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Title:
NEW ACTIVE MARINE ALKALOIDS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2001/019824
Kind Code:
A2
Abstract:
New antitumour alkaloids of general formula (I) where R?1¿ is hydrogen, alkyl or acyl and R?2¿ is hydrogen or acyl, include jorumycin, where R?1¿ is hydrogen and R?2¿ is acetyl, extracted from the mollusc Jorunna funebris.

Inventors:
Cimino, Guido (Instituto per la Chimica di Molecole di Interesse Biologico del CNR Via Toiano, 6 Arco Felice, I-80072, IT)
Fontana, Angelo (Instituto per la Chimica di Molecole di Interesse Biologico del CNR Via Toiano, 6 Arco Felice, I-80072, IT)
Garcia Gravalos, Dolores (Pharma Mar, S.A. Calle de la Calera, 3 Poligono Industrial de Tres Cantos Tres Cantos Madrid, E-28760, ES)
Wahidulla, Solimabi (National Institute of Oceanography Dona Paula, Goa 4, 403 00, IN)
Naik, Chandrakant Govind (National Institute of Oceanography Dona Paula, Goa 4, 403 00, IN)
Application Number:
PCT/GB2000/003489
Publication Date:
March 22, 2001
Filing Date:
September 11, 2000
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
INSTITUTO BIOMAR, S.A. (Polígono Industrial Edificio CEI Mod. 2.02 y 2.03 Onzonilla, E-24231, ES)
Ruffles, Graham Keith (57-60 Lincoln's Inn Fields London WC2A 3LS, GB)
Cimino, Guido (Instituto per la Chimica di Molecole di Interesse Biologico del CNR Via Toiano, 6 Arco Felice, I-80072, IT)
Fontana, Angelo (Instituto per la Chimica di Molecole di Interesse Biologico del CNR Via Toiano, 6 Arco Felice, I-80072, IT)
Garcia Gravalos, Dolores (Pharma Mar, S.A. Calle de la Calera, 3 Poligono Industrial de Tres Cantos Tres Cantos Madrid, E-28760, ES)
Wahidulla, Solimabi (National Institute of Oceanography Dona Paula, Goa 4, 403 00, IN)
Naik, Chandrakant Govind (National Institute of Oceanography Dona Paula, Goa 4, 403 00, IN)
International Classes:
A61K31/4995; A61K35/56; A61P1/00; A61P11/00; A61P17/00; A61P35/00; A61P35/02; C07D471/18; (IPC1-7): C07D471/18; A61K31/4995; A61P35/00
Foreign References:
US5023184A1991-06-11
Other References:
HE, HAI YIN ET AL: "Renieramycins E and F from the sponge Reniera sp.: reassignment of the stereochemistry of the renieramycins" J. ORG. CHEM. (1989), 54(24), 5822-4 , XP002162279
FONTANA, A. ET AL: "A new antitumor isoquinoline alkaloid from the marine nudibranch Jorunna funebris" TETRAHEDRON (2000), 56(37), 7305-7308 , XP002162280
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Ruffles, Graham Keith (Marks & Clerk 57-60 Lincoln's Inn Fields London WC2A 3LS, GB)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS:
1. A compound the following formula (I): wherein Rl is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, lower alkyl group and lower acyl group and R2 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and lower acyl.
2. A compound according to claim 1, which is jorumycin, where Rl is H and R2 is Ac:.
3. A method of treating a mammal affected by a malignant tumour sensitive to a compound of the formula (I) of claim 1, which comprises administering a therapeutically effective amount of the compound of the formula (I), or a pharmaceutical composition thereof.
4. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of the formula (I) of claim 1, together with a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.
5. A method for preparing the compound of claim 2, which comprises extraction and isolation from the mollusc Jorunna funebris.
6. The use of a compound of formula (I) of claim 1 in the preparation of a medicament for the treatment of tumours.
Description:
NEW ACTIVE MARINE ALKALOIDS The present invention relates to new active alkaloids and in particular to an alkaloid isolated from the mollusc Jorunna funebris.

Marine organisms, especially soft corals, sponges and tunicates, provide many secondary metabolites and exhibit a varying degree of biological activity (Faulkner, D. J.

Nat. Prod. Reports., and references cited therein).

Summary of the Invention The present invention provides alkaloids having the following formula (I): wherein R'is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, lower alkyl group and lower acyl group and R2 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and lower acyl. In the definitions of the groups in formula (I), the lower alkyl group and the lower alkyl moiety of the lower acyl are typically a straight-chain or branched alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms such as methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, butyl, isobutyl, sec- butyl, tert-butyl, pentyl, neopentyl and hexyl.

Jorumycin exhibits antitumour activity. In particular, Jorumycin exhibits antitumour activity against cell lines derived from human solid tumours, such as human lung carcinoma, human colon carcinoma and human melanoma, and the like. It is active against other tumour cell lines, like leukaemia and lymphoma.

The present invention also provides a method of treating a mammal affected by a malignant tumour sensitive to a compound of the formula (I), which comprises administering a therapeutically effective amount of the compound of the formula (I), or a pharmaceutical composition thereof.

The present invention further provides pharmaceutical compositions which contain as active ingredient a compound of the formula (I), as well as a process for its preparation.

The present invention also provides use of the compound of formula (I) in the preparation of a medicament for the treatment of prophylaxis of tumours.

More particularly, the present invention relates to Jorumycin (R1=H and R2=Ac in formula (I)), extracted and isolated from the mollusc Jorunna funebris. Jorumycin is of the formula: Jorumycin free from other compounds occurring in the mollusc is provided, as well as substantially pure jorumycin. A further aspect of the invention is a method for preparing the compound Jorumycin (Rl=H and R2=Ac in the formula (I)), which comprises extraction and isolation from the mollusc Jorunnafunebris.

Preferred Embodiments of the Invention Examples of pharmaceutical compositions include any solid (tablets, pills, capsules, granules, etc.) or liquid (solutions, suspensions or emulsions) with suitable formulation of oral, topical, parenteral or other administration, and they may contain the pure compound or in combination with any carrier or other pharmacologically active compounds. These compositions may need to be sterile when administered parenterally.

The correct dosage of a pharmaceutical composition comprising compounds of the formula (I), will vary according to the pharmaceutical formulation, the mode of application, and the particular situs, host and tumour being treated. Other factors like age, body weight, sex, diet, time of administration, rate of excretion, condition of the host, drug combinations, reaction sensitivity and severity of the disease shall be taken into account. Administration can be carried out continuously or periodically within the maximum tolerated dose.

Antitumour Activity Cells were maintained in logarithmic phase of growth in Eagle's Minimum Essential Medium, with Earle's Balanced Salts, with 2.0 mM L-glutamine, with non-essential amino acids, without sodium bicarbonate (EMEM/neaa); supplemented with 10% Fetal Calf Serum (FCS), 10'2 M sodium bicarbonate and 0.1 g/1 penicillin-G + streptomycin sulfate.

A screening procedure has been carried out to determine and compare the antitumour activity of these compounds, using an adapted form of the method described by Bergeron et al (Raymond J Bergeron, Paul F Cavanaugh, Jr, Steven J Kline, Robert G Hughes, Jr, Gary T Elliot and Carl W Porter. Antineoplastic and antiherpetic activity of spermidine catecholamide iron chelators. Biochem. Bioph. Res. Comm. 1984,121,848- 854). The antitumour cells employed were P-388 (suspension culture of a lymphoid neoplasm from DBA/2 mouse), A-549 (monolayer culture of a human lung carcinoma), HT-29 (monolayer culture of a human colon carcinoma) and MEL-28 (monolayer culture of a human melanoma).

P-388 cells were seeded into 16 mm wells at 1 x 104 cells per well in 1 ml aliquots of MEM 5FCS containing the indicated concentration of drug. A separate set of cultures without drug was seeded as control growth to ensure that cells remained in exponential phase of growth. All determinations were carried out in duplicate. After three days of incubation at 37°C, 10% C02 in a 98% humid atmosphere, an approximately IC50 was determined by comparing the growth in wells with drug to the growth in wells control.

A-549, HT-29 and MEL-28 cells were seeded into 16 mm wells at 2 x 104 cells per well in 1 ml aliquots of MEM 1 OFCS containing the indicated concentration of drug. A separate set of cultures without drug was seeded as control growth to ensure that cells remained in exponential phase of growth. All determinations were carried out in duplicate. After three days of incubation at 37°C, 10% C02 in a 98% humid atmosphere, the wells were stained with 0.1% Crystal Violet. An approximately IC50 was determined by comparing the growth in wells with drug to the growth in wells control.

The results are given in the following table: IC50 (pM) P-388A-549HT-29MEL-28 Jorumycin 0.020.020.020.02 1 Antitumour Activity Jorumycin showed also activity against Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus and others).

Extraction and Isolation Jorumycin was isolated from the mollusc Jorunna funebris (Mollusca: Nudibranchia: Doridina: Kentrodorididae) collected offMandapam (India) in April 1998. The product is present in the extract of both the mucus and mantle of the nudibranch. In a typical procedure, the frozen biological sample (mucus or animal body) was extracted with acetone. After removing the organic solvent at reduced pressure the residue was partitioned between water (15 ml) and ethyl acetate. The water phase was extracted for three times with ethyl acetate (total 34 ml). The oily residue obtained by removing of the organic solvent at reduced pressure was fractioned by Sephadex LH-20 chromatography following the elution of the extract components by Si02-TLC (CHC13/MeOH 95: 5, Rf = 0.4). The final purification of Jorumycin was obtained by sequential Si02 chromatographies (CHCl3/MeOH) and HPLC (Sherisorb S5W analytical column, isocratic elution with: n-hexane/CHCl3/TEA 90: 10: 10, detector: Waters R401 differential refractometer). The product is soluble in CHC) 3, CH2C12, MeOH. It is highly unstable in acid and basic media.

Jorumycin: (C27H30N2Og) ; [a] D=-57° (c 0.05 CHC13); IR (liquid film) 3310,1731,1700 cni; UV (MeOH) 268 nm (s=15000); 'H-NMR (CDC13) 8 1.25 (m, 1H), 1.75 (s, 3H), 1.93 (s, 3H), 1.96 (s, 3H), 2.24 (d, 1H, J=20.1 Hz), 2.26 (s, 3H), 2.65 (dd, 1H, J=20.1 and 7.3 Hz), 2.84 (dd, 1H, J=16.7 and 2.1 Hz) 3.16 (bdt, 1H, J=12.0,2.7 and 2. 7 Hz). 3.18 (bs, lH), 3.82 (dd, 1H, J=11. 2 and 3.5 Hz), 3.90 (bs, 1H), 3.98 (s, 3H), 4.00 (bs, 3H), 4.36 (bm, 1H), 4.40 (bs, 1H), 4.42 (dd, lH, J=11. 2and3. 7Hz); l3C-NMR (CDCl3) 6 185.8 (s), 181.3 (s), 170.0 (s), 155.7 (s), 155.0 (s), 141.9 (s), 141.7 (s), 137.2 (s), 128.8 (s), 128.4 (s), 113.8 (s), 109.4 (s), 83.0 (d), 65.2 (t), 61.0 (d), 57.7 (d), 56.1 (d), 54.4 (d), 52.6 (d), 41.3 (q), 25.5 (t), 20.7 (q), 20.6 (t), 8.8 (q), 8.7 (q); ESMS (m/z) 526 (20, M+), 508 (100, M-H20), 494 (10, M-32); HRESMS (niez) 508.189 (A + 5 mmu).

Other compounds of formula (I) may readily be prepared by chemical synthesis or hemisynthesis.