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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
LOAD LIMITING TONG
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/044362
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A load limiting device that limits and/or provides an indication when an amount of torque applied to a threaded tubular connection by a tong exceeds a predetermined amount.

Inventors:
STOLDT, Frederik (Sophienallee 37, Hamburg, Hamburg, DE)
VIERKE, Andre (Wernigeroder Weg 7, Hamburg, Hamburg, DE)
Application Number:
US2017/031350
Publication Date:
March 08, 2018
Filing Date:
May 05, 2017
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
FORUM US, INC. (920 Memorial City Way, Suite 1000Houston, TX, 77024, US)
International Classes:
E21B19/16
Foreign References:
US2122760A1938-07-05
US3722331A1973-03-27
US4501335A1985-02-26
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
PATTERSON, B., Todd et al. (Patterson & Sheridan, LLP24 Greenway Plaza, Suite 160, Houston TX, 77046, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS:

1 . A tong for rotating a tubular, comprising:

a lever body;

a jaw assembly coupled to one end of the lever body;

a load attachment device coupled to an opposite end of the lever body; and a load limiting device coupled to the load attachment device by a linkage, wherein the load limiting device is movable from a first operational state to a second operational state to limit an amount of torque applied to the tubular by the tong when the amount of torque exceeds a torque rating of the tong,

2. The tong of claim 1 , wherein the load limiting device comprises a rod member coupled to the linkage, and a biasing member biasing the rod member into the first operational state.

3. The tong of claim 2, wherein the biasing member is uncompressed in the first operational state.

4. The tong of claim 2, wherein the biasing member is compressed in the second operational state.

5. The tong of claim 1 , wherein the linkage engages a deflection device disposed between the load attachment device and the load limiting device.

6. The tong of claim 5, wherein the deflection device is a pulley or a sprocket that is coupled and rofatabie relative to the lever body.

7. The tong of claim 1 , wherein the load limiting device provides a visual indication to an operator when the load limiting device is in the second operational state.

8. A tong for rotating a tubular, comprising:

a lever body;

a jaw assembly coupled to one end of the lever body; a load attachment device coupled to an opposite end of the lever body; and a biasing member coupled to the load attachment device by a linkage, wherein the biasing member is movable from a first operational state to a second operational state to limit an amount of torque applied to the tubular by the tong when the amount of torque exceeds a torque rating of the tong.

9. The tong of claim 8, wherein the biasing member is uncompressed in the first operational state.

10. The tong of claim 8, wherein the biasing member is compressed in the second operational state.

1 1 . The tong of claim 8, wherein the linkage engages a deflection device disposed between the load attachment device and the load limiting device.

12. The tong of claim 1 1 , wherein the deflection device is a pulley or a sprocket that is coupled and rofatabie relative to the lever body.

13. The tong of claim 8, wherein the load limiting device provides a visual indication to an operator when the load limiting device is in the second operational state.

14. A method for rotating a tubular, the method comprising:

gripping a tubular using a tong;

rotating the tubular using the tong; and

temporarily preventing rotation of the tubular when torque applied to the tubular by the tong exceeds a torque rating of the tong.

15. The method of claim 14, further comprising moving a load limiting device of the tong from a first operational state to a second operational state to temporarily prevent rotation of the tubular by compressing a biasing member using the torque that exceeds the torque rating of the tong.

16. The method of claim 15, wherein the biasing member is uncompressed when rotating the tubular.

17. The method of claim 16, further comprising pulling on a load attachment device of the tong to rotate the tubular, wherein the load attachment device is coupled to the biasing member by a linkage.

18. The method of claim 17, wherein biasing member is compressed by a rod member that is coupled to the linkage.

Description:
[0081] Embodiments disclosed herein relate to a tong for coupling and decoupling threaded tubular connections during a rig operation utilized in the oil and gas industry. More specifically, embodiments disclosed herein relate to a load limiting device that limits and/or provides an indication when the amount of torque applied to the threaded tubular connection by the tong exceeds a predetermined amount.

Description of the Related Art

[0002] A manual tong is a tool commonly used in the oil and gas industry to make up or break out threaded tubular connections. During a rig operation, the tong is suspended above a rotary spider that is located in the rig floor. The tong has jaws that are moved into position about a pin end of a tubular and configured to provide a desired amount of torque to rotate the tubular relative to another tubular to threadediy couple the two tubuiars together. A pull-line in the form of a cable or wire rope is typically utilized to secure the tong to a winch that is utilized to rotate the tong to apply the desired amount of torque to the pin end of the tubular,

[0003] Manual tongs are rated to apply specific torque values. However, many operators utilize tongs that are not rated for the torque needed to make-up or break out threaded tubular connections. For example, a tong rated for a maximum of 10,000 foot-pounds of torque may be utilized to couple or decouple tubuiars that require more than 10,000 foot-pounds of torque. This results in a safety hazard as the tong may fail, the tubuiars may not be tightened to the desired torque value, and/or the tubuiars may not be fully coupled during a make-up operation or fully decoupled during a break out operation.

[0004] Therefore, there exists a need for a new and improved tong that prevents the safety hazards described above. SUMMA Y

[0005] In one embodiment, a tong for rotating a tubular comprises a lever body; a jaw assembly coupled to one end of the lever body; a load attachment device coupled to an opposite end of the lever body; and a load limiting device coupled to the load attachment device by a linkage, wherein the load limiting device is movable from a first operational state to a second operational state to limit an amount of torque applied to the tubular by the tong when the amount of torque exceeds a torque rating of the tong,

[0006] In one embodiment, a tong for rotating a tubular comprises a lever body; a jaw assembly coupled to one end of the lever body; a load attachment device coupled to an opposite end of the lever body; and a biasing member coupled to the load attachment device by a linkage, wherein the biasing member is movable from a first operational state to a second operational state to limit an amount of torque applied to the tubular by the tong when the amount of torque exceeds a torque rating of the tong.

[8007] In one embodiment, a method for rotating a tubular comprises gripping a tubular using a tong; rotating the tubular using the tong; and temporarily preventing rotation of the tubular when torque applied to the tubular by the tong exceeds a torque rating of the tong.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0008] Figure 1 is an isometric view of one embodiment of a tong having a load limiting device.

[0009] Figures 2 and 3 are cross-sectional views of the tong along lines 2-2 and 3-3, respectively, of Figure 1 .

[0010] Figures 4 and 5 are enlarged cross-sectional views of the tong showing operation of the load limiting device.

[0011] To facilitate understanding, identical reference numerals have been used, where possible, to designate identical elements that are common to the figures. It is contemplated that elements disclosed in one embodiment may be beneficially utilized with other embodiments without specific recitation. DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0012] Embodiments of the disclosure include a tong for use during a rig operation in the oil and gas industry. The tong includes an integrated torque limiting device that causes the tong to limit the amount of torque applied to a tubular if a torque limit or rating of the tong is exceeded. According to one embodiment, the tong may be a manual tong that is pulled by a winch to apply torque to a tubular,

[0013] Figure 1 is an isometric view of one embodiment of a tong 100. The tong 100 includes a hanger 105 that is coupled to a lever body 1 10. One end of the lever body 1 10 includes a jaw assembly 1 15 that grips a pin end of a tubular 120. The other end of the lever body 1 10 includes a load attachment device 125, such as an eyelet, that may be coupled to a cable 130. The cable 130 may be coupled to a pulling device, such as a winch, that applies a force to the lever body 1 10 in order to rotate the tong 100 in an axial direction identified by reference arrow 135.

[0014] The tong 100 also includes a load limiting device 140 positioned between the jaw assembly 1 15 and the load attachment device 125. The load limiting device 140 may be integrated with the tong 100, such as by being disposed within the lever body 1 10. The load limiting device 140 may be set and/or adjusted to render the tong 100 inoperable if a torque rating of the tong 100 is exceeded. For example, if the torque rating of the tong 100 is exceeded, the load limiting device 140 device may effectively limit the amount of torque that the tong 100 applies to the tubular 120,

[0015] Figures 2 and 3 are cross-sectional views of the tong 100 taken along lines 2-2 and 3-3, respectively, of Figure 1 . The load limiting device 140 according to one embodiment includes a body 200 that houses a biasing member 205. The biasing member 205 may be one or more springs, discs, and the like. The biasing member 205 may be coupled to a linkage 210 that couples to the load attachment device 125 as shown in Figures 1 and 3. The linkage 210 may be a chain or cable that engages a deflection device 300 as shown in Figure 3. The deflection device 300 is disposed between the load attachment device 125 and the load limiting device 140. The deflection device 300 may be a pulley or a sprocket that is coupled and rotatable relative to the lever body 1 10. The linkage 210 transfers the pulling force acting on the load attachment device 125 to the load limiting device 140 about the deflection device 300.

[0016] Figures 4 and 5 are enlarged cross-sectional views of the tong 100 showing operation of the load limiting device 140.

[8017] Figure 4 shows the load limiting device 140 in a first operational state where the biasing member 205 is uncompressed or in a relaxed state. The biasing member 205 may be captured within the body 200 between a cap 400 and a shoulder 405 of a rod member 410 that is coupled to the linkage 210. The first operational state of the load limiting device 140 may be when a load is applied to the load attachment device 125 and the lever body 1 10 is moving in the axial direction identified by reference arrow 135 to rotate the tubular shown in Figure 1 . For example, if the tong 100 has a torque rating up to 10,000 foot-pounds of torque, and the applied torque does not exceed this torque rating, the tong 100 will operate to rotate the tubular with the load limiting device 140 in the first operational state as shown.

[8018] Figure 5 shows the tong 100 in a second operational state when the applied torque by the tong 100 exceeds the torque rating of the tong 100. The biasing member 205 is compressed by the shoulder 405 of the rod member 410 when pulled by the linkage 210, which is at least partially pulled out of the lever body 1 10. This temporarily prevents the tong 100 from applying an amount of torque to the tubular 120 that exceeds the torque rating of the tong 100, and/or temporarily prevents further rotation of the tubular 120 by the tong 100. The movement of the linkage 210 and/or the toiling of rotation of the tubular 120 may provide visual indications to an operator that the maximum torque rating of the tong 100 has been exceeded, in addition, a torque indicator, for monitoring the torque in comparison with a greater amount of torque that an operator tries to apply to the tubular with the tong 100, may provide an indication that the maximum torque rating of the tong 100 has been exceeded.

[0019] The movement of the linkage 210 and/or the tolling of rotation of the tubular 120 may be temporary in some embodiments as the biasing member 205 may "bottom-out" between the cap 400 and the shoulder 405 of the rod member 410, When the biasing member 205 does bottom out, movement of the tong 100 may resume by applying a torque that exceeds the torque rating of the tong 100. However, the visual and/or torque indications should alert operators that the tong 100 may not be sufficient for the torque required to make-up or break-out the tubular 120. Further, the load limiting device 140 may be reset back to the first operational state when the force pulling on the linkage 210 via that load attachment device 125 fails below the rated torque value of the tong 100, as the biasing member 205 decompresses to a relaxed state and forces that rod member 410 back into the position shown in Figure 4.

[0020] In some embodiments, the load limiting device 140 may include a support member 500 coupled to the rod member 410 that may be utilized as an additional biasing member and/or may be utilized as a shock absorber to prevent or minimize impact of the rod member 410 when returned back to the first operational state by the biasing member 205.

[8021] While the foregoing is directed to embodiments of the disclosure, other and further embodiments of the disclosure thus may be devised without departing from the basic scope thereof, and the scope thereof is determined by the claims that follow.