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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
A MOUNTING PIN AND A PIN SECURING ASSEMBLY
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2014/135498
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
This invention relates to a pin securing assembly (10) for use in a pivot joint and comprises a pin mounting piece (12), a mounting pin (100) comprising an elongate body portion (102) which is positioned within the pin mounting piece (12) and a protruding portion (104) which protrudes from the pin mounting piece (12), a securing member (14) which defines a seat (16) which engages the protruding portion (104) of the mounting pin (100) and locking means (18) in the form of a plurality of bolts which releasably lock the securing member (14) to the pin mounting piece (12).

Inventors:
GRANT, Patrick (Naardenstraat 22, ML Tilburg, NL-5045, NL)
VAN DER HEIJDEN, Gertjan (Jacob Reutenlaan 2, SV Boxtel, NL-5281, NL)
Application Number:
EP2014/054076
Publication Date:
September 12, 2014
Filing Date:
March 03, 2014
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
CATERPILLAR WORK TOOLS B.V. (Sigarenmakertstraat 9, BJ 's HERTOGENBOSCH, NL-5232, NL)
International Classes:
E02F3/96; E02F9/00; F16B21/16; F16C11/04
Foreign References:
US20070274777A12007-11-29
DE102009046227A12011-05-19
US20070298980A12007-12-27
US4096957A1978-06-27
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
MODIANO, Micaela (Via Meravigli 16, Milano, I-20123, IT)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1 . A mounting pin 1 00 for use in a pivot joint, the mounting pin 1 00 comprising:

an elongate body portion 1 02 which is receivable in at least one hole

22 of a pin mounting piece 1 2, the body portion 1 02 having opposed ends; and

a protruding portion 1 04 which protrudes from an end of the body portion 1 02 and on which is provided oppositely disposed, first and second mounting formations, the mounting formations having corresponding first ends 32 and corresponding second ends 33, the mounting formations being inclined relative to one another such that a first distance X between the first ends 32 is greater than a second distance Y between the second ends 33 of the respective mounting formations.

2. A mounting pin 100 as claimed in claim 1 , wherein the first and second mounting formations are in the form of first and second locating grooves 30, 31 formed in the protruding portion 104 of the pin 100 and wherein the pin 1 00 is substantially circular cylindrical in shape and the first and second locating grooves 30, 31 extend transversely on diametrically opposite sides of the protruding portion 1 04 such that the grooves 30, 31 are formed within the same cross-sectional plane Z of the protruding portion 104.

3. A mounting pin 1 00 as claimed in claim 2, wherein each groove 30, 31 is in the form of a segment-shaped cutaway, the first groove 30 having a first base surface 35 lying within a first plane C and the second groove 31 having a second base surface 37 lying within a second plane D, the first and second planes C, D being inclined relative to one-another at an angle a such that they are not parallel.

4. A mounting pin 1 00 as claimed in claim 3, in which the angle a formed between the first and second planes C, D ranges from 2 ° to 1 0 ° inclusive.

5. A mounting pin 100 as claimed in any of the preceding claims, which includes an axially extending bore 106, which extends into the pin 100 from one end and leads into a radially extending duct 108 which opens to the outside, at a periphery of the body portion 102, towards a longitudinal midpoint of the body portion 102, the bore 106 and duct 108 together defining a lubricant pathway.

6. A pin securing assembly 10 for use in a pivot joint, the assembly 10 comprising:

a pin mounting piece 12 defining at least one hole 22;

a mounting pin 100 as claimed in any of the preceding claims, the body portion 102 being positioned in the at least one hole 22 of the pin mounting piece 12 and the protruding portion 104 protruding from the pin mounting piece 12;

a securing member 14 which defines a seat 16 having oppositely disposed, inwardly facing, first and second faces 40, 42 which are complementary to and seat against the first and second mounting formations, respectively; and

locking means 18 locking the securing member 14 releasably to the pin mounting piece 12 such that substantial angular and axial displacement of the pin 100 relative to the mounting piece 12 is prevented.

7. A pin securing assembly 10 as claimed in claim 6, wherein the securing member 14 is in the form of a substantially U-shaped plate which defines a mouth receiving the protruding portion 104 of the pin 100, the seat 16 having a V-shaped profile when the plate is viewed face on.

8. A pin securing assembly 10 as claimed in claim 6 or claim 7, in which the securing member 14 includes at least two openings 29 through which the locking means 18 extend serving releasably to attach the securing member 14 to the pin mounting piece 12.

9. A pin securing assembly 10 as claimed in any one of claims 6 to 8, in which the pin mounting piece 12 comprises a pair of spaced apart, parallel lugs 20 having corresponding registering holes 22 and a tool mounting piece 24 having a circular cylindrical bore within which the body portion 102 of the mounting pin 100 is positioned, the tool mounting piece 24 being arranged coaxially between the lugs 20 such that the bore is in register with the holes 22.

10. A method of retrofitting a mounting pin 100 to a pin mounting piece 12, which method comprises:

removing a securing member whereby an existing pin is secured to the pin mounting piece 12;

removing the existing pin from a hole 22 in the pin mounting piece 12; replacing the existing pin with a mounting pin 100 having an elongate body portion 102 and a protruding portion 104 on which is provided oppositely disposed, first and second mounting formations which are inclined relative to one another, such that the body portion 102 is positioned in the pin mounting piece 12 and the protruding portion 104 protrudes from the pin mounting piece 12;

positioning a securing member 14 which defines a seat 16 having oppositely disposed, inwardly facing first and second faces 40, 42 in engagement with the protruding portion 104 of the mounting pin 100 such that the faces 40, 42 seat against the first and second mounting formations; and locking the securing member 14 to the pin mounting piece 12.

Description:
A mounting pin and a pin securing assembly

TECHNICAL FIELD

This invention relates to fastening means, in general, and in particular to a mounting pin and a pin securing assembly used in the formation of a pivot joint, for example, to attach a work tool or implement to a machine that operates the work tool.

BACKGROUND Work tools or implements, such as grapples, are conventionally attached to a tool mounting piece of a machine operating the implement, using a substantially cylindrical pin. The pin retains the implement to the machine while allowing the implement to rotate or swing freely relative to the tool mounting piece.

In order to mount an implement in a known configuration, a tool mounting piece, defining a bore for receiving a pin, is inserted between a pair of opposing attachment plates of an attachment portion of the implement to be mounted. The attachment plates have registering holes for receiving the pin through each plate. The pin includes a flanged head which is attached to one end of a circular cylindrical pin body and a locking formation, in the form of an axially extending screw-threaded hole, extending into the body from an opposing distal end of the body. With the bore of the tool mounting piece in register with the registering holes in the plates, the pin is slid through the registering holes and the bore such that the distal end of the pin protrudes from a distal attachment plate and the flanged head of the pin is seated within a complementary head receiving formation formed on a proximal attachment plate. The head receiving formation prevents angular displacement of the pin relative to the attachment plates. In order to retain the pin in place, a locking plate having a diameter which is greater than the registering holes is attached to the distal end of the pin body by screwing a fastener into the locking formation. The locking plate and flanged head thus prevent axial displacement of the pin relative to the attachment portion.

Owing to manufacturing and design tolerances there exists a certain amount of play between the flanged head and the complementary head receiving formation, which is undesirable. Furthermore, in order to assemble the assembly, the pin is inserted into the hole of the proximal attachment plate from a first side of the attachment portion and is locked into place from the opposite side. It is therefore necessary to gain access to both ends of the pin, or both sides of the attachment portion in order to assemble or remove the pin. In many configurations it may be possible to gain access to at least one end of the pin, or one side of the attachment portion, but sometimes gaining access to both ends of the pin, or both sides of the attachment portion, poses a problem due to the compact design of the machinery.

SUMMARY According to a first aspect of the invention, there is provided a mounting pin for use in a pivot joint, the mounting pin comprising:

an elongate body portion which is receivable in at least one hole of a pin mounting piece, the body portion having opposed ends; and

a protruding portion which protrudes from an end of the body portion and on which is provided oppositely disposed, first and second mounting formations, the mounting formations having corresponding first ends and corresponding second ends, the mounting formations being inclined relative to one another such that a first distance between the first ends is greater than a second distance between the second ends of the respective mounting formations.

According to a second aspect of the invention, there is provided a pin securing assembly for use in a pivot joint, the assembly comprising:

a pin mounting piece defining at least one hole; a mounting pin as described above, the body portion being positioned in the at least one hole of the pin mounting piece and the protruding portion protruding from the pin mounting piece;

a securing member which defines a seat having oppositely disposed, inwardly facing, first and second faces which are complementary to and seat against the first and second mounting formations, respectively; and

locking means locking the securing member releasably to the pin mounting piece such that substantial angular and axial displacement of the pin relative to the mounting piece is prevented.

According to a third aspect of the invention, there is provided a method of retrofitting a mounting pin to a pin mounting piece, which method comprises: removing a securing member whereby an existing pin is secured to the pin mounting piece;

removing the existing pin from a hole in the pin mounting piece;

replacing the existing pin with a mounting pin having an elongate body portion and a protruding portion on which is provided oppositely disposed, first and second mounting formations which are inclined relative to one another, such that the body portion is positioned in the pin mounting piece and the protruding portion protrudes from the pin mounting piece;

positioning a securing member which defines a seat having oppositely disposed, inwardly facing first and second faces in engagement with the protruding portion of the mounting pin such that the faces seat against the first and second mounting formations; and

locking the securing member to the pin mounting piece.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 illustrates a three-dimensional, exploded view of a pin securing assembly in accordance with an example embodiment;

FIG. 2 illustrates a three-dimensional view of the assembly of FIG. 1 in an assembled condition ; FIG. 3 illustrates a cross-sectional view through the assembly of FIG. 2 along lines I ll-I l l indicated in FIG. 4; and

FIG. 4 illustrates a longitudinal sectional view through a pin in accordance with an example embodiment taken along lines IV-IV shown in

FIG.3.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION A pin securing assembly, in accordance with the disclosure is generally indicated by numeral 1 0 in FIG'S 1 to 3. Furthermore, a mounting pin in accordance with the disclosure is indicated by numeral 100 in FIG'S 1 to 4.

In the example embodiment illustrated in the figures, the pin securing assembly 1 0 is used to attach a work tool or implement to a machine and comprises a pin mounting piece 12, a mounting pin 1 00 comprising an elongate body portion 1 02 which is positioned within the pin mounting piece 12 (see FIG.2) and a protruding portion 1 04 which protrudes from the pin mounting piece 1 2, a U-shaped securing member 14 which defines a seat 16 which engages the protruding portion 104 of the mounting pin 1 00 and locking means 18 in the form of a plurality of screw-threaded bolts which releasably lock the securing member 14 to the pin mounting piece 1 2. It is to be understood, however, that the mounting pin 1 00 and pin securing assembly 10 may be used in the formation of a pivot joint which is used in other applications.

The pin mounting piece 1 2 comprises a pair of spaced apart, parallel attachment plates or lugs 20 having corresponding registering, circular holes 22, only one of which is visible in FIG.1 . When a work tool is attached to a machine, a hollow, circular cylindrical tool mounting piece 24 having a circular cylindrical bore within which the elongate body portion 102 of the mounting pin 100 is positioned, is arranged coaxially between the lugs 20 such that the bore is in register with the holes 22. One of the lugs 20, from which the protruding portion 1 04 protrudes, has a plurality of screw-threaded, circular apertures 26 arranged about a periphery of the hole 22, into which the locking means 1 8 screw. To this end, the securing plate 14 includes a plurality of openings 29, corresponding to the apertures 26, through which the screw- threaded bolts extend in order to lock the securing member 14 to the lug 20 of the pin mounting piece 1 2. The openings 29 are oversized in comparison with the apertures 26 to account for play between the securing member 14 and the mounting pin 1 00 caused, for example, by manufacturing tolerances.

Turning now to the mounting pin 1 00, the elongate body portion 1 02 has two opposed ends and is operatively positioned within the registering holes 22 and within the bore of the tool mounting piece 24 such that the protruding portion 1 04 protrudes from one end of the body portion 1 02. On the protruding portion 1 04 there is provided oppositely disposed, first and second mounting formations in the form of first and second locating grooves 30, 31 . The locating grooves 30, 31 have corresponding first ends 32 and corresponding second ends 33 and are inclined relative to one another such that a first distance X between the first ends 32 is greater than a second distance Y between the second ends 33 of the respective first and second locating grooves 30, 31 .

The mounting pin 1 00 is substantially circular cylindrical in shape and the first and second locating grooves 30, 31 extend transversely on diametrically opposite sides of the protruding portion 1 04 such that the grooves 30, 31 are formed within the same cross-sectional plane Z (see FIG.4) of the protruding portion 1 04. Turning to FIG.3, each groove 30, 31 is in the form of a segment- shaped cutaway and the first groove 30 has a first base surface 35 lying within a first plane C and the second groove 31 has a second base surface 37 lying within a second plane D, the first and second planes C, D being inclined relative to one-another at an angle a such that they are not parallel. In this example embodiment, the angle a is 3 ° but it is to be appreciated that the angle a may range from 2 ° to 1 0 °. The securing member 14 is in the form of a substantially U-shaped plate which defines a mouth receiving the protruding portion 1 04 of the pin 1 00. The seat 1 6 of the securing member 14 has a V-shaped profile when the plate is viewed face on, albeit marginally V-shaped in the example embodiment shown in the figures, and the seat 1 6 has oppositely disposed, inwardly facing, first and second faces 40, 42 which are complementary to and seat against the first and second base surfaces 35, 37, respectively. When the securing member 14 is located within the locating grooves 30, 31 and locked to the pin mounting piece 12, substantial angular and axial displacement of the pin 100 relative to the mounting piece 1 2 is prevented.

The mounting pin 1 00 further includes an internal, axially extending bore 1 06 which leads into a radially extending duct 1 08 which opens to the outside of the pin 1 00, at a periphery of the body portion 1 02, towards a longitudinal midpoint of the body portion 1 02. The bore 106 and duct 1 08 together define an L-shaped lubricant pathway. Although this has not been illustrated in the figures, a grease nipple may be attached to the pin 100 by screwing the nipple into an axially extending, screw-threaded hole formed in the protruding portion 104 such that the nipple is aligned with an end of the bore 1 06.

It may be desirable to retrofit the mounting pin 1 00 to an existing mounting piece thus converting an existing assembly into the pin securing assembly 10 in accordance with the disclosure. This is achieved by carrying out the following steps including:

removing a securing member whereby an existing pin is secured to the pin mounting piece;

removing the existing pin from a hole in the pin mounting piece;

replacing the existing pin with the mounting pin 1 00 such that the body portion 1 02 is positioned in the pin mounting piece and the protruding portion 104 protrudes from the pin mounting piece;

positioning the seat 1 6 of the securing member 14 in engagement with the protruding portion 1 04 of the mounting pin 1 00 such that the faces 40, 42 seat against the first and second mounting formations; and

locking the securing member 14 to the pin mounting piece. It may be necessary to modify the pin mounting piece in order to facilitate attachment of the securing member 14 to the pin mounting piece, for example, by forming apertures 26 in the lug 20 of the pin mounting piece.

INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY

In order to mount a work tool or implement to a machine using the assembly 10 and mounting pin 1 00 described above, the tool mounting piece 24 is positioned between the opposing lugs 20 such that the bore of the tool mounting piece 24 is in register with the holes 22 formed in the lugs 20. A distal end of the body portion 1 02 of the mounting pin 1 00 is then slid through the hole 22 formed in the first lug 20 having the screw-threaded apertures 26 and through the bore of the tool mounting piece 24 until the end of the body portion 102 protrudes through the opposing lug 20 and the protruding portion 104 protrudes from the first lug 20. The body portion 1 02 received within the tool mounting piece 24 thus forms a journal which permits rotation of the tool mounting piece 24 about the pin 1 00. In order to lock the pin 1 00 in place with respect to the pin mounting piece 12 thus preventing angular and axial displacement of the pin 1 00 relative to the mounting piece 1 2, the seat 1 6 of the securing member 14 is brought into engagement with the respective locating grooves 30, 31 of the protruding portion 1 04 by positioning the mouth of the U-shaped plate over the protruding portion 1 04 until the respective first and second faces 40, 42 are in abutment with the base surfaces 35, 37 and the openings 29 formed in the securing member 14 align with the apertures 26 in the lug 20. In order to account for and reduce play between the securing member 14 and the pin 100, the openings 29 are oversized. Therefore, owing to the inclined locating grooves 30, 31 and the corresponding complementary seat 1 6, any play can be eliminated by moving the pin 1 00 deeper into the mouth of the U-shaped plate. When the plate is in position, shanks of the bolts of the locking means 18 are inserted into the openings and screw into the apertured 26 of the lug 20 until the heads of the bolts clamp the plate to the lug 20. Disassembly is the reverse of the assembly process, however, an advantage of the pin securing assembly 1 0 in accordance with the disclosure is that the pin 1 00 can be inserted and removed from the pin mounting piece 1 2 while having access to only one side of the mounting piece 12. This is an improvement over prior art assemblies in which case the pin is inserted from a first side and secured in position from the opposite side of the mounting piece. Also, the manner in which the pin 1 00 is assembled renders it suitable for use in blind holes.

Furthermore, less basic material is needed to manufacture the pin 1 00, which results in a cost saving, owing to the fact that the pin 1 00 has an overall smaller diameter when compared with the prior art configuration due to the absence of a flanged head.

In addition, it may be possible to retrofit the mounting pin 1 00 in accordance with the disclosure to an existing mounting piece by:

removing a securing member whereby an existing pin is secured to the pin mounting piece;

removing the existing pin from a hole in the pin mounting piece;

replacing the existing pin with the mounting pin 1 00 such that the body portion 1 02 is positioned in the pin mounting piece and the protruding portion 104 protrudes from the pin mounting piece;

positioning the seat 1 6 of the securing member 14 in engagement with the protruding portion 1 04 of the mounting pin 1 00 such that the faces 40, 42 seat against the first and second mounting formations; and

locking the securing member 14 to the pin mounting piece using the locking means 1 8. Although the function of the mounting pin 1 00 and pin securing assembly 1 0, as described above, is to attach a work tool or implement to a machine, the pin 1 00 and assembly 1 0 can be used in the formation of a pivot joint capable of use in other applications. The disclosures in Patent Application No. GB1303997.9 from which this application claims priority are incorporated herein by reference.

Where technical features mentioned in any claim are followed by reference signs, those reference signs have been included for the sole purpose of increasing the intelligibility of the claims and accordingly, such reference signs do not have any limiting effect on the interpretation of each element identified by way of example by such reference signs.