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Title:
METHODS TO REDUCE CHLOROPHYLL CO-EXTRACTION THROUGH EXTRACTION OF SELECT ESSENTIAL OILS AND AROMATIC ISOLATES
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/190935
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A system, machine, and methods for selectively extracting chemicals from plant material without co-extracting chlorophyll, lipids and other undesirable constituents from plants, is described here. Extraction uses super-cooled solvents, such as 100% ethanol. The system and method provides plant extracts that are enriched in active compounds, and depleted in chlorophyll.

Inventors:
GALYUK, Gene (14332 Dickens Street, No. 21Sherman Oaks, CA, 91403, US)
Application Number:
US2018/016130
Publication Date:
October 18, 2018
Filing Date:
January 31, 2018
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
CAPNA INTELLECTUAL (15021 Ventura Blvd. Suite 391, Sherman Oaks, CA, 91403, US)
International Classes:
B01D11/02; C11B9/02; F25B7/00
Domestic Patent References:
WO2015010551A12015-01-29
Foreign References:
US20160213722A12016-07-28
EP1385595B12012-05-02
US20170312651A12017-11-02
Other References:
LI, Y. ET AL.: "Near-infrared for on-line determination of quality parameter of Sophora japonica L. (formula particles): from lab investigation to pilot-scale extraction process", PHARMACOGNOSY MAGAZINE, vol. 11, no. 1, 2015, pages 1 - 6, XP055546888
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
GLUCK, Peter Jon (Patnstr, APC31878 Del Obispo Street, Suite 118-32, San Juan Capistrano CA, 92675-3224, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
What is claimed is:

Claim 1. A system comprising a solvent tank ( 1.Λ), an extraction tank (1.11), a collection tank ( 1.1), and a plurality of fluid lines, wherein the system is capable of extracting plant matter with a solvent at an ultra-cold temperature, wherein this solvent is a fluid that does not contain chemicals extracted from the plant matter of the system, and wherein a solution is a solvent that comprises chemicals extracted from the plant matter of the system, wherein the system comprises:

(i) An environment box (l.L) that is capable of maintaining an ultra-cold temperature of structures, solvents, and solutions that reside inside the environment box,

wherein the environment box surrounds and envelops the solvent tank ( 1.A), the extraction tank (1.11), and the collection tank (1.1), wherein the environment box comprises an upper surface, a lower surface, and an interior region;

(II) Wherein the solvent tank (l.A) is operably linked to the extraction tank (1.11) with a fluid line;

(ill) Wherein the system comprises a solvent flooding valve (1.C) that resides in a fluid tine that is operably linked with the solvent tank (l.A) and the extraction tank (1.11), wherein opening solvent flooding valve permits transfer of solvent from the solvent tank ( 1.A) to the extraction tank (l.H);

(iv) Wherein the extraction tank (l.H) comprises an interior, an extraction tank inlet (l.V), an extraction tank outlet (l.W), an extraction tank upper region (l.BB), wherein opening of solvent flooding valve ( I .C) allows solvent from solvent tank (I .A) to pass through solvent flooding valve (l.C) and through extraction tank inlet and into extraction tank;

(v) Wherein the extraction tank (l.H) comprises a lid, door, or aperture that is capable of allowing transfer of plant matter to interior of extraction tank;

(vi) Wherein a first fluid line leads from solvent lank to extraction tank branching point (l.AA), and wherein a second fluid line leads from extraction tank outlet (1.W) to said extraction tank branching point, wherein the extraction tank branching point (1.A A) is operably linked to extraction tank inlet (l.V),

wherein the extraction tank branching point is capable of directing solvent obtained from solvent tank into extraction tank for extracting plant matter with solvent, and wherein the extraction tank branching point is capable of directing solution obtained from collection tank outlet into extraction tank for extracting plant matter by recirculating the solution obtained from collection tank (1.1);

(vli) Wherein the collection tank (1.1) comprising a collection tank inlet (l.Y) and a collection tank outlet (1.Z), wherein extraction tank outlet is operably linked to collection tank inlet by a fluid line, wherein flow of solution from extraction tank outlet to collection tank inlet is controllable by in-line valve (l.E),

wherein the collection tank outlet is operably linked with a collection tank branching point that comprises a first branch and a second branch, wherein first branch of collection tank branching point is operably linked by a fluid line that is capable of transmitting solution from collection tank to extraction tank, wherein flow of solution from extraction tank outlet to collection tank inlet is controllable by a solution return valve (l.D),

wherein the second branch of collection tank branching point is operably linked by a fluid line that is capable of transmitting solution from collection tank (1.1) to evacuation line (LP), wherein flow of solution from extraction tank outlet to evacuation line (l .P) is controllable by in-line valve (l.K) and,

wherein flow of solution from extraction tank outlet to evacuation line ( 1 P) is configured for removing solution from environment box and configured for transmitting solution to the evacuation tank (1.R);

(viii) Wherein regarding the solution return valve (l.D) and the evacuation valve (1.K), the opening of solution return valve (l.D) and closing evacuation valve (l .K.) promotes or allows recirculating of solution from collection tank to extraction tank for the purpose of further extracting chemicals from plant matter; and wherein closing solution return valve (1 D) and opening evacuation valve (l.K) promotes or allows removal of solution from all tanks and fluid lines in said environment box;

(ix) Wherein the system is capable of a first extraction of plant matter with solvent to produce a first extract, followed by one or more extractions of plant matter with solution that is recirculated from collection tank to produce at least a second extract, which is followed by a final extraction of plant matter with solvent to produce a final extract, and wherein the collection tank (1.1) is capable of receiving all of the first extract, the at least a second extract, and the final extract, and wherein the collection tank is capable of storing a mixture of the first extract, the second extract, and the final extract.

Claim 2. The system of claim 1 wherein the temperature in the environment box is maintainable to be in a temperature anywhere in the range of -60 degrees C to -30 degrees C.

Claim 3. The system of claim 1 further comprising a vacuum pump ( 1.0) and a plurality of vacuum lines, wherein flow of solvent from solvent tank (1.A) to extraction tank (l.H), flow of solution from extraction tank outlet to collection tank ( 1.1), and flow of solution from collection tank outlet to evacuation line (LP), are each driven by vacuum from said vacuum pump.

Claim 4. The system of claim 1 further comprising a vacuum pump and a plurality of vacuum lines, wherein flow of solvent from solvent tank (1.A) to extraction tank (1.H), flow of solution from extraction tank outlet to collection tank ( 1.1), and flow of solution from collection tank outlet to evacuation line ( 1 P), are each driven by vacuum from said vacuum pump, and

wherein system further comprises:

(i) Vacuum valve (l.M) that controls suction of vacuum from vacuum pump to upper region (1.BB) of extraction tank ( I .H);

(ii) Vacuum valve (1.N) that controls suction of vacuum from vacuum pump to upper region (l.CC) of collection tank (1.1); and

(iii) Vacuum valve (l .Q) that control suction of vacuum from vacuum pump to evacuation tank ( l.R).

Claim 5. The system of claim 1 further comprising a vacuum pump (1.0) and a plurality of vacuum lines, wherein flow of solvent from solvent tank (l.A) to extraction tank (l .H), flow of solution from extraction tank outlet to collection tank (1.1), and flow of solution from collection tank outlet to evacuation line (I P), are each driven by vacuum from said vacuum pump, and wherein flow of solvent and flow of solution are not driven by any device other than a vacuum pump, and

wherein flow of solvent and flow of solution are not driven by direct contact of solvent or solution with any rotor, propcllor, or hose subjected to peristaltic forces. Claim 6. The system of claim 1 , wherein the extraction tank (1.H) comprises a tank liner and a false bottom, wherein the tank liner is configured to receive and secure plant matter, wherein the tank liner comprises a plurality of filtering apertures, optionally, apertures of about

10 micrometers in diameter, and wherein the false bottom is configured to secure the tank liner inside of extraction tank and to facilitate extraction of plant matter.

Claim 7. The system of claim 1 , wherein exterior surface of one or more of solvent tank ( I .A), extraction tank (l.H), and collection tank (1.1) are covered at least in part by a cooling jacket, wherein the cooling jacket is capable of receiving cold air or cold fluid from a freezer.

Claim 8. The system of claim 1 further comprising an evacuation tank (l.R), wherein the evacuation tank is outside of environment box (l.L), and wherein evacuation line (1.P) is operably linked with collection tank outlet and with evacuation tank (l.R), and wherein evacuation tank is capable of receiving solution that is transmitted from collection tank (1.1) via evacuation line ( 1.P) to evacuation tank ( I .R), and wherein evacuation line passes from interior of environment box (1.L) to exterior of environment box.

Claim 9. The system of claim 1, wherein the extraction tank (l.H) comprises an inverted cone structure (narrow side up, wide side down), wherein the inverted cone structure is capable of supporting a false bottom, and wherein the false bottom is configured for supporting a tank liner, and wherein the inverted cone structure is configured to receive and collect solution generated by extracting plant matter with solvent, where solution falls from false bottom, and is capable of tunneling the solution to extraction tank outlet

Claim 10. The system of claim 1, further comprising a filter housing (I .J), wherein the filter housing resides in the evacuation line (1.P), wherein the evacuation line leads from collection tank outlet (1.Z) to evacuation tank (1.R), wherein the filter housing comprises a filter that is capable of removing particulate matter from the solution.

Claim 1 1. The system of claim 1, wherein the extraction tank comprises: (i) Plant matter;

(ii) Plant matter derived from a cannabis plant;

(iii) Plant matter derived from a cannabis plant and not any plant matter derived from any other type of plant.

Claim 12. The system of claim 1, wherein the solvent tank contains ethanol that is at least 95% ethanol, ethanol that is at least 98% ethanol, or 100% ethanol.

Claim 13. The system of claim 1, further comprising a cold air intake tube (1.T) and a cold air intake valve (l.B), wherein the cold air intake tube is substantially or completely located inside of the environment box, and

wherein the cold air intake tube has an upper-end terminus and a lower-end terminus, wherein the lower-end terminus is constitutively open to air inside of the environment box, and wherein the lower-end terminus is positioned near interior bottom of environmental box, and

wherein the lower-end terminus is capable of receiving cold air from interior of environment box, and

(i) Wherein the upper-end terminus is secured to upper surface of environment box and is capable of directing passage of cold air from interior of environmental box to fluid lines located at exterior of environmental box, wherein cold air intake valve (1.B) is located exterior of environment box, and the cold air intake tube { 1.T) is operably linked to a cold air intake valve (l.B), and

(ii) Wherein the cold air intake valve (1.B) is capable of being closed in the situation where the solvent needs to be drawn out of solvent tank (l.A) and into extraction tank (l.H) and when vacuum from vacuum pump (1.0) is applied to top interior of extraction tank (1.BB), and

(iii) Wherein the cold air intake valve (1.1) is capable of being opened in the situation where vacuum from vacuum pump (1.0) is applied to collection tank (1.1) in order to draw solution out of extraction tank outlet and to enter collection tank inlet,

wherein in the situation when cold air intake valve (l .B) is open, and vacuum from vacuum pump (l.O) is applied to collection tank (1.1), the open cold air intake valve (l.B) is capable of acting as a vent to alleviate excess vacuum. Claim 14. The system of claim 1 that comprises a plurality of solvent tanks, wherein each of said solvent tanks is operably linked with a corresponding solvent tank valve, wherein the system is configured to draw solvent from only one at a time of the solvent tanks for use in plant matter extraction, and wherein the system is configured to switch from an initial solvent tank to a subsequent solvent tank when the first solvent tank is emptied of solvent.

Claim 15. The system of claim 1 that includes at least one sight glass that is located in-line of at least one fluid line.

Claim 16. A method for selectively extracting a chemical from plant matter, wherein the extracting is accomplished by a system that comprises a solvent tank, an extraction tank, a collection tank, and fluid line capable of conveying solvent from solvent tank to extraction tank for initial extraction of plant matter, a fluid line capable of conveying a solution from extraction tank to collection tank wherein "solution" is defined as a solvent that contains chemicals extracted from plant matter, a fluid line capable of recirculating solution from collection tank back to extraction tank for further extraction of plant matter, and a fluid line capable of transmitting solution from collection tank to an evacuation line,

wherein the system further comprises an extraction tank inlet, extraction tank outlet, collection tank inlet, and collection tank outlet,

wherein the system further comprises fluid line valves that comprises a solvent flooding valve ( I . C), a solution return valve (l.D), a solution collection valve (l .E). and an excavation valve ( 1.K), and

wherein system further comprises a vacuum pump ( 1.0) that is operably linked to a plurality of vacuum line valves, wherein the vacuum line valves comprise an extraction tank vacuum valve (1.M), a collection tank vacuum valve (1.N), and an evacuation tank vacuum valve (1.Q),

wherein said fluid line valves and vacuum line valves are capable of controlling the selective transmission of solvent from the solvent tank to the extraction tank, the selective transmission of solution from the extraction tank to the collection tank, the selective transmission of solution from the collection tank back to the extraction tank for recirculation, and the selective transmission of solution from the collection tank to the evacuation line ( I .P),

wherein the extracting is accomplished by a cold solvent that is at a temperature in the range of minus 60 degrees C to minus 30 degrees C, wherein the temperature is measurable by probing solvent that resides in extraction tank,

the method comprising:

(i) The step of introducing plant matter into the extraction tank;

(ii) The step of transmitting solvent from the solvent tank into the extraction tank, resulting in a mixture of solvent and plant matter;

(iii) The step of allowing solvent to contact the plant matter that is in the extraction tank;

(iv) The step of allowing solvent to extract chemicals from the plant matter resulting in the creating of the solution;

(v) Wherein agitation is cither applied to or is not applied to the mixture of solvent and plant matter;

(vi) The step of draining at least a portion of the solution in the extraction tank and transmitting said at least a portion of the solution to the collection tank to produce a solution residing in the collection tank;

(vii) The step of delivering at least a portion of the solution residing in the collection tank back to the extraction tank via a recirculating step;

(viii) The step of allowing the solution delivered via the recirculating step to contact and further extract plant matter;

(ix) The step of draining at least a portion of the solution in the extraction tank from the immediately previous step, and transmitting said at least a portion of the solution to the collection tank;

(x) The step of controlling said fluid line valves and said vacuum line valves for allowing the transmission of solvent from solvent tank to extraction tank, followed by the step of controlling said fluid line valves and vacuum line valves for allowing the transmission of solution from extraction tank to collection tank, which is men followed by the step of controlling said fluid tine valves and vacuum line valves for allowing the transmission and recirculation of solution from the collection tank to the extraction tank, and eventually followed by the step of controlling said fluid line valves and vacuum line valves for allowing transmission of solution from the collection tank to the evacuation line.

Claim 17. The method of claim 16, further comprising a final extraction step, wherein the final extraction step comprises transmitting solvent from solvent tank (1.Λ) to extraction tank (I .H) and allowing the solvent to extract any residual chemicals from the plant matter, followed by transmission of solution to the collection tank, and finally by transmission of solution from collection tank to the evacuation line.

Claim 18. The method of claim 16, further comprising the step of filling solvent tank ( 1.A) with ethanol that is at least 90% ethanol, at least 95% cthanol, or about 100% ethanol.

Claim 19. The method of claim 16, that excludes any agitation of the mixture of solvent and plant matter, and wherein agitation is not applied to the mixture of solvent and plant matter.

Claim 20. The method of claim 16, wherein transmissions of solvent and solution are driven by a force originating from a mechanical device, and where the only mechanical device that is used to drive transmission of solvent and solution is the vacuum pump.

Claim 21. The method of claim 16 that is batch wise, wherein the batchwise method comprises introducing plant matter into the extraction tank, filling extraction tank with a volume of solvent, followed by extraction of plant matter, and then followed by draining of at least 50%, at least 60%, at least 70%, at least 80%, at least 90%, or about 100%, of the volume of solution from extraction tank to produce a drained solution, wherein the drained solution is moved from extraction lank to collection tank, which is followed by transmission of at least 50%, at least 60%, at least 70%, at least 80%, at least 90%, or about 100%, of solution from collection tank back to extraction tank.

Claim 22. The method of claim 16 that is batchwise and not continuous. Claim 23. The method of claim 16 that is continuous, wherein the continuous method comprises introducing plant matter into the extraction tank, filling extraction tank with a volume of solvent, followed by extraction of plant matter, which is then followed by a period of time wherein solution from extraction tank outlet is continuously circulated to inlet of extraction tank, to produce a recirculation duration, and where volume of solvent that is recirculated is equivalent to the volume of solvent, equivalent to two times the volume of the solvent, equivalent to about three times the volume of the solvent, equivalent to about four times the volume of the solvent, equivalent to about five times the volume of the solvent, or equivalent to greater than about five times the volume of the solvent.

Claim 24. The method of claim 16, wherein solution is emptied from collection tank and transmitted into the evacuation line where one of the following conditions precedent has been satisfied:

(i) After performing the initial solvent extraction step and one or more solution extraction steps;

(ii) After performing the initial solvent extraction step, and one or more solution extraction steps, and the final solvent extraction step;

(iii) After performing the initial solvent extraction step and one or more solution extraction steps, followed by emptying the collection tank, and then performing the final solvent extraction step.

Claim 25. The method of claim 16, further comprising the step of purging solvent out of a solution produced by the steps of initial extraction of plant matter with solvent to produce a solution, followed by one or more steps of re-extraction of plant matter with solution via one or more recirculation steps, and finally followed by extracting the previously extracted plant matter with fresh solvent to produce a final solution,

wherein the final solution is purged to remove at least 50%, at least 60%, at least 70%, at least 80%, at least 90%, or at least 95% of solvent that is present in the final solution.

Claim 26. A solution produced by the method of claim 16.

Description:
Methods to Reduce Chlorophyll Co-Extraction

Through Extraction of Select Essential Oils and Aromatic Isolates

[0001] FIELD OF THE DISCLOSURE

[0002] The disclosure relates to systems and methods for extracting oil-containing substances such as plant matter and to oil compositions prepared by those systems and methods.

[0003] CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED CASES

[0004] This application claims the benefit of, and priority to, U.S. Provisional Patent Application Scr. No. 62/322,751 filed April 14, 2016, and U.S. Ser. No. 15/488,341 filed April 14, 2017, the content of which is incorporated herein by reference herein in its entirety.

[0005] BACKGROUND OF THE DISCLOSURE

[0006] This present disclosure relates to ways of extracting and concentrating cannabinoids and terpenes from plant substrates including hemp, and particularly modifying the characteristics of the solvent to by-pass undesired constituents of plants throughout the extraction process.

[0007] Extraction of industrial hemp and cannabis can be done via many methods, using a wide array of FDA-approved food grade solvents. The most commonly used solvents are

hydrocarbons such as hexane, pentane, butane or propane. Lipid based solvents such as canola oil, soybean oil, olive oil, flax seed oil, hemp oil are also commonly used in hemp and cannabis extraction methods. Supercritical carbon dioxide is also commonly used in cannabis extraction, but the expensive machinery and the post-extraction steps required to purify a supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) extract of undesired plant lipids, makes SFE the least desirable method for any commercial processor.

[0008] Several drawbacks of hydrocarbon extraction methods have been recognized. The most prominent of these drawbacks is the volatility of hydrocarbon solvents. The cost associated with retrofitting a laboratory with explosion proof electronics, ventilation fans, and the like, create enormous start-up costs. Second, pure hydrocarbon solvents such as N-butanc or N-hexane are extremely difficult to obtain and therefore are hardly ever used for cannabis extract production. The majority of extracts are created with inferior, low quality butane that contains additives and impurities.

[0009] Lipid-based extractions are safer and less hazardous to health than hydrocarbon-based extractions, but separating the cannabinoids or flavonoids from a lipid emulsion requires a more thorough training in chemistry, as well as more expensive distillation devices.

[0010] Various states and local governments are now legalizing cannabis for medical and recreational use. This has created an expanding market for DIY extractions which are obtained through low quality, impure, hydrocarbons such as butane and propane. Unsafe practices by DIY manufacturers have resulted in explosions and fires resulting from use of hydrocarbon solvents such as butane and propane.

[0011] SUMMARY OF THE DISCLOSURE

[0012] The present disclosure provides the following system. What is provided is a system comprising a solvent tank (1.A), an extraction tank (1.H), a collection tank (1.1), and a plurality of fluid lines, wherein the system is capable of extracting plant matter with a solvent at an ultra-cold temperature, wherein this solvent is a fluid that does not contain chemicals extracted from the plant matter of the system, and wherein a solution is a solvent that comprises chemicals extracted from the plant matter of the system, wherein the system comprises:

[0013] (i) An environment box (l.L) that is capable of maintaining an ultra-cold temperature of structures, solvents, and solutions that reside inside the environment box, wherein the environment box surrounds and envelops the solvent tank (1.A), the extraction tank ( 1.H), and the collection tank (1.1), wherein the environment box comprises an upper surface, a lower surface, and an interior region;

[0014] (ii) Wherein the solvent tank (1A) is opcrably linked to the extraction tank (l.H) with a fluid line;

[0015](iii) Wherein the system comprises a solvent flooding valve (l.C) that resides in a fluid line that is opcrably linked with the solvent tank (1.A) and the extraction tank (1 -H), wherein opening solvent flooding valve permits transfer of solvent from the solvent tank (1.A) to the extraction tank (I .H); [0016] (iv) Wherein the extraction tank (I .H) comprises an interior, an extraction tank inlet (l .V), an extraction tank outlet (l.W), an extraction tank upper region (1.BB), wherein opening of solvent flooding valve (1.C) allows solvent from solvent tank ( 1.A) to pass through solvent flooding valve (l.C) and through extraction tank inlet and into extraction tank;

[0017] (v) Wherein the extraction tank (l.H) comprises a lid, door, or aperture that is capable of allowing transfer of plant matter to interior of extraction tank;

[0018] (vi) Wherein a first fluid line leads from solvent tank to extraction tank branching point ( 1. AA), and wherein a second fluid line leads from extraction tank outlet ( 1.W) to said extraction tank branching point, wherein the extraction tank branching point ( 1.AA) is operably linked to extraction tank inlet (1.V), wherein the extraction tank branching point is capable of directing solvent obtained from solvent tank into extraction tank for extracting plant matter with solvent, and wherein the extraction tank branching point is capable of directing solution obtained from collection tank outlet into extraction tank for extracting plant matter by recirculating the solution obtained from collection tank (1.1);

[0019] (vll) Wherein the collection tank (I.I) comprising a collection tank inlet ( I . Y) and a collection tank outlet (l.Z), wherein extraction tank outlet is operably linked to collection tank inlet by a fluid line, wherein flow of solution from extraction tank outlet to collection tank inlet is controllable by in-line valve (1.E), wherein the collection tank outlet is operably linked with a collection tank branching point that comprises a first branch and a second branch, wherein first branch of collection tank branching point is operably linked by a fluid line that is capable of transmitting solution from collection tank to extraction tank, wherein flow of solution from extraction tank outlet to collection tank inlet is controllable by a solution return valve (I D), wherein the second branch of collection tank branching point is operably linked by a fluid line that is capable of transmitting solution from collection tank (I. I) to evacuation line (I P), wherein flow of solution from extraction tank outlet to evacuation line (l.P) is controllable by in-line valve ( I .K) and, wherein flow of solution from extraction tank outlet to evacuation line (l.P) is configured for removing solution from environment box and configured for transmitting solution to the evacuation tank ( I .R);

[0020] (viii) Wherein regarding the solution return valve (l.D) and the evacuation valve (1.K), the opening of solution return valve (1.D) and closing evacuation valve ( 1.K) promotes or allows recirculating of solution from collection tank to extraction tank for the purpose of further extracting chemicals from plant matter; and wherein closing solution return valve (l.D) and opening evacuation valve (1.K.) promotes or allows removal of solution from all tanks and fluid lines in said environment box;

[0021] (ix) Wherein the system is capable of a first extraction of plant matter with solvent to produce a first extract, followed by one or more extractions of plant matter with solution that is recirculated from collection tank to produce at least a second extract, which is followed by a final extraction of plant matter with solvent to produce a final extract, and wherein the collection tank (1.1) is capable of receiving all of the first extract, the at least a second extract, and the final extract, and wherein the collection tank is capable of storing a mixture of the first extract, the second extract, and the final extract.

[0022] In a temperature embodiments, what is provided is the above system wherein the temperature in the environment box is maintainable in the range of -60 to -50, -60 to -45, -60 to - 40, -60 to -35, -60 to -30, -60 to -25, -60 to -20, or where the temperature is maintainable in the range of -55 to -45, -55 to -40, -55 to -35, -55 to -30, -55 to -25, or where the temperature is in the range of -50 to -40, -50 to -35, -50 to -30, -50 to -25, -50 to -20, or where the temperature is maintainable in the range of -45 to -40, -45 to -35, -45 to -30, -45 to -25, -45 to -20, or where temperature is maintainable in the range of -40 to -30, -40 to -25, -40 to -20, -40 to -15, and the like.

[0023] In vacuum embodiments, what is provided is the above system, further comprising a vacuum pump (l.O) and a plurality of vacuum lines, wherein flow of solvent from solvent tank (l.A) to extraction tank (1.H), flow of solution from extraction tank outlet to collection tank ( 1.1), and flow of solution from collection tank outlet to evacuation line ( 1.P), are each driven by vacuum from said vacuum pump.

[0024] In vacuum valve embodiments, what is embraced is the above system, further comprising a vacuum pump and a plurality of vacuum lines, wherein flow of solvent from solvent tank (l .Λ) to extraction tank (1.H), flow of solution from extraction tank outlet to collection tank (1.1), and flow of solution from collection tank outlet to evacuation line (l.P), are each driven by vacuum from said vacuum pump, and wherein system further comprises: (i) Vacuum valve (1.M) that controls suction of vacuum from vacuum pump to upper region (l.BB) of extraction tank (1.H); (ii) Vacuum valve (l.N) that controls suction of vacuum from vacuum pump to upper region (l.CC) of collection tank (1.1); and (iii) Vacuum valve (I.Q) that control suction of vacuum from vacuum pump to evacuation tank ( 1.R).

[0025] In vacuum pump embodiments, what is contemplated is the above system, further comprising a vacuum pump (1.0) and a plurality of vacuum lines, wherein flow of solvent from solvent tank ( 1.A) to extraction tank (1.H), flow of solution from extraction tank outlet to collection tank (1.1), and flow of solution from collection tank outlet to evacuation line (1.P), are each driven by vacuum from said vacuum pump, and wherein flow of solvent and flow of solution are not driven by any device other than a vacuum pump, and wherein flow of solvent and flow of solution arc not driven by direct contact of solvent or solution with any rotor, propellor, or hose subjected to peristaltic forces.

[0026] In tank liner embodiments, the present disclosure embraces the above system, wherein the extraction tank (l.H) comprises a tank liner and a false bottom, wherein the tank liner is configured to receive and secure plant matter, wherein the tank liner comprises a plurality of filtering apertures, optionally, apertures of about 10 micrometers in diameter, and wherein the false bottom is configured to secure the tank liner inside of extraction tank and to facilitate extraction of plant matter. Apertures can be about 5 micrometers, about 10, about IS, about 20, about 25, about 30, about 35, about 40, about 50, about 60 about 70, about 80, about 90, or about 100 micrometers in diameter, or any range consisting of what is bracketed by any two of these numbers.

[0027] In cooling jacket embodiments, what is provided is the above system, wherein exterior surface of one or more of solvent tank ( 1.A), extraction tank ( I .H), and collection tank ( 1.1) are covered at least in part by a cooling jacket, wherein the cooling jacket is capable of receiving cold air or cold fluid from a freezer.

[0028] In evacuation embodiments, what is provided is the above system, that further comprising an evacuation tank (1.R), wherein the evacuation tank is outside of environment box (l.L), and wherein evacuation line (1.P) is operably linked with collection tank outlet and with evacuation tank (l.R), and wherein evacuation tank is capable of receiving solution that is transmitted from collection tank (1.1) via evacuation line (1.P) to evacuation tank (1.R), and wherein evacuation line passes from interior of environment box (l.L) to exterior of environment box. [0029] In tank liner and cone embodiments, what is provided is the above system, wherein the extraction tank (l.H) comprises an inverted cone structure (narrow side up, wide side down), wherein the inverted cone structure is capable of supporting a false bottom, and wherein the raise bottom is configured for supporting a tank liner, and wherein the inverted cone structure is configured to receive and collect solution generated by extracting plant matter with solvent, where solution falls from false bottom, and is capable of tunneling the solution to extraction tank outlet.

[0030] In filter embodiments, what is provided is the above system, further comprising a Alter housing (1.J), wherein the filter housing resides in the evacuation line (I P), wherein the evacuation line leads from collection tank outlet ( 1.Z) to evacuation tank ( 1.R), wherein the filter housing comprises a filter that is capable of removing particulate matter from the solution.

[0031] In plant matter embodiments, it is understood that the "plant matter" is the workpiece of the system of the present disclosure. What is encompassed is the above system in combination with the workpiece, where wherein the extraction tank comprises: (i) Plant matter; (ii) Plant matter derived from a cannabis plant; (iii) Plant matter derived from a cannabis plant and not any plant matter derived from any other type of plant. Moreover, for all embodiments that are described herein, what is provided are embodiments where the workpiece is other than "plant matter," for example, where the workpiece is a synthetic composition, where the workpiece takes the form of bacteria or fungus, where the workpiece takes the form of animal matter, and so on.

[0032] In solvent embodiments, the solvent tank contains ethanol that is at least 95% ethanol, ethanol that is at least 98% ethanol, or 100% ethanol.

[0033] In cold air intake embodiments, the present disclosure provides a cold air intake tube (l.T) and a cold air intake valve (l.B), wherein the cold air intake tube is substantially or completely located inside of the environment box, and wherein the cold air intake tube has an upper-end terminus and a lower-end terminus, wherein the lower-end terminus is constitutively open to air inside of the environment box, and wherein the lower-end terminus is positioned near interior bottom of environmental box, and wherein the lower-end terminus is capable of receiving cold air from interior of environment box, and (i) Wherein the upper-end terminus is secured to upper surface of environment box and is capable of directing passage of cold air from interior of environmental box to fluid lines located at exterior of environmental box, wherein cold air intake valve (l.B) is located exterior of environment box, and the cold air intake tube (1.T) is operably linked to a cold air intake valve ( l.B), and (ii) Wherein the cold air intake valve (1.B) is capable of being closed in the situation where the solvent needs to be drawn out of solvent tank ( 1.A) and into extraction tank ( I H) and when vacuum from vacuum pump ( 1.0) is applied to top interior of extraction tank (l.BB), and (iii) Wherein the cold air intake valve (1.1) is capable of being opened in the situation where vacuum from vacuum pump (1.0) is applied to collection tank (1.1) in order to draw solution out of extraction tank outlet and to enter collection tank inlet, wherein in the situation when cold air intake valve (1.B) is open, and vacuum from vacuum pump (1.0) is applied to collection tank (1.1), the open cold air intake valve (1.B) is capable of acting as a vent to alleviate excess vacuum.

[0034] In solvent tank embodiments, the present disclosure provides a plurality of solvent tanks, wherein each of said solvent tanks is operably linked with a corresponding solvent tank valve, wherein the system is configured to draw solvent from only one at a time of the solvent tanks for use in plant matter extraction, and wherein the system is configured to switch from an initial solvent tank to a subsequent solvent tank when the first solvent tank is emptied of solvent.

[0035] In sight glass embodiments, the system includes at least one sight glass that is located in-line of at least one fluid line.

[0036] In methods embodiments, the present disclosure provides the following method, as well as compositions, extracts, solutions, and purged solutions, provided by the following method. What is encompassed is a method for selectively extracting a chemical from plant matter, wherein the extracting is accomplished by a system that comprises a solvent tank, an extraction tank, a collection tank, and fluid line capable of conveying solvent from solvent tank to extraction tank for initial extraction of plant matter, a fluid line capable of conveying a solution from extraction tank to collection tank wherein "solution" is defined as a solvent that contains chemicals extracted from plant matter, a fluid line capable of recirculating solution from collection tank back to extraction tank for further extraction of plant matter, and a fluid line capable of transmitting solution from collection tank to an evacuation line, wherein the system further comprises an extraction tank inlet, extraction tank outlet, collection tank inlet, and collection tank outlet, wherein the system further comprises fluid line valves that comprises a solvent flooding valve ( 1.C), a solution return valve ( I .D), a solution collection valve (1.E), and an excavation valve ( I .K), and wherein system further comprises a vacuum pump (1.0) that is operably linked to a plurality of vacuum line valves, wherein the vacuum line valves comprise an extraction tank vacuum valve (1.M), a collection tank vacuum valve (1.N), and an evacuation tank vacuum valve (l.Q), wherein said fluid line valves and vacuum line valves are capable of controlling the selective transmission of solvent from the solvent tank to the extraction tank, the selective transmission of solution from the extraction tank to the collection tank, the selective transmission of solution from the collection tank back to the extraction tank for recirculation, and the selective transmission of solution from the collection tank to the evacuation line (l.P), wherein the extracting is accomplished by a cold solvent that is at a temperature in the range of minus 60 degrees C to minus 30 degrees C, wherein the temperature is measurable by probing solvent that resides in extraction tank, the method comprising:

[0037] (1) The step of introducing plant matter into the extraction tank;

[0038] (ii) The step of transmitting solvent from the solvent tank into the extraction tank, resulting in a mixture of solvent and plant matter,

[0039] (iff) The step of allowing solvent to contact the plant matter that is in the extraction tank;

[0040] (iv) The step of allowing solvent to extract chemicals from the plant matter resulting in the creating of the solution;

[004] ](v) Wherein agitation is either applied to or is not applied to the mixture of solvent and plant matter;

[0042] (vi) The step of draining at least a portion of the solution in the extraction tank and transmitting said at least a portion of the solution to the collection tank to produce a solution residing in the collection tank;

[0043] (vil) The step of delivering at least a portion of the solution residing in the collection tank back to the extraction tank via a recirculating step;

[0044] (vili) The step of allowing the solution delivered via the recirculating step to contact and further extract plant matter;

[0045] (ix) The step of draining at least a portion of the solution in the extraction tank from the immediately previous step, and transmitting said at (east a portion of the solution to the collection tank; [0046] (x) The step of controlling said fluid line valves and said vacuum line valves for allowing the transmission of solvent from solvent tank to extraction tank, followed by the step of controlling said fluid line valves and vacuum line valves for allowing the transmission of solution from extraction tank to collection tank, which is then followed by the step of controlling said fluid line valves and vacuum line valves for allowing the transmission and recirculation of solution from the collection tank to the extraction tank, and eventually followed by the step of controlling said fluid line valves and vacuum line valves for allowing transmission of solution from the collection tank to the evacuation line.

[0047] In a final extraction method embodiment, what is provided is the above method, further comprising a final extraction step, wherein the final extraction step comprises transmitting solvent from solvent tank (I. A) to extraction tank (1.11) and allowing the solvent to extract any residual chemicals from the plant matter, followed by transmission of solution to the collection tank, and finally by transmission of solution from collection tank to the evacuation line.

[0048] In solvent embodiments, what is provided is the above method, further comprising the step of filling solvent tank (I. A) with ethanol that is at least 90% ethanol, at least 95% ethanol, or about 100% ethanol.

[0049] In agitation-free embodiments, what is provided is the above method that excludes any agitation of the mixture of solvent and plant matter, and wherein agitation is not applied to the mixture of solvent and plant matter.

[0050] In vacuum-activated embodiments, what is provided is the above method, wherein transmissions of solvent and solution are driven by a force originating from a mechanical device, and where the only mechanical device that is used to drive transmission of solvent and solution is the vacuum pump.

[0051] In batchwise embodiments, what is provided is the above method, that is batchwise, wherein the batchwise method comprises introducing plant matter into the extraction tank, filling extraction tank with a volume of solvent, followed by extraction of plant matter, and then followed by draining of at least 50%, at least 60%, at least 70%, at least 80%, at least 90%, or about 100%, of the volume of solution from extraction tank to produce a drained solution, wherein the drained solution is moved from extraction tank to collection tank, which is followed by transmission of at least 50%, at least 60%, at least 70%, at least 80%, at least 90%, or about 100%, of solution from collection tank back to extraction tank. Also provided is the above method that is batchwise and not continuous.

[0052] In a contrasting continuous method, the present disclosure also encompasses a continuous (non-batchwise) method, wherein the continuous method comprises introducing plant matter into the extraction tank, filling extraction tank with a volume of solvent, followed by extraction of plant matter, which is then followed by a period of time wherein solution from extraction tank outlet is continuously circulated to inlet of extraction tank, to produce a recirculation duration, and where volume of solvent that is recirculated is equivalent to the volume of solvent, equivalent to two times the volume of the solvent, equivalent to about three times the volume of the solvent, equivalent to about four times the volume of the solvent, equivalent to about five times the volume of the solvent, or equivalent to greater than about five times the volume of the solvent

[0053] In embodiments where there arc alternate times when collection tank is emptied, what is provided is the above method, wherein solution is emptied from collection tank and transmitted into the evacuation line where one of the following conditions precedent has been satisfied: (i) After performing the initial solvent extraction step and one or more solution extraction steps; (ii) After performing the initial solvent extraction step, and one or more solution extraction steps, and the final solvent extraction step; (iii) After performing the initial solvent extraction step and one or more solution extraction steps, followed by emptying the collection tank, and then performing the final solvent extraction step.

[0054] In a purging embodiment, what is provided is the above method, further comprising the step of purging solvent out of a solution produced by the steps of initial extraction of plant matter with solvent to produce a solution, followed by one or more steps of re-extraction of plant matter with solution via one or more recirculation steps, and finally followed by extracting the previously extracted plant matter with fresh solvent to produce a final solution, wherein the final solution is purged to remove at least 50%, at least 60%, at least 70%, at least 80%, at least 90%, or at least 95% of solvent that is present in the final solution.

[0055] In composition embodiments, what is provided is a solution, purged solution, filtered solution, colorless solution, de-colorized solution, produced by the above method. Also, provided is a solution provided by the above method, to which a fragrance has been added, to which a color or dye has been added, to which a pharmaceutical agent has been added, and the like.

[0056] In embodiments, the present disclosure provides an improved system comprising a modular ultra low, cascade type refrigeration compressor system. What is also provided is the above system, wherein the ultra-low refrigeration compressor unit circulates Freon® through a coil which lines an insulated compartment, further comprising at least a refrigerated

compartment capable of achieving temperatures between -1 degrees C and -81 degrees C. The refrigerant can be a Freon® compound, dichlorodifluoromcthane (Freon 12),

trichlorofluoromethane (Freon 11), chlorodifluoromethane (Freon 22), dichlorotetraftuoroethane (Freon 114), and trichlorotrifluoroethane (Freon 1 13).

[0057] What is also embraced is the above system, wherein the refrigerated compartment houses a vessel in which plant material is stored for extraction, and wherein the refrigerated

compartment houses a vessel which serves as an intermittent storage ballast for extract rich solution, and the refrigerated compartment houses an inline filter strainer assembly. Also contemplated is the above system, wherein the filter housing assembly is in line with the evacuation plumbing of the system, and wherein a 10 micron nylon, polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), or stainless steel material filter bag is housed within the filter strainer assembly.

[0058] In another aspect, the present disclosure provides the above system, wherein the refrigerated compartment houses at least four solvent storage tanks. Also provided is the above system, wherein the refrigerated compartment (Environment Box (l.L)) houses six solvent storage tanks. Also provided is the above system, wherein the solvent storage tanks hold 1 gallon, 2 gallons, 3 gallons, 4 gallons, 5 gallons, or 6 gallons.

[0059] Also embraced is the above system, wherein the refrigerated compartment houses stainless steel plumbing and the plumbing connects all of the vessels within the refrigerated compartment. Also provided is the above system, wherein valves arc positioned onto the plumbing. Also contemplated, is the above system, wherein the valves are positioned outside of the refrigerated compartment. Also provided is the above system, wherein the plumbing inside the refrigerated compartment allows for the transfer of solvent from vessel to vessel. Also embraced is the above system, wherein the transfer of fluid happens at ultra-low temperatures -1 degrees C to -81 degrees C.

[0060] In yet another aspect, the present disclosure provides the above system, wherein the transfer of fluid happens via vacuum. Also provided is the above system, further comprising a vacuum pump, vacuum plumbing, and valving. Also provided is the above system, which comprises of a vacuum pump and vacuum plumbing positioned on the outside of the refrigerated compartment. Also embraced is the above system, that further comprises a cold trap container inside the refrigerated compartment, in line with the plumbing connected to the vacuum pump.

[0061] In yet another embodiment, the present disclosure provides a safer and more reliable extraction process, comprising, in combination, a pre-processing step; a contacting step; a filtration step; an evaporation step; a recovery step; and a purging step as described whereby the resultory extract is substantially free of any lipids and chlorophyll. Another aspect of the above safer and more reliable extraction process, what is provided is that process wherein the term solvent is defined to be 100% grain cthanol. Also provided is that above process that includes a solvent recovery step which can be accomplished via simple distillation or rotary evaporator apparatus. Also provided is the above process, that further includes a purging step under vacuum to remove remaining solvent from the extract.

[0062] BRIEF DESCRIPTIONS OF THE DRAWINGS

[0063] FIG. 1 discloses a system, where the system includes extraction tank, collection tank, various fluid lines, and evacuation tank.

[0064] K1G. 2 discloses the same system as shown in FIG. 1, but with additional structures that are exterior of environmental box, where these additionally disclosed structures include vacuum pump and several valves.

[0065] FIG. 3 discloses a variation of the system shown in FIG. 2, where the variation occurs in the positioning of the vacuum line and valve relating to vacuum pump and evacuation tank.

[0066] FIG. 4 discloses a variation of the system shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2.

[0067] FIG. 5 discloses a variation of the system shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2.

[0068] DETAILED DESCRIPTION [0069] As used herein, including the appended claims, the singular forms of words such as "a," "an," and "the" include their corresponding plural references unless the context clearly dictates otherwise. All references cited herein are incorporated by reference to the same extent as if each individual patent, and published patent application, as well as figures, drawings, sequence listings, compact discs, and the like, was specifically and individually indicated to be

incorporated by reference.

[0070] Meanings of Terms

[0071] The present disclosure provides a system that has structures enclosed by a low

temperature freezer, where the freezer maintains low temperatures of devices within the freezer, such as solvent tanks, extraction tank, collection tank, and fluid transmission lines that connect these devices. The fluid transmission lines may take the form of pipes, hoses, tubing, and the like. Also, the system includes structures that reside outside of the freezer, such as lines leading from a vacuum pump to extraction tank, to collection tank, and to an evacuation tank. The evacuation tank is preferably outside of the freezer. The terms "fluid line," "line," and "fluid transmission line," and the like are synonymous, unless defined otherwise or indicated otherwise by the context.

[0072] "Derived" as in plant matter "derived" from a given plant, refers to plant matter that is derived by one or more of harvesting, chopping, drying, grinding, slicing, folding, desiccating, and so on. Preferred methods of deriving are methods that minimally damage the plant or that minimally release one or more of oils, resins, aromatics, fat-soluble chemicals, and water-soluble chemicals, from the plant.

[0073] A goal of the system is to extract plant matter at a sub-zero temperature, where extraction is via a solvent such as ethanol, and where the sub-zero temperature enables the selective extraction of certain chemicals, but not of other chemicals, from plant matter. The plant matter may be cannabis, and the chemicals to be extracted are cannabinoids, and the chemicals to be left behind and not extracted include chlorophyll. The freezer is named "environment box." The "environment box" can take various forms, where all of these forms are encompassed by this term, unless expressly stated otherwise or dictated by the context. The environment box can be an insulated box with a built-in refrigeration unit. Alternatively, the environment box can be an insulated box where the interior is cooled by a separate refrigeration unit, for example, where the separate refrigeration unit delivers cold air that is circulated throughout environment box (or where a separate refrigeration unit delivers cold fluid via pipeline, where pipeline is connected to a network of pipes, serving as a heat exchanger, that reside in environment box).

[0074] In the present disclosure, the terms "extraction tank" and "extraction vessel" refer to the same thing. Also, the terms "collection tank" and "collection vessel" refer to the same thing. The term "plant matter" and "plant material" refer to the same thing, unless specified otherwise.

[0075] Table I provides a legend that identifies structures in the figures. Where a structure is illustrated and identified in one figure, and where a corresponding structure is illustrated (but not identified) in another figure, the skilled artisan will be able to compare the figures, and by referring to the legend will be able to identify the corresponding structure in the other figure.

[0076] Table 1. Legend Identifying Structures in the Figures

[0077] Workpieces and Solvents

[0078] A preferred workpiece of the present disclosure takes the form of plant matter. The plant substrate is preferably dry. Drying methods are not crucial for the extraction process. Typically the plant matter is gently ground to a particle size below 0.5 cm 2 . Mechanical grinding or chopping is not recommended as it opens up cells and undesired co-extracted chemicals can enter the solution. Lignans, sugars, and chlorophyll are some of the co-extracted chemicals found in machine ground plant material extracts. The process for grinding, preferably non -mechanical grinding, should be as gentle as possible. The present disclosure provides an extract produced by processing plant matter by the system and method of the present disclosure. Also, the present disclosure provides composition comprising one or more refined chemicals, as derived from and produced by processing plant matter by the system and method of the present disclosure.

[0079] For extraction, 100% ethanol is preferred. Our data has shown that at a ratio of 90% cthanol / 10% water, a hydrosol begins to form during the reduction phase (evaporation of ethanol from oil). Although this is not a problem for the extraction process itself, it is a problem for extract post processing. The water must then be separated from the oil. Likewise, the water content in the extract tends to trap some of the water soluble essentials such as terpenes. This can be a problem for operators who intend to produce a full spectrum extract and do not want to lose any essential oils to post processing.

[0080] In exclusionary embodiments, the present system, method, and compositions produced by the system, can exclude any system and method where ethanol is not used for extracting, and can exclude any system and method where ethanol is used for extracting but where the ethanol is not 100% ethanol. Also the present system and method can exclude any system and method, where a hydrosol is formed. [0081] Contact time is typically limited to how long it takes to build ideal vacuum for collection procedure, and this is preferably about 30 seconds. The recirculation procedure requires 5-7 recirculations of the solution over the plant material, this would equate to 30 seconds X 7 equals about 4 minutes of actual contact time. But, since the solution is constantly poured over the plant material, and about 20% of the ethanol introduced into the material is actually retained in the material, the plant material is constantly soaked in solution. Once that material is thoroughly wetted through recirculation procedures, it is then rinsed with a fresh batch of ethanol. The clean rinse volume is determined by the operator based on the amount of material placed in the extraction vessel. Usually that is 30% of ethanol to overall weight of material based on a ratio of 1 gallon = 1 pounds of plant material.

[0082] Extraction preferably batchwise. In exclusionary embodiments, the system and methods of the present disclosure can exclude any extraction method, any system that performs an extraction method, and any composition prepared by that system, where extraction is by a process other than batchwise.

[0083] The time for extraction is only determined by the operator and his familiarity with the system. A skilled extraction operator can turn an extraction around in about 15-20 minutes. Turnaround time is limited by how long it takes to get to an appropriate amount of vacuum in a vessel to engage a strong flow. This can vary with different vacuum pumps. A 8cfm vacuum pump will take longer to reach optimal vacuum than a 16cfm vacuum pump.

[0084] Ideal vacuum for flooding procedure: -20 inches of mercury (inhg). Ideal vacuum for recirculation procedure: -20 inches of mercury. Ideal vacuum for collection procedure:

28 inches of mercury. Ideal vacuum for evacuation procedure: -28 inches of mercury.

[0085] Plurality of Solvent Storage Tanks

[0086] System of the present disclosure can comprise one or more solvent storage tanks, where each solvent storage tank is operably linked with a corresponding solvent storage tank valve. In use, only one solvent storage tank is used at a time, that is, for providing solvent to Extraction Tank (l.H). Preferably, each solvent storage tank holds six U.S. gallons. Preferably, system of the present disclosure includes four solvent storage tanks, each with a corresponding storage tank valve. In one aspect, all solvent storage tanks are situated inside of Environment Box (l.L), thereby ensuring that the solvent is kept at the same temperature as that inside the environment box. For initiating delivery of solvent to Extraction Tank (1.1) and for continuing delivery of solvent to extraction tank, cold air intake valve ( 1.B) is closed, solvent flooding valve (1.C) is opened, and vacuum from vacuum pump is applied to Extraction Tank. In a preferred embodiment, vacuum applied to Extraction Tank is minus 20 inches of mercury.

[0087] Cold air intake valve (l.B) is alternatively called, airlock valve or gate valve.

[0088] In embodiments, the present disclosure provides a system that comprises one solvent storage tank, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, or ten, and the like, solvent storage tanks. The one or more solvent storage tanks of the present disclosure are all housed inside of Environment Box (1.L). In exclusionary embodiments, the present disclosure can exclude any system, device, apparatus, or method, that comprises one or more solvent storage tanks and where at least one of the solvent storage tanks is not enclosed by an environment box. Regarding the present disclosure, an environment box is an airtight enclosure, optionally shaped like a box, that substantially prevents exchange of environmental air with air inside of environment box, and substantially reduces warming of objects, fluids, and plant matter inside of environment box. This reduced warming is accomplished by reducing transfer of heat originating from

environmental air to air inside of environment box. Environmental air refers, for example, to room-temperature air that occurs in parts of the laboratory where laboratory personnel conduct their work. "Environmental air" is not the same as air inside of environment box. This definition of air docs not refer to molecules and atoms that constitute the air, but instead refers to the location of the air.

[0089] Branching Points Residing at Extraction Tank Inlet and at Collection Tank Outlet

[0090] Regarding flow of solution downstream of collection tank outlet, the relative flow at collection tank branching point, that is, towards the left branch or to the right branch, is controlled by evacuation valve (1.K) and solution return valve ( 1.D). Closing evacuation valve (l.K) and opening solution return valve (l.D) allows or promotes recirculation of solution from collection tank back to extraction tank. Regarding the flow of solvent and the flow of solution through extraction tank inlet and into extraction tank (l.H), the relative flow at extraction tank branching point, that is, from solvent tank to extraction tank inlet or from collection tank to extraction tank inlet, is controlled by solution flooding valve ( 1.C) and solution return valve (l.D). In short, opening solution flooding valve (l.C) and closing solution return valve (l.D) promotes or allows transmission of solvent from solvent tank into extraction tank. Conversely, closing solution flooding valve (l.C) and opening solution return valve (I D) promotes recirculation of solution from collection tank into the extraction tank, for the purpose of further extracting plant matter.

[0091] Alternative to Branching Point Structures

[0092] Instead of using the branching point structure, the present disclosure provides system where extraction tank branching point and extraction tank inlet is replaced by two extraction tank inlets, where the first extraction tank inlet is dedicated to receiving solvent from solvent tank, and the second extraction tank inlet is dedicated to receiving solution from collection tank. Also the present disclosure provides system where collection tank branching tank and collection tank outlet is replaced by two collection tank outlets, where first collection tank outlet is dedicated to transmitting solution from collection tank back to extraction tank (recirculating the solution), and the second collection tank outlet is dedicated to transmitting solution from collection tank to evacuation line. In exclusionary embodiments, the present disclosure can exclude a system or device that comprises a branching point

[0093] Generally Regarding Valves

[0094] The valves shown in the figures include 3/4 inch compression valves, 1/2 inch compression valves, and 1.5 inch sanitary butterfly valves. For the sake of the PID, it may not be critical to utilize any particular design of the valves. In a preferred embodiment, all of the valves are hand powered. The system is manual and requires an operator to perform the extraction. The jacketed system built by the inventors is an automated system and has pneumatic actuators on the valves. The actuators arc powered by compressed air, passed through a solenoid actuated by a PLC.

[0095] The valves act to cither isolate or engage flow. The flow can be of air, vacuum, or liquid. All valves are quarter turn valves that cither open or close. No metering is done by the valves on these systems. The direction of flow is determined by the vacuum being applied. If vacuum is applied to extraction vessel, opening a valve on a wet line will draw solution or ethanol into that extraction tank. Likewise, if vacuum is applied to collection vessel, a valve will start or stop the flow of liquid to that tank. [0096] Preferred Uses Inside of Environment Box and Outside of Environment box

[0097] In embodiments, the temperature of the internal cold compartment of the environment box is displayed on a LCD screen on the HMT of the compressors. This temperature reading is enough for an operator to know that the machine is ready for operation. Optionally,

thermocouples can be placed into the various tanks and plumbing to monitor the temperatures at every step. A system and method that employs thermocouples is not preferred. The present disclosure can exclude any system and method that employs thermocouples, for example, to monitor the temperature of fluids inside fluid lines and inside tanks or vessels.

[0098] If the overall temperature of the system is below -50C we know that it is ready for operation. The typical temperature setting on the system is -60C. Having the freezer

compartment set below -45C (ideal temperature for extraction) allows for cooling compensation. Some of the wet plumbing must be externalized due to the positioning of the valves. As we recirculate the solution throughout the system, it tends to warm ever so slightly. Wc always set the freezer component to a lower temperature to compensate for that warming.

[0099] Referring to FIG. 1, illustrated is an inventive vessel~wet plumbing and freezer compartment assembly which has produced advantageous results. Super-cooling processes have driven these advantageous results with this system. Solvent Storage Tank ( 1. A) is operatively and communicatively linked to cold air intake valve (l.B) via known lines to those skilled in the art as shown. Solvent flooding valve (l.C) then runs via lines to the solution return valve (1.D) as shown above Extraction Tank (1.H). Solution collection valve (1.E) is then ported through sight glass ( 1.F) and down to Extraction Tank (1.1) and is connected to inline filter housing ( I .J) along to evacuation valve (1.K).

[00100] FIG. I shows an inlet at the top of Extraction Tank (I.H). Extraction tank inlet can receive solvent from solvent flooding valve (1.C) is open (and solution return valve (1.D) is closed), and it can receive solution when solution return valve (l.D) is open (and solvent flooding valve (l.C) is closed). The term "solvent" or "clean solvent" refer to solvent prior to exposure to any plant material. The term "solution" refers to any solvent that has been contacted with any plant material. Where any "solution" is recirculated and used to extract a partially extracted plant material, this "solution" is still called a "solution" and is not called a "solvent." [00101] The following explains what controls the proportion of material passing through solvent flooding valve (1.C) versus material passing through solution return valve (1.D). The plumbing is arranged in such a way that two wet lines are connected to a single port at the top of the lid. Once vacuum is built in the Extraction Tank ( 1.H), valve ( 1.C) will open the flow of clean ethanol from a Solvent Storage Tank. Likewise, valve (l.D) will engage the flow of solution from the Collection Tank (1.1), back into the Extraction Tank for what is called the "recirculation procedure." The detailed arrangement of the plumbing allows a single port to double as the flooding and recirculating channel. These valves work independently of one another and are never used to flood the Extraction Tank with BOTH, clean ethanol and solution at the same time.

[00102] The following concerns the proportion of material passing through valve (l.C) versus material passing through valve ( 1.D). There is never a time when BOTH clean ethanol and solution are delivered into the Extraction Tank at the same time. Clean ethanol introduction and solution recirculation happen at different stages of the extraction process. Clean solvent is introduced into the Extraction Tank as very FIRST step in the extraction process. Afterwards, a recirculation of the solution over the plant material is what allows maximum extraction efficiency. After a thorough recirculation procedure, another clean batch of ethanol can be introduced into the Extraction Tank to perform a "final cleanse" or "final wash" of the plant substrate. This "final wash" frees up any solution saturated in actives from the plant substrate.

[00103] Accordingly, the present disclosure provides a system and method, where clean solvent, such as clean ethanol, is delivered as an "initial batch" into an Extraction Tank as the very first step in the extraction process, followed by one or more steps where clean solvent is not delivered into the Extraction Tank but instead there is a recirculation of solution (solution comprising substances extracted from the plant matter) over the plant material, and where this recirculation provides for maximum extraction of chemicals from the plant matter. After the one or more steps where there is recirculation of solution comprising substances extracted from the plant matter, in some embodiments there is not any further extraction using clean solvent, while in other embodiments, there is a final extraction (final cleanse, final wash) of the plant matter with a "final batch" of clean solvent. The "initial batch" can be delivered all at once, or as more than one consecutive smaller batches, or as two consecutive smaller batches, or as three consecutive smaller batches, and so on. The "final batch" can be delivered all at once, or as more than one consecutive smaller batches, or as two consecutive smaller hatches, or as three consecutive smaller batches, and so on.

[00104] Introducing Plant Matter into the Extraction Tank

[00105] Extraction Tank has a lid. This lid is attached to Extraction Tank via a hinge. The lid opens, allowing tank liner to be inserted into Extraction Tank. Plant material can be top fed, or it can be placed into the tank liner prior to inserting into Extraction Tank. The tank liner is a combination of two polyester materials: a rough, 70 US mesh outer shell, and a fine 508 US mesh inner lining that acts as the filter. The tank liner can be cylindrical, where it resembles in general form and function, a cylindrical coffee filter that is placed into an extraction chamber that has a cylindrical conformation. More familiar are conical coffee filters with a conical extraction chamber, and the tank liner of the present disclosure can also be conical, where it is placed inside a chamber having a conical conformation. Whatever the overall shape, the tank liner is porous, and optionally has both an inner shell and an outer shell.

[00106] In the flooding procedure, super-cooled ethanol is drawn from Solvent Tank by vacuum into Extraction Tank at a preferred vacuum of minus 20 inches mercury. After passage of solvent (e.g., ethanol) or solution through extraction tank outlet, solvent or solution can be dispersed over plant matter out of one aperture, out of 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, or 10 apertures, out of 10-20 apertures, out of 100-200 apertures, out of 200-1000 apertures, or out of a plurality of apertures, or out of greater than 10 apertures, or greater than 100 apertures, or greater than 1000 apertures. System can be configured so that the solvent or the solution is dispensed as a gushing fluid, as a dripping fluid, as a spray, as a mist, or as any combination of the above, as any of the above in a continuous manner or as any of the above in an intermittent manner.

[00107] For each extraction step, that is, with either solvent or with solution, available volume in Extraction Tank can be filled to about 2%, about 4%, about 6%, about 8%, about 10%, about 15%, about 20%, about 30%, about 40%, about 50%, about 60%, about 70%, about 80%, about 90%, about 95%, about 100%, or to a volume that consists of a range defined by any two of the above percent values.

[00108] For transfer of solution from Extraction Tank to Collection Tank, preferred vacuum is minus 28 inches mercury. For recirculating step, solution from Collection Tank is drawn to Extraction Tank at a preferred vacuum of minus 20 inches mercury. For filling Evacuation Tank, preferred vacuum is minus 28 inches mercury. For the step of filling Evacuation Tank, solution can be drawn from only Collection Tank (in the situation where solution from Extraction lank has already been transferred to Collection Tank). Alternatively, for filling Evacuation Tank, solution can be simultaneously drawn from both Extraction Tank via valve (1.E) to Collection Tank, and finally to Evacuation Tank.

[00109] Regarding the false bottom that is used to support tank liner, FIG. 1 shows a false bottom in the shape of a disc. Alternatively, or in addition, false bottom can take the form of an inverted cone (pointy side up, broad circular end down). False bottom has apertures or perforations that are preferably 2 millimeters in diameter. The lineT, which contains plant matter, can reside directly on top of disc-shaped false bottom or directly on top of inverted cone false bottom.

[00110] Branching Points in Flow Lines and Coordinated Opening and Closing of Valves

[00111] This concerns the branching point at the outlet to Collection Tank (1.1), and it concerns valve (l.D) and valve (1.K). Direction of flow is controlled only by whichever direction vacuum is applied. Transfer of solution from Collection Tank (1.1) to Extraction Tank (l .H) is propelled by vacuum in Extraction Tank ( 1.H) and by opening of valve (1.D). Here, this vacuum and valve opening drives flow to the leftward direction at the branching point. But if vacuum is applied at valve (1.K) and if valve (1.K) is open, then flow is driven at the branching point to the right.

[00112] In embodiments, the system and method of the present disclosure is capable of

simultaneously opening valve (1.D) and closes valve (l.K). Also, the system and method of the present disclosure is capable of simultaneously closing valve (l.D) and opening valve (l.K). In some embodiments, the vacuum coming from Extraction Tank (1.II) is continuous where opening of valve (l.D) is the sole control that forces solution at the branching point to the left. But in other embodiments, vacuum coming from Extraction Tank (1.11) is turned on, or is increased, and where opening of valve (l.D) allows solution at the branching point to travel to the left. In exclusionary embodiments, the present invention can exclude any system, method, or composition made by the system or method, that does not include one or both of the above mechanisms that control flow at the branching point. [00113] Regarding valve (l.K) and vacuum applied downstream of valve (I K), in some embodiments vacuum is continuous and the sole control that forces solution at the branching point to the right is opening of valve (I .K). But in other embodiments, vacuum applied downstream of valve (l.K) is turned on, or is increased, and where opening of valve (l.K) allows solution at the branching point to travel to the right. In exclusionary embodiments, the present invention can exclude any system, method, or composition made by the system or method, that does not include one or both of the above mechanisms that control flow at the branching point.

[00114] Recirculating Solution from Collecting Tank Back to Extraction Tank

[00115] This concerns use of Collection Tank (l.I) as an "intermittent holding vessel that allows for closed loop recirculation." In exclusionary embodiments, the present disclosure can exclude any system, method, or products made with the system or method, where the system or method does not have any "intermittent holding vessel that allows for closed loop recirculation." In detail, vacuum can be applied to Collection Tank (l .1) which draws solution from Extraction Tank (l.H). The reverse of this flow can be accomplished, by creating a vacuum in Extraction Tank (l.H) which pulls or draws solution from Collection Tank (1.1). Flow from Extraction Tank (l.H) to Collection Tank (1.1) is via the pipe (or hose, conduit) that communicates from bottom (outlet) of Extraction Tank (1.11) to top (inlet) Collection Tank (1.H). The reverse flow, is via the pipe (hose, conduit) that communicates from bottom (outlet) of Collection Tank (1.H) to top (inlet) of Extraction Tank ( 1.H).

[00116] This concerns recirculation. Once the clean ethanol enters Collection Tank (1.H) and contacts plant material, it immediately becomes a "solution." Any time we refer to

"recirculating" it must be a recirculation of a solution and not of a clean solvent. The solution stays chilled as it is housed in a controlled environment which maintains a temp below - 50 degrees C. The entire process happens at these temperatures. Flooding of plant material with solvent, recirculation of the solution over the plant material, and filtration happen at a pre-determined temperature which allows us to lock out water-soluble molecules.

[00117] In exclusionary embodiments, the present disclosure can exclude any system, method, or compositions prepared by the system or method, where there is not any recirculation with a solution bearing compounds extracted from plant matter. Also, what can he excluded is any system, method, or composition that is prepared, where filtration is not at a temperature (or not at a pre-detcrmined temperature) that locks out water-soluble molecules.

[00118] In exclusionary embodiments, the present disclosure can exclude any system or method that uses a mechanism for driving fluids that operates other than by applying vacuum, for example, the present disclosure can exclude any system or method that uses a mechanism for driving fluids that is a centrifugal pump, rotary vane pump, screw pump, peristaltic pump, and the like. Pumps suitable for the present disclosure can include (or exclude) centrifugal pump, twin screw pump, 3 -spindle screw pump, peristaltic pump rotary vane pump, valve pump.

Pumps and valves are available from, e.g., ITT Bornemann, Germany; SPXFLOW, Dclavan, WI; Flomatic Corp., Glens Falls, NY; CLA-VAL, Costa Mesa, CA; Fisher Scientific; Singer, Surrey, British Columbia).

[00119] Agitation and Stirring

[00120] This concerns agitation, as it applies to stirring, jets of fluid, vibration, shaking, rocking, and the like, as it applies to the Extraction Tank and contact of solvent with plant material in the Extraction Tank. In exclusionary embodiments, the present disclosure can exclude any system, apparatus, method, or composition prepared by the system or method, that includes agitation or that includes a device capable of subjecting a solvent or solution to agitation.

[00121] By way of definition, the terra "agitation" as it applies to agitation of plant matter, of plant material, or of a mixture of solvent and plant matter, the term "agitation" intentionally docs not take into account (and excludes) agitation caused by vibration that is found throughout many buildings resulting from passage of air through heating vents, resulting from nearby vehicular traffic, and the like. Also, by way of definition, the term "agitation" intentionally does not take into account and excludes any agitation caused by dripping of solvent out of input valve and over any plant matter residing in Extraction Tank, and excludes any agitation caused by dripping of fluids from one fragment of plant material on to another fragment of plant material.

[00122] Extracting Oils and Other Chemicals from Plant Matter

[00123] This concerns using a solvent for extracting plant material, and where oils are extracted into the solvent. Where an oil is extracted into a solvent to produce a solution that is rich in active ingredients, such as active ingredients that comprise cannabinoids, any oil, or any oily material, or any lipophilic substances, in the solution can be removed by an ancillary device. The ancillary device can be a rotary evaporator or a falling film evaporator. Falling film evaporators, rotary evaporators, distilling apparatus, and other separation equipment are available from, e.g., Thermal Kinetics, Amherst, NY; Ilebeler Process Solutions, Tonawanda, NY, Fischer Scientific, and Thomas Scientific.

[00124] Steps in Methods of the Present Disclosure

[00125] FIG.4 also shows the plumbing and how the prior arts systems were improved, while FIG. 5 shows optimized systems for select moieties, as discussed above. FIG. 4 shows control valves 1, 2, 3, 4 and 6 with gate valve 4, vacuum gauge ID. In FIG. 5, the vacuum pump is attached via plumbing to three vessels in the system. Extraction vessel, collection vessel, and an external evacuation vessel. In FIG 5. They're referred to as Material Pot (extraction vessel), Collection Pot (collection vessel), and Vacuum Vessel (evacuation vessel). Each one of these vessels has a vacuum port that connects plumbing and a valve to the vacuum pump. The evacuation vessel is external and allows us to evacuate the solution from the system via vacuum assist. The evacuation vessel is connected to valve 1 ,K from FIG. 1.

[00126] In FIG. 4, the horizontal fluid line shown at the very top connects valve 1 to valve 2, and serves as the recirculation pipe as well as the evacuation pipe. This line transmits from the collection vessel to the extraction vessel. This line also serves as the evacuation line, when steps are taken for evacuation. In FIG. I, that pipe line starts below the Collection Tank and splits to the left and right. The branch to the left leads to valve 1.D, and the branch to the right leads to valve I .K.

[00127] In FIG. 4, the vacuum is always applied to the air space of the tanks (the vacuum line does NOT connect into the wet plumbing.)). The inventor's believe that at the temperatures at which die system is operated, the cthanol actually has a negative vapor pressure and is absorbing moisture from atmosphere. The inventors do not typically sense any cthanol vapor being evacuated from the vacuum pump.

[00128] In FIG. 5, the Material Pot does the same thing as Extraction Vessel shown in FIG. 4. In FIG. 5, the Collection Pot does the same thing as Collection Vessel that is shown in FIG. 4. [00129] Vacuum Gauge and Advantage of Vacuum Assist

[00130] The abbreviation "VG" as shown in FIG. 4 and FIG. 5 means, "vacuum gauge." Both the Extraction Vessel and the Collection Vessel have a vacuum gauge to determine how much vacuum is in either tank at any given time. The vacuum level is a visual cue to the operator, as to when to open a valve and when to close the valve. An advantage of using vacuum for driving flow of solvent and of solutions through fluid lines and into and out of various tanks, is that vacuum assist does not create flammable aerosols.

[00131] As discussed in Scr. No. 62/322,751, Step 3 of the present invention includes for the necessary amount of contact time between plant substrate and solvent to create a heavy yielding extract solution. Contact time should be carried out at a temperature range of -30 degrees C to - 50 degrees C.

[00132] Step 4 of the present invention includes a filtration step to remove all plant material from the solvent. This step is carried out at a temperature range of -30 degrees C to -50 degrees C.

[00133] Step 5a of the present invention includes a process for reduction of the concentrate solution by means of atmospheric evaporation of the solvent.

[00134] Step 5b of the present invention includes a process for recovery of the solvent from the concentrate solution.

[00135] Step 6a and 6b of the present invention include a process by which a concentrate can be purged of solvent to produce a nutraceutical in accordance with the present disclosure.

[00136] FIG. 4 is a flow chart of the method which includes the use of an extraction apparatus in accordance with the present disclosure.

[00137] Steps 1 and 2 include the pre-processing step of freezing solvent and plant substrate to desired temperature between -30 degrees C and -50 degrees C.

[00138] Step 3 of the present invention includes the pre-processing step of chilling the extraction apparatus to a temperature between -30 degrees C and -50 degrees C via cryo chiller.

[00139] Step 4 of the present disclosure requires the chilled solvent to be added to pre-chilled Extraction Tank. [00140] Step 5 of the present disclosure requires the chilled plant substrate to he added to Extraction Tank.

[00141] Step 6 of the present disclosure includes allowing the solvent to contact the plant substrate for a desired time between 1 minute and 60 minutes.

[00142] Step 7a of the present disclosure includes a solvent evacuation step via positive pressure.

[00143] Step 7b of the present disclosure includes a solvent evacuation step via negative pressure.

[00144] Step 8 of the present disclosure includes a process in which the solvent and plant substrate are separated via inline filtration.

[00145] Steps 1 and 2 of the flow chart represent a pre-processing step which includes a method of chilling the solvent and plant substrate to a desired temperature between -1 degrees C and -SO degrees C, preferably in a range between -30 degrees C and -50 degrees C, ideally in a range between -40 degrees C and -45 degrees C. In one embodiment of the present invention, step 1 can be carried out via ultra-low freezer set to preferred temperature. In another embodiment of the present invention, step I can be carried out via re-circulating cryo chiller connected to a holding vessel filled with solvent.

[00146] Step 2 of a process of the present disclosure can be carried out via ultra-low freezer wherein the plant substrate is stored in the ultra-low freezer to achieve the desired temperature between -40 degrees C and -45 degrees C. Step 2 of FIG. 1 in the present invention includes, the plant substrate is placed inside of a micro mesh bag and inserted into the Extraction Tank of prior to step 3 of FIG. 1 of the provided method.

[00147] Step 3 of a process includes that the Extraction Tank is stainless steel, aluminum, borosilicate, or ptfe. Step 3 of FIG. 1 includes that the Extraction Tank is set inside of a freezer able to maintain the desired temperate of -50 degrees C. Step 3 of FIG. 1 includes the addition of chilled solvent to Extraction Tank. Step 3 of FIG. 1 includes a contact time between solvent and plant substrate to allow desired solubles to enter the solvent and create a solution rich in essential oils, cannabinoids and terpenes. Step third includes that the desired contact time is between 1 minute and 60 minutes, preferably between 3 and 10 minutes, ideally between 2 and 5 minutes. [00148] Step 4 includes a method for separating the cannabinoid rich solution from plant substrate. Step 4, includes a Collection Tank (1.1) is placed into the freezer in which Step 3 of was carried out. Step 4 of includes that a strainer is placed onto the Collection Tank and the plant substrate is placed into the strainer to allow for a gravity assisted drain. The draining process must be carried out in the preferred temperature range of -40 degrees C and -45 degrees C to exclude the co-extraction of lipids and chlorophyll during the Step of described. In another embodiment of Step 4, the plant substrate held in a micron bag through Step 3. In this embodiment the plant material is removed with the micron bag. In another embodiment of Step 4 the micron bag filled with the plant substrate is placed inside the strainer to allow the residual solvent to drain into the Collection Tank (1.Γ) through gravity assist. In another embodiment of Step 4, the collected cannabinoid rich solution is then further filtered to remove small particles via Buchner funnel and Erlenmeycr flask with vacuum assist. In this embodiment of the filtration Step 4 ambient room temperature is acceptable as the bulk of plant substrate has been removed via strainer and micron bag.

[00149] Steps in Methods of the Present Disclosure (further descriptions)

[00150] FIG. 1 shows the use of an extraction apparatus designed to perform extraction in accordance with the present invention.

[00151] Steps 1 and 2 of the process represent a pre-process step in which both the solvent and plant substrate are chilled to a desired temperature between -1 degrees C and -50 degrees C, preferably to a temperature between -30 degrees C and -50 degrees C, ideally to a temperature range between -40 degrees C and -45 degrees C. In this embodiment of the aforementioned step, the use of an ultra-low freezer is adequate. In another embodiment of Step 1 the solvent can be chilled via jacketed Extraction Tank (l.H) and cryo chiller assembly. This step requires a long period of time to achieve the desire temperature of the solvent, and therefore it is recommended that an ultra-low storage freezer is acquired to prevent a bottle necking at Step 1 or 2.

[00152] Step 3 includes a jacketed Extraction Tank such as a chemical reactor. In another embodiment of Step 3 of a jacketed Collection Tank, such as a chemical reactor can be added to the apparatus. In this embodiment, the jacketed Collection Tank allows to create a re-circulating system to move chilled solvent from Collection Tank back into the Extraction Tank. Recirculating chilled solvent over the plant substrate, has been tecognized to produce a richer concentration of desired essential oils, cannabinoids, flavonoids and terpcnes in the solution concentrate. In a third embodiment of Step 3 a jacketed holding vessel, such as a chemical reactor, can be added to the apparatus assembly. In this embodiment the holding vessel allows for mechanical feeding of the solvent into the Extraction Tank, eliminating strenuous manual labor of pouring solvent into the Extraction Tank by hand. In all embodiments of Step 3 the vessels must be able to maintain a desired temperature range of -40 degrees C to -45 degrees C.

[00153] Step 4a includes a process in which the chilled solvent is transferred into the Collection Tank (1.1). Step 1 of FIG. 4 allows for the solvent to be chilled within the vessel via circulation of cooling solution within the jacket walls of the vessel. Step 4b includes a process in which the plant substrate is placed inside the Extraction Tank of the apparatus. In one embodiment the plant substrate can be loosely placed inside the Extraction Tank. In another embodiment the Extraction Tank is lined with a micron mesh screen bag prior to the introduction of the plant substrate into the vessel. Lining the Extraction Tank with a micron screen bag allows for immediate separation of solution concentrate and plant substrate during the solution concentrate evacuation of Steps 6a and 6b. This method also allows for the quick evacuation of plant substrate from the Extraction Tank by simply removing the bag filled with plant substrate out of the vessel.

[00154] Step 5 allows for contact time between chilled solvent and chilled plant substrate. The contact period should be carried out at the ideal temperature range between -40 degrees C and degrees -45 C. Contact time can be between 1 minute and 60 minutes, preferably between 3 minutes and 10 minutes, ideally between 1 minute and 5 minutes.

[00155] Step 7 includes a process of inline separation of solution concentrate and plant substrate. An embodiment Step 4b of FIG.4 provides that plant substrate is placed within a micron mesh bag prior to its introduction into the Extraction Tank. This embodiment of Step 4b has been recognized as the most simple and cost effective way of inline filtration. In another embodiment of Step 7, a solid stainless steel micron screen can be introduced via a false bottom inside the Extraction Tank. In this embodiment of Step 7, the plant substrate sits atop the false bottom stainless micron mesh as the solution concentrate is drawn through it and out of the Extraction Tank. In a third embodiment of Step 7 a filter holder can be introduced in line between the Extraction Tank and Collection Tank into the apparatus assembly. [00156] Step 8 of FIG. 4 includes the collection of solution concentrate from the Extraction Tank into a jacketed Collection Tank referenced in embodiments of Step 3.

[00157] Step 9a includes a process of recirculation of solution concentrate back over the plant substrate to create a richer concentration of desired constituents of the plant substrate.

Recirculation can be performed via mechanical solvent pump, positive pressure in Collection Tank, or negative pressure within Extraction Tank. The preferred method for recirculation is by manipulating pressure within the vessels. Moving the solution concentrate from vessel to vessel via negative pressure has proven to be the most cost effective as vacuum pumps have a long life expectancy and do not require much maintenance. Pressurizing the vessels to move the solution concentrate has also been recognized as effective, but the added expense of food grade nitrogen or expensive moisture traps and filters for ambient air compressors have proven to be

burdensome. Mechanical solvent pumps have been recognized as an effective means of moving the solvent and solution concentrate, but the costs associated with such devices would deter small operators from applying this method.

[00158] Step 9b includes a method for evacuating the solution concentrate from the Collection Tank. As referenced in Step 9a, moving the solvent or solution concentrate can be achieved via positive or ncgarive pressure within the vessels of the apparatus. For evacuation, it is been discovered that a simple drain at the bottom vessel is suitable for evacuation of the solution concentrate. Positive pressure can be applied to the Collection Tank to expedite the evacuation process.

[00159] Step I0 provides a method for separating the concentrate from solvent via rotary evaporator, simple distillation, or atmospheric evaporation. The preferred method is rotary evaporator as this method allows for recovery of the solvent in its entirety. The recovered solvent is put back into circulation for future extraction, making this method one of the most cost effective for any processor.

[00160] According to another embodiment of the system, other features are taught. In another embodiment of the present invention, a system comprising of jacketed reactor Extraction Tank, jacketed reactor Collection Tank, plumbing, valves, hoses, ultra-low circulating chiller, vacuum pump, liquid nitrogen holding Dewar, pressure regulators, LN2 phase separators, pneumatic actuators, electronic relay switches and air compressor. [0016] ] In this embodiment, the system is scaled for larger throughput, with vessels capable of holding up to 20 pounds (lbs.) of plant material and up to 40 gallons of solvent.

[00162] In this embodiment of the present invention, an ultra-low circulating chiller is attached to the jackets on the reactor vessels.

[00163] The ultra-low recirculating chiller is set to the desired temperature set point of -75 degrees C and allowed time to chill the internal chamber of the reactor vessels.

[00164] The vessels arc interconnected via sanitary plumbing, pneumatic actuated valves in a manner which allows for the transfer of solvent into the Extraction l ank, and the recollection of the extract rich solution produced during extraction back into the Collection Tank.

[00165] Tn this embodiment, the Collection Tank acts as the solvent storage vessels prior to commencing the extraction. During extraction procedure, the Collection Tank acts as an intermittent solution storage vessel during recirculation procedures.

[00166] Plant material is loaded into a mesh screen bag and placed inside the Extraction Tank. Allowing time for the material to chill to a desired temperature of below -35 degrees C, preferably below -45 degrees C, ideally below -55 degrees C.

[00167] Solvent is placed inside the collection and allowed time to chill to the necessary temperature range between -45 and -75 degrees C. It has been discovered that the ideal extraction temperature is in the range of -45 C and -50 degrees C system parameters are always set to a lower temperature to compensate for the heating of solvent and material during fluid transfers. The solvent will typically gain 5 degrees during each fluid transfer. A typical recirculation procedure requires the solvent to be moved up to 5 times from Extraction Tank to Collection Tank and back. This raises the overall temperature of the solvent in the system by up to 25 degrees C.

[00168] Cryo Chiller Versus Other Cooling Machines

[00169] A cryo chiller is as an effective device to chill the extraction apparatus by circulating a cooling solution throughout the jackets of the vessel included in the apparatus assembly. Not all of our systems employ a cryo chiller. Non-cryo chiller embodiments employ refrigeration compressors to chill an insulated box that houses all of the crucial components. Drawings for the chiller powered system can be submitted. In exclusionary embodiments, the present disclosure can exclude any system, method, or compositions prepared by the system, where a cryo chiller was used.

[00170] Advantages of Recirculation

[00171] The term "recirculation" refers to recirculating a "solution" and does not refer to any recirculating of any "solvent." The term "solution" refers to a solvent that contains chemicals extracted from plant material. Plant matter is contacted by super-cooled ethanol, that is enough for an extraction of the essentials to take place. By recirculation, the system achieves a super saturation of the solution, and ultimately the system and method flushes the remaining desired chemicals ("actives") from the plant matter by a final cleansing rinse with clean solvent.

[00172] In another embodiment of the present invention, a solvent transfer pump can be employed to move solvent from one vessel to the next, or to recirculate the solution within the Extraction Tank. Mechanical pumps have shown to be efficient but tend to generate more heat the desired, therefore heating the solvent during fluid transfers or recirculation. The method does not predictably work as desired in that lipids and chlorophyll become available to the solvent at temperatures above -40 degrees C.

[00173] Need to Maintain Low Temperature During Filtering

[00174] The inventors experimented with several methods of extracting, draining and filtering. Using a Buchncr funnel to filter the solution of fine dust was one of the ways we tried doing so. It became clear that even the slightest amount of plant dust in the solution would "bleed green" or allow for the extraction of chlorophyll at a room temperature filtration. In designing our machine and system, we placed the filter housing and filter INSIDE the freezer compartment. This prevents the fine plant dust from reaching a temperature at which it can start seeping chlorophyll into the extract rich solution during filtration.

[00175] Filters and Filter Assemblies

[00176] In a preferred embodiment filtering of particulates and dust released from plant matter during extraction process is accomplished by a "tank liner" that is inserted into the extraction vessel. In this embodiment, no filter is needed in the fluid line (pipeline) that connects extraction tank outlet to collection tank inlet. However, a filter can be used in the fluid line that is in addition to "tank liner" and a filter can be used in fluid line where there the system does not include any "tank liner."

[00177] In alternative embodiments, filtering in the Extraction Tank can accomplished with paper filter, plastic polymer filter such as a Millipore® filter, micron mesh tank liner, or a cake of diatomaceous earth (Celite®), where the filter is supported by a false bottom. False bottom can be a disc with holes for allowing fluid to pass through. Mesh filters such as Spectra/Meshs® woven filters are available from, Thomas Scientific, Swedesboro, NJ and Utah Biodiesel Supply, Clinton, Utah.

[00178] Applied vacuum results in more effective draining and filtering than gravity alone. In filtering embodiments, the present disclosure provides filter taking the form of an "inverted cone" where the cone is perforated and acts as a false bottom. This "inverted cone" design increases the overall surface area, in comparison to a disc-shaped false bottom. The increased surface area provided by the "inverted cone" increases efficiency of filtering and draining.

[00179] Extraction Tanks

[00180] In alternative embodiments, entire extraction tank can be cone-shaped, or can be substantially cone-shaped, where extraction of plant material occurs in one part of the cone-shaped extraction tank, and where filter assembly occurs in a different part of the cone-shaped extraction tank. In alternative embodiments, filter assembly can be cone-shaped and can be housed within a cylinder-shaped extraction tank. Alternatively, filter assembly can be cone-shaped and can be in physical contact with cylinder-shaped extraction tank, where cone-shaped filter assembly is not housed inside of cylinder-shaped extraction tank. In other embodiments, the term "extraction tank" can be used to refer to the sum of (tank where extraction occurs) plus (filter assembly), even where filter assembly is attached to and in direct physical contact with tank where extraction occurs.

[00181] In exclusionary embodiments, the present disclosure can exclude any device or system, where filtering uses a disc-shaped false bottom or any filtering device that has a flat

conformation, such as a disc-shaped false bottom, square-shaped false bottom, or

rectangle-shaped false bottom. [00182] In addition to, or as an alternative to, filter assembly in Extraction Tank (1.H), the present disclosure can provide an in-line filter that is downstream of Extraction Tank outlet and upstream of collection valve ( 1.E). This in-line filter can have pores that are about 2, about 4, about 6, about 8, about 10, about 15, about 20, about 30. about 40, about 50, about 60, about 70, about 80, about 90, about 100, about 150, about 200, and so on, micrometers in diameter, or any combination thereof. Also, in-line filter can take the form of a series of different types of filters, for example, where the first filter encountered by flowing solution has largest pores, the last filter has the smallest pores, and a middle filter has pores of an intermediate size.

[00183] Downstream of Collection Tank (1.1) and upstream of exit valve (1.K) is evacuation line with an in-line filter housing ( 1 J). Filter located inside of in-line filter housing collects any particulate matter that was not retained by the filter in the Extraction Tank (1.11). In-line filter preferably has pores that arc about 10 micrometers in diameter and, can have pores that are about 2, about 4, about 5, about 6, about 8, about 10, about 15, about 20, about 30, about 40, about 50, about 60, about 70, about 80, about 90, about 100, and so on, micrometers in diameter, or any combination thereof. The term "strainer'' can be used instead of "in-line filter." The skilled artisan will understand that if there is a filter that is part of a system or apparatus, then there will necessarily be some sort of housing or assembly that positions and secures the filter.

[00184] Coordinating Vacuum Pumping with Air Locks

[00185] The direction of the flow is determined by which direction vacuum is being applied from. Preferably, the exit valve (l.K) is operably linked to and in communication with an external Evacuation Tank (l.R). Preferably, this operable linking is via polytetrafluorocthylene (PTFE) tubing or silicon tubing. The Evacuation Tank (l.R) is also operably linked to a vacuum pump that creates a negative pressure. Once vacuum develops in the evacuation tank, exit valve ( 1.K) is opened to engage the flow from Collection Tank (I .I) into the Evacuation Tank (l.R). Likewise, exit valve ( 1.K) can be directly linked to an auto-feed valve of a rotary evaporator. The negative pressure in the rotary evaporatory ("rotavap") will act as the driving force that sucks the solution out of Collection Tank ( 1.1) and into the rotary evaporator for a "direct feed" set up.

[00186] Operating the Cold Air Intake Valve that is Located In-Line with Cold Air Intake Tube [00187] Cold air intake valve (1.B) is alternatively called, airlock valve or gate valve. Cold air intake valve is operably liked with upper-end terminus of cold air intake tube. Cold air intake tube has upper-end terminus and lower-end terminus. The cold air intake tube reaches to the very bottom of the Environment Box (ultra-low temperature freezer chest) (1.L) that houses all of the components pictured in FIG. I . The temperature inside the Environment Box (l.L) is typically between -60C and -75C. The cold air intake valve (l.B) acts as an airlock. When cold air intake valve is in the OPEN position, valve (1.C) acts as a vent for Extraction Tank (l.H). When the cold air intake valve is CLOSED, valve (l.C) draws solvent from a Solvent Storage Tank (I .A) inside the Environment Box. This solvent is preferably ethanol.

[00188] Since we use vacuum for liquid transfers within the system, each tank needs a vent to prevent an equilibrium of vacuum, which ultimately stops the flow. The Extraction l ank needs to suck cold air during this process to prevent the plant material from wanning too much. The Collection Tank (1.1) sucks ambient atmosphere (via valve l.G) because it never holds plant material, and the little bit of warm air that enters that tank during recirculation procedures docs not influence the extraction process in any way. If the cold air intake was not there, we would equalize vacuum in both tanks during the collection of solution from the plant material. If the extraction tank was vented to atmosphere, the draw of warm, room temperature air, into the Extraction Tank would raise the overall temperature inside the Extraction Tank (1 H). Where the present system is used for extracting plant material that contains chlorophyll, the raising of overall temperature inside of Extraction Tank (l.H) leads to a release of chlorophyll into the solution. This release of chlorophyll into the solution is NOT desirable and thus it is the case that raising of the overall temperature must be avoided.

[00189] Structures For Controlling Vacuum

[00190] FIG. 4 shows the same structures as in FIG. 1, except FIG. 4 additionally shows structures for controlling vacuum. What is shown is Evacuation Tank (l.R), vacuum valve (1.M), vacuum valve ( 1.N), vacuum pump ( 1.0), airlock valve ( 1.P), and vacuum valve ( 1.Q). A vacuum flow line is operably linked with interior of Extraction Tank (l.H), where Extraction Tank resides at proximal terminus of vacuum flow line. The vacuum flow line is also operably linked with a branching vacuum line that leads to vacuum pump. Moreover, the vacuum flow line is operably linked with interior of Collection Tank (1.1). The distal terminus of vacuum flow line is operably linked with interior of Evacuation Tank (1.R). The physical contact of vacuum flow line, in the sequence of physical contact from the proximal terminus of vacuum flow line to the distal terminus of vacuum flow line is as follows: Extraction Tank (l .H); Vacuum valve (l.M); Branching line to vacuum pump; Branching line to Collection Tank (1.1); Vacuum valve ( 1.Q); and Evacuation Tank ( 1.R). Regarding the physical nature that allows operable linking of vacuum flow line to Extraction Tank, Collection Tank, and Evacuation Tank, the physical contact of vacuum flow line with these tanks is preferably flush with the upper surface with each of these tanks to avoid any splashing of drops or mist into the vacuum flow line. Alternatively, vacuum flow line may extend for a small distance into one or more of these tanks, for example, by a distance of 1 millimeter (mm), 2 mm, 5 mm, 10 mm, 15 mm, and so on. In addition, splashing of drops or mist into vacuum flow line can be prevented by a deflecting shield, by a cotton plug, and so on, that covers point of operable linking of vacuum flow line with interior of tanks.

[00191] Dewatering, winterization, charcoal

[00192] The systems, methods, and compositions provided by the present disclosure can include a dewatcrizing agent, such as a porous solid, sodium sulfate, magnesium sulfate, and silica. Also, the present disclosure can exclude any system, method, or composition, that has a dewatcrizing agent. The present disclosure can include, or it can exclude, a winterizing step. Winterizing can involve cooling an extract to precipitate, for example, waxes, followed by removing the precipitate by filtering. The present disclosure can include activated charcoal, and a method using activated charcoal. Alternatively, any system or method using activated charcoal can be excluded.

[00193] Machines for shredding, chopping, or grinding oil-containing materials

[00194] The present disclosure can include shredder, metering bin, pelletizer, cooler bin, crumbier, screen or screener, or hammer mill (reduces particulate hemp to size in range of, for example, 1.0 micrometers (μιη) to 500 una, 1.0 μτη to 400 μιη, 1.0 μιτ> to 300 μπι, 1.0 μιη to 200 μηι, 1.0 μπι to 100 μηι, 1.0 μπι to 50 μπι, 1.0 μηι to 25 μπι, or to a size in the range of, for example, 0.2 micrometers (μηι) to 500 μπι, 0.2 μηι to 400 μτη, 0.2 μηι to 300 μπι, 0.2 μπι to 200 μιη, 0.2 μπι to 100 μπι, 0.2 μιη to 50 μπι, 0.2 μηι to 25 μπι, or to a size in the range of, 2 micrometers (μιη) to 500 μπι, 2 μπι to 400 μπι, 2 μιη to 300 μαι, 2 μιη to 200 μνη, 2 μηα to 100 μιη, 2 μπι to 50 μιη, 2 μπι to 25 μηι, and the like). Abo, the present disclosure can exclude one or more these equipments.

[00191] Analysis of chlorophyll and waxes

[00192] Chlorophyll, as well as chlorophyll breakdown products, can be detected and measured by way of a spectrophotometer, spectropolarimeter, and high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) (see, e.g., Porra et al (1989) Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 975:384-394; Roiser MH et al (2015) J. Agric. Food Chem. 63:1385-1392). Chlorophyll can be measured using a chlorophyll meter (Minolta, SPAD-502, Konica-Minolta, Tokyo, Japan). Chlorophyll content in fresh hemp leaves is about 2.0 mg/grams chlorophyll a and about 1.5 mg/grams chlorophyll b (Y. Tang et al (2015) Heavy metal cadmium tolerance on the growth characteristics of industrial hemp

(Cannabis sativa L.) in China. International Conference on Advances in Energy, Environment and Chemical Engineering (AEECE-2015). 289-295).

[00194] Regarding wax content, hemp contains about 0.7 percent wax (T. Humbcr and J.

Mussig (2008) Composite Interfaces. 15:335-349; A.B. Thomsen et al (March 2005) Hemp raw materials: The effect of cultivar, growth conditions and prctrcatment on the chemical

composition of the fibers. Riso National Laboratory. Roskilde, Denmark. ISBN 87-550-3419-5 (30 pages)). Regarding wax content, the present disclosure provides system, methods, and compositions prepared by system and method, where wax content is reduced, and where wax content is below 2% (w/w), below 1.5%, below 1.0%, below 0.8%, below 0.6%, below 0.4%, below 0.2%, below 0.1 %, below 0.8%, below 0.6%, below 0.4%, below 0.2%, and so on. These numbers arc based on determining amount of wax present in the prepared oil, based on calculations that normalize the measured wax to 100 grams of starting material (fresh hemp). The present disclosure provides reduced wax content, as measurable by ratio of wax/chlorophyll (wt/wt), where a prepared oil, an oil-enriched solution, or an oil-enriched product, has a wax/chlorophyll ratio of less than 4 grams wax/gram chlorophyll, less than 3.5, less than 3.0, less than 2.5, less than 2.0, less than 1.5, less than 1.0, less than 0.8, less than 0.6, less than 0.4, less than 0.2, less than 0.1 , less than 0.08, less man 0.06, less than 0.04, less than 0.02, or less than 0.01 grams wax/gram chlorophyll. These parameters may be based on total chlorophyll, on chlorophyll a, or on chlorophyll b. The extent of wax reduction can be expressed by way of two different parameters: (I) Wax in the processed oil-containing substance/chlorophyll in the processed oil-containing substance; or (2) Wax in the processed oil-containing

substance/chlorophyll in corresponding amount of starting material (e.g., fresh hemp).

[00195] The present disclosure can include compositions, and methods for making compositions, where the composition has an optical density (OD) of about 0.02, about 0.04, about 0.06, about 0.08, about 0.10, about 0.2, about 0.3, about 0.4, about 0.5, about 0.6, about 0.7, about 0.8, about 0.9, about 1.0, about 1.2, and so on. Also, the present disclosure can exclude a composition and methods that is characterizablc by one of these ODs. Also, the present disclosure can include compositions, and methods for making compositions, where the composition has an OD of greater than (or lesser than) 0.02, 0.04, 0.06, 0.08, 0.10, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, 0.8, 0.9, 1.0, 1.2, and so on. Also, the present disclosure can exclude compositions and related methods, where the composition is characterizable by one of these ODs. The OD of the compositions of the present disclosure can be measured at, for example, 425 nm (violet), 450 nm, 500 nm, 525 nm (green), 550 nm (yellow), 600 nm (orange), 650 nm, 675 nm (red), 700 nm (red), and so on.

[00195] Reagents, chemicals, solvents, filters, and instrumentation such as spectrophotometers, mixers, and rotary evaporators, arc available from, e.g., Sigma-Aldrich, St. Ix>uis, CA; Life Technologies, Carlsbad, CA; BD Biosciences, San Jose, CA; EMD Millipore, Billerica, MA; Thomas Scientific, Swedesboro, New Jersey. What is available are fluorescent dyes, radioactive isotopes, electron-dense reagents, fluorettes (see, e.g., Rozinov and Nolan (1998) Chcm. Biol. 5:713-728).

[00196] Initial physical state of oil-containing material

[00197] Starting material for the compositions and methods of present disclosure can be one or more of, whole hemp stalk, shive, bast fiber, leaves, flower buds, whole hemp stalk harvested when hemp plant was in flower and before seed had formed, whole hemp stalk harvested after seed had formed. In embodiments, moisture of starting material has an upper limit of 4% by weight, 6% by weight, 8% by weight, 10% by weight, 12% by weight, 14% by weight, 16% by weight, 18% by weight, 20% by weight, 22% by weight, 24% by weight, and so on. In embodiments, the present compositions and methods include a composition that is less than (or where there is a step that dries composition to be less than), 4% by weight, 6% by weight, 8% by weight, 10% by weight, 12% by weight, 14% by weight, 16% by weight, 18% by weight, 20% by weight, 22% by weight, 24% by weight, and so on.

[00198] Extraction chambers

[00199] System and method of the present disclosure can include, or alternatively exclude, baffles capable of collecting oils, convex baffles, or concave baffles. Also, system and method can include, or alternatively exclude, an extraction chamber with a upper end (or top end) and a lower end (or bottom end), and where top end comprises an aperture that is capable of allowing entry of solvent into extraction chamber and where bottom end comprises an aperture that is capable of draining (or capable of pumping out) or extracted oil. In said embodiments, extraction chamber possesses a region capable of holding oil-containing biological material, where this region is situated in between inlet aperture (at top) and outlet aperture (at bottom).

[00200] The system of the present disclosure provides one or more pressure locks, where a pressure lock can reside at point in system where oil-containing product leaves the laboratory (ambient conditions) and enters extraction chamber or vessel. Pressure lock has a first door or port that conveys oil-containing product from ambient conditions into pressure lock, and a second door or port that conveys oil-containing product from pressure lock to extraction chamber or vessel. Also, the present disclosure has a corresponding pressure lock, where oil-depleted product exits extraction chamber or vessel, and returns to ambient conditions. In exclusionary embodiments, the present disclosure can exclude pressure locks.

[00201] Devices for directing solvent towards oil-containing material

[00202] In embodiments, what can be included is a system where there is only one aperture (or only one nozzle) that is used to direct a jet or a mist of solvent to oil-containing biological materials. This can also be excluded. Also, in embodiments, what can be included is a system where there is a plurality of apertures (or a plurality of nozzles) that is used to direct a jet or a mist of solvent to oil-containing biological materials. This can also be excluded. Additionally, what can be included is a system where there is a plurality of apertures (or a plurality of nozzles) that is used to direct a jet or a mist of solvent to oil-containing biological materials, and where at least one aperture or nozzle directs solvent in a first vector towards oil -containing materials and where at least one aperture or nozzle directs solvent in a second vector that points opposite the first vector, and where both the first vector and the second vector point to the oil-containing biological materials. Put another way, the first at least one nozzle can point downwards and the second at least one nozzle can point upwards, where the oil-containing materials arc in between. Also, the first at least one nozzle can point rightwards and the second at least one nozzle can point leftwards, where the oil-containing materials are in between. This can also be excluded.

[00203] In embodiments, the method provides that liquid solvent be admitted to extraction chamber at same temperature or, alternatively, at lower temperature, as temperature used to accomplish oil extraction. Temperature of liquid solvent when admitted to extraction chamber can be at about 4 degrees C, about 8 degrees C, about 12 degrees C, about 16 degrees C, about 20 degrees C, about 24 degrees C, about 28 degrees C, and so on, lower than temperature that is used to accomplish oil extraction. In embodiments, the present disclosure can also exclude systems and methods that do not meet one or more of these solvent admission temperatures.

[00204] Supercritical fluids and subcritical fluids

[00205] The following provides non-limiting guidance on solvents that are encompassed by the present disclosure. Supercritical fluids are substances at pressures and temperatures above their critical values. Their solvent power is the highest for non-polar or slightly polar components and decreases with increasing molecular weight. They can easily be removed from the solutes by mere expansion to ambient pressure. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is particularly advantageous for processing food materials. Supercritical fluids are used for batch extractions of solids, for multistage counter-current separation (fractionation) of liquids, and for adsorptive and

chromatographic separations (Brunner G (2005) Supercritical fluids: technology and application to food processing. J. Food Eng. 67:21 -33). As staled by Poliakoff, "Supercritical fluids arc highly compressed gases which combine properties of gases and liquids in an intriguing manner. Fluids such as supercritical xenon, ethane and carbon dioxide offer a range of unusual chemical possibilities in both synthetic and analytical chemistry." Below critical parameters, two distinct phases exist (liquid and vapor). As temperature rises, the liquid expands and the two phases become less distinct, and what is formed is a new supercritical phase (Simon Poliakoff

(Jan. 2001) An Introduction to Supercritical Fluids, Univ. of Nottingham). According to US2009/0053382 of Kawamura, "Once a specific temperature and pressure (critical point) are exceeded, the boundary between gas and liquid will dissipate, leaving a region where the fluid is sustained in a state in which both phases arc blended together. Such a fluid is called a supercritical fluid. Supercritical fluids have high density and have properties somewhere between a gas and a liquid. Subcntical fluids are fluids in a state in which the pressure and temperature are below the critical point. Examples of the method for supplying the high-temperature, high- pressure fluid include batch systems, in which the fluid is supplied to a pressure vessel, and a set processing time is maintained while the temperature and pressure are increased. Alternatively, in a continuous system, the fluid is made to flow for a set period of time in a pressure vessel from a fluid-supply pathway to a fluid-discharge pathway provided to the pressure vessel so that the fluid will be discharged from the fluid-discharge pathway at an exit pressure that is higher than atmospheric pressure." The system, methods, and compositions produced by the current disclosure can encompass one or more of supercritical fluids, near-critical fluids, subcritical fluids, and critical fluids, and can exclude one or more of supercritical fluids, near-critical fluids, subcritical fluids, and critical fluids. In embodiments, the present disclosure provides solvent that is carbon dioxide in its supercritical phase, and where plant oils form micelles with the solvent during extraction.

[00206] Subcritical fluids are compressed fluids below their critical temperatures, yet kept in their liquid state and used above their boiling points by applying pressure (A. Procter (ed.) Alternatives to Conventional Food Processing, Volume 1. RSC Publishing, page 97).

[00207] Regarding carbon dioxide, subcritical pressure and temperature can be 55 bar and 25 degrees C, or 70 bar and 50 degrees C, or 60 bar and 30 degrees C, or 55 bar and 25 degrees C, or 50 bar and 20 degrees C. Also, subcritical conditions can be about 55 bar and about 25 degrees C, or about 70 bar and about 50 degrees C, or about 60 bar and about 30 degrees C, or about 55 bar and about 25 degrees C, or about 50 bar and about 20 degrees C. In exclusionary embodiments, the present disclosure can exclude system and methods that use these conditions, and compositions made under these conditions.

[00208] Regarding carbon dioxide, supercritical pressure and temperature can be 300 bar and 70 degrees C, or 180 bar and 55 degrees C. Also, supercritical conditions can be about 300 bar and about 70 degrees C, or about 180 bar and about 55 degrees C. Tn exclusionary embodiments, the present disclosure can exclude system and methods that use these conditions, and

compositions made under these conditions.

[00209] Solvents for extracting oils [00210] Solvents can be one or more of methyl alcohol, acetone, mcthylethylketone, butrylcarbitol, petroleum ether, butane, isobutane, propane, methane, ethane, butylenc, hexane, sulfur dioxide, carbon dioxide, CCIF 3 , CFBr 3 , ammonia, nitrogen, halogenated hydrocarbons. Also, one or more of these solvents can be excluded. The present disclosure can include compositions prepared by a method that uses dioxane, and it can include a method that uses dioxane. Also, these can be excluded.

[00211] Co-solvents can be used, where co-solvent is about 5%, about 10%, about 20%, about 30%, about 40%, about 50%, about 60%, about 70%, about 80%, about 90% of the volume of the primary solvent The present disclosure can also exclude any method that uses a co-solvent, or any composition prepared by a method that uses a co-solvent. Ratio of solvent to oil- containing biological substance, or ratio of [sum of solvent plus co-solvent] to oil-containing biological substance, can be 1 :1, 1 :1.2. 1:1.4, 1:1.6, 1:1.8, 1 :2.0, 1:2.5, 1 :3, 1.3.5, 1:4, 1.4.5, 1.5, and so on (ratio on per weight basis). Also, ratio can be 1: 1, 1.2: 1, 1.4: 1, 1.6: 1, 1.8:1, 2: 1, 2.5: 1, 3:1, 3.5: 1, 4: 1 , 4.5:1, 5:1, and so on (ratio on per weight basis). What can be excluded is any compositions and related methods that uses a co-solvent, and what can be excluded is

compositions charactcrizable by any of these ratios.

[00212] Also, ratio can be about 1:1. about 1 : 1.2, about 1 : 1.4, about 1 :1.6, about 1 :1.8, about 1 :2.0, about 1 :2.5, about 1 :3, about 1.3.5, about 1 :4, about 1.4.5, about 1.5, and so on (ratio on per weight basis). Also, ratio can be about 1:1, about 1.2: 1 , about 1.4: 1 , about 1.6: 1 , about 1.8: 1 , about 2:1, about 2.5: 1, about 3:1, about 3.5: 1 , about 4:1, about 4.5:1, about 5:1, and so on (ratio on per weight basis). Compositions and related methods characterizable by any of these ratios can be excluded.

[00213] Amount of chlorophyll with respect to amount of cannabidiol (CBD)

[00214] In embodiments, the present disclosure provides compositions, intermediates, methods to generate compositions, and equipment capable of generating compositions, with 0.01%, 0.02%, 0.05%, 0.1%, 0.2%, 0.5%, 1.0%, 2%, 4%, 6%, 8%, 10% chlorophyll by weight, or with about 0.01%, about 0.02%, about 0.05%, about 0.1 %, about 0.2%, about 0.5%, about 1.0%, about 2%, about 4%, about 6%, about 8%, about 10% chlorophyll by weight. Also, provided are compositions, methods, and equipment capable of generating compositions with greater than (or less than) 0.01%, 0.02%, 0.05%, 0.1%, 0.2%, 0.5%, 1.0%, 2%, 4%, 6%, 8%, 10% chlorophyll by weight. In exclusionary embodiments, what is provided are compositions, methods, and equipment that excludes compositions characterizablc by one or more of the above parameters.

[00215] In embodiments, the present disclosure provides compositions, intermediates, methods to generate compositions, and equipment capable of generating compositions, with about, 1%, 2%, 6%, 8%, 10%, 12%, 14%, 16%, 18%, 20%, 25%, 30%, 35%, 40%, 45%, 50%, 55%, 60%, cannabidiol (CBD) by weight. Also, the present disclosure provides compositions,

intermediates, methods to generate compositions, and equipment capable of generating compositions, with about greater than, 1%, 2%, 6%, 8%, 10%, 12%, 14%, 16%, 18%, 20%, 25%, 30%, 35%, 40%, 45%, 50%, 55%, 60%, cannabidiol (CBD) by weight. Moreover, the present disclosure provides compositions, intermediates, methods to generate compositions, and equipment capable of generating compositions, with about lesser than, 1%, 2%, 6%, 8%, 10%, 12%, 14%, 16%, 18%, 20%, 25%, 30%, 35%, 40%, 45%, 50%, 55%, 60%, cannabidiol (CBD) by weight. In exclusionary embodiments, what is provided are compositions, methods, and equipment that excludes compositions charactcrizable by one or more of the above parameters.

[00216] What is provided for each of the above inclusionary embodiments, and for each of the above exclusionary embodiments, is a composition where "by weight" is in terms of wet weight or alternatively, in terms of dry weight where essentially all solvent and all moisture is removed.

[00217] In ratio embodiments, the present disclosure provides compositions, methods, and equipment capable of making said compositions, where the ratio (by weight) of

chlorophyll cannabidiol (CBD) is about 0.0001, about 0.0002, about 0.0005, about 0.001, about 0.002, about 0.005, about 0.01, about 0.02, about 0.05, about 0.1, about 0.2, or about 0.05. Also provided are compositions, methods, and equipment capable of making said compositions, where the ratio (by weight) of chlorophyll/cannabidiol (CBD) is above 0.0001, above 0.0002, above 0.0005, above 0.001, above 0.002, above 0.005, above 0.01, above 0.02, above 0.05, above 0.1, above 0.2, or above 0.05. Moreover, what is provided is compositions, methods, and equipment capable of making said compositions where the ratio (by weight) of chlorophyll/cannabidiol (CBD) is under 0.0001, under 0.0002, under 0.0005, under 0.001, under 0.002, under 0.005, under 0.01 , under 0.02, under 0.05, under 0.1 , under 0.2, or under 0.05.

[00218] Freezers, valves, gauges, pumps, chillers, thermometers, sight glass [00219] Freezers and ultra-low temperature freezers are available from VWR (Visalia, CA) and from Fisher Scientific (South San Francisco, CA). Freezers include -86° Select® Ultra-Low Freezer, and Premier® Solid Door Low Temp Freezer -40°C (Nor-Lake, Inc., Hudson,

Wisconsin). The skilled artisan can modify freezers to include pipes or hoses for circulating cold air out for cooling an extraction chamber or Extraction Tank, and for returning cold air back lo the freezer.

[00220] Filtration can be with lenticular filtration, plate and fram filtration, membrane filters, strainers (G.W. Kent, Ypsilanti, Michigan). Valves such as solenoid valves and conical fermcnters dual valve tap, spray rinse valve, goggle valve, vacuum distillation valve, lift plug valve, changeover valve, disc bottom outlet valve, globe valve, line blind valve, in-tank shut-off valve arc available (SchuF Chemieventilc Vertriebs, Frankfurt, Germany; G.W. Kent, Ypsilanti, Michigan; Midwest Suppliers, St. Louis Park, Minnesota). Gauges such as vacuum gauges arc available (W.W. Grainger, Inc., Los Angeles, CA). Vacuum pumps, such as liquid ring vacuum pump, dry screw vacuum pump, rotary vane vacuum pump, scroll vacuum pump, diffusion vacuum pump, dry claw vacuum pump, PTFE diaphragm vacuum pump; DuoSeal® high vacuum pump; Vacuubrand RZ2.5® vacuum pump; are available (Busch Vacuum Pumps and Systems, Virginia Beach, Virginia; Thomas Scientific, Swedesboro, New Jersey). Recording thermometers are available (Thomas Scientific, Swedesboro, NJ). Automated control of temperatures, for use in reactors, are available (M. Coughran (June 2008) Improve Batch Reactor Temperature Control. Chemical Processing. Emerson Process Management, Austin, Texas).

[00221] Chillers, air compressors, Extraction Tanks, extractors that use carbon dioxide, gas pumps, liquid pumps, temperature probes, cooling jackets, for example, for cooling an Extraction Tank or extraction chamber are available (MRX Xtractors, Inc. Canby, Oregon; Apeks, LLC, Johnstown, Ohio).

[00222] The sight glass of the present disclosure allows the operator to have a visual gauge on the saturation of the solution. Also, sight glass shows the operator how much cthanol is releasing from the plant material during the collection and evacuation process. The sight glass is an INLINE device that is of preferably of glass, silicone, and stainless construction. As solvent passes over plant material, it begins to absorb actives and becomes rich in color. The sight glass allows the operator to understand at which point the solution has stopped absorbing chemicals during the extration process. Likewise, after the final rinse with clean cthanol, an operator can determine whether he is still washing color out of the plant material (color means that actives are still being releasing).

[00223] Sight glass is available (Dixon Valve, Chesterton, MD; Abrisa Technologies. Santa Paulo, CA; LJ. Star, Tnc., Twinsburg, Ohio). Sight glass is a visual observation window made of robust glass, used to verify conditions in pipes, vessels, and chemical reactors. The window resists high temperatures, caustic chemicals and solvents, and h high pressure. Sight glass can be made of thick borosilicate glass, quartz, sapphire (Abrisa Technologies, Application Note: Sight Glass (Nov. 2017) (2 pages)).

[00224] EXCLUSIONARY EMBODIMENTS

[00225] In embodiments, the present disclosure can exclude any system, device, or method, that comprises more than one solvent storage tank, that comprises more than one extraction tank, that comprises more than one collection tank, that comprises less than two solvent storage tanks, that comprises less than three solvent storage tanks, and so on.

[00226] Also, what can be excluded is any system, device, or method, where plant matter is extracted, and where the temperature of plant matter extraction is at a temperature greater than minus 40 degrees C, greater than minus 35 degrees C, greater than minus 30 degrees C, greater than minus 25 degrees C, greater than minus 20 degrees C, greater than minus 15 degrees C, greater than minus 10 degrees C, greater than 0 degrees C, or greater than plus 10 degrees C. Each of these exclusionary embodiments can be further defined, where the relevant temperature cutoff point is relevant for the entire extraction procedure (e.g., time that solvent is in contact with plant matter), for about 95% of the extraction procedure, for about 90%, for about 85%, for about 80%, for about 75%, for about 70%, for about 65%, for about 60%, for about 55%, for about 50%, for about 45%, for about 40%, for about 35%, for about 30%, for about 25%, for about 20%, for about 15%„ and the like, of the entire extraction procedure, or for under 95%, under 90%, under 85%, under 80%, under 75%, under 70%, under 65%, under 60%, under 55%, under 50%, under 45%, under 40%, under 35%, under 30%, under 25%, under 20%, under 15% of the entire extraction procedure, and so on, or for over 95%, over 90%, over 85%, over 80%, over 75%, over 70%, over 65%, over 60%, over 55%, over 50%, over 45%, over 40%, over 35%, over 30%, over 25%, over 20%, and the like, of the entire extraction procedure. [00227] In other words, the above designations serve as an algorithm that can support a claim element reading, "wherein the method of plant matter extraction excludes any method of plant matter extraction, where plant matter is extracted at greater than minus 20 degrees C for under 50% of the entire extraction procedure."

[00228] In embodiments, the present disclosure can include, or alternatively exclude, a system, method, or apparatus that comprises a continuous extractor with a first-stage Extraction Tank and a second-stage Extraction l ank. What can also be included, or alternatively excluded, is a system, method, or apparatus that comprises a first-stage Extraction Tank with a trap and a conduit leading to an oil/solvent separator, where the trap and conduit leads the mixture of oil and solvent to an oil/solvent separator, and where this generator produces: (1) Separated oil; and (2) Solvent that is substantially reduced in oil content. What can also be excluded is system, method, or apparatus, where a solvent that is substantially reduced in oil is transported to a reservoir where the reservoir is capable of chilling gaseous solvent or, alternatively, where the solvent that is substantially reduced in oil is cooled by a chiller and then transported to a reservoir. Regarding an apparatus or step where oil-containing biological material is extracted, the present disclosure can encompass, or alternatively exclude, an apparatus or method where liquid solvent such as liquid butane is transported through a conduit, then contacted to, sprayed on, or dripped on, an oil-containing biological product that resides in an Extraction Tank. In one embodiment, what can be encompassed or excluded, is a system or method where Extraction Tank contains a conveyor that moves oil-containing product from an inlet (inlet where oil- containing product is placed into Extraction Tank) to an outlet (outlet where extracted oil- containing product is removed from Extraction Tank).

[00229] What can be included, or alternatively excluded, is system or method where vaporized solvent is recycled and placed into a reservoir, where reservoir chills the gaseous solvent to a temperature resulting in change from gaseous state to a liquid state.

[00230] In embodiments, the system and method encompasses only one Extraction Tank (or encompasses only one extraction step), and wherein what can be included, or alternatively excluded, is that solvent placed into extraction chamber can be either pure solvent that does not have any residual oil from biological product or alternatively the solvent can take the form of recycled solvent that has traces of residual oil from biological product (recycled using an oil/solvent separator).

[00231] In an embodiment with a first-stage Extraction Tank and a second-stage Extraction Tank, solvent placed into second-stage extraction chamber can be either pure solvent that docs not have any residual oil from biological product or alternatively the solvent can take the form of recycled solvent that has traces of residual oil from biological product (recycled using an oil/solvent separator). In an exclusionary embodiment, this system and method can be excluded.

[00232] Also, in an embodiment with a first-stage Extraction Tank and a second-stage

Extraction Tank, solvent placed into first-stage extraction chamber can be cither pure solvent that does not have any residual oil from biological product or alternatively the solvent can take the form of recycled solvent that has traces of residual oil from biological product (recycled using an oil/solvent separator). In an exclusionary embodiment, this system and method can be excluded.

[00233] The present invention is not to be limited by compositions, reagents, methods, diagnostics, laboratory data, and the like, of the present disclosure. Also, the present invention is not be limited by any preferred embodiments that are disclosed herein.

[00234] Unless otherwise indicated, all numbers expressing quantities of ingredients, properties such as molecular weight, reaction conditions, and so forth used in the specification and claims are to be understood as being modified in all instances by the term "about." Accordingly, unless indicated to the contrary, the numerical parameters set forth in the specification and attached claims arc approximations that may vary depending upon the desired properties sought to be obtained by the present invention. At the very least, and not as an attempt to limit the application of the doctrine of equivalents to the scope of the claims, each numerical parameter should at least be construed in light of the number of reported significant digits and by applying ordinary rounding techniques. Notwithstanding that the numerical ranges and parameters setting forth the broad scope of the invention are approximations, the numerical values set forth in the specific examples are reported as precisely as possible. Any numerical value, however, inherently contains certain errors necessarily resulting from the standard deviation found in their respective testing measurements. [00235] The terms "a," "an," "the" and similar referents used in the context of describing the invention (especially in the context of the following claims) are to be construed to cover both the singular and the plural, unless otherwise indicated herein or clearly contradicted by context. Recitation of ranges of values herein is merely intended to serve as a shorthand method of referring individually to each separate value falling within the range. Unless otherwise indicated herein, each individual value is incorporated into the specification as if it were individually recited herein. All methods described herein can be performed in any suitable order unless otherwise indicated herein or otherwise clearly contradicted by context. The use of any and all examples, or exemplary language (e.g., "such as") provided herein is intended merely to better illuminate the invention and does not pose a limitation on the scope of the invention otherwise claimed. No language in the specification should be construed as indicating any non-claimed clement essential to the practice of the invention.

[00236] Groupings of alternative elements or embodiments of the invention disclosed herein arc not to be construed as limitations. Each group member may be referred to and claimed individually or in any combination with other members of the group or other elements found herein. It is anticipated that one or more members of a group may be included in, or deleted from, a group for reasons of convenience and/or patentability. When any such inclusion or deletion occurs, the specification is deemed to contain the group as modified thus fulfilling the written description of all Markush groups used in the appended claims.

[00237] Certain embodiments of this invention are described herein, including the best mode known to the inventors for carrying out the invention. Of course, variations on these described embodiments will become apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art upon reading the foregoing description. The inventor expects skilled artisans to employ such variations as appropriate, and the inventors intend for the invention to be practiced otherwise than specifically described herein. Accordingly, this invention includes all modifications and equivalents of the subject matter recited in the claims appended hereto as permitted by applicable law. Moreover, any combination of the above-described elements in all possible variations thereof is encompassed by the invention unless otherwise indicated herein or otherwise clearly contradicted by context. [00238] Specific embodiments disclosed herein may be further limited in the claims using consisting of or consisting essentially of language. When used in the claims, whether as filed or added per amendment, the transition term "consisting of excludes any element, step, or ingredient not specified in the claims. The transition term "consisting essentially of limits the scope of a claim to the specified materials or steps and those that do not materially affect the basic and novel characteristic(s). Embodiments of the invention so claimed are inherently or expressly described and enabled herein.

[00239] As one skilled in the art would recognize as necessary or best-suited for performance of the methods of the invention, a computer system or machines of the invention include one or more processors (e.g., a central processing unit (CPU) a graphics processing unit (GPU) or both), a main memory and a static memory, which communicate with each other via a bus.

[00240] A processor may be provided by one or more processors including, for example, one or more of a single core or multi-core processor (e.g., AMD Phcnom 11 X2, Intel Core Duo, AMD Phenom Π X4, Intel Core i5, Intel Core i& Extreme Edition 980X, or Intel Xeon E7- 2820).

[00241] An I/O mechanism may include a video display unit (e.g., a liquid crystal display (LCD) or a cathode ray tube (CRT)), an alphanumeric input device (e.g., a keyboard), a cursor control device (e.g., a mouse), a disk drive unit, a signal generation device (e.g., a speaker), an accelerometer, a microphone, a cellular radio frequency antenna, and a network interface device (e.g., a network interface card (NIC), Wi-Fi card, cellular modem, data jack, Ethernet port, modem jack, HDM1 port, rnini-HDMI port, USB port), touchscreen (e.g., CRT, LCD, LED, AMOLED, Super AMOLED), pointing device, trackpad, light (e.g., LED), light/image projection device, or a combination thereof.

[00242] Memory according to the invention refers to a non-transitory memory which is provided by one or more tangible devices which preferably include one or more machine- readable medium on which is stored one or more sets of instructions (e.g., software) embodying any one or more of the methodologies or functions described herein. The software may also reside, completely or at least partially, within the main memory, processor, or both during execution thereof by a computer within system, the main memory and the processor also constituting machine-readable media. The software may further be transmitted or received over a network via the network interface device.

[00243] While the machine-readable medium can in an exemplary embodiment be a single medium, the term "machine-readable medium" should be taken to include a single medium or multiple media (e.g., a centralized or distributed database, and/or associated caches and servers) that store the one or more sets of instructions. The term "machine-readable medium" shall also be taken to include any medium that is capable of storing, encoding or carrying a set of instructions for execution by the machine and that cause the machine to perform any one or more of the methodologies of the present invention. Memory may be, for example, one or more of a hard disk drive, solid state drive (SSD), an optical disc, flash memory, zip disk, tape drive, "cloud" storage location, or a combination thereof. In certain embodiments, a device of the invention includes a tangible, non-transitory computer readable medium for memory. Exemplary devices for use as memory include semiconductor memory devices, (e.g., EPROM, EF.PROM, solid state drive (SSD), and flash memory devices e.g., SD, micro SD, SDXC, SDIO, SDHC cards); magnetic disks, (e.g., internal hard disks or removable disks); and optical disks (e.g., CD and DVD disks).

[00244] Furthermore, numerous references have been made to patents and printed publications throughout this specification. Each of the above-cited references and printed publications are individually incorporated herein by reference in their entirety.

[00245] In closing, it is to he understood that the embodiments of the invention disclosed herein are illustrative of the principles of the present invention. Other modifications that may be employed are within the scope of the invention. Thus, by way of example, but not of limitation, alternative configurations of the present invention may be utilized in accordance with the teachings herein. Accordingly, the present invention is not limited to that precisely as shown and described.