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Title:
A NEW MECHANISM STRUCTURE FOR FIREARMS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/190418
Kind Code:
A2
Abstract:
The present invention relates to a new rifle mechanism that can be used in both rifles and shotguns, has a higher firing power because of components which it comprises and allows rifle structure to be used more efficiently.

Inventors:
AKYOL, Nejat (Inkilap Mah. Alemdag Cad. Site Yolu Sok. No:3, Umraniye/Istanbul, 34768, TR)
Application Number:
TR2018/050368
Publication Date:
October 03, 2019
Filing Date:
July 13, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
ARMSAN SILAH SANAYI VE TICARET ANONIM SIRKETI (Dudullu Organize Sanayi Bolgesi 1 Cad. No:32, Istanbul, TR)
International Classes:
F41C7/00
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
SEVINC, Cenk (Ataturk Bulvari 211/11, Kavaklidere, Ankara, TR)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. The invention is a new mechanism for fireguns, characterized by comprising; a mechanism head (14) positioned exactly at the back of barrel (61) structure and enabling the mechanism structure to fire, which comprises a firing pin housing (30) on the back surface of facing to opposite side according to the end of barrel (61) and in a space form in which firing pin (5) can be positioned, a tether pin housing (35) positioned oppositely on firing pin housing (30) on both side surfaces and in a space form in which tether pin for firing pin (11) can be positioned, two extractor housing (33) positioned oppositely on side surfaces of end portions facing towards barrel (61) and in a space form in which extractor (9) can be positioned, a lock protrusion (23) comprising a protruding structure resembling to a triangle form on the upper surface of end portion facing towards barrel (61) and fitting exactly in lock housing (51) on the lower surface of mechanism rail (50); a firing pin (5) comprising tether bearing (18) which is positioned in firing pin housing (30) on the back surface of mechanism head (14) such that pin spring (13) is on the end portion facing forwards, of which thin end facing forwards may stick slightly out of firing pin cavity (27) on the front surface of mechanism head (14), and which is in a half-space form enabling the cartridge ready to be shot in mechanism to fire and in which tether pin for firing pin (11) can be positioned; an extractor (9) which can be positioned in any one of extractor housing (33) positioned oppositely on side surfaces of the end of mechanism head (14) facing forwards,

20

SUBSTITUTE SHEETS (RULE 26) which comprises a cartridge holding protrusion (45) in a some protruding form for the purpose of holding the cartridge base on the end portion facing towards barrel (61), which comprises a cartridge base space (47) in a some space form positioned so as to grip properly base of cartridge structure immediately behind cartridge holding protrusion (45), and of which main objective is to eject the empty cartridge case out of barrel; a barrel crown (53) enabling barrel (61) structure positioned on the space thereunder and push tube (57) -recoil spring tube (4) structures positioned on the space thereon that moves based on the gas to move synchronously, and positioned immediately in front of magazine disc (52) such that it exists at immediate back of barrel (61) structure; a push tube (57) which is positioned on the upper portion of barrel (61) structure such that its back end is in barrel crown (53), which comprises a cocking handle protrusion (25) in a protruding form that stops cocking handle segment (55) at the end portion facing to barrel (61) end, which comprises a cocking handle housing (26) in a uniform space form in which cocking handle (58) can be positioned on side surfaces of cocking handle protrusion (25), and which enables mechanism head (14) to slide backwards by transmitting the movement obtained from gas piston (42) in gas chamber (41) to recoil spring tube (4); a tube lid (60) of which one end can enter in front end of push tube (57) structure, which is mounted to push tube (57) by means of push tube pin (59) positioned in pin cavities (29) on the end entering in push tube (57), and which transmits the movement obtained from gas piston (42) in gas chamber (41) to push tube (57);

21

SUBSTITUTE SHEETS (RULE 26) a gas chamber (41) which is positioned on barrel (61) structure such that it is exactly in front of tube lid (60), in which powder gas resulted from firing is filled, which comprises a gas piston (42) that enables to initiate the movements that mechanism carries out as a result of movements by the effect of gas filled therein, which comprises a gas hole (40) through which it sucks powder gas at any point in the section of interior surface taking place on barrel (61), and which comprises discharge holes (44) such that there will be at least one on the exterior surface for the purpose of discharging excessive powder gas and powder residues/particles therein.

2. Mechanism structure according to Claim 1, characterized by comprising; a recoil spring tube (4) which is positioned exactly on the mechanism head (14) such that it is between upper edges of mechanism right cover (8) and mechanism left cover (6), which comprises wide tube protrusions (38) positioned symmetrically on the two side surfaces, which comprises four small tube protrusion (37) in total positioned on both edges of wide tube protrusions (38) two side surfaces, which comprises a rod housing (39) in which guide rod (1) and recoil spring (2) can be positioned at the back end; a mechanism left cover (6) which is positioned on a side of mechanism head (14) such that it is opposite to mechanism right cover (8), which is mounted to mechanism right cover (8) by means of cover mounting pin (16) positioned in a cover pin housing (19) in the lower section, which comprises two movement holes (17) in a space form such that it constitutes a 35 degree angle according to ground plain in the lower section, which comprises a wide tube housing (21) in a half space form that can be located on wide tube protrusions (38) on the upper edge, which comprises two

22

SUBSTITUTE SHEETS (RULE 26) small tube housings (20) in a space form positioned on both sides of wide tube housing (21) on the upper edge section, and which helps mechanism head (14) with carrying out movements; a mechanism right cover (8) which is positioned on a side of mechanism head (14) such that it is oppositely with mechanism left cover (6), which is mounted to mechanism left cover (6) by means of cover mounting pin (16) positioned in a cover pin housing (19) in the lower section, which comprises two movement holes (17) in a space form such that it constitutes a 35 degree angle according to ground plain in the lower section, which comprises a wide tube housing (21) in a half space form that can be located on wide tube protrusions (38) on the upper edge, which comprises two small tube housings (20) in a space form positioned on both sides of wide tube housing (21) on the upper edge section, and which helps mechanism head (14) with carrying out movements; a guide rod (1) which is positioned in rod housing (39) along with recoil spring (2) positioned thereon, which comprises a spring stopper (46) in a protruding form in the section close to the back end so as to prevent recoil spring (2) from falling, and which enables to take the location in normal position back by pushing the mechanism that slides backwards from firearm's back side towards front side so as to cock the firearm; a pin segment (7) which is positioned in segment housing (24) at the lower position of mechanism head (14), of which two ends are in a spring form, of which said ends exist exactly under cover mounting pins (16), and which prevents cover mounting pins (16) to move in a perpendicular direction according to ground plain.

3. Mechanism structure according to Claim 1, characterized by comprising;

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SUBSTITUTE SHEETS (RULE 26) a push rail (56) which is positioned exactly on push tube (57) on which push spring (54) is positioned, which is comprised of two thin uniform tube structures that are parallel to each other, which is positioned such that it goes through push rail spaces (36) on the upper section of tube lid (60), of which each two ends enters separately in two push rail housings (28) on barrel crown (53), and which appoints the movement axis of push tube (57) by enabling push tube (57) to move in a parallel direction to barrel (61) axis; a mechanism rail (50) which is positioned exactly on mechanism head (14) and exactly under recoil spring tube (4), which comprises a lock housing (51) in a space form corresponding to lock protrusion (23) on mechanism head (14) on its lower surface, and which locks mechanism head (14) for the purpose of pushing the bullet fired from cartridge by the effect of explosion pressure in the course of firing; a magazine disc (52) which is in a structure in which its upper portion can be mounted with mechanism rail (50) to each other, which is positioned in the back end of barrel (61) structure, and which enables both barrel (61) and mechanism rail (50) to be fastened according to each other by means of mounting it to them.

4 . Mechanism head (14) according to Claim 1, characterized by comprising; a segment housing (24) in which pin segment (7) is positioned and which is in a space form expanding inwards on the lower surface of mechanism head (14), two head pin housing (34) which are positioned on its side surfaces such that it is close to low edge of the body of mechanism head (14) and which are in a space form in which mechanism mounting pins (15) are positioned, an extractor spring cavity (32) which constitutes the back end of extractor housing (33) being at the back end of extractor housing

24

SUBSTITUTE SHEETS (RULE 26) (33) and which is a space form in which extractor spring (10) that moves extractor (9) structure is positioned, two extractor cavities (22) which is positioned symmetrically on both sides of lock protrusion (23) on the upper surface of mechanism head (14) and what are in a cylindrical space form that enables extractor (9) structure to be positioned in extractor housing (33) in mechanism head (14) by means of extractor pin (12) positioned therein.

5. Tube lid (60) according to Claim 1, characterized by comprising; two push rail spaces (36) which are positioned symmetrically on both sides of the upper section of tube lid (60) according to each other and which are in a space form in which push rail (56) structure is positioned from both sides, a pin cavity (29) which is positioned on two opposed edges on the end of tube lid (60) entering in push tube (57), which is in a space form in which push tube pin (59) enabling tube lid (60) to be mounted to push tube (57) can enter and which is in a uniform space form that helps tube lid (60) and push tube (57) to be mounted to each other by means of taking place exactly on push tube holes (31) on the end of push tube (57) being mounted to tube lid (60) .

6. Gas chamber (41) according to Claim 1, characterized by comprising; a gas piston (42) which is positioned in gas chamber (41) such that its back end is exactly in front of tube lid (60) and which is one of the structures that initiate movements which mechanism carries out by the effect of gas pressure resulted from firing, a gas chamber lid (43) which is positioned on the end portion of gas chamber (41) facing towards barrel (61) end, which is fastened by means of lid pin (62) and which keeps gas chamber (41) closed.

25

SUBSTITUTE SHEETS (RULE 26)

7 . Extractor (9) according to Claim 1, characterized by comprising; an extractor pin housing (49) which is in a space form in which extractor pin (12) can enter, which exists in the middle of extractor (9) structure and which helps extractor

(9) structure to be fastened in extractor housing (33) by means of entrance therein of extractor pin (12) pushed inwards through extractor cavity (22) on mechanism head (14), a spring protrusion (48) which constitutes the end facing backwards of extractor (9) structure, which is in a backward protruding form and which allow extractor (9) structure fastened in extractor housing (33) to move around extractor pin (12) by means of extractor pin (12) thanks to extractor spring (10) positioned on its interior surface.

26

SUBSTITUTE SHEETS (RULE 26)

Description:
A NEW MECHANISM STRUCTURE FOR FIREARMS

Technical field of the invention

The present invention relates to a new firearm mechanism that is designed for both shotgun and rifle structures, enables to shoot rapidly and has a high shooting power thanks to the structure that it has .

State of Art :

Firearm structures are typically grouped as rifles and shotguns in the state of art. Rifles has a structure in which interior surface of the barrel is comprised of rotative lines that are symmetrical to each other. Rifles has a higher firepower, therefore increasing hit ratio due to the fact that interior surface of the rifle barrels are in a rotative form. Yet, interior surface of the barrel is smooth in shotguns. This negatively affects hit ratio, firepower and shooting range.

There is a lot of firearm structures known from the state of art. These firearm structures may comprise firing mechanisms comprised of different components and arrangements. Said mechanism structures carry out respectively various processes. Taking new cartridge, which is to be fired in the firearm structures enabling to shoot successively without interfering, from magazine structure and positioning it into the barrel is one of the processes that said mechanisms carry out. Firing a cartridge by means of a pin in its structure hitting onto percussion cap can be given as another example for the processes that mechanisms carry out Lock system, which enables powder gas

1

SUBSTITUTE SHEETS (RULE 26) resulting from the cartridge fired to push bullet or shots, constitutes an example for component groups in firearm mechanisms. The mechanism structures may be in different shapes such as rotative head, ball etc.

The patent application WO 2009056176 in the state of art discloses a new firearm structure enabling to shoot successively and details of the mechanism.

The patent application US2016305730 and W02009056176 in the state of art discloses another gun structure. Said gun structure is a mechanism developed for firearm structures.

Objective of the invention :

Objective of the invention is to provide a new firearm mechanism that can be used in both rifle and shotgun structures.

Another objective of the invention is to provide a new firearm mechanism comprising a lock system that works with a less gas leak .

Another objective of the invention is to provide a new firearm mechanism that has a higher firepower.

Another objective of the invention is yet to provide a new firearm mechanism with a lower recoil level thanks to the lock system, which it has, works perpendicular axis.

2

SUBSTITUTE SHEETS (RULE 26) Description of the Figures :

Figure 1. Unmounted mechanism group - Perspective view

Figure 2. Mounted mechanism group - Front perspective view Figure 3. Mounted mechanism group - Back perspective view Figure 4. Guide rod- Perspective view

Figure 5. Recoil spring tube- Front-Top perspective view

Figure 6. Recoil spring tube- Back-Top perspective view

Figure 7. Firing pin - Perspective view

Figure 8. Mechanism left cover and mechanism right cover that are positioned opposing - Perspective view

Figure 9. Extractor - Perspective view

Figure 10. Extractor - Top view

Figure 11. Mechanism head - Front-Top perspective view Figure 12. Mechanism head - Side view

Figure 13. Mechanism head - Back-Bottom perspective view

Figure 14. Mechanism head in which firing pin, pin segment and extractor are positioned - Back-Bottom perspective view

Figure 15. View of positions of firing pin, pin segment and extractor subsequent to montage without mechanism head.

Figure 16. Unmounted barrel group - Perspective view

Figure 17. Mounted barrel group - Front perspective view

Figure 18. Mounted barrel group - Back perspective view

Figure 19. Mechanism rail - Bottom perspective view

Figure 20. Barrel crown - Perspective view

Figure 21. Push tube - Perspective view

Figure 22. Tube lid - Front perspective view

Figure 23. Tube lid - Back perspective view

Figure 24. Gas chamber - Front perspective view

3

SUBSTITUTE SHEETS (RULE 26) Figure 25. Gas chamber Back perspective view

Figure 26. Mechanism group mounted to each other and barrel group - Front perspective view

Figure 27. Mechanism group mounted to each other and barrel group - Back perspective view

Figure 28. Close view of mechanism head portion in the mechanism group mounted to each other and barrel group

The parts shown in the figures are enumerated individually and names of the parts corresponding to these numbers are given below;

1. Guide Rod

2. Recoil Spring

3. Spring Plate

4. Recoil Spring Tube

5. Firing Pin

6. Mechanism Left Cover

7. Pin Segment

8. Mechanism Right Cover

9. Extractor

10. Extractor Spring

11. Tether Pin for Firing Pin

12. Extractor Pin

13. Firing Pin Spring

14. Mechanism Head

15. Mechanism Mounting Pin

16. Cover Mounting Pin

17. Movement Hole

18. Tether Bearing

19. Cover Pin Housing

20. Small Tube Housings

21. Wide Tube Housings

22. Extractor cavities

23. Lock Protrusion

4

SUBSTITUTE SHEETS (RULE 26) 24. Segment Housing

25. Cocking Handle Protrusion

26. Cocking Handle Housing

27. Firing Pin Cavity

28. Push Rail Housing

29. Pin Cavity

30. Firing Pin Housing

31. Push Tube Holes

32. Extractor Spring Cavity

33. Extractor Housing

34. Head Pin Housing

35. Tether Pin Housing

36. Push Rail Spaces

37. Small Tube Protrusions

38. Wide Tube Protrusions

39. Rod Housing

40. Gas Hole

41. Gas Chamber

42. Gas Piston

43. Gas Chamber Lid

44. Discharge Holes

45. Cartridge Holding Protrusion

46. Spring Stopper

47. Cartridge Base Space

48. Spring Protrusion

49. Extractor Pin Housing

50. Mechanism Rail

51. Lock Housing

52. Magazine Disc

53. Barrel Crown

54. Push Spring

55. Cocking Handle Segment

56. Push Rail

57. Push Tube

58. Cocking Handle

59. Push Tube Pin

5

SUBSTITUTE SHEETS (RULE 26) 60. Tube Lid

61. Barrel

62. Lid Pin

Description of the Invention:

The invention relates to a new mechanism structure designed for both rifles and shotguns, comprising a lock system that works in a perpendicular position, with a lower recoil level and having an increased firing power by means of a small amount of gas leak.

Mechanism structure, the subject matter of the invention, comprises a mechanism blog carrying out the firing process. Exploded view of said mechanism group can be seen in Figure 1. Further, said mechanism structure comprises a particular barrel group so as to properly carry out the firing process. Exploded view of said barrel group can be seen Figure 16. Trigger mechanism, cock structure, magazine structure, etc. other members that needs to exist in firearm structures, in which mechanism structure subject to the invention exists, may be standard structures.

Mechanism group existing in the central position of mechanism structure subject to the invention is positioned such that it exactly coincides with the back portion of the barrel (61) structure. Mechanism group, as also can be seen in Figure 3, is comprised of a mechanism head (14) in the center, and mechanism right cover (8) and mechanism left cover (6) that are positioned at the two opposing sides of the mechanism head (14) and are in a symmetrical form according to each other. Mechanism right cover (8) and mechanism left cover (6) helps mechanism head (14) with the movements to be carried out. Mechanism right cover (8) and mechanism left cover (6) are positioned such that they are

6

SUBSTITUTE SHEETS (RULE 26) opposing to sides of mechanism head (14) . Positioned covers are mounted to each other by means of each cover pin housing (19) that exists at lower portions and faces each other. One cover mounting pin (16) mounts said cover structures to each other by means of inserting each end into a cover pin housing (19) . As can be seen in Figure 12, there is an oval space formed at lower surface of mechanism head (14) so that mechanism head (14) does not prevent cover mounting pin (16) from getting mounted. Cover mounting pin (16) can be connected to both cover structures without making a contact with the mechanism head (14) by means of said space.

Connection of the mechanism head (14) with the mechanism right cover (8) and mechanism left cover (6) is realized by means of two mechanism mounting pins (15) . Said mechanism mounting pins (15), as can be seen in Figure 12, are positioned into two head pin housings (34) located on the side surfaces such that they are close to lower edge of the body of mechanism head (14) . End portions of mechanism mounting pins (15) positioned in head pin housings (34) remain outside of the mechanism head (14) . Ends of mechanism mounting pins (15) remaining outside enter into movement holes (17) that are symmetrical on the mechanism right cover (8) and mechanism left cover (6) and exist in twos on each cover .

Said movement holes (17), as also can be seen in Figure 8, are in a longitudinal space form. This enables ends of mechanism mounting pins (15) to move in and out in the movement holes (17) . However, the direction in which the movement holes (17) expand is not parallel to horizontal or perpendicular plane. Said direction comprises a slope such that it constitutes approximately 35 degree angle according to ground plane.

7

SUBSTITUTE SHEETS (RULE 26) Movements, which mechanism head (14) carries out depending on firing through the fact that end portions of mechanism mounting pins (15) stay in movement holes (17), is a such extent that movement holes (17) allow mechanism mounting pins (15) . Shape of space that the movement holes (17) comprises restricts movements of mechanism head (14) . Movement of the mechanism head (14) takes place in accordance with the movement which mechanism mounting pins (15) carries out along axis of the movement holes (17) .

As can be seen in Figure 13, there is a space structure expanding inwardly on the lower surface of mechanism head (14) . Said space structure is the segment housing (24) . Segment housing (24) exists in the very center of oval space structure formed on the lower surface of mechanism head (14) so as to block the cover mounting pin (16) . Pin segment (7), as can be seen in Figure 14, is positioned into the segment housing (24) . Pin segment (7) has a structure of which two ends are in a spring form and of which said ends exactly coincide with bottom of the cover mounting pins (16) . Main objective of the pin segment (7) is to prevent cover mounting pins (16) from moving in perpendicular direction in accordance with the ground plane .

Firing pin (5) structure, to which cock structure strikes to start the firing, are positioned in the firing pin housing (30) on the back surface of mechanism head (14), in case the firearm structure in which the mechanism structure subject to the invention is triggered so as to be fired. Said firing pin (5) enters through firing pin housing (30) on the back surface of mechanism head (14), however end portion of firing pin (5) may stick out of firing pin cavity (27) on the front surface of the mechanism head (14) . End portion of firing pin (5) that may stick

8

SUBSTITUTE SHEETS (RULE 26) out of firing pin cavity (27) is thinner than its remaining section .

A firing pin spring (13) is located in the section in which the thinner end of firing pin (5) structure positioned in the mechanism head (14) exists. Firstly, the firing pin spring (13), then the firing pin (5) enters in firing pin housing (30) . Objective of said firing pin spring (13) is to enable the firing pin (5) moving forward so as to carry out the firing process to take back its old position. There is a tether pin housing (35) at the point close to upper edge of the side surface of mechanism head (14) . After the firing pin (5) is positioned in the firing pin housing (30), a tether pin for firing pin located in the tether pin housing (35) and firing pin (5) structure are fixed into the mechanism body (14) . There is some space in the section which tether pin for firing pin (11) coincides with on the upper of portion of firing pin (5) . Tether pin for firing pin (11) is placed on said tether bearing (18) on the firing pin (5) . Thus, Firing pin (5) structure forced to move with the effect of firing pin spring (13) while in a normal position may stay in firing pin housing (30) because tether pin for firing pin (11) exists in tether bearing (18) . Said tether bearing (18) on the upper surface of firing pin (5) expands slightly towards rear end of firing pin (5) structure. Therefore, there is some space at the back portion of tether pin for firing pin (11) . In the course of firing, when firing pin (5) moves forward, tether pin for firing pin (11) moves along the tether bearing (18) and does not prevent firing pin (5) from moving.

While placing oppositely mechanism right cover (8) and mechanism left cover (6) at sides of mechanism head (6), a recoil spring tube (4) is placed exactly on the mechanism head (6) such that

9

SUBSTITUTE SHEETS (RULE 26) it coincides with between upper edges of mechanism right cover (8) and mechanism left cover (6) . As can be seen in Figure 3, said recoil spring tube (4) is fastened between mechanism right cover (8) and mechanism left cover (6) . The covers are seated on the symmetrical protrusion structures being on side surfaces of recoil spring tube (4) so as to ensure fastening process. There are wide tube housings (21) exactly at the middle of upper edge sections of cover structures. Wide tube housings (21) are seated exactly on the wide tube protrusions (38) that are symmetrically positioned on the two side surfaces of recoil spring tube (4) . Further, there are in total four small tube protrusions (37) on the side surfaces of recoil spring tube (4) such that they are on two sides of wide tube protrusions (38) . While wide tube protrusions (38) are seated in wide tube housings (21), small tube protrusions (37) are seated in small tube housings (20) in twos on the cover structures. Small tube housings (20) are positioned such that they are at both edges of wide tube housings (21) on the upper section of cover structures. Therefore, while seating wide tube protrusions (38) in wide tube housings (21), small tube protrusions (37) are synchronously seated properly in the small tube housings (20) . Thus, mechanism right cover (8) and mechanism left cover (6) are mounted very firmly to recoil spring tube ( 4 ) .

There is a rod housing (39) in the form of cylindrical space expanding inward at the end portion facing to opposed side of barrel (61) of the recoil spring tube (4) . There is another space structure with smaller diameter at the end facing to barrel (61) of the recoil spring tube (4) . Guide rod (1) that can be seen in Figure 4 is positioned in rod housing (39) . Before positioning guide rod (1) in the rod housing (39), recoil spring (2) is seated on the end portion to be inserted in the guide rod (39) . A spring plate (3) is attached to the same end of guide rod (1)

10

SUBSTITUTE SHEETS (RULE 26) after positioned on the guide rod (1) in order for recoil spring (2) to stay on the guide rod (1) . Thus, recoil spring (2) can stay on the guide rod (1) . Spring plate (3) can move on the guide rod (1) . Further, Spring stopper (46) in the form of a protrusion that is positioned at the point close to the end with no spring plate (3) exists in the middle section of guide rod (1) . Spring stopper (46) is a structure that prevents recoil spring (2) from moving backward on the guide rod (1) and helps recoil spring (2) with staying on the guide rod (1) .

Guide rod (1), together with the recoil spring (2) thereon, is positioned in rod housing (39) at the back section of recoil spring tube (4) such that it is the end with spring plate (3) . Diameter of the space at frond side of recoil spring tube (4) is smaller than diameter of spring plate (3) . Therefore, the spring plate (3) positioned in recoil spring tube (4) at the end of guide rode (1) cannot stick out of the end at the front side of recoil spring tube (4) . Main objective of the guide rod (1) is to guide the recoil spring (2) ejecting empty cartridge in the chamber and loading a new cartridge in the barrel (61) in the course of firing, and enabling to take back its location in the normal position by pushing the mechanism sliding backward so as to cock firearm from back side of the firearm towards front side in which the barrel (61) takes place.

There is respectively one extractor housing (33), which is positioned symmetrically according to each other in both sides, at the front side in wide end portion of mechanism head (14) . Extractor housings (33) are inward space structures on the side surfaces of mechanism head (14) . Extractor (9) structure that can be seen in Figure 9 is positioned in one of the extractor housings (33) . The extractor housing (33), in which the extractor

11

SUBSTITUTE SHEETS (RULE 26) is to be positioned, is determined according to the direction which firearm structure ejects the empty case. Therefore, its position can be varied preferably.

Extractor (9) structure, as can be seen in Figure 10, comprises an extractor pin housing (49) in the form of space at its middle section. Process of positioning the extractor (9) in extractor housing (33) is carried out by means of extractor pin housing (49) . Extractor (9) structure, which is positioned in extractor housing (33) such that extractor pin housing (49) stays inside, are fastened by means of extractor pin (12) positioned in extractor cavities (22) on the upper side of mechanism head (14) . Extractor cavities (22) are structures in the form of two cylindrical spaces that are positioned symmetrically according to each other on the upper side of mechanism head (14) . Said extractor pin (12) goes through extractor pin housing (49) by keep proceeding after entering in extractor cavity (22) . Therefore, extractor (9) structure can be positioned in extractor housing (49) by means of extractor pin (12) .

There is a spring protrusion (48) facilitating the extractor (9) to move at the back end, which is in a opposite direction of barrel, of extractor (9) structure positioned in extractor housing (33) by means of extractor pin (12) . Spring protrusion (48) coincides exactly with the extractor spring cavity (32) when extractor (9) structure is positioned in extractor housing (33) . Extractor spring cavity (32) is on the back end of extractor housing (33) . Extractor spring (10) is positioned in extractor spring cavity (32) . Thus, extractor spring (10) remains between extractor spring cavity (32) and spring protrusion (48) . Extractor (9) structure may conduct circular movements depending on jamming and expanding movements of

12

SUBSTITUTE SHEETS (RULE 26) extractor spring (10) such that it takes the extractor pin (12) as the center.

Extractor (9) structure is at the end on front side of mechanism head (14) . Since the location in which mechanism head (14) exists is the very back portion of barrel (61) structure, the extractor (9) structure stays exactly behind the barrel (61) structure. Even end portion of extractor (9) structure facing towards the barrel (61) makes a contact with the cartridge structure positioned in the barrel (61) so as to be fired. There is a cartridge holding protrusion (45) in the inward protruding form, which can be seen in Figure 10, at the end portion of the extractor (9) facing to barrel. Cartridge holding protrusion (45) is a structure that is designed so as to grip the base edge which exists in the base of cartridge in barrel and protrudes outward. There is a cartridge base space (47) in the immediate interior portion of cartridge holding protrusion (45) . Thus, when cartridge holding protrusion (45) grips the protrusion at the cartridge base, said protrusion at the cartridge base is seated exactly on the cartridge base space (47) . Thus, cartridge holding protrusion (45) can grip ideally the cartridge base.

Main objective of the extractor (9) is to move the empty cartridge case that remains in the barrel backward by means of mechanism after firing processes is conducted. It is possible to move the empty cartridge case by means of cartridge holding protrusion (45) and cartridge base space (47) . Extractor (9) enables the empty case to strike to ejector by moving the empty cartridge case backward and to eject it out of firearm structure.

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SUBSTITUTE SHEETS (RULE 26) There is a lock protrusion (23) in the protruding form that looks like a triangle when looked from top, as can be seen in Figure 11, on the upper surface of wide section in front side of mechanism head (14) . Said lock protrusion (23) is one of the most important members contacting the mechanism group and barrel group to each other. Mechanism rail (50) that is the backmost component of barrel group, as can be seen in Figure 27, is positioned between said two structures such that it coincides immediately with upper side of the mechanism head (14) and immediately with underneath of recoil spring tube (4) . On the lower surface of mechanism rail (50), there is a lock housing (51) in a space form in the section coinciding with lock protrusion (23) on the mechanism head (14) . Space form that lock housing (51) comprises is in a form and structure that exactly fits in lock protrusion (23) . Main objective of the mechanism rail (50) is to lock mechanism head (14) for the purpose of pushing the bullet shot from cartridge by the effect of firing pressure in the course of firing.

Mechanism head (14) enables to shoot the bullet through barrel (61) by pushing it by means of gas pressure arisen from the explosion of the cartridge in the barrel by fastening to barrel (61) . Mechanism head (14) moves downward and forward traversely during its movement towards the barrel (61) thanks to its design, wherein it is locked to barrel (61) by moving upward and backward in the axis of movement holes (17) after its movement towards barrel (61) is finished. Mechanism head (14) prevents powder gas pushing bullet or shots from leaking by delaying first movement of mechanism pushed back after cartridge is fired until bullet or shots leave the barrel (61) . At this point, firstly lock protrusion (23) on the mechanism head (14) leaves from the lock housing (51) on lower surface of mechanism rail (50) therein. After that, mechanism head (14) moves downward. It moves backward as a whole with the components in mechanism head (14) after mechanism head (14) and mechanism rail (50) separate from each

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SUBSTITUTE SHEETS (RULE 26) other. Mechanism head (14) enables to position both lock and cartridge in barrel (61) by way of pushing them.

There is magazine disc (52) at the front end facing to barrel (61) of mechanism rail (50) . Back end of the barrel (61) exists in the magazine disc (52) . As can be seen in Figure 18, upper portion of the magazine disc (52) comprises a structure that can be mounted to mechanism rail (50) . This allows said two structures to stay in a stabile position according to each other. Therefore, Types of montage between said structures may preferably in the form of various structures, different protrusion forms and space forms according to those.

There is a barrel crown (53) structure immediately in the front portion of mechanism rail (50) and magazine disc (52) in a mounted to each other form. The barrel crown (53) that can be seen in Figure 20 is in a very important and critical point. Basically, it is a structure that has two circular spaces positioned upside-down. Back end of the barrel (61) goes through the lower space of the barrel crown (53) before entering in magazine disc (52) . Its upper space serves as a juncture of recoil spring tube (4) and push tube (57) . Its main objective is to move synchronously the barrel (61) structure at its lower portion and the push tube (57) -recoil spring tube (4) that move based on gas at its upper portion.

Push tube (57) is positioned on the barrel (61) structure such that it coincides with immediate front portion of recoil spring tube (4) . Back end of the push tube (57) stays in the barrel crown (53) . Push tube (57) moves mechanism head (14) backward by pushing the movement obtained from gas piston (42) in the gas

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SUBSTITUTE SHEETS (RULE 26) chamber (41) at its front side to recoil spring tube (4) in the course of firing. In case of a normal position without firing, while recoil spring tube (4) and push tube (57) do not make a contact with each other, the movement arisen by means of gas pressure in the course of firing opens the lock and feeds the firearm by contacting subsequently these three component to each other .

There is a push spring (54) on the push tube (57) . Push spring (54) is positioned on the push tube (57) such that it is at the back portion thereof. A cocking handle segment (55) is attached in front of push spring (54) . Cocking handle segment (55) restricts movements of the push spring (54) and prevents push tube (57) from releasing from its front end. Since back end of the push spring (54) enters in the barrel crowns (53) along with the push tube (57), push spring (54) is squeezed between cocking handle segment (55) and recoil spring tube. Main objective of the push spring (54) is to enable the push tube (57) moving from front side towards back side to take its first position by means of the effect of movement obtained from gas piston or cocking handle ( 58 ) .

Since cocking handle segment (55) has a smaller diameter than the cocking handle protrusion (25) in the protruding form on the push tube (57), it is not possible to go over the cocking handle protrusion (25) . There is cocking handle housing (26) on side surface of the section in which cocking handle protrusion (25) exists. Cocking handle housing (26) is the structure in which cocking handle (58) is positioned. Cocking handle segment (55) fastens cocking handle (58) into cocking handle housing (26) by means of pushing the cocking handle segment (5) at the front side of push spring (54) .

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SUBSTITUTE SHEETS (RULE 26) Cocking handle (58) basically enables to cock the firearm by drawing mechanism backward by a user, to load cartridge in the barrel and make it ready to fire. It has an ergonomic design which user can easily move with his/her finger. It can be attached to right side or left side according to user's preference thanks to symmetrical design of the cocking handle housing (26).

A tube lid (60) is attached to front end of the push tube (57) structure. Said tube lid (60), as can be seen in Figure 22, has a structure in the cylindrical form. An end of tube lid (60) has a structure that can enter in front end of the push tube (57) structure. There are pin cavities (29), which are positioned on the two opposed edge and are in a uniform space form comprising a structure in which push tube pin (59) can enter, on the end of tube lid (60) that can enter in push tube (57) . Similarly, there are push tube holes (31) on the two edges that coincide with upper side of pin cavities (29) of the push tube (57) . Push tube holes (31) exist exactly on the pin cavities (29) and tube lid (60) and push tube (57) are firmly mounted to each other by means of one push tube pin (59) that is positioned in said cavity structures .

As can be seen in Figure 22, there are push rail spaces (36), which are in a symmetrical structure according to each other, at both sides of upper section of the tube lid (60) that is positioned at the front end of push tube (57) . Said push rail spaces (36) are the space structures in which push rail (56) that can be seen in Figure 16 can be positioned from both sides therein. Push rail (56) is comprised of two, thin and uniform tube structures which are positioned immediately on the push

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SUBSTITUTE SHEETS (RULE 26) tube (57) structure, are in a parallel position to the push tube (57) and are in parallel location to each other. Push rail (56) structure is positioned such that it goes through push rail spaces (36) on the tube lid (60) .

Both free ends of push rail (56) enter separately in two push rail housing (28) on the barren crown (53) . Therefore, push rail (56) structure is in a stabilized position. Main objective of the push rail (56) is to move push tube (57) in a parallel direction to the barrel (61) axis. It appoints the movement axis of push tube (57) .

There exists gas chamber (41) immediately in front of free end of facing to barrel (61) muzzle of the tube lid (60) that is positioned in the front portion of push tube (57) . Gas chamber (41) is positioned on the barrel (61) structure. There exists gas piston (42) exactly in the middle of gas chamber (41) . Gas piston (42) is the leading one of structures initiating the movements which the mechanism carries out with the effect of gas pressure arisen from firing. Gas piston (42) both exists in gas chamber (41) and is positioned such that its back end is exactly in front of tube lid (60) . Therefore, it allows tube lid (60) to move push tube (57) backward by striking to tube lid (60) in the moment in which it moves backward with the effect of gas pressure. Thus, the push tube (57) moving backward strikes to recoil spring tube (4) at its back. Recoil spring tube (4) enables firing circle to be completed by means of transmitting the movement obtained from push tube (57) to the mechanism. At this point, recoil spring (2) allows the mechanism sliding backwards by the drive obtained from the push tube (57) to move back towards barrel (61) and be locked.

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SUBSTITUTE SHEETS (RULE 26) There exists a gas hole (40) in the area taking place on the barrel (61) in the interior surface of gas chamber (41) . Said gas hole (40) transmits the gas in barrel (61) to the gas chamber (41) . There exist multiple discharge holes (44) positioned to be at least one on the upper surface of gas chamber (41) which does not make a contact with the barrel (61) and faces outwards. Main objective of the discharge holes (44) is to discharge the excessive gas and to enable gas residues/particles entered in gas chamber (41) to be discharged in case there is too much burnt powder gas filled in the gas chamber (41) . Thus, it is ensured that gas chamber (41) gets dirty later than the usual, and to increase the firing number that requires cleaning. There exists a gas chamber lid (43) at the end portion of gas chamber (41) facing towards end of the barrel (61) . Gas chamber lid (43) keeps gas chamber (41) closed. It is fastened by means of lid pin (62) .

It is provided a new mechanism that can be used in both rifles and shotguns by means of the mechanism structure subject to the invention. It is provided a structure with higher efficiency by means of designs of the components which constitute the structure of said mechanism. It is provided a new firing power increased mechanism by means of structures that are employed during use of gas pressure and said structures' interaction with each other.

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SUBSTITUTE SHEETS (RULE 26)