Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
MOVING MECHANISM MINIMIZING THE DESTRUCTIVE IMPACTS OF AN EARTHQUAKE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2015/133979
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention, which relates to a moving mechanism minimizing the destructive impact of the earthquake by absorbing the earthquake forces via the ball mechanism moving in full harmony within the spherical thrust bearing, which is placed in between the rigid and the moving structure mass in the ground isolator systems that are used to absorb seismic action in order to mitigate the impacts of earthquakes in detached buildings, is generally comprised of ball mechanism (1) that absorbs the earthquake forces by movement; bottom ball cap (1.1) on the ball mechanism (1), bottom balls (1.2), top ball bearings (1.3), top balls (1.4), bolt assembly lever (1.5), top lubrication grooves (1.6) and bottom lubrication grooves (1.7); thrust bearing (2) in the shape of a spherical basin on which the ball mechanism (1) can move in any direction with the aid of the bottom balls (1.2); thrust bearing assembly sheets (2.1) that fix the thrust bearing (2) to the adjustable stand (4); top cover (3) that allows the ball mechanism (1) to rotate via the top balls (1.4); top cover bearing sheets (3.1); adjustable stand (4) that bears the thrust bearing (2) and allows a balanced assembly thereof; adjustable feet (4.1) that allow for the adjustable stand (4) to be lowered and raised; adjustment holes for feet height (4.2); fine adjustment bolts (4.3); angle braces (4.4) that stabilize the adjustable stand (4); foundation assembly (4.5) that anchors the adjustable stand (4) to the foundation; fixing lever (5), which keeps the mechanism in place during no-earthquake times and which breaks away and releases the mechanism during an earthquake; spring bolts (6) in all directions around the ball mechanism (6) to allow for the absorbing of the forces during an earthquake; spring (6.1) that makes up the spring bolt; top bolt cap (6.2), bottom bolt cap (6.3), bolt box (6.4); protective sheet (7) that protects the ball mechanism (1) and the thrust bearing (2) from foreign objects; water isolation (8); fixed rigid structure (9) where the adjustable stand (4) and the thrust bearing are located (2); impact console (9.1), which is of rigid structure (9), on the rigid structure (9) that prevents the moving structure (10), which moves via the moving mechanism minimizing the destructive force of an earthquake, from exceeding its moving limit; structural bearing runout (11) that provides adequate distance from the bottom and from the sides to allow the moving mechanism to move and ball mechanism spherical bottom surface (11) of the same spherical properties; bottom ball cap spherical surface (13), and thrust bearing spherical surface (14).

More Like This:
Inventors:
KAYA, Cemalettin (Organize Deri Sanayi Bolgesi 2. Yol Carsi Binasi, No: 62 Aydinli Tuzla, Istanbul, TR)
Application Number:
TR2015/000091
Publication Date:
September 11, 2015
Filing Date:
March 06, 2015
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
KAYA, Cemalettin (Organize Deri Sanayi Bolgesi 2. Yol Carsi Binasi, No: 62 Aydinli Tuzla, Istanbul, TR)
International Classes:
E04H9/02
Domestic Patent References:
WO2012114246A12012-08-30
Foreign References:
US5056280A1991-10-15
US20050241245A12005-11-03
US2014643A1935-09-17
US1761659A1930-06-03
US4395075A1983-07-26
US20040105655A12004-06-03
US20050045796A12005-03-03
US4496130A1985-01-29
TR201214583A2012-12-13
TR201301681A
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
YEŞILYURT, Murat (Optimum Patent Ofisi Danişmanlik Ltd. Şti, 19 Mayis Mahallesi Halaskargazi Caddesi YapiApartmani No:220 Kat:9 Daire:16 Şişli, Istanbul, 34384, TR)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1- The present invention relates to a moving mechanism minimizing the destructive forces of an earthquake and comprises of

- A ball mechanism (1), in between the moving structure (10) and the rigid structure (9) of a building, which performs the action that can absorb the forces of an earthquake,

- A thrust bearing (2) of a spherical basin shape, which is of the same spherical properties of the ball mechanism (1) and on which the ball mechanism (1) moves in every direction,

- A top cover (3) between the moving structure (10) and the ball mechanism (1), which serves as a joint for the movement of the ball mechanism (1) in the thrust bearing (2),

- A height- adjustable stand (4), which carries the thrust bearing (2) and allows for a balanced assembly thereof.

2- The present invention, which relates to a moving mechanism minimizing the destructive forces of an earthquake, is comprised of spring bolts (6) that connect the ball mechanism (1) to the top cover (3) and guide the strolling action and help absorbing of forces.

3- The present invention, which relates to a moving mechanism minimizing the destructive forces of an earthquake, is comprised of a fixing lever (5) that keeps the ball mechanism (1) in place during the construction and no-earthquake times and breaks away during an earthquake.

4- The present invention, which relates to a moving mechanism minimizing the destructive forces of an earthquake, is comprised of a protective sheet (7) that protects the thrust bearing from foreign objects (2).

5- The present invention, which relates to a moving mechanism minimizing the destructive forces of an earthquake, is comprised of water isolation (8) that protects the thrust bearing from concrete curing water.

6- The present invention, which relates to a moving mechanism minimizing the destructive forces of an earthquake, is comprised of a structural bearing runout (11) that allows strolling of the moving structure (10) via the ball mechanism (1). 7- The present invention, which relates to a moving mechanism minimizing the destructive forces of an earthquake, is comprised of an impact console (9.1) within the rigid structure (9) surrounding the moving structure (10) that prevents exceeding of the movement limits.

8- A ball mechanism (1) as described in Claim 1 and having bottom balls (1.2) that allow for movement in the thrust bearing (2).

9- A ball mechanism (1) as described in Claim 1 and having bottom ball cap (1.1) holding the bottom balls (1.2).

8- A ball mechanism (1) as described in Claim 1 and having top balls (1.4) that allow for movement in the top cover (3).

11- A ball mechanism (1) as described in Claim 1 and having top ball bearings (1.3) that hold the top balls (1.4) together with the top cover (3).

12- A ball mechanism (1) as described in Claim 1 and having bolt assembly levers (1.5) that connect the bottom ball cap (1.1) to the spring bolt (6).

13- A ball mechanism (1) as described in Claim 1 and having top lubrication grooves (1.6) that allow for continuous lubrication of top balls (1.4).

14- A ball mechanism (1) as described in Claim 1 and having bottom lubrication grooves (1.7) that allow for continuous lubrication of bottom balls (1.2).

15- A thrust mechanism (2) as described in Claim 1 and having thrust bearing assembly sheets (2.1) that allow for assembly thereof to the adjustable stand (4).

16- A top cover (3) as described in Claim 1 and having top cover bearing sheets (3.1).

17- An adjustable stand (4) as described in Claim 1 and having height- adjustable feet (4.1).

18- An adjustable feet (4.1) as described in Claim 17 and having adjustment holes for feet height (4.2) that allow for fixing of height.

19- An adjustable stand (4) as described in Claim 1 and having find adjustment bolts (4.3) connected to the thrust bearing assembly sheets (2.1) that allow for precision balance and height adjustments of the thrust bearing (2). 20- An adjustable stand (4) as described in Claim 1 and having angle braces (4.4) between the adjustable feet (4.1) for increased stability.

21- An adjustable stand (4) as described in Claim 1 and having a foundation assembly (4.5) allowing for fixing in the foundation.

22- A ball mechanism (1) as described in Claim 1 and having spherical bottom surface (12).

23- A bottom ball cap (1.1) as described in Claim 1 and having ball mechanism spherical bottom surface (12) and a bottom ball cap spherical surface (13) of the same spherical properties.

24- A thrust bearing (2) as described in Claim 1 and having ball mechanism spherical bottom surface (12) and a bottom ball cap spherical surface (13) of the same spherical properties, and a thrust bearing spherical surface (14) that has a different spring area than the former.

25- A spring bolt (6) as described in Claim 2 and having:

- A bottom bolt cap (6.3) connected to the ball mechanism (1) from bolt assembly levers (1.5),

- A spring (6.1) that features the thrust- tensile forces based on the action of the ball mechanism (1),

- A top bolt cap (6.2) that combines with the bottom bolt cap (6.2) via the spring.

26- A spring bolt (6) as described in Claim 2 and having a bolt box (6.4), which holds the top bolt cap (6.2) depending on the action of the ball mechanism (1) and in which the spring bolt (6) operates.

Description:
SPECIFICATION

MOVING MECHANISM MINIMIZING THE DESTRUCTIVE IMPACTS OF AN

EARTHQUAKE

The present invention relates to a moving mechanism minimizing the destructive impacts of an earthquake by being placed in between the rigid and moving structure masses within the ground isolator systems absorbing the seismic actions used to mitigate the impacts of earthquakes in detached buildings, by consuming the forces of an earthquake by way of moving in full harmony in its spherical thrust bearing.

Earthquake is defined as a natural disaster, the impacts and timing of which cannot be fully predetermined. The fact that the impacts and timing of earthquakes cannot be fully determined, causes the prudential measures to be limited.

The known applications generally include measures such as modifications in the building structure and static in order to allow the building to remain intact during an earthquake, bunkers to allow refuge from such events as fire, collapse, explosion during an earthquake and automatic gas - power shut-down systems.

Prior to starting the construction, estimated static and reinforced concrete calculations are included in the building projects. The building is constructed according to these static calculations. However, no accurate analysis can be done with regards to the behavior of a building during an earthquake depending on the projected conditions and the intensity of the earthquake. Static calculations are made for two directions - x and y - and there are no calculation methods for earthquakes with transverse impacts or impacts from the bottom. Therefore, measures taken against earthquakes in common buildings are limited.

In order to resolve this issue, there are various systems placed during construction to ensure that the buildings remain intact during an earthquake. Earthquake isolator systems such as rail systems, rubber sliders, energy absorbing springs, and pre-stressed cables aim to absorb the forces created by earthquakes. However, these systems have certain disadvantages. Energy absorbing springs and pre-stressed cables are subject to metal fatigue in time. This causes the system to fail to fully perform its function over time. Rubber-based seismic isolators are very limited in terms of movement. Limited movement causes the building to stand not only against earthquake forces, but also against counter- force and to be damaged during an earthquake. Furthermore, rubber blocks cause lateral bulging under vertical loads applied by the building. This situation deteriorates the structure of the rubber block and prevents it from fully performing its function. In rubber blocks, as the number of rubber layers are increased, resistance against horizontal and rotational motion is decreased. Due to this limitation, rubber blocks cannot be applied in all kinds of buildings. Additionally, the cost of such systems are very high.

The mechanism defined in the document, numbered 2012/14583 and entitled "Action mechanism in earthquake-proof building systems" has the same principal operation principle as the moving mechanism that minimizes the destructive impact of earthquakes. However, issues have been observed in invention, numbered 2012/14583, with respect to materials and production. Since the bottom surface of the main ball bearing is flat, more than 3 balls come into contact with the spherical thrust bearing and the 3 balls carry the whole load of the column. The fact that the moving mechanism is limited to 3 balls prevents building of multistorey structures. Another issue that has been observed was that tight closure of the top cover over the main ball bearing might prevent the bearing from functioning. In the document, numbered 2013/01681 and entitled "Lubrication system in action mechanism", lubrication grooves have been added between the main ball bearing and the top cover, however as the ball bearing and the top cover are pressed together under heavy loads, it would not be possible to allow lubricants to pass through the lubrication grooves and it would become harder for the mechanism to function due to excessive friction.

The present invention, which relates to a moving mechanism minimizing the destructive impact of the earthquake by absorbing the earthquake forces via the ball mechanism moving in full harmony within the spherical thrust bearing, which is placed in between the rigid and the moving structure mass in the ground isolator systems that are used to absorb seismic action in order to mitigate the impacts of earthquakes in detached buildings, overcomes all of the disadvantages mentioned above and it protects the upper storeys of the building from earthquake impacts by absorbing the earthquake forces from every direction due to its thrust bearing in the shape of a spherical basin and ball mechanism in total harmony with the bearing, it allows for all the balls to bear equal load due to the ball mechanism that perfectly fits the thrust bearing, it allows for load per ball to be reduced as its mechanism structure allows for higher number of balls to be used, it can be fixed to the floor and assembled in a balanced and easy manner due to its adjustable stand holding the thrust bearing, its spherical structure can be easily manufactures and the whole mechanism is economical, long-lasting and reliable.

The present invention can be applied to all types of detached buildings of all geometrical shapes and heights, whether they be with or without basements. The present invention operates in between the rigid and moving structure in the foundation of the building. Therefore, the building has two separate foundation structures. 1. The rigid structure holding the foundation remains stable, 2. the moving structure holding the basement and the storeys of the building moves independent of the ground movements during the earthquake owing to the present invention. This action absorbs the impact of the earthquake forces on the building. Under no circumstances will there be any ground momentum or base shear force transmitted to the upper storeys owing to the present invention, which is completely jointed. In other words, the destructive force of the earthquake is consumed by the motion created by the present invention without any damages to the building.

There is a thrust bearing in the shape of a spherical basin on a rigid- structured adjustable stand. Ball mechanism in between the rigid structure and the moving structure moves within this spherical thrust bearing. Thus, the mechanism functions without any issues regardless of the direction of the earthquake forces.

The ball mechanism is in complete harmony with the thrust bearing, on which it moves, in every direction and every movement. In other words, regardless of the position of the ball mechanism on the thrust bearing, all balls contact the thrust bearing. Therefore, more balls can be used in the mechanism, allowing for the load per ball to be reduced. This provides for the earthquake forces to be consumed easier by the mechanism.

The adjustable stand, holding the thrust bearing inside the rigid structure, provides support to the thrust bearing and allows for easy and balanced installation of the present invention until the assembly of the 1. foundation fittings and foundation concrete setting.

A spherical top cover is present where the ball mechanism contacts the moving structure via balls. While the ball mechanism moves on the thrust bearing, it rotates in full harmony under the spherical top cover with the aid of the balls located on the top. Thus, the present invention remains stable during the times with no earthquakes, only to start the strolling action at the time of an earthquake, during which it continues to bear the vertical loads in the same way and transmits the loads to the 1 st foundation.

The present invention can be easily manufactured using the known methods as its thrust bearing, top cover, ball mechanism and balls are of spherical in shape. This allows for the present invention to be more economical compared to its precedents. Furthermore, good load distribution within the structure, which is a characteristic of spherical structures, increases the endurance of the mechanism.

Lubrication grooves within the ball mechanism allows for the lubrication of balls and reduces friction.

In the ball mechanism, the spherical properties and the diameters of the bottom surface, where the balls at the bottom are placed, and of the bottom ball cover are the same. In order to ensure that all of the balls placed on the bottom surface contact the thrust bearing in all kinds of movement, spherical properties of the bottom surface and the thrust bearing of the ball mechanism are the same. The parts of the sphere are of the same diameter, the spring area of the moving mechanism and the bottom cover are the same and the spring area of the thrust bearing is larger.

Absorbing of the earthquake forces by the present invention located in the foundation of the building, prevents the destructive impacts of the earthquake from reaching the upper storeys and eliminates loss of life and property. The moving mechanism minimizing the destructive forces of earthquakes provides a reliable, economical, effective and permanent solution against the destructive impacts of earthquakes.

Hereafter, the present invention is illustrated more in detail referencing the accompanying drawings which;

Figure 1 is the general view of the building that has the moving mechanism that minimizes the destructive impact of earthquakes.

Figure 2 is the cross-section general view of the moving mechanism that minimizes the destructive impact of earthquakes.

Figure 3 is the cross-section view of the moving mechanism that minimizes the destructive impact of earthquakes while the structure mass moves towards the right at maximum during an earthquake. Figure 4 is the cross-section view of the moving mechanism that minimizes the destructive impact of earthquakes while the structure mass moves towards the left at maximum during an earthquake.

Figure 5 is the cross-section view of the ball mechanism and thrust bearing. Figure 6 is the view of the thrust bearing from the top.

Figure 7 is the cross-section view of the adjustable stand and the thrust bearing. Figure 8 is the view of the ball mechanism from the bottom. Figure 9 is the view of the ball mechanism from the top.

Figure 10 is the view of the protective sheet together with the top cover from the top. Figure 11 is the cross-section detailed view of the spring bolt.

Figure 12 is the cross-section view of the ball mechanism, bottom ball cover and the spherical properties of the thrust bearing.

Figure 13 is the three-dimensional open view of the moving mechanism that minimizes the destructive impact of earthquakes.

Legend:

NO NAME OF THE PART

1 Ball mechanism

1.1 Bottom ball cap

1.2 Bottom balls

1.3 Top ball bearings

1.4 Top balls

1.5 B olt as sembly lever

1.6 Top lubrication grooves

1.7 Bottom lubrication grooves Thrust bearing

Thrust bearing assembly sheets

Top cover

Top cover bearing sheets

Adjustable stand

Adjustable feet

Adjustment holes for feet height Fine adjustment bolts

Angle braces

Foundation assembly

Fixing lever

Spring bolt

Spring

Top bolt cap

Bottom bolt cap

Bolt box

Protective sheet

Water isolation

Rigid structure

Impact console

Moving structure

Structural bearing runout

Ball mechanism spherical bottom surface 13 Bottom ball cap spherical surface

14 Thrust bearing spherical surface

The present invention, which relates to a moving mechanism minimizing the destructive impact of the earthquake by absorbing the earthquake forces via the ball mechanism moving in full harmony within the spherical thrust bearing, which is placed in between the rigid and the moving structure mass in the ground isolator systems that are used to absorb seismic action in order to mitigate the impacts of earthquakes in detached buildings, is generally comprised of ball mechanism (1) that absorbs the earthquake forces by movement; bottom ball cap (1.1) on the ball mechanism (1), bottom balls (1.2), top ball bearings (1.3), top balls (1.4), bolt assembly lever (1.5), top lubrication grooves (1.6) and bottom lubrication grooves (1.7); thrust bearing (2) in the shape of a spherical basin on which the ball mechanism (1) can move in any direction with the aid of the bottom balls (1.2); thrust bearing assembly sheets (2.1) that fix the thrust bearing (2) to the adjustable stand (4); top cover (3) that allows the ball mechanism (1) to rotate via the top balls (1.4); top cover bearing sheets (3.1); adjustable stand (4) that bears the thrust bearing (2) and allows a balanced assembly thereof; adjustable feet (4.1) that allow for the adjustable stand (4) to be lowered and raised; adjustment holes for feet height (4.2); fine adjustment bolts (4.3); angle braces (4.4) that stabilize the adjustable stand (4); foundation assembly (4.5) that anchors the adjustable stand (4) to the foundation; fixing lever (5), which keeps the mechanism in place during no-earthquake times and which breaks away and releases the mechanism during an earthquake; spring bolts (6) in all directions around the ball mechanism (6) to allow for the absorbing of the forces during an earthquake; spring (6.1) that makes up the spring bolt; top bolt cap (6.2), bottom bolt cap (6.3), bolt box (6.4); protective sheet (7) that protects the ball mechanism (1) and the thrust bearing (2) from foreign objects; water isolation (8); fixed rigid structure (9) where the adjustable stand (4) and the thrust bearing are located (2); impact console (9.1), which is of rigid structure (9), on the rigid structure (9) that prevents the moving structure (10), which moves via the moving mechanism minimizing the destructive force of an earthquake, from exceeding its moving limit; structural bearing runout (11) that provides adequate distance from the bottom and from the sides to allow the moving mechanism to move and ball mechanism spherical bottom surface (11) of the same spherical properties; bottom ball cap spherical surface (13), and thrust bearing spherical surface (14). The present invention operates and is used in the following way:

Rigid structure (9) is the fixed portion of the building to the foundation. Rigid structure (9) surrounds the moving structure (10) completely. Moving structure (10) can move in any direction on the thrust bearing (2) during an earthquake independent from the movement of the foundation due to ball mechanism (1). Portions of the rigid structure (9) surrounding the moving structure (10), hold the impact console (9.1). Impact console (9.1) sets the limit of lateral motion that is allowed for the moving structure (10) on the ball mechanism (1) without separating from the thrust bearing (2) Moving structure (10) consists of all the storeys in the building. Structural bearing runout (11) is the gap between the rigid structure (9) and the moving structure (10). This gap allows for the moving structure (10) to move towards any direction.

Moving mechanism that minimizes the destructive force of the earthquake operates between the rigid structure (9) and the moving structure (10). Adjustable stand (4) and the thrust bearing (2) are part of the rigid structure (9), the ball mechanism (1) is located in the structural bearing runout (11), and the top cover (3) is located in the moving structure (10).

Adjustable stand (4) is fixed to the foundation via the foundation assembly (4.5). The thrust bearing (2), which is of the shape of a spherical basin, is located on the adjustable stand (4). The balance and the height of the thrust bearing (2) are adjusted via the adjustable stand (4). For rough height measurements, the feet (4.1) of the adjustable stand (4) have feet adjustment holes (4.2). Once the feet of the stand (4.1) are adjusted to the required height, they are fixed via these holes (4.2.). Precision height and balance adjustments of the thrust bearing (2) are done via the fine adjustment bolts (4.3) holding the thrust bearing assembly sheets (2.1).

Ball mechanism (1) can move in any direction on the thrust bearing (2) depending on the forces affecting the earthquake. Ball mechanism (1) is able to move on the thrust bearing (2) via the bottom balls (1.2). Bottom balls (1.2), are set and kept in their housing in the ball mechanism (1) via the bottom ball cap (1.1). Bottom ball cap (1.1) is attached to the spring bolts (6) via the assembly levers (1.5) located in all four direction thereof. Spring bolts (6) fix the bottom ball cap (1.1) and guide the motions of the ball mechanism (1) in the thrust bearing (2). Spring bolts (6) establish a connection between the bottom ball cap (1.1) and the top cover (3). Ball mechanism (1), bottom ball cap (1.1) and the thrust bearing are nested parts of the same sphere. Since the spring properties of the parts of the sphere are the same, with each motion of the moving structure (10), all of the bottom balls (1.2) of the ball mechanism (1) contact the thrust bearing (2). Therefore, all loads of the building are distributed evenly to each one of the bottom balls (1.2).

Spring bolt (6) includes the spring (6.1), bottom bolt cap (6.3), top bolt cap (6.2) and bolt box (6.4). Bottom bolt cap (6.3) is connected to the bolt assembly levers (1.5) via pins, mills, etc. Spring bolt (6) can pivot around this pin, mill, etc. connection. Bottom bolt cap (6.3) and the top bolt cap (6.2) is connected via a spring (6.1). These springs (6.1) connect the ball mechanism (1), which moves during the earthquake, to the top cover and prevents the ball mechanism (1) from separating from the bearing even when the moving structure (10) is subject to tipping. Top bolt cap (6.2) moves up and down the bolt box (6.4) in a controlled manner. Cap sockets inside the bolt box (6.4) hold the top bolt cap (6.2). In this situation, while the ball mechanism (1) moves towards one direction, the top bolt cap (6.2) in the opposite direction is held by the cap sockets inside the box (6.4) and thus the spring (6.1) stretched. Spring bolt box (6.4) is fixed to the top cover (3).

The top cover (3) is a hemisphere- shaped piece covering the top part of the ball mechanism (1). The top cover (3) is part of the moving structure (10). Under the top cover (3), the ball mechanism is located (1). Under the top cover (3) and in the upper portion the ball mechanism (1), top balls (1.4) are located. Ball mechanism (1) moves under the top cover (3) via the top balls (1.4). The fact that the top cover (3) is of a spherical structure, which allows for the top portion of the ball mechanism (1) to fit perfectly in this spherical structure, provides for the motion inside the top cover (3) to result in pivoting of the ball mechanism (1). Therefore, while the ball mechanism (1) moves in the thrust bearing (2), it also rotates within the top cover (3). Thus, the bottom balls (1.2) always remain in contact with the thrust bearing (2).

Between the top cover (3) and the ball mechanism (1), the top lubrication grooves are located and in the bottom ball cap (1.1), bottom lubrication grooves (1.7) are located. Top lubrication grooves (1.6) allow for the top balls (1.4) to operate with minimal friction while the bottom lubrication grooves (1.7) allow for the bottom balls (1.2) to operate with minimal friction.

Fixing levers (5) prevent the ball mechanism (1) to be displaced during the construction and no-earthquake times. The fixing lever (5) is the temporary assembly from the top cover (3) to the rigid structure (9) after the ball mechanism (1) is placed on the thrust bearing (2). It snaps at the first movement of the structure and it is disabled. The fixing lever (5) also prevents the water isolation (8) by keeping the ball mechanism (1) in place until the concrete is settled.

Water isolation (8) is performed to prevent the concrete curing water from accumulating in between the protective sheet (7) and the rigid structure (9) and in the thrust bearing (2).

Protective sheet (7) is fixed around the bottom side of the top cover (3). The protective sheet (7) protects the thrust bearing (2) from foreign objects during the assembly of the present invention and the settlement of the concrete.

The fact that the spherical bottom surface of the ball mechanism (12) is of the same spherical properties of the spherical surface of the bottom ball cap (13) allow for the bottom ball cap (1.1) to close without any handicaps. _Due to the fact that the spherical top surface of the thrust bearing (14) and the spherical bottom surface of the ball mechanism (12) are of the same spherical properties, all of the bottom balls (1.2) placed in the spherical bottom surface of the ball mechanism (12) are in full contact with the thrust bearing (2) and the column load is distributed evenly among the all of the balls (1.2). The bottom balls (1.2) of the ball mechanism (1) will be in contact with the thrust bearing (2) all at the same time in any 360° agonic movement of the moving structure during an earthquake.

The structure behaves in the following way during an earthquake:

When the moving structure (10) moves from right to left on the moving mechanism that minimizes the destructive force of the earthquake, the bottom balls (1.2) rotate from right to left in the thrust bearing (2) and the ball mechanism (1) pivots from left to right via its movement in the top cover (3). At this instance, the spring bolt (6) on the left, is pushed upwards within the cap socket without any threads in the spring bolt box (6.4) and the spring bolt (6) on the right, is kept inside the cap socket without any threads in the spring bolt box (6.4) subject to tension. While the spring bolt (6) on the left operates with the thrust, the spring bolt (6) on the right operates with tensile stress. Once the structure completes maximum displacement within the trust bearing (2), it returns to its original position by gravitational force and its own weight.

When the moving structure (10) moves from left to right on the moving mechanism that minimizes the destructive force of the earthquake, the bottom balls (1.2) rotate from left to right in the thrust bearing (2) and the ball mechanism (1) pivots from right to left via its movement in the top cover (3). At this instance, the spring bolt (6) on the right, is pushed upwards within the cap socket without any threads in the spring bolt box (6.4) and the spring bolt (6) on the left, is kept inside the cap socket without any threads in the spring bolt box (6.4) subject to tension. While the spring bolt (6) on the right operates with the thrust, the spring bolt (6) on the left operates with tensile stress. Once the structure completes maximum displacement within the trust bearing (2), it returns to its original position by gravitational force and its own weight.

The action described above consumes the earthquake forces and prevents the residential areas located within the moving structure (10) to be damaged.