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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
A METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A PLASTIC-FRAMED BRUSH ELEMENT
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/1987/003180
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A manufacturing method for the manufacturing of a plastic-framed brush element. In present brush elements metal backing strips to which the brush fibres are attached are used. They are, howerver, heavy in construction, unbalanced, and sometimes open in use so that the fibres detache themselves from the backing part. In the manufacturing method in accordance with the invention the frame section is formed of plastic in such a way that a molten plastic strip (3) is sprayed on top of the ribbon of joined fibres and a predetermined length of the preform thus formed is pressed between forms (4 and 5), when a very dimensionally exact, light, and durably constructed brush plate (6) of solid plastic is formed.

Inventors:
Kirkkala, Mauno
Application Number:
PCT/FI1986/000134
Publication Date:
June 04, 1987
Filing Date:
November 26, 1986
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
Kirkkala, Mauno
International Classes:
A46B3/04; A46D3/04; (IPC1-7): A46B3/04; A46D3/04
Foreign References:
FR2414889A1
US3626509A
US2812214A
DE1962926A1
DE2109972A1
EP0023844A1
US4092758A
US2655409A
Download PDF:
Claims:
AMENDED CLAIMS[received by the International Bureau on 9 April 1987 (09.04.87); original claims
1. 3 replaced by amended claims 1. 3 (1 page)] 1 A method of manufacturing a plastic. framed brush element, in which the brush element consists of a backing part 6) formed of plastic 5 mass and brush fibres (8) or bristles placed inside this from one end, and in which method plastic plastic mass (3) is sprayed on squeezed on top of of a ribbon (l) formed of brush fibres joined together at one end, to form a preform, characteriz ed in that a length of the preform thus formed is placed in an open form, most advantageously 0' the lower form (4), after which the form is closed, most advantageously by means of the upper form ( 5) , when the plastic mass (3) is pressed to form a backing part (6), in which the plastic mass (3) substantially fills the gaps between the fibres (8) .
2. 5 2. A manufacturing method in accordance with Claim 1, charac¬ terized in that a reinforcing or securing part is added to the preform made of the fibre ribbon (1) and the plastic mass (3) before the form is pressed together.
3. 0 3. A manufacturing method in accordance with Claims 1 or 2, characteriz ed in that the preform is placed to form a ring with the aid of a ring form (4,5) suitable for this, in which case the finished brush element forms a ring. Patent Claims 1 A method of manufacturing a plastic. framed brush element, in which the brush element consists of a backing part (6) formed of plastic 5. mass and brush fibres (8) or bristles placed inside this from one end, characterized in that on top of the ribbon (1) formed of brush fibres joined together at one end molten or plastic plastic mass (3) is sprayed or squeezed and that the preform thus formed is placed into an open form, most advantageously into the lower form (4) after which !0 the form is closed, most advantageously by means of the upper form (5), when the plastic mass (3) when squeezed forms the backing part (6), in which the plastic mass (3) substantially fills the gaps between the fibres (8).
4. 15 2. A manufacturing method in accordance with Claim 1, charac¬ terized in that a reinforcing or securing part is added to the preform made of the fibre ribben (l) and the plastic mass (3) before the form is pressed together.
5. 20 3« manufacturing method in accordance with Claims 1 or 2, characterized in that the preform is placed to form a ring with the aid of. a ring form (435) suitable for this, in which case the finished brush element forms a ring. 25.
Description:
INTERNATIONAL APPLICATION PUBLISHED UNDER THE PATENT COOPERATION TREATY (PCT)

(51) International Patent Classification : (11) International Publication Number: WO 87/ 031 A46B 3/04, A46D 3/04 Al

(43) International Publication Date: 4 June 1987 (04.06.

(21) International Application Number : PCT/FI86/00134 HU, IT (European patent), JP, KP, KR, LU, LU ( ropean patent), MC, NL, NL (European patent),

(22) International Filing Date: 26 November 1986 (26.11.86) RO, SE, SE (European patent), SU, US.

(31) Priority Application Number: 854670 Published

With international search report.

(32) Priority Date: 26 November 1985 (26.11.85) In English translation (filed in Finnish).

(33) Priority Country: FI

(71X72) Applicant and Inventor: KIRKKALA, Mauno [FI/ FI]; SF-53400 Lankipohja (FI).

(74) Agent: HELKE, Kimmo; Patent Agency Kespat, Lyse- onkatu 2, SF-40100 Jyvaskyla (FI).

(81) Designated States: AT, AT (European patent), AU, BE (European patent), BG, BR, CH, CH (European pa¬ tent), DE, DE (Auxiliary utility model), DE (Euro¬ pean patent), DK, FI, FR (European patent), GB, GB (European patent),

(54) Title: A METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A PLASTIC-FRAMED BRUSH ELEMENT

(57) Abstract

A manufacturing method for the manufacturing of a plastic-framed brush element. In present brush elements m backing strips to which the brush fibres are attached are used. They are, howerver, heavy in construction, unbalanced, sometimes open in use so that the fibres detache themselves from the backing part. In the manufacturing method in cordance with the invention the frame section is formed of plastic in such a way that a molten plastic strip (3) is sprayed top of the ribbon of joined fibres and a predetermined length of the preform thus formed is pressed between forms (4 5), when a very dimensionally exact, light, and durably constructed brush plate (6) of solid plastic is formed.

FOR THE PURPOSES OF FORMATION ONLY

Codes used to identify States party to the PCT on the frontpages of pamphlets publishing international appli¬ cations under the PCT.

AT. Austria FR France ML Mali AU ; Australia GA Gabon MR Mauritania

BBi Barbados GB United Kingdom MW Malawi

BE. Belgium HU Hungary NL Netherlands

BG " Bulgaria IT Italy NO Norway

BJ Benin JP Japan RO Romania

BR Brazil KP Democratic People's Republic SD Sudan

CF Central African Republic of Korea SE Sweden

CG Congo KR Republic ofKorea SN Senegal

CH Switzerland LI Liechtenstein su Soviet Union

CM Cameroon LK Sri Lanka TD Chad

DE Germany, Federal Republic of LU Luxembourg TG Togo

DK Denmark MC Monaco us United States of America

FI Finland MG Madagascar

A Method of Manufacturing a Plastic-framed Brush Element

This invention concerns a method of manufacturing a plastic-framed brush element. "** 5 Previously brush elements have been manufactured in such a way that the bristle fibres have been melted or glued together at one end to form in this way a 0,5-1,5 cm thick comb-like ribbon. There are in existence various different recognized manufacturing methods for join¬ ing the fibres together. The fibre ribbon that is manufactured by

JQ joining together is then pressed into a metal backing part, when a finished product is formed in which the points of the fibres point straight outwards from the metal backing strip. Brushes are usually straight strips or round cylinder-like brush disks in model. This present method, however, includes very many work stages in the manu-

] 5 facture of the metal backing strip, so that the manufacturing time of the product has become unnecessarily great. Also when the brushes are in use the metal backing strips sometimes open and the fibres become detached from it. In cylinder-like models the metal backing strip has shown itself to be unbalanced in construction, so that during

2 0 brushing even very strong vibration has sometimes appeared in the brushing machine itself.

Previous experiments have also been made to manufacture the brush element entirely from plastic, but the parts corresponding to the bristle fibres ' in a brush made by the spray moulding technique have

2 5 not withstood brushing, due to the fact that the fibres of the brush element must be absolutely orientated fibres in order to withstand hard wear and orientation cannot be achieved in the fibres by the spray moulding technique.

It is the intention of this invention to present a method of attach-

30 ing the brush fibres to a plastic backing strip, when with the aid of the method it is possible to produce brush elements more economically, and in which the fibres will definitely remain attached to the backing "* strip, and which at the same time are also more balanced in construction

-^ also in cylinder-like models. By this method it is also possible to

35 achieve backing strips 'that are dimensionally very exact compared to the corresponding metal ones and the weight of the brush part of a brushing machine lightened by 15-30% in which case the transmission eqipment of the brushing machine is subject to smaller stress.

It is characteristic of the invention that a molten plastic mass is first sprayed on top of the joined brush fibres and that the preform thus created is placed in an open form in such a way that when the forms are closed the molten plastic mass is squeezed into the shape of the form and at the same time fills the gaps between the fibres in the backing strip.

Thei spraying of the plastic mass into a closed form carried out by spray moulding technique does not succeed in this case, because the molten plastic mass extrudes between the fibres before the form-shaped cover part is completly filled with the plastic mass.

In what follows the invention is described in detail with the aid of air example by refering to the accompanying drawings in which, Figure 1 shows the spraying of the plastic mass on top of the bristle fibre ribbon in accordance with the invention

Figure 2 shows a cross-section of pre-sprayed,- or with the molten plastic mass prior to the form being closed. The example is from the manufacture of a cylinder-like brush component Figure 3 shows a cross-section when the halves of the form are closed, when the plastic mass distributes itself in accordance with the form forming the solid backing part of a plastic brush sheet. Figure shows a finished brush element.

In Figure 1 shows the spraying of the plastic mass on top of the brush fibres. From the one end the fibre ribbon 1 manufactured from fibres melted or glued together is transported for example between two turning conveyor belts under nozzle 2, which simultaneously squeezes the- ribbon-like molten plastic mass 3 on top of the fibre ribbon in such a. way that the plastic mass is bent by about 20 - 30 mm on either side of the fibre ribbon.- The thickness of the molten plastic strip is 2 - 15 πm depending on the volume of the backing part of the brush component. A length of the preform thus formed is cut as required and bent around the lower part 4 of the form shown in Figure 2. The upper form 5 is pressed against the lower form 3 in. accordance with Figure 3, when the plastic mass is squeezed into the shape of the form at the same time filling the gaps between the fibres in the backing

strip and thus the solid plastic backing strip 6 is formed.

If required e.g. metal reinforcing pieces or securing pieces can be placed in the preform to be squeezed before the halves of the form are pressed together. It is clear to a tradesman acquainted with the field that the size and form of the brush elements manufactured by the method according to the invention can be varied within extremely large limits, which concerns fibre materials or their dimensions. Other products too, e.g. plastic ski-slope elements, street brooms, etc. can be manufactured by the same method. The construction of the equipment and forms in accordance with the invention can also be varied correspondingly within the framework of the invention in many ways.

In a finished brush element the fibres (8) are firmly fixed inside the backing strip (6), figure 4. When attaching the brush element to an axle a tooth (7) is formed in it. This can be formed either directly in the form or as above by a reinforcing component added to the preform.