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Title:
THE METHOD OF GENERATING VOLTAGE FOR ELECTRICITY GENERATION AND THE DEVICE FOR GENERATING VOLTAGE FOR ELECTRICITY GENERATION
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2017/123105
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The developed method of generating voltage for electricity generation will allow the release of particle energy of the illuminated solid, under the influence of solar energy, and consequently - the induction of voltage in the piezoelectric crystal material. The device for generating voltage for electricity generation has at least - one made of the material of Young's modulus of not less than 100 [kN/mm2] - active element (1) placed on the moving platform (3) inside the housing (6). It is subjected to electromagnetic radiation, preferably using light from the range close to infrared radiation in the window (4) of the housing (6). After obtaining the expected length - the extended active element (1) presses the lever system (8), and through this system, it also presses piezocrystats (9), preferably all piezocrystal stacks (10). By exerting the short-term, but repeated pressure on each piezo stack, we generate voltage with the value of million volts [V] in a small device. The developed method and the device enable electricity generation, as a result of performing both safe and fully-controlled process, which nature, scale and results can be compared with the effects of energy release, which are achieved in environmentally dangerous nuclear reactors.

Inventors:
HAWRANEK, Jerzy (ul. Pańska 7/114, 00-124 Warszawa, PL)
Application Number:
PL2016/000084
Publication Date:
July 20, 2017
Filing Date:
July 28, 2016
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
SUNEL SPÓŁKA Z O.O. (ul. Pańska 7/114, 00-124 Warszawa, PL)
International Classes:
F03G7/06; H02N2/18
Domestic Patent References:
WO1991009227A11991-06-27
Foreign References:
US20090260360A12009-10-22
US4236377A1980-12-02
US20110108029A12011-05-12
Other References:
DATABASE WPI Week 198026, Derwent World Patents Index; AN 1980-45913C, XP002763647
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
KORBELA, Anna (ul. Kilińskiego 30/2, 42-202 Częstochowa, PL)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Patent claims

1. The method of generating voltage for electricity generation is characterized by the fact that active elements (1) made of the material of Young's modulus of not less than 100 [kN/mm2] are placed in the housing (6) on the moving platform, wherein each one in order is placed in the window (4) and electromagnetic radiation is directed towards it, preferably light from the close range of infrared radiation, and as a result of its extension by the expected length Δί, it presses on the lever system (8), runs it and transfers through the lever system (8) the stress of the active element (1) on piezocrystals (9), preferably on all piezocrystal stacks (10), which causes the difference in potentials, used to generate electricity, and then another active element (1) is introduced into the window (4), and this, whose longitudinal extension has already been used, is removed from the exposure zone in the window (4) and introduced into the cooling zone (11).

2. The method of generating voltage for electricity generation, according to the claim 1, is characterized by the fact that generated electricity - optionally after its suitable processing - is stored, for example, in batteries, or transferred for example, to the power grid, or used to directly supply electricity receivers.

3. The method of generating voltage for electricity generation, according to the claim 1 or 2, is characterized by the fact that using at least one sensor we can monitor the moment of obtaining the expected length Δ/ by the active element (1} and time, by which it is subjected to electromagnetic radiation.

4. The method of generating voltage for electricity generation, according to the claim 1, 2 or 3, is characterized by the fact that the platform, which is a mobile platform (3), after obtaining the expected length by the warmed active element (1), is subjected to rotation and so the next active element (1) is exposed to radiation and another one, among those placed on the circumference of the moving platform (3), the active element (1) is exposed in the window (4), preferably using the sensor assembly, including photosensors.

5. The method of generating voltage for electricity generation, according to one of the claims from 1 to 4, is characterized by the fact that the active element (1) placed in the window (4) between mirrors (5} is illuminated by light rays reflected by mirrors (5).

6. The method of generating voltage for electricity generation, according to one of the claims from 1 to 5, is characterized by the fact that using the converging mirror (7) placed on the top of the housing (6), reflecting sunlight powering optica! fibers (2) the shaded zone of the active element (1) is illuminated.

7. The method of generating voltage for electricity generation, according to one of the claims from 1 to 6, is characterized by the fact that the converging mirror (7) tilts, raises and lowers so that its surface is set at an angle as close to 90° as possible, preferably at the right angle relative to sunrays falling on its surface.

8. The method of generating voltage for electricity generation, according to one of the claims from 1 to 7, is characterized by the fact that the active element (1), whose longitudinal extension has already been used and which is removed from the irradiation zone in the window (4) and is introduced into the cooling zone (11) - is used to squeeze piezocrystal stacks (10) located in the cooling zone (11), preferably using the corresponding lever system (8).

9. The method of generating voltage for electricity generation, according to one of the claims from 1 to 8, is characterized by the fact that generated electricity powers at least one device involved in the implementation of the described method, preferably the lever system (8), the moving platform (3), or the device used to heat the active element (1).

10. The method of generating voltage for electricity generation, according to one of the claims from 1 to 9, is characterized by the fact that in the cooling zone (11), which is connected to the system of the heat pump, solar energy is transmitted from cooled active elements (1) to the heating system.

11. The device for generating voltage for electricity generation, intended for the implementation of the method specified in one of the claims from 1 to 10, is characterized by the fact that it has at least one active element (1) made of the material of Young's modulus, not less than 100 [kN/mm2] placed on the moving platform (3) inside the housing (6), which is subjected to illumination by electromagnetic radiation, preferably light from the close range of infrared radiation, in the window (4) of the housing (6), pressing - after obtaining the expected length - on the lever system (8), and by this system also pressing on piezocrystals (9), preferably all piezocrystal stacks (10).

12. The device for generating voltage for electricity generation, according to the claim 11, is characterized by the fact that it has the twelve active elements (1).

13. The device for generating vo!tage for electricity generation, according to the claim 11 or the claim 12, is characterized by the fact that the set of piezocrystal stacks (10) is composed of piezocrystal discs, and these are composed of piezocrystals (9), whose total deformation required to obtain the piezo effect is equal to the pitch of the lever system (8), caused by the extension of the active element (1).

14. The device for generating voltage for electricity generation, according to the claim 11, 12 or 13, is characterized by the fact that the number of piezocrystal discs (10) is sufficient to obtain the piezo effect as a result of the force generated by the active element (1).

15. The device for generating voltage for electricity generation, according to the claim from 11 to 14, is characterized by the fact that the moving platform (3} is the rotating or circular platform.

16. The device for generating voltage for electricity generation, according to the claim from 11 to 15, is characterized by the fact that in the upper part of the housing (6) is located the converging mirror (7) with the optical fiber introduced in the window (4) of the housing (6) and directed towards the active element (1).

17. The device for generating voltage for electricity generation, according to the claim from 11 to 16, is characterized by the fact that the active element (1) is a circular- cross-section solid, preferably a full cylinder or tube, respectively a cylinder with longitudinal cavities,

18. The device for generating voltage for electricity generation, according to the claim from 11 to 17, is characterized by the fact that the active element (1) is additionally provided with heating elements, placed directly in it, or close to it.

19. The device for generating voltage for electricity generation, according to the claim from 11 to IS, is characterized by the fact that the surface of the active element (1) is black, respectively coated with the light- or heat-absorbing substance.

20. The device for generating voltage for electricity generation, according to the claim from 11 to 19, is characterized by the fact that in the window (4) are located mirrors (5), preferably parabolic mirrors.

21. The device for generating voltage for electricity generation, according to the claim from 11 to 20, is characterized by the fact that its mirrors (5) are movable.

22. The device for generating voltage for electricity generation, according to the claim from 11 to 21, is characterized by the fact that its mirror (5) has a length at least equal to the length of the active element (1), while the width or diameter is at least two times the width of the active element (1).

23. The device for generating voltage for electricity generation, according to the claim from 11 to 22, is characterized by the fact that it has at least one focusing lens focused on the active element (1).

24. The device for generating voltage for electricity generation, according to the claim from 11 to 23, is characterized by the fact that the converging mirror (7) is directed towards the Sun and contains the mechanism directing it towards the sun.

25. The device for generating voltage for electricity generation, according to the claim from 11 to 24, is characterized by the fact that in the housing (6} outside the window (4) is separated the cooling zone (11), preferably with the lever system (8), transferring the stress of the shrinking active element (1) to piezocrystal stacks (10).

26. The device for generating voltage for electricity generation, according to the claim from 11 to 25, is characterized by the fact that the cooling zone (11) is connected to the system of the lower source of the heat pump, which transfers solar energy to the heating system.

27. The device for generating voltage for electricity generation, according to the claim from 11 to 26, is characterized by the fact that it is connected to the converter, or to the battery.

Description:
The method of generating voltage for electricity generation and the device for generating voltage for electricity generation

The invention relates to the method of generating voltage for electricity generation and the device for performing the method of generating voltage for electricity generation, which can be properly implemented and used in any location, which is at least for a part of the day exposed to direct sunlight, regardless of the intensity and length of time for which this location is exposed to the sun.

From the American description of the patent application US 4236377 (publ. US19780893047 19780403) we learned about the device called the "Heat expansion machine", which was created to work with the use of solar energy, in order to move the rotary wheel with the least waste of energy. It can also operate using electricity or nuclear energy. Here is described the gravity motor, using the phenomenon of thermal expansion and consisting of the frame, the rotating shaft supported by the frame and the drive gear connected to the said rotary wheel; wherein the driving gear wheel has many teeth around its outer circuit and numerous drive rods. The driving gear wheel has also drive rods at the one end, pivotally attached to the gear wheel around the circuit of the drive gear wheel, in order to allow the rotation of drive rods to a certain extent, limited by two teeth of the drive gear wheel. The other end of each drive rod extends radially outside it. The gear wheel has on its circuit a number of elements changing the volume. At least one of the elements changing the volume is suitably positioned between drive rods, in order to change the distance between drive rods, while one or more expanding elements are currently active in a continuous manner from one side of the engine, as a result of heating or cooling the expanding elements; the gravity motor, or more precisely its wheel becomes unbalanced between the two sides, and consequently operates continuously. The aforementioned gravity motor further comprises suitable elements for focusing the sunlight on each expanding element, while each expanding element is heated by the sunlight.

From the patent application US 20110108029 {publ. US20090616419 20091111) we also know the invention entitled the "Ballast member for reducing the active volume of a vessel", which can be placed on the vessel, in order to reduce the active volume of the vessel through which the working fluid can circulate. For example, the solar power system may contain the solar receiver through which the working fluid can be circulated, and at least one solar collector, which is designed to direct solar energy towards the solar energy receiver to heat the working fluid. The tank is continuously connected to the solar receiver, so that the working fluid can circulate through the tank. The tank has the internal chamber and at least one ballast element within the internal chamber, which reduces the active volume of the internal chamber.

The invention aims at the presentation of a method and the suitable development of a device, which will allow the release under the influence of solar energy - molecular energy of the illuminated solid, and as a result, causing voltage in the piezocrystal material.

The essence of the method of generating voltage for electricity generation consists in the fact that active elements made of the material of Young's modulus of not less than 100 [kN/mm 2 ] are placed in the housing of the mobile platform, wherein each one is determined in the window. Subsequently, electromagnetic radiation is directed towards the active element, preferably the light from the close range of infrared radiation. As a result of its extension of the expected increase in the length Δ.Ι, it pushes against the fever system, runs it and moves through the lever system the pressure of the active element to piezo crystals, preferably on all piezo-crystal stacks, which results in the potential difference, used to generate electricity. Then, another active element is introduced in the window, and the one whose longitudinal extension has already been used is removed from the irradiation zone in the window and introduced into the cooling zone.

Preferably, electricity generated - optionally after its suitable processing - is stored, for example, in batteries; is sent, for example, by providing to the power grid; or is used to directly supply the electricity receivers.

Preferably, at least one sensor monitors the moment of obtaining the expected increase in the length Δ/. by the active element and time during which it is subjected to electromagnetic radiation.

Preferably, the platform which is the movable platform, after obtaining the expected length by the heated active element, is subjected to rotation and so the next active element is exposed to radiation and the subsequent active element, among those positioned on the circumference of the movable platform, is exposed in the window, preferably using the sensor assembly, including photosensitive sensors.

Preferably, the active element placed in the window between the mirrors is illuminated by the rays of light reflected by the mirrors.

Preferably, the converging mirror placed at the top of the housing, which reflects sun rays powering fibers, illuminates the zone of shadow of the active element.

Preferably, the focusing mirror tilts and relatively raises up, so its surface is set at an angle as close to 90 degrees as possible, preferably at the right angle relative to the sunrays falling on its surface. Preferably, the active element, whose longitudinal extension has been already used and which is removed from the irradiation zone in the window and is introduced in the cooling zone - is used for crushing of piezocrystal stacks located in the cooling zone, preferably by means of the same lever assembly.

Preferably, generated electricity powers at least one device involved in the implementation of the described method; preferably the lever system, the movable platform; preferably, devices used to heat the active element.

Preferably, in the cooling zone, which is connected to the heat pump system, solar energy is transmitted from cooled active elements to the heating system.

The essence of the device for electricity generation intended for the implementation of the aforementioned method consists in the fact that at least one active element made of the material of Young's modulus of not less than 100 [kN/mm 2 ] is placed on the movable platform inside the housing, which is subjected to electromagnetic radiation, preferably light from the close range of infrared radiation in the window of the housing, the pressing - after it reaches the expected length - on the lever system, and through this system on piezo crystals, preferably all piezocrystal stacks.

Preferably, this device consists of twelve active elements.

Preferably, the set of piezo crystal stacks consists of piezocrystal discs, and these consist of piezo crystals, which summation deformation is required to obtain the piezo effect equal to the pitch of the lever system, caused by the expansion of the active element.

Preferably, the number of piezo crystal discs is sufficient to obtain the piezo effect as a result of the force generated by the active element.

Preferably, the mobile platform is the rotating or rocking platform.

Preferably, this device placed in the upper part of the housing, has the focusing speculum with the optical fiber brought out in the window of the housing, facing the active element.

Preferably, the active element is a solid with a circular cross-section, preferably, a solid cylinder or tube, or possibly a solid cylinder with longitudinal cavities.

Preferably, the active element is also equipped with heating elements, placed directly in it, or near it.

Preferably, the surface of the active element is black; preferably, it is coated with the light- and heat-absorbing substance.

Preferably, in the window of the device are arranged focusing mirrors, preferably parabolic ones.

Preferably, focusing mirrors are movable.

Preferably, the focusing mirror has a length at least equal to the length of the active element, and a width or a diameter at least twice the width of the active element. Preferably, the device has at least one focusing lens, focused on the active element.

Preferably, the converging mirror is directed towards the sun and is equipped with the mechanism directing it towards the Sun.

Preferably, in the housing, except from the window, there is a separated cooling zone, preferably with the lever system transferring the pressure of the shrinking element on the piezocrystal stacks.

Preferably, the cooling zone is connected to the system of the lower heat source of the heat pump, which transfers solar energy to the heating system.

Preferably, the device for generating voltage for electricity generation is connected to the converter, or a battery.

The correct course of the developed method and the efficient operation of the device is possible, regardless of whether sun rays fall on the active element directly, or through a layer of clouds, and regardless of the time at which the device is subjected to the action of sun rays.

By causing a short, but repeated pressure action on each piezostack, the generation of voltage of the order of million volts [V] is archieved.

Due to the fact that the extension of the solid depends only on its initial length, the linear expansion coefficient and temperature change, and it does not depend on the initial temperature - the device implementing the developed method can operate in all temperature conditions, in all climates, after its adaptation to the changes, which will cover active elements in a specific environment.

The developed device will not require special supervision, or activity, or even the presence of a human being. Therefore, it will be able to operate in conditions of difficult access; for example, it would be used to illuminate islands, shoreline or important buildings in places, where access to traditional voltage is difficult, or even impossible.

The additional opportunity to use heat received from cooled active elements in the cooling zone, and the introduction of this heat to the lower source of the heat pump - allow you to use also this part of solar energy, leading to the increase in operating parameters of the heat pump.

The implementation of the described method - leads to the generation of voltage of millions of volts [V] in a small device. Both, the developed method and the device enable the production of electricity as a result of a safe and fully-controlled process, which nature, scale and results can be compared with the effects of energy production, achieved in environmentally-dangerous nuclear reactors.

The device in question is shown in the example of development in drawings, in which Fig. 1 - presents the side view of the developed device with the mirror focusing light in its upper part, focusing and intensifying the flux in optical fibers discharged from this place; Fig. 2 - presents the cross-sectional view of the housing of the device, with the moving platform of active elements and with the visible - located between focusing mirrors - enabled active element absorbing solar radiation, while Fig. 3 - presents the longitudinal section of the housing with the one enabled active element, illustrating the principle of the lever system, exerting the pressure on the piezo stack, which pressure is exerted by the expanding active element, here in the form of the cylinder.

It is obvious that the temperature change causes the dimensional change of an item. This relationship, which was used in the developed invention, is described by the example, in which the rod with the length I and the temperature T was heated Φ© so its temperature changed by AT , which caused its extension by ΔΪ. The final length of the rod at T + A is I -h ΔΖ. Research conducted on construction materials showed that the dependence of the change in length and the change in temperature is linear, which can be written, as follows:

I + l = I + la 0 AT where: I - is the initial length of the rod, Al - is its extension, i a - is the coefficient of linear expansion, and AT - is the temperature change.

Therefore, while selecting a suitable material, which will be used to make the active element 1 in the method and the device being the subject of the invention - we can predict what change in its length will be made upon exposure to light, or directly after its heating. The identification of the material with optimum characteristics or the initial composition of the alloy with suitable characteristics must take place at the stage of the implementation of this invention and requires the performance of appropriate tests.

However, the further dependency, which existence was used in the developed invention, is a result of the laws of mechanics, describing the stress-strain relationship. It is described by the Hooke's law and the related principle ut ensio sic vis (the extension is equal to the force). Initially, the body deformation under the influence of the applied force is proportional to this force.

The above dependency allows to assume that in the cylinder with the initial height, which does not exceed 1 meter [m] and similarly, not exceeding the diameter of 0 0.5 meter [m], there which will be exposed to sunlight, will be induced internal stresses, as a result of which the cylinder will be extended, and its extension of even a slight value will release the sufficient force to exert the pressure by its lower and upper, base with the force of up to even 27 tons [t]. The developed method of electricity generation is due to the selected and substantially-vertically-arranged active element 1 - preferably one of the twelve active element 1 - being exposed to the electromagnetic radiation, preferably light. The example of development presents the process, in the course of which light is used, i.e. the visible part of electromagnetic radiation, otherwise known as visible radiation, which is received by the retina of the human eye, in the electromagnetic wavelength range, dependent on the individual sensitivity of the human eye, typically 380-780 nanometers [nm]. Nevertheless, the process will be similar if in order to obtain the extension of the active element 1, directly heat radiation in used (called thermal or temperature}, i.e. electromagnetic radiation emitted by electrically charged particles as a result of their thermal movement in the matter. Atoms and molecules in the temperature above the absolute zero have kinetic energy, the use of which can lead to unexpected results, which scale is surprisingly large. This energy is changed by interactions of atoms and molecules, which energy changes result from acceleration or dipole oscillation of charges, leading to the production of electromagnetic radiation.

The active element 1, which extends, is preferably made of steei, copper [Cu] or alloys of selected metals, preferably of other material of high coefficient of Young's modulus [E], of at least 100 [kN/mm2] - the linear elasticity module, also known as the longitudinal elasticity module (the coefficient); wherein the active element 1 may be any solid, for example, with a circular cross-section, preferably a solid cylinder or a tube, preferably a cylinder with longitudinal cavities, which will minimize sidewise extension of the active element 1. The active element 1 can be additionally equipped with heating elements, placed directly in it, or near it. The surface of the active element 1 is black, preferably coated with a light- and heat-absorbing substance, which presence enhances the effect of longitudinal stretching of the active element 1.

The even heating of the entire surface of the active element 1, also in the rear, shaded part of the illuminated space, is provided by mounting the ends of the optical fiber 2.

Active elements 1 - which preferably amount to twelve, and may be any number depending on how much energy we want to obtain and what will be the time of heating and cooling in a cycle - are arranged on the moving platform 3, which after obtaining the expected length by the warmed active element 1 - is subjected to rotation, and the next active element 1 is exposed to radiation.

On a selected active element 1 we must act as long as is necessary to achieve its extension of the assumed increase in length Δ£, which is Ι&οΔ,Τ and is the product of original length I, the linear expansion coefficient θί α of the material from which the active element 1 was made and the increase in the temperature ΔΤ".

The time necessary to achieve the expected temperature increase AT and as a result of this increase in length Al, is of course also dependent on other factors, including the intensity of radiation (e.g. solar radiation), the intensity of which directly translates into the course of the process. Therefore, the time can be determined by several methods. Preferably, the moment of obtaining the expected dimensions by the active element 1 is monitored by sensors. Basically, however, it is assumed that after obtaining enlarged dimensions, the active element 1 loses its balance and due to the ratchet mechanism and forces of gravity, it will move out of the window 4, in which it was activated, and in its place - using the ramp - another active element 1 will be automatically placed.

Light, to which action the given active element 1 is subjected - is directed directly and/or by optical fibers 2 to this from a few, possibly several active elements 1 within the organized group of corresponding active elements 1, positioned on the rotating - preferably inclined - platform 3, which is exposed periodically to light in the window 4, and which is introduced and placed between focusing mirrors 5, preferably parting and opening, and then closing the sides of the focusing mirror 5.

Preferably, the focusing mirror 5 has the length of the active element 1, and its width and preferably its diameter is at least two times greater than, its length, and it is preferably the parabolic mirror. Its tasks is to focus sunlight in a single point, while this task can also be performed by the lens, or a set of focusing lenses.

The process features the repeatability of cycles, which are closed by the so- called repeatability point. Another active element 1, awaiting among those placed on the circuit of a preferably rotating, moving platform 3, is exposed in the window 4, using any known mechanism, for example, the movement of the moving platform 3, controlled by the sensor assembly, including light sensors. As explained above, the active element 1 is activated substantially throughout its mass, as it is subjected to the action of light directly directed to this element, additionally focused by focusing mirrors 5 in the window 4, and also due to the fact that in the shadow zone it is subjected to the action of light provided herein by optical fibers 2, powered by the converging mirror 7.

The rotating, moving p!atform 3 with arranged active elements 1, is placed in the insulating housing 6, on the top of which is placed the converging mirror 7, used to focus sunlight powering optica! fibers 2, which are then introduced to the shadow zone of the active element 1.

With the action of known control sensors, or, for example, gas struts, the converging mirror 7 follows the Sun in the sense that it is automatically directed towards the Sun, while the converging mirror 7 itself raises or lowers so that its surface is set optimally, preferably at the right angle relative to sunrays falling on its surface, so it can always take the maximum radiation dose.

In this way the active element 1 warms up and obtains the expected length, while as a consequence of its extension, the lever system 8, which transfers the pressure of the active element 1 to all piezocrystals 9, and more preferably to all - essentially composed of ten piezocrystals 9 each - piezocrystal stacks 10 and optionally multiplying this effect.

In the lever system 8 is used also the principle that the lever arms (two-armed) are also the arms of respective forces (are perpendicular to them), whence it follows the formula for the so-called the law of the lever i = n which shows that the force applied to the lever is inversely proportional to the length of its arm. Thus, when setting the force ratio 8, or the ratio of the length of the lever arms 8, we must choose, the mechanical advantage or how great force resulting from the extension of the active element 1 we want to achieve, in order to affect the piezocrystal stacks 10.

Thus, the longitudinal extension of the active element 1 is translated through the lever system 3 to piezocrystals 9, preferably arranged in stacks 10, in which due to mechanical stresses, occurs the difference of potentials between the opposite walls of the crystal. The same pushing on piezo crystal stacks 10 causes a short-term potential difference, and then this voltage can be transformed into electricity.

As established, pressing with a force of 2 kilonewtons [kN] on the quartz cube with sides of 0,01 meters [m] causes the generation of voltage of 12 500 Volt [V] on its opposite sides.

The set of piezocrystal stacks 10 (piezo stacks) is developed from piezocrystal discs, selected so that the total deformation required to obtain the piezo effect, expressing the total value of the necessary deformations of various piezocrystals 9 and piezocrystal stacks 10, respectively corresponds to the translated and adopted stroke of the lever system 8, caused by the expansion of the active element 1. The number of discs is adopted to the force produced by active elements 1 and to the total compression, which they will be subjected to.

The enabled active element 1, whose longitudinal extension has already been used, after removing it from the irradiation zone in the window 4, is introduced into the cooling zone 10, where it is cooled to the initial temperature. The shrinking of the active element 1, used - similarly with the use of the same lever assembly 8 - to apply pressure on another piezocrystal stacks 10. Thus, both expansion energy and shrinking energy of various active elements 1, are used here.

The cooling zone 11 is connected to the system of the lower source of the heat pump, where it transfers solar energy to the heating system, thus increasing the performance parameters of the heat pump.

Pressing on each disc and piezocrystal stack 10 causes the generation of voltage of millions of volts [V]. Generated electricity with a high voltage - optionally after its suitable processing - is stored, for example, in batteries. Moreover, it may be for example, supplied to the power grid, or used to directly supply electricity receivers, for example, the aforementioned devices: the lever system 8 or the moving platform 3, as far as their operation requires electric power. Easily accumulated electricity, which is obtained as a result of the developed method - is used then in a small amount to heat the active element 1 in shaded places, or during non-solar period, for example at night, at the time when it is not exposed to light.

The possibility arises due to the large difference between the amount of energy needed to heat the active element 1, and the amount of energy generated by solar radiation and extension of the active element 1.

E x a m p l e o f i m p l e m e n t a t i o n ! :

On the rotating, moving platform 3 are placed ten parts made of stainless steel of active elements 1 with the height of 0.5 meters [m] and the diameter of 0 0.1 meter [m] 0 each. Initially, active elements 1 have the ambient temperature, which is 20°C.

When parting the sides of the focusing mirror 5, we introduce the one selected from active elements 1 to the window 4 and activate it here, exposing to sunlight. In addition, we focus mirrors 5 on it, and illuminate it in the shaded area, using optical fibers 2 powered by the converging mirror 7, embedded in the upper part of the housing 6, warming up the active element 1 in its whole mass. This process is carried out until the temperature of the active element 1 rises by one degree of Celsius [°C]. The time necessary for the expected heating of the active element 1 is individually dependent on the changing environmental conditions (including the degree of solar radiation), as well as the characteristics of the active element 1 {in this case the linear expansion coefficient of steel ¾), The achieved extension of the active element 1 by the expected increase in the length Δ amounting to 0.001 meter [m] is recorded by the sensor monitoringthe course of the process.

In the activated, heated and expanding cylinder of the active element 1 are induced internal stresses, as a result of which its upper and lower bases exert the pressure with the force of about 20 tons [t]. Thus, the pressure is exerted on the lever system 8, which transfers the pressure with the mechanical advantage 44:1 to piezocrystals 9, arranged in stacks 10.

Wherein, the sets of piezocrystal stacks 10 (piezo stacks) were previously complied from piezocrystal discs selected so that their total deformation corresponds to the movement of the lever enabled by the active element 1.

However, piezocrystals 9 used in this case, in order to cause the piezoelectric effect in it, which means the appearance of electric charges on their surface under the influence of mechanical stresses, require pressing, so that their surface is temporarily deformed by a few micrometers,

Thus, pressing piezocrystai stacks 10 induces a temporary potential difference, sufficient to generate electricity, because mechanical stresses cause the difference of potentials between the opposite walls of piezocrystals 9. At the critical moment, when under the stress the electric polarization is the greatest, the electric charge occurring at the edges of the crystal is collected. In turn, the described, single, short-term pressing the lever system 8 causes the production of voltage of about 2 million volts [V] in the described system.

The enabled active element 1 - which longitudinal extension has already been used - after its removal from the irradiation zone in the window 4, is introduced into the cooling zone 11, where it is coo!ed to the initial temperature.

Another, awaiting among the active elements placed on the circumference of the rotating, moving platform 3, the active element 1 is exposed in the window 4, using the ramp mechanism and the motion of the rotating, platform 3, controlled by the sensor assembly, including photosensors.

Then generated electricity of a high voltage - is stored in batteries, from where it is transmitted to the power grid.

E x a m p l e o f i m p l e m e n t a t i o n I I :

On the rotating, moving platform 3 are placed the twelve active elements 1 made of tungsten, with the height of 0.3 meter [m] and the diameter of 0 0.1 meter [m] 0 each. Initially, active elements 1 have the ambient temperatur of 15°C.

When parting the sides of the focusing mirror 5, we introduce one selected active element 1 to the window 4 and activate it. Here the active element 1 is exposed to sunlight and we focus lenses and mirrors 5 on it, and illuminate it in the shaded area, using optical fibers 2 powered by the converging mirror 7, embedded in the upper part of the housing 6, warming up the active element 1 in its whole mass after a certain period of time by 5 degrees of Celsius [°C]. The time necessary for the expected heating of the active element 1 is dependent on the changing environmental conditions (including the degree of solar radiation), as well as the characteristics of the active element 1 (including the linear expansion coefficient of steel ¾). The achieved extension of the active element 1 by the expected increase in the length ΔΙ amounting to 0.004 meter [m] causes the automatic slipping out of the active element 1 from the exposure zone, because after the enlargement, by losing the balance, it slides off the place, in which it has been enlarged, and another one is placed instead.

In the enabled, warmed active element 1 are induced internal stresses, which result in its extension, while its upper and lower bases exert pressure on the lever system 8 with a force of about 15 tons [t], which transfer the pressure in the ratio of 20:1 to piezocrystals 9, arranged in stacks 10, in which mechanical stresses cause the difference of potential between the opposite walls of the crystal.

Wherein, the sets of piezocrystal stacks 10 {piezo stacks) are constructed of piezo crystal discs, selected so that their total deformation, which is required to achieve the piezo effect, is adjusted to the necessary pressure, calculated previously and transferred by the lever system 8, caused by the expansion of the active element 1, which is 0.004 meter [m].

Thus, pressing piezocrystal stacks 10 causes a short-term difference of potentials, sufficient to generate electricity.

The described, single, short-term pressing of the lever system 8 causes the generation of voltage of approximately 4 million volts [V].

The enabled active element 1 - whose longitudinal extension has already been used - after removal from the irradiation zone in the window 4, is introduced into the cooling zone 11, where it is cooled to the initial temperature. However, the shrinking of the active element 1 here is used - similarly using the gear and the corresponding lever system 8 - for pressing on piezocrystal stacks 10. Thus, both the extension energy and shrinking energy of various active elements 1 are used.

The cooling zone 11 is connected to the system of the lower source of the heat pump, in which solar energy is transferred to the heating system, increasing the operating parameters of the heat pump.

Another active element 1, awaiting among those placed on the circumference of the rotating, moving platform 3 is exposed in the window 4, using any known mechanism and the movement of the rotating, moving platform 3 controlled by the sensor assembly, including photosensors.

In turn, generated electricity of a high voltage - after its appropriate processing - is stored in batteries, from where it is used for the direct supply of electricity receivers: the lever system 8 and the moving platform 3, and is partly transferred to the power grid.

The list of elements:

1. active element,

2. optical fiber,

3. moving platform,

4. window,

5. mirror,

6. housing,

7. converging mirror,

8. lever system,

9. piezocrystal,

10. piezocrystal stack,

11. cooling zone.