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Title:
METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DETECTING EQUIPMENT MALFUNCTIONS AND/OR DEFECTS IN A WORKPIECE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2020/240402
Kind Code:
A4
Abstract:
The present invention concerns a method and a system for detecting malfunctions in an apparatus and/or defectivenesses in a workpiece (40) processed by said apparatus (1). The method provides for acquiring (110) a sound signal emitted by an apparatus during an operation cycle of the same, then comparing (152) the sound signal with a plurality of audio tracks stored in a memory area (24) for determining a malfunction of the apparatus and/or a defectiveness of the workpiece (40) processed by the apparatus based on the result of said comparison. The operation cycle is subdivided into a plurality of work phases and during the acquisition of the sound signal (120) a work phase of said plurality of work phases is identified. Each audio track of the plurality of stored audio tracks comprises an audio component relating to acquired sound signals, and additional information data comprising at least one identifier of the work phase executed by the apparatus during the acquisition of the sound signals of the audio component. The plurality of audio tracks used for the comparison with the sound signal is a group of audio tracks of the plurality of audio tracks whose identifier of the work phase of the apparatus corresponds to the identified work phase. The identification data of the audio tracks additionally comprise at least one identifier of a plurality of components (10-16) activated during the phase to which the audio component refers, and it is further provided for a) identifying (620; 810) a plurality of components activated during the identified work phase, b) on the basis of the plurality of activated components, identifying (630; 830) a set of comparison phases among the plurality of phases of the operation cycle, and c) identifying as defective (640-690; 840-890) at least one component between the plurality of components activated during the work phase and/or the workpiece (40), on the basis of the audio tracks relating to the set of comparison phases identified and/or on the basis of sound signals acquired during the identified comparison phases.

Inventors:
LINARI, Stefano (IT)
Application Number:
IB2020/054950
Publication Date:
January 07, 2021
Filing Date:
May 26, 2020
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
LINARI ENGINEERING SRL (IT)
International Classes:
G05B23/02
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
MATI, Silvia et al. (IT)
Download PDF:
Claims:
AMENDED CLAIMS

received by the International Bureau on 20 November 2020

1. A method (100,600,800) for detecting malfunctions in an apparatus (1) and/or defectivenesses in a workpiece (40) processed by said apparatus (1), comprising the steps of:

acquiring (110) a sound signal emitted by an apparatus during an operation cycle of the apparatus,

comparing (152) the sound signal with a plurality of audio tracks stored in a memory area (24),

determining a malfunction of the apparatus and/or a defectiveness of the workpiece (40) processed by the apparatus based on the result of said comparison,

wherein the operation cycle is subdivided into a plurality of work phases during which a plurality of components (10-16) are operated simultaneously and during the acquisition of the sound signal (120) a work phase of said plurality of work phases is identified,

wherein each audio track of said plurality of stored audio tracks comprises an audio component relating to acquired sound signals, and additional information data comprising at least one identifier of the work phase executed by the apparatus during the acquisition of the sound signals of the audio component,

wherein said plurality of audio tracks used for the comparison with the sound signal is a group of audio tracks of said plurality of audio tracks whose identifier of the work phase of the apparatus corresponds to the identified work phase,

characterized in that the identification data of the audio tracks additionally comprise at least one identifier of a plurality of components (10-16) operated during the phase to which the audio component refers,

and also in that of further comprising the steps of

identifying (620; 810) the plurality of components operated during the identified work phase,

on the basis of said plurality of operated components, identifying (630; 830) a set of comparison phases among said plurality of phases of the operation cycle, and

identifying as defective (640-690; 840-890) at least one component between said plurality of components operated during the work phase and/or the workpiece (40), on the basis of the audio tracks relating to the set of comparison phases identified and/or on the basis of sound signals acquired during the identified comparison phases.

2. The method (100,600,800) according to claim 1, wherein during the acquisition of the sound signal at least one value of an operating parameter of each component of the apparatus operated during the work phase is determined (820,620),

wherein the additional information data comprise a value of said at least one operating parameter of each operated component of the apparatus, and

wherein for the comparison with the sound signal, the audio tracks which comprise a value of said operating parameter substantially equal to the value of the determined parameter are selected (830,630) from the group of audio tracks.

3. The method (100,600,800) according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the set of comparison phases comprises phases of the operation cycle in which at least one component of said plurality of components operated during the work phase is operated, and said at least one component in common is operated in the comparison phase and in the work phase with substantially equal values of the operating parameters.

4. The method (100,600) according to any one of the preceding claims, further comprising the steps of:

storing (610) a first deviation data relating to a deviation between the sound signal and one of said plurality of audio tracks which gave rise to a malfunction signalling of the apparatus,

selecting (620) a component of said plurality of components,

comparing (630,640) the sound signal with at least one further audio track relating to a comparison phase of said set of comparison phases, said comparison phase being a phase of said operation cycle in which a malfunction of the apparatus was recorded,

storing (650) at least one further deviation data, said at least one further deviation data representing a deviation between the acquired sound signal and said at least one further audio track,

comparing (660) the first deviation data with each further deviation data and verifying if they differ less than a threshold value,

signalling (690) that the identified component is defective in the event that (675) the first deviation data and the further deviation data differ less than a threshold value at least once, preferably in most comparisons.

5. The method (100,800) according to any one of claims 1 to 3, further comprising the steps of: acquiring (840) a sound signal emitted by the apparatus during at least a first comparison phase of the set of comparison phases;

comparing (850) the acquired sound signal with a plurality of audio tracks relating to the at least a first comparison phase; and

according to the outcome of the comparison, identifying as defective (860-895) at least one component between said plurality of components operated both during the at least a first comparison phase and during the work phase, or the workpiece (40).

6. The method (100,800) according to claim 5, wherein if the outcome of the comparison identifies a malfunction of the at least a first comparison phase and during the at least a first comparison phase only one component in common is operated, signalling (890) the only component in common as a defective component.

7. The method (100,800) according to claim 5 or 6, wherein, if the outcome of the comparison identifies a malfunction of the at least a first comparison phase and during the at least a first comparison phase, a subset of the components operated during the work phase is operated, identifying as non-defective the components operated in the work phase, but not operated during the at least a first comparison phase and updating (885) the set of the comparison phases, keeping only the comparison phases in which the components belonging to the subset of the components are operated.

8. The method (100,800) according to any one of claims 5 to 7, wherein if the outcome of the comparison does not identify a malfunction of the comparison phase, identifying the components that were active during the comparison phase as non-defective and updating (870) the set of the comparison phases, keeping only the comparison phases in which the remaining components are operated.

9. The method (100,800) according to claim 7 or 8, wherein, after updating (885,870) the set of comparison phases, the phase takes place which consists in verifying (888) if the set of the comparison phases still comprises comparison phases and, in the negative case, signalling (895) the workpiece 40 as a defective piece.

10. The method (100,600,800) according to any one of the preceding claims, comprising storing in said storage area (24) an audio track comprising an audio component corresponding to the acquired sound signal and at least one additional information data included in the group consisting of: an identification data of the work phase of the apparatus, data relating to the components operated during the acquisition of the sound signal, environmental parameters relating to the operating conditions of the apparatus during the acquisition of the sound signal, operating parameters of the apparatus and/or its components during the acquisition of the sound signal, absolute and/or relative position of the components and of the workpieces during the acquisition of the sound signal.

11. The method (100,600,800) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein if the method determines a malfunction of the apparatus and/or identifies a defective component, the method further provides for:

signalling the defective component,

receiving a malfunction confirmation/denial command of the component, and

recording, among the additional information data, a data that identifies the track as relating to a phase with malfunctions and/or defective components, if the command confirming the malfunction of the component is received.

12. The method (100,600,800) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the step of identifying (120) a work phase of said plurality of work phases comprises:

acquiring a sequence of images of said apparatus,

processing the acquired images to determine the position of the plurality of operated components and/or of at least one workpiece (40) on which the operated components are acting;

determining the work phase on the basis of the determined positions.

13. The method (100,600,800) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein said plurality of audio tracks is stored in a plurality of computers connected to each other and wherein the step of comparing the sound signal with said plurality of audio tracks is executed in a distributed manner between said plurality of computers or locally on a computer receiving the sound signal.

14. A system (2,2’) for detecting malfunctions in an apparatus (1) and/or defectivenesses in a workpiece (40) with said apparatus (1), comprising

- at least one transducer (22) for acquiring a sound signal emitted by the apparatus (1) during an operation cycle of the apparatus (1),

- a memory area (24) adapted to preserve a plurality of audio tracks, wherein each audio track of said plurality of audio tracks comprises an audio component relating to acquired sound signals, and additional information data comprising at least one identifier of the work phase executed by the apparatus during the acquisition of the sound signals of the audio component, and

- a control unit (20,20’) operatively connected to the transducer (22) and to the memory area (24) and configured for

identifying, among a plurality of work phases into which the operation cycle of the apparatus is subdivided, a work phase executed by the apparatus (1) during the acquisition of the sound signal, selecting a plurality of audio tracks stored in the memory area (24) on the basis of the identified work phase,

comparing the sound signal with the audio component of the plurality of selected audio tracks, and

determining a malfunction of the apparatus (1) and/or a defectiveness of the workpiece (40) processed by the apparatus based on the result of said comparison,

characterized in that the identification data of the audio tracks additionally comprise at least one identifier of a plurality of components (10-16) operated during the phase to which the audio component refers, and the control unit (20,20’) is further configured for

identifying a plurality of components (10-16) operated during the work phase, on the basis of the operated components (10-16), identifying a set of comparison phases of the operation cycle with which a second plurality of audio tracks stored in the memory area (24) is associated, and

identifying as defective at least one component between said plurality of components (10-16) operated during the work phase and/or the workpiece (40) on the basis of the audio tracks relating to the set of comparison phases identified and/or on the basis of sound signals acquired during the identified comparison phases.

15. The system (2,2’) according to claim 14, wherein the control unit (20,20’) is further configured to determine at least one operating parameter of each component of the apparatus operated during the work phase, and wherein the set of comparison phases comprises phases of the operation cycle in which at least one component (10-16) of said plurality of components operated during the work phase is operated, and said at least one component (10-16) in common is operated in the comparison phase and in the work phase with substantially equal values of the operating parameters.

16. The system (2,2’) according to claim 15, wherein the control unit (20,20’) is further configured for:

storing a first deviation data relating to a deviation between the sound signal and one of said plurality of audio tracks which gave rise to a malfunction signalling of the apparatus, selecting an operated component (10-16) of said plurality of operated components, comparing the sound signal with at least one further audio track relating to a comparison phase of said set of comparison phases, said comparison phase being a phase of said operation cycle in which a malfunction of the apparatus was recorded,

storing at least one further deviation data, said at least one further deviation data representing a deviation between the acquired sound signal and said at least one further audio track,

comparing the first deviation data with each further deviation data and verifying if they differ less than a threshold value,

signalling that the identified component is defective if the first deviation data and the further deviation data differ less than a threshold value at least once, preferably in most comparisons.

17. The system (2,2’) according to claim 15, wherein the control unit (20,20’) is further configured for:

acquiring a sound signal emitted by the apparatus during at least a first comparison phase of the set of comparison phases;

comparing the acquired sound signal with a plurality of audio tracks relating to the at least a first comparison phase;

according to the outcome of the comparison, identifying as defective at least one component between said plurality of components (10-16) operated both during the at least a first comparison phase and during the work phase, or the workpiece (40).

18. The system (2,2’) according to any one of claims 14 to 17,

wherein the memory area (24) preserves information adapted to identify the work phase executed by the apparatus (1) during the acquisition of the sound signal among the plurality of work phases into which the operation cycle of the apparatus is subdivided, or

wherein the control unit (20’) is operatively connected to an image detector (25) configured to frame the apparatus (1) and the control unit (20’) is further configured to carry out a processing of images of a sequence of images received by the image detector (25) to identify the work phase executed by the apparatus (1) during the acquisition of the sound signal.

19. The system (2,2’) according to any one of claims 14 to 18, wherein the control unit (20,20’) is configured for

receiving a command that confirms, denies or corrects a malfunction assessment of the apparatus made by the control unit (20,20’) and/or an indication given by the control unit (20,20’) that a component is defective, and

recording, among the additional information data, a data that identifies the track as relating to a phase with malfunctions and/or defective components, in the event of a command that confirms the malfunction of the component.