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Patent Searching and Data

Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/105874
Kind Code:
The invention relates to a penetrating non-magnetic hollow pole inwardly containing a magnetic pole, said pole being able to penetrate the ground thanks to a water flow exiting the pole lower tip. Furthermore, the invention is directed to the survey of ferromagnetic buried objects both underwater and under the plane of sea-, lake- or river-bed, in the context of deep systematic warfare clean-up sites where it is useful/necessary to push the magnetometer sensor underneath the sediment. The non-magnetic hollow pole according to the invention comprises an inlet nozzle, preferably threaded, proper to connect the pole to a hose for under pressure water, a tipped hole for water outlet, a jacket inside the pole, a cave zone, and a magnetic probe hosted inward the cave zone, preferably closer to the tip, said probe being set for connection with a magnetometer central unit.

Application Number:
Publication Date:
June 06, 2019
Filing Date:
November 26, 2018
Export Citation:
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International Classes:
G01V3/165; E21B7/18
Foreign References:
Other References:
-: "EM-Tipped Jet-Probe - ASI Fact Sheet - 1952-09b", 6 November 2009 (2009-11-06), pages 1 - 2, XP055497112, Retrieved from the Internet [retrieved on 20180802]
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
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1. A non- magnetic hollow pole (100) comprising:

a. a connector (102), preferably threaded, capable of connecting the pole to a

pressure water hose,

b. a hole (101) at the tip for water outlet,

c. a jacket (106) inside the pole,

d. a hollow zone (107),

e. a magnetic probe (108) placed inside the hollow zone (107), preferably close to the tip, which probe is capable of connection to a control panel of a magnetometer (109) and is movable along the hollow pole axis.

2. The hollow pole according to claim 1, wherein the non- magnetic material is selected from aluminium, austenitic stainless steel, PVC.

3. The hollow pole according to claims 1 or 2, wherein the probe is an inductive pickup coils magnetometer probe.

4. A system for the detecting ferromagnetic objects, comprising:

i. a hollow pole (100) according to claims 1-3,

ii. a pump (105);

iii. a hose (104) for connecting pump (105) to connector (102);

iv. A magnetometer (109) connected to probe (108).

5. The system according to claim 4, wherein probe (108) is connected to magnetometer (109) through an underwater cable (110).

6. The system according to claims 4 or 5 wherein the pump has a prevalence of at least 3 bar, preferably at least 7 bar, with respect to hydrostatic pressure or atmospheric pressure where on the ground.

7. The system according to claims 3-5, wherein the flow rate of the pump during

functioning of the system is comprised between 300 l/h and 3000 l/h.

8. A method for detection of unexploded bombs under sea floor by using the system of claims 4-6.

9. The method of claim 8, which method comprises:

i. penetrating the non-magnetic hollow pole in the seabed according to a predetermined grid; ii. once a magnetic mass is detected, moving the probe up and down along the pole axys to evaluate the polarity change level of found radial masses, to determine the burying depth.

10. A method for detection/search of ferromagnetic masses at a depth of at least 100 cm under sea floor or land surface, wherein the method makes use of the system according to claims 4-6.

Non-magnetic hollow pole with magnetic probe for under water detection of unexploded ordnance

[0001]. The present invention is directed to a non-magnetic hollow pole comprising a magnetic probe placed inside the hollow zone, which pole is capable of penetrating the ground thanks to a water jet which exits from the lower tip of the pole.

[0002]. Furthermore, the invention is directed to a method of searching ferromagnetic objects under water under the plane of sea-, lake- or river-bed, in the context of deep systematic warfare clean-up sites where it is uscful/ncccssary to push the magnetometer sensor underneath the sediment.

[0003]. In fact, despite more than 70 years have passed from World War II, there is still a high quantity of leftover unexploded ordnance scattered on European ground, emerged and submerged.

[0004]. At the present, unexploded ordnance survey is performed through drilling by using a non-magnetic pole having inside a magnetic probe. DE 19622592 discloses such a device. Nevertheless, in order to operate with drills, it is essential to support them by maritime means (such as pontoons - platforms) especially in sub-water, lake, lagoon surroundings. This makes said solution often unfeasible due to surroundings impracticability, which results in a slow and very expensive ordnance survey.

[0005]. The company Aqua Service Inc. produces a device called EM-Tipped Jet-Probe™, which consists of a non-magnetic pole containing a magnetic probe and capable of advancing in sediments by a water jet from the tip. The length of the pole can be from 0.61 m to l2.l9 m. From this fact, it is evident that also in this case, it is essential the support of maritime means, since it would be impossible for a diver to operate a pole 12 m long. Furthermore, EM-Tipped Jet-Probe does not have a separate hollow chamber wherein the probe is placed, and it appears that there is a single cavity wherein the probe is located and wherein water flows. It also seems that in this device the probe cannot be moved along its axis.

[0006]. Therefore, there is the need of new apparatus for buried leftover unexploded ordnance survey, which are easily transportable, easily put in use and allowing operations in whatever sub-water systematic warfare clean-up lead by a task force.

[0007]. The present invention is directed to a non-magnetic hollow pole comprising: a tipped hole for water outlet, an inlet nozzle, preferably equipped with a seal, to connect the pole to a hose for under pressure water, a jacket inside the pole, a cave zone, a magnetic probe placed inside the cave zone set up for a connection with a magnetometer control unit, wherein the probe located close to the tip, but movable along its axis when needed.

[0008]. The present invention is also directed to a device for ferromagnetic object survey e.g. “potential buried ordnance” said device comprising: a non-magnetic material hollow pole as above described; a magnetometric control unit connected to the magnetic probe; a hose for under pressure water connecting the hollow pole to a pump; and a pump.

[0009]. With reference to Fig. 1, the hollow pole 100 presents a hole 101 on the tip for water outlet, an inlet nozzle 102, preferably threaded, to connect the pole to a hose 104 for under pressure water coming from pump 105. Water flows inside jacket 106 which is present in the pole, while the inner area 107 contains magnetic probe 108 preferably placed closer to the tip inwardly cave zone 107 and connected to magnetometric control unit 109, preferably through cable 110.

[0010]. The length of hollow pole 100 preferably ranges from 1 to 7 m, more preferably from

1 to 6 m.

[0011]. The diameter of pole 100 can vary depending on the length, as well as land or seabed type the pole must penetrate. In fact, the diameter of the pole influences the thickness of the jacket, which in turn defines the loss of pressure to deliver water to the tip. The bigger is the diameter of the pole, thus thickness of the jacket, the lower is the loss of pressure. Preferably, the diameter of the pole is comprised between 60 mm and 120 mm.

[0012]. The diameter of hole 101 can vary through a quite broad range, depending on the surrounding where the pole is used. Preferably, the diameter of hole 101 is comprised between 10 mm and 20 mm.

[0013]. All commercially available magnetometers are usable within the present invention, provided that it is possible to introduce its probe inside the hollow pole. Preferably, a coil magnetometer is used, such as for example Ferex™ 4021 or Ferex™ 4032 by Foerster.

[0014]. By non-magnetic material it is intended a non-magnetizable material, i.e. with magnetic relative permeability barely different from the unit (essentially, all non- ferromagnetic or ferrimagnetic materials). Non-limiting examples usable in the present invention are bronze, copper, aluminium, austenitic stainless steel and PVC.

[0015]. As previously said, the non-magnetic pole is connected to a pump granting a flow from hole 101 under a pressure at least 3 bar higher than hydrostatic or environmental one, preferably at least 5 bar, even more preferably at least 7 bar. In fact, water pressure at hole 101 grants seabed penetration capacity. It should be taken into account that in case of unexploded ordnance, the survey is concentrated on sandy or non-rocky seabeds, as we are considering ordnances buried even 5/6 meters under sand or other non-rocky material. It is thus mandatory that probes can deeply penetrate and measure the magnetic field underneath the seabed up to the necessary depth.

[0016]. The pump flow rate can vary in a quite wide range, according to the dimension of pole 100 hole 101. Nevertheless, generally it is comprised between 300 l/h e 3000 l/h, more preferably between 500 l/h and 1500 l/h.

[0017]. In submerged non-rocky seabeds, the probe can be pushed from a diver, by applying a light shove, thanks to disruptive action of water flow on seabed. As the hollow pole lower end penetrates the seabed, water tends to exit the hole along the external walls of the pole washing the hole from removed debris, thus creating a low friction sliding buffer along the entire drilling depth.

[0018]. The use of the described hollow pole in warfare clean up and magnetometric survey creates safety conditions during penetrations, as a result of the light pressure the diver applies on the pole during“hand-operated” penetration, also in highly contaminated fields where ordnance presence is extremely massive. In fact, even when crossing a high sensible buried ordnance, the operator gets a refusal for line obstruction, said refusal being absolutely unable to trigger an ordnance.

[0019]. The continued presence of magnetometric probe hosted on its lower end and the possibility of sliding it along the whole hollow pole, allow to measure in real-time the radial and underneath magnetic field variation, facilitating measurement activities both during penetration of the pole and at the maximum depth. In fact, the method for detection and determination of the position of the ordnance consists of two steps. The first step is the penetration of the pole in the seabed in order to determine the presence of an ordnance. When an ordnance is detected, the second step consists of moving the probe up and down along the pole axys to evaluate the polarity change level of found radial masses, to determine the exact burying depth and the magnetic field dimension, useful to define the final position of found masses.

[0020]. Systematic warfare clean-up is compulsory on areas subjected to land-movement works, dredging, drilling, pole laying, secant laying, etc. which will be defined as “Underground Intrusion Activity”. Ground/seabeds non-magnetic hollow pole intrusion, subject of the patent, doesn’t represent war threat not even in fields of evident buried ordnance dispersion thanks to its double action of: - “non-mechanical invasive” hand-operated penetration,

- Penetration supervised by constant magnetometric timely monitoring.

This technology offers depth-implementation advantages amongst the activity of magnetometric survey, normally performed trough handheld magnetometers“Ferex™ 4021 - Ferex™ 4032 - Ebinger M120 LW with probe hauled on submarine ground widening the thickness of detected debris layer.