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Title:
METHOD FOR TREATING HAIR
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2017/096071
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A method, a kit and a first composition for treating hair are provided. The method for treating hair comprises applying to the hair a first composition comprising in a cosmetically acceptable carrier, one or more linkers, or cosmetically acceptable salts thereof, or mixtures thereof; and applying to the hair a second composition comprising in a cosmetically acceptable carrier, one or more electrophile ingredients of Formula I, or cosmetically acceptable salts thereof, or mixtures thereof and wherein the first composition does not comprise any electrophile ingredients of Formula I of the second composition.

Inventors:
FLOHR, Andreas (Obere Eichen 7, Kronberg im Taunus, Taunus, DE)
MCKELVEY, Graham (Waldstraasse 8, Glastutten, Hesse, Hesse, DE)
Application Number:
US2016/064466
Publication Date:
June 08, 2017
Filing Date:
December 01, 2016
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
NOXELL CORPORATION (11050 York Road, Hunt Valley, Maryland, 21030-2098, US)
FLOHR, Andreas (Obere Eichen 7, Kronberg im Taunus, Taunus, DE)
MCKELVEY, Graham (Waldstraasse 8, Glastutten, Hesse, Hesse, DE)
International Classes:
A61Q5/12; A61K8/362; A61K8/41; A61K8/45
Domestic Patent References:
2015-02-05
Foreign References:
US20150328102A12015-11-19
US20110154583A12011-06-30
EP2295027A22011-03-16
GB773559A1957-04-24
US20070089246A12007-04-26
US20070226916A12007-10-04
US7060111B22006-06-13
US3472243A1969-10-14
US6923953B22005-08-02
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
PERDOK, Monique M. et al. (P.O. Box 2938, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 55402, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. A method for treating hair comprising:

(a) applying to the hair a first composition comprising in a cosmetically acceptable carrier, one or more linkers, or cosmetically acceptable salts thereof, or mixtures thereof, wherein the one or more linkers is a polyfunctional molecule which is independently substituted with one or more substituents which are selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, hydroxy, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, alkoxy, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkynyl, aryl, heterocyclyl, heteroaryl, amine, formyl, acyl, carboxylic acid, -C(O)R1, -C(O)OR1, (-COO-), -CONH2, -CONHR1, - C(O)NR1R2, - NR1R2,-NR1S(O)2R2, -NR1C(O)R2, -S(O)2R2, -SR1, -S(O)2NR1R2, -SOR1, or–SOOR1 and mixtures thereof;

wherein R1 and R2 are each independently selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkynyl, aryl, heterocyclyl, and heteroaryl group;

wherein each of R1 and R2 is independently unsubstituted or substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, alkoxy, aryloxy, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkynyl, aryl, heterocyclyl, heteroaryl and mixtures thereof;

(b) applying to the hair a second composition comprising in a cosmetically acceptable carrier, one or more electrophile ingredients of Formula I, or cosmetically acceptable salts thereof, or mixtures thereof:

Formula I wherein G is C and n= 1 or G is S and n = 2;

wherein R3 is ZR4, wherein Z is selected from the group consisting of O, NH2, NH, and N;

wherein R4 is independently selected from the group consisting of: -H, -C1-6 alkyl groups; aryl groups; and ionizable functional groups; wherein R5 is independently selected from the group consisting of: -H, -C1-6 alkyl groups; aryl groups; and ionizable functional groups;

wherein R6 is independently selected from the group consisting of: -H, -C1-6 alkyl groups; aryl groups; and ionizable functional groups;

wherein the ionizable functional group is independently selected from the group consisting of: -COOH, - SO3H, -PO3H2, -N(R7)2, -N(R7)3; wherein R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkynyl, aryl, heterocyclyl and heteroaryl groups; wherein each R7 is independently unsubstituted or substituted with one or more substituents; and

wherein the first composition optionally does not comprise any electrophile ingredients of Formula I of the second composition. 2. The method of Claim 1, wherein the second composition does not comprise any linkers of the first composition. 3. The method according to Claim 1, wherein step (a) occurs prior to step (b). 4. The method according to Claim 1, wherein the one or more linkers are selected from the group consisting of:

cosmetically acceptable salts thereof, and mixtures thereof. 5. The method according to Claim 1, wherein the one or more eletrophile ingredients are

6. The method according to Claim 1, wherein the one or more linkers are selected from the group consisting of:

, , cosmetically acceptable salts thereof, and mixtures thereof; and

wherein the one or more eletrophile ingredients are selected from the group consisting of:

, , ,

, cosmetically acceptable salts thereof, and mixtures thereof. 7. The method according to Claim 1, wherein, in step (a), the first composition is applied to the hair in combination with at least one of a hair coloring composition and a permanent hair waving composition. 8. The method according to Claim 1, wherein step (a) and/or step (b) is perfomed after the reductive step of a permanent waving procedure and before the oxidative step of a permanent waving procedure. 9. The method according to Claim 1, wherein the first composition comprises one or more oxidizing agents. 10. The method according to Claim 1, wherein the first composition comprises oxidative dye precursors including one or more couplers and one or more primary intermediates.

11. The method according to Claim 10, wherein the first composition is substantially free of oxidizing agent. 12. The method according to Claim 1, wherein the first composition comprises from 0.1% to 25% of the one or more linkers by total weight of the first composition. 13. The method according to Claim 1, wherein the second composition comprises from 0.1% to 25% of the one or more eletrophile ingredients by total weight of the second composition. 14. The method according to Claim 1, further comprising:

(c) rinsing, shampooing, conditioning the hair, or a combination thereof,

wherein step (c) occurs subsequent to step (a) and/or step (b). 15. The method according to Claim 1, further comprising:

(d) drying the hair, preferably after step (b) or step (c). 16. The method according to claim 15, wherein a device is used for the drying of hair and the device is a hair dryer, and/or a hair straightener, and/or a curling iron, and/or a hood. 17. The method according to Claim 1, wherein the second composition is substantially free of any initiator of free-radical polymerisation. 18. A kit comprising:

(a) a first composition as defined in Claim 1;

(b) a second composition as defined Claim 1,;

wherein the first composition does not comprise any electrophile ingredients of Formula I of the second composition; and

wherein the first composition and the second composition are separately packaged. 19. The kit according to Claim 18, wherein the one or more linkers are selected from the group consisting of:

, , cosmetically acceptable salts thereof, and mixtures thereof; and

wherein the one or more eletrophile ingredients are selected from the group consisting of:

, , , , ,

cosmetically acceptable salts thereof, and mixtures thereof.

20. A first composition for treating hair comprising in a cosmetically acceptable carrier, one or more linkers, or cosmetically acceptable salts thereof, or mixtures thereof, wherein the one or more linkers is a polyfunctional molecule which is independently substituted with one or more substituents which are selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, hydroxy, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, alkoxy, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkynyl, aryl, heterocyclyl, heteroaryl, amine, formyl, acyl, carboxylic acid, -C(O)R1, -C(O)OR1, (-COO-), -CONH2, -CONHR1, - C(O)NR1R2, -NR1R2,-NR1S(O)2R2, -NR1C(O)R2, - S(O)2R2, -SR1, -S(O)2NR1R2, -SOR1, or–SOOR1 and mixtures thereof;

wherein R1 and R2 are each independently selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkynyl, aryl, heterocyclyl, and heteroaryl group;

wherein each of R1 and R2 is independently unsubstituted or substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, alkoxy, aryloxy, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkynyl, aryl, heterocyclyl, heteroaryl and mixtures thereof;

wherein the first composition does not comprise any electrophile ingredients of Formula I:

Formula I wherein G is C and n= 1 or G is S and n = 2;

wherein R3 is ZR4, wherein Z is selected from the group consisting of O, NH2, NH, and N;

wherein R4 is independently selected from the group consisting of: -H, -C1-6 alkyl groups; aryl groups; and ionizable functional groups;

wherein R5 is independently selected from the group consisting of: -H, -C1-6 alkyl groups; aryl groups; and ionizable functional groups;

wherein R6 is independently selected from the group consisting of: -H, -C1-6 alkyl groups; aryl groups; and ionizable functional groups;

wherein the ionizable functional group is independently selected from the group consisting of: -COOH, - SO3H, -PO3H2, -N(R7)2, -N(R7)3; wherein R7 is independently selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkynyl, aryl, heterocyclyl and heteroaryl groups; and

wherein each R7 is independently unsubstituted or substituted with one or more substituents.

Description:
METHOD FOR TREATING HAIR PRIORITY APPLICATIONS

This application claims the benefit of priority to European Application No.15197287.4, filed on December 1, 2015, which application is incorporated by reference herein in its entirety. FIELD OF THE INVENTION

A method for treating hair is provided and comprises applying to the hair a first composition comprising in a cosmetically acceptable carrier, one or more linkers; and applying to the hair a second composition comprising in a cosmetically acceptable carrier, one or more electrophile ingredients. Also, a kit for treating hair is provided and comprises the first composition and the second composition which are separately packaged. A first and a second composition for treating hair is also provided. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Hair coloring or dyeing involves the application of one or more hair dyes onto hair which results in the coloration of hair fibers. The total head of hair color may be changed subtly or dramatically, the root growth colored to match the remaining head of hair, effects introduced such as glitter, hair strand effects or other sectional effects, or the same color“freshened up” to combat fade and/or wash-out.

There is a relative high interest for some clients to get their hair turned super blonde, namely blonde platinum. However, these clients have typically a very dark hair. In order to provide the super blonde color, the dark hair needs to be bleached several times. If the hair is already heavily stressed or damaged due to previous bleaching, coloring or dying hair, such bleaching processes are not recommended. The integrity and the healthiness of the client´s hair and scalp need always to be preserved and even more improved.

There is also a relatively high interest for some clients to permanently change their hair style without changing the color of their hair. This involves client’s desire to go from straight to curly hair or, opposite, from curly to straight hair. The first of those style transformations typically involves a reductive hair damage step (i.e. the reductive step of a permanent waving procedure) followed by the mechanical curling of the hair with subsequent oxidation (i.e. the oxidative step of a permanent waving procedure) of the hair. If clients desire to change their hair style from curly to straight, typically chemical hair straigtheners in combination with excessive heat are being used. As a consequence, permanent waving as well as hair straightening compromises the integrity of clients’ hair.

In that respect, some binding agents have been recently developed, see for instance International Patent Application WO 2015/017768 A1.

However, there is still a need to provide a method for treating hair in order to improve the integrity and the healthiness of hair when the hair is exposed to relatively heavy stress such as intense bleaching processes, i.e. processes involving a relatively high concentration of oxidizing agents. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention, according to an embodiment, is related to a method for treating hair which comprises:

(a) applying to the hair a first composition comprising in a cosmetically acceptable carrier, one or more linkers, or cosmetically acceptable salts thereof, or mixtures thereof, wherein the one or more linkers is a polyfunctional molecule which is independently substituted with one or more substituents which are selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, hydroxy, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, alkoxy, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkynyl, aryl, heterocyclyl, heteroaryl, amine, formyl, acyl, carboxylic acid, -C(O)R 1 , -C(O)OR 1 , (-COO-), -CONH2, -CONHR 1 , - C(O)NR 1 R 2 , -NR 1 R 2 ,-NR 1 S(O)2R 2 , -NR 1 C(O)R 2 , -S(O)2R 2 , -SR 1 , - S(O)2NR 1 R 2 , -SOR 1 , or–SOOR 1 and mixtures thereof;

wherein R 1 and R 2 are each independently selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkynyl, aryl, heterocyclyl, and heteroaryl group;

wherein each of R 1 and R 2 is independently unsubstituted or substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, alkoxy, aryloxy, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkynyl, aryl, heterocyclyl, heteroaryl and mixtures thereof; (b) applying to the hair a second composition comprising in a cosmetically acceptable carrier, one or more electrophile ingredients of Formula I, or cosmetically acceptable salts thereof, or mixtures thereof:

Formula I wherein G is C and n= 1 or G is S and n = 2;

wherein R3 is ZR4, wherein Z is selected from the group consisting of O, NH2, NH, and N;

wherein R4 is independently selected from the group consisting of: -H, -C1-6 alkyl groups; aryl groups; and ionizable functional groups;

wherein R5 is independently selected from the group consisting of: -H, -C1-6 alkyl groups; aryl groups; and ionizable functional groups;

wherein R6 is independently selected from the group consisting of: -H, -C1-6 alkyl groups; aryl groups; and ionizable functional groups;

wherein the ionizable functional group is independently selected from the group consisting of: - COOH, - SO3H, -PO3H2, -N(R 7 )2, -N(R 7 )3; wherein R 7 is independently selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkynyl, aryl, heterocyclyl and heteroaryl groups; wherein each R 7 is independently unsubstituted or substituted with one or more substituents.

According to an embodiment, the first composition does not comprise any electrophile ingredients of Formula I of the second composition.

According to an embodiment, the second composition optionally does not comprise any linkers of the first composition.

The step (a) may occur prior to step (b).

The one or more linkers may be preferably selected from the group consisting of:

cosmetically acceptable salts thereof, and mixtures thereof.

The first composition may have a pH above 7 to 14, or from 8 to 14, or from 10 to 14, or from 12 to 14.

The second composition may have a pH from 0 to 7, or from 0.1 to 5, or from 0.5 to 3, or from 0.5 to 1.5.

The one or more electrophile ingredients may be preferably selected from the group

salts thereof, and mixtures thereof.

The first composition may comprise oxidative dyes precursors comprising one or more couplers and one or more primary intermediates. The one or more primary intermediate may be preferably 1,4-diamino-2-(methoxymethyl)-benzene.

A kit for treating hair is also provided and comprises:

(a) a first composition as defined hereinbefore;

(b) a second composition as defined hereinbefore;

wherein the first composition does not comprise any electrophile ingredients of Formula I of the second composition. The first composition and the second composition are separately packaged.

A first composition for treating hair is provided and comprises in a cosmetically acceptable carrier, one or more linkers, or cosmetically acceptable salts thereof, or mixtures thereof. The one or more linkers is a polyfunctional molecule which is independently substituted with one or more substituents which are selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, hydroxy, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, alkoxy, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkynyl, aryl, heterocyclyl, heteroaryl, amine, formyl, acyl, carboxylic acid, -C(O)R 1 , -C(O)OR 1 , (-COO-), - CONH2, -CONHR 1 , - C(O)NR 1 R 2 , -NR 1 R 2 ,-NR 1 S(O)2R 2 , -NR 1 C(O)R 2 , -S(O)2R 2 , -SR 1 , - S(O)2NR 1 R 2 , -SOR 1 , or–SOOR 1 and mixtures thereof. R 1 and R 2 are each independently selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkynyl, aryl, heterocyclyl, and heteroaryl group. Each of R 1 and R 2 is independently unsubstituted or substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, alkoxy, aryloxy, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkynyl, aryl, heterocyclyl, heteroaryl and mixtures thereof.

According to an embodiment, the first composition does not comprise any electrophile ingredients of Formula I:

Formula I

wherein G is C and n= 1 or G is S and n = 2;

wherein R3 is ZR4, wherein Z is selected from the group consisting of O, NH2, NH, and N;

wherein R4 is independently selected from the group consisting of: -H, -C1-6 alkyl groups; aryl groups; and ionizable functional groups;

wherein R5 is independently selected from the group consisting of: -H, -C1-6 alkyl groups; aryl groups; and ionizable functional groups;

wherein R6 is independently selected from the group consisting of: -H, -C1-6 alkyl groups; aryl groups; and ionizable functional groups;

wherein the ionizable functional group is independently selected from the group consisting of: - COOH, - SO3H, -PO3H2, -N(R 7 )2, -N(R 7 )3;

wherein R 7 is independently selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkynyl, aryl, heterocyclyl and heteroaryl groups; and wherein each R 7 is independently unsubstituted or substituted with one or more substituents.

The present invention, according to an embodiment, is further related to a method for treating hair which comprises performing step (a) and/or step (b) during or after a hair coloring procedure and/or a permanent hair waving procedure. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

While the specification concludes with claims particularly pointing out and distinctly claiming the present invention, it is believed that the same will be better understood from the following description read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which:

Fig.1 is a schematic view of the apparatus used in the Hair Breakage Test Method;

Fig.2 is a schematic view of a portion of the apparatus of Fig.1; and

Fig. 3 is a graph comprising the curves for each example on hair breakage as a function of the combing strokes. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Definitions of terms

In this document, including in all embodiments of all aspects of the present invention, the following definitions apply unless specifically stated otherwise.

All percentages are by weight (w/w) of the first composition and/or the second composition, unless otherwise specified. All ratios are weight ratios.“% wt.” means percentage by weight. References to‘parts’ e.g. a mixture of 1 part X and 3 parts Y, is a ratio by weight. When more than one composition are used during a treatment, the total weight to be considered is the total weight of all the compositions applied on the hair simultaneously (i.e. the weight found “on head”), typically resulting from mixing an oxidative composition (also called developer and/or oxidizing composition/component) with a dye composition (also called tint, and/or dye composition/component), unless otherwise specified. All ratios or percentages are weight ratios or weight percentages unless specifically stated otherwise.

“QS” or“QSP” means sufficient quantity for 100% or for 100g. +/- indicates the standard deviation. All ranges are inclusive and combinable. The number of significant digits conveys neither a limitation on the indicated amounts nor on the accuracy of the measurements. All numerical amounts are understood to be modified by the word“about”.

All measurements are understood to be made at 20°C and at ambient conditions, where “ambient conditions” means at 1 atmosphere (atm) of pressure and at 65% relative humidity, unless otherwise stated.“Relative humidity” refers to the ratio (stated as a percent) of the moisture content of air compared to the saturated moisture level at the same temperature and pressure. Relative humidity can be measured with a hygrometer, in particular with a probe hygrometer from VWR ® International.

Herein“min” means“minute” or“minutes”. Herein“mol” means mole. Herein“g” following a number means“gram” or“grams”.“Ex.” means“example”. All amounts as they pertain to listed ingredients are based on the active level (‘solids’) and do not include carriers or by-products that may be included in commercially available materials.

Herein,“comprising” means that other steps and other ingredients can be in addition. “Comprising” encompasses the terms“consisting of” and“consisting essentially of”. The compositions, methods, uses, kits, and processes of the present invention can comprise, consist of, and consist essentially of the elements and limitations of the invention described herein, as well as any of the additional or optional ingredients, components, steps, or limitations described herein. Embodiments and aspects described herein may comprise or be combinable with elements, features or components of other embodiments and/or aspects despite not being expressly exemplified in combination, unless an incompatibility is stated.

Where amount ranges are given, these are to be understood as being the total amount of said ingredient in the composition, or where more than one species fall within the scope of the ingredient definition, the total amount of all ingredients fitting that definition, in the composition.

For example, if the composition comprises from 1% to 5% fatty alcohol, then a composition comprising 2% stearyl alcohol and 1% cetyl alcohol and no other fatty alcohol, would fall within this scope.

The amount of each particular ingredient (e.g. a primary intermediate, a coupler, an oxidizing agent, etc) or mixtures thereof described hereinafter can account for up to 100% (or 100%) of the total amount of the ingredient(s) in the first composition and/or the second composition.

The term“substantially free of” as used herein means less than 1%, less than 0.8%, less than 0.5%, less than 0.3%, or less than an immaterial amount of by total weight of the composition.

The term“hair” as used herein means mammalian hair including scalp hair, facial hair and body hair, more preferably hair on the human head and scalp. Hair comprises hair fibers. “Hair shaft” means an individual hair strand and may be used interchangeably with the term “hair.” As used herein the term“hair” to be treated may be“living” i.e. on a living body or may be“non-living” i.e. in a wig, hairpiece or other aggregation of non-living keratinous fibers. Mammalian, preferably human hair is preferred. However wool, fur and other keratin containing fibers are suitable substrates for the hair coloring compositions according to the present invention.

By“hair coloring composition”, it is meant a composition suitable for changing the color of hair. The hair coloring composition can comprise oxidative dye precursors, direct dyes. The term“hair coloring composition” as used herein covers hair bleaching and hair oxidative dyeing products.

By“permanent waving composition”, it is meant a composition suitable for permanently changing the style of hair, preferably from straight to curly hair. The permanent waving composition may comprise a reductive composition and an oxidative composition which can be applied sequentially. That is, the reductive composition may be first applied to the hair first, and subsequently, the oxidative composition may be applied to the hair. Alternatively, the reductive composition and the oxidative composition my be applied at once.

The term“cosmetically acceptable” as used herein means that the compositions, or components described are suitable for use in contact with human keratinous tissue without undue toxicity, incompatibility, instability, allergic response, and the like. All compositions described herein which have the purpose of being directly applied to keratinous tissue are limited to those being cosmetically acceptable.

The term“cosmetically acceptable salt” as used herein refers to conventional base- addition salts that retain the properties of the one or more linkers or the one or more electrophile ingredients of the present invention and are formed from suitable organic or inorganic bases. Sample base-addition salts include those derived from sodium, potassium, ammonium, calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc, zirconium and aluminium hydroxide. Chemical modification of a compound bearing a carboxylic acid function into the corresponding carboxylate salt is a technique well known in the art.

The term“viscosity” as used herein is measured at 25°C using a HAAKE Rotation Viscometer VT 550 with cooling/heating vessel and sensor systems according to DIN 53019 at a shear rate of 12.9 s -1 .

The term“separately packaged” as used herein means any form of packaging that prevents a first composition from coming into physical contact, or admixing, with a second composition.“Separately packaged” may mean that the individual first and second compositions are packaged in separate containers, or alternatively in a single container partitioned such that the first and second compositions are not in physical contact.

The term“kit” as used herein means a packaging unit comprising a plurality of components i.e. a kit of parts. An example of a kit is, for example, a first composition and a separately packaged second composition. Another kit may comprise application instructions comprising a method and a composition.

The term“alkyl” as used herein refers to a saturated straight or branched carbon chain. Unless specified otherwise, the alkyl group can have from 1 to 30 carbon atoms, or preferably from 1 to 12 carbon atoms, or more preferably from 1 to 6 carbon atoms. The alkyl groups may also contain one or more heteroatoms within the carbon backbone. Examples include oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, and combinations thereof. The alkyl group may preferably contain between one and four heteroatoms. The alkyl groups may include straight-chain alkyl or branched-chain alkyl. The term“alkyl” includes both“unsubstituted alkyls” and“substituted alkyls”, the latter of which refers to alkyl moieties having one or more substituents replacing a hydrogen on one or more carbons of the hydrocarbon backbone. Such substituents may include, but are not limited to, halogen, hydroxyl, carbonyl (such as a carboxyl, alkoxycarbonyl, formyl, or an acyl), thiocarbonyl (such as a thioester, a thioacetate, or a thioformate), alkoxyl, phosphoryl, phosphate, phosphonate, a phosphinate, amino, amido, amidine, imine, cyano, nitro, azido, sulfhydryl, alkylthio, sulfate, sulfonate, sulfamoyl, sulfonamido, sulfonyl, heterocyclyl, aralkyl, or an aromatic or heteroaromatic moiety.

The term“alkenyl” as used herein is an alkyl containing from 2 to 30 carbon atoms and having one or more double bonds. The alkenyl groups may also contain one or more heteroatoms within the carbon backbone. Examples include oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, and combinations thereof. The alkenyl group may preferably contain between one and four heteroatoms. The alkenyl groups may include straight-chain alkenyl or branched-chain alkenyl, or cycloalkenyl groups. The term“alkenyl” includes both“unsubstituted alkenyls” and“substituted alkenyls”, the latter of which refers to alkenyl moieties having one or more substituents replacing a hydrogen on one or more carbons of the hydrocarbon backbone. Such substituents may be the one as set out hereinbefore in the definition of the term“alkyl”.

The term“alkynyl” as used herein is an alkyl containing from 2 to 30 carbon atoms and having one or more triple bonds. The alkynyl groups may also contain one or more heteroatoms within the carbon backbone. Examples include oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, and combinations thereof. The alkenyl group may preferably contain between one and four heteroatoms. The alkynyl groups may include straight-chain alkynyl or branched-chain alkynyl, or cycloalkynyl groups. The term“alkynyl” includes both“unsubstituted alkynyls” and“substituted alkynyls”, the latter of which refers to alkynyl moieties having one or more substituents replacing a hydrogen on one or more carbons of the hydrocarbon backbone. Such substituents may be the one as set out hereinbefore in the definition of the term“alkyl”.

The term“cycloalkyl” as used herein represents a cyclic version of “alkyl”. The term “cycloalkyl” is also meant to include bicyclic, tricyclic and polycyclic versions thereof. Unless specified otherwise, the cycloalkyl group can have 3 to 12 carbon atoms. By analogy, the term “cycloalkenyl” as used herein represents a cyclic version of“alkenyl”. The term“cycloalkynyl” as used herein represents a cyclic version of“alkynyl”.

The term“heterocyclyl” as used herein refers to a cyclic radical attached via a ring carbon or nitrogen of a monocyclic or bicyclic ring containing 3-10 ring atoms, or preferably from 5-6 ring atoms, containing carbon and one to four heteroatoms each selected from oxygen, sulfur, and N(Y) wherein Y is absent or is hydrogen, oxygen, (C1-4) alkyl, phenyl or benzyl, and optionally containing one or more double or triple bonds, and optionally substituted with one or more substituents. Examples of heterocyclic ring include, but are not limited to, benzimidazolyl, benzofuranyl, decahydroquinolinyl, 2H,6H-1,5,2-dithiazinyl, dihydrofuro[2,3-b]tetrahydrofuran, imidazolidinyl, imidazolinyl, morpholinyl, octahydroisoquinolinyl, oxazolidinyl, piperazinyl, piperidinyl, piperidonyl, 4-piperidonyl, pyranyl, pyrazolidinyl, pyrazolinyl, pyrrolidinyl, pyrrolinyl, 2H-pyrrolyl, quinuclidinyl and tetrahydrofuranyl.

The term“halogen” as used herein represents fluorine, chlorine, bromine and iodine. The term“aryl” as used herein refers to an aromatic monocyclic ring containing 6 carbon atoms, an aromatic bicyclic ring system containing 10 carbon atoms or an aromatic tricyclic ring system containing 14 carbon atoms. Examples are phenyl, naphthyl, phenoxathinyl, piperonyl or anthracenyl, preferably phenyl.

The term“heteroaryl” as used herein refers to from three to ten-membered aromatic ring, prefereably a five-or six-membered aromatic ring wherein one or more of the carbon atoms in the ring have been replaced by 1, 2, 3, or 4 (for the five-membered ring) or 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 (for the six-membered ring) of the same or different heteroatoms, whereby the heteroatoms are selected from the group consisting thereof oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur and mixtures thereof. Examples of the heteroaryl group include groups based on pyrrole, furan, imidazole, pyrazole, oxazole, thiazole, and pyridine. Examples of heteroaryl groups may also include, but are not limited to, benzimidazolyl, benzofuranyl, benzothiofuranyl, benzothiophenyl, benzoxazolyl, benzoxazolinyl, benzthiazolyl, benztriazolyl, benztetrazolyl, benzisoxazolyl, benzisothiazolyl, benzimidazolinyl, carbazolyl, 4aH-carbazolyl, chromanyl, chromenyl, cinnolinyl, furanyl, furazanyl, imidazolyl, 1H-indazolyl, indolenyl, indolinyl, indolizinyl, indolyl, 3H-indolyl, isatinoyl, isobenzofuranyl, isochromanyl, isoindazolyl, isoindolinyl, isoindolyl, isoquinolinyl, isothiazolyl, isoxazolyl, methylenedioxyphenyl, naphthyridinyl, oxadiazolyl, 1,2,3-oxadiazolyl, 1,2,4-oxadiazolyl, 1,2,5- oxadiazolyl, 1,3,4-oxadiazolyl, oxazolyl, oxindolyl, pyrimidinyl, phenanthridinyl, phenanthrolinyl, phenazinyl, phenothiazinyl, phenoxazinyl, phthalazinyl, pteridinyl, purinyl, pyrazinyl, pyrazolyl, pyridazinyl, pyridooxazolyl, pyridinyl, pyrimidinyl, pyrrolyl, quinazolinyl, quinolinyl, 4H-quinolizinyl, quinoxalinyl, tetrahydroisoquinolinyl, tetrahydroquinolinyl, tetrazolyl, 6H-1,2,5-thiadiazinyl, 1,2,3-thiadiazolyl, 1,2,4-thiadiazolyl, 1,2,5-thiadiazolyl, 1,3,4- thiadiazolyl, thianthrenyl, thiazolyl and thienyl.

The term“acyl” as used herein refers to an alkanoyl group which is usually derived from a carboxylic acid . Therefore, it has the formula RC(O)-, where R represents an alkyl group that is attached to the C(O) group with a single bond.

The term“carboxylic acid” as used herein refers to the group -COOH. Unless specified otherwise the term“carboxylic acid” embraces both the free acid and carboxylate salt.

The term“substituted” as used herein refers to refers to all permissible substituents of the compounds described herein. In the broadest sense, the permissible substituents include acyclic and cyclic, branched and unbranched, carbocyclic and heterocyclic, aromatic and nonaromatic substituents of organic compounds. Illustrative substituents include, but are not limited to, halogens, hydroxyl or alkoxy groups, or any other organic groups containing any number of carbon atoms, preferably C1-14 carbon atoms, and optionally include one or more heteroatoms such as oxygen, sulfur, or nitrogen grouping in linear, branched, or cyclic structural formats. Heteroatoms, such as nitrogen, may have hydrogen substituents and/or any permissible substituents of organic compounds described herein that satisfy the valences of the heteroatoms. It is understood that the term“substituted” includes the implicit proviso that such substitution is in accordance with permitted valence of the substituted atom and the substituent, and that the substitution results in a stable compound, i.e. a compound that does not spontaneously undergo transformation such as by rearrangement, cyclization, elimination, etc.

The term“polyfunctional molecule” as used herein refers to molecules with more than one functional groups. The functional groups may be the same or different. A functional group can include, but are not limited to alkane, alkene, alkyne, benzene derivative, haloalkane, alcohol, ketone, aldehyde, acyl halide, carbonate, carboxylate, carboxylic acid, ester, alkoxy, ether, heterocyclic, amide, amine, imine, imide, nitrate, nitrile, pyridine, sulfone, sulfoxide. The polyfunctional molecule may preferably contains at least one ionizable functional group capable of forming ionic bonds. The polyfunctional compounds may more preferably contain at least two ionizable groups.

The term“ionisable functional group” as used herein refers to a group capable of forming ionic bonds, like an ammonium group, a carboxylate group or a guanidinium group. Method and first composition for treating hair

Hair proteins are the major structural components of the hair. The hair proteins are mostly composed of keratin and keratin associated proteins. The keratin and keratin associated proteins are comprised of specific arrangements of 21 amino acids. The amino acids comprise a large proportion of amino groups and carboxylic acid groups. Also, the keratin and keratin associated proteins contain a large proportion of the amino acid cysteine (circa 17%). Two cysteines can usually form a disulfur bond inside the hair.

The cuticle is the outer protective covering that covers the cortex of each human hair strand and is responsible for the lustre and texture of human hair. The normal cuticle is smooth, allowing light reflection and limiting friction between the hair shafts. It’s made up of six to eight layers of flattened overlapping cells and covered by an invisible, water-resistant lipid layer, which acts as a natural conditioner, namely the F-layer. This fatty acid layer (F-layer) is what naturally gives human hair its smooth and silky feel. Chemical processes such as colouring perming and relaxing strip the cuticle of the F-layer, which leads to what is generally referred to as“chemically-damaged” hair.

Due to perhydrolysis upon pre-treatment of the hair (Bleaching process), the F-layer is removed. The epicuticle then possesses on its surface a plurality of sulfonate groups (-SO3-). As a consequence, the interfiber friction increases, enhancing hair breakage.

Also, the disulfur bond between two cysteine amino acids can be broken upon a reductive permanent hair waving step or oxidizing treatments such as a bleaching process. The resulting thiol groups of the cysteine can be oxidized into sulfonates during bleaching processes or the oxidative permanent hair waving step. As a result, the tensile strength of hair decreases, promoting readily hair breakage, but also the swelling increased, promoting a relatively faster wash-out of dyes.

The present inventor has surprisingly found that when applying sequentially a first composition comprising one or more linkers and a second composition comprising one or more electrophile ingredients, hair breakage of the hair can be prevented.

Without wishing to be bound by theory, it is believed that the one or more linkers of the first composition, e.g. O,Oƍ-Bis(3-aminopropyl)diethylene glycol can cross-link the carboxylic acid groups of the hair proteins as the hair proteins are made up of amino-acids, by forming hydrogen bonds or ionic bonds. When the F-layer has been removed due to perhydrolysis, the one or more linkers of the first composition can also interact with the sulfonate groups of the epiticule layer by forming ionic bonds or hydrogen bonds. The one or more linkers of the first composition may also cross-link the sulfonate groups of the cysteine amino acids of the hair proteins. Similarly, it is also assumed that the one or more electrophile ingredients of the second composition, e.g. maleic acid can cross-link the amino groups of the hair proteins by forming ionic bonds or hydrogen bonds. The one or more electrophile ingredients of the second composition, e.g. maleic acid may also cross-link the sulfonate groups of the cysteine amino acids of the hair proteins by forming hydrogen bonds. The effective amount of available amino groups and carboxylic acid groups inside the hair is unknown. Hence, it is believed that the first composition comprising one or more linkers and the second composition comprising one or more electrophile ingredients of the present invention need to be applied sequentially such that they do not form relatively stable complexes prior to reacting inside the hair.

The present invention is related to a method for treating hair as stated hereinbefore. The method for treating hair comprises as a step (a), applying to the hair a first composition.

A first composition for treating hair comprises in a cosmetically acceptable carrier, one or more linkers, or cosmetically acceptable salts thereof, or mixtures thereof.

The one or more linkers is a polyfunctional molecule which is independently substituted with one or more substituents which are selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, hydroxy, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, alkoxy, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkynyl, aryl, heterocyclyl, heteroaryl, amine, formyl, acyl, carboxylic acid, -C(O)R 1 , -C(O)OR 1 , (-COO-), - CONH2, -CONHR 1 , - C(O)NR 1 R 2 , -NR 1 R 2 ,-NR 1 S(O)2R 2 , -NR 1 C(O)R 2 , -S(O)2R 2 , -SR 1 , - S(O)2NR 1 R 2 , -SOR 1 , or–SOOR 1 and mixtures thereof.

R 1 and R 2 are each independently selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkynyl, aryl, heterocyclyl, and heteroaryl group. Each of R 1 and R 2 is independently unsubstituted or substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, alkoxy, aryloxy, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkynyl, aryl, heterocyclyl, heteroaryl and mixtures thereof.

The one or more linkers may have one or more ionizable functional groups which are independently selected from the group consisting of: -COOH, - SO3H, -PO3H2, -N(R 7 )2, -N(R 7 )3; wherein R 7 is independently selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkynyl, aryl, heterocyclyl and heteroaryl groups; and wherein each R 7 is independently unsubstituted or substituted with one or more substituents.

The one or more linkers may have preferably one or more ionizable functional groups which are independently selected from the group consisting of: -N(R 7 )2, -N(R 7 )3; wherein R 7 is independently selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkynyl, aryl, heterocyclyl and heteroaryl groups; and wherein each R 7 is independently unsubstituted or substituted with one or more substituents.

Hence, the one or more linkers can possess one or more substituents that is able to form an ionic bond or a hydrogen bond with a group of an amino acid such as a carboxylic acid or an amino group. Also, the one or more linkers can possess one or more substituents may be able to form an ionic bond or a hydrogen bond with another group comprised in a typical damaged hair such as a sulfonate group or a thiolate group.

The one or more linkers may have a length from 2 to 12 carbon atoms, or from 2 to 6 carbon atoms. The one or more linkers can have a size, which can help to cross-link a plurality of carboxylic acids, or sulfonate groups of the amino acids of the hair proteins, preferably by forming ionic bonds or hydrogen bonds.

The one or more linkers may have from 2 to 4 amino substituents. The one or more linkers may preferably have two terminal amino groups.

salts thereof, and mixtures thereof.

,

,

y p e salts thereof, and mixtures thereof.

The one or more linkers may be more preferably selected from the group consisting of:

cosmetically acceptable salts thereof, and mixtures thereof.

The first composition may have a pH above 7 to 14, or from 8 to 14, or from 10 to 14, or from 12 to 14. When a first composition has a pH above 7 to 14, the first composition is basic. Hence, especially when the one or more linkers may possess one or more amino groups, preferably one or more terminal amino groups, the one or more linkers, can form an ionic bond or a hydrogen bond with either the available carboxylic group of the amino acids of the hair proteins and/or the sulfonate groups available on the epiticule surface, or the sulfonate groups of the oxidized cysteine amino acids of the hair proteins.

The first composition may comprise from 0.1% to 25%, or from 1% to 20%, or from 2% to 15%, or from 3% to 12% of the one or more likers by total weight of the first composition. The method for treating hair further comprises as a step (b), applying to the hair a second composition. The second composition for treating hair comprises in a cosmetically acceptable carrier, one or more electrophile ingredients of Formula I, or cosmetically acceptable salts thereof, or mixtures thereof:

wherein G is C and n= 1 or G is S and n = 2;

wherein R3 is ZR4, wherein Z is selected from the group consisting of O, NH2, NH, and N;

wherein R4 is independently selected from the group consisting of: -H, -C1-6 alkyl groups; aryl groups; and ionizable functional groups;

wherein R5 is independently selected from the group consisting of: -H, -C1-6 alkyl groups; aryl groups; and ionizable functional groups; and

wherein R6 is independently selected from the group consisting of: -H, -C1-6 alkyl groups; aryl groups; and ionizable functional groups.

wherein the ionizable functional group is independently selected from the group consisting of: - COOH, -SO3H, -PO3H2, -N(R 7 )2, -N(R 7 )3; wherein R 7 is independently selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkynyl, aryl, heterocyclyl and heteroaryl groups; wherein each R 7 is independently unsubstituted or substituted with one or more substituents.

The one or more electrophile ingredients can be defined as a Michael acceptor type electrophile due to the double bond conjugated with the group G=(O)n. The one or more electrophile ingredients might react according to 1,4-Michael Addiction with a nucleophile group of the amino acids of the hair proteins, e.g. amino groups, thiol groups.

The one or more electrophile ingredients possess ionizable functional groups and/or function, e.g. carboxylic acid that are able to also form an ionic bond or a hydrogen bond with a group of an amino acid such as an amino group.

The one or more eletrophile ingredients may be selected from the group consisting of:

, cosmetically acceptable salts thereof, and mixtures thereof.

The one or more eletrophile ingredients may be preferably selected from the group consisting of: ,

cosmetically acceptable salts thereof, and mixtures thereof.

The one or more electrophile ingredients may be more preferably selected from the group

, cosmetically acceptable salts thereof, and mixtures thereof.

The second composition may have a pH from 0 to 7, or from 0.1 to 5, or from 0.5 to 3, or from 0.5 to 1.5. When a second composition has a pH from 0 to 7, the second composition is acidic. Hence, especially when the one or more electrophile ingredients may possess one or more carboxylic groups, preferably one or more terminal carboxylic acid groups, the one or more electrophile ingredients can form an ionic bond or a hydrogen bond with the available amino group of the amino acids of the hair proteins, or with the available sulfonate group of the oxidized cysteine amino acids of the hair proteins.

The second composition may comprise from 0.1% to 25%, or from 1% to 20%, or from 2% to 15%, or from 3% to 12% of the one or more likers by total weight of the second composition.

The second composition may be substantially free of any initiator of free-radical polymerisation. Indeed, the second composition being substantially free of any initiator of free- radical polymerisation has the advantage that the risk of the one or more electrophile ingredients polymerising with itself/themselves in the second composition is reduced.

According to an embodiment, the first composition optionally does not comprise any electrophile ingredients of Formula I of the second composition. In a further embodiment, the second composition optionally does not comprise any linkers of the first composition. Hence, the one or more linkers of the first composition and the one or more electrophile ingredients of the second composition cannot form relatively stable complexes prior to reacting inside the hair. By prior to reacting inside the hair, it is understood by prior to form any ionic bond or other type of bond, e.g. hydrogen bond with the amino acid of the hair proteins.

The one or more linkers of the first composition may be selected from the group consisting of:

salts thereof, and mixtures thereof; and the one or more eletrophile ingredients of the second composition may be selected from the group consisting of:

, , cosmetically acceptable salts thereof, and mixtures thereof. The step (a) of the method may preferably occur prior to the step (b). Alternatively, the step (b) of the method may occur prior to the step (a).

The method may further comprise as a step (c), the step of rinsing, shampooing, conditioning the hair, or a combination thereof. The step (c) may occur subsequent to step (a) and/or step (b). Still further, the method may comprise as a step (d), the step of drying the hair. The step (d) may occur subsequent to step (a) and/or step (b) and/or step (c). Drying the hair in step (d) may comprise drying the hair with a device selected from the group consisting of a hair dryer, hair straightener, curling iron, hood, and any combination thereof. Drying the hair in step (d) may comprise a first drying step and/or a second drying step. The first drying step may be carried out by drying the hair at a first temperature of from 30°C to 50°C, preferably form 40°C to 45°C, for 5 to 15 minutes, preferably for 7 to 12 minutes. The second drying step may be carried out by drying the hair at a second temperature of from 45°C to 70°C, preferably from 50°C to 55°C, for 20 to 50 minutes, preferably for 30 to 40 minutes.

According to an embodiment, step (d) comprises at least an overdrying step for creating covalent bonds between the formula ingredients of the first and/or the second compositions and the functional groups (e.g., amino groups and carboxyl groups) of the hair proteins. The normal drying step can be optional.

In an alternative embodiment, step (d) can comprise a normal drying step and an overdrying step. The normal drying step can be the above mentioned first drying step, and the overdrying step can be the above mentioned second drying step. The overdying step can be distinguished, according to an embodiment, from the normal drying step by a higher temperature and/or a longer duration.

In a particular aspect, the drying step comprises both the first and the second drying step. If both drying steps are carried out, the first temperature (used in the first drying step) is preferably lower than the second temperature (used in the second drying step). The first temperature being lower than the second temperature preferably means that the first temperature is from 1 to 20°C, further preferably from 2 to 15°C , still further preferably from 5 to 10°C lower than the second temperature. In an alternative aspect, the drying step comprises only the second drying step.

Without wanting to be bound by theory, it is believed that hair drying in step (d) can lead to covalent bonds being created between the formula ingredients of the first and/or the second compositions and the functional groups (e.g., amino groups and carboxyl groups) of the hair proteins. Specifically, it is believed that the“overdrying” step of step (d) allows the hair to completely dry, and as such, it promotes the interaction between the active agents of the first and/or second compositions and the aminoacid groups of the hair to form stable covalent bonds. While“normal” hair drying (i.e. the first hair drying step of step (d)) is too weak to promote a strong chemical interaction between the compositions of steps (a) and (b) and the hair proteins, it is particularly the second drying step of step (d) (i.e. the“overdrying” step) which leads to the formation of such covalent bonds. The formation of covalent bonds between the first and/or second compositions and the hair proteins results in an increased durability of benefits, such as improved curl definition, easier combing, and better hair shine when compared to clients that were not subjected to the“overdrying” step. That is, even a couple of weeks (e.g. four weeks) after the method for treating hair including step (d) has been performed, the beforementioned benefits are still detectable.

Typically, a nomal drying step does not completely dry the hair but reduces the moisture to a comparably low value which is sufficient for the customer to have the impression that the hair is dry. The overdrying step intends to reduce the moisture to a significantly lower value to initiate the above mentioned covalent bonding. Without wishing to be limited, the residual moisture of hair after a normal drying step can be between 15% and 25% and particularly between 15% and 20%. The overdrying step reduces the moisture to a value below 10%, or even below 8%. The moisture content is related to the weight of the hair. According to an embodiment, when drying the hair to an extent that electrostatic charging of the hair occurs, the residual moisture content is in many applications sufficiently low so that the covalent bonding is initiated.

In an aspect of the method, before applying it to the hair in step (a), the first composition of step (a) may be combined (preferably mixed) with at least one of a hair coloring composition, and a permanent hair waving composition. Said hair coloring composition may be a hair bleaching composition. In a subsequent step, step (b) of the method can occur, optionally followed by at least one of step (c) and step (d).

Alternatively, the first composition of step (a) is applied to the hair after a hair coloring composition (preferably a hair bleaching composition) and/or a permanent hair waving composition is applied to the hair, followed by step (b), and optionally followed by at least one of step (c) and step (d). As such, the method can occur as part of a hair coloring procedure (preferably a hair bleaching procedure), or as part of a permanent hair waving procedure. The present invention is further related to a method for treating hair which comprises: (i) combining said first composition with at least one of a hair coloring composition and a permanent hair waving composition to obtain a first combined composition, and

(ii) applying to the hair said first combined composition.

In an aspect thereof, the step (i), i.e. the step of combining the respective compositions comprises mixing said first composition with at least one of a hair coloring composition and a permanent hair waving composition. When mixing the first composition with a hair coloring composition and a permanent hair waving composition, any possible sequence of mixing these compositions together may be carried out. That is, the first composition may be mixed with the hair coloring composition to obtain a first mixture, and subsequently the permanent hair waving composition may be mixed to the first mixture. Alternatively, the first composition may be mixed with the permanent hair waving composition to obtain a first mixture, and subsequently the hair coloring composition may be mixed to the first mixture. Alternatively, the permanent hair waving composition may be mixed with the hair coloring composition to obtain a first mixture, and subsequently the first composition may be mixed to the first mixture. Alternatively, all three compositions, i.e. the first composition, the hair coloring composition and the permanent hair waving composition may be mixed together at once.

In a further aspect of said method, the hair coloring composition comprises a hair bleaching composition.

In a further aspect thereof, the method may further comprise as a step (iii), the step of rinsing, shampooing, conditioning the hair, or a combination thereof. The step (iii) may occur subsequent to step (i) and/or step (ii).

In still a further aspect, the method may further comprise as a step (iv), the step of drying the hair. The step (iv) may occur subsequent to step (ii) and/or step (iii). Drying the hair may comprise drying the hair with a device selected from the group consisting of a hair dryer, hair straightener, curling iron, hood, and any combination thereof. Drying the hair may comprise a first drying step and/or a second drying step. The first drying step may be carried out by drying the hair at a first temperature of from 30°C to 50°C, preferably form 40°C to 45°C, for 5 to 15 minutes, preferably for 7 to 12 minutes. The second drying step may be carried out by drying the hair at a second temperature of from 45°C to 70°C, preferably from 50°C to 55°C, for 20 to 50 minutes, preferably for 30 to 40 minutes.

In a particular aspect, the drying step comprises both the first and the second drying step. If both drying steps are carried out, the first temperature (used in the first drying step) is preferably lower than the second temperature (used in the second drying step). The first temperature being lower than the second temperature preferably means that the first temperature is from 1 to 30°C, further preferably from 5 to 20°C , still further preferably from 8 to 15°C lower than the second temperature. In an alternative aspect, the drying step comprises only the second drying step. Still further, the present invention is related to a method for treating hair which comprises:

(i) combining said second composition with at least one of a hair coloring composition and a permanent hair waving composition to obtain a first combined composition, and (ii) applying to the hair said first combined composition.

In an aspect thereof, the step (i), i.e. the step of combining the respective compositions comprises mixing said second composition with at least one of a hair coloring composition and a permanent hair waving composition. When mixing the second composition with a hair coloring composition and a permanent hair waving composition, any possible sequence of mixing these compositions together may be carried out as discussed above in detail.

In a further aspect thereof, the hair coloring composition comprises a hair bleaching composition.

In a further aspect thereof, the method may further comprise as a step (iii), the step of rinsing, shampooing, conditioning the hair, or a combination thereof. The step (iii) may occur subsequent to step (i) and/or step (ii).

In a further aspect thereof, the method may further comprise as a step (iv), the step of drying the hair. The step (iv) may occur subsequent to step (ii) and/or step (iii). Drying the hair may comprise drying the hair with a device selected from the group consisting of a hair dryer, hair straightener, curling iron, hood, and any combination thereof. Drying the hair may comprise a first drying step and/or a second drying step. The first drying step may be carried out by drying the hair at a first temperature of from 30°C to 50°C, preferably form 40°C to 45°C, for 5 to 15 minutes, preferably for 7 to 12 minutes. The second drying step may be carried out by drying the hair at a second temperature of from 45°C to 70°C, preferably from 50°C to 55°C, for 20 to 50 minutes, preferably for 30 to 40 minutes.

In a particular aspect, the drying step comprises both the first and the second drying step. If both drying steps are carried out, the first temperature (used in the first drying step) is preferably lower than the second temperature (used in the second drying step). The first temperature being lower than the second temperature preferably means that the first temperature is from 1 to 30°C, further preferably from 5 to 20°C , still further preferably from 8 to 15°C lower than the second temperature. In an alternative aspect, the drying step comprises only the second drying step. Still further, the present invention is related to a method for treating hair which comprises: (i) combining said first and said second composition with at least one of a hair coloring composition and a permanent hair waving composition to obtain a first combined composition, and

(ii) applying to the hair said first combined composition.

In an aspect thereof, the step (i), i.e. the step of combining the respective compositions comprises mixing said first and said second composition with at least one of a hair coloring composition and a permanent hair waving composition. When mixing together the respective compositions, any possible sequence of mixing these compositions together may be carried out as discussed above detail.

In a further aspect thereof, the hair coloring composition comprises a hair bleaching composition.

In a further aspect thereof, the method may further comprise as a step (iii), the step of rinsing, shampooing, conditioning the hair, or a combination thereof. The step (iii) may occur subsequent to step (i) and/or step (ii).

In a further aspect, the method may further comprise as a step (iv), the step of drying the hair. The step (iv) may occur subsequent to step (ii) and/or step (iii). Drying the hair may comprise drying the hair with a device selected from the group consisting of a hair dryer, hair straightener, curling iron, hood, and any combination thereof. Drying the hair may comprise a first drying step and/or a second drying step. The first drying step may be carried out by drying the hair at a first temperature of from 30°C to 50°C, preferably form 40°C to 45°C, for 5 to 15 minutes, preferably for 7 to 12 minutes. The second drying step may be carried out by drying the hair at a second temperature of from 45°C to 70°C, preferably from 50°C to 55°C, for 20 to 50 minutes, preferably for 30 to 40 minutes.

In a particular aspect, the drying step comprises both the first and the second drying step. If both drying steps are carried out, the first temperature (used in the first drying step) is preferably lower than the second temperature (used in the second drying step). The first temperature being lower than the second temperature preferably means that the first temperature is from 1 to 30°C, further preferably from 5 to 20°C , still further preferably from 8 to 15°C lower than the second temperature. In an alternative aspect, the drying step comprises only the second drying step. Still further, the present invention is related to a method for treating hair which comprises:

(i) performing a hair coloring procedure or a permanent hair waving procedure, and (ii) applying to the hair said first composition and/or said second composition during or after step (i)..

In an aspect thereof, the hair coloring procedure comprises hair bleaching.

In an aspect thereof, the method may further comprise as a step (iii), the step of rinsing, shampooing, conditioning the hair, or a combination thereof. The step (iii) may occur subsequent to step (i) and/or step (ii).

In an aspect thereof, the method may further comprise as a step (iv), the step of drying the hair. The step (iv) may occur subsequent to step (ii) and/or step (iii). Drying the hair may comprise drying the hair with a device selected from the group consisting of a hair dryer, hair straightener, curling iron, hood, and any combination thereof. Drying the hair may comprise a first drying step and/or a second drying step. The first drying step may be carried out by drying the hair at a first temperature of from 30°C to 50°C, preferably form 40°C to 45°C, for 5 to 15 minutes, preferably for 7 to 12 minutes. The second drying step may be carried out by drying the hair at a second temperature of from 45°C to 70°C, preferably from 50°C to 55°C, for 20 to 50 minutes, preferably for 30 to 40 minutes.

In a particular aspect, the drying step comprises both the first and the second drying step. If both drying steps are carried out, the first temperature (used in the first drying step) is preferably lower than the second temperature (used in the second drying step). The first temperature being lower than the second temperature preferably means that the first temperature is from 1 to 30°C, further preferably from 5 to 20°C , still further preferably from 8 to 15°C lower than the second temperature. In an alternative aspect, the drying step comprises only the second drying step. In a further aspect, step (ii) comprises applying to the hair said first composition during performing a hair coloring procedure. In an alternative aspect, step (ii) comprises applying to the hair said first composition after performing a hair coloring procedure. In an aspect, the step (ii) comprises applying to the hair said first composition during performing a permanent hair waving procedure. In an alternative aspect, step (ii) comprises applying to the hair said first composition after performing a permanent hair waving procedure. In an aspect, the step (ii) comprises applying to the hair said second composition during performing a hair coloring procedure. In an alternative aspect, step (ii) comprises applying to the hair said second composition after performing a hair coloring procedure. In an aspect, the step (ii) comprises applying to the hair said second composition during performing a permanent hair waving procedure. In an alternative aspect, step (ii) comprises applying to the hair said second composition after performing a permanent hair waving procedure. In an aspect, step (ii) comprises applying to the hair said first composition and said second composition during performing a hair coloring procedure. In an alternative aspect, step (ii) comprises applying to the hair said first composition and said second composition after performing a hair coloring procedure. In both cases, said first composition may be applied to the hair prior to applying said second composition to the hair, or alternatively, said first and said second composition may be applied to the hair at once. In an aspect, step (ii) comprises applying to the hair said first composition and said second composition during performing a permanent hair waving procedure. In an alternative aspect, step (ii) comprises applying to the hair said first composition and said second composition after performing a permanent hair waving procedure. In both cases, said first composition may be applied to the hair prior to applying said second composition to the hair, or alternatively, said first and said second composition may be applied to the hair at once. In a particular aspect, the method comprises (preferably in the sequence given):

i. mechanical treating (preferably curling) the hair,

ii. mixing said first composition with a permanent hair waving composition to obtain a first mixture,

iii. applying to the hair the first mixture,

iv. performing permanent hair waving,

v. applying to the hair said second composition, and

vi. optionally performing at least one of rinsing, neutralizing and drying the hair.

Drying the hair may comprise drying the hair with a device selected from the group consisting of a hair dryer, hair straightener, curling iron, hood, and any combination thereof. Drying the hair may comprise a first drying step and/or a second drying step. The first drying step may be carried out by drying the hair at a first temperature of from 30°C to 50°C, preferably form 40°C to 45°C, for 5 to 15 minutes, preferably for 7 to 12 minutes. The second drying step may be carried out by drying the hair at a second temperature of from 45°C to 70°C, preferably from 50°C to 55°C, for 20 to 50 minutes, preferably for 30 to 40 minutes. In a preferred aspect, the drying step comprises both the first and the second drying step. If both drying steps are carried out, the first temperature (used in the first drying step) is preferably lower than the second temperature (used in the second drying step). The first temperature being lower than the second temperature preferably means that the first temperature is from 1 to 30°C, further preferably from 5 to 20°C , still further preferably from 8 to 15°C lower than the second temperature. In an alternative aspect, the drying step comprises only the second drying step. In a further particular aspect, the method comprises (preferably in the sequence given):

i. mechanical treating (preferably curling) the hair,

ii. applying to the hair a permanent hair waving composition,

iii. performing permanent hair waving,

iv. applying to the hair said first composition,

v. applying to the hair said second composition, and

vi. optionally performing at least one of rinsing, neutralizing and drying the hair.

Drying the hair may comprise drying the hair with a device selected from the group consisting of a hair dryer, hair straightener, curling iron, hood, and any combination thereof. Drying the hair may comprise a first drying step and/or a second drying step. The first drying step may be carried out by drying the hair at a first temperature of from 30°C to 50°C, preferably form 40°C to 45°C, for 5 to 15 minutes, preferably for 7 to 12 minutes. The second drying step may be carried out by drying the hair at a second temperature of from 45°C to 70°C, preferably from 50°C to 55°C, for 20 to 50 minutes, preferably for 30 to 40 minutes. In a particular aspect, the drying step comprises both the first and the second drying step. If both drying steps are carried out, the first temperature (used in the first drying step) is preferably lower than the second temperature (used in the second drying step). The first temperature being lower than the second temperature preferably means that the first temperature is from 1 to 30°C, further preferably from 5 to 20°C , still further preferably from 8 to 15°C lower than the second temperature. In an alternative aspect, the drying step comprises only the second drying step. In still a further particular aspect, the method comprises (preferably in the sequence given): i. optionally mechanical treating (preferably curling) the hair,

ii. applying to the hair a reductive composition of a permanent hair waving composition,

iii. optionally mechanical treating (preferably curling) the hair,

iv. applying to the hair said first composition,

v. applying to the hair said second composition,

vi. applying to the hair an oxidative composition of a permanent hair waving composition, and

vii. optionally performing at least one of rinsing, neutralizing and drying the hair.

Drying the hair may comprise drying the hair with a device selected from the group consisting of a hair dryer, hair straightener, curling iron, hood, and any combination thereof. Drying the hair may comprise a first drying step and/or a second drying step. The first drying step may be carried out by drying the hair at a first temperature of from 30°C to 50°C, preferably form 40°C to 45°C, for 5 to 15 minutes, preferably for 7 to 12 minutes. The second drying step may be carried out by drying the hair at a second temperature of from 45°C to 70°C, preferably from 50°C to 55°C, for 20 to 50 minutes, preferably for 30 to 40 minutes. In a particular aspect, the drying step comprises both the first and the second drying step. If both drying steps are carried out, the first temperature (used in the first drying step) is preferably lower than the second temperature (used in the second drying step). The first temperature being lower than the second temperature preferably means that the first temperature is from 1 to 30°C, further preferably from 5 to 20°C , still further preferably from 8 to 15°C lower than the second temperature. In an alternative aspect, the drying step comprises only the second drying step.

pH

As stated herein before, the first composition may have a pH from 7 to 14, preferably more than 7 to 14, or from 8 to 14, or from 10 to 14, or from 12 to 14. The second composition may have a pH from 0 to 7, or from 0.1 to 5, or from 0.5 to 3, or from 0.5 to 1.5. The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise a pH modifier and/or buffering agent in an amount that is sufficiently effective to adjust the pH of the first composition and/or the second composition to fall within a range prescribed above. Suitable pH modifiers and/or buffering agents for use herein may include, but are not limited to ammonia, alkanolamines such as monoethanolamine, diethanolamine, triethanolamine, monopropanolamine, dipropanolamine, tripropanolamine, 2-amino-2-methyl-1-propanol, and 2- amino-2-hydroxymethyl-1,3,-propandiol and guanidium salts, alkali metal or ammonium hydroxides and carbonates.

Suitable pH modifiers and/or buffering agents may preferably include sodium hydroxide, sodium silicate, sodium meta silicate and ammonium carbonate, and acidulents such as inorganic and inorganic acids, e.g., phosphoric acid, acetic acid, ascorbic acid, citric acid or tartaric acid, hydrochloric acid, and mixtures thereof. The pH of the first composition may be adjusted with hydrochloric acid, acetic acid, ascorbic acid, citric acid or tartaric acid. The pH of the second composition may be adjusted with ammonia or monoethanol amine. Oxidizing agents

The first composition may comprise one or more oxidizing agents. Alternatively, or additionally, the second composition may comprise one or more oxidizing agents. Preferred oxidizing agents are water-soluble peroxygen oxidizing agents. The one or more oxidizing agents can be valuable for the initial solubilisation and decolorisation of the melanin (bleaching) and accelerate the oxidation of the oxidative dye precursors (oxidative dyeing) in the hair shaft.

The one or more oxidizing agents may be present in an amount sufficient to bleach melanin pigment in hair and/or cause formation of dye chromophores from oxidative dye precursors. Typically, the first composition and/or the second composition may comprise a total amount of oxidizing agents ranging from 0.1% to 20%, or from 0.5% to 12%, or from 1% to 10%, or from 2% to 5%, by total weight of the respective first composition and/or the second composition.

Suitable water-soluble oxidizing agents may include, but are not limited to: inorganic peroxygen materials capable of yielding hydrogen peroxide in an aqueous solution.

Suitable water-soluble peroxygen oxidizing agents may include, but are not limited to: hydrogen peroxide; inorganic alkali metal peroxides (such as sodium periodate and sodium peroxide); organic peroxides (such as urea peroxide and melamine peroxide); inorganic perhydrate salt bleaching compounds (such as the alkali metal salts of perborates, percarbonates, perphosphates, persilicates, persulphates and the like); and mixtures thereof. Inorganic perhydrate salts may be incorporated for example as monohydrates, tetrahydrates. Alkyl/aryl peroxides and/or peroxidases may also be used. Mixtures of two or more such oxidizing agents can be used if desired. The oxidizing agents may be provided in aqueous solution or as a powder which is dissolved prior to use.

The first composition and/or the second composition may preferably comprise a water- soluble oxidizing agent which is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen peroxide, percarbonates (which may be used to provide a source of both oxidizing agent and carbonate ions), persulphates, and mixtures thereof. The one or more oxidizing agents of the first composition and/or the second composition may be sodium percarbonate. The first composition and/or the second composition may be substantially free of persulfate. Oxidative dye precursors

The first composition may comprise oxidative dyes precursors comprising one or more couplers (also known as secondary intermediate) and one or more primary intermediates (also known as developer). Alternatively, or additionally, the second composition may comprise oxidative dyes precursors comprising one or more couplers and one or more primary intermediates. Various couplers may be used with primary intermediates in order to obtain different shades.

The oxidative dye precursors suitable for use herein, in so far as they are bases, may be used as free bases or in the form of any cosmetically acceptable salts obtained with the corresponding organic or inorganic acids, such as hydrochloric, hydrobromic, citric, acetic, lactic, succinic, tartaric, or sulfuric acids, or, in so far as they have aromatic hydroxyl groups, in the form of any cosmetically acceptable salts obtained with the corresponding bases, such as alkali phenolates.

Oxidative dye precursors are known in the art, and include aromatic diamines, aminophenols, aromatic diols and their derivatives (a representative but not exhaustive list of oxidation dye precursors can be found in Sagarin, “Cosmetic Science and Technology, Interscience, Special Edn. Vol. 2 pages 308 to 310). Suitable oxidative dye precursors are also disclosed in the Canadian Patent Application No. CA 2 576 189 A1– in particular, from Table 1 dye combinations No. 1 to 2394, which span pages 49 to 238, are incorporated herein by reference. It is to be understood that the one or more primary intermediates and the one or more couplers (collectively known as oxidative dye precursors) detailed below are only by way of example and are not intended to limit the first composition and/or the second composition and other aspects herein described. The one or more primary intermediates and the one or more couplers may be used in the form of any cosmetically acceptable salts, for example sulfate salts.

The one or more primary intermediates of the first composition and/or the second composition may be selected from the group consisting of toluene-2,5-diamine, p- phenylenediamine, N-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine, N,N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)-p- phenylenediamine, 2-hydroxyethyl-p-phenylenediamine, hydroxypropyl-bis-(N-hydroxyethyl-p- phenylenediamine), 2-methoxymethyl-p-phenylenediamine, 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethyl)-p- phenylenediamine, 2,2'-(2-(4-aminophenylamino)ethylazanediyl)diethanol, 2-(2,5-diamino-4- methoxyphenyl)propane-1,3-diol, 2-(7-amino-2H-benzo[b][1,4]oxazin-4(3H)-yl)ethanol, 2- chloro-p-phenylenediamine, p-aminophenol, p-(methylamino)phenol, 4-amino-m-cresol, 6- amino-m-cresol, 5-ethyl-o-aminophenol, 2-methoxy-p-phenylenediamine, 2,2'-methylenebis-4- aminophenol, 2,4,5,6-tetraminopyrimidine, 2,5,6-triamino-4-pyrimidinol, 1-hydroxyethyl-4,5- diaminopyrazole sulfate, 4,5-diamino-1-methylpyrazole, 4,5-diamino-1-ethylpyrazole, 4,5- diamino-1-isopropylpyrazole, 4,5-diamino-1-butylpyrazole, 4,5-diamino-1-pentylpyrazole, 4,5- diamino-1-benzylpyrazole, 2,3-diamino-6,7-dihydropyrazolo[1,2-a]pyrazol-1(5H)-one dimethosulfonate, 4,5-diamino-1-hexylpyrazole, 4,5-diamino-1-heptylpyrazole, methoxymethyl- 1,4-diaminobenzene, N,N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)-N-(4-aminophenyl)-1,2-diaminothane, 2-[(3- aminopyrazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-2-yl)oxy]ethanol hydrochloride, salts thereof and mixtures thereof.

The one or more primary intermediate of the first composition and/or the second composition may be particularly 1,4-diamino-2-(methoxymethyl)-benzene. 1,4-diamino-2- (methoxymethyl)-benzene has the advantage of an improved sensitisation profile (i.e. reduced risks of scalp skin reaction).

The one or more primary intermediate may be 4,5-diamino-1-hexylpyrazole.4,5-diamino- 1-hexylpyrazole may be used as a sulfate salt.

The one or more primary intermediate may be selected from the group consisting of 4,5- diamino-1-butylpyrazole, 4,5-diamino-1-pentylpyrazole, 4,5-diamino-1-benzylpyrazole, 2,3- diamino-6,7-dihydropyrazolo[1,2-a]pyrazol-1(5H)-one dimethosulfonate, 4,5-diamino-1- hexylpyrazole, 4,5-diamino-1-heptylpyrazole, methoxymethyl-1,4-diaminobenzene, and mixtures thereof; and the cosmetically acceptable salts thereof such as chlorides, sulfates and hemi-sulfates in particular.

The one or more couplers may be a compound comprising at least one phenyl ring substituted with at least one hydroxyl group. The one or more couplers may be selected from the group consisting of resorcinol, 4-chlororesorcinol, 2-chlororesorcinol, 2-methylresorcinol, 4,6- dichlorobenzene-1,3-diol, 2,4-dimethylbenzene-1,3-diol, m-aminophenol, 4-amino-2- hydroxytoluene, 2-methyl-5-hydroxyethylaminophenol, 3-amino-2,6-dimethylphenol, 3-amino- 2,4-dichlorophenol, 5-amino-6-chloro-o-cresol, 5-amino-4-chloro-o-cresol, 6- hydroxybenzomorpholine, 2-amino-5-ethylphenol, 2-amino-5-phenylphenol, 2-amino-5- methylphenol, 2-amino-6-methylphenol, 2-amino-5-ethoxyphenol, 5-methyl-2- (methylamino)phenol, 2,4-diaminophenoxyethanol, 2-amino-4-hydroxyethylaminoanisole, 1,3- bis-(2,4-diaminophenoxy)-propane, 2,2'-(2-methyl-1,3-phenylene)bis(azanediyl)diethanol, benzene-1,3-diamine, 2,2'-(4,6-diamino-1,3-phenylene)bis(oxy)diethanol, 3-(pyrrolidin-1- yl)aniline, 1-(3-(dimethylamino)phenyl)urea, 1-(3-aminophenyl)urea, 1-naphthol, 2-methyl-1- naphthol, 1,5-naphthalenediol, 2,7-naphthalenediol, 1-acetoxy-2-methylnaphthalene, 4-chloro-2- methylnaphthalen-1-ol, 4-methoxy-2-methylnaphthalen-1-ol, 2,6-dihydroxy-3,4- dimethylpyridine, 2,6-dimethoxy-3,5-pyridinediamine, 3-amino-2-methylamino-6- methoxypyridine, 2-amino-3-hydroxypyridine, 2,6-diaminopyridine, pyridine-2,6-diol, 5,6- dihydroxyindole, 6-hydroxyindole, 5,6-dihydroxyindoline, 3-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol- 5(4H)-one, 1,2,4-trihydroxybenzene, 2-(benzo[d][1,3]dioxol-5-ylamino)ethanol (also known as hydroxyethyl-3,4-methylenedioxyaniline), and mixtures thereof.

The oxidative dye precursors may be particularly selected from the group consisting of 1Ǧ naphthol, 2,4Ǧdiaminophenoxyethanol, tolueneǦ2,5Ǧdiamine sulfate, resorcinol, 4ǦaminoǦmǦ cresol, 2ǦaminoǦ6ǦchloroǦ4Ǧnitrophenol, 2ǦaminoǦ4Ǧhydroxyethylaminoanisole sulfate, hydroxyethylǦ3,4Ǧmethylenedioxyaniline HCl, 1Ǧhydroxyethyl 4,5Ǧdiamino pyrazole sulfate, 4Ǧ aminoǦ2Ǧhydroxytoluene, 2Ǧmethylresorcinol, mǦaminophenol, 2ǦmethylǦ5Ǧ hydroxyethylaminophenol, and mixtures thereof.

The oxidative dye precursors may comprise preferably 5-amino-4-chloro-o-cresol and 1,4-diamino-2-(methoxymethyl)-benzene. The oxidative dye precursors may comprise more preferably 2,6-diaminopyridine and 1,4-diamino-2-(methoxymethyl)-benzene. The oxidative dye precursors may comprise even more preferably 2,6-dihydroxyethylaminotoluene and 2- methoxymethyl-1,4-diaminobenzene. The oxidative dye precursors may comprise even more preferably 2-methoxymethyl-1,4-diaminobenzene and p-phenylenediamine and/or toluene-2,5- diamine.

Typically, the first composition and/or the second composition may comprise a total amount of oxidative dye precursors, namely the one or more couplers and the one or more primary intermediates, up to 12%, or from 0.001% to 12%, or from 0.01% to 10%, or from 0.3% to 8%, or from 0.05% to 9%, or from 0.5% to 6% of oxidative dye precursors by total weight of the respective first composition and/or the second composition. The first composition and/or the second composition may be substantially free of oxidizing agent. Direct dye

The first composition and/or the second composition may further comprise one or more direct dyes, advantageously one or more oxidatively stable direct dyes.

The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise a total amount from 0.001% to 4%, or from 0.005% to 3%, or from 0.01% to 2% of the one or more direct dyes by total weight of the respective first composition and/or the second composition.

The presence of one or more direct dyes and the proportion thereof can help to provide or enhance coloring/dyeing, particularly with regard to the vibrancy of the color that is desired.

The first composition and/or the second composition may be substantially free of any direct dyes. Indeed, sometimes consumers prefer direct dye-free compositions.

The one or more direct dyes may be selected from the group consisting of nitro dyes to provide a blue color, nitro dyes to provide wither a red color or a yellow color, quinone dyes, basic dyes, neutral azo dyes, acid dyes, and mixtures thereof. The one or more direct dyes may be a basic dye. The one or more direct dyes may be a neutral azo dye. The one or more direct dyes may be an acid dye.

The one or more direct dyes may be selected from the group consisting of Acid dyes such as Acid Yellow 1, Acid Orange 3, Acid Black 1, Acid Black 52, Acid Orange 7, Acid Red 33, Acid Yellow 23, Acid Blue 9, Acid Violet 43, Acid Blue 16, Acid Blue 62, Acid Blue 25, Acid Red 4, Basic Dyes such as Basic Brown 17, Basic Red 118, Basic Orange 69, Basic Red 76, Basic Brown 16, Basic Yellow 57, Basic Violet 14, Basic Blue 7, Basic Blue 26, Basic Red 2, Basic Blue 99, Basic Yellow 29, Basic Red 51, Basic Orange 31, Basic Yellow 87, Basic Blue 124, 4-(3-(4-amino-9,10-dioxo-9,10-dihydroanthracen-1-ylamino)pro pyl)-4-methylmorpholin-4- ium-methylsulfate, (E)-1-(2-(4-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)diazenyl)phenyl)(ethyl )amino)ethyl)-3- methyl-1H-imidazol-3-ium chloride, (E)-4-(2-(4-(dimethylamino)phenyl)diazenyl)-1-methyl-1H- imidazol-3-ium-3-yl)butane-1-sulfonate, (E)-4-(4-(2-methyl-2- phenylhydrazono)methyl)pyridinium-1-yl)butane-1-sulfonate, N,N-dimethyl-3-(4- (methylamino)-9,10-dioxo-4a,9,9a,10-tetrahydroanthracen-1-yl amino)-N-propylpropan-1- aminium bromide, Disperse Dyes such as Disperse Red 17, Disperse Violet 1, Disperse Red 15, Disperse Black 9, Disperse Blue 3, Disperse Blue 23, Disperse Blue 377, Nitro Dyes such as 1- (2-(4-nitrophenylamino)ethyl)urea, 2-(4-methyl-2-nitrophenylamino)ethanol, 4-nitrobenzene-1,2- diamine, 2-nitrobenzene-1,4-diamine, Picramic acid, HC Red No. 13, 2,2'-(2-nitro-1,4- phenylene)bis(azanediyl)diethanol, HC Yellow No.5, HC Red No. 7, HC Blue No.2, HC Yellow No. 4, HC Yellow No. 2, HC Orange No. 1, HC Red No. 1, 2-(4-amino-2-chloro-5- nitrophenylamino)ethanol, HC Red No. 3, 4-amino-3-nitrophenol, 4-(2-hydroxyethylamino)-3- nitrophenol, 2-amino-3-nitrophenol, 2-(3-(methylamino)-4-nitrophenoxy)ethanol, 3-(3-amino-4- nitrophenyl)propane-1,2-diol, HC Yellow No. 11, HC Violet No. 1, HC Orange No. 2, HC Orange No.3, HC Yellow No. 9, HC Red No. 10, HC Red No.11, 2-(2-hydroxyethylamino)-4,6- dinitrophenol, HC Blue No. 12, HC Yellow No. 6, HC Yellow No. 12, HC Blue No. 10, HC Yellow No. 7, HC Yellow No. 10, HC Blue No. 9, 2-chloro-6-(ethylamino)-4-nitrophenol, 6- nitropyridine-2,5-diamine, HC Violet No. 2, 2-amino-6-chloro-4-nitrophenol, 4-(3- hydroxypropylamino)-3-nitrophenol, HC Yellow No. 13, 6-nitro-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoxaline, HC Red No. 14, HC Yellow No.15, HC Yellow No. 14, N2-methyl-6-nitropyridine-2,5-diamine, N1-allyl-2-nitrobenzene-1,4-diamine, HC Red No. 8, HC Green No.1, HC Blue No. 14, and Natural dyes such as Annato, Anthocyanin, Beetroot, Carotene, Capsanthin, Lycopene, Chlorophyll, Henna, Indigo, Cochineal, and mixtures thereof.

Other ingredients

The first composition and/or the second composition according to the present invention may comprise, in addition to the ingredients indicated above, further ingredients in order to further enhance the properties of the first composition and/or the second composition, as long as these are not excluded by the claims.

Suitable further ingredients may include, but not limited to: pigments, coloured material, solvents, radical scavengers, peroxymonocarbonate ions, surfactants, thickening agents, conditioning agents (such as silicones and cationic polymers), cosmetically acceptable carrier, preservatives, perfume and mixtures thereof.

Suitable further ingredients referred to above, but not specifically described below, are listed in the International Cosmetics Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, (8th ed.; The Cosmetics, Toiletry, and Fragrance Association). Particularly, vol. 2, sections 3 (Chemical Classes) and 4 (Functions), which are useful in identifying specific adjuvants to achieve a particular purpose or multipurpose. A few of these ingredients are discussed hereinbelow, whose disclosure is of course non-exhaustive. Pigment The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise one or more pigments. The one or more pigments of the first composition and/or the second composition may be a colored pigment which imparts color effects to the first composition and/or the second composition or to the hair.

Alternatively, the one or more pigments of the first composition and/or the second composition may be a lustre effect pigment which imparts desirable and aesthetically pleasing lustre effects to the first composition and/or the second composition or to the keratin fibers of the hair. The color or lustre effects on the keratin fibers of the hair are preferably temporary. Indeed, the color or lustre effects on the keratin fibers of the hair last until the next hair wash and can be removed again by washing the hair with customary shampoos.

The first composition and/or the second composition may be substantially free of pigment. Indeed, having the first composition and/or the second composition substantally free of pigment can help to prevent the formation of residues, precipitation and/or rough hair feel.

The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise one or more pigments having a D50 particle diameter of from 5 Pm to 60 Pm measured according to the following test method. Particle diameter is represented by D50, which is the median diameter by volume. D50 is measured with a Malvern Mastersizer 2000, which is a laser diffraction particle sizer and it is measured according to ISO 13320:2009(en) with Hydro 2000G or Hydro 2000S where the dispersant is water or ethanol. Detection range is from 0.02 Pm to 2000 Pm. D50 is expressed as x50 in ISO 13320:2009(en). Laser diffraction measures particle size distributions by measuring an angular variation in intensity of light scattered as a laser beam passes through a dispersed particulate sample analyser and the particle size is reported as a volume equivalent sphere diameter. A discussion of calculating D50 is provided in Barber et al, Pharmaceutical Development and Technology, 3(2), 153-161 (1998), which is incorporated herein by reference.

The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise a pigment having a D50 particle diameter from 10 Pm to 40 Pm. The one or more pigments of the first composition and/or the second composition may be present in the first composition and/or the second composition in an undissolved form. The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise from 0.01% to 25%, or from 0.1% to 20%, or from 1% to 15%, or from 4% to 10% of the one or more pigments by total weight of the respective first composition and/or the second composition.

The one or more pigments of the first composition and/or the second composition may be a colorant which is virtually insoluble in the first composition and/or the second composition, and may be inorganic or organic. Inorganic-organic mixed pigments may be also possible. The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise an inorganic pigment. The advantage of an inorganic pigment is its excellent resistance to light, weather and temperature. The inorganic pigment of the first composition and/or the second composition may be of natural origin, and may be, for example, derived from a material selected from the group consisting of chalk, ochre, umber, green earth, burnt sienna, and graphite.

The one or more pigments of the first composition and/or the second composition may be a white pigment, such as, for example, titanium dioxide or zinc oxide. Alternatively, the one or more pigments of the first composition and/or the second composition may be a black pigment, such as, for example, iron oxide black. Alternatively, the one or more pigments of the first composition and/or the second composition may be a colored pigment, such as, for example, ultra-marine or iron oxide red, or a lustre pigment, or a metal effect pigment, or a pearlescent pigment, and/or a fluorescent or phosphorescent pigment.

The one or more pigments of the first composition and/or the second composition may be colored or a non-white pigment. The one or more pigments of the first composition and/or the second composition may be selected from the group consisting of metal oxides, hydroxides and oxide hydrates, mixed phase pigments, sulfur-containing silicates, metal sulfides, complex metal cyanides, metal sulfates, chromates and molybdates, the metals themselves (bronze pigments), and combinations thereof. The one or more pigments of the first composition and/or the second composition may be selected from the group consisting of are titanium dioxide (CI 77891), black iron oxide (CI 77499), yellow iron oxide (CI 77492), red and brown iron oxide (CI 77491), manganese violet (CI 77742), ultramarine (sodium aluminium sulfosilicates, CI 77007, Pigment Blue 29), chromium oxide hydrate (CI 77289), Prussian blue (ferric ferrocyanide, CI 77510), carmine (cochineal), and combinations thereof.

The one or more pigments of the first composition and/or the second composition may be a pearlescent and colored pigment based on mica which is coated with a metal oxide or a metal oxychloride, such as titanium dioxide or bismuth oxychloride, and optionally further color- imparting substances, such as iron oxides, Prussian blue, ultramarine, and carmine. The color exhibited by the pigment may be adjusted by varying the layer thickness. Such pigments are sold, for example, under the trade names Rona ^ , Colorona ^ , Dichrona ^ , RonaFlair ^ , Ronastar ^ , Xirona ^ and Timiron ^ all of which are available from Merck, Darmstadt, Germany. For example, Xirona ® is a brand for color travel pigments that display color shifting effects depending on the viewing angle and are based on either natural mica, silica or calcium aluminium borosilicate flakes, coated with varying layers of titanium dioxide. Pigments from the line KTZ ® from Kobo Products, Inc., 3474 So. Clinton Ave., So. Plainfield, USA, may be also useful herein, in particular the Surface Treated KTZ ® Pearlescent Pigments from Kobo. Particularly useful are KTZ ® FINE WHITE (mica and TiO2) having a D50 particle diameter from 5 Pm to 25 Pm and also KTZ ® CELESTIAL LUSTER (mica and TiO2, from 10^Pm to 60 Pm) as well as KTZ® CLASSIC WHITE (mica and TiO2, from 10 Pm to 60 Pm). Another useful pigment may be SynCrystal Sapphire from Eckart Effect Pigments, which is a blue powder comprising platelets of synthetic fluorphlogopite coated with titanium dioxide, ferric ferrocyanide and small amounts of tin oxide. Another useful pigment may also be SYNCRYSTAL Almond also from Eckart, which is a beige powder with a copper reflection color and is composed of platelets of synthetic fluorphlogopite and coated with titanium dioxide and iron oxides. Another useful pigment may be Duocrome ® RV 524C from BASF, which provides a two color look via a lustrous red powder with a violet reflection powder due to its composition of mica, titanium dioxide and carmine.

The one or more pigments of the first composition and/or the second composition may be an organic pigment. The organic pigment of the first composition and/or the second composition may be selected from the group consisting of natural pigments sepia, gamboge, bone charcoal, Cassel brown, indigo, chlorophyll and other plant pigments.

The one or more pigments of the first composition and/or the second composition may be a synthetic organic pigment. The synthetic organic pigment of the first composition and/or the second composition may be selected from the group consisting of azo pigments, anthraquinoids, indigoids, dioxazine, quinacridone, phthalocyanine, isoindolinone, perylene and perinone, metal complex, alkali blue, diketopyrrolopyrrole pigments, and combinations thereof.

The one or more pigments of the first composition and/or the second composition may be selected from the group consisting of iron oxide, titanium dioxide, mica, borosilicate, and combinations thereof. The pigment of the first composition and/or the second composition may comprise an iron oxide (Fe2O3) pigment. The one or more pigments of the first composition and/or the second composition may comprise a combination of mica and titanium dioxide. Colored material

The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise one or more colored materials. The one or more colored materials of the first composition and/or the second composition may be particulate in form. The one or more colored materials of the first composition and/or the second composition may be selected from the group consisting of colored fibers, colored beads, colored particles such as nano-particles, colored polymers comprising covalently attached dyes, liquid crystals, particles having diffraction properties, UV absorber and photoprotective substances, pressure- or light-sensitive pigments, and combinations thereof.

The first composition and/or the second composition may be substantally free of colored material. Indeed, having the first composition and/or the second composition substantally free of colored material can help to prevent the formation residues and precipitation.

The one or more colored materials of the first composition and/or the second composition may be capable of changing color via a mechanism selected from the group consisting of thermochromism, photochromism, hydrochromism, magnetochromism, electrochromism, piezochromism, chemichromism, mechano-optics. Suitable colored material of the first composition and/or the second composition may include 3D Magnetic Pigments, Glow Dust, Fluorescent Pigments, Thermo Dust, Chameleon Pigments and other color changing materials from Solar Color Dust (http://solarcolordust.com/).

The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise one or more photoprotective substances. The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise from 0.01% to 10%, or from 0.1% to 5%, or from 0.2% to 2% of the one or more photoprotective substances by total weight of the respective first composition and/or the second composition. Useful photoprotective substances of the first composition and/or the second composition are specified in European Patent Application EP 1 084 696 A1 from §0036 to §0053, which is incorporated herein by reference. The one or more photoprotective substances of the first composition and/or the second composition may be selected from the group consisting of 2-ethylhexyl 4-methoxycinnamate, methyl methoxycinnammate, 2-hydroxy- 4-methoxybenzophenone-5-sulfonic acid, polyethoxylated p-aminobenzoates, di-butyl- hydroxytoluene (BHT), and mixtures thereof.

The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise from 0.01% to 10%, or from 0.05% to 5% of one or more particulate substances by total weight of the respective first composition and/or the second composition. The one or more particulate substances of the first composition and/or the second composition may be a substance which is solid at room temperature (23°C) and in the form of a particle. The one or more particulate substances of the first composition and/or the second composition may be selected from the group consisting of silica, silicates, aluminates, clay earths, mica, and insoluble salts. The one or more particulate substances of the first composition and/or the second composition may be selected from the group consisting of insoluble inorganic metal salts, metal oxides, minerals and insoluble polymer particles. The one or more particulate substances of the first composition and/or the second composition may be titanium dioxide. The one or more particulate substances of the first composition and/or the second composition may be present in the first composition and/or the second composition in an undissolved, or a stably dispersed form, and, following application to the hair and evaporation of the solvent, can deposit on the hair in a solid form.

The one or more particulate substances of the first composition and/or the second composition may be selected from the group consisting of silica (silica gel, silicon dioxide) and metal salts, in particular inorganic metal salts. The particulate substance of the first composition and/or the second composition may be silica. The one or more particulate substances of the first composition and/or the second composition may be selected from the group consisting of metal salts such as alkali metal or alkaline earth metal halides, e.g. sodium chloride or potassium chloride; alkali metal or alkaline earth metal sulfates, such as sodium sulfate or magnesium sulfate. Solvent

The first composition and/or the second composition may further comprise one or more solvents. The one or more solvents may be selected from water, or a mixture of water and at least one organic solvent to dissolve the compounds that would not typically be sufficiently soluble in water.

Suitable organic solvents for the first composition and/or the second composition may include, but are not limited to: from C2 to C4 lower alkanols (such as ethanol, propanol, isopropanol); aromatic alcohols (such as benzyl alcohol and phenoxyethanol); polyols and polyol ethers (such as carbitols, 2-butoxyethanol, propylene glycol, propylene glycol monomethyl ether, diethylene glycol monoethyl ether, monomethyl ether, hexylene glycol, glycerol, ethoxy glycol, butoxydiglycol, ethoxydiglycerol, dipropyleneglocol, polygylcerol); propylene carbonate; and mixtures thereof.

The one or more solvents of the first composition and/or the second composition may be selected from the group consisting of water, ethanol, propanol, isopropanol, glycerol, 1,2- propylene glycol, hexylene glycol, ethoxy diglycol, and mixtures thereof.

Typically, the first composition and/or the second composition may comprise water as a main ingredient, particularly in a total amount ranging from at least 50%, alternatively from at least 60%, alternatively from at least 70%, by total weight of the respective first composition and/or the second composition. Typically, when present, the first composition and/or the second composition may comprise a total amount of organic solvents ranging from 1% to 30%, by total weight of the respective first composition and/or the second composition. Radical scavenger

The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise one or more radical scavengers. The one or more radical scavengers of the first composition and/or the second composition may be present in a sufficient amount to reduce damage to the hair during an oxidative bleaching or coloring process.

The one or more radical scavengers may be a species that can react with a radical species, preferably a carbonate radical to convert the radical species by a series of fast reactions to a less reactive species. The one or more radical scavengers may be advantageously selected such that the one or more radical scavengers are different from an alkalising agent and/or is present in an amount sufficient to reduce the damage to the hair during the coloring /bleaching process.

The one or more radical scavengers of the first composition and/or the second composition may be selected from the group consisting of: benzylamine, glutamic acid, imidazole, di-tert-butylhydroxytoluene, hydroquinone, catechol, and mixtures thereof.

Peroxymonocarbonate ions

The first composition and/or the second composition may further comprise a source of carbonate ions, carbamate ions, hydrogen carbonate ions, and mixtures thereof in a sufficient amount to reduce damage to the hair during the coloring process.

The first composition and/or the second composition may preferably comprise at least one source of peroxymonocarbonate ions. Peroxymonocarbonate ions may be formed in situ from a source of hydrogen peroxide and a carbonate ion source. The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise a source of carbonate ions or carbamate ions or hydrocarbonate ions or any mixtures thereof. The source of peroxymonocarbonate ions may be selected from the group consisting of sodium, potassium, guanidine, arginine, lithium, calcium, magnesium, barium, ammonium salts of carbonate, carbamate and hydrocarbonate ions, and mixtures thereof.

The carbonate ion source for peroxymonocarbonate ions may be selected from the group consisting of sodium carbonate, sodium hydrogen carbonate, potassium carbonate, potassium hydrogen carbonate, guanidine carbonate, guanidine hydrogen carbonate, lithium carbonate, calcium carbonate, magnesium carbonate, barium carbonate, ammonium carbonate, ammonium hydrogen carbonate, and mixtures thereof. Percarbonate salts may also be utilized to provide both the source of carbonate ions and oxidizing agent. The source of carbonate ions, carbamate and hydrocarbonate ions may be selected from the group consisting of: sodium hydrogen carbonate, potassium hydrogen carbonate, ammonium carbamate, and mixtures thereof. Surfactant

The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise one or more surfactants. A surfactant can help to provide an emulsion. The first composition and/or the second composition may be in the form of an emulsion.

The first composition and/or the second composition may be in the form of a cream or gel. The first composition and/or the second composition may have a lamellar structure and/or may have a gel network. The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise micelles comprising a hydrophobic phase (see the description of the hydrophobic phase more below).

The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise from 0.001% to 10%, or from 0.1% to 8%, or from 0.5% to 5%, or from 0.4% to 2%, or from 0.8% to 1.5% of the one or more surfactants by total weight of the respective first composition and/or the second composition.

The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise one or more surfactants which are selected from the group consisting of anionic surfactants, non-ionic surfactants, amphoteric surfactants, zwitterionic surfactants, cationic surfactants, and mixtures thereof. The one or more surfactants of the first composition and/or the second composition can be useful for stabilising a hydrophobic phase in the first composition and/or the second composition, e.g. for stabilising the gel network and/or lamellar structure.

The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise an anionic surfactant. The anionic surfactant of the first composition and/or the second composition may be sodium lauryl sulfate or sodium laureth sulfate.

The one or more surfactants of the first composition and/or the second composition may be a non-ionic surfactant. The non-ionic surfactant may be selected from the group consisting of lanolin alcohol, and polyoxyethylene ethers of fatty alcohols, and mixtures thereof. The non-ionic surfactant may be preferably ceteareth-n, wherein n is from 2 to 100, or from 10 to 30. When the one or more surfactants of the first composition and/or the second composition are non-ionic, precipitation of others ingredients of the first composition and/or the second composition can be prevented.

The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise from 0.001% to 5%, or from 0.01% to 3%, or from 0.01% to 1%, or from 0.05% to 1%, or from 0.1% to 0.5%, or from 0.1% to 0.3% of a non-ionic surfactant by total weight of the respective first composition and/or the second composition. The non-ionic surfactant of the first composition and/or the second composition may be selected from the group consisting of lanolin alcohol, and polyoxyethylene ethers of fatty alcohols, and mixtures thereof.

The non-ionic surfactant of the first composition and/or the second composition may be a castor oil having polyethylene glycol ether groups or polypropylene glycol ether groups. The polyethylene glycol ether groups of the non-ionic surfactant may be ethers of PEG-n groups, wherein n is an integer of from 2 to 12, or from 2 to 10, or from 3 to 8. When the total M.Wt. of polyethylene glycol ether groups is below 400 Da, the mixing of the first composition and/or the second composition can be eased.

The polypropylene glycol ether groups may be ethers of PPG-n groups, wherein n is an integer of from 2 to 60, or from 10 to 50, or from 20 to 40. The polyethylene glycol ether groups or polypropylene glycol ether groups may be selected from the group consisting of: PPG-4, PPG- 6, PEG-5, PEG-6, PEG-8, and mixtures thereof. The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise PEG-40 Hydrogenated Castor Oil and/or PEG-60 Castor Oil and/or PEG-35 Castor Oil as non-ionic surfactant. Thickening agent

The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise one or more thickening agents. Thickening agents can help to provide the desired rheology for the first composition and/or the second composition, which is useful in terms of mixing and anti-drip. The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise from 0.01% to 5% of the one or more thickening agents by total weight of the respective first composition and/or the second composition. The one or more thickening agents of the first composition and/or the second composition may be a thickening polymer.

The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise from 0.1% to 2% of a thickening polymer by total weight of the respective first composition and/or the second composition. The thickening polymer of the first composition and/or the second composition may be an associative polymer. The thickening polymer of the first composition and/or the second composition may also serve as conditioning agents, as described below. Conditioning agent

The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise one or more conditioning agents. The one or more conditioning agents of the first composition and/or the second composition may be selected from the group consisting of silicone materials, amino silicones, fatty alcohols, polymeric resins, polyol carboxylic acid esters, cationic polymers, cationic surfactants, insoluble oils and oil derived materials and mixtures thereof. The one or more conditioning agents of the first composition and/or the second composition may be selected from the group consisting of mineral oils, glycerine, sorbitol and mixtures thereof.

The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise from 0.05% to 20%, or from 0.1% to 15%, or from 0.2% to 10%, or from 0.2% to 2%, or from 0.5% to 2% of the one or more conditioning agents by total weight of the respective first composition and/or the second composition. The one or more conditioning agents may be included in a separate pre- and/or post-treatment composition.

Suitable conditioning agents may include, but are not limited to: silicones, aminosilicones, fatty alcohols, polymeric resins, polyol carboxylic acid esters, cationic polymers, cationic surfactants, insoluble oils and oil derived materials and mixtures thereof. Additional conditioning agents may include mineral oils and other oils such as glycerin and sorbitol.

Particularly useful conditioning agents for the first composition and/or the second composition may be cationic polymers and/or silicones. Cationic polymers may be chosen from those comprising units of at least one amine group chosen from primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary amine groups that may either form part of the main polymer chain, or be borne by a side substituent that is directly attached to the main polymer chain.

The one or more conditioning agents of the first composition and/or the second composition may be a silicone. The silicone of the first composition and/or the second composition may be selected from the group consisting of polyalkylsilioxane oils, linear polydiemthylsiloxane oils containing trimethylsilyl or hydroxydimethylsiloxane endgroups, polymethylphenylsiloxane polydimethylphenylsiloxane, polydimethyldiphenylsiloxane oils, silicone resins, organofunctional siloxanes having in their general structure one or a number of organofunctional group(s), the same or different, attached directly to the siloxane chain, and mixtures thereof. Said organofunctional group(s) may be selected from: polyethyleneoxy and/or polypropyleneoxy groups, (per)fluorinated groups, thiol groups, substituted or unsubstituted amino groups, carboxylate groups, hydroxylated groups, alkoxylated groups, quaternium ammonium groups, amphoteric, betain groups and mixtures thereof. The silicone of the first composition and/or the second composition may be either used as a neat fluid or in the form of an pre-formed emulsion. Cosmetically acceptable carrier The first composition and/or the second composition comprises a cosmetically acceptable carrier. The cosmetically acceptable carrier of the first composition and/or the second composition may be an aqueous carrier. The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise water. Water can provide a hydrophilic phase, which the hydrophilic portions of any other ingredients comprised in the first composition and/or the second composition can interact with water. Water can also provide a fluid phase meaning that the first composition and/or the second composition can be in liquid form and therefore easily mixed with other fluid compositions such as an oxidizing composition. The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise from 50% to 85% water, or from 65% to 75% of water by total weight of the respective first composition and/or the second composition.

The cosmetically acceptable carrier may be any carrier suitable for formulating the one or more linkers or the one or more electrophile ingredients into the respective first composition and/or the second composition being suitable for application onto hair. The cosmetically acceptable carrier may be selected from either an aqueous medium or an aqueous-alcoholic medium. When the cosmetically acceptable carrier is an aqueous-alcoholic carrier, the cosmetically acceptable carrier may comprise water and an alcohol. An alcohol can advantageously influence the viscosity of a relatively wide spectrum of ingredients of the first composition and/or the second composition. The alcohol of the first composition and/or the second composition may be selected from the group consisting of: ethanol, isopropanol, propanol, and mixtures thereof.

When the cosmetically acceptable carrier is an aqueous carrier, the aqueous carrier may consist essentially of water and may be substantially free of alcohol. The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise a safe and effective amount of cosmetically acceptable carrier which is water. The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise from 0.1% to 99%, or from 1% to 98%, or from 10% to 97%, or from 30% to 95% of water by total weight of the respective first composition and/or the second composition.

The first composition and/or the second composition may be substantially free of alcohol, such as volatile alcohols (e.g. ethanol, isopropanol, propanol). When the first composition and/or the second composition is substantially free of alcohol, the first composition and/or the second composition can have advantageously a reduced odour. Flammability issues can also be prevented.

The cosmetically acceptable carrier of the first composition and/or the second composition may be an oily compound. The oily compound may be selected from the group consisting of cyclic silicones and volatile hydrocarbons. Cyclic silicones can be available from Dow Corning. The cyclic silicone may have from at least 3 silicone atoms or from at least 5 silicone atoms but no more than 7 silicone atoms or no more than 6 silicone atoms. The cyclic silicone may conform to the formula:

wherein n is from 3 or from 5 but no more than 7 or no more than 6. The cyclic silicone may have a kinematic viscosity of less than 10 cSt at 23ºC. A Suitable cyclic silicone for use herein may include Cyclomethicone D5 (commercially available from G.E. Silicones). Alternatively, the first composition and/or the second composition may be silicone-free.

Volatile hydrocarbons e.g. Isopar can be obtained from ExxonMobil Petroleum and Chemical. The oily compound may be a mineral oil. Trade names for suitable mineral oils include Benol, Blandol, Hydrobrite, Kaydol (Sonneborn LLC Refined Products), Chevron Superla White Oil (Chevron Products Company), Drakeol, Parol (Calumet Penreco LLC), Peneteck (Calumet Penreco LLC), Marcol, and Primol 352 (ExxonMobil Petroleum and Chemical). Hydrophobic phase

The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise a hydrophobic phase. The hydrophobic phase of the first composition and/or the second composition may be selected from the group consisting of fatty alcohols, fatty acids, and mixtures thereof. The fatty alcohols and/or fatty acids may comprise from 10 to 30, or from 12 to 20, or from 16 to 18 carbon atoms. The hydrophobic phase of the first composition and/or the second composition may comprise two different fatty alcohols. The hydrophobic phase of the first composition and/or the second composition may comprise two different fatty alcohols, both comprising from 10 to 14 carbons. Preservative

The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise at least one preservative and/or a mixture of preservatives. The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise from 0.01% to 1% preservative, or from 0.1% to 0.5% preservative by total weight of the respective first composition and/or the second composition. The preservative of the first composition and/or the second composition may be selected from the group consisting of benzyl alcohol, phenoxyethanol, 1,3-bis(hydroxymethyl)-5,5- dimethylimidazolidine-2,4-dione, and mixtures thereof. The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise at least one preservative; and wherein the preservative may be selected from the group consisting of benzyl alcohol, phenoxyethanol, and mixtures thereof; or wherein the preservative may be a mixture of benzyl alcohol and phenoxyethanol. The first composition and/or the second composition may be substantially free of benzoate compounds. Indeed, having benzoate compounds can help to prevent instability and/or precipitation of the first composition and/or the second composition. The first composition and/or the second composition may be substantially free of parabens. Perfume

The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise a perfume. The first composition and/or the second composition may comprise from 0.001% to 2% of a perfume by total weight of the respective first composition and/or the second composition. Perfume can provide an enhanced user experience by making the composition smell pleasant and/or invoke emotions tailored to the visual effects on the fibers, such as relaxing or exciting smells.

Alternatively, the first composition and/or the second composition may be substantially free of perfume and/or fragrance. Some consumers prefer perfume-free compositions.

The perfume of the first composition and/or the second composition may be an animal fragrance or a plant fragrance. The animal fragrance may be selected from the group consisting of musk oil, civet, castoreum, ambergris, and mixtures thereof.

The plant fragrance may be selected from the group consisting of nutmeg extract, cardomon extract, ginger extract, cinnamon extract, patchouli oil, geranium oil, orange oil, mandarin oil, orange flower extract, cedarwood, vetyver, lavandin, ylang extract, tuberose extract, sandalwood oil, bergamot oil, rosemary oil, spearmint oil, peppermint oil, lemon oil, lavender oil, citronella oil, chamomille oil, clove oil, sage oil, neroli oil, labdanum oil, eucalyptus oil, verbena oil, mimosa extract, narcissus extract, carrot seed extract, jasmine extract, olibanum extract, rose extract, and mixtures thereof.

The perfume of the first composition and/or the second composition may be selected from the group consisting of acetophenone, adoxal, aldehyde C-12, aldehyde C-14, aldehyde C-18, allyl caprylate, ambroxan, amyl acetate, dimethylindane derivatives, Į-amylcinnamic aldehyde, anethole, anisaldehyde, benzaldehyde, benzyl acetate, benzyl alcohol and ester derivatives, benzyl propionate, benzyl salicylate, borneol, butyl acetate, camphor, carbitol, cinnamaldehyde, cinnamyl acetate, cinnamyl alcohol, cis-3-hexanol and ester derivatives, cis-3-hexenyl methyl carbonate, citral, citronnellol and ester derivatives, cumin aldehyde, cyclamen aldehyde, cyclo galbanate, damascones, decalactone, decanol, estragole, dihydromyrcenol, dimethyl benzyl carbinol, 6,8-dimethyl-2-nonanol, dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrate, ethyl acetate, ethyl isobutyrate, ethyl butyrate, ethyl propionate, ethyl caprylate, ethyl cinnamate, ethyl hexanoate, ethyl valerate, ethyl vanillin, eugenol, exaltolide, fenchone, fruity esters such as ethyl 2-methyl butyrate, galaxolide, geraniol and ester derivatives, helional, 2-heptonone, hexenol, Į- hexylcinnamic aldehyde, hydroxycitrolnellal, indole, isoamyl acetate, isoeugenol acetate, ionones, isoeugenol, isoamyl iso-valerate, iso E super, limonene, linalool, lilial, linalyl acetate, lyral, majantol, mayol, melonal, menthol, p-methylacetophenone, methyl anthranilate, methyl cedrylone, methyl dihydrojasmonate, methyl eugenol, methyl ionone, methyl-Į-naphthyl ketone, methylphenylcarbinyl acetate, mugetanol, Ȗ-nonalactone, octanal, phenyl ethyl acetate, phenyl- acetaldehyde dimethyl acetate, phenoxyethyl isobutyrate, phenyl ethyl alcohol, pinenes, sandalore, santalol, stemone, thymol, terpenes, triplal, triethyl citrate, 3,3,5- trimethylcyclohexanol, Ȗ-undecalactone, undecenal, vanillin, veloutone, verdox, and mixtures thereof. Viscosity

The first composition and/or the second composition may have a kinematic viscosity of from 0.5 cSt to 1500 cSt, measured at 23°C according to the following method.“Viscosity” can mean dynamic viscosity (measured in mPa·s) or kinematic viscosity (measured in centistokes, cSt) of a liquid at 23°C and ambient conditions. Dynamic viscosity may be measured using a rotational viscometer, such as a Brookfield Dial Reading Viscometer Model 1-2 RVT available from Brookfield Engineering Laboratories (USA) or other substitutable model as known in the art. Typical Brookfield spindles which may be used include, without limitation, RV-7 at a spindle speed of 20 rpm, recognizing that the exact spindle may be selected as needed by one skilled in the art. Kinematic viscosity may be determined by dividing dynamic viscosity by the density of the liquid (at 23°C and ambient conditions), as known in the art.

The viscosity of the first composition and/or the second composition may be useful in view of enabling the first composition and/or the second composition to be readily applied to the hair fibers– e.g. spread evenly onto the hair. Viscosity can be influenced by the level of cosmetically acceptable carrier in the first composition and/or the second composition and the level of the thickening agent.

The first composition and/or the second composition may have a kinematic viscosity of from 1 cSt to 1000 cSt. The first composition and/or the second composition may have a kinematic viscosity of from 1.5 cSt to 500 cSt, or from 2 cSt to 350 cSt, or from 2.5 cSt to 200 cSt, or from 3 cSt to 150 cSt, measured at 23°C.1 centistoke (cSt) is equal to 1 x 10 -6 m 2 /s).

The first composition and/or the second composition may have a dynamic viscosity of from 1 mPa·s to 5000 mPa·s. The first composition and/or the second composition may have a viscosity of from 2 mPa·s to 400 mPa·s, or from 3 mPa·s to 100 mPa·s. Alternatively, the first composition and/or the second composition may have a dynamic viscosity of from 30 mPa·s to 250 mPa·s, or from 100 mPa·s to 200 mPa·s.

This viscosity range of the first composition and/or the second composition may be useful in view of helping to prevent the first composition and/or the second composition from dripping. When the viscosity is too high, the first composition and/or the second composition can not be readily mixed, e.g. with the cosmetically acceptable carrier, where present. Volatility

The first composition and/or the second composition may be substantially free of compounds having a vapor pressure below 0.01 mmHg, or below 0.001 mm Hg, measured at 23°C and 1 atm. Having the first composition and/or the second composition having a relatively low volatility can help to reduce the odour of the first composition and/or the second composition and also can help to provide a relatively safer safety profile. Rheology

The first composition and/or the second composition may further comprise a hydrophobic phase, a hydrophilic phase, one or more surfactants, and one or more thickening polymers capable of interacting with the hydrophobic phase and the hydrophilic phase, wherein the composition has a storage modulus of at least 3000 Pa, or at least 3300 Pa, or at least 3500 Pa, or at least 4000 Pa, or at least 4500 Pa, or at least 5000 Pa, measured by frequency sweep at an angular frequency of 0.6 rad/s at 23°C, and wherein the one or more thickening polymers are an associative thickening polymer and comprise hydrophobic moieties and hydrophilic moieties. The storage modulus may be not more than 10 kPa, or 9 kPa, or 8 kPa, or 7 kPa, or 6kPa, measured by frequency sweep at an angular frequency of 0.6 rad/s at 23°C. The hydrophilic moieties of the associative thickening polymer may comprise urethane units. Kit

A second aspect of the present invention is related to a kit for treating hair comprising: (a) a first composition as defined hereinbefore; (b) a second composition as defined hereinbefore.

The first composition optionally does not comprise any electrophile ingredients of Formula I of the second composition. The first composition and the second composition are separately packaged.

The kit may further comprise (c) a conditioning composition comprising one or more conditioning agents. Conditioning agents have already been described above.

The kit may further comprise (d) a thickening composition. Such thickening compositions are currently on the market as under the brand“Color.id” from Wella Professionals. The thickening composition of the kit may comprise one or more thickening polymers capable of interacting with the hydrophobic phase and the hydrophilic phase.

The kit may further comprise a mixing receptacle and/or a mixing means. The mixing receptacle of the kit may be a bowl. The mixing means of the kit may be a spatula.

The first composition (a) and the second composition (b) may be packaged in separate sealed containers. The first composition (a) may be packaged in a flexible tube packaging composed of metal, plastics or a combination thereof. The second composition (b) may be packaged in a squeezable container. The squeezable container may have at least 50% headspace. The squeezable container may have a headspace being at least the volume of the first composition (a). The first composition may be packaged in a plastic container according to claim 1 of European Patent Application EP 2 801 281 A1, wherein the plastic container has two symmetrical collapsible side panels and a non-collapsible squeezable back panel; wherein the ratio of the average thicknesses between front and/or back panels and the side panels is at least 2:1 (EP 2 801 281 A1 paragraphs [0025] to [0044] as well as the Figures are incorporated herein by reference). The plastic container has the advantage that it is resistant to random, uncontrolled deformation under a substantial pressure differential between the environment and inside the container, yet having an affordable cost of manufacture and/or being appealing to the consumer.

The method may be carried out from sequentially applied to the hair, the first composition as stated hereinbefore and the second composition as stated hereinbefore.

In the kit, the one or more linkers may be selected from the group consisting of:

, cosmetically acceptable salts thereof, and mixtures thereof; and

the one or more eletrophile ingredients may be selected from the group consisting of:

salts thereof, and mixtures thereof.

EXPERIMENTAL

Hair strands

Ponytail Hair strands having a width of 2.5 cm and a length of 10 cm.

Available from International Hair Importers & Products, Glendale, NY

Mass: 0.9 g r 0.05g

Characteristics: cysteic acid: 17.4– 18.1 Pmol/g hair; medullated hair, I: 60-80 Pm Pre-treatment (Bleaching process)

The hair strands were weighed and then soaked in a mixture of 2.5 g bleaching powder and 7.5 ml Wella Welloxyd TM per 1 g of hair (in a lab basin). It has to be carried out in an extractor hood. The concentration of hydrogen peroxide in Wella Welloxyd TM was 9%. The residence time during the bleaching step was 30 min. The hair strands were turned upside down after each 7.5 min. After bleaching the hair strands were rinsed under tap water (6 L/min, 35°C) for 2 min. The bleaching process was carried out twice in which the second bleaching step followed immediately after the first bleaching step. Before the 2 nd bleaching step was started, the hair was dabbed with a napkin. Subsequently the hair strands were washed twice with 0.25 ml standard-shampoo (10% Na-laurylether-sulfate, 4% NaCl) per 1 g hair for 1 minute, rinsed for 1 minute. Then the hair strands were stored in distilled water for 24h. After that the hair strands were rinsed for 2 min under tap water (6 L/min, 35°C). Finally the hair strands were dried at 20°C and 65% relative humidity at least overnight.

Reference

Five hair strands each were pre-treated (i.e. bleached) according to the pre-treatment as stated hereinbefore 4 times. Comparative Example 1 using Olaplex TM Bond Multiplyer No. 1 and Olaplex TM Bond Perfector No.2

Five hair strands each were pre-treated (i.e. bleached) according to the pre-treatment as stated hereinbefore 3 times. The obtained bleached hair strands were treated as follows hereinafter.

A blond composition was prepared by mixing 60 g of Wella Multi Blonde Powder (Wella ^ Blondor) with 90 mL of Wella Welloxon Perfect 12% and 18 mL of Olaplex TM Bond Multiplyer No.1 (commercially available from Olaplex TM ).

4.2 g of the blond composition was applied with a brush to each bleached hair strand (a total of 5 bleached hair strands). The blond composition for each hair strand was left for 30 minutes at 30qC. After 30 minutes, each hair strand was rinsed for 2 min under tap water (6 L/min, 35°C).

After rinsing, 1 mL of Olaplex TM Bond Perfector No. 2 (commercially available from Olaplex TM ) was added to each rinsed hair strand. The Olaplex TM Bond Perfector No. 2 for each hair strand was left for 10 minutes at 30qC. The resulted hair strands were each combed through with a relatively wide tooth comb (teeth are spaced 2 mm apart). After combing, each hair strand was air-dried overnight. Comparative Example 2 using Olaplex TM Bond Multiplyer No.1-type composition

Five hair strands each were pre-treated (i.e. bleached) according to the pre-treatment as stated hereinbefore 3 times. The obtained bleached hair strands were treated as follows hereinafter.

A binding composition (Olaplex TM Bond Multiplyer No. 1-type composition) was prepared by mixing a 1:2 molar ratio of O,O'-Bis(3-aminopropyl)diethylene glycol (24.28 g, 0.10 mol; CAS 4246-51-6, 97%, commercially available from Sigma-Aldrich) and maleic acid (25.02 g, 0.21 mol; CAS 110-16-10, 99%, commercially available from Sigma-Aldrich) in 50.81 g of water. The resulting pH was 4.7.

Each bleached hair strand (a total of 5 bleached hair strands) was submerged with the binding composition. The binding composition for each hair strand was left for 30 minutes at 30qC. After 30 minutes, each hair strand was rinsed for 2 min under tap water (6 L/min, 35°C). After rinsing, the resulted hair strands were air-dried overnight. Example 1 within the scope of the present invention

Five hair strands each were pre-treated (i.e. bleached) according to the pre-treatment as stated hereinbefore 3 times. The obtained bleached hair strands were treated as follows hereinafter.

A first composition according to the present invention was prepared by mixing O,O'- Bis(3-aminopropyl)diethylene glycol (24.26 g, 0.10 mol; CAS 4246-51-6, 97%, commercially available from Sigma-Aldrich) in 75.80 of water. The resulting pH was 12.5. The first composition does not contain any maleic acid.

An second composition according to the present invention was prepared by mixing maleic acid (25.01 g, 0.21 mol; CAS 110-16-10, 99%, commercially available from Sigma-Aldrich) in 75.80 g of water. The resulting pH was 0.8. The second composition does not contain any O,O'- Bis(3-aminopropyl)diethylene glycol.

In a first step, each bleached hair strand (a total of 5 bleached hair strands) was submerged with the first composition comprising the linker O,O'-Bis(3-aminopropyl)diethylene glycol. The first composition for each hair strand was left for 30 minutes at 30qC. After 30 minutes, each hair strand was rinsed for 2 min under tap water (6 L/min, 35°C). Then, in a second step, each bleached hair strand was submerged with the second composition comprising the electrophile ingredient maleic acid. The second composition for each hair strand was left for 30 minutes at 30qC. After 30 minutes, each hair strand was rinsed for 2 min under tap water (6 L/min, 35°C). After rinsing, the resulted hair strands were air-dried overnight. Example 2 within the scope of the present invention

Five hair strands each were pre-treated (i.e. bleached) according to the pre-treatment as stated hereinbefore 3 times. The obtained bleached hair strands were treated as follows hereinafter.

A first composition according to the present invention was prepared by mixing propylene glycol (18.60 g; CAS 57-55-6, >99.5%, commercially available from Sigma-Aldrich) in 81.40 g of water. The resulting pH was 7.2. The first composition does not contain any maleic acid.

A second composition according to the present invention was prepared by mixing maleic acid (25.01 g; CAS 110-16-10, 99%, commercially available from Sigma-Aldrich) in 75.80 g of water. The resulting pH was 0.8. The second composition does not contain any propylene glycol.

In a first step, each bleached hair strand (a total of 5 bleached hair strands) was submerged with the first composition comprising the linker propylene glycol. The first composition for each hair strand was left for 30 minutes at 30qC. After 30 minutes, each hair strand was rinsed for 2 min under tap water (6 L/min, 35°C).

Then, in a second step, each bleached hair strand was submerged with the second composition comprising the electrophile ingredient maleic acid. The second composition for each hair strand was left for 30 minutes at 30qC. After 30 minutes, each hair strand was rinsed for 2 min under tap water (6 L/min, 35°C). After rinsing, the resulted hair strands were air-dried overnight. Example 3 within the scope of the present invention

Five hair strands each were pre-treated (i.e. bleached) according to the pre-treatment as stated hereinbefore 3 times. The obtained bleached hair strands were treated as follows hereinafter.

A first composition according to the present invention was prepared by mixing citric acid (17.51 g; CAS 4246-51-6, 97%, commercially available from Sigma-Aldrich) in 82.50 g of water. The resulting pH was 1.6. The first composition does not contain any maleic acid. An second composition according to the present invention was prepared by mixing maleic acid (25.01 g; CAS 77-92-9, 99%, commercially available from Sigma-Aldrich) in 75.80 g of water. The resulting pH was 0.8. The second composition does not contain any citric acid.

In a first step, each bleached hair strand (a total of 5 bleached hair strands) was submerged with the first composition comprising the linker citric acid. The first composition for each hair strand was left for 30 minutes at 30qC. After 30 minutes, each hair strand was rinsed for 2 min under tap water (6 L/min, 35°C).

Then, in a second step, each bleached hair strand was submerged with the second composition comprising the electrophile ingredient maleic acid. The second composition for each hair strand was left for 30 minutes at 30qC. After 30 minutes, each hair strand was rinsed for 2 min under tap water (6 L/min, 35°C). After rinsing, the resulted hair strands were air-dried overnight. Hair Breakage Test Method

A system to determine the efficacy of the method for treating hair of the present invention in terms of anti-breakage was used based on the following publication: Haake, H-M. et al.; J. Cosmet. Sci., 60, 143-151 (which is incorporated by reference).

The hair breakage test method described in the scientific publication involves the repeated combing of hair strands. The device allows ten hair strands to be combed simultaneously. The influences of chemical hair treatments like bleaching for the Reference, or treatments as set out above for the Comparative Examples 1 and 2 and the Example 1 on hair breakage was examined.

A set-up for such a testing protocol, allowing for an automated parallel combing of up to 10 hair strands has been developed and is provided hereinafter (See Fig. 1). Broken hair fibers are collected in separated drawers for each hair strand. Hair breakage determination:

For each Example, five hair strands were prepared according to the respective experimental protocol as stated hereinbefore. All hair strands were allowed to equilibrate at 65% relative humidity and 20°C overnight.

A customized system 10 was used allowing the parallel combing of up to ten hair strands 20. Fig. 1 shows a schematic view of the customized system 10 used for the hair breakage determination. Fig.2 illustrates a schematic view of a portion of the apparatus of Fig.1. Combing was performed by two combs 30A, 30B per hair strand 20 mounted on a motor-driven axis 40. Two 5 cm wide stainless steel metal combs 30A, 30B were mounted on the motor-driven axis 40. The separation between the teeth of each comb 30A, 30B was 0.5 mm. The motor-driven axis 40 was rotating at 30 revolutions per minute, i.e. leading to 60 combing strokes per minute. The broken hair fibers were collected in drawers 50 made from stainless steel, one for every hair strand 20. The device 10 was set in a box allowing the control of temperature and relative humidity.

Standard conditions were 65% relative humidity and 20°C (to avoid an active cooling system). The amount of broken hair was determined gravimetrically. The fibers longer than 9 cm (which are most probably not broken but pulled out of the glued part of the hair strand) was considered“pulled out of the hair strand fixation” and therefore was disregarded. The amount of broken hair fiber for each hair strand was determined after 30, 100, 500, 1000 and 2000 combing revolutions and recorded in milligrams. The mean and standard deviations of all five hair strands were calculated to determine the hair breakage of hair strands treated with the same method. Differences in the means were evaluated statistically calculating a heteroscedastic Student’s t- test. The difference is regarded significant for p-values <0.05.

A graph was generated based on the measurements made according to the Hair Breakage Test Method showing hair breakage as a function of combining strokes (see Fig.3). Results

For the Reference, when the hair strands are pre-treated 4 times, the hair breakage as a function of combing cycles reaches an asymptote circa 85 mg after 1000 combing strokes. The curve for the Reference in Fig. 3 shows a fairly steep slope for the initial combing strokes between 0 and 100 combing strokes, which is the combing stroke range typically carried out in any hair salons.

The Comparative Example 1 concerns the hair strands which were treated with Olaplex TM Bond Multiplyer No. 1 and subsequently with Olaplex TM Bond Perfector No. 2. Olaplex TM Bond Multiplyer No. 1 comprises the following binding agent: Bis-aminopropyl diglycol dimaleate (15-30wt.%; CAS 1629579-82-3) dissolved in water.

Olaplex TM Bond Perfector No. 2 comprises the same binding agent, bis-aminopropyl diglycol dimaleate in a conditioner chassis. The complete ingredient list for the Olaplex TM Bond Perfector No. 2 is as follows: Water (Aqua), Bis-Aminopropyl Diglycol Dimaleate, Propylene Glycol, Cetearyl Alcohol, Behentrimonium Methosulfate, Cetyl Alcohol, Phenoxyethanol, Glycerin, Hydroxyethyl Ethylcellulose, Stearamidopropyl Dimethylamine, Quaternium-91, Sodium Benzoate, Cetrimonium Methosulfate, Cetrimonium Chloride, Fragrance (Parfum), Polyquaternium-37, Tetrasodium EDTA, Butylphenyl Methylpropional, Etidronic Acid, Ascorbic Acid, Phytantriol, Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis (Sweet Almond) Oil, Tocopheryl Acetate, Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice, Panthenol, Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil, Citric Acid, Potassium Sorbate

It is known that when the hair strands are treated with a conditioning composition, it takes typically up to 500 combing strokes to remove any conditioning composition from the surface of the hair strands.

The curve in Fig. 3 corresponding to the Comparative Example 1 does not show any hair breakage until 100 combing strokes due to the conditioning effect of Olaplex TM . After 2000 combing strokes, the hair breakage of the hair strands of the Comparative Example is about 1/3 less important than the hair breakage for the hair strands of the Reference.

The Comparative Example 2 concerns treating the hair strands with the same binding agent of Olaplex TM Bond Multiplyer No. 1, namely Bis-aminopropyl diglycol dimaleate, however without using the Olaplex TM Bond Perfector No.2, and thus any conditioning chassis.

The curve in Fig. 3 corresponding to the Comparative Example 2 shows that without any conditioning chassis provided by the Olaplex TM Bond Perfector No. 2, the initial hair breakage between 30 and 100 combing strokes is obtained as the initial one for the Reference. However, the hair breakage for 2000 combing strokes is still lower than the one for the Reference, and is close to the one for the Comparative Example 1.

The curve in Fig. 3 corresponding to the Examples 1, 2 and 3 falling within the scope of the present invention shows no hair breakage between 30 and 100 combing strokes as the Comparative Example 1 but now without the use of any conditioning chassis. Surprisingly, for 500, 1000 and 2000 combing strokes, the hair breakage is relatively much lower than the hair breakage at the same combing strokes for the Comparative Example 1.

Without wishing to be bound by theory, it is assumed that the one or more linkers of the first composition, e.g. O,Oƍ-Bis(3-aminopropyl)diethylene glycol can cross-link the carboxylic acid groups of the hair proteins as the hair proteins are made up of amino-acids, by forming hydrogen bonds or ionic bonds. When the F-layer has been removed due to perhydrolysis, the one or more linkers of the first composition can also interact with the sulfonate groups of the epiticule layer by forming ionic bonds or hydrogen bonds. The one or more linkers of the first composition may also cross-link between the sulfonate groups of the cysteine amino acids of the hair proteins. Similarly, it is also assumed that the one or more electrophile ingredients of the second composition, e.g. maleic acid can cross-link the amino groups of the hair proteins. The one or more electrophile ingredients of the second composition, e.g. maleic acid may also cross- link between the sulfonate groups of the cysteine amino acids of the hair proteins by forming hydrogen bonds. The effective amount of available amino groups and carboxylic acid groups inside the hair is unknown. Hence, it is believed that the first composition comprising one or more linkers and the second composition comprising one or more electrophile ingredients of the present invention need to be applied sequentially such that they do not form relatively stable complexes prior to reacting inside the hair.

Without wishing to be bound by theory, it is believed that the relatively high pH of the first composition due to the presence of the linker O,Oƍ-Bis(3-aminopropyl)diethylene glycol can help to open the cuticles of the hair strands. A better opening of the cuticles can lead to an improved penetration of the linker O,Oƍ-Bis(3-aminopropyl)diethylene glycol. The maleic acid having a relatively small size can also more readily penetrate into the opened cuticles in the second subsequent treatment step. Conclusion

Before 500 combing strokes, hair breakage is dependent on the conditioning treatment applied to hair strands. This is why only little hair breakage was observed for the Comparative Example 1 below 500 combing strokes due to the conditioning chassis of Olaplex TM Bond Perfector No.2.

After 500 combing strokes, the hair breakage will depend how the hair surface is preserved. Several pre-treatments (bleaching processes) on hair strands have the adverse effect to lead to a relatively higher hair breakage. The hair can be preserved when treated with Olaplex TM Bond Multiplyer No. 1 and Olaplex TM Bond Perfector No. 2, or Olaplex TM Bond Multiplyer No. 1-type composition only.

However, the inventor has now surprisingly found that when applying sequentially a first composition comprising one or more linkers without any electrophile ingredient of Formula I, and a second composition comprising one or more electrophile ingredients, hair breakage is prevented until 100 combing strokes similarly as a conditioning chassis would have been applied on the hair. More surprisingly, the hair breakage can be even more reduced compared to Comparative Example 1, when the one or more linkers of the first composition and the one or more electrophile ingredients of the second composition are separately and sequentially applied to hair rather to be applied together when both linker and electrophile ingredient are precomplexed together.

EXPERIMENTS CONCERNING PERMANENT HAIR WAVING A first composition according to the present invention was prepared by mixing O,Oƍ- Bis(3-aminopropyl)diethylene glycol (24.26 g, 0.10 mol; CAS 4246-51-6, 97%, commercially available from Sigma-Aldrich) in 75.80 of water. The resulting pH was 12.5. The first composition does not contain any maleic acid.

A second composition according to the present invention was prepared by mixing maleic acid (25.01 g, 0.21 mol; CAS 110-16-10, 99%, commercially available from Sigma-Aldrich) in 75.80 g of water. The resulting pH was 0.8. The second composition does not contain any O,Oƍ- Bis(3-aminopropyl)diethylene glycol.

A commercially available permanent hair waving composition Wella Curl It Mild and a commercially available neutralizing composition Wella Curl Neutralizer were used to test the first and the second composition of the present invention for its effectiveness when combined in (i.e. during or after) a permanent hair waving service (i.e. a permanent hair waving procedure).

A half head comparison was carried out on 20 clients each according to the following procedures 1 and 2: Procedure 1:

1. Left & Right: Curl hair using standard rollers as per standard in-salon procedure;

2. Right: Apply Wella Curl It Mild permanent hair waving composition according to usage instruction; Left: Mix 5 ml of the first composition of the present invention with Wella Curl It Mild permanent hair waving composition and apply according to usage instruction of Wella Curl It Mild permanent hair waving composition;

3. Left & Right: Development time according to usage instructions;

4. Left: Apply 20 ml of the second composition of the present invention; development time 10 minutes;

5. Left & Right: Rinse thoroughly;

6. Left & Right: Apply neutralizing composition Wella Curl Neutralizer according to usage instructions for a first neutralization step;

7. Left & Right: Remove curlers; 8. Left & Right: Apply neutralizing composition Wella Curl Neutralizer according to usage instructions for a second neutralizing step;

9. Left & Right: Rinse thoroughly;

10. Left & Right: Dry and style as normal for all 20 clients;

11. Left & Right: Additional drying step (drying hood, 80 °C, 35 minutes) for all 10 out of the 20 clients; Procedure 2:

1. Left & Right: Curl hair using standard rollers as per standard in-salon procedure;

2. Left & Right: Apply Wella Curl It Mild permanent hair waving composition according to usage instruction;

3. Left & Right: Development time according to usage instructions;

4. Left: Apply 20 ml of the first composition of the present invention; development time 5 minutes;

5. Left: Apply 20 ml of the second composition of the present invention; development time 10 minutes;

6. Left & Right: Rinse thoroughly;

7. Left & Right: Apply neutralizing composition Wella Curl Neutralizer according to usage instructions for a first neutralization step;

8. Left & Right: Remove curlers;

9. Left & Right: Apply neutralizing composition Wella Curl Neutralizer according to usage instructions for a second neutralizing step;

10. Left & Right: Rinse thoroughly;

11. Left & Right: Dry and style as normal for all 20 clients;

12. Left & Right: Additional drying step (drying hood, 80 °C, 35 minutes) for all 10 out of the 20 clients; R ESULTS

Following procedures 1 and 2 resulted in a preferential assessment for the Left side of the half head comparision involving the first and the second composition of the present invention for 17 out of 20 clients (procedure 1) and 18 out of 20 clients (procedure 2). Preference was given after Step 11 of the respective procedure and for improved curl definition, easier combing, and better hair shine. Clients also subjected to Step 12 of the respective procedure noticed in 8 out of 10 cases a durability improvement of the aforementioned benefits of improved curl definition, easier combing, and better hair shine four weeks after procedures 1 and 2 were carried out and when compared to clients not subjected to the additional drying step 12. Without wanting to be bound by theory, it is believed that the additional drying steps allows the hair to completely dry, thus the active agents of the first and the second composition of the present invention to interact with the aminoacid groups of the hair to form stable covalent bonds, thus improving the durability of the benefits seen. In view of the above, the following Embodiments are provided: Embodiment 1 A method for treating hair comprising:

(a) applying to the hair a first composition comprising in a cosmetically acceptable carrier, one or more linkers, or cosmetically acceptable salts thereof, or mixtures thereof, wherein the one or more linkers is a polyfunctional molecule which is independently substituted with one or more substituents which are selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, hydroxy, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, alkoxy, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkynyl, aryl, heterocyclyl, heteroaryl, amine, formyl, acyl, carboxylic acid, -C(O)R 1 , -C(O)OR 1 , (-COO-), -CONH2, -CONHR 1 , - C(O)NR 1 R 2 , - NR 1 R 2 ,-NR 1 S(O)2R 2 , -NR 1 C(O)R 2 , -S(O)2R 2 , -SR 1 , -S(O)2NR 1 R 2 , -SOR 1 , or–SOOR 1 and mixtures thereof;

wherein R 1 and R 2 are each independently selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkynyl, aryl, heterocyclyl, and heteroaryl group;

wherein each of R 1 and R 2 is independently unsubstituted or substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, alkoxy, aryloxy, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkynyl, aryl, heterocyclyl, heteroaryl and mixtures thereof;

(b) applying to the hair a second composition comprising in a cosmetically acceptable carrier, one or more electrophile ingredients of Formula I, or cosmetically acceptable salts thereof, or mixtures thereof:

Formula I wherein G is C and n= 1 or G is S and n = 2;

wherein R3 is ZR4, wherein Z is selected from the group consisting of O, NH2, NH, and N;

wherein R4 is independently selected from the group consisting of: -H, -C1-6 alkyl groups; aryl groups; and ionizable functional groups;

wherein R5 is independently selected from the group consisting of: -H, -C1-6 alkyl groups; aryl groups; and ionizable functional groups;

wherein R6 is independently selected from the group consisting of: -H, -C1-6 alkyl groups; aryl groups; and ionizable functional groups;

wherein the ionizable functional group is independently selected from the group consisting of: -COOH, - SO3H, -PO3H2, -N(R 7 )2, -N(R 7 )3; wherein R 7 is independently selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkynyl, aryl, heterocyclyl and heteroaryl groups; wherein each R 7 is independently unsubstituted or substituted with one or more substituents; and

wherein the first composition optionally does not comprise any electrophile ingredients of Formula I of the second composition. Embodiment 2 The method of Embodiment 1 wherein the second composition does not comprise any linkers of the first composition. Embodiment 3 The method according to any of the preceding Embodiments 1 to 2, wherein step (a) occurs prior to step (b). Embodiment 4 The method according to any of the preceding Embodiments 1 to 3, wherein the one or more linkers are selected from the group consisting of:

acceptable salts thereof, and mixtures thereof. Embodiment 5 The method according to any of the preceding Embodiments 1 to 4, wherein the one or more eletrophile ingredients are selected from the group consisting of:

cosmetically acceptable salts thereof, and mixtures thereof. Embodiment 6 The method according to any of the preceding Embodiments 1 to 5, wherein the one or more linkers are selected from the group consisting of:

acceptable salts thereof, and mixtures thereof; and wherein the one or more eletrophile ingredients are selected from the group consisting of:

thereof, and mixtures thereof. Embodiment 7 The method of any of the preceding Embodiments 1 to 6, wherein, in step (a), the first composition is applied to the hair in combination with at least one of a hair coloring composition and a permanent hair waving composition. Embodiment 8 The method according to any of the preceding Embodiments 1 to 6, wherein step (a) and/or step (b) is performed after the reductive step of a permanent waving procedure and before the oxidative step of a permanent waving procedure. Embodiment 9 The method according to any of the preceding Embodiments 1 to 8, wherein the first composition comprises one or more oxidizing agents. Embodiment 10 The method according to any of the preceding Embodiments 1 to 9, wherein the first composition comprises oxidative dye precursors including one or more couplers and one or more primary intermediates. Embodiment 11 The method according to Embodiment 10, wherein the first composition is substantially free of oxidizing agent. Embodiment 12 The method according to any of the preceding Embodiments 1 to 11, wherein the first composition comprises from 0.1% to 25% of the one or more linkers by total weight of the first composition. Embodiment 13 The method according to any of the preceding Embodiments 1 to 12, wherein the second composition comprises from 0.1% to 25% of the one or more eletrophile ingredients by total weight of the second composition. Embodiment 14 The method according to any of the preceding Embodiments 1 to 13, further comprising:

(c) rinsing, shampooing, conditioning the hair, or a combination thereof,

wherein step (c) occurs subsequent to step (a) and/or step (b). Embodiment 15 The method according to any of the preceding Embodiments 1 to 14, further comprising:

(d) drying the hair, preferably after step (b) or step (c). Embodiment 16 The method according to Embodiment 15, wherein a device is used for the drying of hair and the device is a hair dryer, and/or a hair straightener, and/or a curling iron, and/or a hood. Embodiment 17 The method according to any of the preceding Embodiments 1 to 17, wherein the second composition is substantially free of any initiator of free-radical polymerization. Embodiment 18 A kit comprising:

(a) a first composition as defined in any of the Embodiments 1 to 17;

(b) a second composition as defined in any of the Embodiments 1 to 17;

wherein the first composition does not comprise any electrophile ingredients of Formula I of the second composition; and

wherein the first composition and the second composition are separately packaged. Embodiment 19 The kit according to Embodiment 18, wherein the one or more linkers are selected from the

acceptable salts thereof, and mixtures thereof; and

Embodiment 20 A first composition for treating hair comprising in a cosmetically acceptable carrier, one or more linkers, or cosmetically acceptable salts thereof, or mixtures thereof, wherein the one or more linkers is a polyfunctional molecule which is independently substituted with one or more substituents which are selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, hydroxy, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, alkoxy, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkynyl, aryl, heterocyclyl, heteroaryl, amine, formyl, acyl, carboxylic acid, -C(O)R 1 , -C(O)OR 1 , (-COO-), -CONH2, -CONHR 1 , - C(O)NR 1 R 2 , - NR 1 R 2 ,-NR 1 S(O)2R 2 , -NR 1 C(O)R 2 , -S(O)2R 2 , -SR 1 , -S(O)2NR 1 R 2 , -SOR 1 , or–SOOR 1 and mixtures thereof;

wherein R 1 and R 2 are each independently selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkynyl, aryl, heterocyclyl, and heteroaryl group;

wherein each of R 1 and R 2 is independently unsubstituted or substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, alkoxy, aryloxy, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkynyl, aryl, heterocyclyl, heteroaryl and mixtures thereof; wherein the first composition does not comprise any electrophile ingredients of Formula I:

Formula I wherein G is C and n= 1 or G is S and n = 2;

wherein R3 is ZR4, wherein Z is selected from the group consisting of O, NH2, NH, and N;

wherein R4 is independently selected from the group consisting of: -H, -C1-6 alkyl groups; aryl groups; and ionizable functional groups;

wherein R5 is independently selected from the group consisting of: -H, -C1-6 alkyl groups; aryl groups; and ionizable functional groups;

wherein R6 is independently selected from the group consisting of: -H, -C1-6 alkyl groups; aryl groups; and ionizable functional groups;

wherein the ionizable functional group is independently selected from the group consisting of: -COOH, - SO3H, -PO3H2, -N(R 7 )2, -N(R 7 )3;

wherein R 7 is independently selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, cycloalkynyl, aryl, heterocyclyl and heteroaryl groups; and

wherein each R 7 is independently unsubstituted or substituted with one or more substituents. Embodiment 21 Use of:

(a) a first composition as defined in any of the Embodiments 1 to 17;

(b) a second composition as defined in any of the Embodiments 1 to 17;

wherein the first composition does not comprise any electrophile ingredients of Formula I of the second composition;

for treating hair, particularly for treating damaged hair after a permanent waving procedure.