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Title:
MODULATORS OF INDOLEAMINE 2,3-DIOXYGENASE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/116107
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Provided are IDO inhibitor compounds of Formula (I) and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, their pharmaceutical compositions, their methods of preparation, and methods for their use in the prevention and/or treatment of diseases such as chronic viral infection, chronic bacterial infections, cancer, sepsis or a neurological disorder.

Inventors:
DE LA ROSA, Martha Alicia (Five Moore Drive, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, 27709, US)
KAZMIERSKI, Wieslaw Mieczyslaw (Five Moore Drive, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, 27709, US)
SAMANO, Vicente (Five Moore Drive, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, 27709, US)
Application Number:
IB2017/058014
Publication Date:
June 28, 2018
Filing Date:
December 15, 2017
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
GLAXOSMITHKLINE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY DEVELOPMENT LIMITED (980 Great West Road, Brentford Middlesex TW89GS, TW89GS, GB)
International Classes:
C07D403/12; A61K31/433; C07C201/00; C07D213/74; C07D231/54; C07D233/70; C07D237/20; C07D241/20; C07D249/14; C07D285/135; C07D333/36; C07D335/02; C07D401/12; C07D417/12; C07D417/14
Domestic Patent References:
WO2017051354A12017-03-30
WO2017051353A12017-03-30
WO2016161279A12016-10-06
WO2014150646A12014-09-25
Other References:
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"Handbook of Pharmaceutical Salts Properties", 2002
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Claims:
What is claimed is:

1 . A compound of Formula I

Formula I

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof wherein:

R1 and R2 are independently H or CH3, or R1 and R2 may join together with the carbon atom to which they are bonded to form a 3-6 membered cycloalkyl;

R3 is C02H or an acid isostere;

R4 is a 4 to 6-membered heterocycle or heteroaryl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from N, S, and O, wherein said heterocycle or heteroaryl may optionally be substituted by 1 or 2 substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen, C3.

ecycloalkyl, CH2OH, C(0)NH2, CN, CH2OCi-3alkyl, d-3alkyl optionally substituted by 1 -3 halogens, and wherein said CH2OH is optionally converted into a prodrug by converting the CH2OH group to a CH2OC(0)CH3, CH2OC(0)C(Ci-4alkyl)3, or OP(0)(OH)2 group, or OP(0)(OCi-4alkyl)2 group;

R5 is a 4, 5, or 6-membered cycloalkyl substituted with an OH or a OCH3 group or 1 or 2 halogens, or a 5 or 6-membered heterocycle containing an O or a N and may optionally be substituted by a substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen, OH, Ci-4alkyl; OCi-3alkyl, C(0)C3-6cycloalkyl, BOC, C(0)Ci-3alkyl-0-Ci-3alkyl; C(0)Ci- 3alkyl; C(0)-0-Ci_3alkyl, and a 4 to 6-membered heterocycle or heteroaryl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from N, S, and O, wherein said heterocycle or heteroaryl may optionally be substituted by 1 substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen, C3-6cycloalkyl, CH2OH, C(0)NH2, CN, CH2OCi-3alkyl, Ci_3alkyl optionally substituted by 1 -3 halogens.

2. A compound or salt according to Claim 1 wherein one of R1 and R2 is H and the other is CH3.

3. A compound or salt according to Claim 1 or Claim 2 wherein R3 is C02H.

4. A compound or salt according to any of Claims 1 -3 wherein R4 is a 5 or 6-membered heterocycle or heteroaryl containing 1 to 3 heteroatoms selected from N, and S.

5. A compound or salt according to Claim 4 wherein R4 is a pyridine, thiadiazole, pyrimidine, pyrazine, pyridazine, triazol, or thiazol.

6. A compound or salt according to Claim 5 wherein R4 is unsubstituted or substituted with 1 or 2 substituent selected from the group consisting of F, CI, CN, OCH3, CF3, cyclopropyl, CONH2, CH2CH2OCH3, and CH2OCH3.

7. A compound or salt according to any of Claims 1 -6 wherein R5 is a 6-membered heterocycle containing an O or a N.

8. A compound or salt according to Claim 7 wherein R5 is unsubstituted or substituted on the heteroatom by a substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen, OH, Ci_

4alkyl; OCi-3alkyl, C(0)C3-6cycloalkyl, C(0)Ci-3alkyl-0-Ci-3alkyl; C(0)Ci-3alkyl; C(0)-0-Ci- 3alkyl, and a 4 to 6-membered heterocycle or heteroaryl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from N, S, and O, wherein said heterocycle or heteroaryl may optionally be substituted by 1 substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen, C3.6cycloalkyl, CH2OH, C(0)NH2, CN, CH2OCi-3alkyl, Ci_3alkyl optionally substituted by 1 -3 halogens.

9. A compound or salt according to Claim 8 wherein R5 is unsubsituted or substitued on the heteroatom with OH or OCH3.

10. The compound

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. 11 . A pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound or salt according to any of Claims 1 -10.

12. A method of treating a disease or condition that would benefit from inhibition of ID01 comprising the step of administration of a composition according to Claim 11 .

13. The method of Claim 12 wherein in said disease or condition, biomarkers of IDO activity are elevated.

14. The method of Claim 12 wherein said biomarkers are plasma kynurenine or the plasma kynurenine/ tryptophan ratio.

15. The method of Claim 12 wherein said disease or condition is chronic viral infection; chronic bacterial infections; cancer; sepsis; or a neurological disorder. 16. The method of Claim 12 wherein said chronic viral infections are those involving HIV, HBV, or HCV; said chronic bacterial infections are tuberculosis or prosthetic joint infection; and said neurological disorders are major depressive disorder, Huntington's disease, or Parkinson's disease.

17. The method of Claim 16 wherein said disease or condition is inflammation associated with HIV infection; chronic viral infections involving hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus; cancer; or sepsis. 18. A compound or salt according to any of Claims 1 -10 for use in treating a disease or condition that would benefit from inhibition of ID01 .

19. Use of a compound or salt according to any of Claims 1 -10 in the manufacture of a medicament for treating a disease or condition that would benefit from inhibition of ID01 .

Description:
MODULATORS OF INDOLEAMINE 2,3-DIOXYGENASE

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

Compounds, methods and pharmaceutical compositions for the prevention and/or treatment of HIV; including the prevention of the progression of AIDS and general immunosuppression, by administering certain indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase compounds in therapeutically effective amounts are disclosed. Methods for preparing such compounds and methods of using the compounds and pharmaceutical compositions thereof are also disclosed.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

lndoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase 1 (ID01) is a heme-containing enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of the indole ring of tryptophan to produce N-formyl kynurenine, which is rapidly and constitutively converted to kynurenine (Kyn) and a series of downstream metabolites. ID01 is the rate limiting step of this kynurenine pathway of tryptophan metabolism and expression of ID01 is inducible in the context of inflammation. Stimuli that induce ID01 include viral or bacterial products, or inflammatory cytokines associated with infection, tumors, or sterile tissue damage. Kyn and several downstream metabolites are immunosuppressive: Kyn is antiproliferative and proapoptotic to T cells and NK cells (Munn, Shafizadeh et al. 1999, Frumento, Rotondo et al. 2002) while metabolites such as 3-hydroxy anthranilic acid (3-HAA) or the 3-HAA oxidative dimerization product cinnabarinic acid (CA) inhibit phagocyte function (Sekkai, Guittet et al. 1997), and induce the differentiation of immunosuppressive regulatory T cells (Treg) while inhibiting the differentiation of gut-protective IL-17 or IL-22 -producing CD4+ T cells (Th17 and Th22)(Favre, Mold et al. 2010). ID01 induction, among other mechanisms, is likely important in limiting immunopathology during active immune responses, in promoting the resolution of immune responses, and in promoting fetal tolerance. However in chronic settings, such as cancer, or chronic viral or bacterial infection, ID01 activity prevents clearance of tumor or pathogen and if activity is systemic, ID01 activity may result in systemic immune dysfunction (Boasso and Shearer 2008, Li, Huang et al. 2012). In addition to these immunomodulatory effects, metabolites of ID01 such as Kyn and quinolinic acid are also known to be neurotoxic and are observed to be elevated in several conditions of neurological dysfunction and depression. As such, ID01 is a therapeutic target for inhibition in a broad array of indications, such as to promote tumor clearance, enable clearance of intractable viral or bacterial infections, decrease systemic immune dysfunction manifest as persistent inflammation during HIV infection or

immunosuppression during sepsis, and prevent or reverse neurological conditions.

IDQ1 and persistent inflammation in HIV Infection:

Despite the success of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in suppressing HIV replication and decreasing the incidence of AIDS-related conditions, HIV-infected patients on ART have a higher incidence of non-AIDS morbidities and mortality than their uninfected peers. These non-AIDS conditions include cancer, cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, liver disease, kidney disease, frailty, and neurocognitive dysfunction (Deeks 2011 ). Several studies indicate that non-AIDS morbidity/mortality is associated with persistent inflammation, which remains elevated in HIV-infected patients on ART as compared to peers (Deeks 2011). As such, it is hypothesized that persistent inflammation and immune dysfunction despite virologic suppression with ART is a cause of these non-AIDS-defining events (NADEs).

HIV infects and kills CD4+ T cells, with particular preference for cells like those

CD4+ T cells that reside in the lymphoid tissues of the mucosal surfaces (Mattapallil, Douek et al. 2005). The loss of these cells combined with the inflammatory response to infection result in a perturbed relationship between the host and all pathogens, including HIV itself, but extending to pre-existing or acquired viral infections, fungal infections, and resident bacteria in the skin and mucosal surfaces. This dysfunctional host:pathogen relationship results in the over-reaction of the host to what would typically be minor problems as well as permitting the outgrowth of pathogens among the microbiota. The dysfunctional host:pathogen interaction therefore results in increased inflammation, which in turn leads to deeper dysfunction, driving a vicious cycle. As inflammation is thought to drive non-AIDS morbidity/mortality, the mechanisms governing the altered host:pathogen interaction are therapeutic targets.

ID01 expression and activity are increased during untreated and treated HIV infection as well as in primate models of SIV infection (Boasso, Vaccari et al. 2007, Favre, Lederer et al. 2009, Byakwaga, Bourn et al. 2014, Hunt, Sinclair et al. 2014, Tenorio, Zheng et al. 2014). ID01 activity, as indicated by the ratio of plasma levels of enzyme substrate and product (Kyn/Tryp or K:T ratio), is associated with other markers of inflammation and is one of the strongest predictors of non-AIDS morbidity/mortality (Byakwaga, Bourn et al. 2014, Hunt, Sinclair et al. 2014, Tenorio, Zheng et al. 2014). In addition, features consistent with the expected impact of increased ID01 activity on the immune system are major features of HIV and SIV induced immune dysfunction, such as decreased T cell proliferative response to antigen and imbalance of Treg:Th17 in systemic and intestinal compartments (Favre, Lederer et al. 2009, Favre, Mold et al. 2010). As such, we and others hypothesize that ID01 plays a role in driving the vicious cycle of immune dysfunction and inflammation associated with non-AIDS morbidity/mortality. Thus, we propose that inhibiting ID01 will reduce inflammation and decrease the risk of NADEs in ART-suppressed HIV-infected persons.

IDQ1 and Persistent Inflammation beyond HIV

As described above, inflammation associated with treated chronic HIV infection is a likely driver of multiple end organ diseases [Deeks 2011 ]. However, these end organ diseases are not unique to HIV infection and are in fact the common diseases of aging that occur at earlier ages in the HIV-infected population. In the uninfected general population inflammation of unknown etiology is a major correlate of morbidity and mortality [Pinti, 2016 #88]. Indeed many of the markers of inflammation are shared, such as IL-6 and CRP. If, as hypothesized above, ID01 contributes to persistent inflammation in the HIV-infected population by inducing immune dysfunction in the Gl tract or systemic tissues, then ID01 may also contribute to inflammation and therefore end organ diseases in the broader population. These inflammation associated end organ diseases are exemplified by cardiovascular diseases, metabolic syndrome, liver disease (NAFLD, NASH), kidney disease, osteoporosis, and neurocognitive impairment. Indeed, the ID01 pathway has links in the literature to liver disease (Vivoli abstracts at Italian Assoc. for the Study of the Liver Conference 2015], diabetes [Baban, 2010 #89], chronic kidney disease [Schefold, 2009 #90], cardiovascular disease [Mangge, 2014 #92;Mangge, 2014 #91 ], as well as general aging and all cause mortality [Pertovaara, 2006 #93]. As such, inhibition of ID01 may have application in decreasing inflammation in the general population to decrease the incidence of specific end organ diseases associated with inflammation and aging.

IDQ1 and Oncology

IDO expression can be detected in a number of human cancers (for example; melanoma, pancreatic, ovarian, AML, CRC, prostate and endometrial) and correlates with poor prognosis (Munn 2011). Multiple immunosuppressive roles have been ascribed to the action of IDO, including the induction of Treg differentiation and hyper-activation, suppression of Teff immune response, and decreased DC function, all of which impair immune recognition and promote tumor growth (Munn 2011). IDO expression in human brain tumors is correlated with reduced survival. Orthotropic and transgenic glioma mouse models demonstrate a correlation between reduced IDO expression and reduced Treg infiltration and a increased long term survival (Wainwright, Balyasnikova et al. 2012). In human melanoma a high proportion of tumors (33 of 36 cases) displayed elevated IDO suggesting an important role in establishing an immunosuppressive tumor

microenvironment (TME) characterized by the expansion, activation and recruitment of MDSCs in a Treg-dependent manner (Holmgaard, Zamarin et al. 2015). Additionally, host IDO expressing immune cells have been identified in the draining lymph nodes and in the tumors themselves (Mellor and Munn 2004). Hence, both tumor and host-derived IDO are believed to contribute to the immune suppressed state of the TME.

The inhibition of IDO was one of the first small molecule drug strategies proposed for re-establishment of an immunogenic response to cancer (Mellor and Munn 2004). The d-enantiomer of 1 -methyl tryptophan (D-1 MTor indoximod) was the first IDO inhibitor to enter clinical trials. While this compound clearly does inhibit the activity of IDO, it is a very weak inhibitor of the isolated enzyme and the in vivo mechanism(s) of action for this compound are still being elucidated. Investigators at Incyte optimized a hit compound obtained from a screening process into a potent and selective inhibitor with sufficient oral exposure to demonstrate a delay in tumor growth in a mouse melanoma model (Yue, Douty et al. 2009). Further development of this series led to INCB204360 which is a highly selective for inhibition of IDO-1 over IDO-2 and TDO in cell lines transiently transfected with either human or mouse enzymes (Liu, Shin et al. 2010). Similar potency was seen for cell lines and primary human tumors which endogenously express ID01 (IC50s ~ 3-20 nM). When tested in co-culture of DCs and naive CD4 + CD25 " T cells, INCB204360 blocked the conversion of these T cells into CD4 + FoxP3 + Tregs. Finally, when tested in a syngeneic model (PAN02 pancreatic cells) in immunocompetent mice, orally dosed INCB204360 provided a significant dose-dependent inhibition of tumor growth, but was without effect against the same tumor implanted in immune-deficient mice. Additional studies by the same investigators have shown a correlation of the inhibition of ID01 with the suppression of systemic kynurenine levels and inhibition of tumor growth in an additional syngeneic tumor model in immunocompetent mice. Based upon these preclinical studies, INCB24360 entered clinical trials for the treatment of metastatic melanoma (Beatty, O'Dwyer et al. 2013).

In light of the importance of the catabolism of tryptophan in the maintenance of immune suppression, it is not surprising that overexpression of a second tryptophan metabolizing enzyme, TD02, by multiple solid tumors (for example, bladder and liver carcinomas, melanomas) has also been detected. A survey of 104 human cell lines revealed 20/104 with TDO expression, 17/104 with ID01 and 16/104 expressing both (Pilotte, Larrieu et al. 2012). Similar to the inhibition of ID01 , the selective inhibition of TD02 is effective in reversing immune resistance in tumors overexpressing TD02 (Pilotte, Larrieu et al. 2012). These results support TD02 inhibition and/or dual TD02/ID01 inhibition as a viable therapeutic strategy to improve immune function.

Multiple pre-clinical studies have demonstrated significant, even synergistic, value in combining IDO-1 inhibitors in combination with T cell checkpoint modulating mAbs to CTLA-4, PD-1 , and GITR. In each case, both efficacy and related PD aspects of improved immune activity/function were observed in these studies across a variety of murine models (Balachandran, Cavnar et al. 2011 , Holmgaard, Zamarin et al. 2013, M. Mautino 2014, Wainwright, Chang et al. 2014). The Incyte ID01 inhibitor (INCB204360, epacadostat) has been clinically tested in combination with a CTLA4 blocker (ipilimumab), but it is unclear that an effective dose was achieved due to dose-limited adverse events seen with the combination. In contrast recently released data for an on-going trial combining epacadostat with Merck's PD-1 mAb (pembrolizumab) demonstrated improved tolerability of the combination allowing for higher doses of the ID01 inhibitor. There have been several clinical responses across various tumor types which is encouraging. However, it is not yet known if this combination is an improvement over the single agent activity of pembrolizumab (Gangadhar, Hamid et al. 2015). Similarly, Roche/Genentech are advancing NGL919/ GDC-0919 in combination with both mAbs for PD-L1 (MPDL3280A, Atezo) and OX-40 following the recent completion of a phase 1 a safety and PK/PD study in patients with advanced tumors.

IDQ1 and chronic infections

ID01 activity generates kynurenine pathway metabolites such as Kyn and 3-HAA that impair at least T cell, NK cell, and macrophage activity (Munn, Shafizadeh et al. 1999, Frumento, Rotondo et al. 2002) (Sekkai, Guittet et al. 1997, Favre, Mold et al. 2010). Kyn levels or the Kyn/Tryp ratio are elevated in the setting of chronic HIV infection (Byakwaga, Bourn et al. 2014, Hunt, Sinclair et al. 2014, Tenorio, Zheng et al. 2014), HBV infection (Chen, Li et al. 2009), HCV infection (Larrea, Riezu-Boj et al. 2007, Asghar, Ashiq et al. 2015), and TB infection(Suzuki, Suda et al. 2012) and are associated with antigen-specific T cell dysfunction (Boasso, Herbeuval et al. 2007, Boasso, Hardy et al. 2008, Loughman and Hunstad 2012, Ito, Ando et al. 2014, Lepiller, Soulier et al. 2015). As such, it is thought that in these cases of chronic infection, IDOI -mediated inhibition of the pathogen- specific T cell response plays a role in the persistence of infection, and that inhibition of ID01 may have a benefit in promoting clearance and resolution of infection.

IDQ1 and sepsis

ID01 expression and activity are observed to be elevated during sepsis and the degree of Kyn or Kyn/Tryp elevation corresponded to increased disease severity, including mortality (Tattevin, Monnier et al. 2010, Darcy, Davis et al. 2011). In animal models, blockade of ID01 or ID01 genetic knockouts protected mice from lethal doses of LPS or from mortality in the cecal ligation/puncture model (Jung, Lee et al. 2009, Hoshi, Osawa et al. 2014). Sepsis is characterized by an immunosuppressive phase in severe cases (Hotchkiss, Monneret et al. 2013), potentially indicating a role for ID01 as a mediator of immune dysfunction, and indicating that pharmacologic inhibition of ID01 may provide a clinical benefit in sepsis.

IDQ1 and neurological disorders

In addition to immunologic settings, ID01 activity is also linked to disease in neurological settings (reviewed in Lovelace Neuropharmacology 2016(Lovelace, Varney et al. 2016)). Kynurenine pathway metabolites such as 3-hydroxykynurenine and quinolinic acid are neurotoxic, but are balanced by alternative metabolites kynurenic acid or picolinic acid, which are neuroprotective. Neurodegenerative and psychiatric disorders in which kynurenine pathway metabolites have been demonstrated to be associated with disease include multiple sclerosis, motor neuron disorders such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Huntington's disease, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, major depressive disorder, schizophrenia, anorexia (Lovelace, Varney et al. 2016). Animal models of neurological disease have shown some impact of weak ID01 inhibitors such as 1 - methyltryptophan on disease, indicating that ID01 inhibition may provide clinical benefit in prevention or treatment of neurological and psychiatric disorders.

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SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Briefly, in one aspect, the present invention discloses compounds of Formula I

Formula I or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof wherein:

R 1 and R 2 are independently H or CH3, or R 1 and R 2 may join together with the carbon atom to which they are bonded to form a 3-6 membered cycloalkyl;

R 3 is CO2H or an acid isostere;

R 4 is a 4 to 6-membered heterocycle or heteroaryl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from N, S, and O, wherein said heterocycle or heteroaryl may optionally be substituted by 1 or 2 substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen, C 3 . ecycloalkyl, CH 2 OH, C(0)NH 2 , CN, CH 2 OCi- 3 alkyl, d- 3 alkyl optionally substituted by 1 -3 halogens, and wherein said CH 2 OH is optionally converted into a prodrug by converting the CH 2 OH group to a CH 2 OC(0)CH 3 , CH 2 OC(0)C(Ci- 4 alkyl) 3 , or OP(0)(OH) 2 group, or OP(0)(OCi- 4 alkyl) 2 group;

R 5 is a 4, 5, or 6-membered cycloalkyl substituted with an OH or a OCH 3 group or 1 or 2 halogens, or a 5 or 6-membered heterocycle containing an O or a N and may optionally be substituted by a substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen, OH, Ci- 4 alkyl; OCi- 3 alkyl, C(0)C 3 - 6 cycloalkyl, BOC, C(0)Ci- 3 alkyl-0-Ci- 3 alkyl; C(0)Ci- 3 alkyl; C(0)-0-Ci_ 3 alkyl, and a 4 to 6-membered heterocycle or heteroaryl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from N, S, and O, wherein said heterocycle or heteroaryl may optionally be substituted by 1 substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen, C 3 - 6 cycloalkyl, CH 2 OH, C(0)NH 2 , CN, CH 2 OCi- 3 alkyl, d- 3 alkyl optionally substituted by 1 -3 halogens.

In another aspect, the present invention discloses a method for treating diseases or conditions that would benefit from inhibition of IDO.

In another aspect, the present invention discloses pharmaceutical compositions comprising a compound of Formula I or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In another aspect, the present invention provides a compound of Formula I or a pharaceutically acceptable salt thereof for use in therapy.

In another aspect, the present invention provides a compound of Formula I or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof for use in treating diseases or condidtion that would benefit from inhibition of IDO.

In another aspect, the present invention provides a compound of Formula I or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof for use in the manufacture of a medicament for use in treating diseases or conditions that would benefit from inhibition of IDO.

In another aspect, the present invention discloses a method for treating a viral infection in a patient mediated at least in part by a virus in the retrovirus family of viruses, comprising administering to said patient a composition comprising a compound of Formula I, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. In some embodiments, the viral infection is mediated by the HIV virus.

In another aspect, a particular embodiment of the present invention provides a method of treating a subject infected with HIV comprising administering to the subject a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of Formula I, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In yet another aspect, a particular embodiment of the present invention provides a method of inhibiting progression of HIV infection in a subject at risk for infection with HIV comprising administering to the subject a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of Formula I, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. Those and other embodiments are further described in the text that follows. DISCRIPTION OF FIGURES

Figure 1 is daily body weights of Beagle dogs during the study of example 23, 20 mg/kg PO BID dose.

Figure 2 is daily hepatic enzyme levels of Beagle dogs during the study: ALT (alanine aminotransferase), AST (aspartate aminotransferase), ALP (alkaline phosphatase) and T-Bil (total bilirubin) for example 23, 20 mg/kg PO BID dose.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF REPRESENTATIVE EMBODIMENTS

Preferably one of R 1 and R 2 is H and the other is CH 3 .

Preferably R 3 is C02H.

Preferably R 4 is a 5 or 6-membered heterocycle or heteroaryl containing 1 to 3 heteroatoms selected from N, and S. Most preferably R 4 is a pyridine, thiadiazole, pyrimidine, pyrazine, pyridazine, triazol, or thiazol.

Preferably R 4 is unsubstituted or substituted with 1 or 2 substituent selected from the group consisting of F, CI, CN, OCH 3 , CF 3 , cyclopropyl, CONH 2 , CH2CH2OCH3, and

Preferably R 5 is a 6-membered heterocycle containing an O or a N.

Preferably R 5 is unsubstituted or substituted on the heteroatom by a substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen, OH, Ci_ 4 alkyl; OCi- 3 alkyl, C(0)C 3 .

ecycloalkyl, C(0)Ci- 3 alkyl-0-Ci- 3 alkyl; C(0)Ci- 3 alkyl; C(0)-0-Ci- 3 alkyl, and a 4 to 6- membered heterocycle or heteroaryl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from N, S, and O, wherein said heterocycle or heteroaryl may optionally be substituted by 1 substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen, C 3 . 6 cycloalkyl, CH 2 OH, C(0)NH 2 , CN, CH 2 OCi- 3 alkyl, Ci- 3 alkyl optionally substituted by 1-3 halogens. Most preferably, R 5 is unsubsituted or substitued on the heteroatom with OH or OCH 3 . Examples of suitable acid isosteres, includes for example

wherein R 1 and R 2 in the above list of isosters are independently Ci_ 6 alkyl.

In particular, it is expected that the compounds and composition of this invention will be useful for prevention and/or treatment of HIV; including the prevention of the progression of AIDS and general immunosuppression. It is expected that in many cases such prevention and/or treatment will involve treating with the compounds of this invention in combination with at least one other drug thought to be useful for such prevention and/or treatment. For example, the IDO inhibitors of this invention may be used in combination with other immune therapies such as immune checkpoints (PD1 , CTLA4, ICOS, etc.) and possibly in combination with growth factors or cytokine therapies (IL21 , !L-7, etc.).

In is common practice in threatment of HIV to employ more than one effective agent. Therefore, in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a method for preventing or treating a viral infection in a mammal mediated at least in part by a virus in the retrovirus family of viruses which method comprises administering to a mammal, that has been diagnosed with said viral infection or is at risk of developing said viral infection, a compound as defined in Formula I , wherein said virus is an HIV virus and further comprising administration of a therapeutically effective amount of one or more agents active against an HIV virus, wherein said agent active against the HIV virus is selected from the group consisting of Nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors; Non- nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors; Protease inhibitors; Entry, attachment and fusion inhibitors; Integrase inhibitors; Maturation inhibitors; CXCR4 inhibitors; and CCR5 inhibitors. Examples of such additiona agents are Dolutegravir and Cabotegravir.

It is also common practice in the oncology field to treat with more than one effective agent. Therefore, in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention , there is provided a method for preventing or treating cancer comprising administering to a human in need thereof a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of Formula I or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof further comprising administration of at least one other agent effective tor preventing or treating cancer. Such agents include, for example, anti- neoplastic agents, chemotherapeutic agents, hormonal agents, and antibody agents.

"Pharmaceutically acceptable salt" refers to pharmaceutically acceptable salts derived from a variety of organic and inorganic counter ions well known in the art and include, by way of example only, sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, ammonium, and tetraalkylammonium, and when the molecule contains a basic functionality, salts of organic or inorganic acids, such as hydrochloride, hydrobromide, tartrate, mesylate, acetate, maleate, and oxalate. Suitable salts include those described in P. Heinrich Stahl, Camille G. Wermuth (Eds.), Handbook of Pharmaceutical Salts Properties, Selection, and Use; 2002.

The present invention also includes pharmaceutically acceptable salts of the compounds described herein. As used herein, "pharmaceutically acceptable salts" refers to derivatives of the disclosed compounds wherein the parent compound is modified by converting an existing acid or base moiety to its salt form. Examples of pharmaceutically acceptable salts include, but are not limited to, mineral or organic acid salts of basic residues such as amines; alkali or organic salts of acidic residues such as carboxylic acids; and the like. The pharmaceutically acceptable salts of the present invention include the conventional non-toxic salts of the parent compound formed, for example, from non-toxic inorganic or organic acids. The pharmaceutically acceptable salts of the present invention can be synthesized from the parent compound which contains a basic or acidic moiety by conventional chemical methods. Generally, such salts can be prepared by reacting the free acid or base forms of these compounds with a stoichiometric amount of the appropriate base or acid in water or in an organic solvent, or in a mixture of the two; generally, nonaqueous media like ether, ethyl acetate, ethanol, isopropanol, or ACN are preferred.

The phrase "pharmaceutically acceptable" is employed herein to refer to those compounds, materials, compositions, and/or dosage forms which are, within the scope of sound medical judgment, suitable for use in contact with the tissues of human beings and animals without excessive toxicity, irritation, allergic response, or other problem or complication, commensurate with a reasonable benefit/risk ratio.

In another embodiment of the invention, there is provided a pharmaceutical composition comprising a pharmaceutically acceptable diluent and a therapeutically effective amount of a compound as defined in Formula I or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In one embodiment, the pharmaceutical formulation containing a compound of Formula I or a salt thereof is a formulation adapted for parenteral administration. In another embodiment, the formulation is a long-acting parenteral formulation. In a further embodiment, the formulation is a nano-particle formulation.

The present invention is directed to compounds, compositions and pharmaceutical compositions that have utility as novel treatments for immunosuppresion. While not wanting to be bound by any particular theory, it is thought that the present compounds are able to inhibit the enzyme that catalyzes the oxidative pyrrole ring cleavage reaction of l-Trp to N- formylkynurenine utilizing molecular oxygen or reactive oxygen species.

Therefore, in another embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a method for the prevention and/or treatment of HIV; including the prevention of the progression of AIDS and general immunosuppression. EXAMPLES

The following examples serve to more fully describe the manner of making and using the above-described invention. It is understood that these examples in no way serve to limit the true scope of the invention, but rather are presented for illustrative purposes. In the examples and the synthetic schemes below, the following abbreviations have the following meanings. If an abbreviation is not defined, it has its generally accepted meaning.

ACN = acetonitrile

AIBN = azobisisobutyronitrile

aq. = aqueous

μΙ_ or uL = microliters

μΜ or uM = micromolar

NMR = nuclear magnetic resonance

boc = tert-butoxycarbonyl

br = broad

Cbz = Benzyloxycarbonyl

CDI = 1 ,1 '-carbonyldiimidazole

d = doublet

δ = chemical shift

°C = degrees celcius

DCM = dichloromethane

dd = doublet of doublets

DHP = dihydropyran

DIAD = diisopropyl azodicarboxylate

DIEA or DIPEA = N,N-diisopropylethylamine

DMAP = 4-(dimethylamino)pyridine

DMEM = Dulbeco's Modified Eagle's Medium

EtOAc = ethyl acetate

h or hr = hours

HATU = 1 -[Bis(dimethylamino)methylene]-1 H- triazolo[4,5-b]pyridinium 3-oxid hexafluorophosphate

HCV hepatitis C virus

HPLC high performance liquid chromatography

Hz hertz

IU International Units IC50 = inhibitory concentration at 50% inhibition

J = coupling constant (given in Hz unless otherwise indicated)

LCMS = liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry

m = multiplet

M = molar

M+H + = parent mass spectrum peak plus H +

MeOH = methanol

mg = milligram

min = minutes

mL = milliliter

mM = millimolar

mmol = millimole

MS = mass spectrum

MTBE = methyl tert-butyl ether

N = normal

NFK = N- formylkynurenine

NBS = N-bromosuccinimide

nm = nanomolar

PE = petroleum ether

ppm = parts per million

q.s. = sufficient amount

s = singlet

RT = room temperature

Rf = retardation factor

sat. = saturated

t = triplet

TEA = triethylamine

TFA = trifluoroacetic acid

TFAA = trifluoroacetic anhydride

THF = tetrahydrofuran

Equipment Description

1 H NMR spectra were recorded on a Bruker Ascend 400 spectrometer or a Varian 400 spectrometer. Chemical shifts are expressed in parts per million (ppm, δ units). Coupling constants are in units of hertz (Hz). Splitting patterns describe apparent multiplicities and are designated as s (singlet), d (doublet), t (triplet), q (quartet), quint (quintet), m (multiplet), br (broad). The analytical low-resolution mass spectra (MS) were recorded on Waters ACQUITY UPLC with SQ Detectors using a Waters BEH C18, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1 .7 μηι using a gradient elution method.

Solvent A: 0.1 % formic acid (FA) in water;

Solvent B: 0.1 % FA in acetonitrile;

30% B for 0.5 min followed by 30-100% B over 2.5 min.

Exam le 1

At 0°C, a mixture of (4-fluorophenyl)magnesium bromide (2N, 50 ml_, 100 mmol) and Cul (38 mg, 0.2 mmol) was stirred for 15 min before the addition of a solution of diethyl 2- (propan-2-ylidene)malonate (22 g, 110 mmol) in THF (50 ml_). After stirred at 0°C for 2 hr, the resulting mixture was quenched with sat. NH 4 CI aq. solution and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, PE) to afford the title compound (26 g, 88% yield) as a yellow oil. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for Ci 6 H 2 iF0 4 : 296.14. Found: 297.55 (M+1) + . Preparation of ethyl 3-(4-fluorophenyl)-3-methylbutanoate

A mixture of diethyl 2-(2-(4-fluorophenyl)propan-2-yl)malonate (26 g, 87 mmol) and LiCI (3.7 g, 87 mmol) in DMSO (260 mL) and H 2 0 (2.6 mL) was stirred at 200°C for 6 hr. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H2O. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, PE) to afford the title compound (18.5 g, 92% yield) as a yellow oil. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C13H17FO2: 224.12. Found: 225.35 (M+1) + .

Preparation of ethyl 3-(4-fluoro-3-nitrophenyl)-3-methylbutanoate

At 0°C, to a solution of ethyl 3-(4-fluorophenyl)-3-methylbutanoate (18.6 g, 82.3 mmol) in cone. H2SO4 (200 mL) was added KNO3 (8.4 g, 82.3 mmol) portionwise. After stirred 0°C for 2 hr, the resulting mixture was carefully poured into ice water and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give to afford the title compound (20 g, 93% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for Ci 3 Hi 6 FN0 4 : 269.1 1 . Found: 270.44 (M+1) + .

Preparation of ethyl 3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-nitro phenyl)-3- methylbutanoate

A mixture of ethyl 3-(4-fluoro-3-nitrophenyl)-3-methylbutanoate (5.8 g, 21 .6 mmol), N- isobutyltetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-amine (10.2 g, 64.8 mmol) was stirred at 150°C under N 2 atmosphere for 8 hr. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (3.7 g, 42% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C22H34N2O5: 406.25. Found: 407.65 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of ethyl 3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino) phenyl)-3- methylbutanoate

A mixture of ethyl 3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl )-3- methylbutanoate (3.7 g, 9.1 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (1 .3 g) in EtOAc (50 mL) was purged with H 2 and stirred at r.t. overnight. The resulting mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (3.1 g, 90% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C22H36N2O3: 376.27. Found: 377.67 (M+1) + . Preparation of ethyl 3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((3- (trifluoromethyl)- 1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl -3-methylbutanoate

A mixture of ethyl 3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl )-3- methylbutanoate (100 mg, 0.27 mmol) and 5-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thia diazole (77 mg, 0.41 mmol) in MeCN (2 ml_) was stirred at 100°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (70 mg, 48% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C25H35F3N4O3S: 528.24. Found: 529.23 (M+1) + .

Preparation of 3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((3-(triflu oro methyl)-1 ,2,4- thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)-3-methylbutanoic acid

To a solution of ethyl 3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((3-(triflu oro methyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)-3-methylbutanoate (70 mg, 0.13 mmol) in MeOH (3 ml_) was added 4N NaOH aq. (0.5 ml_). After stirred at r.t. overnight, the resulting mixture was acidified with 4N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (37 mg, 56% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO) δ 11.71 (br, 1H), 10.38 (s, 1H), 8.25 (s, 1H), 7.29-7.09 (m, 2H), 3.89-3.78 (m, 2H), 3.18-3.11 (m, 2H), 2.93-2.86 (m, 1H), 2.83-2.75 (m, 2H), 2.54 (s, 2H), 1.71 - 1.62 (m, 2H), 1.57 - 1.25 (m, 9H), 0.79 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H) . LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C23H31F3N4O3S: 500.21. Found: 501.63 (M+1) + .

Example 2

Preparation of 2-(4-fluoro-3-nitrophenyl)acetic acid

At 0°C, to a solution of 2-(4-fluorophenyl)acetic acid (30 g, 0.19 mol) in cone. H 2 S0 4 (250 ml_) was added KN0 3 (19.6 g, 0.19 mmol) portionwise. After stirred at 0°C for 1 hr, the resulting mixture was slowly poured into ice water. The precipitated solid was filtered and dried to give the title compound (28.8 g, 74% yield) as a yellow solid. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C 8 H 6 FN0 4 : 199.03. Found: 200.22 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of methyl 2-(4-fluoro-3-nitrophenyl)acetate

A mixture of 2-(4-fluoro-3-nitrophenyl)acetic acid (28.8 g, 0.14 mmol) and cone. H 2 S0 4 (10 ml_) in MeOH (30 ml_) was stirred at 80°C overnight. The resulting mixture was quenched with ice water and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with sat. NaHC0 3 aq. solution and brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the title compound (30 g, 97% yield) as a yellow oil. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C 9 H 8 FN0 4 : 213.04. Found: 214.26 (M+1) + .

Preparation of methyl 2-(4-fluoro-3-nitrophenyl)-2-methylpropanoate

At 0°C, to a solution of methyl 2-(4-fluoro-3-nitrophenyl)acetate (1 .0 g, 4.69 mmol) in DMF (25 mL) was added NaH (60%, 282 mg, 11 .73 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 0°C for 30 min before the addition of Mel (0.73 mL, 11 .73 mmol). After stirred at r.t. overnight, the resulting mixture was quenched with sat. NH CI aq. solution and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with sat. NaHC0 3 aq. solution and brine, dried over Na 2 S0 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (800 mg, 71 % yield) as a yellow oil. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C Hi 2 FN0 4 : 241 .08. Found: 242.23 (M+1) + . Preparation of methyl 2-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)-2-methyl propanoate

A mixture of methyl 2-(4-fluoro-3-nitrophenyl)-2-methylpropanoate (1 .0 g, 4.15 mmol), N- isobutylcyclohexanamine (1 .3 g, 8.30 mmol) was stirred at 160°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-5% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (1 .5 g, 96% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C2iH 3 2N 2 04: 376.24. Found: 377.51 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of 2-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)-2-methylprop an- 1 -ol

At 0°C, to a solution of methyl 2-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)-2- methyl propanoate (15 g, 40 mmol) in THF (150 mL) was slowly added LiAIH 4 (1 .5 g, 40 mmol). After stirred at 0°C for 30 min, the resulting mixture was quenched with H2O (1 .5 mL), 15% NaOH aq. solution (3 mL) and kept stirring for 30 min before filtration. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (8.1 g, 58% yield) as a brown oil. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C20H32N2O3: 348.24. Found: 393.21 (M+HCOOH-1 ). Preparation of 2-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)-2-methylprop yl methanesulfonate

At 0°C, to a solution of 2-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)-2-methylpro pan-1 - ol (3 g, 8.6 mmol) and TEA (1 .4 mL, 10.3 mmol) in DCM (30 mL) was added MsCI (0.8 mL, 10.3 mmol). After stirred at 0°C for 30 min, the resulting mixture was quenched with H2O. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the title compound (3.7 g, crude product, quant, yield) as a yellow oil which was used in the next step without further purification. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C21 H34N2O5S: 426.22. Found: 427.49 (M+1) + .

Preparation of 3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)-3-methylbuta ne nitrile

A mixture of 2-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)-2-methylprop ylmethane sulfonate (3.2 g, 7.5 mmol) and NaCN (1 .1 g, 22.5 mmol) in DMSO (20 mL) was stirred at 100°C overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (270 mg, 10% yield) as a white solid. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C21 H31 N3O2: 357.24. Found: 358.52 (M+1) + . Preparation of methyl 3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)-3-methyl butanoate

A mixture of 3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)-3-methylbuta nenitrile (270 mg, 0.76 mmol) and cone. H 2 S0 4 (1 .5 g, 15.1 mmol) in MeOH (10 mL) and H 2 0 (2 mL) was stirred at 80°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was diluted with H 2 0 and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (100 mg, 34% yield) as a white solid. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C 22 H 3 4N 2 0 4 : 390.25. Found: 391 .46 (M+1) + .

Preparation of methyl 3-(3-amino-4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)-3- methylbutanoate

A mixture of methyl 3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)-3-methyl butanoate (100 mg, 0.26 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (30 mg) in EtOAc (10 mL) was purged with H 2 and stirred at 50°C for 5 hr. The resulting mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound (crude, quant, yield) which was used in the next step without further purification. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C 22 H 3 6N 2 0 2 : 360.28. Found: 361 .71 (M+1) + . Preparation of methyl 3-(3-((3-chloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4-(cyclohexyl

(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)-3-methylbutanoate

A mixture of methyl 3-(3-amino-4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)-3-methylbuta n oate (100 mg, 0.28 mmol) and 3, 5-dichloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazole (52 mg, 0.33 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was stirred at 90°C for 6 hr. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (48 mg, 36% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C24H35CIN4O2S: 478.22. Found: 479.64/481 .34 (M/M+2) + .

Preparation of 3-(3-((3-chloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl) amino)phenyl)-3-methylbutanoic

To a solution of methyl 3-(3-((3-chloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4-(cyclohexyl

(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)-3-methylbutanoate (48 mg, 0.10 mmol) in MeOH (3 mL) was added 4N NaOH aq. (0.5 mL, 2 mmol). After stirred at 50°C for 4 hr, the resulting mixture was acidified with 4N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (5.1 mg, 11 % yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 9.33 (s, 1 H), 7.29 - 7.26 (m, 1 H), 7.19 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.08 (dd, J = 8.4, 2.1 Hz, 1 H), 2.80 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 2H), 2.66 (s, 2H), 2.56 - 2.49 (m, 1 H), 1 .92 - 1 .82 (m, 2H), 1 .77 - 1 .68 (m, 2H), 1 .61 - 1 .55 (m, 1 H), 1 .50 (s, 6H), 1 .39 - 1 .05 (m, 7H), 0.83 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). . LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C23H33CIN4O2S: 464.20. Found: 465.61/467.43 (M/M+2) + .

Example 3

Preparation of diethyl 2-(2-(4-chlorophenyl)propan-2-yl)malonate

To a suspension of Mg powder (254 mg, 10.5 mmol) in Et2<D (5 mL) was slowly added a solution of 1 -bromo-4-chlorobenzene (2 g, 10.5 mmol) in ether (5 mL). After stirred at r.t. for 30 min, Cul (103 mg, 1 .1 mmol) was introduced and the resulting mixture was cooled down to -10°C before the addition of diethyl 2-(propan-2-ylidene)malonate (2.1 g, 10.5 mmol). After stirred under refluxing temperature for 3 hr, the reaction was quenched with 1 N HCI aq. solution (20 ml_) and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (1 .7 g, 52% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for Ci 6 H 2 iCI0 4 : 312.1 1 . Found:

313.25/315.25 (M/M+2) + .

Preparation of ethyl 3-(4-chlorophenyl)-3-methylbutanoate

A mixture of diethyl 2-(2-(4-chlorophenyl)propan-2-yl)malonate (8.0 g, 25.6 mmol) and LiCI (2.16 g, 51 .1 mmol) in DMSO (48 mL) and H 2 0 (0.5 mL) was stirred at 200°C under N2 atmosphere for 4 hr. After cooled down to r.t., the resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (5.5 g, 89% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for Ci 3 Hi 7 CI0 2 : 240.09. Found:

241 .22/243.21 (M/M+2) + .

Preparation of ethyl 3-(4-chloro-3-nitrophenyl)-3-methylbutanoate

At 0°C, to a solution of ethyl 3-(4-chlorophenyl)-3-methylbutanoate (255 mg, 1 .06 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) was added N0 2 BF 4 (174 mg, 1 .31 mmol). After stirred at 0°C for 4 hr, the resulting mixture was partitioned between DCM and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 , filtered and concentrated to give the title compound (272 mg, 90% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for Ci 3 Hi 6 CIN0 4 : 285.08. Found: 286.22/288.22 (M/M+2) + . Preparation of ethyl 3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-nitrophenyl)-3-methylbutanoate

A mixture of ethyl 3-(4-chloro-3-nitrophenyl)-3-methylbutanoate (100 mg, 0.35 mmol), diisobutylamine (0.18 mL, 1 .05 mmol) and DIPEA (0.31 mL, 1 .75 mmol) in NMP (2 mL) was stirred at 160°C under N 2 atmosphere for 16 hr. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (59 mg, 44% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C21 H34N2O4: 378.25. Found: 379.45 (M+1) + .

Preparation of ethyl 3-(3-amino-4-(diisobutylamino)phenyl)-3-methylbutanoate

A mixture of ethyl 3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-nitrophenyl)-3-methylbutanoate (200 mg, 0.53 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (100 mg) in EtOAc (10 mL) was purged with H 2 and stirred at 50°C for 3 hr. The resulting mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound (170 mg, 92% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C21H36N2O2: 348.28. Found: 349.36 (M+1) + .

Preparation of ethyl 3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadia zol-5- yl)amino)phenyl)-3-methylbutanoate

A mixture of ethyl 3-(3-amino-4-(diisobutylamino)phenyl)-3-methylbutanoate (170 mg, 0.49 mmol) and 5-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazole (140 mg, 0.74 mmol) in MeCN (2 mL) was stirred at 90°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H2O. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (123 mg, 50% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C24H35F3N4O2S: 500.24. Found: 501 .47 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of 3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl) amino)phenyl)-3-methylbutanoic acid

A solution of ethyl 3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadia zol-5-yl) amino)phenyl)-3-methylbutanoate (123 mg, 0.25 mmol) in EtOH (5 mL) and 1 N NaOH aq. solution (3 mL) was stirred at 50°C for 1 hr. The resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI aq. solution and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (67 mg, 57% yield) as a white powder. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 9.38 (br, 1 H), 7.56 (d, J = 1 .0 Hz, 1 H), 7.14 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.05 (dd, J = 8.4, 2.1 Hz, 1 H), 2.61 (s, 2H), 2.54 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 4H), 1 .68 - 1 .56 (m, 3H), 1 .43 (s, 6H), 0.84 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 12H) . LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C22H31F3N4O2S: 472.21 . Found: 473.44 (M+1 ) + .

Example 4

Preparation of ethyl 3-(3-((5-chloropyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro- 2H-pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)-3-methylbutanoate

A mixture of ethyl 3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl )-3- methylbutanoate (100 mg, 0.27 mmol), 2-bromo-5-chloropyridine (104 mg, 0.54 mmol), Pd 2 (dba) 3 (25 mg, 0.027 mmol), Xantphos (32 mg, 0.054 mmol) and Cs 2 C0 3 (176 mg, 0.54 mmol) in toluene (3 ml_) was stirred at 100°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (56 mg, 43% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C27H38CIN3O3: 487.26. Found: 488.75/490.74 (M/M+2) + . Preparation of 3-(3-((5-chloropyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H - pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)-3-methylbutanoic acid

To a solution of ethyl 3-(3-((5-chloropyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro- 2H-pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)-3-methylbutanoate (136 mg, 0.28 mmol) in MeOH (3 mL) was added 4N NaOH aq. (0.5 mL). After stirred at r.t. for 48 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (85 mg, 66% yield) as a white powder. Ή NMR (400 MHz, DMSO) δ 11 .79 (br, 1 H), 8.24 - 8.16 (m, 2H), 8.13 (s, 1 H), 7.65 (dd, J = 8.9, 2.7 Hz, 1 H), 7.17 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.05 - 6.93 (m, 2H), 3.80 (dd, J = 11 .1 , 3.5 Hz, 2H), 3.20 - 3.08 (m, 2H), 2.80 (t, J = 8.7 Hz, 3H), 2.56 - 2.53 (m, 2H), 1 .65 (d, J = 11 .0 Hz, 2H), 1 .59 - 1 .23 (m, 9H), 0.82 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H) . LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C25H34CIN3O3: 459.23. Found: 460.60/462.60 (M/M+2) + .

Example 5

Preparation of ethyl 3-(3-((3-chloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetra hydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)-3-methylbutanoate

A mixture of ethyl 3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl )-3- methylbutanoate (100 mg, 0.27 mmol) and 3,5-dichloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazole (64 mg, 0.41 mmol) in DMF (2 ml_) was stirred at 100°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (81 mg, 61 % yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for

C24H35CIN4O3S: 494.21 . Found: 495.68/497.68 (M/M+2) + .

Preparation of 3-(3-((3-chloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro -2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)-3-methylbutanoic acid

To a solution of ethyl 3-(3-((3-chloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetra hydro- 2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)-3-methylbutanoate (80 mg, 0.162 mmol) in MeOH (3 ml_) was added 4N NaOH aq. (0.5 ml_). After stirred at r.t. for 48 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (31 mg, 41 % yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO) δ 11 .82 (br, 1 H), 10.20 (s, 1 H), 8.03 (d, J = 1 .4 Hz, 1 H), 7.31 - 7.06 (m, 2H), 3.82 (dd, J = 11 .1 , 3.6 Hz, 2H), 3.14 (t, J = 11 .2 Hz, 2H), 2.95 - 2.85 (m, 1 H), 2.77 (d, J = 6.7 Hz, 2H), 2.54 (s, 2H), 1 .70 - 1 .57 (m, 2H), 1 .57 - 1 .20 (m, 9H), 0.78 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C22H 3 iCIN40 3 S: 466.18. Found: 467.57/469.56 (M/M+2) + .

Example 6

Preparation of N-(4-bromo-2-nitrophen l)-N-isobutyltetrahydro-2H-pyran-4- amine

A mixture of 4-bromo-1 -fluoro-2-nitrobenzene (18.7 g, 84.8 mmol), N-isobutyltetra hydro- 2H-pyran-4-amine (20 g, 127.2 mmol) and DIPEA (29.6 mL, 169.6 mmol) in NMP (150 mL) was stirred at 140°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (14 g, 46% yield) as a yellow oil. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for Ci 5 H2iBrN20 3 : 356.07. Found: 357.32/359.31 (M/M+2) + .

Preparation of methyl (E)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-nitro phenyl)but-2-enoate

A mixture of N-(4-bromo-2-nitrophenyl)-N-isobutyltetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-am ine (14 g, 39.2 mmol), methyl (E)-but-2-enoate (11 .8 g, 117.6 mmol), TBAB (2.5 g, 7.8 mmol), Pd(o- MePh 3 P) 4 (1 .54 g, 1 .96 mmol) and TEA (10.9 ml_, 78.4 mmol) in DMF (140 mL) was stirred at 100°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (7.6 g, 51 % yield) as a yellow solid. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C20H28N2O5: 376.20. Found: 377.40 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-nitro phenyl)butanoate

At -5°C, to a mixture of (CuHPh 3 P) 6 (307 mg, 0.156 mmol) and (R,S)-PPF-P(tBu) 2 (308 mg, 0.568 mmol) in toluene (80 mL) was added PMHS (3.0 mL) and t-BuOH (2.3 mL) before the introduction of methyl (E)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl) amino)-3- nitrophenyl)but-2-enoate (7.6 g, 20.3 mmol). After stirred at -5°C for 2 hr, the resulting mixture was quenched with sat. NaHC0 3 aq. solution and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (7.5 g, 99% yield) as a yellow oil. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C20H30N2O5: 378.22. Found: 379.27 (M+1) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)

amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-nitroph enyl) butanoate (7.9 g, 20.8 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (2.4 g) in EtOAc (60 mL) was stirred at 50°C under H 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (6.1 g, 83% yield) as a yellow oil. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C20H32N2O3: 348.24. Found: 349.15 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-((6-chloropyridin-3-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetra hydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)ph enyl) butanoate (100 mg, 0.287 mmol), 5-bromo-2-chloropyridine (110 mg, 0.574 mmol), Pd 2 (dba) 3 (52 mg, 0.057 mmol), Xantphos (66 mg, 0.114 mmol) and K 2 C0 3 (118 mg, 0.861 mmol) in toluene (5 mL) was stirred at 100°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-40% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (105 mg, 79% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C25H34CIN3O3: 459.23. Found: 460.37/462.33 (M/M+2) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(3-((6-chloropyridin-3-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydr o-2H- pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(3-((6-chloropyridin-3-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetra hydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (105 mg, 0.23 mmol) in MeOH (4 mL) was added 4N NaOH aq. (2 mL). After stirred at r.t. for 5 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (72 mg, 70% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 8.24 (d, J = 2.8 Hz, 1 H), 7.41 (dd, J = 8.5, 2.6 Hz, 1 H), 7.22 (d, J = 8.6 Hz, 1 H), 7.15 - 7.00 (m, 3H), 6.77 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 1 H), 4.00 - 3.91 (m, 2H), 3.29 - 3.17 (m, 3H), 2.84 - 2.74 (m, 3H), 2.66 - 2.55 (m, 2H), 1 .79 - 1 .55 (m, 4H), 1 .50 - 1 .38 (m, 1 H), 1 .31 (d, J = 7.0 Hz, 3H), 0.85 (d, J = 6.5 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C24H32CIN3O3: 445.21 . Found: 446.31 /448.28 (M/M+2) + .

Example 7

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)a

(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-3-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)ph enyl) butanoate (100 mg, 0.287 mmol), 5-bromo-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridine (129 mg, 0.57 mmol), Pd 2 (dba) 3 (52 mg, 0.057 mmol), Xantphos (66 mg, 0.114 mmol) and K 2 C0 3 (118 mg, 0.861 mmol) in toluene (5 mL) was stirred at 100°C under N2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (130 mg, 91 % yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C26H34F3N3O3: 493.26. Found: 494.41 (M+1) + . Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((6-(tr ifluoro methyl)pyridin-3-yl)amino)phenyl)

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((6- (trifluoromethyl)pyridin-3-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (130 mg, 0.264 mmol) in MeOH (5 mL) was added 4N NaOH aq. (2 mL). After stirred at r.t. for 5 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (96 mg, 76% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 8.51 (d, J = 2.6 Hz, 1 H), 7.57 (d, J = 8.5 Hz, 1 H), 7.49 (dd, J = 8.7, 2.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.35 (s, 1 H), 7.23 (d, J = 1 .5 Hz, 1 H), 7.15 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.84 (dd, J = 8.1 , 1 .4 Hz, 1 H), 4.00 - 3.88 (m, 2H), 3.28 - 3.18 (m, 3H), 2.83 - 2.77 (m, 3H), 2.64 - 2.59 (m, 2H), 1 .71 - 1 .53 (m, 4H), 1 .49 - 1 .40 (m, 1 H), 1 .33 (d, J = 7.0 Hz, 3H), 0.86 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C25H32F3N3O3: 479.24. Found: 480.37 (M+1) + .

Example 8

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-((5-chloropyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetra hydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoat

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)ph enyl) butanoate (150 mg, 0.431 mmol), 2-bromo-5-chloropyridine (165 mg, 0.86 mmol), Pd 2 (dba) 3 (78 mg, 0.086 mmol), Xantphos (99 mg, 0.172 mmol) and t-BuOK (96 mg, 0.86 mmol) in dioxane (6 mL) was stirred at 100°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (135 mg, 68% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for 459.23. Found: 460.44/462.40 (M/M+2) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(3-((5-chloropyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydr o-2H- pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(3-((5-chloropyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetra hydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (135 mg, 0.29 mmol) in MeOH (5 mL) was added 4N NaOH aq. (2 mL). After stirred at r.t. for 5 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over

Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (82 mg, 62% yield) as a white powder. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 8.19 (d, J = 2.3 Hz, 1 H), 8.10 - 7.97 (m, 2H), 7.46 (dd, J = 8.8, 2.6 Hz, 1 H), 7.10 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 1 H), 6.80 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.74 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 1 H), 3.99 - 3.89 (m, 2H), 3.34 - 3.18 (m, 3H), 2.90 - 2.76 (m,

3H), 2.73 - 2.57 (m, 2H), 1 .62 - 1 .45 (m, 5H), 1 .35 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 3H), 0.86 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C 2 4H 32 CIN 3 03: 445.21 . Found: 446.22/448.16 (M/M+2) + . Example 9

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((2- (trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)ph enyl) butanoate (120 mg, 0.34 mmol), 5-bromo-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidine (154 mg, 0.68 mmol), Pd 2 (dba) 3 (28 mg, 0.03 mmol), Xantphos (40 mg, 0.07 mmol) and K 2 C0 3 (141 mg, 1 .02 mmol) in toluene (4 mL) was stirred at 100°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (120 mg, 71 % yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for 494.25. Found: 495.45 (M+1) + . Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((2-(tr ifluoro methyl)pyrimidin-5-yl)amino)phen

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((2- (trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (120 mg, 0.24 mmol) in MeOH (6 mL) was added 1 N NaOH aq. (3 mL). After stirred at r.t. overnight, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (97 mg, 84% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 8.68 (s, 2H), 7.45 (s, 1 H), 7.24 (d, J = 1 .9 Hz, 1 H), 7.18 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.90 (dd, J = 8.2, 1 .9 Hz, 1 H), 3.98 - 3.90 (m, 2H), 3.33 - 3.19 (m, 3H), 2.86 - 2.75 (m, 3H), 2.66 - 2.57 (m, 2H), 1 .74 - 1 .55 (m, 4H), 1 .47 - 1 .30 (m, 4H), 0.91 - 0.77 (m, 6H).. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C 2 4H3iF3N40 3 : 480.23. Found: 481 .67 (M+1 ) + .

Example 10

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-((2-chloropyrimidin-5-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetra hydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)ph enyl) butanoate (220 mg, 0.63 mmol), 5-bromo-2-chloropyrimidine (244 mg, 0.68 mmol), Pd 2 (dba) 3 (57.8 mg, 0.063 mmol), Xantphos (73 mg, 0.12 mmol) and K 2 C0 3 (262 mg, 1 .9 mmol) in toluene (5 ml_) was stirred at 100°C under N2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (171 mg, 59% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C24H33CIN4O3: 460.22. Found: 461 .57/463.54 (M+1) + . Preparation of (R)-3-(3-((2-chloropyrimidin-5-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetrahy dro- 2H-pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(3-((2-chloropyrimidin-5-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetra hydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (110 mg, 0.24 mmol) in THF (6 ml_) was added 4N NaOH aq. (2 mL). After stirred at r.t. overnight, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (58 mg, 54% yield) as a white powder. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 8.49 (s, 2H), 7.19 - 7.13 (m, 2H), 7.10 (d, J = 1 .9 Hz, 1 H), 6.84 (dd, J = 8.2, 1.9 Hz, 1 H), 3.95 (dd, J = 10.9, 2.8 Hz, 2H), 3.32 - 3.22 (m, 3H), 2.85 - 2.76 (m, 3H), 2.63 - 2.58 (m, 2H), 1 .75 - 1.56 (m, 4H), 1.49 - 1.39 (m, 1 H), 1 .32 (d, J = 7.0 Hz, 3H), 0.85 (dd, J = 6.6, 1.5 Hz, 6H).. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C23H31CIN4O3: 446.21 . Found: 447.53/449.55 (M/M+2) + .

Example 11

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-((6-chloropyridazin-3-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetra hydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)ph enyl) butanoate (120 mg, 0.34 mmol), 3,6-dichloropyridazine (104 mg, 0.69 mmol), Pd 2 (dba) 3 (32.5 mg, 0.036 mmol), Xantphos (40 mg, 0.07 mmol) and K 2 C0 3 (143 mg, 1.03 mmol) in toluene (5 mL) was stirred at 100°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-50% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (95 mg, 61 % yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C24H33CIN4O3: 460.22. Found: 461 .25/463.21 (M/M+2) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(3-((6-chloropyridazin-3-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetrahy dro- 2H-pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(3-((6-chloropyridazin-3-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetra hydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (95 mg, 0.21 mmol) in MeOH (10 ml_) was added 4N NaOH aq. (4 mL). After stirred at 40°C for 4 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (34 mg, 36% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 8.30 (s, 1 H), 8.19 (d, J = 1 .9 Hz, 1 H), 7.21 (d, J = 9.3 Hz, 1 H), 7.07 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.87 (d, J = 9.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.81 (dd, J = 8.1 , 1 .9 Hz, 1 H), 3.87 (dd, J = 11 .1 , 3.5 Hz, 2H), 3.26 - 3.16 (m, 3H), 2.81 - 2.72 (m, 3H), 2.66 - 2.52 (m, 8.0 Hz, 2H), 1 .68 - 1 .36 (m, 5H), 1 .28 (d, J = 7.0 Hz, 3H), 0.79 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H) LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C23H31CIN4O3: 446.21 . Found: 447.21 /449.19 (M+1) + . Example 12

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-((5-chloropyrazin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetra hydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)ph enyl) butanoate (120 mg, 0.34 mmol), 2,5-dichloropyrazine (104 mg, 0.69 mmol), Pd 2 (dba) 3 (32.5 mg, 0.036 mmol), Xantphos (40 mg, 0.07 mmol) and K 2 C0 3 (143 mg, 1 .03 mmol) in toluene (5 mL) was stirred at 100°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-50% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (120 mg, 76% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C^HssCIN ^ Os: 460.22. Found: 461 .41 /463.36 (M/M+2) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(3-((5-chloropyrazin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydr o-2H- pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(3-((5-chloropyrazin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetra hydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (120 mg, 0.26 mmol) in MeOH (10 mL) was added 1 N NaOH aq. (4 mL). After stirred at 40°C for 8 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (86 mg, 74% yield) as a white powder. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 8.37 (s, 1 H), 8.19 (d, J = 1 .3 Hz, 1 H), 8.16 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.95 (d, J = 1 .4 Hz, 1 H), 7.14 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 1 H), 6.85 (dd, J = 8.1 , 2.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.01 - 3.89 (m, 2H), 3.35 - 3.19 (m, 3H), 2.91 - 2.52 (m, 5H), 1 .76 - 1 .42 (m, 5H), 1 .35 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 3H), 0.87 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C23H31CIN4O3: 446.21 . Found: 447.26/449.24 (M/M+2) + .

Example 13

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-((6-cyanopyridin-3-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetra hydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)ph enyl) butanoate (250 mg, 0.72 mmol), 5-bromopicolinonitrile (263 mg, 1 .44 mmol), Pd 2 (dba) 3 (67 mg, 0.072 mmol), Xantphos (83 mg, 0.144 mmol) and K 2 C0 3 (298 mg, 2.16 mmol) in toluene (8 mL) was stirred at 100°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-50% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (260 mg, 80% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for Ο^,Ν,Ο^: 450.26. Found: 451 .38 (M+1) + . Preparation of (R)-3-(3-((6-cyanopyridin-3-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro -2H- pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(3-((6-cyanopyridin-3-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetra hydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (52 mg, 0.11 mmol) in THF (5 mL) was added 1 N NaOH aq. (2 mL). After stirred at 30°C for 24 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (41 mg, 82% yield) as a white powder. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 8.43 (d, J = 2.6 Hz, 1 H), 7.56 (d, J = 8.6 Hz, 1 H), 7.49 - 7.41 (m, 2H), 7.23 (d, J = 1 .9 Hz, 1 H), 7.16 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.89 (dd, J = 8.2, 1 .9 Hz, 1 H), 3.97 - 3.87 (m, 2H), 3.30 - 3.18 (m, 3H), 2.84 - 2.72 (m, 3H), 2.68 - 2.60 (m, 2H), 1 .68 - 1 .41 (m, 5H), 1 .34 (d, J = 7.0 Hz, 3H), 0.85 (dd, J = 6.6, 0.9 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C 2 5H 32 N 4 03: 436.25. Found: 437.60 (M+1 ) + . Example 14

Preparation of (R)-3-(3-((5-chloro-6-fluoropyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl( tetrahydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid. A flask was charged with (R)-methyl 3-(3-amino- 4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (60 mg, 0.172 mmol), 6- bromo-3-chloro-2-fluoropyridine (43.5 mg, 0.207 mmol), cesium carbonate (280 mg, 0.861 mmol), xantphos (39.8 mg, 0.069 mmol) and Pd 2 (dba) 3 (31 .5 mg, 0.034 mmol) while purging with nitrogen. Toluene (2.5 mL) was added and the mixture was degassed with nitrogen for several minutes. The mixture was heated to 100 °C and stirred for 90 minutes. The mixture was cooled, diluted with EtOAc and then filtered over Celite. The filtrate was washed with water, then brine, dried over sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified on silica gel (4 g column, 0-20% hexanes/EtOAc gradient elution) to afford (R)-methyl 3-(3-((5-chloro-6-fluoropyridin-2-yl)amino)-4- (isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate as a pale yellow residue (66 mg). A solution of (R)-methyl 3-(3-((5-chloro-6-fluoropyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-

(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (29 mg, 0.061 mmol) in THF (0.6 mL) and MeOH (0.3 mL) was treated with 2M LiOH (0.303 mL, 0.607 mmol) and then allowed to stir at ambient temperature overnight. The mixture was adjusted to ~pH 7 with 1 N HCI, then extracted with EtOAc. The extracts were washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase chromatography to afford a white solid. An additional sample of (R)-methyl 3-(3-((5- chloro-6-fluoropyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H -pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (36 mg) was subjected to the hydrolysis conditions. Following work-up the material was purified by reverse phase chromatography, then combined with the previous batch to afford a white solid (17.5 mg). 1 H NMR (400MHz, CHLOROFORM- d) δ = 8.12 (s, 1 H), 8.04 (m, 1 H), 7.56 (t, J=8.9 Hz, 1 H), 7.11 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1 H), 6.84 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1 H), 6.59 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1 H), 3.95 (m, 2H), 3.35 - 3.19 (m, 3H), 2.87 - 2.67 (m, 4H), 2.66 - 2.56 (m, 1 H), 1 .80 - 1 .56 (m, 4H), 1 .52 - 1 .40 (m, 1 H), 1 .36 (m, 3H), 0.86 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 6H); LC/MS (m/z) ES + calcd for C24H31CIFN3O3: 463.20. Found: 464 (M+1 ). Example 15

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-((2-chloropyrimidin-5-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetra hydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)ph enyl) butanoate (240 mg, 0.68 mmol), 5-bromo-2-chloropyrimidine (262 mg, 1 .36 mmol), Pd 2 (dba) 3 (65 mg, 0.072 mmol), Xantphos (80 mg, 0.14 mmol) and K 2 C0 3 (286 mg, 2.1 mmol) in toluene (10 ml_) was stirred at 100°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (170 mg, 54% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C^HssCII UOs: 460.22. Found: 461 .57/463.54 (M/M+2) + . Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((2-met hoxy pyrimidin- 5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(3-((2-chloropyrimidin-5-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetra hydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (150 mg, 0.33 mmol) in MeOH (8 mL) was added 1 N NaOH aq. (4 mL). After stirred at r.t. overnight, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (80 mg, 55% yield) as a white powder. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 8.42 (s, 2H), 7.09 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 1 H), 6.87 - 6.78 (m, 2H), 6.70 (dd, J = 8.1 , 1 .9 Hz, 1 H), 4.02 (s, 3H), 4.00 - 3.93 (m, 2H), 3.36 - 3.25 (m, 2H), 3.21 - 3.12 (m, 1 H), 2.87 - 2.70 (m, 3H), 2.63 - 2.48 (m, 2H), 1 .79 - 1 .39 (m, 5H), 1 .27 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 3H), 0.86 (d, J = 6.4 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C24H34N4O4: 442.26. Found: 443.66 (M+1 ) + .

Exam le 16

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-((5-cyanopyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetra hydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)ph enyl) butanoate (200 mg, 0.575 mmol), 6-bromonicotinonitrile (210 mg, 1 .15 mmol), Pd 2 (dba) 3 (60 mg, 0.0575 mmol), Xantphos (66 mg, 0.115 mmol) and K 2 C0 3 (238 mg, 1 .73 mmol) in toluene (8 mL) was stirred at 100°C under N2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (100 mg, 38% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C26H34N4O3: 450.26. Found: 451 .38 (M+1) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(3-((5-cyanopyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro -2H- pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(3-((5-cyanopyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetra hydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (100 mg, 0.22 mmol) in MeOH (4 mL) was added 1 N NaOH aq. (2 mL). After stirred at r.t for 5 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (27 mg, 28% yield) as a white powder. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 8.54 (d, J = 1.9 Hz, 1 H), 8.47 (s, 1 H), 8.19 (d, J = 1 .9 Hz, 1 H), 7.67 (dd, J = 8.8, 2.3 Hz, 1 H), 7.14 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.89 (dd, J = 8.2, 2.0 Hz, 1 H), 6.73 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 1 H), 4.01 - 3.88 (m, 2H), 3.33 - 3.18 (m, 3H), 2.89 - 2.57 (m, 5H), 1 .64 - 1 .46 (m, 5H), 1.36 (d, J = 7.0 Hz, 3H), 0.86 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C25H32N4O3: 436.25. Found: 437.17 (M+1) + .

Example 17

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-((2-cyanopyrimidin-5-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetra hydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)ph enyl) butanoate (200 mg, 0.58 mmol), 5-bromopyrimidine-2-carbonitrile (213 mg, 1 .16 mmol), Pd 2 (dba) 3 (53 mg, 0.06 mmol), Xantphos (67 mg, 0.12 mmol) and K 2 C0 3 (238 mg, 1.7 mmol) in toluene (10 ml_) was stirred at 100°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-40% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (200 mg, 77% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C25H33N5O3: 451 .26. Found: 452.46 (M+1) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(3-((2-cyanopyrimidin-5-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetrahyd ro- 2H-pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(3-((2-cyanopyrimidin-5-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetra hydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (200 mg, 0.44 mmol) in THF (5 ml_) was added 1 N NaOH aq. (3 mL). After stirred at r.t. overnight, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (95 mg, 49% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 8.59 (s, 2H), 7.54 (s, 1 H), 7.24 (d, J = 1 .9 Hz, 1 H), 7.19 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.94 (dd, J = 8.2, 1.9 Hz, 1 H), 3.99 - 3.88 (m, 2H), 3.35 - 3.16 (m, 3H), 2.87 - 2.72 (m, 3H), 2.63 (d, J = 7.4 Hz, 2H), 1 .71 - 1.41 (m, 5H), 1.34 (d, J = 7.0 Hz, 3H), 0.85 (dd, J = 6.6, 1.1 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C24H31 N5O3: 437.24. Found: 438.70 (M+1) + .

Exam le 18

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((6- (trifluoromethyl)pyridazin-3-yl)amino henyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)ph enyl) butanoate (120 mg, 0.34 mmol), 3-chloro-6-(trifluoromethyl)pyridazine (121 mg, 0.66 mmol), Pd 2 (dba) 3 (32 mg, 0.035 mmol), Xantphos (40 mg, 0.07 mmol) and K 2 C0 3 (143 mg, 1 .03 mmol) in toluene (10 mL) was stirred at 100°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-40% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (150 mg, 88% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C^HssFsN^: 494.25. Found: 495.56 (M+1) + . Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((6-(tr ifluoro methyl)pyridazin-3-yl)amino)phen l)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((6- (trifluoromethyl)pyridazin-3-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (150 mg, 0.30 mmol) in MeOH (10 ml_) was added 1 N NaOH aq. (4 mL). After stirred at r.t. overnight, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (69 mg, 48% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 8.74 (br, 1 H), 8.20 (d, J = 1 .9 Hz, 1 H), 7.50 (d, J = 9.3 Hz, 1 H), 7.10 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.00 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1 H), 6.88 (dd, J = 8.2, 1.9 Hz, 1 H), 3.95 - 3.82 (m, 2H), 3.32 - 3.14 (m, 3H), 2.86 - 2.78 (m, 3H), 2.65 - 2.57 (m, 2H), 1.77 - 1.36 (m, 5H), 1.29 (d, J = 7.0 Hz, 3H), 0.80 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C24H31 F3N4O3: 480.23. Found: 481.49 (M+1) + .

Example 19

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-((5-cyanopyrazin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetra hydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)ph enyl) butanoate (220 mg, 0.63 mmol), 5-chloropyrazine-2-carbonitrile (177 mg, 1 .27 mmol), Pd 2 (dba) 3 (58 mg, 0.064 mmol), Xantphos (74 mg, 0.13 mmol) and K 2 C0 3 (262 mg, 1 .9 mmol) in toluene (10 mL) was stirred at 100°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H2O. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-40% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (70 mg, 25% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C25H33N5O3: 451 .26. Found: 452.46 (M+1) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(3-((5-cyanopyrazin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro -2H- pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(3-((5-cyanopyrazin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetra hydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (70 mg, 0.16 mmol) in THF (6 mL) was added 1 N NaOH aq. (3 mL). After stirred at r.t. overnight, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (27 mg, 39% yield) as a white powder. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 8.96 (s, 1 H), 8.50 (d, J = 1 .3 Hz, 1 H), 8.36 (d, J = 1.9 Hz, 1 H), 8.10 (d, J = 1 .3 Hz, 1 H), 7.19 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.95 (dd, J = 8.2, 2.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.01 - 3.88 (m, J = 10.7 Hz, 2H), 3.37 - 3.24 (m, 3H), 2.94 - 2.76 (m, 3H), 2.77 - 2.60 (m, 2H), 1.73 - 1.44 (m, 5H), 1 .36 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 3H), 0.88 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C24H31 N5O3: 437.24. Found: 438.65 (M+1) + .

Example 20

Step A

(R)-Methyl 3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((3-(triflu oromethyl)-1 ,2,4- thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

5-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazole (72.7 mg, 0.386 mmol) was added to a solution of (R)-methyl 3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (103.4 mg, 0.297 mmol) in N,N-Dimethylformamide (989 μΙ). The reaction mixture was heated at 90 °C overnight. Aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution was added and the reaction mixture was extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered, evaporated and purified by silica gel chromatography (0-40% EtOAc/hexanes) to obtain (R)-methyl 3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((3- (trifluoromethyl)-l ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (89.9 mg, 0.180 mmol, 61 % yield). LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 501.3. Step B

(R)-3-(4-(lsobutyl(tetrahydro-2H^yran-4-yl)amino)-3-((3-(tri fluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol- 5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

(R)-methyl 3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H^yran-4-yl)amino)-3-((3-(trifluo romethyl)-1 ,2,4- thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (0.0899 g, 0.18 mmol) was subjected to base hydrolysis as previously described and purified by reverse phase chromatography (10- 100% CH3CN/H2O (0.1 % formic acid)) to afford the title compound (0.0586 g, 67%) as a white solid. LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 487.3. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ ppm 7.82 (s, 1 H), 7.28 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.06 (dd, J=8.2, 2.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.88 (dd, J=11 .4, 4.0 Hz, 2 H), 3.20 - 3.26 (m, 3H), 2.87 - 2.96 (m, 1 H), 2.84 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 2 H), 2.48 - 2.64 (m, 2 H), 1 .72 (m, 2 H), 1 .56 (qd, J=12.2, 4.5 Hz, 2 H), 1 .37 (m, 1 H), 1 .31 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 3 H), 0.82 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 6 H). LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 487.3.

Example 21

Preparation of methyl 3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino) phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (E)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-nitroph enyl) but- 2-enoate (1 .3 g, 3.44 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (750 mg) in EtOAc (20 mL) was stirred at 50°C under H 2 atmosphere for 4 hr. The resulting mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (1 .1 g, 92% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C20H32N2O3: 348.24. Found: 349.64 (M+1) + . Preparation of methyl 3-(3-((3-chloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl (tetrahydro- 2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl 3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl ) butanoate (200 mg, 0.57 mmol) and 3, 5-dichloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazole (177 mg, 1 .14 mmol) in DMF (4 ml_) was stirred at 90°C overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (170 mg, 64% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C22H31CIN4O3S: 466.18. Found: 467.21/469.15 (M/M+2) + .

Preparation of 3-(3-((3-chloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetrahyd pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl 3-(3-((3-chloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl (tetrahydro- 2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (170 mg, 0.36 mmol) in MeOH (2 ml_) was added 4N NaOH aq. (0.5 mL). After stirred at r.t. for 6hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (24 mg, 14% yield) as a white powder. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 9.39 (s, 1 H), 7.21 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.17 (d, J = 1 .7 Hz, 1 H), 6.98 (dd, J = 8.2, 1 .8 Hz, 1 H), 4.02 - 3.91 (m, 2H), 3.36 - 3.22 (m, 3H), 2.88 - 2.76 (m, 3H), 2.74 - 2.59 (m, 2H), 1 .79 - 1 .43 (m, 5H), 1 .37 (d, J = 7.0 Hz, 3H), 0.85 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C21 H29CIN4O3S: 452.16. Found: 453.18/455.17 (M/M+2) + . Example 22

Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(lsobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((4- (trifluoromethyl)thiazol-2-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

3-Bromo-1 ,1 ,1 -trifluoropropan-2-one (78 mg, 0.410 mmol) was added to a solution of (R)- methyl 3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-thioureidop henyl)butanoate (84 mg, 0.205 mmol) in ethanol (2 ml_). The reaction mixture was heated for 3h at 80 °C. Aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution was added and the reaction mixture was extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered, evaporated. The residue was subjected to base hydrolysis as previously described and purified by reverse phase chromatography (10-100% CH3CN/H2O (0.1 % formic acid)) to afford the title compound (0.0877 g, 88%) as a white solid. LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 486.3. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ ppm 7.84 (br. s, 1 H), 7.39 (s, 1 H), 7.27 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.96 - 7.02 (m, 1 H), 3.91 (dd, J=11 .5, 3.8 Hz, 2 H), 3.20 - 3.28 (m, 3 H), 2.81 - 2.97 (m, 3 H), 2.51 - 2.67 (m, 2 H), 1 .77 (m, 2 H), 1 .58 (qd, J=12.2, 4.5 Hz, 2 H), 1 .41 (m, 1 H), 1 .33 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 3 H), 0.87 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 6 H).

Example 23

Preparation of N-isobutyltetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-amine

To a solution of tetrahydro-4H-pyran-4-one (181 .4 g, 1811 mmol) in ethanol (1 .8 L) was added isobutylamine (183 mL, 1811 mmol). After stirring at 50°C under H 2 atmosphere (15 psi) overnight, the resulting mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to afford the title compound (285 g, 100% yield) as a yellow oil, which was used in the following step without purification. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 4.01 - 3.93 (m, 2H), 3.39 (td, J = 11 .7, 2.2 Hz, 2H), 2.67 - 2.60 (m, 1 H), 2.44 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 2H), 1 .87 - 1 .78 (m, 2H), 1 .76 - 1 .66 (m, 1 H), 1 .44 - 1 .34 (m, 2H), 0.91 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). Preparation of N-(4-bromo-2-nitrophenyl)-N-isobutyltetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-am ine

A mixture of 4-bromo-1 -fluoro-2-nitrobenzene (199 g, 906 mmol) and /V-isobutyltetra hydro-2/-/-pyran-4-amine (285 g, 1811 mmol) was stirred at 140°C under N 2 atmosphere for 9 hr. The resulting mixture was purified on silica gel (0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (237 g, 73% yield) as a red oil. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for Ci 5 H2iBrN20 3 : 356.07. Found: 357.24/359.25 (M/M+2) + . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 7.80 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.51 (dd, J = 8.8, 2.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.12 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1 H), 3.97 (dd, J = 11 .4, 4.4 Hz, 2H), 3.30 (td, J = 11 .7, 2.3 Hz, 2H), 3.13 - 3.06 (m, 1 H), 2.86 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 1 .85 - 1 .66 (m, 4H), 1 .63 - 1 .52 (m, 1 H), 0.86 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H).

Preparation of methyl (E)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-nitro phenyl)but-2-enoate

A mixture of /V-(4-bromo-2-nitrophenyl)-/V-isobutyltetrahydro-2/-/-pyran- 4-amine (237 g, 663.4 mmol), methyl (£)-but-2-enoate (133 g, 1327 mmol), TBAB (42.8 g, 132.7 mmol), Pd(o-MePh 3 P) 2 Cl2 (25.4 g, 33.17 mmol) and TEA (185 mL, 1327 mmol) in DMF (1200 mL) was stirred at 110°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was diluted with water (2.5 L) and extracted with EtOAc (1 L x 2). The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified on silica gel (0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (141 g, 56% yield) as a yellow solid. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C20H28N2O5: 376.20. Found: 377.62 (M+1 ) + . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 7.83 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.54 (dd, J = 8.7, 2.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.17 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1 H), 6.15 (d, J = 1 .2 Hz, 1 H), 4.05 - 3.93 (m, 2H), 3.76 (s, 3H), 3.32 (td, J = 11 .7, 2.1 Hz, 2H), 3.22 - 3.10 (m, 1 H), 2.92 (d, J

2H), 2.56 (d, J = 1 .2 Hz, 3H), 1 .85 - 1 .64 (m, 5H), 0.89 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H).

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-nitro phenyl)butanoate

At -5°C, to a mixture of (CuHPh 3 P) 6 (5.9 g, 3.0 mmol) and (f?,S)-PPF-P(iBu) 2 (5.9 g, 10.70 mmol) in toluene (1 .2 L) was added PMHS (57.6 mL) and f-BuOH (42 mL) before the introduction of methyl (£)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2/-/-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-nitr o phenyl)but-2-enoate (141 g, 375 mmol). After stirred at -5°C for 2 hr, the resulting mixture was quenched with sat. aq. NaHC0 3 solution (500 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (1 L x 2). The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified on silica gel (0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (133 g, 94% yield) as a red oil. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C20H30N2O5: 378.22. Found: 379.52 (M+1) + . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 7.51 (d, J = 2.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.29 (dd, J = 8.5, 2.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.21 - 7.15 (m, 1 H), 3.97 (dd, J = 10.9, 3.8 Hz, 2H), 3.65 (s, 3H), 3.36 - 3.25 (m, 3H), 3.15 - 3.03 (m, 1 H), 2.83 (d, J = 7.1 Hz, 2H), 2.64 - 2.51 (m, 2H), 1 .80 - 1 .67 (m, 4H), 1 .58 - 1 .49 (m, 1 H), 1 .30 (d, J = 7.0 Hz, 3H), 0.84 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H).

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)

amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2/-/-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-nitro phenyl) butanoate (130 g, 343 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (45.5 g) in EtOAc (1 .3 L) was stirred at 50°C under H 2 atmosphere (15 psi) overnight. The resulting mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product which was purified on silica gel (0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (109 g, 91 % yield) as a yellow oil. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C20H32N2O3: 348.24. Found: 349.52 (M+1) + . Ή NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 6.84 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 1 H), 6.46 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1 H), 6.41 (dd, J = 8.1 , 2.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.95 (s, 2H), 3.87 - 3.78 (m, 2H), 3.50 (s, 3H), 3.27 - 3.10 (m, 2H), 3.06 - 2.97 (m, 1 H), 2.93 - 2.51 (m, 3H), 2.47 (dd, J = 15.0, 6.2 Hz, 1 H), 2.35 (dd, J = 15.0, 8.9 Hz, 1 H), 1 .75 - 1 .43 (m, 4H), 1 .40 - 1 .28 (m, 1 H), 1 .13 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 3H), 0.71 (d, J = 6.4 Hz, 6H).

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-(2-(cyclopropanecarbonyl)hydrazine-1 -carbothio amido)-4- (isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino) phenyl)butanoate (95 g, 272.6 mmol) in MeCN (1 L) was added TCDI (72.9 g, 408.9 mmol) and the resulting reaction mixture was stirred at 25°C under N 2 atmosphere for 3 hr. The resulting mixture was concentrated to give the crude isothiocyanate intermediate which was dissolved in EtOH (1 L) and treated with cyclopropanecarbo hydrazide (41 g, 408.9 mmol). After stirred at 50°C overnight, the reaction mixture was concentrated to about one-third volume and the precipitated solid was collected by filtration and the solid was washed with cold EtOH to afford the title compound (96.4 g, 72% yield) as a white solid. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C25H38N4O4S: 490.26. Found: 491 .49 (M+1) + . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDC ) δ 9.36 (s, 1 H), 8.48 (br, 2H), 7.10 (dd, J = 9.2, 4.5 Hz, 1 H), 6.98 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 1 H), 4.04 - 3.87 (m, 2H), 3.63 (s, 3H), 3.40 - 3.16 (m, 3H), 2.91 - 2.71 (m, 3H), 2.65 (dd, J = 15.2, 6.5 Hz, 1 H), 2.55 (dd, J = 15.2, 8.4 Hz, 1 H), 1 .71 - 1 .49 (m, 5H), 1 .44 - 1 .35 (m, 1 H), 1 .31 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 3H), 1 .13 - 1 .03 (m, 2H), 0.95 - 0.87 (m, 2H), 0.82 (d, J = 6.5 Hz, 6H).

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-((5-cyclopropyl-1 ,3,4-thiadiazol-2-yl)amino)-4- (isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

Methyl (R)-3-(3-(2-(cyclopropanecarbonyl)hydrazine-1 -carbothioamido)-4-(isobutyl(tetra hydro-2/-/-pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (101 g, 205.8 mmol) was added portion wise to cone. H 2 S0 4 (200 mL) at 0°C. After stirred at room temperature for 3 hr, the mixture was carefully neutralized with aq. NaOH solution (4 N) to pH 5-6 and extracted with DCM (500 mL x2). The combined organic layers were dried over Na2S04 and concentrated to give the crude product which was used in the next step without purification.

Preparation of (R)-3-(3-((5-cyclopropyl-1 ,3,4-thiadiazol-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl (tetrahydro- 2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)buta

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(3-((5-cyclopropyl-1 ,3,4-thiadiazol-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl (tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (the crude product obtained from the previous step, 205.8 mmol) in MeOH (600 mL) was added 1 N aq. NaOH (1 N, 617 mL). After stirred at r.t. for 5 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc (600 ml_ x2). The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated to give the crude product which was recrystallized in Et 2 0 (500 mL) to afford the title product (63.7 g, 68%) as a pale powder. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C24H34N4O3S: 458.24. Found: 457.35 (M-1) " . Ή NMR (400 MHz, DMSO) δ 12.09 (s, 1 H), 8.96 (s, 1 H), 7.97 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.20 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.90 (dd, J = 8.2, 2.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.81 (dd, J = 11.1 , 3.5 Hz, 2H), 3.23 - 3.07 (m, 3H), 2.93 - 2.82 (m, 1 H), 2.77 (d, J = 6.7 Hz, 2H), 2.51 - 2.41 (m, 2H), 2.37 - 2.23 (m, 1 H), 1.67 (d, J = 11.1 Hz, 2H), 1.54 - 1.39 (m, 2H), 1.36 - 1 .26 (m, 1 H), 1 .23 (d, J = 9.1 Hz, 3H), 1.12 - 1.06 (m, 2H), 0.97 - 0.88 (m, 2H), 0.80 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H).

Example 24

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-((6-cyanopyridazin-3-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetra hydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)ph enyl) butanoate (120 mg, 0.34 mmol), 6-chloropyridazine-3-carbonitrile (96 mg, 0.69 mmol), Pd 2 (dba) 3 (32 mg, 0.035 mmol), Xantphos (40 mg, 0.07 mmol) and Na 2 C0 3 (110 mg, 1 .04 mmol) in toluene (10 ml_) was stirred at 100°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-40% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (50 mg, 32% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C^HssNsOs: 451 .26. Found: 452.46 (M+1) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(3-((6-cyanopyridazin-3-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetrahyd ro- 2H-pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(3-((6-cyanopyridazin-3-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetra hydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (50 mg, 0.11 mmol) in THF (6 ml_) was added 1 N NaOH aq. (3 mL). After stirred at r.t. overnight, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (20 mg, 42% yield) as a white powder. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 8.74 (s, 1 H), 8.11 (d, J = 1 .6 Hz, 1 H), 7.53 (d, J = 9.3 Hz, 1 H), 7.19 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.02 (d, J = 9.3 Hz, 1 H), 6.97 (dd, J = 8.2, 2.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.01 - 3.87 (m, 2H), 3.35 - 3.19 (m, 3H), 2.88 - 2.78 (m, 3H), 2.71 - 2.59 (m, 2H), 1 .77 - 1 .44 (m, 5H), 1 .35 (d, J = 7.0 Hz, 3H), 0.86 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H) LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for 437.24. Found: 438.47 (M+1) + . Example 25

Preparation of (R)-methyl 3-(3-((3-chloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4- (isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of (R)-methyl 3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (quantity) and 3, 5-dichloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazole (0.040 mL, 0.430 mmol) in Ν,Ν-Dimethylformamide (DMF) (2.0 mL) was heated at 90 °C for 16 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to r.t, diluted with water, extracted with ethyl acetate, dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated. Purification by prep. TLC (DCM/MeOH 5%) afforded the pure ester. Preparation of (R)-3-(3-((3-chloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

(R)-methyl 3-(3-((3-chloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran- 4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate was dissolved in THF (5 ml_) and MeOH (1 ml_) and treated with LiOH (1.435 ml_, 1.435 mmol) and the mixture was stirred at r.t. overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated to a smaller volume, acidified with 1 N HCI, extracted with ethyl acetate, dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated. The acid was obtained with 93% (68 mg, 48.6% yield). LCMS calculated for C21 H29CIN4O3S: 452.16, found (M+H) + : m/z = 453.54.

Ή NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d 4 ) δ ppm 7.66 (s, 1 H) 7.31 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1 H) 7.09 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1 H) 3.84 - 4.00 (m, 2 H) 3.25 (m, 1 H) 2.93 (m, 1 H) 2.87 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 2 H) 2.60 (m, 3 H) 1 .75 (m, 2 H) 1.50 - 1.67 (m, 2 H) 1.36 - 1.45 (m, 2 H) 1.34 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 3 H) 0.86 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 6 H).

Example 26

Preparation of (R)-methyl 3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3- isothiocyanatophenyl)butanoate

A mixture of (R)-methyl 3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (100 mg, 0.287 mmol) and 0,0-di(pyridin-2-yl) carbonothioate (100 mg, 0.430 mmol) in Dichloromethane (DCM) (3.0 mL) was stirred at r.t. for 16 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and used in the next step without further purification. Preparation of (R)-methyl 3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3- isothiocyanatophenyl)butanoate

(R)-methyl 3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3- isothiocyanatophenyl)butanoate and cesium carbonate (280 mg, 0.861 mmol) were dissolved in Acetonitrile (3.00 ml_), copper(ll) trifluoromethanesulfonate (5.19 mg, 0.014 mmol) and isobutyrimidamide, Hydrochloride (52.8 mg, 0.430 mmol) were added to the solution and the mixture was stirred at r.t for 2 h under air. The reaction mixture was diluted with water, extracted with ethyl acetate, the organic phase was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated, crude product was used in the next step without further purifi cation. \

Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((3-iso propyl-1 ,2,4- thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

(R)-methyl 3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3- isothiocyanatophenyl)butanoate was dissolved in THF (5 ml_) and MeOH (3 ml_) and treated with LiOH (1 .435 ml_, 1 .435 mmol) and the mixture was stirred at r.t. for 3h. The reaction mixture was concentrated to a smaller volume, neutralized with 1 N HCI, extracted with ethyl acetate, dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated. Purification by Gilson (reverse phase chromatography) afforded the desired product.

LCMS calculated for C24H36N4O3S: 460.25, found (M+H) + : m/z =461 .61

1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d 4 ) δ ppm 7.59 (s, 1 H) 7.27 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 1 H) 7.01 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1 H) 3.87 (d, J=10.9 Hz, 2 H) 3.24 (m, 1 H) 2.99 - 3.15 (m, 1 H) 2.79 - 2.93 (m, 3 H) 2.49 - 2.68 (m, 3 H) 1 .74 (d, J=11 .5 Hz, 2 H) 1 .49 - 1 .63 (m, 2 H) 1 .26 -1 .38 (m, 2) 1 .381 -1 .33 (d, J=6.1 Hz, 9 H) 0.83 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 6 H).

Exam le 27

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((5- (trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)ph enyl) butanoate (150 mg, 0.43 mmol), 2-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridine (156 mg, 0.86 mmol), Pd(OAc) 2 (4.0 mg, 0.007 mmol), BINAP (4.8 mg, 0.0077 mmol) and K 2 C0 3 (178 mg mg, 1 .29 mmol) in toluene (5 ml_) was stirred at 100°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-40% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (106 mg, 50% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C 26 H 34 F 3 N 3 0 3 : 493.26. Found: 494.48 (M+1) + . Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((5-(tr ifluoro methyl)pyridin-2-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((5- (trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (106 mg, 0.214 mmol) in MeOH (6 mL) was added 4N NaOH aq. (2 mL). After stirred at r.t. for 5 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (69 mg, 67% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 8.51 (s, 1 H), 8.32 (s, 1 H), 8.19 (s, 1 H), 7.68 (dd, J = 8.8, 2.3 Hz, 1 H), 7.13 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.86 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 1 H), 6.78 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1 H), 3.99 - 3.88 (m, 2H), 3.33 - 3.17 (m, 3H), 2.90 - 2.52 (m, 5H), 1 .76 - 1.47 (m, 5H), 1.36 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 3H), 0.87 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C25H32F3N3O3: 479.24. Found: 480.24 (M+1) + .

Example 28

(R)-3-(3-((3-cyclopropyl-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran- 4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

LCMS calculated for C24H34N403S: 458.24, found (M+H) + : m/z =459.36

Ή NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d 4 ) δ ppm 7.60 (s, 1 H) 7.25 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 1 H) 6.99 (d,

J=6.6 Hz, 1 H) 3.87 (dd, J=11.4, 3.6 Hz, 2 H) 3.23 (m, 1 H) 2.76 - 2.94 (m, 3 H) 2.57 (dd, J=7.3, 5.6 Hz, 2 H) 2.08 (m, 1 H) 1 .73 (d, J=11.5 Hz, 2 H) 1.53 (dd, J=12.1 , 4.1 Hz, 2 H) 1.34 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 1 H) 1.31 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 3 H) 1.03 - 1.09 (m, 3 H) 0.98 - 1.03 (m, 3 H) 0.82 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 6 H). Example 29

(R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((4-(me thoxycarbonyl)-1 H-imidazol- 2-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

(R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H^yran-4-yl)amino)-3-((4-(tri fluoromethyl)-1 H-imidazol-2- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid (28.2 mg, 0.060 mmol) was stirred in a solution of methanol (0.45 mL), tetrahydrofuran (0.45 mL), and 1 M lithium hydroxide (0.6 mL, 0.602 mmol) at 40 °C for 1 h. The reaction mixture was acidified with 1 M citric acid and extracted with EtOAc. The organic phase was washed with brine, dried (Na2S04), filtered, and evaporated. The residue was purified by reverse phase chrom. 10-100% CH3CN/H20 (0.1 % FA) to afford the title compound (15.5 mg, 56%) as a white solid. LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 459.3. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ ppm 7.85 (d, J=1 .8 Hz, 1 H), 7.46 (s, 1 H),

7.15 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.82 (dd, J=8.1 , 1 .9 Hz, 1 H), 3.85 - 3.93 (m, 2 H), 3.81 (s, 3 H),

3.16 - 3.33 (m, 3 H), 2.78 - 2.90 (m, 3 H), 2.47 - 2.66 (m, 2 H), 1.69 - 1 .82 (m, 2 H), 1.52 - 1.66 (m, 2 H), 1.33 - 1.45 (m, 1 H), 1.29 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 3 H), 0.83 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 6 H).

Example 30

(R)-3-(3-((5-chloro-6-cyanopyridin-2^

yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

Preparation of (R)-3-(3-((5-chloro-6-cyanopyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(t etrahydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid. A flask was charged with (R)-methyl 3-(3-amino- 4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (61 .2 mg, 0.176 mmol), 6- bromo-3-chloropicolinonitrile (45.8 mg, 0.211 mmol), cesium carbonate (286 mg, 0.878 mmol), xantphos (40.6 mg, 0.070 mmol) and Pd 2 (dba) 3 (32.2 mg, 0.035 mmol) while purging with nitrogen. Toluene (2.5 mL) was added and the mixture was degassed with nitrogen for several minutes. The mixture was heated to 100 °C and stirred for 90 minutes. The mixture was cooled, diluted with EtOAc and then filtered over Celite. The filtrate was washed with water, then brine, dried over sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified on silica gel (4 g column, 0-20% hexanes/EtOAc gradient elution) to afford (R)-methyl 3-(3-((5-chloro-6-cyanopyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-

(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate as a pale yellow residue. A solution of (R)-methyl 3-(3-((5-chloro-6-cyanopyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetra hydro- 2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (64 mg, 0.132 mmol) THF (1 .0 mL) and MeOH (0.5 mL) was treated with 2M LiOH (0.396 mL, 0.792 mmol) and allowed to stir at ambient temperature overnight. The mixture was adjusted to ~pH 7 with 1 N HCI, then extracted with EtOAc. The extracts were washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by by reverse phase chromatography to afford a pale yellow solid (9.3 mg). 1 H NMR (400MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ = 8.42 (s, 1 H), 8.22 (m, 1 H), 7.57 (d, J=9.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.14 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1 H), 6.87 (m, 2H), 3.96 (m, 2H), 3.35 - 3.22 (m, 3H), 2.88 - 2.56 (m, 5H), 1 .79 - 1 .54 (m, 4H), 1 .51 - 1 .34 (m, 4H), 0.86 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 6H); LC/MS (m/z) ES + calcd for C25H31CIN4O3: 470.21 . Found: 471 (M+1).

Example 31

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((6- (methoxymethyl)pyridin-3-yl)amino henyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)ph enyl) butanoate (120 mg, 0.34 mmol), 5-bromo-2-(methoxymethyl)pyridine (138 mg, 0.68 mmol), Pd 2 (dba) 3 (28 mg, 0.03 mmol), Xantphos (40 mg, 0.07 mmol) and Cs 2 C0 3 (332 mg, 1 .02 mmol) in toluene (4 ml_) was stirred at 100°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight.

The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (120 mg, 75% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C27H39N3O4: 469.29.

Found: 470.35 (M+1) + . Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((6-

(methoxymethyl)pyridin-3-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((6-

(methoxymethyl)pyridin-3-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (120 mg, 0.26 mmol) in MeOH (8 mL) was added 1 N NaOH aq. (4 mL). After stirred at r.t. overnight, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (70 mg, 59% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 8.55 (d, J = 2.5 Hz, 1 H), 7.41 (dd, J = 8.4, 2.6 Hz, 1 H), 7.34 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.19 (d, J = 1 .9 Hz, 1 H), 7.12 - 7.07 (m, 2H), 6.76 (dd, J = 8.1 , 1.8 Hz, 1 H), 4.54 (s, 2H), 3.97 - 3.86 (m, 2H), 3.47 (s, 3H), 3.28 - 3.21 (m, 3H), 2.82 - 2.57 (m, 5H), 1 .75 - 1 .44 (m, 5H), 1.31 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 3H), 0.85 (d, J = 6.5 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C26H37N3O4: 455.28. Found: 456.56 (M+1) + .

Example 32

Step A

3-Bromo-5-(trifluoromethyl)-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazole

A suspension of sodium hydride (60% disp in mineral oil) (0.407 g, 10.2 mmol) in 46 mL THF was stirred at 0 °C. A solution of 3-bromo-5-(trifluoromethyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazole (2.00 g, 9.26 mmol) in THF (10 mL) was added dropwise. The solution was stirred at RT for 2h and SEM-CI (2.14 ml, 12.04 mmol) was added. After stirring at RT overnight, saturated aqueous NaHC0 3 solution and EtOAc were added. The organic layer was dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered, evaporated and purified by silica gel chromatography (0-40% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford 4-(trifluoromethyl)-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-imidazole (1 .23 g, 38%). Ή NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ ppm 5.56 (s, 2 H), 3.70 (t, J=8.2 Hz, 2 H), 0.95 (t, J=8.2 Hz, 2 H), 0.01 (s, 9 H).

Step B

(R)-Methyl 3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((5-(triflu oromethyl)-1 -((2- (trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of (R)-methyl 3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (0.100 g, 0.287 mmol), 3-bromo-5-(trifluoromethyl)-1 -((2- (trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazole (0.119 g, 0.344 mmol), Pd 2 dba 3 (0.053 g, 0.057 mmol), Xantphos (0.066 g, 0.115 mmol), and cesium carbonate (0.467 g, 1 .435 mmol) was flushed with nitrogen and then stirred in toluene (4.10 ml) and heated at 100 °C for 8h, then filtered through celite, evaporated, and purified by silica gel chromatography (0-40% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford (R)-methyl 3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro- 2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((5-(trifluoromethyl)-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4- triazol-3-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (165.6 mg, 94 %). LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 614.5.

Step C

(R)-3-(4-(lsobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((5-(tr ifluoromethyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol- 3-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

TFA (0.85 mL) was added to a solution of (R)-methyl 3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4- yl)amino)-3-((5-(trifluoromethyl)-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (0.1656 g, 0.270 mmol) in CH 2 CI 2 (2.8 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at RT overnight, then evaporated to dryness and taken up in CH 2 CI 2 and sat'd aqueous NaHC03 solution. The organic phase was isolated, evaporated, and the residue was subjected to base hydrolysis as previously described and purified by reverse phase chromatography (10-100% CH 3 CN/H 2 0 (0.1 % formic acid)) to afford the title compound (0.0706 g, 56%) as a white solid. LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 470.4. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ ppm 8.00 (d, J=1 .8 Hz, 1 H), 7.20 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.89 (dd, J=8.2, 1 .8 Hz, 1 H), 3.88 (dd, J=11 .3, 3.7 Hz, 2 H), 3.17 - 3.35 (m, 3 H), 2.76 - 2.92 (m, 3 H), 2.46 - 2.67 (m, 2 H), 1 .75 (m, 2 H), 1 .61 (m, 2 H), 1 .37 (m, 1 H), 1 .29 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 3 H), 0.78 - 0.89 (m, 6 H). Example 33

(R)-3-(3-((5,6-Dichloropyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetra hydro-2H-pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

Preparation of (R)-3-(3-((5,6-dichloropyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetra hydro-2H-pyran- 4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid. A flask was charged with (R)-methyl 3-(3-amino-4- (isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (62.2 mg, 0.178 mmol), 6- bromo-2,3-dichloropyridine (48.6 mg, 0.214 mmol), cesium carbonate (291 mg, 0.892 mmol), xantphos (41 .3 mg, 0.071 mmol) and Pd 2 (dba) 3 (32.7 mg, 0.036 mmol) while purging with nitrogen. Toluene (2.5 ml_) was added and the mixture was degassed with nitrogen for several minutes. The mixture was heated to 100 °C and stirred for 2 hours. The mixture was cooled, diluted with EtOAc and then filtered over Celite. The filtrate was washed with water, then brine, dried over sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified on silica gel (4 g column, 0-20% hexanes/EtOAc gradient elution) to afford (R)-methyl 3-(3-((5,6-dichloropyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydr o-2H-pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate as a pale yellow residue. A solution of (R)-methyl 3-(3-((5,6- dichloropyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran- 4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (39 mg, 0.079 mmol) in THF (0.8 mL) and MeOH (0.4 mL) was treated with 2M LiOH (0.394 mL, 0.789 mmol) and allowed to stir at ambient temperature overnight. The mixture was adjusted to ~pH 7 with 1 N HCI, then extracted with EtOAc. The extracts were washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase chromatography to afford a white solid. An additional sample of (R)-methyl 3-(3-((5,6-dichloropyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydr o-2H-pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (29 mg) was subjected to the hydrolysis conditions. Following work-up the material was purified by reverse phase chromatography, then combined with the previous batch to afford a white solid (21 .5 mg). 1 H NMR (400MHz, CHLOROFORM- d) δ = 8.15 (m, 2H), 7.52 (d, J=8.6 Hz, 1 H), 7.11 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1 H), 6.84 (m, 1 H), 6.62 (d, J=8.6 Hz, 1 H), 3.95 (m, 2H), 3.35 - 3.17 (m, 3H), 2.88 - 2.67 (m, 4H), 2.65 - 2.55 (m, 1 H), 1 .79 - 1 .55 (m, 4H), 1 .45 (m, 1 H), 1 .37 (m, 3H), 0.86 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 6H); LC/MS (m/z) ES + calcd for C24H31CI2N3O3: 479.17. Found: 480 (M+1).

Example 34

Step A

3,5-Dibromo-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazole

3,5-dibromo-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazole (2 g, 8.82 mmol) was converted to 3,5-dibromo-1 -((2- (trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazole (2.82 g, 90%) following a previously described procedure. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ ppm 5.46 (s, 2 H), 3.63 - 3.72 (m, 2 H), 0.90 - 0.98 (m, 2 H), 0.01 (s, 9 H).

Step B

3-Bromo-5-chloro-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazole

Ethylmagnesium bromide (3M in Et20) (0.235 ml, 0.705 mmol) was added dropwise to a solution of 3, 5-dibromo-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazole (0.2289 g, 0.641 mmol) in THF (6.41 ml) at RT . The reaction mixture was stirred for 1 h, and hexachloroethane (0.303 g, 1 .282 mmol) was added and stirring was continued overnight. Aqueous NH 4 CI was added and the solution was extracted with EtOAc. The organic phase was washed with brine, dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered, evaporated and purified by silica gel chromatography (0-50% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford 3-bromo-5-chloro-1 -((2- (trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazole (178 mg, 89 %) as a clear oil. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ ppm 5.42 (s, 2 H), 3.61 - 3.70 (m, 2 H), 0.87 - 0.96 (m, 2 H), -0.02 (s, 9 H).

Step C

(R)-3-(3-((5-Chloro-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

A mixture of (R)-methyl 3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (0.102 g, 0.292 mmol), 3-bromo-5-chloro-1 -((2- (trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazole (0.0913 g, 0.292 mmol), Xantphos (0.068 g, 0.117 mmol), and cesium carbonate (0.476 g, 1 .460 mmol) was flushed with nitrogen and then stirred in toluene (4.2 ml) and heated at 100 °C for 7h. The reaction mixture was filtered through celite, evaporated, and purified by silica gel chromatography (0-40% EtOAc/hexanes). The product was stirred in TFA (1 ml_) and CH 2 CI 2 (1 ml_) for 1 h and then evaporated. The residue was subjected to base hydrolysis as previously described and purified by reverse phase chromatography (10-100% CH3CN/H2O (0.1 % formic acid)) to afford the title compound (0.0293 g, 23%) as a white solid. LCMS (M + H) + : m/z =

436.4, 438.2. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ ppm 7.85 (d, J=1 .4 Hz, 1 H), 7.19 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.88 (dd, J=8.1 , 1 .5 Hz, 1 H), 3.88 (dd, J=11 .2, 3.6 Hz, 2 H), 3.17 - 3.33 (m, 3 H), 2.78 - 2.90 (m, 3 H), 2.47 - 2.65 (m, 2 H), 1 .74 (d, J=11 .5 Hz, 2 H), 1 .55 (qd, J=12.2, 4.3 Hz, 2 H), 1 .36 (m, 1 H), 1 .29 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 3 H), 0.83 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 6 H). Example 35

Preparation of N-(4-bromo-2-fluoro-6-nitrophenyl)-N-isobutyltetrahydro-2H-p yran-4-amine

A solution of 5-bromo-1 ,2-difluoro-3-nitrobenzene (2 g, 8.40 mmol) in N-Methyl-2- pyrrolidone (NMP) (10 mL) was treated with DIEA (4.40 ml_, 25.2 mmol), N- isobutyltetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-amine (1 .454 g, 9.24 mmol), stirred at 1 10°C over the weekend, and then cooled to rt. The reaction was combined with another batch reaction (0.42 mmol scale), diluted with Et 2 0, washed with 1 N HCI, sat. NaHC0 3 , Brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered, and concentrated. Purification with column chromatography (0-30% EtOAc/Hexane) afforded slightly mix N-(4-bromo-2-fluoro-6-nitrophenyl)-N- isobutyltetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-amine (1 .615 g, 4.30 mmol, 48.8 % yield) as dark red oil. 1 H NMR (400MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ ppm 7.54 (d, J=1 .5 Hz, 1 H), 7.41 (dd, J=2.2, 10.6 Hz, 1 H), 4.01 (d, J=10.1 Hz, 2H), 3.44 - 3.30 (m, 2H), 3.25 - 3.1 1 (m, 1 H), 2.78 (br. s., 2H), 1 .87 - 1 .67 (m, 4H), 1 .45 - 1 .34 (m, 1 H), 0.85 - 0.73 (m, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for Ci5H 2 oBrFN20 3 : 374.06. Found: 375.3/377.3 (M+1 ) + . Preparation of (R)-ethyl 3-(3-amino-5-fluoro-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A degassed solution of N-(4-bromo-2-fluoro-6-nitrophenyl)-N-isobutyltetrahydro-2H-p yran- 4-amine (1 .449 g, 3.86 mmol) in Ν,Ν-Dimethylformamide (DMF) (38.6 mL) was treated with ethyl but-2-enoate (3.84 mL, 30.9 mmol), K 2 C0 3 (1 .601 g, 1 1 .58 mmol), PdC (dppf)- CH 2 CI 2 adduct (0.315 g, 0.386 mmol), bubbled with N 2 for 5 min, and stirred at 1 10°C for 1 hour.The reaction was cooled to rt, treated with celite, and stirred for 15 min. The suspension was filtered, the filtrate was concentrated. The residue was diluted with water, extracted with EtOAc, washed with water, Brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered, and concentrated. Purification with column chromatography (0-40% EtOAc/Hexane) afforded (E)-ethyl 3-(3-fluoro-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-5-ni trophenyl)but-2- enoate (660.9 mg, 1 .618 mmol, 41 .9 % yield) as bright orange/yellow oil. This material was then converted to title compound in two steps according to example 6 step 3 and example 97 step D.. Chiral analytical chromatography showed product had >97% ee. 1 H NMR (400MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ ppm 6.36 (s, 1 H), 6.25 (d, J=13.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.43 - 4.05 (m, 4H), 4.03 - 3.86 (m, 2H), 3.41 - 3.28 (m, 2H), 3.18 - 3.06 (m, 1 H), 3.05 - 2.89 (m, 2H), 2.76 - 2.64 (m, 1 H), 2.60 - 2.36 (m, 2H), 1 .91 (d, J=12.6 Hz, 1 H), 1 .70 - 1 .39 (m, 4H), 1 .24 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 3H), 1 .19 (t, J=7.1 Hz, 3H), 0.96 - 0.73 (m, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C 2 i H 3 3FN 2 0 3 : 380.25. Found: 381 .2 (M+1) + . Preparation of (R)-ethyl 3-(3-((5-chloropyridin-2-yl)amino)-5-fluoro-4-(isobutyl(tetr ahydro- 2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A degassed solution of ethyl (R)-3-(3-amino-5-fluoro-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (80 mg, 0.210 mmol) in Toluene (4205 μΙ) was treated with 2- bromo-5-chloropyridine (48.6 mg, 0.252 mmol), PdOAc 2 (9.44 mg, 0.042 mmol), rac- BINAP (36.7 mg, 0.059 mmol), and Cs 2 C0 3 (123 mg, 0.378 mmol). The mixture was bubbled with N2 for 5 min, and then stirred at 100°C for 1 hour. The reaction was cooled to rt, combined with another batch reaction (0.105 mmol scale), diluted with EtOAc, and filtered through a pad of celite. The filtrate was washed with water, Brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered, and concentrated. Purification with column chromatography (0-40% EtOAc/Hexane) afforded (R)-ethyl 3-(3-((5-chloropyridin-2-yl)amino)-5-fluoro-4- (isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (140.7 mg, 0.286 mmol, 91 % yield) as white solid. 1 H NMR (400MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ ppm 8.48 - 8.15 (m, 2H), 8.02 (br. s., 1 H), 7.49 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1 H), 6.70 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1 H), 6.50 (d, J=12.6 Hz, 1 H), 4.1 1 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 4.03 - 3.84 (m, 2H), 3.44 - 3.21 (m, 3H), 3.08 (t, J=1 1 .0 Hz, 1 H), 2.99 (dd, J=3.9, 12.5 Hz, 1 H), 2.85 - 2.73 (m, 1 H), 2.68 - 2.45 (m, 2H), 1 .99 (d, J=12.6 Hz, 1 H), 1 .72 - 1 .38 (m, 4H), 1 .32 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 3H), 1 .20 (t, J=7.1 Hz, 3H), 1 .00 - 0.78 (m, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C26H35CIFN3O3: 491 .24. Found: 492.2/494.4 (M+1) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(3-((5-chloropyridin-2-yl)amino)-5-fluoro-4-(isobutyl( tetrahydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

A solution of (R)-ethyl 3-(3-((5-chloropyridin-2-yl)amino)-5-fluoro-4-(isobutyl(tetr ahydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (140 mg, 0.285 mmol) in Tetrahydrofuran (THF) (4.2 mL) and Ethanol (1 .400 mL) was treated with 2M LiOH (1 .423 mL, 2.85 mmol) and stirred at rt for 18 hours. The reaction was diluted with 1 N HCI, extracted with EtOAc, washed with Brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered, and concentrated. Purification with reverse phase HPLC (50-100% MeCN-0.1 % formic acid /H2O-0.1 % formic acid) afforded (R)-3-(3-((5- chloropyridin-2-yl)amino)-5-fluoro-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H -pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid (107.5 mg, 0.220 mmol, 77 % yield, 95% purity) as off- white solid. Ή NMR (400MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ ppm 8.28 (s, 1 H), 8.24 (s, 1 H), 8.05 (s, 1 H), 7.49 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1 H), 6.69 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1 H), 6.51 (d, J=12.6 Hz, 1 H), 4.07 - 3.84 (m, 2H), 3.45 - 3.20 (m, 3H), 3.09 (t, J=10.9 Hz, 1 H), 2.99 (dd, J=3.8, 12.6 Hz, 1 H), 2.87 - 2.75 (m, 1 H), 2.75 - 2.51 (m, 2H), 1 .99 (d, J=12.6 Hz, 1 H), 1 .69 - 1 .39 (m, 4H), 1 .34 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 3H), 1 .01 - 0.76 (m, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C24H31CIFN3O3: 463.20. Found: 464.4 (M+1 ) + , 462.3 (M-1) -.

Example 36

Preparation of N-(4-bromo-5-fluoro-2-nitrophenyl)-N-isobutyltetrahydro-2H-p yran-4-amine

A solution of 1 -bromo-2,4-difluoro-5-nitrobenzene (1 .806 g, 7.59 mmol) in N-Methyl-2- pyrrolidone (NMP) (3 mL) was treated with DIEA (3.98 ml_, 22.77 mmol), followed by a solution of N-isobutyltetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-amine (1 .313 g, 8.35 mmol) in N-Methyl-2- pyrrolidone (NMP) (12 mL). The reaction was stirred at 110°C under Ar for 23 hours and then cooled to rt. The mixture was diluted with Et20, washed with 1 N HCI, sat. NaHC03, Brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered, and concentrated. Purification with column

chromatography (0-40% EtOAc/Hexane) afforded N-(4-bromo-5-fluoro-2-nitrophenyl)-N- isobutyltetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-amine (1 .5138 g, 4.03 mmol, 53.2 % yield) as bright yellow oil that slowly became orange solid. 1 H NMR (400MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ ppm 8.00 (d, J=7.3 Hz, 1 H), 6.92 (d, J=10.6 Hz, 1 H), 3.99 (dd, J=2.9, 11 .5 Hz, 2H), 3.32 (t, J=11 .7 Hz, 2H), 3.16 - 3.03 (m, 1 H), 2.88 (d, J=7.1 Hz, 2H), 1 .89 - 1 .62 (m, 5H), 0.90 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for Ci 5 H 2 oBrFN 2 03: 374.06. Found: 375.3/377.2 (M+1 ) + . Preparation of (R)-ethyl 3-(5-amino-2-fluoro-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

Preparation of (R)-ethyl 3-(5-amino-2-fluoro-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

Title compound (purple oil) was prepared from N-(4-bromo-5-fluoro-2-nitrophenyl)-N- isobutyltetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-amine in three steps according to example 6 step 2-3, and example 97 step D. . Chiral analytical chromatography showed product had ~94.7% ee. Ή NMR (400MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ ppm 6.74 (d, J=1 1 .9 Hz, 1 H), 6.56 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1 H), 4.18 - 4.04 (m, 2H), 4.04 - 3.59 (m, 4H), 3.51 - 3.38 (m, 1 H), 3.32 (t, J=10.6 Hz, 2H), 2.97 - 2.42 (m, 5H), 1 .80 - 1 .61 (m, 4H), 1 .53 - 1 .40 (m, 1 H), 1 .33 - 1 .26 (m, 3H), 1 .18 (t, J=7.1 Hz, 3H), 0.84 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C21 H33FN2O3: 380.25. Found: 381 .2/382.6 (M+1) + . Preparation of (R)-ethyl 3-(5-((5-chloropyridin-2-yl)amino)-2-fluoro-4-(isobutyl(tetr ahydro- 2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A degassed solution of (R)-ethyl 3-(5-amino-2-fluoro-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (100 mg, 0.263 mmol) in Toluene (5.3 mL) was treated with 2- bromo-5-chloropyridine (60.7 mg, 0.315 mmol), PdOAc 2 (11 .80 mg, 0.053 mmol), rac- BINAP (45.8 mg, 0.074 mmol), and Cs 2 C0 3 (154 mg, 0.473 mmol). The mixture was bubbled with N 2 for 5 min, and then stirred at 100°C for 1 hour. The reaction was cooled to rt, diluted with EtOAc, and filtered through a pad of celite. The filtrate was washed with water, Brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered, and concentrated. Purification with column chromatography (0-50% EtOAc/Hexane) afforded (R)-ethyl 3-(5-((5-chloropyridin-2- yl)amino)-2-fluoro-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amin o)phenyl)butanoate (94.5 mg, 0.192 mmol, 73.1 % yield) as pale yellow oil. Ή NMR (400MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ ppm 8.19 (s, 1 H), 8.06 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1 H), 7.67 (br. s., 1 H), 7.46 (dd, J=2.4, 8.8 Hz, 1 H), 6.86 (d, J=11 .4 Hz, 1 H), 6.66 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1 H), 4.12 (q, J=7.1 Hz, 2H), 3.94 (d, J=11 .4 Hz, 2H),

3.62 - 3.48 (m, 1 H), 3.23 (t, J=11 .0 Hz, 2H), 2.90 - 2.75 (m, 3H), 2.74 - 2.55 (m, 2H), 1 .75 -

1 .63 (m, 4H), 1 .54 - 1 .41 (m, 1 H), 1 .35 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 3H), 1 .20 (t, J=7.1 Hz, 3H), 0.86 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C26H35CIFN3O3: 491 .24. Found: 492.1/494.5 (M+1 ) + , 490.5 (M-1) -.

Preparation of (R)-3-(5-((5-chloropyridin-2-yl)amino)-2-fluoro-4-(isobutyl( tetrahydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

Preparation of (R)-3-(5-((5-chloropyridin-2-yl)amino)-2-fluoro-4-(isobutyl( tetrahydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

A solution of (R)-ethyl 3-(5-((5-chloropyridin-2-yl)amino)-2-fluoro-4-(isobutyl(tetr ahydro- 2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (88 mg, 0.179 mmol) in Tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2.7 mL) and Ethanol (0.9 mL) was treated with 2M LiOH (0.894 ml_, 1 .789 mmol) and stirred at rt for 18 hours. The reaction was diluted with 1 N HCI, extracted with EtOAc, washed with Brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered, and concentrated. Purification with reverse phase HPLC (30-100% MeCN-0.1 % formic acid /H2O-0.1 % formic acid) afforded (R)-3-(5- ((5-chloropyridin-2-yl)amino)-2-fluoro-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydr o-2H-pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid (75.4 mg, 0.158 mmol, 88 % yield, 97% purity) as off-white solid. 1 H NMR (400MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ ppm 8.18 (s, 1 H), 8.03 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 1 H), 7.69 (br. s., 1 H), 7.46 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1 H), 6.86 (d, J=1 1 .5 Hz, 1 H), 6.65 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1 H), 3.95 (d, J=1 1 .2 Hz, 2H), 3.60 - 3.44 (m, 1 H), 3.32 - 3.13 (m, 2H), 2.88 - 2.72 (m, 4H), 2.71 - 2.61 (m, 1 H), 1 .73 - 1 .61 (m, 4H), 1 .53 - 1 .44 (m, 1 H), 1 .38 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 3H), 0.87 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C24H31CIFN3O3: 463.20. Found: 464.4 (M+1) + , 462.3 (M-1 ) -.

Example 37

Step 1 : (R)-ethyl 3-(5-((6-chloropyridin-3-yl)amino)-2-fluoro-4-(isobutyl(tetr ahydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A degassed solution of (R)-ethyl 3-(5-amino-2-fluoro-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (80 mg, 0.210 mmol) in Toluene (3 ml_) was treated with 5- bromo-2-chloropyridine (60.7 mg, 0.315 mmol), K2CO3 (145 mg, 1 .051 mmol), xantphos (48.7 mg, 0.084 mmol), and Pd 2 (dba) 3 (38.5 mg, 0.042 mmol). The mixture was bubbled with N 2 for 3 min, and then stirred at 100°C for 6 hours. The reaction was cooled to rt, diluted with EtOAc, and filtered through a pad of celite. The filtrate was washed with water, Brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered, and concentrated. Purification with column

chromatography (0-60% EtOAc/Hexane) afforded (R)-ethyl 3-(5-((6-chloropyridin-3- yl)amino)-2-fluoro-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amin o)phenyl)butanoate (75.6 mg, 0.154 mmol, 73.1 % yield) as yellow oil. 1 H NMR (400MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ ppm 8.17 (br. s., 1 H), 7.38 (dd, J=2.2, 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.22 (d, J=8.6 Hz, 1 H), 7.05 (d, J=7.3 Hz, 1 H), 6.87 (d, J=11 .5 Hz, 1 H), 6.69 (br. s., 1 H), 4.13 - 4.06 (m, 2H), 3.95 (d, J=11 .2 Hz, 2H), 3.49 (sxt, J=7.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.30 - 3.12 (m, 2H), 2.86 - 2.70 (m, 3H), 2.68 - 2.48 (m, 2H), 1 .72 - 1 .62 (m, 4H), 1 .52 - 1 .39 (m, 1 H), 1 .30 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 3H), 1 .18 (t, J=7.1 Hz, 3H), 0.86 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C26H35CIFN3O3: 491 .24. Found: 492.3 (M+1 ) + , 490.6 (M-1 ) " .

Step 2:, (R)-3-(5-((6-chloropyridin-3-yl)amino)-2-fluoro-4-(isobutyl( tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

A solution of (R)-ethyl 3-(5-((6-chloropyridin-3-yl)amino)-2-fluoro-4-(isobutyl(tetr ahydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (72 mg, 0.146 mmol) in Tetrahydrofuran (THF) (2195 μΙ) and Ethanol (732 μΙ) was treated with 2M LiOH (732 μΙ, 1 .463 mmol) and stirred at rt for 18 hours. The reaction was diluted with 1 N HCI, extracted with EtOAc, washed with Brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered, and concentrated. Purification with reverse phase HPLC (30-100% MeCN-0.1 % formic acid /H2O-0.1 % formic acid) afforded (R)-3-(5-((6- chloropyridin-3-yl)amino)-2-fluoro-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H -pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid (51 mg, 0.104 mmol, 71 .4 % yield, 95% purity) as light beige solid. Ή NMR (400MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ ppm 8.20 (br. s., 1 H), 7.42 - 7.32 (m, 1 H), 7.22 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.07 (d, J=7.3 Hz, 1 H), 6.88 (d, J=11 .5 Hz, 1 H), 6.67 (br. s., 1 H), 3.95 (d, J=10.8 Hz, 2H), 3.56 - 3.41 (m, 1 H), 3.32 - 3.14 (m, 2H), 2.86 - 2.53 (m, 5H), 1 .75 - 1 .57 (m, 4H), 1 .52 - 1 .40 (m, 1 H), 1 .34 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 3H), 0.86 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C24H31CIFN3O3: 463.20. Found: 464.5 (M+1 ) + , 462.5 (M-1) -. Example

Preparation of methyl (E)-3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)pent- 2-enoate

A mixture of 4-bromo-N-cyclohexyl-N-isobutyl-2-nitroaniline (500 mg, 1 .54 mmol), methyl (E)-pent-2-enoate (393 mg, 3.07 mmol), TBAB (100 mg, 0.31 mmol), Pd(o-MePh 3 P)4 (61 mg, 0.08 mmol) and TEA (0.43 mL, 3.07 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was stirred at 110°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (90 mg, 15% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C22H32N2O4: 388.24. Found: 389.1 1 (M+1 ) + . Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl) pentanoate

At -5°C, to a mixture of (CuHPh 3 P) 6 (6 mg, 0.003 mmol) and (R,S)-PPF-P(tBu) 2 (6 mg, 0.011 mmol) in toluene (2 mL) was added PMHS (30 mg) and t-BuOH (21 mg) before the introduction of methyl (E)-3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)pent- 2-enoate (100 mg, 0.258 mmol). After stirred at -5°C for 2 hr, the resulting mixture was quenched with sat. NaHC03 aq. solution and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (30 mg, 30% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C22H34N2O4: 390.25. Found: 391 .33 (M+1) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)phenyl) pentanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)pentanoat e (70 mg, 0.179 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (20 mg) in EtOAc (10 mL) was stirred at r.t. under H 2 atmosphere for 2 hr. The resulting mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (50 mg, 78% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C22H36N2O2: 360.28. Found: 361 .63 (M+1) + . Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-((3-(trifluoro methyl)-1 ,2,4- thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)pentanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)pentanoat e (130 mg, 0.36 mmol) and 5-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazole (104 mg, 0.55 mmol) in MeCN (5 mL) was stirred at 90°C under N 2 atmosphere for 24 hr. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (113 mg, 61 % yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for

C25H35F3N4O2S: 512.24. Found: 513.12 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-((3-(trifluoromethyl) -1 ,2,4- thiadiazol- 5-yl)amino)phenyl)pentanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-((3-(trifluoromethyl) - 1 ,2,4- thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)pentanoate (110 mg, 0.22 mmol) in MeOH (5 mL) was added 1 N NaOH aq. (1 .1 mL). After stirred at r.t. overnight, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (55 mg, 51 % yield) as a white powder. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 9.43 (s, 1 H), 7.24 (d, J = 1.5 Hz, 1 H), 7.19 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.93 (dd, J = 8.2, 1 .8 Hz, 1 H), 3.10 - 2.99 (m, 1 H), 2.81 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 2H), 2.75 - 2.51 (m, 3H), 1.89 - 1.55 (m, 7H), 1.42 - 1 .04 (m, 6H), 0.92 - 0.76 (m, 9H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C24H33F3N4O2S: 498.23. Found: 496.97 (M- 1)-.

Example 39

Preparation of methyl (E)-3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-nitrophenyl)pent-2-enoate

A mixture of 4-bromo-N,N-diisobutyl-2-nitroaniline (5.0 g, 15.2 mmol), methyl (E)-pent-2- enoate (3.9 g, 30.3 mmol), TBAB (980 mg, 3.04 mmol), Pd(o-MePh 3 P) 4 (597 mg, 0.76 mmol) and TEA (4.2 mL, 30.3 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) was stirred at 110°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (270 mg, 5% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C20H30N2O4: 362.22. Found: 363.63 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-nitrophenyl)pentanoate

At -5°C, to a mixture of (CuHPh 3 P) 6 (17 mg, 0.052 mmol) and (R,S)-PPF-P(tBu) 2 (8 mg, 0.015 mmol) in toluene (5 mL) was added PMHS (90 mg) and t-BuOH (61 mg) before the introduction of methyl (E)-3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-nitrophenyl)pent-2- enoate (270 mg, 0.747 mmol). After stirred at r.t. overnight, the resulting mixture was quenched with sat. NaHC0 3 aq. solution and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (180 mg, 66% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C20H32N2O4: 364.24. Found: 365.65 (M+1) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(diisobutylamino)phenyl)pentanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-nitrophenyl)pentanoate (180 mg, 0.495 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (100 mg) in EtOAc (10 mL) was stirred at 40°C under H 2 atmosphere for 1 hr. The resulting mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (165 mg, 99% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C20H34N2O2: 334.26. Found: 335.53 (M+1) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4- hiadiazol-5- yl)amino)phenyl)pentanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(diisobutylamino)phenyl)pentanoate (60 mg, 0.179 mmol) and 5-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazole (101 mg, 0.538 mmol) in MeCN (2 ml_) was stirred at 90°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (44 mg, 51 % yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C23H33F3N4O2S: 486.23. Found: 485.20 (M-1) " .

Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol- - yl)amino)phenyl)pentanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4- hiadiazol-5- yl)amino)phenyl)pentanoate (44 mg, 0.09 mmol) in MeOH (5 ml_) was added 1 N NaOH aq. (2 mL). After stirred at r.t. overnight, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0- 100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (29 mg, 68% yield) as a white powder. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 9.51 (s, 1 H), 7.38 (s, 1 H), 7.20 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.95 (dd, J = 8.2, 1 .7 Hz, 1 H), 3.09 - 3.00 (m, 1 H), 2.70 - 2.58 (m, 5H), 1 .87 - 1 .57 (m, 5H), 0.93 - 0.82 (m, 15H). (Found: 30H, the proton on the carboxylic acid was not observed, J confirmed). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C22H31 F3N4O2S: 472.21 . Found: 473.00 (M+1) + .

Example 40

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-((3-chloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4-(diiso

butylamino)phenyl)pentanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(diisobutylamino)phenyl)pentanoate (120 mg, 0.358 mmol) and 3,5-dichloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazole (166 mg, 1 .07 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was stirred at 80°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (70 mg, 43% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C22H33CIN4O2S: 452.20. Found: 453.54/455.31 (M/M+2) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(3-((3-chloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4-(diisobutyl

mino)phenyl)pentanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(3-((3-chloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4-(diisobutyl amino)phenyl)pentanoate (70 mg, 0.155 mmol) in MeOH (5 mL) was added 1 N NaOH aq. (2 mL). After stirred at 40°C for 6 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0- 100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (38 mg, 56% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 9.45 (s, 1 H), 7.22 (d, J = 1 .3 Hz, 1 H), 7.19 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.93 (dd, J = 8.2, 1 .8 Hz, 1 H), 3.07 - 2.98 (m, 1 H), 2.72 - 2.54 (m, 6H), 1 .83 - 1 .60 (m, 4H), 0.93 - 0.80 (m, 15H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for

C21 H31CIN4O2S: 438.19. Found: 439.21/441 .18. (M/M+2) + .

Example 41

Step A

(R)-methyl 3-(3-((5-cyclopropyl-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3- yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H^yran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)p entanoate

A mixture of (R)-methyl 3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)pentanoate (0.0976 g, 0.269 mmol), 5-bromo-3-cyclopropyl-1 -((2- (trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazole (0.103 g, 0.323 mmol), Pd 2 dba 3 (0.049 g, 0.054 mmol), Xantphos (0.062 g, 0.108 mmol), and cesium carbonate (0.439 g, 1 .346 mmol) was flushed with nitrogen and then stirred in toluene (3.9 mL) and heated at 100 °C for 8h. The reaction mixture was filtered through celite, evaporated, and purified by silica gel chromatography (0-50% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford (R)-methyl 3-(3-((5-cyclopropyl-1 - ((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl)pentanoate (125 mg, 77 % yield). LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 600.6. Step B

(R)-3-(3-((5-cyclopropyl-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)pentanoic acid

(R)-methyl 3-(3-((5-cyclopropyl-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3- yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)phenyl) pentanoate

(0.125 g, 0.208 mmol) was treated with TFA and then subjected to base hydrolysis as previously described and purified by reverse phase chromatography (10-100% CH3CN/H2O (0.1 % formic acid)) to afford the title compound (0.0567 g, 60%) as a white solid. LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 456.4. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ ppm 7.92 (d, J=1 .76 Hz, 1 H), 7.12 (d, J=8.01 Hz, 1 H), 6.71 (dd, J=8.20, 1 .76 Hz, 1 H), 3.88 (m, 2 H), 3.30 - 3.33 (m, 2 H), 2.73 - 2.99 (m, 4 H), 2.47 - 2.64 (m, 2 H), 1 .91 - 2.04 (m, 1 H), 1 .49 - 1 .85 (m, 6 H), 1 .31 - 1 .45 (m, 1 H), 0.93 - 1 .10 (m, 4 H), 0.83 (d, J=6.05 Hz, 6 H), 0.79 (t, J=7.32 Hz, 3 H).

Exam le 42

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-((3-chloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4-(cyclo

exyl(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)pentanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)pentanoat e (100 mg, 0.28 mmol) and 3,5-dichloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazole (128 mg, 0.84 mmol) in DMF (3 mL) was stirred at 80°C under N 2 atmosphere for 5 hr. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (73 mg, 54% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C24H35CIN4O2S: 478.22. Found: 479.79/481 .52 (M/M+2) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(3-((3-chloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4-(cyclohexyl

isobutyl)amino)phenyl)pentanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(3-((3-chloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4-(cyclo exyl(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)pentanoate (40 mg, 0.083 mmol) in MeOH (5 mL) was added 1 N NaOH aq. (1 mL). After stirred at r.t. overnight, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (9.3 mg, 24% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDC ) δ 9.40 (s, 1 H), 7.18 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.10 (d, J = 1 .7 Hz, 1 H), 6.92 (dd, J = 8.2, 1 .9 Hz, 1 H), 3.08 - 2.98 (m, 1 H), 2.80 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 2H), 2.73 - 2.51 (m, 3H), 1 .90 - 1 .60 (m, 7H), 1 .33 - 1 .01 (m, 6H), 0.90 - 0.77 (m, 9H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C23H33CIN4O2S: 464.20. Found:

465.21/467.18 (M/M+2) + .

Example 43

Preparation of (1 s,4s)-4-((4-bromo-2-nitrophenyl)(isobutyl)amino)cyclohexan-1

A mixture of 4-bromo-1-fluoro-2-nitrobenzene (7.4 g, 33.5 mmol), (1s,4s)-4-(isobutyl amino)cyclohexan-1 -ol (6.7 g, 40.2 mmol) and DIPEA (11.7 mL, 67.0 mmol) in NMP (80 mL) was stirred at 140°C under N 2 atmosphere for 6 hr. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (8.4 g, 67% yield) as a red oil. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for Ci 6 H23BrN20 3 : 370.09. Found: 371 .26/373.25 (M/M+2) + .

Preparation of 4-bromo-N-isobutyl-N- 1 s,4s)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)-2-nitro niline

At 0°C, to a solution of (1 s,4s)-4-((4-bromo-2-nitrophenyl)(isobutyl)amino)cyclohexan- 1 -ol (8.4 g, 22.5 mmol) in THF (100 mL) was added NaH (60%, 5.4 g, 135 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at 0°C for 2 hr before the addition of Mel (14 mL, 225 mmol). After stirred at r.t. overnight, the resulting mixture was quenched with sat. NH 4 CI aq. solution and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (5.3 g, 61 % yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for CiyHzsBrNzOs: 384.10. Found: 385.53/387.51 (M/M+2) + .

Preparation of methyl (E)-3-(4-(isobutyl((1 s,4s)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)-3- itrophenyl)but-2-enoate

A mixture of 4-bromo-N-isobutyl-N-((1 s,4s)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)-2-nitroniline (5.3 g, 13.8 mmol), methyl (E)-but-2-enoate (4.2 g, 41 .4 mmol), TBAB (890 mg, 2.76 mmol), Pd(o- MePh 3 P) (543 mg, 0.69 mmol) and TEA (2.9 g, 27.6 mmol) in DMF (70 mL) was stirred at 100°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (3.5 g, 63% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C22H32N2O5: 404.23. Found: 405.92 (M+1) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl((1 s,4S)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)-3- nitrophenyl)butanoate

At -5°C, to a mixture of (CuHPh 3 P) 6 (137 mg, 0.07 mmol) and (R,S)-PPF-P(tBu) 2 (137 mg, 0.245 mmol) in toluene (40 mL) was added PMHS (1 .4 mL) and t-BuOH (1 .1 mL) before the introduction of methyl (E)-3-(4-(isobutyl((1 s,4s)-4-methoxycyclohexyl) amino)-3- nitrophenyl)but-2-enoate (3.5 g, 8.61 mmol). After stirred at -5°C for 3 hr, the resulting mixture was quenched with sat. NaHC0 3 aq. solution and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (3.0 g, 86% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C22H34N2O5: 406.25. Found: 407.67 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl((1 s,4S)-4-methoxycyclohexyl) amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl((1 s,4S)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)-3- nitrophenyl)butanoate (3.0 g, 7.4 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (900 mg) in EtOAc (30 mL) was stirred at 50°C under H 2 atmosphere for 4 hr. The resulting mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (2.2 g, 77% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C22H36N2O3:

376.27. Found: 377.77 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl((1 s,4S)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)-3- (3- (trifluoromethyl)-l ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl((1 s,4S)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino) phenyl)butanoate (100 mg, 0.27 mmol) and 5-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thia diazole (100 mg, 0.54 mmol) in MeCN (2 mL) was stirred at 90°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (80 mg, 57% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C25H35F3N4O3S: 528.24. Found: 529.39 (M+1) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl((1 s,4S)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)-3-((3-(tri fluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino henyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl((1 s,4S)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)-3- (3- (trifluoromethyl)-l ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (80 mg, 0.15 mmol) in MeOH (3 mL) was added 4N NaOH aq. (0.5 ml_). After stirred at 50°C for 6 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (64 mg, 82% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDC ) δ 9.34 (s, 1 H), 7.31 (d, J = 1.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.20 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.98 (dd, J = 8.2, 1.8 Hz, 1 H), 3.39 - 3.24 (m, 5H), 2.83 (d, J = 6.2 Hz, 2H), 2.72 - 2.52 (m, 3H), 2.01 - 1.95 (m, 2H), 1.70 - 1.61 (m, 4H), 1 .41 - 1.26 (m, 6H), 0.83 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H).. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C24H33F3N4O3S: 514.22. Found: 515.33 (M+1) + .

Example 44

Preparation of (1 r,4r)-4-((4-bromo-2-nitrophenyl)(isobutyl)amino)cyclohexan-1 - ol

A mixture of 4-bromo-1 -fluoro-2-nitrobenzene (7.7 g, 35.0 mmol), (1 r,4r)-4-(isobutyl amino)cyclohexan-1 -ol (7.0 g, 41 .9 mmol) and DIPEA (12.2 mL, 70.0 mmol) in NMP (100 mL) was stirred at 140°C under N 2 atmosphere for 5 hr. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H2O. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (5.5 g, 42% yield) as a red oil. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for

Ci 6 H23BrN20 3 : 370.09. Found: 371 .42/373.42 (M/M+2) + .

Preparation of 4-bromo-N-isobutyl-N-(( -4-methoxycyclohexyl)-2-nitroani line

At 0°C, to a solution of (1 r,4r)-4-((4-bromo-2-nitrophenyl)(isobutyl)amino)cyclohexan- 1 -ol (5.5 g, 14.8 mmol) in THF (70 mL) was added NaH (60%, 3.6 g, 88.8 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at 0°C for 2 hr before the addition of Mel (9.2 mL, 148 mmol). After stirred at r.t. overnight, the resulting mixture was quenched with sat. NH 4 CI aq. solution and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (4.8 g, 85% yield) as a red oil. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for CiyHzsBrNzOs: 384.10. Found: 385.54/387.52 (M/M+2) + .

Preparation of methyl (E)-3-(4-(isobutyl((1 r,4r)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)-3- nitrophenyl)but-2-enoate

A mixture of 4-bromo-N-isobutyl-N-((1 r,4r)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)-2-nitroaniline (4.8 g, 12.5 mmol), methyl (E)-but-2-enoate (3.8 g, 37.5 mmol), TBAB (806 mg, 2.50 mmol), Pd(o-

MePh 3 P) 4 (495 mg, 0.63 mmol) and TEA (2.6 g, 25.0 mmol) in DMF (50 mL) was stirred at 100°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (3.5 g, 69% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C22H32N2O5: 404.23. Found: 405.00 (M+1) + . Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl((1 r,4R)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)

nitrophenyl)butanoate

At -5°C, to a mixture of (CuHPh 3 P) 6 (19.6 mg, 0.01 mmol) and (R,S)-PPF-P(tBu) 2 (19.0 mg, 0.035 mmol) in toluene (5 mL) was added PMHS (0.2 mL) and t-BuOH (0.15 mL) before the introduction of methyl (E)-3-(4-(isobutyl((1 r,4r)-4-methoxycyclo hexyl)amino)-3- nitrophenyl)but-2-enoate (500 mg, 1 .23 mmol). After stirred at -5°C for 1 hr, the resulting mixture was quenched with sat. NaHC03 aq. solution and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (430 mg, 86% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for

C22H34N2O5: 406.25. Found: 407.15 (M+1) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl((1 r,4R)-4-methoxycyclohexyl) amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl((1 r,4R)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)-3-nitro phenyl)butanoate (3.0 g, 7.4 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (1 .0 g) in EtOAc (50 mL) was stirred at 50°C under H 2 atmosphere for 5 hr. The resulting mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (2.0 g, 73% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C22H36N2O3: 376.27. Found: 377.94 (M+1) + . Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl((1 r,4R)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)-3- ((3- (trifluoromethyl)-l ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl((1 r,4R)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino) phenyl)butanoate (100 mg, 0.265 mmol) and 5-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thia diazole (100 mg, 0.53 mmol) in MeCN (2 ml_) was stirred at 90°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (60 mg, 43% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C25H35F3N4O3S: 528.24. Found: 529.31 (M+1) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(((1 r,4R)-4-hydroxycyclohexyl)(isobutyl)amino)-3- ((3- (trifluoromethyl)-l ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

At 0°C, to a solution of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl((1 r,4R)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)- 3- ((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (36 mg, 0.068 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) was added BBr 3 (0.038 ml_, 0.341 mmol). After stirred at 0°C for 30 min, the resulting mixture was quenched with sat. NH 4 CI aq. solution and extracted with DCM. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-50% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (18 mg, 51 % yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for

C24H33F3N4O3S: 514.22. Found: 515.60 (M+1 ) + . Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(((1 r,4R)-4-hydroxycyclohexyl)(isobutyl)amino)-3-((3-(tri fluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(4-(((1 r,4R)-4-hydroxycyclohexyl)(isobutyl)amino)-3- ((3- (trifluoromethyl)-l ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (53 mg, 0.103 mmol) in MeOH (3 ml_) was added 4N NaOH aq. (0.5 ml_). After stirred at r.t. overnight, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (11 mg, 21 % yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDC ) δ 9.41 (s, 1 H), 7.29 (d, J = 1.6 Hz, 1 H), 7.20 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.99 (dd, J = 8.2, 1.8 Hz, 1 H), 3.57 - 3.33 (m, 2H), 2.87 - 2.58 (m, 5H), 2.02 - 1 .87 (m, 4H), 1.47 - 1.15 (m, 9H), 0.83 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C23H31 F3N4O3S: 500.21 . Found: 501.41 (M+1) + .

Example 45

Preparation of 4-bromo-N-((1 r,4r)-4-((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)cyclohexyl)-N- isobutyl-2- nitroaniline

To a solution of (1 r,4r)-4-((4-bromo-2-nitrophenyl)(isobutyl)amino)cyclohexan-1 -ol (16.2 g, 43.7 mmol) in DCM (100 mL) was added imidazole (5.9 g, 87.4 mmol) and TBSOTf (17.3 g, 65.6 mmol). After stirred at r.t. for 5 hr, the resulting mixture was quenched with H 2 0 and extracted with DCM. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (20.5 g, 96% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C22H 37 BrN 2 0 3 Si: 484.18. Found: 485.52/487.51

(M/M+2) + .

Preparation of methyl (E)-3-(4-(((1 r,4r)-4-((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)cyclohexyl)

(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)but-2-enoate

A mixture of 4-bromo-N-((1 r,4r)-4-((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)cyclohexyl)-N-isobutyl - 2- nitroaniline (18.5 g, 38.14 mmol), methyl (E)-but-2-enoate (11 .4 g, 114.4 mmol), TBAB (2.46 g, 7.6 mmol), Pd(o-MePh 3 P) 4 (1 .5 g, 1 .91 mmol) and TEA (10.6 mL, 76.28 mmol) in DMF (200 mL) was stirred at 100°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (9.67 g, 50% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C27H44N2O5S1: 504.30. Found: 505.69 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(((1 r,4R)-4-((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)cyclo

hexyl)(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophen l)butanoate

At -5°C, to a mixture of (CuHPh 3 P) 6 (288 mg, 0.147 mmol) and (R,S)-PPF-P(tBu) 2 (289 mg, 0.535 mmol) in toluene (90 mL) was added PMH98S (2.9 mL) and t-BuOH (2.3 mL) before the introduction of methyl (E)-3-(4-(((1 r,4r)-4-((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy) cyclohexyl)(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)but-2-enoate (9.67 g, 19.1 mmol). After stirred at r.t. for 2 hr, the resulting mixture was quenched with sat. NaHC0 3 aq. solution and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (8.16 g, 88% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C27H46N2O5S1: 506.32. Found: 507.82 (M+1) + . Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(((1 r,4R)-4-((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy) cyclohexyl)(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(4-(((1 r,4R)-4-((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)cyclohexyl)(iso butyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)butanoate (3.0 g, 5.92 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (1 .5 g) in EtOAc (30 ml_) was stirred at 50°C under H 2 atmosphere for 5 hr. The resulting mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (2.6 g, 92% yield) as a yellow oil. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C27H48N2O3S1: 476.34. Found: 477.82 (M+1) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(((1 r,4R)-4-((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)cyclo

hexyl)(isobutyl)amino)-3-((5-chloropyrazin-2-yl)amino)phe nyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(((1 r,4R)-4-((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)cyclo hexyl)(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (200 mg, 0.42 mmol), 2,5-dichloropyrazine (125 mg, 0.84mmol), Pd 2 (dba) 3 (76 mg, 0.084 mmol), Xantphos (96 mg, 0.168 mmol) and CS2CO3 (273 mg, 0.84 mmol) in toluene (10 mL) was stirred at 100°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (170 mg, 68% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C31 H49CIN4O3S1: 588.33. Found: 589.62/591 .59 (M/M+2) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-((5-chloropyrazin-2-yl)amino)-4-(((1 r,4R)-4- hydroxycyclohexyl)(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(4-(((1 r,4R)-4-((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)cyclohexyl) (isobutyl)amino)-3-((5-chloropyrazin-2-yl)amino)phenyl)butan oate (190 mg, 0.32 mmol) in THF (5 mL) was added TBAF (1 N in THF, 5 mL). After stirred at r.t. overnight, the resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S04, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (130 mg, 95% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C^HssCII UOs: 474.24. Found: 475.74/477.75 (M/M+2) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(3-((5-chloropyrazin-2-yl)amino)-4-(((1 r,4R)-4-hydroxycyclo hexyl)(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(3-((5-chloropyrazin-2-yl)amino)-4-(((1 r,4R)-4- hydroxyl cyclohexyl)(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (130 mg, 0.27 mmol) in MeOH (4 mL) was added 1 N NaOH aq. (3 ml_). After stirred at r.t for 8 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (96 mg, 76% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO) δ 11 .98 (br, 1 H), 8.39 (s, 1 H), 8.28 (d, J = 1.3 Hz, 1 H), 8.24 (d, J = 1.3 Hz, 1 H), 7.94 (d, J = 1 .6 Hz, 1 H), 7.17 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.91 (dd, J = 7.9, 1.2 Hz, 1 H), 3.29 - 3.25 (m, 1 H), 3.14 - 3.08 (m, 1 H), 2.77 (d, J = 6.2 Hz, 2H), 2.49 - 2.41 (m, 3H), 1 .86 - 1.67 (m, 4H), 1.37 - 1.18 (m, 7H), 1.05 - 0.92 (m, 2H), 0.80 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C24H33CIN4O3: 460.22. Found: 461.59/463.57 (M/M+2) + .

Example 46

Step A

(R)-methyl 3-(4-(isobutyl((cis)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)-3-((4-(trifl uoromethyl)-1 -((2-

(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-imidazol-2-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of (R)-methyl 3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl((cis)-4- methoxycyclohexyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (0.134 g, 0.356 mmol), 2-bromo-4- (trifluoromethyl)-1-((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-imidazole (0.147 g, 0.427 mmol), Pd 2 dba 3 (0.065 g, 0.071 mmol), Xantphos (0.082 g, 0.142 mmol), and cesium carbonate (0.580 g, 1 .779 mmol) was flushed with nitrogen and then stirred in toluene (5.1 mL). The reaction mixture was heated at 100 °C for 8h, then filtered through celite, evaporated, and purified by silica gel chromatography (0-40% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford (R)-methyl 3-(4- (isobutyl((cis)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)-3-((4-(trifluorom ethyl)-1 -((2-

(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-imidazol-2-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (131 mg, 57%). LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 641 .5.

Step B

(R)-3-(4-(isobutyl((1 s,4S)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)-3-((4-(methoxycarbonyl)-1 H- imidazol-2-yl)amino)phenyl)butan

(R)-methyl 3-(4-(isobutyl((cis)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)-3-((4-(trifl uoromethyl)-1 -((2- (trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-imidazol-2-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (0.0625 g, 0.098 mmol) was treated with TFA and then subjected to base hydrolysis in MeOH as previously described and purified by reverse phase chromatography (10-100% CH3CN/H2O (0.1 % formic acid)) to afford the title compound (0.0296 g, 62%) as a white solid. LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 487.4 Ή NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ ppm 7.79 (d, J=2.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.45 (s, 1 H), 7.12 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.80 (dd, J=8.1 , 1 .9 Hz, 1 H), 3.81 (s, 3 H), 3.31 - 3.36 (m, 1 H), 3.22 - 3.26 (m, 3 H), 3.15 - 3.22 (m, 1 H), 2.81 (br. s., 2 H), 2.46 - 2.66 (m, 3 H), 1 .93 (d, J=14.6 Hz, 2 H), 1 .63 (br. s., 4 H), 1 .33 - 1 .45 (m, 1 H), 1 .22 - 1 .33 (m, 5 H), 0.82 (d, J=6.6

Hz, 6 H). Example 47

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-((5-chloropyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl((1 s,4S)- 4- methoxycyclohexyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl((1 s,4S)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)

amino)phenyl)butanoate (100 mg, 0.32 mmol), 2-bromo-5-chloropyridine (104 mg, 0.54 mmol), Pd 2 (dba) 3 (24 mg, 0.027 mmol), Xantphos (31 .2 mg, 0.054 mmol) and t-BuOK (60 mg, 0.54 mmol) in dioxane (2 ml_) was stirred at 100°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (78 mg, 60% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C^HseCINsOs: 487.26. Found: 488.47/490.41 (M/M+2) + . Preparation of (R)-3-(3-((5-chloropyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl((1 s,4S)-4- methoxycyclohexyl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(3-((5-chloropyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl((1s,4S)- 4- methoxycyclohexyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (78 mg, 0.16 mmol) in MeOH (3 mL) was added 4N NaOH aq. (0.5 mL). After stirred at r.t for 6 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (41 mg, 54% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDC ) δ 8.19 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1 H), 8.03 (d, J = 1.8 Hz, 1 H), 7.92 (s, 1 H), 7.44 (dd, J = 8.8, 2.6 Hz, 1 H), 7.09 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 1 H), 6.75 (dd, J = 21.8, 7.7 Hz, 2H), 3.35 - 3.20 (m, 5H), 2.88 - 2.78 (m, 2H), 2.72 - 2.51 (m, 3H), 1 .98 - 1.90 (m, 2H), 1.75 - 1.56 (m, 4H), 1 .39 - 1.23 (m, 6H), 0.84 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C26H36CIN3O3: 473.24. Found: 474.36/476.31 (M/M+2) +

Exam le 48

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-((3-chloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl ((1 s, 4S)- 4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl((1 s,4S)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino) phenyl)butanoate (100 mg, 0.27 mmol) and 3,5-dichloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazole (82 mg, 0.54 mmol) in DMF (2 ml_) was stirred at 90°C for 5 hr. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (30 mg, 23% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C24H35CIN4O3S: 494.21 . Found: 495.33/497.36 (M/M+2) + . Preparation of (R)-3-(3-((3-chloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl((1 s,4S) -4- methoxycyclohexyl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(3-((3-chloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl ((1 s,4S)- 4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (30 mg, 0.06 mmol) in MeOH (3 mL) was added 4N NaOH aq. (0.5 mL). After stirred at r.t for 5 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (14 mg, 49% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 9.30 (s, 1 H), 7.22 - 7.15 (m, 2H), 6.96 (dd, J = 8.2, 1.8 Hz, 1 H), 3.37 - 3.25 (m, 5H), 2.88 - 2.77 (m, 2H), 2.71 - 2.49 (m, 3H), 2.03 - 1.94 (m, 2H), 1 .70 - 1.58 (m, 4H), 1.39 - 1.25 (m, 6H), 0.83 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). . LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C23H33CIN4O3S: 480.20. Found: 481.51/483.51 (M/M+2) +

Example 49

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(((1 r,4R)-4-((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)cyclo

hexyl)(isobutyl)amino)-3-((6-chloropyridin-3-yl)amino)phe nyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(((1 r,4R)-4-((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)cyclo hexyl)(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (200 mg, 0.42 mmol), 5-bromo-2-chloropyri dine (161 mg, 0.84 mmol), Pd 2 (dba) 3 (76 mg, 0.084 mmol), Xantphos (96 mg, 0.168 mmol) and K 2 C0 3 (173 mg, 1 .26 mmol) in toluene (10 mL) was stirred at 100°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in to afford the title compound (190 mg, 76% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for

C32H50CIN3O3S1: 587.33. Found: 588.62/590.60 (M/M+2) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-((6-chloropyridin-3-yl)amino)-4-(((1 r,4R)-4- hydroxycyclohexyl)(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(4-(((1 r,4R)-4-((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)cyclohexyl)(iso butyl)amino)-3-((6-chloropyridin-3-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (190 mg, 0.32 mmol) and TBAF (1 M in THF, 5 mL) in THF (5 mL) was stirred at r.t. overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (140 mg, 91 % yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C26H36CIN3O3: 473.24. Found: 474.75/476.74 (M/M+2) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(3-((6-chloropyridin-3-yl)amino)-4-(((1 r,4R)-4-hydroxy

cyclohexyl)(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(3-((6-chloropyridin-3-yl)amino)-4-(((1 r,4R)-4-hydroxyl cyclohexyl)(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (120 mg, 0.25 mmol) in MeOH (4 mL) added 1 N NaOH aq. (3 ml_). After stirred at r.t for 8 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1% formic acid) to afford the title compound (76 mg, 66% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO) δ 11.91 (br, 1H), 8.17 (d, J = 2.9 Hz, 1H), 7.50 (dd, J = 8.7, 3.0 Hz, 1H), 7.29 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.18 (s, 1H), 7.13-7.05 (m, 2H), 6.84 (dd, J = 8.1, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 4.40 (d, J = 4.4 Hz, 1H), 3.28- 3.22 (m, 1H), 3.13 - 3.04 (m, 1H), 2.73 (d, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H), 2.48 - 2.45 (m, 2H), 1.80 - 1.61 (m, 4H), 1.40-1.19 (m, 7H), 0.96-0.87 (m, 2H), 0.79 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H) . LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C25H34CIN3O3: 459.23. Found: 460.77/462.76 (M/M+2) + .

Example 50

Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl((1 r,4R)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)-3-((3-(tri fluorometh l)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl((1 r,4R)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)-3- ((3- (trifluoromethyl)-l ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl((1 r,4R)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino) phenyl)butanoate (100 mg, 0.265 mmol) and 5-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thia diazole (100 mg, 0.53 mmol) in MeCN (2 mL) was stirred at 90°C overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (60 mg, 43% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C25H35F3N4O3S: 528.24. Found: 529.41 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl((1 r,4R)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)-3-((3-(tri fluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl((1 r,4R)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)-3- ((3- (trifluoromethyl)-l ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (30 mg, 0.057 mmol) in MeOH (3 mL) was added 4N NaOH aq. 0.5 mL). After stirred at 50°C for 4 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (13.7 mg, 47% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 9.44 (s, 1 H), 7.30 (d, J = 1 .6 Hz, 1 H), 7.20 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.99 (dd, J = 8.2, 1 .8 Hz, 1 H), 3.39 - 3.26 (m, 4H), 3.06 - 2.98 (m, 1 H), 2.80 (d, J = 6.0 Hz, 2H), 2.73 - 2.60 (m, 3H), 2.11 - 2.02 (m, 2H), 1 .97 - 1 .90 (m, 2H), 1 .39 - 1 .16 (m, 8H), 0.84 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). . LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C24H33F3N4O3S: 514.22. Found: 515.54 (M+1) + . Example 51

Step A

(R)-methyl 3-(4-(isobutyl((cis)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)-3-((3-(trifl uoromethyl)-1 H- 1 ,2,4-triazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of (R)-methyl 3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl((cis)-4- methoxycyclohexyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (0.135 g, 0.359 mmol), 3-bromo-5- (trifluoromethyl)-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazole (0.149 g, 0.430 mmol), Pd 2 dba 3 (0.066 g, 0.072 mmol), Xantphos (0.083 g, 0.143 mmol), and cesium carbonate (0.584 g, 1 .793 mmol) was flushed with nitrogen and then stirred in toluene (5.1 ml) and heated at 100 °C for 6h. The reaction mixture was filtered through celite, evaporated, and purified by silica gel chromatography (0-30% EtOAc/hexanes). The product was stirred in TFA (0.5 mL) and CH 2 CI 2 (0.5 mL) for 3h, evaporated and purified by silica gel chromatography (0-40% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford (R)-methyl 3-(4- (isobutyl((cis)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)-3-((5-(trifluorom ethyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (138.7 mg, 76 %). LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 512.5. Step B

(R)-3-(4-(isobutyl((cis)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)-3-((3-(t rifluorometh ,2,4- triazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

(R)-methyl 3-(4-(isobutyl((cis)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)-3-((3-(trifl uoromethyl)-1 H- 1 ,2,4-triazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (0.085 g, 0.166 mmol) was subjected to base hydrolysis as previously described and purified by reverse phase chromatography (10- 100% CH3CN/H2O (0.1 % formic acid)) to afford the title compound (0.0497 g, 60%) as a white solid. LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 498.2. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ ppm 7.95 (d, J=1 .8 Hz, 1 H), 7.18 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.88 (dd, J=8.2, 2.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.15 - 3.37 (m, 5 H), 2.82 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 2 H), 2.45 - 2.66 (m, 3 H), 1 .93 (d, J=14.8 Hz, 2 H), 1 .54 - 1.67 (m, 4 H), 1 .25 - 1 .41 (m, 6 H), 0.83 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 6 H).

Example 52

Step A

(R)-methyl 3-(4-(isobutyl((trans)-4-methoxycycloh^

(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of ((R)-methyl 3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl((trans)-4- methoxycyclohexyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (132 mg, 0.35 mmol), 3-bromo-5- (trifluoromethyl)-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazole (145 mg, 0.420 mmol), Pd 2 dba 3 (64.1 mg, 0.070 mmol), Xantphos (81 mg, 0.140 mmol), and cesium carbonate (570 mg, 1 .750 mmol) was flushed with nitrogen and then stirred in toluene (5.0 ml) and heated at 100 °C for 6h. The reaction mixture was filtered through celite, evaporated, and purified by silica gel chromatography (0-30% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford (R)-methyl 3-(4-(isobutyl((trans)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)-3-((5-(tri fluoromethyl)-1 -((2- (trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (188.8 mg, 84 %). LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 642.5.

Step B

(R)-3-(4-(isobutyl((trans)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)-3-( (5-(trifluoromethyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4- triazol-3-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

(R)-methyl 3-(4-(isobutyl((trans)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)-3-((5-(tri fluoromethyl)-1 -((2 (trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (0.081 g, 0.126 mmol) was treated with TFA and then subjected to base hydrolysis as previously described and purified by reverse phase chromatography (10-100% CH 3 CN/H 2 0 (0.1 % formic acid)) to afford the title compound (0.053 g, 84%) as a white solid. LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 498.3. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ ppm 7.95 (d, J=2.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.18 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.89 (dd, J=8.2, 1.8 Hz, 1 H), 3.26 (s, 3 H), 3.16 - 3.25 (m, 1 H), 3.02 - 3.11 (m, 1 H), 2.82 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 2 H), 2.47 - 2.67 (m, 3 H), 1.87 - 2.08 (m, 4 H), 1.25 - 1 .43 (m, 6 H), 1.01 - 1.14 (m, 2 H), 0.83 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 6 H).

Example 53

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-((5-cyanopyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl((1 s,4S)- 4- methoxycyclohexyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl((1 s,4S)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino) phenyl)butanoate (100 mg, 0.27 mmol), 6-bromonicotinonitrile (98 mg, 0.54 mmol), Pd 2 (dba) 3 (24 mg, 0.027 mmol), Xantphos (31 mg, 0.054 mmol) and Cs 2 C0 3 (175 mg, 0.54 mmol) in toluene (5 mL) was stirred at 100°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (80 mg, 63% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for 478.29. Found: 479.62 (M+1) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(3-((5-cyanopyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl((1 s,4S)-4- methoxycyclohexyl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(3-((5-cyanopyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl((1 s,4S)- 4- methoxycyclohexyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (80 mg, 0.167 mmol) in MeOH (3 mL) was added 1 N NaOH aq. (1 mL). After stirred at r.t overnight, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (10 mg, 13% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 8.53 (d, J = 1 .9 Hz, 1 H), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 8.11 (d, J = 1 .9 Hz, 1 H), 7.65 (dd, J = 8.8, 2.3 Hz, 1 H), 7.13 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.87 (dd, J = 8.2, 2.0 Hz, 1 H), 6.74 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 1 H), 3.37 - 3.24 (m, 5H), 2.82 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 2H), 2.75 - 2.52 (m, 3H), 1 .99 - 1.91 (m, 2H), 1 .73 - 1 .54 (m, 4H), 1 .42 - 1 .23 (m, 6H), 0.84 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). . LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for

C27H36N403: 464.28. Found: 465.36 (M+1) + . Exam le 54

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-((3-chloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl ((1 r,4R)- 4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl((1 r,4R)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino) phenyl)butanoate (100 mg, 0.265 mmol) and 3,5-dichloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazole (82 mg, 0.53 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was stirred at 90°C overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (60 mg, 46% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C24H35CIN4O3S: 494.21 . Found: 495.82/497.49 (M/M+2) + . Preparation of (R)-3-(3-((3-chloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl((1 r,4R) -4- methoxycyclohexyl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(3-((3-chloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl ((1 r,4R)- 4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (60 mg, 0.12 mmol) in MeOH (3 mL) was added 4N NaOH aq. (0.5 mL). After stirred at r.t for 8 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (27 mg, 47% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 9.39 (s, 1 H), 7.19 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.15 (d, J = 1 .7 Hz, 1 H), 6.97 (dd, J = 8.2, 1 .8 Hz, 1 H), 3.37 - 3.27 (m, 4H), 3.06 - 2.99 (m, 1 H), 2.79 (d, J = 5.6 Hz, 2H), 2.73 - 2.59 (m, 3H), 2.10 - 2.01 (m, 2H), 1 .96 - 1 .86 (m, 2H), 1 .41 - 1 .14 (m, 8H), 0.83 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). . LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C23H33CIN4O3S: 480.20. Found: 481 .52/483.51 (M/M+2) + .

Example 55

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-((5-chloropyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl((1 r,4R)- 4- methoxycyclohexyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl((1 r,4R)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino) phenyl)butanoate (100 mg, 0.27 mmol), 2-bromo-5-chloropyridine (104 mg, 0.54 mmol), Pd(OAc) 2 (2.6 mg, 0.0043 mmol), BINAP (3.1 mg, 0.0049 mmol) and K 2 C0 3 (112 mg, 0.81 mmol) in toluene (2 mL) was stirred at 130°C under N 2 atmosphere for 5 hr. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H2O. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (60 mg, 46% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C27H38CIN3O3: 487.26. Found: 488.53/490.49 (M/M+2) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(3-((5-chloropyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl((1 r,4R)-4- methoxycyclohexyl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(3-((5-chloropyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl((1 r,4R)- 4- methoxycyclohexyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (60 mg, 0.123 mmol) in MeOH (3 mL) was added 4N NaOH aq. (0.5 mL). After stirred at r.t for 8 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (12.4 mg, 21 % yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 8.20 (d, J = 2.1 Hz, 1 H), 8.03 (s, 1 H), 7.97 (s, 1 H), 7.45 (dd, J = 8.8, 2.6 Hz, 1 H), 7.08 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.83 - 6.70 (m, 2H), 3.34 - 3.20 (m, 4H), 3.06 - 2.96 (m, 1 H), 2.85 - 2.56 (m, 5H), 2.07 - 1 .99 (m, 2H), 1 .95 - 1 .85 (m, 2H), 1 .36 - 1 .08 (m, 8H), 0.85 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C26H36CIN3O3: 473.24. Found: 474.32/476.31 (M/M+2) +

Example 56

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-((5-cyanopyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl((1 r,4R) -4- methoxycyclohexyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl((1 r,4R)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino) phenyl)butanoate (100 mg, 0.27 mmol), 6-bromonicotinonitrile (100 mg, 0.54 mmol), Pd(OAc) 2 (2.6 mg, 0.0043 mmol), BINAP (3.1 mg, 0.0049 mmol) and K 2 C0 3 (112 mg, 0.81 mmol) in toluene (2 mL) was stirred at 130°C under N 2 atmosphere for 8 hr. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (30 mg, 24% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C28H38N4O3: 478.29. Found: 479.42 (M+1) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(3-((5-cyanopyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl((1 r,4R)-4- methoxycyclohexyl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(3-((5-cyanopyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl((1 r,4R) -4- methoxycyclohexyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (30 mg, 0.06 mmol) in MeOH (3 mL) was added 4N NaOH aq. (0.5 mL). After stirred at r.t for 8 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (5.7 mg, 20% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDC ) δ 8.54 (d, J = 1 .6 Hz, 1 H), 8.43 (s, 1 H), 8.15 (s, 1 H), 7.66 (dd, J = 8.7, 2.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.13 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.88 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.73 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 1 H), 3.36 - 3.20 (m, 4H), 3.06 - 2.95 (m, 1 H), 2.87 - 2.52 (m, 5H), 2.10 - 1 .99 (m, 2H), 1 .93 - 1 .84 (m, 2H), 1 .41 - 1 .22 (m, 8H), 0.85 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C27H36N4O3: 464.28. Found: 465.31 (M+1) + Example 57

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(((1 r,4R)-4-((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)cyclo

hexyl)(isobutyl)amino)-3-((6-chloropyridazin-3-yl)amino)p henyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(((1 r,4R)-4-((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)cyclo hexyl)(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (250 mg, 0.53 mmol), 3,6-dichloropyridazine (156 mg, 1 .06 mmol), Pd 2 (dba) 3 (97 mg, 0.106 mmol), Xantphos (122 mg, 0.212 mmol) and Cs 2 C0 3 (344 mg, 1.06 mmol) in toluene (10 mL) was stirred at 100°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (103 mg, 33% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C31 H49CIN4O3S1: 588.33. Found: 589.96/591 .96 (M/M+2) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-((6-chloropyridazin-3-yl)amino)-4-(((1 r,4R)-4- hydroxycyclohexyl)(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(4-(((1 r,4R)-4-((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)cyclohexyl)(iso butyl)amino)-3-((6-chloropyridazin-3-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoa te (103 mg, 0.175 mmol) and TBAF (1 M in THF, 3 ml_) in THF (4 ml_) was stirred at r.t. overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (80 mg, 96% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C25H35CIN4O3: 474.24. Found: 475.68/477.65 (M/M+2) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(3-((6-chloropyridazin-3-yl)amino)-4-(((1 r,4R)-4-hydroxy cyclohexyl)(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(3-((6-chloropyridazin-3-yl)amino)-4-(((1 r,4R)-4- hydroxyl cyclohexyl)(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (80 mg, 0.168 mmol) in MeOH (3 mL) was added 1 N NaOH aq. (3 mL). After stirred at r.t for 6 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (52 mg, 67% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO) δ 11 .99 (s, 1 H), 8.31 (s, 1 H), 8.03 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.60 (d, J = 9.3 Hz, 1 H), 7.43 (d, J = 9.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.17 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.92 (dd, J = 8.2, 2.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.43 (d, J = 4.3 Hz, 1 H), 3.28 - 3.21 (m, 1 H), 3.17 - 3.07 (m, 1 H), 2.77 (d, J = 6.7 Hz, 2H), 2.61 - 2.51 (m, 2H), 1 .82 - 1.65 (m, 4H), 1 .38 - 1 .21 (m, 7H), 1.06 - 0.93 (m, 2H), 0.80 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C24H33CIN4O3: 460.22. Found: 461.80/463.76 (M/M+2) + .

Example 58

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(((1 r,4R)-4-hydroxycyclohexyl)(isobutyl)amino)-3- nitrophenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(4-(((1 r,4R)-4-((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)cyclohexyl)(iso butyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)butanoate (4.8 g, 9.47 mmol) and TBAF (1 M in THF, 30 mL) in THF (40 mL) was stirred at r.t. overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (3.17 g, 85% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C2iH 3 2N20 5 : 392.23. Found: 393.60 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of (1 S,4s)-4-(isobutyl(4-((R)-4-methoxy-4-oxobutan-2-yl)-2-nitro

phenyl)amino)cyclohexyl benzoate

At 0°C, to a solution of methyl (R)-3-(4-(((1 r,4R)-4-hydroxycyclohexyl)(isobutyl) amino)-3- nitrophenyl)butanoate (3.17 g, 8.07 mmol), benzoic acid (1 .97 g, 16.13 mmol) and PPh 3 (6.34 g, 24.19 mmol) in THF (30 mL) was added DIAD (4.89 g, 24.19 mmol). After stirred at 60°C overnight, the resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (2.93 g, 73% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for

CzeHseNzOe: 496.26. Found: 497.70 (M+1) + .

Preparation of (1 S,4s)-4-((2-amino-4-((R)-4-methoxy-4-oxobutan-2-yl)phenyl)

(isobutyl)amino)cyclohexyl benzoate

A mixture of (1 S,4s)-4-(isobutyl(4-((R)-4-methoxy-4-oxobutan-2-yl)-2-nitrop henyl) amino)cyclohexylbenzoate (2.93 g, 5.91 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (1 .5 g) in EtOAc (30 mL) was stirred at 50°C under H 2 atmosphere for 6 hr. The resulting mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (1 .86 g, 67% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for

C28H38N2O4: 466.28. Found: 467.84 (M+1) + . Preparation of (1 S,4s)-4-((2-((6-chloropyridin-3-yl)amino)-4-((R)-4-methoxy-4 - oxobutan-2- yl)phenyl)(isobutyl)amino)cyclohexyl benzoate

A mixture of (1 S,4s)-4-((2-amino-4-((R)-4-methoxy-4-oxobutan-2-yl)phenyl)(i sobutyl) amino)cyclohexyl benzoate (150 mg, 0.321 mmol), 5-bromo-2-chloropyridine (123 mg, 0.642 mmol), Pd 2 (dba) 3 (59 mg, 0.064 mmol), Xantphos (74 mg, 0.128 mmol) and K 2 C0 3 (132 mg, 0.963 mmol) in toluene (8 ml_) was stirred at 100°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (140 mg, 75% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C33H40CIN3O4: 577.27. Found: 578.80/580.79 (M/M+2) +

Preparation of (R)-3-(3-((6-chloropyridin-3-yl)amino)-4-(((1 s,4S)-4-hydroxycyclo hexyl)(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of (1 S,4s)-4-((2-((6-chloropyridin-3-yl)amino)-4-((R)-4-methoxy-4 -oxo butan- 2-yl)phenyl)(isobutyl)amino)cyclohexyl benzoate (140 mg, 0.242 mmol) in MeOH (6 ml_) was added 1 N NaOH aq. (4 ml_). After stirred at r.t for 48 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (66 mg, 59% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO) δ 12.10 (br, 1 H), 8.17 (d, J = 2.9 Hz, 1 H), 7.51 (dd, J = 8.7, 3.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.29 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 1 H), 7.22 (s, 1 H), 7.16 - 7.05 (m, 2H), 6.84 (dd, J = 8.2, 1.9 Hz, 1 H), 4.22 (br, 1 H), 3.70 - 3.61 (m, 1 H), 3.13 - 3.02 (m, 1 H), 2.84 - 2.69 (m, 2H), 2.49 - 2.42 (m, 3H), 1 .80 - 1.52 (m, 4H), 1.48 - 1.30 (m, 3H), 1 .27 - 1 .03 (m, 5H), 0.81 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H) . LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C25H34CIN3O3: 459.23. Found: 460.47/462.45 (M/M+2) + .

Exam le 59

Preparation of (1 S,4s)-4-(isobutyl(4-((R)-4-methoxy-4-oxobutan-2-yl)-2-((3-(t ri fluoromethyl)-1 , 2, 4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)amino)cyclohexyl benzoate

A mixture of (1 S,4s)-4-((2-amino-4-((R)-4-methoxy-4-oxobutan-2-yl)phenyl)(i sobutyl) amino)cyclohexyl benzoate (200 mg, 0.429 mmol) and 5-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)- 1 ,2,4- thiadiazole (161 mg, 0.858 mmol) in MeCN (5 mL) was stirred at 90°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (140 mg, 52% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C31 H37F3N4O4S: 618.25. Found: 619.65 (M+1) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(((1s,4S)-4-hydroxycyclohexyl)(isobutyl)amino)-3-(( 3-(tri fluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of (1 S,4s)-4-(isobutyl(4-((R)-4-methoxy-4-oxobutan-2-yl)-2-((3-(t ri fluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)amino)cyclohexylbenzoate (140 mg, 0.226 mmol) in MeOH (6 mL) was added 1 N NaOH aq. (4 mL). After stirred at r.t for 48 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (74 mg, 65% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO) δ 12.10 (br, 1 H), 10.24 (s, 1 H), 7.83 (s, 1 H), 7.18 (d, J = 8.3 Hz, 1 H), 7.04 (dd, J = 8.2, 2.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.28 - 4.16 (m, 1 H), 3.68 (br, 1 H), 3.16 - 3.07 (m, 1 H), 2.79 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 2H), 2.68 - 2.58 (m, 1 H), 2.49 - 2.41 (m, 2H), 1 .78 - 1 .42 (m, 6H), 1 .41 - 1 .32 (m, 1 H), 1 .28 - 1 .10 (m, 5H), 0.79 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H) LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for

C 23 H 3 iF 3 N 4 0 3 S: 500.21 . Found: 501 .51 (M+1 ) + . Exam le 60

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl((1 s,4S)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)-3- ((5- (methoxymethyl)pyridin-2-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl((1 s,4S)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino) phenyl)butanoate (100 mg, 0.27 mmol), 2-bromo-5-(methoxymethyl)pyridine (108 mg, 0.54 mmol), Pd 2 (dba) 3 (24 mg, 0.027 mmol), Xantphos (31 .2 mg, 0.054 mmol) and t-BuOK (60 mg, 0.54 mmol) in dioxane (2 ml_) was stirred at 100°C under N2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (40 mg, 30% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C29H43N3O4: 497.33. Found: 498.35 (M+1) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl((1 s,4S)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)-3-((5-

(methoxymethyl)pyridin-2-yl)amino acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl((1 s,4S)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)-3- ((5- (methoxymethyl)pyridin-2-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (40 mg, 0.08 mmol) in MeOH (3 mL) was added 4N NaOH aq. (0.5 mL). After stirred at r.t for 6 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (17 mg, 44% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 8.19 (d, J = 1.8 Hz, 1 H), 8.04 (s, 1 H), 7.90 (s, 1 H), 7.52 (dd, J = 8.5, 2.3 Hz, 1 H), 7.08 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 1 H), 6.82 - 6.72 (m, 2H), 4.36 (s, 2H), 3.36 (s, 3H), 3.33 - 3.23 (m, 5H), 2.81 (d, J = 6.4 Hz, 2H), 2.74 - 2.57 (m, 3H), 1.98 - 1.89 (m, 2H), 1.77 - 1.57 (m, 4H), 1.40 - 1.22 (m, 6H), 0.84 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C28H41 N3O4: 483.31. Found:

484.42 (M+1) + .

Example 61

(R)-3-(3-((5-chloro-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl((cis)-4- methoxycyclohexyl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

A mixture of (R)-methyl 3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl((cis)-4- methoxycyclohexyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (0.105 mg, 0.279 μηιοΙ), 3-bromo-5-chloro-1 - ((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazole (0.0873 mg, 0.279 μηιοΙ), Pd 2 dba 3 (0.051 mg, 0.056 μηιοΙ), Xantphos (0.065 mg, 0.112 μηιοΙ), and cesium carbonate (0.455 mg, 1.396 μηιοΙ) was flushed with nitrogen and then stirred in toluene (4.0 ml) and heated at 100 °C for 7h. The reaction mixture was filtered through celite, evaporated, and purified by silica gel chromatography (0-40% EtOAc/hexanes). The product was stirred in TFA (1 ml_) and CH2CI2 (1 ml_) for 2h and then evaporated. The residue was subjected to base hydrolysis as previously described and purified by reverse phase chromatography (10- 100% CH3CN/H2O (0.1 % formic acid)) to afford the title compound (0.0606 g, 47%) as a white solid. LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 464.5, 466.3. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ ppm 7.81 (d, J=1.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.16 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1 H), 6.86 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 1 H), 3.15 - 3.36 (m, 5 H), 2.81 (m, 2 H), 2.46 - 2.67 (m, 3 H), 1.93 (d, J=14.8 Hz, 2 H), 1 .61 (br. s., 4 H), 1 .23 - 1.40 (m, 6 H), 0.82 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 6 H).

Example 62

(R)-3-(4-(isobutyl((cis)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)-3-((4-(t rifluoromethyl)-1 H-imidazol-2- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

(R)-methyl 3-(4-(isobutyl((cis)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)-3-((4-(trifl uoromethyl)-1 -((2- (trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-imidazol-2-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (68.8 mg, 0.107 mmol) was subjected to base hydrolysis as previously described. The acid was then stirred in neat TFA (1 ml_) at RT for 2h, evaporated to dryness, neutralized with Et 3 N (1 ml_), evaporated and partitioned between 1 M citric acid and EtOAc. The organic phase was dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered, evaporated and purified by reverse phase chromatography (10-100% CH3CN/H2O (0.1 % formic acid)) to afford the title compound (0.0533 g, 84%) as a white solid. LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 497.4. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ ppm 7.65 (d, J=1 .8 Hz, 1 H), 7.19 (d, J=1 .4 Hz, 1 H), 7.12 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1 H), 6.79 (dd, J=8.1 , 1.9 Hz, 1 H), 3.31 - 3.36 (m, 1 H), 3.25 (s, 3 H), 3.11 - 3.22 (m, 1 H), 2.81 (br. s., 2 H), 2.44 - 2.67 (m, 3 H), 1 .93 (d, J=14.6 Hz, 2 H), 1 .56 - 1.71 (m, 4 H), 1 .34 - 1 .46 (m, 1 H), 1.22 - 1.34 (m, 5 H), 0.83 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 6 H).

Example 63

Step A

3-bromo-5-cyclopropyl-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazole and regioisomer

3-bromo-5-cyclopropyl-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazole (0.700 g, 3.72 mmol) was converted to 3-bromo- 5-cyclopropyl-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazole and its regioisomer (632.9 mg, 53%) following a previously described procedure. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ ppm 5.36 - 5.52 (m, 2 H), 3.66 (m, 2 H), 1 .96 - 2.07 (m, 1 H), 1 .11 - 1 .22 (m, 2 H), 0.89 - 1 .01 (m, 2 H), 0.76 - 0.88 (m, 2 H), 0.00 (s, 9 H).

Step B

(R)-methyl 3-(3-((3-cyclopropyl-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-5- yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl((cis)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)phenyl )butanoate

A mixture of (R)-methyl 3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl((cis)-4- methoxycyclohexyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (0.128 g, 0.340 mmol), 5-bromo-3- cyclopropyl-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazole (0.119 g, 0.374 mmol), Pd 2 dba 3 (0.062 g, 0.068 mmol), Xantphos (0.079 g, 0.136 mmol), and cesium carbonate (0.554 g, 1 .700 mmol) was flushed with nitrogen and then stirred in toluene (4.8 mL) and heated at 100 °C for 10h. The reaction mixture was filtered through celite, evaporated, and purified by silica gel chromatography (0-40% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford (R)-methyl 3-(3- ((3-cyclopropyl-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-5-yl)amino)-4- (isobutyl((cis)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (155.5 mg, 75 % yield). LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 614.7. Step C

(R)-3-(3-((5-cyclopropyl-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl((cis)-4- methoxycyclohexyl)amino)phenyl)b

(R)-methyl 3-(3-((5-cyclopropyl-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3- yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl((cis)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)phenyl )butanoate (0.1856 g, 0.302 mmol) was treated with TFA and then subjected to base hydrolysis as previously described and purified by reverse phase chromatography (10-100% CH3CN/H2O (0.1 % formic acid)) to afford the title compound (0.0707 g, 50%) as a white solid. LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 470.5. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ ppm 7.91 (d, J=1.8 Hz, 1 H), 7.09 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.73 (dd, J=8.0, 1 .8 Hz, 1 H), 3.30 - 3.36 (m, 1 H), 3.24 (s, 3 H), 3.10 - 3.21 (m, 1 H), 2.68 - 2.94 (m, 2 H), 2.44 - 2.64 (m, 3 H), 1.89 - 2.02 (m, 3 H), 1 .56 - 1 .72 (m, 4 H), 1 .20 - 1 .42 (m, 6 H), 0.93 - 1.08 (m, 4 H), 0.82 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 6 H).

Example 64

Preparation of tert-butyl 4-((4-bromo-2-nitrophenyl)(isobutyl)amino)piperidine- 1- carboxylate

A mixture of 4-bromo-1-fluoro-2-nitrobenzene (5.4 g, 24.5 mmol), tert-butyl 4- (isobutylamino)piperidine-l-carboxylate (12.58 g, 49.0 mmol) and DIPEA (9.69 g, 74.9 mmol) in NMP (60 mL) was stirred at 140°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (4.14 g, 37% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for

C2oH 3 oBrN 3 04: 455.14. Found: 456.32/458.40 (M/M+2) + .

Preparation of tert-butyl (E)-4-(isobutyl(4-(4-methoxy-4-oxobut-2-en-2-yl)-2-nitro phenyl)amino)piperidine-1 -carboxylate

A mixture of tert-butyl 4-((4-bromo-2-nitrophenyl)(isobutyl)amino)piperidine-1 -carbo xylate (2 g, 4.39 mmol), methyl (E)-but-2-enoate (1 .3 g, 13.2 mmol), TBAB (0.3 g, 0.93 mmol), Pd(o-MePh 3 P)4 (173 mg, 0.22 mmol) and TEA (0.9 g, 8.9 mmol) in DMF (20 mL) was stirred at 110°C under N2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (680 mg, 33% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C25H37N3O6: 475.27. Found: 476.40 (M+1) + .

Preparation of tert-butyl (R)-4-(isobutyl(4-(4-methoxy-4-oxobutan-2-yl)-2-nitro phenyl)amino)piperidine-1 -carboxylate

At -5°C, to a mixture of (CuHPh 3 P) 6 (85 mg, 0.043 mmol) and (R,S)-PPF-P(tBu) 2 (88 mg, 0.16 mmol) in toluene (14 mL) was added PMHS (0.4 mL) and t-BuOH (0.33 mL) before the introduction of methyl (E)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino) -3- nitrophenyl)but-2-enoate (1 .4 g, 2.94 mmol). After stirred at 0°C for 4 hr, the resulting mixture was quenched with sat. NaHC0 3 aq. solution and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (660 mg, 47% yield) as a red oil. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C25H39N3O6: 477.28. Found: 478.77 (M+1) + .

Preparation of tert-butyl (R)-4-((2-amino-4-(4-methoxy-4-oxobutan-2-yl)phenyl)

(isobutyl)amino)piperidine-1 -carbox late

A mixture of tert-butyl (R)-4-(isobutyl(4-(4-methoxy-4-oxobutan-2-yl)-2-nitrophenyl) amino)piperidine-1 -carboxylate (200 mg, 0.42 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (100 mg) in EtOAc (5 mL) was stirred at r.t. under H 2 atmosphere for 6 hr. The resulting mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (180 mg, 96% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for

C25H41 N3O4: 447.31 . Found: 448.94 (M+1) + .

Preparation of tert-butyl (R)-4-(isobutyl(4-(4-methoxy-4-oxobutan-2-yl)-2-((3-(tri fluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)amino)piperidine-1 -carboxylate

A mixture of tert-butyl (R)-4-((2-amino-4-(4-methoxy-4-oxobutan-2-yl)phenyl)(isobuty l) amino)piperidine-1 -carboxylate (100 mg, 0.22 mmol), 5-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)- 1 ,2,4- thiadiazole (50 mg, 0.27 mmol), Pd 2 (dba) 3 (20 mg, 0.022 mmol), Xantphos (25.5 mg, 0.044 mmol) and K 2 C0 3 (61 mg, 0.44 mmol) in toluene (2 mL) was stirred at 100°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (82 mg, 61 % yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C 28 H4oF3N 5 0 4 S: 599.28. Found: 600.40 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(piperidin-4-yl)amino)-3-((3-(trifluoro methyl)-1 ,2,4- thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of tert-butyl (R)-4-((2-amino-4-(4-methoxy-4-oxobutan-2-yl)phenyl)(isobuty l) amino)piperidine-1 -carboxylate (570 mg, 0.95 mmol) in 4N HCI in dioxane (10 mL) was stirred at r.t. for 30 min. The resulting mixture was concentrated and the residue was quenched with sat. NaHC0 3 aq. solution and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to afford the title compound (542 mg, quant, yield, as 2HCI salt). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C23H32F3N5O2S: 499.22. Found: 500.56 (M+1) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-((1-(cyclopropanecarbonyl)piperidin-4-yl)(iso butyl)amino)- 3-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(piperidin-4-yl)amino)-3-((3-(trifluoro methyl)- 1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (100 mg, 0.20 mmol) in DCM (2 ml_) was added TEA (60.6 mg, 0.60 mmol) and cyclopropanecarbonyl chloride (25 mg, 0.24 mmol). After stirred at r.t. for 2 hr, the resulting mixture was partitioned between DCM and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (100 mg, 88% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C27H36F3N5O3S: 567.25. Found: 568.30 (M+1) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(4-((1-(cyclopropanecarbonyl)piperidin-4-yl)(isobutyl) amino)-3-((3- (trifluoromethyl)-l ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(4-((1-(cyclopropanecarbonyl)piperidin-4-yl)(iso butyl)amino)- 3-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (100 mg, 0.176 mmol) in MeOH (3 mL) was added 1 N NaOH aq. (1 mL). After stirred at r.t overnight, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (54 mg, 55% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 9.40 (s, 1 H), 7.29 (d, J = 1.7 Hz, 1 H), 7.21 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.00 (dd, J = 8.2, 1 .8 Hz, 1 H), 4.64 (d, J = 10.7 Hz, 1 H), 4.23 (d, J = 11.5 Hz, 1 H), 3.40 - 3.29 (m, 1 H), 3.02 - 2.43 (m, 8H), 1.98 - 1.82 (m, 2H), 1 .51 - 1 .32 (m, 6H), 0.96 - 0.68 (m, 10H). . LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C26H34F3N5O3S: 553.23. Found: 554.32 (M+1) + .

Example 65

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(piperidin-4-yl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl) butanoate

A mixture of tert-butyl (R)-4-(isobutyl(4-(4-methoxy-4-oxobutan-2-yl)-2-nitrophenyl) amino)piperidine-1 -carboxylate (1 .2 g, 2.52 mmol) in 4N HCI in dioxane (20 mL) was stirred at r.t. for 2 hr. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound (1 g, 96% yield, as HCI salt) which was used in he next step without further purification. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C20H31 N3O4: 377.23. Found: 378.38 (M+1) + . Preparation of isopropyl (R)-4-(isobutyl(4-(4-methoxy-4-oxobutan-2-yl)-2-nitro

phenyl)amino)piperidine-1 -carboxylate

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(piperidin-4-yl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl) butanoate (300 mg, 0.796 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) was added TEA (0.33 mL, 2.39 mmol) and isopropyl carbonochloridate (0.16 mL, 1 .19 mmol). After stirred at r.t. for 3 hr, the resulting mixture was partitioned between DCM and H2O. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (300 mg, 81 % yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C24H37N3O6: 463.27. Found: 464.63 (M+1) + . Preparation of isopropyl (R)-4-((2-amino-4-(4-methoxy-4-oxobutan-2-yl)phenyl)

(isobutyl)amino)piperidine-1 -carboxylate

A mixture of isopropyl (R)-4-(isobutyl(4-(4-methoxy-4-oxobutan-2-yl)-2-nitrophenyl) amino)piperidine-1 -carboxylate (300 mg, 0.65 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (150 mg) in EtOAc (20 ml_) was stirred at 50°C under H 2 atmosphere for 3 hr. The resulting mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (220 mg, 78% yield) as a yellow oil. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C24H39N3O4: 433.29. Found: 434.79 (M+1) + .

Preparation of isopropyl (R)-4-(isobutyl(4-(4-methoxy-4-oxobutan-2-yl)-2-((3-(tri fluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)amino)piperidine-1 -carboxylate

A mixture of isopropyl (R)-4-((2-amino-4-(4-methoxy-4-oxobutan-2-yl)phenyl)(isobuty l) amino)piperidine-1 -carboxylate (100 mg, 0.231 mmol) and 5-chloro-3-(trifluoro methyl)- 1 ,2,4-thiadiazole (87 mg, 0.462 mmol) in MeCN (4 mL) was stirred at 90°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (81 mg, 59% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C27H38F3N5O4S: 585.26. Found: 586.62 (M+1) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(1-(isopropoxycarbonyl)piperidin-4-yl)amin o)-3- ((3- (trifluoromethyl)-l ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of isopropyl (R)-4-(isobutyl(4-(4-methoxy-4-oxobutan-2-yl)-2-((3-(tri fluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)amino)piperidine-1 -carboxylate (81 mg, 0.138 mmol) in MeOH (4 mL) was added 4N NaOH aq. (1 .5 mL). After stirred at r.t for 5 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (45 mg, 57% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDC ) δ 9.40 (s, 1 H), 7.30 (d, J = 1.7 Hz, 1 H), 7.20 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.00 (dd, J = 8.2, 1.9 Hz, 1 H), 4.90 - 4.83 (m, 1 H), 4.23 - 4.11 (m, 2H), 3.37 - 3.30 (m, 1 H), 2.83 - 2.57 (m, 7H), 1 .84 - 1 .80 (m, 2H), 1.46 - 1.37 (m, 6H), 1 .21 (d, J = 6.2 Hz, 6H), 0.84 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). . LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C26H36F3N5O4S: 571.24. Found: 572.71 (M+1) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-4-(isobutyl(4-(4-methoxy-4-oxobutan-2-yl)-2-nitro

phenyl)amino)piperidine-1 -carboxylate

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(piperidin-4-yl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)buta noate (200 mg, 0.53 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) was added TEA (0.22 mL, 1 .59 mmol) and methyl chloroformate (0.093 mL, 1 .06 mmol). After stirred at r.t. for 6 hr, the resulting mixture was partitioned between DCM and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (150 mg, 69% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C22H33N3O6: 435.24. Found: 436.54 (M+1) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-4-((2-amino-4-(4-methoxy-4-oxobutan-2-yl)phenyl)

(isobutyl)amino)piperidine-1 -carboxylate

A mixture of methyl (R)-4-(isobutyl(4-(4-methoxy-4-oxobutan-2-yl)-2-nitrophenyl) amino)piperidine-1 -carboxylate (160 mg, 0.37 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (50 mg) in EtOAc (5 ml_) was stirred at r.t. under H 2 atmosphere for 6 hr. The resulting mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (100 mg, 67% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for

C22H35N3O4: 405.26. Found: 406.53 (M+1) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-4-(isobutyl(4-(4-methoxy-4-oxobutan-2-yl)-2-((3-(tri fluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)amino)piperidine-1 -carboxylate

A mixture of methyl (R)-4-((2-amino-4-(4-methoxy-4-oxobutan-2-yl)phenyl)(isobuty l) amino)piperidine-1 -carboxylate (100 mg, 0.247 mmol) and 5-chloro-3-(trifluoro methyl)- 1 ,2,4-thiadiazole (70 mg, 0.37 mmol) in MeCN (2 mL) was stirred at 100°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (59 mg, 43% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C25H34F3N5O4S: 557.23. Found: 558.51 (M+1) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(1-(methoxycarbonyl)piperidin-4-yl)amino)- 3- ((3- (trifluoromethyl)-l ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-4-(isobutyl(4-(4-methoxy-4-oxobutan-2-yl)-2-((3-(tri fluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)amino)piperidine-1 -carboxylate (59 mg, 0.106 mmol) in MeOH (3 mL) was added 4N NaOH aq. (0.5 mL). After stirred at r.t for 6 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (34 mg, 61 % yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDC ) δ 9.38 (s, 1 H), 7.29 (d, J = 1.7 Hz, 1 H), 7.20 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.00 (dd, J = 8.2, 1.8 Hz, 1 H), 4.31 - 4.04 (m, 2H), 3.65 (s, 3H), 3.39 - 3.29 (m, 1 H), 2.86 - 2.58 (m, 7H), 1.89 - 1.78 (m, 2H), 1.45 - 1.30 (m, 6H), 0.84 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C24H32F3N5O4S: 543.21 . Found: 544.36 (M+1) + .

Exam le 67

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(1 -(3-methylbutanoyl)piperidin-4-yl) amino)-3- nitrophenyl)butanoate

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(piperidin-4-yl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)buta noate (377 mg, 1 .0 mmol) in DCM (5 mL) was added TEA (303 mg, 3.0 mmol) and 3- methylbutanoyl chloride (241 mg, 2.0 mmol). After stirred at r.t. overnight, the resulting mixture was partitioned between DCM and H2O. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (220 mg, 47% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C25H39N3O5: 461 .29. Found: 462.41 (M+1) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(1 -(3-methylbutanoyl)piperidin- 4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(1 -(3-methylbutanoyl)piperidin-4-yl)amino)-3- nitrophenyl)butanoate (220 mg, 0.48 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (66 mg) in EtOAc (10 mL) was stirred at r.t. under H2 atmosphere for 4 hr. The resulting mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (194 mg, 94% yield) as a yellow oil. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C25H41 N3O3: 431 .31 . Found: 432.76 (M+1) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(1 -(3-methylbutanoyl)piperidin-4-yl) amino)-3-((3- (trifluoromethyl)-l ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(1 -(3-methylbutanoyl)piperidin-4-yl) amino)phenyl)butanoate (100 mg, 0.232 mmol) and 5-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)- 1 ,2,4- thiadiazole (65 mg, 0.348 mmol) in MeCN (3 mL) was stirred at 95°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (60 mg, 44% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C28H40F3N5O3S: 583.28. Found: 584.42 (M+1) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(1-(3-methylbutanoyl)piperidin-4-yl)amino) -3- ((3- (trifluoromethyl)-l ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(1 -(3-methylbutanoyl)piperidin-4-yl) amino)-3- ((3- (trifluoromethyl)-l ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (60 mg, 0.10 mmol) in MeOH (3 mL) was added 4N NaOH aq. (0.5 mL). After stirred at r.t overnight, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (32 mg, 55% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 9.38 (s, 1 H), 7.28 (d, J = 1.6 Hz, 1 H), 7.20 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.00 (dd, J = 8.2, 1 .9 Hz, 1 H), 4.68 (d, J = 13.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.88 (d, J = 13.7 Hz, 1 H), 3.37 - 3.28 (m, 1 H), 2.92 - 2.64 (m, 6H), 2.43 - 2.36 (m, 1 H), 2.18 - 1.87 (m, 5H), 1 .45 - 1 .33 (m, 6H), 0.92 (d, J = 6.5 Hz, 6H), 0.84 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). . LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C27H38F3N5O3S: 569.26. Found: 570.31 (M+1) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(1 -(3-methoxypropanoyl)piperidin-4-yl) amino)-3- nitrophenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(piperidin-4-yl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)butan oate (230 mg, 0.61 mmol), 3-methoxypropanoic acid (126 mg, 1 .22 mmol), HBTU (694 mg, 1 .83 mmol) and DIPEA (0.3 ml_, 1 .83 mmol) in DMF (8 mL) was stirred at r.t. for 3 hr. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (255 mg, 90% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C24H37N3O6: 463.27. Found: 464.51 (M+1) + . Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(1 -(3-methoxypropanoyl)piperi din-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(1 -(3-methoxypropanoyl)piperidin-4-yl)amino)- 3- nitrophenyl)butanoate (255 mg, 0.55 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (120 mg) in EtOAc (15 mL) was stirred at 50°C under H 2 atmosphere for 3 hr. The resulting mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (140 mg, 58% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for

C24H39N3O4: 433.29. Found: 434.71 (M+1) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(1 -(3-methoxypropanoyl)piperidin-4-yl) amino)-3- ((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5- l amino hen l butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(1 -(3-methoxypropanoyl)piperidin-4-yl) amino)phenyl)butanoate (140 mg, 0.323 mmol) and 5-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)- 1 ,2,4- thiadiazole (121 mg, 0.646 mmol) in MeCN (5 mL) was stirred at 90°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (82 mg, 43% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C27H38F3N5O4S: 585.26. Found: 586.80 (M+1) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(1-(3-methoxypropanoyl)piperidin-4-yl)amin o)- 3-((3-

(trifluoromethyl)-l ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(1 -(3-methoxypropanoyl)piperidin-4-yl) amino)-3- ((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (82 mg, 0.14 mmol) in MeOH (4 ml_) was added 4N NaOH aq. (2 ml_). After stirred at r.t for 6 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (51 mg, 64% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 9.40 (s, 1 H), 7.29 (d, J = 1.5 Hz, 1 H), 7.20 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.02 - 6.97 (m, 1 H), 4.68 (d, J = 13.1 Hz, 1 H), 3.89 (d, J = 13.8 Hz, 1 H), 3.71 - 3.61 (m, 2H), 3.39 - 3.27 (m, 4H), 2.96 - 2.77 (m, 4H), 2.70 - 2.48 (m, 4H), 2.44 - 2.36 (m, 1 H), 1 .94 - 1.84 (m, 2H), 1.48 - 1.30 (m, 6H), 0.85 (d, J = 6.5 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C26H36F3N5O4S: 571.24. Found: 572.65 (M+1) + . Example 69

Preparation of (R)-3-(4-((1 -(tert-butoxycarbonyl)piperidin-4-yl)(isobutyl)amino) -3-((3- (trifluoromethyl)-l ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of tert-butyl (R)-4-(isobutyl(4-(4-methoxy-4-oxobutan-2-yl)-2-((3-(trifluo ro methyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)amino)piperidine-1 -carboxylate (80 mg, 0.133 mmol) in MeOH (3 ml_) was added 1 N NaOH aq. (1 ml_). After stirred at r.t overnight, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (31 mg, 40% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDC ) δ 9.41 (s, 1 H), 7.30 (d, J = 1 .7 Hz, 1 H), 7.20 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.00 (dd, J = 8.2, 1 .9 Hz, 1 H), 4.23 - 4.01 (m, 2H), 3.40 - 3.31 (m, 1 H), 2.87 - 2.53 (m, 7H), 1 .85 - 1 .75 (m, 2H), 1 .46 - 1 .34 (m, 15H), 0.84 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for

C27H38F3N5O4S: 585.26. Found: 586.37 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-((1 -acetylpiperidin-4-yl)(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitro phenyl)butanoate

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(piperidin-4-yl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)buta noate (200 mg, 0.53 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) was added TEA (0.22 mg, 1 .59 mmol) and acetyl chloride (0.075 mL, 1 .06 mmol). After stirred at r.t. for 6 hr, the resulting mixture was partitioned between DCM and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (160 mg, 67% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C22H33N3O5: 419.24. Found: 420.21 (M+1) + . Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-((1 -acetylpiperidin-4-yl)(isobutyl)amino)-3-amino phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(4-((1 -acetylpiperidin-4-yl)(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl) butanoate (150 mg, 0.36 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (50 mg) in EtOAc (10 mL) was stirred at r.t. under H 2 atmosphere for 6 hr. The resulting mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (130 mg, 93% yield) as a yellow oil. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C22H35N3O3: 389.27. Found: 390.66 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-((1 -acetylpiperidin-4-yl)(isobutyl)amino)-3-((3-(tri fluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(4-((1 -acetylpiperidin-4-yl)(isobutyl)amino)-3-aminophenyl) butanoate (130 mg, 0.334 mmol) and 5-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazole (93 mg, 0.495 mmol) in MeCN (2 mL) was stirred at 100°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (90 mg, 50% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C25H34F3N5O3S: 541 .23. Found: 542.51 (M+1) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(4-((1 -acetylpiperidin-4-yl)(isobutyl)amino)-3-((3-(trifluoro methyl)- 1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(4-((1 -acetylpiperidin-4-yl)(isobutyl)amino)-3-((3-(tri fluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (70 mg, 0.13 mmol) in MeOH (3 mL) was added 4N NaOH aq. (0.5 mL). After stirred at r.t for 6 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (37 mg, 55% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 9.38 (s, 1 H), 7.28 (d, J = 1 .7 Hz, 1 H), 7.19 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.00 (dd, J = 8.2, 1 .8 Hz, 1 H), 4.65 (d, J = 13.6 Hz, 1 H), 3.81 (d, J = 14.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.40 - 3.29 (m, 1 H), 2.94 - 2.63 (m, 6H), 2.45 - 2.35 (m, 1 H), 2.05 (s, 3H), 1 .94 - 1.83 (m, 2H), 1.46 - 1 .35 (m, 6H), 0.85 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C24H32F3N5O3S: 527.22. Found: 528.35 (M+1) + .

xample 71

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(1 -(methylsulfonyl)piperidin-4-yl)amino) -3- nitrophenyl)butanoate

At 0°C, to a solution of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(piperidin-4-yl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl) butanoate (300 mg, 0.8 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) was added TEA (0.33 mL, 2.4 mmol) and MsCI (0.06 mL, 0.96 mmol). After stirred at r.t. for 3 hr, the resulting mixture was partitioned between DCM and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (300 mg, 83% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C21 H33N3O6S: 455.21 . Found: 456.55 (M+1) + . Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(1 -(methylsulfonyl)piperidin-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(1 -(methylsulfonyl)piperidin-4-yl)amino)-3-nitro phenyl)butanoate (300 mg, 0.66 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (150 mg) in EtOAc (10 mL) was stirred at 50°C under H 2 atmosphere for 2 hr. The resulting mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (230 mg, 82% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C21 H35N3O4S: 425.23. Found: 426.60 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(1 -(methylsulfonyl)piperidin-4-yl)amino) -3-((3- (trifluoromethyl)-l ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(1 -(methylsulfonyl)piperidin-4-yl)amino) phenyl)butanoate (120 mg, 0.282 mmol) and 5-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4- thiadiazole (106 mg, 0.56 mmol) in MeCN (5 mL) was stirred at 90°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (100 mg, 61 % yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C24H34F3N5O4S2: 577.20. Found: 578.69 (M+1) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(1-(methylsulfonyl)piperidin-4-yl)amino)-3 -((3-

(trifluoromethyl)-l ,2,4-thiadiazol-5- l)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(1 -(methylsulfonyl)piperidin-4-yl)amino) -3-((3- (trifluoromethyl)-l ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (100 mg, 0.173 mmol) in MeOH (4 ml_) was added 4N NaOH aq. (2 ml_). After stirred at r.t for 5 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (71 mg, 72% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 9.30 (s, 1 H), 7.29 (d, J = 1.6 Hz, 1 H), 7.21 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.01 (dd, J = 8.2, 1 .8 Hz, 1 H), 3.85 - 3.78 (m, 2H), 3.39 - 3.31 (m, 1 H), 2.90 - 2.78 (m, 2H), 2.75 - 2.54 (m, 8H), 1.97 - 1 .91 (m, 2H), 1 .70 - 1.65 (m, 2H), 1.42 - 1 .36 (m, 4H), 0.85 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C23H32F3N5O4S2: 563.18. Found: 564.59 (M+1) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(1 -(2-methoxyacetyl)piperidin-4-yl) amino)-3- nitrophenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(piperidin-4-yl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)butan oate (500 mg, 1 .33 mmol), 2-methoxyacetic acid (179 mg, 1 .99 mmol), HOBt (197 mg, 1 .46 mmol), EDCI (342 mg, 1 .99 mmol) and NMM (699 mL, 6.63 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) was stirred at r.t. overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between DCM and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (450 mg, 75% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C23H35N3O6: 449.25. Found: 450.56 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(1 -(2-methoxyacetyl)piperidin- 4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(1 -(2-methoxyacetyl)piperidin-4-yl)amino)-3- nitrophenyl)butanoate (450 mg, 1 .0 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (220 mg) in EtOAc (20 mL) was stirred at 50°C under H 2 atmosphere for 4 hr. The resulting mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (330 mg, 78% yield) as a yellow oil. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C23H37N3O4: 419.28. Found: 420.81 (M+1) + . Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(1 -(2-methoxyacetyl)piperidin-4-yl) amino)-3-((3- (trifluoromethyl)-l ,2,4-thiadiazol-5- l)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(1 -(2-methoxyacetyl)piperidin-4-yl) amino)phenyl)butanoate (330 mg, 0.785 mmol) and 5-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)- 1 ,2,4- thiadiazole (295 mg, 1 .57 mmol) in MeCN (6 mL) was stirred at 90°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (180 mg, 40% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C26H36F3N5O4S: 571.24. Found: 572.66 (M+1) + . Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(1-(2-methoxyacetyl)piperidin-4-yl)amino)- 3-((3- (trifluoromethyl)-l ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(1-(2-methoxyacetyl)piperidin-4-yl)amino)- 3- ((3- (trifluoromethyl)-l ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (180 mg, 0.315 mmol) in MeOH (4 ml_) was added 1 N NaOH aq. (4 ml_). After stirred at r.t for 8 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (111 mg, 63% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO) δ 12.02 (s, 1 H), 10.32 (s, 1 H), 8.01 (s, 1 H), 7.23 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.06 (d, J = 8.2 Hz,

1 H), 4.36 (d, J = 11.4 Hz, 1 H), 4.10 - 3.92 (m, 2H), 3.74 (d, J = 12.3 Hz, 1 H), 3.23 (s, 3H), 3.18 - 3.10 (m, 1 H), 2.97 - 2.86 (m, 1 H), 2.85 - 2.68 (m, 3H), 2.49 - 2.32 (m, 3H), 1.92 - 1.69 (m, 2H), 1.49 - 1 .11 (m, 6H), 0.77 (d, J = 6.5 Hz, 6H) LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C25H34F3N5O4S: 557.23. Found: 558.60 (M+1) + .

Preparation of 4-bromo-N-cyclohexyl-N-isobutyl-2-nitroaniline

A mixture of 4-bromo-1 -fluoro-2-nitrobenzene (600 g, 2.72 mol), N-isobutylcyclo hexanamine (635 g, 4.09 mol) and DIPEA (855 mL, 4.91 mmol) in NMP (3.0 L) was stirred at 140°C for 9 hr. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was triturated with PE to afford the title compound (1466 g, 76% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for 354.09. Found: 355.93/357.89 (M/M+2) + .

Preparation of ethyl (E)-3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)but-2- enoate

A mixture of 4-bromo-N-cyclohexyl-N-isobutyl-2-nitroaniline (32 g, 90.1 mmol), ethyl (E)- but-2-enoate (30.8 g, 270 mmol), TBAB (5.8 g, 18.0 mmol), Pd(o-MePh 3 P) 4 (3.5 g, 4.5 mmol) and TEA (18.3 g, 181 mmol) in DMF (350 mL) was stirred at 110°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-5% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (28.5 g, 81 % yield) as a red oil. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C22H32N2O4: 388.24. Found: 389.05 (M+1 ) + . Preparation of ethyl (R)-3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)but anoate

At 0°C, to a mixture of (CuHPh 3 P) 6 (380 mg, 0.19 mmol) and (R,S)-PPF-P(tBu) 2 (30 mg, 0.055 mmol) in toluene (30 mL) was added PMHS (1 .0 mL) and t-BuOH (0.81 mL) before the introduction of ethyl (E)-3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl) but-2-enoate (3.0 g, 7.72 mmol). After stirred at 0°C for 4 hr, the resulting mixture was quenched with sat. NaHC03 aq. solution and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-5% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (1 .35 g, 45% yield) as a yellow oil. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C22H34N2O4: 390.25. Found: 391 .74 (M+1 ) + . Preparation of ethyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)phenyl) butanoate

A mixture of ethyl (R)-3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)butanoate (2.25 g, 5.76 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (1 .0 g) in EtOAc (50 mL) was stirred at r.t. under H 2 atmosphere for 3 hr. The resulting mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (1 .8 g, 87% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C22H36N2O2: 360.28. Found: 361 .09 (M+1) + .

Preparation of ethyl (R)-3-(3-((5-cyanopyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(cyclohexyl(iso

butyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of ethyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (150 mg, 0.42 mmol), 6-bromonicotinonitrile (152 mg, 0.83 mmol), Pd(OAc) 2 (4 mg, 0.0067 mmol), BINAP (5 mg, 0.0075 mmol) and K2CO3 (172 mg, 1 .25 mmol) in toluene (10 mL) was stirred at 130°C under N 2 atmosphere for 1 .5 hr in macrowave apparatus. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (180 mg, 66% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C28H38N4O2: 462.30. Found: 463.27 (M+1) + . Preparation of (R)-3-(3-((5-cyanopyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl )

amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of ethyl (R)-3-(3-((5-cyanopyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl ) amino)phenyl)butanoate (180 mg, 0.389 mmol) in MeOH (3 mL) was added 1 N NaOH aq. (0.5 mL). After stirred at r.t overnight, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0- 100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (35 mg, 21 % yield) as a white powder. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 8.54 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1 H), 8.44 (s, 1 H), 8.14 (d, J = 1 .9 Hz, 1 H), 7.65 (dd, J = 8.8, 2.3 Hz, 1 H), 7.12 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.87 (dd, J = 8.2, 2.1 Hz, 1 H), 6.73 (d, J = 8.6 Hz, 1 H), 3.34 - 3.25 (m, 1 H), 2.80 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 2H), 2.73 - 2.51 (m, 3H), 1 .86 - 1.80 (m, 2H), 1.76 - 1.68 (m, 3H), 1 .47 - 1.31 (m, 6H), 1.15 - 1.00 (m, 3H), 0.85 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C26H34N4O2: 434.27. Found: 433.13 (M-1)-.

Example 74

Preparation of ethyl (R)-3-(3-((6-chloropyridin-3-yl)amino)-4-(cyclohexyl(iso

butyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of ethyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (150 mg, 0.42 mmol), 5-bromo-2-chloropyridine (160 mg, 0.83 mmol), Pd(OAc) 2 (4 mg, 0.0067 mmol), BINAP (5 mg, 0.0075 mmol) and K 2 C0 3 (172 mg, 1 .25 mmol) in toluene (10 mL) was stirred at 130°C under N 2 atmosphere for 1 .5 hr in macrowave apparatus. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H2O. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (160 mg, 82% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C27H38CIN3O2: 471 .27. Found: 472.51/474.46 (M/M+2) + . Preparation of (R)-3-(3-((6-chloropyridin-3-yl)amino)-4-(cyclohexyl(isobuty l)

amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of ethyl (R)-3-(3-((6-chloropyridin-3-yl)amino)-4-(cyclohexyl(isobuty l) amino)phenyl)butanoate (160 mg, 0.339 mmol) in MeOH (3 mL) was added 1N NaOH aq. (0.5 mL). After stirred at r.t overnight, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0- 100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1% formic acid) to afford the title compound (70 mg, 47% yield) as a white powder. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 8.24 (d, J = 2.9 Hz, 1 H), 7.40 (dd, J = 8.6, 3.0 Hz, 1H), 7.21 (d, J = 8.6 Hz, 1H), 7.09 (dd, J = 5.0, 3.0 Hz, 2H), 7.04 (s, 1H), 6.75 (dd, J = 8.2, 1.9 Hz, 1H), 3.26-3.19 (m, 1H), 2.85-2.70 (m, 2H), 2.66-2.47 (m, 3H), 1.85- 1.67 (m, 4H), 1.58- 1.52 (m, 1H), 1.47-1.40 (m, 1H), 1.35-1.24 (m, 5H), 1.15-0.97 (m, 3H), 0.83 (d, J = 6.5 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C25H34CIN3O2: 443.23. Found: 444.43/446.51 (M/M+2) + .

Example 75

Preparation of ethyl (R)-3-(3-((5-chloropyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(cyclohexyl(iso

butyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of ethyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (150 mg, 0.42 mmol), 2-bromo-5-chloropyridine (160 mg, 0.83 mmol), Pd(OAc) 2 (4 mg, 0.0067 mmol), BINAP (5 mg, 0.0075 mmol) and K 2 C0 3 (172 mg, 1 .25 mmol) in toluene (10 mL) was stirred at 130°C under N 2 atmosphere for 1 .5 hr in macrowave apparatus. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H2O. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (10 mg, 5% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C27H38CIN3O2: 471 .27. Found: 472.63/474.37 (M/M+2) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(3-((5-chloropyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(cyclohexyl(isobuty l)

amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of ethyl (R)-3-(3-((5-chloropyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(cyclohexyl(isobuty l) amino)phenyl)butanoate (20 mg, 0.042 mmol) in MeOH (3 mL) was added 1 N NaOH aq. (0.5 mL). After stirred at r.t overnight, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0- 100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (5 mg, 26% yield) as a white powder. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 8.19 (s, 1 H), 8.14 - 7.97 (m, 2H), 7.45 (dd, J = 8.8, 2.5 Hz, 1 H), 7.08 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.85 - 6.68 (m, 2H), 3.32 - 3.24 (m, 1 H), 2.91 - 2.77 (m, 2H), 2.75 - 2.57 (m, 3H), 1 .90 - 1 .72 (m, 4H), 1 .57 - 1 .47 (m, 2H), 1 .37 - 1 .29 (m, 5H), 1 .16 - 1 .02 (m, 3H), 0.85 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C25H34CIN3O2: 443.23. Found: 444.35/446.24 (M/M+2) + .

Example 76

Preparation of ethyl (R)-3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-((5-(trifluoromethyl) pyridin-2- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of ethyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (150 mg, 0.42 mmol), 2-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridine (151 mg, 0.83 mmol), Pd(OAc) 2 (4 mg, 0.0067 mmol), BINAP (5 mg, 0.0075 mmol) and K 2 C0 3 (172 mg, 1 .25 mmol) in toluene (10 mL) was stirred at 130°C under N 2 atmosphere for 1 hr in macrowave apparatus. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (110 mg, 52% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C28H38F3N3O2: 505.29. Found: 506.56 (M+1) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-((5-(trifluoromethyl) pyridin -2- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of ethyl (R)-3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-((5-(trifluoromethyl) pyridin-2- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (110 mg, 0.218 mmol) in MeOH (3 mL) was added 1 N NaOH aq. (0.5 mL). After stirred at r.t overnight, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over

Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (59 mg, 57% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 8.51 (s, 1 H), 8.35 (s, 1 H), 8.16 (d, J = 1 .9 Hz, 1 H), 7.66 (dd, J = 8.8, 2.3 Hz, 1 H), 7.11 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.84 (dd, J = 8.1 , 2.0 Hz, 1 H), 6.77 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1 H), 3.33 - 3.25 (m, 1 H), 2.81 (d, J = 6.7 Hz, 2H), 2.74 - 2.53 (m, 3H), 1 .89 - 1.80 (m, 2H), 1.75 - 1.66 (m, 2H), 1 .58 - 1.43 (m, 2H), 1.39 - 1.26 (m, 5H), 1.15 - 0.97 (m, 3H), 0.85 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C26H34F3N3O2: 477.26. Found: 476.22 (M-1) " . Example 77

Step A

(R)-ethyl 3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-((4-(trifluoromethyl)-1 -((2-

(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-imidazol-2-yl)amino)phenyl)butano

A mixture of (R)-ethyl 3-(3-amino-4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (0.079 g, 0.219 mmol), 2-bromo-4-(trifluoromethyl)-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-imidazole (0.0757 g, 0.219 mmol), Pd 2 dba 3 (0.040 g, 0.044 mmol), cesium carbonate (0.357 g, 1 .096 mmol), and Xantphos (0.051 g, 0.088 mmol) was flushed with nitrogen and then stirred in toluene (3.13 ml) and heated at 100 °C for 5h, then filtered through celite, evaporated, and purified by silica gel chromatography (0-30% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford (R)-ethyl 3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-((4-(trifluoromethyl)-1 -((2- (trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-imidazol-2-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (73.5 mg, 54 %). LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 625.5.

Step B

(R)-3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-((4-(methoxycarbon yl)-1 H-imidazol-2- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

(R)-ethyl 3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-((4-(trifluoromethyl)-1 -((2- (trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-imidazol-2-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (73.5 mg, 0.118 mmol) was treated with TFA and then subjected to base hydrolysis in MeOH as previously described and purified by reverse phase chromatography (10-100% CH 3 CN/H 2 0 (0.1 % formic acid)) to afford the title compound (0.0346 g, 64%) as a white solid. LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 457.3. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ ppm 7.77 (d, J=2.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.45 (s, 1 H), 7.11 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.80 (dd, J=8.2, 1.8 Hz, 1 H), 3.81 (s, 3 H), 3.13 - 3.25 (m, 1 H), 2.82 (br. s., 2 H), 2.45 - 2.67 (m, 3 H), 1.89 (d, J=10.9 Hz, 2 H), 1.72 (d, J=12.5 Hz, 2 H), 1 .55 (d, J=10.7 Hz, 1 H), 1.22 - 1.47 (m, 6 H), 0.99 - 1.22 (m, 3 H), 0.82 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 6 H).

Example 78

Step A

(R)-ethyl 3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-((5-(trifluoromethyl)-1-( (2- (trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of (R)-ethyl 3-(3-amino-4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (0.088 g, 0.244 mmol), 3-bromo-5-(trifluoromethyl)-1-((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)met hyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4- triazole (0.0845 g, 0.244 mmol), Pd 2 dba 3 (0.045 g, 0.049 mmol), cesium carbonate (0.398 g, 1.220 mmol), and Xantphos (0.056 g, 0.098 mmol) was flushed with nitrogen and then stirred in toluene (3.5 ml_) and heated at 100 °C for 3h. The reaction mixture was filtered through celite, evaporated, and purified by silica gel chromatography (0-30%

EtOAc/hexanes) to afford (R)-ethyl 3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-((5-(trifluoromethyl)-

1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (110.8 mg, 73 %). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDC ) δ ppm 8.66 (s, 1 H), 8.22 (s, 1 H), 7.12 (d, J=8.2

Hz, 1 H), 6.83 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1 H), 5.44 (s, 2 H), 4.11 (q, J=7.1 Hz, 2 H), 3.62 (t, J=8.5 Hz, 2 H), 3.30 (m, J=7.1 Hz, 1 H), 2.90 - 3.03 (m, 1 H), 2.48 - 2.70 (m, 4 H), 1.93 (d, J=11 .4 Hz,

2 H), 1 .74 (d, J=9.3 Hz, 2 H), 1.60 (s, 1 H), 0.74 - 1.48 (m, 20 H), 0.02 (s, 9 H).

Step B

(R)-3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-((5-(trifluoromethyl) -1 H-1 ,2,4-triazo^

yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

(R)-ethyl 3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-((5-(trifluoromethyl)-1-( (2- (trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (110.8 mg, 0.177 mmol) was treated with TFA and then subjected to base hydrolysis as previously described and purified by reverse phase chromatography (10-100% CH 3 CN/H 2 0 (0.1 % formic acid)) to afford the title compound (0.0474 g, 57%) as a white solid. LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 468.3.

Ή NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ ppm 7.96 (s, 1 H), 7.20 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1 H), 6.91 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1 H), 3.18 - 3.29 (m, 1 H), 2.86 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 2 H), 2.49 - 2.70 (m, 3 H), 1 .93 (d, J=11.5 Hz, 2 H), 1.76 (d, J=12.1 Hz, 2 H), 1.59 (d, J=11.7 Hz, 1 H), 1.02 - 1 .47 (m, 9 H), 0.86 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 6 H).

1) CICOCOOEt

2) H 2 S0 4

Preparation of ethyl 3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3- (hydrazinecarbothioamido)phenyl butanoate

To a solution of ethyl 3-(3-amino-4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (705 mg, 1 .95 mmol) in CH2CI2 (10 ml_) was added 0,0-di(pyridin-2-yl) carbonothioate (477 mg, 2.05 mmol) and the mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 1 h. The mixture was concentrated and dried in vacuo to provide a tan solid. To this solid was added a solution of hydrazine (0.113 ml_, 2.34 mmol) in iPrOH (7 ml_) and the mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 1 h. The mixture was concentrated and purified on silica gel

(EtOAc/hexanes 0-30%) to provide the title compound (366 mg, 0.81 mmol, 41 .4 % yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C23H38N4O2S: 434.27. Found: 435.4 (M+1). Preparation of ethyl 5-((2-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-5-(4-ethoxy-4-oxobutan-2- yl)phenyl)amino)-1 ,3,4-thiadiazole-2-carboxylate

To a solution of ethyl 3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3- (hydrazinecarbothioamido)phenyl)butanoate (366 mg, 0.84 mmol) in CH2CI2 (10 mL) at 0°C was added dropwise a solution of ethyl 2-chloro-2-oxoacetate (0.094 mL, 0.84 mmol) in CH2CI2 (2 mL). The mixture was concentrated and the resulting yellow foam was treated with sulfuric acid (1 .0 mL, 18.76 mmol). After 20 min ice was added and a yellow solid appeared. The mixture was extracted with EtOAc and the organic phase was washed with saturated NaHC0 3 /water, dried, concentrated and purified on silica gel (EtOAc/hexanes 0- 10%) to provide the title compound (320 mg, 0.607 mmol, 72.1 % yield) as a yellow oil. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 9.25 (br. s., 1 H), 7.65 (s, 1 H), 7.15 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 6.92 (dd, J = 8.0, 1 .5 Hz, 1 H), 4.49 (q, J = 7.0 Hz, 2 H), 4.10 (q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2 H), 3.39-3.22 (m, 1 H), 2.80 (br. s., 2 H), 2.70-2.46 (m, 3 H), 1 .93-1 .81 (m, 2 H), 1 .73 (d, J = 12.5 Hz, 2 H), 1 .64-1 .52 (m, 1 H), 1 .50-0.92 (m, 15 H), 0.83 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6 H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C27H40N4O4S: 516.27. Found: 517.5 (M+1 ).

Preparation of 3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-((5-(methylcarbamoyl)-1 ,3,4-thiadiazol- 2-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid Me

To a solution of ethyl 5-((2-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-5-(4-ethoxy-4-oxobutan-2- yl)phenyl)amino)-1 ,3,4-thiadiazole-2-carboxylate (24 mg, 0.046 mmol) in THF (1 mL) was added 40% MeNH 2 /water (0.2 mL) and the mixture was heated at 70°C for 20 min. The mixture was concentrated, coevaporated with MeCN and dried in vacuo to provide ethyl 3- (4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-((5-(methylcarbamoyl)-1 ,3,4-thiadiazol-2- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (25 mg, 0.047 mmol, 102 % yield) as a yellow glass. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C26H39N5O3S: 501 .3. Found: 502.4 (M+1 ). This residue was dissolved in THF (0.5 ml_)/EtOH (0.5 mL) and lithium hydroxide (0.5 mL, 0.5 mmol)(1 M/water) was added and the mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 1 h and then at 40°C for 1 h. The mixture was concentrated and purified by HPLC (RP C18, MeCN/water 10-100%, 0.1 % formic acid) to provide the title compound (6 mg, 0.011 mmol, 22.9 % yield) as a yellow solid. Ή NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ) δ 12.5-12.3 (br. s., 1 H), 9.32 (br. s., 1 H),

8.88-8.80 (m, 1 H), 7.79 (s, 1 H), 7.16 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.98 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 3.18- 3.05 (m, 1 H), 2.80-2.75 (m, 4 H), 2.70-2.30 (m, 4 H), 1 .85-1 .75 (m, 2 H), 1 .65 (br. s., 2 H), 1 .48-1 .44 (m, 1 H), 1 .37-1 .15 (m, 6 H), 1 .11-0.90 (m, 3 H), 0.89-0.74 (m, 6 H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C24H35N5O3S: 473.2. Found: 474.1 (M+1 ).

Example 80

Preparation of 3-(3-((5-carbamoyl-1 ,3,4-thiadiazol-2-yl)amino)-4- (cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoic

To ethyl 5-((2-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-5-(4-ethoxy-4-oxobutan-2-y l)phenyl)amino)- 1 ,3,4-thiadiazole-2-carboxylate (44 mg, 0.085 mmol) in 1 ,4-dioxane (0.7 mL) was added ammonium hydroxide (0.3 mL, 2.157 mmol) and the mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 18 h. The mixture was concentrated, coevaporated with MeCN, and dried in vacuo to provide ethyl 3-(3-((5-carbamoyl-1 ,3,4-thiadiazol-2-yl)amino)-4- (cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (41 mg, 0.082 mmol, 96 % yield) as a glass. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C25H37N5O3S: 487.3. Found: 488.4 (M+1). To a solution of this residue in 1 ,4-Dioxane (1 ml_)/Ethanol (0.5 ml_) was added lithium hydroxide (0.420 ml_, 0.841 mmol)(2 M/water) and the mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 18 h. The mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and cold 1 N HCI/water. The organic phase was dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), concentrated and purified by HPLC (RP C18, 10-100% MeCN/water, 0.1 % formic acid) to provide the title compound (6 mg, 0.012 mmol, 14.75 % yield) as a yellow solid. Ή NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ) δ ppm 12.20 (br. s., 1 H), 9.33 (s, 1 H), 8.25 (s, 1 H), 7.86-7.78 (m, 2 H), 7.16 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.98 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 3.15-3.11 (m, 1 H), 2.88-2.55 (m, 4 H), 1.86-1.76 (m, 2 H), 1 .72-1 .63 (m, 2 H), 1.50 (br. s., 1 H), 1.39-1 .14 (m, 7 H), 1.12-0.92 (m, 3 H), 0.80 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6 H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C23H33N5O3S: 459.2. Found: 460.4 (M+1).

Example 81

Preparation of (R)-3-(3-((5-Carbamoyl-1 ,3,4-thiadiazol-2-yl)amino)-4- (cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoic

This compound was prepared as in Example 80 from (R)-ethyl 5-((2- (cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-5-(4-ethoxy-4-oxobutan-2-yl)phen yl)amino)-1 ,3,4-thiadiazole- 2-carboxylate to provide the title compound as a yellow solid. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO- d 6 ) δ ppm 12.20 (br. s., 1 H), 9.33 (s, 1 H), 8.25 (s, 1 H), 7.86-7.78 (m, 2 H), 7.16 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.98 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 3.15-3.11 (m, 1 H), 2.88-2.55 (m, 4 H), 1 .86-1.76 (m, 2 H), 1 .72-1 .63 (m, 2 H), 1.50 (br. s., 1 H), 1.39-1 .14 (m, 7 H), 1.12-0.92 (m, 3 H), 0.80 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6 H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C23H33N5O3S: 459.2. Found: 460.4 (M+1). Example 82

Step A

(R)-ethyl 3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-(3-(2- methoxyacetyl)thioureido)phenyl)butanoate

2-methoxyacetyl chloride (0.124 g, 1 .139 mmol) dropwise to a solution of (R)-ethyl 3-(4- (cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-thioureidophenyl)butanoate (0.3186 g, 0.759 mmol) and pyridine (0.123 ml, 1 .519 mmol) in CH2CI2 (7.59 ml) at 0 °C. The reaction mixture was stirred at RT for 2h, evaporated and purified by silica gel chromatography (0-40% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford (R)-ethyl 3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-(3-(2- methoxyacetyl)thioureido)phenyl)butanoate (353.2 mg, 95 %) as a yellow oil. LCMS (M H) + : m/z = 492.4. Step B

(R)-ethyl 3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-((5-(methoxymethyl)-4H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

Hydrazine hydrate (0.211 ml, 4.31 mmol) was added to a solution of (R)-ethyl 3-(4- (cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-(3-(2-methoxyacetyl)thioureido )phenyl)butanoate (0.353 g, 0.718 mmol) in chloroform (5.5 ml). The reaction mixture was heated at 80 °C for 8h, then concentrated and purified by silica gel chromatography (0-80% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford (R)-ethyl 3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-((5-(methoxymethyl)-4H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (91 .3 mg, 27%) as a clear oil. LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 472.4. Step C

(R)-3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-((5-(methoxymethyl )-4H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

(R)-ethyl 3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-((5-(methoxymethyl)-4H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (91 .3 mg, 0.194 mmol) was subjected to base hydrolysis as previously described and purified by reverse phase chromatography (10-100%

CH3CN/H2O (0.1 % formic acid)) to afford the title compound (0.0524g, 61 %) as a white solid. LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 444.4. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ ppm 7.95 (br. s., 1 H), 7.14 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1 H), 6.79 (d, J=7.9 Hz, 1 H), 4.52 (s, 2 H), 3.46 (s, 3 H), 3.16 - 3.27 (m, 1 H), 2.85 (br. s., 2 H), 2.48 - 2.69 (m, 3 H), 1.93 (d, J=11 .4 Hz, 2 H), 1.75 (d, J=12.1 Hz, 2 H), 1.58 (d, J=11.4 Hz, 1 H), 1 .25 - 1 .47 (m, 6 H), 1.03 - 1 .25 (m, 3 H), 0.86 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 6 H).

Example 83

Step A

3-bromo-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazole-5-carbonitrile

3-bromo-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazole-5-carbonitrile (0.910 g, 5.26 mmol) was converted to 3-bromo- 1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazole-5-carbonitrile (810.5 mg, 51 %) following a previously described procedure. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) d ppm 5.56 (s, 2 H), 3.68 (t, J=8.2 Hz, 2 H), 0.95 (t, J=8.2 Hz, 2 H), 0.02 (s, 9 H).

Step B

(R)-ethyl 3-(3-((5-cyano-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3-yl)amino)-4- (cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of (R)-ethyl 3-(3-amino-4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (0.100 g, 0.277 mmol), 3-bromo-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazole-5-carbonitrile (0.101 g, 0.333 mmol), Pd 2 dba 3 (0.051 g, 0.055 mmol), cesium carbonate (0.452 g, 1 .387 mmol), and Xantphos (0.064 g, 0.111 mmol) was flushed with nitrogen and then stirred in toluene (4.0 mL) and heated at 100 °C for 2.5h. The reaction mixture was filtered through celite, evaporated, purified by silica gel chromatography (0-30% EtOAc/hexanes) and treated with TFA as previously described to afford (R)-ethyl 3-(3-((5-cyano-1 H-1 ,2,4- triazol-3-yl)amino)-4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)buta noate (67.4 mg, 54%). LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 453.4

Step C

(R)-3-(3-((5-cyano-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3-yl)amino)-4- (cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

(R)-ethyl 3-(3-((5-cyano-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3-yl)amino)-4-

(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (36.7 mg, 0.081 mmol) was subjected to base hydrolysis as previously described and purified by reverse phase chromatography (5-100% CH3CN/H2O (0.1 % formic acid)) to afford the title compound (0.0223g, 65%) as a white solid. LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 425.3. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ ppm 7.95 (d, J=1 .8 Hz, 1 H), 7.17 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.88 (dd, J=8.2, 1.8 Hz, 1 H), 3.17 - 3.26 (m, 1 H), 2.82 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 2 H), 2.48 - 2.66 (m, 3 H), 1.89 (d, J=11 .1 Hz, 2 H), 1 .73 (d, J=12.5 Hz, 2 H), 1 .56 (d, J=11.9 Hz, 1 H), 1.01 - 1.41 (m, 9 H), 0.82 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 6 H).

Example 84

Step A

(R)-ethyl 3-(3-((5-carbamoyl-1-((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3- yl)amino)-4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A solution of (R)-ethyl 3-(3-((5-cyano-1-((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol- 3-yl)amino)-4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (0.194 g, 0.333 mmol), K 2 C0 3 (0.046 g, 0.333 mmol), and urea hydrogen peroxide (0.376 g, 3.99 mmol) in acetone (2.77 ml) and water (1.387 ml) was stirred at RT overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with EtOAc and the organic phase was isolated and dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered, evaporated, and purified by silica gel chromatography (0-50% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford (R)-ethyl 3-(3- ((5-carbamoyl-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3-yl)amino)-4- (cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (177.9 mg, 89 %) as a white foam. LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 601 .5.

Step B

(R)-3-(3-((5-carbamoyl-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3-yl)amino)-4- (cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)

(R)-ethyl 3-(3-((5-carbamoyl-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3- yl)amino)-4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (0.1779 g, 0.296 mmol) was treated with TFA and then subjected to base hydrolysis as previously described and purified by reverse phase chromatography (10-100% CH 3 CN/H 2 0 (0.1 % formic acid)) to afford the title compound (0.0768 g, 59%) as a white solid. LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 443.3. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ ppm 8.05 (d, J=2.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.13 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1 H), 6.81 (d, J=7.2 Hz, 1 H), 3.17 - 3.27 (m, 1 H), 2.82 (br. s., 2 H), 2.48 - 2.67 (m, 3 H), 1 .90 (d, J=11 .3 Hz, 2 H), 1 .72 (d, J=12.3 Hz, 2 H), 1.55 (d, J=11.9 Hz, 1 H), 1.23 - 1 .42 (m, 6 H), 0.99 - 1.22 (m, 3 H), 0.82 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 6 H). Example 85

(R)-ethyl 3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-((4-(trifluoromethyl)-1-((2-(trimet hylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)- 1 H-imidazol-2-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

Step A

A mixture of (R)-ethyl 3-(3-amino-4-(diisobutylamino)phenyl)butanoate (0.073 g, 0.219 mmol), 2-bromo-4-(trifluoromethyl)-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-imidazole (0.0757 g, 0.219 mmol), Pd 2 dba 3 (0.040 g, 0.044 mmol), cesium carbonate (0.357 g, 1 .096 mmol), and Xantphos (0.051 g, 0.088 mmol) was flushed with nitrogen and then stirred in toluene (3.13 ml) and heated at 100 °C for 6h, then filtered through celite, evaporated, and purified by silica gel chromatography (0-30% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford (R)-ethyl 3-(4- (diisobutylamino)-3-((4-(trifluoromethyl)-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-imidazol-2- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (106.2 mg, 81 %). LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 599.6.

Step B

(R)-3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-((4-(trifluoromethyl)-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H- imidazol-2-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

((R)-ethyl 3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-((4-(trifluoromethyl)-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)- 1 H-imidazol-2-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (0.106 g, 0.177 mmol) was subjected to basic hydrolysis as previously described and purified by reverse phase chromatography (10- 100% CH3CN/H2O (0.1 % formic acid)) to afford (R)-3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-((4- (trifluoromethyl)-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-imidazol-2- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid (0.045g, 45%). LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 571 .1 .

Step C

(R)-3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-((4-(trifluoromethyl)-1 H-imidazol-2-yl)am

acid

(R)-3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-((4-(trifluoromethyl)-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H- imidazol-2-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid (0.025g, 0.044 mmol) was stirred in 1 mL TFA for 2h, evaporated to dryness , neutralized with Et 3 N (1 ml_), evaporated and partitioned between 1 M citric acid and EtOAc. The organic phase was dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered, evaporated and purified by reverse phase chromatography (10-100% CH 3 CN/H 2 0 (0.1 % formic acid)) to afford the title compound (0.0175 g, 91 %) as a white solid. LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 441 .1. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ ppm 7.55 (d, J=2.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.20 (d, J=1 .4 Hz, 1 H), 7.14 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.80 (dd, J=8.2, 1.8 Hz, 1 H), 3.10 - 3.23 (m, 1 H), 2.42 - 2.64 (m, 6 H), 1.60 - 1.75 (m, 2 H), 1.26 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 3 H), 0.89 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 12 H).

Example 86

Step A

(R)-ethyl 3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-((5-(trifluoromethyl)-1-((2-(trimet hylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)- 1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3-yl)amino)phenyl)

A mixture of (R)-ethyl 3-(3-amino-4-(diisobutylamino)phenyl)butanoate (0.082 g, 0.244 mmol), 3-bromo-5-(trifluoromethyl)-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazole (0.0845 g, 0.244 mmol), Pd 2 dba 3 (0.045 g, 0.049 mmol), cesium carbonate (0.398 g, 1 .220 mmol), and Xantphos (0.056 g, 0.098 mmol) was flushed with nitrogen and then stirred in toluene (3.5 mL) and heated at 100 °C for 2.5h. The reaction mixture was filtered through celite, evaporated, and purified by silica gel chromatography (0-30%

EtOAc/hexanes) to afford (R)-ethyl 3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-((5-(trifluoromethyl)-1 -((2- (trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (75 mg, 51 %). LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 600.5.

Step B

(R)-3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-((5-(trifluoromethyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

(R)-ethyl 3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-((5-(trifluoromethyl)-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)- 1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (75 mg, 0.125 mmol) was treated with TFA and then subjected to base hydrolysis as previously described and purified by reverse phase chromatography (5-100% CH3CN/H2O (0.1 % formic acid)) to afford the title compound (0.0417 g, 76%) as a white solid. LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 442.3. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ ppm 7.91 (s, 1 H), 7.22 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.93 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1 H), 3.17 - 3.30 (m, 1 H), 2.48 - 2.72 (m, 6 H), 1 .68 (m, 2 H), 1 .32 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 3 H), 0.92 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 12 H). Example 87

(R)-3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-((5-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,3,4-thiadiazol-2- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

A mixture of (R)-ethyl 3-(3-amino-4-(diisobutylamino)phenyl)butanoate (210 mg, 0.628 mmol) and 0,0-di(pyridin-2-yl) carbonothioate (175 mg, 0.753 mmol) in Dichloromethane (DCM) (5.000 mL) was stirred at r.t for 1 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the crude product was used in the next step without further purification. Step B

(R)-ethyl 3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-((5-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,3,4-thiadiazol-2- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

Crude material from step A dissolved in Isopropanol (5.00 mL) was treated with hydrazine (0.024 mL, 0.753 mmol) and the mixture was stirred at r.t for 30 min. The reaction was concentrated, redissolved in Dichloromethane (DCM) (5.000 mL) and treated with TFAA (0.177 mL, 1 .256 mmol) dropwise at 0 oC and the mixture was stirred at r.t. for 16h. The reaction was concentrated and purified by prep. TLC (DCM/MeOH 5%) to give the cyclized thiadiazole.

Step C

(R)-3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-((5-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,3,4-thiadiazol-2-yl)amino)

phenyl)butanoic acid

The product from step B was dissolved in THF (6 mL) and methanol (1 mL) and treated with LiOH (1 N, 2 mL) and the mixture was stirred at r.t for 4h. The mixture was concentrated and purified by Gilson (reverse phase chromatography) to yield the carboxylic acid as a solid.

LCMS calculated for C21 H29F3N4O2S: 458.20, found (M+H) + : m/z = 459.71

Ή NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d 4 ) δ ppm 7.73 (s, 1 H) 7.27 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1 H) 7.08 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 1 H) 3.16 - 3.30 (m, 1 H) 2.71 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 4 H) 2.53 - 2.67 (m, 2 H) 1 .72 (dt, J=13.4, 6.7 Hz, 2 H) 1 .33 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 3 H) 0.91 (s, 12 H).

Example 88

Preparation of N-cyclohexyl-N-isobutyl-2-nitro-4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1 ,3,2-dioxa borolan- 2-yl)aniline

A mixture of 4-bromo-N-cyclohexyl-N-isobutyl-2-nitroaniline (5.0 g, 14.1 mmol), B 2 Pin 2 (3.94 g, 15.5 mmol), tetrakis (820 mg, 0.71 mmol) and KOAc (4.15 g, 42.3 mmol) in DMF (100 ml_) was stirred at 90°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (4.2 g, 75% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C 22 H 35 BN 2 0 4 : 402.27. Found: 403.46 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of 3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)picolinic acid

A mixture of N-cyclohexyl-N-isobutyl-2-nitro-4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1 ,3,2-dioxaboro lan-2- yl)aniline (1 .0 g, 2.5 mmol), methyl 3-bromopicolinate (594 mg, 2.75 mmol), tetrakis (144 mg, 0.125 mmol) and K 2 C0 3 (1 .04 g, 7.5 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) and H 2 0 (1 mL) was stirred at 90°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-100% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (900 mg, 91 % yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C 22 H 27 N 3 0 4 : 397.20. Found: 396.12 (M-1) " . Preparation of methyl 3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)picolinate

At 0°C, to a solution of 3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)picolinic acid (1 .1 g, 2.8 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) was added (COCI) 2 (0.5 mL, 5.6 mmol) and one drop of DMF. The reaction mixture was stirred at r.t. for 2 hr before the addition of MeOH (1 0 mL). After stirred at r.t. for 2 hr, the resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (1 .0 g, 88% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C23H29N3O4: 41 1 .22. Found: 412.35 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of methyl 3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)picolinate

A mixture of methyl 3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)picolinate (1 .0 g, 2.4 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (500 mg) in EtOAc (1 0 mL) was stirred at 50°C under H 2 atmosphere for 4 hr. The resulting mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-50% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (800 mg, 87% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C23H31 N3O2: 381 .24. Found: 382.05 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of methyl 3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-((3-(trifluoromethyl)- 1 ,2,4- thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)picolinate

A mixture of methyl 3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)picolinate (100 mg, 0.26 mmol) and 5-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazole (69 mg, 0.364 mmol) in DMF (2 ml_) was stirred at 90°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (70 mg, 50% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C26H30F3N5O2S: 533.21 . Found: 534.47 (M+1) + .

Preparation of 3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4- thiadiazol-5- yl)amino)phenyl)picolinic acid

To a solution of methyl 3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4- thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)picolinate (70 mg, 0.13 mmol) in MeOH (1 ml_) was added 1 N NaOH aq. (0.65 ml_). After stirred at 60°C for 4 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (13 mg, 19% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, MeOD) δ 8.59 (dd, J = 4.8, 1 .3 Hz, 1 H), 8.01 (dd, J = 7.9, 1 .4 Hz, 1 H), 7.86 (d, J = 1 .8 Hz, 1 H), 7.66 (dd, J = 7.9, 4.9 Hz, 1 H), 7.40 (d, J = 8.3 Hz, 1 H), 7.25 (dd, J = 8.2, 2.0 Hz, 1 H), 2.93 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 2H), 2.78 - 2.66 (m, 1 H), 1 .98 - 1 .87 (m, 2H), 1 .83 - 1 .70 (m, 2H), 1 .59 - 1 .

5H), 1 .23 - 1 .07 (m, 3H), 0.88 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). . LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for

C25H28F3N5O2S: 519.19. Found: 520.21 (M+1 ) + .

Example 89

To a solution of 4'-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3'-nitro-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-2-carboxylic acid (150 mg, 0.378 mmol) in t-BuOAc (4 mL) was added HCIO 4 (70%, 190 mg, 1 .89 mmol). After stirred at r.t. for 20 min, the resulting mixture was quenched with sat. NaHC0 3 aq. solution and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-5% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (128 mg, 75% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C27H36N2O4: 452.27. Found: 453.23 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of tert-butyl 3'-amino-4'-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]- 2- carboxylate

A mixture of tert-butyl 4'-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3'-nitro-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-2-car boxylate (1 .0 g, 2.2 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (300 mg) in EtOAc (10 mL) was stirred at 50°C under H 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (900 mg, 96% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C27H38N2O2: 422.29. Found: 423.37 (M+1) + .

Preparation of tert-butyl 3'-((3-bromo-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4'-(cyclohexyl

(isobutyl)amino)-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-2-carbox late

A mixture of tert-butyl 3'-amino-4'-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-2-car boxylate (500 mg, 1 .18 mmol) and 3-bromo-5-chloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazole (353 mg, 1 .77 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) was stirred at 90°C under N 2 atmosphere for 5 hr. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (370 mg, 54% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C 29 H 37 BrN 4 0 2 S: 584.18. Found: 585.58/587.48 (M/M+2) + . Preparation of tert-butyl 3'-((3-cyano-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4'-(cyclohexyl

(isobutyl)amino)-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-2-carboxylate

A mixture of tert-butyl 3'-((3-bromo-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4'-(cyclohexyl(iso butyl)amino)-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-2-carboxylate (340 mg, 0.58 mmol), Zn(CN) 2 (682 mg, 5.81 mmol), Pd 2 (dba) 3 (159 mg, 0.174 mmol) and Xantphos (202 mg, 0.349 mmol) in DMF (15 mL) was stirred at 80°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H2O. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (30 mg, 10% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C30H37N5O2S: 531 .27. Found: 532.17 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of 3'-((3-cyano-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4'-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)

[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-2-carboxylic acid

To a solution of tert-butyl 3'-((3-cyano-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4'-(cyclohexyl

(isobutyl)amino)-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-2-carboxylate (80 mg, 0.15 mmol) in DCM (20 mL) was added TFA (2 mL) and TfOH (0.2 mL). After stirred at r.t for 3 hr, the resulting mixture was concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (46 mg, 63% yield) as a white powder. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 9.62 (br, 2H), 7.95 (dd, J = 7.8, 1 .0 Hz, 1 H), 7.61 (td, J = 7.6, 1 .3 Hz, 1 H), 7.50 - 7.41 (m, 2H), 7.36 (d, J = 1 .6 Hz, 1 H), 7.30 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.10 (dd, J = 8.1 , 1.9 Hz, 1 H), 2.87 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 2H), 2.64 - 2.55 (m, 1 H), 1 .96 (m, 2H), 1.80 - 1 .74 (m, 2H), 1.63 - 1.46 (m, 2H), 1 .32 - 1 .13 (m, 5H), 0.86 (d, J 6H) LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C26H29N5O2S: 475.20. Found: 476.31 (M+1) + .

Example 90

Preparation of 4'-(diisobutylamino)- '-nitro-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-2-carboxylic acid

A mixture of 4-bromo-N,N-diisobutyl-2-nitroaniline (3.32 g, 10.0 mmol), 2-borono benzoic acid (2.0 g, 12.1 mmol), tetrakis (924 mg, 0.8 mmol) and K 2 C0 3 (2.76 g, 20.0 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) and H2O (2 mL) was stirred at 110°C under N 2 atmosphere for 3 hr. The resulting mixture was acidified with 1 N HCI to pH 5-6 and partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-50% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (3.5 g, 94% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C2iH 2 6N 2 04: 371 .25. Found: 372.07 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of methyl 4'-(diisobutylamino)-3'-nitro-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-2-carboxylate

At 0°C, to a solution of 4'-(diisobutylamino)-3'-nitro-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-2-carboxylic acid (4.0 g, 10.8 mmol) in DCM (40 mL) was added (COCI) 2 (3.5 g, 27.5 mmol) and one drop of DMF. The reaction mixture was stirred at r.t. for 2 hr before the addition of MeOH (10 mL). After stirred at r.t. for 2 hr, the resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (4.0 g, 96% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C 22 H 28 N 2 0 4 : 384.20. Found: 385.80 (M+1 ) + . Preparation of methyl 3'-amino-4'-(d '-biphenyl]-2-carboxy late

A mixture of methyl 4'-(diisobutylamino)-3'-nitro-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-2-carboxylate (1 .68 g, 4.35 mmol), Zn (2.85 g, 43.6 mmol) and NH 4 CI (4.7 g, 88 mmol) in EtOH (20 mL) and H 2 0 (5 mL) was stirred at 50°C for 3 hr. The resulting mixture was filtered and the filrated was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (750 mg, 48% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C 22 H 30 N 2 O 2 : 354.23. Found: 355.50 (M+1) + . Preparation of methyl 4'-(diisobutylamino)-3'-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadia zol-5- yl)amino)-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-2-carboxylate

A mixture of methyl 3'-amino-4'-(diisobutylamino)-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-2-carboxylate (100 mg, 0.28 mmol) and 5-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazole (65 mg, 0.34 mmol) in DMF (5 ml_) was stirred at 90°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (60 mg, 42% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C25H29F3N4O2S: 506.20. Found: 507.36 (M+1) + .

Preparation of 4'-(diisobutylamino)-3'-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl) amino)- [1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-2-carboxylic acid

To a solution of methyl 4'-(diisobutylamino)-3'-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadia zol-5- yl)amino)-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-2-carboxylate (60 mg, 0.118 mmol) in MeOH (5 ml_) was added 1 N NaOH aq. (2 ml_). After stirred at 60°C for 5 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (19.5 mg, 34% yield) as a white powder. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 9.54 (s, 1 H), 7.95 (dd, J = 7.8, 0.9 Hz, 1 H), 7.60 (td, J = 7.6, 1 .3 Hz, 1 H), 7.50 - 7.40 (m, 3H), 7.30 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.11 (dd, J = 8.1 , 1.9 Hz, 1 H), 2.67 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 4H), 1.80 - 1.72 (m, 2H), 0.92 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 12H). . LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C24H27F3N4O2S: 492.18. Found: 493.13 (M+1) + . Example 91

Preparation of methyl 3'-((3-bromo-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4'-(cyclohexyl

(isobutyl)amino)-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-2-carbox late

A mixture of methyl 3'-amino-4'-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-2-car boxylate (700 mg, 1.84 mmol) and 3-bromo-5-chloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazole (441 mg, 2.21 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) was stirred at 90°C under N 2 atmosphere for 5 hr. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (550 mg, 55% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C 26 H 3 iBrN 4 0 2 S: 543.52. Found: 544.67/546.19 (M/M+2) + .

Preparation of methyl 3'-((3-cyano-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4'-(cyclohexyl

(isobutyl)amino)-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-2-carboxylate

A mixture of methyl 3'-((3-bromo-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4'-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl) amino)-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-2-carboxylate (330 mg, 0.607 mmol), Zn(CN) 2 (713 mg, 6.07 mmol), Pd 2 (dba) 3 (167 mg, 0.182 mmol) and Xantphos (211 mg, 0.364 mmol) in DMF (15 mL) was stirred at 80°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S04, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash

chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (80 mg, 27% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C 27 H 3 iN 5 0 2 S: 489.22. Found: 490.63 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of 3'-((3-carbamoyl-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4'-(cyclohexyl(iso

butyl)amino)-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-2-carboxylic acid

To a solution of methyl 3'-((3-cyano-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4'-(cyclohexyl

(isobutyl)amino)-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-2-carboxylate (80 mg, 0.163 mmol) in MeOH (3 mL) was added 1 N NaOH aq. (0.5 ml_). After stirred at 50°C for 6 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (5 mg, 6.2% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 9.06 (s, 1 H), 8.18 (s, 1 H), 7.71 (d, J = 7.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.55 - 7.47 (m, 2H), 7.43 - 7.34 (m, 2H), 7.32 - 7.27 (m, 2H), 6.33 (s, 1 H), 2.92 - 2.77 (m, 2H), 2.68 - 2.60 (m, 1 H), 1 .91 - 1.84 (m, 2H), 1.79 - 1 .73 (m, 2H), 1 .59 - 1.50 (m, 2H), 1.32 - 1 .20 (m, 5H), 0.86 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). . LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C26H31N5O3S: 493.21. Found: 492.13 (M-1) " .

Example 92

A mixture of 4-bromo-1 -fluoro-2-nitrobenzene (5.4 g, 24.5 mmol), tert-butyl 4-

(isobutylamino)piperidine-l -carboxylate (12.6 g, 49.2 mmol) and DIPEA (9.7 g, 75.0 mmol) in NMP (60 ml_) was stirred at 140°C overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was triturated with PE to afford the title compound (4.14 g, 38% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C2oH 3 oBrN30 4 : 455.14. Found: 456.14/458.23 (M/M+2) + . Preparation of 4'-((1 -(tert-butoxycarbonyl)piperidin-4-yl)(isobutyl)amino)-3'- nitro-[1 ,1 '- biphenyl]-2-carboxylic acid

A mixture of tert-butyl 4-((4-bromo-2-nitrophenyl)(isobutyl)amino)piperidine-1 -carboxy late (4.2 g, 9.2 mmol), 2-borono benzoic acid (8.4 g, 50.6 mmol), tetrakis (1 .06 g, 0.92 mmol) and Na 2 C0 3 (5.4 g, 50.9 mmol) in dioxane (50 mL) and H 2 0 (12 mL) was stirred at 90°C under N 2 atmosphere for 6 hr. The resulting mixture was acidified with 1 N HCI to pH 5-6 and partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-2% MeOH in DCM) to afford the title compound (4.2 g, 80% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C^HssNsOe: 497.25. Found: 498.27 (M+1) + .

Preparation of methyl 4'-(isobutyl(piperidin-4-yl)amino)-3'-nitro-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl] -2- carboxylate

At 0°C, to a solution of 4'-((1 -(tert-butoxycarbonyl)piperidin-4-yl)(isobutyl)amino)-3'- nitro- [1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-2-carboxylic acid (4.2 g, 8.45 mmol) in DCM (40 mL) was added (COCI) 2 (3.2 g, 25.1 mmol) and one drop of DMF. The reaction mixture was stirred at r.t. for 2 hr before the addition of MeOH (10 mL). After stirred at r.t. for 2 hr, the resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-5% MeOH in DCM) to afford the title compound (1 .2 g, 35% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C^H^NsO,: 41 1 .22. Found: 412.25 (M+1 ) + . Preparation of tert-butyl 4-(isobutyl(2'-(methoxycarbonyl)-3-nitro-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl] -4- yl)amino)piperidine-1 -carboxylate

To a solution of methyl 4'-(isobutyl(piperidin-4-yl)amino)-3'-nitro-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl] -2-car boxylate (250 mg, 0.61 mmol) and TEA (123 mg, 1 .22 mmol) in DCM was added Boc 2 0 (146 mg, 0.67 mmol). After stirred at r.t. for 1 hr, the resulting mixture was partitioned between DCM and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (300 mg, 97% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C28H37N3O6: 51 1 .27. Found: 512.65 (M+1) + .

Preparation of tert-butyl 4-((3-amino-2'-(methoxycarbonyl)-[1 ,1 '-biph

(isobutyl)amino)piperidine-1 -carboxylate

A mixture of tert-butyl 4-(isobutyl(2'-(methoxycarbonyl)-3-nitro-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl] -4-yl) amino)piperidine-1 -carboxylate (300 mg, 0.59 mmol), Zn (383 mg, 5.86 mmol) and NH 4 CI (631 mg, 11 .8 mmol) in EtOH (10 mL) and H 2 0 (2 mL) was stirred at 50°C for 3 hr. The resulting mixture was filtered and the filrated was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20%

EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (277 mg, 98% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C 28 H39N 3 04: 481 .29. Found: 482.50 (M+1) + . Preparation of methyl 4'-(isobutyl(1 -(3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl) piperidin-4- yl)amino)-3'-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-2-carboxylate

A mixture of tert-butyl 4-((3-amino-2'-(methoxycarbonyl)-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-4-yl)(isobutyl) amino)piperidine-1 -carboxylate (270 mg, 0.56 mmol) and 5-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)- 1 ,2,4-thiadiazole (264 mg, 1 .40 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was stirred at 90°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (80 mg, 25% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C29H29F6N7O2S2: 685.17. Found: 686.18 (M+1) + .

Preparation of 4'-(isobutyl(1 -(3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)piperidin- 4-yl) 3'-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-2-carboxylic acid

To a solution of methyl 4'-(isobutyl(1 -(3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl) piperidin-4- yl)amino)-3'-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-2-carboxylate (65 mg, 0.095 mmol) in MeOH (4 mL) was added 1 N NaOH aq. (1 mL). After stirred at 50°C for 2 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (34 mg, 53% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ 7.95 (d, J = 1 .7 Hz, 1 H), 7.85 - 7.79 (m, 1 H), 7.62 - 7.54 (m, 1 H), 7.47 - 7.42 (m, 3H), 7.20 (dd, J = 8.2, 2.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.00 - 3.95 (m, 2H), 3.12 - 2.99 (m, 3H), 2.94 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 2H), 2.16 - 1 .92 (m, 2H), 1 .92 - 1 .65 (m, 2H), 1 .57 - 1 .44 (m, 1 H), 0.88 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). . LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C28H27F6N7O2S2: 671 .26. Found: 672.68 (M+1) + .

Example 93

(R)-3-(4-(((cis)-4-bromocyclohexyl)(isobutyl)amino)-3-((5-(t rifluoromethyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4- triazol-3-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

BBr 3 (1 M in CH 2 CI 2 ) (0.83 ml_, 0.834 mmol) was added dropwise to a solution of

(R)-methyl 3-(4-(isobutyl((trans)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)-3-((5-(tri fluoromethyl)-1 -((2- (trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (0.107 g, 0.167 mmol) in CH 2 CI 2 (1 .67 ml) at 0 °C. After 1 h, saturated aqueous NaHC0 3 was added and the solution was extracted with CH 2 CI 2 . The organic phase was concentrated and subjected to base hydrolysis as previously described. Purification by reverse phase chromatography (10-100% CH3CN/H2O (0.1 % formic acid)) afforded the title compound (0.0184 g, 20%) as a white solid. LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 546.3, 548.3. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ ppm 7.95 (d, J=2.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.21 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.90 (dd, J=8.2, 2.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.56 (br. s., 1 H), 3.17 - 3.25 (m, 1 H), 2.88 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 2 H), 2.46 - 2.69 (m, 3 H), 1 .85 - 2.09 (m, 4 H), 1 .69 - 1 .82 (m, 4 H), 1 .33 - 1 .45 (m, 1 H), 1 .29 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 3 H), 0.85 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 6 H). Example 94

Preparation of 5-((4-bromo-2-nitrophenyl)(isobutyl)amino)pentan-1 -ol

A mixture of 4-bromo-1 -fluoro-2-nitrobenzene (7.0 g, 31 .8 mmol), 5-(isobutylamino) pentan-1 -ol (14 g, 88.1 mmol) and DIPEA (31 mL, 176 mmol) in NMP (100 mL) was stirred at 125°C for 6 hr. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (10.6 g, 67% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for CishfeaBrlSfeOa: 358.09. Found: 359.24/361 .22 (M/M+2) + .

Preparation of ethyl (E)-3-(4-((5-hydroxypentyl)(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl) but-2- enoate

A mixture of 5-((4-bromo-2-nitrophenyl)(isobutyl)amino)pentan-1 -ol (3.0 g, 8.35 mmol), methyl (E)-but-2-enoate (1 .67 g, 16.7 mmol), TBAB (538 mg, 1 .67 mmol), Pd(o-MePh 3 P) 4 (330 mg, 0.42 mmol) and TEA (2.3 mL, 16.7 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) was stirred at 110°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (1 .75 g, 53% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C21 H32N2O5: 392.23. Found: 393.57 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of ethyl (E)-3-(4-((5-((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)pentyl)(isobutyl) amino)-3- nitrophenyl)but-2-enoate

To a solution of ethyl (E)-3-(4-((5-hydroxypentyl)(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)bu t-2- enoate (2.17 g, 5.54 mmol) and 2,6-lutidine (1 .48 g, 13.84 mmol) in DCM (25 ml.) was added TBSOTf (2.19 g, 8.31 mmol). After stirred at r.t. for 5 hr, the resulting mixture was partitioned between DCM and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (1 .8 g, 64% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C27H46N2O5S1: 506.32. Found: 507.75 (M+1) + .

Preparation of ethyl (R)-3-(4-((5-((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)pentyl)(isobutyl) amino)-3- nitrophenyl)butanoate

At -5°C, to a mixture of (CuHPh 3 P) 6 (54 mg, 0.027 mmol) and (R,S)-PPF-P(tBu) 2 (54 mg, 0.099 mmol) in toluene (20 ml.) was added PMHS (0.8 ml.) and t-BuOH (0.4 ml.) before the introduction of ethyl (E)-3-(4-((5-((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)pentyl)(iso butyl)amino)-3- nitrophenyl)but-2-enoate (1 .8 g, 3.55 mmol). After stirred at -5°C for 4 hr, the resulting mixture was quenched with sat. NaHC0 3 aq. solution and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (1 .5 g, 83% yield) as a yellow oil. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C27H48N2O5S1: 508.33. Found: 509.29 (M+1) + .

Preparation of ethyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-((5-((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)pentyl)

(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of ethyl (R)-3-(4-((5-((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)pentyl)(isobutyl) amino)-3- nitrophenyl)butanoate (1 .5 g, 2.95 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (750 mg) in EtOAc (20 mL) was stirred at 50°C under H2 for 5 hr. The resulting mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (1 .22 g, 86% yield) as a yellow oil. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C27H50N2O3S1: 478.36. Found: 479.91 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of ethyl (R)-3-(4-((5-((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)pentyl)(isobutyl) amino)-3-((3- (trifluoromethyl)-l ,2,4-thiadiazol- -yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of ethyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-((5-((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)pentyl)(i sobutyl) amino)phenyl)butanoate (1 .22 g, 2.55 mmol) and 5-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4- thiadiazole (720 mg, 3.83 mmol) in MeCN (10 mL) was stirred at 90°C under N 2 atmosphere for 72 hr. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (650 mg, 40% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for

C30H49F3N4O3SS1: 630.32. Found: 631 .66 (M+1) + .

Preparation of ethyl (R)-3-(4-((5-hydroxypentyl)(isobutyl)amino)-3-((3-(tri fluoromethyl)- 1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl butanoate

To a solution of ethyl (R)-3-(4-((5-((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)pentyl)(isobutyl) amino)-3- ((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (650 mg, 1 .03 mmol) in THF (10 mL) was added TBAF (1 N in THF, 1 .55 ml_). After stirred at r.t. for 48 hr, the resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (490 mg, 92% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C24H35F3N4O3S: 516.24. Found: 517.26 (M+1) + . Preparation of ethyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(5-((methylsulfonyl)oxy)pentyl)amino)- 3-((3- (trifluoromethyl)-l ,2,4-thiadiazo -5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

At 0°C, to a solution of ethyl (R)-3-(4-((5-hydroxypentyl)(isobutyl)amino)-3-((3-(tri fluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (810 mg, 1 .57 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) was added TEA (0.26 mL, 1 .88 mmol) and MsCI (216 mg, 1 .88 mmol). After stirred at r.t. overnight, the resulting mixture was partitioned between DCM and H2O. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (780 mg, 83% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for

C25H37F3N4O5S2: 594.22. Found: 595.47 (M+1) + . Preparation of ethyl (R)-3-(4-((5-azidopentyl)(isobutyl)amino)-3-((3-(trifluoro methyl)-1 ,2,4- thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of ethyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(5-((methylsulfonyl)oxy)pentyl)amino)-3-(( 3-(tri fluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (780 mg, 1 .31 mmol) and NaN 3 (256 mg, 3.93 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) was stirred at 80°C for 4 hr. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (640 mg, 90% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C24H34F3N7O2S: 541 .24. Found: 542.52 (M+1) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(4-((5-azidopentyl)(isobutyl)amino)-3-((3-(trifluorome thyl)- 1 ,2,4- thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of ethyl (R)-3-(4-((5-azidopentyl)(isobutyl)amino)-3-((3-(trifluoro methyl)- 1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (30 mg, 0.055 mmol) in MeOH (2 mL) was added 4N NaOH aq. (0.2 mL). After stirred at r.t for 4hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (17.7 mg, 63% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 9.40 (s, 1 H), 7.27 (d, J = 1 .4 Hz, 1 H), 7.13 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.94 (dd, J = 8.0, 1 .6 Hz, 1 H), 3.30 - 3.24 (m, 1 H), 3.16 - 3.11 (m, 2H), 2.80 - 2.71 (m, 2H), 2.64 - 2.56 (m, 3H), 1.48 - 1.26 (m, 11 H), 0.83 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). . LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C22H30F3N7O2S: 513.21. Found: 514.49 (M+1) + .

Example 95

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(1-(3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5- yl)piperidin-4-yl)amino)-3-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of tert-butyl (R)-4-((2-amino-4-(4-methoxy-4-oxobutan-2-yl)phenyl)(isobuty l) amino)piperidine-1 -carboxylate (180 mg, 0.40 mmol) and 5-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)- 1 ,2,4-thiadiazole (150 mg, 0.80 mmol) in MeCN (2 mL) was stirred at 90°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (70 mg, 27% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C26H31 F6N7O2S2: 651 .19. Found: 650.46 (M-1) " . Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(1 -(3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)pi peridin-4- yl)amino)-3-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol- -yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(1 -(3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5- yl)piperidin-4-yl)amino)-3-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (70 mg, 0.11 mmol) in MeOH (3 mL) was added 4N NaOH aq. (0.5 mL). After stirred at r.t for 6 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0- 100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (51 mg, 75% yield) as a white powder. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 9.34 (s, 1 H), 7.30 (d, J = 1 .5 Hz, 1 H), 7.22 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.02 (dd, J = 8.2, 1 .8 Hz, 1 H), 4.07 - 3.83 (m, 2H), 3.39 - 3.31 (m, 1 H), 3.19 - 3.05 (m, 2H), 2.94 - 2.78 (m, 3H), 2.74 - 2.60 (m, 2H), 2.05 - 1 .95 (m, 2H), 1 .71 - 1 .62 (m, 2H), 1 .46 - 1 .36 (m, 4H), 0.86 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C25H29F6N7O2S2: 637.17. Found: 638.80 (M+1) + . Example 96

Preparation of (R)-4-bromo-N-isobutyl-N-(2-methoxypropyl)-2-nitroaniline

A mixture of 4-bromo-1 -fluoro-2-nitrobenzene (1 .0 g, 4.55 mmol), (R)-N-isobutyl-2- methoxypropan-1 -amine (989 mg, 6.81 mmol) and DIPEA (2.4 ml_, 13.6 mmol) in NMP (10 ml_) was stirred at 120°C for 6 hr. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (717 mg, 46% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for CuhfeiBrlSfeOa: 344.07. Found: 345.27/347.33 (M/M+2) + .

Preparation of methyl (R,E)-3-(4-(isobutyl(2-methoxypropyl)amino)-3-nitro phenyl)but-2- enoate

A mixture of (R)-4-bromo-N-isobutyl-N-(2-methoxypropyl)-2-nitroaniline (2.15 g, 6.2 mmol), methyl (E)-but-2-enoate (1 .25 g, 12.5 mmol), TBAB (400 mg, 1 .24 mmol), Pd(o-MePh 3 P) 4 (244 mg, 0.31 mmol) and TEA (1 .7 ml_, 12.5 mmol) in DMF (15 mL) was stirred at 100°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (1 .15 g, 51 % yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C19H28N2O5: 364.20. Found: 365.30 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl((R)-2-methoxypropyl)amino)-3-nitro

phenyl)butanoate

At -5°C, to a mixture of (CuHPh 3 P) 6 (186 mg, 0.1 mmol) and (R,S)-PPF-P(tBu) 2 (21 mg, 0.038 mmol) in toluene (10 mL) was added PMHS (164 mg) and t-BuOH (112 mg) before the introduction of methyl (R,E)-3-(4-(isobutyl(2-methoxypropyl)amino)-3-nitro phenyl)but- 2-enoate (500 mg, 1 .37 mmol). After stirred at -5°C for 24 hr, the resulting mixture was quenched with sat. NaHC0 3 aq. solution and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (460 mg, 92% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C19H30N2O5: 366.22.

Found: 367.53 (M+1) + . Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl((R)-2-methoxypropyl)amino)

phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl((R)-2-methoxypropyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl) butanoate (460 mg, 1 .25 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (200 mg) in EtOAc (30 mL) was stirred at r.t. under H 2 for 2 hr. The resulting mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (320 mg, 76% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C19H32N2O3: 336.24. Found: 337.50 (M+1) + .

Preparation of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl((R)-2-methoxypropyl)amino)-3-((3-(tri fluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl amino)phenyl butanoate

A mixture of methyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl((R)-2-methoxypropyl)amino)phenyl) butanoate (100 mg, 0.30 mmol) and 5-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazole (113 mg, 0.60 mmol) in MeCN (3 mL) was stirred at 90°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (80 mg, 55% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C22H31 F3N4O3S: 488.21 . Found: 489.55 (M+1) + . Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl((R)-2-methoxypropyl)amino)-3-((3-(trifluo ro methyl)-1 ,2,4- thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl((R)-2-methoxypropyl)amino)-3-((3-(tri fluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (80 mg, 0.16 mmol) in MeOH (5 ml_) was added 1 N NaOH aq. (1 ml_). After stirred at r.t for overnight, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (48 mg, 62% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 10.71 (s, 1 H), 9.36 (br, 1 H), 7.82 (s, 1 H), 7.14 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.92 (dd, J = 8.2, 1.9 Hz, 1 H), 3.66 - 3.50 (m, 4H), 3.31 (dd, J = 14.6, 7.2 Hz, 1 H), 3.16 (dd, J = 12.6, 4.3 Hz, 1 H), 2.77 - 2.50 (m, 5H), 1.59 - 1 .52 (m, 1 H), 1 .36 (d, J = 7.0 Hz, 3H), 1 .08 (d, J = 6.2 Hz, 3H), 0.85 (dd, J = 6.6, 1.7 Hz, 6H) LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C21 H29F3N4O3S: 474.19. Found: 475.51 (M+1) + .

Example 97

4'-((2-(tert-butoxycarbonyl)-2-azaspiro[3.3]heptan-6-yl)(iso butyl)amino)-3'-((3- (trifluoromethyl)-l ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-2-carboxylic acid

Step A

tert-butyl 6-(isobutylamino)-2-azaspiro[3.3]heptane-2-carboxylate

tert-Butyl 6-amino-2-azaspiro[3.3]heptane-2-carboxylate (200 mg, 0.942 mmol) and isobutyraldehyde (0.086 ml_, 0.942 mmol) in ethanol (5 ml_) were stirred at room temperature for 1 hour. The vessel as filled with nitrogen before 10% palladium on carbon (20 mg, 0.019 mmol) was added. The vessel was evacuated and filled with hydrogen. The mixture was hydrogenated at 60 psi overnight. The mixture was quenched with a stream of nitrogen for 5 minutes and then filtered over celite. The filtrate was

concentrated to give tert-butyl 6-(isobutylamino)-2-azaspiro[3.3]heptane-2-carboxylate (257 mg, 0.938 mmol, 100 % yield) as an oil. LCMS (ESI) m/z calculated for C15H28N2O2: Ή NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ ppm 3.91 (s, 2 H), 3.82 (s, 2 H), 3.04 - 3.19 (m, 1 H), 2.37 - 2.53 (m, 2 H), 2.30 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 2 H), 1 .79 - 1 .89 (m, 2 H), 1 .61 - 1 .73 (m, 1 H), 1 .43 (s, 9 H), 0.89 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 6 H).

Step B

tert-butyl 6-((4-bromo-2-nitrophenyl)(isobutyl)amino)-2-azaspiro[3.3]he ptane-2-carboxylate

A mixture of 4-bromo-1 -fluoro-2-nitrobenzene (0.118 ml_, 0.958 mmol), potassium carbonate (529 mg, 3.83 mmol), and tert-butyl 6-(isobutylamino)-2-azaspiro[3.3]heptane- 2-carboxylate (257 mg, 0.958 mmol) in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) (2 ml_) was heated at 100 °C for 6 hours. The mixture was cooled to room temperature, quenched with water, and extracted 3 times with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase medium pressure chromatography (10% to 100% acetonitrile / water / 0.1 % formic acid). Fractions were concentrated to give tert-butyl 6-((4-bromo-2- nitrophenyl)(isobutyl)amino)-2-azaspiro[3.3]heptane-2-carbox ylate (161 mg, 0.344 mmol, 35.9 % yield, 68% purity) as an orange liquid. LCMS (ESI) m/z calculated for

C2iH 3 oBrN 3 04: 467.1 , 469.1 . Found: 468.4, 470.3 (M+H) + .

Step C

tert-butyl 6-((2'-(ethoxycarbonyl)-3-nitro-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-4-yl)(isobutyl)amino)-2- azaspiro[3.3]heptane-2-carboxyla

A solution of potassium carbonate (191 mg, 1 .38 mmol) in water (0.75 mL) was added to a solution of tert-butyl 6-((4-bromo-2-nitrophenyl)(isobutyl)amino)-2-azaspiro[3.3]he ptane-2- carboxylate (162 mg, 0.346 mmol) and (2-(ethoxycarbonyl)phenyl)boronic acid (114 mg, 0.588 mmol) in Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide (DMF) (3 mL). The mixture was subject to a stream of nitrogen for 5 minutes before tetrakis (40.0 mg, 0.035 mmol) was added. The reaction vessel was immediately placed into a pre-heated 110 °C heating block. The mixture was heated for 2 hours, cooled to room temperature, and solids filtered off. The filtrate was diluted with brine and extracted 2 times with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated. The residue was purified by silica chromatography eluting with a gradient of 0% to 30% ethyl acetate in hexanes. Fractions were concentrated to give tert-butyl 6-((2'-(ethoxycarbonyl)-3-nitro-[1 ,1 '- biphenyl]-4-yl)(isobutyl)amino)-2-azaspiro[3.3]heptane-2-car boxylate (120 mg, 0.223 mmol, 64.5 % yield) as an orange oil. LCMS (ESI) m/z calculated for C30H39N3O6: 537.3 Found: 538.5 (M+H) + . Step D

tert-butyl 6-((3-amino-2'-(ethoxycarbonyl)-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-4-yl)(isobutyl)amino)-2- azaspiro[3.3]heptane-2-carboxylate

A mixture of tert-butyl 6-((2'-(ethoxycarbonyl)-3-nitro-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-4-yl)(isobutyl)amino)- 2-azaspiro[3.3]heptane-2-carboxylate (120 mg, 0.223 mmol) and ammonium chloride (239 mg, 4.46 mmol) in ethanol (3 mL) and water (1 mL) was cooled to 0 °C before zinc (146 mg, 2.23 mmol) was added in 1 portion. The mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 5 minutes and then allowed to warm to room temperature and stirred for 3 hours. The mixture was diluted with water and ethyl acetate and the excess zinc filtered off over cotton. The filtrate was extracted 3 times with ethyl acetate, washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated. The product was purified by reverse phase medium pressure chromatography (10% to 100% acetonitrile / water / 0.1 % formic acid). Fractions were concentrated to give tert-butyl 6-((3-amino-2'-(ethoxycarbonyl)-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-4- yl)(isobutyl)amino)-2-azaspiro[3.3]heptane-2-carboxylate (84 mg, 0.165 mmol, 74 % yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calculated for C30H41 N3O4: 507.3. Found: 508.5 (M+H) + .

Step E

tert-butyl 6-((2'-(ethoxycarbonyl)-3-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-[1 ,1 '- biphenyl]-4-yl)(isobutyl)amino)-2-azas iro[3.3]heptane-2-carboxylate

tert-Butyl 6-((3-amino-2'-(ethoxycarbonyl)-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-4-yl)(isobutyl)amino)-2- azaspiro[3.3]heptane-2-carboxylate (42 mg, 0.083 mmol) and 3-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)- 1 ,2,4-thiadiazole (23 mg, 0.122 mmol) in Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide (DMF) (0.5 mL) were heated at 90 °C for 3 hours. The mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature, quenched with brine, and extracted 3 times with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated. The residue was purified by silica chromatography eluting with a gradient of 0% to 50% ethyl acetate in dichloromethane. Fractions were concentrated to give tert-butyl 6-((2'-(ethoxycarbonyl)-3- ((5-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-3-yl)amino)-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-4-yl)(isobutyl)amino)-2- azaspiro[3.3]heptane-2-carboxylate (12 mg, 0.015 mmol, 18.25 % yield, 83% purity). LCMS (ESI) m/z calculated for C33H40F3N5O4S: 659.3. Found: 660.4 (M+H) + .

Step F

4'-((2-(tert-butoxycarbonyl)-2-azaspiro[3.3]heptan-6-yl)(iso butyl)amino)-3'-((3- (trifluoromethyl)-l ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl ,1 '-biphenyl]-2-carboxylic acid

tert-Butyl 6-((2'-(ethoxycarbonyl)-3-((5-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-3-yl)amino)-[1 ,1 '- biphenyl]-4-yl)(isobutyl)amino)-2-azaspiro[3.3]heptane-2-car boxylate (12 mg, 0.018 mmol) was dissolved in methanol (0.16 ml_) and tetrahydrofuran (THF) (0.16 ml_) before 1 M lithium hydroxide (0.364 ml_, 0.364 mmol) was added. The mixture was heated at 60 °C for 3 hours. LC-MS showed no reaction. The solvents were removed and the residue slurried in 1 ,4-dioxane (0.400 ml_). Additional 1 M lithium hydroxide (0.364 ml_, 0.364 mmol) was added and the mixture heated at 80 °C overnight. The mixture was quenched with 1 M citric acid and extracted 3 times with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were washed with brine and concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase medium pressure chromatography (10% to 100% acetonitrile / water / 0.1 % formic acid). Fractions were concentrated and the residue dried to give 4'-((2-(tert-butoxycarbonyl)-2- azaspiro[3.3]heptan-6-yl)(isobutyl)amino)-3'-((5-(trifluorom ethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-3- yl)amino)-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-2-carboxylic acid (3.5 mg, 5.32 μηιοΙ, 29.2 % yield, 96 % purity). LCMS (ESI) m/z calculated for C31 H36F3N5O4S: 631 .2. Found: 632.4 (M+H) + . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d 4 ) δ ppm 8.00 (s, 1 H), 7.77 (d, J=7.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.51 - 7.57 (m, 1 H), 7.38 - 7.46 (m, 2 H), 7.27 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.10 - 7.16 (m, 1 H), 3.89 (br. s, 2 H), 3.72 (br. s, 2 H), 3.57 - 3.66 (m, 1 H), 2.71 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 2 H), 2.21 - 2.32 (m, 2 H), 1 .95 - 2.09 (m, 2 H), 1 .45 - 1 .58 (m, 1 H), 1 .38 (s, 9 H), 0.82 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 6 H). Example 98

(R)-3-(3-((3-chloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(spiro[3.3]heptan-2- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

Step A

N-(spiro[3.3]heptan-2-yl)isobutyramide

A solution of spiro[3.3]heptan-2-amine hydrochloride (.760 g, 5.15 mmol) in DCM (25.7 ml) was cooled to 0 °C and treated by the addition of TEA (1 .794 ml, 12.87 mmol), followed by the dropwise addition of isobutyryl chloride (0.593 ml, 5.66 mmol). The reaction was stirred at 0 °C for 1 hour, then for 1 hour at room temperature. The reaction was diluted with saturated NaHCCb and DCM. The combined organics were washed with 1 N HCI, brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered, and concentrated to give N-(spiro[3.3]heptan-2- yl)isobutyramide (.922 g, 5.09 mmol, 99 % yield) as a white solid. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ ppm 5.53 (br. s., 1 H) 4.11 - 4.32 (m, 1 H) 2.43 (t, J=8.33 Hz, 2 H) 2.21 - 2.33 (m, 1 H) 2.03 (t, J=6.41 Hz, 2 H) 1 .69 - 1 .96 (m, 6 H) 1 .07 - 1 .19 (m, 6 H).

Step B

N-isobutylspiro[3.3]heptan-2-amine

A solution of N-(spiro[3.3]heptan-2-yl)isobutyramide (.922 g, 5.09 mmol) in THF (21 .19 ml) was treated by the dropwise addition of LAH (10.17 ml, 10.17 mmol). The mixture was heated at 70 °C for 5 hours. The reaction was cooled to room temperature, then in an ice bath. The reaction was treated by the addition of .386 ml_ water, .386 ml_ of 15% NaOH, and 1 .158 mL water. The reaction was stirred at room temperature for 15 minutes, and then treated with MgS0 4 , stirred for an additional 15 minutes and filtered, rinsing with Et 2 0. The filtrate was concentrated to give N-isobutylspiro[3.3]heptan-2-amine (.719 g, 4.30 mmol, 85 % yield) as yellow oil. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ ppm 3.11 - 3.04 (m, 1 H) 2.25 - 2.35 (m, 3 H) 1 .76 - 2.04 (m, 7 H) 1 .56 - 1 .74 (m, 4 H) 0.86 - 0.96 (m, 6 H).

Step C

N-(4-bromo-2-nitrophenyl)-N-isobutylspiro[3.3]heptan-2-amine

A solution of 4-bromo-1 -fluoro-2-nitrobenzene (0.645 ml, 3.45 mmol), N- isobutylspiro[3.3]heptan-2-amine (0.549 g, 3.28 mmol), K 2 C0 3 (0.955 g, 6.91 mmol) in DMSO (17.27 ml) was heated at 80 °C overnight. The reaction was cooled to room temperature and diluted with EtOAc and water. The combined extracts were washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by silica gel chromatography (0-7% EtOAc/hexanes) to give a residue. The residue was purified by reverse phase chromatography (0-100% ACN/H 2 0 + formic acid) to give N-(4-bromo-2- nitrophenyl)-N-isobutylspiro[3.3]heptan-2-amine (0.551 g, 43.4% yield) as an orange oil. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ ppm 7.90 - 8.01 (m, 1 H) 7.39 - 7.49 (m, 1 H) 6.89 (d, J=8.97 Hz, 1 H) 3.68 - 3.84 (m, 1 H) 2.90 (d, J=7.23 Hz, 2 H) 2.14 - 2.29 (m, 2 H) 1 .96 - 2.06 (m, 2 H) 1 .69 - 1 .92 (m, 7 H) 0.80 (d, J=6.64 Hz, 6 H).

Step D

(E)-ethyl 3-(4-(isobutyl(spiro[3.3]heptan-2-yl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)bu t-2-enoate

A solution of N-(4-bromo-2-nitrophenyl)-N-isobutylspiro[3.3]heptan-2-amine (.405 g, 1 .103 mmol), (E)-ethyl but-2-enoate (0.274 ml, 2.205 mmol), PdCI 2 (dppf)-CH 2 Cl 2 adduct (0.018 g, 0.022 mmol), and K 2 C0 3 (0.457 g, 3.31 mmol) in DMF (3.68 ml) was purged with nitrogen and heated at 110 °C for 4 hours. The reaction was cooled to room temperature and diluted with EtOAc and water. The layers were separated and the aqueous was extracted with EtOAc. The combined organics were washed with 5% LiCI (3x), brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered, and concentrated onto silica gel. The residue was purified by silica gel chromatography (0-10% EtOAc/hexanes) to give a residue. The residue was taken up in EtOAc and washed with brine, dried Na 2 S0 4 , filtered, and concentrated onto silica gel. The residue was purified with (0-10% EtOAc/hexanes) to give (E)-ethyl 3-(4- (isobutyl(spiro[3.3]heptan-2-yl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)but-2-e noate (0.424 g, 96% yield) as a reddish/yellow oil. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ ppm 8.00 (s, 1 H) 7.53 (d, J=8.79 Hz, 1 H) 6.92 - 7.04 (m, 1 H) 6.15 (s, 1 H) 4.14 - 4.32 (m, 2 H) 3.85 (quin, J=7.74 Hz, 1 H) 2.92 - 3.04 (m, 2 H) 2.56 (s, 2 H) 2.21 - 2.31 (m, 2 H) 1 .98 - 2.09 (m, 2 H) 1 .75 - 1 .93 (m, 7 H) 1 .55 - 1 .65 (m, 1 H) 1 .32 (t, J=7.05 Hz, 3 H) 0.76 - 0.89 (m, 6 H). LCMS m/z calcd for C23H32N2O4: 400.24. Found: 401 .0 (M+H)+.

Step E

(R)-ethyl 3-(4-(isobutyl(spiro[3.3]heptan-2-yl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)bu tanoate

A solution of Stryker's reagent [(PPh 3 )CuH] 6 (0.046 g, 0.023 mmol) and (R, S)-PPF- P(tBu) 2 (4.59 mg, 8.47 μηιοΙ) was purged with nitrogen. Then toluene (0.945 ml) was added. The mixture was stirred at 0 °C. The mixture was then treated with

poly(methylhydrosiloxane) (0.074 ml) and tBuOH (0.061 ml, 0.640 mmol). The mixture was then treated with the dropwise addition of (E)-ethyl 3-(4-(isobutyl(spiro[3.3]heptan-2- yl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)but-2-enoate (.212 g, 0.529 mmol) in toluene (0.945 ml). The resulting mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 4 h, then allowed to stir overnight at room temperature. The reaction was quenched by the addition of saturated NaHC0 3 and stirred at room temperature for 1 hour. The mixture was extracted with EtOAc and the combined organics were washed with brine, dried Na 2 S0 4 , filtered, and concentrated. The residue was resubmitted to the reaction conditions above. The reaction was loaded onto silica gel and purified by reverse phase chromatography (10-95% ACN/H 2 0 + formic acid) to give (R)-ethyl 3-(4-(isobutyl(spiro[3.3]heptan-2-yl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)bu tanoate (.140 g, 0.348 mmol, 65.7 % yield). LCMS m/z calcd for C23H34N2O4: 402.25. Found: 403.4 (M+H)+. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ ppm 7.61 (s, 1 H) 7.21 - 7.32 (m, 1 H) 6.96 (d, J=8.61 Hz, 1 H) 4.09 (q, J=7.14 Hz, 2 H) 3.74 (quin, J=7.83 Hz, 1 H) 3.19 - 3.29 (m, 1 H) 2.86 (d, J=7.14 Hz, 2 H) 2.48 - 2.65 (m, 2 H) 2.16 - 2.28 (m, 2 H) 2.00 (t, J=6.68 Hz, 2 H) 1 .71 - 1 .92 (m, 7 H) 1 .12 - 1 .37 (m, 6 H) 0.73 - 0.86 (m, 6 H).

Step F

(R)-ethyl 3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(spiro[3.3]heptan-2-yl)amino)phenyl)bu tanoate

A solution of (R)-ethyl 3-(4-(isobutyl(spiro[3.3]heptan-2-yl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)bu tanoate (.100g, 0.248 mmol) in EtOAc (1 .242 ml) was purged with nitrogen. The reaction was then treated with Pd-C (10% Degussa) (0.026 g, 0.025 mmol) and placed under a hydrogen atmosphere (30 psi) for 5 hours. The reaction was filtered, and concentrated to give (R)-ethyl 3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(spiro[3.3]heptan-2-yl)amino)phenyl)bu tanoate (.099 g, 0.266 mmol, 107 % yield). LCMS m/z calcd for C23H36N2O2: 372.28. Found: 373.2 (M+H)+. Step G

(R)-ethyl 3-(3-((3-chloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(spiro[3.3]heptan-2- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A solution of (R)-ethyl 3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(spiro[3.3]heptan-2- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (.049 g, 0.132 mmol) in DMF (0.658 ml) was treated with 3,5- dichloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazole (0.015 ml, 0.158 mmol) and heated to 90 °C for 2 hours. The reaction was treated by additional 3, 5-dichloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazole (0.015 ml, 0.158 mmol) and heated an additional 2 hours. The reaction was cooled to room temperature and diluted with water and EtOAc. The combined extracts were washed with 5% LiCI (3x), brine, dried Na2S04, filtered, and concentrated to give (R)-ethyl 3-(3-((3-chloro-1 ,2,4- thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(spiro[3.3]heptan-2-yl)ami no)phenyl)butanoate (0.047 g, 72.8% yield, 30% purity). The crude residue was carried forward without purification. LCMS m/z calcd for C25H35CIN4O2S: 490.22. Found: 491 .4 (M+H)+.

Step H

(R)-3-(3-((3-chloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(spiro[3.3]heptan-2- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

A solution of (R)-ethyl 3-(3-((3-chloro-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4-

(isobutyl(spiro[3.3]heptan-2-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (.047 g, 0.096 mmol) in MeOH (1 .0 ml) was treated with LiOH-H 2 0 (1 M) (1 .0 ml, 1 .000 mmol) and the reaction was stirred at 55 °C for 2 hours. The reaction was treated with 1 N HCI and concentrated. The aqueous residue was extracted with EtOAc. The combined extracts were washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase chromatography (10-90% ACN/H2O + formic acid) to give (R)-3-(3-((3-chloro-1 ,2,4- thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-4-(isobutyl(spiro[3.3]heptan-2-yl)ami no)phenyl)butanoic acid (.011 g, 0.024 mmol, 24.82 % yield) as a white solid. LCMS m/z calcd for C23H31CIN4O2S:

462.19. Found: 463.4 (M+H)+. Ή NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ) δ ppm 7.86 - 7.97 (m, 1 H) 6.92 - 7.15 (m, 2 H) 3.06 - 3.17 (m, 2 H) 2.61 (br. s., 2 H) 2.08 (br. s., 6 H) 1 .95 (br. s., 2 H) 1 .77 (br. s., 5 H) 1 .36 - 1 .42 (m, 1 H) 1 .23 (br. s., 3 H) 0.75 (br. s., 6 H). Example 99

Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-nitroph enyl) butanoic acid

To a solution of methyl (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-nitro phenyl)butanoate (1 .5 g, 3.83 mmol) in MeOH (20 mL) was added 4N NaOH aq. solution (5 mL). After stirred ar r.t. for 3 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the title compound (1 .3 g, 93% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C19H28N2O5: 364.20. Found: 365.56 (M+1 ) + . Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-nitroph enyl) butanamide

A mixture of (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-nitroph enyl)butan oic acid (1 .3 g, 3.56 mmol), NH 4 CI (381 mg, 7.12 mmol), HBTU (2.7 g, 7.11 mmol) and TEA (1 ml_, 7.18 mol) in THF (13 ml_) was stirred at r.t. overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H2O. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% MeOH in DCM) to afford the title compound (1 .15 g, 89% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C19H29N3O4: 363.22. Found: 364.40 (M+1) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-nitroph enyl) butanenitrile

At 0°C, to a solution of (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-nitro phenyl) butanamide (1 .15 g, 3.17 mmol) in DMF (20 mL) was added SOCI 2 (0.5 mL). After stirred at 0°C for 5 min, the resulting mixture was quenched with sat. NaHC0 3 aq. solution and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (1 .05 g, 96% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C19H27N3O3: 345.21 . Found: 346.41 (M+1 ) + . Preparation of (R)-N-(4-(1 -(1 H-tetrazol-5-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-nitrophenyl)-N-iso

butyltetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-amine

A mixture of (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-nitroph enyl) butane nitrile (500 mg, 1 .45 mmol), TABF (1 N, 0.72 ml_, 0.72 mmol) and TMSN 3 (500 mg, 4.34 mmol) in DMF was stirred 110°C for 24 hr. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% MeOH in DCM) to afford the title compound (400 mg, 71 % yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for Cigl-beNeOs: 388.22. Found: 389.50 (M+1) + .

Preparation of (R)-4-(1 -(1 H-tetrazol-5-yl)propan-2-yl)-N 1 -isobutyl-N 1 -(tetrahydro -2H- pyran-4-yl)benzene-1 ,2-diamine

A mixture of (R)-N-(4-(1 -(1 H-tetrazol-5-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-nitrophenyl)-N-isobutyltetra hydro-2H-pyran-4-amine (400 mg, 1 .03 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (200 mg) in EtOAc (5 mL) was stirred at 50°C under H 2 atmosphere for 6 hr. The resulting mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to afford the title compound (340 mg, 92% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for Ci 9 H 3 oN 6 0: 358.25. Found: 359.71 (M+1) + . Preparation of (R)-4-(1 -(1 H-tetrazol-5-yl)propan-2-yl)-N 1 -isobutyl-N 1 -(tetrahyd

pyran-4-yl)-N 2 -(3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)benzene-1 ,2-diamine

A mixture of (R)-4-(1 -(1 H-tetrazol-5-yl)propan-2-yl)-N1 -isobutyl-N 1 -(tetrahydro-2H- pyran- 4-yl)benzene-1 ,2-diamine (140 mg, 0.39 mmol) and 5-chloro-3-(trifluoro methyl)-1 ,2,4- thiadiazole (147 mg, 0.78 mmol) in MeCN (2 mL) was stirred at 90°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (52 mg, 26% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO) δ 15.91 (s, 1 H), 10.36 (s, 1 H), 8.03 (s, 1 H), 7.22 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.01 (dd, J = 8.2, 1 .8 Hz, 1 H), 3.86 - 3.76 (m, 2H), 3.29 - 3.09 (m, 5H), 2.92 - 2.84 (m, 1 H), 2.77 (d, J = 6.7 Hz, 2H), 1 .73 - 1 .60 (m, 2H), 1 .57 - 1 .43 (m, 2H), 1 .35 - 1 .19 (m, 4H), 0.77 (d, J = 6.5 Hz, 6H) LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C22H29F3N8OS: 510.21 . Found: 51 1 .98 (M+1) + .

Example 100

Preparation of (R)-4-(1 -(1 H-tetrazol-5-yl)propan-2-yl)-N 2 -(3-chloro-1 ,2,4-thiadia zol-5-yl)- N 1 -isobutyl-N 1 -(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4- l)benzene-1 ,2-diamine

A mixture of (R)-4-(1-(1 H-tetrazol-5-yl)propan-2-yl)-N 1 -isobutyl-N 1 -(tetrahydro-2H- pyran-4- yl)benzene-1 ,2-diamine (140 mg, 0.391 mmol) and 3,5-dichloro-1 ,2,4-thiadia zole (121 mg, 0.781 mmol) in DMF (2 ml_) was stirred at 90°C under N 2 atmosphere for 5hr. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (51 mg, 27% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO) δ 15.92 (s, 1 H), 10.19 (s, 1 H), 7.90 (d, J = 1.7 Hz, 1 H), 7.22 (d, J = 8.3 Hz, 1 H), 7.02 (dd, J = 8.2, 1.9 Hz, 1 H), 3.82 (dd, J = 11 .1 , 3.5 Hz, 2H), 3.27 - 3.07 (m, 5H), 2.91 - 2.84 (m, 1 H), 2.76 (d, J = 6.7 Hz, 2H), 1.68 - 1.59 (m, 2H), 1 .55 - 1.40 (m, 2H), 1.36 - 1.18 (m, 4H), 0.77 (d, J = 6.5 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C 2 i H 29 CIN 8 OS: 476.19. Found: 477.69/479.64 (M/M+2) + .

xample 101

Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of ethyl (R)-3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)butanoate (3.3 g, 8.35 mmol) in MeOH (20 mL) was added 1 N NaOH aq. solution (10 mL). After stirred ar r.t. overnight, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the title compound (2.6 g, 84% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C20H30N2O4: 362.22. Found: 361 .24 (M-1) " . Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)butanamid e

A mixture of (R)-3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)butanoic acid (2.6 g, 7.17 mmol), NH 4 CI (765 mg, 14.3 mmol), HBTU (2.72 g, 7.17 mmol) and TEA (2.0 mL, 14.3 mol) in THF (20 mL) was stirred at r.t. 1 hr. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-50% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (2.5 g, 97% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C 2 oH3i N30 3 : 361 .24. Found: 362.10 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)butanenit rile

At 0°C, to a solution of (R)-3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)butanamid e (500 mg, 1 .38 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) was added SOCI 2 (0.5 mL). After stirred at 120°C overnight, the resulting mixture was quenched with sat. NaHC03 aq. solution and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (330 mg, 70% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C20H29N3O2: 343.23. Found: 344.47 (M+1) + . Preparation of (R)-4-(1 -(1 H-tetrazol-5-yl)propan-2-yl)-N-cyclohexyl-N-isobutyl-2- nitroaniline

A mixture of (R)-3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)butanenit rile (50 mg, 0.146 mmol), TABF (1 N, 0.7 mL, 0.7 mmol) and TMSN 3 (252 mg, 2.19 mmol) was stirred 90°C overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% MeOH in DCM) to afford the title compound (50 mg, 89% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C20H30N6O2: 386.24. Found: 385.38 (M-1) " .

Preparation of (R)-4-(1 -(1 H-tetrazol-5-yl)propan-2-yl)-N 1 -cyclohexyl-N 1 -isobutyl benzene- 1 ,2-diamine

A mixture of (R)-4-(1 -(1 H-tetrazol-5-yl)propan-2-yl)-N-cyclohexyl-N-isobutyl-2-nitro aniline (308 mg, 0.797 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (150 mg) in EtOAc (20 mL) was stirred at r.t. under H 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to afford the title compound (140 mg, 50% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C 2 oH 3 2N 6 : 356.27. Found: 357.52 (M+1) + . Preparation of (R)-4-(1 -(1 H-tetrazol-5-yl)propan-2-yl)-N 1 -cyclohexyl-N 1 -isobutyl- N 2 -(3- (trifluoromethyl)-l ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)benzene-1 ,2-diamine

A mixture of (R)-4-(1 -(1 H-tetrazol-5-yl)propan-2-yl)-N 1 -cyclohexyl-N 1 -isobutylben zene-1 ,2- diamine (70 mg, 0.196 mmol) and 5-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadia zole (74 mg, 0.392 mmol) in MeCN (3 ml_) was stirred at 90°C under N 2 atmosphere for 16hr. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (27 mg, 27% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDC ) δ 16.11 (s, 1 H), 9.33 (br, 1 H), 7.57 (s, 1 H), 7.16 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.89 (dd, J = 8.1 , 1.8 Hz, 1 H), 3.42 - 3.27 (m, 3H), 2.83 - 2.74 (m, 2H), 2.56 - 2.48 (m, 1 H), 1 .88 - 1.71 (m, 4H), 1.62 - 1.55 (m, 1 H), 1.41 - 1 .17 (m, 9H), 0.82 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C 23 H 3 iF 3 N 8 S: 508.23. Found: 507.28 (M-1) " .

Example 102

Preparation of (R)-4-(1-(1 H-tetrazol-5-yl)propan-2-yl)-N 2 -(3-chloro-1 ,2,4-thiadia zol-5-yl)- N 1 -cyclohexyl-N 1 -isobut lbenzene-1 ,2-diamine

A mixture of (R)-4-(1 -(1 H-tetrazol-5-yl)propan-2-yl)-N 1 -isobutyl-N 1 -(tetrahydro-2H- pyran-4- yl)benzene-1 ,2-diamine (60 mg, 0.168 mmol) and 3,5-dichloro-1 ,2,4-thiadia zole (52 mg, 0.336 mmol) in DMF (3 mL) was stirred at 90°C under N 2 atmosphere for 16 hr. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (21 mg, 26% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ 7.49 (d, J = 1.8 Hz, 1 H), 7.22 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.99 (dd, J = 8.2, 2.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.24 - 3.19 (m, 2H), 2.83 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 2H), 2.63 - 2.56 (m, 1 H), 1.88 - 1.80 (m, 2H), 1.77 - 1 .71 (m, 2H), 1.62 - 1 .55 (m, 1 H), 1 .39 - 1.10 (m, 10H), 0.82 (dd, J = 6.6, 1.0 Hz, 6H) LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C 22 H 3 iCIN 8 S: 474.21. Found: 475.44/477.25 (M/M+2) + .

Example 103

A mixture of methyl 3'-amino-4'-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-[1 ,1 '-bi phenyl]- 2-carboxylate (100 mg, 0.26 mmol) and 5-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thia diazole (148 mg, 0.78 mmol) in MeCN (2 ml_) was stirred at 90°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (121 mg, 87% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C26H29F3N4O3S: 534.19. Found: 535.20 (M+1) + . Preparation of 4'-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3'-((3-(trifluo ro methyl)-1 ,2,4- thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-[1 ,1 '-biphen acid

To a solution of methyl 4'-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3'-((3-(trifluo ro methyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-2-carboxylate (120 mg, 0.23 mmol) in MeOH (2.5 mL) was added 4N NaOH aq. (0.5 ml_). After stirred at 50°C for 1 .5 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (42 mg, 35% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDC ) δ 9.52 (s, 1 H), 7.96 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1 H), 7.61 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 1 H), 7.50 - 7.41 (m, 2H), 7.35 (s, 1 H), 7.31 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 1 H), 7.13 (dd, J = 8.1 , 1 .9 Hz, 1 H), 4.00 - 3.91 (m, 2H), 3.33 - 3.20 (m, 2H), 2.92 - 2.80 (m, 3H), 1 .79 - 1 .74 (m, 2H), 1 .68 - 1 .60 (m, 2H), 1 .50 - 1 .29 (m, 1 H), 0.87 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C25H27F3N4O3S: 520.18. Found: 519.10 (M-1) " . Example 104

Isomer 2

2-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5- yl)amino)phen l)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid

Preparation of ethyl (Z)-3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)acrylate

At -78°C, to a solution of ethyl 2-(bis(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)phosphoryl)acetate (5 g, 15.05 mmol) and 18-Crown-6 (18 g, 68.45 mmol) in THF (50 mL) was added K-HMDS (1 N, 14 mL, 14 mmol) under N 2 atmosphere. The resulting mixture was stirred at -78°C for 30min before the addition of 4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrobenzalde hyde (4.2 g, 13.69 mmol) in THF (10 mL). After stirred at -78°C for 1 hr, the reaction mixture was quenched with sat. NH 4 CI aq. solution and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-5% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (5.0 g, 97% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C21 H30N2O4: 374.22. Found: 375.42 (M+1) + .

Preparation of ethyl (1 S,2R)-2-(3-amino-4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)

cyclopropane-1 -carboxylate

At 0°C, to a solution of ethyl (Z)-3-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl) acrylate (100 mg, 0.267 mmol) in DCM (8 mL) was added Zn(Et) 2 (1 N, 4 ml_, 4.0 mmol) and CH 2 I 2 (2.1 g, 8.0 mmol). After stirred at 0°C overnight, the resulting mixture was quenched with sat. NH 4 CI aq. solution and extracted with DCM. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (19 mg, 18% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C 22 H 32 N 2 0 4 : 388.24. Found: 389.53 (M+1) + . Preparation of ethyl (1 S,2R)-2-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl) cyclopropane- 1 -carboxylate

A mixture of ethyl (1 S,2R)-2-(3-amino-4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)phenyl) cyclopro pane 1 -carboxylate (754 mg, 1 .94 mmol), zinc powder (1 .27 g, 19.4 mmol) and NH 4 CI (2.08 g, 38.8 mmol) in EtOH (30 mL) and H 2 0 (10 mL) was stirred at r.t. for 2hr. The resulting mixture was filtered and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound (377 mg, 54% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for ΰ 22 Η 34 Ν 2 0 2 : 358.26.

Found: 359.82 (M+1) + . 2-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5- yl)amino)phenyl)cyclopropanecarbox lic acid

Synthesis from intermediate ethyl (1 S,2R)-2-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl) cyclopropane-1 -carboxylate and hydrolized to acid. Enantiomers separated by chiral chromatography.

Isomer 2

LCMS calculated for C23H29F3N402S: 482.20, found (M+H) + : m/z = 483.66

Ή NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d 4 ) δ ppm 7.45 (s, 1 H) 7.14 - 7.22 (m, 1 H) 7.07 - 7.14 (m, 1 H) 2.81 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 2 H) 2.50 - 2.64 (m, 1 H) 2.41 (q, J=8.4 Hz, 1 H) 2.02 (q, J=7.6 Hz, 1 H) 1 .84 (d, J=11.9 Hz, 2 H) 1.70 (d, J=11.9 Hz, 2 H) 1 .47 - 1.58 (m, 2 H) 1.30 - 1.43 (m, 1 H) 1.26 (m, 3 H) 0.97 - 1 .17 (m, 3 H) 0.81 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 6 H). Example 105

(isomer 1)

2-(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5- yl)amino)phenyl)cyclopropanecarbox lic acid

LCMS calculated for C23H29F3N402S: 482.20, found (M+H) + : m/z = 483.66

Ή NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d 4 ) δ ppm 7.54 (s, 1 H) 7.20 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 1 H) 7.08 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 1 H) 2.83 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 2 H) 2.47 - 2.70 (m, 2 H) 2.01 - 2.17 (m, 1 H) 1.84 (d, J=11 .7 Hz, 2 H) 1 .70 (d, J=11 .9 Hz, 2 H) 1 .47 - 1 .64 (m, 2 H) 1 .31 - 1 .44 (m, 2 H) 1 .18 - 1 .31 (m, 2 H) 0.97 - 1 .18 (m, 3 H) 0.81 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 6 H).

Example 106

(R)-3-(4-(lsobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((3-(tr ifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiad 5-yl)amino)phenyl)-N-methoxybutanamide

To a stirred solution of (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((3- (trifluoromethyh-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid (95 mg, 0.20 mmol) and DIPEA (0.102 mL, 0.586 mmol) in DMF (6 ml_) was added HATU (0.111 g, 0.293 mmol). After 15 minutes the solution was treated with methoxylamine hydrochloride (33 mg, 0.39 mmol). After an additional 1 hour the solution was partitioned between EtOAc and aqueous NH 4 CI, and the phases separated. The aqueous phase was extracted with EtOAc (1x). The combined EtOAc solutions were washed with half saturated brine (1x), saturated brine (1 x), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , and concentrated to dryness at reduced pressure. The residue was subjected to reverse phase HPLC to afford (R)-3-(4- (isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((3-(trifluorome thyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5- yl)amino)phenyl)-N-methoxybutanamide (28 mg, 28% yield). 1 H N R (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) 5 9.46 (br s, 1 H), 8.20 (br s, 1 H), 7.40 (br s, 1 H), 7.22 (d, J = 8 2 Hz, 1 H), 6.97-7.05 (m, 1 H), 3.90-4.00 (m, 2H), 3.64 (s, 3H), 3.37-3.50 (m, 1 H), 3.23-3.33 (m, 2H), 2.75-2.90 (m, 3H), 2.30-2.41 (m, 1 H), 1 .50-1 .81 (m, 4H), 1 .17-1 .45 (m, 5H), 0.85 (d, J = 6.4 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z caicd for C23H32F3N5O3S: 515.2. Found: 516.4 (M + H) + . Example 107

(R)-3-(4-(lsobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((3-(tr ifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol- 5-yl)amino)phenyl)-N-(methylsulfonyl)butanamide

To a stirred solution of (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((3-

(trifluoromethyl)-l ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid (0.125 g, 0.257 mmol) and D!PEA (0.135 ml_, 0.771 mmol) in D F (3 mL) was added HATU (0.147 g, 0.385 mmol). After 20 minutes the solution was treated with methanesulfonamide (0.122 g, 1 .29 mmol). After 18 hours the cloudy solution was treated with glacial AcOH (1 mL), partitioned between EtOAc and half saturated brine, and the phases separated. The aqueous phase was extracted with EtOAc (1 x). The combined EtOAc solutions were washed with water (2x), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , and concentrated to dryness at reduced pressure. The residue was subjected to reverse phase HPLC to afford (R)-3-(4- (isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((3-(trifluorome thyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5- yl)amino)phenyl)-N-(methylsulfonyl)butanamide (18 mg, 12% yield). Ή NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) 6 9.44 (br s, 1 H), 8.12 (br s, 1 H), 7.48 (br s, 1 H), 7.25 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.00 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1 H), 3.92-4.00 (m, 2H), 3.22-3.43 (m, 3H), 3.19 (s, 3H), 2.79-2.90 (m, 3H), 2.57-2.65 (m, 1 H), 0.71 -1 .79 (m, 15H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C23H32F3N5O4S2: 563.2. Found: 564.4 (M + H) + .

Example 108

(R)-N-(N,N-Dimethylsulfamoyl)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H^y ran-4-yl)amino)-3-((3- (trifluoromethyl)-l ,2,4-thiadiazol- -yl)amino)phenyl)butanamide

To a stirred solution of (R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((3-

(trifluoromethyl)-l ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid (0.117 g, 0.240 mmol) and DIPEA (0.210 ml_, 1 .20 mmol) in CH 2 CI 2 (4 mL) was added TBTU (93 mg, 0.29 mmol). After 25 minutes the solution was treated with N,N-dimethylsulfamide (45 mg, 0.361 mmol). After 2 hours the solution was treated with an additional portion of N,N- dimethylsulfamide (0.150 g, 1 .21 mmol). After 18 hours the solution was partitioned between CH 2 CI 2 and aqueous NH 4 CI, and the phases separated. The aqueous phase was extracted with CH 2 CI 2 (1x). The combined CH 2 CI 2 solutions were washed with aqueous brine (1 x), dried over Na 2 S04, and concentrated to dryness at reduced pressure. The residue was subjected to flash chromatography on silica gel (0-100% ethyl acetate/hexanes) to give (R)-N-(N,N-dimethylsulfamoyl)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H- pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanamide (0.106 g, 74% yield). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 9.45 (br s, 1 H), 7.84 (br s, 1 H), 7.45 (br s, 1 H), 7.25 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.00 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1 H), 3.91 -4.01 (m, 2H), 3.22-3.42 (m, 3H), 2.78-2.90 (m, 8H), 2.55-2.62 (m, 2H), 1 .52-1 .80 (m, 5H), 1 .36-1 .46 (m, 4H), 0.86 (d, J = 6.2 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for 592.2. Found: 593.5 (M + H) + . Example 109

Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol- 5- yl)amino)phenyl)-N-(methylsulfon l)butanamide

Preparation of ethyl (E)-3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-nitrophenyl)but-2-enoate

A mixture of 4-bromo-N,N-diisobutyl-2-nitroaniline (37 g, 112.4 mmol), ethyl (E)-pent-2- enoate (38.5 g, 337.2 mmol), TBAB (7.2 g, 22.5 mmol), Pd(o-MePh 3 P)4 (4.4 g, 5.6 mmol) and TEA (31 ml_, 224.8 mmol) in DMF (185 mL) was stirred at 110°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (27 g, 70% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C20H30N2O4: 362.22. Found: 363.56 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of ethyl (R)-3-(4-(diisobut lamino)-3-nitrophenyl)butanoate

At -5°C, to a mixture of (CuHPh 3 P) 6 (2.23 g, 1 .14 mmol) and (R,S)-PPF-P(tBu) 2 (2.24 g, 4.13 mmol) in toluene (550 mL) was added PMHS (20.7 mL) and t-BuOH (17 mL) before the introduction of ethyl (E)-3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-nitrophenyl)but-2-enoate (53.5 g, 147.6 mmol). After stirred at r.t. for overnight, the resulting mixture was quenched with sat. NaHC0 3 aq. solution and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (51 g, 95% yield) as a yellow oil. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C20H32N2O4: 364.24. Found:

365.58 (M+1) + . Preparation of ethyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(diisobutylamino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of ethyl (R)-3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-nitrophenyl)butanoate (65 g, 178.3 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (20 g) in EtOAc (650 mL) was stirred at 50°C under H 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to afford the title compound (60 g, 99% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C20H34N2O2: 334.26. Found: 335.74 (M+1) + . Preparation of ethyl (R)-3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4- thiadiazol-5- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate

A mixture of ethyl (R)-3-(3-amino-4-(diisobutylamino)phenyl)butanoate (60 g, 179 mmol) and 5-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazole (41 g, 215 mmol) in MeCN (100 mL) was stirred at 90°C under N 2 atmosphere for 24 hr. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (38.5 g, 44% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C23H33F3N4O2S: 486.23. Found: 487.71 (M+1) + .

Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol- 5- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

To a solution of ethyl (R)-3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadia zol-5- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (38.5 g, 79.1 mmol) in MeOH (200 mL) and THF (200 mL) was added 1 N LiOH aq. (316 mL). After stirred at r.t overnight, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to afford the title compound (27.8 g, 77% yield) as a white solid. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C21 H29F3N4O2S: 458.20. Found: 457.19 (M-1)-. Preparation of (R)-3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol- 5- yl)amino)phenyl)-N-(methylsulfon l)butanamide

At 0°C, to a suspension of (R)-3-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4- thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid (150 mg, 0.327 mmol), DCC (81 mg, 0.392 mmol) and DMAP (8 mg, 0.065 mmol) in DCM (3 mL) was added MsNH 2 (35 mg, 0.368 mmol). After stirred at 0°C for 3hr, the resulting mixture was filtered and the filtrate was concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (25 mg, 14% yield) as a white powder. Ή NMR (400 MHz, DMSO) δ 11.67 (s, 1 H), 10.24 (s, 1 H), 7.58 (s, 1 H), 7.19 (d, J = 8.3 Hz, 1 H), 7.07 (dd, J = 8.3, 1.9 Hz, 1 H), 3.20 - 3.09 (m, 4H), 2.74 (d, J = 7.0 Hz, 4H), 2.57 - 2.51 (m, 2H), 1 .74 - 1.62 (m, 2H), 1.21 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 3H), 0.78 (dd, J = 6.6, 1.9 Hz, 12H) . LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C22H32F3N5O3S2: 535.19. Found: 536.42 (M+1) + .

Example 110

Preparation of 2-(4-fluoro-3-nitrophenyl)acetonitrile

A mixture of 4-(bromomethyl)-1 -fluoro-2-nitrobenzene (18 g, 76.9 mmol), KCN (10 g, 153.8 mmol), Kl (1 .3 g, 7.69 mmol) and 18-Crown-6 (10 g, 38.5 mmol) in DMF (100 mL) was stirred at r.t. overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (6.6 g, 47% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C 8 H 5 FN20 2 : 180.03. Found: 181 .37 (M+1) + .

Preparation of 2-(4-(diisobutylamino)- -nitrophenyl)acetonitrile

A mixture of 2-(4-fluoro-3-nitrophenyl)acetonitrile (5.8 g, 32.2 mmol) and diisobutyl amine (20.8 g, 161 mmol) was stirred at 130°C under N 2 atmosphere for 2 hr. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (8.0 g, 86% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for Ci6H 23 N 3 0 2 : 289.18. Found: 290.76 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of 1 -(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-nitrophenyl)cyclopropane-1 -carbonitrile

At 0°C, to a solution of 2-(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-nitrophenyl)acetonitrile (9 g, 31 .1 mmol) and 1 -bromo-2-chloroethane (6.68 g, 46.7 mmol) in DMF (100 mL) was added NaH (60%, 3.1 g, 77.7 mmol). After stirred at r.t. for 30 min, the resulting mixture was quenched with sat. NH 4 CI aq. solution and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (8.8 g, 94% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for Ci 8 H 25 N 3 0 2 : 315.19. Found: 316.31 (M+1) + . Preparation of 1 -(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-nitrophenyl)cyclopropane-1 -carboxylic acid

A mixture of 1 -(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-nitrophenyl)cyclopropane-1 -carbonitrile (8.8 g, 27.9 mmol) and NaOH (16.8 g, 419 mmol) in EtOH (100 mL) and H 2 0 (100 mL) was stirred at 100°C overnight. The resulting mixture was acidified with cone. HCI to pH 3-4 and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-100% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (8.7 g, 93% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for Ci 8 H 26 N 2 0 4 : 334.19. Found: 335.39 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of methyl 2-(1 -(4-(diisobut lamino)-3-nitrophenyl)cyclopropyl) acetate

At 0°C, to a solution of 1 -(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-nitrophenyl)cyclopropane-1 -carboxy lie acid (8.7 g, 26.0 mmol) in DCM (100 mL) was added (COCI) 2 (6.9 mL, 52.0 mmol) and 5 drops of DMF as catalyst. After stirred at 0°C for 30 min, the resulting mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in THF (50 mL) and MeCN (50 mL) and the reaction mixture was cooled to 0°C before the addition of TMS diazomethane (2N, 130 mL, 260 mmol). After stirred at r.t. for 4.5 hr, the mixture was diluted with EtOAc and washed with H 2 0 and brine. The organic layer was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DMF (40 mL) and H 2 0 (20 mL) before the addition of Ag 2 0 (550 mg, 2.38 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at 120°C for 15 min and concentrated. The residue was diluted in DCM and treated with (COCI) 2 and MeOH to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (400 mg, 4.2% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C 20 H 3 oN 2 0 4 : 362.22. Found: 363.45 (M+1) + . Preparation of methyl 2-(1 -(3-amino-4-(diisobutylamino)phenyl)cyclopropyl) acetate

A mixture of methyl 2-(1 -(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-nitrophenyl)cyclopropyl) acetate (360 mg, 0.99 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (100 mg) in MeOH (10 mL) was stirred at r.t. under H 2 atmosphere for 2 hr. The resulting mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (90 mg, 25% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C20H32N2O2: 332.25. Found: 333.39 (M+1) + .

Preparation of methyl 2-(1 -(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thia diazol-5- yl)amino)phenyl)cyclopropyl)acetate

A mixture of methyl 2-(1 -(3-amino-4-(diisobutylamino)phenyl)cyclopropyl)acetate (90 mg, 0.27 mmol) and 5-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazole (51 mg, 0.54 mmol) in MeCN (2 mL) was stirred at 90°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (100 mg, 76% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C23H31F3N4O2S: 484.21 . Found: 485.29 (M+1 ) + . Preparation of 2-(1 -(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol- 5- yl)amino)phenyl)cyclopropyl)acetic acid

To a solution of methyl 2-(1 -(4-(diisobutylamino)-3-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thia diazol-5- yl)amino)phenyl)cyclopropyl)acetate (100 mg, 0.21 mmol) in MeOH (5 mL) was added 1 N NaOH aq. (1 mL). After stirred at r.t. overnight, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (53 mg, 54% yield) as a white powder. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 9.46 (s, 1 H), 7.50 (d, J = 1 .7 Hz, 1 H), 7.17 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.07 (dd, J = 8.2, 2.0 Hz, 1 H), 2.69 (s, 2H), 2.59 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 4H), 1 .72 - 1 .64 (m, 2H), 1 .05 - 0.95 (m, 4H), 0.90 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 12H). . LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C22H29F3N4O2S: 470.20. Found: 471 .48 (M+1 ) + .

Example 111

Preparation of (1 r,4r)-4-((4-bromo-2-nitrophenyl)(isobutyl)amino)cyclohexan-1 - ol

A mixture of 4-bromo-1 -fluoro-2-nitrobenzene (3.3 g, 15.0 mmol), (1 r,4r)-4-(isobutyl amino)cyclohexan-1 -ol (3.0 g, 17.9 mmol) and DIPEA (5.3 mL, 30.4 mmol) in NMP (50 mL) was stirred at 130°C under N 2 atmosphere for 4 hr. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H2O. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (3.4 g, 61 % yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for chemical Formula Ci 6 H23BrN20 3 : 370.09. Found: 371 .24/373.27 (M/M+2) + . Preparation of 4-bromo-N-isobutyl-N-((1 r,4r)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)-2-nitro aniline

At 0°C, to a solution of (1 r,4r)-4-((4-bromo-2-nitrophenyl)(isobutyl)amino)cyclo hexan-1 -ol (1 .7 g, 4.6 mmol) in THF (20 mL) was added NaH (60%, 1 .1 g, 27.5 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at 0°C for 2 hr before the addition of Mel (6.5 g, 45.8 mmol). After stirred at r.t. overnight, the resulting mixture was quenched with sat. NH 4 CI aq. solution and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (1 .6 g, 91 % yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for Ci 7 H 25 BrN 2 0 3 : 384.10. Found: 385.41/387.40 (M/M+2) + . Preparation of 4-bromo-N 1 -isobutyl-N 1 - -4-methoxycyclohexyl)benzene- 1 ,2-diamine

A mixture of 4-bromo-N-isobutyl-N-((1 r,4r)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)-2-nitro aniline (2.0 g, 5.2 mmol), zinc powder (3.4 g, 52 mmol) and NH 4 CI (5.5 g, 104 mmol) in EtOH (30 mL) and H2O (15 mL) was stirred at r.t. overnight. The resulting mixture was filtered and the filtrate was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (1 .1 g, 60% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for Ci 7 H 2 7BrN 2 0: 354.13. Found: 355.53/357.56 (M/M+2) + . Preparation of 4-bromo-N 1 -isobutyl-N 1 -((1 r,4r)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)-N 2 - (3-(tri fluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)benzene-1 2-diamine

A mixture of 4-bromo-N 1 -isobutyl-N 1 -((1 r,4r)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)benzene-1 ,2- diamine (1 .0 g, 2.8 mmol) and 5-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazole (1 .0 g, 5.3 mmol) in MeCN (10 ml_) was stirred at 90°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (400 mg, 28% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for

C 2 oH26BrF3N 4 OS: 506.10. Found: 507.24/509.48 (M/M+2) + .

Preparation of 4'-(isobutyl((1 r,4r)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)amino)-3'-((3-(trifluoro methyl)- 1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-[1 ,1 '-bi henyl]-2-carboxylic acid

A mixture of 4-bromo-N 1 -isobutyl-N 1 -((1 r,4r)-4-methoxycyclohexyl)-N 2 -(3-(trifluoro methyl)- 1 ,2, 4-thiadiazol-5-yl)benzene-1 ,2-diamine (100 mg, 0.20 mmol), 2-boronoben zoic acid (133 mg, 0.80 mmol), tetrakis (23.2 mg, 0.02 mmol) and K 2 C0 3 (55 mg, 0.40 mmol) in DMF (4 ml_) and H 2 0 (1 ml_) was stirred at 110°C under N 2 atmosphere for 3hr. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (41 mg, 38% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 9.49 (s, 1 H), 7.95 (dd, J = 7.7, 1 .0 Hz, 1 H), 7.60 (td, J = 7.6, 1 .3 Hz, 1 H), 7.50 - 7.40 (m, 2H), 7.35 (d, J = 1 .8 Hz, 1 H), 7.30 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.12 (dd, J = 8.1 , 1 .9 Hz, 1 H), 3.29 (s, 3H), 3.07 - 3.01 (m, 1 H), 2.85 (d, J = 6.7 Hz, 2H), 2.72 - 2.64 (m, 1 H), 2.08 - 1 .95 (m, 4H), 1 .48 - 1 .33 (m, 3H), 1 .19 - 1 .09 (m, 2H), 0.85 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). . LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C 2 7H3iF3N40 3 S: 548.21. Found: 549.14 (M+1) + .

Example 1 12

Preparation of (1 r,4r)-4-((2-amino-4-bromophenyl)(isobutyl)amino)cyclohexan-1 -ol

A mixture of (1 r,4r)-4-((4-bromo-2-nitrophenyl)(isobutyl)amino)cyclohexan-1 -ol (1 .7 g, 4.6 mmol), zinc powder (3.1 g, 47 mmol) and NH 4 CI (4.9 g, 92 mmol) in EtOH (20 mL) and H 2 0 (10 mL) was stirred at r.t. for 6hr. The resulting mixture was filtered and the filtrate was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (1 .0 g, 65% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for Ci 6 H25BrN 2 0: 340.12. Found: 341 .42/343.40 (M/M+2) + .

Preparation of (1 r,4r)-4-((4-bromo-2-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)

amino)phenyl)(isobutyl)amino)cyclohe

A mixture of (1 r,4r)-4-((2-amino-4-bromophenyl)(isobutyl)amino)cyclohexan-1 -ol (1 .0 g, 2.9 mmol) and 5-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazole (830 mg, 4.4 mmol) in MeCN (10 mL) was stirred at 90°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (480 mg, 33% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for Ci 9 H 2 4BrF3N 4 OS: 492.08. Found: 493.27/495.32 (M/M+2) + . Preparation of 4'-(((1 r,4r)-4-hydroxycyclohexyl)(isobutyl)amino)-3'-((3-(trifluoro methyl)- 1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino)-[1 ,1 '-biphenyl]-2-carboxylic acid

A mixture of (1 r,4r)-4-((4-bromo-2-((3-(trifluoromethyl)-1 ,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)amino) phenyl)(isobutyl)amino)cyclohexan-1-ol (100 mg, 0.20 mmol), 2-boronobenzoic acid (133 mg, 0.80 mmol), tetrakis (23.2 mg, 0.02 mmol) and K 2 C0 3 (55 mg, 0.40 mmol) in DMF (4 ml_) and H 2 0 (1 ml_) was stirred at 110°C under N 2 atmosphere for 3hr. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H2O. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0-100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (41 mg, 39% yield) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 9.46 (s, 1 H), 7.96 (dd, J = 7.8, 1.1 Hz, 1 H), 7.60 (td, J = 7.6, 1.3 Hz, 1 H), 7.50 - 7.39 (m, 2H), 7.34 (d, J = 1 .8 Hz, 1 H), 7.29 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.12 (dd, J = 8.1 , 1.9 Hz, 1 H), 3.54 - 3.46 (m, 1 H), 2.83 (d, J = 6.7 Hz, 2H), 2.68 - 2.62 (m, 1 H), 1 .99 - 1.87 (m, 4H), 1.46 - 1.18 (m, 6H), 0.84 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C^H^FsN^S: 534.19. Found: 535.04 (M+1) + .

Example 113

Preparation of 4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrobenzaldehyde

A mixture of 4-fluoro-3-nitrobenzaldehyde (13 g, 77.4 mmol), N-isobutylcyclohexan amine (24 g, 154.8 mmol) and DIPEA (30 mL, 172.6 mmol) in NMP (26 mL) was stirred at 120°C under N 2 atmosphere for 3 hr. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (7.24 g, 37% yield) as a yellow oil. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C17H24N2O3: 304.18. Found: 305.30 (M+1 ) + . Preparation of 1 -(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)ethan-1 -ol

At -78°C, to a mixture of TiCU (1 .36 mL, 12.48 mmol) and MeMgBr (1 N, 13.2 mL, 13.2 mmol) in THF(40 mL) was added 4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrobenzaldehyde (2.0 g, 65.6 mmol). After stirred at -78°C for 30 min, the resulting mixture was quenched with sat. NH4CI aq. solution and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (700 mg, 33% yield) as a yellow oil. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C18H28N2O3: 320.21 . Found: 321 .47 (M+1 ) + .

Preparation of methyl 2-(1 -(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)ethoxy) acetate

A mixture of 1 -(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)ethan-1 -ol (700 mg, 2.18 mmol), NaH (60%, 174 mg, 4.36 mmol) and methyl 2-bromoacetate (500 mg, 3.27 mmol) in THF (10 mL) was stirred at 70°C for 48 hr. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-10% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (300 mg, 35% yield) as a yellow oil. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C21 H32N2O5: 392.23. Found: 393.50 (M+1) + . Preparation of methyl 2-(1 -(3-amino-4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)phenyl) ethoxy)acetate

A mixture of methyl 2-(1 -(4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)-3-nitrophenyl)ethoxy) acetate (300 mg, 0.764 mmol) and 10% Pd/C (60 mg) in EtOAc (20 mL) was purged with H 2 and stirred at 50°C for 4 hr. The resulting mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-30% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (200 mg, 72% yield) as a yellow oil. LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C21 H34N2O3: 362.26. Found: 363.53 (M+1) + .

Preparation of methyl 2-(1 -(3-((5-cyanopyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(cyclohexyl(iso

butyl)amino)phenyl)ethoxy)acetate

A mixture of methyl 2-(1 -(3-amino-4-(cyclohexyl(isobutyl)amino)phenyl)ethoxy) acetate (100 mg, 0.276 mmol), 6-bromonicotinonitrile (101 mg, 0.552 mmol), Pd(OAc) 2 (2.6 mg, 0.0044 mmol), BINAP (3.1 mg, 0.005 mmol) and K 2 C0 3 (114 mg, 0.83 mmol) in toluene (5 mL) was stirred at 100°C under N 2 atmosphere overnight. The resulting mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and H 2 0. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 0-20% EtOAc in PE) to afford the title compound (90 mg, 70% yield). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C^HseN ^ Os: 464.28. Found: 465.58 (M+1 ) + . Preparation of 2-(1 -(3-((5-cyanopyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(cyclohexyl(iso amino)phenyl)ethoxy)acetic acid

To a solution of methyl 2-(1-(3-((5-cyanopyridin-2-yl)amino)-4-(cyclohexyl(iso butyl) amino)phenyl)ethoxy)acetate (90 mg, 0.194 mmol) in MeOH (3 mL) was added 1 N NaOH aq. (1 mL). After stirred at r.t for 2 hr, the resulting mixture was neutralized with 1 N HCI and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to give the crude product which was purified by HPLC (C18, 0- 100% MeCN in H 2 0 with 0.1 % formic acid) to afford the title compound (20 mg, 23% yield) as a white powder. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 8.62 - 8.46 (m, 2H), 8.31 (s, 1 H), 7.66 (dd, J = 8.7, 2.3 Hz, 1 H), 7.18 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 1 H), 6.94 (dd, J = 8.1 , 1 .8 Hz, 1 H), 6.70 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 1 H), 4.64 - 4.55 (m, 1 H), 4.06 - 3.94 (m, 2H), 2.83 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 2H), 2.60 - 2.48 (m, 1 H), 1 .89 - 1 .81 (m, 2H), 1.79 - 1.72 (m, 2H), 1.57 (d, J = 6.4 Hz, 3H), 1.44 - 1.09 (m, 7H), 0.86 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H). LCMS (ESI) m/z calcd for C26H34N4O3: 450.26. Found: 451.41 (M+1) + .

Example 114

Step A

4-(trifluoromethyl)-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-imidazole

A suspension of sodium hydride (60% disp in mineral oil) (0.323 g, 8.08 mmol) in 20 ml_ THF was stirred at 0 °C. A solution of 4-(trifluoromethyl)-1 H-imidazole (1 .00 g, 7.35 mmol) in THF (4.5 ml_) was added dropwise. The solution was stirred at RT for 1 .5h and SEM-CI (1 .694 ml, 9.55 mmol) was added. After stirring at RT overnight, saturated aqueous NaHC0 3 solution and EtOAc were added. The organic layer was dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered, evaporated and purified by silica gel chromatography (0-40% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford 4- (trifluoromethyl)-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-imidazole (1 .3426 g, 5.04 mmol, 68.6 % yield). Ή NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ ppm 7.65 (s, 1 H), 7.39 (s, 1 H), 5.31 (s, 2 H), 3.52 (t, J=8.2 Hz, 2 H), 0.93 (t, J=8.2 Hz, 2 H), -0.02 - 0.05 (m, 9 H).

Step B

2-bromo-4-(trifluoromethyl)-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-imidazole

A solution of 4-(trifluoromethyl)-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-imidazole (1 .14 g, 4.28 mmol), AIBN (0.141 g, 0.856 mmol) and NBS (0.990 g, 5.56 mmol) in CCU (21 .40 ml) was stirred at 60 °C for 4 h. Aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution was added and the reaction mixture was extracted with CH 2 CI 2 . The organic layer was dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered, evaporated and purified by silica gel chromatography (0-30% EtOAc/hexanes) to obtain 2-bromo-4-(trifluoromethyl)-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-imidazole (978.7 mg, 66% yield). Ή NMR (400 MHz, CDCI 3 ) L ppm 7.45 (d, J=1 .0 Hz, 1 H), 5.31 (s, 2 H), 3.53 - 3.63 (m, 2 H), 0.87 - 1 .02 (m, 2 H), 0.01 (s, 9 H).

Step C

(R)-methyl 3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H^yran-4-yl)amino)-3-((4-(trifluo romethyl)-1 -((2- (trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-imidazol-2- l amino henyl)butanoate

A mixture of (R)-methyl 3-(3-amino-4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (0.105 g, 0.301 mmol), 2-bromo-4-(trifluoromethyl)-1 -((2- (trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-imidazole (0.125 g, 0.362 mmol), Pd 2 dba 3 (0.055 g, 0.060 mmol), Xantphos (0.070 g, 0.121 mmol), and cesium carbonate (0.491 g, 1 .507 mmol) was flushed with nitrogen and then stirred in toluene (4.3 mL). The reaction mixture was heated at 100 °C for 8h, then filtered through celite, evaporated, and purified by silica gel chromatography (0-40% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford (R)-methyl 3-(4- (isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((4-(trifluorome thyl)-1 -((2- (trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-imidazol-2-yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (139.2 mg, 75 % yield) as a yellow oil. LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 613.4.

Step D

(R)-3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((4-(tr ifluoromethyl)-1 H-imidazol-2- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoic acid

A solution of (R)-methyl 3-(4-(isobutyl(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-3-((4- (trifluoromethyl)-1 -((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-1 H-imidazol-2- yl)amino)phenyl)butanoate (139.2 mg, 0.227 mmol) in methanol (1 .7 mL), tetrahydrofuran (1 .7 mL), and 1 M lithium hydroxide (2.3 mL, 2.272 mmol) was stirred at RT overnight. The reaction mixture was acidified with 1 M citric acid and extracted with EtOAc. The organic phase was washed with brine, dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered, and evaporated. The residue was taken up in TFA (1 .5 mL) and stirred at RT for 2h and then evaporated. Residual acid was neutralized with DIEA. The residue was taken up in EtOAc and 1 M citric acid and the organic phase was separated, dried and purified by reverse phase chrom. 10-100% CH3CN/H20 (0.1 % FA) to afford the title compound (66.8 mg, 63%) as a white solid. LCMS (M + H) + : m/z = 469.4. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ ppm 7.71 (d, J=2.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.20 (d, J=1 .2 Hz, 1 H), 7.15 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.80 (dd, J=8.0, 1 .8 Hz, 1 H), 3.89 (dd, J=11 .3, 3.3 Hz, 2 H), 3.12 - 3.34 (m, 3 H), 2.74 - 2.94 (m, 3 H), 2.44 - 2.68 (m, 2 H), 1 .75 (m, 2 H), 1 .59 (qd, J=12.0, 4.2 Hz, 2 H), 1 .40 (m, 1 H), 1 .28 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 3 H), 0.84 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 6 H).

Examples 115 - 300 were synthesized similarly to examples 1 -114. Experimental data for examples 115-300

/

1 \ y

IPQA

M+l M-l

[min]

(3R)-3-{4-[bis(2- methylpropyl)amino]-3- example [(6 -1,6- 0" 1.14 398.3 217 dihydropyridin-3- yl)amino]phenyl}butan

oic acid

^^J

(3R)-3-{4-[bis(2- methylpropyl)amino]-3- example [(l-methyl-6-oxo-l,6-

1.21 414.4 218 dihydropyridin-3- yl)amino]phenyl}butan

oic acid

^^J

(3RS)-3-{4-[(2- methylpropyl)[(lrs&,4rs

&)-4- hydroxycyclohexyl]amin

example

o]-3-{[5- 1.04 482.3 219

(trifluoromethyl)-lH- l,2,4-triazol-3- yl]amino}phenyl}butan

oic acid

(3R)-3-{4-[bis(2- methylpropyl)amino]-3- {[4-(trifluoromethyl)-l- y

example {[2-

1.66 569.4 220 (trimethylsilyl)ethoxy]m

ethyl}-lH-imidazol-2- yl]amino}phenyl}butan

oic acid

carboxylic acid

Study design:

To understand its toxicokinetics and potential effect on hepatic functions, EXAMPLE 23 was orally dosed to Beagle dogs for 7 consecutive days. The detailed study design is presented as follows:

Categoiy Item Desci iption

non-naive, N=1 male and N=1 female, fasted overnight and fed 8 hr post dosing,

Species Beagle Dog

collecting 8 hr sample before returning food

Compound EXAMPLE 23

Formulation PO 1 %methylcellulose (MC)

2/timepiont

Sampling plasma for TK: at predose, 0.5, 1 , 2, 4, 6, 8, 12 (prior to 2 nd dosing), 24 hr on Day 1 and 7.

20 mg/kg, 10 mL/kg,

Sampling serum for clinical chem:

In-life BID (twice a day) for 7

Day -2 and -1 : at 0 hr before first meal; days

Day 1 and 7: at predose, 0.5, 1 , 2, 4, 6, 8,

12 hr (prior to 2 nd dosing);

Day 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8: at 0 hr prior to the 1 st dose.

Results and conclusions:

EXAMPLE 23 was quantifiable in plasma for up to 24 hours post the start of the oral dose on Days 1 and 7. T ma x occurred at 0.5 hours post dose on Days 1 and 7. There was ~3- fold increase in systemic exposures (i.e. C ma x and AUCo-12 values) on Day7 in comparison to that of Day1 for both dogs. On Day 7, an average of ~66- and ~25-fold therapeutic coverage in Cmax and AUCo-12, respectively, was achieved for the predicted human efficacious dose (see Table 1).

EXAMPLE 23 was well tolerated throughout the study and no clinical observations were made. Body weights were constant for both male and female dogs over the study as shown in Figure 1 . Hepatic functions measured by serum ALT (alanine aminotransferase), AST (aspartate aminotransferase), ALP (alkaline phosphatase) and T-Bil (total bilirubin) levels were determined to be in the normal variable ranges (see Figure 2).

Table 1 Summary of EXAMPLE 23 toxicokinetics in Beagle dogs following 7 day repeat oral administration

1 . Predicted human efficacious exposures: Cmax = 0.078 μg/mL; AUC(0-12hr) = 0.376 μg*hr/mL

CETSA

Cellular Thermal Shifting assays were used to directly monitor the ligand binding to target proteins in cells. Hela cells were transduced with BacMam virus expressing ePL tagged ID01 overnight. The cells were then plated over the compounds for 3 hours at 37°C in cell culture medium containing 1 % FBS. The plates were then sealed and heated at 53°C for 3min. InCell Hunter reagents were added and luminescence was read in 90min.

References:

1 . Molina, D. M., et al. Monitoring drug target engagement in cells and tissues using the cellular thermal shift assay. Science 2013, 341 (6141 ), 84-87.

2. Jafari, R., et al. The cellular thermal shift assay for evaluating drug target interactions in cells. Nature Protocols 2014, 9 (9), 2100-2122.

3. Jensen, A. J., et al. CETSA: A target engagement assay with potential to transform drug discovery. Future Medicinal Chemistry 2015, 7 (8), 975-978.

4. Martinez Molina, D.; Nordlund, P. The Cellular Thermal Shift Assay: A Novel

Biophysical Assay for in Situ Drug Target Engagement and Mechanistic Biomarker Studies. In Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology, 2016; Vol. 56, pp 141 -161 .

ID01 HeLa RapidFire MS Assay

Compounds of the present invention were tested via high-throughput cellular assays utilizing detection of kynurenine via mass spectrometry and cytotoxicity as end-points. For the mass spectrometry and cytotoxicity assays, human epithelial HeLa cells (CCL-2; ATCC®, Manassas, VA) were stimulated with human interferon-γ (IFN- γ) (Sigma-Aldrich Corporation, St. Louis, MO) to induce the expression of indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase (ID01 ). Compounds with ID01 inhibitory properties decreased the amount of kynurenine produced by the cells via the tryptophan catabolic pathway. Cellular toxicity due to the effect of compound treatment was measured using CellTiter-Glo® reagent (CTG)

(Promega Corporation, Madison, Wl), which is based on luminescent detection of ATP, an indicator of metabolically active cells.

In preparation for the assays, test compounds were serially diluted 3-fold in DMSO from a typical top concentration of 1 mM or 5 mM and plated at 0.5 μί in 384-well, polystyrene, clear bottom, tissue culture treated plates with lids (Greiner Bio-One, Kremsmiinster, Austria) to generate 11 -point dose response curves. Low control wells (0% kynurenine or 100% cytotoxicity) contained either 0.5 μί of DMSO in the presence of unstimulated (-IFN- Y) HeLa cells for the mass spectrometry assay or 0.5 μί of DMSO in the absence of cells for the cytotoxicity assay, and high control wells (100% kynurenine or 0% cytotoxicity) contained 0.5 of DMSO in the presence of stimulated (+IFN- γ) HeLa cells for both the mass spectrometry and cytotoxicity assays. Frozen stocks of HeLa cells were washed and recovered in DMEM high glucose medium with HEPES (Thermo Fisher Scientific, Inc., Waltham, MA) supplemented with 10% v/v certified fetal bovine serum (FBS) (Thermo Fisher Scientific, Inc., Waltham, MA), and 1 X penicillin-streptomycin antibiotic solution (Thermo Fisher Scientific, Inc., Waltham, MA). The cells were diluted to 100,000 cells/mL in the supplemented DMEM medium. 50 μΙ_ of either the cell suspension, for the mass spectrometry assay, or medium alone, for the cytotoxicity assay, were added to the low control wells, on the previously prepared 384- well compound plates, resulting in 5,000 cells/well or 0 cells/well respectively. IFN- γ was added to the remaining cell suspension at a final concentration of 10 nM, and 50 μΙ_ of the stimulated cells were added to all remaining wells on the 384-well compound plates. The plates, with lids, were then placed in a 37°C, 5% C02 humidified incubator for 2 days.

Following incubation, the 384-well plates were removed from the incubator and allowed to equilibrate to room temperature for 30 minutes. For the cytotoxicity assay, CellTiter-Glo® was prepared according to the manufacturer's instructions, and 10 μΙ_ were added to each plate well. After a twenty minute incubation at room temperature, luminescence was read on an En Vision® Multilabel Reader (PerkinElmer Inc., Waltham, MA). For the mass spectrometry assay, 10 μΙ_ of supernatant from each well of the compound-treated plates were added to 40 μΙ_ of acetonitrile, containing 10μΜ of an internal standard for normalization, in 384-well, polypropylene, V-bottom plates (Greiner Bio-One,

Kremsmiinster, Austria) to extract the organic analytes. Following centrifugation at 2000 rpm for 10 minutes, 10 μΙ_ from each well of the acetonitrile extraction plates were added to 90 μΙ_ of sterile, distilled H 2 0 in 384-well, polypropylene, V-bottom plates for analysis of kynurenine and the internal standard on the RapidFire 300 (Agilent Technologies, Santa Clara, CA) and 4000 QTRAP MS (SCIEX, Framingham, MA). MS data were integrated using Agilent Technologies' RapidFire Integrator software, and data were normalized for analysis as a ratio of kynurenine to the internal standard.

The data for dose responses in the mass spectrometry assay were plotted as % ID01 inhibition versus compound concentration following normalization using the formula 100- (100*((U-C2)/(C1 -C2))), where U was the unknown value, C1 was the average of the high (100% kynurenine; 0% inhibition) control wells and C2 was the average of the low (0% kynurenine; 100% inhibition) control wells. The data for dose responses in the cytotoxicity assay were plotted as % cytotoxicity versus compound concentration following normalization using the formula 100-(100*((U-C2)/(C1 -C2))), where U was the unknown value, C1 was the average of the high (0% cytotoxicity) control wells and C2 was the average of the low (100% cytotoxicity) control wells.

Curve fitting was performed with the equation y=A+((B-A)/(1 +(10x/10C)D)), where A was the minimum response, B was the maximum response, C was the log(XC50) and D was the Hill slope. The results for each test compound were recorded as plC50 values for the mass spectrometry assay and as pCC50 values for the cytoxicity assay (-C in the above equation).

ID01 PBMC RapidFire MS Assay

Compounds of the present invention were tested via high-throughput cellular assays utilizing detection of kynurenine via mass spectrometry and cytotoxicity as end-points. For the mass spectrometry and cytotoxicity assays, human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) (PB003F; AllCells®, Alameda, CA) were stimulated with human interferon-γ (IFN- Y) (Sigma-Aldrich Corporation, St. Louis, MO) and lipopolysaccharide from

Salmonella minnesota (LPS) (Invivogen, San Diego, CA) to induce the expression of indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase (ID01). Compounds with ID01 inhibitory properties decreased the amount of kynurenine produced by the cells via the tryptophan catabolic pathway. Cellular toxicity due to the effect of compound treatment was measured using CellTiter-Glo® reagent (CTG) (Promega Corporation, Madison, Wl), which is based on luminescent detection of ATP, an indicator of metabolically active cells.

In preparation for the assays, test compounds were serially diluted 3-fold in DMSO from a typical top concentration of 1 mM or 5 mM and plated at 0.5 μί in 384-well, polystyrene, clear bottom, tissue culture treated plates with lids (Greiner Bio-One, Kremsmiinster, Austria) to generate 11 -point dose response curves. Low control wells (0% kynurenine or 100% cytotoxicity) contained either 0.5 μί of DMSO in the presence of unstimulated (-IFN- γ /-LPS) PBMCs for the mass spectrometry assay or 0.5 μΙ_ of DMSO in the absence of cells for the cytotoxicity assay, and high control wells (100% kynurenine or 0%

cytotoxicity) contained 0.5 μΙ_ of DMSO in the presence of stimulated (+IFN- v /+LPS) PBMCs for both the mass spectrometry and cytotoxicity assays.

Frozen stocks of PBMCs were washed and recovered in RPMI 1640 medium (Thermo Fisher Scientific, Inc., Waltham, MA) supplemented with 10% v/v heat-inactivated fetal bovine serum (FBS) (Thermo Fisher Scientific, Inc., Waltham, MA), and 1X penicillin- streptomycin antibiotic solution (Thermo Fisher Scientific, Inc., Waltham, MA). The cells were diluted to 1 ,000,000 cells/mL in the supplemented RPMI 1640 medium. 50 μΙ_ of either the cell suspension, for the mass spectrometry assay, or medium alone, for the cytotoxicity assay, were added to the low control wells, on the previously prepared 384- well compound plates, resulting in 50,000 cells/well or 0 cells/well respectively. IFN- γ and LPS were added to the remaining cell suspension at final concentrations of 100 ng/ml and 50 ng/ml respectively, and 50 of the stimulated cells were added to all remaining wells on the 384-well compound plates. The plates, with lids, were then placed in a 37oC, 5% C02 humidified incubator for 2 days.

Following incubation, the 384-well plates were removed from the incubator and allowed to equilibrate to room temperature for 30 minutes. For the cytotoxicity assay, CellTiter-Glo® was prepared according to the manufacturer's instructions, and 40 were added to each plate well. After a twenty minute incubation at room temperature, luminescence was read on an EnVision® Multilabel Reader (PerkinElmer Inc., Waltham, MA). For the mass spectrometry assay, 10 of supernatant from each well of the compound-treated plates were added to 40 of acetonitrile, containing 10μΜ of an internal standard for normalization, in 384-well, polypropylene, V-bottom plates (Greiner Bio-One,

Kremsmiinster, Austria) to extract the organic analytes. Following centrifugation at 2000 rpm for 10 minutes, 10 from each well of the acetonitrile extraction plates were added to 90 of sterile, distilled H20 in 384-well, polypropylene, V-bottom plates for analysis of kynurenine and the internal standard on the RapidFire 300 (Agilent Technologies, Santa Clara, CA) and 4000 QTRAP MS (SCIEX, Framingham, MA). MS data were integrated using Agilent Technologies' RapidFire Integrator software, and data were normalized for analysis as a ratio of kynurenine to the internal standard.

The data for dose responses in the mass spectrometry assay were plotted as % ID01 inhibition versus compound concentration following normalization using the formula 100-(100*((U-C2)/(C1 -C2))), where U was the unknown value, C1 was the average of the high (100% kynurenine; 0% inhibition) control wells and C2 was the average of the low (0% kynurenine; 100% inhibition) control wells. The data for dose responses in the cytotoxicity assay were plotted as % cytotoxicity versus compound concentration following normalization using the formula 100-(100*((U-C2)/(C1 -C2))), where U was the unknown value, C1 was the average of the high (0% cytotoxicity) control wells and C2 was the average of the low (100% cytotoxicity) control wells.

Curve fitting was performed with the equation y=A+((B-A)/(1 +(10x/10C)D)), where A was the minimum response, B was the maximum response, C was the log(XC50) and D was the Hill slope. The results for each test compound were recorded as plC50 values for the mass spectrometry assay and as pCC50 values for the cytoxicity assay (-C in the above equation).

Table of Biological Activities of examples 1 -300

ID01_HELA_ HELA_IDOl_TOX_PXC50 PBMC PXC50 PBMC TOX PXC50 PXC50

Example 10 = 9.1 < 5

Example 11 = 9 < 5

Example 12 = 9 < 5

Example 13 = 8.9 < 5

Example 14 = 8.9 < 5

Example 15 = 8.1 < 5 = 8.5 < 5

Example 16 = 8.8 < 5

Example 17 = 8.2 < 5 = 8.7 < 5

Example 18 = 8.7 < 5

Example 19 = 8.3 < 5 = 8.6 < 5

Example 20 = 8.6 < 5 = 8.6 < 5

Example 21 = 7.5 < 5 = 8.6 = 5.2

Example 22 = 8.6 < 5 = 8.6 < 5

Example 23 = 8.4 < 5 = 8.5 < 5

Example 24 = 8.6 < 5

Example 25 = 8.5 < 5

Example 26 = 8.5 < 5

Example 27 = 8.4 < 5

Example 28 = 8.2 < 5 = 8.3 < 5

Example 29 = 8.2 < 5

Example 30 = 8.1 < 5

Example 31 = 7.7 = 5 = 8 < 5

Example 32 = 8 < 5

Example 33 = 8.2 < 5

Example 34 = 8.2 < 5

Example 35 = 9.3 < 5

Example 36 = 9.2 < 5

Example 37 = 8.3 < 5 = 8.9 < 5

Example 38 = 8.7 < 5 = 9.1 < 5

Example 39 = 8.6 < 5 = 9 < 5 ID01_HELA_ HELA_IDOl_TOX_PXC50 PBMC PXC50 PBMC TOX PXC50 PXC50

Example 40 = 7.9 < 5 = 8.6 < 5

Example 41 = 8.1 < 5

Example 42 = 8.3 < 5 = 9.3 < 5

Example 43 = 9.2 < 5

Example 44 = 9.2 < 5

Example 45 = 8.4 < 5 = 8.9 < 5

Example 46 = 8.8 = 5.2

Example 47 = 9.1 < 5

Example 48 = 9 < 5

Example 49 = 8.2 < 5 = 8.7 < 5

Example 50 = 8.8 < 5

Example 51 = 8.8 < 5

Example 52 = 8 < 5

Example 53 = 8.8 < 5

Example 54 = 8.7 < 5

Example 55 = 8.5 < 5

Example 56 = 8.4 < 5

Example 57 = 8.1 < 5 = 8.3 < 5

Example 58 = 8 < 5 = 8.1 < 5

Example 59 = 8 < 5 = 8.2 < 5

Example 60 = 8 < 5

Example 61 = 8.2 < 5 = 8.7 < 5

Example 62 = 8.4 < 5

Example 63 = 8.2 < 5

Example 64 = 9 < 5

Example 65 = 8.4 < 5 = 8.9 < 5

Example 66 = 8.8 = 5.2

Example 67 = 8.7 < 5

Example 68 = 8.7 < 5

Example 69 = 8.6 < 5 ID01_HELA_ HELA_IDOl_TOX_PXC50 PBMC PXC50 PBMC TOX PXC50 PXC50

Example 70 = 8.5 < 5

Example 71 = 7.7 < 5 = 8.3 < 5

Example 72 = 7.4 < 5 = 8 < 5

Example 73 = 8.4 < 5 = 9.1 < 5

Example 74 = 8.4 < 5 = 9.1 = 6.5

Example 75 = 8.5 < 5 = 8.8 < 5

Example 76 = 8.4 < 5 = 8.6 < 5

Example 77 = 8.8 < 5

Example 78 = 8.5 < 5

Example 79 = 8.3 < 5

Example 80 = 8.8 < 5

Example 81 = 8.1 < 5 = 8.4 < 5

Example 82 = 7.8 < 5 = 8.1 < 5

Example 83 = 8.1 < 5

Example 84 = 8.1 < 5

Example 85 = 8.6 < 5

Example 86 = 8.4 < 5

Example 87 = 8.1 < 5 = 8.4 < 5

Example 88 = 8.3 < 5 = 8.4 < 5

Example 89 = 8.4 < 5

Example 90 = 7.6 < 5 = 8 < 5

Example 91 = 7.7 < 5 = 8 < 5

Example 92 = 8.3 < 5 = 9 = 6.1

Example 93 = 8.9 < 5

Example 94 = 8.9 < 4.3

Example 95 = 8.8 < 5

Example 96 = 8 < 5

Example 97 = 8.2 < 5

Example 98 = 8.1 < 5

Example 99 = 8.9 < 5 ID01 _HELA_ HELA_IDOl_TOX_PXC50 PBMC PXC50 PBMC TOX

PXC50 PXC50

Example 8.7 < 5 100

Example 8.6 < 5 8.8 < 5 101

Example 8.1 < 5 8.3 < 5 102

Example 8.5 < 5 8.8 < 5 103

Example 8.5 < 5 8.6 < 5 104

Example 8.2 < 5 8.5 < 5 105

Example 8.2 < 5 106

Example 8.2 5.3 107

Example 8.6 < 5 108

Example = 7.5 < 5 = 8 < 5 109

Example 8.5 5.2 110

Example 8 < 5 8.4 < 5 111

Example 7.8 < 5 8.1 6.1 112

Example = 8 < 5 = 8.3 < 5 113

Example 7.8 < 5 114

example 5.5 < 4.3 5.7 4.9 115

example = 4.4 < 4.3 < 4.3 116

example 5.4 < 4.3 < 4.3 117

example 5.3 < 4.3 < 4.3 118

example 5.9 < 4.3 < 4.3 119

example 5 < 4.3 4.7 120

example 5.1 4.4

121

example 4.6 < 4.3

122

example 5 < 4.3

123 = ID01_HELA_ HELA_IDOl_TOX_PXC50 PBMC PXC50 PBMC TOX PXC50 PXC50 example 4.9 < 4.3

124

example 5.9 < 4.3

125

example 6.2 < 4.3

126

example 5.6 < 4.3

127

example 5.6 4.4

128

example 5.8 < 4.3

129

example 5.8 < 4.3

130

example 6.2 4.7

131

example 4.8 < 4.3

132

example = 5.4 = 4.5

133

example 5.5 < 5

134

example 5.4 < 5

135

example 5.5 5.1

136

example = 5 < 5

137

example 5.3 < 4.3

138

example < 5 < 5 < 5 < 5 139

example = 5.5 < 5

140

example 6.1 < 5

141

example 6.8 < 5

142

example 6.5 < 5

143

example 5.5 < 5

144

example 6.1 < 5

145

example < 5 < 5

146

example < 5 < 5

147 ID01 _HELA_ HELA_IDOl_TOX_PXC50 PBMC PXC50 PBMC TOX

PXC50 PXC50 example 6.2 < 5

148

example 6.1 < 5

149

example 5.5 < 5

150

example 5.7 < 5 5.6 < 5 151

example 5.5 5.4 5.5 < 5 152

example 5.4 < 5 5.7 < 5 153

example 7.5 < 5 7.7 < 5 154

example 6 < 5 5.8 < 5 155

example < 5 < 5 5.1 < 5 156

example = 6 < 5 = 6.1 < 5 157

example 6 < 5 6.2 < 5 158

example 5 < 5 5.3 < 5 159

example < 5 < 5 < 5 < 5 160

example = 5.6 < 5 = 5.7 < 5 161

example 6 < 5 6.4 < 5 162

example 5.7 < 5 5.5 < 5 163

example = 6.2 < 5 = 6.5 < 5 164

example 6.1 < 5 5.8 < 5 165

example 8 < 5 9.5 5.1 166

example < 5 < 5 5.2 < 5 167

example < 5 < 5 < 5 < 5 168

example 7.6 < 5 8.1 < 5 169

example 6.3 < 5 6.5 < 5 170

example 6.8 < 5 7.6 < 5 171 = = ID01_HELA_ HELA_IDOl_TOX_PXC50 PBMC PXC50 PBMC TOX PXC50 PXC50 example 7.1 < 5 7.4 < 5 172

example 7.7 < 5 7.6 < 5 173

example 7.9 < 5 7.9 < 5 174

example 5.3 < 5

175

example 5.5 < 5

176

example 6.8 < 5 7.5 < 5 177

example 5.5 < 5

178

example 6.6 < 5 6.9

179

example 5.4 < 5

180

example = 6.5 < 5 = 6.8 < 5 181

example 5.3 < 5

182

example 6.4 < 5 6.7 < 5 183

example 6.3 < 5

184

example = 5.8 < 5

185

example 7.1 < 5

186

example < 5 < 5

187

example = 6.9 < 5

188

example 6.7 < 5

189

example 7.1 < 5

190

example 5.7 < 5

191

example 5.3 < 5

192

example 7 < 5

193

example 6.7 < 5

194

example 5.5 < 5

195 = ID01_HELA_ HELA_IDOl_TOX_PXC50 PBMC PXC50 PBMC TOX PXC50 PXC50 example 6.8 < 5

196

example

197

example < 5 < 5

198

example 5.2 < 5

199

example < 5 < 5

200

example < 5 < 5

201

example 8.5 < 5 8.8 < 5 202

example 7.2 < 5 7.5 < 5 203

example 5.5 < 5

204

example < 5 < 5

205

example 7.5 < 5

206

example 6.2 < 5

207

example 5.8 < 5

208

example = 7.7 < 5 = 7.3 < 5 209

example 7.3 < 5 7.4 < 5 210

example 7.6 < 5 7.7 < 5 211

example = 6.7 < 5 = 7.2 < 5 212

example 6.1 < 5 6.7 < 5 213

example 7.9 < 5 7.9 < 5 214

example 7.7 < 5 7.5 < 5 215

example 7.3 7.4 < 5 216

example 5.4 < 5 217

example 5.7 < 5 218

example 7 < 5 219 = ID01_HELA_ HELA_IDOl_TOX_PXC50 PBMC PXC50 PBMC TOX PXC50 PXC50 example 6.4 < 5 220

example 7.4 < 5 221

example 6.7 < 5 222

example 6.3 < 5 223

example 5.8 < 5 224

example 5.1 < 5 225

example 6.9 < 5 226

example 6.3 < 5 227

example 7.8 < 5 228

example = 7.3 < 5 229

example 5.5 < 5 230

example 7.6 < 5 231

example 5.5 < 5 232

example = 7.7 < 5 233

example 6.3 < 5 234

example 7.7 < 5 235

example < 5 < 5 236

example 6.7 < 5 237

example 7.7 < 5 238

example 7.6 < 5 239

example 5.6 < 5 240

example 7.1 < 5 241

example 6.4 < 5 242

example 7.5 < 5 243 = ID01_HELA_ HELA_IDOl_TOX_PXC50 PBMC PXC50 PBMC TOX PXC50 PXC50 example 7.3 5.7 244

example 6.4 < 5 245

example 7.6 < 5 246

example 7.5 < 5 247

example < 5 < 5 248

example 7.7 < 5 249

example 5.9 < 5 250

example 5.7 < 5 251

example 5.4 < 5 252

example = 6.5 < 5 253

example 6.9 < 5 254

example 7.7 < 4.3 255

example 5.6 < 5 256

example = 7.5 < 5 257

example 7.1 < 5 258

example 7 < 4.3 259

example = 7.4 < 5 260

example 7.5 < 5 261

example 7 < 5 7.7 < 5 262

example 6.3 < 5 263

example 7.1 < 5 264

example < 5 < 5 265

example 6.7 < 5 7.2 < 5 266

example 7.4 < 5 267 = ID01_HELA_ HELA_IDOl_TOX_PXC50 PBMC PXC50 PBMC TOX PXC50 PXC50 example 5.7 < 5 268

example 6.5 < 5 7.5 < 5 269

example 5.8 < 5

270

example 5.2 < 5

271

example 5.3 < 5

272

example 8.1 < 5

273

example 6 < 5

274

example 5.2 < 5

275

example 8.4 < 5 < 5 < 5 276

example = 6.5 < 5

277

example 7.3 < 5

278

example 7 < 5 7.7 < 5 279

example 5.6 < 5

280

example = 7 < 5

281

example 7.3 < 5

282

example 5.3 < 5

283

example = 6.4 < 5 = 6.7 < 5 284

example 6.1 < 5

285

example 6.3 < 5 6.7 < 5 286

example 8.1 < 5 8.1 < 5 287

example 6.5 < 5 7 < 5 288

example 5.9 < 5 6.3 < 5 289

example 6.9 < 5 7.3 < 5 290

example 7 < 5 6.9 < 5 291 = = ID01_HELA_ HELA_IDOl_TOX_PXC50 PBMC PXC50 PBMC TOX PXC50 PXC50 example 6.1 < 5

292

example 6.2 < 5

293

example 7.4 < 5 7.7 < 5 294

example 7.9 < 5 8.6 < 5 295

example 6.2 < 5

296

example 7.3 < 5 7.7 < 5 297

example 6.6 < 5 7.4 < 5 298

example 7.8 < 5 8.2 < 5 299

example 8.4 < 5 8.6 < 5 300 = =