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Title:
NOZZLE AND APPARATUS FOR COOLING JET ENGINE FOR MAINTENANCE AND METHOD FOR MAINTENANCE OF JET ENGINE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/211518
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The disclosure relates to a nozzle (12) for cooling a jet engine (2) for maintenance, wherein the jet engine (2) comprises an exhaust channel (21) for the exit of exhaust gases of the jet engine (2), the nozzle (12) comprises a suction adapter (121) having a round shape adapted to be connected in sealed manner to the exhaust channel (21) for sucking air from the exhaust channel (21), and a suction channel (122) in fluid connection with the suction adapter (121) for sucking air from the suction adapter (121), wherein the suction channel (122) is arranged to be connected to an air suction device (13). The disclosure relates also to an apparatus (1) for cooling a jet engine (2) for maintenance and a method for maintenance of a jet engine (2).

Inventors:
HOTANEN, Pauli (Talolankatu 18 a 3, Turku, 20460, FI)
Application Number:
FI2019/050330
Publication Date:
November 07, 2019
Filing Date:
April 24, 2019
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
FCS INTERNATIONAL OY (Toinen Poikkikatu 5, Turku, 20100, FI)
International Classes:
F01D25/30; F01D25/12; F01D25/28; F02K1/80
Domestic Patent References:
WO2008025940A12008-03-06
Foreign References:
CN106494639A2017-03-15
US20110232697A12011-09-29
US5899217A1999-05-04
CN104691777A2015-06-10
US5114098A1992-05-19
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
BOCO IP OY AB (Itämerenkatu 5, Helsinki, 00180, FI)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. Nozzle (12) for cooling a jet engine (2) for maintenance, wherein the jet engine (2) comprises an exhaust channel (21 ) for the exit of exhaust gases of the jet engine (2), wherein the nozzle (12) comprises

- a suction adapter (121 ) having a round shape adapted to be connected to the exhaust channel (21 ) for sucking air from the exhaust channel (21 ), and

- a suction channel (122) in fluid connection with the suction adapter (121 ) for sucking air from the suction adapter (121 ), wherein the suction channel (122) is arranged to be connected to an air suction device (13),

characterized in that the suction adapter (121 ) is adapted to be connected in a sealed manner to the exhaust channel (21 ).

2. A nozzle (12) according to claim 1 , characterized in that the suction adapter (121 ) has a conical shape.

3. A nozzle (12) according to claim 1 , characterized in that the suction adapter (121 ) has an annular shape, the annular suction adapter (121 ) has a U-shaped cross- section for forming a semi-open annular channel, and the suction channel (122) is connected to the periphery of the semi-open annular channel of the annular suction adapter (121 ).

4. A nozzle (12) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the suction adapter (121 ) comprises elastic material for forming a seal with the exhaust channel (21 ).

5. A nozzle (12) according to claim 4, characterized in that the suction adapter (121 ) comprises at least one rim (121 a), and the rim (121 a) is provided with an elastic seal.

6. A nozzle (12) according to claim 4, characterized in that the suction adapter (121 ) is made essentially of elastic material, and it is optionally provided with a rigid support structure arranged at least partially inside the elastic material.

7. Apparatus (1 ) for cooling a jet engine (2) for maintenance, characterized in that the apparatus (1 ) comprises:

- a frame (1 1 ) arranged to support the apparatus (1 ) movably on the ground,

- a nozzle (12) according to any one of the preceding claims, the nozzle (12) being supported by the frame (1 1 ), and

- an air suction device (13) connected to the nozzle (12) for sucking air from the nozzle (12).

8. Apparatus (1 ) according to claim 7, characterized in that the frame (1 1 ) comprises location adjustment means for adjusting the vertical location of the nozzle (12) in relation to the frame (1 1 ).

9. Method for maintenance of a jet engine (2), characterized in that the method comprises the steps of:

- providing a jet engine (2) comprising an exhaust channel (21 ) for the exit of exhaust gases of the jet engine (2),

- connecting the nozzle (12) of an apparatus (1 ) according to claim 7 or 8 to the exhaust channel (21 ),

- sucking air from the exhaust channel (21 ) with the apparatus (1 ) for cooling the jet engine (2), and

- performing maintenance operations to the cooled jet engine (2). 10. A method according to claim 9, characterized in that the jet engine (2) comprises an air inlet (22) that is in fluid connection with the exhaust channel (21 ) and the method comprises feeding cooled air to the air inlet (22).

Description:
NOZZLE AND APPARATUS FOR COOLING JET ENGINE FOR MAINTENANCE AND METHOD FOR MAINTENANCE OF JET ENGINE

FIELD OF THE DISCLOSURE

The present disclosure relates to the maintenance of a jet engine, and particularly to a nozzle for cooling a jet engine for maintenance. The present disclosure further concerns an apparatus for cooling a jet engine for maintenance and a method for maintenance of a jet engine.

BACKGROUND OF THE DISCLOSURE

Jet engines, especially in aviation, need to be serviced frequently in order to ensure their reliable operation. Due to economic reasons, the maintenance time must be kept as short as possible for allowing as many hours of operation as possible between the maintenance breaks.

When a jet engine is used, it heats up. Maintenance operations cannot be performed to the hot jet engine and thus it needs to be cooled. This cooling can be performed simply by turning off the jet engine and waiting until the jet engine has cooled by itself. This waiting, however, extends the duration of the maintenance break.

Alternatively, the jet engine can be cooled by sucking air from the exhaust channel of the jet engine with a suction pipe arranged to the exhaust channel. This can be made more effective by sealing the remainder of the exhaust channel for example with a plastic film and tape. Installing the sealing is, however, time consuming and difficult.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DISCLOSURE

An object of the present disclosure is to provide a nozzle, an apparatus comprising the nozzle and a method utilizing the apparatus so as to overcome the above problems.

The object of the disclosure is achieved by a nozzle, an apparatus comprising the nozzle and a method utilizing the apparatus which are characterized by what is stated in the independent claims. The preferred embodiments of the disclosure are disclosed in the dependent claims.

The disclosure is based on the idea of providing a nozzle for cooling a jet engine for maintenance, wherein the nozzle comprises a suction adapter having a round shape adapted to be connected in sealed manner to the exhaust channel of a jet engine for sucking air from the exhaust channel, and a suction channel in fluid connection with the suction adapter for sucking air from the suction adapter, wherein the suction channel is arranged to be connected to an air suction device. An advantage of the nozzle of the disclosure is that it allows quick attachment to the exhaust of a jet engine without the need for manual seal fixing and taping and thus the cooling can be initiated quickly after the jet engine is received to the maintenance.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

In the following the disclosure will be described in greater detail by means of preferred embodiments with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which

Figure 1 is an angled view of a nozzle according to an embodiment of the disclosure;

Figure 2 illustrates a nozzle according to an embodiment of the disclosure connected to an exhaust channel of a jet engine; and

Figure 3 is an angled view of an apparatus according to an embodiment of the disclosure. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DISCLOSURE

The disclosure relates to a nozzle 12 for cooling a jet engine 2 for maintenance. For example, the jet engine 2 is a turbojet engine, a turbofan engine or a turboprop engine. The jet engine 2 comprises an exhaust channel 21 for the exit of exhaust gases of the jet engine 2. These hot exhaust gases are utilized to produce thrust. The exhaust channel 21 may be formed by a passage between an exhaust pipe, or an exhaust case, and an exhaust cone arranged coaxially at the rear portion of the jet engine 2. Alternatively, the exhaust channel 21 may be formed solely by the exhaust pipe. In some cases, the exhaust pipe extends longitudinally beyond the exhaust cone and thus the end of the exhaust channel 21 , or an exhaust nozzle, is formed solely by the exhaust pipe.

The nozzle 12 comprises a suction adapter 121 . The suction adapter 121 is adapted to be connected in sealed manner to the exhaust channel 21 of the jet engine 2 for sucking air from the exhaust channel 21 for cooling the jet engine 2. In this case, the connection in sealed manner means that essentially no air is leaked between the exhaust channel 21 and the suction adapter 121 . Connection between the suction adapter 121 and the exhaust channel 21 is illustrated in Figure 2. According to an embodiment, the suction adapter 121 comprises elastic material for forming a seal with the exhaust channel 21 . For example, the suction adapter is 121 is made of rigid material, such as plastic. According to an embodiment, the suction adapter 121 comprises at least one rim 121 a, and the rim 121 a is provided with an elastic seal. Alternatively, the suction adapter 121 itself can be made essentially of elastic material, such as silicone rubber, and it is optionally provided with a rigid support structure for supporting the elastic part of the suction adapter 121 . The nozzle 12 comprises a suction channel 122. The suction channel 122 is in fluid connection with the suction adapter 121 for sucking air from the suction adapter 121 . The suction channel 122 is arranged to be connected to an air suction device 13.

The suction adapter 121 has a round shape. The round shape facilitates the connection to the exhaust channel 21 having a corresponding round shape. According to an embodiment, the suction adapter 121 has a conical shape. In this case, the suction adapter 121 comprises one rim 121 a formed at the annular periphery of the conical shape. The conical-shaped suction adapter 121 is suitable for jet engines in which the exhaust channel is formed by an exhaust pipe and an exhaust cone, and jet engines in which the exhaust channel, or at least the exhaust nozzle, is formed solely by exhaust pipe. When the nozzle 12 is used, the conical suction adapter 121 is fitted to the exhaust of the jet engine 2 so that the rim 121 a comes in contact with the exhaust pipe or the exhaust nozzle. A conical-shaped suction adapter 121 is illustrated in Figures 1 and 2.

According to an alternative embodiment, the suction adapter 121 has an annular shape having a U-shaped cross-section for forming a semi-open annular channel, and the suction channel 122 is connected to the periphery of the semi-open annular channel of the annular suction adapter 121 . In this case, the suction adapter 121 comprises two rims 121 a formed at the inner periphery and the outer periphery of the semi-open annular channel. The annular suction adapter 121 is suitable for jet engines in which the exhaust channel is formed by an exhaust pipe and an exhaust cone. When the nozzle 12 is used, the annular suction adapter 121 is fitted between the exhaust pipe and the exhaust cone so that the inner rim 121 a comes in contact with the exhaust cone and the outer rim 121 a comes in contact with the exhaust pipe. An annular-shaped suction adapter 121 is illustrated in Figure 3.

The disclosure relates also to an apparatus 1 for cooling a jet engine 2 for maintenance. The apparatus 1 comprises a frame 1 1 arranged to support the apparatus 1 movably on the ground. For example, the frame 1 1 has been provided with wheels at the bottom of the frame.

The apparatus 1 comprises a nozzle 12 as described above. The nozzle 12 is supported by the frame 1 1 . For example, the frame 1 1 comprises at least one support arm 1 1 1 and the nozzle 12 is supported by the support arm 1 1 1 .

Preferably, the nozzle 12 is arranged detachably to the apparatus 1 . This allows selecting and replacing the nozzle 12 according to the type of the jet engine in question. According to an embodiment, the frame 1 1 comprises location adjustment means for adjusting the vertical location of the nozzle 12 in relation to the frame 1 1. For example, the location adjustment means are arranged at the support arm 1 1 1. For example, the support arm 1 1 1 has a telescopic structure for modifying its length. The purpose of the location adjustment means is to allow using the apparatus 1 for cooling jet engines 2 of airplanes having the jet engines 2 at different heights from the ground.

The apparatus 1 comprises an air suction device 13 connected to the nozzle 12 for sucking air from the nozzle 12. For example, the air suction device 13 is a suction fan. According to an embodiment, the air suction device 13 is also able to blow air to the nozzle 12. The disclosure relates also to a method for maintenance of a jet engine 2. The method comprises providing a jet engine 2 comprising an exhaust channel 21 for the exit of exhaust gases of the jet engine 2. The jet engine 2 has heated during use of the jet engine 2. The nozzle 12 of an apparatus 1 as described above is connected to the exhaust channel 21 . Then air is sucked from the exhaust channel 21 with the apparatus 1 for cooling the jet engine 2. Then maintenance operations are performed to the cooled jet engine 2.

The jet engine 2 comprises an air inlet 22 that is in fluid connection with the exhaust channel 21 . According to an embodiment, the method comprises feeding cooled air to the air inlet 22. In this case, the cooled air flows from the air inlet 22 through the jet engine 2 to the exhaust channel 21 and onwards to the apparatus 1. Cooled air relates to air that is cooler than ambient air. Feeding cooled air to the inlet 22 makes the cooling of the jet engine 2 more efficient.