Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
METHODS OF USE OF THROMBIN RECEPTOR ANTAGONISTS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2005/046688
Kind Code:
A2
Abstract:
A method of treating a therapeutic condition comprising administering to a mammal in need of such treatment an effective amount of at least one compound of the formulas (I) and (II) or a pharmaceutically acceptable isomer, salt, solvate or co-crystal form thereof, wherein the substituents are as defined in the specification, wherein said therapeutic condition is a cardiovascular or circulatory disease or condition, an inflammatory disease or condition, a respiratory tract or disease or condition, cancer, acute renal failure, astrogliosis, a fibrotic disorder of the liver, kidney, lung or intestinal tract, Alzheimer’s disease, diabetes, diabetic neuropathy, rheumatoid arthritis, neurodegenerative disease, neurotoxic disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, multiple sclerosis, osteoporosis, glaucoma, macular degeneration, psoriasis, radiation fibrosis, endothelial dysfunction, a wound or a spinal cord injury, or a symptom or result thereof. Combination therapy with other therapeutically effective agents is also disclosed.

Inventors:
Chackalamannil, Samuel (17 Windy Heights Road, Califon, New Jersey, 07830, US)
Clasby, Martin C. (79 Elsie Drive, Plainsboro, New Jersey, 08536, US)
Greenlee, William J. (115 Herrick Avenue, Teaneck, New Jersey, 07666, US)
Wang, Yuguang (38 Princess Street, North Brunswick, New Jersey, 08902, US)
Xia, Yan (66 Tower Road, Edison, New Jersey, 08820, US)
Veltri, Enrico P. (6 Toftrees Court, Princeton, New Jersey, 08540, US)
Chelliah, Mariappan V. (56 Portland Street, Edison, New Jersey, 08820, US)
Wenxue WU. (53 Zaitz Farm Road, Princeton Junction, New Jersey, 08550, US)
Graziano, Michael P. (2239 Concord Road, Scotch Plains, New Jersey, 07076, US)
Kosoglou, Teddy (2457 Primrose Court, Jamison, Pennsylvania, 18929, US)
Chintala, Madhu (8 Queens Pass, Colts Neck, New Jersey, 07722, US)
Application Number:
PCT/US2004/037519
Publication Date:
May 26, 2005
Filing Date:
November 09, 2004
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
SCHERING CORPORATION (Patent Department, K-6-1 1990 2000 Galloping Hill Roa, Kenilworth New Jersey, 07033-0530, US)
Chackalamannil, Samuel (17 Windy Heights Road, Califon, New Jersey, 07830, US)
Clasby, Martin C. (79 Elsie Drive, Plainsboro, New Jersey, 08536, US)
Greenlee, William J. (115 Herrick Avenue, Teaneck, New Jersey, 07666, US)
Wang, Yuguang (38 Princess Street, North Brunswick, New Jersey, 08902, US)
Xia, Yan (66 Tower Road, Edison, New Jersey, 08820, US)
Veltri, Enrico P. (6 Toftrees Court, Princeton, New Jersey, 08540, US)
Chelliah, Mariappan V. (56 Portland Street, Edison, New Jersey, 08820, US)
Wenxue WU. (53 Zaitz Farm Road, Princeton Junction, New Jersey, 08550, US)
Graziano, Michael P. (2239 Concord Road, Scotch Plains, New Jersey, 07076, US)
Kosoglou, Teddy (2457 Primrose Court, Jamison, Pennsylvania, 18929, US)
Chintala, Madhu (8 Queens Pass, Colts Neck, New Jersey, 07722, US)
International Classes:
A61K31/343; A61K31/4525; C07D405/06; C07D405/14; C07D413/14; C07D417/14; C07D521/00; (IPC1-7): A61K31/4525; A61K31/343; A61P9/00; A61P29/00; A61P11/00; A61P35/00; A61P25/28; A61P13/12
Domestic Patent References:
WO2001096330A22001-12-20
WO2003089428A12003-10-30
Foreign References:
US20040152736A12004-08-05
Other References:
DATABASE WPI Section Ch, Week 200416 Derwent Publications Ltd., London, GB; Class B02, AN 2004-159343 XP002323767 & JP 2003 183269 A (KYORIN PHARM CO LTD) 3 July 2003 (2003-07-03)
See also references of EP 1682140A2
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Reinhardt, Gerard E. (SCHERING-PLOUGH CORPORATION, Patent Department K-6-1 1990, 2000 Galloping Hill Roa, Kenilworth New Jersey, 07033-0530, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
We claim :
1. A method of treating a therapeutic condition comprising administering to a mammal in need of such treatment an effective amount of at least one compound of the formula: or a pharmaceutical acceptable isomer, salt, solvate or ccrystal form thereof, wherein: R34 7, (CH2) nX, (CH2) n<v Zis(CH2) n~s X when R10 is absent, or Ds (CH2) n 8 when R3 is absent ; the single dotted line adjacent to R34 represents an optional double bond; the double dotted lines adjacent to X ====== together represent an optional single bond; n is 02; R1 and R2 are independently selected from the group consisting of H, C1 C6 alkyl, fluoro (C1C6) alkyl, difluoro (C1C6) alkyl, trifluoro(C1C6) alkyl, C3C7 cycloalkyl, C2C6 alkenyl, aryl (C1C6) alkyl, aryl (C2C6) alkenyl, heteroaryl (C1 C6) alkyl, heteroaryl (C2C6) alkenyl, hydroxy(C1C6) alkyl, (C1C6) alkoxy (C1 C6) alkyl, amino(C1C6) alkyl, aryl and thio (C1C6) alkyl ; or R1 and R2 together forma =Ogroup ; R3 is H, hydroxy, C1C6 alkoxy, NR18R19, SOR16, SO2R17, C(O)OR17, C (O) NR18R19, C1C6 alkyl, halogen, fluoro(C1C6)alkyl, difluoro(C1C6)alkyl, trifluoro (C1C6) alkyl, C3C7 cycloalkyl, C2C6 alkenyl, aryl (C1C6) alkyl, aryl (C2 C6) alkenyl, heteroaryl (C1C6) alkyl, heteroaryl (C2C6) alkenyl, hydroxy (CiC6) alkyl, amino (C1C6) alkyl, aryl, thio (C1C6) alkyl, (C1C6) alkoxy (C1C6) alkyl or (C1 C6) alkylamin (C1C6) alkyl ; R34 is (H, R3), (H, R43), =O or when the optional double bond adjacent to R34 is absent; R34 is R44 when the double bond is present; Het is a mono, bior tricyclic heteroaromatic group of 5 to 14 atoms comprised of 1 to 13 carbon atoms and 1 to 4 heteroatoms independently selected from the group consisting of N, O and S, wherein a ring nitrogen can form an N oxide or a quaternary group with a C1C4 alkyl group, wherein Het is attached to B by a carbon atom ring member of Het, and wherein the Het group is substituted by 1 to 4 moieties, W, independently selected from the group consisting of H; CiCe alkyl ; fluoro(C1C6)alkyl ; difluoro (C1C6) alkyl ; trifluoro(C1C6)alkyl ; C3C7 cycloalkyl ; heterocycloalkyl ; heterocycloalkyl substituted by C1C6 alkyl, C2C6 alkenyl, OH(C1C6)alkyl, or =O ; C2C6 alkenyl ; R21aryl(C1C6)alkyl ; R21aryl (C2C6)alkenyl ; R21aryloxy ; R21aryiNH ; heteroaryl (ClC6) alkyl ; heteroaryl (C2 C6)alkenyl ; heteroaryloxy ; heteroarylNH ; hydroxy (C1C6) alkyl ; dihydroxy (C1 C6) alkyl ; amino (C1C6) alkyl ; (C1C6) alkylamino(C1C6) alkyl ; di((C1C6)alkyl amino (C1C6) alkyl ; thio (C1C6) alkyl ; C1C6 alkoxy ; C2C6 alkenyloxy ; halogen ; NR4R5;CN ; OH ; COOR17 ; COR16 ; OSO2CF3 ;CH20CH2CF3 ; (C1 <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> C6) alkylthio ; C (O) NR4R5 ;OCHR6phenyl ; phenoxy(C1C6) alkyl ;NHCOR16 ; NHS02R16 ; biphenyl ;OC (R6) 2COOR7 ; OC (R6) 2C (O) NR4R5 ; (C1C6) alkoxy ; C (=NOR17)R18 ; C1C6 alkoxy substituted by (C1C6) alkyl, amino, OH, COOR17, NHCOOR17, CONR4R5, aryl, aryl substituted by 1 to 3 moieties independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, CF3, C1C6 alkyl, C1C6 alkoxy and COOR17, aryl wherein adjacent carbons form a ring with a methylenedioxy group, C(O)NR4R5 or heteroaryl ; R21aryl; aryl wherein adjacent carbons form a ring with a methylenedioxy group; R41heteroaryl ; and heteroaryl wherein adjacent carbon atoms form a ring with a C3C5 alkylene group or a methylenedioxy group ;. R4 and R5 are independently selected from the group consisting of H, C1 C6 alkyl, phenyl, benzyl and C3C7 cycloalkyl, or R4 and R5 together are (CH2) 4, (CH2) 5 or (CH2) 2NR7 (CH2) 2 and form a ring with the nitrogen to which they are attached; R6 is independently selected from the group consisting of H, C1C6 alkyl, phenyl, (C3C7) cycloalkyl, (C3C7) cycloalkyl (C1C6) alkyl, (C1C6) alkoxy (C1 C6) alkyl, hydroxy (C1C6) alkyl and amino (C1C6) alkyl ; R7 is H or (C1C6)alkyl ; R8, RiO and R11 are independently selected from the group consisting of R1 andOR1, provided that when the optional double bond is present, RiO is absent; R9 is H, OH, C1C6 alkoxy, halogen or halo (C1C6) alkyl ; B is (CH2)n3, CH2O, CH2S, CH2NR6, C(O) NR6, NR6C (O), cis or trans(CH2) n4CR12=CRl2a (CH2) n5 or(CH2) n4CC (CH2) n5 wherein n3 is 05, n4 and ns are independently 02, and R12 and R12a are independently selected from the group consisting of H, C1C6 alkyl and halogen ; X is O or NR6 when the double dotted lines adjacent to X represent a single bond, or X is H,OH orNHR20 when the bond is absent; Y is =O, =S, (H, H), (H, OH) or (H, ClC6 alkoxy) when the double dotted lines adjacent to X represent a single bond, or when the bond is absent, Y is =O, =NoR17, (H, H), (H, OH), (H, SH), (H, C1C6 alkoxy) or (H, NHR45) ; R15 is absent when the double dotted lines adjacent to X represent a single bond; R'5 is H, C1C6 alkyl,NR13R19 oroR17 when said single bond is absent; p)) or Y is) 12 or)) 12 and R15 is H or C1C6 alkyl ; R16 is C1C6 lower alkyl, phenyl or benzyl ; R17, R18 and R19 are independently selected from the group consisting of H, C1C6 alkyl, phenyl, benzyl ; R20 is H, C1C6 alkyl, phenyl, benzyl,C (O) R6 orS02R6 ; R21 is 1 to 3 moieties independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen,CN,CF3,OCF3, halogen,N02, C1C6 alkyl, C1C6alkoxy, (C1C6) alkylamino, di((C1C6)alkyl) amino, amino (C1C6) alkyl, (C1C6)alkylamino(C1C6)alkyl, di((C1C6)alkyl)amino(C1C6)alkyl, hydroxy (C1C6) alkyl,COOR17,COR »,NHCOR16,NHSO2R16, NHS02CH2CF3, heteroaryl orC (=NOR17) R13 ; R22 and R23 are independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, R24 (C1Cio) alkyl, R24 (C2C1o) alkenyl, R24 (C2Cio) alkynyl, R17heterocycloalkyl, R25aryl, R25aryl(C1C6)alkyl, R29(C3C7)cycloalkyl, R29(C3 C7) cycloalkenyl, OH, OC(O)R30, C(O)OR30, C(O)R30, C(O)NR30R31, NR30R31, NR30C(O)R31, NR30C(O)NR31R32, NHSO2R30, OC(O)NR30R31, R24(C1C10)alkoxy, R24(C2C10)alkenyloxy, R24(C2C10)alkynyloxy, R27heterocycloalkyloxy, R29 (C3C7) cycloalkyloxy, R29 (C3C7) cycloalkenyloxy, R29 (C3C7) cycloalkylNH,CH2OCH2phenyl,NHS02NHR'6 andCH (=NOR17) ; or R22 and R10 together with the carbon to which they are attached, or R23 and R"together with the carbon to which they are attached, independently form a R42substituted carbocyclic ring of 310 atoms, or a R42substituted heterocyclic ring of 410 atoms wherein 13 ring members are independently selected from the group consisting of0,NHandSOo2, provided that when R22 and R10 form a ring, the optional double bond is absent; R24 is 1,2 or 3 moieties independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen,OH, (C1C6) alkoxy, R35aryl, (C1C1o)alkylC (O) , (C2C10) <BR> <BR> <BR> alkenylC (O), (C2Cio) alkynylC (O), heterocycloalkyl, R26 (C3C7) cycloalkyl,<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> _ (C3C7) cycloalkenyl,OC (O) R,C (O) OR,C (O) RC (O) NR OR NR30C(O)R31, NR30C(O)NR31R32, NHSO2R30, OC(O)NR30R31, <BR> <BR> <BR> R24 (C2C1o)alkenyloxy, R24 (C2C1o) alkynyloxy, R27heterocycloalkyloxy,<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> R29 (C3C7)cycloalkyloxy, R29 (C3C7) cycloalkenyloxy, R29 (C3C7) cycloalkylNH, NHSO2NHR16 and CH(=NOR17) ; R25 is 1,2 or 3 moieties independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, heterocycloalkyl, halogen,COOR36,CN,C (O) NR3'R38,NR39C (O) R4o, OR36, (C3C7)cycloalkyl, (C3C7)cycloalkylC1C6)alkyl, (CiC6) alkyl (C3C7) cycloalkyl(C1C6)alkyl, halo (C1C6) alkyl (C3C7) cycloalkyl (C1C6) alkyl, hydroxy (C1C6) alkyl, (C1C6) alkoxy (C1C6) alkyl, and R41heteroaryl ; or two R25 groups on adjacent ring carbons form a fused methylenedioxy group; R26 is 1,2, or 3 moieties independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen and (C1C6) alkoxy ; R27 is 1,2 or 3 moieties independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, R28(C1C10)alkyl, R28(C2C10)alkenyl, R28(C2C10)alkynyl ; R28 is hydrogen, OH or (C1C6) alkoxy ; R29 is 1,2 or 3 moieties independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, (dCe) alkyl,OH, (CiC6) alkoxy and halogen ; R30, R31 and R32 are independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, (C1C10)alkyl, (C1C6)alkoxy(C1C10)alkyl, R25aryl(C1C6)alkyl, R33(C3C7)cycloalkyl, R34 (C3C7) cycloalkyl (CiCe) alkyl, R25aryl, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycloalkyl (C1C6) alkyl and heteroaryl (C1C6) alkyl ; R33 is hydrogen, (C1C6) alkyl, OH(C1C6)alkyl or (CiC6) alkoxy ; R35 is 1 to 4 moieties independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, (C1C6) alkyl,OH, halogen,CN, (C1C6) alkoxy, trihalo (C1C6) alkoxy, (C1 C6) alkylamino, di ((C1C6)alkyl) amino, OCF3, OH (CiC6) alkyl,CHO, C(O)(C1C6)alkylamino, C(O) di ((C1C6)alkyl)amino, NH2, NHC(O)(C1C6)alkyl andN ((C1C6)alkyl) C (O) (CiC6) alkyl ; R36 is hydrogen, (C1C6) alkyl, halo (C1C6) alkyl, dihalo (C1C6) alkyl or trifluoro(C1C6)alkyl ; R37 and R38 are independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, (C1C6) alkyl, aryl (C1C6) alkyl, phenyl and (C3C15) cycloalkyl, or R37 and R38 together are (CH2) 4, (CH2)5 or (CH2)2NR39(CH2)2 and form a ring with the nitrogen to which they are attached; R39 and R40 are independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, (C1C6) alkyl, aryl (CiC6) alkyl, phenyl and (C3C15)cycloalkyl, or R39 and R40 in the groupNR39C (o) R40, together with the carbon and nitrogen atoms to which they are attached, form a cyclic lactam having 58 ring members; R41 is 1 to 4 moieties independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, (C1C6) alkyl, (C1C6) alkoxy, (CC6) alkylamino, di ((C1C6) alkyl) amino, OCF3, OH (CiC6) alkyl,CHO and phenyl ; R42 is 1 to 3 moieties independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, OH, (CiCe) alkyl and (C1C6) alkoxy ; R43 is NR30R31, 31,NR NR30C(O)NR31R32, NHSO2R30 or NHCOOR1 ; R44 is H, C1C6 alkoxy, SOR16, SO2R17, C(O)OR17, C(O)NR18R19, <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> CC6 alkyl, halogen, fluoro (C1C6) alkyl, difluoro (C1C6) alkyl,<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> trifluoro (C1C6) alkyl, C3C7 cycloalkyl, C2C6 alkenyl, aryl (C1C6) alkyl, aryl (C2C6) alkenyl, heteroaryl (C1C6) alkyl, heteroaryl (C2C6) alkenyl, hydroxy (C1C6) alkyl, amino (C1C6) alkyl, aryl, thio (C1C6) alkyl, (CiC6) alkoxy (C1C6) alkyl or (C1C6) alkylamino (C1C6) alkyl ; and R45 is H, C1C6 alkyl,COOR16 orS02, wherein said therapeutic condition is a cardiovascular or circulatory disease or condition, an inflammatory disease or condition, a respiratory tract disease or condition, cancer, acute renal failure, glomerulonephritis, astrogliosis, a fibrotic disorder of the liver, kidney, lung or intestinal tract, Alzheimer's disease, diabetes, diabetic neuropathy, rheumatoid arthritis, neurodegenerative disease, neurotoxic disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, multiple sclerosis, osteoporosis, glaucoma, macular degeneration, psoriasis, radiation fibrosis, endothelial dysfunction, a wound or a spinal cord injury, or a symptom or result thereof.
2. The method of claim 1 wherein the cardiovascular or circulatory disease or condition is atherosclerosis, restenosis, hypertension, acute coronary syndrome,angina pectoris, arrhythmia, heart disease ; heartfailure, myocardial infarction, thrombotic or thromboembolytic stroke, a peripheral vascular disease, deep vein thrombosis, venous thromboembolism, a cardiovascular disease associated with hormone replacement therapy, disseminated intravascular coagulation syndrome, renal ischemia, cerebral stroke, cerebral ischemia, cerebral infarction, migraine, renal vascular homeostasis or erectile dysfunction.
3. The method of claim 1 wherein the inflammatory disease or condition is irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn's disease, nephritis or a radiationor chemotherapyinduced proliferative or inflammatory disorder of the gastrointestinal tract, lung, urinary bladder, gastrointestinal tract or other organ.
4. The method of claim 1 wherein the respiratory tract disease or condition is reversible airway obstruction, asthma, chronic asthma, bronchitis or chronic airways disease.
5. The method of claim 1 wherein the cancer is renal cell carcinoma or an angiogenesis related disorder.
6. The method of claim 1 wherein the neurodegenerative disease is Parkinson's disease, amyotropic lateral sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, Huntington's disease or Wilson's disease.
7. The method of claim 1 further comprising administering at least one therapeutical effective agent useful in the treatment of inflammation, rheumatism, asthma, glomerulonephritis, osteoporosis, neuropathy and/or malignant tumors, angiogenesis related disorders, cancer, disorders of the liver, kidney or lung, melanoma, renal cell carcinoma, renal disease, acute renal failure, chronic renal failure, renal vascular homeostasis, glomerulonephritis, chronic airways disease, bladder inflammation, neurodegenerative and/or neurotoxic diseases, conditions, or injuries, radiation fibrosis, endothelial dysfunction, periodontal diseases or~wounds.
8. The method of claim 7 further comprising administering at least two therapeutically effective agents.
9. A method of treating a therapeutic condition comprising administering to a mammal in need of such treatment an effective amount of at least one compound of the formula: or a pharmaceutical acceptable isomer, salt, solvate or ccrystal form thereof, wherein: the double dotted lines adjacent to X ====== together represent an optional single bond; the single dotted line adjacent to R10 ## represents an optional double bond; n is 02; Q is R1 and R2 are independently selected from the group consisting of H, (C1C6) alkyl, fluoro (C1C6) alkyl, difluoro (C1C6) alkyl, trifluoro (ClC6) alkyl, (C3C6) cycloalkyl, (C2C6) alkenyl, hydroxy(C1C6) alkyl, and amino (C1C6) alkyl ; R3 is H, hydroxy, (C1C6) alkoxy, SOR16, SO2R17, C(O)OR17, C(O)NR18R19, (C1C6)alkylC(O)NR18R19, (C1C6)alkyl, halogen, fluoro (C1C6) alkyl, difluoro (C1C6) alkyl, trifluoro (C1.C6) alkyl, (C3C6) cycloalkyl, (C3C6)cycloalkyl(C1C6)alkyl, (C2C6)alkenyl, ary(C1C6)alkyl, aryl (C2C6) alkenyl, heteroaryl (C1C6) alkyl, heteroaryl (C2C6) alkenyl, hydroxy (C1C6)alkyl,NR22R23, NR22R23(C1C6) alkyl, aryl, thio (C1C6) alkyl, (C1C6) alkylthio(C1C6)alkyl, (C1C6)alkoxy(C1C6)alkyl, NR18R19C(O)(C1C6)alkyl or (C3C6)cycloalkyl(C1C6)alkyl; Het is a monoor bicyclic heteroaryl group of 5 to 10 atoms comprised of 1 to 9 carbon atoms and 1 to 4 heteroatoms independently selected from the group consisting of N, O and S, wherein a ring nitrogen can form an Noxide or a quaternary group with a (C1C4) alkyl group, wherein Het is attached to B by a carbon atom ring member of said Het, and wherein the Het group is substituted by W ; W is 1 to 4 moieties independently selected from the group consisting of H, (C1C6) alkyl, fluoro (C1C6) alkyl, difluoro (C1C6) alkyl, trifluoro (C1C6) alkyl, (C3C6) cycloalkyl, hydroxy (C1C6) alkyl, dihydroxy (C1C6) alkyl, NR25R26(C1C6)alkyl, thio (C1C6) alkyl,OH, (C1C6) alkoxy, halogen,NR4R5, C(O)OR17, COR16, (C1C6)alkylthio, R21aryl, R21aryl(C1C6)alkyl, aryl wherein adjacent ring carbons in said aryl, along with two O atoms, form a methylenedioxy group, and R21heteroaryl ; R4 and R5 are independently selected from the group consisting of H, (C1C6) alkyl, phenyl, benzyl and (C3C6) cycloalkyl, or R4 and R5 taken together are (CH2) 4, (CH2) 5 or (CH2) 2NR7 (CH2) 2 and form a ring with the nitrogen to which they are attached; R6 is H, (C1C6) alkyl or phenyl ; R7 is H, (C1C6) alkyl,C (O)R16, C(O)OR17 orS (O) 2R17 ; R8, Rio and R11 are independently selected from the group consisting of R1 and OR1, provided that when the optional double bond shown in Formula II is present, R1° is absent; R9 is H, OH or (C1C6) alkoxy ; B is (CH2) n3, cis or trans(CH2) n4CR12=CR12a (CH2) n5 or (CH2)n4C#C (CH2) n5, wherein n3 is 05, n4 and ns are independently 02, and R12 and R12a are independently selected from the group consisting of H, (C1C6) alkyl and halogen ; X is O or NR6 when the dotted line shown adjacent to X in Formula II represents a single bond, or X isOH orNHR20 when the bond is absent; Y is =0, =S, (H, H), (H, OH) or (H, (C1C6) alkoxy) when the dotted line shown adjacent to X in Formula II represents a single bond, or when the bond is absent, Y is =O, (H, H), (H, OH), (H, SH) or (H, (C1C6) alkoxy) ; each R13 is independently selected from H, (C1C6) alkyl, (C3C8) cycloalkyl, (CH2)n6NHC(O)OR16b, (CH2)n6NHC(O)R16b, (CH2)n6NHC(O)NR4R5, (CH2)n6NHSO2R16, (CH2)n6NHSO2NR4R5, and (CH2)n6C(O)NR28R29 where n6 is 04, haloalkyl, and halogen ; each R14 is independently selected from H, (C1C6) alkyl,OH, (C1C6)alkoxy, R27aryl(C1C6)alkyl, heteroaryl, heteroarylalkyl, heterocyclyl, heterocyclylalkyl, (CH)2n6NHC(O)OR16b, (CH2) n6NHC (O) R16b, (CH2) n6NHC (O) NR4R5, (CH2)n6NHSO2R16, (CH2)n6NHSO2NR4R5, and (CH2)n6C(O)NR28R29 where n6 is 04, halogen and haloalkyl ; or R13 and R14 taken together form a spirocyclic or a heterospirocyclic ring of 36 atoms; wherein at least one of R13 or R14 is selected from the group consisting of (CH2) n6NHC (O) OR16B, (CH2)n6NHC(O)R16b, (CH2) n6NHC (O) NR4R5, (CH2)n6NHSO2R16, (CH2)n6NHSO2NR4R5, and (CH2)n6C(O)NR28R29 where n6 is 04; R15 is H when the double dotted line shown adjacent to X in Formula II represents a single bond and is H, (CiC6) alkyl, NR18R19, or OR17 when said bond is absent; R16 is independently selected from the group consisting of (C1C6) alkyl, phenyl and benzyl ; R16b is H, alkoxy, (C1C6)alkyl, (C1C6)alkoxy(C1C6)alkyl, R220CO) UG1C6) alkyl, (C3C6) cycloalkyl, R2'aryl, R21aryl (C1C6) alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, halosubstituted alkenyl, alkynyl, halosubstituted alkynyl, R21heteroaryl, R21 (C1C6) alkyl heteroaryl, R21 (C1C6) alkyl heterocycloalkyl, R28R29N(C1C6)alkyl, R28R29N(CO)(C1C6)alkyl, R28R29N(CO)O(C1C6)alkyl, R28O(CO)N(R29)(C1C6)alkyl, R28S(O)2N(R29)(C1C6)alkyl, R28R29N(CO)N(R29) (C1C6)alkyl, R28R29NS(O)2N(R29)(C1C6)alkyl, R28(CO) N (R29)(C1C6)alkyl, R28R29NS(O)2(C1C6)alkyl, HOS (0) 2 (ClC6) alkyl, (OH) 2P (0) 2(C1C6)alkyl, R28S(C1C6)alkyl, R28S (O) 2(C1C6)alkyl or hydroxy (C1C6) alkyl) ; R17, R18 and R19 are independently selected from the group consisting of H, (C1C6) alkyl, phenyl, and benzyl ; R20 is H, (C1C6) alkyl, phenyl, benzyl,C (O) R6 orS (O) 2R6 ; R21 is 1 to 3 moieties independently selected from the group consisting of H,CN,CF3,OCF3, halogen,N02, (CiC6) alkyl,OH, (C1C6) alkoxy, (C1C6)alkylamino, di((C1C6)alkyl) amino, NR25R26(C1C6)alkyl, hydroxy(C1C6)alkyl, C(O)OR17, C(O)R17, NHC(O)R16, NHS(O)2R16, NHS(O)2CH2CF3, C(O)NR25R26, NR25C(O)NR25R16, S(O)R13, S(O)2R13 and SR13; R22 is H or (C1C6)alkyl ; R23 is H, (C1C6) alkyl,C (O) R24,S (O) 2R24,C (O) NHR24 orS (O) 2NHR24 ; R24 is (CiC6) alkyl, hydroxy (C1C6) alkyl or NR25R26((C1C6)alkyl; R25 and R26 are independently selected from the group consisting of H and (C1C6) alkyl ; R27 is 1,2 or 3 moieties selected from the group consisting of H, (CiC6) alkyl, (C3C6) cycloalkyl, (C1C6) alkoxy, halogen andOH; and R28 and R29 are independently selected from the group consisting of H, (C1C6) alkyl, (C1C6) alkoxy, R27aryf (C1C6) alkyl, heteroaryl, heteroarylalkyl, hydroxy (C1C6) alkyl, (C1C6)alkoxy(C1C6)alkyl, heterocyclyl, heterocyclylalkyl, and haloalkyl ; or R28 and R29 taken together form a spirocyclic or a heterospirocyclic ring of 3 6 atoms, wherein said therapeutic condition is a cardiovascular or circulatory disease or condition, an inflammatory. disease or condition, a respiratory tract disease or condition, cancer,acuterenal failure, glomerulonephritis, astrogliosis, a fibrotic disorder of the liver, kidney, lung or intestinal tract, Alzheimer's disease, diabetes, diabetic neuropathy, rheumatoid arthritis, neurodegenerative disease, neurotoxic disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, multiple sclerosis, osteoporosis, glaucoma, macular degeneration, psoriasis, radiation fibrosis, ondothelial dysfunction, a wound or a spinal cord injury, or a symptom or result thereof.
10. The method of claim 9 wherein the cardiovascular or circulatory disease or condition is atherosclerosis, restenosis, hypertension, acute coronary syndrome, angina pectoris, arrhythmia, heart disease, heart failure, myocardial infarction, thrombotic or thromboembolytic stroke, a peripheral vascular disease, deep vein thrombosis, venous thromboembolism, a cardiovascular disease associated with hormone replacement therapy, disseminated intravascular coagulation syndrome, renal ischemia, cerebral stroke, cerebral ischemia, cerebral infarction, migraine, renal vascular homeostasis or erectile dysfunction.
11. The method of claim 9 wherein the inflammatory disease or condition is irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn's disease, nephritis or a radiationor chemotherapyinduced proliferative or inflammatory disorder of the gastrointestinal tract, lung, urinary bladder, gastrointestinal tract or other organ.
12. The method of claim 9 wherein the respiratory tract disease or condition is reversible airway obstruction, asthma, chronic asthma, bronchitis or chronic airways disease.
13. The method of claim 9 wherein the cancer is renal cell carcinoma or an angiogenesis related disorder.
14. The method of claim 9 wherein the neurodegenerative disease is Parkinson's disease, amyotropic lateral sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, Huntington's disease or Wilson's disease.
15. The method of claim 9 further comprising administering at least one therapeutical effective agent useful in the treatment of inflammation, rheumatism, asthma, glomerulonephritis, osteoporosis, neuropathy and/or malignant tumors, angiogenesis related disorders, cancer, disorders of the liver, kidney or lung, melanoma, renal cell carcinoma, renal disease, acute renal failure, chronic renal failure, renal vascular homeostasis, glomerulonephritis, chronic airways disease, bladder inflammation, neurodegenerative and/or neurotoxic diseases, conditions, or injuries, radiation fibrosis, endothelial dysfunction, periodontal diseases or wounds.
16. The method of claim 15 further comprising administering at least two therapeutically effective agents.
Description:
METHODS OF USE OF THROMBIN RECEPTOR ANTAGONISTS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Thrombin is known to have a variety of activities in different cell types and thrombin receptors are known to be present in such cell types as human platelets, vascular smooth muscle cells, endothelial cells and fibroblasts. It is therefore possible that thrombin receptor antagonists, also known as protease activated receptor (PAR) antagonists will be useful in the treatment of thrombotic, inflammatory, atherosclerotic and fibroproliferative disorders, as well as other disorders in which thrombin and its receptor play a pathological role.

Thrombin receptor antagonists peptides have been identified based on structure-activity studies involving substitutions of amino acids on thrombin receptors. In Bernatowicz et al, J. Med. Chem., vol. 39, pp. 4879-4887 (1996), tetra-and pentapeptides are disclosed as being potent thrombin receptor antagonists, for example N-trans-cinnamoyl-p-fluoroPhe-p-guanidinoPhe-Leu-Arg- NH2 and N-trans-cinnamoyl-p-fluoroPhe-p-guanidinoPhe-Leu-Arg-Arg-NH2 .

Peptide thrombin receptor antagonists are also disclosed in WO 94/03479, published February 17,1994.

Thrombin receptor antagonist have been suggested in the literature as being potentially useful in treating a variety of diseases or conditions including, for example, thrombosis, vascular restenosis, deep venous thrombosis, lung

embolism, cerebral infarction, heart disease, disseminated intravascular coagulation syndrome, hypertension, inflammation, rheumatism, asthma, glomerulonephritis, osteoporosis, neuropathy and/or malignant tumors (Suzuki, Shuichi, PCT Int. Appis. WO 0288092 (2002), WO 0285850 (2002) and WO 0285855 (2002) ), arrhythmia, inflammation, angina, stroke, atherosclerosis, ischemic conditions, angiogenesis related disorders, cancer, and neurodegenerative disorders (Zhang, Han-cheng, PCT Int. Appl. WO 0100659 (2001), WO 0100657 (2001) and WO 0100656 (2001) ), disorders of the liver, kidney and lung (Chambers, R. C. ,"Coagulation cascade proteases and tissue fibrosis,"Biochemical Society Transactions, 2002,30 (2), pp. 194-200), cancer (Nguyen, Quang-De, "RhoA-and RhoD-dependent regulator switch of Ga subunit signaling by PAR-1 receptors in cellular invasion,"FASEB Journal, 2002,16 (6), pp.

565-576), melanoma (Tellez, Carmen,"Role and regulation of the thrombin receptor (PAR-1) in human melanoma,"Oncogene 22, 2003, pp. 3130-3137), renal cell carcinoma (Kaufman, R. ,"Meizothrombin, an intermediate of prothrombin cleavage potently activates renal carcinoma cells by interaction with PAR-type thrombin receptors,"Oncology Reports ; 2003,10 (2), pp. 493-496), renal disease, acute renal failure, chronic renal failure, renal vascular homeostasis (Tognetto, Michele,"Proteinase-activated receptor-1 (PAR-1) activation contracts the isolated human renal artery in vitro,"British Journal of Pharmacology, 2003,139 (1), pp. 21- 27), glomerulonephritis (Ahn, Ho-Sam, "Nonpeptide thrombin receptor antagonists,"Drugs of the Future, 2001,26 (11), pp. 1065-1085), inflammation, (Meli, Rosaria, "Thrombin and PAR-1 activating peptide increase iNOS expression in cytokine-stimulated C6 glioma cells,"Journal of Neurochemistry, 2001,79 (3), pp. 556-563), chronic airways disease (Roche, Nicolas,"Effect of acute and chronic inflammatory stimuli on expression of protease-activated receptors 1 and 2 alveolar macrophages,"Joumal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 2003,111 (2), pp. 367-373), bladder inflammation (D'Andrea, Michael R. , "Expression of protease-activated receptor-1,-2,-3 and-4 in control and experimentally inflamed mouse bladder,"American Joumal of Pathology, 2003,162 (3), pp. 907-923), neurodegenerative and/or neurotoxic diseases, conditions, and injuries (Traynelis, Stephen Francis, "Treatment of neurodegenerative diseases and conditions using

PAR-1 antagonists,"PCT Int. Appl. WO 0271847 (2002) ), radiation fibrosis, endothelial dysfunction (Wang, Junru, "Deficiency of microvascular thrombomodulin and up-regulation of protease-activated receptor-1 in irradiated rat intestine: possible link between endothelial dysfunction and chronic radiation fibrosis,"American Joumal of Pathology, June 2002,160 (6), pp. 2063-72), periodontal diseases (Tanaka, Nobuhisa,"Thrombin-induced Ca2+ mobilization in human gingival fibroblasts is mediated by protease-activated receptor-1 (PAR-1)," Life Sciences, 2003,73, pp. 301-310) and wounds (Strukova, S. M. ,"Thrombin, a regulator of reparation processes in wound healing,"Bioorganicheskaya Khimiya, 1998,24 (4), pp. 288-292), Thrombin receptor antagonists have also been suggested as potential antiangiogenics (Chan, Barden,"Antiangiogenic property of human thrombin," Microvascular Research, 2003,66 (1), pp. 1-14), resistance factors for tumor cells towards chemotherapy (Schiller, H. , "Thrombin as a survival factor for cancer cells : thrombin activation in malignant effusions in vivo and inhibition of idarubicin- induced cell death in vitro,"Int'l. J. of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 2002,40 (8), pp. 329-335.), platelet aggregation inhibitors and proliferation inhibitors of smooth muscle cells, endothelial cells, fibroblasts, kidney cells, osteosarcoma cells, muscle cells, cancer cells and/or glial cells (Suzuki, supra).

Substituted thrombin receptor antagonists are disclosed in US 6,063, 847, US 6,326, 380 and U. S. Serial Nos. 09/880222 (WO 01/96330) and 10/271715.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In one aspect, the present invention relates to a method of treating a therapeutic condition comprising administering to a mammal in need of such treatment an effective amount of at least one compound of the formula :

or a pharmaceutical acceptable isomer, salt, solvate or c-crystal form thereof, wherein: R34 (CH R 34 (CH2) n-q Z is-(CH2) n~ X when R10 is absent, or 8Ds (CH2) n (5) when R is absent ; the single dotted line adjacent to R34 represents an optional double bond; the double dotted lines adjacent to X ###### together represent an optional single bond; n is 0-2; R1 and R2 are independently selected from the group consisting of H, C1- C6 alkyl, fluoro (C1-C6) alkyl, difluoro (C1-C6) alkyl, trifluoro-(C1-C6) alkyl, C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C2-C6 alkenyl, aryl (C1-C6) alkyl, aryl (C2-C6) alkenyl, heteroaryl (C1- C6) alkyl, heteroaryl (C2-C6) alkenyl, hydroxy- (C1-C6) alkyl, (C1-C6) alkoxy (C1- C6) alkyl, amino-(C1-C6)alkyl, aryl and thio (C1-C6) alkyl ; or R1 and R2 together form a =O group; R3 is H, hydroxy, C1-C6 alkoxy,-NR'$R19,-SOR16,-S02R17,-C (O) OR17,- C (O) NR18R19, C1-C6 alkyl, halogen, fluoro(C1-C6)alkyl, difluoro(C1-C6)alkyl, trifluoro (C1-C6) alkyl, C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C2-C6 alkenyl, aryl (C1-C6) alkyl, aryl (C2- C6) alkenyl, heteroaryl (C1-C6) alkyl, heteroaryl (C2-C6) alkenyl, hydroxy (C1-C6) alkyl, amino (C1-C6) alkyl, aryl, thio (C1-C6) alkyl, (C1-C6)alkoxy(C1-C6)alkyl or (C1- C6) alkylamino (C1-C6) alkyl ; R34 is (H, R3), (H, R43), =O or =NoR17 when the optional double bond adjacent to R34 is absent; R34 is R44 when the double bond is present; Het is a mono-, bi-or tricyclic heteroaromatic group of 5 to 14 atoms comprised of 1 to 13 carbon atoms and 1 to 4 heteroatoms independently selected from the group consisting of N, O and S, wherein a ring nitrogen can form an N- oxide or a quaternary group with a C1-C4 alkyl group, wherein Het is attached to B by a carbon atom ring member of Het, and wherein the Het group is substituted by

1 to 4 moieties, W, independently selected from the group consisting of H; C1-C6 alkyl ; fluoro(C1-C6)alkyl ; difluor (Ci-Ce) alkyl ; trifluoro- (Cl-C6)-alkyl ; C3-C7 cycloalkyl ; heterocycloalkyl ; heterocycloalkyl substituted by C1-C6 alkyl, C2-C6 alkenyl, OH-(C1-C6)alkyl, or =O ; C2-C6 alkenyl ; R21-aryl (Ci-Ce) alkyl ; R21-aryl- (C2-C6)-alkenyl ; R21-aryloxy ; R21-aryl-NH- ; heteroaryl (C1-C6) alkyl ; heteroaryl (C2- C6)-alkenyl ; heteroaryloxy ; heteroaryl-NH- ; hydroxy (C1-C6) alkyl ; dihydroxy (C1- C6) alkyl ; amino (C1-C6) alkyl ; (C1-C6) alkylamino-(C1-C6) alkyl ; di-(C1-C6)alkyl)- amino (C1-C6) alkyl ; thio (C1-C6) alkyl ; C1-C6 alkoxy ; C2-C6 alkenyloxy ; halogen ; - NR4R5;-CN ; -OH ; -COOR17 ;-COR16 ;-OS02CF3 ; -CH2OCH2CF3 ; (C1- <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> C6) alkylthio ; -C (O) NR4R5 ;-OCHR6-phenyl ; phenoxy-(C1-C6)alkyl; -NHCOR16; - NHSO2R16 ; biphenyl ; -OC (R6) 2COOR7 ;-OC (R6) 2C (O) NR4R5 ; (C1-C6) alkoxy ; - <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> C (=NOR17)R18 ; C1-C6 alkoxy substituted by (C1-C6) alkyl, amino, -OH, COOR1 7, NHCOOR17, -CONR4R5, aryl, aryl substituted by 1 to 3 moieties independently selected from the group consisting of halogen,-CF3, C1-C6 alkyl, C1-C6 alkoxy and-COOR1 7, aryl wherein adjacent carbons form a ring with a methylenedioxy <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> group, -C (O) NR4R5 or heteroaryl ; R21-aryl ; aryl wherein adjacent carbons form a ring with a methylenedioxy group; R41-heteroaryl ; and heteroaryl wherein adjacent carbon atoms form a ring with a C3-C5 alkylen group or a methylenedioxy group; R4 and R5 are independently selected from the group consisting of H, C1- C6 alkyl, phenyl, benzyl and C3-C7 cycloalkyl, or R4 and R5 together are- (CH2) 4-, -(CH2)5- or -(CH2)2NR7-(CH2)2- and form a ring with the nitrogen to which they are attached; R6 is independently selected from the group consisting of H, C1-C6 alkyl, phenyl, (C3-C7)cycloalkyl, (C3-C7) cycloalkyl(C1-C6)alkyl, (C1-C6)alkoxy(C1- Ce) alkyl, hydroxy (C1-C6) alkyl and amino (C1-C6) alkyl ; R7 is H or (C1-C6)alkyl ;

R8, RiO and R11 are independently selected from the group consisting of R1 and-OR1, provided that when the optional double bond is present, R10 is absent; R9 is H, OH, C1-C6 alkoxy, halogen or halo (C1-C6) alkyl ; B is -(CH2)n3-, -CH2-O-, -CH2S-, -CH2-NR6-, -C(O)NR6-, -NR6C(O)-, cis or trans -(CH2)n4CR12=CR12a(CH2)n5- or -(CH2)n4C#C(CH2)n5-, wherein n3 is 0-5, n4 and n5 are independently 0-2, and R12 and R12a are independently selected from the group consisting of H, C1-C6 alkyl and halogen ; X is -O- or -NR6- when the double dotted lines adjacent to X represent a single bond, or X is H,-OH or-NHR20 when the bond is absent; Y is =O, =S, (H, H), (H, OH) or (H, C1-C6 alkoxy) when the double dotted lines adjacent to X represent a single bond, or when the bond is absent, Y is =O, =NOR1', (H, H), (H, OH), (H, SH), (H, C1-C6 alkoxy) or (H,-NHR45) ; R15 is absent when the double dotted lines adjacent to X represent a single bond; R15 is H, C1-C6 alkyl,-NR18R19 or-oR17 when said single bond is absent; and R15 is H or C1-C6 alkyl ; R16 is C1-C6 lower alkyl, phenyl or benzyl ; R17, 18 and R19 are independently selected from the group consisting of H, Ci-Ce alkyi, phenyl, benzyl ; R20 is H, C1-C6 alkyl, phenyl, benzyl,-C (O) R6 or-S02R6 ; R21 is 1 to 3 moieties independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen,-CN,-CF3,-OCF3, halogen,-N02, C1-C6 alkyl, C1-C6alkoxy, (C1-C6) alkylamino, di-((C1-C6)alkyl) amino, amino (C1-C6) alkyl, (C1-C6)-alkylamino(C1-C6)alkyl, di-((C1-C6)alkyl)-amino(C1-C6)alkyl, hydroxy-(C1-C6)alkyl, -COOR17, -COR17, -NHCOR16, -NHSO2R16, - NHS02CH2CF3, heteroaryl or-C (=NOR17)R18 ;

R22 and R23 are independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, R24-(C1-C10)alkyl, R24-(C2-C10)alkenyl, R24-(C2-C10)alkynyl, R27-hetero-cycloalkyl, R25-aryl, R25-aryl(C1-C6)alkyl, R29-(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, R29-(C3- C7) cycloalkenyl,-OH,-OC (O) R30, -C (O) OR30, -C (O) R30,-C (O) NR30R31, -NR30R31, -NR30C(O)R31, -NR30C(O)NR31R32, -NHSO2R30, -OC(O)NR30R31, R24-(C1-C10)alkoxy, R24-(C2-C10)-alkenyloxy, R24-(C2-C10)alkynyloxy, R27-heterocycloalkyloxy, R29-(C3-C7)cycloalkyloxy, R29-(C3-C7)cyclo-alkenyloxy, R29-(C3-C7)cycloalkyl-NH-, -CH2-O-CH2-phenyl, -NHSO2NHR16 and-CH (=NOR17) ; or R22 and Rlo together with the carbon to which they are attached, or R23 and R"together with the carbon to which they are attached, independently form a R42-substituted carbocyclic ring of 3-10 atoms, or a R42-substituted heterocyclic ring of 4-10 atoms wherein 1-3 ring members are independently selected from the group consisting of -O-, -NH- and -SO0-2-, provided that when R22 and R10 form a ring, the optional double bond is absent; R24 is 1,2 or 3 moieties independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen,-OH, (C1-C6) alkoxy, R35-aryl, (C1-C10)-alkyl-C(O)-, (C2-C10)- alkenyl-C (O) -, (C2-C1o) alkynyl-C(O)-, heterocycloalkyl, R26-(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, R26-(C3-C7)cycloalkenyl, -OC(O)R30, -C(O)OR30, -C(O)R30, -C(O)NR30R31, -NR30R31, -NR30C(O)R31, -NR30C(O)NR31R32, -NHSO2R30, -OC(O)NR30R31, R24-(C2-C10)-alkenyloxy, R24-(C2-C10)alkynyloxy, R27-heterocycloalkyloxy, <BR> <BR> <BR> R29- (C3-C7)-cycloalkyloxy, R29- (C3-C7) cyclo-alkenyloxy, R29- (C3-C7) cycloalkyl-NH-, -NHSO2NHR16 and -CH(=NOR17) ; R25 is 1,2 or 3 moieties independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, heterocycloalkyl, halogen, -COOR36, -CN, -C(O)NR37R38, -NR39C(O)R40, -OR36, (C3-C7)cycloalkyl, (C3-C7)cycloalkyl-C1-C6)alkyl, (C1-C6) alkyl (C3-C7) cycloalkyl-(C1-C6)alkyl, halo (Cl-C6) alkyl (C3-C7) cycloalkyl (Ci-C6) alkyl, hydroxy (Cl-C6) alkyl, (C1-C6) alkoxy (Cl-C6) alkyl, and R41-heteroaryl ; or two R25 groups on adjacent ring carbons form a fused methylenedioxy group; R26 is 1,2, or 3 moieties independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen and (C1-C6) alkoxy ;

R27 is 1,2 or 3 moieties independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, R28-(C1-C10)alkyl, R28-(C2-C10)alkenyl, R28-(C2-C10)alkynyl ; R28 is hydrogen, -OH or (C1-C6) alkoxy ; R29 is 1,2 or 3 moieties independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, (C1-C6) alkyl,-OH, (Ci-C6) alkoxy and halogen ; R30, R31 and R32 are independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, (C1-C10)-alkyl, (Ci-C6) alkoxy (C1-C10)-alkyl, R25-aryl(C1-C6)-alkyl, R33-(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, R34-(C3-C7)cycloalkyl(C1-C6)alkyl, R25-aryl, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycloalkyl (C1-C6) alkyl and heteroaryl (Ci-C6) alkyl ; R33 is hydrogen, (Ci-C6) alkyl, OH-(C1-C6)alkyl or (C1-C6) alkoxy ; R35 is 1 to 4 moieties independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, (C1-C6) alkyl,-OH, halogen,-CN, (C1-C6) alkoxy, trihalo (C1-C6) aikoxy, (C1- C6) alkylamino, di ((C1-C6)alkyl)amino, -OCF3, OH-(C1-C6)alkyl, -CHO, -C(O)(C1-C6)-alkylamino, -C(O) di ((C1-C6)alkyl) amino, -NH2,-NHC (O) (Ci-Ce) alkyl and-N ((C1-C6)alkyl) C (O) (C1-C6) alkyl ; R36 is hydrogen, (Ci-C6) alkyl, halo (C1-C6) alkyl, dihalo (Ci-C6) alkyl or trifluor (Cl-C6) alkyl ; R37 and R38 are independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, (C1-C6) alkyl, aryl (Ci-C6) alkyl, phenyl and (C3-C15) cycloalkyl, or R37 and R38 together are -(CH2)4-, -(CH2)5- or -(CH2)2-NR39-(CH2)2- and form a ring with the nitrogen to which they are attached; R39 and R40 are independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, (C1-C6) alkyl, aryl (Ci-C6) alkyl, phenyl and (C3-C15)-cycloalkyl, or R39 and R40 in the group-NR39C (O) R40, together with the carbon and nitrogen atoms to which they are attached, form a cyclic lactam having 5-8 ring members; R41 is 1 to 4 moieties independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, (C1-C6) alkyl, (C1-C6) alkoxy, (Ci-C6) alkylamino, di ((C1-C6)alkyl) amino, -OCF3, OH-(C1-C6)alkyl, -CHO and phenyl ; R42 is 1 to 3 moieties independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, -OH, (C1-C6) alkyl and (Ci-Ce) alkoxy ; R43 is -NR30R31, -NR30C(O)R31, -NR30C(O)NR31R32, -NHSO2R30 or -NHCOOR17;

R44 is H, C1-C6 alkoxy,-SOR16,-So2R17-C (O) OR17, -C (O) NR18R19, <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> C1-C6 alkyl, halogen, fluoro (C1-C6) alkyl, difluoro (C1-C6) alkyl,<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> trifluoro (C1-C6) alkyl, C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C2-C6 alkenyl, aryl (C1-C6) alkyl, aryl (C2-C6) alkenyl, heteroaryl (C1-C6) alkyl, heteroaryl (C2-C6) alkenyl, hydroxy (C1-C6) alkyl, amino (C1-C6) alkyl, aryl, thio (C1-C6) alkyl, (C1-C6) alkoxy (C1-C6) alkyl or (Ci-C6) alkylamino (C1-C6) alkyl ; and R45 is H, C1-C6 alkyl, -COOR16 or -SO2, wherein said therapeutic condition is a cardiovascular or circulatory disease or condition, an inflammatory disease or condition, a respiratory tract or disease or condition, cancer, acute renal failure, astrogliosis, a fibrotic disorder of the liver, kidney, lung or intestinal tract, Alzheimer's disease, diabetes, diabetic neuropathy, rheumatoid arthritis, neurodegenerative disease, neurotoxic disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, multiple sclerosis, osteoporosis, glaucoma, macular degeneration, psoriasis, radiation fibrosis, endothelial dysfunction, a wound or a spinal cord injury, or a symptom or result thereof.

In another aspect, the present invention relates to a method of treating a therapeutic condition comprising administering to a mammal in need of such treatment an effective amount of at least one compound of the formula : or a pharmaceutical acceptable isomer, salt, solvate or c-crystal form thereof, wherein: the double dotted lines adjacent to X ====== together represent an optional single bond; the single-dotted line adjacent to R10 ## represents an optional double bond; n is 0-2; O is

R1 and R2 are independently selected from the group consisting of H, (C1-C6) alkyl, fluoro(C1-C6)alkyl-, difluoro(C1-C6)alkyl-, trifluoro-(C1-C6)alkyl-, (C3-C6) cycloalkyl, (C2-C6) alkenyl, hydroxy-(C1-C6)alkyl-, and amino (C1-C6) alkyl- ; R3 is H, hydroxy, (C1-C6) alkoxy, -SOR16, -SO2R17, -C(O)OR17, -C(O)NR18R19, -(C1-C6)alkyl-C(O)NR18R19, (C1-C6)alkyl, halogen, fluoro (C1-C6) alkyl-, difluoro (C1-C6) alkyl-, trifluoro (C1-C6) alkyl-, (C3-C6) cycloalkyl, (C3-C6)-cycloalkyl-(C1-C6)alkyl-, (C2-C6) alkenyl, aryl (C1-C6) alkyl-, aryl (C2-C6) alkenyl-, heteroaryl (C1-C6) alkyl-, heteroaryl (C2-C6) alkenyl-, hydroxy (C1-C6)-alkyl-, -NR22R23, NR22R23-(C1-C6)alkyl-, aryl, thio (C1-C6) alkyl-, (C1-C6)alkyl-thio(C1-C6)alkyl-, (C1-C6)alkoxy(C1-C6)alkyl-, NR18R19-C (O)-(C1-C6)alkyl- or (C3-C6) cycloalkyl-(C1-C6)alkyl-; Het is a mono-or bi-cyclic heteroaryl group of 5 to 10 atoms comprised of 1 to 9 carbon atoms and 1 to 4 heteroatoms independently selected from the group consisting of N, O and S, wherein a ring nitrogen can form an N-oxide or a quaternary group with a (C1-C4) alkyl group, wherein Het is attached to B by a carbon atom ring member of said Het, and wherein the Het group is substituted by W ; W is 1 to 4 moieties independently selected from the group consisting of H, (C1-C6) alkyl, fluoro (C1-C6) alkyl-, difluoro (C1-C6) alkyl-, trifluoro (C1-C6) alkyl-, (C3-C6) cycloalkyl, hydroxy (C1-C6) alkyl-, dihydroxy (C1-C6) alkyl-, NR25R26 (C1-C6) alkyl-, thio (C1-C6) alkyl-,-OH, (C1-C6) alkoxy, halogen,-NR4R5, -C(O)OR17, -COR16, (C1-C6)alkylthio-, R21-aryl, R21-aryl(C1-C6)alkyl-, aryl wherein adjacent ring carbons in said aryl, along with two O atoms, form a methylenedioxy group, and R21-heteroaryl ; R4 and R5 are independently selected from the group consisting of H,

(C1-C6) alkyl, phenyl, benzyl and (C3-C6) cycloalkyl, or R4 and R5 taken together are -(CH2) 4-,-(CH2) s-or-(CH2) 2NR7-(CH2) 2-and form a ring with the nitrogen to which they are attached; R6 is H, (C1-C6) alkyl or phenyl ; R7 is H, (C1-C6) alkyl, -C(O)-R16, -C(O)OR17 or -S(O)2R17; R8, Rio and Rl 1 are independently selected from the group consisting of R1 and-OR', provided that when the optional double bond shown in Formula II is present, R1° is absent; R9 is H, OH or (C1-C6) alkoxy ; B is -(CH2)n3-, cis or trans -(CH2)n4CR12=CR12a(CH2)n5- or - (CH2) n4C=C (CH2) n5-, wherein n3 is 0-5, n4 and ns are independently 0-2, and R12 and R12a are independently selected from the group consisting of H, (C1-C6) alkyl and halogen ; X is -O- or -NR6- when the dotted line shown adjacent to X in Formula II represents a single bond, or X is-OH or-NHR20 when the bond is absent; Y is =O, =S, (H, H), (H, OH) or (H, (C1-C6) alkoxy) when the dotted line shown adjacent to X in Formula II represents a single bond, or when the bond is absent, Y is =O, (H, H), (H, OH), (H, SH) or (H, (C1-C6) alkoxy) ; each R13 is independently selected from H, (C1-C6) alkyl, (C3-C8)cycloalkyl, - (CH2) n6NHC(O)OR16b, -(CH2)n6NHC(O)R16b, -(CH2)n6NHC(O)NR4R5, -(CH2)n6NHSO2R16, -(CH2)n6NHSO2NR4R5, and -(CH2)n6C(O)NR28R29 where n6 is 0-4, haloalkyl, and halogen ; each R14 is independently selected from H, (C1-C6) alkyl,-OH, (C1-C6) alkoxy, R27-aryl (C1-C6) alkyl, heteroaryl, heteroarylalkyl, heterocyclyl, heterocyclylalkyl,- (CH2)n6NHC(O)OR16b, -(CH2)n6NHC(O)R16B, - (CH2) n6NHC (O) NR4R5,- (CH2) n6NHSO2R16,- (CH2) n6NHS02NR4R5, and -(CH2)n6C(O)NR28R29 where n6 is 0-4, halogen and haloalkyl ; or R13 and R14 taken together form a spirocyclic or a heterospirocyclic ring of 3-6 atoms; wherein at least one of R13 or R14 is selected from the group consisting of -(CH2)n6NHC(O)OR16b, -(CH20 n6NHC (O) R16, - (CH2)n6NHC(O)NR4R5,

-(CH2)n6NHSO2R16, -(CH2)n6NHSO2NR4R5, and -(CH2)n6C(O)NR28R29 where n6 is 0-4 ; R15 is absent when the double dotted line shown adjacent to X in Formula II represents a single bond and is H, (C1-C6) alkyl, -NR18R19, or -OR17 when said bond is absent; R16 is independently selected from the group consisting of (C1-C6) alkyl, phenyl and benzyl ; Rl6b is H, alkoxy, (C1-C6) alkyl, (C1-C6) alkoxy (C1-C6) alkyl-, R22-O-C(O)-(C1-C6)alkyl-, (C3-C6)cycloalkyl, R21-aryl, R21-aryl(C1-C6)alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, halosubstituted alkenyl, alkynyl, halosubstituted alkynyl, R21-heteroaryl, R21- (C1-C6) alkyl heteroaryl, R21- (C1-C6) alkyl heterocycloalkyl, R28R29N-(C1-C6)alkyl, R28R29N-(CO)-(C1-C6)alkyl, R28R29-N-(CO)O-(C1-C6)alkyl, R280 (CO) N (R29)-(C1-C6)alkyl, R28S(O) 2N (R29)-(C1-C6)alkyl, R28R29N- (CO)-N (R29)- (C1-C6) alkyl, R28R29N-S (0) 2N (R29)-(C1-C6)alkyl, R28-(CO) N (R29)-(C1-C6)alkyl, R28R29N-S(O)2-(C1-C6)alkyl, HOS (0) 2-(C1-C6)alkyl, (OH) 2P (0) 2-(C1-C6) alkyl, R28-S-(C1-C6) alkyl, R28-S(O)2-(C1-C6)alkyl or hydroxy (C1-C6) alkyl) ; R17, R18 and R19 are independently selected from the group consisting of H, (C1-C6) alkyl, phenyl, and benzyl ; R20 is H, (C1-C6) alkyl, phenyl, benzyl,-C (O) R6 or-S (O) 2R6 ; R21 is 1 to 3 moieties independently selected from the group consisting of H,-CN,-CF3,-OCF3, halogen,-N02, (C1-C6) alkyl,-OH, (C1-C6) alkoxy, (C1-C6)-alkylamino-, di-((C1-C6)alkyl) amino-, NR25R26-(C1-C6)alkyl-, hydroxy-(C1-C6) alkyl-,-C (O) OR17,-C (O) R17,-NHC (O) R16,-NHS (0) 2R16, -NHS(O)2CH2CF3, -C(O)NR25R26, -NR25-C(O)-NR25R26, -S(O)R13, -S(O)2R13 and -SR13 ; R22 is H or (C1-C6) alkyl ; R23 is H, (C1-C6) alkyl,-C (O) R24,-S (O) 2R24,-C (O) NHR24 or-S (O) 2NHR24 ; R24 is (C1-C6) alkyl, hydroxy (C1-C6) alkyl or NR25R26-((C1-C6)alkyl)-; R25 and R26 are independently selected from the group consisting of H and (C1-C6) alkyl ;

R27 is 1,2 or 3 moieties selected from the group consisting of H, (C1-C6) alkyl, (C3-C6) cycloalkyl, (C1-C6) alkoxy, halogen and-OH; and R28 and R29 are independently selected from the group consisting of H, (C1-C6) alkyl, (C1-C6) alkoxy, R27-aryl (C1-C6) alkyl, heteroaryl, heteroarylalkyl, hydroxy (C1-C6) alkyl, (C1-C6) alkoxy (C1-C6) alkyl, heterocyclyl, heterocyclylalkyl, and haloalkyl ; or R28 and R29 taken together form a spirocyclic or a heterospirocyclic ring of 3- 6 atoms, wherein said therapeutic condition is a cardiovascular or circulatory disease or condition, an inflammatory disease or condition, a respiratory tract or disease or condition, cancer, acute renal failure, glomerulonephritis, astrogliosis, a fibrotic disorder of the liver, kidney, lung or intestinal tract, Alzheimer's disease, diabetes, diabetic neuropathy, rheumatoid arthritis, neurodegenerative disease, neurotoxic disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, multiple sclerosis, osteoporosis, glaucoma, macular degeneration, psoriasis, radiation fibrosis, endothelial dysfunction, a wound or a spinal cord injury, or a symptom or result thereof.

In yet another aspect, the present invention relates to the above methods wherein the cardiovascular or circulatory disease or condition is atherosclerosis, restenosis, hypertension, acute coronary syndrome, angina pectoris, arrhythmia, heart disease, heart failure, myocardial infarction, thrombotic or thromboembolytic stroke, a peripheral vascular disease, deep vein thrombosis, venous thromboembolism, a cardiovascular disease associated with hormone replacement therapy, disseminated intravascular coagulation syndrome, renal ischemia, cerebral stroke, cerebral ischemia, cerebral infarction, migraine, renal vascular homeostasis or erectile dysfunction.

In yet another aspect, the present invention relates to the above methods wherein the inflammatory disease or condition is irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn's disease, nephritis or a radiation-or chemotherapy-induced proliferative or inflammatory disorder of the gastrointestinal tract, lung, urinary bladder, gastrointestinal tract or other organ.

In yet another aspect, the present invention relates to the above methods wherein the respiratory tract disease or condition is reversible airway obstruction, asthma, chronic asthma, bronchitis or chronic airways disease.

In yet another aspect, the present invention relates to the above methods wherein the cancer is renal cell carcinoma or an angiogenesis related disorder.

In yet another aspect, the present invention relates to the above methods wherein the neurodegenerative disease is Parkinson's disease, amyotropic lateral sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, Huntington's disease or Wilson's disease.

In yet another aspect, the invention relates to a medicament for use in treating any of the above diseases or conditions comprising one or more of the compounds of Formulas I or 11.

In yet another aspect, the present invention relates to the above methods further comprising administering at least one therapeutically effective agent useful in the treatment of inflammation, rheumatism, asthma, glomerulonephritis, osteoporosis, neuropathy and/or malignant tumors angiogenesis related disorders, cancer, neurodegenerative disorders, disorders of the liver, kidney and lung, melanoma, renal cell carcinoma, renal disease, acute renal failure, chronic renal failure, renal vascular homeostasis, glomerulonephritis, chronic airways disease, bladder inflammation, neurodegenerative and/or neurotoxic diseases, conditions, and injuries, radiation fibrosis, endothelial dysfunction, periodontal diseases or wounds.

In yet another aspect, the present invention relates to the above method further comprising administering at least two therapeutically effective agents.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION As used above, and throughout the specification, the following terms, unless otherwise indicated, shall be understood to have the following meanings: "Subject"includes both mammals and non-mammalian animals.

"Mammal"includes humans and other mammalian animals.

The term"substituted"means that one or more hydrogens on the designated atom is replaced with a selection from the indicated group, provided that the designated atom's normal valency under the existing circumstances is not exceeded, and that the substitution results in a stable compound. Combinations of

substituents and/or variables are permissible only if such combinations result in stable compounds. By"stable compound"or"stable structure"is meant a compound that is sufficiently robust to survive isolation to a useful degree of purity from a reaction mixture, and formulation into an efficacious therapeutic agent.

The term"optionally substituted"means optional substitution with the specified groups, radicals or moieties. It should be noted that any atom with unsatisfied valences in the text, schemes, examples and tables herein is assumed to have the hydrogen atom (s) to satisfy the valences.

The following definitions apply regardless of whether a term is used by itself or in combination with other terms, unless otherwise indicated. Therefore, the definition of"alkyl"applies to"alkyl"as well as the"alkyl"portions of"hydroxyalkyl", "haloalkyl","alkoxy", etc.

As used herein, the term"alkyl"means an aliphatic hydrocarbon group that can be straight or branched and comprises 1 to about 20 carbon atoms in the chain. Preferred alkyl groups comprise 1 to about 12 carbon atoms in the chain.

More preferred alkyl groups comprise 1 to about 6 carbon atoms in the chain.

"Branched"means that one or more lower alkyl groups such as methyl, ethyl or propyl, are attached to a linear alkyl chain. The alkyl can be substituted by one or more substituents independently selected from the group consisting of halo, aryl, cycloalkyl, cyano, hydroxy, alkoxy, alkylthio, amino, -NH (alkyl),-NH (cycloalkyl),- N (alkyl) 2 (which alkyls can be the same or different), carboxy and-C (O) 0-alkyl.

Non-limiting examples of suitable alkyl groups include methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, t-butyl, n-pentyl, heptyl, nonyl, decyl, fluoromethyl, trifluoromethyl and cyclopropylmethyl.

"Alkenyl"means an aliphatic hydrocarbon group (straight or branched carbon chain) comprising one or more double bonds in the chain and which can be conjugated or unconjugated. Useful alkenyl groups can comprise 2 to about 15 carbon atoms in the chain, preferably 2 to about 12 carbon atoms in the chain, and more preferably 2 to about 6 carbon atoms-in-the chain. The alkenyl group can be- substituted by one or more substituents independently selected from the group consisting of halo, alkyl, aryl, cycloalkyl, cyano and alkoxy. Non-limiting examples

of suitable alkenyl groups include ethenyl, propenyl, n-butenyl, 3-methylbut-enyl and n-pentenyl.

Where an alkyl or alkenyl chain joins two other variables and is therefore bivalent, the terms alkylen and alkenylene, respectively, are used.

"Alkoxy"means an alkyl-O-group in which the alkyl group is as previously described. Useful alkoxy groups can comprise 1 to about 12 carbon atoms, preferably 1 to about 6 carbon atoms. Non-limiting examples of suitable alkoxy groups include methoxy, ethoxy and isopropoxy. The alkyl group of the alkoxy is linked to an adjacent moiety through the ether oxygen.

"Alkynyl"means an aliphatic hydrocarbon group comprising at least one carbon-carbon triple bond and which may be straight or branched and comprising about 2 to about 15 carbon atoms in the chain. Preferred alkynyl groups have about 2 to about 12 carbon atoms in the chain; and more preferably about 2 to about 4 carbon atoms in the chain. Branched means that one or more lower alkyl groups such as methyl, ethyl or propyl, are attached to a linear alkynyl chain. Non- limiting examples of suitable alkynyl groups include ethynyl, propynyl, 2-butynyl, 3- methylbutynyl, n-pentynyl, and decynyl. The alkynyl group may be substituted by one or more substituents which may be the same or different, each substituent being independently selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl and cycloalkyl.

"Aryl"means an aromatic monocyclic or multicyclic ring system comprising about 5 to about 14 carbon atoms, preferably about 6 to about 10 carbon atoms.

The aryl can be substituted with one or more substituents, as defined above, which may be the same or different. Non-limiting examples of suitable aryl groups include phenyl, naphthyl, indenyl, tetrahydronaphthyl and indanyl."Arylene" means a bivalent phenyl group, including ortho, meta and para-substitution.

Substitution on alkyl, alkenyl and alkynyl chains depends on the length of the chain, and the size and nature of the substituent. Those skilled in the art will appreciate that while longer chains can accommodate multiple substituents, shorter alkyl chains,-e. g., methyl or ethyl, can have multiple substitution-by halogen, but otherwise are likely to have only one or two substituents other than hydrogen. Shorter unsaturated chains, e. g., ethenyl or ethynyl, are generally

unsubstituted or substitution is limited to one or two groups, depending on the number of available carbon bonds.

"Cycloalkyl"means a non-aromatic mono-or multicyclic ring system comprising about 3 to about 10 carbon atoms, preferably about 5 to about 10 carbon atoms. Preferred cycloalkyl rings contain about 5 to about 7 ring atoms.

The cycloalkyl can be substituted with one or more substituents, as defined above, which may be the same or different. Non-limiting examples of suitable monocyclic cycloalkyls include cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl and the like.

Non-limiting examples of suitable multicyclic cycloalkyls include 1-decalinyl, norbornyl, adamantyl and the like."Cycloalkylene"refers to a corresponding bivalent ring, wherein the points of attachment to other groups include all positional isomers.

"Dihydroxy (Ci-C6) alkyl" refers to an alkyl chain substituted by two hydroxy groups on two different carbon atoms.

"Fluoroalkyl","difluoroalkyl"and"trifluoroalkyl"mean alkyl chains wherein the terminal carbon is substituted by 1,2 or 3 fluoroatoms, respectively, e. g.,-CF3, -CH2CF3,-CH2CHF2 or-CH2CH2F."Haloalkyl"means an alkyl chain substituted by 1 to 3 halo atoms.

"Halogen"or"halo"refers to fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine radicals.

Preferred are fluoro, chloro or bromo, and more preferred are fluoro and chloro.

"Heteroaryl"means an aromatic monocyclic or multicyclic ring system comprising 5 to 14 ring atoms, preferably about 5 to 10 ring atoms, comprised of 1 to 13 carbon atoms and 1 to 4 heteroatoms independently selected from the group consisting of N, O and S, provided that the rings do not include adjacent oxygen and/or sulfur atoms. N-oxides of the ring nitrogens are also included, as well as compounds wherein a ring nitrogen is substituted by a (C1-C4) alkyl group to form a quaternary amine. Examples of single-ring heteroaryl groups are pyridyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, oxadiazolyl, furanyl, pyrrolyl, thienyl, imidazolyl, pyrazolyl, tetrazolyl, thiazolyl, isothiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, pyrazinyl, pyrimidyl, pyridazinyl and triazolyl.

Examples of bicyclic heteroaryl groups are naphthyridyl (e. g., 1,5 or 1,7), imidazopyridyl, pyrido [2,3] imidazolyl, pyridopyrimidinyl and 7-azaindolyl. Examples of benzofused heteroaryl groups are indolyl, quinolyl, isoquinolyl, phthalazinyl,

benzothienyl (i. e., thionaphthenyl), benzimidazolyl, benzofuranyl, benzoxazolyl and benzofurazanyl. All positional isomers are contemplated, e. g., 2-pyridyl, 3-pyridyl and 4-pyridyl. W-substituted heteroaryl refers to such groups wherein substitutable ring carbon atoms have a substituent as defined above, or where adjacent carbon atoms form a ring with an alkylen group or a methylenedioxy group, or where a nitrogen in the Het ring can be substituted with R21-aryl or an optionally substituted alkyl substituent as defined in W.

The term"Het"is exemplified by the single ring, the ring substituted with another ring (which can be the same or different), benzofused heteroaryl groups as defined immediately above, as well as tricyclic groups such as benzoquinolinyl (e. g. , 1,4 or 7,8) or phenanthrolinyl (e. g. , 1,7 ; 1,10 ; or 4,7). Het groups are joined to group B by a carbon ring member, e. g. , Het is 2-pyridyl, 3-pyridyl or 2-quinolyl.

Examples of heteroaryl groups wherein adjacent carbon atoms form a ring with an alkylen group are 2, 3-cyclopentenopyridine, 2, 3-cyclohexenopyridine and 2, 3-cycloheptenopyridine.

"Heterocycloalkyl"means a 4 to 6 membered saturated ring containing 3 to 5 carbon atoms and 1 or 2 heteroatoms selected from the group consisting of N, S and O, provided that the heteroatoms are not adjacent. Examples of heterocycloalkyl rings are pyrrolidinyl, piperidinyl, piperazinyl, morpholinyl, thiomorpholinyl, thiazolidinyl, 1, 3-dioxolanyl, 1, 4-dioxanyl, tetrahydrofuranyl, tetrahydrothiophenyl and tetrahydrothiopyranyl.

The term"heterospirocyclic"refers to a spirocyclic structure containing 3 to 5 carbon atoms and 1 or 2 heteroatoms selected from the group consisting of N, S and O, provided that the heteroatoms are not adjacent.

The term"optional single bond"represented by---refers to the bond shown by the double dotted line between X and the carbon to which Y and R15 are attached in the structures of Formulas I and 11."Optional single bond"means that a single bond may be present, or that no bond is present. The"optional double bond"represented by'-----refers to the bond shown by the combined" solid/single dotted line in the middle ring of the structure shown for Formulas I and II and means that at least a single bond must be present, but that a double bond can be present. When the double bond is present, R10 is absent.

When R4 and R5 join to form a ring with the nitrogen to which they are attached, the rings formed are 1-pyrrolidinyl, 1-piperidinyl and 1-piperazinyl, wherein the piperazinyl ring may also be substituted at the 4-position nitrogen by a group R7.

The above statements, wherein, for example, R4 and R5 are said to be independently selected from a group of substituents, means that R4 and R5 are independently selected when attached to the same nitrogen, but also that where an R4 or R5 variable occurs more than once in a molecule, those occurrences are independently selected. Similarly, each occurrence of R13 or R14 is independent of any other R'3 or R14 in the same Q ring. Those skilled in the art will recognize that the size and nature of the substituent (s) will affect the number of substituents which can be present.

Compounds of the invention have at least one asymmetrical carbon atom and therefore all isomers, including enantiomers, stereoisomers, rotamers, tautomers and racemates of the compounds of Formula I or 11 (where they exist) are contemplated as being part of this invention. The invention includes d and I isomers in both pure form and in admixture, including racemic mixtures. Isomers can be prepared using conventional techniques, either by reacting optically pure or optically enriched starting materials or by separating isomers of a compound of Formula I or 11. Isomers may also include geometric isomers, e. g., when a double bond is present.

"Polymorph"means a crystalline form of a substance that is distinct from another crystalline form but that shares the same chemical formula.

Polymorphous forms of the compounds of Formula I or 11, whether crystalline or amorphous, also are contemplated as being part of this invention.

It should also be noted that any formula, compound, moiety or chemical illustration with unsatisfied valences in the present specification and/or claims herein is assumed to have sufficient hydrogen atom (s) to satisfy the valences.

"Effective amount"or"therapeutically effective amount"is meant to describe an amount of compound or a composition of the present invention effective in antagonism of a thrombin receptor and thus producing the desired therapeutic, ameliorative, inhibitory or preventative effect.

Those skilled in the art will appreciate that for some of the compounds of Formula I or 11, one isomer will show greater pharmacological activity than other isomers.

Typical preferred compounds of Formulas I and 11 have the following stereochemistries: with compounds having these absolute stereochemistries being more preferred.

Compounds of the invention with a basic group can form pharmaceutical acceptable salts with organic and inorganic acids. Examples of suitable acids for salt formation are hydrochloric, sulfuric, phosphoric, acetic, citric, oxalic, malonic, salicylic, malic, fumaric, succinic, ascorbic, maleic, methanesulfonic and other mineral and carboxylic acids well known to those in the art. Preferred embodiments include bisulfate salts. The salt is prepared by contacting the free base form with a sufficient amount of the desired acid to produce a salt. The free base form may be regenerated by treating the salt with a suitable dilute aqueous base solution such as dilute aqueous sodium bicarbonate. The free base form differs from its respective salt form somewhat in certain physical properties, such as solubility in polar solvents, but the salt is otherwise equivalent to its respective free base forms for purposes of the invention. Compounds of the invention can also form pharmaceutically acceptable solvates, including hydrates.

Certain compounds of the invention are acidic (e. g., those compounds which possess a carboxyl group). These compounds form pharmaceutical acceptable salts with inorganic and organic bases. Examples of such salts are the sodium, potassium, calcium, aluminum, lithium, gold and silver salts. Also included

are salts formed with pharmaceutical acceptable amines such as ammonia, alkyl amines, hydroxyalkylamines, N-methylglucamine and the like.

Prodrugs and solvates of the compounds of the invention are also contemplated herein. The term"prodrug", as employed herein, denotes a compound that is a drug precursor which, upon administration to a subject, undergoes chemical conversion by metabolic or chemical processes to yield a compound of Formula I or 11 or a salt and/or solvate thereof (e. g., a prodrug on being brought to the physiological pH or through enzyme action is converted to the desired drug form). A discussion of prodrugs is provided in T. Higuchi and V.

Stella, Pro-drugs as Novel Delivery Systems (1987) Volume 14 of the A. C. S.

Symposium Series, and in Bioreversible Carriers in Drug Design, (1987) Edward B.

Roche, ed. , American Pharmaceutical Association and Pergamon Press, both of which are incorporated herein by reference thereto.

"Solvate"means a physical association of a compound of this invention with one or more solvent molecules. This physical association involves varying degrees of ionic and covalent bonding, including hydrogen bonding. In certain instances the solvate will be capable of isolation, for example when one or more solvent molecules are incorporated in the crystal lattice of the crystalline solid."Solvate" encompasses both solution-phase and isolatable solvates. Non-limiting examples of suitable solvates include ethanolates, methanolates, and the like."Hydrate"is a solvate wherein the solvent molecule is H20.

"Co-crystal"means a crystalline structure simultaneously comprising pharmaceutically active molecules and inert molecules. Co-crystals may be formed by combining a weak base with a weak acid selected to match hydrogen bond donors with acceptors. The pKa difference of conjugate pairs may be inconsistent with salt formation in water. The co-crystallizing agents used to form co-crystals are usually bifunctional acids such as fumaric acid, succinic acid, malic acid, and tartaric acid. Co-crystals are discussed in J. F. Remenar et. a/.,"Crystal Engineering of Novel Cocrystals of-a Triazole-Drug with 1, 4-Dicarboxylic Acids", Joumal of the American Chemical Society, 2003, vol. 125, pp. 8456-8457.

Compounds of the invention with a carboxylic acid group can form pharmaceutical acceptable esters with an alcohol. Examples of suitable alcohols include methanol and ethanol.

Compounds of Formulas I and 11 are prepared by processes described with synthetic schemes and preparative examples disclosed in U. S. Patent No.

6,645, 987 and Application Serial No. 10/412,982, respectively, which schemes and examples are incorporated by reference herein.

Compounds of Formula I For compounds of Formula I, preferred definitions of the variables are as follows : R2, R8, Rl 0 and R11 are each preferably hydrogen. R3 preferably is hydrogen, OH, C1-C6 alkoxy,-NHR13 or C1-C6 alkyl. The variable n is preferably zero or one. R9 is preferably H, OH or alkoxy. R1 is preferably C1-C6 alkyl, more preferably methyl. The double dotted line preferably represents a single bond; X is preferably-O-and Y is preferably =O or (H, -OH). B is preferably trans-CH=CH- . Het is preferably pyridyl, substituted pyridyl, quinolyl or substituted quinolyl.

Preferred substituents (W) on Het are R21-aryl, R4'-heteroaryl or alkyl. More preferred are compounds wherein Het is 2-pyridyl substituted in the 5-position by R21-aryl, R41-heteroaryl or alkyl, or 2-pyridyl substituted in the 6-position by alkyl.

R34 is preferably (H, H) or (H, OH).

R22 and R23 are preferably selected from OH, (Cl-Clo) alkyl, (C2-Cio)-alkenyl, (C2-C1o)-alkynyl, trifluoro (C1-C1o) alkyl, trifluoro (C2-Cio)-alkenyl, trifluoro (C2- C10)alkynyl, (C3-C7)-cycloalkyl, R25-aryl, R25-aryl(C1-C6)alkyl, R25-arylhydroxy(C1- C6) alkyl, R25-aryl-alkoxy- (C1-C6) alkyl, (C3-C7) cycloalkyl- (C1-C6) alkyl, (C1-C1o) alkoxy, (C3-C7) cycloalkyloxy, (C1-C6) alkoxy (C1-C6) alkyl, OH- (Ci-C6) alkyl, trifluoro (C1- C10) alkoxy and R27-heterocyclo-alkyl (C1-C6) alkyl. More preferred are compounds wherein R22 and R23 are independently selected from the group consisting of (C1- C10)alkyl and OH-(C1-C6)alkyl.

More preferably, the present invention relates to thrombin receptor antagonists represented by any of the following structural formulas:

or a pharmaceutical acceptable isomer, salt, solvate, polymorph or c-crystal thereof.

Following are examples of compounds of Formula 1.

Still further compounds of Example 8 are disclosed in Table 1. 0 R3 H R22 R22 O H H H R2s R23 N w Table 1 Ex. R R"R W Analytical Data 8AA H Me Et HRMS (mu+) CF3 444. 2165 8BA H Me Et HRMS [ft (MH) F 394. 2184 8CA H Me Et i HRMS F (MH+) 394. 2184 8DA H Me Et HRMS 410. 1891 410. 1891 8EA H Me Et HRMS [fj (MH ci 410. 1887 8FA H Me Et ci HRMS TU) Cl 444. 1491 8GA H H Ph ~ HRMS (L (MH+) F 428. 2026 8HA H H Ph HRMS F (MH+) 428. 2027 81A H Me Et HRMS (MH+) 418. 2381 0 8JA H Me Et HRMS (MH+) 433. 2490 N i OH 8KA H Me Et HRMS J)"t (MHl 447. 2648 ZUR N OMe 8LA H Me Et HRMS (MH+) 483. 2319 H 0 8MA H Me Et Me HRMS , k. JMe 390. 2441 8NA H Me Et HRMS (MH+) Me 390. 2437 80A H Me Et i Cl-I : IRMS ~ . TO JY (MH) Cl 444. 1490 8PA Me Me Et HRMS (MH+) F 408. 2346 8QA OH Me Et Me HRMS Me fj CH) 406. 2380 8RA OH Me Et i HRMS (Y (MH) Me 406. 2376 8SA OH Me Et HRMS ts (MH+) 398. 1788 8TA OH Me Et HRMS s (MH+) 432. 1392 8UA OH Me Et HRMS r-] (MH 393. 2181 8VA OH Me Et HRMS Con 417. 2178 417. 2178 8WA OH Me Et HRMS fY (MH) CN 417. 2178 8XA OH Me Et HRMS f) (MH) 434. 2330 0 8YA OH Me Et HRMS fj ! (MH (MH+) 449. 2440 .. _. _ _ _ _ N. _ _. _ __ _ _ i OH 8ZAA OH Me Et HRMS (mu+) 463. 2599 N i OMe 8AAA OH Me Et HRMS (mu+) 435. 2275 I N I OH 8ABA OH Me Et HRMS (MH+) 449. 2446 N N i OMe 8ACA OH Me Et HRMS CNOH (MH+) 435. 2279 8ADA OH Me Et HRMS \ N'OMe (MH+) 449. 2442 8AEA OH Me Et HRMS (MH+) 422. 2332 OH 8AFA OH Me Et HRMS OH (MH+) 422. 2332 8AGA H H Et ~ HRMS (MH+) 380. 2028 8AHA H Ph Me MS (MH+) _ _ aF 442. 1 8AIA H Ph Me MS (MH+) Cl C. 8AJA OH Me Et HRMS [ ! ! (MH 463. 2589 I N I OEt 8AKA OH Me Et T HRMS CNoEt (MH+) 463. 2593 8ALA OH Me Et HRMS 91 (MH+) 477. 2750 N i OEt 8AMA OH Me Et HRMS rj (MHO 392. 2227 8ANA OH Me Et HRMS (mu+) 434. 2695 8AOA OH Me Et I HRMS (MH+) S 398. 1788 8APA OH Me Et HRMS <s 382. 2020 8AQA OH Me Et HRMS f) (MH+) 435. 2282 0 8ARA OH Me Et HRMS I (MH+) Me 424. 0945 ''''F' 8ASA OMe Me Setzt MS (MH+) o 450. 1 i 8ATA OH Me Et MS (MH+) 'o . W 436. 1 i 8AUA OMe Me Et MS (MH+) OH 436. 1 i 8AVA OH Me Et HRMS < (MH+) 480. 2752 oX 3AWA OH Me Et HRMS (MH+) 436. 2489 OH 8AXA OH Me Et I U HRMS (MH+) 434. 2325 8AYA OH Me Et OH HRMS (MH+) 436. 2489 8AZA OH H Et Me MS (MH+) 392. 2 8BAA OH H Et MS (MH+) f) 396. 3 _. oF 8BBA OH H Et 1 MS (MH+) 368. 4 -0 8BCA OH Me Et HRMS (MH+) 408. 2169 OH 8BDA-OH Me Et HRMS ~ 0 (MH+) CI 456. 1941 8BEA OH H Me HRMS (Y (MH (F 382. 1813 8BFA OH H Me r HRMS fY (MH) CN 389. 1863 8BGA OH H Me HRMS (MH+) 365. 1871 8BHA OH Me Et ~ HRMS 0 (MH+) F 440. 2243 8BIA OH H Me HRMS . k. JMe. Me 378. 2064 8BJA OH H Me ~ HRMS (MH+) 364. 1919 8BKA OH Me Et HRMS (MH+) NOH 449. 2435 8BLA OH Me Et HRMS N, OMe (MH+) 463. 2604 8BMA OH Me Et ~ t HRMS N, OEt (MH+) 477. 2751 8BNA OH Me Et HRMS (MH+) 450. 2640 OH

Still further compounds of Example 8 are disclosed in Table 2.

Table 2 Ex. R3 R22 R23 W Analytical Data HRMS 8BPA OH H Me (MH+) 408. 2181 OH HRMS 8BQA OH H Me I (MH+) 408. 2181 HRMS 8BRA OH Me Et (MH+) 417. 2182 CN vv HRMS 8BSA OH H Me (MH+) F 366. 1867 HRMS 8BTA OH Me Et (MH+) 436. 2493 OH HRMS 8BUA OH Me Me (MH+) .....-378. 2075- HRMS HRMS 8BVA OH H Me (MH+) 408. 2173 OH HARMS 8BWA OH H Me (MH+) 408. 2169 OH HRMS 8BXA OH Me Et (MH+) 436. 2492 6H 'HUMS 8BYA OH Me Me (MH+) 392. 2231 sw MS (MH+) 8BZA H Me Et 376. 1 HRMS 8CAA OH Me Me (MH+) F 396. 1969 MS 8CBA OH Me Me § § (MH+) CN 403. 1 1 HRMS 8CCA OH Me Me (MH+) 422. 2337 6H HRMS 8CDA OH Me Et (MH+) . 422. 2336 422. 2336 HARMS 8CEA OH Me Et (MH+) 422. 2331 zu uwv HRMS 8CFA OH Me Et (MH+) 422. 2336--- hums HARMS 8CGA OH Me Et NH2 (MH+) S NH2 11 0 HARMS 8CHA OH Me Et (MH+) 440. 2234 HRMS 8CIA OH Me Et (MH+) 466. 2600 v MS (MH+) Oh 8CJA OH Me Me Ho/ zvvv- MS (MH+) 8CKA OH Me Me 409. 1 90, HRMS 1 CN 8CLA OH Me Me CN (MH+) 403. 2027 /OH HRMS 8CMA OH Me Me I (MH+) 422. 2336 MS (MH+) 8CNA OH Me Me/\ 422. 1 .,-- MS (MH+) 8COA H Et Et ft 408. 1 M F MS (MH+) 8CPA H Me Et 401. 1 eN MS (MH+) 8CQA OH Et Et 424. 1 tV. MS (MH+) 8CRA---H wMe-Me - --387. 1 CN MS (MH+) 8CSA H Me Mue 387. 1 i

MS (MH+) -UN 8CTA H Et Et ¢ 415. 1 i 8CUA F MS (MH+) OH Me Me jjj 396. 2 Example 9A V OH H O H omo H Fi N I HN, D-

Similar compounds of the formula were prepared, wherein W is as defined Table 3: Table 3 Ex. W Analytical Data 9AA I HRMS t (MH+) 385. 2490 9BA N HRMS N -.-415. 2601- 9CA I HRMS t \OH (MH+) 414. 2593

9DA N HRMS C" (MH1 399. 2278 Example 10A Compounds of Formula II For compounds of Formula II, preferred definitions of the variables are as follows : The variable n is preferably 0-2, and more preferably 0. The optional double bond is preferably absent (i. e., the bond is a single bond).

Q is preferably : with the six-membered Q ring being more preferred. R13 is preferably H or-CH3.

R14 is preferably H or-CH3. For the five-membered Q ring, preferably no more than two R13 and R14 substituents are other than hydrogen. For the six-membered Q ring, preferably no more than four R13 and R14 substituents are other than hydrogen, more preferably no more than two R-13 and R14 substituents are other than hydrogen.

Especially preferred Q rings are: H H H3C CH3 R .". 4H'-- R R H Wand, preferablyshownas 2 and, H H H respectively.

In the preferred Q rings above, R is preferably -(CH2)n6NHC(O)OR16b, -(CH2)n6NHC(O)R16b, -(CH2)n6NHC(O)NR4R5, -(CH2)n6NHSO2R16 or -(CH2) n6NHSo2NR4R5 wherein n6 is 0-2, and R16b, R16 and R4 are (C1-C6)alkyl and is H. More preferred are compounds of Formula II wherein R is-NHC (O) OR -NHC(O)R16b, -NHC(O)NR4R5, -NHSO2R16 or -NHSO2NR4R5 wherein R16b, R16 and R4 are (C1-C6) alkyl and R5 is H. Even more preferred are compounds of Formula II wherein R is-NHC (O) OR16b, -NHC(O)R16b or-NHC (O) NR4R5, wherein R16b and R4 are (Ci-Ce) alkyl and R5 is H.

R'and R2 are preferably independently selected from the group consisting of H and (Ci-Ce) alkyl ; more preferably, R1 is (C1-C6)alkyl and R2 is H; especially preferred are compounds wherein R1 is -CH3 and R2 is H.

R3 is preferably H,-OH, (Ci-C6) alkyl, (C1-C6)alkoxy, halogen, (C3-C6) cycloalkyl,-C (O) OR" or-NR22R23 ; more preferably, R3 is H or (Ci-C6) alkyl.

Het is preferably pyridyl attached to B by a carbon ring member, and is preferably substituted by 1 or 2 substituents selected from W, more preferably 1 substituent. W is preferably R21-aryl or R21-heteroaryl. Aryl is preferably phenyl.

Heteroaryl is preferably pyridyl. R21 is preferably H, halogen or-CN, or-CF3, especially F, -CN or-CF3.

R8, Rlo and R"are each independently preferably H or (C1-C6) alkyl, more preferably H or-CH3 ; especially preferred are compounds of Formula II wherein R8, Rlo and R"are each H.

- R9 is preferably H,-OH or (C1-C6) alkoxy ;-more preferably,-R9 is-H.- B is preferably cis or trans- (CH2)n4CR12=CR12a (CH2) n5- wherein n4, n5, R12 and R12a are as defined above; more preferably, R12 and R12a are each H, and n4 and n5 are each zero. Particularly preferred are compounds wherein B is trans- alkenyl, especially -CH=CH-.

One group of preferred compounds is that wherein the optional single bond is present, X is -O-, Y is =O, and R15 is absent. Another preferred group of compounds is that wherein the optional single bond is absent, X is-OH, Y is (H, OH) and R'5 is H. Compounds wherein the optional single bond is present, X is -O-, Y is =O, and R'5 is absent are more preferred.

Especially preferred are compounds of Formula II wherein R is -NHC (O) OR16b wherein R16b is (C1-C6)alkyl. R16b is preferably methyl or ethyl.

Also preferred are compounds wherein the R group is attached to the C-7 position of the Q ring, as shown in Formula IIAB below.

A preferred embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula IIAB : wherein R1, R2, R3, R, R, R11, B, and Het are defined as preferred above. At least one of ring carbon atoms 5-8 is preferably substituted with - (CH2)n6NHC(O)OR16b, -(CH2)n6NHCOR16b, -(CH2)n6NHCONR4R5, - n6NHSO2R16 or-(CH2) n6NHSO2NR4R5 wherein n6 is 0-2, and R16b, R16 and R4 are (Ci-C6) alkyl and R5 is H.

A more preferred embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula IIBB : wherein Het is pyridyl substituted by an Ruz'-aryl group, preferably an R21-phenyl group wherein R21 is preferably F, -CN or-CF3.

Especially preferred are compounds of Formula IIAB or IIBB wherein at least one of ring carbon atoms 5-8 is substituted with-NHC (O) ORl6b wherein R16b is (C1-C6) alkyl. R16b is preferably methyl or ethyl.

Compounds of Formula II in which n6 is 0 can be prepared by processes known in the art, for example by the processes described in US. 6,063, 847, incorporated herein by reference.

Compounds of Formula II in which n6 is 1 or 2 are generally prepared by processes in accordance with the schemes disclosed in U. S. Application No.

10/412,982.

Following are examples of compounds of Formula II.

Compounds of the following structure were prepared,

wherein R21 and R are as defined in Table 4: Table 4 Ex. R21 R Physical data 6B-CF3-NHC02-t-butyl MS (M+1) : observed : 571 7B-CF3-NHC02CH3 HRMS (M+1) : observed : 529. 2323 8B-CF3-NHC02CH2CH3 HRMS (M+1) : observed : 543. 2467 9B-CF3-NHCO2CH2CH20CH3 HRMS (M+1) : observed : 573. 2569 10B H-NHC02CH2CH3 HRMS (M+1) : observed : 475. 2592 11B NHCO2CH2CH3 HRMS (M+1) : observed : 493. 2509 12B*-CF3-N (n-Pr) C02CH2CH3 HRMS (M+1) : observed : 585. 2951 13B*-CF3-N (n-Pr) C02CH2CH3 HRMS (M+1) : observed : 585. 2951 14B-CF3 elliNHCOCHS HRMS (M+1) : observed : 513. 2362 15B-CF NHCOCH3 HRMS (M+1) : observed : 513. 2367 16B F s INHCOCH2CH3 HRMS (M+1) : 16B F observed : 477. 2560 17B HRMS (M+1) : NHCX observed : 489. 2557 18B F NHCOCH3 HRMS (M+1) : observed : 463. 2401 19B-CF3-NHCOCH20CH3 HRMS (M+1) : observed : 543. 2465 20B--, ZCF3-NHCOCH20C (O) CH3 HRMS (M+1) :.--'' observed : 571. 2416 21B-CF3-NHCONHCH2CH3 HRMS (M+1) : observed : 542. 2636 22B-CF3-NHCONHCH3 HRMS (M+1) : observed : 556. 2795

23B NHCONHCH3 HRMS (M+1) : observed : 478. 2511 24B F-NHCONHCH2CH3 HRMS (M+1) : observed : 492. 2669 25B F NHCONHCH2CH3 HRMS (M+1) : observed : 492. 2668 26B-CF3-NHS02CH3 HRMS (M+1) : observed : 563. 2198 27B-CF3-NHS02CH2CH3 HRMS (M+1) : observed : 549. 2024 28B-CF3-NHS02CH2CH2CH3 HRMS (M+1) : observed : 577. 2352 29B H-NHSO2CH3 HRMS (M+1) : observed : 481. 2164 wnINHS02CH3 HRMS (M+1) : observed : 549. 2026 31 B F-""NHS02CH2CH3 HRMS (M+1) : 31B F observed : 513. 2217 Replacing the pyridine group of compound 1 B with a quinoline group, compounds of the following structure were prepared, wherein R and Ar are as defined in Table 5: Table 5 Ex. Ar-R Physical data *rt 32B mCI | INHAc MS m/z453 (MH+) CI 33B mNHCONHEt MS m1z482 (MH+) 33B-.-----.----------. 34B NHC02Et MS milz483 (MH+) cl 35B \¢>cl NHCO2Et MS m/z483 (MH+) / ci 36B, NHCO2Et MS m/z483 (MH+) 37B < j NHCO2Et MS m/z483 (MH+) 38B-,,"NHAc MS m/z 453 (MH+) k 40B ts1 J s NHAC MS m/z453 (MH+). ' 41 B N,, ci. 111INHCONHEt MS m/z 482 (MH+) I 42B < | NHCO2Et MS m/z483 (MH+) 43B ?'NHCOsEt MS m/z483 (MH+) i s

The following analogs were prepared employing further variations of W selected from substituted phenyl and heteroaryl groups:

wherein R and Ar are as defined in Table 6: Table 6 Ex. Ar-R PhysicalData 44B < | NHCO2Et MS m/z 476 (MH+) 45B ß | NHCO2Et MS mlz 493 (MH+) I 46B CßSMe ß INHco2Et MS m/z 521 (MH+) 47B \OMe § INHCO2Et MS m/z 506 (MH+) v'OMe 48B S | NHCO2Et MS mlz 477 (MH+) Y 49B C | NHCO2Et MS m/z 476 (MH+) 50B \ CONH2. mNHC02Et MS m/z518 (MH+) u 51B XN X NHCO2Et MS m/z 476 (MH+) ZON 52B X)} NHCO2Et MS m/z 482 (MH+) N 53B p vnNHC02Et MS m/z 465 (MH+) 54B CN--iiiNHC02Et MS mlz 500 (MH+) 55B nN ~ NHCO2Et MS m/z 476 (MH+) 56B AN NHCO2Et MS m/z500 (MH+) I 57B ONH2-oNNHC02Et MS m/z518 (MH+) i 58B 4-NHCO2Et MS m/z 493 (MH+) "0 s 59B <----NHCO2Et-MS m/z509 (MH+)- 60B \ vnNHC02Et MS m/z 509 (MH+) 61 B * NHCO2Et MS m/z511 (MH+) 62B vF NHCO2Et MS m/z511 (MH+) 63B F vnNHC02CH2CONH2 MS m/z522 (MH+) 64B F NHC02CH2CONH2 MS m/z522 (MH+) OM 65B o--l'INHC02Et MS m/z 505 (MH+) 4 66B lMe-NHCO2Et MS m/z 505 (MH+) I Xj 67B >tXF | NHCO2CH2CO2Me MS m/z 537 (MH+) 68B w F nNHC02CH2C02H MS m/z 523 (MH+)

Example 69B

Example 70B

Example 71 B Example 72B

Example 73B Example 74B

Table 7 discloses compounds of the following structure by displaying definitions of R:

Table 7 Ex. R HRMS (MH+) 74B H 435. 2445 75B t 507. 2664 zozo 76B ? 493. 2497 \Ao-- 77B ? 477. 2548 v 78B k) 491. 2703 n 79B 513. 2213 vu 0 SOB § 527. 2388 VIZ 0 NH2 506. 2822 cT NH2 82B H 532. 2970 N 83B 506. 2822 VN" H 84B 546. 3124 v , Ce

Examples 85B-92B

Table 8 discloses compounds of the following structure by displaying definitions of NRR' :

Table 8 EX. NRR' (MH+) HRMS 85B X 576. 2481 H 86B Nn 576. 2472 Y' N 87B X, Ns 513. 2370 88B X, N 527. 2517 89B tN OH 543. 2477 H 90B 2e, N/541. 2669 91 B Y NX OH 569. 2632 92B Y N9OH 569. 2627 FORMULATIONS AND DOSING For preparing pharmaceutical compositions from the compounds described by this invention, inert, pharmaceutical acceptable carriers, can be either solid or liquid. Solid form preparations include powders, tablets, dispersible granules, capsules, cachets and suppositories. The powders and tablets may be comprised of from about 5 to about 95 percent active ingredient. Suitable solid carriers are known in the art, e. g. , magnesium carbonate, magnesium stearate, talc, sugar or lactose. Tablets, powders, cachets and capsules can be used as solid dosage forms suitable for oral administration. Examples of pharmaceutical acceptable carriers and methods of manufacture for various compositions may be found in A.

Gennaro (ed.), The Science and Practice of Pharmacy, 20th Edition, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, MD, (2000).

Liquid form preparations include solutions, suspensions and emulsions. As an example may be mentioned water or water-propylene glycol solutions for parenteral injection or addition of sweeteners and opacifiers for oral solutions, suspensions and emulsions. Liquid form preparations may also include solutions for intranasal administration.

Aerosol preparations suitable for inhalation may include solutions and solids in powder form, which may be in combination with a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier, such as an inert compressed gas, e. g., nitrogen.

Also included are solid form preparations which are intended to be converted, shortly before use, to liquid form preparations for either oral or parenteral administration. Such liquid forms include solutions, suspensions and emulsions.

The compounds of the invention may also be deliverable transdermally.

The transdermal compositions can take the form of creams, lotions, aerosols and/or emulsions and can be included in a transdermal patch of the matrix or reservoir type as are conventional in the art for this purpose.

Preferably the compound is administered orally.

Preferably, the pharmaceutical preparation is in a unit dosage form. In such form, the preparation is subdivided into suitably sized unit doses containing appropriate quantities of the active component, e. g., an effective amount to achieve the desired purpose.

The daily dose of a compound of Formula I or 11 for treatment of a disease or condition cited above is about 0.001 to about 100 mg/kg of body weight per day, preferably about 0.001 to about 10 mg/kg. For an average body weight of 70 kg, the dosage level is therefore from about 0.1 to about 700 mg of drug per day, given in a single dose or 2-4 divided doses.

The amount and frequency of administration of the compounds of the invention and/or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof will be regulated according to the judgment of the attending clinician considering such factors as age, condition and size of the patient as well as severity of the symptoms being treated.

Further embodiments of the invention encompass the administration of compounds of Formula I or 11 along with at least one additional therapeutical effective agent. The coritemplated additional therapeutically effective agent is one that differs in either atomic make up or arrangement from the compounds of Formula I or 11. Therapeutically effective agents that can be used in combination with the novel compounds of this invention include drugs that are known and used

in the treatment of inflammation, rheumatism, asthma, glomerulonephritis, osteoporosis, neuropathy and/or malignant tumors, angiogenesis related disorders, cancer, disorders of the liver, kidney and lung, melanoma, renal cell carcinoma, renal disease, acute renal failure, chronic renal failure, renal vascular homeostasis, glomerulonephritis, chronic airways disease, bladder inflammation, neurodegenerative and/or neurotoxic diseases, conditions, or injuries, radiation fibrosis, endothelial dysfunction, periodontal diseases and wounds. Further examples of therapeutical effective agents which may be administered in combination with the compounds of Formula I or 11 include resistance factors for tumor cells towards chemotherapy and proliferation inhibitors of smooth muscle cells, endothelial cells, fibroblasts, kidney cells, osteosarcoma cells, muscle cells, cancer cells and/or glial cells. The therapeutically effective agents may be cardiovascular agents.

Cardiovascular agents that can be used in combination with the novel compounds of this invention include drugs that have anti-thrombotic, anti-platelet aggregation, antiatherosclerotic, antirestenotic and/or anti-coagulant activity. Such drugs are useful in treating thrombosis-related diseases including thrombosis, atherosclerosis, restenosis, hypertension, angina pectoris, arrhythmia, heart failure, myocardial infarction, glomerulonephritis, thrombotic and thromboembolic stroke, peripheral vascular diseases, other cardiovascular diseases, cerebral ischemia, inflammatory disorders and cancer, as well as other disorders in which thrombin and its receptor play a pathological role. Suitable cardiovascular agents are selected from the group consisting of thromboxane A2 biosynthesis inhibitors such as aspirin; thromboxane antagonists such as seratrodast, picotamide and ramatroban; adenosine diphosphate (ADP) inhibitors such as clopidogrel ; cyclooxygenase inhibitors such as aspirin, meloxicam, rofecoxib and celecoxib ; angiotensin antagonists such as valsartan, telmisartan, candesartran, irbesartran, losartan and eprosartan; endothelin antagonists such as tezosentan ; --phosphodiesterase inhibitors-such as milrinoone and enoximone; angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors such as captopril, enalapril, enaliprilat, spirapril, quinapril, perindopril, ramipril, fosinopril, trandolapril, lisinopril, moexipril and benazapril ; neutral endopeptidase inhibitors such as candoxatril and ecadotril ;

anticoagulants such as ximelagatran, fondaparin and enoxaparin; diuretics such as chlorothiazide, hydrochlorothiazide, ethacrynic acid, furosemide and amiloride ; platelet aggregation inhibitors such as abciximab and eptifibatide; and GP llb/lila antagonists.

Preferred types of drugs for use in combination with the novel compounds of this invention are thromboxane A2 biosynthesis inhibitors, cyclooxygenase inhibitors and ADP antagonists. Especially preferred for use in the combinations are aspirin and clopidogrel bisulfate.

Further embodiments of the invention encompass the administration of compounds of Formula I or 11 along with more than one additional therapeutically effective agent. In these embodiments, the additional therapeutical effective agent may or may not be commonly used in the treatment of the same condition.

For example, a compound of Formula I or 11 may be administered along with two cardiovascular agents. Alternatively, a compound of Formula I or 11 may be administered along with a cardiovascular agent and a therapeutically effective agent useful in the treatment of inflammation.

When the invention comprises a combination of a compound of Formula I or II and one or more other therapeutically effective agents, the two or more active components may be co-administered simultaneously or sequentially, or a single pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of Formula I or 11 and the other therapeutically effective agent (s) in a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier can be administered. The components of the combination can be administered individually or together in any conventional dosage form such as capsule, tablet, powder, cachet, suspension, solution, suppository, nasal spray, etc. The dosage of the other therapeutical active agent (s) can be determined from published material, and may range from 1 to 1000 mg per dose.

In this specification, the term"at least one compound of Formula I"means that one to three different compounds of Formula I may be used in a pharmaceutical composition-or method of treatment. Preferably one compound of Formula I is used. Similarly, the term"one or more additional cardiovascular agents"means that one to three additional drugs may be administered in combination with a compound of Formula 1 ; preferably, one additional compound is

administered in combination with a compound of Formula I. The additional cardiovascular agents can be administered sequentially or simultaneously with reference to the compound of Formula I. The term"at least one compound of Formula II"has a similar meaning with respect to compounds of Formula II.

While the present invention has been described in conjunction with the specific embodiments set forth above, many alternatives, modifications and variations thereof will be apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art. All such alternatives, modifications, and variations are intended to fall within the spirit and scope of the present invention.