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Title:
METHOD FOR CONDITIONING AIR
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/106059
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The current invention relates to a method for conditioning air, the method comprising flowing a first air flow (5) within a first ventilation system (2) past a first cooling coil (107), which is connected to a cooling system (3) with a cooling fluid (6) and a cooler (109), characterised in that the temperature of the first air flow (5), when passing the first cooling coil (107), is lower than the temperature of the cooling fluid (6) flowing through the first cooling coil (107) and that the first air flow (5) is heated and the cooling fluid (6) flowing through the first cooling coil (107) is cooled, when the first air flow (5) passes through the first cooling coil (107).

Inventors:
ASCOUGH, Tom (17 Wyattville Park, Loughlinstown Glenageary, Dublin, IE)
ASCOUGH, Seán (Lacken, Blessington, Wicklow, IE)
Application Number:
EP2018/082920
Publication Date:
June 06, 2019
Filing Date:
November 29, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
ASCOUGH, Tom (17 Wyattville Park, Loughlinstown Glenageary, Dublin, IE)
ASCOUGH, Seán (Lacken, Blessington, Wicklow, IE)
International Classes:
F24F3/14; F24F3/153; F24F3/16; F24F7/06; F24F11/30; F24F11/83; F24F110/12
Foreign References:
JP2012127564A2012-07-05
JP2002061903A2002-02-28
JP2001317795A2001-11-16
JP2009014226A2009-01-22
EP2416077A12012-02-08
US5493871A1996-02-27
US20130213608A12013-08-22
US20130213608A12013-08-22
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
SONN & PARTNER PATENTANWÄLTE (Riemergasse 14, 1010 Vienna, 1010, AT)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS :

1. A method for conditioning air, the method comprises flowing a first air flow (5) within a first ventilation system (2) past a first cooling coil (107), which is connected to a cooling system (3) with a cooling fluid (6) and a cooler (109), characterised in that the temperature of the first air flow (5) , when passing the first cooling coil (107), is lower than the temperature of the cooling fluid (6) flowing through the first cooling coil

(107) and that the first air flow (5) is heated and the cooling fluid (6) flowing through the first cooling coil (107) is cooled, when the first air flow (5) passes through the first cooling coil (107).

2. A method according to claim 1, characterised in that the method comprises drawing in outside air (101) at a temperature (102), preferably through an air intake damper (112), into the first ventilation system (2) such that the outside air (101) makes up the first air flow (5) , and prescribing a temperature set point for the first ventilation system (2), wherein the tem perature set point and the temperature of the cooling fluid (6) flowing through the first cooling coil (107) are higher than the temperature (102) of the outside air (101) .

3. A method according to any of claims 1 or 2, characterised in that the method further comprises heating the first air flow (5) by flowing the first air flow (5) past a first heating coil (106), before flowing the first air flow (5) past the first cooling coil (107), and further heating the first air flow (5) by flowing the first air flow (5) past a second heating coil

(108), after flowing the first air flow (5) past the first cool ing coil (107), wherein the first and the second heating coil (106, 108) are connected to a heating system (4) with a heater (110) .

4. A method according to claim 3, characterised by using a coil with a drain tray as the first cooling coil (107) .

5. A method according to any of claims 1 to 4, characterised in that the method comprises using the residual heat of the cooling fluid (6) in the cooling system (3) to heat the first air flow (5), and optionally turning the cooler (109) off or reducing its output .

6. A method according to any of claims 1 to 5, characterised in that the method further comprises cooling a second air flow in a second ventilation system with a second cooling coil, wherein the second cooling coil is connected to the cooling system (3) and the cooling fluid (6) is also flowed through the second cooling coil, wherein the cooling fluid (6) is heated, while be ing flown through the second cooling coil.

7. A method according to any of claims 1 to 6, characterised in that the method further comprises cooling a second cooling emit ter (123), wherein the second cooling emitter (123) is connected to the cooling system (3) and the cooling fluid (6) is also flowed through the second cooling emitter (123), wherein the cooling fluid (6) is heated, while being flowed through the second cooling emitter (123) .

8. A method according to claim 7, characterised in that the method comprises providing air conditioning for a facility and that the method further comprises blowing the first air flow (5) from the first ventilation system (2), preferably with a supply air fan (105), into a first area (103) of the facility, the second air flow is drawn into the second ventilation system from a second area of the facility, which can be overlapping with the first area, and the second air flow is blown from the second ventilation system into a third area of the facility, which can be overlapping with the first and/or the second area.

9. A method according to claim 8, characterised in that the method further comprises measuring the outside air temperature (102), the temperature of the first cooling fluid (6) and/or the second cooling fluid (6) and/or the ambient temperature in the first (103), second and/or third area of the facility and con trolling the flow of the first air flow (5) , preferably by regu lating the supply air fan (105) and/or the air intake damper (102), and/or of the second air flow, the flow of the cooling fluid (6), preferably by using and regulating a valve (121) and/or a pump (119) in the cooling system (3), the flow of a heating fluid in the heating system (4), preferably by using and regulating a valve (120, 122) and/or a pump (118) in the heating system (4), and/or the power of the cooler (109) and/or the heater (110) .

10. A method according to any of claims 1 to 9, characterised in that the method further comprises filtering the first air flow (5) in the first ventilation system (2), preferably by panel filters (113) and/or bag filters (114), and/or humidifying the first air flow (5) in the first ventilation system (2) with a humidifier (115) .

11. A device (104) for conditioning air, comprising a first ventilation system (2) with a first air flow (5), preferably connected with the outside, the connection even more preferably comprising an air intake damper (112), a first cooling coil (107), preferably comprising a drain tray, in the first ventila tion system (2), connected to a cooling system (3) with a cooler (109), a second ventilation system with a second air flow, within which a second cooling coil is arranged that is connected to the cooling system (3) characterised by a control device (7) for conducting a method according to any of claims 1 to 10.

Description:
Method for conditioning air

The invention relates to a method for conditioning air, the method comprises flowing a first air flow within a first ventil ation system past a first cooling coil, which is connected to a cooling system with a cooling fluid and a cooler. Furthermore, it relates to a device for conducting the method according to the invention.

Conventionally, air conditioning system, in particular air hand ling units (AHU) or heating, ventilation and air condition

(HVAC) systems, use a cooling system including a cooler and a cooling coil to cool an air flow and a heating system including a heater and a heating coil to heat an air flow. A variety of such systems are known that are supposed to reduce the amount of energy that has to be put into heating and/or cooling.

For example, US 2013/0213608 A1 shows a device, wherein outside air is cooled and dehumidified by a cooling system. A part of the cooling fluid of the cooling system, which has a higher tem perature after the process of cooling the air, is led back to a heating system. For this purpose, the cooling coil has an outlet for putting out the fluid and the heating coil has an inlet for receiving the fluid. The heating system heats the cooled/dehu midified air, before the air is given off in an indoor space. By use of the heat given off of the cooling fluid that was led back, the heating power of the heating system can be reduced, such that power can be saved.

However, all these systems have in common that they need to be constructed in a specialised way or that existing systems have to be upgraded, in order to be applicable. Thus, one problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide an easy method for saving energy in air conditioning system. Another problem is to be able to save energy using existing system or only having to apply minimal changes to existing systems. Furthermore, it should also be possible by the method and device of the present invention to provide an easy measure for saving energy in air conditioning systems that get newly constructed. Furthermore, preferably, less resources should be used in constructing such an air conditioning system.

This is solved by the temperature of the first air flow, when passing the cooling coil, being lower than the temperature of the cooling fluid flowing through the first cooling coil and that the first air flow is heated and the cooling fluid flowing through the cooling coil is cooled, when the first air flow passes through the first cooling coil. Furthermore, it is solved by a device comprising a control device for conducting the method according to the invention.

By this way, an air conditioning system can use the cooling sys tem to heat air. Furthermore, the system can save energy, be cause the heat in the cooling system is already available and does not need to be produced. Additionally, the cooling fluid gets cooled in this process, so the temperature of the cooling fluid is lowered without the need to consume energy to cool the cooling fluid. Depending on how much the cooling fluid needs to be cooled for other applications, the cooler can run in a full power mode, in a reduced power mode, or be switched off.

Preferably, the method further comprises drawing in outside air, further preferably through an air intake damper, into the first ventilation system such that the outside air makes up the first air flow. Furthermore, one can set a temperature set point, which defines the temperature to which the outside air, or gen erally the air flow in the first ventilation system, should be heated. The method of the present invention is particularly ap plicable, when the temperature set point and the temperature of the cooling fluid flowing through the first cooling coil are higher than the temperature of the outside air. Since the tem perature set point is higher than the outside temperature and since the temperature of the cooling fluid flowing through the first cooling coil is higher than the outside temperature, it is possible to heat the first air flow, using the cooling system and the cooling coil, being equivalent to the outside air being drawn in. In a preferred variant of the method, this air is then heated by a heating coil. This pre-heating of the air may be sufficient to meet the temperature supply set point of the first ventilation system, especially when the first ventilation system is supplying areas that need cooling, or a mixture of heating and cooling or different heating supply temperatures. Areas that need additional heat can either be served with top-up heat from a local second heating system and/or, a re-heating coil (where provided) in the first ventilation system can be engaged to provide top-up heat to the first air flow after it has been pre heated by passing through the first cooling coil. Usually the temperature set point for preheating the air will be between 12 degrees Celsius and 19 degrees Celsius. Thus the temperature set point guarantees the comfort of people who are affected by the air conditioning system, because the heating system continues to be capable of providing any necessary top-up heat to meet the space temperature set point requirements in a preferred embodi ment. This also applies to process air supply systems where the air is primarily conditioned for purposes other than human com fort. Additionally, if the outside air temperature is low, the cooling system can operate at an elevated temperature.

In a preferred variant of the method, it further comprises heat ing the first air flow by flowing the first air flow past a first heating coil, before flowing the first air flow past the first cooling coil, and/or further heating the first air flow by flowing the first air flow past a second heating coil, after flowing the air flow past the first cooling coil, wherein the first and the second heating coil are connected to a heating system with a heater. By this use of at least one additional heating coil, the temperature of the first air flow can be fur ther elevated than would be possible by using the cooling system alone. The system can also only comprise one of the heating coils or make use of only one of the heating coils, or comprise more than two heating coils with a variety of possible arrange ments. The system can of course also comprise more than one cooling coil, placed in different positions relative to the first cooling coil and the heating coils. Furthermore, the first heating coil can be a preheating coil and can protect the cool ing coil from frost, depending on the temperature of the first air flow and in particular of the outside air being drawn in.

The second heating coil can in particular be a reheat coil, such that the system can be used for dehumidifying the air, under conditions when the present invention might not be applicable, by cooling the air flow in the cooling coil, and reheating it in the reheating coil. Thus, the method is applicable to normal air conditioning systems already in use, which can be used for providing heated, cooled, humidified (where a humidifier is provided) and/or dehumidified air.

Since not only the heating coils, but also the cooling coil is used for heating in the method of the present invention, it is possible that the heater is running at a lower temperature, i.e. consuming less energy, that the flow in the heating system is lower and/or that the area of the coils is lower or the coils are smaller than would have been required without this method. Additionally, under certain conditions it may be possible to switch off the heater. Furthermore, under certain conditions, it may be possible to avoid the need for a pre-heating coil and in stead use the cooling coil for pre-heating/heating.

Preferably, in the method, one uses for the cooling coil a coil that has more rows/fins than one or all of the heating coils. This allows for the use of only one cooling coil or less cooling coils than heating coils and for a lower temperature difference between the cooling fluid and the first air flow. Furthermore, the cooling coil preferably uses a drain tray, such that when it is used for dehumidifying the air, the drain tray collects the condensed water.

Preferably, the method further comprises using the residual heat of the cooling fluid in the cooling system to heat the first air flow. By this way one does not need to provide any additional energy to heat the first air flow, thus saving energy normally used by the air conditioning system. Preferably in such a vari ant, the cooler is turned off, as to not reduce the amount of residual heat available. It is clear that this method can only be used for a limited amount of time if no additional energy is brought into the cooling system, since the residual heat will be used up eventually, or the temperature difference might be too low for effective heat exchange. In another preferred variant of the method, it further comprises a second air flow in a second ventilation system with a second cooling coil, wherein the second cooling coil is connected to the cooling system and the cooling fluid is also flowed through the second cooling system and the second cooling coil, wherein the cooling fluid is heated, while being flown through the second cooling coil. Thus, there is a heat input into the cool ing system, which can again be put out at the first cooling coil, reducing the amount of heat that has to be provided by the heater. Conversely, the cooling fluid is cooled at the first cooling coil, reducing the amount of power required by the cooler in order to provide cooling via the second cooling coil. Thus, there is an energy saving both in the heater and the cooler, or in one of them.

In another preferred variant of the method, it further comprises a second cooling emitter (e.g. a chilled beam), wherein the second cooling emitter is connected to the cooling system and the cooling fluid is also flowed through the second cooling emitter, wherein the cooling fluid is heated, while being flowed through the second cooling emitter. Thus, there is a heat input into the cooling system, which can again be put out at the first cooling coil, reducing the amount of heat that has to be

provided by the heater. Conversely, the cooling fluid is cooled at the first cooling coil, reducing the amount of power required by the cooler in order to provide cooling via the second cooling emitter. Thus, there is an energy saving both in the heater and the cooler, or in one of them.

Preferably, the method further comprises providing air condi tioning for a facility. Even more preferred, it comprises blow ing the first air flow from the first ventilation system, op tionally with a supply air fan, into a first area of the facil ity, the second air flow is drawn into the second ventilation system from a second area of the facility, which can be overlap ping with the first area, and the second air flow is blown from the second ventilation system into a third area of the facility, which can be overlapping with the first and/or the second area. Thus, the air conditioning system can provide cooling to some area of the facility, while it can also provide heating to some other area, which can also be overlapping with the area provided with cooling. These areas can also be changed according to where there is need for cooling and for heating.

It is preferable that the method further comprises measuring the outside temperature, the temperature of the first cooling fluid and/or the second cooling fluid and/or the ambient temperature in the first, second and/or third area of the facility. This makes it easier to determine the exact parameters under which the method can be applied. Furthermore it is preferable to con trol the flow of the first air flow, even more preferably by regulating the supply air fan and/or the air intake damper, and/or of the second air flow, the flow of the cooling fluid, even more preferably by using and regulating a valve and/or a pump in the cooling system, the flow of a heating fluid in the heating system, even more preferably by using and regulating a valve and/or a pump in the heating system, and/or the power of the cooler and/or the heater. All these measures ease reaching the right temperature of each air flow, while reducing the en ergy consumed, or make it possible to use smaller coils, a less powerful heater and/or cooler and/or a lower flow rate in the ventilation systems or the heating and/or cooling system.

Preferably, the method further comprises filtering the first air flow in the first ventilation system, even more preferably by using panel filters and/or bag filters. Thus, the air provided by the air conditioning system can have a higher quality. Fur thermore, it is preferable that the first air flow is also hu midified in the first ventilation system. Since the method of the present invention is particularly applicable when there is a low outside temperature, preferably a temperature of less than 15 degrees Celsius, even more preferably of less than 10 degrees Celsius, the most preferably of less than 7 degrees Celsius, the relative humidity of the first air flow will be reduced, when it is heated. Thus, it can provide a higher air quality and a higher comfort for people potentially affected by the air condi tioning system, if the first air flow is humidified.

In another variant of the invention, it can also comprise dehu- midifying the first air flow. Preferably, some or all of the preferred measures mentioned above for the first ventilation system are also applied to the second ventilation system.

Furthermore the invention comprises a device for conditioning air, comprising a first ventilation system with a first air flow, preferably connected with the outside, the connection even more preferably comprising an air intake damper, a first cooling coil, preferably comprising a drain tray, in the first ventila tion system, connected to a cooling system with a cooler, preferably further comprising a valve and/or a pump in the cool ing system, a heating system with a heater and a first and a second heating coil arranged in the first ventilation system, wherein even more preferably the first and the second heating coil have less rows and/or fins than the cooling coil and/or the heating system comprises a valve and/or a pump, a second ventil ation system with a second air flow and/or a second cooling emitter, within which a second cooling coil/emitter is arranged that is connected to the same cooling system as connected to the first ventilation system, wherein a control device is provided for conducting a method as described above.

Hereafter, the invention will be described more closely on the basis of a preferred embodiment depicted in the drawing Fig. 1. However, the invention shall not be considered limited to this preferred embodiment.

In particular, Fig. 1 shows an air conditioning system 1 with a first ventilation system 2, a cooling system 3 and a heating system 4. The first ventilation system 2 comprises an air intake damper 112, through which outside air 101, e.g. 2 degrees

Celsius, is drawn into the first ventilation system 2, wherein the outside air 101 has a temperature 102. The drawn in outside air 101 makes up the first air flow 5. Consequently, the first air flow 5 within the first ventilation system 2 is filtered through a panel filter 113 and a bag filter 114.

Next, the first air flow 5 passes a first heating coil 106, which can also be termed as a preheating coil, where the first air flow 5 is heated from the outside air temperature 102, e.g.

2 degrees Celsius, to a higher temperature, e.g. 5 degrees

Celsius. If the outside air temperature 102 is below freezing temperature, in particular below freezing temperature of a cool ing fluid 6, then the temperature of the first air flow 5 should at least be elevated above the freezing temperature by the first heating coil 106.

Thereupon, the first air flow 5 passes the first cooling coil

107. The temperature of the first air flow 5 immediately before the first cooling coil 107 is lower than the temperature of the cooling fluid 6 flowing through the first cooling coil 107. Thus the first air flow 5 is heated upon passing the first cooling coil 107, while the cooling fluid 6 is cooled. The elevated tem perature of the first air flow 5 after passing the cooling coil can for instance be 13 degrees of Celsius. Meanwhile, the tem perature of the cooling fluid 6 immediately before flowing through the first cooling coil 107 can be 16 degrees Celsius, which corresponds to an elevated temperature, as normally pos sible for seasonally cooler periods of the year. After passing the cooling coil 107, the temperature of the cooling fluid can for example be 14 degrees Celsius. Thus, the cooling fluid 6 has received "free" cooling, while the first air flow 5 has received "free" heating, where "free" means that no additional energy has been consumed in a heater or a cooler.

Ensuingly, the first air flow 5 passes the second heating coil

108, wherein the temperature of the first air flow 5 is further elevated to a final temperature 111, which can e.g. be 18 de grees Celsius. The second heating coil 108 can also be termed a reheat coil, since under conditions to which this invention may not be applicable, it might be used for reheating the first air flow 5, after it had been cooled and thus dehumidified in the first cooling coil 107. Next the first air flow 5 passes a hu midifier 115, which can provide extra humidification in case this is required.

Lastly, the first air flow 5 is blown into a first area 103 of a facility at a final temperature 111 by a supply air fan 105. The first cooling coil 107 is connected to the cooling system 3 containing the cooling fluid 6. The cooling system further com prises a pump 119, cooling control valve 121 and a cooler 109. The cooling system can further comprise a second cooling coil, connected to a second ventilation system (not depicted in Fig.

1) and/or second cooling emitter 123 (e.g. a chilled beam or fan coil) . Depending on the conditions of the second ventilation system, the cooler 109 can be running in a full power mode, a reduced power mode or be switched off.

The first and the second heating coil are connected to the heat ing system 4, which further comprises a heater 110, pre-heating control valve 120, re-heat control valve 122 and pump 118. Exem plary, by use of the method of the current invention, the heat ing system 4 only has to heat the first air flow 5 from 2 to 5 degrees of Celsius and from 13 to 18 degrees of Celsius, while without the use of the method of the present invention it would have to heat the first air flow 5 from 2 to 18 degrees of

Celsius .

A control device 7 is provided for controlling some or all of the HVAC system components. By means of the control device 7 es pecially cooling system pump 119 is activated in case the tem perature of the first air flow 5 immediately before the first cooling coil 107 is lower than the temperature of the cooling fluid 6 flowing through the first cooling coil 107.

The two charts below the schematic depiction of the air condi tioning system are a temperature chart for the first air flow 5 on the top and a temperature chart for the cooling fluid 6 on the bottom. The double pointed arrow in the first air flow tem perature chart illustrates an example of the heating energy that can be saved by implementing the present invention. The double pointed arrow in the cooling fluid temperature chart depicts an example of the cooling that is achievable without additional en ergy expediture from the cooler 109 by implementing the present invention. The values in the temperature chart follow the exem plary values mentioned above.

The preferred embodiment depicted in the figure and described herein shall only serve to explain the invention and shall in no way limit the invention to this embodiment.