Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
A METHOD FOR KOSHERING POULTRY IN SLAUGHTERHOSES
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2020/261275
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present disclosure relates to a novel method for rendering slaughtered poultry (mainly chicken and turkey) kosher following the Jewish Kashrut laws. More particularly, the method concerns the salting and washing processes the slaughtered poultry go through prior to packaging and marketing as Kosher foods. During the novel koshering process the birds are hung on stripes, keeping them from touching and salting each other. The end product of the disclosed method of the current application is a Kosher bird that contains less salt, compared to other traditional standard koshering techniques.

Inventors:
CHASID, Mina (IL)
AVRAHAM CHASID, Mordechay (IL)
Application Number:
IL2020/050711
Publication Date:
December 30, 2020
Filing Date:
June 25, 2020
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
AVRAHAM CHASID, Mordechay (IL)
International Classes:
A22B3/12; A22C21/00; A23L13/40
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
BRESSLER, Eyal et al. (IL)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A method for koshering poultry comprising steps of:

a. soaking said poultry in a water-filled tank for softening;

b. removing said poultry from said water-filled tank;

c. salting said poultry;

d. hanging said poultry on a moveable strip;

e. washing the salt off of said poultry;

f. dipping said poultry in three consecutive water-filled dipping containers;

g. washing said poultry between each dip of step (f); and

h. soaking said poultry in a water bath;

wherein said salting is executed with a salt, whose grain size is 0.8-3.35 mm.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein said poultry is selected from a group consisting of: chickens, turkey, ducks, geese, pigeons, and quails and any combination thereof.

3. The method of claim 1, wherein said poultry remain hung on said moveable strip for at least about one hour.

4. The method of claim 1, wherein said method is carried out in slaughterhouses.

5. The method of claim 1, wherein said washing the salt off of said poultry is executed to remove all said salt of said poultry.

6. The method of claim 1, wherein said water-filled dipping containers are filled with unsalted water.

7. The method of claim 1, wherein said poultry remain hung on said moveable strip during said dipping and between said each dipping.

8. The method of claim 1, wherein said salting, soaking and washing steps are executed according to the Jewish kashrut laws.

9. The method of claim 1, wherein said salt is sodium chloride.

10. A low-sodium kosher poultry produced by the method of claim 1.

11. The low-sodium kosher poultry of claim 10, wherein said poultry comprises an average sodium concentration of about 100-200 mg sodium per 100 gr meat.

Description:
A METHOD FOR KOSHERING POULTRY IN SLAUGHETRHOUSES

Field of the invention

The present disclosure relates to a novel method for rendering slaughtered poultry (mainly chicken and turkey) kosher following the Jewish Kashrut laws. More particularly, the method concerns the salting and washing processes the slaughtered poultry undergo prior to packaging and marketing as Kosher foods. The end product of the disclosed method of the current application is a Kosher bird that contains less salt compared to other traditional standard koshering techniques.

Background of the invention

Jewish Kashrut laws require all meat and poultry products to undergo koshering processes aimed at clearing and removing blood from the flesh. The koshering process consists of two main steps: salting the meat and rinsing it with water. In the current situation in all slaughterhouses in Israel, birds are first inserted into a large, rotating, water-filled container for soaking and softening. The birds are subsequently poured out of the soaking container into another tank, to get drained from excessive fluids. Then, the birds are transported to a conveyor belt that carries them to the salting stations, where the slaughterhouse workers manually sprinkle salt on all parts of the birds. After salting, the birds stay on the conveyor belt for an entire hour according to the Jewish Kashrut requirements, grouped in a large pile. At the end of that hour, the birds are transported to the first washing station, which removes 50% of the salt. Then, the washed birds are transferred on the conveyor belt toward a tank, to shake off the excess salt. From the shaking tank, the birds are poured into a large water-filled container, and are mechanically transported from the container to two other water-filled containers. The slaughtered birds remain in each container for about 20 minutes. After the process is over, the birds are placed in refrigerated rooms and packed for marketing.

The above-mentioned process is far from being ideal and it has several drawbacks, the main one of which is the excessive amounts of salt left in the slaughtered koshered birds. The reasons for the large quantities of the remaining salts are due to the fact that the birds are grouped and clustered in a pile during the standard traditional process, resulting in them being pressed against each other and wallowing in salty fluids, and also due to the fact that only 50% of the salt is washed from the birds during the process. Furthermore, the salt used in the process is a “type C" salt, whose grains are about 0.8-2 mm in size. Due to this specific range of sizes, these salt grains can penetrate through the bird’ s skin more readily, and hence, they are more difficult to remove during the subsequent washing steps. In addition, before final package of the kosher birds, they are left to sit inside containers, which are filled with salted and dirty water. The large amounts of salt used in the process infiltrate water sources, causing a significant environmental damage. An additional disadvantage of the traditional process is the large costs derived from the amounts of water invested in the process.

According to the Israeli Ministry of Health, kosher poultry contains large amounts of salt, which are sometimes 5-10 times higher than non-kosher poultry. Excessive consumption of salt (sodium chloride) has been found to be associated with multiple health conditions, and it increases the chances of having cardiovascular diseases, kidney diseases and various types of cancers, such as stomach cancer.

According to various reports of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, there has been in recent years a significant increase in poultry consumption in Israel. Consumption of chicken meat per capita in Israel is the highest among the developed countries. In 2017, meat consumption averaged 57 kilograms of chicken per year per capita and therefore, Israel is considered the country with the highest chicken meat consumption per capita among the developed countries.

In view of the above, and the various challenges and disadvantages of the traditional poultry koshering process, there is still an unmet long-felt need to facilitate and economize this process by implementing a novel method to produce kosher low sodium poultry.

Brief description of the figures

The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention.

Fig.l depicting a schematic presentation of the koshering process of the current invention; Summary of the invention:

As used herein after, the term“about” refers to any value being up to 25% lower or greater the defined measure.

As used herein after, the term“poultry” refers to any bird, whose flesh can be consumed according to the Jewish kashrut laws. These birds include: chickens, turkey, ducks, geese, pigeons, and quails.

As used herein after, the term“Jewish kashrut laws” refers to a set of dietary laws dealing with the foodstuffs that Jews are permitted to eat and how those foods must be prepared and handled according to Jewish law. Among the kashrut laws are the following: Only certain types of mammals, birds and fish meet the specific criteria of kashrut; the consumption of the flesh of any animals that do not meet these criteria, such as pork and shellfish, is forbidden. Kosher mammals and birds must be slaughtered according to a process known as shechita ; blood may never be consumed and must be removed from meat by a process of salting and soaking in water for the meat to be permissible for use.

As used herein after, the term“the traditional or standard koshering process” refers to the salting and washing process currently in practice in slaughterhouses in Israel and where Jewish communities reside worldwide. This process entails the following steps: birds are first inserted into a large, rotating, water-filled container for soaking and softening. The birds are subsequently poured out of the soaking container into another tank, to get drained from excessive fluids. Then, the birds are transported to a conveyor belt that carries them to the salting stations, where the slaughterhouse workers manually sprinkle salt on all parts of the birds. After salting, the birds stay on the conveyor belt for an entire hour according to the Jewish Kashrut requirements, grouped in a large pile. At the end of that hour, the birds are transported to the first washing station, which removes about 50% of the salt. Then, the washed birds are transferred on the conveyor belt toward a tank, to shake off the excess salt. From the shaking tank, the birds are poured into a large water-filled container, and are mechanically transported from the container to two other water-filled containers. The slaughtered birds remain in each container for about 20 minutes. As used herein after, the term“Type C salt” refers to a salt used in the process of koshering poultry. It is a commercial mixture of size-varying grains (crystals) of about 0.8-2 mm. This salt can be for example sodium chloride.

As used herein after, the term“Type D salt” refers to a salt used in the process of koshering poultry. It is a commercial mixture of size-varying grains (crystals) of about 0.8-3.35 mm. This salt can be for example sodium chloride.

As used herein after, the term“low sodium” refers to a poultry produced by the method of the present invention, containing significantly lower amounts of sodium (salt) compared to poultry produced during the traditional koshering and salting process. This low-sodium poultry contains in a non-limiting way an averaged sodium concentration of about 100-200 mg Na/100 gr meat.

The present invention provides a method for koshering poultry in slaughterhouses by steps of salting and washing. In the current method, the birds are hung on specialized moveable strips (lines), and therefore are not left to sit in salty fluids. The end product of the discloses method is a low-sodium kosher poultry.

Hence, it is one object of the present invention to disclose a method for koshering poultry comprising steps of:

a. soaking said poultry in a water-filled tank for softening;

b. salting said poultry;

c. hanging said poultry on a moveable strip;

d. washing the salt off of said poultry;

e. dipping said poultry in three consecutive water-filled dipping containers;

f. washing said poultry between each dip of step (e); and

g. soaking said poultry in a water bath,

wherein said salting is executed with a salt, whose grain size is 0.8-3.35 mm.

It is a further object of the present invention to disclose the method as disclosed above, wherein said poultry remain hung on said moveable strip for at least about one hour.

It is a further object of the present invention to disclose the method as disclosed above, wherein said method is carried out in slaughterhouses.

It is a further object of the present invention to disclose the method as disclosed above, wherein said washing the salt off of said poultry is executed to remove all said salt of said poultry. It is a further object of the present invention to disclose the method as disclosed above, wherein said water-filled dipping containers are filled with unsalted water.

It is a further object of the present invention to disclose the method as disclosed above, wherein said poultry remain hung on said moveable strip during said dip and between said each dip.

It is a further object of the present invention to disclose the method as disclosed above, wherein said salting, soaking and washing steps are executed according to the Jewish kashrut laws.

It is another object of the present invention to disclose a low-sodium kosher poultry produced by the method disclosed above.

It is a further object of the present invention to disclose the low-sodium kosher poultry as disclosed above, wherein said poultry comprises an average sodium concentration of about 100- 200 mg sodium per 100 gr meat.

Detailed description of the preferred embodiments

The following description is provided, alongside all chapters of the present invention, so as to enable any person skilled in the art to make use of the invention and sets forth the best modes contemplated by the inventor of carrying out this invention. Various modifications, however, are adapted to remain apparent to those skilled in the art, since the generic principles of the present invention have been defined specifically to provide a method for

The present invention describes a new method for koshering poultry comprising steps of salting and washing the birds in slaughterhouses after slaughtering. In the new method disclosed in the current application, the salt used for poultry koshering is a coarser salt than the salt used in common practice, and its grains are larger compared with the salt used in the standard traditional process. The salt of the current application is referred to as“Type D” salt and it is a commercial mixture of salt grains characterized by varying sizes of about 0.8-3.35 mm. This type of salt penetrates the poultry’s skin to a lesser extent, and is washed away from the birds more easily than“Type C” salt, which is currently used in the traditional process.

An additional change to the traditional process concerns the transportation of the poultry from one station to another. After salting the slaughtered poultry, instead of piling the birds together and placing them on conveyor belts, the birds are hung on specialized hangers placed on lines (moveable strips), thus, remaining free of contact among themselves. In the disclosed method the birds drip the salty fluids on the conveyor belts below them, rather than on each other. The following step comprises a complete and thorough wash of the poultry, which removes almost all the salt grains of them, compared to the traditional process, in which only about 50% of the salt is washed off.

Then, the hung birds are dipped inside three consecutive water-filled dipping containers and are washed between each dip. Contrary to the traditional koshering process, the water inside the dipping containers is clean and are not salted water. Since the birds were exposed to a thorough, meticulous wash in the previous stages, which removed all the salt from them, it is unlikely that the birds drip salty fluids into the dipping containers, which would result in salinating the next birds in line. Furthermore, the birds still remain hung during the dipping stage on the moveable strip, and they are not left to sit a long period of time inside the dipping containers (contrary to the traditional koshering process). As a result, the water which comes in contact with the birds becomes less dirty, and the physical location, where dirty, salty water accumulates in the slaughterhouse, is reduced by 25%, directly reflecting a decrease in the costs of cleaning which are very expensive.

After completing the steps required by Jewish kashrut laws, the birds undergo an additional soaking in a water bath to remove any potentially remaining salt grains, and then they are shipped to the cooling rooms until they are packed and marketed as kosher low-sodium poultry.

Table 1. below presents data on the amounts of salt (sodium chloride) in kosher slaughtered poultry that were exposed the novel koshering method of the current application compared to poultry undergoing the standard traditional koshering process.

Table 1. - average sodium concentrations in poultry of the current application compared with traditionally koshered poultry

Reference in now made to Fig.l depicting a station 100 for koshering poultry in slaughterhouses. The process begins with placing the birds inside a water-filled soaking tank 101, where the birds undergo a softening process prior to the salting process. The birds are mechanically rolled inside the tank 101 until they arrive to a drum drier 102. Then, the birds are transported from the drum drier 102 on a conveyor belt 103 toward two salting stations 104, where the workers manually salt the birds and hang them separately on a moveable strip 105. The birds remain hung on the moveable strip 105 for a period of one hour as required by the Jewish kashrut laws. During this hour, the birds drip salty fluids on the conveyor belt below them. Subsequently, the birds are moved while hung on the moveable strip 105 toward the washing station 106 where they undergo a complete and thorough wash to remove all the salt grains. The following step comprises transporting the birds to three water-filled dipping containers 107-109. The birds are dipped in each dipping container and are washed between each dip, while remaining hung on the moveable strip 105. At the end of the process the birds are soaked in a water bath 110 to ensure almost allthe salt grains are removed, and subsequently shipped to refrigerating rooms till packaging and marketing as low-sodium kosher poultry.