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Title:
METHOD AND DEVICE FOR REMOVING A CROWN CAP AND FOR EXPELLING SEDIMENTS FROM A BOTTLE OF WINE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2004/096970
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A device (1) includes an oscillating head (2) aimed at receiving and locking a capped bottle (4) of wine. At beginning, the bottle (4) has the neck (4a) turned downward, at about 45°, and during rotation of the head (2) for setting the bottle (4) top-up, a working member (6) moves an uncapping tool (7) to remove the crown cap (5) closing the bottle, when the bottle is situated beyond the horizontal position. Dregs are expelled spontaneously due to inner pressure in the bottle. The working member (6) has a closing element (8) for closing again the bottle while being oriented with the neck turned upwards at about 45°. A replenishment nozzle (80) of the device (1) can make for the level in the bottle (4) with wine and/or a suitable sugary solution.

Inventors:
BALUGANI ROBERTO (IT)
BONI ALBERTO (IT)
SIMONINI GIAMPIERO (IT)
Application Number:
PCT/IB2004/001291
Publication Date:
November 11, 2004
Filing Date:
April 29, 2004
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
BALUGANI ROBERTO (IT)
BONI ALBERTO (IT)
SIMONINI GIAMPIERO (IT)
International Classes:
C12G1/08; C12L11/00; (IPC1-7): C12G1/08; C12L11/00
Foreign References:
EP0653486A11995-05-17
FR2630425A11989-10-27
US3651751A1972-03-28
DE3516125A11986-11-06
US3718007A1973-02-27
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Dall'olio, Giancarlo (Vie delle Armi 1, Bologna, IT)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS
1. A device for removing the crown cap and expelling the dregs from a bottle of wine having a mouth closed with a crown cap, the device including: a head (2) swinging about a horizontal axis (X); at least one site (P) defined in said head for receiving therein a neck (4a) of said bottle of wine (4), closed with a crown cap (5), means (3) situated at said site for locking the neck of said bottle; means for making said head (2) swing between two end positions (IC, FC), namely a startofcycle position, in which the bottle (4) has said neck (4a) turned downward, and an endofcycle position, in which said bottle (4) has said neck (4a) turned upward; a working member (6) situated at said site (P) and including an uncapping tool (7) and a closing element (8); driving means (60), connected to the working member (6) for operating said working member, in phase relation with the swing motion of the head (2) and of the bottle housed therein, to perform: a first displacement (S1), directed crosswise to said neck (4a) of said bottle (4) so that said uncapping tool (7) is moved to engage some teeth of said crown cap (5) without touching said bottle; a second displacement (S2) almost perpendicular tothe first displacement and directed outwards from the bottle (4), beyond the end of said mouth (4b) of the bottle, so that said uncapping tool (7) removes the crown cap (5); a third displacement (S3), parallel to and in the same direction as the first displacement, for moving said uncapping tool (7) away from said mouth (4a) of the bottle (4) and for positioning said closing element (8) in axis with the mouth (4b); a fourth displacement (S4), parallel to and directed in opposite direction as the second displacement, for bringing said closing element (8) to touch said mouth (4b), after a selected time sufficient for spontaneous expulsion of the dregs collected and situated in the area of the neck (4a) of the bottle (4); additional means (70), active during introduction of the bottle (4) into the site (P) for defining the endstop for said crown cap (5), and for maintaining said working member (6) in a position, in which it does not interfere with said crown cap (5); sensor means (17), connected to said additional means (70) for detecting presence of said crown cap (5); replenishment means (80), connected to said closing element (8), for introducing into said bottle (4) a selected quantity of liquid when said bottle (4) is closed by said closing element (8); control and command means for receiving the signal sent by said sensor means (17) to deactivate said additional means (70) and to start operation of said device (1).
2. A device, as claimed in claim 1, wherein said horizontal axis (X), of said head (2) and a longitudinal axis of the bottle (4) mutually intersect each other.
3. A device, as claimed in claim 1, including slotlike means (10) made in said head (2) for adjusting the position of said horizontal axis (X) along extension of the bottle (4) axis.
4. A device, as claimed in claim 3, wherein said horizontal axis (X) crosses said bottle (4) in an almost median position.
5. A device, as claimed in claim 3, wherein said horizontal axis (X) crosses said bottle (4) in the area of said neck (4a).,.
6. A device, as claimed in claim 3, wherein said horizontal axis (X) crosses said bottle (4) in the area of the bottom (4c) of said bottle (4).
7. A device, as claimed in claim 1, wherein the angular amplitude of said oscillation of the head (2), from said startofcycle position (IC) to the one of the working cycle end (FC), is of about 90°, symmetrically centered with respect to the horizontal.
8. A device, as claimed in claim 1, wherein said closing element (8) is a blade.
9. A device, as claimed in claim 1, wherein said closing element 8 is a disk made of synthetic, slightly elastic material.
10. A device, as claimed in claim 1, wherein said driving means (60) include: two shoulders (61), arranged one beside the other; opposite guides (62) respectively made in said shoulders and engaged by said working member (6) slidingly; a single action jack (600) having a stem connected to said working member (6) for driving the working member to perform said third displacement (S3); first elastic means (16), interposed between said working member (6) and the stem for defining a sliding constraint, and for determining said first displacement (S1) of the working member (6); two quadrants (65, 66), first and second respectively, pivoted to the structure (20) of the head (2) and interconnected by a stay (67), said quadrants being also hinged to corresponding arms (63,64) formed by said shoulders (61); a double action jack (660) having a stem connected to said second quadrant (66) for driving said quadrants (65,66) into rotation and synchronously, first in a first direction, for determining said second displacement (S2) of the working member (6), and then in a second, opposite direction, to determine said fourth displacement (S4); second elastic means (68), interposed between said second quadrant (66) and said double action jack stem, for defining a sliding constraint for said second quadrant while moving in said second, return direction when said quadrants (65,66), shoulders (61) and working member (6) stop due to said mouth (4b) of said bottle (4) having got in contact with said closing element (8).
11. A device, as claimed in claim 1, wherein said additional means (70) include a plate (71), situated on the same sliding plane as said working member (6), on the opposite part with respect to said working member with reference to a plane of symmetry of said site (P), with said plate (71) being operated by a relative actuator (700) to move between two positions, a working position (H) and a rest position (K) respectively, with said plate (71) in said working position acting as an endstop for the crown cap (5) joined to the bottle (4) introduced into the site (P) and pushing and maintaining said working member (6) in a position not to interfere with the cap (5).
12. A device, as claimed in claim 1, wherein said replenishment means (80) include at least one nozzle, leading to inside said bottle (4).
13. A method for removing a crown cap and for expelling dregs from a bottle of wine, including: placing a bottle (4) with a bottle neck, a mouth (4b) and a crown cap (5) in a site (P) of a head (2) swinging about a horizontal axis (X); swinging said head (2) from a startofcycle position (IC), in which the bottle (4) has said bottle neck (4a) turned downward, to a endofcycle position (FC), in which the same bottle (4) has said bottle neck (4a) turned upward; operating driving means (60) for moving a working member (6) situated in said site (P) and including an uncapping tool (7) and a closing element (8), so that the working member (6) is positively moved, in phase relation with swinging of said head, in accordance with a series of displacements: a first displacement (S1), directed crosswise to said bottle neck (4a) of said bottle (4) for bringing said uncapping tool (7) in engagement with some teeth of said crown cap (5) closing the bottle (4), without touching the bottle; a second displacement (S2), which is almost perpendicular to said first displacement, directed outwards from the bottle (4), beyond said mouth (4b) of the bottle, so that said uncapping tool (7) removes the crown cap (5), when the beck (4a) of said bottle (4) is oriented upwards by a selected angle; a third displacement (S3), parallel to and directed in the same direction as said first displacement, for moving said uncapping tool (7) away and for positioning said closing element (8) in axis with said mouth (4b) of said bottle (4); a fourth displacement (S4), parallel to directed in the opposite direction as said second displacement and, for bringing said closing element (8) to touch said mouth (4b), after a selected time from the removal of said crown cap (5), sufficient for spontaneous expulsion of dregs collected and situated in the neck (4a).
14. A method, as claimed in claim 13, wherein, after closing said bottle (4) by said closing element (8), a dosed quantity of liquid is introduced into the bottle (4), so as to reach the selected filling level.
Description:
METHOD AND DEVICE FOR REMOVING A CROWN CAP AND FOR EXPELLING SEDIMENTS FROM A BOTTLE OF WINE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The invention relates to an equipment for wine cellars.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PRIOR ART For sparkling and/or champagne-type wines, there is known a method, according to which the wine is made to ferment in bottles. The bottles are tightly closed with crown caps and under-caps, and then they are stored with the necks downwards for a selected time, so that the sediments fall down and set in the bottles necks.

According to this method, later on each bottle is uncapped, while it is simultaneously turned top-up, so that the sediments, in technical jargon called"dregs", are expelled spontaneously due to the pressure inside the bottle, which can be reach a value over 3 bar.

The manual execution of the above operation requires a lot of skill to synchronize the uncapping with the bottle rotation, while avoiding at the same time excessive leakage of"clear"wine, if the bottle is uncapped when it is still inclined downwards too much, or avoiding the return of the dregs into the clear wine, if, on the contrary, the bottle is uncapped too late, when already turned up, The ideal moment for the uncapping is when an air bubble, which is present in the bottle and moves during the bottle rotation, is positioned between the clear wine and the dregs, thus creating a separation between the"good"

part, which must remain in the bottle, and the rejects to be expelled.

According to the method, before the bottle it is closed again with the final cork, it is replenished with some clear wine or with a suitable sugary substance, if the wine taste is to be corrected; sometimes, in order to introduce the sugary substance, it is necessary to suck a small quantity of clear wine to make available the necessary space.

The best results for the wine quality are obtained if the contact with atmosphere, after the expulsion of the dregs, is reduced to the minimum, in order to avoid the dispersion of the wine aromas and excessive loss of pressure in the bottle.

The dregs expulsion can be facilitated for the operators, who are not very experienced in the above described quick maneuver, by a known technique, according to which the bottle neck is cooled until the sediments are solidified, so that they cannot make the clear wine turbid again; however, this technique appears unsatisfactory, because it is extremely slow.

Therefore, it is quite evident that there is a potential market for a machine able to render the above described method automatic.

For this purpose a French production machine has been proposed, which includes a series of stations, arranged at regular distances, where various steps of the method are performed in a sequence.

In this machine, each bottle must be transferred from one station to another, after having been uncapped, thus it must remain open for some time, and consequently the time

during which the wine is in contact with outside, increases.

A provisional closing device, situated in the uncapping station, is operated after the cap removing device, but it causes frequent jams, with subsequent possible damages to the bottles.

It is easy to understand that the just mentioned disadvantages cause a considerable economic loss.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The object of the present invention is to propose a method and device aimed at removing a crown cap from a bottle in suitable phase relation with respect to the rotation of the bottle, ensuring at the same time the bottle integrity.

Another object of the present invention is to propose a device equipped with means for provisionally closing, the bottle, which are set in operation after the crown cap has been removed and the dregs expelled, and do not cause risks of jams or damages to the bottle.

A further object of the present invention is to propose a device built in such a way, as to allow possible topping up and/or correction of the wine in the same uncapping station and without idle times, during which the bottle remains open.

The objects of the invention are obtained, in accordance with the contents of the claims, by a device for removing the crown cap and expelling the dregs from a bottle of wine having a mouth closed with a crown cap, the device including: a head swinging about a horizontal axis;

at least one site defined in said head for receiving therein a neck of said bottle of wine, closed with a crown cap; means situated at said site for locking the neck of said bottle ; means for making said head swing between two end positions, namely a start-of-cycle position, in which the bottle has said neck turned downward, and an end-of-cycle position, in which said bottle has said neck turned upward; a working member situated at said site and including an uncapping tool and a closing element; driving means, connected to the working member for operating said working member, in phase relation with the swing motion of the head and of the bottle housed therein, to perform: - a first displacement, directed crosswise to said neck of said bottle so that said uncapping tool is moved to engage some teeth of said crown cap without touching said bottle ; - a second displacement almost perpendicular to the first displacement and directed outwards from the bottle, beyond the end of said mouth of the bottle, so that said uncapping tool removes the crown cap; - a third displacement, parallel to and in the same direction as the first displacement, for moving said uncapping tool away from said mouth of the bottle and for positioning said closing element in axis with the mouth;

- a fourth displacement, parallel to and directed in opposite direction as the second displacement, for bringing said closing element to touch said mouth, after a selected time sufficient for spontaneous expulsion of the dregs collected and situated in the area of the neck of the bottle; additional means, active during introduction of the bottle into the site for defining the end-stop for said crown cap, and for maintaining said working member in a position, in which it does not interfere with said crown cap; sensor means, connected to said additional means for detecting presence of said crown cap; replenishment means, connected to said closing element), for introducing into said bottle a selected quantity of liquid when said bottle is being closed by said closing element; control and command means for receiving the signal sent by said sensor means to deactivate said additional means and to start operation of said device.

The above mentioned device carries out a method for removing a crown cap and for expelling dregs from a bottle of wine, including: placing a bottle with a bottle neck, a mouth and a crown cap in a site of a head swinging about a horizontal axis; swinging said head from a start-of-cycle position, in which the bottle has said bottle neck turned downward, to a end-of-cycle position, in which the same bottle has said bottle neck turned upward;

operating driving means for moving a working member situated at said site and including an uncapping tool and a closing element, so that the working member is positively moved, in phase relation with swinging of said head, in accordance with a series of displacements: - a first displacement, directed crosswise to said bottle neck of said bottle for bringing said uncapping tool in engagement with some teeth of said crown cap closing the bottle, without touching the bottle; - a second displacement, which is almost perpendicular to said first displacement, directed outwards from the bottle, beyond said mouth of the bottle, so that said uncapping tool removes the crown cap, when the beck of said bottle is oriented upwards by a selected angle; - a third displacement, parallel to and directed in the same direction as said first displacement, for moving said uncapping tool away and for positioning said closing element in axis with said mouth of said bottle; - a fourth displacement, parallel to directed in the opposite direction as said second displacement and, for bringing said closing element to touch said mouth, after a selected time from the removal of said crown cap, sufficient for spontaneous expulsion of dregs collected and situated in the neck.

Preferred features of the invention are defined in the dependent claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The features of the invention will appear more clearly

from the following description of some preferred but non- exclusive embodiments, made with reference to the attached drawings, wherein: Figure 1 is a lateral view of the device as a whole; Figure 2 is a front view, enlarged with respect to Figure 1, of the device, from the side of the bottle cap; Figure 3A is a schematic view. of the device, in the same view as Figure 1, at the beginning of the cycle indicated with continuous line, and at an intermediate position, indicated with broken line; Figure 3B shows the device in the end-of-cycle configuration; Figure 4 shows two positions, the start-of-cycle position and the end-of-cycle position, with continuous and broken line, respectively, with a first adjustment of the components, which is different with respect to the one of Figures 3A, 3B; - Figure 5 shows two positions, the start-of-cycle position and the end-of-cycle position, with continuous and broken line, respectively, with a second adjustment of the components, which is different with respect to the one of Figures 3A, 3B; Figures from 6 to 11 show many moments of the device operation cycle, in the same view as Figure 1 and enlarged with respect thereto.

BEST MODES OF CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION

With reference to the above described figures, the reference numeral 1 indicates the proposed device as a whole.

The device 1 removes a crown cap 5 from a bottle 4 containing sparkling and/or champagne-type wine, which undergoes the in-bottle-fermentation method, mentioned in the introductory note, so that the sediments, localized in the area of the neck 4a, are expelled spontaneously.

The device 1 includes a head 2, which defines a site P for a bottle of wine 4; naturally, the same head 2 can have two or more sites P, to hold contemporarily more bottles.

The site P includes means 3, known in themselves, for receiving and locking the neck 4a of the bottle 4.

The means 3 include a pair of jaws, one of which, indicated with 30, is stationary and the other, indicated with 31, is moving and operated by a respective actuator 310, after the bottle 4 has been introduced manually in a way described better later on.

The head 2 is operated by motor means M, of known type and not shown, to swing about a horizontal axis X, between two extreme positions, i. e. a start-of-cycle position IC and an end-of-cycle position FC, respectively.

When in the start-of-cycle position IC, the bottle 4 has the neck 4a turned downwards, while in the end-of-cycle position FC, the bottle neck 4a is turned upwards.

In the shown non limiting examples, the head 2 performs a swinging movement of about 90°, centered symmetrically with respect to the horizontal; that is to say that, the bottle 4 is inclined downwards by about 45° at the start-

of-cycle position IC, and it is inclined upwards, again by about 45° at the end-of-cycle position FC.

The horizontal axis X is perpendicular to the axis of the bottle 4, placed in the site P; according to a preferred configuration, the two axes intersects each other.

The position of the axis X can be adjusted, along the extension of the bottle axis, by means 10, for example a slot, situated between the head 2 and the attachment to said motor means M (Figure 1), so that the axis X is in a nearly median position, or in the neck 4a area, or in the bottom 4c area.

In Figures 1,6, 7,8, 9,10, 11, the axis X is shown in median position, and the schematic Figures 3A, 3B show the end positions IC, FC of the bottle 4 and of the head 2 (continuous line) and an intermediate position (broken i line), with this configuration.

Figure 4 shows the swing motion of the head 2 and the bottle 4 with the axis X situated in the neck 4a area.

Figure 5 shows the swing motion of the head 2 and the bottle 4 with the axis X situated in the bottom 4c area.

It appears evident by comparing the above figures that the bottle 4 follows'different trajectories during the head 2 rotation; the operator decides the position of the axis X each time, after some test operations, on the basis on a series of factors, which depend on the wine type, quantity and consistence of the sediments, pressure inside the bottle, etc.

A working member 6, situated in the site P, carries, integral thereto, an uncapping tool 7 and a closing element 8, formed respectively by a blade and by a disk of synthetic material, slightly elastic.

The working, member 6 is connected to driving means 60, capable of imparting the working member 6 a positive movement, described more in detail later on, for uncapping the bottle 4 by the blade 7, and for subsequent closing of the bottle by the disk 8.

According to a preferred embodiment, the driving means 60 include two shoulders 61, arranged beside each other and having respective opposite guides 62, with which the working member 6 is slidingly engaged, so that it moves in a direction transversal. with respect to the bottle 4 axis.

The working member 6 is connected to a stem of a single action jack 600, supported by the shoulders 61, with interposition of first elastic means 16 defining a constraint sliding between the working member 6 and the stem; in particular, the working member 6 is allowed to go back elastically toward the jack 600.

The backward motion of the working member 6 is operated by additional means 70 situated in the head 2 and including a plate 71, arranged laying on the same plane in which the working member 6 slides and on the opposite side with reference to the symmetry plane of the site P.

The plate 71 is operated, by an actuator 700 carried by the structure 20 of the head 2, so as to move between two positions, namely a working position H and a rest position K, respectively.

When in the working position H, the plate 71 defines an end stop abutment for the crown cap 5 fastened to the bottle 4, when the latter is introduced in the site P, and intercepts the working member 6 pushing it to a position, in which it does not interfere with the cap 5, against the reaction of the first elastic means 16.

Sensor means 17 are connected to the plate 71 and, in the working position H, are aligned with the crown cap 5, so as to detect its presence.

Each of the shoulders 61 forms two arms 63,64, first and second respectively, extending nearly parallel to the bottle 4 axis; the two first arms 63 of the respective shoulders 61 are hinged to a common first quadrant 65, pivoted in F1 to the structure 20 of the head 2.

Likewise, the two second arms 64 are hinged to a common second quadrant 66, similarly pivoted in F2 to the structure 20 of the head 2.

The first quadrant 65 and the second quadrant 66 are mutually connected by a stay 67, which maintains them with the same orientation; the second quadrant 66 is connected to the stem of a double action jack 660, supported by the structure 20 of the head 2.

The action of the jack 660 on the second quadrant 66 sets it in rotation, which is imposed synchronously also to the first quadrant 65; consequently, the oscillation of the quadrants 65,66 determines a movement of the shoulders 61 of the working member 6 connected thereto, in a direction almost parallel to the bottle 4 axis.

The connection between the second quadrant 66 and the stem of the jack 660 is obtained with interposition of second elastic means 68, which define a sliding constraint and act as a push limiter; more precisely, when the stem goes out, a rigid connection with the quadrants 65,66 is established, while, when the stem returns inside, the quadrants 65,66 are allowed to disengage elastically from the stem, stopping their movement, as it will be explained in the following.

Replenishment means 80, not shown in detail since they are known, are connected to the closing element 8 and include at least one nozzle, leasing to the inside of the bottle 4 and aimed at introducing into the bottle 4 a selected quantity of liquid, which can be wine, or a sugary solution, suitably dosed for correcting the taste of the wine in the bottle.

Finally, the device includes control and command means, which operate the above described means in suitable phase relation, to actuate the working cycle.

Advantageously, it is possible to adjust the phase of the above means, so as to optimize the cycle according to the specific needs.

The above control and command means, not shown, can be obtained by different known techniques, using, for example mechanical and/or electromechanical or electronic elements.

Now the operation of the device 1 will be described, beginning from Figure 6, in which: - the head 2 is in the start-of-cycle position IC ; - the blocking means 3 are open; - the plate 71 is in its working position H - the bottle 4 is introduced into the site P with the neck 4a turned downwards, so that the crown cap 5 goes to push on the sensor means 17 and consequently, goes in abutment against the plate 71; - the working member 6 is held by the plate 71 in a position, in which it does not interfere with the crown cap 5, against the reaction of the first elastic means 16;

- the driving means 60 are in their rest position (see also Figure 1), with the stem of the jack 660 retracted.

The signal indicating the presence of the cap, supplied by the sensor means 17, enables first the closing of the locking means 3 and then the movement of the plate 71 to its rest position K.

At the same time, the proposed method is carried on by the working member 6.

The reaction of the first elastic means 16 causes the working member 6 make the first movement S1, crosswise to the neck 4c of the bottle 4, which brings it to strike laterally the crown cap 5, so that the uncapping tool 7 engages some teeth of the latter.

It is to be pointed out that the uncapping tool 7 protrudes from the working member 6 by a selected amount, so as not to touch the glass of the bottle 4.

At this point, the rotation of the head 2 can start, and in suitable phase relation, the stem of the. double action jack 660 can come out.

The consequent synchronized rotation of the quadrants 65, 66 causes the movement of the shoulders 61 and the second displacement S2 of the working member 6, nearly perpendicular to the first displacement S1 and outwards from the bottle 4, with the tool 7 beginning to remove the crown cap 5 (Figure 8).

The rotation of the head 2 and coming out of the stem of the jack 660 continue and, when the bottle 4 is inclined upwards by a prefixed angle with respect to the horizontal, the crown cap 5 is detached, so that the dregs, which were situated in the neck 4a area are

expelled through the mouth 4b, due to the inner pressure in the bottle 4.

Also a possibly present under-cap, held by the crown cap 5, is expelled from the bottle.

The working member 6 completes its second displacement S2 to a prefixed level over the mouth 4b (Figure 9).

By acting suitably on the control and command means, it is possible to adjust the phasing between the uncapping and the head rotation, so that the crown cap 5 is removed when the bottle 4 has the best inclination.

As it has been already said in the introductory note, the ideal moment is considered the one, when the air bubble, which during the bottle 4 rotation moves from the bottom 4c toward the mouth 4b, is situated between the clear wine and the dregs, thus creating a separation, aimed at holding the clear wing and facilitation the expulsion of the dregs.

While the head 2 continues its rotation, the single action jack 600 is operated, in order to make the working member 6 perform its third displacement S3, parallel to the first one and in the same direction, moving the uncapping tool 7 away from the mouth 4b of the bottle 4 and placing the closing element 8 in axis with the mouth 4b (Figure 10).

When the above mentioned third displacement S3 has been completed, the double action jack 660 is operated in the opposite direction, so that its stem retracts; consequently, the working member 6 is made perform its fourth displacement S4, which is parallel to the second one and in the opposite direction, and which brings the element 8 to close the mouth 4b.

During this step, the second elastic means 68 intervene, so as to free the stem movement, limiting the force, with which the closing element 8 pushes on the mouth 4b, so as not to damage the glass of the bottle (Figure 11).

At the same time, the head 2 completes its rotation and reaches its end-of-cycle position FC, in which the bottle 4 is arranged with the neck 4a turned upwards.

A short period of time occurs between the uncapping moment and the moment in which the bottle 4 is closed by the element 8; during this period of time the bottle 4 remains open, which allows not only to expel the dregs, but also to stabilize the inner pressure in the. bottle 4, without lowering it too much, unlike the prior art machine described in the introductory note.

After the bottle 4 has been closed by the element 8, it is possible, if necessary, to operate the replenishment means 80, for introducing a measured quantities of wine and/or sugary solution into the bottle.

During the replenishment, the elastic means 68, which act on the closing element 8, allow the latter to rise slightly from the mouth 4b, to vent possible overpressures, which could occur inside the bottle 4.

According to the method, the quantity of wine and/or sugary solution is dosed in such a way, that, after the introduction thereof, the bottle filling level is the one considered the best.

Therefore, in practice, the quantity of added liquid corresponds more or less to the quantity of expelled dregs, without sucking clear wine from the bottle, unlike the methods mentioned in the introductory note.

At this point, the device 1 has finished its working cycle; the blocking means 3 are opened by the control and command means, the additional means 70 are activated again, to bring the plate 71 back to its working position H and the head 2 is rotated, in order to make it return to its start-of-cycle position IC.

The bottle is removed and closed again with the final cork.

The above described device 1 allows to male the manual method of quick uncapping automatic, with the maximum assurance of the bottle integrity, working speed and the results constancy.

The provided adjustments allow to personalize the working cycle in accordance to the specific needs.

Another advantage lies in the fact that all the operations, including the possible replenishment, are performed in the same station, thus avoiding, from one side, the problems connected with the means for transferring the bottle, and from the other side, limiting the time, in which the wine is in contact with the outside.