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Title:
MATTRESS TOP PANEL AND MATTRESS ASSEMBLIES WITH IMPROVED AIRFLOW
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/191347
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Vertically lapped nonwoven material is used to provide enhanced breathability and comfort in mattresses by replacing foam material in one or more of, including all of top panel quilts, layers underneath the top panel quilts, and in side blocks which surround spring supports. The vertically lapped nonwoven may provide advantages in terms of cost, manufacturing ease, robustness in mattress design, while at the same time providing the user with a much more comfortable sleeping experience.

Inventors:
LIM, Sang-hoon (Tintoria Piana US, Inc.220 South Erwin Stree, Cartersville GA, 30120, US)
PIANA, Andrea (Tintoria Piana US, Inc.220 South Erwin Stree, Cartersville GA, 30120, US)
Application Number:
US2019/024458
Publication Date:
October 03, 2019
Filing Date:
March 28, 2019
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
TINTORIA PIANA US, INC. (220 South Erwin Street, Cartersville, GA, 30120, US)
International Classes:
A47C27/14; A47C27/00; A47C27/05; A47C27/15; A47C27/20; A47C27/22
Foreign References:
GB2549634A2017-10-25
US8075994B22011-12-13
US4129675A1978-12-12
US20120284926A12012-11-15
US20140068868A12014-03-13
US20170251838A12017-09-07
US20090321987A12009-12-31
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
WHITHAM, Michael, E. et al. (WHITHAM & COOK, P.C.11491 Sunset Hills Road, Suite 34, Reston VA, 20190, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

1. A mattress, comprising

a top layer; and

one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven positioned under the top layer.

2. The mattress of claim 1 wherein said one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven comprises hollow conjugate polyester fiber and elastic polyester binder fiber.

3. The mattress of claim 1 wherein said one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven comprise one or more synthetic or natural fibers.

4. The mattress of claim 1 wherein the basis weight of the one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven ranges from 50-2000 g/m .

5. The mattress of claim 1 wherein loft of the one or more layers vertically lapped nonwoven ranges from 5-150 mm.

6. The mattress of claim 1 further comprising one or more layers of foam, wherein the one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven are positioned under, above, or between said one or more layers of foam.

7. The mattress of claim 6 wherein at least some of the one or more layers of vertically

lapped nonwoven are bonded together, or at least some of the one or more layers of foam are bonded together, or at least one of the one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven and at least one of the one or more layers of foam are bonded together.

8. The mattress of claim 1 wherein said one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven are made from 5-50% elastic polyester binder fiber.

9. The mattress of claim 1 wherein said one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven are formed into one or more blocks.

10. The mattress of claim 9 further comprising a spring support or foam block, wherein said one or more blocks encircle or partially encircle the spring support or foam block.

11. The mattress of claim 1 wherein said top layer includes said one or more vertically lapped nonwoven layers therein.

12. The mattress of claim 1 wherein the top layer comprises:

a fabric layer;

one or more fire retardant layers; one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven which are separate from the one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven positioned under the top layer; and a bottom layer, wherein said fabric layer, said one or more fire retardant layers, said one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven, and said bottom layer are sewn together to form a quilted top panel.

13. The mattress of claim 1 wherein the top layer comprises

a cover fabric; and

one or more fire retardant layers.

14. The mattress of claim 1 wherein the top layer and the one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven are integrated together or are otherwise associated to form at least a portion of a zippered cover which fits over a mattress.

15. The mattress of claim 1 wherein the mattress does not include foam layers.

16. A top layer for a mattress, comprising;

a fabric layer;

one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven; and

a bottom layer,

wherein said fabric layer, said one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven, and said bottom layer are sewn together to form the top layer.

17. The top layer of claim 16 wherein said one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven comprises hollow conjugate polyester fiber and elastic polyester binder fiber.

18. The top layer of claims 16 wherein said one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven further comprises one or more synthetic or natural fibers.

19. The top layer of claim 16 wherein the basis weight of the one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven ranges from 50-2000 g/m .

20. The top layer of claim 16 wherein loft of one of the one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven ranges from 5-150 mm.

21. The top layer of claim 16 further comprising one or more layers of foam, wherein said one or more layers of foam is positioned under, above, or between the one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven.

22. The top layer of claim 16 wherein the bottom layer is scrim.

23. The top layer of claim 16 wherein said one or more layer of vertically lapped nonwoven is made from 5-50% elastic polyester fiber.

24. The top layer of claim 16 further comprising one or more fire retardant layers.

25. The top layer of claim 16 wherein the fabric layer, the one or more layers of vertically

lapped nonwoven, and the bottom layer, are positioned under or are integrated together or otherwise associated to form at least a portion of a zippered cover which fits over a mattress or be positioned under the zippered cover or FR sock.

26. The top layer of claim 16 wherein the fabric layer is a ticking fabric.

27. A quilted top panel for a one sided or a two sided mattress, comprising:

a ticking fabric layer;

one or more fire retardant layers;

one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven; and

a bottom layer,

wherein said ticking fabric layer, said one or more fire retardant layers, said one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven, and said bottom layer are sewn together to form a quilted top panel for use on a one sided or two sided mattress.

28. The quilted top panel of claim 27 wherein said one or more layers of vertically lapped

nonwoven are comprise hollow conjugate polyester fiber and elastic polyester binder fiber.

29. The quilted top panel of claims 27 or 28 wherein said one or more layers of vertically

lapped nonwoven further comprises one or more synthetic or natural fibers.

30. The quilted top panel of claim 27 wherein the basis weight of the one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven ranges from 50-2000 g/m .

31. The quilted top panel of claim 27 wherein loft of one of the one or more layers of

vertically lapped nonwoven ranges from 5-100 mm.

32. The quilted top panel of claim 27 further comprising one or more layers of foam, wherein said one or more layers of foam is positioned under, above, or between the one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven.

33. The quilted top panel of claim 27 wherein the bottom layer is scrim.

34. The quilted top panel of claim 27 wherein said one or more layer of vertically lapped

nonwoven is made from 5-50% elastic polyester fiber.

35. A mattress, comprising: one quilted top panel for a one sided mattress or two quilted top panels for opposite sides of a two sided mattress, wherein said one quilted top panel or said two quilted top panels are as recited in any of claims 27-34;

a spring assembly and/or foam block having a topside and a bottom side, wherein said one or two quilted top panels is or are positioned on one or more surfaces of one or more sides of said mattress above and/or below said spring assembly and/or foam block.

36. The mattress of claim 35 further comprising one or more layers of foam material

positioned between said spring assembly and/or foam block and said one quilted top panel or said spring assembly and/or foam block and said two quilted top panels.

37. The mattress of claim 35 further comprising one or more layers of vertically lapped

nonwoven positioned between said spring assembly and/or foam block and said one quilted top panel or said spring assembly and/or foam block and said two quilted top panels.

38. The mattress of claim 35 further comprising one or more layers of vertically lapped

nonwoven and one or more layers of foam material, wherein said one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven are positioned under said quilted top panel(s), and wherein said one or more layers of foam material are positioned above, under or between said one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven and said spring assembly and/or foam block.

39. The mattress of claims 37 or 38 wherein said one or more layers of vertically lapped

nonwoven positioned between the quilted top panel(s) and the spring assembly and/or foam block is made from hollow conjugate polyester fiber and elastic polyester binder fiber.

40. The mattress of claims 37 or 38 wherein said one or more layers of vertically lapped

nonwoven positioned between the quilted top panel(s) and the spring assembly and/or foam block comprises one or more synthetic or natural fibers.

41. The mattress of any of claims 37-40 wherein the basis weight of the one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven positioned between the quilted top panel(s) and the spring assembly and/or foam block ranges from 50-2000 g/m2.

42. The mattress of claim 35 wherein the basis weight of the one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven positioned between the quilted top panel(s) and the spring assembly and/or foam block ranges from 150-600 g/m .

43. The mattress of any of claims 37-40 wherein loft of the one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven positioned between the quilted top panel(s) and the spring assembly and/or foam block ranges from 5-100 mm.

44. The mattress of claim 43 wherein the loft of the vertically lapped nonwoven positioned between the quilted top panel(s) and the spring assembly and/or foam block ranges from 12-50 mm.

45. The mattress of claims 43 or 44 wherein said one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven positioned between the quilted top panel(s) and the spring assembly and/or foam block is made from 5-50% elastic polyester binder fiber.

46. A mattress, comprising:

one quilted top panel for a one sided mattress or two quilted top panels for opposite sides of a two sided mattress, wherein said one quilted top panel or said two quilted top panels;

a spring assembly and/or foam block having a topside and a bottom side, wherein said one or two quilted top panels is or are positioned on one or more surfaces of one or more sides of said mattress above and/or below said spring assembly and/or foam block; and

one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven positioned between the quilted top panel(s) and the spring assembly and/or foam block.

47. The mattress of claim 46 wherein said one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven are comprise hollow conjugate polyester fiber and elastic polyester binder fiber.

48. The mattress of claim 46 wherein said one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven comprise one or more synthetic or natural fibers.

49. The mattress of claim 46 wherein the basis weight of the one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven ranges from 50-2000 g/m .

50. The mattress of claim 49 wherein the basis weight ranges from 150-600 g/m2.

51. The mattress of claim 46 wherein loft of the one or more layers vertically lapped

nonwoven ranges from 5-100 mm.

52. The mattress of claim 46 wherein the loft ranges from 12-50 mm.

53. The mattress of claim 46 wherein the one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven are positioned under, above, or between the one or more layers of foam.

54. The mattress of claim 46 wherein said one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven are made from 5-50% elastic polyester binder fiber.

55. A one-sided or two-sided mattress assembly, comprising:

a top sleeping surface comprising ticking fabric, fire barrier fabric, and vertically lapped nonwoven, wherein one or more fire barrier fabrics are underneath the ticking fabric and one or more vertically lapped nonwovens are underneath the fire barrier fabric, wherein the fire barrier fabric is knit, woven, or nonwoven fabric with fire barrier property.

56. A mattress, comprising:

top and bottom surfaces;

a spring assembly positioned between the top and bottom surfaces; and

sidewalls encircling the spring assembly positioned between the top and bottom surfaces, the sidewalls being formed from a block made from one or more layers vertically lapped nonwovens.

57. The mattress of claim 55 wherein the block made from vertically lapped nonwovens comprises multiple layers of vertically lapped nonwoven physically joined together.

58. The mattress of claim 56 wherein the multiple layers of vertically lapped nonwoven are joined by heating, mechanical joining, or adhesive bonding.

59. The mattress of claim 55 wherein said one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven comprises hollow conjugate polyester fiber and elastic polyester binder fiber.

60. The mattress of claim 56 wherein said one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven further comprises one or more synthetic or natural fibers.

61. The mattress of claim 55 wherein the basis weight of the one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven ranges from 50-2000 g/m .

62. The mattress of claim 61 wherein the basis weight ranges from 150-600 g/m .

63. The mattress of claim 55 wherein loft of one of the one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven ranges from 5-100 mm.

64. The mattress of claim 55 wherein the loft ranges from 12-50 mm.

65. The mattress of claim 55 further comprising one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven under either or both the top or bottom surface.

66. The mattress of claim 55 wherein said top or bottom surface includes one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven.

Description:
Mattress Top Panel and Mattress Assemblies with Improved Airflow

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

This application claims priority to U.S. Provisional Application 62/649,943 filed March 29, 2018, and U.S. Provisional Application 62/718,602 filed August 14, 2018, and the complete contents of both applications is incorporated herein by reference.

FILED OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to mattress assemblies providing an improved airflow by utilizing vertically lapped nonwovens.

BACKGROUND

Most mattresses sold in the U.S. market contain foam layers to provide comfort to users. But conventional polyurethane foams, latex foams, and memory foams that are used for the mattresses do not provide a good breathability. As the result, many people experience body heat buildup and complain of“sleeping hot”.

Figure 1 shows an example of a conventional one sided mattress. The quilted top panel 11 is constructed of a ticking fabric under which is a layer of fire retardant (FR) fibers (usually in the form of nonwoven), a foam layer (usually polyurethane (PU) foam), and a thin nonwoven fabric (referred to as scrim). This quilted top panel rests on a foam layer 12 (usually PU foam) and a felt pad 13 that fits over spring units 14 and supporting bottom 15. The mattress is referred to as a one-sided mattress because the person using the mattress sleeps only on the side including the quilted top panel.

Two sided mattresses are ones that a person can sleep on either the top or the bottom side because both sides have a quilted top layer and foam layer for the user’s comfort. One example configuration of a two sided mattress is a quilted top panel 1 1, a foam layer 12, a felt pad 13, spring units 14, a felt pad 13, a foam layer 12, and a quilted top panel 1 1.

Foam mattresses generally differ from conventional mattresses in that the spring support is replaced by different types of foam layers. Figure 2 shows an example of a foam mattress. In construction, a top layer 21 (usually zippered cover) is positioned over a FR knit layer 22

(referred to as FR sock), and one or more foam layers 23, 24, 25 (one or more of which may be memory foam, latex foam, conventional PU foam, and convoluted foam). Variations can include different combinations of the foams, and spring units can be used instead of bottom support foam. Figure 9 shows an example of those.

Figure 3 shows an exemplary mattress which has been cut apart by the inventors. Figure 3 shows a one sided mattress with a quilted top panel which includes a foam layer therein, underneath the quilted top panel, there are four layers of foam and a felt pad. These are supported by spring members (similar to the configuration shown in Figure 1).

Figure 4 illustrates the construction of one example of a quilted top panel for a mattress.

In Figure 4 there is shown a ticking fabric, a FR nonwoven, 2 layers of polyurethane foams, and a scrim, all quilted together.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

One aspect of the invention is to substitute one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven material for the one or more layers of foam traditionally used in the quilted top panel for a mattress. The nonwoven, in some embodiments, may be constructed from synthetic or/and natural fibers together with binder fibers, such as the elastic binder polyester fiber, low-melt or high-melt binder fiber, or combinations of these. To increase the density of the nonwoven, high shrink polyester fiber can be added to the blend. The lay up in the invented quilted top panel of a mattress would be a fabric ticking layer, under which is positioned one or more layers of FR barrier, under which is positioned one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven, under which is positioned a scrim layer, with the entire lay up being sewn together as a quilted top panel. In most embodiments, the quilted top panel will not include a foam layer; however, depending on the application, the quilted top may optionally also include one or more foam layers under or above the vertically lapped nonwoven layer(s).

Another aspect of the invention is to construct one sided or two sided mattresses with a quilted top panel which includes vertically lapped nonwoven material. The one sided or two sided mattresses may also be constructed with one or more foam layers underneath the quilted top panel being replaced with one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven material. In some embodiments, the mattresses will have the foam layers completely or substantially eliminated. That is, the quilted top will include vertically lapped nonwoven and the underlying layers which fit over the spring support will also be vertically lapped nonwoven (or at least some of the underlying foam layers will be replaced by vertically lapped nonwoven). In some embodiments, the multi-layers of foam underneath the quilted top panel can be used without being replaced with vertically lapped nonwoven.

Yet another aspect of the invention is to construct a foam mattress which includes one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven over the foam (instead of PU foams, memory foams, or latex foams, etc.). That is, foam mattresses will have a cover fabric on top, an underlying FR barrier (usually referred to as FR socks), an underlying assembly of one or more vertically lapped nonwoven layers, and the foam layers. The vertically lapped nonwoven will replace foam layers partially or completely depending on required performance.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Figure 1 is a cutaway view of a conventional one sided innerspring mattress;

Figure 2 is a cutaway isometric view of a foam mattress;

Figure 3 is a photograph of a mattress showing the quilted top panel over multiple foam layers and a set of springs;

Figure 4 is a photograph showing an example of multiple layers used in a quilted top panel for a mattress;

Figure 5 shows the side view of a vertically lapped nonwoven;

Figure 6 shows an exemplary lay up of a quilted top for a one or two sided mattress according to an embodiment of the invention;

Figure 7 shows an exemplary lay up of a one sided mattress according to an embodiment of the invention; and

Figure 8 shows an exemplary lay up of a foam mattress according to an embodiment of the invention. Figure 9 shows an exemplary mattress design with foam material surrounding the springs positioned between the top and bottom of the mattress, and an embodiment contemplates replacing the surrounding foam material with blocks made with vertically lapped nonwovens, and, in some embodiments, the foam layers in the mattress can be replaced with the vertically lapped nonwovens partially or fully.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

The vertically lapped nonwoven material can be produced by commercially available machines, such as V-Lap vertical lapping systems sold by V-Lap Pty Ltd. and by Struto

International, Inc. In the V-Lap system, staple fiber blend including binder fibers are opened, blended, and carded. The carded fiber web is pleated and the fibers are bonded mechanically (needling) and thermally to produce vertically lapped nonwovens. In the Struto system, the carded fiber web containing binder fiber is fed into the Struto lapping device. The vertical lapper then folds the web into a uniform structure. The folds are compressed together into a continuous structure, which is held in vertical position as it passes the heated thermal bonding oven. Figure 5 shows the side view of an exemplary vertically lapped nonwoven and it shows that a majority of the fibers (e.g., 60%, 70%, or 80% or more) are oriented vertically in the nonwoven material.

Due to its vertical fiber arrangement, the vertically lapped nonwovens provide better resilience and shape recovery to compression compared to cross-lapped nonwovens. Especially when the vertically lapped nonwoven is made with elastic binder fibers and high resilience fibers, it provides a very good resilience. As examples of elastic polyester binder fibers, ELK®, E- PLEX®, and EMF type high elastic LMF are commercially available from Teijin Limited, Toray Chemical Korea Inc., and Huvis Corporation, respectively. The elastic polyester binder fiber provides an elastic property to the nonwoven and provides bonding between fibers after the thermal bonding process. To provide bulkiness and resilience to the nonwoven, hollow

conjugate polyester fiber can be used together with binder fibers, such as the elastic binder polyester fiber, conventional binder fibers, or combination of these. To increase the density of the nonwoven, high shrink polyester fiber can be added to the blend. In addition to these fibers, other fibers can be used to give other required functions. Exemplary types of polyesters which may be used in the practice of the invention include, but are not limited to PET (polyethylene terephthalate), PTT (polytrimethylene terephthalate), and PBT (polybuthylene terephthalate). The most commonly used polyester is PET.

Examples of fiber blends for the vertically lapped nonwovens which can be

advantageously used in the quilted top panel of one sided or two sided mattresses, and/or under the quilted top panel of one sided or two sided mattresses, or which can be used under the FR sock in a foam mattress include but are not limited to the following:

Elastic polyester binder fiber (6denier c 64mm): High shrink polyester fiber (1 4denier c 51 mm): Low-melt polyester binder fiber (4denier c 51 mm): Regular polyester fiber (6denier c 51mm) = 25:20:10:45

Hollow conjugate polyester fiber (3denier c 5 lmm):Elastic polyester binder fiber (6denier x 64mm) = 60:40

Hollow conjugate polyester fiber (15denier x 5 lmm):Elastic polyester binder fiber (6denier x 51mm) = 60:40

- Hollow conjugate polyester fiber (15denier c 51mm): Low-melt polyester binder fiber (4denier c 51mm) = 70:30

- Hollow conjugate polyester fiber (3 denier c 5 lmm): High shrink polyester fiber (1.4 denier x 51mm):Elastic polyester binder fiber (6denier c 64mm): Low-melt polyester binder fiber (4denier c 5 lmm) = 40:20:30:10

Hollow conjugate polyester fiber (3denier x 5 lmm):High shrink polyester fiber (1.4 denier c 5lmm):Elastic polyester binder fiber (6denier c 64mm) = 50: 10:40

- Hollow conjugate polyester fiber (3denier c 5 lmm): Hollow conjugate polyester fiber (15denier x 51mm):Elastic polyester binder fiber (6denier c 64mm): Low-melt polyester binder fiber (4denier c 5 lmm) = 50:25:15:10

The vertically lapped nonwoven may be made from man-made and/or natural fibers together with binder fibers, such as the elastic binder polyester fiber, low-melt or high-melt binder fiber, or combinations of these. The nonwoven will preferably include at least 35-90% polyester fiber (e.g., hollow conjugate polyester, regular polyester fiber, high shrink polyester fiber, conventional polyester binder fiber, or combination of these). The nonwoven will preferably contain 5-50% elastic polyester binder fiber. Additional man-made (e.g., rayon, lyocell, Nylon, Kevlar, etc.) and/or natural fibers (e.g., cotton, jute, silk, wool, linen, cashmere, etc.) may also be included.

As shown in Figure 5, the vertically lapped nonwovens include a significant amount of fibers that are in a vertical direction, so they can provide a good firmness and resilience that are comparable to those of the foams used in quilted mattress top panels or underneath the quilted top panel as well as they provide better breathability compared to foams.

Figure 6 shows the multilayer structure for the top quilted panel according to the invention. The lay up would generally be a top layer or ticking fabric 61, under which is placed an FR layer 62 (e.g., a FR nonwoven). Under the FR layer will be one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven 63 (such as, for example, the blends set forth above). The bottom layer 64 will be scrim or other suitable material. In addition to the basic assembly of a top panel, an FR material and one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven, additional layers of materials may also be included depending on the application and design choice of the

manufacturer. For example, while not depicted in Figure 6, in some applications, PU foam, latex foam or other materials might be included under or above the one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven. The entire lay up would be sewn together as a quilted top panel or a top layer (e.g., stitching passing through all layers from top to bottom). This quilted top panel or the top layer can then be used on any of a variety of mattresses and mattress assemblies (e.g., one sided or two sided). The quilted top panel or the top layer with the vertically lapped nonwoven can take a variety of forms. For example, it may be built into the top of a one sided or two sided mattress as shown in Figure 1. Alternatively, it may be positioned under a zippered cover or a FR sock or form or be part of the zippered cover which fits over a mattress, such as a foam mattress as shown in Figure 2. See also Figures 6 and 8 for alternative top layer embodiments.

Figure 7 shows a particular embodiment of the invention where the multilayered quilted top panel or top layer depicted in Figure 6 is used on a one sided mattress assembly. In Figure 7, in addition to having the vertically lapped nonwoven material in the quilted top panel or the top layer (see, e.g., 71 together with other layers as discussed in conjunction Figure 6), the configuration includes an additional one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven material 72 underneath the quilted top panel or the top layer, between the quilted top panel or the top layer and foams layers/spring assembly 73. That is, one embodiment of the invention includes an invented quilted top panel or the top layer as discussed in connection with Figure 6 over top of a mattress assembly, either integrated therewith or forming part of a zippered cover or sock which covers the mattress, which includes one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven between the quilted top panel and the foam layers/spring assembly. Embodiments of the invention also include having one or more vertically lapped nonwoven material 72 under a conventional quilted top panel or the top layer. Other embodiments of the invention include having the vertically lapped nonwoven material 71 or 72 present together with one or more foam layers (e.g., PU foam, etc.) respectively in the quilted top panel or under the quilted top panel. The one or more vertically lapped nonwoven layers can be placed on, between, or under foam layers. Another embodiment of the invention includes replacing all foam layers in the mattress with vertically lapped nonwoven layers. If needed, at least some of foam layers, or some of the vertically lapped nonwoven layers, or at least one foam layer and one vertically lapped nonwoven layer are bonded together.

Some mattresses can include mini springs between foam layers. This invention contemplates replacing any foam layer in any mattress with a vertically lapped nonwoven layer. Thus, in some mattresses mini springs can be positioned between vertically lapped nonwoven layers; in some mattresses, vertically lapped nonwoven layers may be under or within a zippered cover which covers the mattress; in some mattresses vertically lapped nonwoven layer may be positioned below a top layer on either or both the top or bottom surface of a mattress; and in some mattresses, vertically lapped nonwoven may be positioned adjacent to and encircling all or part of the spring support or foam block. Any combination of the above is also contemplated.

Figure 8 shows an exemplary lay up which may be employed with foam mattress assemblies. In particular, under a top cover fabric layer 81 will be an FR layer 82 followed by one or more layers of vertically lapped nonwoven material 83 all positioned over one or more foam layers 84. The vertically lapped nonwoven will provide a degree of“breathability” to the person sleeping on the mattress. That is, prior art foam mattresses have been viewed as“hot” and uncomfortable, particularly in warm environments, due to the foams not being able to pass air therethrough and/or shed the heat provided by the person’s body. Depending on the product design, the vertically lapped nonwoven can be placed on top of foam or/and between foam layers. In an embodiment of the invention, all foam layers in the mattress can be replaced with vertically lapped nonwoven layers. If needed, the layers may be bonded together.

Figure 9 shows a mattress design with a foam block member 100 encircling the springs at the sides of the mattress 102 positioned between the top and bottom of the mattress. In an embodiment of the invention, this foam block member 100 is replaced with a block made from vertically lapped nonwovens. One of the advantages would be that the block made from vertically lapped nonwovens would allow better air flow into and out of the spring region of the mattress, and thereby allow for mattress that is“cooler” for the person using the mattress. To make this block of vertically lapped nonwovens, several layers of vertically lapped nonwovens are put together (adhesive-bonded or heat-bonded) to achieve a desired thickness of the block and then blocks are then cut from the assembled and joined layers of vertically lapped nonwovens. In addition to the use of blocks 100 made from vertically lapped nonwoven, one or all of the foam layers 104, 106, 108, 110 above and under the springs can be replaced with vertically lapped nonwoven layers. If needed, the layers may be bonded together.

The vertically lapped nonwoven for this invention may be formed to have a thickness and density selected according to the physical and air permeability properties desired by mattress manufacturers. For the vertically lapped nonwoven to be used in the mattresses, the specification of the nonwoven preferably will be as below:

The nonwoven basis weight is 50-2000 g/m 2 , preferably 150-600 g/m 2.

The loft of nonwoven is 5-150 mm, preferably 12-50 mm.

As discussed above, aspects of the invention pertain to mattress assemblies that utilize vertically lapped nonwovens underneath fire barrier layers of the sleeping surface to provide an improved airflow to the users.

As discussed above in conjunction with Figures 1 and 3, an example assembly of a sleeping surface of conventional inner spring mattresses, from the top, comprises of ticking fabric, fire barrier nonwoven fabric, one or more layers of polyurethane foam, thin scrim fabric and these are quilted together (called a quilted top panel). Underneath this quilted top panel, there are multi-layers of foam, springs, and bottom support. In contrast, in various embodiments of this invention such as described in conjunction with Figure 6, the one or more layers of foam in the quilted top panel are replaced with the vertically lapped nonwovens partially or fully to provide an improved airflow to the users. The multi-layers of foam underneath the quilted top panel can be used without being replaced with vertically lapped nonwovens or, as is best shown in Figure 7, can be replaced with vertically lapped nonwovens partially or fully. An example assembly of a sleeping surface of conventional foam mattresses includes, from the top, a cover fabric, fire barrier knit fabric, and one or more layers of foam. In contrast, as best depicted in Figure 8, aspects of this invention include one or more vertically lapped nonwovens being placed on top of the foams to provide an improved airflow to the users. Depending on the mattress design, one or more vertically lapped nonwovens can be used together with one or more foam layers or the foam layers can be completely replaced with vertically lapped nonwoven layers.