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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
MESH SUPPORTING ROCK ANCHOR
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2017/100806
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The Invention provides, in a first aspect, a rock bolt assembly for installing a mesh panel against a rock face which includes a rock bolt which has an elongate body extending between a first end and a second end, a cylindrical bush engaged with the bolt body, towards the second end, the cylindrical bush having a plurality of annular or arcuate grooves formed in an exterior of the surface of the bush and a washer having a plate-like body with an aperture farmed there through,

Inventors:
CROMPTON, Brendan Robert (2145 Johannesburg, ZA)
HERBERT, Rhys (2145 Johannesburg, ZA)
Application Number:
ZA2016/000032
Publication Date:
June 15, 2017
Filing Date:
December 07, 2016
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
NCM INNOVATIONS (PVT) LTD (109 Adcock Ingram Avenue, Aeroton, 1451 Johannesburg, ZA)
International Classes:
E21D21/00; E21D11/15
Foreign References:
US4984937A1991-01-15
US20130336725A12013-12-19
US6004077A1999-12-21
US5207535A1993-05-04
US4740111A1988-04-26
US20040194422A12004-10-07
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
MCCALUM RADEMEYER AND FREIMOND (390 Kent Avenue, Ferndale, 2194 Randburg, ZA)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A rock bolt assembly for installing a mesh panel against a rock face which includes a rock bolt which has an elongate body extending between a first end and a second end, a cylindrical bush engaged with the bolt body, towards the second end, the cylindrical bush having a plurality of annular or arcuate grooves formed in an exterior of the surface of the bush and a washer having a plate-like body which has an aperture and a circumferential array of resilientiy deformable teeth integrally formed with the plate-like body about the aperture.

2. A rock bolt which has an elongate body which extends between a first end and a second end and a cylindrical bush attached to the rock bolt at or towards the second end, the bush having a plurality of spaced grooves formed in an exterior surface of the bush.

3. A rock bolt according to claim 2 wherein the bush is swaged or welded to the body.

Description:
MESH SUPPORTING ROCK ANCHOR BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0001] The invention relates to a rock bolt for supporting a mesh panel that is installed post the installation of the rock bolt. [0002] In mine safety installations, typically a rock bolt array is installed into a rock face by drilling holes into the rock face and installing, into each, an appropriately configured rock bolt. The rock face is supported by a faceplate that is engaged with the rock bolt and installed against the rock face, kept in place by a nut or the like.

[0003] Often, after the installation of the rock bolts, it is necessary to further secure the rock face against the possibility of rock fall by installing a plurality of mesh panels against the particular rock face. To do this, a second plurality of rock bolts, or any other suitable device, is installed into or on the rock face. However, it would be beneficial to use the pre-installed rock bolts.

[0004] To use a pre-installed rock bolt array, the aperture of a mesh washer, typically, is passed over a projecting end of the rock bolt and moved along the rock bolt to abut the mesh and sandwich the mesh between the faceplate and the rock wall. However, to keep the washer in place and prevent it from sliding off, the washer relies upon a friction grip between the perimeter edge of the washer aperture and the outer surface of the rock bolt. Often this factional force is insufficient to keep the second washer in load support of the mesh.

[0005] The invention at least partially solves the aforementioned problem. SUMMARY OF INVENTION

[0006] The invention provides, in a first aspect a rock bolt assembly for installing a mesh panel against a rock face which includes a rock bolt which has an elongate body extending between a first end and a second end, a cylindrical bush engaged with the bolt body, towards the second end, the cylindrical bush having a plurality of annular or arcuate grooves formed in an exterior of the surface of the bush and a washer having a plate-like body with an aperture formed there through.

[0007] The aperture of the washer may present a circumferential array of resiliently deformable teeth, each of which is integrally formed with the plate-like body. [0008] In the second aspect the invention provides a rock bolt which has an elongate body which extends between a first end and a second end and a cylindrical bush attached to the rock bolt at or towards the second end, the bush having a plurality of spaced grooves formed in an exterior surface of the bush.

[0009] The bush may be swaged and / or welded to the body. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0010] The invention is further described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawing in which:

Figure 1 is an isometric view of a rock bolt assembly according to the invention; and Figure 2 diagrammatically represents the rock bolt assembly of Figure 1 installed in a rock hole in support of a mesh panel;

Figure 3 is a photograph of a test jig, in one orientation, to which is attached a mesh washer in accordance with the invention; and Figure 4 is a photograph of a test jig, in another orientation, to which is attached a test jig.

DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

[0011] Figure 1 illustrates a rock bolt assembly 10, in accordance with the invention, which includes a rock bolt 12 having an elongate body 13 which extends between a distal end 14 and a proximal end 16, and a mesh washer 18.

[0012] The rock bolt 12 can be a solid rod-like groutable bolt or a hydraulically inflatable rock bolt or the like.

[0013] The mesh washer has a square or rectangular plate-like body 20 centrally through which an aperture 22 is formed.

[0014] In this particular non-limiting example, the rock bolt 12 is a hydraulically inflatable bolt in which the body defines an enclosure into which water, under pressure, is inserted through a filler nozzle inlet 24, attached to the proximal end 16, to which a filler nozzle (not shown) of a hydraulic filler device attaches. [0015] The rock bolt 12 includes a cylindrical bush 26 which is engaged over a proximal end section 28 of the bolt body and then swaged and / or welded in place. The bush extends between a first end 30 and a second end 32.

[0016] The bush 26 has a plurality of annular grooves, respectively designated 34A, 34B and 34C, formed in an outer surface 36 of the bush. [0017] Each of the grooves are regularly spaced in the longitudinal direction.

[0018] The bush presents a laterally projecting lip 38 at its second end 32. [0019] The use of the rock bolt 16, as illustrated in Figure 2, the bolt body 13 is inserted into a pre-drilled rock hole 40 in a wall 42 of an excavation with a first faceplate 44 located on the bolt body between the lip 38 and the distal end 14,

[0020] With the faceplate 44 forced against the wall 42 by the abutting lip 38, the bolt body is hydraulically inflated into resistive contact with the rock hole walls 46 to, ultimately, provide toad support to the wall 42 through the faceplate 44.

[0021] Thereafter, a mesh panel 48, made of a plurality of orthogonally arranged steel elements 50 to provide a plurality of orthogonal mesh apertures 52, is engaged to one or more of these pre-installed rock bolts 12 to attach the mesh panel adjacent the rock wall 42.

[0022] This is repeated with a plurality of mesh panels and pre-installed rock bolts 12 to provide a safety barrier to rock fall from the wall 42.

[0023] To engage the mesh panel 48 as described, an aperture 52 of the mesh panel is passed over a projecting end 54 of the rock bolt, carrying the bush 26. A second washer, being the mesh washer 18 with a circumferential array of resiliency deformable teeth 56 which are integrally formed with the aperture 22, is now used. The washer is engaged with the rock bolt 12 by passing the proximal end 16 of the bolt body through the aperture and moving the washer along the bush, towards the mesh panel, in a ratcheting manner, with the array of teeth resiliency outwardly deforming to accommodate this passage.

[0024] When the washer 44 is finally In place, on the bush, abutting the mesh panel 40, the teeth resist ' rvely engage the bush to prevent the washer moving backwardiy, towards the proximal end 16, keeping the panel 40 in place adjacent the wall 36. [0025] The annular grooves enhance this resistive contact by providing abutting surfaces for the resistive purchase of the teeth 56.

[0026] As illustrated in Figure 2, typically the rock bolt 12 is installed at an angle to the plane of the wall 42. In a standard installation the outer surface of the rock bolt is smooth and the washer is kept engaged with the rock bolt merely by the friction grip of the perimeter edge of the washer aperture with the rock bolt. In an angular installation, a problem is experienced where, due to the pivoted position of the washer 44, load is applied unevenly to the teeth 56 of the aperture 22. The teeth on this one side of the aperture (designated 60 on Figure 2) experience load that exceeds the limit of elastic deformation of the teeth. Thus, these teeth plastically deform to a permanently deformed state.

[0027] The teeth about this side 60 no longer apply a frictional force to the rock bolt. The washer is now rendered functionally inutile and is prone to slide off the rock bolt.

[0028] By providing the bush 26 with the annular grooves 34, in accordance with the invention, this problem is overcome. The applicant has found that in installations where the washer is angled at up to 20° from perpendicular axis, there is sufficient frictional engagement of the teeth with the bush to maintain adequate load support, despite the washer being plastically deformed in the manner described above.

[0029] Two sets of tests were performed on a notional rock bolt installation using a washer 44 and a grooved bush 26. The tests were performed with a test jig. Figure 3 shows a driving tool driving the grooved bush through an angled washer to represent the washer being obliquely installed on the bush in support of the mesh panel 48. The assembly is then turned over as shown on Figure 4 and a load is applied to the other end of the bush to represent the washer, in use, with load applied on the washer by the mesh panel.

[0030] In the first set of tests, the washer was installed at a 20° angle to the bush to resemble an angled installation in situ. In the second set of tests, the washer initially was engaged to the bush at 20° and then moved to 0°, perpendicular to the axis of the notional bolt.

[0031] The results of these test are tabulated below:

TABLE 2

[0032] The minimum ultimate strength achieved in these tests is 18.66kN, more than enough to support a mesh panel 48 when in use and considerably higher than expected.




 
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