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Title:
NOVEL TETRAYDROSPIRO&lcub PIPERIDINE-2,7’ -PYRROLO[3,2-b]PYRIDINE DERIVATIVES AND NOVEL INDOLE DERIVATIVES USEFUL IN THE TREATMENT OF 5-HT6 RECEPTOR -RELATED DISORDERS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2005/037834
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention relates to compounds of formula (I): Formula (I) wherein U, P, W1, W2, W3, v, Y, Z, Rm, and Rm’ are as described herein, to pharmaceutical compositions comprising the compounds, to processes for their preparation, as well as to the use of the compounds for the preparation of a medicament against 5-HT6 receptor-related disorders.

Inventors:
Johansson, Gary (Albert Engströmsgatan 1, 2tr, Uppsala, S-754 30, SE)
Brandt, Peter (Barks väg 12, Solna, S-170 73, SE)
Dykes, Graeme J. (Byggmästargatan 11 A, Uppsala, S-754 35, SE)
Nilsson, Björn M. (Igeldammsgatan 20, 5tr, Stockholm, S-112 49, SE)
Application Number:
PCT/SE2004/001508
Publication Date:
April 28, 2005
Filing Date:
October 20, 2004
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
BIOVITRUM AB (Stockholm, S-112 76, SE)
Johansson, Gary (Albert Engströmsgatan 1, 2tr, Uppsala, S-754 30, SE)
Brandt, Peter (Barks väg 12, Solna, S-170 73, SE)
Dykes, Graeme J. (Byggmästargatan 11 A, Uppsala, S-754 35, SE)
Nilsson, Björn M. (Igeldammsgatan 20, 5tr, Stockholm, S-112 49, SE)
International Classes:
C07D209/08; C07D401/12; C07D403/04; C07D471/20; C07D; (IPC1-7): C07D471/04; A61K31/404; A61K31/437; A61K31/438; A61K31/4439; A61K31/496; C07D209/08; C07D401/12; C07D403/04; C07D471/20; A61K3/04; A61K3/10; A61K25/00
Domestic Patent References:
WO2002036562A2
WO2002032863A1
WO2002041889A2
WO2002059088A1
WO2002085853A2
WO2002085892A1
WO2002102774A1
WO2003104193A1
WO2003066632A1
WO2002100822A1
WO2004000828A1
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Danielsson, Helena (Biovitrum AB, Stockholm, S-112 76, SE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims
1. A compound of the Formula () wherein: v is 1 or 2 and P is selected from a substituent of Formula (II) and Formula (III) ; or P may also be selected from H or C, 6alkyl provided that Rm is selected from NHSO2R11, SO2NR8R11 or S(O)eR11, wherein Rll is selected from aryl and heteroaryl and where is 0, 1, 2 or 3, v is 1 and Rm' is H ; represents a single bond or a double bond, with the proviso that both represent double bonds or that both represent single bonds; Wl, W2, W3, Z and Y are each a carbon atom; or one of W1, W2, W3, Z and Y is a nitrogen atom, while the remainder being carbon atoms, provided that both in Formula (1) represent single bonds; U is selected from CHR4, CR4 and CR4R4', provided that when the dotted line connecting W, and U is a double bond, then U is CR4 ; and further provided that when the dotted line connecting Wt and U is a single bond, then U is selected from CHR4 and CR4R4 ; Rl is selected from : (a) C16alkyl, (b) C16alkoxyC16alkyl, (c) C36alkenyl, (d) hydroxyCl 6alkyl, (e) haloC,6alkyl, (f) aryl, (g) arylcarbonylmethyl, (h) arylC26alkenyl, (i) arylC16alkyl, (j) C37cycloalkyl, (k) heteroaryl, (1) 4piperidinyl, (m) Nsubstituted 4piperidinyl, wherein the substituents are selected from C 16alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, arylCl6alkyl and heteroarylC16alkyl, (n) heteroarylC16alkyl, wherein any heteroaryl or aryl residue, alone or as part of another group, is optionally substituted, independently, in one or more positions with substituents having the values as defined for Rm and Rm ; Rm and Rm' are each independently selected from: (a) hydrogen, (b) halogen, (c) C16alkyl, (d) hydroxy, (e) C16alkoxy, (f) C26alkenyl, (g) phenyl, (h) phenoxy, (i) benzyloxy, (j) benzoyl, (k)OCF3, (1)CN, (m) hydroxyCl 6alkyl, (n) haloC16alkyl, (o) NR10R10, (p)N02, (q) CONR10R10, (r) NHSO2R11, (s) NR8COR11, (t) SO2NR8R11, (u) C (=O) R11, (v) C16alkoxycarbonyl, (w) S (O) gril, wherein e is 0,1, 2 or 3, (x)SCF3, (y)CHF=CH2, (aa)OCF2H, or (ab) ethynyl; and with the proviso that, Rm'is attached to a carbon atom in ring B; and with the further proviso that when one of W1, W2 and W3 in Formula (I) is a nitrogen atom and both represent single bonds the said nitrogen atom is attached to Rm, wherein Rm is selected from hydrogen or Cl4alkyl and v is 1; and with the further proviso that when W1, W2 and W3 in Formula (I) are each a carbon atom and both represent single bonds, R'is selected from hydrogen or methyl; and with the further proviso that when R'or R", as substituents on ring A and B in Formula (I), are selected from phenyl, phenoxy, benzyloxy and benzoyl, the phenyl or aryl ring thereof may be optionally substituted by Cl4alkyl, halogen, C14alkoxy, C14alkylthio, trifluoromethyl, hydroxymethyl or cyano; wherein Rm and R4 may be linked to each other to form a fused substituent of Formula (IV) provided that Rm is attached to Wl : when U is CR4 or CHR4, R4 is a group selected from : wherein: n = 0, 1 or 2, o = 1 or 2, p = 1, 2,3, or4, r=2or3, s=l, 2or3 ; when U is CHR4,R4 is additionally selected from the following groups: wherein: n = 0, 1 or 2, o = 1 or 2, t = 2, 3 or 4, r = 2 or 3, s=l, 2or3 ; wherein X is selected from O, NR and S; wherein R5 is independently a group selected from: (a) hydrogen, (b) C16alkyl, (c) 2cyanoethyl, (d) hydroxyC26alkyl, (e) C36alkenyl, (f) C36alkynyl, (g) C37cycloalkyl, (h) C37cycloalkylC14alkyl, (i) C16alkoxyC26alkyl, (j) arylC16alkyl, (k) heteroarylC16alkyl, (1) 3,3, 3trifluoropropyl, wherein any aryl and heteroaryl residue may be optionally substituted with C14alkyl, halogen, C14alkoxy, C14alkylthio, trifluoromethyl or cyano; R6 is selected from: (a) hydrogen, (b) Cl4alkyl, (c) hydroxyCl4alkyl, (d) C14alkoxyC14alkyl, (e) haloCI4alkyl, (f) NR8R8, provided that the saidNR group is not attached to a carbon atom adjacent to a ring nitrogen atom, (g) CONR8R8 ; (h) hydroxy, provided that the said hydroxy group is not attached to a carbon atom adjacent to a ring nitrogen atom; R7 is selected from: (a) hydrogen, (b) Cl4alkyl, (c) hydroxyCl4alkyl, or (d) C14alkoxyC14alkyl, (e) hydroxy, provided that the said hydroxy group is not attached to a carbon atom adjacent to a heterocyclic ring nitrogen atom and that the said hydroxy group is attached to a heterocyclic ring not substituted with oxo; R8 is each independently selected from: (a) hydrogen, or (b) C,6alkyl, R9 is selected from: (a) hydrogen, (b) Cl4alkyl, wherein one or two groups may be present at any carbon atom, or when two groups are present at the same carbon atom they may together form a cyclopropane ring, (c) hydroxyCz4alkyl, (d) C,4alkoxyC,4alkyl, (e) haloC14alkyl, Rl° is each independently selected from: (a) hydrogen, (b) C16alkyl, (c) hydroxyC24alkyl, (d) C37cycloalkyl, or (e) Cl4alkoxyC24alkyl, wherein the two Rl° groups together with the nitrogen to which they are attached form a heterocyclic ring; and when the two Rl° groups form a piperazine ring, the nitrogen of the piperazine ring that allows the substitution may be substituted with a group selected from Ru. Rl l is selected from: (a) C16alkyl, (b) aryl, or (c) heteroaryl, wherein aryl and heteroaryl may be optionally substituted with C,4alkyl, halogen, C14 alkoxy, C14alkylthio, trifluoromethyl, hydroxymethyl or cyano; R 12 is selected from: (a) hydrogen, or (b) methyl; when U is R4R4, R4 and R4 are linked to each other to form a heterocyclic ring selected from pyrrolidine or piperidine, wherein the N atom may be substituted by a group selected from R5 ; and pharmaceutically acceptable salts, hydrates, solvates, geometrical isomers, tautomers, optical isomers, and prodrug forms thereof.
2. The compound according to claim 1, wherein P is selected from each of W1, W2, W3, Z and Y is a carbon atom provided that both in Formula (I) represent double bonds; or one of Wl, W2, W3, Z and Y is a nitrogen atom, while the remainder being carbon atoms, provided that both in Formula (1) represent single bonds; U is selected from CHR4, CR4 and CR4R4', provided that when the dotted line connecting Wl and U is a double bond, then U is CR4 ; and further provided that when the dotted line connecting Wl and U is a single bond, then U is selected from CHR4 and CR4R4'; Rl is selected from: (f) aryl, (h) arylC26alkenyl, (i) arylC1 6alkyl, (j) C37cycloalkyl, (k) heteroaryl, (n) heteroarylC16alkyl, wherein any heteroaryl or aryl residue, alone or as part of another group, is optionally substituted, independently, in one or more positions with substituents having the values as defined for Rm and Rm' ; Rm and Rm' are each independently selected from: (a) hydrogen, (b) halogen, (c) C16alkyl, (d) hydroxy, (e) Cl6alkoxyv (f) C26alkenyl, (k)OCF3, (1)CN, (m) hydroxyCl 6alkyl, (n) haloC16alkyl, (o) NR10R10, (q) CONR10R10, (r) NHSO2R11, (s)NRgCOR", (t) SO2NR8R11, (u) C(=O)R11, (w) S (O) eR11, wherein e is 0,1, 2 or 3, (x)SCF3, (y)CHF=CH2, (aa)OCF2H, or (ab) ethynyl; and with the proviso that, Rm'is attached to a carbon atom in ring B; and with the further proviso that when one of W1, W2 and W3 in Formula (I) is a nitrogen atom and both represent single bonds the said nitrogen atom is attached to R"', wherein Rm iS selected from hydrogen or C4alkyl and v is 1 ; and with the further proviso that when W1, W2 and W3 in Formula (1) are each a carbon atom and both represent single bonds, Rm is selected from hydrogen or methyl; and with the further proviso that when R and R'are substituents on ring A and B, then R and Rm'are independently selected from: hydrogen, halogen, methyl, methoxy, trifluoromethyl, hydroxymethyl or cyano; when U is CR4 or CHR4, R4 is a group selected from: wherein n = 0, 1, or 2, o = 1 or 2, p = 1, 2,3, or 4, when U is CHR4, R4 is additionally selected from the following groups: wherein : n = 0, 1 or 2, o = 1 or 2, t = 2, 3 or 4, r = 2 or 3, wherein X is selected from O and NR8 ; wherein R5 is independently a group selected from: (a) hydrogen, (b) C16alkyl, (c) 2cyanoethyl, (d) hydroxyC24alkyl, (e) C36alkenyl, (h) C37cycloalkylC14alkyl, or (i) C14alkoxyC24alkyl, R7 is selected from: (a) hydrogen, (b) C14alkyl, (c) hydroxyCI2alkyl, or (d) C12alkoxyC12alkyl ; R8 is each independently selected from: (a) hydrogen, or (b) C16alkyl, R9 is selected from: (a) hydrogen, (b) Cl4alkyl, wherein one or two groups may be present at any carbon atom, or when two groups are present at the same carbon atom they may together form a cyclopropane ring, (c) hydroxyCl2alkyl, (d) C12alkoxyC12alkyl, (e) haloCl2alkyl, R10 is each independently selected from: (a) hydrogen, (b) Cl4alkyl, (c) hydroxyC24alkyl wherein the two R10 groups together with the nitrogen to which they are attached form a heterocyclic ring; and when the two Rl° groups form a piperazine ring, the nitrogen of the piperazine ring that allows the substitution may be substituted with a group selected from Ru. Rll is selected from: (a) Cl 4alkyl R12 is selected from: (a) hydrogen, or (b) methyl; when U is R4R4, R4 and R4 are linked to each other to form a heterocyclic ring selected from pyrrolidine or piperidine, wherein the N atom may be substituted by a group Rs selected from: (a) hydrogen, (b) C,4alkyl, (d) hydroxyC24alkyl, (i) Cl4alkoxyC24alkyl, (k) 2cyanoethyl.
3. The compound according to claim 1 or 2, wherein Ar is selected from phenyl, naphthyl, and thienyl, which group Ar is optionally substituted by halogen, methyl, methoxy.
4. The compound according to any one of claims 1 to 3, which is selected from 4'Methyl1' (2naphthylsulphonyl)1', 4', 5', 6'tetrahydrospiro {piperidine2, 7' pyrrolo [3,2b] pyridine} hydrochloride, 4'Methyl1'(4bromophenylsulphonyl)1',4',5', 6'tetrahydrospiro {piperidine2, 7' pyrrolo [3,2b] pyridine} hydrochloride, 4'Methyl1' (5bromo2thienylsulphonyl)1', 4', 5', 6'tetrahydrospiro {piperidine2, 7' pyrrolo [3,2b] pyridine} hydrochloride, 4'Methyl1'(2thienylsulphonyl)1', 4', 5', 6'tetrahydrospiro {piperidine2, 7'pyrrolo [3,2 b] pyridine} hydrochloride N (lBenzenesulfonyl1Hindol4yl)2 (2hydroxyethylamino)acetamide, and 1Benzenesulfonyl1 Hindol4yl)pyridin4ylamine, N (4Piperazin1yl1 Hindol1yl) benzenesulfonamide hydrochloride, and 3 (Phenylsulfonyl)6, 7,8, 9tetrahydro3Hbenzo [e] indol8amine trifluoroacetate.
5. A process for the preparation of a compound according to claim 1, comprising the following steps: (a) reaction of 2 (2ethylamino) pyrrole and 1methylpiperazine4one to give 4' methyl1', 4', 5', 6'tetrahydrospiro {piperidine2, 7'pyrrolo [3,2b] pyridine} ; and (b) reaction of the product from step a) with an arylsulphonyl chloride in the presence of a base.
6. A process for the preparation of a compound according to claim 1, comprising the following steps: (c) reaction of 1benzensulfonyllHindol4ylamine and bromoacetyl bromide and further reaction with ethanolamine.
7. A process for the preparation of a compound according to claim 1, comprising the following steps: (d) reductive amination of 3 (toluene4sulfonyl)6, 9dihydro3H, 7Hbenzo [e] indol 8one in the presence of sodium cyanoborohydride and ammonium acetate.
8. A compound according to any one of claims 1 to 4 for use in therapy.
9. A compound according to any one of claims 1 to 4 for use in the treatment or prophylaxis of a 5HT6 receptorrelated disorder, to achieve reduction of body weight and of body weight gain.
10. A compound according to claim 9, wherein the disorder is selected from obesity; type II diabetes; disorders of the central nervous system such as anxiety, depression, panic attacks, memory disorders, cognitive disorders, epilepsy, sleep disorders, migraine, anorexia, bulimia, binge eating disorders, obsessive compulsive disorders, psychoses, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's chorea, schizophrenia, attention deficit hyperactive disorder, withdrawal from drug abuse, neurodegenerative diseases characterized by impaired neuronal growth, and pain.
11. A pharmaceutical formulation comprising a compound according to any one of claims 1 to 4 as active ingredient, in combination with a pharmaceutically acceptable diluent or carrier.
12. The pharmaceutical formulation according to claim 11 for use in the prophylaxis or treatment of a 5HT6 receptorrelated disorder, to achieve reduction of body weight and of body weight gain.
13. The pharmaceutical formulation according to any one of claim 11 or 12, wherein the disorder is selected from obesity; type II diabetes; disorders of the central nervous system such as anxiety, depression, panic attacks, memory disorders, cognitive disorders, epilepsy, sleep disorders, migraine, anorexia, bulimia, binge eating disorders, obsessive compulsive disorders, psychoses, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's chorea, schizophrenia, attention deficit hyperactive disorder, withdrawal from drug abuse, neurodegenerative diseases characterized by impaired neuronal growth, and pain.
14. A method for the prophylaxis or treatment of a 5HT6 receptorrelated disorder, to achieve reduction of body weight and of body weight gain, which comprises administering to a subject in need of such treatment an effective amount of a compound according to any one of claims 1 to 4.
15. The method according to claim 14, wherein the disorder is selected from obesity; type II diabetes; disorders of the central nervous system such as anxiety, depression, panic attacks, memory disorders, cognitive disorders, epilepsy, sleep disorders, migraine, anorexia, bulimia, binge eating disorders, obsessive compulsive disorders, psychoses, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's chorea, schizophrenia, attention deficit hyperactive disorder, withdrawal from drug abuse, neurodegenerative diseases characterized by impaired neuronal growth, and pain.
16. A method for modulating 5HT6 receptor activity, which comprises administering to a subject in need of such treatment an effective amount of a compound according to any one of claims 1 to 4.
17. Use of a compound according to any one of claims 1 to 4 for the manufacture of a medicament for use in the prophylaxis or treatment of a 5HT6 receptorrelated disorder, to achieve reduction of body weight and of body weight gain.
18. The use according to claim 17, wherein the disorder is selected from obesity; type II diabetes; disorders of the central nervous system such as anxiety, depression, panic attacks, memory disorders, cognitive disorders, epilepsy, sleep disorders, migraine, anorexia, bulimia, binge eating disorders, obsessive compulsive disorders, psychoses, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's chorea, schizophrenia, attention deficit hyperactive disorder, withdrawal from drug abuse, neurodegenerative diseases characterized by impaired neuronal growth, and pain.
19. A cosmetic composition comprising a compound according to any one of claims 1 to 4 as active ingredient, in combination with a cosmetically acceptable diluent or carrier.
20. The cosmetic composition according to claim 19 for use in the prophylaxis or treatment of a 5HT6 receptorrelated disorder, to achieve reduction of body weight and of body weight gain.
Description:
Novel tetrahydrospiro {piper2dine-2, 7-pyrrolo [3, 2-b] pyridine derivatives and novel indole derivatives useful in the treatment of 5-HT6 receptor-related disorders TECHNICAL FIELD The present invention relates to novel compounds, to pharmaceutical compositions comprising the compounds, to processes for their preparation, as well as to the use of the compounds for the preparation of a medicament against 5-HT6 receptor-related disorders.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Obesity is a condition characterized by an increase in body fat content resulting in excess body weight above accepted norms. Obesity is the most important nutritional disorder in the western world and represents a major health problem in all industrialized countries. This disorder leads to increased mortality due to increased incidences of diseases such as cardiovascular disease, digestive disease, respiratory disease, cancer and type 2 diabetes. Searching for compounds, which reduce body weight has been going on for many decades. One line of research has been activation of serotoninergic systems, either by direct activation of serotonin receptor subtypes or by inhibiting serotonin reuptake. The exact receptor subtype profile required is however not known.

Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine or 5-HT), a key transmitter of the peripheral and central nervous system, modulates a wide range of physiological and pathological functions, including anxiety, sleep regulation, aggression, feeding and depression. Multiple serotonin receptor subtypes have been identified and cloned. One of these, the 5-HT6 receptor, was cloned by several groups in 1993 (Ruat, M. et al. (1993) Biochem. Biophys.

Res. Commun. 193 : 268-276; Sebben, M. et al. (1994) NeuroReport 5: 2553-2557). This receptor is positively coupled to adenylyl cyclase and displays affinity for antidepressants such as clozapine. Recently, the effect of 5-HT6 antagonist and 5-HT6 antisense oligonucleotides to reduce food intake in rats has been reported (Bentley, J. C. et al. (1999) Br J Pharmacol. Suppl. 126, P66; Bentley, J. C. et al. (1997) J. Psychopharmacol. Suppl.

A64,255 ; Woolley M. L. et al. (2001) Neuropharmacology 41: 210-219).

Compounds with enhanced affinity and selectivity for the 5-HT6 receptor have been identified, e. g. in WO 00/34242 and by Isaac, M. et al. (2000) 6-Bicyclopiperazinyl-l- arylsulphonylindoles and 6-Bicyclopiperidinyl-l-arylsulphonylindoles derivatives as novel,

potent and selective 5-HT6 receptor antagonists. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 10: 1719-1721 (2000), Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 13: 3355-3359 (2003), Expert Opinion Therapeutic Patents 12 (4) 513-527 (2002).

It has surprisingly been found that the compounds according to the present invention show affinity for the 5-HT6 receptor as antagonists at nanomolar range. Compounds according to the present invention and their pharmaceutically acceptable salts have 5-HT6 receptor antagonist, agonist and partial agonist activity and are believed to be of potential use in the treatment or prophylaxis of obesity and type 2 diabetes, to achieve reduction of body weight and of body weight gain, as well as in the treatment or prophylaxis of disorders of the central nervous system such as anxiety, depression, panic attacks, memory disorders, cognitive disorders, epilepsy, sleep disorders, migraine, anorexia, bulimia, binge eating disorders, obsessive compulsive disorders, psychoses, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's chorea and/or schizophrenia, panic attacks, Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD), withdrawal from drug abuse, neurodegenerative diseases characterized by impaired neuronal growth, and pain. The reduction of body weight and of body weight gain (e. g. treating body-weight disorders) is achieved inter alia by reduction of food intake. As used herein, the term"body weight disorders"refers to the disorders caused by an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure, resulting in abnormal (e. g. , excessive) body weight. Such body weight disorders include obesity.

INFORMATION DISCLOSURE WO 99/42465 discloses sulphonamides derivatives that bind to the 5-HT6 receptor and that can be used for the treatment of CNS disorders such as anxiety, depression, epilepsy, obsessive compulsive disorders, cognitive disorders, ADHD, anorexia and bulimia, schizophrenia, and drug abuse.

WO 01/32646 Al discloses compounds that bind to the 5-HT6 receptor and that are used for the treatment of CNS disorders and which inter alia may be used for the treatment of eating disorders.

WO 99/37623 A2 discloses compounds that bind to the 5-HT6 receptor and that are used for the treatment of CNS disorders and which inter alia may be used for the treatment of eating disorders.

WO 99/42465 A3 discloses compounds that bind to the 5-HT6 receptor and that are used for the treatment of CNS disorders and which inter alia may be used for the treatment of eating disorders.

EP 0 815 861 Al discloses compounds that bind to the 5-HT6 receptor and that are used for the treatment of CNS disorders.

WO 99/02502 A2 discloses compounds that bind to the 5-HT6 receptor and that are used for the treatment of CNS disorders and which inter alia may be used for the treatment of eating disorders.

WO 98/27081 Al discloses compounds that bind to the 5-HT6 receptor and that are used for the treatment of CNS disorders and which inter alia may be used for the treatment of eating disorders.

EP 0701819 discloses compounds that bind to the 5-HT1D receptor and that are used for the treatment of CNS disorders and obesity.

US 6,191, 141 and WO 01/12629 disclose compounds that bind to the 5-HT6 receptor and that are used for the treatment of CNS disorders.

W003/072198 disclose benzenesulphonamide derivatives for the treatment of obesity.

No publications disclose the compounds and their use according to the present invention against 5-HT6 receptor-related disorders.

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION One object of the present invention is a compound of the Formula (I) wherein: v is 1 or 2 and P is selected from a substituent of Formula (II) and Formula (III) ;

or P may also be selected from H or C1-6-alkyl provided that Rm is selected from -NHSO2R11, -SO2NR8R11 or -S(O)cR11, wherein R'1 is selected from aryl and heteroaryl and where e is 0, 1, 2 or 3, v is 1 and R"is H ; represents a single bond or a double bond, with the proviso that both represent double bonds or that both represent single bonds ; W1, W2, W3, Z and Y are each a carbon atom; or one of WI, W2, W3, Z and Y is a nitrogen atom, while the remainder being carbon atoms, provided that both in Formula (I) represent single bonds; U is selected from CHR4, CR4 and CR4R4', provided that when the dotted line connecting Wl and U is a double bond, then U is CR4 ; and further provided that when the dotted line connecting W, and U is a single bond, then U is selected from CHR4 and CR4R4 ; Rl is selected from: (a) C1-6-alkyl, (b) C1-6-alkoxy-C1-6-alkyl, (c) C3-6-alkenyl, (d) hydroxy-C1 6-alkyl, (e) halo-C1-6-alkyl, (f) aryl, (g) arylcarbonylmethyl, (h) aryl-C2-6-alkenyl, (i) aryl-C1-6-alkyl, (j) C3-7-cycloalkyl, (k) heteroaryl, (1) 4-piperidinyl,

(m) N-substituted 4-piperidinyl, wherein the substituents are selected from Cl-6-alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, aryl-Cl-6-alkyl and heteroaryl-C1-6-alkyl, (n) heteroaryl-C1-6-alkyl, wherein any heteroaryl or aryl residue, alone or as part of another group, is optionally substituted, independently, in one or more positions with substituents having the values as defined for Rm and Rm ; Rm and Rm' are each independently selected from: (a) hydrogen, (b) halogen, (c) C1-6-alkyl, (d) hydroxy, (e) C1-6-alkoxy, (f) C2-6-alkenyl, (g) phenyl, (h) phenoxy, (i) benzyloxy, (j) benzoyl, (k)-OCF3, (1)-CN, (m) hydroxy-C1-6-alkyl, (n) halo-C1-6-alkyl, (o) -NR10R10 (p)-NO2, (q) -CONR10R10, (r) -NHSO2R11, (s) -NR8COR11, (t) -SO2NR8R11, (u) -C (=O) R11, (v) C1-6-alkoxycarbonyl, (w) -S (O) eRl l, wherein e is 0,1, 2 or 3, (x)-SCF3, (y)-CHF=CH2, (aa)-OCF2H, or

(ab) ethynyl; and with the proviso that, R"''is attached to a carbon atom in ring B; and with the further proviso that when one of W1, W2 and W3 in Formula (I) is a nitrogen atom and both represent single bonds the said nitrogen atom is attached to Rm, wherein Rm is selected from hydrogen or C1-4-alkyl and v is 1; and with the further proviso that when W1, W2 and W3 in Formula (f) are each a carbon atom and both represent single bonds, R"'is selected from hydrogen or methyl; and with the further proviso that when Rm or Rm, as substituents on ring A and B in Formula (1), are selected from phenyl, phenoxy, benzyloxy and benzoyl, the phenyl or aryl ring thereof may be optionally substituted by C1-4-alkyl, halogen, C1-4-alkoxy, Cl-4- alkylthio, trifluoromethyl, hydroxymethyl or cyano; wherein Rm and R4 may be linked to each other to form a fused substituent of Formula (IV) provided that km is attached to Wl : whenUisCR4orCHR4, R4isagroupselectedfrom :

wherein: n = 0, 1, or 2, 0=1 or2, p= 1, 2,3, or 4, r=2or3, when U is CHR4, R4 is additionally selected from the following groups:

wherein: n = 0,1 or 2, o = 1 or 2, <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> t = 2, 3 or 4,<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> r=2or3, s=l, 2or3 ; wherein X is selected from O, NR8 and S; wherein R5 is independently a group selected from: (a) hydrogen, (b) C1-6-alkyl, (c) 2-cyanoethyl, (d) hydroxy-C2-6-alkyl, (e) C3-6-alkenyl, (f) C3-6-alkynyl, (g) C3-7-cycloalkyl, (h) C3-7-cycloalkyl-C1-4-alkyl, (i) C1-6-alkoxy-C2-6-alkyl, (j) aryl-C1-6-alkyl, (k) heteroaryl-C1-6-alkyl,

(1) 3,3, 3-trifluoropropyl, wherein any aryl and heteroaryl residue may be optionally substituted with Cl-4-alkyl, halogen, Cl-4-alkoxy, Cl-4-alkylthio, trifluoromethyl or cyano; R6 is selected from: (a) hydrogen, (b) Cl-4-alkylX (c) hydroxy-C1-4-alkyl, (d) C1-4-alkoxy-C1-4-alkyl, (e) halo-Cl-4-alkyl, (f) -NR8R8, provided that the said -NR8R8 group is not attached to a carbon atom adjacent to a ring nitrogen atom, (g)-CO-NR8R8 ; (h) hydroxy, provided that the said hydroxy group is not attached to a carbon atom adjacent to a ring nitrogen atom; R7 is selected from: (a) hydrogen, (b) C1-4-alkyl, (c) hydroxy-Cl-4-alkyl, or (d) C1-4-alkoxy-C1-4-alkyl, (e) hydroxy, provided that the said hydroxy group is not attached to a carbon atom adjacent to a heterocyclic ring nitrogen atom and that the said hydroxy group is attached to a heterocyclic ring not substituted with oxo; R8 is each independently selected from: (a) hydrogen, or (b) Cl-6-alkyl) R9 is selected from: (a) hydrogen, (b) CI-4-alkyl, wherein one or two groups may be present at any carbon atom, or when two groups are present at the same carbon atom they may together form a cyclopropane ring,

(c) hydroxy-C1-4-alkyl, (d) C1-4-alkoxy-C1-4-alkyl, (e) halo-Cl-4-alkyl, Rl° is each independently selected from: (a) hydrogen, (b) Ci-6-alkyl, (c) hydroxy-C2-4-alkyl, (d) C3-7-cycloalkyl, or (e) C1-4-alkoxy-C2-4-alkyl, wherein the two Rl° groups together with the nitrogen to which they are attached form a heterocyclic ring; and when the two Rl° groups form a piperazine ring, the nitrogen of the piperazine ring that allows the substitution may be substituted with a group selected from Rus.

Rll is selected from: (a) C1-6-alkyl, (b) aryl, or (c) heteroaryl, wherein aryl and heteroaryl may be optionally substituted with Cl-4-alkyl, halogen, C1-4- alkoxy, C1-4-alkylthio, trifluoromethyl, hydroxymethyl or cyano; Rl2 is selected from: (a) hydrogen, or (b) methyl; when U is R4R4', R4 and R4'are linked to each other to form a heterocyclic ring selected from pyrrolidine or piperidine, wherein the N atom may be substituted by a group selected from R 5 ; and pharmaceutically acceptable salts, hydrates, solvates, geometrical isomers, tautomers, optical isomers, and prodrug forms thereof.

It is preferred in Formula (I) that: P is selected from

(II) each of Wl, W2, W3, Z and Y is a carbon atom provided that both in Formula (I) represent double bonds; or one of W1, W2, W3, Z and Y is a nitrogen atom, while the remainder being carbon atoms, provided that both in Formula (I) represent single bonds; U is selected from CHR4, CR4 and CR4R4', provided that when the dotted line connecting W, and U is a double bond, then U is CR4 ; and further provided that when the dotted line connecting Wl and U is a single bond, then U is selected from CHR4 and CR4R4' ; R1 is selected from: (f) aryl, (h) aryl-C2-6-alkenyl, (i) aryl-C 1 6-alkyl, (j) C3-7-cycloalkyl, (k) heteroaryl, (n) heteroaryl-C1-6-alkyl, wherein any heteroaryl or aryl residue, alone or as part of another group, is optionally substituted, independently, in one or more positions with substituents having the values as defined for R'and R" ; Rm and Rm are each independently selected from: (a) hydrogen, (b) halogen, (c) C, 6-alkyl, (d) hydroxy, (e) Cl-6-alkoxy, (f) C2-6-alkenyl, (k)-OCF3, (1)-CN,

(m) hydroxy-C1-6-alkyl, (n) halo-C1-6-alkyl, (o) -NR10R10, <BR> <BR> <BR> (q)-CONR'R<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> (r)-NHS02R", (s) -NR8COR11, (t) -SO2NR8R11, (u) -C (=O) R11, (w) -S (O) eR", wherein e is 0,1, 2 or 3, (x)-SCF3, (y) -CHF=CH2, (aa)-OCF2H, or (ab) ethynyl; and with the proviso that, Rm, is attached to a carbon atom in ring B; and with the further proviso that when one of W1, W2 and W3 in Formula (I) is a nitrogen atom and both represent single bonds the said nitrogen atom is attached to Rm, wherein Rm iS selected from hydrogen or C-4-alkyl and v is 1; and with the further proviso that when Wl, W2 and W3 in Formula (I) are each a carbon atom and both represent single bonds, Rm is selected from hydrogen or methyl; and with the further proviso that when Rm and Rm'are substituents on ring A and B, km and Rm, are independently selected from: hydrogen, halogen, methyl, methoxy, trifluoromethyl, hydroxymethyl or cyano; when U is CR4 or CHR4, R4 is a group selected from:

wherein n = 0, 1, or 2, o = 1 or 2, p = 1, 2,3, or 4, when U is CHR4, R4 is additionally selected from the following groups: wherein: n = 0, 1 or 2,

o = 1 or 2, t = 2, 3 or 4, r = 2 or 3, wherein X is selected from O and NR8 ; wherein Rs is independently a group selected from: (a) hydrogen, (b) C I-6-alkyl, (c) 2-cyanoethyl, (d) hydroxy-C2-4-alkyl, (e) C3-6-alkenyl, (h) C3-7-cycloalkyl-C1-4alkyl, or (i) C1-4-alkoxy-C2-4-alkyl, R7 is selected from: (a) hydrogen, (b) C1-4-alkyl, (c) hydroxy-C1-2-alkyl, or (d) C1-2-alkoxy-C1-2-alkyl ; R8 is each independently selected from: (a) hydrogen, or (b) C1-6-alkyl, R9 is selected from: (a) hydrogen, (b) C,-4-alkyl, wherein one or two groups may be present at any carbon atom, or when two groups are present at the same carbon atom they may together form a cyclopropane ring, (c) hydroxy-C1-2-alkyl, (d) C1-2-alkoxy-C1-2-alkyl, (e) halo-C1-2-alkyl, R'° is each independently selected from: (a) hydrogen,

(b) Cl-4-alkyl, (c) hydroxy-C2-4-alkyl wherein the two Rl° groups together with the nitrogen to which they are attached form a heterocyclic ring; and when the two Rl° groups form a piperazine ring, the nitrogen of the piperazine ring that allows the substitution may be substituted with a group selected from s.

Roll ils selected from: (a) C1-4-alkyl Rl2 is selected from: (a) hydrogen, or (b) methyl; when U is R4R4, R4 and R4 are linked to each other to form a heterocyclic ring selected from pyrrolidine or piperidine, wherein the N atom may be substituted by a group Rs selected from: (a) hydrogen, (b) Cl-4-alkyl, (d) hydroxy-C2-4-alkyl, (i) Ct-4-alkoxy-C2-4-alkyl, (k) 2-cyanoethyl.

Preferred compounds are: 4'-Methyl-1'- (2-naphthylsulphonyl)-1', 4', 5', 6'-tetrahydrospiro {piperidine-2, 7'- pyrrolo [3,2-b] pyridine} hydrochloride, 4'-Methyl-1'-(4-bromophenylsulphonyl)-1', 4', 5', 6'-tetrahydrospiro {piperidine-2,7'- pyrrolo [3,2-b] pyridine} hydrochloride, 4'-Methyl-1'-(5-bromo-2-thienylsulphonyl)-l', 4', 5', 6'-tetrahydrospiro {piperidine-2, 7'- pyrrolo [3,2-b] pyridine} hydrochloride, 4'-Methyl-1'-(2-thienylsulphonyl)-1', 4', 5', 6'-tetrahydrospiro {piperidine-2, 7'-pyrrolo [3,2- b] pyridine} hydrochloride, N- (l-Benzenesulfonyl-1 H-indol-4-yl)-2- (2-hydroxy-ethylamino)-acetamide,

1-Benzenesulfonyl-1 H-indol-4-yl)-pyridin-4-yl-amine, N- (4-Piperazin-1-yl-1 H-indol-1-yl) benzenesulfonamide hydrochloride, and 3- [ (4-Methylphenyl) sulfonyl]-6, 7,8, 9-tetrahydro-3H-benzo [e] indol-8-amine trifluoroacetate Another object of the present invention is a process for the preparation of a compound as mentioned above, comprising the following steps: 1) reaction of 2- (2-ethylamino) pyrrole and 1-methylpiperazine-4-one to give 4'- methyl-1', 4', 5, 6'-tetrahydrospiro {piperidine-2, 7'-pyrrolo [3,2-b] pyridine} ; and 2) reaction of the product from step a) with an arylsulphonyl chloride in the presence of a base.

Another object of the present invention is a process for the preparation of a compound as mentioned above, by reaction of 1-benzensulfonyl-lH-indol-4-ylamine and bromoacetyl bromide and further reaction with ethanolamine.

Another object of the present invention is a process for the preparation of a compound as mentioned above, by reductive amination of 3- (toluene-4-sulfonyl)-6, 9- dihydro-3H, 7H-benzo [e] indol-8-one in the presence of sodium cyanoborohydride and ammonium acetate.

Another object of the present invention is a compound as mentioned above for use in therapy, especially for use in the treatment or prophylaxis of a 5-HT6 receptor-related disorder, to achieve reduction of body weight and of body weight gain.

Another object of the present invention is a pharmaceutical formulation comprising a compound as mentioned above as active ingredient, in combination with a pharmaceutically acceptable diluent or carrier, especially for use in the treatment or prophylaxis of a 5-HT6 receptor-related disorder, to achieve reduction of body weight and of body weight gain.

Another object of the present invention is a method for treating a human or animal subject suffering from a 5-HT6 receptor-related disorder, to achieve reduction of body weight and of body weight gain. The method can include administering to a subject (e. g. , a human or an animal, dog, cat, horse, cow) in need thereof an effective amount of one or more compounds of any of the formulae herein, their salts, or compositions containing the compounds or salts.

The methods delineated herein can also include the step of identifying that the subject is in need of treatment of the 5-HT6 receptor-related disorder, to achieve reduction of body weight and of body weight gain. Identifying a subject in need of such treatment can be in the judgment of a subject or a health care professional and can be subjective (e. g. , opinion) or objective (e. g. , measurable by a test or diagnostic method).

Another object of the present invention is a method for the treatment or prophylaxis of a 5-HT6 receptor-related disorder, to achieve reduction of body weight and of body weight gain, which comprises administering to a subject in need of such treatment an effective amount of a compound as mentioned above.

Another object of the present invention is a method for modulating 5-HT6 receptor activity, which comprises administering to a subject in need of such treatment an effective amount of a compound as mentioned above.

Another object of the present invention is the use of a compound as mentioned above for the manufacture of a medicament for use in the prophylaxis or treatment of a 5-HT6 receptor-related disorder, to achieve reduction of body weight and of body weight gain.

The compounds as mentioned above may be agonists, partial agonists or antagonists for the 5-HT6 receptor. Preferably, the compounds act as partial agonists or antagonists for the 5-HT6 receptor.

Examples of 5-HT6 receptor-related disorders are obesity; type II diabetes; disorders of the central nervous system such as anxiety, depression, panic attacks, memory disorders, cognitive disorders, epilepsy, sleep disorders, migraine, anorexia, bulimia, binge eating disorders, obsessive compulsive disorders, psychoses, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's chorea, schizophrenia, attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD), withdrawal from drug abuse, neurodegenerative diseases characterized by impaired neuronal growth, and pain.

The compounds and compositions are useful for treating diseases, to achieve reduction of body weight and of body weight gain. The diseases include obesity; type II diabetes; disorders of the central nervous system such as anxiety, depression, panic attacks, memory disorders, cognitive disorders, epilepsy, sleep disorders, migraine, anorexia, bulimia, binge eating disorders, obsessive compulsive disorders, psychoses, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's chorea, schizophrenia, attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD), withdrawal from drug abuse, neurodegenerative diseases characterized by impaired neuronal growth, and pain. In one aspect, the invention relates to

a method for treating or preventing an aforementioned disease comprising administering to a subject in need of such treatment an effective amount or composition delineated herein.

Another object of the present invention is a cosmetic composition comprising a compound as mentioned above as active ingredient, in combination with a cosmetically acceptable diluent or carrier, especially for use in the prophylaxis or treatment of a 5-HT6 receptor-related disorder, to achieve reduction of body weight and of body weight gain.

Definitions The following definitions shall apply throughout the specification and the appended claims.

Unless otherwise stated or indicated, the term''Cl 6-alkyl''denotes a straight or branched alkyl group having from 1 to 6 carbon atoms. Examples of said C1 6-alkyl include methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, iso-propyl, n-butyl, iso-butyl, sec-butyl, t-butyl and straight-and branched-chain pentyl and hexyl. For parts of the range"C1-6-alkyl"all subgroups thereof are contemplated such as Cl 5-alkyl, Cs 4-alkyl, Cl 3-alkyl, C, 2-alkyl, C2 6-alkyl, C25-alkyl, C2-4-alkyl, C2-3-alkyl, C3-6-alkyl, C4-5-alkyl, etc."Halo-CI-6-alkyl"means a Cl 6-alkyl group substituted by one or more halogen atoms. Examples of said halo-C, 6-alkyl include 2- fluoroethyl, fluoromethyl, trifluoromethyl and 2,2, 2-trifluoroethyl. Likewise,"aryl-Cl 6- alkyl"means a C, 6-alkyl group substituted by one or more aryl groups.

Unless otherwise stated or indicated, the term"hydroxy-Cl-6-alkyl"denotes a straight or branched alkyl group that has a hydrogen atom thereof replaced with OH.

Examples of said hydroxy-CI 6-alkyl include hydroxymethyl, 2-hydroxyethyl, 2- hydroxypropyl and 2-hydroxy-2-methylpropyl.

Unless otherwise stated or indicated, the term"Cl 6-alkoxy"denotes a straight or branched alkoxy group having from 1 to 6 carbon atoms. Examples of said Cl 6-alkoxy include methoxy, ethoxy, n-propoxy, iso-propoxy, n-butoxy, iso-butoxy, sec-butoxy, t- butoxy and straight-and branched-chain pentoxy and hexoxy. For parts of the range"C 1-6- alkoxy"all subgroups thereof are contemplated such as Cl 5-alkoxy, Cl 4-alkoxy, Cl 3- alkoxy, C1-2-alkoxy, C2-6-alkoxy, C2-5-alkoxy, C2-4-alkoxy, C2-3-alkoxy, C3-6-alkoxy, C4-5- alkoxy, etc.

Unless otherwise stated or indicated, the term Cl 6-alkoxy-Cl 6-alkyl denotes a straight or branched alkoxy group having from 1 to 6 carbon atoms connected to an alkyl

group having from 1 to 6 carbon atoms. Examples of said CI-6-alkoxy-CI-6-alkyl include methoxymethyl, ethoxymethyl, iso-propoxymethyl, n-butoxymethyl, t-butoxymethyl and straight-and branched-chain pentoxymethyl. For parts of the range"Cl 6-alkoxy-Cs 6- alkyl"all subgroups thereof are contemplated such as C, 5-alkoxy-C, 6-alkyl, C, 4-alkoxy- C1-6-alkyl, C1-3-alkoxy-C1-6-alkyl, C1-2-alkoxy-C1-6-alkyl, C2-6-alkoxy-C1-6-alkyl, C2-5- alkoxy-C1-6-alkyl, C2-4-alkoxy-C1-6-alkyl, C2-3-alkoxy-C1-6-alkyl, C3-6-alkoxy-C1-6-alkyl, C4-5-alkoxy-C1-6-alkyl, C1-6-alkoxy-C1-5-alkyl, C1-6-alkoxy-C1-4-alkyl, etc.

Unless otherwise stated or indicated, the term"C2-6-alkenyl"denotes a straight or branched alkenyl group having from 2 to 6 carbon atoms. Examples of said C2-6-alkenyl include vinyl, allyl, 2,3-dimethylallyl, 1-butenyl, 1-pentenyl, and 1-hexenyl. For parts of the range"C2-6-alkenyl"all subgroups thereof are contemplated such as C2-5-alkenyl, 2-4- alkenyl, C2-3-alkenyl, C3-6-alkenyl, C4-5-alkenyl, etc. Likewise,"aryl-C2-6-alkenyl"means a C2-6-alkenyl group substituted by one or more aryl groups. Examples of said aryl-C2-6- alkenyl include styryl and cinnamyl.

The term"oxo"denotes Unless otherwise stated or indicated, the term"C3-6-alkynyl"denotes a straight or branched alkynyl group having from 3 to 6 carbon atoms. Examples of said C3-6-alkynyl include 1-propynyl, 1-butynyl, and 1-hexynyl. For parts of the range"C2-6-alkynyl"all subgroups thereof are contemplated such as C3-5-alkynyl, C3-4-alkynyl, C3-6-alkynyl, 4-5- alkynyl, etc.

Unless otherwise stated or indicated, the term"C3-7-cycloalkyl"denotes a cyclic alkyl group having a ring size from 3 to 7 carbon atoms. Examples of said cycloalkyl include cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, methylcyclohexyl, and cycloheptyl. For parts of the range"C3-7-cycloalkyl"all subgroups thereof are contemplated such as C3 6-cycloalkyl, C3 5-cycloalkyl, C34-cycloalkyl, C4 7-cycloalkyl, C4 6-cycloalkyl, C4 s-cycloalkyl, Cs 7-cycloalkyl, C67-cycloalkyl, etc.

Unless otherwise stated or indicated, the term"aryl"refers to a hydrocarbon ring system having at least one aromatic ring. Examples of aryls are phenyl, pentalenyl, indenyl, indanyl, 1,2, 3,4-tetrahydronaphthyl, 1-naphthyl, 2-naphthyl, fluorenyl and anthryl.

The aryl rings may be optionally substituted. Likewise, phenoxy refers to a phenyl group bonded to an oxygen atom.

The term"heteroaryl"refers to a mono-or bicyclic aromatic ring system, only one ring need be aromatic, and the said heteroaryl moiety can be linked to the remainder of the

molecule via a carbon or nitrogen atom in any ring, and having from 5 to 10 ring atoms (mono-or bicyclic), in which one or more of the ring atoms are other than carbon, such as nitrogen, sulphur, oxygen and selenium. Examples of such heteroaryl rings include furyl, pyrrolyl, thienyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, imidazolyl, thiazolyl, isothiazolyl, pyridinyl, pyrimidinyl, pyrazinyl, chromanyl, quinazolinyl, indolyl, isoindolyl, indolinyl, isoindolinyl, indazolyl, pyrazolyl, pyridazinyl, quinolinyl, isoquinolinyl, benzofuranyl, dihydrobenzofuranyl, benzodioxolyl, benzodioxinyl, benzothienyl, benzimidazolyl, benzothiazolyl, benzothiadiazolyl, and benzotriazolyl groups. If a bicyclic heteroaryl ring is substituted, it may be substituted in any ring.

Unless otherwise stated or indicated, the term"heterocyclic"refers to a non- aromatic (i. e. , partially or fully saturated) mono-or bicyclic ring system having 4 to 10 ring atoms with at least one heteroatom such as O, N, or S, and the remaining ring atoms are carbon. Examples of heterocyclic groups include piperidyl, tetrahydropyranyl, tetrahydrofuranyl, azepinyl, azetidinyl, pyrrolidinyl, morpholinyl, imidazolinyl, thiomorpholinyl, pyranyl, dioxanyl, and piperazinyl groups. When present, the sulfur atom may optionally be in an oxidized form (i. e., S=O or O=S=O). Examples of heterocyclic groups containing sulfur in oxidized form include octahydrothieno [3, 4b] pyrazine 6,6- dioxide and thiomorpholine 1, 1-dioxide.

Unless otherwise stated or indicated, the term"halogen"shall mean fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine.

The term-S (O) eR", wherein e is 0,1, 2 or 3, has the meaning as illustrated by Formula (V)- (VIII) : The term"leaving group"refers to a group to be displaced from a molecule during a nucleophilic displacement reaction. Examples of leaving groups are iodide, bromide, chloride, methanesulphonate, hydroxy, methoxy, thiomethoxy, tosyl, or suitable protonated forms thereof (e. g., H20, MeOH), especially bromide and methanesulphonate.

"Optional"or"optionally"means that the subsequently described event or circumstance may but need not occur, and that the description includes instances where the event or circumstance occurs and instances in which it does not.

"Pharmaceutically acceptable"means being useful in preparing a pharmaceutical composition that is generally safe, non-toxic and neither biologically nor otherwise undesirable and includes being useful for veterinary use as well as human pharmaceutical use.

"Treatment"as used herein includes prophylaxis of the named disorder or condition, or amelioration or elimination of the disorder once it has been established.

"An effective amount"refers to an amount of a compound that confers a therapeutic effect on the treated subject. The therapeutic effect may be objective (i. e., measurable by some test or marker) or subjective (i. e. , subject gives an indication of or feels an effect).

The term"prodrug forms"means a pharmacologically acceptable derivative, such as an ester or an amide, which derivative is biotransformed in the body to form the active drug. Reference is made to Goodman and Gilman's, The Pharmacological basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed. , Mc-Graw-Hill, Int. Ed. 1992, "Biotransformation of Drugs", p. 13- 15; and"The Organic Chemistry of Drug Design and Drug Action"by Richard B.

Silverman. Chapter 8, p 352. (Academic Press, Inc. 1992. ISBN 0-12-643730-0).

The following abbreviations have been used: CV means Coefficient of Variation, DMSO means dimethyl sulphoxide, EDTA means ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid, EGTA means ethylenebis (oxyethylenenitrilo) tetraacetic acid, HEPES means 4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazineethanesulfonic acid, HPLC means high performance liquid chromatography, LSD means lysergic acid, diethylamide, MeCN means acetonitrile, SPA means Scintillation Proximity Assay, t-BuOK means potassium tert-butoxide, and THF means tetrahydrofuran.

All isomeric forms possible (pure enantiomers, diastereomers, tautomers, racemic mixtures and unequal mixtures of two enantiomers) for the compounds delineated are within the scope of the invention. Such compounds can also occur as cis-or trans-, E-or Z- double bond isomer forms. All isomeric forms are contemplated.

The compounds of the Formula (1) may be used as such or, where appropriate, as pharmacologically acceptable salts (acid or base addition salts) thereof. The

pharmacologically acceptable addition salts mentioned above are meant to comprise the therapeutically active non-toxic acid and base addition salt forms that the compounds are able to form. Compounds that have basic properties can be converted to their pharmaceutically acceptable acid addition salts by treating the base form with an appropriate acid. Exemplary acids include inorganic acids, such as hydrogen chloride, hydrogen bromide, hydrogen iodide, sulphuric acid, phosphoric acid; and organic acids such as formic acid, acetic acid, propanoic acid, hydroxyacetic acid, lactic acid, pyruvic acid, glycolic acid, maleic acid, malonic acid, oxalic acid, benzenesulphonic acid, toluenesulphonic acid, methanesulphonic acid, trifluoroacetic acid, fumaric acid, succinic acid, malic acid, tartaric acid, citric acid, salicylic acid, p-aminosalicylic acid, pamoic acid, benzoic acid, ascorbic acid and the like. Exemplary base addition salt forms are the sodium, potassium, calcium salts, and salts with pharmaceutically acceptable amines such as, for example, ammonia, alkylamines, benzathine, and amino acids, such as, e. g. arginine and lysine. The term addition salt as used herein also comprises solvates which the compounds and salts thereof are able to form, such as, for example, hydrates, alcoholates and the like.

For clinical use, the compounds of the invention are formulated into pharmaceutical formulations for oral, rectal, parenteral or other mode of administration. Pharmaceutical formulations are usually prepared by mixing the active substance, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, with conventional pharmaceutical excipients. Examples of excipients are water, gelatin, gum arabicum, lactose, microcrystalline cellulose, starch, sodium starch glycolate, calcium hydrogen phosphate, magnesium stearate, talcum, colloidal silicon dioxide, and the like. Such formulations may also contain other pharmacologically active agents, and conventional additives, such as stabilizers, wetting agents, emulsifiers, flavouring agents, buffers, and the like. Usually, the amount of active compounds is between 0.1-95% by weight of the preparation, preferably between 0.2-20% by weight in preparations for parentral use and more preferably between 1-50% by weight in preparations for oral administration.

The formulations can be further prepared by known methods such as granulation, compression, microencapsulation, spray coating, etc. The formulations may be prepared by conventional methods in the dosage form of tablets, capsules, granules, powders, syrups, suspensions, suppositories or injections. Liquid formulations may be prepared by dissolving or suspending the

active substance in water or other suitable vehicles. Tablets and granules may be coated in a conventional manner.

In a further aspect the invention relates to methods of making compounds of any of the formulae herein comprising reacting any one or more of the compounds of the formulae delineated herein, including any processes delineated herein. The compounds of the formula (I) above may be prepared by, or in analogy with, conventional methods.

The processes described above may be carried out to give a compound of the invention in the form of a free base or as an acid addition salt. A pharmaceutically acceptable acid addition salt may be obtained by dissolving the free base in a suitable organic solvent and treating the solution with an acid, in accordance with conventional procedures for preparing acid addition salts from base compounds. Examples of addition salt forming acids are mentioned above.

The compounds of formula (I) may possess one or more chiral carbon atoms, and they may therefore be obtained in the form of optical isomers, e. g. as a pure enantiomer, or as a mixture of enantiomers (racemate) or as a mixture containing diastereomers. The separation of mixtures of optical isomers to obtain pure enantiomers is well known in the art and may, for example, be achieved by fractional crystallization of salts with optically active (chiral) acids or by chromatographic separation on chiral columns.

The chemicals used in the synthetic routes delineated herein may include, for example, solvents, reagents, catalysts, and protecting group and deprotecting group reagents. The methods described above may also additionally include steps, either before or after the steps described specifically herein, to add or remove suitable protecting groups in order to ultimately allow synthesis of the compounds. In addition, various synthetic steps may be performed in an alternate sequence or order to give the desired compounds.

Synthetic chemistry transformations and protecting group methodologies (protection and deprotection) useful in synthesizing applicable compounds are known in the art and include, for example, those described in R. Larock, Comprehensive Organic Transformations, VCH Publishers (1989); T. W. Greene and P. G. M. Wuts, Protective Groups in Organic Synthesis, 3rd Ed. , John Wiley and Sons (1999); L. Fieser and M.

Fieser, Fieser and Fieser's Reagents for Organic Synthesis, John Wiley and Sons (1994); and L. Paquette, ed., Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis, John Wiley and Sons (1995) and subsequent editions thereof.

The necessary starting materials for preparing the compounds of formula (I) are either known or may be prepared in analogy with the preparation of known compounds.

The dose level and frequency of dosage of the specific compound will vary depending on a variety of factors including the potency of the specific compound employed, the metabolic stability and length of action of that compound, the patient's age, body weight, general health, sex, diet, mode and time of administration, rate of excretion, drug combination, the severity of the condition to be treated, and the patient undergoing therapy. The daily dosage may, for example, range from about 0. 001 mg to about 100 mg per kilo of body weight, administered singly or multiply in doses, e. g. from about 0.01 mg to about 25 mg each. Normally, such a dosage is given orally but parenteral administration may also be chosen.

The invention will now be further illustrated by the following non-limiting Examples.

The specific examples below are to be construed as merely illustrative, and not limitative of the remainder of the disclosure in any way whatsoever. Without further elaboration, it is believed that one skilled in the art can, based on the description herein, utilize the present invention to its fullest extent. All publications cited herein are hereby incorporated by reference in their entirety.

TABLE 1 EXAMPLE l R 1 H 2 $ H Br oh ber Br 4. H

Methods 'H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and 3C NMR were recorded on a Bruker Advance DPX 400 spectrometer at 400.1 and 100.6 MHz, respectively. All spectra were recorded using residual solvent or tetramethylsilane (TMS) as internal standard. Infra red (IR) spectra were recorded on a Perkin-Elmer Spectrum 1000 FT-IR spectrophotometer.

Ionspray mass spectrometry (MS) spectra were obtained on a Perkin-Elmer API 150EX mass spectrometer. Accurate mass measurements were performed on a Micromass LCT dual probe. Preparative HPLC/MS was performed on a Waters/Micromass Platform ZQ system equipped with System A: ACE 5 C8 column (19x50mm), eluents: MilliQ water, MeCN and MilliQ/MeCN/0. 1% TFA and system B: Xterra MS C18, 5pu column (19x50mm), eluents: MilliQ water, MeCN and NH4HCO3 (lOOmM). Analytical HPLC were performed on Agilent 1100, column : ACE 3 C8 (system A) or column: YMC-Pack (system B), eluents: MilliQ/0. 1% TFA and MeCN. Elemental analyses were performed on a Vario El instrument. Preparative flash chromatography was performed on Merck silica gel 60 (230-400 mesh).

EXPERIMENTAL Synthesis of 4'-methyl-1', 4', 5', 6'-tetrahydrospiro {piperidine-2, 7'-pyrrolo [3,2- b] pyridine} A mixture of 2- (2-ethylamino) pyrrole (Herz W. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 75,483, 1953 ; Wasley J. W. F, EP 338989 B, 1989) (9.6 g, 87 mmol) and 1-methylpiperazin-4-one (9.85 g, 87 mmol) in benzene (100 mL) was completely evaporated under vacuo. The dry residue was dissolved in methanol (50 mL). H2SO4 (43 mL) in methanol (107 mL) was added to the methanol solution at 0 °C (ice). The cooling bath was removed and the mixture was stirred for 2 hours at room temperature. It resulted in the appearance of a white dense

precipitate. Then the mixture was held overnight at-20 °C. The precipitate was filtered and dissolved in minimal amount of NaOH in water (30 %). The organic material was extracted with ethyl acetate (100 mL x 4). The organic phases were combined and dried by K2C03 followed by filtration. The volatiles were eliminated under vacuo. The residue was triturated with cold ethyl acetate, filtered and washed by minimal amount of cold ethyl acetate to yield 7.6 g (44%) of product.

General method for the synthesis of 4'-methyl-1', 4'*5', 6'-tetrahydrospiro {piperidine- 2, 7'-p, rolof 3, 2-blpvridine sulphonamides A suspension of t-BuOK (160 mg, 1.4 mmol) in anhydrous THF (3 mL) was added to the mixture of 4'-methyl-1', 4', 5', 6'-tetrahydrospiro {piperidine-2,7'-pyrrol [3,2- b] pyridine} (205 mg, 1 mmol) in THF. The mixture was heated under stirring (complete dissolution was observed at 40 °C) followed by the addition of the corresponding sulfonyl chloride (1.2 mmol) in THF (3 mL). The mixture was papidly heated to the boiling point and then cooled. The reaction mixture was poured into water, extracted with ethyl acetate, dried (K2C03) and evaporated. The product was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel (CHC13/MeOH : 10/1). The yields of compounds synthesized by this method vary from 18 to 62%.

EXAMPLE 1 4-Methyl-1'-(2-naphthylsulphonyl)-1', 4', 5', 6'-tetrahydrospiro {piperidine-2, 7'- pyrrolo [3,2-b] pyridine} hydrochloride 28.3 mg of material was isolated. lH NMR (270 MHz, Methanol-d4) 8 2.25-2. 50 (m, 4H), 2.96 (s, 3H), 3.19 (app. t. , 2H), 3. 52- 5. 65 (m, 6H), 7.56 (d, 1H, J = 3.22 Hz), 7.72 (dq, 1H, J = 1. 48 Hz), 7.83 (dd, 1H, J = 1.86 Hz, J = 8.98 Hz), 7.99-8. 02 (m, 1H), 8.09 (d, 2H, J = 8.98 Hz), 8.11-8. 15 (m, lH), 8.67 (d, 1H, J = 1.73Hz). HPLC purity 96 %.

EXAMPLE 2 4'-Methyl-1'- (4-bromophenylsulphonyl)-1', 4', 5', 6'-tetrahydrospiro {piperidine- 2, 7'-pyrrolo [3,2-b] pyridine} hydrochloride 29.8 mg of material was isolated.'H NMR (270 MHz, DMSO-d6) 8 1.45-1. 50 (bd, 2H) Hz), 1.71-1. 83 (dt, 2H, J = 4. 21 Hz), 2.15 (s, 3H), 2.36 (app. t, 2H), 2.45-2. 55 (m, 2H), 2.59 (app. t, 2H), 2.88 (app. t, 2H), 2,86 (app. t, 2H), 6.32 (d, 1H, J = 3.46 Hz), 7.15 (d, 1H, J = 3.46 Hz), 7.43 (d, 1H, J = 3.96 Hz), 7.71 (d, 1H, J = 3.96 Hz). HPLC purity 95 %.

EXAMPLE 3 4'-Methyl-1'- (5-bromo-2-thienylsulphonyl)-1', 4', 5', 6'- tetrahydrospiro {piperidine-2, 7'-pyrrolo [3,2-b] pyridine} hydrochloride 254 mg of material was isolated. 'H NMR (270 MHz, DMSO-d6) 8 1.40-1. 44 (bd, 2H, J = 12.62 Hz), 1.72 (dt, 2H, J = 4.21 Hz), 2.22 (s, 3H), 2.25 (bt, 2H, J = 10.89 Hz), 2.45-2. 55 (m, 2H), 2.42-2. 46 (m, 2H), 2.83 (app. t, 2H), 2,86 (app. t, 2H), 6.29 (d, 1H, J = 3.46 Hz), 7.15 (d, 1H, J = 3.22 Hz), 7.23 (dd, 1H, J = 4.95 Hz, J = 3.96 Hz), 7.83 (dd, 1H, J = 3.84 Hz, J = 1.36 Hz), 8.10 (dd, 1H, J = 4.95 Hz, J = 1. 24 Hz). HPLC purity 95 %.

EXAMPLE 4 4'-Methyl-1'-(2-thienylsulphonyl)-1', 4', 5', 6'-tetrahydrospiro {piperidine-257'- pyrrolo [3,2-b] pyridine} hydrochloride 67.6 mg of material was isolated.'H NMR (270 MHz, Methanol-d4) S 1.45 (d, 2H J = 13.11 Hz), 1.75 (dt, 2H, J = 3.96 Hz), 2.18 (s, 3H), 2.25-2. 40 (m, 2H), 2.40-2. 65 (m, 4H), 2.59 (app. t, 2H), 2,86 (app. t, 2H), 6.29 (d, 1H, J = 3.46 Hz), 7.15 (d, 1H, J = 3.22 Hz), 7.23 (dd, 1H, J = 4.95 Hz, J = 3.96 Hz), 7.83 (dd, 1H, J = 3.84 Hz, J = 1.36 Hz), 8.10 (dd, 1H, J = 4.95 Hz, J = 1.24 Hz). HPLC purity 95 %.

TABLE 2 Exam le Chemical Name R R R 5 N- (l-Benzenesulfonyl-IH-indol-4- 0 0 OH H yl)-2-(2-hydroxy-ethylamino)-S R ( acetamide HN zu o NH . 1-Benzenesulfonyl-1 H-indol-4-yl)-°\, O NF H pyridin-4-yl-amine. v l 7 N- (4-Piperazin-1-yl-1 H-indol-1-O Nl H yl) benzenesulfonamide hydrochloride U 8 3- [ (4-Methylphenyl) sulfonyl]- 0 6, 7, 8, 9-tetrahydro-3H-benzo [e] indol- , NH, 8-amine trifluoroacetate Hic H3C, 9 N'- (l-Benzenesulfonyl-lH-indol-4- 0 ylmethyl)-N, N-dimethyl-ethane-1, 2- diamine trifluoroacetate S NH Scheme 1

Legend to Scheme 1: i) N,N-diisopropylethylamine, acetonitrile, heat; ii) H2, Pd/C methanol, ammonium formate, room temperature; iii) bromoacetyl bromide, NaHC03, CH2CI2 ; iv) ethanolamine, KI, ethanol, heat.

INTERMEDIATE 1 4-Nitro-lH-indole p-Toluenesulfonic acid monohydrate (0.10 kg) was added to triethyl ortho formate (8.00 kg) at 111 °C. The mixture was stirred for 5 min and then 3-nitro-o-toluidine (4.10 kg) was added portion wise. The addition is slightly exothermic and the speed of addition was

adjusted to avoid letting the temperature fall below 111 °C. The addition time was 65 min.

During the addition, formed ethanol starts to distill off. After the addition was completed, the reaction mixture was distilled at atmospheric pressure for 70 min at 125 °C. In total 4.5 L of ethanol was distilled off. When the distillation speed slowed down, vacuum (800 mbar - 140 mbar) was applied to finalize the distillation. The distillation was aborted when approx. 6L remained in the reactor. The reaction mixture was diluted with N, N- dimethylformamide (DMF) (15 L) and cooled to 43 °C. Diethyl oxalate (4.20 kg) was added. To the resulting mixture, potassium tert-butoxide (4.08 kg) was added portionwise while keeping the temperature between 38-45 °C. The addition time was 55 min. After completed addition, the reaction was stirred at 40-45 °C for 10 min. The reaction mixture was then added to water (90 L) at 50-60 °C. The product crystallized during the addition.

After cooling to 20 °C, the product was isolated on a nutsche filter. The resulting product cake was washed with 25 L of water and dried at 80 °C while applying full vacuum. The product weighed 2.90 kg (66%) after drying. lH NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) 5 ppm 7.05 (d, J=2. 93 Hz, 1 H) 7.28 (t, J=7. 93 Hz, 1 H) 7.75 (d, J=2. 93 Hz, 1 H) 7.89 (d, J=7. 32 Hz, 1 H) 8.04 (d, J=8. 06 Hz, 1 H) 11.96 (s, 1 H). 13C NMR (101 MHz, DMSO-d6) b ppm 101. 11 (s, 1 C) 116.79 (s, 1 C) 119.13 (s, 1 C) 120.06 (s, 1 C) 121. 26 (s, 1 C) 130.65 (s, 1 C) 138.13 (s, 1 C) 139.09 (s, 1 C).

INTERMEDIATE 2 1-Benzenesulfonyl-4-nitro-lH-indole A solution of 4-nitro-lH-indole (9.49 kg) in acetonitrile (69.5 kg) was heated to 81°C.

N, N-Diisopropylethylamine (Hünigs base) (8.98 kg) was added followed by a portion wise addition of benzenesulfonyl chloride. The exotermic addition of benzenesulfonyl chloride was done with such speed that the temperature was kept between 75-81 °C. The addition time was 45 min. after stirring the reaction mixture for 30 min at 80 °C, analysis showed the disappearance of the starting material. Water (8.2 L) was added to the reaction mixture at 80°C. (NOTE! A serious error was made, as the recipe called for the addition of 16 L of water). The reaction mixture was kept at 80 °C for 50 min. Upon cooling, the product started to crystallize at approximately 74 °C. The resulting slurry was cooled to 10 °C. The product was isolated on a nutsche filter and washed with a mixture of acetonitrile (21.9 kg) and water (9.1 L). Drying at 70 °C and full vacuum gave 12.71 kg (72%) of the title compound. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) 8 ppm 7.34 (d, J=3. 91 Hz, 1 H) 7.55-7. 65 (m,

3 H) 7.69-7. 76 (m, 1 H) 8.05-8. 09 (m, 2 H) 8.18-8. 23 (m, 2 H) 8.42 (dd, J=8. 30,0. 73 Hz, 1 H).'3C NMR (101 MHz, DMSO-d6) 8 ppm 107.64 (s, 1 C) 119.75 (s, 1 C) 120.18 (s, 1 C) 124.20 (s, 1 C) 124.66 (s, 1 C) 126.78 (s, 2 C) 129.94 (s, 2 C) 131.17 (s, 1 C) 135.07 (s, 1 C) 135.36 (s, 1 C) 136.34 (s, 1 C) 139.96 (s, 1 C).

INTERMEDIATE 3 1-Benzenesulfonyl-lH-indol-4-ylamine To a solution of 4-nitro-lH-indole (1 g, 3.3 mol) in MeOH (7 mL) under argon Pd/C (150 mg) and ammonium formate (3 g, 47 mmol) were added. The obtained mixture was heated to reflux temeprature for 1.5 h until complete disappearance of the starting nitro compound. The catalyst was filtered off, and the residue was washed with methanol. Then the solution was concentrated and purified by flash chromatography to give 0.72 g (80 %) of the title compound.'H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) 8 ppm 5.57 (s, 2 H) 6.39 (d, J=7. 81 Hz, 1 H) 6.95-7. 05 (m, 2 H) 7.12 (d, J=8. 06 Hz, 1 H) 7.50-7. 58 (m, 3 H) 7.59-7. 67 (m, 1 H) 7.91 (d, J=7. 57 Hz, 2 H). 13C NMR (101 MHz, DMSO-d6) 8 ppm 101.49 (s, 1 C) 107.29 (s, 1 C) 108.26 (s, 1 C) 118.55 (s, 1 C) 124.12 (s, 1 C) 126.61 (s, 1 C) 127.19 (s, 2 C) 130.25 (s, 2 C) 134.91 (s, 1 C) 136.11 (s, 1 C) 137.86 (s, 1 C) 142.91 (s, 1 C).

INTERMEDIATE 4 N- (l-Benzenesulfonyl-lH-indol-4-yl)-2-bromo-acetamide The solution of 1-benzenesulfonyl-lH-indol-4-ylamine (0.6 g, 2.2 mmol) in CH2C12 (10 mL) the solution of NaHC03 (0.84g, 10 mmol) in water (10 mL) was added dropwise.

Then bromoacetyl bromide (0.21 mL, 2.4 mmol) was added to the resulting mixture with simultaneous stirring. The reaction mixture was stirred for 30 min, and then the organic layer was separated and concentrated. The yield of product was 0.78g (90%). The formation of the product was monitored by TLC (Thin Layer Chromatography). The compound was taken to the next step without further analysis.

EXAMPLE 5 N- (l-Benzenesulfonyl-lH-indol-4-yl)-2- (2-hydroxy-ethylamino)-acetamide To N- (l-benzenesulfonyl-lH-indol-4-yl)-2-bromo-acetamide (0.78 g, 2 mmol) dissolved in EtOH (5 mL) KI (0.07 g, 0.4 mmol) and ethanolamine (0.6 mL, 10 mmol) were added. The reaction mixture was heated to reflux temperature for 10 min until the completion of the reaction as indicated by TLC. The product was purified by column chromatography (eluent

system CHC13/CH30H 5 : 1). The yield of product was 0.52 g (70 %). Yield; 0.52 g (70 %) of material was isolated; HPLC purity 95 % ; IH NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) 8 ppm 2.62 (t, J=5. 40 Hz, 2 H) 3.47 (q, J=5. 44 Hz, 2 H) 4.65 (t, J=5. 27 Hz, 2 H) 6.99 (d, J=3. 51 Hz, 1 H) 7.29 (t, J=8. 16 Hz, 1 H) 7.59 (t, J=7. 78 Hz, 2 H) 7.69 (t, J=7. 53 Hz, 2 H) 7.78-7. 85 (m, 2 H) 7.94-8. 00 (m, 2 H); MS (posEI-DIP) m/z 374 (M+H).

EXAMPLE 6 1-Benzenesulfonyl-lH-indol-4-yl)-pyridin-4-yl-amine To the solution of 1-benzenesulfonyl-lH-indol-4-ylamine (0.5 g, 1.8 mmol) in DMF (4 mL) 4-bromopyridine hydrochloride (0.36 g, 1.8 mmol) and KI (0.07 g, 0.40 mmol) were added. The reaction mixture was heated to reflux temperature for 2 h. The reaction was monitored by TLC. The organic layer was concentrated and final compound was purified by flash-chromatography (eluent: CHC13). The yield of product was 0.175 g (35%). HPLC purity 98% ; 1H NMR (270 MHz, DMSO-d6) 8 6.77-6. 87 (m, 1H), 6.96-7. 10 (m, 2H), 7.23- 7.32 (m, 1H), 7.36-7. 50 (m, 1H), 7.55-7. 78 (m, 4H), 7.82-7. 93 (m, 2H), 7.98-8. 01 (m, 2H), 8.18-8. 30 (m, 2H), 10.45 (brs, 1H); MS (posEI-DIP) m/z 350 (M+H).

INTERMEDIATE 5 (tert-Butyl 4-(1-amino-1H-indol-4-yl)piperazine-1-carboxylate To a solution of tert-butyl 4- (lH-indol-4-yl) piperazine-1-carboxylate (0.56 g, 1.9 mmol) ( WO 02/32863) in DMF (30 mL) at 0 °C was added KOH (1.04 g, 18.6 mmol), followed by hydroxylamine-O-sulfonic acid (0.42 g, 3.7 mmol), added portionwise over 30 min.

After stirring at ambient temperature for 1 h, the mixture was filtered, and the filtrate was poured into ice water (200 mL) and extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 100 mL). The organic layer was washed with water and brine, dried (MgS04), and filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The resultant oil was purified by column chromatography on silica using gradient elution CHCl3->CHCl3 +5% MeOH->CHC13 + 10% MeOH as eluent to yield 0.536 g of the product. HPLC purity 91%; MS (posEI-DIP) m/z 317 (M+H). (Larry Davies et al. J. Med. Chem, 1996,39, 582-587).

EXAMPLE 7 N- (4-Piperazin-1-yl-lH-indol-1-yl) benzenesulfonamide hydrochloride

To a suspension of of NaH (0.05 g, 2.0 mmol; 50% oil dispersion) in 5 mL DMF at 0 °C, was added a solution of tert-butyl 4-(1-amino-lH-indol-4-yl) piperazine-1-carboxylate (0.54 g, 1.7 mmol) in DMF (5 mL). After warming to 50 °C for 30 min, the solution was cooled to 0 °C, and a solution of benzenesulfonyl chloride 0.30 g, 1.7 mmol) in DMF (3 mL) was slowly added. The mixture was stirred at room temperature over night and then concentrated under reduced pressure. Column chromatography on silica using CHC13 + 5% MeOH as eluent gave a crude intermediate which was dissolved in MeOH and HC1 in ether (1 M) was added. The mixture was stirred over 16 hours at room temperature and then concentrated to give 0.223 g crude product. The crude product was purified by preparative HPLC, converted to its HCl-salt and then lyophilized to give O. OlOg of the pure product as a brown solid. The solid was dried under vacuo at 60 °C for 5 days to remove all the solvent. Yield; 10 mg of material was isolated; HPLC purity 95% ; 1H NMR (270 MHz, Methanol-d4) 8 ppm 3.37-3. 53 (m, 8 H) 6.46 (appd, J=3. 46 Hz, 1 H) 6.66 (appd, J=7. 55 Hz, 1 H) 6.70-6. 75 (m, 1 H) 6.79 (appd, J=8. 16 Hz, 1 H) 6.89-7. 02 (m, 1 H) 7.50 (appt, J=7. 67 Hz, 2 H) 7.61-7. 77 (m, 3 H); MS (posEI-DIP) mlz 357 (M+H). (Larry Davies et al. J. Med. Chem, 1996,39, 582-587). (Ishibashi, Hiroyuki; Akamatsu, Susumu; Iriyama, Hiroko; Ikeda, Masazumi. Convenient synthesis of 4-alkyl, alkenyl, and alkynyl substituted N- (phenylsulfonyl) indoles. Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin (1994), 42 (10), 2150-3. Ishibashi, Hiroyuki; Tabata, Takashi ; Hanaoka, Kyoko; Iriyama, Hiroko; Akamatsu, Susumu; Ikeda, Masazumi. A new, general entry to 4-substituted indoles.

Synthesis of (S)- (-)-pindolol and ()-chuangxinmycin. Tetrahedron Letters (1993), 34 (3), 489-92).

EXAMPLE 8 3- [ (4-Methylphenyl) sulfonyl]-6, 7,8, 9-tetrahydro-3H-benzole] indol-8-amine trifluoroacetate To a suspension of 3- (toluene-4-sulfonyl)-6, 9-dihydro- 3H, 7H-benzo [e] indol-8-one (0.017g, 0.1 mmol) in dry methanol (2 mL) at room temperature was added first ammonium acetate (0.0387g, 0. 5mmol) and then after 2 mins, sodium cyanoborohydride (0.0157 g, 0.03 mmol). The mixture was heated to 70°C. After 16h, the sample was allowed to cool and then was treated with conc. aq. HCl until pH 2 was achieved. The mixture was washed with diethyl ether (2x20 mL) and then the aqueous phase was treated with 5M aq. NaOH. The resulting suspension was extracted with diethyl

ether (2x20 mL), washed with brine (1x10 mL) and dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure and purification by preparative HPLC gave the desired product as a white solid (0.0027g, 15%). HPLC 100%, RT = 2. 828min (system A, 5-60% MeCN over 3 min); 100%, RT = 2. 451 min (system B, 5- 60% MeCN over 3min); 1H NMR (270 MHz, METHANOL-D4) 8 ppm 1.21-1. 39 (m, 2 H) 2.08-2. 24 (m, 1 H) 2.33 (s, 3H) 2.77-3. 07 (m, 2 H) 3.55 (d, J=1. 48 Hz, 2 H) 6.71 (d, J=3. 71 Hz, 1 H) 7.09 (d, J=8. 41 Hz, 1 H) 7.29 (d, J=8. 16 Hz, 2 H) 7.64 (d, J=3. 46 Hz, 1 H) 7.70-7. 88 (m, 3 H); MS (ESI+) for Cl9H20N202S m/z 341 (M+H). The preparation of 3- (toluene-4-sulfonyl)-6, 9-dihydro-3H, 7H-benzo [e] indol-8-one is descibed in J. Med.

Chem. 1995,38, 2217-30.

INTERMEDIATE 6 4-Methyl-1-(phenylsulfonyl)-1H-indole The material was prepared according to the literature method. HPLC purity 99 % ; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) 8 ppm 2.41 (s, 3 H) 6.88 (d, J=3. 76 Hz, 1 H) 7.04 (d, J=7. 53 Hz, 1 H) 7.18-7. 26 (m, 1 H) 7.57 (t, J=7. 65 Hz, 2 H) 7.67 (t, J=7. 40 Hz, 1 H) 7.72-7. 81 (m, 2 H) 7.92-7. 98 (m, 2 H); MS (ESI+) for Cl5HI3NO2S m/z 272 (M+H) +. (Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin (1994), 42 (10), 2150-3, Tetrahedron Letters (1993), 34 (3), 489-92).

INTERMEDIATE 7 4-(Bromomethyl)-1-(phenylsulfonyl)-lH-indole The compound was obtained using N-bromosuccinimide (1.2 equiv. ), as bromination agent, and benzoyl peroxide (0.25 equiv. ), as initiator, in CCl4. The final product was purified by flash chromatography (using CCl4 as eluent and obtained as white crystals (Yield: 3.5 g (61.6%) ; eluent-system chloroform-hexane 1: 1). HPLC purity 92% ; 1H NM@ (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) 8 ppm 4.94 (s, 2 H) 7.04 (d, J=3. 76 Hz, 1 H) 7.28-7. 37 (m, 2 H)

7.59 (t, J=7. 78 Hz, 2 H) 7.69 (t, J=7. 53 Hz, 1 H) 7.89-7. 94 (m, 2 H) 8.00 (d, J=8. 03 Hz, 2 H); MS (ESI+) for Cl5Hl2BrNO2S m/z 351 (M+H) + (WO 9602502 Al 19960201).

EXAMPLE 9 N'- (1-Benzenesulfonyl-lH-indol-4-ylmethyl)-N, N-dimethyl-ethane-1, 2-diamine The compound was prepared from Intermediate 7 and dimethylethylamine. Yield: 184 mg (98%); RT=1. 44 HPLC (System A. 10-97% MeCN over 3 min) and 99% RT=1.31 (System B. 10-90% MeCN over 3 min).'H NMR (400 MHz, MeOD) 8 ppm 2.93 (s, 6 H) 3.44-3. 61 (m, 4 H) 4.51 (s, 2 H) 7.05 (d, J=3. 51 Hz, 1 H) 7.42 (d, J=3. 76 Hz, 2 H) 7.50 (t, J=7. 65 Hz, 2 H) 7.61 (t, J=7. 40 Hz, 1 H) 7.80-7. 85 (m, 1 H) 7.96 (d, J=8. 03 Hz, 2 H) 8.09-8. 15 (m, 1 H), (ESI+) for Cl9H23N302S m/z 358 (M+H) + BIOLOGICAL TESTS The ability of a compound according to the invention to bind to a 5-HT6 receptor, and to be pharmaceutically useful, can be determined using in vivo and in vitro assays known in the art.

(a) 5-HT6 receptor binding Assay Binding affinity experiment for the human 5-HT6 receptor are performed in HEK293 cells transfected with 5-HT6 receptor using [3H]-LSD as labeled ligand according to the general method as described by Boess F. G et al. Neuropharmacology 36 (4/5) 713-720,1997.

Materials Cell culture The HEK-293 cell line transfected with the human 5-HT6 receptor was cultured in Dulbeccos Modified Eagles Medium containing 5 % dialyzed foetal bovine serum, (Gibco BRL 10106-169), 0.5 mM sodium pyruvate and 400 ug/ml Geneticin (G-418) (Gibco BRL10131-019). The cells were passaged 1: 10, twice a week.

Chemicals

The radioligand [3H] LSD 60-240 Ci/mmol, obtained from Amersham Pharmacia Biotech, (Buckinghamshire, England) was in ethanol and stored at-20°C. The compounds were dissolved in 100% DMSO and diluted with binding buffer.

Disposable Compounds were diluted in Costar 96 well V-bottom polypropylene plates (Corning Inc.

Costar, NY, USA). Samples were incubated in Packard Optiplate (Packard Instruments B. V. , Groningen, The Netherlands). The total amount of added radioligand was measured in Packard 24-well Barex plates (Packard Instruments B. V. , Groningen, The Netherlands) in the presence of Microscint 20 scintillation fluid (Packard Bioscience, Meriden, CT, USA).

Buffer The binding buffer consisted of 20 mM HEPES, 150 mM NaCI, 10 mM MgCl2, and 1 mM, EDTA, pH 7.4.

Methods Membrane preparation Cells were grown to approximately 90% confluence on 24.5 x 24.5 mm culture dishes. The medium was aspirated, and after rinsing with ice-cold PBS, the cells were scraped off using 25 ml Tris buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl, 1 mM EDTA, 1 mM EGTA, pH 7.4) and a window scraper. The cells were then broken with a Polytron homogeniser, and remaining particulate matter was removed by low-speed centrifugation, 1000x g for 5 min. Finally, the membranes were collected by high-speed centrifugation (20 OOOx g), suspended in binding buffer, and frozen in aliquots at-70°C.

Radioligand binding Frozen cell membranes were thawed, immediately rehomogenized with a Polytron homogenizer, and coupled to SPA wheat germ agglutinin beads (Amersham Life Sciences, Cardiff, England) for 30 min under continuous shaking of the tubes. After coupling, the beads were centrifuged for 10 minutes at 1000 g, and subsequently suspended in 20 ml of binding buffer per 96-well plate The binding reaction was then initiated by adding radioligand and test compounds to the bead-membrane suspension. Following incubation at room temperature, the assay plates were subjected to scintillation counting.

The original SPA method was followed except for that membranes were prepared from HEK293 cells expressing the human 5-HT6 receptor instead of from HeLa cells (Dinh DM, Zaworski PG, Gill GS, Schlachter SK, Lawson CF, Smith MW. Validation of human 5-HT6 receptors expressed in HeLa cell membranes: saturation binding studies, pharmacological profiles of standard CNS agents and SPA development. (The Upjohn Company Technical Report 7295-95-064 1995; 27 December). The specific binding of [3H]-LSD was saturable, while the non-specific binding increased linearly with the concentration of added radioligand. [3H]-LSD bound with high affinity to 5-HT6 receptors. The Ka value was estimated to 2. 6 0.2 nM based on four separate experiments.

The total binding at 3 nM of [3H]-LSD, the radioligand concentration used in the competition experiments, was typically 6000 dpm, and the specific binding more than 70%. 5-HT caused a concentration dependent inhibition of [3H]-LSD binding with an over all average Ki value of 236 nM when tested against two different membrane preparations.

The inter assay variability over three experiments showed a CV of 10% with an average K ; values of 173 nM (SD 30) and a Hill coefficient of 0.94 (SD 0.09). The intra assay variation was 3% (n=4). All unlabelled ligands displaced the specific binding of [3H]-LSD in a concentration-dependent manner, albeit at different potencies. The rank order of affinity for the 5-HT6 receptor of reference compounds was methiothepin (Ki 2 nM) >mianserin (190 nM) ==5-HT (236 nM) >methysergide (482 nM) > mesulergine (1970 nM).

Protein determination Protein concentrations were determined with BioRad Protein Assay (Bradford MM. A rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein-dye binding. Anal. Biochem. 1976; 72: 248-54). Bovine serum albumin was used as standard.

Scintillation counting The radioactivity was determined in a Packard TopCountTM scintillation counter (Packard Instruments, Meriden, CT, USA) at a counting efficiency of approximately 20 %. The counting efficiency was determined in separate sets of experiments.

Saturation experiments At least 6 concentrations in duplicates of radioligand (0.1-20 nM of [3H]-LSD) were used in saturation experiments. The specific binding was calculated as the difference between total binding and non-specific binding, which was determined as the binding of radioligand in the presence of 5 uM lisuride. Bmax and the dissociation constant, Kd, were determined from the non-linear regression analysis using equation 1. Lu is the unbound concentration of radioligand, and is y is the amount bound.

Bmax # Lu y = Lu + Kd (equation 1) Competition experiments Total-and non-specific binding of radioligand was defined in eight replicates of each.

Samples containing test compound were run in duplicate at 11 concentrations. Incubations were carried out at room temperature for 3 hours. The IC5o value, i. e. the concentration of test compound that inhibited 50% of the specific binding of radioligand, was determined with non linear regression analysis and the Ki value was calculated using equation 2 [Cheng Y. C. Biochem. Pharmacol. 22,3099-3108, 1973].

ICso Ki = L (equation2) 1+-<BR> <BR> Kd L = concentration of radioligand Kd = Affinity of radioligand (b) 5-HT6 Intrinsic Activity Assay Antagonists to the human 5-HT6 receptor were characterized by measuring inhibition of 5- HT induced increase in cAMP in HEK 293 cells expressing the human 5-HT6 receptor (see Boess et al. (1997) Neuropharmacology 36: 713-720). Briefly, HEK293/5-HT6 cells were seeded in polylysine coated 96-well plates at a density of 25,000/well and grown in DMEM (Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium) (without phenol-red) containing 5% dialyzed Foetal Bovine Serum for 48 h at 37°C in a 5% C02 incubator. The medium was then aspirated and replaced by 0.1 ml assay medium (Hanks Balance Salt Solution containing 20 mM HEPES, 1.5 mM isobutylmethylxanthine and 1 mg/ml bovine serum albumin). After addition of test substances, 50 ul dissolved in assay medium, the cells were

incubated for 10 min at 37°C in a 5% C02 incubator. The medium was again aspirated and the cAMP content was determined using a radioactive cAMP kit (Amersham Pharmacia Biotech, BIOTRAK RPA559). The potency of antagonists was quantified by determining the concentration that caused 50% inhibition of 5-HT (at [5-HT] = 8 times ECso) evoked increase in cAMP, using the formula IC5o, con=IC5o/ (I+ [5HT]/EC5o).

The compounds in accordance with the invention have a selective affinity to human 5-HT6 receptors with Ki and IC50, CO, T values between 0.5 nM and 5 VtM or display a % inhibition of [3H]-LSD : 20 % at 50 nM and are antagonists, agonists or partial agonists at 5-HT6.

The compounds show good selectivity over human cloned 5-HTla, 5-HTlb, 5-HT2a, 5-HT2b, and 5-HT2c receptors.

TABLE 3 Binding affinity (Ki) at the h 5-HT6 receptor EXAMPLE Ki (nM) 1 140 3 160 5 230 6 356 7 184 8 94 (c) In vivo assay of reduction offood intake For a review on serotonin and food intake, see Blundell, J. E. and Halford, J. C. G. (1998) Serotonin and Appetite Regulation. Implications for the Pharmacological Treatment of Obesity. CNS Drugs 9: 473-495.

Obese (ob/ob) mouse is selected as the primary animal model for screening as this mutant mouse consumes high amounts of food resulting in a high signal to noise ratio. To further substantiate and compare efficacy data, the effect of the compounds on food consumption is also studied in wild type (C57BL/6J) mice. The amount of food consumed during 15 hours of infusion of compounds is recorded.

Male mice (obese C57BL/6JBom-Lep°b and lean wild-type C57BL/6JBom; Bomholtsgaard, Denmark) 8-9 weeks with an average body weight of 50 g (obese) and 25 g (lean) are used in all the studies. The animals are housed singly in cages at 231°C, 40- 60 % humidity and have free access to water and standard laboratory chow. The 12/12-h light/dark cycle is set to lights off at 5 p. m. The animals are conditioned for at least one week before start of study.

The test compounds are dissolved in solvents suitable for each specific compound such as cyclodextrin, cyclodextrin/methane sulphonic acid, polyethylene glycol/methane sulphonic acid, saline. Fresh solutions are made for each study. Doses of 30,50 and 100 mg kg'day 1 are used. The purity of the test compounds is of analytical grade.

The animals are weighed at the start of the study and randomized based on body weight.

Alzet osmotic minipumps (Model 2001D ; infusion rate 8 pl/h) are used and loaded essentially as recommended by the Alzet technical information manual (Alza Scientific Products, 1997; Theeuwes, F. and Yam, S. I. Ann. Biomed. Eng. 4 (4). 343-353,1976).

Continuous subcutaneous infusion with 24 hours duration is used. The minipumps are either filled with different concentrations of test compounds dissolved in vehicle or with only vehicle solution and maintained in vehicle pre-warmed to 37°C (approx. lh). The minipumps are implanted subcutaneously in the neck/back region under short acting anesthesia (metofane/enflurane). This surgical procedure lasts approximately 5 min.

The weight of the food pellets are measured at 5 p. m. and at 8 p. m. for two days before (baseline) and one day after the implantation of the osmotic minipumps. The weigh-in is performed with a computer assisted Mettler Toledo PR 5002 balance. Occasional spillage is corrected for. At the end of the study the animals are killed by neck dislocation and trunk blood sampled for later analysis of plasma drug concentrations.

The plasma sample proteins are precipitated with methanol, centrifuged and the supernatant is transferred to HPLC vials and injected into the liquid chromatography/mass spectrometric system. The mass spectrometer is set for electrospray positive ion mode and

Multiple Reaction Monitoring. A linear regression analysis of the standards forced through the origin is used to calculate the concentrations of the unknown samples.

Food consumption for 15 hours is measured for the three consecutive days and the percentage of basal level values is derived for each animal from the day before and after treatment. The values are expressed as mean SD and SEM from eight animals per dose group. Statistical evaluation is performed by Kruskal-Wallis one-way ANOVA using the percent basal values. If statistical significance is reached at the level of p<0. 05, Mann- Whitney U-test for statistical comparison between control and treatment groups is performed.

The compounds according to the invention show an effect (i. e. , reduction of food intake) in the range of 5-200 mg/kg/d.