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Title:
MANUFACTURING METHOD OF GRINDING SURFACE ON GLASS COSMETICS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2011/127873
Kind Code:
A2
Abstract:
Manufacturing method of grinding surface on glass cosmetics, in particular the nail and skin file, from flat glass of FLOAT type, is carried out by marking at least one abrasive surface on one or two sides of a glass pane or intermediate product. This surface is then coated with fusing glue, powdered with clean quartz sand with grain size between 1 and 500 μm using a sieve, and the surplus sand is knocked-down. The intermediate product with fixed sand is inserted into the fusing furnace where it is baked at the temperature of up to 900°C. The abrasive surface may be roughened by sand blasting before the fusing glue application; the intermediate product coated with fusing glue can be decorated with glass fritte.

Inventors:
ŠKUTCHANOVÁ, Zuzana (Dukelsk̗ých Hrdinů 18, Praha 7, 170 00, CZ)
Application Number:
CZ2011/000034
Publication Date:
October 20, 2011
Filing Date:
April 12, 2011
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
ŠKUTCHANOVÁ, Zuzana (Dukelsk̗ých Hrdinů 18, Praha 7, 170 00, CZ)
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
BELFÍN, Vladimír (P.O. Box 117, Kladno, 272 80, CZ)
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Claims:
P A T E N T C L A I M S

1. Manufacturing method of grinding surface on glass cosmetics, in particular the nail and skin file from flat glass of FLOAT type, characterized by one or two sides of glass pane or intermediate product with at least one marked abrasive surface, which is subsequently coated with fusing glue, powdered with clean quartz sand with grain size 1-500 pm using a sieve, surplus sand is knocked-down, the intermediate product with fixed sand is inserted into the fusing furnace where it is baked at the temperature of up to 900°C, and the cooled intermediate product is rinsed with water.

2. Manufacturing method of grinding surface on glass cosmetics according to the claim 1 , characterized by roughening the surface of the device by sand blasting before fusing glue application.

3. Manufacturing method of grinding surface on glass cosmetics according to the claim 1 or 2, characterized by decoration of either working or non- working surface with glass fritte after fusing glue application. 4. Manufacturing method of grinding surface on glass cosmetics according to the claim 1 and/or 2 and/or 3, characterized by marking the working abrasive surface of the device as symmetric or asymmetric or with the decoration.

5. Manufacturing method of grinding surface on glass cosmetics according to the claim claim 1 and any of the claims 2- 4, characterized by at least two abrasive surfaces marked on one side of the device, glue application, powdering one or both sides of the device with sand at least twice, each time with a different sand roughness.

6. Manufacturing method of grinding surface on glass cosmetics according to the claim 1 and any of the claims 2-5, characterized by marking the working abrasive surface of the device on both sides of the device and powdering each side with quartz sand of different roughness.

7. Manufacturing method of grinding surface on glass cosmetics according to the claim 1 and any of the claims 2-6, characterized by marking the working abrasive surface of the individual device on its edges and powdering with quartz sand.

8. Manufacturing method of grinding surface on glass cosmetics according to the claim 1 and any of the claims 2-6, characterized by cutting the glass panes into stripes which are then trimmed into the shape of the nail files.

Description:
Manufacturing method of grinding surface on glass cosmetics

Field of the Ivention

The invention relates to a manufacturing method of grinding surface on glass cosmetics, in particular the nail and rough skin file, manufactured from flat glass of FLOAT type.

Background of the Invention

Various tools are used to polish and file the nails or to remove the rough skin - metallic files and scrapers, abrasive paper based files, or products manufactured from glass which are currently becoming more and more popular. Compared to the products from other materials, these offer several advantages - the most important one is the possibility of their cleaning and elimination of unfavorable impact on the filed nail - no nail fraying occurs. Glass files satisfy the high hygienic demands relating to all cosmetic procedures - this is very important for their use in public facilities. Various technologies of nail file roughing exist - the abrasive surfaces of the first nail files were achieved by mechanical roughing. Method of chemical glass surface etching is frequently used. In this case, a stripe of glass is first roughened by chemical etching and subsequently hardened. In this case, the abrasive surface roughness is 10 to 100 micrometers. Also nail files with very fine surface below 10 micrometers have been manufactured thanks to subsequently used glass hardening technology. Such products have a substantial disadvantage - large volumes of hazardous chemicals are used jn the production process. Considering the increasingly strict conditions of hygienic regulations and occupational safety issues, the costs of corresponding workplace quality assurance and in particular the costs relating to disposal of used, chemicals are significant. It is generally known that the technological process of surface etching is based on the chemical interaction between the hydrofluoric acid and fluorides on the surface of the glass element. Achieving various roughness levels on the same product is a complicated process. Disadvantage of extra-fine nail files is that their surface is often clogged by the ground material. Alternative methods of surface roughing are based on fixing various sand types to the glass surface by acid or on fine sands fixing with glue and subsequent hardening with UV light. However, this method does not guarantee the required product quality. Sooner or later, the abrasive surface is worn-off during usage and the nail file looses its function.

Summary of the Invention The above-mentioned disadvantages are eliminated by the manufacturing method of grinding surface on glass cosmetics, in particular the nail and skin file from flat glass of FLOAT type according to the invention, which consists in one or two sides of glass pane or intermediate product with at least one marked abrasive surface, which is subsequently coated with fusing glue, powdered with clean quartz sand with grain size 1-500 pm using a sieve, surplus sand is knocked-down, the intermediate product with fixed sand is inserted into the fusing furnace where it is baked at the temperature of up to 900°C, and the cooled intermediate product is rinsed with water. An advantage is that the abrasive surface can be roughened by sand blasting before the fusing glue' application. Another advantage is that either working or non-working surface can be decorated wit glass fritte after the fusing glue application. Another important aspect is that the abrasive surface of the device can be symmetric, asymmetric, or decor-shaped. At least two abrasive surfaces may be marked on one side of the device in advance. Glue spreading and sand application are carried out twice either on one side or on both sides of the device, always with a different sand grain size. The principle furthermore consists in marking the abrasive surface on both sides of the device and applying quartz sand with different grain sizes. Whenever a single device is used as the intermediate product, the abrasive surface is marked on the sides of the device and quartz sand is applied. If the glass pane is used as the initial intermediate product, it is cut into stripes once removed from the fusing furnace and the stripes are then processed into nail files shape.

Advantage of the new method of manufacturing the abrasive surface of the glass cosmetic device consists in fusing method usage - the abrasive surface is formed either on a single intermediate product or on whole glass pane which is subsequently cut into pieces. Fusing can also be used to decorate the cosmetic device in one operation. Usage of this method offers a great variability of abrasive surfaces design and is easier to manufacture compared to the currently used , methods. Last but not least, the advantage of this method also consists in the safety and hygiene of the manufacturing process as no chemical substances are required unlike in case of the etching process. The products manufactured using the described method have much longer durability compared to the layers which are only hardened with UV light.

Description of the Prefered Embodiment

Generally, the technological procedure of the glass cosmetic device's abrasive surface production is the following. Grip area and the working surface are marked on the device. Such marked working surface is coated with fusing glue using either a paintbrush or a roller and clean quartz sand with grain size between 1 and 500 ipm is applied with a sieve. An advantage is that the abrasive surface can be roughened by sand blasting before the fusing glue application. The surplus sand, which does not stick to the glue, is knocked-down and the device is inserted into the fusing furnace. Baking in this furnace takes place according to the fusing baking curve at maximum temperatures between 760°C and 860°C. The baking process lasts at least 420 minutes. Glass quartz sands are available in several grain sizes were each type contains different particle sizes. Three types of glass sands are advantageously used for abrasive surface production.

For example, considering the designations introduced by Sklopisky Strelec a.s., a leading glass sands manufacturer in the Czech Republic, the following sand types would be used:

- glass sand - this sand is designated as ST 08 through to ST 40, numbers refer to the quantity of Fe. These sands have the same grain size from 1 pm to 500 pm. The sand with these particle sizes can be conveniently used for production of abrasive surfaces of pedicure equipment.

- fine glass sand - the grain size of these sands is mentioned to be between 1pm and 200 pm (STJ 08 - STJ 25). These sands are also suitable for production of abrasive surfaces of pedicure equipment.

- micronized sands - three grain size values are indicated for this sand - the sand is suitable for the above-mentioned method of glass cosmetic device for manicure.

1. 1-30 pm ST2

2. 1-20 pm ST6

3. 1-15 pm ST8

Example 1 Intermediate products (future nail files) are cut out from FLOAT glass plane. Four centimeters from the end are kept as the grip while the fusing glue is applied to the remaining surface using a roller. The glue is then powdered with glass sand with grain size of 1- 300 pm using a sieve. The sand is fixed to the surface and the excessive sand is knocked-down. The intermediate products are inserted into the fusing oven and baked for eight hours - of that, for ten minutes at the temperature of up to 850°C. The finished nail file is rinsed with water after cooling.

[Example 2

Intermediate products (future nail files) are cut out from FLOAT glass plane. Four centimeters from the end are kept as the grip, the remaining surface is sand blasted and the fusing glue is then applied using a roller. The glue is then powdered with glass sand using a sieve. The sand is fixed to the surface and the excessive sand is knocked-down. The other side of the device is decorated with glass fritte. The intermediate products are inserted into the fusing oven and baked for eight hours - of that, for ten minutes at the temperature of up to 850°C. The finished nail file is rinsed with water after cooling.

Example 3

Intermediate products (future nail files) are cut out from FLOAT glass plane. Four centimeters from the end are kept as the grip, fusing glue is applied on the surfaces and edges of the intermediate product, which will form the abrasive surface, using the paintbrush. The glue is then powdered with glass sand 1-20 pm using a sieve. The sand is fixed to the surface and the excessive sand is knocked-down. The intermediate products are inserted into the fusing oven and baked for eight hours - of that, for twelve minutes at the temperature of up to 860°C. The finished nail file is rinsed with water after cooling.

Example 4

Intermediate products (future nail files) are cut out from FLOAT glass plane. Four centimeters from the end are kept as the grip. Three horizontal stripes are marked on the remaining surface intended for the abrasive surface. Glue is applied to the first stripe closest to the grip and clean quartz sand with the grain size of 1-30 μήι is applied using the sieve. The surplus sand is knocked-down. Glue is applied to the middle stripe using a small roller and clean quartz sand with the grain size of 1-20 μι η is applied using the sieve. The surplus sand is knocked-down. The last stripe at the tip of the nail file is powdered with the quartz sand with the grain size of 1-15 pm. The surplus sand is knocked-down. The intermediate products are inserted into the fusing oven and baked for eight hours - of that, for twelve minutes at the temperature of up to 860°C. The finished nail file is rinsed with water after cooling.

Example 5

Four centimeter grip is marked on both sides of the FLOAT glass pane. Fusing glue is applied to the remaining surfaces using the roller. Each part of the glue surface is then powdered with glass sand of different grain size. The sand is fixed to the surface and the excessive sand is knocked-down. The pane is inserted into the fusing oven and baked for eight hours - of that, for ten minutes at the temperature of up to 850°C. After cooling, the glass panes are cut into stripes which are then cut to the shape of nail files.

Example 6

Four centimeter grip is marked on both sides of the FLOAT glass pane. Wave shaped abrasive surface is marked on the remaining surface using paintbrush with glue and is powdered with quartz sand with the grain size of 1-20 Dm. The bottom work surface is coated with glue using the roller and is powdered with clean quartz sand with the grain size of 1-30 μιτι. The pane is inserted into the fusing oven and baked for eight hours - of that, for ten minutes at the temperature of up to 850°C. After cooling, the glass panes are cut into stripes which are then cut to the shape of nail files.