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Title:
METHOD AND INSTALLATION FOR HANDLING MEDICAL WASTE COLLECTED IN A RECEPTACLE FOR MEDICAL WASTE, CATHERTER BAG FOR USE IN SUCH AN INSTALLATION AND MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/033664
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention relates to a method and installation for handling medical waste, bio-waste, or other corresponding contaminated waste, which is collected in a receptacle for medical waste. For an isolated treatment of the waste, the method employs a vacuum waste system (V), whereby medical waste is collected in the receptacle for medical waste, medical waste is discharged from the receptacle for medical waste into a waste fixture connected to a vacuum waste piping (13) of the vacuum waste system (V). The discharge sequence of the vacuum waste system is activated by an activating means for discharge of the medical waste from the waste fixture or the vacuum waste piping (13) of the vacuum waste system (V) to a waste collecting unit (20) of the vacuum waste system.

Inventors:
OLTZ, James (Inc.1445 Huntwood D, Cherry Valley Illinois, 61016, US)
BOWERS, Cody (Inc.1445 Huntwood D, Cherry Valley Illinois, 61016, US)
HAWKINS, Chris (Inc.1445 Huntwood D, Cherry Valley Illinois, 61016, US)
EHRLICH, James (Inc.1445 Huntwood D, Cherry Valley Illinois, 61016, US)
Application Number:
FI2017/050578
Publication Date:
February 22, 2018
Filing Date:
August 17, 2017
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
EVAC OY (Sinimäentie 14, ESPOO, 02630, FI)
International Classes:
B09B3/00; A61B10/00; A61L11/00; A61L29/00; A61M1/00
Foreign References:
EP2133313A22009-12-16
US5217038A1993-06-08
US5885240A1999-03-23
US7780640B12010-08-24
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
BERGGREN OY (P.O. Box 16, HELSINKI, 00101, FI)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Method for handling medical waste, bio-waste, or other corresponding contaminated waste, which is collected in a receptacle for medical waste, characterized in that the method employs a vacuum waste system, in which method medical waste is collected in the receptacle for medical waste, medical waste is discharged from the receptacle for medical waste into a waste fixture connected to a vacuum waste piping of the vacuum waste system, and in which method a discharge sequence of the vacuum waste system is activated by an activating means for discharge of the medical waste from the waste fixture or the vacuum waste piping of the vacuum waste system to a waste collecting unit of the vacuum waste system.

A method according to claim 1 , wherein the receptacle for medical waste is a bed pan, in which method the bed pan is emptied into the waste fixture, after which the discharge sequence is activated in order to discharge the medical waste from the waste fixture.

A method according to claim 2, wherein the waste fixture is a sink, wash basin, urinal, toilet or other corresponding unit.

A method according to claim 1 , wherein the receptacle for medical waste is a catheter bag, in which method the catheter bag is connected to the waste fixture by means of at least one valve, and in which method the at least one valve is opened in order to provide a flow connection from the catheter bag to the waste fixture.

A method according to claim 4, wherein the catheter bag is provided with a first valve and a conduit connected to the first valve.

A method according to claim 4 or 5, wherein the waste fixture is a vacuum pipe section, which is connected to the vacuum waste piping, and wherein the waste fixture is provided with a second valve.

An installation, which includes a receptacle for medical waste, for handling medical waste, bio-waste, or other corresponding contaminated waste, which is collected in the receptacle for medical waste, characterized in that the installation comprises a vacuum waste system (V), a waste fixture for receiving waste from the receptacle for medical waste, which waste fixture is connected to a vacuum waste piping (13) of the vacuum waste system (V), and an activating means for activating a discharge sequence of the vacuum waste system (V).

8. An installation for handling medical waste according to claim 7, wherein the receptacle for medical waste is a catheter bag (1 ), and wherein the waste fixture is a vacuum pipe section (15) connected to the vacuum waste piping (13).

9. An installation according to claim 7 or 8, wherein the catheter bag (1 ) is provided with at least one valve, and wherein the at least one valve is arranged to be connected to the vacuum pipe section (15).

10. An installation according to any one of claims 7-9, wherein the catheter bag (1 ) is provided with a first valve (3) and a conduit (2) connected to the first valve.

1 1 . An installation according to any one of claims 7-10, wherein a second valve (4) is arranged to be connected to the conduit (2) and to the vacuum pipe section (15).

12. An installation according to any one of claims 7-1 1 , wherein main compo- nents of the installation are medical rated, approved for use in medical facilities, and/or vacuum rated.

13. A catheter bag for use in an installation according to any one of claims 7- 12, said catheter bag comprising:

- a collection cavity for collecting and storing waste,

- a collection means for collecting waste from a user, said collection means connected to the collection cavity, and

- at least one valve in connection with the collection cavity, said valve capable of being connected to a vacuum pipe section of a vacuum waste system for emptying any contents of the collection cavity with- out said contents being exposed to the environment surrounding the catheter bag.

14. A medical waste management system comprising:

- a vacuum waste disposal system having at least one waste collecting unit for waste, piping connecting the at least one waste collecting unit to at least one collection installation and a vacuum waste system for causing waste to be transported through the piping from the collection installation to the waste collecting unit in vacuum conditions, and

- the at least one collection installation having one or more waste fixtures selected from a urinal-type collector, a bin-type collector, or a conduit collector capable of being connected to a valve of a receptacle for medical waste in the form e.g. of a collection bag or collection device. A medical waste management system according to claim 14, wherein the medical waste management system is arranged such that waste collected from an organism is capable of being kept separate from the surrounding environment between collection in a receptacle for medical waste and disposal in the at least one collection unit.

Description:
METHOD AND INSTALLATION FOR HANDLING MEDICAL WASTE COLLECTED IN A RECEPTACLE FOR MEDICAL WASTE, CATHERTER BAG FOR USE IN SUCH AN

INSTALLATION AND MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

Technical field

The present invention relates to a method for handling medical waste or bio-waste, or other corresponding contaminated waste, which is collected in a receptacle for medical waste according to the preamble of claim 1 . The present invention also relates to an installation according to claim 7.

The method and installation can be employed in a hospital, medical center, or other corresponding institutions. The medical waste can originate from humans and animals.

Background art

Particularly in hospitals and medical institutions, medical human waste or bio- waste may be collected in medical waste containers, e.g. bed pans, catheter bags, fluid canisters, etc.. Such waste may contain contaminants, particularly by e.g. vi- rus' or bacteria. Also, in connection with cancer treatment, such waste may be contaminated by radiation.

When the waste has been collected in such medical water containers, medical staff disposes of the waste by emptying the medical waste containers into a waste fixture, e.g. a sink, wash basin, toilet or urinal. Consequently, there is a great risk that the waste is exposed to the atmosphere or splatters on and around undesired locations, including the medical staff, which handles the medical waste containers. This may give rise to the spreading of potentially infectious diseases, or radioactivity, resulting in a hazardous environment.

Summary of the invention An object of the present invention is to avoid the above mentioned drawbacks and to achieve an efficient and environmentally safe method and installation to handle medical waste, bio-waste and other corresponding contaminated waste which limits the transmission of virus', bacteria, and radioactive contaminants particularly in hospitals and medical institutions. The object of the invention is attained by a method according to claim 1 and an installation according to claim 7. The basic idea of the invention is to provide an isolated handling of the collected waste. This is realized by employing a vacuum waste system, whereby the medical waste is collected in the receptacle for medical waste, medical waste is discharged from the receptacle for medical waste into a waste fixture connected to a vacuum waste piping of the vacuum waste system. The discharge sequence of the vacuum waste system is activated by an activating means for discharge of the medical waste from the waste fixture or the vacuum waste piping of the vacuum waste system to a waste collecting unit of the vacuum waste system. This ensures that any contaminated waste does not spread into the surroundings or onto the handling staff.

An example of an advantageous receptacle for medical waste is a bed pan, whereby the bed pan is emptied into the waste fixture, after which the discharge sequence is activated in order to discharge the medical waste from the waste fixture. The waste fixture is preferably a sink, wash basin, urinal, toilet or other corre- sponding unit.

An advantageous alternative for the receptacle for medical waste is a catheter bag, whereby the catheter bag is connected to the waste fixture by means of at least one valve, and in which method the at least one valve is opened in order to provide a flow connection from the catheter bag to the waste fixture. This further enhances the isolated handling of the waste.

The catheter bag is provided with a first valve and a conduit connected to the first valve. In this case, the waste fixture is advantageously a vacuum pipe section, which is connected to the vacuum waste piping, and wherein the waste fixture is provided with a second valve. The preferred embodiments of the method according to the invention are defined in claims 2-6.

The installation according to the present invention is defined in claims 7-12.

The present invention also includes a catheter bag according to claim 13 and a waste management system according to claims 14-15. Brief description of the drawing

In the following one embodiment of the present invention will be described, by example only, referring to the attached schematic drawing, in which Fig. 1 shows an embodiment of the installation arranged in a facility, and Fig. 2 shows a perspective view of the main components of the installation. Detailed description

This exemplary embodiment illustrates the handling of medical waste that has been collected in a receptacle for medical waste, in this embodiment a catheter bag, which functions as a collection bag.

In figures 1 and 2 the catheter bag is indicated by reference numeral 1 . A conduit 2, having a first end and a second end, opposite the first end, is connected at said first end to the catheter bag 1 by means of a first valve 3, located at an outlet of the catheter bag 1 . The second end of the conduit is connected to a waste fixture, i.e. a vacuum pipe section 15, by means of a second valve 4.

The vacuum pipe section 15 is connected to the vacuum waste system V.

In this embodiment, the vacuum waste system V includes an additional waste fixture, in this case a wall mounted urinal 10. The urinal 10 is connected to a vacuum waste piping 13 by means of a vacuum discharge valve, indicated by reference numeral 1 1 . The vacuum discharge valve 1 1 , located in the backside of the urinal, is of a known type used in typical vacuum waste systems. The discharge valve 1 1 is connected to an upwards connection 12 of the vacuum waste piping 13. Vacuum is generated in the vacuum waste piping by a vacuum generating means (not shown) typical for a vacuum waste system. The vacuum waste piping 13 leads to a waste collecting unit, e.g. a waste collecting unit 20 or a vacuum center. This is well known in the art and is therefore not described in any detail in this connection.

The vacuum waste system V further includes an activating means for activating a discharge sequence of the urinal, in this case an auto flushing sensor 16. In con- nection with the auto flushing sensor there is an auto flushing sensor power supply 17 and an auto flushing sensor control unit 18 for the operation of the auto flushing sensor. These are also well known in the art and are therefore not described in any detail in this connection.

As indicated above, the urinal 10 is mounted on a wall W of a facility F. The rele- vant components of the installation for handling the waste are arranged on the facility side of the wall W. The vacuum pipe section 15 passes through the wall W and is connected to the vacuum waste piping 13 arranged on the opposite side of the wall with respect to the facility F.

The additional waste fixture, i.e. the urinal as discussed above, can be replaced by alternative units such as a toilet bowl, wash basin, sink, or other waste receiving unit, etc., that are compatible with and connectable to a vacuum waste system.

The components of the installation as discussed below are advantageously suitable for medical environments and suitable for vacuum systems.

In general, the installation is used as follows. After the waste has been collected in the catheter bag 1 , the medical staff relieves a patient of the catheter bag 1 pro- vided with the first valve 3 and the conduit 2. The medical staff then hangs the catheter bag 1 on a support S provided on the wall W of the facility F and connects the conduit 2 to the second valve 4. Subsequently, the second valve 4 is connected in an appropriate manner to the vacuum pipe section 15. The second valve 4 is advantageously permanently affixed to the vacuum pipe section. The first valve 3 and the second valve 4 can then be opened, which will result in that the contents of the catheter bag 1 will be discharged into the vacuum waste piping 13 through the vacuum pipe connection 15. After the catheter bag has been emptied, the first valve 3 can be closed. The second valve 4 is closed and the conduit 2 is disconnected from the second valve 4. The catheter bag, with the first valve and the con- duit, can be disposed of into a safe disposal unit. The first valve and the second valve are advantageously one-way valves in order to avoid return flow.

In a normal operational mode of the vacuum waste system, a partial vacuum prevails in the vacuum waste piping 13, including in this case the upwards connections 12, i.e. after the discharge valve 1 1 in the flow direction of waste. When the medical staff moves away from the installation, the auto flushing sensor 16 mounted on the wall W activates a flushing sequence, which flushes the urinal 10 creating a vacuum based discharge flow in the vacuum waste piping 13, as well as in the vacuum pipe section 15. This transports the waste, including the medical waste from the catheter bag 1 , towards e.g. a collecting unit 20. Consequently, the waste collected in the catheter bag is drained from the catheter bag without any exposure to the atmosphere and without coming into contact with anything within the facility and is further transported to e.g. an appropriate waste collecting tank in the same manner. In other words, the waste is collected and dis- posed of without said waste being exposed to the environment surrounding the catheter bag.

The urinal, or any other corresponding additional waste fixture as mentioned above, is a helpful and practical additional device, also functioning as a safe guard, in such an installation. Conventional bed pans, which function as a collection device, schematically illustrated in Fig. 1 by reference numeral 30, can be emptied into the urinal, whereby waste from such bed pans can conveniently be disposed of into the vacuum waste system.

The drawings and the description related thereto are only intended for clarification of the basic idea of the invention. The invention, including the main components comprising the catheter bag, the valves, the conduit, the waste fixture, the vacuum center, piping and valves, etc. may vary in detail within the scope of the ensuing claims.