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Title:
MID-SOLE FOR SHOES
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/011030
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A mid-sole for shoes (10), which comprises a body (11) on which there is a lower portion (12) for joining to a tread and an upper portion (13) for supporting an insole, characterized in that the upper portion (13) comprises a plurality of elastically compressible protrusions (14, 14a, 14b, 14c, 14d, 14e) that protrude toward the outside of the body (11) from a bottom surface (15) of the upper portion (13).

Inventors:
MASON, Angelo (VIA MONTE GRAPPA, 180, CAERANO DI SAN MARCO, 31031, IT)
POLEGATO MORETTI, Enrico (VIA G. FANTIN 90, CROCETTA DEL MONTELLO, 31035, IT)
Application Number:
EP2017/066736
Publication Date:
January 18, 2018
Filing Date:
July 05, 2017
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
DIADORA SPORT S.R.L. (VIA MONTELLO 80, CAERANO DI SAN MARCO, 31031, IT)
International Classes:
A43B13/04; A43B13/12; A43B13/18; A43B13/22
Domestic Patent References:
WO1991011928A11991-08-22
Foreign References:
CN102783754A2012-11-21
EP0780063A11997-06-25
EP1557104A12005-07-27
DE806647C1952-05-08
EP0875163A21998-11-04
EP1222868A12002-07-17
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
MODIANO, Micaela (MODIANO & PARTNERS, Via Meravigli 16, Milano, 20123, IT)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A mid-sole for shoes (10), which comprises a body (11) on which there is a lower portion (12) for joining to a tread and an upper portion (13) for supporting an insole, characterized in that said upper portion (13) comprises a plurality of elastically compressible protrusions (14, 14a, 14b, 14c, 14d, 14e) that protrude toward the outside of said body (11) from a bottom surface (15) of said upper portion (13).

2. The mid-sole according to claim 1, characterized in that each one of said elastically compressible protrusions (14, 14a, 14b, 14c, 14d, 14e) has a blind cavity (16) that is open toward the outside of the body (11).

3. The mid-sole according to claim 1, characterized in that said body (11) is contoured to contain the sole of a foot.

4. The mid-sole according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that each protrusion (14, 14a, 14b, 14c, 14d, 14e) is constituted by a stepped frustum- shaped raised portion (18).

5. The mid-sole according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that said blind cavity (16) is coaxial to the frustum-shaped contour of the protrusion (14, 14a, 14b, 14c, 14d, 14e) in which it is defined.

6. The mid-sole according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that said bottom surface (15) is plantar-shaped.

7. The mid-sole according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that each protrusion (14, 14a, 14b, 14c, 14d, 14e) has an end surface (17) that is flat, so as to define with the other end surfaces (17) of the other protrusions an external surface (20) for resting an insole that has an anatomical shape.

8. The mid-sole according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that the height of each protrusion (14, 14a, 14b, 14c, 14d, 14e) varies according to the anatomical shape of the bottom surface (15) in the region of the mid-sole (10) of which the protrusion is a part.

9. The mid-sole according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that it is surrounded by an outer perimetric edge (21) for containing an insole.

10. The mid-sole according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that it is provided in a single piece.

11. The mid-sole according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that it is provided in a single piece with a material that has elastic characteristics, in order to facilitate its return to the original shape during the use of the shoe, and has a density preferably comprised between (0.15-1.20) g/cm3 and a hardness preferably comprised between (15-60) Shore A, such as for example SBS (styrene-butadiene-styrene) rubber, NR rubber (natural rubber), rubber and EVA (ethylene vinyl acetate), TPU (thermoplastic polyurethane) and two-component (polyol-isocyanate) expanded polyurethane ER

Description:
MID-SOLE FOR SHOES

The present invention relates to a mid-sole for shoes.

Nowadays it is known to provide a mid-sole for shoes that usually has a contained thickness and is made with elastically flexible material, both in order to conform anatomically to the foot as a function of the configurations it assumes during walking or running, and also in order to act as a shock absorber.

The mid-sole, in fact, must be capable of adequately decreasing the excessive load in the impact area of the foot with respect to the ground, and elastically return part of the energy received during the normal heel-toe stride, while simultaneously decreasing muscular stress and loads to the detriment of the muscular- skeletal apparatus.

Nowadays, in order to meet such needs, mid-soles are used whose principal functions are, therefore, the absorption of impact during the normal heel-toe stride, elastic yield for transferring loads from the heel to the toes, and flexibility for the thrust phase.

It is therefore known to provide a mid-sole for shoes which is made of expanded polyurethane (EP) or of ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA), which make up about 90% of the mid-sole and are characterized by a single rigidity level over the entire length of the mid-sole, from the heel to the toes.

A drawback that is found in the cited known art consists in that the mid-sole made of EVA or of EP adapts slowly to the shape of the sole of the foot of the user, and therefore it is not capable of ensuring an adequate anatomical adaptation during use, rendering the shoe rather uncomfortable.

This drawback is felt more for users who suffer from overpronation or from excessive supination.

Pronation is a normal part of running that consists of the natural tendency of the foot to rotate inward during walking or running, in order to absorb shocks; some people have an excessive rotation (overpronation), which continues after the impact of the foot on the ground, or an insufficient rotation of the foot (excessive supination), both of which influence the manner of running and can increase the risk of injuries and generate tendinitis both in the foot and in the knees, plantar fasciitis and other muscular inflammations.

To seek to overcome these drawbacks, it is known to insert rigid supporting elements, for example in the form of vertical walls of greater or lesser thickness, in the medial wall of the mid-sole, at the plantar arch.

Such rigid elements are uncomfortable and inconvenient because they do not adapt to the shape of the sole of the foot, since they are not three- dimensionally and anatomically shaped to fit the foot.

Conventional mid-soles are often reinforced in the waist area by way of the use of added materials the function of which is to lighten and cushion the mid-sole; the use is known of pads, arranged in the heel region, which contain air or gel or similar materials, which increase impact absorption and are adapted to deform, elastically absorbing the energy of impact with the ground.

A drawback of such conventional solutions consists of a loss of impact absorption, with consequent loss of elasticity, owing to the fact that, as a consequence of repeated compressions during use, over time the mid- sole loses the shock-absorption properties and the elastic return of the thrust phase; this can be due both to the characteristics of the principal material with which it is made, and to the use of pads that can easily deflate and break if subjected to the repeated compressions that arise during sporting activity.

The aim of the present invention is to provide a mid-sole for shoes that is capable of overcoming the above mentioned drawbacks of conventional mid-soles.

In particular, an object of the present invention is to develop a mid- sole that offers improved characteristics for cushioning and thrust with respect to conventional mid-soles. Another object of the present invention is to obtain a mid-sole that ensures that the cushioning and thrust capacities are maintained over time.

Another object of the invention is to provide a mid-sole that ensures an adequate level of anatomical adaptation is reached including for persons with problems of overpronation or of excessive supination.

This aim and these and other objects which will become better apparent hereinafter are achieved by a mid-sole for shoes according to claim 1.

Further characteristics and advantages of the invention will become better apparent from the detailed description of a particular, but not exclusive, embodiment of the invention, which is illustrated by way of non- limiting example in the accompanying drawings wherein:

- Figure 1 is a view from above of a mid-sole according to the invention;

- Figure 2 shows a portion of a cross-sectional side view taken along the line II-II of Figure 1 ;

- Figure 3 shows another portion of the cross-sectional side view taken along the line II-II of Figure 1 ;

- Figure 4 is a detail of Figure 3.

With reference to the figures, a mid-sole for shoes according to the invention is generally designated with the reference numeral 10.

The mid-sole 10 comprises a body 11 on which there is a lower portion 12 for joining to a tread, and an upper portion 13 for supporting an insole.

The peculiarity of the mid-sole 10 according to the invention lies in the fact that the upper portion 13 comprises a plurality of elastically compressible protrusions 14, 14a, 14b, 14c, 14d, 14e that protrude toward the outside of the body 11 from a bottom surface 15 of the upper portion 13.

In the present exemplary embodiment, each one of the elastically compressible protrusions 14, 14a, 14b, 14c, 14d, 14e has a blind cavity 16 that is open toward the outside of the body 11.

It should therefore be understood that such elastically compressible protrusions can be provided solid, i.e. without blind cavity.

The body 11 is contoured to contain the sole of a foot.

Each protrusion 14, 14a, 14b, 14c, 14d and 14e, in the present exemplary embodiment, is constituted by a stepped frustum-shaped raised portion 18, as can clearly be seen in the detail in Figure 4, the number of such steps therefore varying with the height, with respect to the bottom surface 15 from which they protrude, of the protrusion 14, 14a, 14b, 14c, 14d, 14e.

It should be understood that the protrusions 14, 14, 14a, 14b, 14c, 14d, 14e can also have another shape, for example cylindrical.

It should be understood that the protrusions 14, 14, 14a, 14b, 14c, 14d, 14e can have a different shape from one protrusion to the next, according to the region on which they are arranged.

The term blind cavity 16 means a non-through cavity, closed at the other end with respect to the opening outward.

The blind cavity 16 is coaxial to the frustum- shaped contour of the protrusion 14, 14a, 14b, 14c, 14d, 14e in which it is defined.

The blind cavity 16 is, for example, cylindrical.

The bottom surface 15 is plantar-shaped.

Each protrusion has an end surface 17 that is flat, so as to define with the other end surfaces 17 of the other protrusions an external surface for resting an insole, shown with dotted lines in Figures 2 and 3 and designated therein with the reference numeral 20, which has an anatomical shape.

The height of each protrusion 14, 14a, 14b, 14c, 14d, 14e varies according to the anatomical shape of the bottom surface 15 in the region of the mid-sole 10 of which the protrusion is a part.

For example the protrusions 14a, 14b and 14c of the heel region are higher than the protrusions 14d of the waist region. Similarly the protrusions 14e of the metatarsal region are higher than the protrusions 14d of the waist region, but lower than the protrusions 14a, 14b and 14c of the heel region.

The protrusions 14d of the waist region, which are lower, can for example be cylindrical.

The mid-sole 10 is surrounded by an outer perimetric edge 21, for containing an insole.

The mid-sole 10 is provided in a single piece, using a material that has elastic characteristics, in order to facilitate its return to the original shape during the use of the shoe, and has a density preferably comprised between (0.15-1.20) g/cm 3 and a hardness preferably comprised between (15-60) Shore A, such as for example SBS (styrene-butadiene-styrene) rubber, NR rubber (natural rubber), rubber and EVA (ethylene vinyl acetate), TPU (thermoplastic polyurethane) and two-component (polyol-isocyanate) expanded polyurethane EP.

The peculiar stepped frustum-shape of the protrusions 14, 14a, 14b, 14c, 14d, 14e enables the steps to collapse progressively, starting from the outermost one, into the corresponding blind cavity 16, thus cushioning the impact, while the stepped shape makes it possible to provide the elastic yield by returning the propulsive energy until the protrusions are returned to the original shape structure, ready for another cycle of impact/cushioning and elastic yield/propulsion.

The axial cavities 16 also have the advantage of contributing to lighten the mid-sole 10.

The arrangement and the size of each one of the protrusions 14, 14a,

14b, 14c, 14d, 14e, as well as their concentration on the bottom surface 15, are defined as a function of the desired cushioning function, elastic yield and desired propulsion correlated with the anatomical shape structure of the foot of the user and of the type of activity performed by the user.

In the figures, the mid-sole 10 according to the invention is shown as being provided with a tread 25, which should be understood as not being part of the invention.

Thus it has been found that the invention fully achieves the intended aim and objects, a mid-sole for shoes having being obtained that is capable of adapting rapidly to the movements and to the shape structure of the foot of the user, while at the same time having good cushioning and thrust characteristics.

Furthermore, with the invention a mid-sole has been devised that ensures that the cushioning and thrust capacities are maintained over time and that an adequate level of anatomical adaptation is achieved even for users with problems of overpronation or of excessive supination.

The materials used as well as the dimensions of the individual components of the invention may be more relevant according to specific requirements.

The characteristics indicated above as advantageous, convenient or the like, may also be missing or be substituted by equivalent characteristics.

The disclosures in Italian Patent Application No. 102016000073012 (UA2016A005146) from which this application claims priority are incorporated herein by reference.

Where technical features mentioned in any claim are followed by reference signs, those reference signs have been included for the sole purpose of increasing the intelligibility of the claims and accordingly, such reference signs do not have any limiting effect on the interpretation of each element identified by way of example by such reference signs.