Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
LOAD HANDLING EQUIPMENT AND METHOD IN PORT
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/1989/009161
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The subject of the invention is a load handling method in port and an equipment for applying of the method. By this method the loaded or unloaded transport vessel (5) in its entirety or the mere cargo (8) is moved up on the land and is moved back to the water utilizing the inclined plane (2), the hoisting machinery (3), the load jetty (1), and the traverse direction carriages (4). In the method according to the invention the loaded or unloaded transport vessel in its entirety or the mere cargo is placed in the water supported by the traverse direction carriages which are brought on to the load jetty, and the load jetty with its load is moved from the water up on the land. The loaded or unloaded transport vessel or the mere cargo is transferred by the traverse direction carriages along the port area to the handling place reserved for the cargo in question. In the equipment according to the invention are included the inclined plane from the water up on the land, the load jetty movable on the inclined plane, the traverse direction carriages and the crane (7) which can be placed on the load jetty, the hoisting machinery and the crane (6) for cargo handling on the area of loading or unloading.

Inventors:
Ruotsalainen, Erkki
Application Number:
PCT/FI1989/000046
Publication Date:
October 05, 1989
Filing Date:
March 16, 1989
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
Ruotsalainen, Erkki
International Classes:
B63B27/00; E02C3/00; (IPC1-7): B63B27/00; E02B3/20
Foreign References:
SE360314B
FI32841A
CH360031A
US2415805A
US3448693A
US4049131A
Download PDF:
Claims:
PATENT CLAIMS
1. A method for load handling in port, in which method the transport vessel (1) in its entirety loaded or un¬ loaded or the mere cargo (8) is moved from the water up on the land utilizing a hoisting machinery (3), an in clined plane (2) and a load jetty (1) and vice versa in moving it back to the water, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in, that the loaded or unloaded transport vessel (5) or the mere cargo is moved on the land by traverse direc¬ tion carriages (4) on which the transport vessel (5) or the mere cargo is placed, to the handling place reser¬ ved for the cargo in question.
2. The method according to the patent claim 1 , c h a r a c t e r i z e d in, that the loaded or unloaded transport vessel (5) or the mere cargo (8) and the crane (7) is lifted up and launched down along the inclined plane (2) utilizing the load jetty (1) the upper surface of which is principally in the horizontal position during the lifting and the lowering.
3. The method according to the patent claims 1 or 2, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in, that the loaded or unloaded transport vessel (5) or the mere cargo (8) and the crane (7) and the load jetty (1) with the traverse direction carriages (4) is launched to the water taking advantage of the gravity.
4. The method according to the patent claims 1 3, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in, that the loaded trans port vessel (5) or the mere cargo (8) is moved on the land into the traverse direction in regard to the load jetty (1) within the reach of a loading and unloading device (6).
5. An equipment for application of the method according to the patent claim 1 , in which equipment is included the inclined plane (2) from the water up on the land, the on the plane movable load jetty (1 ) on which the loaded or unloaded transport vessel or the mere cargo is arranged to be placed and the hoisting machinery (3) to move the load jetty, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in, that in the equipment is included the crane (7) to lift the cargoes (8) on the load jetty and the traverse direction carriages (4) placed on the load jetty, on which the loaded or unloaded transport vessel or the mere cargo is arranged to be placed in the water, and by the support of them the loaded or unloaded trans¬ port vessel or the mere cargo is arranged to be moved on the land in regard to the load jetty to the handling place reserved for the cargo in question within the reach of the loading and unloading device (6).
Description:
LOAD HANDLING EQUIPMENT AND METHOD IN PORT

The object of the invention is a load handling equipment and method by which a loaded or unloaded transport vessel in its entirety or a mere load is moved from a floating position to a loading and unloading place and the same operation vice versa the loaded or unloaded transport vessel in its entirety or the mere cargo is moved back to the water. In this load handling method a hoisting machinery, an inclined plane, a movable load jetty and traverse direction carriages are used.

In today's ports the cargo from a vessel onto the wharf and vice versa is lifted by cranes or a so called Roll- on Roll-of method is used. There are in use many kinds of cranes; floating, movable on rails or on rubber wheels on the wharf and fixed to the wharf.

In all above mentioned present methods the transport vessel is in a floating position during the time of loading and unloading operations and, that the wharf or its part is constructed fixed, taking into account the tide fluctuations.

The present port technique causes expensive investment costs, which means high cargo handling price per unit in reimbursement. The situation is emphasized on water roads where the tide fluctuates a lot and a depth of the water route or crossing bridges allow traffic of quite small vessels only.

Using the Roll-on Roll-off method construction costs of the port are lower than for a port with cranes, but the fluctuations of tide cause special requirements for load handling equipment such as ramps, trailers and tractors.

It is also to be observed, that in. Roll-on Roll-off method trailers often belong to the cargo, which means less net cargo capacity especially in small vessels. If it is intended to handle the cargo units by a fork lift the inclination of the ramp can easily become an impediment and the working is unsafe.

In the shipyard industry vessels are lifted from the water up on the land (the yard) and the intention is to do something on the vessel itself; such as maintenance, repair, stocking in shipyard etc.

The purpose of the invention is to bring forth a method for load handling in port, by means of which method above mentioned disadvantages are eliminated. In addi¬ tion the aim with the invention is to bring about a method, by taking advantage of which the investment costs can be kept favourable compared with the present ones and by using of which method the handling speed of the loads is fast and the working is safe. Further the purpose of the invention is to bring forth an equipment for applying of the method, which equipment is favourab¬ le, safe and easy to operate.

The purpose of the invention is achieved by the method and equipment, which are characterized by that, what is presented in the patent claims.

In the method in accordance with the invention the loaded or unloaded transport vessel or a mere load is transferred up on the land on top of on the load jetty placed traverse direction carriages, supported on which the loaded or unloaded transport vessel or a mere load is placed, to the spot reserved for the handling of the load concerned. In the method in accordance with the invention the shipyard technique has been adopted in a

new and an inventional way in the port usage. With the help of the traverse direction carriages of the movable load jetty the transport vessel loaded or unloaded or the mere load can be transferred by using the rails even long distances.

The applied technique makes it possible to 'move big loads as one unit in its entirety along the port area to the handling place reserved for the cargo in question, or it is possible to move a loaded or an unloaded vessel back to the water.

With this equipment and method quite remarkable handling speed can be achieved per one cargo unit and the working can be done safely.

The equipment and other port investment costs in accor¬ dance with the invention are relatively favourable com¬ paring with the present port solutions: - The length of the inclined plane (slipway) is only as big as the longest vessel which in the port concerned is to be handled.

- The variation in the water level can be taken into account in the construction of the rails on the inclined plane and in the structure of the load jetty.

- To rise the capacity of the port, it is merely neces¬ sary to make more tracks on the load handling area.

- The lifting equipment by which the landed vessel can be loaded or unloaded is light, multipurpose and remar- kably cheaper than harbour cranes presently in use.

- The method makes possible the loading, unloading and transit handling of loads of different types (goods/people), when the load jetty is hauled up on the land or in a suitable position in regard of the actual water level and the transport vessel.

- The movement of the load in the water direction is carried out by the gravity.

The movable jetty is according to the invention favou¬ rably equipped with a crane by which cargoes can be lifted from the transport vessel onto the load jetty or vice versa. The same crane can also be moved from the load jetty on to the rails of the port area to make lifts there according to the situation in question.

In the following a detailed explanation of the invention is given by referring to the drawings, in which picture 1 describes an equipment for application of the method in accordance with the invention seen from the side picture 2 describes the equipment in accordance with the picture 1 seen in the front picture 3 describes the equipment in accordance with the picture 1 seen from above picture 4 describes an equipment for application of the method in accordance with the invention seen from the side picture 5 describes the equipment in accordance with the picture 4 seen in the front picture 6 describes the equipment in accordance with the picture 4 seen from above. In the applications according to the pictures 1-6 is described schematically a port furnished with the load handling equipment in accordance with the invention, in which by the load jetty 1 and by the hoisting machine¬ ry 3 a loaded or unloaded transport vessel 5 or a mere load 8 and a crane 7 is lifted supported by rails 2 of an inclined plane from the water on the land or it is launched from the land to the water. The loaded or unloaded transport vessel or the mere load is resting upon the load jetty supported by the traverse direction carriages 4 on which the transport vessel loaded or unloaded or the mere load can be moved to the loading and unloading place within the reach of a loading and an unloading device 6 .

By this method using the-crane which is operating on the wharf it is possible to organize the load handling simultaneously between transit vessels, which are moved up on the wharf, and the vessel which is floating on the side of the wharf. This method shortens remarkably load handling time, reduces traffic on the harbour area, reduces the need for auxiliary handling equipment and the need of the stocking area at the port, because the load is transferred directly from one vessel to another vessel by the same hoisting using one crane.