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Title:
METHOD AND STRUCTURE FOR A 3D WIRE BLOCK
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/044788
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention provides for a structure and a mechanism by which by utilising additive manufacturing processes electrical connections are created that connect the top and bottom of a block in a customizable pattern. Specifically connection points can be created on the surface of the block and route them to alternate locations transforming the original pattern to a smaller, larger, or alternate pattern.

Inventors:
THOMPSON, Donald, Eric (37968 Canyon Heights Drive, Freemont, CA, 94536, US)
CANTAIORE, Cosirno (8900 Rancho Hills Drive, Gilroy, CA, 95020, US)
Application Number:
US2017/048885
Publication Date:
March 08, 2018
Filing Date:
August 28, 2017
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
R&D CIRCUITS, INC. (3601 South Clinton Avenue, South Plainfield, NJ, 07080-1322, US)
THOMPSON, Donald, Eric (37968 Canyon Heights Drive, Freemont, CA, 94536, US)
CANTAIORE, Cosirno (8900 Rancho Hills Drive, Gilroy, CA, 95020, US)
International Classes:
B29C64/153; H01R13/40; H05K1/14; H05K3/36
Foreign References:
US20130242493A12013-09-19
US20140268604A12014-09-18
US5438166A1995-08-01
US20120164888A12012-06-28
US20120043119A12012-02-23
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
KLAR, Richard B. (Law Office Richard B. Klar, 145 Willis Avenue Suite No, Mineola NY, 11501, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
what is claimed;

1. A method for forming an electrical interconnect mechanism, the steps comprising:

Depositing metal, formed to a desired shape through an additive process; and adding a dielectric typically an cpoxy material, to fill in gaps in said metal removing a holding frame by a secondary process thereby producing a finished block (having separate isolated paths that provide s one or more electrical connections to different spots on said block.

2. The method according to claim 1 wherein said metal is provided by a 3D printer

3. The method according to claim 1 where in said additive process for forming said metal is laser sintering

4. The method according to claim wherein said dielectric is an cpoxy material added to fill in the gaps in said metal.

5. The method according to claim 4 wherein said dielectric can include air added to the model, by not allowing the mold to fill certain areas.

6. The method according to claim 1 where once the dielectric material is filled in and the holding frame is removed by a secondary process of one of grinding, etching, laser cutting, or milling.

7. The method according to claim 1 further comprising the steps of providing a simple straight wire feat cm. be arranged at any angle for a point to point connection.

8. The method according to claim 1 further comprising shaping a wire with curves to aid in routing the wires within the block,

9. The method according to claim 1 further comprising making multiple stair-step elevation changes ia the wire to route within the block.

10. The method according to claim 1 further comprising merging separate wires into joined larger wires to reduce resistivity, modify inductance, modify capacitance, or sinplify construction.

11 - The method according to claim 1 further comprising providing coaxial transmission line structures waveguide, or other impedance controlled structures.

12, The method according to claim I further eoaiprising providing additional mechanical structures for providing support can be built into said electrical interconnect mechanism. by providing holes for a lid of said structure and latching mechanism for said lid thereby reducing steps in construction of said structure compared with additional processes.

13. The method according to claim 1 farther comprising using a socket, to scale in a larger pit ch pad pattern into a finer package size wherein by adding an interconnect material, an integrated circuits chip can be socketed to a hoard or other interconnect device. 14, The method according to claim 13 wherein said interconnect material, can be- either a sheet of conductive elastomeric columns, spring pins, or other compliance interconnect device.

15. The method according to claim 1 wherein said structure has an internal frame that provides for alignment tied directly to the tolerance accuracy of fee wires within, the block and allows for mechanical connection features such as screw holes or clips thereby increasing strength of the over all block, improving over fee strength of the solid dielectric and permitting modification of the temperature expansion properties of the block,

1.6. The method according to claim 1 wherein, an elastomeric column) connects the 3D wire block (6) to the socket (15). And fee socket holds spring pins which provide compliance to electrically connect the DUT (8) to the structure thereby permitting the Printed Circuit Board (PCB) to be manufactured more quickly and easily since it is at a larger via pitch when compared to the Device Under Test (DUT) pitch.

17. An electrical interconnect mechanism, comprising:

Metal deposited and formed to a desired shape through an. additive process; and a dielectric typically as. epoxy material, added to .fill in gaps in said metal removing a holding frame by a secondary process thereby producing a finished block (having separate isolated paths that provide s one or more electrical connections to different spots on said block. 18- The mechanism according to claim 17 wherein said metal is provided by a 3D printer

19. The mechanism according to claim 17 wherein said additi ve process for forming said metal is laser sintering

20. The mechanism. according to claim 17 wherein said dielectric is an. epoxy material added to fill in the gaps in said metal.

21. The mechanism according to claim 17 wherein said dielectric can include air added to the model, by not allowing the mold to fill certain areas.

22- The m mechanism according to claim 17 where once the dielectric material is filled in and the holding frame is removed by a secondary process of one of grinding, etching, laser cutting, ormilling.

23. The mechanism. according to claim 1.7 farther comprising a simple straighi wire that can be arranged at my angle for a. point to poiat connection..

24. The mechaaism accoFdisg to claim 17 farther comprising a wire shaped with carves to aid in routing the wires within the block.

25. The mechanism according to claim 17 further comprising said wire having multiple stair-step elevation changes therein for routing within the block.

26. The mechanism according to claim 17 farther comprising separate wires merged into joined larger wires to reduce resistivity modify inductance, modify capacitance, or simplify constraction.

27. The mechanism according to claim 17 further comprising coaxial transmition line structures waveguide, or other impedance controlled structures.

28. The mechanism according to claim 17 farther comprising additional mechanical structures for providing support cm. be built into said electrical interconnect mechanism by providing holes for a lid of said structure and a latching mechanism for said lid thereby reducing steps in. cotjstruciioa of said structure compared with traditional processes?

29. The mechanism according to claim 17 further comprising a socket employed to scale in a larger pitch pad. pattern into a finer package size wherein by adding, an.

interconnect material an. Integrated circuits chip can be socketed to a board or other interconnect device.

30- The mechanism according to claim 29 where said interconnect material can be either a sheet of conductive elastomeric columns or spring pins.

.31. The mechanism according to claim 17 wherein said structure has an internal frame aligned by being tied directly to the tolerance accuracy of the wires within, the block and allows for mechanical connectiosn features such as screw holes or clips thereby increasing strength of the. over all block, improving over the strenght of the solid dielectric and pernntting modifica.ti.ou of the temperature expansion properties of the block.

32. The mechanism according to claim.17 wherein an elastomeric column) connects the 3D wire block (6) to the socket (15). And the socket holds spring pins which provide compliance, to electrically connect the-DUT (8) to the structure therby permitting the Printed Circuit. Board (PCB) to be manufactured more quickly and easily since it is at a larger via pitch when compared to the Device Under Test (DUX) pitch.

Description:
METHOD AND STRUCTURE FOR A

3D WIRE BLOCK

RELATED APPLICATIONS

The present application references and incorporates the entire subject matter prior application of Trace Anywhere Interconnect serial number 15/189,435 filed on June 22, 2016 by applicant as if incorporated herein.

BACKGROUND

1. Field of Invention

The present invention relates generally to the electrical test and measurement and specifically it relates to a new way of creating electrically conductive paths in a block. In particular the present invention relates to fccming an electrical interconnect mechanism between two or more discrete contact points such as but not limited to circuit pads within two or mere parallel circuit planes with circuitry formed in thiee-dimensional space between the aforementioned two or more circuit planes in order to allow for electrical coupling of two or more electrical devises through said interconnect device. This new mechanism of the present invention decreases design time and increases conductive path routing options when compared to current industry mechanisms.

2. THE RELATED ART Conventional interconnect technology limits the routing of circuitry to the χ-y plane by way of conductive traces. These traces are then connected in the z-axis through holes (vias) formed perpendicular to the traces, aligned over the traces. These vias are men coated or plated with a metallization either partially or completely filled, connecting the traces to circuitry formed in the x-y planes above and below.

It is normal for these interconnect structures to have an array of contact pads on either side of the outer major surfaces of the structure and occasionally even on the minor sides or surfaces of the structure. These contact pads are meant to be electrically coupled with electronic components on the outer surfaces. When there are a large number of contact pads or points on each side to be electrically coupled the internal circuitry layers become very dense and require a targe number of routing layers. Each of these layers are traditionally formed in layer pairs of two, sandwiched on both sides of a dielectric sheet. These sheets are manufactured concurrently then bonded together with additional dielectric sheet layers forming multilayered structures. Vias are then formed and metalized through or partially through these layer stacks making the required z axis interconnects. Partial or buried vias can be formed and metalized on each of the layer pairs prior to bonding the layers together.

Alternatively, to improve routing density dielectric layers and circuitry layers can be built up one on top of another sequentially with blind vias formed only where necessary. This eliminates the need of through vias, which take up routing space in the x-y planes on layers where the vias is not essential. This via anywhere approach greatly improved routing density but suffers from the cost of time and labor to build these layers sequentially.

SUMMARY

The present invention provides a mechanism and a structure in which an electrical interconnect mechanism is formed having complex connections between two or more discrete contact points such as but not limited to circuit pads within two or more parallel circuit planes with circuitry formed in three-dimensional space between the aforementioned two or more circuit planes , in this way the present invention provides for electrical coupling of two or more electrical devices through said interconnect device.

The present invention provides for a structure and a mechanism by which, by utilizing additive manufacturing processes electrical connections are created that connect the top and bottom of a block in a customizable pattern. Specifically connection points can be created on the surface of the block and routed to alternate locations transforming the original pattern to a smaller, larger, or alternate pattern.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a sectional side view of the additive metal construction of the present invention before dielectric fill;

FIG.2 is a sectional side view of the additive metal construction of the present invention after dielectric fill;

FIG 3 is a sectional side view of the metal and dielectric of the present invention after bottom plate is removed;

FIG 4 is a side view of an embodiment of the present invention in which unique construction options are used in accordance with the mechanism of the present invention; FIG. 5 is a sectional view of one embodiment for the present invention showing reinforcing mechanics;

FIG.6 is a -sectional view of another embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 7 shows another embodiment for the present invention in which the structure of the present invention is connected for a test and measurement application.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

The present application references and incorporates the entire subject matter prior application of Trace Anywhere Interconnect serial number 15/189,435 filed on June 22, 2016 by applicant as if incorporated herein .The difference between the prior application in the current one is that metallization is provided first before the dielectric material such as but not limited to plastic is added in the current present application. The exact opposite is the case in the prior Trace Anywhere Interconnect application.

Referring now to the drawings of Figs 1-7, Figs. 1-3 show the basic construction steps for the structure and mechanism of the present invention. FIG. 4 shows some alternate and advantageous wiring capabilities using this mechanism. FIGS. 5 and 6 show two embodiments of the present invention. FIG. 7 shows another embodiment in which the structure of the present invention is connected for a test and measurement application. FIGS. 1-3 describe the basic construction technique in detail of the present invention.. First, metal .formed by a 3D printer or commercially available and known processes (e.g. material jetting, binder jetting, material extrusion, powder bed fusion, directed energy deposition, or sheet lamination), is deposited and formed to a desired shape through an additive process (FIG. 1) (1,23,4),. A dielectric (5), typically an epoxy material, is added to till in the gaps in the metal (FIG 2). Air can also be added to the model, by not allowing the mold to fill certain areas. Once the dielectric material is filled in, the holding frame (4) will be removed by a secondary process, e.g. grinding, etching, laser cutting, or milling. The finished block (6) now has separate isolated paths that will provide electrical connection to different spots on the block.

Additive manufacturing provides many advantageous options not normally available in printed wiring boards (PCB). The electrically conductive path will be referred to as a "wire" herein even though some example will not directly resemble a traditional wire.

The first wiring option is a simple straight wire that can be at any angle (1 A). This is a simple point to point connection. The second option is to put curves in the wire (IB) to aid in routing the wires within the block. The third option is to make multiple stair-step elevation changes (1C) in the wire to route within the block. A fourth option is to merge separate wires into joined much larger wires to reduce resistivity, modify inductance, modify capacitance, or simplify construction. A fifth option is to create coaxial transmission line structures (IE), waveguide, or other impedance controlled structures.

Additional mechanical structures for providing support can be added to the printed 3D wire block of the present invention. For example holes for a lid (10) and features for latching mechanism can be built in to the design. This reduces the number of steps in the construction process compared to traditional mechanisms.

FIG. 5 illustrates an embodiment of the present invention of a socket using this process to scale in a larger pitch pad pattern into a finer package size. By adding an interconnect material (9) (e.g. sheet of conductive elastomeric columns, spring pins, or other compliance interconnect device), an integrated circuits chip (8) can be socketed to a board or other interconnect device.

In the embodiment of Fig 6, an internal frame work (13) is shown within the plastic adding mechanical support structure. This internal frame 13 provides several benefits for the present invention. This will allow for alignment features (12) that are tied directly to the tolerance accuracy of the wires within the block. This will allow for mechanical connection features such as screw holes (11 ) or clips. This will increase the strength of the over all block, improving over the strength of the solid dielectric. This will also allow for modifying the temperature expansion properties of the block.

Fig 7 illustrates an application of the present invention of test measurement purposes. The application in FIG.7 is for a test and measurement application where a socket (15) must be placed on a Printed Wire Board (16) (PWB or PCB) to electrically connect it to automated test equipment, such as an Advantest 93k or Teradyne UltraFlex tester.

The 3D wire block (6) can transform the electrical pad pattern on the PCB (16) into a smaller pattern the matches the device under test Device Under Test (DUT) (8) pin out pattern.

In this application of FIG. 7 an elastomeric column (9) connects the 3D wire block (6) to the socket (15). The socket holds spring pins (14) which provide compliance to electrically connect the DUT (8) to the 3D wire block (6).

The 3D wire block of the present invention in this instance allows the PCB (16) to be manufactured more quickly and easily since it is at a larger via pitch when compared to the DUT (8) pitch- In addition the various embodiment structure of the Trace Anywhere Interconnect application can be and are incorporates herein with the mechanism and structure of the present invention.

While presently preferred embodiments have been described for purposes of the disclosure, numerous changes in the arrangement of mechanism steps and those skilled in the art can make apparatus parts. Such changes are encompassed within the spirit of the invention as defined by the appended claims.