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Title:
METHOD AND COOLER FOR COOLING HOT PARTICULATE MATERIAL
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2009/156228
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A description is provided of a cooler (1) for cooling hot particulate material which has been subjected to heat treatment in an industrial kiln such as a rotary kiln (3) for manufacturing cement clinker, said cooler (1) comprising a grate (21) for receiving and supporting hot material from the kiln, at least one cooling gas duct (28) which is connected to slots (20) in the grate (21) for introducing cooling gases into the hot material and a compressed air system (25, 26) for injecting compressed air into the material on the grate (21). The cooler is characterized in that it comprises flow restricting means (31) which are provided in the cooling gas duct (28). It is hereby obtained, without using mechanically movable components that only a very limited amount of the compressed air which is injected into the material on the grate is allowed to pass through the cooling gas duct. This is due to the fact that the flow restricting means, as a consequence of the pressure conditions prevailing immediately under the grate when compressed air is injected will operate as a non- return valve which will substantially prevent compressed air from passing down through the cooling gas duct.

Inventors:
CEDERGAARD NIELS OLE (DK)
OERN EINARSSON AGUST (DK)
DRIVSHOLM MORTEN (DK)
JESSEN EJNAR (DK)
Application Number:
EP2009/055888
Publication Date:
December 30, 2009
Filing Date:
May 15, 2009
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
SMIDTH AS F L (DK)
CEDERGAARD NIELS OLE (DK)
OERN EINARSSON AGUST (DK)
DRIVSHOLM MORTEN (DK)
JESSEN EJNAR (DK)
International Classes:
F27D15/02; C04B7/47; F27B7/38
Domestic Patent References:
WO2006005997A12006-01-19
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
HYNELL PATENTTJÄNST AB (Uddeholm, SE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Patent claims

1. A cooler (1 ) for cooling hot particulate material which has been subjected to heat treatment in an industrial kiln such as a rotary kiln (3) for manufacturing cement clinker, said cooler (1 ) comprises a grate (21 ) for receiving and supporting hot material from the kiln, at least one cooling gas duct (28) which is connected to slots (20) in the grate (21 ) for introducing cooling gases into the hot material and a compressed air system (25, 26) for injecting compressed air into the material on the grate (21 ), characterized in that it comprises flow restricting means (31 ) which is provided in the cooling gas duct (28).

2. A cooler according to claim 1 , characterized in that the flow restricting means (31 ) comprises plates, discs or other similar elements.

3. A cooler according to claim 1 , characterized in that the flow restricting means (31 ) is fitted in the cooling gas duct (28) either transversely or angled thereto.

4. A cooler according to claim 1 , characterized in that the flow restricting means (31 ) is centrally fitted in the cooling gas duct (28) and/or fixed to the wall of the cooling gas duct (28).

5. A cooler according to claim 1 , characterized in that the flow restricting means (31 ) is constituted by several elements which are offset in the longitudinal direction of the cooling gas duct (28).

6. A cooler according to claim 1 , characterized in that the flow restricting means (31 ) are stationary.

7. A cooler according to claim 6, characterized in that the flow restricting means (31 ) comprises a movable part (32).

8. A cooler according to claim 7, characterized in that the movable part (32) is completely or partially manufactured from an elastic material or in that it comprises spring-loaded parts.

9. A cooler according to claim 1 , being characterized in that the compressed air is injected via the grate either through a separate duct (26) or through the cooling gas duct (28).

10. A cooler according to claim 9, being characterized in that the compressed air is injected into the cooling gas duct (28) with a velocity component which is parallel to the centreline of the cooling gas duct (28) and pointing in the direction of the grate (21 ).

Description:

METHOD AND COOLER FOR COOLING HOT PARTICULATE MATERIAL

The present invention relates to a cooler for cooling hot particulate material which has been subjected to heat treatment in an industrial kiln, such as a rotary kiln for manufacturing cement clinker, said cooler comprising a grate for receiving and supporting hot material from the kiln, at least one cooling gas duct which is connected to slots in the grate for introducing cooling gases into the hot material and a compressed air system for injecting compressed air into the material on the grate.

A cooler of the aforementioned kind is known from EP 1 774 236 where compressed air from a separate system can be intermittently injected into the material on the grate with a view to removing any agglomerates and so-called snowmen formations which have been formed by clogging of clinker material, and causing decreased efficiency of the cooler and where the duct for cooling gases through the use of an appropriate valve arrangement in the form of for example a tilting damper is blanked off when compressed air is injected. The disadvantage of this known cooler is that the valve arrangement is a mechanically movable component which may wear out relatively quickly when exposed to compressed air in expansion, consequently giving rise to operational problems.

It is the object of the present invention to provide a cooler for cooling hot particulate material whereby the aforementioned disadvantage is eliminated.

This is achieved by a cooler of the kind mentioned in the introduction and being characterized in that it comprises flow restricting means provided in the cooling gas duct.

It is hereby obtained, without using mechanically movable components that only a very limited amount of the compressed air which is injected into the material on the grate is allowed to pass through the cooling gas duct. This is due to the fact that the flow restricting means, as a consequence of the pressure conditions prevailing immediately under the grate when compressed air is injected will operate as a non-

return valve which will substantially prevent compressed air from passing down through the cooling gas duct.

The flow restricting means may in principle be configured and arranged in any appropriate manner. The means may thus comprise plates, discs or other similar elements which may be fitted in the cooling gas duct, either transversely or angled in relation thereto. The means may for example be centrally fitted in the cooling gas duct and/or fixed to the wall of the cooling gas duct, and they may consist of several elements which are offset in the longitudinal direction of the cooling gas duct.

The means are substantially stationary but may be at least partially movable for example as a result of being manufactured completely or partially from an elastic material or in that they may possibly comprise spring-loaded parts thereby enabling the movable part(s) of the means to follow the gas flow in the cooling gas duct, causing the flow area in the cooling gas duct to be reduced and increased, respectively, according to whether compressed air is injected or not injected.

The compressed air may in principle be injected into the material on the grate in any appropriate manner. However, it is preferred that the compressed air is injected via the grate either through a separate channel or through the cooling gas duct. If the compressed air is injected through the cooling gas duct, it is preferred that it is injected into the cooling gas duct with a velocity component which is parallel to the centreline of the cooling gas duct and pointing in the direction of the grate which means that the compressed air must be injected at an angle α of less than 90° relative to the centreline of the cooling gas duct. In this embodiment the compressed air is preferably injected at an angle α of 0° relative to the centreline of the cooling gas duct. In this embodiment of the invention it will also be possible through other pipelines or ducts for compressed air to be injected into the material which compressed air is simultaneously injected into the cooling gas duct so as to generate the static pressure between the cooling grate and the material bed which is necessary to ensure that snowmen formations and other major material agglomerations are lifted off the grate.

The invention will now be described in further details with reference to the drawing, being diagrammatical, and where

5 Fig. 1 shows a side view of a cooler according to the invention, and

Figs. 2, 3 and 4 show different embodiments of the cooler according to the invention.

In Fig. 1 is seen a cooler 1 which is installed in direct extension of a rotary kiln 3 for 0 manufacturing cement clinker. The cooler comprises an inlet end 4 and an outlet end

5. The cooler shown also comprises a stationary grate bottom 11 for supporting the cement clinker, a fan 12 for injecting cooling gases up through the clinker via a compartment 13 and not shown in greater detail slots in the inlet grate 11 , as well as a number of scraping elements 14 which by means of a not shown driving5 mechanism can be moved back and forth in the longitudinal direction of the cooler so that the clinker is moved from the inlet end of the cooler to its outlet end.

The cooler shown also comprises an inlet grate 21 which is located in the inlet end of the cooler 4 immediately under the outlet end of the rotary kiln for receiving the hot o cement clinker 2. The design features of the inlet grate are outside the scope of this invention, and may in principle be configured in any appropriate manner. The inlet grate 21 shown as an example is stepped and made up of a number of grate shoes 22. The inlet grate is mounted at a certain inclination relative to the horizontal plane in order to promote the movement of the clinker through the cooler. In the inlet 5 section the cooler also comprises a fan 23 for injecting cooling gas through the clinker via a compartment 24, cooling gas ducts 28 and slots 20 in the inlet grate 22, as well as a separate compressed air system comprising a compressed air tank 25 and a number of pipelines 26 for injecting compressed air into the material on the inlet grate. The pressurized tank 25 may in an alternative embodiment be constituted 0 by a fan.

According to the present invention the cooler comprises flow restricting means 31 which are provided in the cooling gas duct 28 so that it will only be possible for a very limited amount of the compressed air being injected into the material on the grate to pass down through the cooling gas duct.

Figs. 2 to 4 show three non-limiting examples of the configuration and position of the flow restricting means 31.

In the embodiment shown in Fig. 2 the flow restricting means are constituted by plates 31 which are alternately fixed to the opposing walls of the cooling gas duct 28 and fitted at an angle relative to the cooling gas duct 28 thereby forming between them a staggered flow path.

In the embodiment shown in Fig. 3 the flow restricting means are constituted by plates 31 which through the use of means not shown in greater detail are centrally fitted in the cooling gas duct 28 and displaced relative to one another in the longitudinal direction of the cooling gas duct 28.

In the embodiment shown in Fig. 4 the flow restricting means are constituted by a plate 31 which is formed with a centrally positioned hole and being fixed to the wall of the cooling gas duct 28. In the embodiment shown, the plate 31 further comprises an inner movable part 32 manufactured from an elastic material and following the gas flow in the cooling gas duct 28 so that the flow area in the cooling gas duct 28 is reduced when compressed air is injected and increased when there is no injection of compressed air. In the embodiment shown in Fig. 4, compressed air is injected through the duct 26 directly into the cooling gas duct 28 at a location after the plate 31 and the movable part 32.

Compressed air may also be injected through other pipelines or ducts, not shown, into the material on the grate while compressed air is simultaneously injected through the duct 26 so as to generate the static pressure between the cooling grate 21 and the material bed 2 required to transiently lift the material off the grate.