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Title:
MODULAR VEHICLE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2020/183500
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A modular vehicle (100) having a longitudinal length, the modular vehicle having a front body structure (102) extending from a front end (101) of the vehicle to a rider's seat (112) of the vehicle (100) along the longitudinal length, at least two modular rear body structures (104, 104') extending from the rider's seat (112) to a rear end (103, 103') of the vehicle, wherein the at least two modular rear body structures (104, 104') includes a first modular rear body structure (104) and a second modular rear body structure (104'), wherein the front body structure (102) is detachably attached to the first modular rear body structure (104) to operate the modular vehicle (100) in a first operational configuration and the front body structure (102) is detachably attached to the second modular rear body structure (104') to operate the modular vehicle (100) in a second operational configuration.

Inventors:
BHARDWAJ RAJAT (IN)
JAIN ANUJ (IN)
AGARWAL ANKIT (IN)
DADHEECH GAURAV (IN)
DWIVEDI SATYENDRA DHAR (IN)
Application Number:
IN2020/050233
Publication Date:
September 17, 2020
Filing Date:
March 14, 2020
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
BHARDWAJ RAJAT (IN)
JAIN ANUJ (IN)
AGARWAL ANKIT (IN)
DADHEECH GAURAV (IN)
DWIVEDI SATYENDRA DHAR (IN)
International Classes:
B62K13/04
Foreign References:
US20030047930A12003-03-13
US5086866A1992-02-11
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
SRIHARI, Saragur, Kasturirangan et al. (IN)
Download PDF:
Claims:
The claims:

1. A modular vehicle (100) having a longitudinal length, the modular vehicle comprising:

a front body structure (102) extending from a front end (101) of the vehicle to a rider’ s seat ( 112) of the vehicle ( 100) along the longitudinal length; at least two modular rear body structures (104, 104’) extending from the rider’s seat (112) to a rear end (103, 103’) of the vehicle, wherein the at least two modular rear body structures (104, 104’ ) includes a first modular rear body structure (104) and a second modular rear body structure (104’);

wherein the front body structure (102) is detachably attached to the first modular rear body structure (104) to operate the modular vehicle (100) in a first operational configuration and the front body structure (102) is detachably attached to the second modular rear body structure (104’) to operate the modular vehicle (100) in a second operational configuration.

2. The modular vehicle (100) as claimed in claim 1, wherein the front body structure (102) comprises a first body frame (106) extending from the front end (101) of the vehicle upto the rider’s seat (112) along the longitudinal length, and a first swing arm member (160) extending from the first body frame (106) along the longitudinal length of the vehicle (100), wherein the first swing arm member (160) comprises a first left arm member (162) and a first right arm member (164).

3. The modular vehicle (100) as claimed in claim 1, wherein the first operational configuration is one of a two wheeled configuration, a three wheeled configuration and a four-wheel configuration, wherein the second operational configuration is one of a two wheeled configuration, a three wheeled configuration and a four-wheeled configuration. 4. The modular vehicle (100) as claimed in claim 1, wherein the first operational configuration is a two wheeled configuration and the second operational configuration is a three wheeled configuration.

5. The modular vehicle (100) as claimed in claim 1, wherein the second modular rear body structure (104’) comprises a second body frame (17 ) extending from the rider’s seat (112) to the rear end (103’) of the vehicle.

6. The modular vehicle (100) as claimed in claim 2, wherein the first body frame (106) includes a first cross member (126), a first left seat rail (128), and a first right seat rail (130).

7. The modular vehicle (100) as claimed in claim 6, wherein the first left seat rail (128) comprises a first left seat rail connecting portion (131), and the first right seat rail (130) comprises a first right seat rail connecting portion (133), the first left seat rail connecting portion (131) and the first right seat rail connecting portion (133) configured for coupling the first body frame (106) to a second body frame (171, 171’).

8. The modular vehicle (100) as claimed in claims 5 and 7, wherein the second body frame (171’) comprises a plurality of receiving members ( 172’ ) configured for detachably coupling the first left seat rail connecting portion (131) and the first right seat rail connecting portion (133) and a swing arm receiving portion (174’) configured for coupling with the first swing arm member (160). 9. The modular vehicle (100) as claimed in claim 1, comprising a first stand member (125) coupled with the front body structure (102), the first stand member (125) configured to keep the front body structure (102) in an upright position once it is detached from the rear body structure (104).

10. The modular vehicle (100) as claimed in claim 1, comprising a second stand member (127, 127’) coupled with at least one of the at least two modular rear body structure (104, 104’), the second stand member (127, 127’) configured to support the at least one of the at least two modular rear body structure (104, 104’) on the ground once the modular rear body structure is detached from the front body structure (102).

11. The modular vehicle (100) as claimed in claim 6, comprising a first battery holding portion (123) configured to hold a first battery unit, the first battery holding portion (123) positioned below the first left seat rail (128) and the first right seat rail (130).

12. The modular vehicle (100) as claimed in claim 1, comprising a second battery holding portion configured to hold a second battery unit, the second battery holding portion positioned below a seat unit (170, 170’) of modular rear body structure (104, 104’).

13. The modular vehicle (100) as claimed in claim 8, wherein the receiving portion (174’) comprises a plurality of rolling members (176’) and a latching mechanism for coupling the first swing arm member (160) with the second body frame

(171’). 14. The modular vehicle (100) as claimed in claim 1, wherein the first modular rear body structure (104) comprises a second body frame (171) extending from the passenger seat (170) to the rear end (103) of the vehicle and a second swing arm member (176).

15. The modular vehicle (100) as claimed in claim 14, wherein the second body frame (171) comprises a second left seat rail (172) and a second right seat rail (174) for detachably coupling the second body frame (171) to the first body frame (106).

16. The modular vehicle (100) as claimed in claim 15, wherein the second left seat rail (172) comprises a second left seat rail connecting portion (173) wherein the second left seat rail connecting portion (173) is detachably coupled to the first left seat rail connecting portion (131) and the second right seat rail (174) comprises a second right seat rail connecting portion (175) that is detachably coupled to the first right seat rail (130).

17. The modular vehicle (100) as claimed in claim 2, wherein the first left arm member (162) comprises a first left arm connection portion (163) and the first right arm member (164) comprises a first right arm connection portion (165).

18. The modular vehicle (100) as claimed in claim 17, wherein the second swing arm member (176) comprises a second left arm member (210) and a second right arm member (212), and is detachably coupled to the first swing arm member (160).

19. The modular vehicle (100) as claimed in claim 17 and claim 18, wherein the second left arm member (210) is detachably coupled to the first left arm member (162) and comprises a second left arm connection portion (216) detachably coupled to the first left arm connection portion (163).

20. The modular vehicle (100) as claimed in claim 19, wherein the second right arm member (212) is detachably coupled to the first right arm member (164) and comprises a second right arm connection portion (218) detachably coupled to the first right arm connection portion (165).

21. The modular vehicle (100) as claimed in claim 15, wherein a second battery holding portion (181) is configured to hold a second battery unit, the second battery holding portion (181) is disposed below the second left seat rail (172) and the second right seat rail (174).

Description:
“MODULAR VEHICLE”

TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] The present disclosure relates to two-wheeled and three wheeled vehicles. In particular, the present disclosure related to a modular two or three wheeled vehicle.

BACKGROUND

[0002] Vehicles are known which either can be driven as two wheeled vehicle or as three wheeled vehicle. However, there are situations or needs which require a vehicle to be ridden as a two wheeled at one instance and as a three wheeled vehicle at other. For example, a vehicle may be required as a three wheeled vehicle to pull many passengers in a rush hours and may be required to be used as a two wheeled vehicle to deliver packages, food materials, etc. Also, it should be easily convertible from a two wheeled vehicle to a three wheeled vehicle and vice versa.

SUMMARY

[0003] A modular vehicle having a longitudinal length is disclosed. The modular vehicle has a front body structure extending from a front end of the vehicle to a rider’s seat of the vehicle along the longitudinal length, at least two modular rear body structures extending from the rider’s seat to a rear end of the vehicle, wherein the at least two modular rear body structures includes a first modular rear body structure and a second modular rear body structure, wherein the front body structure is detachably attached to the first modular rear body structure to operate the modular vehicle in a first operational configuration and the front body structure is detachably attached to the second modular rear body structure to operate the modular vehicle in a second operational configuration. The convertibility of the modular vehicle between different operational configurations provides for versatile use of the vehicle as required in different requirements and operating conditions. The operational configuration can be selected and adjusted as needed for making the modular vehicle apt for the intended usage.

[0004] In an aspect, the front body structure has a first body frame extending from the front end of the vehicle to the rider’s seat along the longitudinal length, and a first swing arm member extending from the first body frame to the rider’s seat of the vehicle along the longitudinal length of the modular vehicle, wherein the first swing arm member comprises a first left arm member and a first right arm member. The front frame of the modular vehicle is configured to support the components of the modular vehicle that are positioned on the front portion of the vehicle upto the rider’s seat along the longitudinal length of the modular vehicle.

[0005] In an aspect, the first operational configuration is one of a two wheeled configuration, a three wheeled configuration and a four-wheel configuration, wherein the second operational configuration is one of a two wheeled configuration, a three wheeled configuration and a four-wheeled configuration. In an embodiment, the first operational configuration is a two wheeled configuration and the second operational configuration is a three wheeled configuration. Accordingly, the modular vehicle can be converted into a two-wheeled vehicle, a three wheeled vehicle, or a four wheeled vehicle.

[0006] In an aspect, the second modular rear body structure comprises a second body frame extending from the rider’s seat to the rear end of the vehicle. The second body frame can be coupled with the front body stmcture for converting the modular vehicle into a three wheeled vehicle.

[0007] In an aspect, the first body frame includes a first cross member, a first left seat rail, and a first right seat rail. The seat rails support the rider’s seat and the cross member provides rigidity in the first body frame as well as facilitate mounting of the swing arm of the vehicle. The first left seat rail has a first left seat rail connecting portion, and the first right seat rail comprises a first right seat rail connecting portion, the first left seat rail connecting portion and the first right seat rail connecting portion configured for coupling the first body frame to the second body frame. Further, the second body frame has a plurality of receiving members configured for detachably coupling the first left seat rail connecting portion and the first right seat rail connecting portion and a swing arm receiving portion configured for coupling with the first swing arm member. The connecting portions and the receiving portions provide for detachable coupled of the second modular rear body structure with the front body structure.

[0008] In an aspect, the modular vehicle may have a first stand member coupled with the front body structure, the first stand member is configured to keep the front body structure in an upright position once it is detached from the rear body structure. Further, the modular vehicle may have a second stand member coupled with the at least one of the at least two modular rear body structure, the second stand member is configured to support the at least one of the at least two modular rear body structure on the ground once the modular rear body structure is detached from the front body structure. The first stand member and the second stand member while supporting the front body structure and the rear body structure respectively, ensure that the components situation at the bottom of the front body structure and the rear body structure do not abut or strike the ground when the front body structure is separated from the rear body structure for repair and maintenance. This also avoids any damage to the components of the vehicle or the ground surface that may be caused due to the front body structure and the rear body structure hitting the ground surface.

[0009] In an aspect, the modular vehicle may have a first battery holding portion configured to hold a first battery unit, the first battery holding portion is positioned below the first left seat rail and the first right seat rail. Further, the modular vehicle may have a second battery holding portion configured to hold a second battery unit, the second battery holding portion positioned below the seat unit. The batteries can be secured on the vehicle while utilizing the space between the seat rails and the space beneath the passenger seat. [00010] In an aspect, the receiving portion includes a plurality of rolling members and latching mechanism for coupling the first swing arm member with the second body frame. While the rolling member provide for conveniently guiding and sliding the first swing arm member into the receiving portions, the latching mechanism detachably locks the first swing arm member with the rear body structure.

[00011] In an aspect, the first modular rear body structure has a second body frame extending from the pillion or passenger seating position to the rear end of the vehicle and a second swing arm member. The second body frame supports the components of the modular vehicle that are position on the rear body structure, such as tail lamp, passenger seat, stepney, side covers, etc.

[00012] In an aspect, the second body frame has a second left seat rail and a second right seat rail for detachably coupling the second body frame to the first body frame. The second left and right seat rails support the pillion or passenger seat of the modular vehicle. [00013] In an aspect, the second left seat rail includes a second left seat rail connecting portion wherein the second left seat rail connecting portion is detachably coupled to the first left seat rail connecting portion and the second right seat rail includes a second right seat rail connecting portion that is detachably coupled to the first right seat rail. The connecting portions provided on the second left seat rail and the second right seat rail provide for detachable coupling of the first modular rear body structure and the front body structure. Further, the separation of the first body frame and the second body frame also provides for easy access to components placed inside and around the frame for any maintenance or repair.

[00014] In an aspect, the first swing arm member has a first left arm member and a first right arm member, such that the first left arm member has a first left arm connection portion and the first right arm member has a first right arm connection portion. Further, the second swing arm member includes a second left arm member and a second right arm member, and is detachably coupled to the first swing arm member. The second left arm member is detachably coupled to the first left arm member and includes a second left arm connection portion detachably coupled to the first left arm connection portion. The second right arm member is detachably coupled to the first right arm member and has a second right arm connection portion detachably coupled to the first right arm connection portion. The connecting portions provided on the swing arm provide for coupling or decoupling of the first swing arm member with the second swing arm member.

[00015] In an aspect, a second battery holding portion is configured to hold a second battery unit, the second battery holding portion is disposed below the second left seat rail and the second right seat rail. Batteries can be secured underneath the passenger seat for utilizing space between the second left seat rail and the second right seat rail.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS [00016] The invention itself, together with further features and attended advantages, will become apparent from consideration of the following detailed description, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings. One or more embodiments of the present invention are now described, by way of example only wherein like reference numerals represent like elements and in which: [00017] Figure 1 illustrates a view of an exemplary modular vehicle having a front body structure and a plurality of modular rear body structures, according to an embodiment of the present invention;

[00018] Figure 2 illustrates a view of a first body frame the front body structure, according to an embodiment of the present invention; [00019] Figure 3 illustrates an exploded view of the front body structure and a first modular rear body structure of the plurality of modular rear body structures, according to an embodiment of the present invention; [00020] Figure 4 illustrates a view of the first body frame of the front body structure and a second modular rear body structure, according to an embodiment of the present invention; and

[00021] Figure 5 illustrates a view of the front body structure and the second modular rear body structure, according to an embodiment of the present inventionA

[00022] Figure 6 illustrates a first swing arm member of the front body structure and a second swing arm member of the first modular rear body structure, according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

[00023] The drawings referred to in this description are not to be understood as being drawn to scale except if specifically noted, and such drawings are only exemplary in nature.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[00024] While the disclosure is susceptible to various modifications and alternative forms, an embodiment thereof has been shown by way of example in the drawings and will be described here below. It should be understood, however that it is not intended to limit the disclosure to the particular forms disclosed, but on the contrary, the disclosure is to cover all modifications, equivalents, and alternative falling within the spirit and the scope of the disclosure.

[00025] The term“comprises”, comprising, or any other variations thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a setup, structure or method that comprises a list of components or steps does not include only those components or steps but may include other components or steps not expressly listed or inherent to such setup or structure or method. In other words, one or more elements in a system or apparatus proceeded by“comprises... a” does not, without more constraints, preclude the existence of other elements or additional elements in the system or apparatus. [00026] For better understanding of this disclosure, reference would now be made to the embodiment illustrated in the accompanying Figures and description here below, further, in the following Figures, the same reference numerals are used to identify the same components in various views.

[00027] While the present invention is illustrated in the context of a vehicle, however, modular vehicle and aspects and features thereof can be used with other type of vehicles as well. The terms“vehicle”,“two wheeled vehicle”,“electric vehicle”, “EV” and“motorcycle” have been interchangeably used throughout the description. The term“vehicle” comprises vehicles such as motorcycles, scooters, bicycles, mopeds, scooter type vehicle, and the like.

[00028] The terms“front / forward”,“rear / rearward / back / backward”,“up / upper / top”,“down / lower / lower ward / downward, bottom”,“left / leftward”,“right / rightward” used therein represents the directions as seen from a vehicle driver sitting astride and these directions are referred by arrows Fr, Rr, U, Lr, L, R in the drawing Figures.

[00029] Referring to Figure 1, an exemplary modular vehicle (100) according to an embodiment of the present invention is depicted. The modular vehicle (100) referred to herein, embodies a step through type electric vehicle. Alternatively, the vehicle (100) may embody any other ridden vehicle such as electric motorcycle etc. without limiting the scope of the disclosure.

[00030] Referring to Figures 1, 2, 3 and 4, the modular vehicle (100) comprises front body structure (102) and a plurality of modular rear body structures. Each of the plurality of modular rear body structures extend from the aft end of the rider’s seat (112) or from the fore end of the passenger seat (170) to a rear end (103, 103’) of the modular vehicle (100). The plurality of modular rear body structures may be used to operate the modular vehicle in different operational configurations. The different operational configurations may be such as a two wheeled vehicle, a three wheeled vehicle, or a four wheeled vehicle. The plurality of modular rear body structure may include at least a first modular rear body structure (104) and a second modular rear body structure (104’). In the embodiments as illustrated herein, the first modular rear body structure (104) can be coupled with the front body structure (102) to operate the modular vehicle in a two-wheeled operational configuration, whereas the second modular rear body structure (104’) may be coupled with the front body structure (102) to operate the vehicle in a three-wheeled operational configuration. The first modular rear body structure (104) and the second modular rear body structure (104’) are described later herein.

[00031] The modular vehicle has the front body structure (102) extending from a front end (101) of the vehicle to a rider’s seat (112) of the vehicle (100) along the longitudinal length. The front body structure (102) comprises a first body frame (106), a steering mechanism (113), a leg shield (108), a front ground engaging member (110), a dder’s seat (112), a dash assembly (not shown), a head lamp unit (118), a floor board (134), and a plurality of winkers (120). The steering mechanism (113) is pivotably supported on the first body frame (106). The steering mechanism (113) comprises a handle bar (114). The handle bar (114) is configured to be rotated by the rider to steer the vehicle (100). The steering mechanism (113) comprises a plurality of front forks (136) disposed at the front portion of the vehicle (100). The steering mechanism (113) is operatively coupled to the front ground engaging member (110) via the plurality of front forks (136).

[00032] In the illustrated example, the dash assembly (116) is provided on the steering mechanism (113). The dash assembly (116) comprises a display unit (not shown). The display unit displays information relating to the vehicle (100) to the rider. The dash assembly (116) may comprise additional components such as, LCD, GPS, graphical user interface (GUI) etc. without limiting the scope of the disclosure. In the illustrated example, the head lamp unit (114) is provided on the steering mechanism (113). Alternatively, the head lamp unit (114) may be provided on the leg shield (108), without limiting the scope of the disclosure. [00033] The leg shield (108) is disposed on the front portion of the vehicle (100). The leg shield (108) encloses the steering mechanism (113). The leg shield (108) comprises an inner leg shield (109) and an outer leg shield (111). The leg shield (108) provides protection for the feet of the rider of the vehicle (100). In the illustrated example, the plurality of the winkers (120) are disposed on the leg shield (108). Alternatively, the plurality of the winkers (120) may be provided on the steering mechanism (113) of the vehicle (100), without any limitations. The floor board (134) is disposed between the leg shield (108) and the rider’s seat (112). The floor board (134) provides foot rest for a rider riding the vehicle (100).

[00034] Referring to Figures 2 and 3, the front body structure (102) comprises the first body frame (106). The first body frame (106) comprises a head tube (122), a down frame (124), a first cross member (126), a first left seat rail (128), and a first right seat rail (130). The down frame (124) extends in a rearward and downward direction from the head tube (122). The down frame (124) extends between the head tube (122) and the first cross member (126). The head tube (122) supports the steering mechanism (113). Further, at least portion of the head tube (122) and the down frame (124) is enclosed by at least portion of the leg shield (108). The first left seat rail (128) and the first right seat rail (130) extend rearward and upward from the first cross member (126). The rider’s seat (112) is disposed on the first left seat rail (128) and the first right seat rail (130). The first left seat rail (128) comprises a first left seat rail connecting portion (131) and the first right seat rail (130) comprises a first right seat rail connecting portion (133).

[00035] Referring to Figures 1 and 2, the front body structure (102) comprises a front side cover (141), a first left side cover (142) and a first right side cover (not shown). The front side cover (141) is disposed adjacent to the floor board (134) and covers front area below the rider’s seat (112). The first left side cover (142) and the first right side cover (not shown) are disposed on both sides of vehicle body and covers lower sides of the rider’s seat (112). In the illustrated example, the first left side cover (142) comprises a first left connecting portion (not shown) and the first right side cover (not shown) comprises a first right connecting portion (not shown). Further, the front body structure (102) comprises a first battery unit (not shown). In the illustrated example, the first battery unit is disposed on a first battery holding portion (123) disposed below the first left seat rail (128) and the first right seat rail (130). In one example, the first battery unit may be disposed within the leg shield (108). In another example, the first battery unit is disposed underneath the floor board (134), without limiting the scope of the disclosure.

[00036] In the illustrated example, the front body structure (102) comprises a first swing arm member (160). The first swing arm member (160) is operatively coupled to the first cross member (126) of the body frame (106). The first swing arm member

(160) comprises a first left arm member (162) and a first right arm member (164). The first left arm member (162) comprises a first left arm connection portion (163). The first right arm member (164) comprises a first right arm connection portion (165). The front body structure (102) comprises a control unit (not shown). The control unit controls various operations of the modular vehicle (100). The front body structure

(102) comprises a first stand member (125) as shown in FIG. 2. The first stand member (125) facilitates in keeping the front body structure (102) in an upright position when the front body structure (102) is detached from the rear body structure (104). In the illustrated example, the first stand member (125) may have a plurality of first wheels (not shown). Each of the plurality of wheels may be disposed on each arm of the first stand member (125). The plurality of wheels facilitate in moving the front body structure (102).

[00037]

[00038] Further, the front body structure (102) comprises first electronic connections (not shown) and first hydraulic connections (not shown). The first electronic connections may embody a wire harness. The first hydraulic connections may embody fluid hoses. Further, the front body stmcture (102) may further comprise additional components such as mirrors, front fenders etc. without limiting the scope of the disclosure. [00039] Referring to Figures 1, and 3, the modular vehicle (100) may have the first modular rear body structure (104). The first modular rear body structure (104) is detachably coupled to the front body structure (102). The first modular rear body structure (104) comprises a passenger’s seat (170) and a second body frame (171). The second body frame (171) extends from the aft end of the rider’s seat (112) or from the fore end of the passenger’s seat (170) to the rear end (103) of the vehicle (100). The second body frame (171) is detachably coupled to the first body frame (106). More particularly, the second body frame (171) comprises a second left seat rail (172), a second right seat rail (174). The second left seat rail (172) comprises a second left seat rail connecting portion (173). The second left seat rail (172) is detachably coupled to the first left seat rail (128). More particularly, the second left seat rail connecting portion (173) of the second left seat rail (172) is detachably coupled to the first left seat rail connecting portion (131) of the first left seat rail (128). The second right seat rail (174) comprises a second right seat rail connecting portion (175). The second right seat rail (174) is detachably coupled to the first right seat rail (130). More particularly, the second right seat rail connecting portion (175) of the second right seat rail (174) is detachably coupled to the first right seat rail connecting portion (133) of the first right seat rail (130). The passenger’s seat (170) is disposed on the second left seat rail (172) and the second right seat rail (174). The passenger’s seat (170) is disposed behind the rider’s seat (112). The first modular rear body structure (104) comprises a second battery holding portion (181).

[00040] The first modular rear body structure (106) comprises a tail lamp (182), a rear side cover (188), a second left side cover (190), and a second right side cover (not shown). The rear side cover (188) is disposed on rear portion of the vehicle (100) and covers hind area below the passenger’s seat (170). In the illustrated example, the tail lamp (182) is disposed on the rear side cover (188). A plurality of turn signal indicators (183) are disposed on either side of the tail lamp (182). The second left side cover (190) and the second right side cover (not shown) are disposed on both sides of vehicle body and cover lower sides of the passenger’s seat (170). The second left side cover (190) comprises a second left connecting portion (not shown). The second left connecting portion is detachably coupled to the first left connecting portion of the first left side cover (142). The second left side cover (190) and the first left side cover (142) form a left side cover of the vehicle (100). The second right side cover comprises a second right connecting portion. The second right connecting portion is detachably coupled to the first right connecting portion of the first right side cover. The second right side cover and the first right side cover form the right side cover of the vehicle (100).

[00041] The first modular rear body structure (104) comprises a second swing arm member (176), a rear ground engaging member (184), a power generating motor (179), a second battery unit (not shown), and at least one suspension member (186) In the illustrate example, the rear ground engaging member ( 184) is disposed below the passenger’s seat (170) and the second body frame (171). In another example, at least portion of the rider’s seat (112) overlaps at least portion of the rear ground engaging member (184) in the top view of the vehicle (100). In the illustrated example, the second battery unit (not shown) is disposed below the passenger’s seat (170). In another example, at least portion of the rider’s seat (112) overlaps the at least portion of the second battery unit (not shown). In the illustrated example, the second battery unit is disposed on the second battery holding portion (181) disposed below the second left seat rail (172) and the second right seat rail (174). The second battery unit (not shown) stores the energy required to power the power generating motor (179). The second battery unit is electrically coupled to the power generating motor (179) via the control unit of the front body structure (102). The first battery unit is electrically coupled to control unit and the power generating motor (179) and provides necessary power if and when required.

[00042] The control unit controls the supply of the electric power from the second battery unit and the first battery unit to the power generating motor (179). In the illustrated example, the power generating motor (179) is disposed on a hub of the rear ground engaging member (184). Alternatively, the power generating motor (179) may be disposed on the second swing arm member (176) without limiting the scope of the disclosure. The power generating motor (179) drives the rear ground engaging member (184).

[00043] The rear ground engaging member (184) is rotatably supported on the second swing arm member (176). The second swing arm member (176) is detachably coupled to the first swing arm member (160). More particularly, the second swing arm member (176) comprises a second left arm member (210) and a second right arm member (212). The second left arm member (210) is detachably coupled to the first left arm member (162) of the first swing arm member (126). The second left arm member (210) comprises a second left arm connection portion (216) detachably coupled to the first left arm connection portion (163) of the first left arm member

(162). The second right arm member (212) is detachably coupled to the first right arm member (164) of the first swing arm member (126). The second right arm member (212) comprises a second right arm connection portion (218) detachably coupled to the first right arm connection portion (165). [00044] The first modular rear body structure (104) comprises the at least one suspension member (186). In the illustrated example, the first modular rear body structure (104) comprises two suspension members (186), one of which is operatively coupled between the second right seat rail (174) and the second right arm member (212) of the second swing arm member (176) and another between the second left seat rail (172) and the second left arm member (210) of the second swing arm member

(176). The first modular rear body structure (104) comprises a second stand member (127). The second stand member (127) facilitates in keeping the first modular rear body structure (104) in an erect position once it has been detached from the front body structure (102). The second stand member (127) may comprise a plurality of wheels which facilitates in moving the first modular rear body structure (104). The first modular rear body structure (104) may comprise additional components such as rear grip, rear fender, license plate etc. without limiting the scope of the disclosure.

[00045] The first modular rear body structure (104) comprises second electronic connections (not shown) and second hydraulic connections (not shown). The second electronic connections may embody a wire harness. The second hydraulic connections may embody fluid hoses. The first electronic connections and the second electronic connections are detachably coupled to one another. The first hydraulic connections and the second hydraulic connections are detachably coupled to one another.

[00046] Referring to Figures 1, 4, and 5, the modular vehicle (100) comprises the second modular rear body structure (104’). The second modular rear body structure (104’) is detachably coupled to the front body structure (102). The second modular rear body structure (104’) comprises a seat unit (170’), a tail lamp (not shown), a rear side cover (not shown), a second left side cover (190’), a second right cover (not shown) and a second body frame (not shown). The second body frame extends from the aft end of the rider’s seat (112) or from the fore end of the passenger’s seat (170’) to the rear end (103’) of the vehicle (100)The rear side cover is disposed on rear portion of the modular vehicle (100) and covers hind area below the seat unit (170’). In the illustrated example, the tail lamp is disposed on the rear side cover (188’). A plurality of turn signal indicators (not shown) are disposed on either side of the tail lamp. The second left side cover (190’) and the second right side cover are disposed on both sides of second modular rear body structure (104’) and cover lower sides of the seat unit (170’). The second left side cover (190’) comprises a second left connecting portion (not shown). The second left connecting portion is detachably coupled to the first left connecting portion of the first left side cover (142). The second left side cover (190’) and the first left side cover (142) form a left side cover of the modular vehicle (100). The second right side cover comprises a second right connecting portion. The second right connecting portion is detachably coupled to the first right connecting portion of the first right side cover. The second right side cover and the first right side cover form the right side cover of the modular vehicle (100).

[00047] The second modular rear body structure (104’) comprises a second stand member (127’). The second stand member (127’) facilitates in keeping the second modular rear body structure (104’) in an erect position once it has been detached from the front body structure (102). The second stand member (127’) may comprise a plurality of wheels which facilitates in moving the second modular rear body structure (104’). Further, the second modular rear body structure (104’) comprises at least one rear ground engaging member (184’), at least one power generating motor (not shown), a third battery unit (not shown), and at least one suspension member (not shown). In the illustrate example, the second modular rear body structure (104’) comprises two rear ground engaging members (184’). The rear ground engaging members (184’) are disposed below the seat unit (170’) and the second body frame (17G). In another example, at least portion of the rider’s seat (112) overlaps at least portion of the rear ground engaging members (184’) in the top view of the modular vehicle (100). In the illustrated example, the second modular rear body structure

(104’) comprises two power generating motors. The power generating motors are disposed on a hub of the rear ground engaging member (184’). Alternatively, the second modular rear body structure (104’) may comprises a single power generating motor which may be disposed on the second body frame (17G) without limiting the scope of the disclosure.

[00048] In the illustrated example, the third battery unit is disposed below the passenger’s seat (170’). In another example, at least portion of the rider’s seat (112) overlaps the at least portion of the third battery unit. The third battery unit stores the energy required to power the power generating motors. The third battery unit is electrically coupled to the power generating motors via the control unit of the front body structure (102). The first battery unit is electrically coupled to control unit and the at least one power generating motors and provides necessary power if and when required.

[00049] The control unit controls the supply of the electric power from the third battery unit and the first battery unit to the power generating motors. Each of the power generating motors drives each of the rear ground engaging members.

[00050] The second modular rear body structure (104’) comprises the at least one suspension member (not shown). In the illustrated example, the second modular rear body structure (104’) comprises two suspension members, one of which is operatively coupled between an axle of the one of the rear ground engaging member and the second body frame { 11 V ) and another between an axle of another rear ground engaging member (184’) and the second body frame (17 ).

[00051] The second body frame (17 ) is detachably coupled to the first body frame (106). The second body frame (17 ) comprises a plurality of receiving members (172’), and a swing arm receiving portion (174’). The plurality of receiving members (172’) and the swing arm receiving portion (174’) are disposed on front portion of the second body frame (171’). In the illustrated example, the second body frame (171’) comprises two receiving members (172’). The two receiving members (172’) are configured to receive and detachably couple the first left seat rail (128) and the first right seat rail (130). The swing arm receiving portion (174’) is configured to receive and detachably couple the first swing arm member (160). In the illustrated example, the swing arm receiving portion (174’) comprises a plurality of rolling members (176’) and a latching mechanism (not shown). The plurality of rolling members (176’) assists in gliding the first swing arm member (160) towards and away from the latching mechanism. The latching mechanism detachably locks the first swing arm member (160) in position with respect to the second body frame (171’). More particularly, the latching mechanism detachably locks the first left arm member (162) and the first right arm member (164) of the first swing arm member (160’). [00052] The second modular rear body structure (104’) comprises third electronic connections (not shown) and third hydraulic connections (not shown). The third electronic connections may embody a wire harness. The third hydraulic connections may embody fluid hoses. The first electronic connections and the third electronic connections are detachably coupled to one another. The first hydraulic connections and the third hydraulic connections are detachably coupled to one another. The second modular rear body structure (104’) may comprise additional components such as rear grip, rear fender, license plate etc. without limiting the scope of the disclosure.

[00053] When the modular vehicle (100) is required to be converted from the two wheeled mode to three wheeled mode, the first modular rear body structure (104) is detached the front body structure (102). The second body frame (171) is detached from the first body frame (106). More particularly, the second left seat rail (172) is detached from the first left seat rail (128) and the second right seat rail (174) is detached from the first right seat rail (130). The second swing arm member (176) is detached from the first swing arm member (160). More particularly, second left arm member (210) is detached from the first left arm member (162) and the second right arm member (212) is detached from the first right arm member (164). The first left side cover (142) is detached from the second left side cover (190). The first right side cover (144) is detached from the second right side cover (192). Electronic connections and hydraulic connections between various components of the first modular rear body (104) and the front body assembly (102) are detached.

[00054] Thereafter, the first modular rear body structure (104) is replaced with the second modular rear body structure (104’). The first modular rear body structure (104’) is attached to the front body structure (102). The second body frame (17G) is attached to the first body frame (106). More particularly, the receiving members (172’) of the second body frame (17G) are attached to the first left seat rail (128) and the first right seat rail (130) of the first body frame (106). The swing arm receiving portion (174’) receives the first swing arm member (160). More particularly, the latching mechanism (178’) latches on to the first swing arm member (160). The first left side cover (142) is attached to the second left side cover (190’). The first right side cover is attached to the second right side cover. Electronic connections and hydraulic connections between various components of the second modular rear body structure (104’) and the front body structure (102) are attached.

[00055] The present disclosure provides the modular vehicle (100) which can be easily converted from a two wheeled vehicle to a three wheeled vehicle and vice versa according to the requirements.

[00056] While few embodiments of the present disclosure have been described above, it is to be understood that the disclosure is not limited to the above embodiments and modifications may be appropriately made thereto within the spirit and scope of the disclosure.

[00057] While considerable emphasis has been placed herein on the particular features of this invention, it will be appreciated that various modifications can be made, and that many changes can be made in the preferred embodiments without departing from the principles of the invention. These and other modifications in the nature of the invention or the preferred embodiments will be apparent to those skilled in the art from the disclosure herein, whereby it is to be distinctly understood that the foregoing descriptive matter is to be interpreted merely as illustrative of the invention and not as a limitation.