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Title:
METHOD FOR INSTALLING A LEAF OF A SLIDING DOOR AND AID USED THEREBY
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2014/121350
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Aid (15) for installing a leaf (3) of a sliding door (1) provided with a wheel set (12) in a frame (2), whereby the aid (15) comprises supporting elements (17) that each define a support point (20) for the leaf (3), whereby the distance (Ds) between the support points (20) is less than the thickness (Dv) of the leaf (3) and whereby the aid (15) comprises at least one connecting element (16) to fix the supporting elements (17) with respect one another.

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Inventors:
GEYSELS, Danny (Graaf Jozef de Pretstraat 27, 2900 Schoten, BE)
Application Number:
BE2014/000005
Publication Date:
August 14, 2014
Filing Date:
January 16, 2014
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
REYNAERS ALUMINIUM, NAAMLOZE VENNOOTSCHAP (Oude Liersebaan 266, Duffel, B-2570, BE)
International Classes:
E04F21/00; E05D15/06; E06B3/46
Domestic Patent References:
WO2008120919A12008-10-09
WO2008120919A12008-10-09
Foreign References:
FR2363686A21978-03-31
FR2137406A11972-12-29
US3120033A1964-02-04
FR2363686A21978-03-31
US3120033A1964-02-04
FR2137406A11972-12-29
Other References:
A. GORIS, H.-J. SCHNEIDER: "Bautabellen für Ingenieure, 17. Auflage 2006", 30 September 2006, WERNER, NEUWIED, ISBN: 3804152287, article O. OBEREGGE, H.-P. HOCKELMANN: "8 G Stahlbauprofile", pages: 8.174 - 8.174, XP002715354
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
VARENBERG, P. Van et al. (Bureau M.F.J. Bockstael nv, Arenbergstraat 13, Antwerpen, B-2000, BE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims .

1. - Aid (15) for installing a leaf (3) of a sliding door (1) provided with a wheel set (12) in a frame (2) , whereby the aid (15) comprises supporting elements (17) that each define a support point (20) for the leaf (3) , whereby the distance (Ds) between the support points (20) is less than the thickness (Dv) of the leaf (3) and whereby the aid (15) comprises at least one connecting element (16) to fix the supporting elements (17) with respect one another.

2. - Aid according to claim 1, characterised in that the distance (Ds) between the support points (20) is greater than the width (Bw) of the wheel set (12) .

3. - Aid according to claim 1 or 2, characterised in that the distance (Hs) between the support points (20) on the one hand and the connecting element (16) on the other is greater than the height (¾,) of the wheel set (12) in a mounted situation.

4. - Aid according to any one of the previous claims, characterised in that the supporting elements (17) are provided with a narrowed section (19) that extends from the support point (20) in the direction away from the connecting element (16) to the end (18) of the supporting element (17) , whereby the support point is formed by a stepped transition (20) between the narrowed section (19) and the rest of the supporting element (17) and whereby the distance (Du) between the ends (18) of the supporting elements (17) is greater than the thickness (Dv) of the leaf (3) .

5. - Aid according to any one of the previous claims, characterised in that the frame (2) is provided with a channel (5) , whereby the width (Bh) of the aid (15) is less than the width (Bg) of the channel (5) .

6. Aid according to any one of the previous claims, characterised in that it comprises a U-shaped profile with a back (16) and two arms (17), whereby the supporting elements are formed by the arms (17) and whereby the connecting element is formed by the back (16) . 7.- Aid according to claim 6, characterised in that the outside of the back (16) is provided with a groove (21) that extends in the longitudinal direction (L) whereby the shape of the groove (21) is complementary to the shape of the channel (5) .

8. - Set for installing a leaf (3) of a sliding door (1) provided with a wheel set (12) in a frame (2), whereby the set comprises a leaf (3), a wheel set (4), a frame (2) and an aid (1) according to any one of the previous claims.

9. Method for installing a leaf (3) of a sliding door (1) provided with a wheel set (12) in a frame (2) with a channel (5) provided for this purpose, characterised in that this method comprises the following steps:

A: The placing of at least one aid (15) in the channel (5) that comprises supporting elements (17) that each define a support point (20) for the leaf (3), whereby the distance (Ds) between the support points (20) is less than the thickness (Dv) of the leaf (3) and whereby the aid (15) at least comprises one connecting element (16) to fix the supporting elements (17) with respect to one another, whereby the aid (15) is placed in such a way that the connecting element (16) is lower than the support points (20);

B: The placing of a leaf (3) in a vertical orientation on the support points (20) of the aid (15), whereby the leaf (3) is not yet provided with the wheel set (12) ;

C: The mounting of the wheel set (12) on the underside of the leaf (3) ;

D: The removal of the aid (15) and then letting the leaf (3) descend until it is supported by the wheel set (12) .

10. - Method according to claim 9, characterised in that in step C the wheel set (12) is mounted in or via the space between the supporting elements (17) .

11. - Method according to claim 9 or 10, characterised in that in step C and/or step D the wheel set (12) and/or the aid (15) are moved with respect to one another via the space between the supporting elements (17), while the aid (15) is in the channel.

12. - Method according to any one of the claims 9 to 11, characterised in that in step A two of the said aids (15) are used, that in step B the leaf (3) is placed on both aids (15) in such a way that above the two aids (15) there is a vertical edge of the leaf (3) and that in step D both aids (15) are removed.

13. - Method according to any one of the claims 9 to 12, characterised in that step C is implemented by providing the leaf (3) with a groove (10) on its underside that is open underneath and which has undercut flanks (11) and the wheel set (12) comprises a T-shaped base (13) , whereby the base (13) is slid in this groove (10) .

14. - Method according to claim 13, characterised in that the base (13) is secured to the leaf (3) .

15. - Method according to any one of the claims 8 to 14, characterised in that at least one aid (15) according to any one of the claims 1 to 7 is used or that a set according to claim 8 is used.

Description:
Method for installing a leaf of a sliding door and aid used thereby.

The present invention relates to a method for installing a leaf of a sliding door and an aid used thereby.

More specifically the invention concerns sliding windows or sliding doors with a fixed frame secured in a wall, in which one or more leaves are fastened that can be opened or closed because they can roll on small wheels that together form a wheel set. Such a sliding window is published in FR 2.363.686 for example.

These are large windows for example that continue down to floor level and through which access can be gained to a terrace, for example, from a living room for example. They can be considered as sliding windows, but also as sliding doors. Further in this description only the word sliding door will be used, which also means a similar construction with a window character.

For aesthetic reasons there is a great demand for 'sliding doors' with a minimal aspect. This means that the outermost frame of the sliding window is concealed as much as possible in a wall and the floor, if applicable, and that the leaf profiles are kept as slim as possible.

In practice these leaf profiles are slim profiles that are fastened to a glass panel and which are entirely or partially hidden from view by the frame. Sliding doors are traditionally installed by first installing a frame and then installing an entire leaf in this frame r by first placing the leaf in the frame at the top at a small angle, and then, lifting at the bottom, positioning the underside properly with respect to the frame and then letting the leaf descend until it is placed in the frame.

Such a method is published in US 3.120.033, for example.

Because, with sliding doors with a minimal aspect, the leaf profile and the small wheels have to be placed in a relatively deep channel in the frame, to ensure that they are not visible, it is not easy to fit such a leaf in this way.

If a leaf, provided with small wheels, is fitted in this way in such a frame, a very large space in the top part of the frame has to be provided, such that the profile that forms the top part of the frame has to be large and expensive, with negative insulation and cost consequences. This is thus scarcely applied in practice, if at all.

Hence in practice the small wheels are first placed in the channel after which a leaf without small wheels is placed in the frame and lowered onto the small wheels. Then an excessive space is not required at the top of the frame for movements of the leaf during installation. This is not easy, because they are often very heavy leaves, that have to be placed very precisely on the small wheels, because the small wheels have to be at a specific design distance from the sides of the leaves. Here too there is a safety risk for the people doing the installation.

Moreover, in this case the small wheels are not fixed to the leaf, the leaf only rests on the wheel set, so that an undesired mutual movement is not ruled out.

Other examples of adapted frame-leaf systems and accompanying specific methods for installing a leaf are published in FR 2.137.406 and WO 2008/120919. The purpose of the present invention is to provide a solution to the aforementioned and other disadvantages by providing a method for installing a leaf of a sliding door provided with a wheel set in a frame with a channel provided for this purpose that comprises the following steps:

A: The placing of at least one aid in the channel that comprises supporting elements that each define a support point for the leaf, whereby the distance between the support points is less than the thickness of the leaf and whereby the aid at least comprises one connecting element to fix the supporting elements with respect to one another, whereby the aid is placed in such a way that the connecting element is lower than the support points;

B: The placing of a leaf in a vertical orientation on the support points of the aid, whereby the leaf is not yet provided with the wheel set; C: The mounting of the wheel set on the underside of the leaf;

D: The removal of the aid and then letting the leaf descend until it is supported by the wheel set.

Hereby in step C the wheel set is normally mounted in or via the space between the supporting elements and in step c and/or step D the wheel set and/or the aid move with respect to one another via the space between the supporting elements, while the aid is in the channel.

As a result a leaf can be installed in an easy way without the frame of the sliding door having to be unnecessarily large at the top, without problems relating to the precise positioning of the small wheels and with the possibility to fasten these small wheels to the leaf.

The relatively long duration of the heavy leaf in an unstable situation, such as with the known method, is not necessary, with a positive impact on safety and a lower risk of strain complaints among the installers.

In a preferred variant step C is implemented by the leaf being provided on its underside with a groove that is open underneath and which has undercut flanks, and the wheel set is mounted on a T-shaped base whereby the base is slid in the groove.

This is an easy way to firmly and accurately fit the small wheels . The invention also relates to the aid concerned, in other words an aid for installing a leaf of a sliding door provided with a wheel set in a frame, whereby the aid comprises supporting elements that each define a support point for the leaf, whereby the distance between the support points is less than the thickness of the leaf and whereby the aid comprises at least one connecting element to fix the supporting elements with respect one another. Of course the wheel set has a given width and height, defined outside the invention, and the leaf has a given thickness, defined outside the invention.

In a preferred variant the supporting elements are provided with a narrowed section that extends from the support point in the direction away from the connecting element to the end of the supporting element, whereby the support point is formed by a stepped transition between the narrowed section and the rest of the supporting element, and whereby the distance between the ends of the supporting elements is greater than the thickness of the leaf.

This has the advantage that the leaf can then rest on the stepped transition, while the narrowed sections ensure that the leaf cannot slide off the aid.

The narrowed sections also act as a guide in order to get the leaf in the desired position on the aid during the last phase of lowering the leaf onto the aid. In a further preferred embodiment the aid comprises a U- shaped profile with a back and two arms, whereby the supporting elements are formed by the arms and whereby the connecting element is formed by the back.

This is a practical embodiment.

The frame can be a frame with a channel of a given width and shape, defined outside the invention.

In a further preferred embodiment of this, the back is provided on its outside with a groove that extends in the longitudinal direction, whereby the shape of the groove is complementary to the shape of the channel.

Indeed, the channel is provided with a rail for the small wheels, whereby an aid according to the preferred embodiment is more stable in the groove because the rail lies in the groove of the aid.

In a preferred variant of the method an aid or aids as described above are used.

With the intention of better showing the characteristics of the invention, a preferred embodiment of the aid and the method according to the invention are described hereinafter by way of an example, without any limiting nature, with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein:

Figure 1 shows a cross-section of a sliding door; figure 2 shows a perspective view of an aid according to the invention;

figure 3 shows a perspective view of a frame of a sliding door, during a first step in a method according to the invention;

figure 4 shows a cross-section according to line VI-VI of the frame of figure 3;

figure 5 shows a perspective view of a frame and leaf of a sliding door, during a subsequent step in a method according to the invention;

figure 6 shows a perspective view of a detail of a leaf and an aid according to the invention during a later subsequent step in a method according to the invention; and

figure 7 a cross-section analogous to figure 4 of a sliding door during the step of the method shown in figure 6.

The sliding door 1 shown in figure 1 comprises a frame 2, of which only the top and the bottom are shown in this drawing, and a movable leaf 3.

The underside of the frame 2 is built into the floor 4 and has a channel 5, with a rail 6 therein. At the top there is a cavity 7 in the frame 2 for movements of the leaf 3 and the frame 2 is built into a wall there.

The leaf 3 essentially consists of a glass panel 8, on which a leaf profile 9 is fastened at the top edge, bottom edge and side edges. On the side turned away from the glass panel 8 this leaf profile 9 is provided with a groove 10 that is defined by two undercut flanks 11.

A wheel set 12 with a width B w and a height H w is affixed on the bottom edge of the leaf. This wheel set 12 essentially consists of a T-shaped base 13 that fits in the groove 10 and small wheels 14 mounted on the base. Hereby the base 13 is affixed in the groove 10, which is open underneath. The small wheels 14 rest on the rail 6 in the channel 5 and can ride on it during use in order to enable the leaf 3 to move.

The aid 15 shown in figure 2 is intended for a specific thickness D v of a leaf 3, which means the thickness on the underside of the leaf 3 and for a specific width B g of a channel .

The aid 15 has a total width B h and is formed from a profile. The profile is roughly U-shaped with a back 16 and two parallel arms 17.

Each of the arms 17, fitted to its end 18, is provided with a narrowed section 19 that runs into the rest of the arm 17 via a stepped transition 20.

The back 16 is provided with a groove 21 running in the longitudinal direction L that has a corresponding shape and size to the rail 6 of a frame 2 for which the aid 15 is intended. The width B h of the aid 15 is such that it fits quite well in the channel of such a frame 2. The aid 15 described above can more generally be described as being an aid that comprises two supporting elements, which in this case are formed by the arms 17 and a connecting element in order to fix the supporting elements with respect one another, which in this case is formed by the back 16.

Such an aid 15 is used as follows to install a leaf 3 of a sliding door 1 in a frame 2.

This method concerns the installation of a leaf 3 with a certain width B v , whereby two aids 15 are used and is described on the basis of figures 3 to 7.

First the two aids 15 are selected, that fit to the dimensions and shape of the channel 5, and of the leaf 3 that has to be installed.

To this end the width B h of the aid 15 has to be smaller than the width B g of the channel 5, so that the aid 15 fits freely in the channel 5.

The distance D u between the end 18 of the arms 17 must be greater than the thickness D v of the leaf 3.

The distance D s between the arms 17 at the location of the stepped transition 20 must be less than the thickness D v of the leaf 3, so that the stepped transitions 20 can form support points for the leaf 3. This distance D s must be greater than the width B vr of the wheel set 12, and the distance H s between the stepped transitions 20 and the back 16 must be greater than the height H w of the wheel set 12, to ensure that the wheel set 12 fits in the space between the arms 17.

The two aids 15 are placed in the channel 5 of the frame 3, with a distance A h between them that is less than the width B v of the leaf 3. This is shown in figures 3 and 4. Thanks to the dimensions of an aid 15 and the shape of the back 16, the aids 15 are hereby only slightly movable sideways, i.e. in a direction perpendicular to the plane in which the leaf 3 lies.

Then a leaf 3, which in this case is not provided with a wheel set 12, is placed by its top edge in the cavity 7 at the top of the frame 2, with a slight deviation from a completely vertical orientation.

Then the leaf 3 is placed in a vertical orientation to above the aids . 15. Hereby the top of the leaf 3 only has to be placed in the cavity 7 at the top of the frame 3 over a small distance, because there are still no small wheels 14 that could come into contact with the aids 15 or with the frame 2 or the floor 4.

The leaf 3 is now lowered onto the aids 15, whereby the narrowed sections 19 of the arms 17 of the aids 15 provide a certain guide for the leaf 3 and the stepped transitions 20 form support points for the leaf 3. Hereby the leaf 3 is fitted such that the side edges, thus the vertical edges of the leaf 3, are each above an aid 15.

The situation now obtained is shown in figure 5.

Then a wheel set 12 is mounted underneath the leaf 3 from both sides by sliding the base 13 of the wheel set 12 in the groove 10 of the bottom leaf profile 9 in the direction of arrow P, as shown in figures 6 and 7, until the wheel sets 12 are completely under the leaf 3. The wheel sets 12 are thus hereby fitted via the space between the arms 17 of the aids 15.

In order to ensure the correct position of the bases 13, an end stop for each base 13 can be provided in the groove 10. There can also be facilities to fasten a base 13 in the groove 10, so that the wheel set 12 cannot move with respect to the leaf 3.

Then the leaf 3 is again raised over a small distance, the aids 15 are slid in the longitudinal direction of the channel 5 from under the small wheels 14 and the leaf 3 is again lowered until the small wheels 14 rest on the rail 6 and the leaf 3 is thereby supported by the wheel sets 12, so that the situation shown in figure 1 is obtained.

The leaf 3 is now installed and can move, or roll on the small wheels 14, in the channel 5.

The present invention is by no means limited to the embodiment described as an example and shown in the drawings, but an aid and method according to the invention can be realised in all kinds of forms, dimensions and variants without departing from the scope of the invention.