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Title:
METAL COMPLEX, ITS METHOD OF PREPARATION AND USE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2017/109102
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention relates to transition metal complexes and its process of preparation. In particular the present invention relates to a process for preparing dimeric transition metal complexes and their use. More particularly the present invention relates to a process for preparing dimeric platinum metal complexes and their use. The present invention relates also to dimeric platinum metal complexes with triarylphosphine ligands, their process of preparation and their use.

Inventors:
DEELMAN, Berth Jan (Jonagoldstraat 16, 4421 DW Kapelle, 4421, NL)
DE PATER, Jeroen (Oranjelaan 51, 3311 DH Dordrecht, 3311, NL)
SAMAN, Evert J. (Slabberswerf 17, The Neterlands, 4301 GN Zierikzee, 4301, NL)
Application Number:
EP2016/082431
Publication Date:
June 29, 2017
Filing Date:
December 22, 2016
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
ARKEMA B.V. (Tankhoofd 10, 3196 KE, Vondelingenplaat-Rotterdam, NL)
International Classes:
C07F15/00
Other References:
TETSUAKI FUJIHARA ET AL: "Copper-Catalyzed Hydrosilylation with a Bowl-Shaped Phosphane Ligand: Preferential Reduction of a Bulky Ketone in the Presence of an Aldehyde", ANGEWANDTE CHEMIE INTERNATIONAL EDITION, vol. 49, no. 8, 15 February 2010 (2010-02-15), DE, pages 1472 - 1476, XP055274976, ISSN: 1433-7851, DOI: 10.1002/anie.200906348
OLIVIER CLOT ET AL: "Electropolymerization of Pd(II) Complexes Containing Phosphinoterthiophene Ligands", JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, vol. 123, no. 41, 1 October 2001 (2001-10-01), US, pages 9963 - 9973, XP055274822, ISSN: 0002-7863, DOI: 10.1021/ja016465m
WALTER BARATTA ET AL: "A convenient preparation of dinuclear Pt(II) phosphine complexes", INORGANICA CHIMICA ACTA, vol. 209, no. 1, 1 July 1993 (1993-07-01), NL, pages 85 - 87, XP055274727, ISSN: 0020-1693, DOI: 10.1016/S0020-1693(00)84984-1
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
SENFF, Holger et al. (420 rue d'Estienne d'Orves, Colombes Cedex, Colombes Cedex, 92705, FR)
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Claims:
Claims

1. A process for the synthesis of dimeric transition metal complexes comprising the steps of

a) mixing a transition metal (II) salt with a ligand L in an organic solvent and

b) keeping the mixture at a temperature between 110°C and 150°C for at time of at least 10 hours in said organic solvent

characterized that the mixture prepared in step a) comprises a nitrile compound.

The process according to claim 1 characterized that the transition metal (II) salt has the general formula [MX2] , wherein M is the transition metal and X is preferably chosen from an anion of the conjugate base of an organic or inorganic acid

The process according to claim 1 or 2 characterized that the dimeric metal complex has the general formula (1)

Ai A2^ A3 Αζ A6

wherein M is the transition metal and Ai to Ae are ligands .

The process according to claim 1 or 2 characterized that the dimeric metal complex has the general formula (2)

[M(p-X)X(D ] 2 (2) wherein M is the transition metal, L is a monodentate phosphorus ligand and X is the anion of the conjugate base of an organic or inorganic acid.

5. The process according to any of claims 1 to 4 characterized that the transition metal is chosen from Nickel (Ni), Palladium (Pd) and/or Platinum (Pt) and preferably from platinum.

6. The process according to any of claims 1 to 4 characterized that the the transition metal M is chosen from Palladium (Pd) and/or Platinum (Pt) . 7. The process according to any of claims 1 to 4 characterized that the the transition metal M is platinum.

8. The process according to any of claims 1 to 7 characterized that the ligand L is chosen from a monodentate phosphorus ligand and preferably from a monodentate organic phosphine ligand.

9. The process according to any of claims 1 to 8 characterized that the ligand L is chosen from a monodentate organic phosphine ligand having followin formula:

wherein Ri, R2 and R3 are organic groups which can be the same or different

10. The process according to claim 9 characterized that Ri, R2 and R3 are chosen from alkyl groups, aryl groups or substituted alkyl or aryl groups .

11. The process according to any of claims 1 to 10 characterized that the nitrile compound is an organic nitrile compound RCN.

12. The process according to any of claims 1 to 11 characterized that the organic solvent has a boiling point of at least 105°C.

13. The process according to any of claims 1 to 12 characterized that the solvent is chosen from 1 , 1 , 2 , 2-tetrachloroethane, xylenes, monochlorobenzene or terpentina 140-200.

14. The process according to any of claims 1 to 13 characterized that the time in step b) is between 12 hours and 40 hours. 15. The process according to any of claims 1 to 13 characterized that the temperature in step b) is kept between 120°C and 150°C.

16. A dimeric transition metal complex comprising a monodentate phosphorus ligand (L) having poly substituted aryl groups.

17. The dimeric transition metal complex according to claim 16 characterized that the the poly substituted aryl groups of the monodentate phosphorus ligand (L) are chosen from 2,3- subsituted, 2 , 6-subsituted, 2 , 4 , 6-subsituted, 3, 4-substituted,

3 , 5-substituted and 3, 4, 5-substituted aryl groups.

18. The dimeric transition metal complex according to claim 16 characterized that the poly substituted aryl groups of the monodentate phosphorus ligand (L) are 3- & 5- substituted aryl groups .

19. Use of the dimeric platinum complex obtained by the process according to any of claims 1 to 15 or the dimeric transition metal complex according to claims 16 to 18 as a precatalyst or catalyst .

20. Use of the dimeric platinum complex obtained by the process according to any of claims 1 to 15 or the dimeric transition metal complex according to claims 16 to 18 in a process for the production of monoalkyltin trihalides involving a redistribution reaction between tetraalkyltins , trialkyltin halides, dialkyltin dihalides or mixtures thereof and tin tetrahalides .

Description:
Metal complex, its method of preparation and use [Field of the invention]

[001] The present invention relates to transition metal complexes and their process of preparation.

[002] In particular the present invention relates to a process for preparing dimeric transition metal complexes and their use.

[003] More particularly the present invention relates to a process for preparing dimeric platinum metal complexes and their use.

[004] The present invention relates also to dimeric platinum metal complexes with triarylphosphine ligands, their process of preparation and their use.

[Technical problem]

[005] Dimeric transition metal complexes especially halogen bridged platinum are useful starting materials in the chemistry of transition metals and especially of platinum.

[006] The halogen bridge and especially a chloro bridge of the dimeric transition metal complexes can undergo cleavage by nucleophiles , which allows the formation of a wide range of mononuclear transition metal derivatives or mononuclear platinum derivatives .

[007] Furthermore the dimeric transition metal complexes and especially halogen bridged platinum ones can be used as precursor of catalysts or catalysts itself in chemical reactions.

[008] Usually the dimeric transition metal complexes and especially the platinum ones are obtained from relatively expensive raw materials or require an excess of the raw materials.

[009] Additionally these kind of processes usually have a low yield. Latter point in combination with costly raw materials, make the processes industrially not that interesting.

[010] The objective of the present invention is to propose an improved process that produces dimeric transition metal complexes. [Oil] An additional objective of the present invention is to propose a process that produces dimeric transition metal complexes in high yield. [012] Another objective of the present invention is to propose new dimeric transition metal complexes.

[013] Another objective of the present invention is to propose new dimeric transition metal complexes and a method for making them.

[014] Still another objective of the present invention is a method for manufacturing a dimeric transition metal complexes with a yield of more than 85%. [BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION ]Prior art

[015] Platinum complexes of the type [Pt (μ-Cl) CI (PR 3 ) ] 2 (R = alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl, alkoxy, aryloxy) are well known in the literature. Several different synthetic methods have been reported for these type of complexes. Their synthesis, however, suffers from the formation of by-products resulting in less than desirable yields.

[016] The earliest method mentioned concerns the reaction between [PtCl 2 ] and melted [ PtCl 2 (PR3) 2] complexes (Chatt, J., J. Chem. Soc. 1951, 652; Chatt, J.; Venanzi, L. M. , J. Chem. Soc. 1955, 2787) and was initially developed for trialkylphosphines . Later reports focussed on the application of different solvents (xylene/naphthalene, 1 , 1 , 2 , 2-tetrachloroethane, ortho- dichlorobenzene) for the reaction and expanding the scope to include triarylphosphines (Goodfellow, R.J.; Venanzi, L. M. , J. Chem. Soc. 1965, 7533; Smithies, A. C; Rycheck, M.. ; Orchin, M . ; J. Organometal . Chem. 1968, 12, 199; Briggs, J. R.; Crocker, C; Shaw, B. L., Inorg. Chim. Acta 1980, 245) . Yields vary depending on the precise conditions but are generally between 50-80 %, employing an excess of PtCl2 (1.05-1.20 equivalents) .

[017] Another method is to directly react PtCl2 (1.15-1.2 equivalent) with 1 equivalent of PR3 in para-chlorotoluene (Baratta, W. : Pregosin, P. S . ; Inorg. Chim. Acta 1993 , 209, 85) . For PR 3 = PPh 3 and P(C6H 4 Me-4) 3 yields were 85 and 70 %, respectively.

[ 018 ] Also known is the synthesis of [Pt (μ-Cl) CI (PCy 3 ) ] 2 (Cy = cyclohexyl) by slowly adding PCy 3 to an acetone solution of [K] [PtCl 3 (C2H4) ] (Anderson, G. K. ; Clark, H. C . ; Davies, J. A.; Inorg. Chem. 1981 , 20 (3), 944) . This method is only applicable for sterically demanding ligands and failed for PPh 3 . [ 019 ] More recently it was reported that one can start from [Pt( - Cl) CI (C2H4) ] 2 and a stoichiometric amount of ligand (on platinum) to obtain the desired [Pt (μ-Cl) CI (PR 3 ) ] 2 complexes (Boag, N. M . ; Ravetz, M. S.; J. Chem. Soc, Dalton Trans. 1995 , 3473) . Depending on the exact ligand yields ranged from 58-87 %, for e.g. PR 3 = PPh 3 a yield on Pt of 80 % was reported.

[ 020 ] In 2012 the use of [PtCl 2 (PPh 3 ) (R'CN)] complexes (R' = methyl or ethyl) as precursors to obtain [Pt (μ-Cl) CI (PPh 3 ) ] 2 was described (Dell'Amico, D. B . ; Labella, L . ; Marchetti, F. ; Samaritani, S . ; Dalton Trans. 2012 , 41, 1389) . The highest overall yield (on Pt) for this two-step process was 63%, when starting from R' = methyl.

[ 021 ] All the procedures described above generally suffer from poor yields (50 to 85 %) that are less than desirable, require an excess of expensive PtCl2 or use other more expensive platinum raw materials such as [K] [PtCl 3 (C2H4) ] , [Pt (μ-Cl) CI (C 2 H 4 ) ] 2 or [PtCl 2 (PPh 3 ) (R' CN] .

[ 022 ] None of the prior art documents discloses a process according to the invention. None of these prior art documents discloses neither some new dimeric transition metal complexes according to the invention .

[Brief description of the invention]

[ 023 ] Surprisingly it has been found that process for the synthesis of dimeric transition metal complexes comprising the steps of

a) mixing a transition metal (II) salt with a ligand L in an organic solvent and b) keeping the mixture at a temperature between 110°C and 150°C for a time of at least 10 hours in said organic solvent characterized that the mixture prepared in step a) comprises a nitrile compound has a yield of more than 85% in terms of the transition metal.

[024] Surprisingly it has also been found that new dimeric transition metal complexes can be obtained by a process for the synthesis of dimeric transition metal complexes comprising the steps of

a) mixing a transition metal (II) salt with a ligand L in an organic solvent and

b) keeping the mixture at a temperature between 110°C and 150°C for a time of at least 10 hours in said organic solvent characterized that the mixture prepared in step a) comprises a nitrile compound.

[025] Surprisingly it has also been found that a dimeric transition metal complexes obtained by a process for the synthesis of dimeric transition metal complexes comprising the steps of

a) mixing a transition metal (II) salt with a ligand L in an organic solvent and

b) keeping the mixture at a temperature between 110°C and 150°C for a time of at least 10 hours in said organic solvent characterized that the mixture prepared in step a) comprises a nitrile compound, can be used as precatalyst or catalysts.

[026] Surprisingly it has additionally been found that a dimeric transition metal complexes comprising a monodentate phosphorus ligand (L) having poly substituted aryl groups, said dimeric transition metal complexes could be obtained by a process for the synthesis of dimeric transition metal complexes comprising the steps of

a) mixing a transition metal (II) salt with a ligand L in an organic solvent and

b) keeping the mixture at a temperature between 110°C and

150°C for a time of at least 10 hours in said organic solvent characterized that the mixture prepared in step a) comprises a nitrile compound.

[Detailed description of the invention]

[027] According to a first aspect, the present invention relates to a process for the synthesis of dimeric transition metal complexes comprising the steps of

a) mixing a transition metal (II) salt with a ligand L in an organic solvent and

b) keeping the mixture at a temperature between 110°C and 150°C for a time of at least 10 hours in said organic solvent characterized that the mixture prepared in step a) comprises a nitrile compound.

[028] According to a second aspect, the present invention relates to new dimeric transition metal complexes obtained by a process for the synthesis of dimeric transition metal complexes comprising the steps of

a) mixing a transition metal (II) salt with a ligand L in an organic solvent and

b) keeping the mixture at a temperature between 110°C and 150°C for a time of at least 10 hours in said organic solvent characterized that the mixture prepared in step a) comprises a nitrile compound.

[029] In a third aspect the present invention relates to the use of dimeric transition metal complexes as catalysts, said dimeric transition metal complexes are obtained by a process comprising the steps of

a) mixing a transition metal (II) salt with a ligand L in an organic solvent and

b) keeping the mixture at a temperature between 110°C and 150°C for at time of at least lOhours in said organic solvent characterized that the mixture prepared in step a) comprises a nitrile compound. [030] In a fourth aspect the present invention relates to dimeric transition metal complexes comprising a monodentate phosphorus ligand (L) having poly substituted aryl groups, said dimeric transition metal complexes could be obtained by a process comprising the steps of

a) mixing a transition metal (II) salt with a ligand L in an organic solvent and

b) keeping the mixture at a temperature between 110°C and 150°C for at time of at least lOhours in said organic solvent characterized that the mixture prepared in step a) comprises a nitrile compound.

[031] By the term "high yield" as used is denoted a chemical reaction that transforms a raw material compound into another chemical compound, wherein at least 80% of the theoretical obtainable other chemical compound are obtained based on the quantity of the used raw material compound.

[032] By the term "reaction time" as used is denoted the time that the transition metal (II) salt with a ligand L in presence of a nitrile are together in an organic solvent at a temperature between 110°C and 150°C.

[033] The process according to the invention comprises a first step a) mixing a transition metal (II) salt with a ligand L in an organic solvent characterized that the mixture prepared in step a) comprises a nitrile compound. The order of adding nitrile compound is of no importance. The nitrile compound can be mixed with the organic solvent before the transition metal (II) salt is added or the nitrile compound can be mixed with the organic solvent after the transition metal (II) salt is added.

[034] It is important for the process according to the invention that the mixture comprises the three components at step b) .

[035] With regard to the transition metal (II) salt according to the invention, it has the general formula [MXY] or [MZ] with transition metal M and monovalent anions X and Y or a bivalent anion Z. In a preferred embodiment it has the general formula [MX2] . The transition metal M is a transition metal chosen from the d-block of the periodic table of elements according to the IUPAC naming system, preferably chosen from group 8, 9 or 10 of the periodic table of elements and more preferably from group 10 of the periodic table of elements.

[036] Preferably M is a metal selected from group 10 of the periodic table of elements according to the IUPAC naming system and more preferably chosen from Nickel (Ni), Palladium (Pd) and/or Platinum

(Pt) . Even more preferably the transition metal M is chosen from Palladium (Pd) and/or Platinum (Pt) . Most preferably the transition metal M is platinum.

[037] X is preferably chosen from an anion of the conjugate base of an organic or inorganic acid. More preferably X is chosen to be CI, Br, or I . [038] With regard to the transition metal complex according to the invention, it has the general formula (1) :

Ai A 2 ^ A 3 Αζ A 6

wherein M is the transition metal and Ai to Ae are ligands .

[039] The transition metal M is a transition metal chosen from the d-block of the periodic table of elements according to the IUPAC naming system, preferably chosen from group 8, 9 or 10 of the periodic table of elements and more preferably from group 10 of the periodic table of elements.

[040] Preferably M is a metal selected from group 10 of the periodic table of elements according to the IUPAC naming system and more preferably chosen from Nickel (Ni), Palladium (Pd) and/or Platinum (Pt) . Most preferably the transition metal M is platinum.

[041] The ligands A2 and A5 in formula (1) which form the bridge between the two transition metals M of the dimeric transition metal complex are preferably chosen from an anion of the conjugate base of an organic or inorganic acid. More preferably the ligands A2 or A5 are chosen to be CI, Br, or I.

[042] At least one of the ligands Al or A4 and A3 or A6 in formula (1) is preferably chosen from an anion of the conjugate base of an organic or inorganic acid. More preferably one of ligands Al or A4 and A3 or A6 is chosen to be CI, Br or I anions.

[043] At least one of the ligands Al or A4 and A3 or A6 is preferably chosen to be a monodentate phosphorus ligand.

[044] More preferably at least one of the ligands Al or A4 and A3 or A6 is a monodentate organic phosphine ligand.

[045] In a preferred embodiment the transition metal complex has general formula (2)

[M(p-X)X(D ] 2 (2) wherein M is the transition metal, L is a monodentate phosphorus ligand and X is the anion of the conjugate base of an organic or inorganic acid.

[046] The general formula (2) corresponds to structures (3) or (4) :

X X L

\ / \ /

M M (3) / \ / \

L X X

X X X

\ / \ /

M M (4) / \ / \

L X L

[047] The transition metal M is a transition metal chosen from the d-block of the periodic table of elements according to the IUPAC naming system, preferably chosen from group 9 or 10 of the periodic table of elements and more preferably from group 10 of the periodic table of elements.

[048] Preferably M is a metal selected from group 10 of the periodic table of elements according to the IUPAC naming system and more preferably chosen from Nickel (Ni), Palladium (Pd) and/or Platinum (Pt) . Most preferably the transition metal M is platinum.

[049] The ligands X in formula (2), (3) or (4) which form the bridge between the two transition metals M of the dimeric transition metal complex are preferably chosen from an anion of the conjugate base of an organic or inorganic acid. More preferably the ligands X are chosen to be CI, Br or I anions. [050] The ligand L is preferably chosen to be a monodentate phosphorus ligand and more preferably the ligand L is a monodentate organic phosphine ligand.

[051] The ligand L which is a monodentate organic phosphine ligand has following formula:

[052] wherein Ri, R2 and R3 are organic groups which can be the same or different

[053] Preferably Ri, R2 and R3 in formula (5) are chosen from alkyl groups, aryl groups or substituted alkyl or aryl groups. The substituted alkyl or aryl groups can have one or more substituents .

[054] For Ri, R 2 , R 3 = Ar such aryl groups Ar are chosen from phenyl, (cyclo) alkyl-substituted aryl groups, alkoxy-substituted aryl groups, mixed alkyl-/alkoxy-subsitituted aryl groups and (optionally substituted) aryl-substituted aryl groups. Each aryl group Ar can be optionally mono-substituted, for instance at the 3- or 4- position, or poly-substituted, e.g. at the 3- & 4-, 3- & 5- or the

3-, 4- and 5-positions.

[055] In one embodiment of this invention such aryl groups are chosen from 2 , 3-subsituted, 2 , 6-subsituted, 2 , 4 , 6-subsituted, 3,4- substituted, 3, 5-substituted and 3 , 4 , 5-substituted aryl groups. In the case alkyl-substituted aryl groups, preferred alkyl groups are C n H2n + i alkyls with n from 1 to 15 and more preferably aklkyl group is chosen from methyl, ethyl, propyl, 2-propyl, n-butyl-, 2-butyl, iso-butyl, tert-butyl, n-pentyl, tert-pentyl, neo-pentyl, iso- pentyl, sec-pentyl, 3-pentyl, n-hexyl or mixtures thereof.

[056] In a first particular embodiment of this invention such aryl groups Ar are phenyl, 4-tolyl and 3,5-xylyl.

[057] In a second particular preferred embodiment of this invention such aryl groups of the ligand L are poly-substituted and preferably 3- & 5- substituted aryl groups.

[058] Preferably the process according to the invention has following general reaction scheme solvent

2 [MX 2 ] +2L+RCN [Μ(μ-Χ)Χ(Ι) ] 2 + CN (6)

ΔΤ

[059] wherein M is the transition metal, L is a monodentate phosphorus ligand, R is an organic group and X is the anion of the conjugate base of an organic or inorganic acid.

[060] More preferably the process according to the invention has following general reaction scheme

solvent

2 [PtX 2 ] +2L+RCN [Pt (μ-Χ) X (L) ] 2+RCN (7)

ΔΤ

wherein L is a monodentate phosphorus ligand and X is the anion of the conjugate base of an organic or inorganic acid.

[061] In principal equimolar amounts of [MX2] or [PtX2] and the ligand L or an excess of either one of the reagents can be used in schemes (6) or (7) .

[062] In a preferred embodiment a slight excess of the ligand L is preferred to ensure that all the transition metal M or platinum halide is consumed. The molar ratio of the ligand L towards the metal or platinum is between 1 and 1.2, preferably between 1 and 1.1 and more preferably between 1 and 1.05.

[063] The nitrile compound according to the process of the invention is preferably an organic nitrile compound with the general formula RCN. R is an alkyl, cycloalkyl or aryl group or a substituted alkyl, cycloalky or aryl group. Preferably R consists to 80wt% out of carbon and hydrogen atoms .

[064] The organic nitrile compound can be chosen from linear alkyl nitriles having as R a CI up to C12 linear alkyl chains as for example ethanenitrile (CH 3 CN = MeCN) , propanenitril (CH 3 CH 2 CN) , butanenitrile (CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 CN) and so on.

[065] The organic nitrile compound can be chosen from branched alkyl nitriles having as R a CI up to C12 as for example 2-methyl-l- propanenitrile .

[066] The organic nitrile compound can be chosen from cyclic alkyl nitriles having as R a CI up to C12 as for example cyclopentanecarbonnitrile . [067] The organic nitrile compound can be chosen from aryl nitriles as for example benzonitrile or 2-methoxybenzonitrile .

[068] The amount of RCN to be used in the process according to the invention is between 0.8 to 10 molar equivalents on M or Pt and preferably 0.8 to 5 equivalents on M or Pt .

[069] The solvent of the process according to the invention is a high boiling organic solvent. By high boiling are meant organic liquids that have a boiling point of at least 110°C preferably 120°C and more preferably at least 130°C.

[070] The solvent of the process according to the invention is liquid at ambient temperature. By ambient temperature is meant 25 °C. The solvent of the process according to the invention has a melting point of at most 20°C, preferably at most 15°C, more preferably at most 10°C.

[071] As solvents we can use high-boiling organic solvents such as 1 , 1 , 2 , 2-tetrachloroethane , xylenes, monochlorobenzene or terpentina 140-200. The latter is a mixture of high-boiling alkanes. A high- boiling solvent is required for the reaction to proceed and to obtain high yields.

[072] The reaction time of the process according to the invention is at least 10 hours, preferably at least 12 hours, more preferably at least 14 hours, still more preferably at least 16 hours, advantageously at least 18 hours and more advantageously at least 20 hours.

[073] The reaction time of the process according to the invention has in principle no upper limit. Longer reaction times lead to higher conversion and yield. However for industrially reasons the reaction time of the process according to the invention is limited to at most 48 hours, which gives a satisfying conversion and yield. Preferably the reaction time is at most 40 hours, more preferably at most 35 hours, advantageously at most 30 hours and most advantageously at most 24 hours.

[074] According to the invention the reaction time is in the order of 10 to 48 hours, preferably between 12 and 40 hours, still more preferably between 15 and 30 hours and most advantageously between 20 and 24 hours.

[ 075 ] The temperature of the process according to the invention is between 110°C and 150°C, preferably between 120°C and 149°C, more preferably between 135°C and 148°C, still more preferably between 130°C and 147°C, advantageously between 135°C and 146°C and most advantageously between 140°C and 145°C. [ 076 ] According to the process of the invention, the desired product can be isolated by several different methods. One of the possibilities is that all volatiles are stripped from the reaction mixture under reduced pressure, followed by addition of a chlorinated solvent (such as dichloromethane) to dissolve the dimeric platinum complex, filtration and precipitation of the product by addition of an alkane such as pentane or heptane. Another possibility is to cool down the reaction mixture and filter off the precipitated product followed by washing with a suitable solvent. [ 077 ] The yields based on the transition metal according to the process of the invention are in the range of 80% to 100% and preferably between 85% up to 100%.

[ 078 ] The Platinum yields according to the process of the invention for the desired complex are in the range of 80% to 100%, depending on the exact ligand L used. Preferably the yield of the process according to the invention is between 85% and 100%, more preferably between 87% and 99.9%, even more preferably between 90% and 99.5%.

[ 079 ] The transition metal complex obtained according to the process of the invention can be used as a precatalyst or catalyst.

[ 080 ] For example the transition metal complex obtained according to the process of the invention can be used as catalyst in a process for the production of monoalkyltin trihalides involving a redistribution reaction between tetraalkyltins , trialkyltin halides dialkyltin dihalides or mixtures thereof and tin tetrahalides . [Methods of evaluation]

[081] Yield: the yield is estimated by weighing the final product and subsequent 31 P- and ! H-NMR analyses as well as obtaining the correct elemental analyses to confirm the identity of the compound and ensure that no significant amounts of impurities are present.

[Examples]

[082] Comparative example : Preparation of [Pt (μ-Cl) (CI) (P (C 6 H 3 Me 2 - 3,5) 3 ) ] 2

In this experiment PtCl 2 (0.50 gram, 1.8798 mmol) and P (C 6 H 3 Me 2 -3 , 5 ) 3 (0.671 gram, 1.9174 mmol) were reacted in xylenes (10 mL) at 100 °C for 20 hours followed by 6 hours at 150 °C. After cooling to ambient temperature the reaction mixture was filtered and the solid filter residue was washed with xylenes and dried in vacuo. The desired product was obtained as a brown solid (0.930 gram, 95 % purity, 77 % yield on [Pt] ) .

[083] Several examples of the type [Pt (μ-Cl) CI (L) ] 2 are prepared with the process according to the invention.

[084] Example 1: Preparation of [Pt (μ-Cl) (CI) (PPh 3 ) ] 2

[085] PtCl 2 (0.72 gram, 2.71 mmol) and PPh 3 (0.72 gram, 2.75 mmol) were reacted in a mixture of xylenes (16 mL) and MeCN (0.11 gram, 2.45 mmol) at 140 °C while stirring for 22 hours. After cooling to ambient temperature the reaction mixture was filtered over a glass- sintered filter. The solid residue was washed with heptane (14 mL) and dried at 50 °C for 4 hours. The product was obtained as an orange-brown solid (1.42 gram, 1.34 mmol, 99 % yield on [Pt]) . [086] Example 2: Preparation of [ Pt (μ-Cl ) (CI ) ( P (C 6 H 4 Me-4 ) 3 ) ] 2

[087] For the preparation of this compound PtCl 2 (0.68 gram, 2.56 mmol) and P(CeH4Me-4) 3 (0.80 gram, 2.63 mmol) were reacted in a mixture of xylenes (15 mL) and MeCN (0.11 gram, 2.45 mmol) at 140 °C while stirring for 22 hours. After cooling to ambient temperature the reaction mixture was filtered over a glass-sintered filter. The solid residue was washed with heptane (10 mL) and dried at 50 °C for 4 hours. The product was obtained as a yellow-orange solid (1.36 gram, 1.19 mmol, 93 % yield on [Pt]) .

[088] Example 3: Preparation of [Pt (μ-Cl) (CI) (P (C 6 H 3 Me 2 -3, 5) 3 ) ] 2

[089] PtCl 2 (600 mg, 2.26 mmol) and P (C 6 H 3 Me-3 , 5 ) 3 (807 mg, 2.31 mmol) were reacted in a mixture of xylenes (14 mL) and MeCN (92.8 mg, 2.26 mmol) at 140 °C for 20 hours. After cooling to ambient temperature all volatiles were evaporated under reduced pressure. The solid residue was extracted with heptane (15 mL) and dichloromethane (5 mL) , the washings combined and evaporated to dryness. The desired product was obtained as an orange solid (1.20 gram, 87 % yield on [Pt] ) .