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Title:
MULTI-PURPOSE SELF-SUSTAINED HEAT GENERATING REVOLVING EVAPORATOR APPARATUS (MS RE)
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/033763
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention is a multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus (100), which is capable of performing a number of operations including generation of electricity, source of heat to other MSRE's, steam generation at low/high-pressure for industrial use, hot purified water generation for consuming, hot water generation for heating and other applications. The multi-purpose self- sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus (100) includes a rigid body structure (102), which further includes a heating chamber (150) at the bottom portion of the rigid body structure (102), a high-pressure chamber (132) at the middle portion, which is positioned above the heating chamber (150) inside the rigid body structure (102), and a low-pressure chamber (144) positioned at the top portion, above the high- pressure chamber (132) of the rigid body structure (102). The multi-purpose self- sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus (100) further includes a number of heating means arranged within the heating chamber (150) to heat pure water stored in a pure water storage tank (108) and a heat transfer fluid inside a number of heat transfer tubes. The apparatus (100) also includes a number of pipes for supplying the pure water to the water storage tank (108) positioned within the heating chamber (150) and to transfer the heated water from the heating chamber (150), a number of liquid flow control valves for controlling the heat transfer fluid flow through the heat transfer tubes, a number of steam flow control valves for controlling the steam flow from the high-pressure chamber (132) and the low-pressure chamber (144) and an exhaust means (170) for releasing unwanted steam from the rigid body structure (102).

Inventors:
AL-ATHERI, M., B., Yasar (Al-Hay 8, Mojawara 8Bldg # 11, Flat # 202 6th October, EG)
Application Number:
IB2016/001667
Publication Date:
February 22, 2018
Filing Date:
November 04, 2016
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
AL-ATHERI, M., B., Yasar (Al-Hay 8, Mojawara 8Bldg # 11, Flat # 202 6th October, EG)
International Classes:
F22B1/28; F22B37/10
Foreign References:
US20070220889A12007-09-27
US20150083110A12015-03-26
US20110192164A12011-08-11
US20160123189A12016-05-05
US8739542B12014-06-03
US20080283520A12008-11-20
US4697424A1987-10-06
US4288674A1981-09-08
Other References:
None
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS:

1. A multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus (MSRE) ( 100) capable of performing a plurality of operations comprises:

a rigid body structure ( 102) having a top portion, a middle portion, a bottom portion and a plurality of side portions,

wherein the top portion of the rigid body structure ( 102) includes a low- pressure chamber (144);

wherein the middle portion of the rigid body structure ( 102) includes a high-pressure chamber (132);

wherein the bottom portion of the rigid body structure ( 102) includes a heating chamber (150) having a plurality of heating means arranged within the heating chamber ( 150) to heat pure water stored in a pure water storage tank ( 108) and a heat transfer fluid inside a plurality of heat transfer tubes ,

wherein the heating means heats the pure water and the heat transfer fluid using electrical and microwave heating methods;

a plurality of pipes for supplying the pure water to the water storage tank ( 108) positioned within the heating chamber ( 150) and to transfer the heated water from the heating chamber ( 150);

a plurality of liquid flow control valves for controlling the heat transfer fluid flow through the plurality of heat transfer tubes ;

a plurality of steam flow control valves for controlling the steam flow from the high-pressure chamber ( 132) and the low-pressure chamber ( 144); and

at least one exhaust means ( 170) for releasing unwanted steam from the rigid body structure ( 102);

characterized in that the steam generated using the multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) can be utilized for a plurality of operations including generating electricity, source of heat to other MSRE's, steam generation at low/high-pressure for industrial use, hot purified water generation for consuming, and hot water generation for heating-and other applications.

2. The multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) of claim 1 wherein the heating chamber ( 150) comprises:

at least one electrical coil ( 104);

an isolating material ( 106) separating the electrical coil ( 104) and a bottom portion of the rigid body structure ( 102),

wherein the pure water storage tank ( 108) positioned on top of the electrical coil ( 104) to transfer heat from the electrical coil ( 104) to heat the water;

a microwave apparatus ( 1 10) associated with the water storage tank ( 108) for heating the water stored therein and the water present in the pipes attached to the water storage tank ( 108); and

at least one heating tube ( 1 12) adjacent to the electrical coil ( 104) for transferring the heat generated in the heating chamber ( 150) to the high-pressure chamber ( 132). 3. The multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) of claim 1 wherein the rigid body structure ( 102) includes provisions for connecting with a cold pure water storage tank ( 1 14) positioned external to the rigid body structure ( 102). 4. The multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) of claim 3 wherein a water level in the cold pure water storage tank ( 1 14) maintains a constant water level in the pure water storage tank ( 108) placed inside the rigid body structure ( 102). 5. The multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus (100) of claim 1 wherein the heating chamber ( 150) further includes:

at least one heat storage means ( 1 16) positioned adjacent to the electrical coil ( 104) to store the heat generated by the electrical coil ( 104); and

at least one hot water/steam supply pipe ( 1 18) for supplying water from the pure water storage tank ( 108) to the high-pressure chamber ( 132),

wherein the heat storage means ( 1 16) and the heating tubes ( 1 12) positioned adjacent to the pure-water storage tank ( 108) stores and transfers the heat generated within the heating chamber ( 150) to the high pressure chamber ( 132).

6. The multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) of claim 5 wherein the hot water/steam supply pipe ( 1 18) is attached with a non-return gate valve. 7. The multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) of claim 1 further includes a pump ( 120) associated with the hot water/steam supply pipe ( 1 18) for pumping the hot pure water from the water storage tank ( 108) to the high-pressure chamber ( 132). 8. The multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) of claim 1 further includes an isolated heating tube ( 122) positioned within the heating chamber ( 150) for carrying the heat transfer fluid or hot liquid,

wherein the isolated heating tube ( 122) is attached with a pump ( 124) for flowing heat transfer fluid or hot liquid to the heat storage means ( 1 16) to transfer the heat.

9. The multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) of claim 1 wherein the high-pressure chamber ( 132) includes a plurality of rotating blades forming a part of a multi-purpose revolving evaporator (MRE),

wherein the plurality of rotating blades are operably positioned within a hot water/steam supply pipeline arrangement ( 180) connected to the hot water/steam supply pipe ( 1 18),

wherein the flow through the hot water/steam supply pipeline arrangement ( 180) is controlled using a gate valve ( 126).

10. The multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) of claim 1 wherein the hot water/steam supply pipeline arrangement ( 180) further includes at least one spraying means for generating high-pressure hot steam / water mist inside the high-pressure chamber ( 132).

1 1. The multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) of claim 1 wherein the plurality of rotating blades rotates to spread the high- pressure hot steam / water mist inside the high-pressure chamber ( 132).

12. The multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) wherein the high-pressure chamber ( 132) has a doom ( 134) on a top portion, wherein the doom ( 134) has a top opening ( 136) to pass the high-pressure hot steam/water mist collected in the high-pressure chamber ( 132) to the low pressure chamber ( 144);

wherein a pressure and heat control valve ( 138) closes and opens the top opening ( 136) of the doom (134); and

wherein the doom ( 134) of the high-pressure chamber ( 132) further includes safety valve ( 140).

13. The multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) of claim 12 wherein an interior portion surface of the doom ( 134) is provided with a plurality of heat collector coil closed system ( 160),

wherein the of heat collector coil closed system ( 160) includes the heating tube ( 1 12) and the isolated heating tube ( 122) to transfer heat from the heating chamber ( 150) to the high-pressure hot steam/water mist collected in the high-pressure chamber ( 132).

14. The multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) of claim 1 wherein a pure water tank ( 146) is positioned above the doom ( 134) inside the low-pressure chamber ( 144),

wherein the pure water tank ( 146) has a heating coil ( 152) for forming a closed system to heat the pure water stored therein the pure water tank ( 146),

wherein the high-pressure hot steam/water mist passed through the top opening ( 136) of the doom ( 134) heats the water in the pure water tank ( 146) to be used for a plurality of applications including pure water consumption and for industrial heating purposes.

15. The multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus (100) of claim 1 wherein the low pressure chamber ( 144) is attached with excess condensed water return tube ( 128) to carry the condensed water from the low pressure chamber ( 144) to the pure water storage tank (108).

16. The multi-purpose self- sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) of claim 1 includes a divider ( 154) for separating the high-pressure hot steam/water mist from a plurality of external connections including a turbine motor set operably connected to the rigid body structure ( 102) for circulating and to control steam pressure in the high-pressure chamber.

Description:
MULTI-PURPOSE SELF-SUSTAINED HEAT GENERATING REVOLVING EVAPORATOR APPARATUS (MS RE)

FIELD OF INVENTION The present invention relates generally to heating systems, and more specifically, to a multi-purpose self-sustained revolving evaporator apparatus (MSRE), for performing a wide range of operations including purification of water, purification of liquids/ or heavy water, salt extraction, separation of solids in liquids, condensing of liquids, heating systems, steam generating, and generating of electricity, etc.

BACKGROUND

Steam generators are, for example, employed for air humidification and generally comprise an evaporation tank, which is partially filled with water. The water is heated and evaporated by means of heating bodies, such as electrodes or electrical resistances and burning of fusel fuels, for example, in which process mineral salts are precipitated which have to be removed from time to time from the evaporation tank by blow down. For this purpose, in order to top up with water and, in some cases, also to monitor the water level by means of a float in a float tank outside the evaporation tank, the latter has at least one water passage opening, which is frequently arranged in the bottom of the evaporation tank. Particularly when water with a very high lime content is employed, a major problem is the formation of lime scale and the rapid closing up of the usually relatively small water passage opening or openings, which often makes cleaning necessary after only a short period. If larger water passage openings are employed, the blow down quantity can scarcely be controlled with respect to time and the danger exists that the water in the evaporation tank will start to oscillate shortly after the blow down.

In order to keep the time intervals between the cleaning operations as large as possible, attempts have been made to provide the water passage openings with devices which prevent rapid blockage. Known arrangements are, for example, the use of screens with a plurality of suitably arranged openings and the pumping of air through the openings from below in order, by this means, to keep water paths free. Also known are openings, which are cleaned by moving parts. The solutions proposed, however, do not permit the maintenance cycles to be increased in a satisfactory manner for all types of water. In view of the problem, with certain types of water, that the water passage openings rapidly form lime scale in the previously known steam generators, the invention is based on the following object. A steam generator is to be created with an evaporation tank with at least one water passage opening which does not form limescale or, at least, forms limescale more slowly than the water passage openings of the previous steam generators.

It is well-known to use humidifying systems which employ steam generators. The boiling of the supply water to generate steam is advantageous because bacteria present in the supply water are killed and minerals present in the supply water tend to remain in the evaporation tank. Thus, the steam fed into the heating, ventilating and air conditioning system is clean and sterile. The supply water in such devices is the usual local supply water which invariably contains insoluble mineral salts, such as calcium carbonate. Thus, over time, deposits of dirt, dust, lime and other minerals accumulate on various interior surfaces of the steam generator, including the heat exchange surfaces and walls of the evaporation tank. This reduces the efficiency of energy transfer from the heat source to the water. Frequent removal of accumulated, adhering, mineral deposits is required. The task of removing accumulated mineral deposits is at least bothersome and it may be quite difficult. Hence there exists a need for an automated self sustained system that is capable of per forming a wide number of tasks such as, but not limited to, steam generating, purification of water and liquids, salt extraction, condensing of liquids, separation of solids in liquids, and generating of electricity etc.

SUMMARY

The present disclosure with the following drawings relates to a multi-purpose self- sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus (MSRE) according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention. However alternate embodiment of the present multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus discloses a modified version of MSRE, which acts as the core of the multi-purpose self-sustained evaporator heat generator "MSHG" apparatus. The MSRE is capable of performing a number of operations including purification of water and liquids, salt extraction and separation of solids in liquids, steam generation, generation of electricity, the steam produced from the multi-purpose self-sustained evaporator apparatus, can be utilized to be the main input source of heat to other multi-purpose self sustained revolving evaporator, MSRE by converting/modifying it into a multipurpose self sustained heat generator "MSHG". The multi-purpose self- sustained heat generating evaporator apparatus includes a rigid body structure having a top portion, a middle portion, a bottom portion and a number of side portions. The rigid body structure further includes a heating chamber at the bottom portion of the rigid body structure, a high pressure chamber at the middle portion, which is positioned above the heating chamber inside the rigid body structure, and a low pressure chamber positioned at the top portion, above the high pressure chamber of the rigid body structure. The multi-purpose self- sustained heat generating evaporator apparatus further includes a number of heating means arranged within the heating chamber, a plurality of pipes for supplying heating liquid to the heating chamber and to transfer the hot liquid from the heating chamber, a plurality of liquid flow control valves for controlling the liquid flow through the plurality of pipes in the heating chamber, a plurality of steam flow control valves for controlling the steam flow from the high-pressure chamber and the low- pressure chamber and at least one exhaust means for releasing any unwanted steam from the rigid body structure. The steam generated using the multi-purpose self- sustained heat generating evaporator apparatus can be utilized for a number of purposes including, source of heat to other "MSRE", steam generation, heat generation, and generating electricity, etc. Various embodiment of the present invention disclose "modified version", of the multi-purpose self-sustained revolving evaporator apparatus, which forms a "multipurpose self-sustained heat generator" (MSHG), used specifically to generate heat as an input source of heat to the multi-purpose self-sustained revolving evaporator apparatus, and many other industrial operations, including generating of electricity, etc. The present multi-purpose self-sustained heat generator, use only pure water and is dedicated to produce steam to generate heat for a multi use operations, while the multi-purpose self-sustained revolving evaporator apparatus, is used to perform all other operations.

According to various embodiment of the present invention the MSRE and MSHG operates on any clean source of heat as a power where it is stored in two heat storages, external heat storage means, and a second heat storage means built inside the rotating/revolving evaporator. The MSHG is designed for free of charge nonstop operation, after its initial start. Designs of this invention apparatus vary in shape/size according to task and output required.

Other objects and advantages of the embodiments herein will become readily apparent from the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTIONS OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 illustrates a multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 2A and FIG. 2B illustrates the vertical/ horizontal type blades of the high pressure chamber for dispersing the steam, according to an embodiment of the present invention apparatus;

FIG. 3 illustrates the operation of the pressure and heat control valve that closes and opens the valve on top of the high-pressure chamber, according to an embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 4 shows the operation of the gate valve, according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 5A and FIG. 5B shows the operation of a gate valve, which is controlling flow through the hot water/steam supply pipeline arrangement ( 180) and connected mechanically with the pressure and heat control valve to regulate the pressure, according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 6 shows the operation of the external power generating systems coupled to the present multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus, according to an embodiment of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

In the following detailed description, a reference is made to the accompanying drawings that form a part hereof, and in which the specific embodiments that may be practiced is shown by way of illustration. These embodiments are described in sufficient detail to enable those skilled in the art to practice the embodiments and it is to be understood that the logical, mechanical, structural and other changes may be made without departing from the scope of the embodiments. The following detailed description is therefore not to be taken in a limiting sense.

FIG. 1 illustrates a multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100). The present multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus (100) can be employed as an evaporator device or apparatus and as a heating and steam generating apparatus. The present multi-purpose self- sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) is capable of performing a number of operations including generation of electricity utilizing the steam, steam generation, as a source of input heat to other MSRE, heat generation using the hot steam for use with other heating devices and processes, etc. The heat is produced from the present multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) utilizing a multi-purpose self-sustained revolving heat generator (MSRHG) associated with the multi-purpose self-sustained revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100). The present multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) includes a rigid body structure (102) having a top portion, a middle portion, a bottom portion and a number of side portions. The rigid body structure ( 102) further includes a heating chamber ( 150) at the bottom portion of the rigid body structure ( 102), a high pressure chamber ( 132) at the middle portion, which is positioned above the heating chamber ( 150) inside the rigid body structure (102), and a low pressure chamber ( 144) positioned at the top portion, above the high pressure chamber ( 132) of the rigid body structure ( 102). The multi-purpose self- sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) further includes a plurality of heating means, a plurality of heat collector coil closed system ( 160) having heating tubes ( 1 12) and isolated heating tubes ( 122) to transfer heat from the heating chamber ( 150) to high-pressure hot steam/water mist collected in the high- pressure chamber ( 132). The heat collector coil closed system ( 160) is arranged within the heating chamber ( 150). The multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) further includes a number of heating means arranged within the heating chamber ( 150) to heat pure water stored in a pure water storage tank (108) and a heat transfer fluid inside a plurality of heat transfer tubes. The heating means heats the pure water and the heat transfer fluid using electrical and microwave heating methods. The multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) also includes a number of pipes for supplying the pure water to the water storage tank (108) positioned within the heating chamber ( 150) and to transfer the heated water from the heating chamber ( 150), a number of liquid flow control valves for controlling the heat transfer fluid flow through the heat transfer tubes, a number of steam flow control valves for controlling the steam flow from the high-pressure chamber ( 132) and the low-pressure chamber ( 144) and at least one exhaust means with safety-valve ( 170) for releasing unwanted steam from the rigid body structure ( 102).

The multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) further includes a revolving evaporator ( 172) positioned within the high pressure chamber ( 132). The revolving evaporator ( 172) has a number of blades that are free to rotate about a central axis. Different embodiment of the present multipurpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) discloses the use of vertical and horizontal arrangement of the revolving evaporator ( 172) within the high pressure chamber ( 132). The fan or the blades can be constructed vertically or horizontal, which can automatically be operated or rotated by the high- pressure steam jet or water falling on it. The hot water from the hot pipe line (1 18) is pressurized by a pump ( 120) associated with a hot pipe line ( 1 18) from the hot pure water tank, the water inside which is heated using microwave device ( 1 10) attached inside the tank, and the hot pressurized water is directed to the revolving evaporator ( 172) inside the high-pressure chamber ( 132). The supply nozzles associated with the hot water supply tubes, as shown in FIG. l , supplies pressurized hot water to rotate the blades of the fan for dispersing the hot mist of pure water or steam inside the high- pressure chamber ( 132). The blades inside the high-pressure chamber ( 132) can be positioned in a horizontal direction as shown in FIG. 2A or in a vertical direction as shown in FIG. 2B. In both designs, which form part of the different embodiment of the present multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100), the blades are rotated using pressurized water to fill high pressure steam inside the high-pressure chamber ( 132).

The steam generated using the multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) can be utilized for a variety of operations including generating electricity, source of heat to other MSRE's, steam generation at low/high- pressure for industrial use, hot purified water generation for consuming, and hot water generation for heating and other applications. The rigid body structure ( 102) of the multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) includes three service doors such as a first service door ( 182) for doing cleaning and maintenance for proper operation of the heating chamber ( 150) at the bottom portion of the rigid body structure ( 102), a second service door (184) at the high pressure chamber ( 132) positioned above the heating chamber (150) inside the rigid body structure ( 102), and a third service door ( 186) at the low pressure chamber ( 144) positioned at the top portion, above the high pressure chamber ( 132) of the rigid body structure ( 102). The first service door ( 182), second service door ( 184) are pressure doors opening, which opens to inside portion of the rigid body structure ( 102). The third service door ( 186) is a slide door on rail and rollers, which opens the bottom portion of the heating chamber (150). The heat is produced and stored in the heat chamber ( 150) positioned at the bottom of the rigid body structure (102). The heating chamber ( 150) receives heat from an external source for starting operation of the present multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) during an initial stage or starting operation. The heat for starting the present multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) is received mainly from electric source coils ( 104) provided inside the heat chamber ( 150), which heats the heat storage means ( 1 16) positioned adjacent to the electrical coil ( 104). The water stored in the pure water storage tank ( 108) is heated using hot water or any other heat transfer fluid flowing through the number heating pipes arranged within the rigid body structure ( 102).

The hot water flowing through the heating pipes is fed to the sprinklers or the spraying means to spray the hot steam /water within the high-pressure chamber ( 132). A fan having the plurality of rotating blades positioned under the spraying means rotates to spread the high-pressure hot steam or water mist inside the high-pressure chamber ( 132) and the hot steam will be collected below a top doom structure ( 134) covering the top of the high pressure chamber ( 132). During continuous operation of the fan, the blades of the fan will be heated up, which in turn will increase the evaporation process. The multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating evaporator apparatus ( 100) with the heating chamber ( 150) further includes the electrical coil ( 104) adjacent to the heat storage means ( 1 16), an isolating material ( 106) separating the electrical coil ( 104) and the bottom portion of the rigid body structure ( 102), a pure water storage tank ( 108) positioned on top of the electrical coil (104) and a microwave apparatus ( 1 10) associated with the water storage tank ( 108) for heating the water present in the water storage tank ( 108) and the water present in the pipes attached to the water storage tank ( 108). The multi-purpose self- sustained heat generating evaporator apparatus ( 100) with the heating chamber ( 150) further includes a closed system (160) having the heat tube ( 1 12) adjacent to the electrical coil ( 104) for transferring the heat generated from the high-pressure chamber ( 132) to the heat storage ( 1 16), via a circulation pump (124) in a closed circle system ( 160). The heat collector coil closed system ( 160) includes the heating tube ( 1 12) and the isolated heating tube (122) to transfer heat from the heating chamber (150) to the high-pressure hot steam/water mist collected in the high-pressure chamber (132).

The multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating evaporator apparatus (100) having the rigid body structure (102) further includes provisions for connecting with a cold liquid storage tank (114) positioned external to the rigid body structure (102). The water level in the cold storage tank (114) maintains a constant water level in the pure water storage tank (108) placed at the bottom portion of the rigid body structure (102). The heating chamber (150) of the multi-purpose self-sustained evaporator heat generator apparatus (100) further includes the heat storage means (116) positioned adjacent to the electrical coil (104) to store the heat generated by the electrical coil (104) and at least one water supply pipe for supplying water to the = storage tank (108) and at least one hot water/steam supply pipe (118) for supplying hot water to the water storage tank (108). The water storage tank (108) stores the hot water heated by the heat tubes (112), or by the microwave heating device (110), or using the heat storage means (116) positioned under the pure water storage tank (108). The hot water/steam supply pipe (118) of the multi-purpose self-sustained evaporator heat generator apparatus (100) includes the gate valve (126) to regulate the pressure of the hot air or steam passing through the chimney or tube (162). The flow through the hot water/steam supply pipeline arrangement (180) is controlled using a gate valve (126), which in turn controls the turbine air stream and will increase evaporation. The multipurpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus (100) further includes a pump (120) associated with the hot water/steam supply pipe (118) for pumping the hot water from the water storage tank (108) to the high-pressure chamber (132). The multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus (100) includes an excess condensed water return tube (128), which is positioned as shown in FIG. 1. The hot water will turn into steam inside the high pressure chamber (132) and part of it will be condensed at the low pressure chamber (144) and will return back to the hot water tank (108) via the excess condensed water return tube (128). The low pressure chamber (144) is attached with the excess condensed water return tube (128) at one side or at both sides to carry the condensed water from the low pressure chamber (144) to the pure water storage tank (108). The multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) further includes the isolated heating tube ( 122) for carrying the heat transfer liquid. The isolated heating tube ( 122) is attached with a pump ( 124) for pumpingjhe heat transfer liquid through the heat collector coil forming the closed loop system ( 160) inside the high pressure chamber ( 132), which further heats the steam created inside the high pressure chamber ( 132). The heat collector coil forming the closed loop system ( 160) receives heat from the heat storage means ( 1 16) through the heating tubes ( 1 12). The heat transfer fluid is passed from the heating tube ( 1 12) through the coils of the closed loop system ( 160) positioned below the doom ( 134) of the high pressure chamber ( 132) and the fluid is then transferred through the isolated heating tube ( 122) using the pump ( 124). The reaming heat is preserved by using isolating materials ( 150) and transfers the heat to the water stored in the water storage tank ( 108) and reheats it to a higher temperature. The high pressure chamber ( 132) of the multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) is attached with excess condensed water return tube ( 128) to carry the condensed water from the low-pressure chamber ( 144) to the water storage tank ( 108). The present apparatus ( 100) further includes a water supply means ( 130) associated with an external cold water tank for supplying water to the water storage tank ( 108). The high pressure chamber ( 132) of the multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus (100) positioned above the heating chamber ( 150) includes an arrangement of pipes, which are fed by hot water/steam or evaporated water from the hot water/steam supply pipeline ( 1 18). The hot water/steam supply pipeline ( 1 18) is provided with provisions to spray water or jet of steam at desired positions as shown in FIG. 1. The multi-purpose self-sustained evaporator heat generator apparatus ( 100) further includes a wing type or bed type (MSRE), or a modified version of MSRE which contains a number of free fan like vertical / horizontal, rotating blades, operably positioned within the high-pressure chamber ( 132) and placed below the sprayer openings or provisions of the hot water/steam supply pipeline ( 1 18) arrangement. The multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100), according to an alternate embodiment of the present invention, further includes a wing type or bed type (MSRE), or a modified version of MSRE which contains a number of free fan like vertical or horizontal, rotating blades around a fixed pole of heat storage, operable positioned within the high-pressure chamber ( 132) and placed below the sprayer openings or provisions of the hot water/steam supply pipeline ( 1 18) arrangement. The spraying means attached or provided at the pipes connected to the hot water/steam supply pipeline ( 1 18) sprays steam inside the chamber and generate high pressure hot steam inside the high pressure chamber ( 132). The high pressure chamber (132) has the doom ( 134) on the top portion and the doom (134) is provided with a top opening ( 136) to pass the high pressure hot steam collected in the high pressure chamber ( 132) to the low pressure chamber ( 144). A pressure and heat control valve ( 138) closes and opens the top opening ( 136) on the doom ( 134). The pressure and heat control valve ( 138) has a closing means attached to an end of a rod, which is operably attached to the rigid body structure ( 102) of the multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100). The movement of the rod in the upward and downward directions opens and closes the pressure and heat control valve ( 138). The doom ( 134) of the high pressure chamber ( 132) further includes safety valve (140). An interior portion surface of the doom ( 134) is provided with a number of heat collector coils forming a closed system ( 160), to transfer/circulate in a closed loop the high temperature heat to the heat storage ( 1 16). The high-pressure steam chamber ( 132) collects the high-pressure hot steam from the top of the high-pressure chamber ( 132).

The rigid body structure ( 102) of the multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) is pressure and temperature resistant and is capable of withstanding the high pressure of the steam created inside the high pressure chamber ( 132). The heat collector coil forming the closed loop system ( 160) inside the high pressure chamber ( 132) further heats the steam created inside the high pressure chamber ( 132). The heat collector coil ( 160) receives heat from the lower heat storage means ( 1 16) and the heat is preserved by using isolating materials ( 150), and transfers the heat to the steam and reheats it to a higher temperature. The low pressure chamber ( 144) of the multi-purpose self-sustained evaporator heat generator apparatus ( 100) is positioned above the doom ( 134) for collecting the low pressure steam formed within the top portion of the rigid body structure ( 102). The top portion of the rigid body structure ( 102) comprising the low pressure chamber ( 144) includes a pure water tank ( 146) positioned above the doom ( 134) and inside the low-pressure chamber ( 144) positioned within the top portion of the rigid body structure ( 102). The pure water tank ( 146) receives water from an external water source through a pipe connection, and is heated by the steam in the low-pressure chamber ( 144). The pure water tank ( 146) is provided with a water heating tube ( 152) or coil within the pure water tank ( 146). The low-pressure steam filled inside the low-pressure chamber ( 144) heats the water inside the water tank ( 146). The water heating tube ( 152) inside the tank ( 146) carrying hot water in a closed system using it specifically for heating facilities, such as, but not limited to, buildings and houses etc, and can be supplied for other external use, as shown in FIG. 1.

According to an alternate embodiment, the pure water tank ( 146) is positioned above the doom ( 134) inside the low-pressure chamber ( 144), wherein the pure water tank (146) has a heating coil ( 152) for forming a closed system to heat the pure water stored therein the pure water tank ( 146). The high-pressure hot steam/water mist passed through the top opening ( 136) of the doom ( 134) heats the water in the pure water tank ( 146) to be used for a number of applications including pure water consumption and for industrial heating purposes. The low pressure chamber ( 144) is attached with excess condensed water return tube ( 128) to carry the condensed water from the low pressure chamber ( 144) to the pure water storage tank ( 108). The multipurpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) includes a divider ( 154) for separating the high-pressure hot steam/water mist from a plurality of external connections including a turbine motor set operably connected to the rigid body structure ( 102) for generating electric power.

FIG. 2A and FIG. 2B illustrates the vertical or horizontal type blades of the high- pressure chamber ( 132) for dispersing the hot mist of pure water or steam, according to an embodiment of the present invention. The fan or the blades can be constructed vertically or horizontal, which can automatically be operated or rotated by the high- pressure steam jet or water falling on it. The hot water from the hot pipe line ( 1 18) is pressurized by the pump ( 120) associated with the hot pipe line ( 1 18) and the hot pressurized water is directed to the high-pressure chamber ( 132) and the supply nozzles supplies pressurized hot water to rotate the blades of the fan for dispersing the hot mist of pure water or steam inside the high-pressure chamber ( 132). The blades inside the high-pressure chamber ( 132) can be positioned in a horizontal direction as shown in FIG. 2A or in a vertical direction as shown in FIG. 2B. In both designs, which form part of the different embodiment of the present multi-purpose self- sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100), the blades are rotated using pressurized water to fill high pressure steam inside the high-pressure chamber ( 132).

FIG. 3 illustrates the operation of the pressure and heat control valve ( 138) that closes and opens the opening ( 136) of the doom ( 134) on top of the high-pressure chamber ( 132) according to an embodiment of the present invention. The pivot point about which the rod of the valve ( 138) rotates is provided with indications or markings that directly gives the temperature and pressure values applied of the steam or the temperature inside the high-pressure chamber ( 132), which is also measured using the weights and markings provided on the rod of the pressure and heat control valve ( 138). FIG. 4 shows the operation of the gate valve ( 126) according to an embodiment of the present invention. The gate valve ( 126) is closed when high- pressure is building up inside the high-pressure chamber ( 132) using a mechanical adjustment means. When the pressure inside the high-pressure chamber ( 132) reaches a particular point, the weight valve or the pressure and heat control valve ( 138) is opened with the gate valve ( 126) as shown in FIG. 4. The turbine pressure and the buildup pressure inside the high-pressure chamber ( 132) will open the valve ( 126). The weight of the valve ( 126) will close the opening causing high-pressure at the lower chamber to build up again. The valve ( 126) is connected mechanically with the weight valve ( 138) to regulate the pressure, which is shown in FIG. 5A and FIG. 5B. As in FIG. 5A and FIG. 5B, the rigid body structure ( 102) of the multi-purpose self- sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) includes three service doors such as a first service door ( 182) for doing service and maintenance for proper operation of the heating chamber (150) at the bottom portion of the rigid body structure ( 102), a second service door ( 184) at the high pressure chamber ( 132) positioned above the heating chamber ( 150) inside the rigid body structure ( 102), and a third service door ( 186) at the low pressure chamber ( 144) positioned at the top portion, above the high pressure chamber ( 132) of the rigid body structure ( 102). The first service door ( 182), second service door ( 184) are pressure doors opening, which opens towards inside portion of the rigid body structure ( 102). The third service door ( 186) is a slide door on rail and rollers, which opens the bottom portion of the heating chamber (150). The multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) further includes a divider ( 154) inside the rigid body structure ( 102). The high- pressure steam generated using the present multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) can be supplied to external power generating systems comprising steam turbine and motor assembly to generate electric power. FIG. 6 shows the operation of the external power generating systems coupled to the present multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100). The turbine motor set is connected to the low-pressure chamber ( 144) and the high-pressure chamber ( 132) as shown in FIG. 1. The high-pressure steam can be used for industrial use or for other external heating purposes. The opening for receiving the high-pressure steam can be located in the low-pressure chamber ( 144) or in the high-pressure chamber ( 132) or both as shown in FIG. 1 , at a point denoted as number, ( 1) in the high end of the present apparatus ( 100). The low- pressure steam and the high-pressure steam from the low-pressure chamber ( 144) and the high-pressure chamber ( 132), are fed to the turbine motor set through a gate valve ( 156), which controls the pressure of the steam operating the turbine motor assembly.

Different embodiment of the present multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) discloses the use of the apparatus ( 100) for purification of water and liquids, salt extraction and separation of solids in liquids, steam generation, generation of electricity, the steam produced from the multipurpose self-sustained evaporator apparatus, can be utilized to be the main input source of heat to other multi-purpose self sustained revolving evaporator, MSRE ( 100) by converting or modifying it into a multi-purpose self sustained heat generator "MSHG". The multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) can be used for the separation and extraction of salt or solid substance from the body of the present evaporator apparatus ( 100) using ionization method. In order to perform the operation of separation and extraction of salt or solid substance from the body of the present evaporator apparatus ( 100) the body ( 102) of the present evaporator apparatus ( 100) is given a desired charge and the water supply to the present evaporator apparatus ( 100) is given with different charge in order to help separating the salt or solid substance from the body of the evaporator. The difference in charge between the water and the body ( 102) of the evaporator ( 100) creates an ionization potential difference inside the evaporator apparatus ( 100) and the salt or solid substance from the body of the evaporator can be easily separated and extracted. In some instances, the body ( 102) of the present evaporator apparatus ( 100) is given negative charge and water supply to the present evaporator apparatus ( 100) is given positive charge to start ionization and separation of the salt or solid substance from the body of the evaporator ( 100). In some embodiment, the body ( 102) of the present evaporator apparatus (100) is coated with suitable nanotechnology materials to enhance the ionization and separation of the salt or solid substance from the body ( 102) of the evaporator ( 100). The present multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) can be attached with conveyor belts or other material transferring means to transfer salt or other solid materials from the evaporating chamber or the high pressure chamber ( 132) in MRE apparatus ( 100) to the outside of the high pressure chamber ( 132).

The different embodiment of the present multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) discloses different design variations of the apparatus ( 100) by incorporating design elements such as wing type MRE. Some other embodiment of the present multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) discloses the use of a method known as thin film evaporation, that even enhances the separation of solid substances or salts and the evaporation process to generate pure steam using the present multi-purpose self- sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100). Further the present multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) is compact, requires only small surface area to install and operate, easily transportable, can be easily scaled up to increase the capacity depending on the requirement. Further the revolving evaporator ( 172) associated with the present multi-purpose self- sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) can be modified such as by expanding the evaporating surface area and changing the rotation speed and direction to modify the output from the present multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100). These modifications can be easily performed depending on the application of the present multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100). Further some embodiment of the present multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) has a built in heat storage inside the evaporator ( 100) that is capable of storing a desired amount of heat depending on the installed capacity of the heat storage means. In a yet another embodiment, the present multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) can be installed with more than one heat storage inside the evaporator body (102) that is capable of storing a desired amount of heat depending on the installed capacity of the heat storage means. The installed heat storage inside the evaporator body ( 102) can be of same type of different type depending upon the application, cost and other installation and maintenance requirements. The heat storage means and the heat generating arrangements inside the present multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) preserves a constant temperature inside the evaporator ( 100).

The different embodiment of the present multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) discloses different design variations of the apparatus ( 100) by incorporating design elements such as the provisions for providing high-speed hot air using the evaporator apparatus ( 100). The present multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) is self sustainable, one it is started, without any external power or assistance and is highly efficient for power generation without causing pollution, scarce resource utilization, etc. Moreover the method of generating electricity using the present multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) is cheaper, cleaner, sustainable, adaptable, scalable, and requires minimum investment, maintenance. The capacity of the present multi-purpose self-sustained heat generating revolving evaporator apparatus ( 100) can be changed by scaling up or down the evaporator apparatus ( 100). The size and shape of the evaporator apparatus ( 100) can be changed by without changing the operating method of the present evaporator apparatus ( 100).

The foregoing description of the specific embodiments will so fully reveal the general nature of the embodiments herein that others can, by applying current knowledge, readily modify and/or adapt for various applications such specific embodiments without departing from the generic concept, and, therefore, such adaptations and modifications should and are intended to be comprehended within the meaning and range of equivalents of the disclosed embodiments. It is to be understood that the phraseology or terminology employed herein is for the purpose of description and not of limitation. Therefore, while the embodiments herein have been described in terms of preferred embodiments, those skilled in the art will recognize that the embodiments herein can be practiced with modification within the scope of the appended claims.

Although the embodiments herein are described with various specific embodiments, it will be obvious for a person skilled in the art to practice the invention with modifications. However, all such modifications are deemed to be within the scope of the claims.