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Title:
OFF-AXIS HYBRID MODULE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/060211
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A hybrid module for a vehicle includes a damper, a pulley, a clutch, and a torque converter. The damper is arranged for fixing to a crank shaft of an engine. The pulley circumscribes the damper and is arranged for connecting to an electric motor via a belt drive. The clutch has a first output flange for drivingly engaging the damper with the pulley. The torque converter has a pilot drivingly engaged with the first output flange.

Inventors:
STEINBERGER, Markus (752 Stepeny, Macedonia, Ohio, 44056, US)
VOEGTLE, Benjamin (Kinzigstr. 14, Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, DE)
HEEKE, Gregory (6901 Roberts Lane, Wooster, Ohio, 44691, US)
BURKE, Peter (13125 Steelecroft PKWY, Charlotte, North Carolina, 28278, US)
Application Number:
US2018/050994
Publication Date:
March 28, 2019
Filing Date:
September 14, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
SCHAEFFLER TECHNOLOGIES AG & CO. KG (Industriestrasse 1-3, Herzogenaurach, Herzogenaurach, DE)
SCHAEFFLER GROUP USA, INC. (308 Springhill Farm Road, Fort Mill, South Carolina, 29715, US)
International Classes:
B60K6/38; B60K6/24; B60K6/405; F16H45/02
Foreign References:
US20130008759A12013-01-10
US20140352492A12014-12-04
US20160091001A12016-03-31
US20130231836A12013-09-05
US20090054203A12009-02-26
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
PARKS, Kevin (1750 E. Big Beaver, Troy, Michigan, 48083, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

What We Claim Is:

A hybrid module for a vehicle comprising:

a damper arranged for fixing to a crank shaft of an engine;

a pulley circumscribing the damper, the pulley arranged for connecting to an electric motor via a belt drive;

a clutch comprising a first output flange fixed to the pulley for drivingly engaging the damper with the pulley; and,

a torque converter comprising a pilot drivingly engaged with the first output flange.

2. The hybrid module of claim 1 wherein the damper comprises:

a helical spring;

a first drive plate comprising:

a first orifice for receiving a bolt to fix the damper to the crank shaft; and, a second orifice;

a second drive plate including a third orifice, the second drive plate at least partially circumscribing the helical spring; and,

a rivet installed in the second orifice and the third orifice to fix the first drive plate to the second drive plate.

3. The hybrid module of claim 2 wherein:

one of the first drive plate or the second drive plate comprises an inner circumferential wall;

the other of the first drive plate or the second drive plate comprises an outer toroidal wall; and,

the damper comprises a seal installed between the inner circumferential wall and the outer toroidal wall.

4. The hybrid module of claim 1 further comprising a drive flange, wherein: the damper comprises a second output flange;

the clutch comprises a friction ring; and,

the drive flange is drivingly engaged with the second output flange and the friction ring.

5. The hybrid module of claim 1 wherein the clutch comprises:

a pressure plate; and,

a friction ring clampable between the first output flange and the pressure plate.

6. The hybrid module of claim 5 wherein the first output flange comprises an orifice and at least a portion of the pressure plate passes through the orifice.

7. The hybrid module of claim 5 wherein the clutch comprises:

a backing plate fixed to the first output flange; and,

a spring installed between the backing plate and the pressure plate to clamp the friction ring and close the clutch.

8. The hybrid module of claim 5 further comprising:

a slave cylinder for displacing the pressure plate to open the clutch; and,

a housing with a hydraulic port in fluid communication with the slave cylinder.

9. The hybrid module of claim 8 further comprising:

a release bearing; and,

a pressing plate installed in a force path between the slave cylinder and the pressure plate, wherein:

the first output flange comprises an orifice; and,

at least a portion of the pressing plate passes through the orifice.

10. The hybrid module of claim 1 further comprising a housing and a bearing, wherein:

the bearing is installed radially between the torque converter and the housing;

the pilot is installed in the bearing; and,

the torque converter is centered by the bearing.

Description:
OFF-AXIS HYBRID MODULE FIELD

[0001] The invention relates generally to a hybrid module, and more specifically to an off-axis hybrid module.

BACKGROUND

[0002] Hybrid modules are known. Examples are shown in United States Patent No.

10,017,044 to Lahr et al. and United States Patent Application Publication No. 2018/0015817 to Sarnie et al.

BRIEF SUMMARY

[0003] Example embodiments broadly comprise a hybrid module for a vehicle including a damper, a pulley, a clutch, and a torque converter. The damper is arranged for fixing to a crank shaft of an engine. The pulley circumscribes the damper and is arranged for connecting to an electric motor via a belt drive. The clutch has a first output flange for drivingly engaging the damper with the pulley. The torque converter has a pilot drivingly engaged with the first output flange. In some example embodiments, the damper has a helical spring, a first drive plate, a second drive plate, and a rivet. The first drive plate has a first orifice for receiving a bolt to fix the damper to the crank shaft, and a second orifice. The second drive plate has a third orifice. The second drive plate at least partially circumscribes the helical spring. The rivet is installed in the second orifice and the third orifice to fix the first drive plate to the second drive plate.

[0004] In an example embodiment, one of the first drive plate or the second drive plate has an inner circumferential wall and the other of the first drive plate or the second drive plate has an outer toroidal wall. The damper has a seal installed between the inner circumferential wall and the outer toroidal wall. In an example embodiment, the hybrid module has a drive flange. The damper has a second output flange, the clutch has a friction ring, and the drive flange is drivingly engaged with the second output flange and the friction ring.

[0005] In some example embodiments, the clutch has a pressure plate and a friction ring clampable between the first output flange and the pressure plate. In an example embodiment, the first output flange comprises an orifice and at least a portion of the pressure plate passes through the orifice. In an example embodiment, the clutch has a backing plate fixed to the first output flange, and a spring installed between the backing plate and the pressure plate to clamp the friction ring and close the clutch. [0006] In some example embodiments, the hybrid module has a slave cylinder for displacing the pressure plate to open the clutch, and a housing with a hydraulic port in fluid communication with the slave cylinder. In some example embodiments, the hybrid module has a release bearing and a pressing plate installed in a force path between the slave cylinder and the pressure plate. In an example embodiment, the first output flange has an orifice and at least a portion of the pressing plate passes through the orifice.

[0007] In an example embodiment, the hybrid module has a housing and a bearing. The bearing is installed radially between the torque converter and the housing. The pilot is installed in the bearing. The torque converter is centered by the bearing.

[0008] Other example embodiments broadly comprise a hybrid module with a pulley, a torque converter, and a damper. The pulley is arranged for driving connection to an electric motor. The torque converter is drivingly engaged with the pulley. The damper is arranged for fixing to an engine crankshaft. The damper installed in a power flow between the engine crankshaft and the pulley. In some example embodiments, the torque converter has a pilot with a first spline, the pulley has an output flange with a second spline, complementary to the first spline, and the pilot is drivingly engaged with the output flange. In an example embodiment, the first spline is an external spline and the second spline is an internal spline.

[0009] In an example embodiment, the hybrid module has a housing and a bearing disposed radially between the pilot and the housing. The bearing is arranged to radially position the torque converter in the housing. In an example embodiment, the output flange is axially retained on the pilot.

[0010] In some example embodiments, the hybrid module has a friction clutch for releasably connecting the pulley to the damper. In an example embodiment, the friction clutch has a spring for engaging the friction clutch and a slave cylinder for releasing the friction clutch.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0011] The nature and mode of operation of the present invention will now be more fully described in the following detailed description taken with the accompanying drawing figures, in which:

Figure 1 is a cross-section view of a hybrid module according to an example aspect; Figure 2 is a cross-section view of the hybrid module of Figure 1 showing a torque path with a disconnect clutch engaged; Figure 3 is a cross-section view of the hybrid module of Figure 1 showing a torque path with a disconnect clutch disengaged;

Figure 4 is a schematic view of the hybrid module of Figure 1.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0012] At the outset, it should be appreciated that like drawing numbers appearing in different drawing views identify identical, or functionally similar, structural elements. Furthermore, it is understood that this invention is not limited only to the particular embodiments, methodology, materials and modifications described herein, and as such may, of course, vary. It is also understood that the terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular aspects only, and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, which is limited only by the appended claims.

[0013] Unless defined otherwise, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood to one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention belongs. Although any methods, devices or materials similar or equivalent to those described herein can be used in the practice or testing of the invention, the following example methods, devices, and materials are now described.

[0014] The following description is made with reference to Figure 1. Figure 1 is a cross section view of hybrid module 100. Hybrid module 100 includes damper 102 and pulley 104. The damper is arranged for fixing to crank shaft 106 of an engine (not shown) and the pulley circumscribes the damper. The pulley receives a belt for driving connection to an off-axis electric motor (not shown). Damper 102 includes helical spring 108, drive plate 1 10, drive plate 112, and rivet 114. Drive plate 1 10 includes orifice 116 for receiving bolt 118 to fix the damper to the crank shaft. Plate 1 10 also includes orifice 120. Drive plate 112 partially circumscribes the spring and includes orifice 122. Rivet 1 14 is installed in orifices 120 and 122 to fix drive plates 110 and 1 12 together. Damper 102 further comprises seal 124. Drive plate 110 includes inner circumferential wall 126. Drive plate 112 includes outer toroidal wall 128. The seal is installed between the inner circumferential wall and the outer toroidal wall.

[0015] Hybrid module 100 includes clutch 130 for drivingly engaging the damper with the pulley. Hybrid module 100 includes drive flange 132. The damper includes output flange 134, the clutch includes friction ring 136, and the drive flange is drivingly engaged with the output flange and the friction ring. The drive flange may engage the output flange and friction ring at overlapping spline areas 138 and 140, for example.

[0016] Clutch 130 includes output flange 142 and pressure plate 144. The friction ring is clampable between the output flange and the pressure plate. Output flange 142 includes orifice 146 and portion 148 of the pressure plate passes through the orifice. Clutch 130 includes backing plate 150 and spring 152. The backing plate is fixed to the output flange by rivet 154, for example, and the spring is installed between the backing plate and the pressure plate to clamp the friction ring and close the clutch.

[0017] Hybrid module 100 includes slave cylinder, or hydrostatic actuator, 156 for displacing the pressure plate to open the clutch. Hybrid module 100 includes housing 158 with hydraulic port 160 in fluid communication with the slave cylinder. Hybrid module 100 includes release bearing 162 and pressing plate 164 installed in a force path between the slave cylinder and the pressure plate. Portion 166 of the pressing plate passes through the orifice 146 in output flange 142. Output flange 142 is fixed to the pulley at weld 168, for example.

[0018] Hybrid module 100 includes torque converter 170. The output flange is drivingly engaged with the torque converter. The torque converter includes pilot 172 and the output flange is drivingly engaged with the pilot at spline 174, for example. Hybrid module 100 includes bearing 176. The torque converter is centered by bearing 176 installed radially between the torque converter and the housing. The torque converter pilot is installed in the bearing. Torque converter 170 is arranged for driving connection with transmission input shaft 178 via turbine 180. Clutch 182 can be engaged to connect the turbine to housing 184 through damper 186 as is known to those skilled in the art.

[0019] Figure 2 is a cross-section view of hybrid module 100 of Figure 1 showing torque path 200 with disconnect clutch 130 engaged. Torque path 200 includes segments 202 from crankshaft 106 to friction ring 136 and segment 204 from pulley 104 to output flange 142. With the clutch engaged, the paths combine into segment 206, entering converter 170 and exiting to transmission input shaft 178 through path 208 or path 210, depending on an operating state of clutch 182.

[0020] Figure 3 is a cross-section view of hybrid module 100 of Figure 1 showing torque path 250 with disconnect clutch 130 disengaged. With the clutch disengaged, torque path 202 (not shown) does not combine with 204 such that segment 204 and 206 are equal and the input shaft 178 only receives torque from an electric motor (not shown) via pulley 104. That is, the internal combustion engine is disconnected from the torque flow when the disconnect clutch is not engaged.

[0021] Figure 4 is a schematic view of hybrid module 100 of Figure 1. Module 100 is shown installed with crankshaft 106 of engine 300 and transmission input shaft 178 of transmission 302. Module 100 includes torque converter 170 with clutch 182. Engine 300 provides power to module 100 in parallel to electric motor 304 depending on an operating position of clutch 130 as described above.

[0022] Of course, changes and modifications to the above examples of the invention should be readily apparent to those having ordinary skill in the art, without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention as claimed. Although the invention is described by reference to specific preferred and/or example embodiments, it is clear that variations can be made without departing from the scope or spirit of the invention as claimed.

LIST OF REFERENCE NUMERALS

[0023] 100 Hybrid module

[0024] 102 Damper

[0025] 104 Pulley

[0026] 106 Crank shaft

[0027] 108 Helical spring

[0028] 110 Drive plate

[0029] 112 Drive plate

[0030] 114 Rivet (drive plates)

[0031] 116 Orifice (drive plate 110)

[0032] 118 Bolt (damper to crank shaft)

[0033] 120 Orifice (drive plate 110)

[0034] 122 Orifice (drive plate 112)

[0035] 124 Seal

[0036] 126 Inner circumferential wall (drive plate 110)

[0037] 128 Outer toroidal wall (drive plate 112)

[0038] 130 Clutch

[0039] 132 Drive flange [0040] 134 Output flange (damper)

[0041] 136 Friction ring

[0042] 138 Spline area (output flange)

[0043] 140 Spline area (friction ring)

[0044] 142 Output flange (clutch)

[0045] 144 Pressure plate

[0046] 146 Orifice (flange 142)

[0047] 148 Portion (pressure plate)

[0048] 150 Backing plate

[0049] 152 Spring

[0050] 154 Rivet (backing plate to output flange)

[0051] 156 Slave cylinder

[0052] 158 Housing

[0053] 160 Hydraulic port

[0054] 162 Release bearing

[0055] 164 Pressing plate

[0056] 166 Portion (pressing plate)

[0057] 168 Weld (flange to pulley)

[0058] 170 Torque converter

[0059] 172 Pilot

[0060] 174 Spline

[0061] 176 Bearing

[0062] 178 Input shaft

[0063] 180 Turbine

[0064] 182 Clutch

[0065] 184 Housing

[0066] 186 Damper