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Title:
METHOD AND ARRANGEMENT FOR CUSTOMIZING ELECTRONIC CIRCUIT INTERRUPTERS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2001/001523
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
An electronic circuit interruption device (10) having a plurality of protection, indication and control options includes a dedicated printed circuit board (34) having electrical connection with operating circuits controlling each of the several options. Electrical connections between the operating circuits and the circuit interruption controller is made through corresponding dedicated resistors (39-46). Option selection is obtained by removal of resistors connecting with non-selected circuits on the printed circuit board.

Inventors:
Criniti, Joseph (5 Edbert Drive New Britain, CT, 06052, US)
Larranaga, Javier I. (95 Rossi Drive Bristol, CT, 06010, US)
Wambolt, Lee (Route 85 Colchester, CT, 06415, US)
Messerli, Alan (74 Driftwood Road Bristol, CT, 06010, US)
Application Number:
PCT/US2000/017574
Publication Date:
January 04, 2001
Filing Date:
June 26, 2000
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY (1 River Road Schenectady, NY, 12345, US)
International Classes:
H01H27/00; H02H3/00; H05K1/00; (IPC1-7): H01R9/00; H02B1/04; H02B1/20; H02H3/00; H02H3/16; H02H3/20; H02H3/26; H02H3/32; H02H7/00; H02H9/02; H02H9/04; H02H9/08; H02K15/00; H05K1/00; H05K1/14; H05K1/18; H05K3/02; H05K3/30; H05K3/34; H05K7/02; H05K7/06; H05K7/08
Foreign References:
US4788620A
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Colburn II, Philmore H. (Cantor Colburn LLP 55 Griffin Road South Bloomfield, CT, 06002, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:
1. A method for selecting circuits on a multicircuit printed circuit board comprising the steps of : providing a printed circuit board having a plurality of circuits connecting with a corresponding plurality of associated resistors, each of said circuits defining a particular function; connecting said associated resistors and said circuits with a processor; and removing selected resistors from said circuit board for electrically disconnecting selected functions from said printed circuit board.
2. The method of Claim 1 wherein said particular function is selected from the group consisting of protection, rating and indication functions.
3. The method of Claim 1 wherein said removing said resistors utilizes a stepper motor driven arbor having a formed tool at one end thereof.
4. The method of Claim 3 wherein said formed tool comprises an enclosure having a top and bottom with an opening extending through said bottom, said opening providing clearance for said resistor.
5. The method of Claim 4 wherein said bottom defines clearance between said opening and a top of said printed circuit board.
6. The method of Claim 1 wherein said removing comprises twisting said selected resistors from said circuit board.
7. A printed circuit board for use in circuit breaker electronic trip units comprising a printed circuit board having a plurality of circuits connecting with a corresponding plurality of associated resistors, each of said circuits defining a function selected from the group consisting of circuit breaker ampere rating, neutral pole selection, sensor voltage value, overvoltage circuit.
8. The printed circuit board of Claim 7 wherein said printed circuit board comprises a rectangular configuration defining a pair of opposing ends and a pair of opposing sides, said resistors being arranged linearly along one of said opposing ends for access by a resistor removal tool.
9. The printed circuit board of Claim 8 wherein said resistor removal tool comprises a stepper motor driven arbor having a formed tool at one end thereof.
10. The printed circuit board of Claim 9 wherein said formed tool comprises an enclosure having a top and bottom with an opening extending through said bottom, said opening providing clearance for said resistor.
11. The printed circuit board of Claim 10 wherein said bottom defines clearance between said opening and a top of said printed circuit board.
12. An electronic circuit breaker trip unit comprising: a plurality of current transformers, one for each phase of a multi phase electric distribution system, for transferring electric signal representations of circuit current within an electric distribution system; and electronic circuitry including a processor, said electronic circuitry receptive to said signal representations for determining overcurrent conditions within an electric distribution system and for providing options to said signal processor, each of said options connecting with said processor through corresponding option resistors.
13. The electronic trip unit of Claim 12 wherein said options are selected from the group consisting of protection, rating and indication functions.
14. The electronic trip unit of Claim 13 wherein said options are further selected from the group consisting of circuit breaker ampere rating, neutral pole selection, sensor voltage value, overvoltage circuit.
15. The electronic trip unit of Claim 12 wherein said processor is arranged on a printed circuit board having a plurality of circuits connecting with said resistors.
16. The electronic trip unit of Claim 15 wherein said printed circuit board comprises a rectangular configuration defining a pair of opposing ends and a pair of opposing sides, said resistors being arranged linearly along one of said opposing ends for access by a resistor removal tool.
17. The electronic trip unit of Claim 12 wherein said multiphase electric distribution system comprises a three or four phase electric distribution system.
Description:
METHOD AND ARRANGEMENT FOR CUSTOMIZING ELECTRONIC CIRCUIT INTERRUPTERS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to circuit breakers, and, more particularly, to a method and arrangement for customizing electronic circuit interrupters.

Multifunctional electronic circuit interrupters, such as described in U. S.

Patent No. 4,672,501 entitled Circuit Breaker and Protective Relay Unit, are capable of providing a plurality of optional protection functions, such undervoltage, overvoltage, phase loss, phase imbalance as well as remote control and indication functions, such as shunt trip, bell alarms and the like. Most commercial applications using such circuit interrupters do not require all the accessory functions and options, such that the circuit interrupters are usually customized for each specific function.

U. S. Patent No. 5,500,781 entitled Digital Circuit Interrupter with Multiple Accessory Function, describes the use of selection switches that allow factory as well as field selection of the preferred protection and accessory options. Normally- open switches connect through OR logic gates with options circuits, allowing the selected functions to become operational through selected switch closure. This manual selection arrangement is sufficient when a limited number of circuit interrupters are employed.

The automatic insertion of electronic components within printed circuit boards in a high speed manufacturing process is described within U. S.

Patent No. 3,676,746 entitled Compatible Modular Circuit Board Connector, and U. S. Patent No. 4,670,977 entitled Inserter Device for Electronic Components.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In an exemplary embodiment of the invention, an electronic circuit interruption device having a plurality of protection, indication and control options includes a dedicated printed circuit board having electrical connection with operating circuits controlling each of the several options. Electrical connections between the operating circuits and the circuit interruption controller are made through corresponding dedicated resistors. The resistors are arranged at a predetermined edge of the printed circuit board for access by means of an arbor tool sized to overlay the resistors for removal thereof without interfering with the circuit board substrate. Option selection is obtained by removal of resistors connecting with non-selected circuits on the printed circuit board. Logic is provided to the arbor by a computer-controlled stepper motor.

When large numbers of circuit interrupters require specific protection, indication and control options, selection using the method of the present invention can be made early in the circuit interrupter manufacturing process at substantial cost savings over the prior art.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Figure 1 is a diagrammatic representation of an electronic trip unit employing the trip unit calibration system according to the invention; Figure 2 is a block diagram of a part of the microprocessor circuit within the electronic trip unit of Figure 1; Figure 3 is a side view of the apparatus used with the trip unit calibration system according to the invention; and Figure 4 is an enlarged side view of the cutting tool used with the trip unit calibration apparatus of Figure 3.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring to Figure 1 and as described in the aforementioned U. S. Patent No. 4 672,501 (which is incorporated by reference), a circuit breaker trip unit 10 is shown. Trip unit 10 has external connections to current transformers 11-14 and potential transformers 15-17. The electrical input is transmitted through multiplexers 18-20 and sample and hold amplifiers 21,22 to an A/D (analog-to-digital) converter 24 by a conductor 23. Circuit protection and control is achieved by utilization of a data bus 25 which is interconnected with an output control 26, transceiver 27, and RAM (random access memory) 28. The ROM (read only memory) 29, microprocessor 30 and NVM (non-volatile memory) 31 operate in the manner described therein to insure complete overall circuit protection. The information as to the status of the circuit breaker contacts (not shown) that are controlled by the output control 26 is displayed at a display 32. In accordance with the invention, the microprocessor 30 is provided with a resistor circuit 33 that allow selection of the circuit breaker ampere rating and other optional functions. Other functions available to the microprocessor for selection during the assembly of the circuit breaker trip unit 10 include undervoltage and overvoltage determination, shunt trip, bell alarm accessories and the like.

The microprocessor 30 is shown in Figure 2 mounted to a printed circuit board 34, in the form of a glass-filled fiber board 35 by pins 38 that extend through apertures, such as depicted at 47 which are then solder-filled to provide electrical connections as depicted at 37, as is known in the art. As is common with most printed circuit connections, fuses 48 and conductive rails 36 are integrally-formed on the surface of the printed circuit board to facilitate connection with and to protect the printed circuit board components. In an exemplary embodiment of the invention, a resistor circuit 33 with resistors 39-46 aligned in array format, has each resistor extending upwards from the printed circuit board. Rating and option selection is accomplished by removing selected resistors 39-46 that connect with the microprocessor by means of rail electrical connections with pins 38 that extend from the microprocessor on the opposite side of the printed circuit board (Figure 4). As described hereinbefore, the resistor circuit 33 connects with the microprocessor 30 by means of the databus 25 (Figure 1) such that the presence of selected ones of the

resistors 39-46 is determined by the microprocessor allowing the circuits associated with the selected resistors to become activated.

Customization of electronic trip unit 10 is achieved by removing selected ones of the resistors 39-46 (Figure 3) using a transfer table 49 driven by a gear 50 and a drive train 51 under command of a controller 52. One such arrangement is a type GRMTR servo-motor obtained from Pitman Co. The printed circuit board 34 is arranged edgewise on the top of the transfer table with the resistor array parallel with the travel direction of the transfer table, as indicated. A stepper motor 55 is programmed for removing specific one (s) of the resistors 39-46, depending upon the selected rating or functions. The arbor 53 operatively connects with the stepper motor and terminates at the opposite end in a formed tool, as indicated at 54.

The removal of selected one (s) of the resistors is best understood by now referring to Figure 4 wherein the printed circuit board 34 (Figure 2) is shown positioned on the transfer table 49, shown in phantom with the microprocessor 30 attached to the printed circuit board by connection of the pins 38, extending from the bottom, within the printed circuit board apertures 47. An important feature of the invention is the arrangement of the tool 54 at the end of the arbor 53 relative to the selected resistor 46, for example from resistor circuit 33 (Figure 2). The selected resistor 46 is of cylinder configuration and extends a distance"h"upwards from the printed circuit board 34.

The aperture 56, within the tool 54, is configured a width"w"for clearance of the length"1"of the selected resistor 46 and the depth"d"of the aperture 56 is configured for clearance of the distance"h"whereby the selected resistor 46 is broken (cut) away by the twisting action of tool 54 without contact with or damage to the top surface of the printed circuit board 34.

An arrangement has been shown herein for automatic selection of a circuit breaker printed circuit board ampere rating along with circuit breaker accessory options. Resistors are assigned to the particular ratings and options for reading by the microprocessor within the trip unit circuit. Removal of particular one (s) of the resistors at the time of manufacture results in a plurality of trip units having the selected ratings and functions within an automated process at a minimum of time and expense.

While the invention has been described with reference to a preferred embodiment, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes may

be made and equivalents may be substituted for elements thereof without departing from the scope of the invention. In addition, many modifications may be made to adapt a particular situation or material to the teachings of the invention without departing from the essential scope thereof. Therefore, it is intended that the invention may not be limited to the particular embodiment disclosed as the best mode contemplated for carrying out this invention, but that the invention will include all embodiments falling within the scope of the appended claims.