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Title:
METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE OPERATION AND CONDITION OF THE HOLDING BRAKE OF AN ELEVATOR AND HOLDING BRAKE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2000/020320
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention relates to a method for determining the operation and/or condition of the holding brake (1) of a traction sheave elevator and to a holding brake (1). The holding brake (1) comprises a brake body (2); a brake pad (3); a brake shoe (4) with the brake pad (3) attached to it, said brake shoe being mounted on the brake body so that it can move between a braking position (I) and a released position (II); a spring (6) arranged to apply to the brake shoe a load tending to move it to the braking position (I); and an electromagnetic actuator (7) arranged to keep the brake shoe in the released position when activated. Using a displacement sensor (8), the displacement between the braking position (I) and the releasing position (II) is measured, and the operational state and/or condition of the brake is indicated by a monitoring device (9) on the basis of the measured displacement.

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Inventors:
Hakala, Harri (Kiurunkuja 5 Hyvinkää, FIN-05860, FI)
Mustalahti, Jorma (Raivaajantie 19 Hyvinkää, FIN-05620, FI)
Pajala, Tauno (Laaksolahdentie 49 Espoo, FIN-02730, FI)
Application Number:
PCT/FI1999/000828
Publication Date:
April 13, 2000
Filing Date:
October 06, 1999
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
KONE CORPORATION (Kartanontie 1 Helsinki, FIN-00330, FI)
Hakala, Harri (Kiurunkuja 5 Hyvinkää, FIN-05860, FI)
Mustalahti, Jorma (Raivaajantie 19 Hyvinkää, FIN-05620, FI)
Pajala, Tauno (Laaksolahdentie 49 Espoo, FIN-02730, FI)
International Classes:
F16D49/00; F16D59/02; F16D65/14; F16D66/00; F16D66/02; (IPC1-7): B66B11/08; F16D66/02
Foreign References:
DE19548520A11997-06-26
DE1630569A11971-05-27
DE4137737C11993-04-15
EP0671356A11995-09-13
US3887040A1975-06-03
US4136634A1979-01-30
Other References:
PATENT ABSTRACTS OF JAPAN vol. 013, no. 183 (M - 820) 28 April 1989 (1989-04-28)
PATENT ABSTRACTS OF JAPAN vol. 016, no. 016 (M - 1200) 16 January 1992 (1992-01-16)
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
KONE CORPORATION (Patent Dept. P.O. Box 677 Hyvinkää, FIN-05801, FI)
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Claims:
CLAIMS
1. Method for determining the operation and/or condi tion of the holding brake (1) of a traction sheave elevator, said holding brake comprising a brake body (2); a brake pad (3); a brake shoe (4), to which the brake pad (3) is attached, said brake shoe being mounted on the brake body so that it can move between a braking position (I), in which the brake pad is in braking contact with a rotating element connected to the power unit of the elevator, and a released posi tion (II), in which the brake pad is clear of contact with the rotating element; a spring (6) arranged to apply to the brake shoe a load tending to move it to the braking position (I); and an electromagnetic ac tuator (7) arranged to keep the brake shoe in the re leased position when activated, characterized in that the displacement of the brake shoe (4) between the braking position (I) and the releasing position (II) is measured and, based on the measured displacement, the operational state and/or condition of the brake is indicated.
2. Method as defined in claim 1, characterized in that, based on the measured displacement, the degree of wear of the brake pad (3) is measured.
3. Method as defined in claim 1 or 2, characterized in that an alarm is issued and/or the use of the elevator is prevented if the measured displacement exceeds a predetermined limit or if the displacement is insuffi cient.
4. Method as defined in any one of the claims 13, characterized in that an alarm is issued and the in formation is transmitted over a communication network to a center.
5. Holding brake (1) for a traction sheave elevator, comprising a brake body (2); a brake pad (3); a brake shoe (4), to which the brake pad (3) is attached, said brake shoe being mounted on the brake body so that it can move between a braking position (I), in which the brake pad is in braking contact with a rotating ele ment connected to the power unit of the elevator, and a released position (II), in which the brake pad is clear of contact with the rotating element; a spring (6) arranged to apply to the brake shoe a load tending to move it to the braking position (I); and an elec tromagnetic actuator (7) arranged to keep the brake shoe in the released position (II) when activated, characterized in that the holding brake comprises a displacement sensor (8) arranged to measure the dis placement between the braking position (I) and the re leasing position (II), and a monitoring device (9) ar ranged to indicate the operational state and/or condi tion of the brake on the basis of the measured dis placement.
6. Brake as defined in claim 5, characterized in that the monitoring device (9) has been arranged to deter mine the degree of wear of the brake pad (3) on the basis of measured displacement.
7. Brake as defined in claim 5 or 6, characterized in that the monitoring device (9) has been arranged to issue an alarm and/or prevent the use of the elevator if the measured displacement exceeds a predetermined limit or if the displacement is insufficient.
8. Brake as defined in any one of claims 57, char acterized in that the monitoring device (9) has been arranged to issue an alarm, transmit the information via a communication network to a center and/or to pre vent the use of the elevator.
9. Brake as defined in any one of claims 58, char acterized in that the displacement sensor (8) is a displacement sensor working without contact.
10. Brake as defined in any one of claims 59, char acterized in that the displacement sensor (8) is an inductive displacement sensor.
11. Brake as defined in any one of claims 510, characterized in that the displacement sensor (8) is a capacitive displacement sensor.
12. Brake as defined in any one of claims 511, characterized in that the displacement sensor (8) is an optic displacement sensor.
Description:
METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE OPERATION AND CONDITION OF THE HOLDING BRAKE OF AN ELEVATOR AND HOLDING BRAKE The present invention relates to a mentioned as de- fined in the preamble of claim 1. Furthermore, the in- vention relates to a holding brake as defined in the preamble of claim 5.

In prior-art, a procedure for monitoring the condition of the holding brake of an elevator is known in which the condition of the brake pads is checked visually in conjunction with periodic servicing and the required service operations are carried out. A problem here is that, without a special service inspection, it is not possible to observe the operational state and condi- tion of the holding brake, e. g. the degree of wear of the brake pads, during the use of the elevator to an- ticipate the need for servicing. From specification JP 10045357, a holding brake is known in which a sensor is embedded in the brake pad. Based on a signal given by the sensor, an alarm is activated when the degree of wear of the brake pad has reached a predetermined limit. A problem with this prior-art brake is that the sensor does not provide any information about the op- erational state of the brake, and no information is obtained about the degree of wear of the brake pad un- til the predetermined limit is reached.

The object of the invention is to eliminate the draw- backs referred to above.

A specific object of the invention is to disclose a method for determining the condition and/or operation of the holding brake of an elevator and a holding brake which allow continuous monitoring and collection of information about the development of the degree of wear of the brake to make it possible to anticipate

the actual need for servicing and avoid unnecessary service inspections. A further object of the invention is to disclose a method and a holding brake in which both the degree of wear of the brake pad and the op- erational state of the brake can be monitored. An ad- ditional object is to disclose a method that allows remote monitoring, obviating the need for monitoring performed on the spot.

The method of the invention is characterized by what is presented in claim 1. The holding brake of the in- vention is characterized by what is presented in claim 5.

The holding brake of the invention comprises a brake body; a brake pad; a brake shoe to which the brake pad is attached, said brake shoe being mounted on the brake body so that it can move between a braking posi- tion, in which the brake pad is in braking contact with a rotating element connected to the power unit of the elevator, and a released position, in which the brake pad is clear of contact with the rotating ele- ment; a spring arranged to apply to the brake shoe a load tending to move it to the braking position; and an electromagnetic actuator arranged to keep the brake shoe in the released position when activated.

According to the invention, the holding brake com- prises a displacement sensor arranged to measure the displacement of the brake shoe between the braking po- sition and the releasing position, and a monitoring device arranged to indicate the operational state and/or condition of the brake on the basis of the measured displacement.

According to the invention, the displacement of the brake shoe between the braking position and the re-

leasing position is measured and, based on the meas- ured displacement, the operational state and/or condi- tion of the brake is indicated.

With the wear of the brake shoe, the measured dis- placement increases correspondingly, so the displace- ment value gives directly a measurement value from which the degree of wear can be deduced. By monitoring the degree of wear, the actual need for replacement of the brake pad or adjustment of the brake shoe can be established.

For a displacement corresponding to the stroke of the brake shoe, an alarm limit can be set. The same dis- placement sensor also indicates whether the brake is in the braking position or in the released position, and in the case of malfunction the use of the elevator can be prevented and an alarm can be issued. Using a displacement sensor, it is possible to measure very small displacements characteristic of a holding brake.

In an embodiment of the method, the degree of wear of the brake pad is measured on the basis of the measured displacement. In an embodiment of the holding brake, the monitoring device has been arranged to determine the degree of wear of the brake pad on the basis of the measured displacement.

In an embodiment of the method, an alarm is issued and/or the use of the elevator is prevented if the measured displacement exceeds a predetermined limit.

In an embodiment of the holding brake, the monitoring device has been arranged to issue an alarm and/or pre- vent the use of the elevator if the measured displace- ment exceeds a predetermined limit.

In an embodiment of the method, an alarm is issued and/or the use of the elevator is prevented if the displacement is insufficient. In an embodiment of the holding brake, the monitoring device has been arranged to issue and alarm and/or prevent the use of the ele- vator if the displacement is insufficient.

In an embodiment of the holding brake, the displace- ment sensor is preferably of a type working without contact. The displacement sensor may be an inductive, capacitive or optic sensor. A mechanical displacement sensor can also be used. The choice of a suitable dis- placement sensor is part of the skilled person's ex- pertise, which is why the details of displacement sen- sors and their working principles will not be de- scribed in this presentation.

In the following, the invention will be described in detail by the aid of a few of its embodiments with reference to the drawing, wherein Fig. 1 is a skeleton diagram of so-called traction sheave elevator, Fig. 2 presents the power unit of the traction sheave elevator in Fig. 1, comprising an embodiment of the holding brake of the invention, Fig. 3 presents a partially sectioned view of an em- bodiment of the holding brake of the invention in the released position, and Fig. 4 shows the holding brake in Fig. 3 in the brak- ing position.

Fig. 1 presents a skeleton diagram of a traction sheave elevator and Fig. 2 presents its power unit 10.

The traction sheave elevator comprises a power unit 10. The power unit 10 comprises a motor 11, the frame 12 of which is attached to a fixed structure 13. The motor 11 drives a brake wheel 5 fitted inside the frame 12. The power transmission means 13 are disposed between the traction sheave 20 and the elevator car 14 for moving the elevator car in the elevator shaft 15.

The brake wheel 5, which has a larger diameter than the traction sheave, is attached to the traction sheave 20 or mounted on the same shaft with it.

As shown in Fig. 2, two holding brakes 1 are attached to the motor frame, placed symmetrically on opposite sides of the brake wheel 5.

Figures 3 and 4 give a more detailed illustration of the structure and operation of the holding brake 1.

The holding brake 1 comprises a brake body 2. The brake body 2 is fixed to the motor frame (not shown in the figure). Further, the holding brake comprises a brake pad 3, attached to a brake shoe 4. The brake shoe 4 is mounted on the brake body 2 in a manner al- lowing it to move between a braking position I (see Fig. 4) and a released position II (Fig. 3).

In the braking position I in Fig. 4, the brake pad 3 is in a braking frictional contact with the circumfer- ence of the brake wheel 5. In the released position II in Fig. 3, the brake pad 3 is clear of contact with the circumference of the brake wheel 5. A set of disk springs 6 applies a load on the brake shoe 4, continu- ously tending to move it towards the braking position I. When the electromagnetic actuator 7 is in an active state, it holds the brake shoe in the released posi- tion II. When the elevator is standing still, the

spring load always keeps the holding brakes 1 in the braking position I.

The actuator 7 consists of a ring winding embedded in an ring-shaped recess in the brake body. To give a clear illustration of the operation, figures 3 and 4 exaggerate the travel of the brake shoe as compared with the actual situation, where the travel, i. e. the displacement of the brake shoe between positions I and II is less than 1 mm.

Furthermore, the holding brake comprises a displace- ment sensor 8 arranged to measure the displacement of the brake shoe 4 between the braking position I and the releasing position II. The displacement sensor 8 preferably measures the displacement without contact.

The displacement sensor 8 may be an inductive, capaci- tive or optic distance sensor. The monitoring device 9 has been arranged to indicate the operational state and/or condition of the brake on the basis of the measured displacement.

The brake body 2 is provided with a through hole 16 in which the displacement sensor 8 is mounted. The brake shoe 4 comprises a flange 17 having a planar surface 18 against the stop face 19 of the brake body 2. The displacement sensor 8 measures the distance to the planar surface 18 of the flange 17. The stop face 19 and the planar flange surface 18 disposed oppositely to each other are practically not subject to wear, so the measured displacement is only dependent on the wear of the brake pad 3, the measured displacement in- creasing with the wear of the brake pad 3. The moni- toring device 9 may be arranged to determine the de- gree of wear of the brake pad 3 on the basis of the measured displacement. In addition, the monitoring de- vice 9 issues an alarm and prevents the use of the

elevator if the measured displacement, i. e. wear of the brake pad exceeds a predetermined limit. Further, the monitoring device 9 may issue an alarm and prevent the use of the elevator if the displacement is insuf- ficient. Such a situation may arise if the electromag- netic actuator 7 does not work, failing to pull the brake shoe 5 to the released position II, in which case the brake could be damaged if the elevator were to be moved. The monitoring device 9 may issue an alarm e. g. via any communication network, e. g. to any center, where the fault is registered and, if appro- priate, causes a service visit to the place in ques- tion. In this context, communication networks, in ad- dition to normal telephone and data networks, also re- fers to wireless networks, so the modern GSM technol- ogy can well be applied in issuing an alarm like this.

The center in this system may be the client's or ele- vator company's normal maintenance center, a guarding agency or a public or private alarm center.

The invention is not restricted to the examples of its embodiments described above, but many variations are possible within the scope of the inventive idea de- fined in the claims.