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Title:
METHOD AND ARRANGEMENT FOR IMPREGNATION OF CHIPS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2006/001758
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A method and an arrangement for the impregnation of untreated chips during the manufacture of chemical pulp. The untreated chips are fed without preceding steam treatment into an impregnation vessel (10) that comprises an upper part (11) with a first area A1 and a lower part (13) with a second area A2 that is larger than the first area A1 by a factor of at least r2-. The chips establish in the upper part (11) a level (14) of chips that is located at a level (h) above a level (18) of fluid consisting of liquor. The chips after passage of the upper part (11) pass through a transitional part (12), where an increase in area from the first area (A1 ) to the second area (A2) takes place, and it is here that the angle of repose of the chips is reduced.

Inventors:
Gustavsson, Lennart (Renvallsvägen 38, Karlstad, S-653 50, SE)
Saetheråsen, Jonas (Kärrängsvägen 37, Hammarö, S-663 42, SE)
Snekkenes, Vidar (Herrhagsgatan 62, Karlstad, S-652 19, SE)
Application Number:
PCT/SE2005/000959
Publication Date:
January 05, 2006
Filing Date:
June 21, 2005
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
KVAERNER PULPING AB (Box 1033, Karlstad, S-651 15, SE)
Gustavsson, Lennart (Renvallsvägen 38, Karlstad, S-653 50, SE)
Saetheråsen, Jonas (Kärrängsvägen 37, Hammarö, S-663 42, SE)
Snekkenes, Vidar (Herrhagsgatan 62, Karlstad, S-652 19, SE)
International Classes:
D21C1/00; D21C3/24; D21C3/00; D21C; (IPC1-7): D21C1/00; D21C3/24
Domestic Patent References:
WO2003106765A1
Foreign References:
US3532594A
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Furhem, Hans (Kvaerner Pulping AB, Box 1033, Karlstad, S-651 15, SE)
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Claims:
CLAIMS
1. A method for impregnating untreated chips during the manufacture of chemical pulp in which the method comprises the following steps: (a) the untreated chips are continuously fed without a preceding steam treatment into an impregnation vessel (10), which impregnation vessel (10) comprises an upper part (11) with a first area and a lower part (13) with a second area, (b) the chips establish a level (14) of chips in the upper part (11 ), which level (14) of chips is located at a distance (h) above a level (18) of fluid, consisting of liquor, (c) the chips after passage through the upper part (1 1) pass through a transitional part (12), in which an increase in area from the first area to the second area takes place, (d) a motordriven stirrer (15) in the lower part (13) mixes the chips and the liquor, (e) impregnated chips are fed out from the impregnation vessel (10), together with liquor, through an outlet (17) arranged at the bottom of the lower part (13), characterised in that the second area is greater than the first area by a factor of at least Jϊ. , such that the angle of repose of the chips is reduced, and in that at least 50% of the increase in area between the first area and the second area is located above the level (18) of fluid.
2. The method according to claim 1 , characterised in that the retention time of the chips in the liquor phase in association with the increase in area is less than 20% of the total retention time of the chips in the liquor phase.
3. The method according to either claim 1 or claim 2, characterised in that the angle of repose of the chips in the lower part (13) is less than 10°.
4. The method according to either claim 1 or claim 2, characterised in that the angle of repose of the chips in the lower part (13) is less than 5°.
5. An arrangement for impregnating untreated chips during t chemical pulp in which the arrangement comprises: (a) an essentially cylindrical impregnation vessel (10) arranged vertically, comprising an upper part (11 ) with a first area and a lower part (13) with a second area, which second area is greater than the first area, (b) a transitional part (12) arranged between the upper part (11) and the lower part (13) in which an increase in area from the first area to the second area takes place (c) an inlet (16) for the untreated chips arranged at the upper part (11 ), (d) a fluid level (18) of liquor and a level (14) of chips in the impregnation vessel (10), where the level (14) of chips is located at a distance (h) above the said level (18) of fluid, (e) a stirrer (15) arranged at the bottom of the lower part (13) of the impregnation vessel (10), (f) an outlet arranged at the said bottom for output of the impregnated chips together with liquor, characterised in that the second area is greater than the first area by a factor of at least 4Ϊ , such that the angle of repose of the chips is reduced, and in that at least 50% of the increase in area between the first area and the second area is located above the level (18) of fluid.
6. The arrangement according to claim 5, characterised in that the retention time of the chips in the liquor phase in association with the increase in area is less than 20% of the total retention time of the chips in the liquor phase.
7. The arrangement according to either claim 5 or claim 6, characterised in that the angle of repose of the chips in the lower part (13) is less than 10°.
8. The arrangement according to either claim 5 or claim 6, characterised in that the angle of repose of the chips in the lower part (13) is less than 5°.
Description:
Method and arrangement for impregnation of chips

Technical Area The present invention relates to a method according to the introduction to claim 1 and an arrangement according to the introduction to claim 5.

The Prior Art The impregnation of untreated chips without a preceding steam treatment step is known, where the untreated chips are continuously fed in the top of an impregnation vessel through an inlet. Impregnated chips are subsequently fed out through an outlet arranged at the bottom of the vessel. One example of such an impregnation method is described in more detail in SE 518738.

It is also known that untreated chips have an angle of repose of approximately 45°. This means that the chips have a tendency to form arches, which in turn means that the chip fragments are packed onto each other at an angle to the horizontal plane of 45°. This then in its turn means that a stirrer at the bottom of the impregnation vessel is subjected to large shear forces against the packed chips. These large shear forces may result in the failure of at least one of the stirrer and the motor that drives the stirrer.

A conventional chip bin 1 is shown in US 6,089,417 in which untreated chips are fed in through a feed 6. The chips are treated with steam through a steaming vessel 7 in order to be subsequently fed out from the chip bin through an outlet arranged at the bottom of the chip bin 1. As is the case for the great majority of chip bins of this type, the cross-sectional area of the chip bin is greater at the top and at the inlet, and subsequently becomes more narrow towards the bottom and the outlet.

A digester or an impregnation vessel for the treatment of cellulose pulp is shown in US 6,451 ,163 B2. The vessel has one part with a first diameter for storage or treatment of the material above the outlet, with a second diameter that is at least 20% less than the first diameter. This design achieves, according to the patent, less compression of the material and a reduced requirement for power of the stirrer. Even if the compression of the material u design is not suitable for the handling of untreated chips in an impregnation vessel. In this case, the angle of repose of the chips would increase from 45° to be closer to 90° following passage of the second diameter, and an increased power for the stirrer would in this way be required.

Figure 2 of SE 343344 shows a continuous digester with a narrow impregnation zone (a). The narrow top passes into a conical part 67 in the lower additional digestion zone 11 of the digester. The diameter d of the narrow impregnation zone is 15-25% lower than the diameter D of the digestion zone. The purpose of having a diameter d in the impregnation zone that is considerably smaller than the diameter D of the digestion zone is to counteract the transfer of heat from the digestion zone to the impregnation zone. This means that the requirement for cooling at the lower end of the impregnation zone is reduced. The chips are fully digested and softened at the bottom of a continuous digester, in such a manner that individual chip fragments can be easily disintegrated using mild force. It would be easy to deform the chip fragments if it were possible to remove them from the bottom of the digester, and the problem with locking between undeformed chips and the stirrer would simply not arise.

A traditional system is shown in US 4,432,836 in which the chips are first steamed in a steaming vessel 14 in order to expel air and water. The chips are then formed into a slurry in a conduit 18 and led to a first impregnation vessel 1. While it is true that the impregnation vessel 1 in this case does have an increase in area at its central part, this is located at a position at which the chips or bagasse is drenched with impregnation fluid, in an impregnation vessel that has been filled hydraulically. There are here, however, no problems with the formation of arches and large angles of repose of the chips or bagasse, since the feed screw 27 presses the chips downwards, and the chips or bagasse subsequently slowly sink (flutter down like a leaf in the autumn) into the impregnation fluid. Impregnation vessels with an increase in area are shown indi 518 738 and in US 3,532,594, where the level of fluid is located above the increase in area. This means that the chips will be compressed due to the buoyancy obtained from the fluid, and this in turn means that the chips are locked between themselves. A consequence of this is that the angle of repose will be significantly reduced after the increase in area, and this has the consequence that large shear forces will be exerted on a stirrer at the bottom of the vessel.

Purpose of the invention The principal purpose of the present invention is to achieve an invention that fully or partially alleviates the problem of the chips in an impregnation vessel becoming packed at the bottom of the vessel with an angle of repose that lies around 45°, and by the locking of undeformed chip fragments making stirring and output more difficult.

A second purpose is to reduce the shear forces that influence the stirrer by a more advantageous configuration of chips.

A third purpose is to reduce the risk that at least one of the stirrer and the stirrer motor becomes overloaded and fails.

A fourth purpose is to reduce the power requirement of the motor of the stirrer.

A fifth purpose is to be able to use a smaller and cheaper motor to drive the stirrer.

A sixth purpose is to be able to apply a simpler and cheaper design for the stirrer.

These purposes are achieved with a method in accordance with claim 1 and an arrangement in accordance with claim 5. Description of drawings Figure 1 shows a schematic drawing of an impregnation vessel according to the invention.

Figure 2 shows schematically in a drawing how the angle of repose of the fragments of chips decreases after the increase in area, according to the invention.

Detailed description of the invention The concept "untreated chips" will be used in the following detailed description. The term "untreated chips" is here used to denote chips that have not undergone any pre-treatment such as steam treatment or similar, before the chips are fed into an impregnation vessel in order to be impregnated. The term "angle of repose" will also be used. The term "angle of repose" is here used to denote the angle between a plane in the longitudinal direction of the chips and a horizontal plane at which the chips fall down and form an arch.

Figure 1 shows an essentially cylindrical vertically arranged impregnation vessel 10 for the impregnation of untreated chips during the manufacture of chemical pulp.

The impregnation vessel 10 has an upper part 11 with a first area Ai and a lower part 13, with a second area A2. The second area A2 is larger than the first area Ai by a factor of at least V2 , i.e. A2 ≥ 4Ϊ ■ A1. A conical transitional part 12 is arranged between the upper part 1 1 and the lower part 13, where an increase in area from the first area A1 to the second area A2 takes place.

A motor-driven stirrer 15 is arranged at the bottom of the lower part 13 in order to mix chips and liquor. (The motor of the stirrer is not shown in the drawing.)

Untreated chips 19 are continuously fed into the impregnation vessel 10 through an inlet 16 arranged in the upper part 11. A chips level 14 is established below the inlet 16 in the upper part 11 , where the 19 have an angle of repose of approximately 45°. When the untreated chips 19 have passed the upper part 11 and entered the conical transitional part 12, the angle of repose of the chips is reduced as a consequence of the increase in area in the conical transitional part 12. The increase in area from the first area Ai to the second area A2 in the transitional part 12 may take place in a continuous manner, i.e. conically, but it may also take place discontinuously in one or several steps, as is indicated by the sections 12', 12" and 12'".

After passage through the transitional part 12 and when the chips have entered the lower part 13, the angle of repose has been considerably reduced. The fragments 19 of chips are here lying essentially horizontally, and thus the angle of repose is approximately 0°.

A fluid level 18 is established below the level 14 of chips with the purpose of impregnating the untreated chips. In order for it to be possible for untreated chips to sink down into the impregnation fluid, the level 14 of chips must lie at a minimum distance h (shown in Figure 1) above the fluid level 18. The chips in this way fall and form a configuration of chips that has a lower angle of repose. It is appropriate that the height h that lies between the point of the level of chips and the height of the bottom hb (see Figure 1) is 2 metres, and preferably 3-5 metres.

The retention time of the chips in the liquor phase in association with the increase in area is less than 20% of the total retention time of the chips in the liquor phase. The total time for the retention of the chips in the liquor phase varies between 10 and 90 minutes.

At least 50% of the increase in area from the first area Ai to the second area A2 is located above the level 18 of fluid. Since the increase in area commences well before the chips have sunk down into the impregnation fluid, the angle of repose of the chips will also be broken early, due to the weight of the chips achieving full effect, and not being counteracted by the lifting force with which the fluid influences the chips.

Impregnated chips are continuously fed out from the impregnation vessel 10, together with liquor, through an outlet 17 arranged at the bottom of the lower part 13 below the stirrer 15.

Figure 2 shows schematically an impregnation vessel 10 according to the invention in which untreated fragments of chips have formed an arch with an angle of repose of 45° in the upper part 11 (only a single layer of chips in one half of the vessel is shown in the drawing). The configuration of the fragments of chips can be compared with a cone in which x corresponds to the radius of the bottom of the cone and where y corresponds to the height of the cone. The relationship y=x is valid, since the fragments of chips have an angle of repose of 45°.

The first area Ai of the upper part 11 of the impregnation vessel 10 will then be given by: \ = π - x2 (1 )

In order for it to be possible for fragments of chips to fall down and adopt a horizontal position in association with the transitional part 12, it is necessary that the lower part 13 has an area that is at least as large as the covering area of the cone that the fragments of chips formed in the upper part 11. The second area A2 of the lower part 13 of the impregnation vessel 10 can therefore be obtained from:

The relationship y=x is valid, since the angle of repose is 45°, giving:

A2 is then related to A1 by the following relationship:

Thus the second area A2 must be greater than the first area Ai by a factor of at least -Jϊ , in order to achieve the best results, i.e. a reduction repose such that the fragments of chips adopt a horizontal position in the lower part 13.

The following advantages over the prior art are achieved with the invention: + The shear forces that affect the stirrer 15 are reduced, due to the reduction in the angle of repose of the fragments of chips. This means that: + there is a lower risk that at least one of the stirrer 15 and the motor of the stirrer fail, + the power requirement of the motor that drives the stirrer 15 is significantly reduced. + a smaller and cheaper motor can be used to drive the stirrer 15. + the design of the stirrer 15 is simpler and cheaper.

The invention is not limited to the embodiments shown. Several variants are possible within the framework of the claims.