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Title:
MARTIAL ARTS TRAINING APPARATUS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2017/070238
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The martial arts training apparatus of the present invention is an easy to use, safe, reusable and cost effective martial arts target. It includes a first mat having an opening, a second mat having an opening, the second mat being hinged to the first mat for movement between an open position and a closed position, in the closed position, the openings in the first and second mats being aligned, and a target mounted between the first and second mats when in the closed position, blocking the openings in the first and second mats.

Inventors:
MORAN, Robert J. (17 Loring Street, Belmont, Massachusetts, 02478, US)
Application Number:
US2016/057751
Publication Date:
April 27, 2017
Filing Date:
October 19, 2016
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
MORAN, Robert J. (17 Loring Street, Belmont, Massachusetts, 02478, US)
International Classes:
A63B69/00; A63B21/00; A63B69/34; F41J1/00; F41J3/00
Foreign References:
US5145133A1992-09-08
US4361330A1982-11-30
US6896642B12005-05-24
US5362289A1994-11-08
US4173336A1979-11-06
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
SCHUMANN, Glen E. (150 South Fifth Street, Suite 1200Minneapolis, Minnesota, 55402, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A martial arts training apparatus comprising:

a. a first mat having an opening;

b. a second mat having an opening, the second mat being hinged to the first mat for movement between an open position and a closed position, in the closed position, the openings in the first and second mats being aligned;

c. a target mounted between the first and second mats when in the closed position, blocking the openings in the first and second mats.

2. The martial arts training apparatus of claim 1 wherein the mats are composed of multi-density foam.

3. The martial arts training apparatus of claim 1 wherein the mats have an exterior surface covered by non-slip vinyl.

4. The martial arts training apparatus of claim 1 wherein the mats have an interior facing surface covered by anti-skid, low density foam.

5. The martial arts training apparatus of claim 1 wherein the first mat has an interior surface equipped with at least one tooth and the second mat has an interior surface defining at least one groove corresponding to the tooth on the first mat and wherein when the second mat is in the closed position with a target positioned between the first and second mats, the target is gripped between the tooth (or teeth if more than one) and groove(s) to hold it in place.

6. The martial arts training apparatus of claim 1 wherein the target is a thin

penetrable material.

7. The martial arts training apparatus of claim 6 wherein the target is one of: a roll of paper, a sheet of paper, card stock paper or common scrap paper.

8. The martial arts training apparatus of claim 1 wherein the target is paper, the mats define a recess between them when in a closed position, and further comprising a paper scroll secured to one or more of the mats for continuously feeding paper through the channel defined by and between the interior surfaces of the mats when in a folded position.

9. The martial arts training apparatus of claim 1 wherein the target is an

impenetrable elastic material that mimics the response of a human body when struck.

10. The martial arts training apparatus of claim 1 further including at least one latch for securing the first and second mat in the closed position.

11. The martial arts training apparatus of claim 1 further including at least one latch on each side of the second mat, except for the hinged side of the second mat, for securing the first and second mat in the closed position.

12. The martial arts training apparatus of claim 1 further comprising a mechanism for adjusting the size of the opening in the mats.

13. The martial arts training apparatus of claim 1 further including a supplemental mat having an opening of different size and/or configuration than the openings in the first and second mats and means for securing the supplemental mat to a strike surface of either the first or second mat.

14. The martial arts training apparatus of claim 1 wherein the first or second mat includes a number of recesses on a front or strike surface of the mat for engaging pegs, and further including a supplemental mat having an opening of different size and/or configuration than the openings in the first and second mats and a back surface including pegs corresponding to the recesses of the first or second mat, so that the supplemental mat can be mounted to the first of second mat.

15. The martial arts training apparatus of claim 1 wherein the first or second mat includes a number of pegs on a front or strike surface of the mat for engaging recesses, and further including a supplemental mat having an opening of different size and/or configuration than the openings in the first and second mats and a back surface including recesses corresponding to the pegs of the first or second mat, so that the supplemental mat can be mounted to the first of second mat.

16. The martial arts training apparatus of claim 1 further comprising a sound

mechanism for emitting a first sound when the target is properly struck.

17. The martial arts training apparatus of claim 1 further comprising a sound

mechanism for emitting a second sound when the target is not properly struck.

18. The martial arts training apparatus of claim 1 further comprising a light

mechanism for emitting a first light when the target is properly struck.

19. The martial arts training apparatus of claim 1 further comprising a light

mechanism for emitting a second light when the target is not properly struck.

20. The martial arts training apparatus of claim 1 further comprising a sound or light device that can be manually triggered.

21. The martial arts training apparatus of claim 1 wherein the hinge is a "piano" style hinge.

Description:
MARTIAL ARTS TRAINING APPARATUS

CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

[0001] This application claims priority to U.S. Provisional Application 62/243,445 filed on October 19, 2015, which is hereby incorporated by reference in its entirety.

FIELD OF INVENTION

[0002] The present invention relates to a practice target for use in martial arts training.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0003] There are several styles of martial arts in which punching and striking techniques are prevalent. Students who practice these forms of martial arts must repeatedly punch and strike targets to acquire the necessary accuracy and skills to excel at martial arts.

[0004] Various tools exists for training martial arts students. For instance, a focus mitt may be worn by an instructor and provide a relatively safe, large padded surface for the student to punch and kick without requiring precise accuracy. See also U.S. Patent No. 8,029,422 to Strong et al. which discloses a suspended blanket used as a kicking target in martial arts and U.S. Patent No. 5,254,062 to Hoffman which discloses a hanging rigid sheet used as a target in Karate.

[0005] Re-breakable boards provide a target with resistance for students to practice punching and striking. A benefit of re-breakable boards is that they are reusable and therefore cost-effective. However, if a student strikes a re-breakable board inaccurately, the blow could result in injury to the student. In addition, time is involved to re-assemble the boards for the next student. See U.S. Patent No. 4, 173,336 to Perry, a practice "breakable" karate board and U.S. Patent No. 4, 171,803 to Smith, a pair of clamps to hold a martial arts target board in place and U.S. Patent No. 7,942,791 to Yocum, spring loaded, connected boards which are used for a target in martial arts.

[0006] U.S. Patent No. 4,201,379 to Williams discloses a vertically oriented cylindrical practice bag with horizontal cylindrical openings extending through the bag. Fake arms and legs are extended through the horizontal cylindrical openings to simulate an opponent's arms and legs.

[0007] U.S. Patent No. 4,757,990 to Dosch discloses a device for rigidly holding paper which is used as a kick or hand target. However, the threaded rods and frame of the holder present a safety issue should the martial arts participant miss the intended target.

[0008] U.S. Patent No. 3,601,353 to Dale discloses another version of the Dosch invention. The Dale invention holds a paper target to be kicked between two parallel support bars. Again, safety may be a concern.

[0009] Targets are also used in other fields. For instance, U.S. Patent No. 8,556,268 to Su discloses a multi-layer target with a backboard having an opening, a target paper over the opening and a solid disk placed in front of the paper target. When the disk is struck by a bullet, the disk knocks the paper target through the opening in the backboard.

[0010] U.S. Patent No. 6,019,375 to West, Jr. discloses a shooting target that includes layers with reflective and light capturing material to enhance target sighting.

[0011] U.S. Patent No. 5, 145,133 to France discloses a foldable target holder for target shooting. A target board has an opening over which a target is placed so that bullets pass through the opening.

[0012] There remains a need for an easy to use, safe, re-usable and cost effective target for use in martial arts training classes. The target must withstand striking, while at the same time embody the necessary flexibility should a student miss the target while punching and striking, and require little reassembly.

SUMMARY OF INVENTION

[0013] The martial arts training apparatus of the present invention is an easy to use, safe, re-usable and cost effective martial arts target. The target includes, in one preferred embodiment, two square foam mats hinged together so that that a first mat folds on top of a second mat. Each mat has an opening, generally centered in the mat, so that the openings of each mat align when the mats are in the folded position. A paper material is placed between the first and second foam mats so that in the folded position, the openings in the mats are obstructed.

[0014] The covered holes in the mats serve as a target for the martial arts student. In use, the folded mats are held by an instructor and a student aims and punches at the covered opening of the mats with a fist or foot. If the target is properly struck, the student's fist or foot will strike the paper and cause it to break. If the student misses the paper and hits the foam target, the student will not suffer an injury.

[0015] Lighting or sound mechanisms can be added to the mats so that if the student properly strikes the paper within the mat openings, sound or light can be manually triggered by the instructor or automatically triggered by a sound or light mechanism attached to the mats to indicate an accurate punch or kick (such as the proximity sensor 440).

[0016] In one preferred embodiment, the mats are made from high-quality, multi-density foam core. An outside punching surface of each mat is covered by a smooth, non- slip vinyl. The inside surface of each mat is covered with an anti-skid, low density foam to securely engage the paper. A scroll of paper of any desired color, texture or strength may be attached to the mats for continuous scrolling of paper between the openings in the folded mats to quickly generate new targets for students. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0017] Referring now to the drawings, wherein like reference numerals indicate

corresponding structure through the several views:

[0018] Figure 1 is a perspective view of one preferred embodiment of the martial arts training apparatus of the present invention with a target paper loaded in the apparatus;

[0019] Figure 2 is a front view of the martial arts training apparatus of the present

invention;

[0020] Figure 2A is a top hinge view of the martial arts training apparatus of the present invention in its closed position;

[0021] Figure 2B is a side view of the martial arts training apparatus of the present invention in its closed position;

[0022] Figure 2C is a bottom view of the martial arts training apparatus of the present invention in its closed position;

[0023] Figure 3 is a perspective view of one preferred embodiment of the martial arts training apparatus of the present invention without a target paper loaded in the apparatus;

[0024] Figure 3 A is perspective view of one preferred embodiment of the martial arts training apparatus of the present invention with paper inserted over one opening of one mat of the training device;

[0025] Figure 4 is a perspective view of one preferred embodiment of the martial arts training apparatus of the present invention in a closed position with a student fist about to strike the target;

[0026] Figure 4A is a perspective view of one preferred embodiment of the martial arts training apparatus of the present invention in a closed position with a student fist striking the target;

[0027] Figure 5 is a perspective view of one preferred embodiment of the martial arts training apparatus of the present invention in a closed position illustrating a broken target; [0028] Figure 6 is a front perspective view of one preferred embodiment of the martial arts training apparatus of the present invention with a target paper loaded in the apparatus and handles mounted on the back for holding or gripping the apparatus;

[0029] Figure 6A is a back perspective view of the martial arts training apparatus of the present invention in its closed position showing the handles and a mechanical box for activating sounds and lights on the back side of the apparatus;

[0030] Figure 7 is a perspective view of one preferred embodiment of the martial arts training apparatus of the present invention with a sound speaker and light box on a front surface;

[0031] Figure 7A is a perspective view of one preferred embodiment of the martial arts training apparatus of the present invention in a closed position with a student fist striking the target, triggering a sound and turning on the lights;

[0032] Figure 8 is a perspective view of one preferred embodiment of the martial arts training apparatus of the present invention in a closed position with latches attached to the front mat engaging a tab in the back mat to secure the two mats together;

[0033] Figure 8A is a perspective view of one preferred embodiment of the martial arts training apparatus of the present invention in an open position showing the latch attached to the front mat disengaged from the tab in the back mat;

[0034] Figure 9 is a perspective view of one preferred embodiment of the martial arts training apparatus of the present invention in a closed position shown with a roll of paper attached to the top of the back mat;

[0035] Figure 9A is a perspective view of one preferred embodiment of the martial arts training apparatus of the present invention with the front mat cutaway to show the paper being fed between the mats from the edge of the mats;

[0036] Figure 10 is a perspective view of one preferred embodiment of the martial arts training apparatus of the present invention shown with the top mat having holes on a front or strike surface for receiving pegs mounted on a back side of a supplemental mat so that the supplemental mat can be mounted to the front mat; [0037] Figure 1 OA is a perspective view of one preferred embodiment of the martial arts training apparatus of the present invention shown with the supplemental top mat secured to the apparatus;

[0038] Figure 11 is a perspective view of a supplemental mat having an opening with a non-circular shape;

[0039] Figure 12 is a perspective view of the back side of a second preferred embodiment of the martial arts training apparatus of the present invention having a large back mat and smaller front mat hinged thereto, and further illustrating light and sound mechanisms and handles secured thereto;

[0040] Figure 13 is a partial edge view of the mats in a closed position with a paper

mounted between, illustrating the tooth and groove arrangement of the mats for gripping the paper.

[0041] Figure 14 is a top view of the second preferred embodiment of the martial arts training apparatus of the present invention showing the handles and a pair of front clasps for securing the front and rear mats together in closed relation;

[0042] Figure 15 is front view of the second preferred embodiment of the martial arts training apparatus of the present invention;

[0043] Figure 16 is a side view of the second preferred embodiment of the martial arts training apparatus of the present invention showing the handles and a side clasp and the front mat in open relation with respect to the back mat;

[0044] Figure 17 is a perspective view of the second preferred embodiment of the martial arts training apparatus of the present invention with the front mat in its open position;

[0045] Figure 18 is a perspective view of the front side of the second preferred

embodiment of the martial arts training apparatus of the present invention with the front mat in closed relation with the back mat;

[0046] Figure 19 is a perspective view of the front side of the second preferred

embodiment of the martial arts training apparatus of the present invention with the front mat in open relation with the back mat to receive a paper target; and

[0047] Figure 20 is a perspective view of a portion of an edge of the second preferred embodiment of the martial arts training apparatus of the present invention illustrating how target paper is loaded and gripped between the front and back mats.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0048] For a thorough understanding of the present disclosure, refer to the following detailed description, including the appended claims, in connection with the above- described drawings. Although the present disclosure is described in connection with exemplary embodiments, the present disclosure is not intended to be limited to the specific forms set forth herein. It is understood that various omissions and substitutions of equivalents are contemplated as circumstances may suggest or render expedient, but these are intended to cover the application or

implementation without departing from the spirit or scope of the claims of the present disclosure. Also, it is to be understood that the phraseology and terminology used herein is for the purpose of description and should not be regarded as limiting.

[0049] The terms "first," "second," and the like, herein do not denote any order, quantity, or importance, but rather are used to distinguish one element from another, and the terms "a" and "an" herein do not denote a limitation of quantity, but rather denote the presence of at least one of the referenced item.

[0050] The martial arts training apparatus of the present invention 10, as shown in Figure 1, is an easy to use, safe, re-usable and cost effective martial arts target tool for use in martial arts training classes.

[0051] In a first preferred embodiment, the martial arts training apparatus 10 includes a first mat 20 shown as having a generally square configuration hinged to a second mat 30 by hinge 12. The hinge mechanism can be a "piano" style hinge secured to the mats by screws or any other known hinge and attachment means.

Alternatively the first mat 20 and second mat 30 can be integrally formed to fold along a formed hinge 12. The mats are hinged or formed together so that a first mat 20 folds over the second mat 30 like a book.

[0052] Mat 20 defines an opening 22 and mat 30 defines an opening 32 (see Figure 3), each opening generally centered in the mats. The openings 22 and 32 align when the mats are in a folded (closed book) position.

[0053] A target 40, typically composed of a paper product or other penetrable material, is placed between mats 20 and 30 so that in the folded position, the openings 22 and 32 in mats 20, 30, respectively, are obstructed by the target 40. (See Figures 1 and 3 A.)

[0054] In one preferred embodiment, target 40 may be of any desired color, texture or strength provided it can be penetrated when properly struck by a student. By way of example, target 40 can be roll paper, regular paper, thick or card stock paper, common scrap paper such as recycled office paper, or even spam mail or discarded magazine pages for cost effective use. Target 40 may also have drawings or pictures on it to help students focus on hitting the target or simply for entertainment or novelty.

[0055] In an alternate embodiment, target 40 might be made of an elastic material that will stretch when struck, but not break or not break unless specific strike criteria are met, to mimic the response when striking a human body.

[0056] In one preferred embodiment, the mats are made of foam rubber, low or high density or have a high-quality, multi-density foam core. Outside punching surfaces of each mat may be covered by a smooth, non-slip vinyl 60 or similar material that will protect the mat and reduce scrapes on the hand or foot of a student. The inside surface of each mat is covered with an anti-skid, low density foam 70 for engaging the target 40 and holding it in place.

[0057] A front or strike surface of the mats are padded sufficiently to protect students from injury, protect the components of the training apparatus, optimize the shock absorption capability of the training device and to maintained rigidity of the training device.

[0058] In one preferred embodiment shown in Figures 9 and 9A, the martial arts training tool 10 may be formed such that a recess is formed between adjoining interior surfaces of the mats 20, 30 when in the closed position. A scroll of paper is attached to one of the mats so that the paper can be fed continuously through the recess. After each use of the martial arts training apparatus 10, when the paper has been broken by a strike, the paper can continue to be scrolled through the slot quickly and conveniently to accommodate the next student.

[0059] In one preferred embodiment, a sound mechanism can be attached to one or more of the mats so that if the student properly strikes the target 40 within the mat openings 22, 32, a sound is emitted to indicate an accurate punch or kick. The sound device can be programmed to emit a different sound for glancing blows or misses. A small speaker 160 can be recessed in the front of one or more mats for projecting the sound to the student. Additionally, speakers might be recessed into the exterior face of one or both mats (for reversibility).

[0060] In one preferred embodiment, a light mechanism 150 can be added to one or more of the mats so that if the student properly strikes the target 40 within the mat openings 22, 32, light will be emitted to indicate an accurate punch or kick. The light mechanism can be programmed to emit a different light for glancing blows or misses. Additionally, lights might be recessed into the exterior face of one or both mats (for reversibility).

[0061] In one preferred embodiment of the present invention, handles 85 are attached to the back mat for the purpose of holding and gripping the mat securely when the target is struck.

[0062] In another preferred embodiment of the present invention shown in Figures 8 and 8 A, latches 110 are attached to one mat to engage the other mat to lock the mats together with the target secured between the mats. Typically, one mat will carry a latch arm and the other mat will carry a mating latch component. The latches are positioned to bring the latching strength as close to the target clamping location as possible to best retain the target in place.

[0063] In use, mats 20 and 30 can be held in a closed position by the instructor in front of a student. (Alternatively, a latch mechanism may be employed to keep the first mat 20 and second mat 30 locked in the folded position when the mat is in use for training purposes.) The student aims at and punches a fist or foot through the target 40, which causes the target 40 to break. If the student strikes any portion of the mat, the student will not be injured. Once the target is broken, the mats are separated (like opening book covers) and the target 40 is removed and replaced with a new target 40. Alternatively, if the paper scroll is used, the paper is drawn through the recess between the mats to display a new target.

[0064] In alternate embodiments of the present invention, the size and shape of the mats may be modified to conform to the intended use and for comfort of use. For instance, different shaped mats may be easier to hold for particular applications or different instructors. Likewise, the size and shape of the openings may be adjusted for different applications. When struck by a fist, the openings may be made more rounded; openings for a kick may be more oblong.

[0065] One method for modifying the size and shape of the openings is the use of a

supplemental mat. The supplemental mat 120 has a smaller size opening 140 than the openings 22, 32 of the training device. The opening 140 of the supplemental mat may be of any desired shape.

[0066] As shown in Figures 10 and 10A, a supplemental mat 120 is equipped with pegs 130 on a back side of the supplemental mat. In one preferred embodiment, the pegs are screw bosses. Alternatively, and without limitation, plastic thread forming screws or bond threaded inserts can be utilized.

[0067] To secure the supplemental mat 120 to the training apparatus, the front mat of the training device is equipped with recesses 140 to receive pegs 130 so that the supplemental mat can be mounted to the front mat.

[0068] Other means for securing the supplemental mat to the training apparatus are also anticipated by the present invention.

[0069] A second preferred embodiment of the training apparatus is shown in Figures 12- 20. Referring to Figure 16, the martial arts training apparatus includes a first or base mat 220 shown as having a generally square configuration. Hinged by hinge 212 to the base mat 220 is a smaller second mat 230. The hinge mechanism can be attached to the foam mats by any known means. Alternatively the first mat 220 and second mat 230 can be integrally formed to fold along a formed hinge 212. The mats are hinged or formed together so that a first mat 220 folds over a portion of the second mat 230 like a book or cover.

[0070] Mat 220 defines an opening 222 and mat 230 defines an opening 232 (see Figure 17). Opening 232 is generally centered in the mat 230. Because base mat 220 is larger than second mat 230, the opening 222 in the base mat is offset from center but is positioned to align with the opening 222 when second mat 230 is in a folded (closed book) position as shown in Figure 12. [0071] A target 240, typically composed of a paper product or other penetrable material, is placed between mats 220 and 230 so that in the closed position, the openings 222 and 232 in mats 220, 230, respectively, are obstructed by the target 240. (See Figure 20.)

[0072] Again, target 240 may be of any desired color, texture or strength and have

drawings or pictures on it to help students focus on hitting the target or simply for entertainment or novelty.

[0073] As shown in Figure 20, the base and second mats have interior surfaces that are adjoining when the mats are in the closed position. One mat interior surface can be equipped with at least one tooth 400 and the other mat interior surface can define at least one groove 410 corresponding to the at least one tooth on the first mat. When the second mat is in the closed position with a target positioned between the first and second mats, the target is gripped between the tooth or teeth and corresponding groove or grooves 410 to hold it in place.

[0074] A pair of grooves 460 defined in an interior surface of one of the mats or a

different type of "marker" can be used to mark the edges of where targets are to be mounted within the training device.

[0075] A sound mechanism 420 can be attached to one or more of the mats so that if the student properly strikes the target 240 within the mat openings 222, 232, a sound is emitted to indicate an accurate punch or kick. The sound device can be programmed to emit a different sound for glancing blows or misses. The sound mechanism can be recessed in the front of one or more mats for projecting the sound to the student.

[0076] In one preferred embodiment, a light mechanism 500 can be added to one or more of the mats so that if the student properly strikes the target 240 within the mat openings 222, 232, light will be emitted to indicate an accurate punch or kick. The light mechanism can be programmed to emit a different light for glancing blows or misses.

[0077] To assist a student to strike the target, LED lights can be mounted on the front of the training apparatus, such as along the top as shown in Figure 15. These LEDs may be of any desired color and configuration. [0078] In one preferred embodiment, a proximity sensor 440 is used to detect a strike against the target. The speaker, strike light, LEDs, proximity sensor and battery are, controlled by an Arduino Microcontroller. In one preferred embodiment, a Lithium Polymer (LiPo) battery (not shown) powers the sound and lighting mechanisms. Wire leads run from the microcontroller 430 to the speaker, LEDs 500, battery and proximity sensor 440. The proximity sensor 440 can be recessed into the housing as shown in Figure 15. The proximity sensor is ideally calibrated for sensing strikes within 0-20cm of the target, but other ranges are possible.

[0079] In another preferred embodiment, a "fail" button 450 can be added close to the handles. In the event the student fails to hit the target correctly, the instructor holding the training device can press the fail button to deliver a fail light (ideally red, but other colors are possibly) and a sound indicating a failed strike.

[0080] Handles 285 are attached to the back mat for the purpose of holding and gripping the mat securely when the target is struck.

[0081] Latches 310 are attached to one mat to engage an attachment bar carried on the other mat for locking the mats together with the target secured between the mats. The latches can be mounted one or all sides of the training device except the hinged side.

[0082] In use, a target 240 is positioned over the opening 222 of mat 220, mat 230 is rotated to a closed position and locked into place by latches 310 and an instructor holds the training apparatus by the handles 285 in front of a student. The student aims at and punches a fist or foot through the target 240, which causes the target 240 to break. If the student strikes any portion of the mat, the student will not be injured. Once the target is broken, mat 230 is unlatched, rotated to an open position, and the spent or damaged target 240 is replaced with a new target.

[0083] Like the first embodiment, the second embodiment is equipped with pegs 330 to accommodate a supplemental mat.