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Title:
MONO- AND BIS-HYDRAZONE PIGMENTS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2001/074950
Kind Code:
A2
Abstract:
Mono- and Bis-Azo/Hydrazone Pyrrole Pigments and Methods for preparing same.

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Inventors:
Chamberlain, Terence (11710 Laureview Drive, Cincinnati, OH, 45249, US)
Derussy, Donald T. (5100 Fieldhurst Court, Mason, OH, 45040, US)
Smith, Norman W. (1085 Newcastle Drive, Cincinnati, OH, 45231, US)
Application Number:
PCT/US2001/010863
Publication Date:
October 11, 2001
Filing Date:
April 03, 2001
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
SUN CHEMICAL CORPORATION (222 Bridge Plaza South, Fort Lee, NJ, 07024, US)
Chamberlain, Terence (11710 Laureview Drive, Cincinnati, OH, 45249, US)
Derussy, Donald T. (5100 Fieldhurst Court, Mason, OH, 45040, US)
Smith, Norman W. (1085 Newcastle Drive, Cincinnati, OH, 45231, US)
International Classes:
C07D207/44; C09B26/02; C09B27/00; C09B29/40; C09B33/12; C09B43/18; C09B43/32; (IPC1-7): C09B/
Foreign References:
BE509646A
FR1054935A1954-02-15
Other References:
MUMM; MUENCHMEYER: "Phenylhydrazon des Phenyl-diketo-pyrrolins" CHEMISCHE BERICHTE, vol. 43, 1910, page 3358 XP001035067
CHEMICAL ABSTRACTS, vol. 123, no. 15, 9 October 1995 (1995-10-09) Columbus, Ohio, US; abstract no. 198688, EL-KOUSY ET. AL: "A Study on Reaarrangement of Arylazo Furanones and Pyrrolinones" page 1236; column 2; XP002188069 & EL-KOUSY ET. AL: "A Study on Reaarrangement of Arylazo Furanones and Pyrrolinones" INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY, vol. 5, no. 2, 1994, pages 65-75, Calcutta/India
L. CAPUANO; P. MÖRSDORF: "Chemie der 2,3-Dihydro-2,3-diiminofurane" LIEBIGS ANNALEN DER CHEMIE, vol. 12, 1982, pages 2178-2188, XP002188095 Weinheim /DE
F. LOVREN ET. AL.: "Reactivity and microbiological Activity of 2-Methyl-3-carboethoxy-5-pyrrolinone derivatives" PHARMAZIE, vol. 47, 1992, pages 773-776, XP002111151 cited in the application
G. KOLLENZ: "Synthesen von Heterozyklen" MONATSHEFTE CHEMIE, vol. 102, no. 1, 1971, pages 108-113, XP001041695 stuttgart
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Persley, Sidney (222 Bridge Plaza South, Fort Lee, NJ, 07024, US)
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Claims:
WHAT IS CLAIMED IS :
1. A monoazo/hydrazone pigment of the formula (I) : wherein : A is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl radical ; R'is hydrogen, alkyl, aralkyl, aryl or heteroaryl ; , Z is hydrogen, COXB, CN or COCH3 ; Y is hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, amine, nitro, carboxylic acid, a carboxylic acid ester or a substituted or unsubstituted fused ring ; B is hydrogen, or a primary aliphatic, carbocyclic or aryl or heterocyclic radical ; and X is a divalent O or NH radical.
2. The monoazo/hydrazone pigment of claim 1, wherein A is an unsubstituted aryl radical.
3. The monoazo/hydrazone pigment of claim 1, wherein A is an unsubstituted heteroaryl radical.
4. The monoazo/hydrazone pigment of claim 1, wherein Y is a carboxylic acid.
5. The monoazo/hydrazone pigment of claim 1, wherein Y is a nitro group.
6. The monoazo/hydrazone pigment of claim 1, wherein Z is COXB.
7. The monoazo/hydrazone pigment of claim 6, wherein X is a divalent 0 radical, and B is a primary aliphatic radical or an aryl radical.
8. The monoazo/hydrazone pigment of claim 6, wherein X is a divalent NH radical, and B is a primary aliphatic radical or an aryl radical.
9. A bisazo/hydrazone pigment of the formula (II) : wherein : A is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl or substituted or 'unsubstituted heteroaryl radical ; R'is hydrogen, alkyl, aralkyl, aryl or heteroaryl ; Y is hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, amine, nitro, carboxylic acid, or a substituted or unsubstituted fused ring ; B is a divalent aliphatic, carbocyclic or heterocyclic radical, a divalent aryl or heteroaryl radical ; and X is a divalent O or NH radical.
10. The bisazo/hydrazone pigment of claim 9, wherein B is a divalent aryl radical.
11. The bisazo/hydrazone pigment of claim 9, wherein A is an unsubstituted aryl radical.
12. The bisazo/hydrazone pigment of claim 9, wherein A is an unsubstituted heteroaryl radical.
13. The bisazo/hydra. zone pigment of claim 9, wherein Y is a nitro group.
14. The bisazo/hydrazone pigment of claim 9, wherein X is a divalent O radical, and B is a divalent aliphatic or aryl radical.
15. The bisazo/hydrazone pigment of claim 9, wherein X is a divalent NH radical, and B is a divalent aliphatic or aryl radical.
16. A bisazo/hydrazone pigment of the formula (III) : wherein : A is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl radical ; R'is hydrogen, alkyl, aralkyl, aryl or heteroaryl ; Z, is hydrogen, COXB, CN or COCI13 ; B is an aliphatic, carbocyclic or heterocyclic radical, an aryl radical or a heteroaryl radical ; Q is a divalent aliphatic, carbocyclic or heterocyclic radical, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl radical, a divalent substituted or unsubstituted biphenyl radical or a divalent substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl radical, where the substituent may be halogen, alkyl or alkoxy ; and X is a divalent O or NH radical.
17. The bisazo/hydrazone pigment of claim 16, wherein A is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl radical.
18. A bisazo/hydrazone pigment of the formula (IV) : wherein : A is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl radical ; R'is hydrogen, alkyl, aralkyl, aryl or heteroaryl ; Z is hydrogen, COXB, CN or COCH3 ; B is hydrogen, or a primary aliphatic, carbocyclic, aryl or heterocyclic radical ; X is a divalent 0 or NH radical ; and Q is a divalent substituted or unsubstituted. aryl radical, a divalent substituted biphenyl radical or a divalent substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl radical, where the substituent may be halogen, alkyl or alkoxy.
19. The bisazo/hydrazone pigment of claim 18, wherein A is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl radical, Z is COXB, B is a primary aliphatic radical, and X is a divalent oxygen radical.
20. The bisazo/hydrazone pigment of claim 18, wherein A is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl radical, Z is COXB, B is an aryl radical, and X is divalent NH radical.
21. The bisazo/hydrazone pigment of claim 18, wherein Q is an biphenyl radical substituted with halogen, alkyl or alkoxy.
22. A bisazo/hydrazone pigment of the formula (V) : wherein : A is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl radical ; Y is hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, amine, nitro, carboxylic acid, carboxylic acid ester, or a substituted or unsubstituted fused ring ; Z is hydrogen, COXB, CN or COCH3 ; B is hydrogen, or a primary aliphatic, carbocyclic, aryl or heterocyclic radical ; X is a divalent O or NH radical ; and M is a divalent alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl radical, where the substituent may be halogen, alkyl or alkoxy.
23. The bisazo/hydrazone of claim 22, wherein A is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl radical, Z is COXB, B is a primary aliphatic radical, and X is a divalent oxygen radical.
24. The bisazo/hydrazone of claim 22, wherein A is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl radical, Z is COXB, B is an aryl radical, and X is divalent NH radical.
25. The bisazo/hydrazone pigment of claim 22, wherein M is a divalent aryl or alkyladical.
26. A process for preparing a monoazo/hydrazone pigment of the formula (I) : wherein : A is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl radical ; R'is hydrogen, alkyl, aralkyl, aryl or heteroaryl ; Z is hydrogen, COXB, CN or COCH3 ; Y is hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, amine, nitro, carboxylic acid, a carboxylic acid ester or a substituted or unsubstituted fused ring ; B is hydrogen, or a primary aliphatic, carbocyclic or aryl or heterocyclic radical ; and X is a divalent O or NH radical comprising reacting at least one aromatic hydrazine compound of the formula (VI) : wherein : Y is hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, amine, nitro, carboxylic acid, a carboxylic acid ester or a substituted or unsubstituted fused ring ; with a diketopyrrole pigment of the formula (VII) : wherein : A is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl radical ; R'is hydrogen, alkyl, aralkyl, aryl or heteroaryl ; Z is hydrogen, COXB, CN or COCH3 ; B is hydrogen, or a primary aliphatic, carbocyclic or aryl or heterocyclic radical ; and X is a divalent O or NH radical.
27. A process for preparing a bisazo/hydrazone pigment of the formula (II) : wherein : A is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl radical ; R'is hydrogen, alkyl, aralkyl, aryl or heteroaryl ; Y is hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, amine, nitro, carboxylic acid, or a substituted or unsubstituted rused ring ; B is a divalent aliphatic, carbocyclic or heterocyclic radical, a divalent aryl radical or a divalent heteroaryl radical ; and X is a divalent O or NH radical comprising reacting a diamine compound of the formula H2NBNH2, where B is a divalent aliphatic, carbocyclic or heterocyclic radical, a divalent aryl radical or a divalent heteroaryl radical, with a compound of the formula (VIII) : wherein : A is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl radical ; R'is hydrogen, alkyl, aralkyl, aryl or heteroaryl ; R is straight or branched chain ClClg alkyl, C7C18 aralkyl or aryl ; and Y is hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, amine, nitro, carboxylic acid, or a substituted or unsubstituted fused ring.
28. A process for preparing a bisazo/hydrazone pigment of the formula (II) : wherein : A is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl radical ; R'is hydrogen, alkyl, aralkyl, aryl or heteroaryl ; Y is hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, amine, nitro, carboxylic acid, or a substituted or unsubstituted fused ring ; B is a divalent aliphatic, carbocyclic or heterocyclic radical, a divalent aryl radical or a divalent heteroaryl radical ; and X is a divalent O or NH radical comprising reacting a diol compound of the formula HOBOH, where B is a divalent aliphatic, carbocyclic or heterocyclic radical, a divalent aryl radical or a divalent heteroaryl radical, with a compound of the formula (VIII) : wherein : A is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl radical ; R'is hydrogen, alkyl, aralkyl, aryl or heteroaryl ; R is straight or branched chain ClCl8 alkyl, CC18 aralkyl or aryl ; and Y is hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, amine, nitro, carboxylic acid, or a substituted or unsubstituted fused ring.
29. A process for preparing a bisazo/hydrazone pigment of the formula (III) : wherein : A is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl radical ; R'is hydrogen, alkyl, aralkyl, aryl or heteroaryl ; Z is hydrogen, COXB, CN or COCH3 ; B is an aliphatic, carbocyclic or heterocyclic radical, an aryl radical or a heteroaryl radical ; Q is a divalent aliphatic, carbocyclic or heterocyclic radical, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl radical, a divalent substituted or unsubstituted biphenyl radical or a divalent substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl radical, where the substituent may be halogen, alkyl or alkoxy, and, X is a divalent O or NH radical ; comprising reacting a diamine compound of the formula H2NQNH2, where Q is a divalent aliphatic, carbocyclic or heterocyclic radical, a divalent aryl radical or a divalent heteroaryl radical, with a compound of the formula (IX) : wherein : A is'a substituted or unsubstituted aryl or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl radical ; R'is hydrogen, alkyl, aralkyl, aryl or heteroaryl ; and Z is hydrogen, COXB, CN or COCH3 ; B is hydrogen except : when X is 0, or a primary aliphatic, carbocyclic or aryl or heterocyclic radical ; and X is a divalent O or NH radical.
30. A process for preparing a bisazo/hydrazone pigment of the formula (III) : wherein : A is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl radical ; R'is hydrogen, alkyl, aralkyl, aryl or heteroaryl ; Z is hydrogen, COXB, CN or COCH3 ; B is an aliphatic, carbocyclic or heterocyclic radical, an aryl radical or a heteroaryl radical ; Q is a divalent aliphatic, carbocyclic or heterocyclic radical, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl radical, a divalent substituted or unsubstituted biphenyl radical or a divalent substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl radical, where the substituent may be halogen, alkyl or alkoxy, and X is a divalent O or NH radical ; comprising reacting a diol compound of the formula HOQOH, where Q is a divalent aliphatic, carbocyclic or heterocyclic radical, a divalent aryl radical or a divalent heteroaryl radical, with a compound of the formula (IX) : wherein : A is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl radical ; R'is hydrogen, alkyl, aralkyl, aryl or heteroaryl ; and Z is hydrogen, COXB, CN or COCH3 ; 8 is hydrogen except when X is 0, or a primary aliphatic, carbocyclic or aryl or heterocyclic radical ; and X is a divalent O or NH radical.
31. A process for preparing a bisazo hydrazone pigment of the formula (IV) : wherein : A is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl radical ; R'is hydrogen, alkyl, aralkyl, aryl or heteroaryl ; Z is hydrogen, COXB, CN or COCH3 ; B is hydrogen or a primary aliphatic, carbocyclic or aryl or heterocyclic radical ; X is a divalent O or NH radical ; and Q is a divalent substituted or unsubstituted aryl radical, a divalent substituted heteroaryl radical, where the substituent may be halogen, alkyl or alkoxy ; comprising reacting a diamine compound of the formula H2NWN2 where W is a divalent aliphatic, carbocyclic or heterocyclic radical, a divalent aryl radical or divalent heteroaryl radical, with a compound of the formula wherein : X, R'and R are as defined above.
32. A process for preparing a bisazo hydrazone pigment of the formula (IV) : wherein : A is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl radical ; R'is hydrogen, alkyl, aralkyl, aryl or heteroaryl ; Z is hydrogen, COXB, CM or COCH3 ; B is hydrogen or a primary aliphatic, carbocyclic or aryl or heterocyclic radical ; X is a divalent O or NH radical ; and Q is a divalent substicuted or unsubstituted aryl radical, a divalent substituted heteroaryl radical, where the substituent may be halogen, alkyl or alkoxy ; comprising reacting a compound of the formula H=NMNH, where is a divalent aliphatic, carbocyclic or heterocyclic radical, a divalent aryl radical or divalent heteroaryl radical, with a compound of the formula wherein : X, R'and R are as defined above.
33. A process for preparing a bisazo/hydrazone pigment of the formula (V) : wherein : A is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl radical ; Y is hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, amine, nitro, carboxylic acid or a substituted or unsubstituted fused ring ; Z is hydrogen, COX8, CN or COCH3 ; B is hydrogen or a primary aliphatic, carbocyclic or aryl or heterocyclic radical ; XC is a divalent O or NH radical ; and M is a divalent substicuced or unsubstituted aryl radical, a divalent substituted heteroaryl radical, where the substituent may be halogen, alkyl or alkoxy ; comprising reacting a compound of the formula wherein : X and R are as previously defined ; with a diamine of the formula H2NMNH2 where M is as defined above ; to produce a compound of the formula wherein : X, R and M are as defined above ; which is then reacted with cobalt chloride (CoCl) 2 to produce a compound of the formula wherein : X, R and M are as defined above ; which. is then reacted with a compound of the formula wherein : Y is as defined above.
34. A process for preparing a bisazo hydrazone pigment of the formula (V) : wherein : A is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl radical ; Y is hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, amine, nitro, carboxylic acid or a substituted or unsubstituted fused ring ; Z is hydrogen, COXB, CN or COCH3 ; B. is hydrogen or a primary aliphatic, carbocyclic or aryl or heterocyclic radical ; X is a divalent O or NH radical ; and M is a divalent substituted or unsubstituted aryl radical, a divalent substituted heteroaryl radical, where the substituent may be halogen, alkyl or alkoxy ; comprising reacting a compound of the formula wherein : R and X are as defined above ; with a compound of the formula ClCH2CO2R wherein : R is as defined above ; to produce a compound of the formula wherein : X and R are as defined above ; which is then reacted with a diamine of the formula H2NMNH2 wherein : M is as defined above ; to produce a compound of the formula wherein : X, R and M are as defined above ; which is then reacted with a compound of the formula wherein : Y is as defined above.
35. A process for preparing a monoazo/hydrazone pigment : of the formula (I) : wherein : A is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl radical ; R'is hydrogen, alkyl, aralkyl, aryl or heteroaryl ; Z is hydrogen, COXB, CN or COCH3 ; Y is hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, amine, nitro, carboxylic acid, a carboxylic acid ester or a substituted or unsubstituted fused ring ; B is hydrogen, or a primary aliphatic, carbocyclic or aryl or heterocyclic radical ; and X is a divalent O or NH radical comprising reacting a compound of the formula : wherein : Y is as defined above ; with a ketopyrrole pigment of the formula : wherein : R'is as described above ; X is a hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, amine, nitro, carboxylic acid ester of fused ring and R is hydrogen, alkyl, aralkyl, aryl or heteroaryl.
Description:
MONO-AND BIS-HYDRAZONE PIGMENTS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Field of the Invention The present invention relates to hydrazone pigments and their preparation. More particularly, the present invention relates to mono-azo/hydrazone or bis-azo/hydrazone pigments derived from 2-aryl-3-alkoxycarbonyl-5-pyrrolinones and 2-aryl- 5-pyrrolinones intermediates.

Description of the Prior Art Lovren et al., 47 Pharmazie 773-776 (1992) discloses the synthesis of azo/hydrazones where 2-methyl-3-carboethoxy-5- pyrrolinones are reacted with aromatic aldehydes and aryldiazonium (azo) salts.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In one aspect, the present invention relates to a mono-azo/ hydrazone pigment whose structure conforms to the formula (I) : wherein : A is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl radical ; R'is hydrogen, alkyl, aralkyl, aryl or heteroaryl ; Z is hydrogen, CO-X-B, CN, or COCH3 where B is hydrogen, or a primary aliphacic, carbocyclic, aryl or heterocyclic radical ; Y is hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, amine, nitro, carboxylic acid, carboxylic acid ester, or a substituted or unsubst-ituted fused ring ; and X-is a divalent O or NH radical.

In another aspect, the present invention relates to a bis- azo/hydrazone pigment whose structure conforms to the formula (II) : wherein A, R', Y and X are as previously defined ; and B is a divalent aliphatic, carbocyclic or heterocyclic radical, a divalent aryl or heteroaryl radical.

In another aspect, the present invention relates to a bis- azo/hydrazone pigment whose structure conforms to the formula (III) : wherein : A, R', Z and X are as previously defined ; and Q is a divalent aliphatic, carbocyclic or heterocyclic radical, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl radical, a divalent substituted or unsubstituted biphenyl radical or a divalent substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl radical, where the substituent may be halogen, alkyl or alkoxy.

In yet another aspect, the present invention relates to a bis-azo/hydrazone pigment whose structure conforms to the formula (IV) : wherein : A, R', and Z are as previously defined ; and Q is a divalent : substituted or unsubstituted aryl radical, a divalent substituted biphenyl radical or a divalent substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl radical, where the substituent may be halogen, alkyl or alkoxy.

Yet another embodiment of the present invention relates to a bis-azo/hydrazone pigment whose structure conforms to the formula (V) : wherein : A, Y, and Z are as previously defined ; and M is a divalent : alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl radical, where the substituent may be halogen, alkyl or alkoxy.

The invention also relates to a process for preparing the mono-azo/hydrazone pigments of formula I, in which at least one e aromatic hydrazine having the formula (VI) : wherein : Y is as previously defined ; is reacted with a compound of the formula : wherein : X and R'are as previously defined and R is hydrogen.

The invention also relates to an alternative process for preparing the mono-azo/hydrazone pigments of formula I, in which compound having the formula : wherein : Y is as previously defined ; is reacted with a compound of the following formula : wherein : X and R are as previously defined and R'is hydrogen.

The invention also relates to a process for preparing higher molecular weight mono-azo/hydrazone pigments of formula I, in which at least one aromatic hydrazine having the formula : wherein : Y is as previously defined ; is reacted with a compound of the following formula : wherein : X and R are as previously defined ; and R'is alkyl, aralkyl, aryl or heteroaryl.

The invention also relates to an alternative process for preparing the mono-azo/hydrazone pigments of formula I, in which compound having the formula : wherein : Y is as previously defined ; is reacted with a compound or the following formula : wherein : X and R are as previously defined ; and R'is alkyl, aralkyl, aryl or heteroaryl.

In another aspect, the invention relates to a process for preparing the bis-azo/hydrazone pigments of formula II, in which diamines of the formula H2N-B-NH2 (where B is as previously defined ; with the exception that B cannot be hydrogen) are reacted with a compound of'the formula (VIII) : wherein : A, R' and Y are as previously defined ; and R is a straight or branched chain Cl-cla alkyl, C7-Cln aralkyl or aryl.

The present invention also relates to an alternative process for preparing the bis-azo/hydrazone pigments of formula II, in which a diol of the formula HO-B-OH (where B is as previously defined above with the exception that B cannot be hydrogen) is reacted with a compound of the formula (VIII) : wherein : A, R'and Y are as previously defined ; and R is a straight : or branched chain Cl-Cl8 alkyl, C7-C. 18 aralkyl or aryl.

The present invention also relates to a process for preparing the bis-azo/hydrazone pigments of the formula (III) : wherein : A, R', Z and X are as previously defined ; and Q is a divalent aliphatic, carbocyclic or heterocyclic radical, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl radical, a divalent substituted or unsubstituted biphenyl radical or a divalent substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl radical, where the substituent may be halogen, alkyl or alkoxy ; comprising reacting a diamine of the formula H2N-Q-NH2, where Q is a divalent aliphatic, carbocyclic or heterocyclic radical, a divalent aryl radical or a divalent heteroaryl radical, with a compound of the formula (IX) : wherein : A, Rt and Z are as previously defined ; The present invention also relates to an alternative process for preparing the bis-azo/hydrazone pigments of formula III comprising reacting a diol of the formula OH-Q-OH, where Q is as previously defined with a compound of the formula (IX) : wherein : A, R'and Z are as previously defined ; In another aspect, the present invention is a process for preparing the bis-azo/hydrazone pigments of the formula (IV) : wherein : A, R'and Z are as previously defined and Q is a divalent substituted or unsubstituted aryl radical, a divalent substituted heteroaryl radical, where the substituent may be halogen,'a. lkyl or alkoxy ; comprising reacting a diamine of the formula H2NH-Q-HNH2 where Q is a divalent aliphatic, carbocyclic or heterocyclic radical, a divalent aryl radical or divalent heteroaryl radical, with a compound of the formula : wherein : X, R'and R are as previously defined.

In another aspect, the present invention is an alternative process for preparing the bis-azo/hydrazone pigments of formula (IV) comprising reacting a compound of the formula N2-Q-N2 where Q is a divalent aliphatic, carbocyclic or heterocyclic radical, a divalent aryl radical or divalent heteroaryl radical, with a compound of the formula : wherein : X, R'and R. are as previously defined.

In another aspect, the present invention is a process for preparing the bis-azo/hydrazone pigments of the formula (V) : wherein : A, Z, Y, and M are as previously defined ; comprising reacting a diamine of the formula H2N-M-NH2 where M is a divalent aliphatic, carbocyclic or heterocyclic radical, a divalent aryl radical or divalent heteroaryl radical, with a compound of the formula : wherein : X and R are as previously defined ; to form a compound of the formula : wherein : X, R and M are as previously defined ; which is then reacted with cobalt chloride (CoCl) 2 to produce a compound of the formula : wherein : X, R and M are as previously defined ; which is then reacted with a compound of the formula : wherein : Y is as previously defined.

In another aspect, the present invention is an alternative process for preparing the bis-azo/hydrazone pigments of formula (V) comprising reacting a compound of the formula : wherein : X and R are as previously defined ; with a compound of the formula CICH2CO2R wherein : R is as previously defined ; to produce a compound of the formula : wherein : X and R are as previously defined ; which is then reacted with a diamine of the formula HN2-M-H§X2 where M is as previously defined ; to form a compound of the formula : wherein : X, R and M are as previously defined ; which is then reacted with a compound of the formula : wherein : Y is as previously defined.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Those of ordinary skill in the art will recognize that the structures shown in the Figures depicting the azo/hydrazone colorants of the present invention are also meant to include the corresponding tautomeric compounds and the possible configurational isomers of each tautomeric form. Thus, the hydrazone compounds of the present invention include their corresponding azo forms. Therefore, these compounds will be referred to as azo/hydrazones in recognition of their tautomeric nature.

Figure 1 illustrates two independent synthetic routes for producing a mono-azo/hydrazone of the present invention beginning with the same starting material.

Figure 2 shows two independent synthetic routes for producing a derivatized mono-azo/hydrazone of the present invention beginning with the same starting material.

Figure 3 depicts reacting a mono-azo/hydrazone of the present invention with either a diamine or a diol to produce a higher molecular weight bis-amide or bis-ester, respectively.

Figure 4 illustrates an alternative synthesis suitable for substantially increasing the molecular weight of the mono-azo/ hydrazone pyrrole of the present invention.

Figure 5 shows two independent synthetic routes for making a bis-azo/hydrazone of the present invention where in the first route a ketopyrrole coupler is reacted with a tetrazonium salt, and in the second route a di-ketopyrrole reacted with a bis- arylhydrazine.

Figure 6 depicts two independent synthetic routes for forming a bis-azo/hydrazone of the present invention.

In the first route (lower portion of Figure 6) an aryloylsuccinate diester is reacted with a diamine to. form a bis-ketopyrrole coupler which is then reacted with a diazonium compound.

In the second route (upper portion of Figure 6) a diamine is reacted with a alkylaryloylacetate to produce an intermediate bis (aminocinnamic acid ester) which is then reacted with an oxalylchloride to form a bis-diketopyrrole which is subsequently reacted with arylhydrazine to produce the desired bis- azo/hydrazone.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS As summarized above, the present invention relates to a mono-azo/hydrazone pyrrole whose structure conforms to the following formula (I) : wherein : A, R', Y and Z are as previously defined.

Those of ordinary skill in the art will recognize that the aryl ring of formula I can have multiple Y substituents other than hydrogen, which may be the same or different. Preferred embodiments include compounds in which A is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl radical ; compounds in which Y is a nitro group, and compounds in which Z is CO-X-B, where X and B are as previously defined.

Dual Synthetic Routes to Mono-Azo/Hydrazone Pyrroles The mono-azo/hydrazones of the present invention can be synthesized from readily available starting materials using conventional synthetic organic reactions. Figure 1 illustrates two synthesis routes for production of a mono-azo/hydrazone of the present invention where A is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl radical. Both synthesis begin with the same substituted or unsubstituted alkylaryloylacetate as the starting material.

The lower portion of Figure 1 illustrates an alkylation reaction between the alkylaryloylacetate and an alkylchloroacetate to produce an aryloylsuccinate diester and hydrogen chloride (not shown). The reaction is normally run in the presence of a base, typically sodium carbonate, which acts to scavenge the hydrogen chloride by-product.

The aryloylsuccinate diester may optionally be separated from the. reaction mixture before being subsequently reacted with either ammonia or, preferably, ammonium salts, in an amination/cyclization reaction to produce a ketopyrrole, which is isolated, typically by filtration.

An excess of ketopyrrole (3-5 molar percent) is subsequently reacted with a substituted or unsubstituted aryldiazonium salt in a conventional coupling reaction to produce a mono-azo/hydrazone pyrrole of the present invention.

An alternative synthesis route is shown in the upper portion of Figure 1. The synthesis also begins with alkylaryloylacetate as the starting material, which is reacted with ammonia in an amination reaction to produce water and the corresponding aminocinnamic acid ester derivative, which is then isolated, preferably by distillation.

The isolated aminocinnamic acid ester derivative is subsequently reacted with oxalyl chloride to produce the corresponding di-ketopyrrole and hydrogen chloride by-product.

The di-ketopyrrole is isolated by filtration and subsequently condensed with an arylhydrazine to produce the desired mono- azo/hydrazone pyrrole of the present invention and water. The mono-azo/hydrazone pyrrole may be conveniently isolated by filtration.

The alkylaryloylacetate starting material in Figure 1 is either commercially available or may easily be prepared by reacting a dialkylcarbonate with an appropriate arylmethyl ketone under basic conditions which are well known to those of ordinary skill in the art.

While the same mono-azo/hydrazone compound can be generated by two separate synthesis routes with different intermediates, each synthesis has its own advantages such as yield, quality and compatibility for in-situ preparation. The advantages of each synthetic route will be readily apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art.

Those of ordinary skill in the art will readily understand that the synthesis routes in Figure 1 can be easily expanded by, for example, replacing the ammonia used as a reactant in either synthetic route with an amine NH2-R' (where R'may be an alkyl radical, an aralkyl radical, an aryl radical, or heteroaryl radical) to produce a derivatized mono-azo/hydrazone pyrrole, as shown in Figure 2. One important consequence of derivatizing the mono-azo/hydrazone compound is that proper selection of the R'functional group permits those of ordinary skill in the art to"tailor"the compound to adjust its solubility to produce either a pigment (insoluble) or a dyestuff (soluble) depending on the particular system of interest.

Reactions Based on the Ester Functional Group The mono-azo/hydrazone pyrrole of the present invention may have an ester group (Z is CO-X-B, with X being a divalent oxygen radical in formula I above). As shown in Figure 3, this embodiment of the invention may be condensed with a suitable diamine to form a higher molecular weight bis-amide, or reacted with an appropriate diol to form the corresponding bis-ester, and an alkanol byproduct R-OH (not shown). Preferably, two moles of mono-azo/hydrazone is used to produce the corresponding bis-ester or bis-amide, respectively, together with an alkanol (R-OH) by-product (not shown). More preferably, a 5 to 10 molar percent excess of diol or diamine is employed.

Such condensations are conventional reactions and well known to those of ordinary skill in the art and typically are run at a reaction temperature of 150 to 200°C in a high boiling organic solvent such as dichlorobenzene or trichlorobenzene.

Preferably, a 5 to 10 molar percent excess of. diol or diamine is employed. The resulting bis-ester and bis-amide products are solids and may be conveniently isolated by filtration.

The bis-azo/hydrazone pyrroles of the present invention thus include compounds whose structure conforms to the formula (II) : wherein : A, R', Y, X and B are as previously defined. Preferred embodiments include those compounds where A is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl radical ; and compounds where Y is a nitro group.

Those of ordinary skill in the art will readily recognize that the difunctional reactants (diols and diamines) illustrated in Figure 3 can be replaced with monofunctional reactants to produce the corresponding monoesters and monoamides, respectively. Similarly, the reactants can be triols or triamines.

Reactions Based on Aromatic Ring Substituents The present invention includes other bis-azo/hydrazone compounds in addition to the compounds of formula II. Thus, Figure 4 illustrates another way to further react the mono- azo/hydrazone pyrroles of the present invention to produce higher molecular weight colorants. This synthesis route is based on the reactivity of substituents located on the aromatic ring (i. e., where Y of formula II is a carboxylic acid, hydroxy or amine). Thus, as shown in Figure 4, the carboxylic acid group can be converted to an acid chloride which in turn is reacted with a diamine or a diol to produce a bis-amide or bis- ester in analogous fashion to the synthesis shown in Figure 3.

More particularly, Figure 4 illustrates a specific embodiment of a mono-azo/hydrazone where A is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group and Y is a carboxylic acid, and its conversion to the corresponding, higher molecular weight bis- azo/hydrazone. The carboxylic acid group of the mono- azo/hydrazone may then be converted to an acid chloride (using for example, thionyl chloride, oxalyl chloride, phosphoryl chloride, etc.) to produce the corresponding mono-azo/hydrazone acid chloride (and by-products such as 5°2 and HCl).

The acid chloride may be optionally isolated prior to reaction with either a diamine or diol to produce the corresponding bis-amide or bis-ester, respectively, which may be isolated from the by-products by filtration. A 5-10% molar excess of the diamine or diol is preferably employed. High boiling aromatic solvents such as dichlorobenzene and trichlorobenzene are typically used in these reactions, which are run at from 100 to 200°C.

The bis-azo/hydrazone pyrroles of the present invention include compounds whose structure conforms to the formula (III) : wherein : A, R', X and Q are as previously defined. Preferred compounds include those in which A is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl radical.

Those of ordinary skill in the art will readily recognize that the difunctional reactants (diols and diamines) employed in the synthesis illustrated in Figure 4 can be replaced with monofunctional reactants to produce the corresponding monoesters and monoamides, respectively. Similarly, the reactants can be triols or triamines.

Synthesis of Bis-azo/hydrazones Using Aryltetrazonium Salts The upper portion of Figure 5 shows the synthesis of a bis- azo/hydrazone pyrrole in which a ketopyrrole coupler is reacted with an aryltetraazonium salt, produced from a corresponding aryldiamine by reaction with sodium nitrite in an aqueous acid by tetrazotization. The ketopyrrole coupler may be dissolved in methanol, ethanol, acetic acid or any suitable water-miscible solvent then reacted with the aqueous aryltetraazonium salt at a temperature ranging from 0°C to room temperature at a pH ranging from 1 to 7 with the to produce the desired bis-azo/hydrazone pyrrole product of the formula (IV) : wherein : A, R', Z and Q are as previously defined.

By substituting the aryl diazonium salt shown in Figure 1 with a aryltetraazonium salt, one can produce yet another class of bis-azo/hydrazone pyrroles represented by formula IV.

Preferred embodiments include those compounds where A is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl radical ; where Q is biphenyl substituted with halogen, alkyl or alkoxy ; and where Z is CO-X-B (where X and B are as previously defined.

The lower portion of Figure 5 shows an alternative synthesis of the bis-azo/hydrazone of formula IV in which a di- ketopyrrole is condensed with a bis-arylhydrazine. An acid catalyst, such as toluene sulfonic acid, may optionally be employed. The condensation reaction is run in suitable organic solvents at a temperature ranging from room temperature to 150°C and more preferably at a temperature ranging from room temperature-to 1000C.

Synthesis of Bis-azo/hydrazones Using A Diamine Figure 6 (lower portion) illustrates an alkylaryloylacetate, which is reacted in organic solvent with an alkylchloroacetate to produce the corresponding aryloylsuccinate diester, which is then preferably isolated by filtration.

The diester compound is subsequently reacted with an appropriate diamine to produce the corresponding bis- ketopyrrole, which is isolated by filtration. The bis- ketopyrrole is then coupled with an aryldiazonium salt in water or a water-miscible solvent to produce a bis-azo/hydrazone pyrrole of formula V which may be isolated by filtration The reaction conditions (solvent and temperature) are essentially the same as those discussed above for the corresponding synthesis shown in Figure 2.

The upper portion of Figure 6 illustrates an alternative synthesis route to produce the high-molecular weight bis- azo/hydrazone of formula V. More particularly, a alkylaryloylacetate starting material (shown in Figures 1 and 2) is reacted with an appropriate diamine in an organic solvent such as ethanol to produce a bis (aminocinnamic acid ester derivative) which is then isolated by filtration and reacted with oxalylchloride to produce a bis-diketopyrrole, which is isolated, preferably by filtration. The bis-diketopyrrole is then reacted with an arylhydrazine in an organic solvent to produce the bis-azo/hydrazone of the formula (V) : wherein : A, Z, M and Y are as previously defined.

The mono-azo/hydrazone pyrrole and derivatized mono-azo/ hydrazone compounds illustrated in Figures 1 to 6 have utility as colorants or pigments per se. As discussed above, these compounds possess functional groups which can be further reacted to form the corresponding bis-azo/hydrazone pyrroles, which also have utility as higher molecular weight, generally less soluble, colorants.

The Examples below illustrate specific embodiments of the invention disclosed herein, and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention in any manner whatsoever.

Example 1 2-Phenyl-3-ethoxycarbonyl-4- <BR> <BR> (2-nitrophenylhydrazonyl)-lH-5-pyrrolinone 2-phenyl-3-ethoxycarbonyl-5-lH-pyrrole-4, 5-dione (10. 00 g, 0. 0408 mol, 1. 0 eq) and 97% o-nitrophenylhydrazine (moist solid containing 10% water) (7. 16 g, 6. 25 g pure, 0. 0408 mol, 1. 0 eq) were dissolved in glacial acetic acid (100 ml). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 20 hours. The 2-phenyl-3- ethoxycarbonyl-4- (2-nitroohenyl-hydrazonyl)-lH-5-pyrrolinone product (14. 17 g) was then isolated by filtration, washed with methanol, dried under vacuum at 60°C and isolated as a bright orange solid in 91% yield. MP 244-246°C (dec). Example 2 <BR> <BR> 2-Phenyl-3-ethoxycarbonyl-<BR> <BR> 4-(2, 4-dinitrophenylhydrazonyl)-lH-5-pyrrolinone 2-phenyl-3-ethoxycarbonyl-1H-pyrole-4,5-dione (5. 00 g, 0. 0204. mol, 1. 0 eg) and 2, 4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (97% moist : solid containing 30 « water, 5. 96 g, 4. 04 g pure, 0. 0204 mol, 1. 0 eq) were dissolved in glacial acetic acid (50 ml). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 hours, heated at reflux for an additional 2. 5 hours, then cooled. The 2-phenyl-3- <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> ethoxycarbonyl-4- (2, 4-dinitro-phenylhydrazonyl)-lH-5-pyrrolinone product (5. 63 g) was isolated by filtration, washed with methanol, dried under vacuum at 60°C and isolated as a bright red solid in 65% yield. MP 304-306°C (dec).

Example 3 Alternative Synthesis 2-Phenyl-3-ethoxycarbonyl-4- (2, 4-dinitrophenylazonyl) -lH-5-pyrrolinone 2, 4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (97% moist solid containing 30% water, 37. 34 g, 25. 36 g pure, 0. 128 mol, 1. 05 eq) was dissolved in ethanol (300 ml). The mixture was heated to 70°C and concentrated sulfuric acid (4 drops) was added followed by 2- phenyl-3-ethoxycarbonyl-lH-pyrrole-4, 5-dione (30. 00 g, 0. 122 mol, 1. 0 eq) over 10 minutes. The mixture was stirred at reflux for 30 minutes and cooled. The 2-phenyl-3-ethoxycarbonyl-4- (2, 4-dinitrophenylhydrazonyl)-lH-5-pyrrolinone product (43. 6 g) was isolated by filtration, washed with methanol, dried under vacuum at 60°C and isolated as a bright red solid in 84% yield.

MP 304-306°C (dec).

Example 4 <BR> <BR> 2-Phenyl-3-ethoxycarbonyl-4-<BR> <BR> <BR> (2-nitro-4-dichloro-phenylhydrazonyl)-lH-5-pyrrolinone 4-chloro-2-nitrophenylhydrazine hydrochloride (6. 16g, 0. 0275 mol, 1. 10 eq.) was partially dissolved in ethanol (75 ml). The mixture was heated to 70°C and concentrated sulfuric acid (4 drops) was added, followed by 2-phenyl-3-ethoxycabonyl- lH-pyrrole-4, 5-dione (5. 13 g, 0. 025 mol, 1. 0 eq.) over 10 minutes. The mixture was stirred at reflux for 1. 5 hours and cooled. The 2-phenyl-3-ethoxycarbonyl-4- (2-nitro-4-chloro-. phenylhydrazonyl)-1H-5-pyrrolinone product (7. 65 g) was isolated by filtration, washed with methanol, dried under vacuum at 60°C and isolated as a bright orange solid in 74% yield. MP 292- 294 °C (dec).

Example 5 Acrylic Paint Formulation Thermosetting, organic solvent based, acrylic paint formulations were prepared from pigment samples of the present invention produced in Examples 1, 2 and 4 using conventional equipment and techniques. These paint formulations were each applied to a commercially available display tint card (Form 2C, the Leneta Company) and dried to produce a coating with a clean bright mastone. Corresponding tints were prepared by the addition of a standard amount of white pigment (titanium dioxide) to the original paint, which was then coated upon a second display card of the same type and dried.

The tint cards were each exposed to simulated solar radiation (765 W/m2 covering a wavelength band of 300-800 nm in a Suntest CPS Fadometer) along with acrylic paint coating formulations pigmented with commercially available pigments of similar color. After time intervals of 300 and 1000 hours, the color properties of an exposed portion of each coating was . measured by a color computer and compared to the color properties of an unexposed portion of the same coating. The difference between the two readings, expressed by the DE value, is shown in the Table 1. The smaller the DE value the better the lightfastness of the pigment in that paint.

Commercial Pigments (Table 1) PO 36 PR 254 PR 170 Examples 1, 2 and 4 (Table 1) Table 1 Sample Rt R, Hours Masstone DE or tint 271-9136 300 Masstone 1.14 PO 36 1000 Masstone 0. 77 300 Tint 0. 64 1000 Tint 2. 98 Example 1 NO2 H 300 Masstone 1. 35 (orange) 1000 Masstone 3. 23 300 Tint 2. 72 1000 Tint 2. 35 Example 4 NO, Ci 300 Masstone 0. 75 (orange) 1500 Masstone 2.96 300 Tint 0. 44 1500 Tint 5.15 Ciba DPP 300Masst 1. 16 Red BP 1000 Masstone 0. 80 PR 254 300 Tint 0. 59 1000Tine1. 27 235-0170 300 Masstone 2. 12 PR 170 1000 Masstone 3. 27 300 Tint 17. 11 1000 Tint 21.70 235-1170 300 Masstone 2. 14 PR 170 1000 Masstone 3. 76 300 Tint 4. 02 1000 Tint 16. 00 Example 2 N0 NO, 300 Masstone 1.56 (Red) 1000 Masstone 2. 08 300 Tint 3. 61 1000 Tint Example 6 2-phenyl-3-ethoxycarbonyl-4-(2-methoxy-4-nitrophenylhydrazon yl)-1 H-5- pyrrolinone (10. 00 g, 0. 0243 mole) was added to 1, 2, 4-trichlorobenzene (250 g) followed by addition of 1, 4-phenylenediamine (1. 36 g, 0. 0126 moles). The mixture was heated to 210°C under nitrogen for 24 hours, then cooled to ambient temperature. The reaction mixture was filtered and the filter cake was washed with methanol. After drying, a red solid was obtained. The product yield was 8. 64 g (84. 7%). MP>400°C.

Example 7 Sulfuric acid (96%, 36. 08 g, 0. 353 mole) was added to methanol (400 g) and 2- methoxy-4-nitroaniline (19. 8 g, 0. 118 mole) at 0°C. While still at 0°C, solid sodium nitrite (8. 97 g, 0. 130 mole) was added to the mixture. The mixture was stirred at this temperature for 3 hours, then gradually transferred to an ice-cold mixture of 2-phenyl-3- ethoxycarbonyl-lH-5-pyrrolinone (27. 25 g, 0. 118 mole) in methanol (100 g) under nitrogen over 15 minutes. The mixture was then stirred for 4 to 5 hours while warming gradually to ambient temperature. The mixture was filtered and the filter cake was washed with methanol and water then dried to obtain a product yield to give a scarlet- colored solid. The product yield was 37. 54 g (77. 59%). MP 274-275°C.

Example 8 2-phenyl-3-ethoxycarbonyl-4-(2-methoxy-4-nitrophenylhydrazon yl)-1 H-5- pyrrolinone (15. 00 g, 0. 0366 mole) was added to 1, 2, 4-trichlorobenzene (100 g) followed by addition of 4-chloroaniline (6. 53 g, 0. 0512 mole). The mixture was heated to 210°C under nitrogen for 3. 5 hours, then cooled to ambient temperature. After filtering the reaction mixture, the filter cake was washed with methanol and oven dried to give a red solid. The product yield was 12. 45 g (67. 3%). MP 311-312°C.

The paint containing the pigment of the present invention has DE values equal to or smaller than paint containing a conventional pigment.

Those skilled in the art having the benefit of the teachings of the present invention as hereinabove set forth, can effect numerous modifications thereto. These modifications are to be construed as being encompassed within the scope of the present invention as set forth in the appended claims.