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Title:
MONITORING DEVICE FOR THE POSITION REGULATOR IN AN ELECTRONIC ACCELERATOR PEDAL
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/1990/000678
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A monitoring device for an electronic accelerator pedal (1) in a motor vehicle has an accelerator pedal position sensor (2) mechanically connected to the accelerator pedal (1), a butterfly valve (7), a servo-motor (5) for the butterfly valve (7) and a butterfly valve position sensor (6) mechanically connected thereto. A regulator (3) receives a desired value (alphaD) from the accelerator pedal position sensor (2) and an actual value (alphaA) from the butterfly valve position sensor (6) and controls an output stage (4) for the servo-motor (5) in response to the comparison. A substractor (14) in a slave circuit (12) forms the difference (alphaE) between the desired (alphaD) and actual (alphaA) values of the butterfly valve opening angle. An integrator (16) integrates the control difference (alphaE) and is re-set to zero when the control difference (alphaE) is zero or changes sign, whereupon integration of the control difference (alphaE) is resumed. A limit device (18) indicates to a master circuit (10) the presence of a fault condition when the integrator output exceeds a predetermined limiting value.

Inventors:
Peter
Cornelius, Preis
Karl-heinrich
Application Number:
PCT/EP1988/000611
Publication Date:
January 25, 1990
Filing Date:
July 08, 1988
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
ROBERT BOSCH GMBH PETER
Cornelius, Preis
Karl-heinrich
International Classes:
F02D11/10; (IPC1-7): F02D11/10; F02D41/22
Foreign References:
EP0269118A2
FR2569231A1
EP0234584A2
EP0121939A1
Other References:
See also references of EP 0376969A1
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS
1. A monitoring device for an electronic accelerator pedal (1) in a motor vehicle, comprising an accelerator pedal position sensor (2) mechanically connected to the pedal (1), a servomotor (5) for a butterfly valve (7) .of the motor vehicle and a butterfly valve position sensor (6) mechanically connected thereto, and a regulator (3) which receives a desired value from the accelerator pedal position sensor (2) and an actual value from the butterly valve position sensor (6) and controls an output stage (4) for the servomotor (5), characterised in that a subtractor (14) in a slave circuit (12) forms the difference (e/E) between the desired C^D) and actual foA) values of the butterfly valve opening angle, that an integrator (16) integrates the control difference WE), the integrator (16) being reset to zero when the control difference is zero or changes sign, whereupon integration of the control difference is resumed, and that a limit device (18) indicates to a master circuit (10) the presence of a fault condition when the integrator output exceeds a predetermined limiting value.
2. A monitoring device according to claim 1, including a zero detector (24) connected to the output fe(E) of the subtractor (14) and providing an "integrator reset" signal to the integrator (16) on a line (22) in the event that the control difference fo(E) is zero or changes sign.
3. A monitoring device according to claim 2, wherein a signal is arranged to be applied to the line (22) for resetting the integrator to zero in the event that the battery voltage of the motor vehicle battery lies below a predetermined level.
4. A monitoring device according to claim 2 or 3, wherein a signal is arranged to be applied to the line (22) for resetting the integrator to zero in the event that the butterfly valve or its position sensor should jam.
Description:
DE5CRIPTI0N MONITORING DEVICE FOR THE POSITION REGULATOR IN

AN ELECTRONIC ACCELERATOR PEDAL

Prior Art The invention relates to a monitoring device for an electronic accelerator pedal in a motor vehicle of the type set forth in the main claim.

A protective and monitoring device for an electronic accelerator pedal in motor vehicles is also already known from German Offenlengsschrift No.

3 430 077. In the latter device, an accelerator pedal position sensor in the form of a potentiometer is connected to the accelerator pedal and supplies a desired value to a first regulator which receives an actual value from a potentiometer connected to the butterfly valve so that the first regulator forms a control difference and hence drives the servo-motor of the butterfly valve by way of an output stage. The traditional mechanical adjustment of the butterfly valve is implemented electronically in this manner.

In accordance with DE-OS 3 430 077 a control difference is formed by subtraction of the actual value from the desired value and is applied to a second regulator to form a variable quantity filtered from the dynamic behaviour of the control loop. A window comparator detects whenever this variable quantity lies outside desired limits and can activate a fault warning device accordingly.

The present invention seeks to improve on the latter arrangement.

Advantages of the Invention

A monitoring device in accordance with the present invention and having the characterising features of the main claim has the advantage that it monitors the basic control loop of the position regulator in a slave circuit and provides a check for the presence of a permanemt control error.

Drawinqs

The invention is described further hereinafter, by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein:- Fig. 1 shows a basic known electronically controlled butterfly valve;

Fig. 2 shows a digital version of the basic arrangement of Fig. 1; and

Fig. 3 shows how the basic arrangements of Fig. 1 or 2 may be modified in accordance with the present invention. Description of the Embodiment

Referring first to the known arrangement of Fig. 1, an accelerator pedal 1 is mechanically connected to an accelerator pedal position sensor 2 in the form of a potentiometer whose resistance is proportional to the adjusted angle of the accelerator pedal 1. Hence, the resistance of the accelerator pedal position sensor 2 constitutes a desired value θ D for a regulator 3 which is connected to the accelerator pedal position sensor 2. The regulator 3 controls an output stage 4 for a servo-motor 5 of a butterfly valve 7 of a motor vehicle. The servo-motor 5 is mechanically connected to the butterfly valve 7 and to a butterfly valve position sensor 6 which, like the accelerator pedal position sensor 2, is a potentiometer, so that the resistance of the butterfly valve position sensor 6 supplies the regulator 3 with an actual value ^A of the position of the butterfly valve 7. A control loop, known to one skilled in the art, and not further described in order to simplify the drawing, is thereby closed. The regulator 3 shown in Fig. 1 is a PID regulator which controls the output stage 4 in dependence upon an analog control difference. However, the known

onitoring device may also function with other types of regulators, such as switching regulators which only take the sign of the control difference into account, provided that the transient response of the closed control loop exhibits a diminishing control difference. Hence, the present irmention is not limited only to the emboidment of a butterfly position control shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 2 shows the known system of Fig. 1 in digital form, similar parts being given the same reference numerals. In the digital system of Fig. 2, the analog signal from the pedal transducer 2 is converted at 8 into an 8-bit digital signal which is applied to an adding element 9 of the PID regulator 3. The PID regulator is chosen to have a scanning time of the order of 5ms. The PID regulator 3 supplies, via the output stage 4, polarised output signals M + M~ to control the direction of operation of the servo¬ motor 5. The butterfly valve position sensor 6 (not shown in Fig. 2) supplies a feedback signal representative of the actual butterfly valve position, the latter signal being converted into a 10-bit digital signal for processing by the regulator 3. Referring now to Fig. 3, in the arrangement according to the present invention, the operating state of the basic master control circuit 10 of Fig. 1 or Fig. 2 is monitored in a slave circuit 12 in order to check for the existence of permanent control errors. A permanent control error will exist in the presence of any one or more of the following fault conditions, namely:

(a) the basic control is interrupted;

(b) there is no integral proportion in the regulator 3; (c) the regulating element, i.e. the motor 5, butterfly valve 7 or position sensing element, jams;

(d) the battery voltage is too low.

The master circuit 10 makes available to the slave circuit 12 signals βf*D and o(A (analog or digital) corresponding to the desired and actual values of the butterfly valve angle and the difference otE between them is established in a subtractor element 1 . An integrator 16 in the slave integrates the difference ©(E between the desired and actual value. The output of the integrator is connected to a limit detector 18 such that an error condition is considered to have been established if the output of the integrator exceeds a predetermined limiting value. In this event, an "error present" signal is returned to the master circuit 10 via a line 20.

The integrator 16 is arranged to be re-set via a line 22 by means of a zero detector 24 which outputs an integrator re-set signal in the event that the difference signal o(E is zero and in the event also that there is a change of sign between the desired and actual values whereby a zero-crossing occurs.

In the event that the regulating element should become jammed in the forward direction, the system should not detect an error, since jamming may be due to freezing up. This error will therefore be eliminated automatically when the engine warms up. To prevent the system detecting a fault condition in these circumstances, therefore, an "adjusting element jammed" signal is arranged to be generated in the master circuit 10 and applied via a line 26 to the integrator re-set line 22 so as to re-set the integrator to zero.

Furthermore, on starting the motor vehicle, voltage drops may occur in the battery output so that the butterfly valve is unable to move into the desired position. If this were to be detected by the system

as an error, then it would not be possible to properly start the motor vehicle in the event of low battery voltage. Thus, a "low battery voltage" signal is generated in the master circuit 10 and is again applied via the line 26 to re-set the integrator to zero.

Thus, lower battery voltage and the adjusting element being jammed are tolerated by the system without triggering an error condition in order to obtain better availability.