or pistons of the internal combustion part, and the coils forming the other part of the system are fixed coaxially with respect to the magnets.

However, this arrangement of the parts has the drawback that, in order to absorb the mechanical power generated by the internal combustion part, it is necessary to use a quantity of magnets having a significantly large mass, with all the disadvantages arising from the fact that it is then necessary to move this mass rapidly to produce electrical energy. As far as the inventor is aware, the use of moving coils has not even been considered as yet, because of the problem of fatigue fracture of the output wires of the coils due to their reciprocating movement.

However, the inventor of the present invention has perceived that the prerequisites for the provision of the technical arrangements required to overcome this drawback are already present in a generator of the type described above.

This is because, by a novel arrangement of the parts, in which the return springs of the pistons are used as output conductors for the current flowing in

the coils, the coils can be moved without the use of moving parts which break as a result of fatigue.

This is because the aforesaid springs are designed to withstand long periods of use without being adversely affected by the stresses to which they are subjected.

Furthermore, in the generators in question, the springs operate in a region having a temperature close to the ambient temperature, and therefore they are not damaged in any way by the slight increase in their temperature caused by the current flowing through them.

The inventor has therefore made use of the elements described above to devise the solution according to the present invention, which consists of a linear generator as described in the precharacterizing clause of the attached Claim 1, characterized by what is disclosed in the characterizing clause of the said claim.

A preferred embodiment of the linear generator according to the invention will now be described, with the proviso that this example is not binding or limiting with respect to other different embodiments which can be produced by a person skilled in the art on the basis of the content of the aforesaid Claim 1.

In the course of the said description, reference will also be made to the attached figure, which shows a longitudinal section through the aforesaid preferred embodiment of the invention.

In the aforesaid figure, only the right-hand half of the linear generator 1 according to the invention is shown, with respect to the plane M-M which divides it into two parts which are mirror images of each other.

This figure shows how the induction coils 3i and the permanent magnets 4i forming the electromagnetic induction system 2 of the generator 1 are fixed, respectively, on a first bell 7 and on a second bell 9, these bells being cylindrical and coaxial with each other and with the cylinder 8 of an internal combustion

engine 6 with free opposing pistons 5 (only one of these is visible in the figure).

The said first bell 7, on which the induction coils 3i are fixed, is movable, being made to move integrally with the piston 5 by means of a hollow coaxial shaft 11 fixed on the inner rear part of the head of the piston 5.

On the other hand, the second bell 9, on which the permanent magnets 4i are fixed, is fixed, being mounted coaxially on the cylinder 8 by connecting means, for example bars 17 as shown in the figure.

The ends of the coils 3i are connected to conducting wires 12n (two of which are shown in the figure) which, after passing through or outside the cover of the said first bell 7, pass through the cavity of the said hollow shaft 11 to reach the end 10s of each of the springs 10a, 10b (two of these also being shown in the figure), the springs facing the interior of the head of the piston 5 and generating the return stroke of the piston.

The currents flowing in the coils 3i therefore pass through the said springs 10a, lOb, and reach their opposite ends lOt which bear on the cap 16 of the cylinder 8 through which the hollow shaft 11 slides.

This cap 16 houses the output terminals 13n from which the said currents can be drawn so that they can be used for the specified purpose.

Clearly, depending on the number of phases required for the user, there can be more than two of the said conducting wires 12n, and a point of the said cylinder cap 16 can also be used as an earth connection for the coils 3i, since the whole of the internal combustion engine 6 is normally connected to earth.

In order to have a sufficient number of coils 3i and magnets 4i, it is advantageous to use bells 7 and 9 having suitably large diameters.

This also makes it possible to house within the bells, in the space between them and the cylinder 8, both the scavenging bellows 14 required for two-stroke

operation and the exhaust pipes 15 of the internal combustion engine 6 associated with the generator 1.

In the embodiment described up to this point, the said first bell 7 housing the induction coils 3i is located coaxially inside the second bell 9 housing the permanent magnets 4i, but it is possible, if required for design reasons, to locate the second bell 9 housing the magnets 4i inside the first bell 7 housing the coils 3i.

However, the inventor suggests the solution shown in the figure, in which, by specifying a suitable shape and size for the outer fixed bell 9, this bell can also be used as an enclosing and supporting casing for the whole generator 1 and the internal combustion engine 6.

All of the inventor's specified objectives are attained by means of a generator made according to the invention.

In the present description it has not been considered necessary to describe in detail the systems to be used to provide suitable insulation of all the parts in which current flows, since systems of this type are familiar to those skilled in the art.

The methods for fixing the coils and magnets to the corresponding bells are also familiar to those skilled in the art.

It is preferable to make the said bells from materials having low specific weight and high mechanical strength.