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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
MOUNTING BOARD
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2004/111410
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
An internal combustion engine (1) including an engine block (2) provided with an ear portion (13) arranged to carry an auxiliary device (12) driven by a power take off (9) arranged on a crank shaft (10) mounted in said engine block (2).

Inventors:
Petutsching, Wolfgang (Brodersdorf 120, Graz, A-8010, AT)
Kirchweger, Karl (Stiftingtalstrasse 71, Graz, A-8010, AT)
Andersson, Bertil (Agnsjödalsvägen 6476, Kungsbacka, S-434 96, SE)
Stefansson, Richard (Gelbgjutaregatan 6, Göteborg, S-415 06, SE)
Application Number:
PCT/SE2004/000913
Publication Date:
December 23, 2004
Filing Date:
June 11, 2004
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
AB VOLVO PENTA (Göteborg, S-405 08, SE)
Petutsching, Wolfgang (Brodersdorf 120, Graz, A-8010, AT)
Kirchweger, Karl (Stiftingtalstrasse 71, Graz, A-8010, AT)
Andersson, Bertil (Agnsjödalsvägen 6476, Kungsbacka, S-434 96, SE)
Stefansson, Richard (Gelbgjutaregatan 6, Göteborg, S-415 06, SE)
International Classes:
F02B67/04; F02F7/00; (IPC1-7): F02B67/00; F02F7/00
Foreign References:
US4257370A
GB727615A
US4573439A
US2303093A
US5050448A
EP1079092A2
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
ALBIHNS GÖTEBORG AB (Box 142, Göteborg, S-401 22, SE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS
1. 1) An internal combustion engine (1) including an engine block (2) provided with an ear portion (13) arranged to carry an auxiliary device (12) driven by a power take off (9) arranged on a crank shaft (10) mounted in said engine block (2), characterized in in that said ear portion (13) is configured as an essentially flat rigid plate which is releasably attached to said engine block (2) in a vertically extending position in relation to said crank shaft (2).
2. An internal combustion engine according to claim 1, characterized in that said essentially flat rigid plate (13) is attached to said engine block (2) in a position along the length of the crank shaft (10) such that said power take off (9) and a driven wheel (11), mounted on said rigid plate (13) and arranged for propulsion of said auxiliary device (12), are arranged in single plane (P) vertically extending in relation to said crank shaft (10).
3. An internal combustion engine according to claims 1 or 2, characterized in thatanendportion (13h) ofoneofthe main faces (13a, 13b) of the essentially flat rigid plate (13) is attached to a recess (14a) in said engine block, which recess (14a) forms an vertically extending support surface (14b) and a longitudinally extending support surface (14c), where the vertically extending support surface (14b) supports the end portion (13h) and the longitudinally extending support surface (14c) supports an edge portion (13d) of said essentially flat rigid plate (13).
4. An internal combustion engine according to claim 3, characterized in that said end portion (13h) is locked at said recess (14a) by a clamping member (16) attached to a vertically extending face (15) of said engine block (2).
5. An internal combustion engine according to claim 4, characterized in that said clamping member (16) is constituted by a flywheel casing.
6. An internal combustion engine according to claim 5, characterized in that flywheel casing (16) extends to in addition to house a flywheel (16a), integrally form a housing (16b) for at least a drive wheel (11) of said auxiliary device (12), and that said housing (16b) for at least a drive wheel (11) of said auxiliary device (12) is closed by said essentially flat rigid plate (13).
7. An internal combustion engine according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that said essentially flat rigid plate (13) extends along and is connected to a main proportion of the height of the engine block (2).
8. An internal combustion engine according to claim 7, wherein said engine block (2) includes a crank case (2b) and a cylinder block (2a), characterized in that said essentially flat rigid plate (13) extends along and is connected to both the crank case (2b) and cylinder block (2a).
9. An internal combustion engine according to claim 8, wherein said engine further includes a cylinder head, characterized in that said cylinder head lock said essentially flat rigid plate from movement in a height direction of said engine.
Description:
TITLE Mounting board TECHNICAL FIELD The invention relates to an internal combustion engine according to the preamble of claim 1. In particular the invention relates to an internal combustion engine including an engine block provided with an ear portion arranged to carry an auxiliary device.

BACKGROUND ART In known internal combustion engines, auxiliary devices such as fuel pumps, generators or compressors are usually fastened to a mounting flange that is configured integral with the engine block. Such an integral mounting flange is conventionally defined as an ear portion. An ear portion is an essentially flat mounting bracket, which is extending in an essentially vertical direction in relation to a length axis of crank shaft arranged in the combustion engine.

The ear portion thereby includes an essentially flat surface extending in a plane vertical to said length axis. The flat surface is used as a base for holding auxiliary devices.

Conventionally, the mounting flange is an integral part of the engine block and is formed when casting the engine block. The ear portion is thus an extension of the die cast engine block. This is a considerable disadvantage with regard to manufacturing engineering, in particular for engines with large bulk, because the engine block is very difficult to cast as a very large moulding box is needed. Furthermore, since the ear portion is relatively thin, it is difficult to make sure that the die is properly filled in the area of the ear and to ensure that the propagation of the flow front in the ear portion is such that colliding flow fronts is avoided when casting the engine block. The

difficulty of casting the ear portion results in that the ear portion is sensitive to impact. Furthermore, since the ear portion is extending out from the remaining portion of the engine block, the likelihood of accidental impact is increased. In the event the ear portion is broken, the whole engine block must be rejected.

DISCLOSURE OF INVENTION It is the object of the invention to avoid these drawbacks and to simplify, in an internal combustion engine of the type mentioned herein above, the manufacturing process of the engine block.

This is achieved by an internal combustion engine according to the characterising portion of claim 1. By configuring the ear portion as an essentially flat rigid plate which is releasably attached to the engine block in a vertically extending position in relation to said crank shaft, the difficulty of casting of the engine block is substantially diminished. Furthermore, in the event of an accidental impact with a dislocation of the ear portion as a result, the engine block does not have to be rejected since the ear portion could be reinstalled in a correct position.

The flat rigid plate forming the ear portion includes a flat, face portion arranged to carry the auxiliary device and edge portions defining the flat face portion. The edge portion is thin in relation to the size of the face portion. A part of the edge portion is attached to the engine block.

In a preferred embodiment, the flat rigid plate is attached to the engine block in a position along the length of the crank shaft such that said power take off and a drive wheel, mounted on said mounting bracket and arranged for propulsion of said auxiliary device, are arranged in single plane vertically extending in relation to said crank shaft. This configuration provides for a

simple transmission between the drive wheel arranged on the mounting bracket and the crank shaft, since both would be arranged in a single plane.

In another preferred embodiment, an end portion of said essentially flat rigid plate is attached to a recess arranged in the engine block. The recess forms an vertically extending support surface and a longitudinally extending support surface, where the vertically extending support surface is arranged for supporting the end portion of one of the main faces of the essentially flat rigid plate, and the longitudinally extending support surface is arranged for supporting an edge portion of said essentially flat rigid plate. By arranging the recess, the flat rigid plate can be firmly secured to the engine block even though the plate is vertically attached to the engine block at its end portion.

In a still further preferred embodiment, the end portion is locked at said recess by a clamping member attached to a vertically extending face of said engine block. Preferably, the flywheel casing is used as a clamping member.

In another preferred embodiment, a reduction in the number of engine components is achieved by extending the flywheel casing to in addition to form a housing for a fly wheel, integrally form a housing for at least a drive wheel of said auxiliary device, and that said housing for at least a drive wheel of said auxiliary device is closed by said essentially flat rigid plate.

In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the flat rigid plate extends along and is connected to a main proportion of the height of the engine block in order to ensure that the ear portion should be sufficiently rigidly fixed to the engine block. In a further preferred embodiment where the engine block includes a crank case and a cylinder block and where the engine further includes a cylinder head, the flat rigid plate extends along and is connected to both the crank case and the cylinder block. The cylinder head could optionally be arranged to lock said essentially flat rigid plate from movement in a height direction of said engine.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS The invention will be explained in more detail herein after with the help of the Figures.

Figs. 1 and 2 are oblique views of a first variant of the internal combustion engine according to the invention taken from different angles, Fig 1 a show a rigid plate in detail, Fig. 3 is a sectional view of this internal combustion engine taken along the line 111-111 of the Figs. 1 and 2, Fig. 4 is a sectional view of said internal combustion engine taken along the line IV-IV in Fig. 1, Fig. 5 is a sectional view of said internal combustion engine taken along the line V-V in Fig. 3, Fig. 6 is a sectional view analogous to Fig. 3 of a second variant of the internal combustion engine according to the invention and Fig. 7 is a sectional view of a detail of said internal combustion engine taken along the line VII-VII in Fig. 6.

MODES FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION In the variants, elements with identical functions will bear the same reference numerals.

The internal combustion engine 1 includes an engine block 2 to which is fastened a cylinder head 3. An intermediate wheel 8, which is driven by a

drive wheel 9 of the crankshaft 10 drives an auxiliary device 12, for example a fuel pump through, via a power take off arranged as the drive wheel 9 meshed with the intermediate wheel 8, which is in turn meshed with a driven wheel 11 arranged on a drive shaft 11 a. Drive wheel 9, intermediate wheel 8 and driven wheel 11 are configured as spur gears.

The auxiliary device 12 is solidly connected to an ear portion formed as an essentially flat rigid plate 13 that is arranged normal to the axle 10a of the crankshaft and is in turn rigidly connected to the engine block 2. The plate 13 is thereby configured as a separate component and is detachably connected to the engine block 2 in a region adjacent the engine block 2.

The essentially flat rigid plate 13 is attached to the engine block 2 in a position along the length L of the crank shaft 10 such that said power take off 9 and the driven wheel 11, mounted on said rigid plate 13 and arranged for propulsion of said auxiliary device 12, are arranged in single plane P vertically extending in relation to said crank shaft 10. The plane is defined by a surface normal n that is parallel to the length axle 10a of the crank shaft 10.

The plate 13 is arranged on a long side 27 of the engine block 2 in the region 14 between the engine block 2 and a housing 16 that is fastened to a vertically extending face 1,15, preferably the rear end 15 on the engine block 2, said housing 16 being for example housing for a flywheel 16a or a spur gear housing. The vertically extending face can also be arranged in between the rear or front end in the event a power take off is arranged between the rear or front end of the engine block. The plate 13 being clamped between housing 16 and engine block 2 in region 14. The plate 13 is moreover attached to the housing 16 by means of a screwed connection achieved by way of screws that have not been illustrated herein. The corresponding tapping is labelled with the numeral 17. The housing 16 is rigidly connected to the engine block 2 and to the plate 13 (Fig. 5).

In figure 1 a, the rigid plate 13 is shown in more detail. The rigid plate comprises two main faces, a front face 13a and a back face. The main faces 13a, 13b are defined by edge portions 13c-13e defining the shape of the rigid plate 13. The rigid plate 13 also includes at least one cut out 13f defined by an internal edge portion 13g. An end portion 13h of one of the main faces 13a, 13b of the essentially flat rigid plate 13 is attached to a recess 14a in said engine block. The recess 14 forms a vertically extending support surface 14b and a longitudinally extending support surface 14c. The vertically extending support surface 14b is arranged for supporting the end portion 13h and the longitudinally extending support surface is arranged for supporting an edge portion 13d of said essentially flat rigid plate 13.

In one embodiment of the invention, the flywheel casing 16 extends to in addition to house a flywheel 16a, integrally form a housing 16b for at least a drive wheel 11 of said auxiliary device 12, and that said housing 16b for at least a drive wheel 11 of said auxiliary device 12 is closed by said essentially flat rigid plate 13.

As may be seen from Figs. 4 and 5, the housing 16 comprises a top aperture 28 for valve driving means that have not been illustrated herein. Another bottom aperture 29 enables oil return to an oil pan that is not shown in the Figs.

In the embodiment illustrated in the Figs. 1 through 3, the auxiliary device 12 is arranged on that side 20 of the mounting board 13 that faces the cylinders 19 and is directly fastened to the mounting board 13. The mounting bores 18 serve to fasten the auxiliary device 12 to the mounting board 13 by means of screws that have not been illustrated herein. The mounting plate 13 is provided with a mounting aperture 22 for the driven wheel 11.

On the other hand, the Figs. 6 and 7 show an embodiment in which the auxiliary device 12 is arranged on the side 21 that faces the housing 16 and

is fastened to the housing 16. Since in this embodiment the mounting aperture 22 for the driven wheel which is arranged in the housing 16 is larger than the mounting flange 23 of the auxiliary device 12, there is arranged an interfacial flange 24 between auxiliary device 12 and housing 16. The auxiliary device 12 is fastened to the interfacial flange 24 by way of screws 25 and said interfacial flange is in turn connected to the housing 16 with screws 26. In this embodiment, the plate 13 is substantially configured as a solid body-that is to say without mounting aperture for the driven wheel 11.

The housing 16 in Fig. 1 and the auxiliary device 12 in Fig. 2 have been dismounted for purposes of clarity. In Fig. 2, the cylinder head has been omitted as well.

As may be seen from Fig. 1, the plate 13 is configured as a level steel plate and extends over the entire height H of the engine block 2. As a result thereof, the flange facing for the auxiliary device 12 is guaranteed to be rigid and torsion resistant.

As seen in figure 5, in the event the engine block 2 includes a crank case 23b and a cylinder block 23a, the essentially flat rigid plate 13 preferably extends along and is connected to both the crank case 23b and cylinder block 23a.

Furthermore, a cylinder head 3 could be arranged to lock said essentially flat rigid plate 13 from movement in a height direction of said engine.

The plate 13, which is configured as a separate component part, makes certain of a reliable and rigid fixation of the auxiliary device 12 on the engine block 2 on one side and permits easy casting of the engine block 2 on the other.