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Title:
MULTIFUNCTIONAL MULTILAYERED INTEGRATED ANATOMIC AND ORTHOPEDIC INSOLE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/015775
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A multifunctional, multilayered, integrated, anatomic insole for footwear consists of several integrated layers, namely a covering layer (8.2), a heel section (8.3), a plastic pad (8.4), a front pad for toes (8.5), whereat the carrying layer of the insole (8.1) is formed in such a way that the whole surface thereof with its form and configuration completely follows the form of the foot sole surface (1.2, 7.1, 7.2) for which the insole is provided for, whereat it is ensured that the carrying layer of the insole (8.1) assumes, at its upper side the form of the foot sole surface (1.2) and thus fits closely against the foot sole, while at the lower side of the foot sole, the carrying layer (8.1) by its surfaces, on which there are no distances (2.2) between the foot sole, or the foot bones (2.3), respectively, and the surface of (2.1) the footwear sole, the carrying layer (8.1) leans against the surface of the footwear sole (2.1 ), that, as a rule, occurs on two surfaces in the border zone between the bones of the midfoot (3.2) and forefoot (3.1), which surfaces are called big pad (5.1.2) and small pad (5.1.3) as well as in the zone under the foot heel (5.1.1 ). Moreover, the carrying layer (8.1 ) of the insole is made of adequate material, having elastic and springy characteristics, for example, of the thin, springy, stainless steel sheet, so that, the durability of the form, the elasticity, the springing possibility, as well as the disposal with the sufficient pressure force against the surface (1.2) of the foot sole is being achieved, owing to which not only the leaning against, but also the compression of the insole against the foot sole, or the foot bones (2.3), respectively, is being achieved, and that with sufficient force. The insole carrying layer (8.1 ) is performed in such a way that it reflects five segments S1, S2, S3, S4 and S5 (4.1 ) of the foot bones, in such a way that approximately from the middle of the foot sole, or the central part thereof (9.1 ), respectively, in the direction towards the feet toes (9.2), the carrying layer (8.1 ) forms several front straps (9.4), as a rule five straps, that are mutually positioned under certain different or identical angles a (9.8, α1, α2, α3, α4, α5), that are open in the direction to the toes (9.2).

Inventors:
STÜCKLE, Rolf (Varoška ulica 20, Ugljan, 23275, HR)
Application Number:
HR2017/000009
Publication Date:
January 25, 2018
Filing Date:
July 18, 2017
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
STÜCKLE, Rolf (Varoška ulica 20, Ugljan, 23275, HR)
International Classes:
A43B17/00; A43B3/00
Domestic Patent References:
WO2014061862A12014-04-24
WO2015175605A12015-11-19
WO2014152175A12014-09-25
WO2015145329A12015-10-01
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
KOPČIĊ, Nikola (Forinpro, d.o.o.D. Bazjanca 5, Zagreb, 10000, HR)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A multifunctional, multilayered, integrated, anatomic insole for footwear, characterized by the fact that the surface of the carrying layer of the insole (8.1 ) completely follows, by its form and configuration, the form of the surface of the foot sole (1.2, 7.1 , 7.2) for which foot sole the insole is being provided, whereat the surface of the carrying (9.2) layer of the insole, from the middle of the foot sole, or the central part thereof, (9.2.1), respectively, in the direction towards the heel (9.2.3) is created by several, as a rule, five rear straps, out of which three are central (9.2.5) rear straps and two border (9.2.6) rear straps, that, at their ends, assume a curved form towards inside, whereas, also from approximately the middle of the foot sole, or the central part thereof, respectively, (9.1), but in the direction towards toes (9.2) of the foot sole, the carrying layer (8.1 ) is formed of several front straps (9.4), as a rule, five straps, that are mutually positioned under certain different or identical angles a (9.8, a-i,, 03, CU, 05), whereat the forms of front straps (9.4) of the carrying layer (8.1) of the insole reflect five segments S1 , S2, S3, S4 and S5 (4.1) of the foot bones, so that they are being positioned in the footwear insole in such a manner that they correspond to and fit closely against five longitudinal segments S1 , S2, S3, S4 and S5 (4.1) of the foot bones.

2. The multifunctional, multilayered, integrated, anatomic insole for footwear, according to claim 1 characterized by the fact that the tops of the individual front straps (9.4) of the carrying layer are being incorporated in the front pad (8.5, 12) of toes, which pad is made of, for example, medical polyurethane foam, thus forming a compact entirety, a cluster (13.1 ), whereas rear, central (9.5) and border (9.6) straps of the carrying layer (8.1) of the insole are being incorporated in the heel carrying part of the insole (8.3, 11), made of suitable rubber sponge, forming in such a way another compact entirety, a cluster (13.2), under which is, in the region of the heel, a plastic pad (8.4) made of, for example, rubber sponge, being positioned.

3. The multifunctional, multilayered, integrated, anatomic insole for footwear according to the claim 2, characterized by the fact that the carrying layer (8.1 ) of the insole, made of adequate material, having elastic and springy characteristics, for example, of the thin, springy, stainless steel sheet, so that, owing to the physical characteristics of the material and the thickness of the material of the carrying layer (8.1 ), the durability of the form, the elasticity, the springing possibility, as well as the disposal with the sufficient pressure force against the surface (1.2) of the foot sole is being achieved, owing to which not only the leaning against, but also the compression of the insole against the foot sole, or the foot bones (2.3), respectively, is being achieved, and that with sufficient force, so that primarily at rest, where the feet bear only the body weight of the person using footwear insoles with the insole carrying layer (8.1 ), steady and permanent compression on the foot sole (7.1 , 7.2), or the foot bones (2.3), respectively, occurs with sufficient force, so that it exerts pressure on the foot sole surfaces (7.1 , 7.2), owing to which the foot bone arches do not fall and thus deformation of the foot bones is being eliminated.

4. The multifunctional, multilayered, integrated, anatomic insole for footwear according to claims 1 , 2 and 3, characterized by the fact that the front straps (9.4) of the carrying layer (8.1) enable autonomous movements of each of the five segments (4.1) of the foot bones: S1 , S2, S3, S4 and S5, and that in all the directions (10.1 , 10.2 i 10.3) adjusted to the external conditions having effect on them, such as the terrain on which the footwear is used and the manner in which the movement is made.

5. The multifunctional, multilayered, integrated, anatomic insole for footwear according to claim 4, characterized by the fact that between the insole carrying layer (8.1) and the foot sole, a covering, protective layer (8.2) is located, as one of the constituent insole layers, which is in the regions between the parallel straps of the carrying layer (8.1) perforated by tiny holes, thus ensuring air permeability from the foot sole towards the lower insole layers.

Description:
DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

MULTIFUNCTIONAL MULTI LAYERED INTEGRATED ANATOMIC

AND ORTHOPEDIC INSOLE

1. Technical Field

This invention relates to an anatomic insole for footwear, as classified according to the International Patent Classification (IPC) under A43B 17/00.

2. Technical Problem

The technical solution relating to insoles according to the present invention solves the whole spectrum of problems arising from the footwear use, as a consequence of the fact that the soles of footwear manufactured, offered and massively used today on exclusively hard, uneven and inelastic surfaces, are manufactured practically as flat surfaces, so that the soles of the feet lean against the so formed flat surfaces of the footwear soles, making the problems as manifesting and reflecting unfavourably on feet in many ways.

First of all, the technical problem is manifesting as a consequence of the fact that the feet, or the feet bones, respectively, bear the entire body weight, when the body is in upright and walking position, and thus the feet are under pressure in the direction of the flat surface of the footwear sole, so that the bones in the region of midfoot form a certain, generally known bridge, the particular parts of which are detached, with the pertaining distance, from the flat surface of the footwear sole, and therefore, assume all the static and dynamic weight, and owing to that, occasionally complete relying on and leaning against the flat surface of the footwear sole occur, the end result of which is that the deformation of the foot bones and the entire foot occur eventually.

The fact that the footwear sole is manufactured practically as a flat surface constitutes a further problem to be solved by the present invention, as a result of the fact that the flat surface of the footwear sole causes that the movement in the footwear is limited to the movement of one integrated entirety, meaning that freedom and movement possibilities of particular partial foot parts are eliminated, depending on the effects made on the pertaining partial parts, and the foot in the footwear from the outside, and owing to that, automatic and natural activation and strengthening of the indispensable elasticity of foot muscles, ligaments and tendons, and the feet in their entirety are lacking.

The technical problem as indicated is to be solved by the insole according to the present invention, by which it is achieved that the conditions such as those, when walking, the foot is in direct contact with a soft, natural surface, like forest soil, a meadow or sand beach are ensured, the conditions for which the foot has been originally and evolutionary made, and owing to which the foot bone deformation is eliminated, ensuring at the same time that automatic and natural activation and strengthening of indispensable elasticity of foot muscles, ligaments and tendons, even the feet in their entirety is achieved by walking, the summary result of which is the preservation of feet functionality.

3. The State-of-the-Art

A human being falls within the group of creatures having foot soles, the movements of which are performed by two legs ending in feet (1.1), that bear the whole body weight and that have feet soles on their lower sides.

The human foot performs the function of support for the whole body with the weight both of the body itself and the additional weight, and that not only when the body is in upright position when standing but also when it is in motion.

The human foot is a complex multiple joint mechanism consisting of bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles and soft tissues. This complex mechanism is an anatomic structure by which a human being, a two-legged creature is relying on the surface and owing to which it achieves stability when walking. On the one hand, the foot must permanently adjust to the change of the mass centre and body centre of gravity and on the other hand adjust to all the kinds and configurations of the surface on which the movements occur, and only in such a way it may perform its functional integrity. Moreover, the foot is our single connection with the surface, since through it we constantly receive information about the surface on which we walk, inform us on whether the surface is hot or cold, hard or smooth, and based on this we also adjust our body position in the space. This function is possible due to a rich enervation, and the nerve endings of feet are of the same type as the ones found on the face, making the foot an exclusively sensitive organ containing approximately 250.000 glands.

The foot structure is a very complex and sensitive formation, which is extremely influential on the human health. Any change of a particular foot element causes a change of other elements and parameters of the whole body.

With regard to the other body parts, human feet (1.1.) are relatively small. They consist of muscles and bones, whereas the bones of human feet incorporate 25 percents of all the human bones. The foot itself consists of 28 individual bones in total, out of which 26 bones are movable, and connected with joints with 32 joints, elastically interconnected by blood vessels, tendons and very strong ligaments, the number of which is more than 100. 20 muscles of the foot itself and 1 1 muscles of the shank as well as approximately 250.000 sweat glands are annexed (linked) to the various foot segments.

Foot bones constitute three clusters: root of foot, forefoot and midfoot

Root of foot, looking from the front side to the back side, consists of three cuneiform bones (3.3.1) and one cuboid bone (3.3.2), navicular bone (3.3.3), heel bones (3.3.4 and 3.3.5), as well of talus (3.3.6), all the bones being elastically interconnected by ligaments and joints.

The medial side of the foot, or midfoot, respectively, consists of five metatarsal bones, or foot phalanges (3.2), respectively, while the front side of foot (3.1 ) consists of 1 phalanx of each of five toes (3.1), to which two bones are added when the big toe is concerned and three bones when each of other four toes are concerned.

Foot bones are positioned in such a way that there are marked differences in their distances (2.2) with regard to the imagined flat surface under the sole of the foot (2.1), the form most frequently assumed by the surface of the footwear sole. When the bones are looked at along the foot, from the heel side towards the front side of the foot, it may be seen that five phalanges (3.2, M1 , M2, M3, M4, M5) of toe bones (3.1) are connected to three cuneiform bones (3.3.1 ) and parallel to them cuboid bone (3.3.2) of the midfoot by the pertaining joints, on which two bones of the big toe as well as three bones of each of other four toes are serially connected by joints and paralelly extended, thus forming five segments S1 , S2, S3, S4 and S5 (4.1), which are mutually connected by surfaces (4.3), that are positioned on certain not big mutual distance and under not big angles, so that the centres of this five segments form five beams (4.2) the starting point of which is somewhere in the tarsus (root of foot) region.

The form of the foot, primarily the sole of the foot, is conditioned by the walk on two legs, the stability of which is ensured by three arches: medial longitudinal arch (5.2.1), lateral longitudinal arch (5.2.2) and transverse arch (5.2.3) and three weight bearing points: heel (5.1.1), as well as large pad (5.1.2) and small pad (5.1.3).

This means that the foot has three weight bearing points and three bridges, which, due to being burdened by the body weight adhere to each other in such a way to absorb shocks caused by walking. This is called foot elasticity on three characteristic weight bearing points.

Foot bones, as well as phalanges/bones M1 , M2, M3, M4 and M5 (6.2) in segments S1 , S2, S3, S4 and S5, (6.2) are elastically interconnected by muscles, blood vessels, tendons and very strong ligaments (6.3), and of crucial importance is that the possibility that the foot bones in the footwear together with those interconnections have the possibility of movement in all the directions, as are necessary according to the anatomic foot constitution.

Daily, a human being make approximately up to 20 thousand steps, out of which each step represents a complete and unique walk cycle, which starts with the heel strike against a surface, continues with the leaning on the heel, then on the outer edge of the foot, then on the front side of the foot and ends in the big toe resistance, after which a new step begins. The biggest weight during walk is borne by our feet, and consequently by our joints. Human foot is formed to walk on the natural soil and has natural elasticity placed on three weight bearing points. The walking on the soft natural surface, such as grass, sand, and soft soil does not only suit feet, maintaining their flexibility, but evolutionally, feet have been developed exactly for such surfaces.

However, in contemporary conditions, barefooted walk on natural soil represents an exception to the predominant rule that when walking feet are in footwear in which particular feet segments, and so the feet in their entirety, are tightened. This has a special importance in the context of the fact that today, walking takes place on the hard and firm surface instead of on soft and natural surface, which additionally limits free movement of feet bones as well as dynamic activity of all the bones elastically interconnected by ligaments and joints, which results in the fact that day by day feet are being exposed to extreme weight and deformations.

In such circumstances, there are many factors, which after a shorter or longer periods of time, contribute to the feet deformation, and when looking for the crucial causes to that effect, one has always to bear in mind that the foot is a complex structure containing 26 movable bones and 32 joints elastically interconnected by blood vessels, tendons and very strong ligaments, created for walking on the natural soil, indicating that it is necessary that the possibility of free movement of each and every bone, as well as every bone cluster, which forms part of the total number of feet bones exists in the everyday locomotion.

The surface of the foot sole is of complex form with marked differences between its particular points in the direction vertical to the surface of the foot sole or the cross section, respectively, and that, both in the longitudinal (7.1) and transversal (7.2) directions. The form of the surface of the foot sole is the essential factor from which the key requirements for the conception of the footwear insole of any single actual insole user originate.

All the present-day problems originate from the use of inadequate footwear as manufactured, offered and massively used today, the surface of the footwear sole of which (2.1) is performed as a flat surface and on which the sole of the foot leans against, while on the other hand, the bones above the flat surface of the foot sole, particularly in the region of the midfoot, form a certain generally known bridge, the particular parts of which are on the pertaining distances (2.2) from the flat plane of the footwear sole, which results in the fact that the foot bones are, in the upright body position and when walking, that usually takes place practically exclusively on the hard, uneven and inflexible surfaces, burdened with the whole body weight and are under pressure to rely on and lean against the surface under them, meaning on that flat surface of the footwear sole, due to which deformation of the foot bones, and consequently the whole foot occurs eventually, whereas when walking, automatic and natural activation and strengthening of indispensable flexibility of foot muscles, ligaments and tendons, even of the feet in their entirety are lacking.

In such circumstances there are many factors which after a shorter or longer periods of time contribute to the feet deformation, and when looking for the crucial causes to that effect, one has always to bear in mind that the foot is a complex structure, which is created for walking on the natural soil, indicating that it is necessary that the possibility of free movement of each and every bone, as well as every bone cluster, which forms part of the total number of feet bones exists in the everyday locomotion.

This problem is to be solved by insoles for footwear with always emphasized endeavours of creating conditions for foot bones which are close to those where the foot, when walking, would be in direct contact with a soft, natural surface, such as forest soil, a meadow or sand beach, the conditions for which the foot has been originally and evolutionary created. In such a manner the foot bones deformation is eliminated, ensuring at the same time that free movement of foot bones are made possible when walking, so that automatic and natural activation and strengthening of indispensable flexibility of foot muscles, ligaments and tendons, and even of the feet in their entirety are achieved by walking, the summary result of which is the prevention of deformation, which also means the preservation of feet functionality.

In order to maintain this flexibility, the feet has to be in the footwear which provide the same conditions as those provided when walking in the nature on the soft surface, for instance, on sand, where on the foot strike sand gives in, and the foot naturally sinks in the surface, so that the strike on the surface is absorbed in such a way that the heel bone as well as big toe pad, and pads of toes may sink in the soft soil. However, the footwear worn nowadays the whole day has, as a rule, a sole with the flat surface (2.1 ) against the sole of the foot, due to which, not only that it doesn't provide the feet with the conditions such as those when walking in nature on the soft surface, but, in addition to this, the today's life conditions dictate walking on mostly hard surfaces (asphalt, concrete).

As a summary result of the use of inadequate footwear several types of feet deformations occur. They are clearly recognizable by the look of the bones and footprints, and they occur as a result of walking in inadequate footwear, without the appropriate insoles and walking on hard surface. The most frequent are: fallen arches, flat foot/ clubfoot, claw foot, foot with distended fingers, pes valgus, Hallux- Valgus, that reflect in the pertaining appearances, which are the result of certain changes occurring during a longer period of time.

Nowadays adequate anatomic insole are the only solution that achieve adjustment of foot form in shoes to conditions while walking on soft bases in nature.

The solutions relating to feet insoles as known thus far have not completely comprised and solved the indicated problem in its entirety.

4. Disclosing the Essence of the Invention

The technical solution according to the invention, solving the indicated technical problem comprises that the footwear insole consists of several integrated layers, a carrying layer (8.1) of the insole, a covering layer (8.2), a heel section (8.3), a plastic pad (8.4) and a front pad (8.5) for toes.

The insole carrying layer (8.1) is formed in such a way that its whole surface by its form and configuration completely follows the form of the foot sole surface (1.2, 7.1 , 7.2) for which the insole is provided for, ensuring thereby that the insole carrying layer (8.1) assumes on its upper side the form of the foot sole surface (1.2) and thus fits closely against the foot sole, whereas on the lower part of the foot sole the carrying layer (8.1) by its surfaces, on which there are no distances between the foot soles (2.2), or the foot bones (2.3), respectively, and the footwear sole surface (2.1), the carrying layer (8.1 ) leans against the footwear sole surface (2.1), which, as a rule, occurs on two surfaces in the border zone between the bones of the midfoot (3.2) and the forefoot (3.1 ), which surfaces are called the big pad (5.1.2) and the small pad (5.1.3), as well as in the zone under the heel (5.1.1) of the foot.

The insole carrying layer (8.1), apart from being made in the abovementioned form and configuration, is made of adequate material with elastic and springy characteristics, for example, of the thin, springy, stainless steel sheet, so that, owing to the physical characteristics of the material and the thickness of the carrying layer (8.1 ), as a summary of the characteristics of the insole carrying layer (8.1), the durability of the form, the elasticity, the springing possibility, as well as the disposal with the sufficient pressure force against the foot sole surface (1.2) is being achieved.

Owing to the mentioned characteristics of the insole carrying layer (8.1), incorporated in the footwear insole, not only the leaning against, but also the compression of the insole carrying layer (8.1) against the foot sole, or the foot bones, (2.3), respectively, is being achieved, and that, with sufficient force, so that primarily at rest, where the feet bear only the body weight of the person using footwear insoles with the insole carrying layer (8.1 ), steady and permanent compression on the surfaces of the foot sole (7.1 , 7.2), or the foot bones (2.3), respectively, occurs with sufficient force, so that it exerts pressure to the foot sole surfaces (7.1 , 7.2), owing to which the foot bone arches do not fall and deformation of foot bones is being.eliminated.

During a uniform walk, where the force acting on the feet bones (2.3) is changing, namely where the action of force, which is bigger than the one acting at rest, where the feet bear only the body weight occurs, in walking sequences, where this force increases, the carrying layer (8.1) and thus the insole inserted in the footwear changes its form in the way that, owing to the springy characteristics of the carrying layer (8.1 ), the levelling of its form occurs proportionally to the force increase, whereas where the force is decreased the carrying layer (8.1), and thus the insole inserted in the footwear assumes its previous forms proportionally to the force decrease, so that also during walk a permanent fall of foot bone arches is being reduced and even prevented, primarily in the region of midfoot, eliminating in such a way permanent deformation of foot bones.

Each individual step during the walk represents one complete and unique walk cycle, which begins with a heel strike, continues with the transfer of weight to the heel, then to the outer edge of the foot, then on the front side of the foot, and then ends in the big toe resistance, after which a new step begins.

Since during every new step a heel strike against the surface occurs at least by the force of the whole body weight, for the absorption of those strikes and their transfer to the spine as well as to the whole upper part of the body, a rear insole, consisting of the heel carrying layer (8.3), made of medical polyurethane foam, under which is a plastic pad (8.4) made of rubber sponge, is incorporated under the heel.

The carrying layer (8.1 ) ensures that by using insoles according to the invention, put into the footwear, the maintenance of the natural position of foot sole bones is achieved not only at rest, but also during a standard walk, meaning that its particular parts are maintained at the pertaining distances from the flat surface of the footwear sole, despite the fact that the foot sole bones, in the upright body position and during walk that is usually taking place on the practically exclusively hard, uneven and inflexible surfaces, are burdened with the whole human body weight, due to which they are under pressure to lean against this flat surface of the footwear sole, but this is not happening, owing to which deformation of the foot bones and the foot in its entirety does not occur eventually, whereas automatic and natural activation and strengthening of the indispensible elasticity of muscles, ligaments and tendons of feet and legs in their entirety is maintained during the walk.

However, in the dynamic movement regime, such as running, with energetic starts and stops, and in particular during abrupt changes in the movement directions, conditions take place in which even the extreme activity of muscles, ligaments and tendons of feet and even of the legs in their entirety occur, the crucial precondition for which is the possibility of free, full movements of foot bones in all the directions P (6.4), and that, in the autonomous regimes of each of them, whereas certain degrees of local similarity exist for bones as well as for muscles, ligaments and tendons within each of the five individual segments S1 , S2, S3, S4 and S5 (4.1 ) of foot bones.

In order to ensure the possibility of free full movements of the foot bones in all the directions P (6.4), and that, in the autonomous regimes of each of them within each of the five individual segments S1 , S2, S3, S4 and S5 (4.1) of the foot bones, the insole carrying layer (8.1) is performed in such a way that it reflects five segments S1 , S2, S3, S4 and S5 (4.1 ) of the foot bones, in the way that follows from the layout of the surface of the insole carrying layer (8.1), which thus assumes a specific form, in the way that approximately from the middle of the foot sole, or the central part thereof, respectively (9.1 ), in the direction of the feet toes (9.2), the carrying layer (8.1) forms several front straps (9.4), as a rule five straps, that are mutually positioned under certain different or identical angles a (9.8, ai, a 2, c<3, a 4, a 5 ), that are open in the direction towards toes (9.2).

Front straps (9.4) of the insole carrying layer (8.1) are positioned in the footwear insole according to the invention in the way that they correspond with and fit closely to five longitudinal segments S1 , S2, S3, S4 and S5 (4.1 ) of the feet bones.

Similarly, the layout of the surface of the insole carrying layer (9.2) from the middle of the foot, or the central part (9.2.1) thereof, in the direction towards the heel (9.2.3) makes several, as a rule, five rear straps, out of which three are the central rear straps (9.2.5) and two border rear straps (9.2.6), that at their ends assume a curved form towards inside.

Front straps (9.4) of the carrying layer (8.1 ) enable autonomous movements of each of the five segments (4.1 ) of the feet bones: S1 , S2, S3, S4 and S5, and that, in all the directions (10.1 , 10.2 i 10.3) adjusted to the external conditions having effect on them, such as the terrain on which the footwear is used and the manner in which the movement is made.

The indicated technical problem is being solved by footwear insoles according to the present invention, the use of which creates the possibility that during walk the feet bones in the footwear have the possibility of free and natural movements in all the directions, thus adapting themselves to the configuration of the surface on which the movements take place, which implies that within this framework, free activity of blood vessels, tendons and ligaments connected with the feet bones is simultaneously taking place.

The use of footwear insoles according to the present invention results in the fact that, in spite of the walk taking place also on hard, uneven and inelastic surfaces, the conditions for the feet bones, such as if the foot is during walk in the direct contact with the soft, natural surface, such as forest soil, meadow or sand beach, the conditions for which the foot sole is originally and evolutionally formed are being created.

Moreover, in addition to the use of footwear insoles according to the present invention, first of all, owing to the insole carrying layer (8.1 ), the feet bones, in particular, the bones of the midfoot (3.2) are being relieved, thus eliminating the deformations of the foot bones, and at the same time ensuring that automatic and natural activation and strengthening of indispensable elasticity of muscles, ligaments and tendons and even of legs in their entirety is being achieved by walking, the summary effect of which is the preservation of feet functionality.

Between the carrying layer (8.1) and the foot sole, a covering, protective layer (8.2) is located, as one of the constituent insole layers, which is in the regions between the parallel straps of the carrying layer (8.1 ) perforated by tiny holes (13.3), ensuring in such a way air permeability from the foot sole towards the lower insole layers.

The part of the insole positioned under the heel consists of two layers, located under the carrying layer.

Moreover, the front pad of toes (12) in which the tops of the front straps (9.4) of the carrying layer (8.1) are incorporated is located under the toes, in the manner in which a compact entirety of lines of the carrying layer (8.1 ) is achieved, on the one side with the front pad of toes (8.5, 12), thus constituting a cluster (13.1 ) as well as with the heel section of the insole (8.3, 1 1), thus constituting a cluster (13.2). 5. Short Description of Drawings

Figure 1 Human foot

Position 1.1 : Outer appearance of a foot;

Position 1.2: Representation of the foot sole surface;

Figure 2 Sidewise representation of the foot bones

Position 2.1 : Indication of the flat footwear insole surface;

Position 2.2: Distance between the foot sole, or the foot bones and the flat footwear insole surface, respectively;

Position 2.3: Foot bones;

Figure 3 Human foot bones

Position 3.1 : Bones of the forefoot;

Position 3.2: Bones of the midfoot, five phalanges of toes:

M1 , M2, M3, M4 i M5;

Position 3.3: Tarsal bones (bones of the root of foot);

3.3.1 : Cuneiform bones;

3.3.2: Cuboid bone;

3.3.3: Navicular bone;

3.3.4: Heel bone;

3.3.5: Heel bone;

3.3.6: Talus;

Figure 4 Representation of the segments of the foot bones

Position 4.1 : 5 segments of the foot bones: S1 , S2, S3, S4 and S5; Position 4.2: Centrelines of 5 segments of the foot bones; Position 4.3: Connecting surfaces of 5 segments of the foot bones;

Figure 5 Representation of arches and weight bearing points

Position 5.1.1 : Heel;

Position 5.1.2: Big pad;

Position 5.1.3: Small pad;

Position 5.2.1 : Medial longitudinal arch;

Position 5.2.2: Lateral longitudinal arch;

Position 5.2.3: Transverse arch;

Figure 6 Representation of cross-section of a foot

Position 6.1 : A - A, indication of the place of cross-section of the foot;

Position 6.2: 5 segments of foot bones: S1 , S2, S3, S4 and S5 with 5 bones of midfoot M1 , M2, M3, M4 and M5:;

Position 6.3: Muscular mass with blood vessels, tendons and very strong foot ligaments;

Position 6.4: P - Directions of movement of foot bones during walk; Figure 7 Representation of the appearance of surface of human foot sole

Position 7.1 : Representation of the longitudinal (5.2.1 i 5.2.2) changes of the foot sole surface form;

Position 7.2: Representation of the transversal (5.3.1 i 5.3.2) changes of the foot sole surface form;

Figure 8 Representation of layers of integrated anatomic insole for footwear

Position 8.1 : Insole carrying layer, sidewise representation;

Position 8.2: Covering layer;

Position 8.3: Heel carrying layer;

Position8.4: Plastic pad;

Position 8.5: Front pad of toes;

Figure 9 Insole carrying layer, representation, ground-plan representation

Position 9.1 : The middle, central part of the surface of the insole carrying layer(8.1);

Position 9.2: Direction towards foot toes;

Position 9.3: Direction towards the heel region of the foot;

Position 9.4: Front straps of the carrying layer;

Position 9.5: Rear central straps of the carrying layer;

Position 9.6: Rear border straps of the carrying layer;

Position 9.7: Longitudinal centreline of the carrying layer;

Position 9.8: Angles a-i , a 2, a 3, a , a 5 between the front straps of the carrying layer;

Position 9.9: Cross-section of the front straps of the carrying layer (9.4);

Figure 10 Representation of the possible directions of movements of the front parts of straps of the carrying layer (9.4);

Position 10.1 : Movements of the front straps (9.4) towards and/or from the foot sole surface;

Position 10.2: Movements in the direction of mutual moving closer and/or moving away of front straps (9.4);

Position 10.3: Rotational turn of the front straps (9.4) clockwise or counter- clockwise;

Figure 1 1 Representation of the variation of cross-section of the heel section of the insole

Figure 12 Representation of the variation of cross-section of the front pad of toes

Figure 13 Representation of the tops of front straps (9.4) of the carrying layer

(8.1 ), incorporated in the front pad of toes (12)

Position 13.1 : Cluster of the straps of the carrying layer (8.1 ) with the

front pad (8.5);

Position 13.2: Cluster of the straps of the carrying layer (8.1) with the heel carrying layer (8.3);

Position 13.3: Ventilation holes in the covering layer (8.2); 6. Description of the manner of carrying out the invention

The present invention is being carried out in the field of generally known technology of the manufacture and use of footwear in the manner that the insoles according to the present invention are being incorporated in the footwear as the permanent, constituting and inseparable parts thereof or are being manufactured as separate entireties that are, as needed, or regularly inserted in the footwear and used occasionally.

7. Manner of application of the invention

The present invention is being applied in the field of manufacture and standard use of footwear as well as manufacture of orthopedic footwear, as the manner of solving problems arising from the feet deformations.

The technology and the material as used thereby fall within the category of generally known information.