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Title:
MOTORISED VALVE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2007/064310
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A motorised valve has a valve body having an input and output tubes, a seat assembled with the valve body, a rotary valve core associated with the seat, and a piezoelectric drive for rotation of said valve core, the piezoelectric drive including a piezoelectric generator of radially directed standing acoustic waves, which is assembled with the valve body and is connectable with a pulse current source, and a rotor operatively connected with the piezoelectric generator and kinematically assembled with the rotary valve core so as to rotate said valve core when the rotor is actuated by the piezoelectric generator.

Inventors:
PETRENKO, Serhiy Fedorovich (ul. Kurnatovskogo, 6-26 Kiev, 02139, UA)
Application Number:
UA2006/000067
Publication Date:
June 07, 2007
Filing Date:
November 24, 2006
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
PETRENKO, Serhiy Fedorovich (ul. Kurnatovskogo, 6-26 Kiev, 02139, UA)
International Classes:
F16K31/00; F15C5/00; F16K31/04
Foreign References:
US5631514A1997-05-20
US6887615B12005-05-03
US6637267B22003-10-28
Other References:
LEE A P ET AL: "POLYSILICON ANGULAR MICROVIBROMOTORS", JOURNAL OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS, IEEE SERVICE CENTER, PISCATAWAY, NJ, US, vol. 1, no. 2, 1 June 1992 (1992-06-01), pages 70 - 76, XP000304253, ISSN: 1057-7157
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
KUTSEVYCH, Valerii Ljudvikovich (ul. Melnikova, 6-42 Kiev, 04050, UA)
Download PDF:
Claims:

?

C LA I M S

1. A motorised valve, comprising -

(a) a valve body having at least one input tube and at least one output tube those are meant for connection to a pipeline system;

(b) a seat rigidly assembled with said valve body;

(c) a rotary valve core that is associated with said seat and equipped with valve stem for attachment to a rotary drive; and

(d) said rotary drive based on a piezoelectric motor that comprises of - a ring-like piezoelectric generator of radially directed standing acoustic waves, which is rigidly assembled with said valve body and equipped with means for connection to a pulse current source and to a control system, a resilient ring that is acoustically tightly assembled with said piezoelectric generator and equipped with at least one resilient ratchet pusher, and a rotor that is located with uniform clearance in respect of said piezoelectric generator, frictionally associated with said at least one resilient ratchet pusher, and kinematically assembled with said valve stem of said rotary valve core.

2. The motorised valve as defined in claim 1, wherein said resilient ring is equipped with at least two resilient ratchet pusher which are located at substantially equal angular distances from one another.

3. The motorised valve as defined in claim 1; wherein said resilient ring is made as a ring-shaped casing that acoustically tightly encloses said piezoelectric generator over its side surface, and said at least one resilient ratchet pusher is fastened to a wall of said ring-shaped casing.

4. The motorised valve as defined in claim 1 , wherein said rotor is rigidly fastened to said valve stem of said rotary valve core.

5. The motorised valve as defined in claim 1 , wherein said rotor is equipped with at least one marker of its angular position, while said valve body is equipped with at least one sensor meant for testing of said marker.

6. The motorised valve as defined in claim 1 , wherein each said marker is made as permanent magnet, and each said sensor is made as magnetoelectric converter.

7. The motorised valve as defined in claim 1; and further comprising a control system including - a clock rate generator, a pulse amplifier-interrupter connected - to a suitable current source, to a control output of said clock rate generator, and to the electric input of said piezoelectric generator; and a former of operating modes that is connected to additional control inputs of said

^ pulse amplifier-interrupter and, through a feedback circuit, to an output of each sensor so as to provide one of modes selected from the group consisting of a mode "start-stop" for opening and closing of the valve, and pseudo-continuous mode "step-by-step" for accurate regulation of a flow rate of a fluid medium which passes through the valve.

Description:

MOTORISED VALVE FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to fast-acting motorised valves with axis-symmetrical seats and rotary (cylindrical, conical, and preferably spherical) valve cores. Such valves are designed for accurate regulation of flows of arbitrary fluid media based on liquids and/or gasses and for closing/opening of vacuum lines.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Valves with rotary valve cores and hand drives for their rotation are well-known.

Such valves are widely used in household, laboratory and industrial distribution networks for gas and water supply, for closing and opening of corresponding pipelines and regulation of gas and liquid supplies in the cases when an operator can manually rotate the valve core, and fast activation of the valve and angular accuracy of positioning of the valve core in the seat are not critical parameters.

However, in energy generating industries, in particular in thermal and nuclear power plants, in chemical industry and even in food industry, as well as for oil and gas pipelines, it is necessary to provide reliable and fast-acting valves, in which a starting torque significantly exceeds the manual possibilities of an operator, and in which it is necessary to provide accuracy of positioning of the valve cores relative to the seats, and of the geometric axes of inlet and outlet tubes, at the rate of several angular seconds. There is also a need to provide high-accuracy micro-valves, in which a starting torque necessary for overcoming adhesion of the valve core to the seat is significantly smaller than a torque generated by an operator. Such valves are used for example for piping of laboratory instruments such as chromatographs, and volume dosing devices for liquid medical substances in a pharmaceutical industry.

Motorised valves with rotary valve cores are used for this reason in industrial equipment and in devices for scientific research, such as in motor driven valves of the firm "SAMSON", Germany (model types 3241-4, V2001-E1 , V2001-E3, 3222/5825, 3213/5825, 3260/3374, 3241-4), and of the firm "JOVENTA", Austria (model DAN 1.SN).

These valves are equipped with "classic" direct current or alternating current electric motors. It is therefore necessary to incorporate multistage reducers between the motor's outlet shafts and the valve stems, in order to provide the speed of rotation at the rate of several revolutions per minute and to increase the starting torque to the magnitude that is sufficient for overcoming the adhesion of the valve core relative to the seat, which is especially pronounced for spherical valves even when they are used in low-pressure pipelines. Moreover, the braking of the unit "classic electric motor - multistage reducer" with fixation of the reducer output shaft and of the rotary valve core connected to it, is a substantially complicated technical problem.

Correspondingly, in order to switch the rotary valve cores with the electric motors from the position "open" to the position "closed" or vice versa, frequently the required time

is from a few tenths of seconds to several minutes. This is acceptable if the motorised valve with the rotary valve core is located on the oil or gas pipeline. However, it is not acceptable when the valve must provide a cutoff of a raw material supply, for example ethylene into an explosion-prone apparatus for synthesis of polyethylene at a high pressure about 250 KPa.

Furthermore, the unit "classic electric motor - multistage reducer" even if it has a significant frictional interaction between kinematic links of the reducer, can not provide by itself the accuracy of angular positioning of the valve cores less than 3°. Therefore, the valve devices are usually equipped with complicated and expensive control means. For example, the German firm, SIEMENS, advertises for sale the device SIPART PS2 as an "intelligent positioner for linear and rotary valves, double and single-acting actuators".

A motorised valve with a rotary valve core, which is the nearest to the proposed new valve, is known from the information of the Korean firm "Daehan Control Tech Co., Ltd". This valve operates as a cutoff valve on pipelines with high pressure, and belongs to the SMART VALVE POSITIONER SSL & SSR Series. It includes a valve body equipped with at least one inlet and at least one outlet tubes for connection to a pipeline system, an axis-symmetrical seat which is fixedly arranged inside the valve body, a rotary valve core which sits on the seat and is equipped with a valve stem for connection to an output shaft of a rotary drive, and said rotary drive based on a pneumatic motor equipped with means for connection to a control system.

The output shaft of the pneumatic motor rotor is assembled kinematically with the valve core through a cumbersome multistage reducer, since the torque generated by pneumatic motors can be regulated by changing a pressure of a fresh actuating medium only within narrow range. The pipeline for feeding the pneumatic motor with compressed air is equipped with a piezoelectric cutoff valve. The control system for the motor- powered valve is equipped with a sensor of angular position of the valve core relative to the seat.

Therefore, use of the cumbersome multistage mechanical transmission between the pneumatic motor's output shaft and the valve stem significantly increases mass and size of the motorised valve, prolongs its start-up time which usually exceeds 10 seconds, and, due to inevitable gaps, does not allow to position the rotary valve core relative to the seat with an angular accuracy less than 1°.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to create a motorised valve of the above mentioned general type, which is a further improvement of the existing valves.

More particularly, it is an object of the present invention to create such valve in which the piezoelectric motor is used and the length of the kinematic chain between the rotor of said motor and the valve stem is reduced, so that the motorised valve with a

rotary valve core can have a significantly smaller size and mass, a reduced start-up time, and an increased accuracy of the angular positioning of the rotary valve core relative to the valve seat.

In keeping with these objects and with others which will become apparent hereinafter, one feature of the present invention resides, briefly stated, in a motorised valve, comprising -

(a) a valve body having at least one input tube and at least one output tube those are meant for connection to a pipeline system;

(b) a seat rigidly assembled with said valve body;

(c) a rotary valve core that is associated with said seat and equipped with valve stem for attachment to a rotary drive; and

(d) said rotary drive based on a piezoelectric motor that comprises of - a ring-like piezoelectric generator of radially directed standing acoustic waves, which is rigidly assembled with said valve body and equipped with means for connection to a pulse current source and to a control system, a resilient ring that is acoustically tightly assembled with said piezoelectric generator and equipped with at least one resilient ratchet pusher, and a rotor that is located with uniform clearance in respect of said piezoelectric generator, frictionally associated with said at least one resilient ratchet pusher, and kinematically assembled with said valve stem of said rotary valve core.

When the valve is designed according to the invention, it is possible to easily regulate the output power, the frequency of operation and the "start-stop" or quazi- continuous operating mode of the piezoelectric motor within wide range by means of regulated sources of pulse current. Correspondingly, it is possible to provide high torque (up to 100 Nm), which in most cases is sufficient to overcome adhesion of the rotary valve core to the seat. Moreover, the high frequency of mechanical vibrations (up to 1MHz) in the form of radially directed standing acoustic waves provides a fast activation of the valve during transition between the positions "open" and "closed" of not more than 0.5 sec, and a possibility of positioning of the rotary valve core relative to the seat at the rate of several angular seconds.

In accordance with an additional feature of the present invention, the resilient ring is equipped with at least two resilient ratchet pushers which are located at substantially equal angular distances from one another. This reduces the probability of slippage of the ring-shaped rotor relative to the pushers during each start of the piezoelectric generator and facilitates the braking of the rotor and of the rotary valve core during each switching off of the pulse current source.

Further; it is preferable, if said resilient ring is made as a ring-shaped casing that acoustically tightly encloses said piezoelectric generator over its side surface, and said at

least one resilient ratchet pusher is fastened to a wall of said ring-shaped casing. Thus each resilient ratchet pusher will be practically equally operate at the time of transmission of torque to said rotor and at the time of its stopping.

Also it is preferable, if said rotor is rigidly fastened to said valve stem of said rotary valve core. This kinematical connection is sufficient in most cases for effective operation of the proposed valve.

Moreover, said rotor may be equipped with at least one marker of its angular position, and said valve body may be equipped with at least one sensor meant for testing of said marker.

Still a further feature of the present invention is that each marker is formed as a permanent magnet, while each sensor is formed as a magneto-electric converter.

And, finally, it is very desirable, if the motorised valve according to the invention is equipped with a control system which includes - a preferably programmable clock rate generator, a pulse amplifier-interrupter connected - to a suitable current source, to a control output of said generator of the clock rate, and to the electric input of said piezoelectric generator; and a former of operating modes that is connected to additional control inputs of said pulse amplifier-interrupter and, through a feedback circuit, to an output of each sensor so as to provide one of modes selected from the group consisting of a mode "start-stop" for opening and closing of the valve, and pseudo-continuous mode "step-by-step" for accurate regulation of a flow rate of a fluid medium which passes through the valve.

It will be understood that each of the elements described above, or two or more together, may also find a useful application in other types of constructions differing from the types described above.

While the invention has been illustrated and described as embodied in motorised valve, it is not intended to be limited to the details shown, since various modifications and structural changes may be made without departing in any way from the spirit of the present invention.

Without further analysis, the foregoing will so fully reveal the gist of the present invention that others can, by applying current knowledge, readily adapt it for various applications without omitting features that, from the standpoint of prior art, fairly constitute essential characteristics of the generic or specific aspects of this invention.

The novel features which are considered as characteristic for the present invention are set forth in particular in the appended claims. The invention itself, however, both as to its construction and its method of operation, together with additional objects and advantages thereof, will be best understood from the following description of specific

embodiments when read in connection with the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Figure 1 is a perspective view of a motorised valve with a piezoelectric generator in accordance with the present invention, wherein a valve core is located in a position "open", and wherein additional elements of control system of the valve are shown; and

Figure 2 is a view substantially corresponding to the view of Figure 1 on a reduced scale, with the rotary valve core in the position "closed".

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

A valve according to the invention has a hollow flow-through valve body 1 equipped with an input tube 2 and an outlet tube 3 for connection to a pipeline. It further has an axis-symmetrical seat 4 which is fixedly arranged inside the valve body 1, and can be formed of one piece with the latter. The seat 4 can be cylindrical, conical, or in particular spherical as shown in the drawings.

The valve further has a rotary valve core 5. It can be cylindrical, conical, or in particular spherical, as shown in the drawings. Said core 5 is placed on the seat 4, and in its upper part is provided with a valve stem 6. This stem 6 can be formed as a stepped rod. A rotary drive of said core 5 is based on a piezoelectric motor 7.

This motor 7 has a ring-like piezoelectric generator 8 that is meant for generation of radially directed standing acoustic valves. It is rigidly assembled with the valve body 1 and is equipped with means for connection to a pulse current source and to a control system, which will be described herein below. The piezoelectric motor 7 further has a resilient ring 9 which is acoustically tightly assembled with the piezoelectric generator 8 and provided with at least one resilient ratchet pusher 10, or preferably with two (and more than two) such pushers. These pushers 10 are assembled with the resilient ring 9 at substantially equal angular distances from one another.

The piezoelectric motor 7 further has a rotor 11 which is located with a uniform gap relative to the piezoelectric generator 8. The rotor 11 is in a frictional contact with the at least one resilient ratchet pusher 10 and is assembled kinematically with the valve stem 6 of the rotary valve core 5.

The rotor 11 is shaped usually as a cylindrical casing with a cover, having a central opening for a free location of an end part of the valve stem 6 and is located with a uniform gap above an upper surface of the ring-like piezoelectric generator 8.

The resilient ring 9 can have the shape of a ring-shaped casing, which acoustically tightly encloses the piezoelectric generator 8 over its side surface, as shown in the drawings. In this construction one end of each resilient ratchet pusher 10 is assembled to a side wall of the resilient ring 9, and another end of it is in a frictional contact with the rotor 11 from the inner side of its part, that has a shape of the cylindrical casing.

It is to be understood that the resilient ring 9 can have the shape of a disk with the

fi central opening, which acoustically is tightly connected to the upper end of the piezoelectric generator 8, altough this embodiment is not shown in the drawings. It is to be understood that in this case one end of each resilient ratchet pusher 10 can be rigidly assembled to the upper end of the disk-shaped resilient ring 9, and other end of this pusher 10 must be in a frictional contact with the rotor 11 from the inner side of its cover.

In a simple case the rotor 11 is rigidly assembled with the valve stem 6 of the rotary valve core 5. However, in some cases, for the kinematic connection of the rotor 11 with the piezoelectric generator 8, it is possible to use couplings and/or one-stage reducing or increasing rotor transmissions.

The rotor 11, as a rule, has at least one marker 12 of an angular position. Correspondingly, on the valve body 1 at least one sensor 13 is arranged. It is convenient when each marker 12 is formed as a permanent (micro) magnet, while each sensor 13 is formed as a magneto-electric converter incorporated into a control system of the valve.

The control system shown in Figure 1 comprises of - a preferably programmable clock rate generator 14, which is usually operated within the range from 100 KHz to 1.0 MHz, a pulse amplifier-interrupter 15 which is connected - to a suitable source of electric power that is not shown in the drawings, to a control output of the generator 14 of a clock pulses, and to an electric input (i.e. to not shown electroconductive coverings) of the ring- shaped piezoelectric generator 8, and a former 16 of operating modes of the piezoelectric motor 7, including a "mode- start-stop" for opening and closing of the valve, or a pseudo-continuous mode "step-by- step" for accurate regulation of flow rate of a fluid medium, that passes through the valve.

The former 16 is connected, as a rule, to additional control inputs of the pulse amplifier-interrupter 15, and, through the feedback circuit, to the output of each sensor 13.

It should be mentioned that the valve can be equipped with several inlet tubes 2 and/or outlet tubes 3. It is possible to make the valve body 1 with the tubes 2 and 3 and the seat 4 with the rotary valve core 5 from suitable metallic and/or ceramic and/or polymeric materials which are known persons skilled in the art. These materials can be selected with consideration of temperature and/or chemical aggressiveness and/or abrasive properties of the fluid media. It is also possible to make the seat 4 and/or rotary valve core 5 with antifriction (permanent or detachable) coatings. Finally, it is possible to arbitrarily combine these features with the main feature of the present invention.

The motorised valve operates in the following manner:

First, the generator 14 is tuned for the desired clock rate or a set of clock rates, and a desired operating mode of the piezoelectric motor 7 is set by the former 16. Then the

? pulse amplifier-interrupter 15 is connected to the source of electric power (not shown).

The piezoelectric generator 8, under the action of power pulses, that are supplied from the output of the pulse amplifier-interrupter 15, generates radially directed standing acoustic waves. They deform the resilient ring 9 which tries to bend each assembled resilient ratchet pusher 10, and therefore forces this pusher 10 to transmit a mechanical pulse to the rotor 11 that rotates the valve core 5 relative to the seat 4.

Several power pulses which follow one another, usually two-three pulses, provide turn of the rotary valve core 5 relative to the seat 4 over approximately 1" (1 angular second).

In the intervals between the power pulses, each resilient ratchet pusher 10 brakes the rotor 11 and correspondingly the rotary valve core 5 relative to the seat 4. The limit of accuracy of positioning of the rotary valve core 5 is also approximately equal to 1" (1 angular second).

The sensors 13, which are immovable relative to the valve body 1, sense the position of the markers 12 that turn together with the rotor 11. The data about the current angular position of the rotary valve core 5 relative to the seat 4 are taken into consideration by the former 16 of the operating modes of the valve drive.

INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY

The experiments with the proposed motorised valve having boom drift diameter 1/4" are showed the following results:

Time of opening (closing), sec less than 0.5

Accuracy of positioning (angular step), angular second 1.0

Time of response (time of forming a minimum angular step), microsec....50

Mass of valve with drive, grams 50

Supply voltage, V 12

Consumed power, W 4 - 6

The valves in accordance with the present invention can be used for fast cutoff and/or high accuracy regulation of a flow rate of arbitrary fluid media.

Drawing Key