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Title:
A METHOD OF GAS RECOVERY FROM GAS VENTS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2017/053385
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A method of vapor recovery is provided. One embodiment of the method of vapor recovery includes providing a combined gas phase and liquid phase fluid, by way of a pipe, wherein the pipe comprises a gas vent. Then removing at least a portion of the gas phase fluid with the gas vent. Then compressing the removed portion of gas phase fluid, thereby forming compressed gas stream. And finally accumulating the compressed gas stream in a storage tank downstream of the compressor.

Inventors:
PAPP ROZALIA (US)
Application Number:
US2016/052818
Publication Date:
March 30, 2017
Filing Date:
September 21, 2016
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
AIR LIQUIDE (FR)
AIR LIQUIDE IND US LP (US)
PAPP ROZALIA (US)
International Classes:
B01D19/00; F17D1/00
Foreign References:
FR1409013A1965-08-20
DE4337900A11995-05-11
US20020043289A12002-04-18
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
HAYNES, Elwood L. et al. (Suite 100Houston, Texas, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims:

1 . A method of vapor recovery, comprising;

• providing a combined gas phase and liquid phase fluid (103), by way of a pipe (101 ), wherein the pipe (101 )( comprises a gas vent (102),

• removing at least a portion of the gas phase fluid (104) with the gas vent (102),

• compressing the removed portion of gas phase fluid (104), thereby forming compressed gas stream (106);

• accumulating the compressed gas stream (106) in a storage tank (107) downstream of the compressor (105).

2. The method of vapor recovery of claim 1 , wherein the combined gas phase and liquid phase fluid (103) is a cryogenic fluid.

3. The method of vapor recovery of claim 1 , wherein the combined gas phase and liquid phase fluid (103) is selected from the group consisting of nitrogen, argon, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and combinations thereof.

4. The method of vapor recovery of any of the above claims, further comprising:

• vaporizing any liquid phase fluid that is entrained in compressed gas stream (106) in a vaporizer (108) downstream of the gas vent (102) and upstream of the compressor (105).

5. The method of vapor recovery of claim 4, wherein the vaporizer (108) heats the compressed gas stream (106) to ambient temperature.

6. The method of vapor recovery of any of the above claims, wherein the combined gas phase and liquid phase fluid (103) is at a pressure 5 psig or less.

7. The method of vapor recovery of any of the above claims, wherein compressed gas stream (106), is compressed to a pressure to a maximum pressure of 50 psig.

8. The method of vapor recovery of any of the above claims, wherein compressed gas stream (106), is compressed to a pressure of between 25 psig and 45 psig.

9. The method of vapor recovery of any of the above claims, further comprising:

• providing at least a portion of the compressed gas stream (109) to an on-site user (109) downstream of the compressor (105).

10. The method of vapor recovery of any of the above claims, further comprising:

• providing at least a portion of the compressed gas stream (109) to an on-site user (108) downstream of the storage tank (107).

Description:
A METHOD OF GAS RECOVERY FROM GAS VENTS

Cross Reference to Related Applications

The present application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application

No. 62/232,665 filed September 25, 2015 and U.S. Nonprovisional Application No. 15/170,614 filed June 1 , 2016, herein incorporated by reference in their entirety for all purposes. Background

When a cryogenic liquid flows through pipes in an industrial complex, it is common for some of the liquid to vaporize, causing a, typically undesirable, two- phase flow. This flashing may occur due to heat transfer through the pipe, or simply due to the inevitable pressure drop as the liquid travels through the piping system. It is a common practice for there to be periodic vapor removal devices, referred to as cryovents, keep-full, keep-cold, gas vents, or vapor vents. In this document, these devices will be referred to as vapor vents.

These vapor vents are mechanical venting mechanisms that have a mechanical float that allows gas to exit when the liquid level drops. If these vapor vents are properly located, and properly functioning, they will maintain a liquid fluid flow through the pipeline.

Typically, the vapor that is released from these vapor vents is simply vented to the atmosphere. In some cases, it is desirable to capture and possibly recirculate this vapor. A need exists in the industry for a means of capturing, storing, and possibly reusing the vent vapor from a vapor vent.

Summary

A method of vapor recovery is provided. One embodiment of the method of vapor recovery includes providing a combined gas phase and liquid phase fluid, by way of a pipe, wherein the pipe comprises a gas vent. Then removing at least a portion of the gas phase fluid with the gas vent. Then compressing the removed portion of gas phase fluid, thereby forming compressed gas stream. And finally accumulating the compressed gas stream in a storage tank downstream of the compressor. Brief Description of the Figures

Figure 1 is a schematic representation in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention Description of Preferred Embodiments

Illustrative embodiments of the invention are described below. While the invention is susceptible to various modifications and alternative forms, specific embodiments thereof have been shown by way of example in the drawing and are herein described in detail. It should be understood, however, that the description herein of specific embodiments is not intended to limit the invention to the particular forms disclosed, but on the contrary, the intention is to cover all modifications, equivalents, and alternatives falling within the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

It will of course be appreciated that in the development of any such actual embodiment, numerous implementation-specific decisions must be made to achieve the developer's specific goals, such as compliance with system-related and business-related constraints, which will vary from one implementation to another. Moreover, it will be appreciated that such a development effort might be complex and time-consuming, but would nevertheless be a routine undertaking for those of ordinary skill in the art having the benefit of this disclosure

The gas vent, also known as cryovents, keep-full, keep-cold, or vapor vents are well known to one of ordinary skill in the art. These gas vents, are typically designed with a small reservoir that is connected to the fluid handling pipeline. The gas vent may be situated at high points along the pipeline, or anywhere that the skilled artisan would know is an appropriate location. If only liquid is present in the pipeline at that location, the reservoir will thus contain only liquid. The gas vent will typically have a mechanical float that operates a vent valve. As vapor becomes present in the pipeline at this location, if properly designed and installed, this vapor will accumulate in the reservoir. This will cause the mechanical float to move and this will eventually open the vent valve, thereby allowing the vapor to leave the pipeline system.

Referring to Figure 1 , the sole figure in this application, a method of vapor recovery 100 is described. One embodiment of the method of vapor recovery 100 includes providing a combined gas phase and liquid phase fluid 103, by way of a pipe 101 , wherein the pipe 101 comprises a gas vent 102. Then removing at least a portion of the gas phase fluid 104 with the gas vent 102. Then compressing the removed portion of gas phase fluid 104, thereby forming compressed gas stream 106. And finally accumulating the compressed gas stream 106 in a storage tank

107 downstream of the compressor 105.

The combined gas phase and liquid phase fluid 103 may be a cryogenic fluid. The combined gas phase and liquid phase fluid 103 may be selected from the group consisting of nitrogen, argon, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and combinations thereof. The combined gas phase and liquid phase fluid 103 may be at a pressure 5 psig or less. The compressor 105 may be configured to compress the removed portion of the gas phase fluid up to 50 psig. The compressor 105 may be configured to compress the removed portion of the gas phase from between 25 psig and 45 psig.

In another embodiment, the method of vapor recovery 100 includes providing at least a portion of the compressed gas stream 109 to an on-site user 109 downstream of the compressor 105.

In another embodiment, the method of vapor recovery 100 includes providing at least a portion of the compressed gas stream 109 to an on-site user

108 downstream of the storage tank 107.