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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
NEXT GENERATION INDUSTRIAL HEATING
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/222152
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention is an industrial heating mechanism which, for saving on heat, fuel, and costs, electrolyzes the mains water by means of the reactor and separates hydrogen and oxygen atoms, makes the released hydrogen and oxygen gases undergo a number of processes, and thus allows obtaining heat energy from the hydrogen.

Inventors:
KIR, Hakak (Barbaros Mah. Kardelen Sok. Paladium Tower No:2/18-19, Ataşehir/İstanbul, TR)
COŞKUN, Mehmet Ayhan (Barbaros Mah. Kardelen Sok. Paladium Tower No:2/18-19, Ataşehir/İstanbul, TR)
AZAD OĞLU, Roushan (Barbaros Mah. Kardelen Sok. Paladium Tower No:2/18-19, Ataşehir/İstanbul, TR)
Application Number:
TR2017/000072
Publication Date:
December 06, 2018
Filing Date:
June 08, 2017
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
ROV ENERJİ SANAYİ VE TİCARET ANONİM ŞİRKETİ (Barbaros Mah. Kardelen Sok. Paladium Tower No:2/18-19, Ataşehir/İstanbul, TR)
International Classes:
F23L7/00; F23D14/02
Foreign References:
US20100206248A12010-08-19
US20110180396A12011-07-28
US20060029893A12006-02-09
KR20120013292A2012-02-14
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
ADRES PATENT TRADEMARK INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS LTD. (Büyükdere Cad. No:62 Lale İşmerkezi Kat:1, Mecidiyeköy/İstanbul, 34387, TR)
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Claims:
CLAIMS

A mechanism of industrial heating which, for saving on heat, fuel, and costs, electrolyzes the water and separates into hydrogen and oxygen atoms, and which makes the released hydrogen and oxygen gases undergo a number of processes, and thus allows obtaining heat from the hydrogen, characterized in comprising a circulation pump (3) which circulates the incoming water by preventing it from overheating and maintaining it at a certain temperature level; a water and gas storage (1) with electronic float; a cooling radiator (4) which prevents the temperature of the water heated in the heating systems from rising and keeping it at a certain temperature level; a reactor (5) for electrolyzing water; a dryer (9) for dehumidifying the hydrogen and oxygen gases; a burner (11 ) for burning the fuel and a heating boiler (12) in which the hydrogen is combusted and the water in the radiator system is heated; and a flame damper (10) and a flame arrestor (10c) which prevent flame flashback, combustion, and explosion in case of any incident for safety reasons.

The industrial heating mechanism, characterized in that the operating mechanism comprises circulating the water by means of the circulation pump (4), maintaining the water at a certain temperature thanks to the cooling radiator (3), electrolyzing the mains water by means of the reactor (5) and obtaining heat energy form the hydrogen, permitting the output of the hydrogen and oxygen gases through the gas outlet (1c) of the water and gas storage (1 ) with electronic float, dehumidification thereof in the dryer (9), combustion thereof in the burner (11), and using the flame damper (10) and flame arrestor (10c) in order to prevent flashback in case of any incident.

The mechanism according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that it comprises obtaining heat from the hydrogen by means of the industrial heating mechanism.

The mechanism according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in comprising a flame damper (10) and flame arrestor (10c) which prevent flame flashback, combustion, or explosion in case of any incident for safety reasons; said flame arrestor (10c) controlling the hydrogen flame on the line, and said flame damper (10) preventing explosion and combustion in case of any flashback.

5. The mechanism according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the water and gas storage (1 ) with electronic float comprises a mains water inlet (1a), an electronic float (2), a gas inlet (1 b), and a gas outlet (1 c).

6. The mechanism according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the water and gas storage (1 ) with electronic float comprises an electronic float (2) which adjusts closing the water after it reaches a certain level and maintains the water at the desired level.

7. The mechanism according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the reactor (5) is provided with titanium plates (5a) and titanium plates (5b) for preventing corrosion, along with a membrane between said plates.

8. The mechanism according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the waste gas accumulated in the heating boiler (12) is supplied to the burner (11) again through the waste gas outlet by means of a flexible tube.

9. The mechanism according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in comprising a barometer (6) for measuring the atmosphere pressure.

10. The mechanism according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in comprising an electronic pressure regulator (7) which, without hindering the operation, allows dismounting, testing, closing a device in the process line, and protecting it against unacceptable pressure loads as well as avoiding overload of pressure.

11. The mechanism according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in comprising a solenoid valve (8) controlling the gas flow.

12. The mechanism according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the exhaust gas emission is 0%.

13. The mechanism according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that it is 1/40 less costly than the mechanisms operated by natural gas; it eliminates the poisoning risk from natural gas chimney; it may be produced according to need without requiring storage; and that it is environmentally friendly and reduces costs by saving on fuel.

Description:
NEXT GENERATION INDUSTRIAL HEATING TECHNICAL FIELD

The invention relates to an industrial heating mechanism which has been developed for saving on heat, fuel, and costs in central or local heating systems.

STATE OF THE ART

Fuel is the general name given to any type of substance which releases heat energy when a physical or chemical change occurs in its structure. Hydrogen is the lightest and the most abundant element in the universe, which is a colorless, odorless, and entirely non-toxic gas much lighter than air. Hydrogen, among all of the known fuels, has the highest energy content per unit volume. However, its volume per unit energy is high. Hydrogen does not freely exist in nature, but in the form of compounds. The most renowned compound thereof is H 2 0.

In energy systems where hydrogen, the use of which is clean and easy in every field requiring heat and explosive energy, is used as a fuel, the product exhausted to the atmosphere is only water and/or water vapor. In the case of obtaining energy from the hydrogen, no gas or hazardous chemical substance that will pollute the environment and increase greenhouse effect is produced other than water vapor. Compared to petroleum fuels, hydrogen is a more efficient fuel in average.

Electricity is the preeminent energy of the 20th century. Hydrogen, on the other hand, is predicted to be another one of the most important energy carriers of the 21st century. Hydrogen is a combustible gas, which is the most abundant substance in the universe. The lightest known element, hydrogen is abundant in the world as well. However, it is not present in free form, but within water molecule. Hydrogen is not a natural fuel, but a synthetic (artificial) fuel which may be produced of different raw materials making use of primary energy resources. For many ages, people have sought for new resources and areas of use in line with their needs and to that end, much more developed and practical systems have started to be produced since the 19th century. Today, our need for energy resources seems to be quite more than before due not only to the increasing population but also to the industrialization activities. Even though the renewable energy resources have yet a limited area of use today, the studies and improvements are promising in terms of development. Owing to the fact that these resources do not yet respond to the existing need and that they have relatively high-costs when it comes to investment, many countries are still predominantly using fossil fuels. The studies being conducted with a view to attract more attention to renewable energy, which is expected to replace fossil fuels that are significantly decreasing even with the consumption today, are of vital importance. The environmental problem and global warming which are getting more and more serious, as well as the hydrocarbon resources which are on the point of exhaustion, make synthetic fuels like hydrogen more attractive. In addition to being used as engine fuel, hydrogen may also be used safely for industrial and domestic purposes, and for power generation.

OBJECTS AND DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to an industrial heating mechanism which has been developed for saving purposes in order to overcome the aforementioned disadvantages and provide additional advantages in the related technical field. The industrial heating mechanism according to the invention is a system which saves on heat, fuel, and costs by using water, which is a renewable energy source, as fuel.

One of the advantages of the industrial fuel mechanism according to the invention is that a cost saving of 1/40 compared to that of the fossil-based natural gas is achieved in terms of costs, thereby saving on fuel.

Another one of the advantages of the industrial heating mechanism according to the invention is to zeroize (0%) the exhaust gas emission comprising carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons (HC), and nitrogen oxide (NO x ), all of which are hazardous both to humans and to the environment.

Another advantage of the industrial heating mechanism according to the invention is to provide the reactor with titanium plate. Thus, resistance against corrosion is ensured. And another advantage of the industrial heating mechanism according to the invention is that no waste gas is produced, and thus no chimney system is required, as a result of which emission value is zero. PART REFERENCE NUMERALS FOR A BETTER UNDERSTANDING OF THE INVENTION

1 ) Water and Gas Storage with Electronic Float

1 a) Mains Water Inlet

1 b) Gas Inlet

1 c) Gas Outlet

2) Electronic Float (Floater)

3) Circulation Pump

4) Cooling Radiator

5) Reactor

5a) Titanium Plate

5b) Teflon Plate

5c) Electrical Connections (Anode-Cathode)

6) Barometer

7) Electronic Pressure Regulator

8) Solenoid Valve

9) Dryer

10) Flame Damper

10a) Air

10b) Water

10c) Flame Arrestor

1 1 ) Burner

12) Heating Boiler

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Fig. 1 shows the operating mode of the industrial heating mechanism according to the invention.

Fig. 2 shows the operating mode of the industrial heating mechanism according to the invention starting from the hydrogen and oxygen gas inlets. Fig. 3 shows the perspective view of the reactor of the industrial heating mechanism according to the invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The present invention is an industrial heating mechanism which, for saving on heat, fuel, and costs, electrolyzes the mains water by means of the reactor and separates hydrogen and oxygen atoms, makes the released hydrogen and oxygen gases undergo a number of processes, and thus allows obtaining heat from the hydrogen.

The industrial heating mechanism according to the invention is illustrated in Figs. 1 , 2, and 3. The mechanism in general comprises: circulating the water by means of the circulation pump (3), maintaining the water at a certain temperature thanks to the cooling radiator (4), electrolyzing the mains water by means of the reactor (5) and obtaining heat energy form the hydrogen, permitting the output of the hydrogen and oxygen gases through the gas outlet (1 c) of the water and gas storage (1 ) with electronic float, dehumidification in the dryer (9), combustion in the burner (11 ), and using the flame damper (10) and flame arrestor (10c) in order to prevent flashback.

The industrial heating mechanism according to the invention mainly consists of a water and gas storage (1 ) with electronic float, a reactor (5), a cooling radiator (4), a dryer (9), a burner (11 ), a boiler (12), a flame damper (10), and a flame arrestor (10c).

Disposed in the system is a circulation pump (3) which prevents the former from overheating and circulates the water entering the system, keeping it at a predetermined temperature level. The water which is circulated by the circulation pump (3) and used in a continuous cycle is allowed by the cooling radiator (4) to maintain its temperature. Thus, the system according to the invention provides a continuous heating cycle. In the industrial heating mechanism according to the invention, the water reaches the cooling radiator (4) preventing the temperature from rising. The cooling radiator (4) allows the water to maintain its temperature at a predetermined level. The water passes therefrom to the reactor.

The reactor (5) serves for performing electrolysis of the water. The water separated into hydrogen and oxygen atoms releases hydrogen and oxygen gases. As shown in Fig. 3, the reactor (5) is provided with titanium plates (5a) and titanium plates (5b) along with a membrane between said plates. As a result, the reactor (5) containing water therein will be susceptible to abrasion, causing the probability of corrosion. In order to avoid this, the inner portion of the reactor (5) is made of titanium and teflon plates (5a, 5b).

The water and gas storage (1 ) with electronic float of the industrial heating mechanism according to the invention is equipped with a mains water inlet (1 a), an electronic float (2), a gas inlet ( b), and a gas outlet (1c).

As seen in Fig. 1 , there exists an electronic float (2) which enables the water reaching a certain level in the water and gas storage (1 ) with electronic float to maintain such level. Hence, the water is kept at the desired level. When the mains water is output through the gas outlet (1c), it is separated into hydrogen and oxygen atoms by electrolysis within the reactor (5).

As shown in Fig. 2, in the industrial heating mechanism according to the invention, the hydrogen and oxygen gases obtained by electrolysis and exiting through the gas outlet (1c) disposed on the water and gas storage (1) with electronic float proceed to the second stage, reaching the barometer (6) which serves for measuring the internal pressure. An electronic pressure regulator (7) is also used which, without hindering the operation, allows dismounting, testing, closing a device in the process line, and protecting it against unacceptable pressure loads as well as avoiding overload of pressure. Also provided in the system is a solenoid valve (8) controlling gas flow. Hydrogen and oxygen gases get to the dryer (9) and dehumidified thereby. At the final stage, the hydrogen gas reaches the burner (11). It is the burner (11) device which allows combusting the fuel. Thanks to the burner (11), gas accumulation inside the heating boiler (12), which serves for combustion and heating the water in the radiator system, is prevented. The flame damper (10) and flame arrestor (10c) are used in case of any hydrogen gas flashback. The flame damper (10) is immersed into the water and prevents flame flashback, combustion, and explosion for safety reasons. The flame arrestor (10c) controlling the hydrogen flame on the line comprises a flame damper (10) which prevents explosion and combustion in case of any flashback. The waste gas of the heating boiler (12) is supplied to the heating boiler (12) again through the gas outlet by means of a flexible metal tube. Therefore, since the exhaust gas emission is 0%, the heat exiting the chimney is again supplied into the boiler, thereby maximizing the heat efficiency.

The present invention is an industrial heating mechanism which has been developed such that heat will be obtained from the hydrogen, which is a renewable energy, in order to save on heat, fuel, and costs in internal combustion engines, turbine engines, or central heating systems. The present invention is 1/40 less costly than the mechanisms operated by natural gas when it comes to costs and it eliminates the risk of waste gas poisoning. It has crucial importance today due to the fact that it allows production according to need without requiring storage, and that it is environmentally friendly. Thus, not only environmentally friendly energy is utilized but the costs are lowered by fuel saving as well.