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Title:
LOCK-BLADE KNIFE FOR COOKING PURPOSES
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2017/194519
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention relates to a lock-blade knife (1) for cooking purposes comprising a housing (2), a blade (3) pivotally attached to the housing (2) and a locking mechanism (4). The blade (3) is rotatable relative to the housing (3) between a closed position (P1) and a least one cutting position (P2); wherein the locking mechanism (4) is configured to lock the blade (3) in the at least one cutting position (P2). The present invention is characterized in that the locking mechanism (4) comprises a biasing means (5), an engagement structure (6), and a grasping means (7); the engagement structure (6) being disposed on the blade (3); and the grasping means (7) being displaceable relative to the housing (2) from a locking position into a releasing position. The grasping means (7) is biased into the releasing position by the biasing means (5); wherein the grasping means (7) is in engagement with the engagement structure (6) in the locking position when the blade (3) is in the cutting position (P2), so that the blade (3) is locked in the cutting position (P2); and wherein the blade (3) is rotatable between the cutting position (P2) and the closed position (P1) when the grasping means (7) is manually displaced into the releasing position.

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Inventors:
HAGSTRÖM, Magnus (Hemvärnsgatan 15, Solna, 171 54, SE)
Application Number:
EP2017/061023
Publication Date:
November 16, 2017
Filing Date:
May 09, 2017
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
FENIX OUTDOOR DEVELOPMENT AND CSR AG (Industriestrasse 6, 6300 Zug, 6300, CH)
International Classes:
B26B1/04; B26B11/00
Foreign References:
FR2843907A12004-03-05
US5799400A1998-09-01
DE3740374A11989-06-08
CN2096456U1992-02-19
CN204585251U2015-08-26
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
GRÜNECKER PATENT- UND RECHTSANWÄLTE PARTG MBB (Leopoldstrasse 4, München, 80802, DE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. Lock- blade knife (1) for cooking purposes comprising a housing (2), a blade (3) pivotally attached to the housing (2) and a locking mechanism (4);

the blade (3) being rotatable relative to the housing (3) between a closed position (P1) and at least one cutting position (P2);

wherein the locking mechanism (4) is configured to lock the blade (3) in the at least one cutting position (P2);

characterized in that

the locking mechanism (4) comprises a biasing means (5), an engagement structure (6), and a grasping means (7);

the engagement structure (6) being disposed on the blade (3); and

the grasping means (7) being displaceable relative to the housing (2) from a locking position into a releasing positon;

the grasping means (7) being biased into the locking position by the biasing means (5);

wherein the grasping means (7) is in engagement with the engagement structure (6) in the locking position when the blade (3) is in the cutting positon (P2), so that the blade (3) is locked in the cutting position (P2); and

wherein the blade (3) is rotatable between the cutting position (P2) and the closed position (P1 ) when the grasping means (7) is manually displaced into the releasing position.

2. Lock- blade knife (1 ) according to claim 1 ,

characterized in that

the locking mechanism (4) comprises a slope portion (8);

wherein the grasping means (7) is displaced from the locking position into the releasing positon, in that the grasping means (7) slides along the slope portion (8) during rotation of the blade (3) from the closed position (P1 ) into the cutting positon (P2).

3. Lock- blade knife (1) according to claim 1 or 2,

characterized in that

the engagement structure (6) is an engagement slot; and

the grasping means (7) is at least partially disposed within the engagement slot (6) in the locking position, when the blade (3) is in the cutting positon (P2);

wherein the biasing means (5) exerts a biasing force on the blade (3) via the grasping means

(7).

4. Lock- blade knife (1) according to any one of the preceding claims,

characterized in that

the housing (2) is composed of a first handle portion (9) and a second handle portion (10), wherein a storage space (S) is formed between the first handle portion (9) and the second handle portion (10), so that the blade (3) is at least partially disposed within the storage space (S) in the closed position (P1).

5. Lock- blade knife (1 ) according to claim 4,

characterized in that

the first handle portion (9) and the second handle portion (10) being attached to each other by a first fastening means (11) and a second fastening means (12), so that the first handle portion (9) is spaced from the second handle portion (10).

6. Lock- blade knife (1) according to claim 5,

characterized in that

wherein the first fastening means ( ) further constitutes a supporting means for the biasing means (5); and

wherein the second fastening (12) means further constitutes a pivot shaft for the blade (3).

7. Lock- blade knife ( ) according to any one of the preceding claims 5 or 6,

characterized in that

the biasing means (5) is a longitudinal member having a first end portion (13) and a second end portion (14), the first end portion (13) being engaged to the first fastening means (11); and wherein the grasping means (7) is disposed on the second end portion (14).

8. Lock- blade knife (1 ) according to any one of the preceding claims,

characterized in that

a retaining pin (15) is disposed in the housing (2), wherein the biasing means (5) is at least partially retained by the retaining pin (15) in a position within the housing (2), when the grasping means (7) is displaced form the locking position into the releasing position.

9. Lock- blade knife (1) according to any one of the preceding claims,

characterized in that

the blade (3) further comprising a second engagement structure (16), wherein the grasping means (7) is in engagement with the second engagement structure (16) in the locking positon when the blade (3) is in the closed position (P1), so that the blade (3) is locked in the closed position (P1).

10. Lock- blade knife (1) according to any one of the preceding claims,

characterized in that

the blade (3) comprises a guide slot (17) engaging an abutment pin (18) when the blade (3) is rotated from the closed positon (P1) into the cutting positon (P2), wherein the abutment pin

(18) abuts at an end of the guide slot (17) when the blade (3) is in the cutting positon (P2) so that the rotational movement of the blade (3) relative to the housing (2) is limited.

11. Lock- blade knife (1 ) according to claim 10,

characterized in that

the guide slot (17) is formed as a part of a tin- opener portion (19), wherein the tin- opener

(19) portion is positioned outside of the housing (2) when the blade is in the closed position (P1).

12. Lock- blade knife (1) according to any one of the preceding claims 1 to 9,

characterized in that

the blade (3) further comprises a tin- opener portion (19), wherein the tin- opener portion (19) is positioned outside of the housing (2) when the blade (3) is in the closed position (P1).

13. Lock- blade knife (1 ) according to any one of the preceding claims,

characterized in that

the biasing means (5) is integrally formed with the grasping means (7).

14. Lock- blade knife (1) according to any of the preceding claims,

characterized in that

the biasing means (5) is made of a bent spring steel wire.

Description:
Lock- blade knife for cooking purposes

The present invention relates to a lock- blade knife for cooking purposes. In general, such lock- blade knives comprise of a housing, a blade pivotally attached to the housing and a locking mechanism. The blade is pivotable between a closed position and at least one cutting position. In the closed position, the cutting edge of the knife is disposed within the housing, so that nothing is inadvertently cut. In the cutting position, the knife can be used to cut things, e.g. legumes for preparing food.

The locking mechanism is configured to lock the blade in the cutting position so that the safety during usage of the knife is improved. Accidental movement of the blade from the cutting position into the closed position is prevented by the locking mechanism.

The locking mechanisms known from the prior art are working well, however, they are associated with drawbacks, especially when the lock- blade knife is used during extensive expeditions to remote locations. During such expeditions, the locking mechanism could fail due to soiling, wear or any other malfunction. Especially in case the user relies on the safe functioning of the locking mechanism, it might happen that the blade is inadvertently moved from the cutting position. This greatly increases the risk of injuries. As a matter of course, a wound caused by cutting in remote locations can lead to dangerous situations, e.g. blood poisoning or the like.

Thus, there is increased need to provide lock- blade knife for cooking purposes especially suitable for extensive outdoor usage which has a reliable and uncomplicated lock mechanism. In particular, it is desirable to provide a lock mechanism being not prone to soiling and wear and being easy to clean so that the functionality of the lock mechanism can be kept even during extensive expeditions.

The problem is solved by a lock- blade knife according to claim 1. Preferable embodiments are described in the dependent claims.

The lock- blade knife according to the present invention is characterized over the prior art in that the locking mechanism comprises a biasing means, an engagement structure, and a grasping means. According to the invention, the engagement structure is disposed on the blade, and the grasping means is displaceable relative to the housing from a locking position into a releasing positon. Further, the grasping means is biased into the locking position by the biasing means. According to the invention, the grasping means is in engagement with the engagement structure in the locking position when the blade is in the cutting positon, so that the blade is locked in the cutting position. According to the invention, the blade is rotatable between the cutting position and the closed position when the grasping means is manually displaced into the releasing position. Thus, for moving the blade from the cutting position into the closed position, the grasping means is displaced relative to the housing from the locking position into the releasing position against the biasing force of the biasing means. In doing so, the grasping means is brought out of engagement with the engagement structure provided on the blade so that the blade is rotatable from the cutting position into the closed position. The grasping means returns to its initial positon due to the biasing force of the biasing means, e.g. when the user releases the grasping means. For unlocking the locking mechanism, the user manually displaces the grasping means from the locking position to the releasing position so that the grasping means is disengaged from the engagement structure. Thus, the blade could then be freely rotated into the closed position. Preferably, the grasping means is provided on an end portion of the biasing means.

As the engagement structure is provided on the blade, and preferably is even integrally formed with blade, it is made e.g. of hardened steel being highly wear resistant. In addition, as all relevant parts of the locking mechanism are accessible, they could easily be cleaned when soiled so that the functionality of the locking mechanism is not corrupted by soiling or foreign matter. Furthermore, as all relevant parts are accessible, the user could easily capture by eye whether the locking mechanism is e.g. soiled so that its safety function might be limited. Thus, the user could then either decide to easily clean the lock- blade knife or to pay special attention when using the knife as being aware of the latent danger. Thus, the risk of accidental movement of the blade form the cutting position during usage of the inventive lock- blade knife is greatly reduced.

Preferably, the locking mechanism comprises a slope portion, wherein the grasping means is displaced from the locking positon into the releasing positon, in that the grasping means slides along the slope portion during rotation of the blade from the closed position into the cutting positon. Hence, when rotating the blade from the closed positon into the cutting positon, the slope portion comes into contact with the grasping means before the blade is in the cutting position. Rotating the blade further into direction of the cutting position displaces the grasping means, as the latter one slides along the slope portion to a direction relative outwardly of the housing. Thus, the grasping means is displaced from the locking position into the releasing position. The slope portion is preferably disposed on the blade, wherein the engagement structure is preferably directly provided in continuation with the slope portion when seen in the rotation direction. Thus, the grasping means engages the engagement structure, as it returns into the locking position due to the biasing force of the biasing means. Thus, safety of the lock- blade knife is increased as the blade is automatically locked in the cutting positon. In addition, comfort is increased as the user does not have to manually displace the grasping means when the blade is moved to the cutting position.

Preferably, the engagement structure is an engagement slot and the grasping means is at least partially disposed within the engagement slot in the locking position, when the blade is in the cutting positon. The biasing means then exerts a biasing force on the blade via the grasping means. Thus, the blade is securely held in the cutting position and accidental movement from the cutting position is prevented. In addition, the engagement slot is easily cleanable so that malfunction of the locking mechanism can virtually be inhibited.

Preferably, the housing is composed of a first handle portion and a second handle portion, wherein a storage space is formed between the first handle portion and the second handle portion, so that the blade is at least partially disposed within the storage space in the closed position. In particular, the cutting edge of the blade is disposed in the storage space. Furthermore, it is preferable in this regard the first handle portion and the second handle portion being attached to each other by a first fastening means and a second fastening means, so that the first handle portion is spaced from the second handle portion. Thus, the housing is open to two sides. Thus, no interior space is formed where foreign matter or other unwanted material can accumulate. This further facilitates cleaning of the lock- blade knife and prevents the locking mechanism from getting soiled. In addition, as accumulation of organic material within the housing is greatly reduced, the overall hygienic situation for the user is ameliorated.

Preferably, the first fastening means further constitutes a supporting means for the biasing means. It is further preferably that the second fastening means further constitutes a pivot shaft for the blade. Thus, the biasing means is provided to the first fastening means to bias the grasping means towards the locking position. In addition, the number of parts of the lock- blade knife is greatly reduced in case no separate supporting means and/ or no separate pivot shaft is provided. Thus, the complexity of the lock- blade knife and the weight thereof is reduced.

Preferably, the biasing means is a member having a first end portion and a second end portion, the first end portion preferably being engaged to the first fastening means. Preferably, the grasping means is disposed on the second end portion. Preferably, the biasing means is a longitudinal member. Thus, the biasing means can be a spring- like member wherein the biasing force is established by the elasticity of the longitudinal biasing means. Thus, the liability of the biasing means to malfunctions, e.g. a brittle fracture, is greatly reduced. In addition, the biasing means is easily cleanable.

Preferably, a retaining pin is disposed in the housing, wherein the biasing means is at least partially retained by the retaining pin in a position within the housing, when the grasping means is displaced form the locking position into the releasing position. Thus, the retaining pin abuts against the biasing means at least in case the grasping means is manually displaced into the releasing position. Thus, the biasing force of the biasing means is intensified. In addition, the retaining pin warrants that the biasing means does not rotate.

Preferably, the blade further comprises a second engagement structure. The grasping means is in engagement with the second engagement structure in the locking positon when the blade is in the closed position, so that the blade is locked in the closed position. As such, when the blade is in the closed position, the grasping means is biased into the locking position by the biasing means and engages the second engagement structure. Thus, safety of the lock- blade knife is greatly increased as accidental movement of the blade from the closed position is inhibited. This in turn allows for smooth rotational capability of the blade relative to the housing, as the locking function does not need to be warranted via. e.g. increased friction.

Preferably, the blade comprises a guide slot engaging an abutment pin when the blade is rotated from the closed positon into the cutting positon, wherein the abutment pin abuts at an end of the guide slot when the blade is in the cutting positon so that the rotational movement of the blade relative to the housing is limited. Thus, due to the physical barrier unintentional over- rev of the blade is inhibited and any possible malfunction associated therewith is inhibited. Thus, functionality of the lock- blade knife having an abutment pin and a guide slot is warranted.

Preferably, the guide slot is formed as a part of a tin- opener portion, wherein the tin- opener portion is positioned outside of the housing when the blade is in the closed position. Thus, the tin- opener provides a further functionality to the lock- blade knife being advantageous as a separate tin- opener tool does not need to be taken e.g. to the expedition. Furthermore, as the guide slot is formed as a part of the tin- opener portion, a separate tin- opener portion is not necessary.

Alternatively, the blade further comprises a tin- opener portion, wherein the tin- opener portion is positioned outside of the housing when the blade is in the closed position. In other words, the tin- opener portion can be provided separately of the guide slot and the abutment pin. Thus, the tin- opener portion can also be provided in case the guide slot and the abutment pin are omitted e.g. for cost reasons.

Preferably, the biasing means is integrally formed with the grasping means. Thus, the biasing means and the grasping means are a one- piece unitary member. Preferably, the biasing means is made of a bent spring steel wire. Thus, the biasing force is established due the elasticity of the spring steel wire bent into shape.

Specific embodiments of the invention will now be described below, by way of example, with reference to accompanying drawings, of which:

FIG. 1 is a side view of a lock- blade knife according to the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a detailed view of detail A without hidden lines (FIG. 2A) and with hidden lines drawn as dashed lines (FIG. 2B);

FIG. 3 is a cross sectional view along the line B-B;

FIG. 4 is an exploded view of the lock- blade knife; FIG. 5 is perspective view of the lock- blade knife in the cutting position;

FIG. 6 is a side view of the lock- blade knife in the closed position;

FIG. 7 is a side view of the lock- blade knife in the cutting position;

FIG. 8 is front view of the lock- blade knife in the cutting position;

FIG. 9 is a bottom view of the lock- blade knife in the cutting position;

FIG. 10 is a top view of the lock- blade knife in the cutting position;

FIG. 11 is a back view of the lock- blade knife in the cutting position;

FIG. 12 is a side view of a lock- blade knife in the closed position; and

FIG. 13 is a top view of a lock- blade knife in the closed position.

As shown in the Figures, the lock- blade knife 1 comprises of a housing 2, a blade 3 and locking mechanism 4. The blade 3 is pivotally attached to the housing 2 so that it can be rotated between a closed position P1 and a cutting position P2. In Fig. 6 the blade 3 is shown in the closed position P1 , whereas Figs. 1 and 5 show the blade in the cutting positon P2. As can be seen in Fig. 2 the knife further comprises a locking mechanism 4 which is configured to lock the blade 3 in the cutting position P2. The housing 2 comprises of a first handle portion 9 and a second handle portion 10, which are attached to each other by a first fastening means 11 and a second fastening means 12. When attached to each other a storage space S is formed in the housing 2. When the blade 3 is in the closed position, the blade 3 is partially disposed within the storage space S. In particular, the cutting edge of the blade 3 is disposed within the storage space S. Furthermore, as can be seen in Fig. 3, the first handle portion 9 and the second handle portion 10 are spaced from each other so that the storage space S is open to two sides.

As can be seen in Fig. 4, the first fastening means 11 is provided on the rear end of the housing 2 and comprises of a first bushing member 20 and a first screw member 21. For saving weight, the first screw member 21 is a hollow member with an outer threading engaging an inner threading provided on the first bushing member 20. In similar, the second fastening means 12 is provided on the front end of the housing 2, i.e. the end the blade 3 is rotationally attached to as will be described later. The second fastening means 12 comprises of a second bushing member 22 and a second screw member 23. The second fastening means 12 also constitutes the pivot shaft for the blade 3 in that the second bushing member 22 is supporting the blade 3. Two shim members 25, 26 are provided on each side of the blade 3 abutting against the respective handle portion 9, 10, as can be seen in Fig. 4. The shim members 25, 26 set the correct distance of the blade 3 relative to the first handle portion 9 and the second handle portion 10 and further reduce the friction when the blade member 3 is rotated.

To limit the rotational movement of the blade 3 relative to the housing 2, the blade comprises a guide slot 17 which extends in a slight curvature along the longitudinal axis of the blade 3 in the area of the rotation axis. An abutment pin 18 is provided between the first handle portion 9 and the second handle portion 10 which abuts against an end of the guide slot 17 when the blade 3 is rotated into the cutting positon PL In particular, when rotating the blade 3 from the closed position P1 into the cutting position P2, the guide slot 17 is rotated together with the blade 3 and encloses the abutment pin 18 during rotation. Rotation is terminated when the abutment bin 18 abuts against the end of the guide slot 17 as shown in Fig. 2A. Thus, the cutting position P2 is then reached and defined.

Next, the locking mechanism 4 will be described. The locking mechanism 4 comprises of a biasing means 5 integrally formed with a grasping means 7. Further, the locking mechanism 4 comprises an engagement structure 6 in the form of an engagement slot being disposed on the blade 3. In addition, a slope portion 8 is provided on the blade 3 disposed directly adjacent to the engagement slot 6, as shown in Fig. 2. The biasing means 5 is a bent spring steel wire having a first end portion 13 and a second end portion 14, wherein the first end portion 13 is formed in a hook- like manner, as can be seen in Fig. 4. The second end portion 13 is supported on the first fastening member 11 by a shim member 24, as shown in Fig. 1. Thus, the first fastening member 11 constitutes a supporting means for the biasing means 5, in particular for the hook- like formed first end portion 13. In addition, a retaining pin 15 is provided between the first handle portion 9 and the second handle portion 10. The retaining pin 15 retains the biasing means 5 partially within the housing 2, so that a rotation of the biasing means 5 about the supporting means (i.e. the first fastening member 11 ) is inhibited.

As can be seen in Fig. 2, the grasping means 7 is in engagement with engagement slot 6 when the blade 3 is in the cutting position P2. Thus, the grasping means 7 is in the locking position. In addition, the blade 3 comprises a second engagement means 16 being disposed on the opposite side of the blade 3 relative to the engagement slot 6. The second engagement means 16 is a nose like member protruding from the blade 3.

Furthermore, to allow for accessibility of the grasping means 7, the first handle portion 9 and the second handle portion 10 each have a recessed portion 27, 28. As can be seen in Fig. 2, the grasping means 7 is disposed within the recessed portions 27, 28 so that the grasping means 7 can easily be manually displaced as will be described in the following. Now, the locking and unlocking function will be described. First, the blade 3 is in the closed position P1 as shown in Fig. 6. The grasping means 7 is in the locking positon and engages behind the second engagement structure 16 so that the blade 3 cannot be rotated. The use now manually displaces the grasping means 7 from the locking position into the releasing positon relative to the housing 2. In other words, the grasping means 7 is moved away from the housing 2 against the biasing force of the biasing means 5. Thus, the engagement between the grasping means 7 and the second engagement structure 16 is released. The blade 3 can now be rotated out of the closed position P .

The blade 3 is manually rotated into the cutting position P2. During rotation, the grasping means 7 abuts against the slope portion 8. By rotating the blade 3 further, the grasping means 7 slides along the slope portion 8 and is thus displaced from the locking positon against the biasing force of the biasing means 5. The rotation of the blade 3 is limited when the abutment pin 18 abuts the end of the guide slot 17. In so reached cutting position P2, the grasping means 7 snaps into the engagement slot

6 due to the biasing force of the biasing means 5. The grasping means 7 is in the locking position and locks the blade 3 from rotating out of the cutting position P2, as shown in Fig. 2. Further, a tension caused by the biasing means 5 acts on the grasping means 7, so that a secure locking is achieved.

To move the blade 3 from the cutting position P2 into the closed position P1 , the use manually displaces the grasping means 7 against the biasing forces of the biasing means 5 from the locking position into the releasing positon. In doing so, the engagement between the grasping means 7 and the engagement slot 6 is released and the blade 3 can be rotated out of the cutting positon P2 into the closed position PL When the blade is in the closed position P1 , the user releases the grasping means

7 and the grasping means 7 returns into the locking position due to the biasing force of the biasing means 5. Therewith, the grasping means 7 engages with the second engagement structure 16 to lock the blade 3 in the closed position.

Furthermore, the blade 3 comprises a tin- opener portion 19. In this embodiment, the tin- opener portion is formed by the guiding slot 17 and the portion carrying the engagement slot 6 and the sloped portion 8. As can be seen in Fig. 6, the tin- opener portion 19 is disposed outside the housing 2 when the blade 3 is in the closed positon P1. Thus, the user can utilized the tin- opener portion 19 to open tins.

A second embodiment without the second engagement means engaging the grasping means is shown in FIG. 12 and FIG. 13. List of reference signs

1 lock- blade knife

2 housing

3 blade

4 locking mechanism

5 biasing means

6 engagement structure

7 grasping means

8 slope portion

9 first handle portion

10 second handle portion

11 first fastening means/ supporting means

12 second fastening means/ pivot shaft

13 first end portion

14 second end portion

15 retaining pin

16 second engagement structure

17 guide slot

18 abutment pin

19 tin- opener portion

20 bushing member of first fastening means

21 screw member of first fastening means

22 bushing member of second fastening means

23 screw member of second fastening means

24 shim member

25 shim member

26 shim member

27 recessed portion

28 recessed portion

P1 closed position

P2 cutting position

S storage space